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F2 - CARGO HANDLING AND STOWAGE 1. A chock or support cut to fit the curvature of a cask at its quarters is called _______.

A. a chime B. a stave C. a quoin D. dunnage 2. A container vessel of 15,000 tons displacement is approaching her berth at a speed of 3 knots. Its block coefficient is 0.79. Calculate the value of squat? A. 0.07 m B. 0.14 m C. 0.21 m D. 0.21 m 3. A most important consideration in loading cardboard cartons is to keep the tiers ____. A. level B. staggered at different levels C. dunnaged D. straight and clean 4. A port mark shows; A. where the cargo is coming from B. where the cargo is going C. the name of the consignee D. the name of the shipper 5. A rectangular tank on a tanker is 21 m longitude, 26 m wide and 18 m deep. Mean draft is 15 m. How much oil or relative density 0.84 does it contain if the ullage is 2.6 m? A. 8,255.5 tons B. 8,007.8 tons C. 1,192.5 tons D. 7,063.1 tons 6. A reel; I. Should be stowed on its side whenever possible II. If not possible to stow flat, stow it with its axis running athwartships A. I only B. II only C. I and II D. None of the above 7. A ship displaces 6800 tons and is listed 8 to stbd. Her KG is 6.15 m and her KM is 7.20 m Calculate the weight of cargo to load into the port wing of the hold, at a distance of 12 m from the centerline, in order to make the vessel upright? A. 53.6 tons B. 63.6 tons C. 73.6 tons D. 83.6 tons 8. A term applied to a fore and aft girder running along the side of the ship and also to the outboard strike of plating: A. stringer B. keel C. frames D. chamber 9. A term generally used to designate one of the transverse ribs that make up the skeleton of a ship. A. keel B. frame C. shell plating D. garboard strake

10. A vessel is "listed" when it is: A. down by the head B. inclined due to the wind C. inclined due to an off-center weight D. down by the stern 11. A vessel is steaming near the coast of West Africa when it was accidentally grounded due to an error navigation. This is known as: A. ditching B. stranding C. grounding D. beaching 12. A vessel with a FWA 300 mms has a draft of 6.80 in density 1025/m kg. Find its approximate increase in draft when docking to a berth of density 1008 kgs/m? A. 204 mms B. 19.4 cms. C. 7.004 m D. 6.596 m 13. As a rough estimate ____ occurs at the maximum deck edge immersion. A. Angle of heel B. vanishing angle C. angle of loll D. maximum angle 14. As a rule of thumb when maneuvering to a berth, a vessel moving at 1 knot travels: A. 100 ft/minute B. 110 ft/minute C. 120 ft/minute D. 130 ft/minute 15. Bilge-free stowage means A. stowing a cask on supports to raise its bilge free of the deck B. casks must not be stowed in the bilges C. regulations prohibit stowage in the bilge of a vessel D. the bilge of a cask must be clear of all sharp objects 16. By definitions, a "Spar Deck' is the: A. lower most continuous deck broken by water tight B. upper or weather deck above the main strength deck C. after most weather deck above the main strength deck D. deck of light construction below the main or strength deck 17. If the result of loading a vessel is an increase in the height of the center of gravity, there will always be an increase: A. righting moment B. righting arm C. metacentric height D. vertical moments 18. If the VCG of the ship rises 1.7 feet, the GZ for the various angles of inclination will: A. increase B. decrease C. be changed by the amount of GG' X cosine of the angle D. remain unchanged 19. If the vessels summer draft is 6.70 m, moulded depth is 12.3 m, what is her tropical freeboard? A. 6.6 m B. 5.46 m C. 5.6 m D. 5.74 m

20. If two falls are attached to each other at the after end of the hatch, a boom is rigged in a fore and aft line through: A. at right angle to the boom when viewed from above B. abreast the keel C. forward of the spider band D. aft of the keel 21. In a Burton rig, the dock boom can also be called the: A. hatch boom B. offshore boom C. stay boom D. yard boom 22. In a general cargo ship, bales of Linen or Fabric should not be stowed together with sacks of tea because: A. tea could damage the linen by staining B. tea could contaminate the linen C. tea is a food item D. tea could damage the fabric by tainting 23. In shipping, the tendency of certain goods to self-destruct by spontaneous heating, wasting, rotting, fermentation: A. included danger B. latent risk C. latent defect D. inherent vice 24. In the presence of external forces, the center of buoyancy of an inclined vessel is vertically aligned with the: A. metacenter B. center of gravity C. center of flotation D. keel 25. Initial metacentric height cannot be used as an indication of stability for angles of over about 15 since_______. A. the metacenter then ceases to exist B. center of gravity moves downward C. KM is too high due to list D. the metacenter moves upward 26. Intact buoyancy is a term used to describe: A. an intact space below the surface of a flooded area B. the volume of all intact spaces above the waterline C. an intact space which can be flooded without causing a ship to sink D. the space at which all the vertical upward forces of buoyancy are considered to be concentrated 27. Lightening holes cut out of a solid floor allow for which of the following? I. Access during construction and maintenance of the double bottom II. A saving weight A. I only B. II only C. Both I and II D. Neither I nor II 28. Mousing a cargo with marline or small line: A. protects the hook from the sling ring B. prevents the sling ring from coming any of the hook C. increase the lifting capacity of the hook D. prevents undue strain on the sling ring

29. Multiplying the mass of an object by its distance from the baseline results in the ________ moment of that object. A. longitudinal B. transverse C. vertical D. righting 30. Open or partially opened hatches should not be: A. lighted B. covered with tarpaulins C. provided handrails or stanchions D. provided with warning sign 31. Petroleum product having a flash point of 140 Fahrenheit and above are known us ___________.. A. flammable B. combustible C. volatile D. non-volatile 32. Proper stowage for cardboard cartons is __________. A. brick fashion, with an upper carton resting on two cartons below it B. where one carton rests directly on top of another C. with the large cartons on the bottom and small ones on top D. with small cartons placed on top of and inside the perimeter of the top of large cartons 33. Segregating a cargo of finished lumber is best done by _______. A. laying rope yarns athwartship B. painting stripes across the different cargo blocks C. wire and staples D. chalk or a marking pen 34. Shoring under a deck load is usually required when the deck load exceeds how many pounds per square foot? A. 200 B. 350 C. 500 D. 100 35. Stowage containers for immersion suits must not be; A. stored on top of lockers B. capable of being locked C. constructed of fiber glass D. installed on open deck areas 36. The __________ of a space is the percentage of a space which can be occupied by water. A. permeability B. saturation point C. flooding percentage D. water fraction 37. The amount of work done in inclining a ship to a given angle of list is _______. A. statical stability B. initial stability C. dynamical stability D. range of stability 38. The bodily motion of a vessel in an up and down manner is termed: A. heaving B. surging C. swaying D. yawing

39. Where will be the center of gravity of a cargo compartment filled with general cargo with heavier items stowed on the bottom? A. One-half the height of the compartment above its deck B. One-third the height of the compartment above its deck C. One-quarter the height of the compartment above its deck D. At the top of the compartment 40. A barge has a draft of 6.70 m in sea water of relative density 1.025. On arrival at the discharging port, the draft was observed to be 6.786 m. What density is she in? 3 A. 1,015 kgs/m 3 B. 1,012 kgs/m 3 C. 1,016 kgs/m 3 D. 1,000 kgs/m 41. The curvature of the deck in the longitudinal direction. A. sheer B. camber C. baseline D. freeboard 42. The force acting on a single cargo runner which is vertically lifting or lowering a load will be greatest when: A. decelerating when raising the load B. decelerating when lowering the load C. raising the load at constant speed D. raising the load at constant speed 43. The internal volume of a cargo hold measured from the inside faces of the cargo battens, to tank top ceiling and to underside of the beams; A. Gross tonnage B. Deadweight space C. Bale cubic D. Stowage area 44. The oscillating of a vessel on her longitudinal axis is termed as: A. draft B. pitching C. yawing D. heaving 45. The perforated elevated bottom of the chain locker which prevents the chains from touching the main locker bottom. A. draft B. harping C. cradle D. manger 46. The pre-wash procedure for ships carrying non-solidifying substances which have a viscosity equal to or greater than 25 mPa at 20 C is hot water wash of at least: A. 60 C B. 80 C C. 100 C D. 120 C 47. The tendency of flammable liquid to vaporize is indicated by its: A. flammable range B. ignition temperature C. flash point D. convection index 48. The term "ceiling" and "margin plate" are associated with the: A. Main deck B. Engine room C. Crew's quarter D. Tank top

49. The time required to incline from port to starboard and back to port again is called: A. inclining moment B. range of stability C. initial stability D. rolling period 50. What is the spot about which the ship rotates during a turn about one-third oft from the bow? A. Center point B. Pivot point C. Tactical point D. Turning point 51. What percent of cargo in international trade moves by container ship? A. Under 25% B. Under 50% C. Under 75% D. 75% or over 52. What precaution must you take when setting a heavy lift on deck if it exceeds the deck load capacity? I. Place dunnage under it to disperse the weight II. Shore up in the area where it is to be placed A. I only B. II only C. I and II D. None of the above 53. What type of rudder may loose its effectiveness at angles of 10 or more degrees? A. Unbalance B. Contra-guide C. Flat plate D. Balance 54. What type of substance or chemical is used for fumigation called rat-roofing? A. Potassium cyanide B. Carbon monoxide C. Sodium flouracetate D. Potassium nitrate 55. When carried at a lower temperature than required, bananas are chilled. At higher temperature, they ripen. What is the carrying temperature of bananas? A. 11.3 C B. 12.2 C C. 13.3 C D. 14.3 C 56. When counter flooding to correct a severe list aggregated by an off-center load your vessel suddenly takes a list, you should; A. continue counter-flooding in the same direction B. immediately stop counter-flooding C. continue counter-flooding, but in the opposite direction D. deballast from the lowside 57. When using a multiple-part wire rope, tackle such as purchase on a jumbo boom, the greatest load occurs with: A. the hauling part because it must absorb the frictional looses of all the sheaves B. the parts of the movable blocks C. all the parts, dividing the load equally D. the standing part because it is directly connected to the weight 58. Which of the following could result in an incorrect oxygen concentration reading on the oxygen indicator? A. Exposure to carbon dioxide for no more than 1 minute B. None of the above C. Exposure to a very low concentration of sulfur dioxide for no more than 2 minutes D. Exposure to carbon dioxide for more than 10 minutes

59. Which of the following is (are) correct concerning the purpose of frame? I. To maintain the ship original form II. To direct provide longitudinal and transverse strength A. I only B. II only C. Both I and II D. Neither I nor II 60. Which of the following statement is True on a vessel damaged with significant list and trim and list slowly? I. The vessel can be saved if further flooding is stopped II. The vessel will probably capsize from loss stability due to change in waterplane area A. I and II are false B. I and II are true C. Only II is false D. Only I is true 61. Which of the following statement is/are True or False? I. Propeller efficiency decreases with smaller diameter of propeller II. Propulsive efficiency is highest for the single screw A. Only I is true B. I and II are false C. I and II are true D. Only II is false 62. Which of the following will improve stability? A. Pumping the bilges B. Loading cargo on deck C. Closing the watertight doors D. Consuming fuel from a full tank 63. Which type of hull damage should be repaired first: A. damage to interior watertight boundaries B. damage in way of machinery room C. damage below the water line D. damage at or just above waterline 64. With a following sea, a vessel will tend to: A. pound B. heave to C. reduce speed D. yaw 65. You are loaded with bundles of steel from Yokohama to Manila. On passing Northern Luzon, the dew point of the ambient air was observed to be higher than the dew point inside the cargo hold, under this condition, should you ventilate? A. Yes, the hold should be ventilated vigorously B. Yes, but only if the air is free of moisture C. No, because steel products do not require air D. No sweat will form on the steel bundles 66. You are on a box-shaped vessel about to enter a river. At the mouth of the river where the relative density is 1.018,your draft was 5.80 m. What would be the approximate keel clearance in the river dredged to a depth of 8.50 m if its density 1.005 tons/m? A. 5.875 m B. 2.645 m C. 4.875 m D. 4.645 m 67. "Beam Filling" refers to; A. distributing cargo in the wings of cargo holds and in the twin decks B. stowing beams in the spaces between other cargo C. cargo, like small packages, that can conveniently fill the empty spaces between beams D. stowing cargo athwartship

68. The ___________ is an imaginary line, 75 mms below the bulkhead deck. It is assumed that the ship which is sunk to this line would still be navigable in fine weather. A. deck line B. margin line C. statutory line D. surge line 69. "Advalorem Cargo" is cargo __________. A. carried at a freight that reflects its true value B. worth the same as the freight rate charge C. worth the same as the freight rate charge D. none of the above 70. "Long Hatch is; A. when disproportionate amount of cargo for one port is stowed under anyone hatch B. a hatch with a large opening to accommodate cargo such as pipe and railroad C. a hatch over 13 meters in length D. a hatch whose length is the same as the length of the cargo hold 71. "Optional Cargo" refers to cargo that; A. may or may not be carried B. may be all or partly discharged at one or more ports C. the shipper may substitute for another D. maybe carried either on deck or below deck 72. "Overstowing" cargo occurs when; A. one cargo prevents unloading another cargo and must be moved before unloading can continue B. one commodity is stowed above another C. more cargo is accepted than the vessel can carry D. excess cargo must be stowed on deck 73. A barge 70 m long 12 m wide with a depth of 8 m has an amidship compartment 15 m long, filled with cargo whose permeability is 45%. She is on even keel at 5.80 m. Calculate the increase in draft if this compartment is bilged? A. 0.62 m B. 0.78 m C. 0.95 m D. 0.68 m 74. A barge 70 m long, 12 m wide with depth of 8 m has an amid ship compartment 15 m long, filled with cargo whose permeability is 35 %. She is on even keel at 6.10 m. Calculate the draft if this compartment is bilged? A. 6.69 m B. 6.60 m C. 6.95 m D. 7.68 m 75. A bow thruster is usually quite effective at speeds of: A. 5 knots or less B. 2 knots or less C. 3 knots or less D. 4 knots or less 76. A box-shaped vessel 45 m long, 10 m wide and 8 m deep is floating at a mean draft of 6.2 m in a dock where the density is 1.010 tons/m. Find its displacement? A. 2,818 tons B. 3,600 tons C. 3,636 tons D. 2,790 tons

77. A box-shaped vessel floats at a mean draft of 6.60 on departure from a loading port where the density is 1.010 tons/m. What will be her draft at sea? A. 6.765 m B. 6.750 m C. 6.590 m D. 6.503 m 78. A container vessel of 12,000 tons displacement is approaching her berth at a speed of 4 knots. Its block coefficient is 0.78. Calculate the value of squat? A. 0.12 m B. 0.25 m C. 0.30 m D. 0.36 m 79. A box shape vessel of 60 m long and 12 m wide is loading in seawater. How many tons is required to increase or decrease her mean draft by one centimeter? A. 7.38 tons B. 7.20 tons C. 7.43 tons D. 7.28 tons 80. A one cubic foot block of wood is equal to _____ board feet. A. One B. none of these C. twelve D. insufficient dimension 81. A one knot current has approximately the same effect on a given surface area as a: A. 10 knot wind B. 15 knot wind C. 20 knot wind D. 30- knot wind 82. A plate used vertically in the bottom of a ship running athwartship from bilged usually on every frame to: A. floor B. intercostals plates C. double bottom D. frames 83. The tendency of a solid or liquid substance to pass into the vapor state at a given temperature is known as the___________. A. flammability B. condensation C. volatility D. sublimation 84. A rectangular tank on a tanker is 21 m long, 26 m wide and 18 m deep. Mean draft is 12.2 m. How much oil relative density 0.84 will it accommodate if filled to full capacity? A. 10,074 tons B. 9,828 tons C. 6,827.7 tons D. 6,661 tons 85. A rectangular tank on tanker is 21 m long, 26 m wide and 18 m deep. Mean draft is 14 m. How much oil of relative density 0.84 will it hold if filled to 97% capacity? A. 8,255.5 tons B. 6,097.8 tons C. 8,007.8 tons D. 6,227.8 tons 86. A relief valve for a cargo pump is generally installed: A. after the suction valve B. between the pump and discharge valve C. after the discharge valve D. between the pump and the suction valve

87. A ship 80 m long, 18 m wide and 12 m deep is floating in fresh water. The length and breadth of the water plane at a draught of 4.5 m is 78 m and 16 m respectively. What is the vessel's displacement if block coefficient is 0.82? A. 4,605.1 tons B. 14,169.5 tons C. 4,720.2 tons D. 14,169.6 tons 88. A ship displaces 6100t and is listed 7 to stbd. Her KG is 6.20 m and her KM is 7.00 m Calculate the weight of cargo to load into the port wing of the hold, at a distance of 13 m from the centerline, in order to make the vessel upright. A. 46 tons B. 56 tons C. 26 tons D. 36 tons 89. A ship's water plane has 7 ordinates. If the length of the water plane is 60 mtrs. What is the common interval (h)? A. 9 m B. 12 m C. 15 m D. 10 m 90. A vessel loaded with steel coils is coming from Panama to Vancouver. On passing North California, the holds were ventilated. What happens under these circumstances? A. Cargo sweat will occur in the hold B. The cargo will partly experience sweat C. No cargo sweat will occur D. Amount of dew will increase 91. A vessel loading cargo at the anchorage suddenly takes a list to port due to the center of gravity rising above the metacenter. Which of the following is the best action to correct the list? A. Discharge a center double bottom tank B. Discharge a full double bottom tank on the portside C. Discharge a full double bottom tank on the starboard side D. None of these 92. After measuring the length to which shoring should be cut, you should cut the shore: A. Approximately 1/3 inch longer per foot of shoring to allow for wet expansion B. Approximately inch shorter per foot of shoring to allow for wet expansion C. Approximately 1/5 inch shorter per foot of shoring to allow for wet expansion D. Approximately inch shorter per foot of shoring to allow for wet expansion 93. Boxes of bananas are loaded in Puerto. Limon bound for Rotterdam. What happens when a carrying temperature of 10 Celsius is maintained throughout the voyage? I. Bananas are chilled II. Black spots spear under the peeling III. Bananas will ripen A. I only B. I and III C. Both I and II D. I, II and III 94. Buckler plates are: A. metal plates secured over the tops of the hawse pipe B. metal plates use for closing Panama fairlead C. metal plates for closing the anchor chain passage D. metal plates on the top of the spurling pipe


95. Floodable length is the maximum length of a compartment that can be flooded without causing the vessel to sink. This value when multiplied by the Factor Of Subdivision results in: A. floodable length B. permissible length C. bilging D. increase in draft 96. Good left over at the completion of discharging operation which is eventually sold by the ship owner to meet claims for short delivery are called: A. residue B. remnants C. oddments D. excess cargo 97. In ship handling as the beam of the vessel increases for a given length, it is apparent that directional stability: A. remain constant B. develop an adverse effect C. increase D. decreases rd 98. Simpson's 3 rule in finding the area of a water plane is also known as: A. 5/8 rule B. 3/8 rule C. 6/8 rule D. 2/8 rule 99. Simpson's first rule states that the area between 3 consecutive ordinates plus 4 times the middle, all multiplied by ___________ of the common interval. A. B. 2/3 C. D. 1/3 100. Stowing small, durable packages or cargo items in spaces or voids between larger pieces is called: A. additional cargo B. filler cargo C. slack cargo D. cargo remnants 101. " Broken Stowage" refers to space lost by; A. dunnage B. all of the above C. the ship's fittings D. the shape of the hold and its relation to the cargo to be stowed there 102. A "Tom" is a timber used to secure cargo by running from: I. An upper support down to the cargo II A lower support up to the cargo A. I only B. II only C. either I or II D. none of the above 103. A barge 50 m long, 9 m wide a depth of 8 m has an amidship compartment 12 m long, filled with cargo whose permeability is 55 %. She is on even keel at 5.75 m. Calculate the draft if this compartment is bilged. A. 6.79 m B. 6.80 m C. 6.62 m D. 7.12 m


104. A barge has a mean draft of 5.80 m in sea water of density 1.025 tons/m. On docking, the mean draft became 5.945 m What is the dock water density? 3 A. 1,015 kgs/m 3 B. 11,012 kgs/m 3 C. 11,016 kgs/m 3 D. 1,000 kgs/m 105. A barge is 68 m long and 10 m wide. Which is true of the following? I. It has a TPC of 6.97 in seawater II. To increase her mean draft by one cm., 6.97 tons should be loaded III. To decrease her mean draft by one cm.,6.97 tons should be loaded A. I and II only B. II and III only C. I and III only D. I,II and III 106. A barge of 70 m long and 14 m wide is loading in fresh water. How many tons is required to increase or decrease her mean draft by one centimeter? A. 9.8 tons B. 7.8 tons C. 9.28 tons D. 8.28 tons 107. A block that can be opened at the hook or shackle end to receive a bight of the line is a: A. bight block B. gin block C. heel block D. snatch block 108. A box-shaped vessel 65 m long, 10 m wide and 8 m deep is in port where the density is 1.016 tons/m. If the displacement is 2,840 tons, what is its draft? A. 4.30 m B. 4.45 m C. 4.60 m D. 4.75 m 109. A box-shaped vessel 65 m long and 8 m wide is floating at an even keel of 4.62 m. If the displacement is 3,027 tons, what is the relative density of the water where the vessel is in? A. 1.016 B. 1.014 C. 1.011 D. 1.008 110. A cargo plan which shows the ships profile and uses block spaces with the name of each commodity carried is: I. Called a commodity type stowage plan II. The same as a block type stowage plan A. I only B. II only C. I and II D. none of the above 111. A flounder plate on a toppings lift is: A. a swivel pin for the topping lift B. a triangular steel plate with a hole at each corner C. fairlead D. the lower block of a multiple part topping lift 112. A metal ring on the bottom of a block to which the standing part of a tackle is sliced is known as a (an): A. becket B. loop C. swivel D. eye


113. A ship 80 m long, 18 m wide is floating in water whose density is 1.018 tons/m, the length and breath of the water plane at a draught of 6.5 m is 78 m and 16 m respectively. What is the vessel's displacement if block coefficient is 0.82? A. 9,528.5 tons B. 6,771.6 tons C. 9,525.5 tons D. 7,333.3 tons 114. A snatch block is a: A. hinged block B. block used only with manila rope C. chock roller D. strong block used for short, sharp pulls 115. A vessel is proceeding along the English Coast when it sprang a leak on the hull below the waterline. Efforts to patch her proved futile. It was added to ditch her to the nearest shoal. This is termed as: A. ditching B. stranding C. beaching D. grounding 116. Although a hold is full of cargo, any remaining space that could possibly fill with water in a casualty is known: A. floodability B. cargo permeability C. broken stowage D. broken stowage 117. An inert gas system installed on a tanker is design to: A. force toxic and explosive fumes from a cargo tank vent to the outside temperature B. increase the oxygen level C. increase the rate of discharging cargo D. lower the oxygen level inside cargo tank, making explosion nearly impossible 118. As a useful guide in case of flooding of the engine room. It is prudent to use permeability in calculating the flooded space. A. 60 B. 70 C. 80 D. 90 119. As a useful guide when maneuvering to a dock, a vessel moving at 2 knots travels: A. 200 ft/min B. 210 ft/min C. 220 ft/min D. 230 ft/min 120. As per SOLAS regulation, dangerous goods shall be loaded, secured and stowed safely and efficiently in accordance with the nature of the goods. Goods shall be segregated from one another. A. odorous B. incompatible C. dangerous D. hazardous 121. At any given draft the TPI of a vessel can be found by dividing the area of the water plane by: A. 240 B. 120 C. 420 D. 460


122. At the start of loading operations, drafts fwd. 6.30 m aft 6.70 m After loading, a mean draft of 7.25 m was observed. If TPC is 22, how much cargo was loaded? A. 880 tons B. 1,210 tons C. 1,750 tons D. 1,650 tons 123. Battens are fitted in cargo holds across the frames of the vessel from the turn of the bilge upward. The purpose: A. to prevent cargo from coming in contact with the vessel's frames or shell plating B. intercostal frames C. for securing a snatch block when snacking cargo into the wings of the Hold D. to support the dunnage floors which are laid down into the tiers of the cargo 124. Binder chains used to lash down deck cargo may be shortened by: A. knotting B. bolting two links together C. wiring, welding and pelican hooks D. load binders or turnbuckles 125. Cask stowage so that upper casks nest in the curved intersection of lower casks is called _________. A. bilge and cantline stowage B. bilge free stowage C. quoin stowage D. none of the above 126. Cofferdam is: A. any deck below the main deck and above the lower deck B. a member that gives fore-and-aft strength C. a heavy fore-and -aft beam under the deck D. made by placing two bulkheads a few feet apart 127. During cargo operations, your vessel has developed a list due to the center of gravity rising above the transverse you should; A. add weight in the lower holds or double bottoms B. shift weight to the centerline C. lubricate properly during engine operation D. remove weight from the lower holds or double bottom 128. Form the foundation for the decks, they are situated athwartship from side to side of the vessel; A. garboard strake B. deck beams C. deck beam brackets D. girders 129. How are SWL clearly done before using pulley blocks in hoisting or lowering? A. Stamped B. Marked C. Written D. Stenciled 130. In ship construction, keel scantling should be greatest at: A. amidships B. at each frame C. one-third the distance from the bow D. one-third the distance from the stem 131. Lashing for carboys of acid should be made of__________. A. good clean manila B. wire C. natural fiber cordage D. synthetic fiber cordage


132. Liquids that evaporate readily are known as___________ liquids. Any petroleum product with a flash point below 60 C is classed as: A. flammable B. combustible C. volatile D. non- volatile 133. Non-combustible material is a material that neither burns nor gives off flammable vapors in sufficient quantity for self-ignition when heated to approximately: A. 750 C B. 140 C C. 350 C D. 500 C 134. On a break bulk cargo, you are loading cylinders of acetylene. Which of the following is true? A. The cylinders must have red label for flammability and a green label for compressed to be the equivalent of hazardous substance B. Stowage in the upper twin deck is considered to be the equivalent of "on deck stowage" C. The cylinders must be stowed at least 10 horizontal feet from corrosive materials in the same place D. The cylinders may be protected from the radiant heat of the sun by laying a trap on Them 135. On a cargo crane the boom indicator tells the operator what angle the boom angle as compared to the: A. vertical position B. minimum radius angle C. boom stop angle D. horizontal position 136. Packages containing a harmful substance shall be durably marked with the correct technical name, and further shall be labeled to indicate that the substance is a: A. harmful substance B. hazardous cargo C. dangerous cargo D. marine pollutant 137. Reid Vapor Pressure is the vapor pressure exerted by a liquid when heated to a temperature of ___________ deg C by laboratory testing in a standard manner. A. 80 B. 90 C. 100 D. 120 138. Remote controls for quick- closing shut off valves required in how many locations? A. 3 B. 2 C. 1 D. 4 139. SOLAS Regulation VII/6 on the stowage of dangerous goods in packaged form that gives off dangerously vapors shall be stowed in a mechanically ventilated space or on: A. shelter deck B. a segregated locker C. separate container D. deck 140. Sometimes it is desirable to connect a member of both by riveting and welding. Which statement is True: A. the weld increases the tensile stress on the rivet heads B. the weld may be broken by the stresses caused by riveting C. tearing through the member is more likely in this type connection D. the welding must be completed before riveting commences


141. The____________ of a dry bulk cargo refers to the saturation of that dry bulk cargo with water to the point where it acts as a liquid. A. saturation point B. moisture limit C. flow state D. viscosity 142. The advantage of using derrick system is which of the following? A. All of these B. Cargo works is permitted on both sides of the ship C. Two derricks at each hatch D. Quick discharge or loading 143. The bodily motion of a body from side to side is termed: A. heaving B. surging C. swaying D. yawing 144. The bulk head deck is that deck up to which all main ____________ and watertight bulkheads are carried. A. non-watertight B. transverse C. longitudinal D. weather-tight 145. The effects of the free surface on initial stability depend upon the dimensions of the surface of the free liquids and the: A. volume of liquid in a tank B. location of the tank in the vessel C. height of the center of gravity of the vessel D. volume of displacement 146. The entries in the Oil Record Book shall be in an official language of the state whose flag the ship is flying. For ships holding an IOPP certificate. It should be in: I. English II. French III. Spanish A. I only B. II only C. I and II only D. Either I, II or III 147. The most detrimental effect on initial stability is a result of loose liquids: A. flowing in and out of a holed wing tank B. flowing from fore and aft within a vessel C. flowing from side to side within the vessel D. pocketing in a slack as a vessel heels 148. The numerous post fitted throughout the vessel, their use is to give vertical support to girders, deck beams, and: A. chamber B. sheer C. pillar D. bilge strake 149. The oscillation of a vessel along her vertical axis is: A. swaying B. pitching C. yawing D. heaving


150. The oscillation of a vessel on her transverse axis is termed as: A. rolling B. pitching C. yawing D. heaving 151. The pitch of the propeller is 22 ft at an average RPM of 77. If the speed made good is 16 knots, what is the slip of the propeller? A. 2.4% B. -2.4% C. + 4.2% D. -4.2% 152. The present draft is 8.20 m fwd and 8.60 m aft. You want to load at your maximum load draft of 8.88 m If the TPC at this draft is 26, how much cargo remains to be loaded? A. 1,218 tons B. 1,228 tons C. 1,238 tons D. 1,248 tons 153. The propeller is turning an average RPM of 75 with a pitch of 24 feet. Calculate the engine distance traveled in one day? A. 426.3 nm B. 462.3 nm C. 432.6 nm D. 425.6 nm 154. The propeller is turning an average RPM of 75 with a pitch of 24 feet. If you anticipate a slip of + 4%, what will be the distance run in one day? A. 422.3 nm B. 409.2 nm C. 444.4 nm D. 443.4 nm 155. The safest way of stowing cargo in drums in the cargo hold is stowing them: A. in a fore and aft manner B. athwartship manner C. ends on (upright) D. any of these 156. The stevedores worked continuously till 1800H, at which time drafts were read as follows: fwd 4.30 m aft 4.50 m If the TPC at this draft is 24, what is the rate of loading per hour? A. 720 tons/hr B. 72 tons/hr C. 50 tons tons/hr D. 80 tons/hr 157. The system of valves and cargo lines in the bottom piping network of a tank vessel that connects one section is a: A. crossover B. run about C. come along D. manifold 158. The term "Breaking Bulk" means to; A. break out a cargo or to start to discharge it B. divide a bulk cargo with shifting boards C. accidentally smash a bulk cargo shipment D. none of the above 159. The term "Cargo Tank Length" as used in part 157 of the Pollution Regulations, means the: A. diagonal measurement of a cargo tank B. greatest distance between two opposite cargo tank bulkhead C. length of any individual cargo space, from bulkhead to bulkhead D. length from the collision bulkhead to the forward bulkhead of the machinery


160. The term "Short Landing" refers to; A. a wharf that is considerably shorter than the ship B. when the amount of cargo discharged is less than that shown on the Cargo Manifest or Bill of Lading C. discharging cargo at a port ahead of its destination D. handling cargo where the winged-out boom barely plumbs the pier stringer 161. The timber deck cargo should be secured throughout by independent lashing spaced not more than___________. A. 2 m B. 3 m C. 1 m D. 4 m 162. The welds used to join shell plates in flush construction are known as: A. steam welds B. fillet welds C. butt welds D. continuous welds 163. This is the allowance given to the draft when vessel passes from fresh water of density 3 3 1,000 kgs./m to the sea water of density 1,025 kgs./m or vice versa. A. allowable increase B. dockwater allowance C. fresh water allowance D. TPC 164. To reeve a right-angle three fold purchase start with the: A. left sheave top block B. middle sheave bottom block C. left sheave bottom block D. right sheave bottom block 165. To rigidly fasten together the peak frames, the stem, and the outside framing, a horizontal plate is fitted across the: A. inter-coastal plate B. breast hook C. apron plate D. joiner 166. To separate different kinds of bulk grain stowed in the same hold separation cloths should_____________. A. be laid tight between the cargoes B. be laid slack between the cargoes C. not be used D. placed next to the cargo 167. Using a safety factor of five, determine what is the safe working load for 3 inch Manila line with a braking stress: A. 0.98 tons B. 2.45 tons C. 0.82 tons D. 12.25 tons 168. What bulkheads subdivides the ship into independent compartments to limit the extent for flooding? A. Accommodation B. Transverse watertight C. Longitudinal D. Compartment


169. What happen to the reserve buoyancy of the vessel when flooding occurs after a damaged hull? A. Increase B. Remains the same C. Decrease D. Shifts to low side 170. What is the cause to the vessel subjected to pitching, racing of engine, longitudinal stresses, slamming and pounding? A. Wave impact B. High swell C. Head sea D. Heavy seas 171. What provision shall be regarded for a safe margin of stability at all stages of voyages? A. Loss of weight due to consumption B. Addition of weight due to accretion of ice on deck C. Addition of weight due to water absorption by deck cargo D. Any of these 172. When a ship with a negative GM is inclined, the center of buoyancy moves out to a position vertically under the center of gravity. In still water the capsizing moment will then have disappeared. The angle at which this occurs is known as___________. A. angle of heel B. angle of loll C. angle of neutrality D. angle of repose 173. When a vessel is aground, which of the following is true? A. It is as if a weight is discharged at keel level B. It is as if a weight is loaded at keel level C. Similar to shifting weight from deck to keel level D. It causes the center of gravity to shift downward to the keel 174. When a vessel is traveling in shallow water_____________. A. yawing occurs B. tactical diameter increases C. speed increases D. draft decreases 175. When cartons, crates or boxes are about twice as long as they are wide they may be stowed in _________. I. Brick fashion, with an upper case resting on two cases below II. Alternating tiers fore and aft athwartships A. I only B. II only C. I and II D. none of the above 176. When is a bill of lading said to be clean? A. When it bears no super-imposed remarks as to the condition of the cargo B. When STB, STC and STW are stamped on the face of the bill of lading C. When the name of the receiver is written on the bill of lading D. When the freight has been paid in advance, its clean of freight at the destination 177. When stripping a tank, excessive air in the suction line may cause: A. back pressure B. loss of suction C. an over pressurized line C. increase of suction 178. When taking ullage at a tank opening where fumes may be present, you should: A. stand at right angles with respect to the wind direction of the tank opening B. position yourself to windward of the tank opening C. position yourself to leeward of the opening D. position yourself to starboard of the tank opening, while facing the bow of the vessel


179. Which factor is most important in preventing sweat damage within a cargo hold? A. Dew point of the cargo hold B. Dew point of the outside atmosphere C. Temperature of the cargo D. Outside air temperature 180. Which factor is not important when calculating the best use of the cubic capacity of a ship's hold? A. The value of the cargo B. The proper use of filler cargo C. The skill of the longshoremen D. The choice of cargo to fit the hold 181. Which of the following actions would best increases the transverse stability of a merchant vessel at a sea? A. Ballasting the wing tanks B. Positioning a heavy lift cargo on the main deck C. Ballasting the double bottom tanks D. Raising the cargo booms to the upright position 182. Which of the following describes a relationship between flash point and ignition temperature? A. The ignition temperature is always higher B. The flash point is always higher C. Both are higher than normal burning temperature D. They are not necessarily related 183. Which of the following is (are) correct concerning the function of deck beams? I. Support the vertical deck II. To act as to keep the side of the ship in place A. I only B. II and III only C. Both I and II D. None of the above 184. Which of the following is true of a Bill of Lading? I. It is a negotiable instrument II. It serves as a title of ownership III. Can be signed by the agent on master's behalf A. I and II only B. II and III only C. I and III only D. I, II and III 185. Which of the following surveys is an initial other than the classification in survey for the first entry? A. Classification During Construction B. Intermediate C. Docking D. Annual Classification 186. Which practice should be followed while loading a tanker? A. Keep a strain on the loading hose B. When closing valves, close them down, then open one or two turns, and re-close C. Keep the seaman on watch on standby in the mess room D. Have all tanks closed except the one you are loading 187. You are approaching a pilot station with the wind fine in the starboard bow and making about 3 knots. You can: A. stopping the engines B. a short burst of ahead full with left full rudder C. giving right full rudder D. backing full


188. You are in a containership. Which of the following statements about the stowage of hazardous materials in containers is True? A. A refrigerated container with a fuel tank containing a flammable liquid must be stowed on deck B. The containers provide automatic segregation of hazardous materials except for class A explosives C. Package liquids within a container should be stowed on top of packages of solids to prevent crushing D. All packages within a container must be mark this end up to indicate correct 189. You are in a tank wearing the fresh air breathing apparatus and you desire to return topside. How many tugs you are going to give? A. One B. Two C. Four D. Three 190. You are stopped with no way upon your vessel at the pilot station, your vessel is a large twin screw ship, you must; A. full ahead on one engine and full astern on the other B. half ahead with hard over rudder, then full astern on inboard engine C. full ahead on the engines and hard over rudder D. slow ahead with hard over rudder 191. A cylindrical drum, 3 m high, has a diameter of 1.6 m. Find the amount of sea water it contains if filled to full capacity? A. 24.13 tons B. 24.73 tons C. 6.13 tons D. 6.18 tons 192. Calculate the righting arm of a vessel whose GM is 0.65 m when inclined at an angle of 12? A. 0.135 m B. 0.253 m C. 0.535 m D. 0.355 m 193. The purpose of the inclining experiment is to: A. determine the lightweight center of gravity location B. determine the location of the meta center C. verify the hydrostatic data D. verify data in the vessel's operating manual 194. The stress brought by the uneven distribution of a weight all along the entire length of the vessel: A. sagging B. shearing C. hogging D. torsion 195. The method of finding the effect of flooding on transverse stability in which the water that entered the tank is considered as an added weight with no loss of buoyancy is: A. buoyancy method B. lost buoyancy method C. added weight method D. any of these 196. The minimum temperature required to ignite gas or vapor without a spark or flame being present is called; A. flash point B. fire point C. auto ignition temperature D. lower explosive limit


197. A box-shaped vessel has a mean draft of 4.65 m in sea water. What would be the approximate mean draft upon entering a port of relative density 1.012? A. 4.59 m B. 4.68 m C. 4.61 m D. 4.71m 198. IMG Code classifies inflammable solid as: A. Class 5.1 B. Class 4.3 C. Class 4.1 D. Class 5.2 199. Initial stability is the ___________ stability of a ship at a very small angle of list. A. statical B. dynamical C. transverse D. longitudinal 200. Odorous cargoes are those that: A. are liquid but are in containers B. are exceptionally dusty and leave a residue C. are susceptible to damage by tainting D. give off fumes that may damage other cargoes 201. The strength of a deck will be increased by adding _____________. A. camber B. hatch beams C. deck beam brackets D. sheers 202. Oil transfer operations should begin at a reduced rate so that: A. couplings, flanges, gland, etc can be checked B. water around the vessel can be checked C. proper line up of valves and tanks can be checked D. all of these 203. A cargo of 50 tons is to be loaded on deck 20 feet from the ship's centerline. The vessel's displacement including the 50 tons cargo will be 3,000 tons and the GM three feet. The list of the vessel after loading this cargo will be _________ degrees. A. 5.35 B. 6.10 C. 5.80 D. 6.35 204. Bilge keels are fitted on the ships to: A. protect the vessels from slamming against the pier B. assist in drydock alignment C. improve the vessel's stability D. reduce the rolling of the vessel 205. A floating vessel will behave as if all of its weight is acting downward through the: A. center of gravity B. center of buoyancy C. center of floatation D. reserve buoyancy 206. The space or tanks formed by the bottom shell plating on the inner bottom or tank top. A. deck beam B. girders C. pillar D. double bottom


207. You have a quantity of bagged cargo to stow in a block in #3 UTD. Which stow will provide the maximum block stability: A. alternate layer direction B. bag on bag cargo C. half-bagged cargo D. bilge and cantline 208. You have approximately 16 tons of fish on deck. What will be the shift in the center of gravity after you shift the fish to the fish hold, a vertical distance of 8 feet? (total displacement is 640 tons)? A. 0.1 ft. B. 0.2 ft. C. 0.3 ft. D. 0.4 ft. 209. Cribbing" is ___________. A. A crate in which a deck cargo is packaged B. The chains and shackles use to secure a deck cargo. C. Wooden blocks or dunnage placed between a deck load and deck D. Cardboard separation piece placed between deck loads to prevent chafing 210. Load line markings indicate the drafts at which, for various conditions and types or classes of vessels, there will still be left a sufficient percentage of ____________ to ensure the vessel's safety. A. transverse B. longitudinal stability C. reserve buoyancy D. intact buoyancy 211. When a vessel is inclined at a small angle the center of buoyancy will ________________. A. move toward the high side B. move toward the low side C. remain stationary D. move to the height of the metacenter 212. Which of the following is an advantage gained by building a vessel by Isherwood system of construction? A. It provides a great deal of longitudinal strength B. It provides for more transverse strength than any other system C. It reduces the need for a large amount of longitudinal D. It eliminates the need for any transverse framing 213. The term that indicates how many tons a vessel can carry is ________. A. gross tonnage B. bale cubic C. deadweight D. loaded displacement 214. Extinguishing oils fire is very effective when; A. removing fuel B. cooling below its ignition C. spraying with water D. cutting off oxygen source 215. To facilitate faster discharging operation, each port of discharge is allocated a distinctive color mark. A. ship marking B. cargo coding C. color coding D. port markings


216. The result of two forces acting in opposite directions and along parallel lines, is an example of what type of stress? A. Shear B. Tensile C. Compression D. Strain 217. What is the displacement of a barge which measures 85' x 46' x 13' and is floating in salt water with a draft of ten feet? A. 1452 tons B. 500 tons C. 1117 tons D. 17.5 tons 218. Application for waivers of any requirement of any regulations for oil transfer operations must be submitted; A. the day before the operations B. 10 days before the operations C. 5 days before the operations D. 30 days before the operations 219. The height of the center of gravity for passengers should be assumed equal to: A. 0.5 m above deck level for passengers standing upright B. 1.0 m above deck level for passengers standing upright C. 2.0 m above deck level for passengers standing upright D. 0.3 m above deck level for passengers standing upright 220. The second moment of a ship's water-plane area about the centerline is 20,000 m4 units. The displacement is 7,000 tons while floating in dock water of density 1.008 kgs./m .KB = 1.9 m., and KG = 3.2 m. Calculate the initial metacentric height? A. 1.79 m. B. 1.66 m. C. 1.88 m. D. 1.58 m. 221. What is the stowage factor of a commodity whose density is 15 pounds per cubic foot? A. 133 B. 45 C. 15 D. 149 222. A tankerman who permits or cause oil to go into a navigable waterway may be punished federally by; A. Fine B. All of these C. Imprisonment D. Suspension or revocation of tankerman's document 223. The initial stability of a vessel is most affected by: A. free surface in a compartment B. a reduction of the vessel's freeboard C. free communication in a compartment D. a transverse imbalance of weight in a compartment 224. Manila sling should not be used to load ; A. cotton B. lumber C. tires D. steel 225. When loading different cargoes through the same pipeline you should determine which cargo to load first, Except: A. specific gravity B. trim, hog and sag C. flash point D. cleanliness of commodity


226. To determine the weight capacity of a deck in a cargo hold, you would refer to the___________. A. deck capacity plan B. cubic capacity tables C. deadweight scale D. general arrangement plan 227. What term indicates the midships portion of a vessel that has a constant cross section? A. Half length B. Middle body C. Molded length D. Amidships 228. Radio transmitter and hand held radio should not be operated while transferring grades "A", "B", "C" liquids. Which statement is true? A. It disrupt the loading/discharge operation B. Electric sparks from antenna or its internal wiring can cause an explosion C. Place a sign on deck against the use of radio equipment D. Radio transmission and hand held radio is not allowed to be use on deck 229. A vessel loads edible oil in a deep tank through a manhole at the midlength of the tank. In order to fill the tank to maximum capacity. What trim should the vessel have? A. Down by the bow B. Down by stern C. In level trim D. None of these 230. Which of the following is True regarding transport of coal cargo is/are/true? I. Coal cargoes having a moisture content in excess of the transportable moisture limit may be carried II. Other cargoes containing liquids may be stowed where they can lead into coal A. II only B. I only C. Neither I nor II D. Both I and II 231. You are to load a bagged cargo in the lower hold of a ship equipped with drain walls in the after end of the hold. The first layer of dunnage should be laid down; A. at an angle to the keel, with forward end outboard B. in the fore and aft pattern C. at an angle to the keel, with the forward end inboard D. diagonally across the entire hold 232. All lines in the loadlines are ___________ in thickness. A. 20 mm B. 24 mm C. 25 mm D. 16 mm 233. The weight of the container and its contents is supported on deck by what parts? A. Four lower corner castings B. Bottom, side and end rails C. Bottom flooring only D. Bottom flooring, side and end rails 234. The purpose of sheer in ship construction is to; A. allow the ship to ride waves with drier deck B. eliminate the need for margin plates C. eliminate the need for butt straps D. give greater strength at the deck edge 235. "Block stowage" means _____________. A. having the cargo on pallets B. storing all the cargo for a port in the same area C. using separation cloths to separate different kinds of cargo D. using port marks on the cargo


236. Safety shackles are fitted with _____________. A. a threaded bolt B. a threaded bolt, locknuts, cotter pins C. a round pin with a cotter pin D. roundpins and locknuts 237. When a vessel is stationary and in a hogging condition, the main deck is under: A. shear stress B. racking stress C. compression stress D. tension stress 238. A vessel is drawing 38'08" in salt water. What would she have to do in order to maintain the same draft in brackish water? A. Discharge cargo and lighten up before proceeding B. Load additional cargo C. Proceed slowly with no change to deadweight tons D. Load clean ballast 239. If a vessel goes from salt water to fresh water and wishes to keep the same draft, you would; A. take on ballast B. do nothing as it does remain the same C. discharge ballast D. none of these 240. According to the Chemical Data Guide, to what chemical family does 1, 3-pentadiene belong? A. Esters B. Phosphorus C. Unsaturated hydrocarbon D. Olefins 241. If the cargo to be loaded in the hold is bulk grain, the limber boards should be; A. covered with tarpaulin with battens B. disinfected with bitumastic C. caulked with oakum D. cleaned and limed washed 242. Your vessel is floating in water of density 1010. The fresh water allowance is 8 inches. How far below her marks may she be loaded so as to float at her mark in salt water density 1025? A. 6.4 inches B. 3.2 inches C. 4.8 inches D. 8.0 inches 243. A vessel is in the form of a triangular prism 32 m. long, 8 m. wide at the top, and 5 m. deep. KG = 3.7 m. Find the initial metacentric height when floating on even keel at 4 m. draft F and A? A. 0.76 m. B. 0.68 m. C. 0.78 m. D. 0.74 m. 244. While loading bulk oil, you notice oil on the water near the barge. What should you do first? A. Search you do first B. Notify terminal superintendent C. Stop loading D. Notify the Coast Guard


245. Transverse frames are more widely spaced on a ship that is designed with the ______A. isometric system of framing B. longitudinal system of framing C. centerline system of framing D. transverse system of framing 246. This is the ratio of the immersed volume to the area of the load waterplane multiplied by the mean draught. A. Prismatic Coefficient B. Waterplane Area Coefficient C. Midship Section Area Coefficient D. Vertical Prismatic Coefficient 247. After transferring a weight forward on a vessel, the draft at the center of flotation will: A. decrease B. change, depending on the location of the LCG C. increase D. remain constant 248. Your vessel displaces 696 tons and measures 135' L by 34' B. What is the reduction in GM due to free surface if the fish hold (32' L by 29' B by 9' D) is filled with 2.0 feet of water? (Each foot of water weighs 26.5 tons). A. 2.04 feet B. 2.25 feet C. 1.96 feet D. 2.48 feet 249. Your displacement tonnage is: A. the amount of water the vessel displaces when in a light condition measured in short tons B. the net tonnage minus certain spaces C. the gross tonnage D. the amount of water the vessel displaces at any given draft measured in long tons 250. On tank vessels that use an automatic tape well, free movement of the tape is normally checked by ________________. A. operating the hand clutch B. comparing with a hand tape C. removing the side plate D. using litmus paste 251. Which of the following best indicates how many tons of cargo a vessel can carry? A. Loaded displacement B. Deadweight C. Bale cubic D. Gross tonnage 252. Which substance is Not considered to be "oil" under the pollution prevention regulations? A. Sludge B. Oil mixed with dredge spoil C. Petroleum and fuel oil D. Oil refuse and oil mixed with wastes 253. The advantage in using a single whip tackle is I. The strain on the hauling part is less than the weight II. The direction of the pull of force needed to lift the weight is change A. II only B. Both I and II C. I only D. Neither I nor II 254. If a vessel will list with equal readiness to either side, the list is most likely caused by; A. pocketing of free surface B. off-centering weight C. negative GM D. excessive freeboard


255. Spontaneous heating of coal rapidly accelerates at the approximate minimum temperature of; A. 100 F B. 111 F C. 88 F D. 119 F 256. What refers to the depth of a petroleum product in a tank? A. Thievage B. Outage C. Innage D. Ullage 257. A tank will hold 153 tons when full of fresh water. Find how many tons of oil of relative density 0.8 it will hold allowing 2% of oil loaded for expansion? A. 130 tons B. 120 tons C. 150 tons D. 110 tons 258. These are those portions of the accommodation spaces which are used for halls,dining rooms, lounges and similar permanently enclosed spaces. A. Public spaces B. Crew spaces C. Passenger spaces D. Service spaces 259. You are planning to use crude oil washing system. What precaution must be taken with the tank as the source for the washing machines? A. the source tank must have been crude B. the oil in the source tank must be sampled for compatibility C. it must be debottomed and the level lowered by at least one meter D. the inert gas system must lower the oxygen content to a maximum of 12% oxygen in the tank 260. Small oil spills on deck can be kept from going overboard by; A. plugging the scuppers B. driving wooden plugs into the vents C. closing the lids on the vents D. plugging the sounding pipes 261. Aboard a vessel, dividing the sum of the transverse moments by the total weight yields the vessel's; A. Vertical moments B. Righting moments C. Transverse position of the center of gravity D. Inclining moments 262. Your vessel is damaged and listing to port. The rolling period is long, and the vessel will occasionally assume a starboard list. Which action should you take First? A. Fill an empty double bottom tank on the starboard side B. Pump out ballast from the port and starboard double bottom tanks C. Transfer all possible movable weights from port to starboard D. Press up a slack centerline double bottom tank 263. A tonnage tax is levied according to the _____________. A. gross tonnage of vessel B. displacement tonnage of vessel C. deadweight cargo tonnage abroad D. net tonnage of vessel


264. Providing you are not in a special area, such as Mediterranean or Red Sea, how many nautical miles from land must you be throw wooden dunnage in the sea? A. 25 nm B. 3 nm C. 12 nm D. 6 nm 265. You are to load a bagged cargo in the lower hold of a ship equipped with side bilges. The first layer of dunnage should be laid down _______. A. In a fore and aft pattern B. At an angle to the keel, with the forward end inboard C. Diagonally across the entire hold D. At an angle to the keel, with the forward end outboard 266. A crack in the deck plating of a vessel may be temporarily prevented from increasing in length by ______________. A. drilling a hole at each end of the crack B. cutting a square notch at each end of the crack C. slot-welding the crack D. welding a doubler over the crack 267. A cargo that has a stowage factor over 40 is known as a __________. A. hygroscopic cargo B. measurement cargo C. weight cargo D. stowage cargo 268. Cargoes that might leak from containers are known as __________. A. dirty cargoes B. caustic cargoes C. wet cargoes D. bulk cargoes 269. What term indicates the midship portion of a vessel that has a constant cross section? A. Middle body B. Amidship C. Half length D. Moulded length 270. Before a tank is crude oil washed, the oxygen content in the tank must be measured at a position ______________. A. immediately above the level of the oil B. one meter from the deck C. at the top of the tank D. in the vent riser 271. One major advantage of the load-on-top system is that ______________. A. discharge time significantly reduced B. corrosion within the cargo tanks is reduced C. oil that was previously lost is recovered D. multiple-product ships can use it without contamination problems 272. Which of the following is required to be stenciled at the heel of a cargo boom? A. Date of the last guadrennial test B. Safe working load C. Maximum angle of elevation permitted D. Maximum load when doubled up 273. The ability of a material to undergo permanent changes in shape without rupture or loss of strength. It is particularly important when metals undergo forming process manufacture. A. hardness B. tensile strength C. toughness D. ductibility


274. When working cargo with a button or married fall arrangement, the part of the cargo gear most likely to fall would be the: A. gooseneck B. boom C. topping lift D. guy 275. The definition "A" mixture of hydrocarbon products composed predominately of propane, butane, butylene or butadiene which is liquefied by compression at normal atmospheric temperature for storage, transportation and handling refers to ____________. A. LPG B. Grade A products C. Grade B products D. LNG 276. A ship is lying at the mouth of a river in water of density 1,024 kgs./m. and the displacement is 12,000 tons. The ship is to proceed up river and to berth in dock water of density 1008 kgs./m with the same draft as at present. Find how much cargo must be discharge?. A. 193.0 T B. 187.5 T C. 195.7 T D. 189.6 T 277. During oil transfer operations, who would be responsible to make sure that posted transfer procedure are followed? A. The senior able seaman B. The tankerman C. The designated person in charge D. The oiler 278. If we shift oil so that the trim and KG of the ship remain the same but free surface correction for the fuel oil tanks is reduced, what happens to the GM? A. GM is decreased B. GM remains the same C. GM is increased D. GM can either increase or decrease 279. You are fuelling your vessel in U.S. territory when you notice oil in the water around your vessel. You should immediately stop fuelling and _____________. A. leave the area B. notify the U.S. Cost Guard C. begin cleanup operations D. notify the Corps of Engineers 280. What is meant by "thieving" a petroleum cargo? A. Determining the amount of water (if any) in each cargo tank B. Adjusting the cargo figures to coincide with the draft C. Siphoning off a few barrels of petroleum for shipboard use D. Reducing the gross cargo calculations to net amounts 281. If additional weight is added above the center of gravity, the vessel will: A. Reduce righting moments B. All of these C. Reduce reserve buoyancy D. Increase GM 282. In order to reduce the accumulation of static electricity while loading petroleum products such as crude oil or gasoline, you should: A. increase the initial flow rate B. use the overall method of loading only C. decrease the initial flow rate D. increase the air flow into the tank


283. The difference between the forward and after drafts is called; A. Mean draft B. Parallel sinkage C. Change of trim D. Trim 284. A term applied to a fore and aft girder running along the side of the ship and also to the outboard strake of plating on any deck. A. frames B. keel C. stringer D. camber 285. What is the primary hazard other than fire damage associated with a class C fire? A. susceptible to reflash B. electrocution or shock C. deep seated fire D. explosion 286. What is the area of a circle with a radius of 4 feet after a sector of 111 has been removed? A. 3.90 sq. ft. B. 8.67sq.ft. C. 34.77sq. ft. D. 50.27sq. ft. 287. When weight of 800 lbs. is suspended what is the stress on the hauling part when using a gun tackle rove to least advantage? A. 480 lbs. B. 347 lbs. C. 400 lbs. D. 320 lbs. 288. It is a form of longitudinal deformation under stress by which the middle part of the vessel structure sinks below the extremities. A. sagging B. racking C. hogging D. tension 289. A general purpose electrode which is an almost pure mineral form of titanium oxide giving a good finishing or sound weld. A. hydrogen-controlled electrodes B. putile electrodes C. flux coated mild steel electrodes D. none of these 290. A partially full tank causes a virtual rise in the height of the: A. center of floatation B. metacenter C. center of buoyancy D. center of gravity 291. If you are loading fruit in reefer spaces and you notice that the fruit is beginning to mold, you should: A. write up exceptions on the cargo B. carry the cargo at a cooler temperature than originally planned C. refuse to carry the cargo D. discharge C02 into the compartment after loading 292. When a purchase is rove to advantage this means: A. the hauling part comes from the moving block B. the mechanical advantage is increased by one C. the number of sheaves in the purchase does not change D. all of these


293. If methane is forecast or detected when carrying a cargo of coal: I. Provide surface ventilation using natural ventilation only since mechanical ventilation could create sparks. II. On no account should air be directed into the body of the coal as this could promote self heating. A. I only B. Both I and II C. II only D. Neither I nor II 294. Cargo transfer operations on a tank vessel need not be discontinued when: A. a large, fresh oil spill is discovered immediately adjacent to the side of the tanker B. there is an electrical storm in the vicinity C. a tug comes alongside while the tanker is loading grade D and E cargoes D. all of these 295. Pinching of cargo hose between barge and dock should be prevented by: A. tying off the topping lifts and runners to which heads B. adjusting the hose supports C. all of these D. laying out an excess length of hose on deck 296. Coast Guard regulations require that electric and electrohydraulic steering gear motors shall be: A. provided with motor-running over current protection device B. protected by a circuit breaker and thermal overload device C. served by two electric power feeder circuits D. served by a single two-conductor cable 297. The prevention of corrosion may be broadly considered in two forms, one is: A. electro-chemical method B. application of protective coating C. cavitation D. erosion 298. F.W.A. (Fresh Water Allowance) of 7 means; A. A vessel may submerged her FW loadline 7 so that she will float at a desired draft in water having any density B. A vessel will increase her draft 7 when going from FW to SW C. None of these D. A vessel may submerge her SW loadline 7 so that she will float at a desired draft in FW. 299. Which of the following is (are) not correct concerning the principal use of floor and intercoastal plate? I. It serves as the storage space for fuel ballast. II. It is outer watertight covering of the hull A. I only B. II only C. Both I and II D. Neither I nor II 300. What size of a bilge pump is required for a lifeboat which has a capacity of 675 cubic feet? A. 1 B. 4 C. 2 D. 3 301. The larger sizes of manila line are measured by their _______. A. radius B. diameter C. circumference D. weight per foot


302. The "lay" of a line refers to ______. A. its normal location of a stowage B. the direction of twist in the strands C. the manner in which it is coiled D. the manner in which it is rigged 303. An advantage of nylon rope over manila rope is that nylon rope _______. A. can be used in conjunction with wire or spring-lay rope B. can be stored on decks exposed to sunlight C. can hold a load even when a considerable amount of the yarns have been abraided D. gives audible warning of overstress whereas manila does not 304. The ultimate or maximum strength of a wire rope is referred to as the _______. A. operating strength B. working load C. breaking strength D. lifting load 305. A mooring line that prevents a vessel from moving sideways away from the dock is a _______. A. bow line B. breast line C. stern line D. spring line 306. On the cargo manifest, the gross weight of a box containing cargo is the weight of the ______. A. cargo B. box C. cargo and box D. rate weight 307. On the cargo manifest, the total weight of an empty cargo box is the _______. A. tare weight B. net weight C. gross weight D. cargo weight 308. The periodic weight testing of a vessel's cargo booms may be performed by the _______. A. U.S. Coast Guard B. American Bureau of Shipping C. National Cargo Bureau D. Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers 309. The process of lowering a boom to a horizontal position and into its deck support is called_______. A. spotting the boom B. collaring the boom C. cradling the boom D. toppling the boom 310. The maximum theoretical stress that can be developed on a guy in a yard and stay rig is limited by the ________. A. lifting capacity of the winch B. location of the boom C. position of the guy D. weight of the load 311. Which vessel is most likely to be loaded full but not down? A. A bulk carrier loaded with a heavy ore B. A bulk carrier loaded with steel C. A break bulk vessel loaded with palletized cargo D. A tanker loaded with heavy grain


312. There is a large shipment of case goods available to be loaded on your vessel. You are to load as many tons as possible in a hold which has 32,300 cubic feet left unfilled by cargo. Each case measures 2-feet high by 2-feet wide by 4-feet long and weighs 500 pounds. If you allow a broken stowage allowance of 10% of the 32,300 feet, what is the nearest whole number of tons which may be loaded? A. 324 tons B. 360 tons C. 363 tons D. 406 tons 313. The lower hold of your vessel has a bale cubic of 52,000 cu. ft. You will load a cargo of cases, each weighing 380 lbs. and measuring 3 ft. x 2 ft. x 2 ft. The estimated broken stowage is 15%. How many tons of cases can be loaded? A. 137 tons B. 161 tons C. 625 tons D. 969 tons 314. What is the area of a circle with a radius of 21 feet after a sector of 120 has been removed? A. 115.45 ft. B. 230.91 ft. C. 461.81 ft. D. 923.63 ft. 315. What is the area of a circle with a diameter of 2 feet after a sector of 60 has been removed? A. 0.25 square ft. B. 0.2 square ft. C. 2.09 square ft. D. 2.62 square ft. 316. How many tons of salt water can be loaded into a flat-ended cylindrical tank with a diameter of 4.5 feet and a length of 8 feet? A. 1.82 tons B. 3.64 tons C. 7.27 tons D. 14.54 tons 317. What is the volume in a cone with a base diameter of 8 feet and a height of 6 feet? A. 100.53 ft. B. 131.39 ft. C. 172.72 ft. D. 197.39 ft. 318. Sour crude oil _______. A. contains high quantities of hydrogen sulfide B. is diluted with other products for carriage C. is lighter than other crudes D. is less hazardous to load than other crudes 319. Which statement is Not true concerning precautions during fueling operations? A. All engines, motors, fans, etc. should be shut down when fueling B. All windows, doors, hatches, etc. should be closed C. A fire extinguisher should be kept nearby D. Fuel tanks should be topped off with no room for expansion 320. Oil may Not be transferred unless _______. A. there are two certificated tanker men on each vessel B. the vessel is equipped with constant-tension winches C. discharge containment equipment (i.e. drip pans) are in place D. all of the above


321. Bonding cables are used during cargo transfer to ________. A. provide safe electrical power connection to barge equipment B. keep the vessel from surging excessively C. prevent an accidental discharge of static electricity D. secure the cargo hose to a hatch when loading "overall" 322. To allow for the rise or fall in tide and for change in draft of a tankship during cargo transfer, cargo hoses must be suspended with ______. A. slings or saddles placed at 25-foot (8 meter) intervals B. enough slack in their bight C. topping lifts and runners tied off to winches D. all of the above 323. A relief valve for a cargo pump is generally installed ______. A. after the discharge valve B. between the pump and discharge valve C. after the suction valve D. between the pump and suction valve 324. What is Not an advantage of centrifugal pumps over reciprocating pumps? A. They pump more cargo in less time B. They are smaller for equivalent pumping ability C. They are less expensive D. They require priming for stripping 325. A deep well pump is a type of ______. A. screw pump B. centrifugal pump C. eductor D. gear pump 326. The complete details of a crude oil washing system aboard your vessel, including the operating sequences and procedures, design characteristics, a description of the system, and required personnel will be found in the _______. A. Oil Transfer Procedure Manual B. Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual C. Code of Federal Regulation D. Crude Oil Washing addendum to the Certificate of Inspection 327. You are loading 465,000 barrels of cargo oil. At 0900 you find that you have loaded 207,000 barrels. At 1030 you find that you have loaded 223,000 barrels. If you continue loading at the same rate, you will finish at approximately _______. A. 2100 that night B. 0730 the next day C. 0910 the next day D. 1215 the next day 328. A tanker is loaded with 5,000 barrels of petroleum. The cargo was loaded at a temperature of 70F, and the coefficient of expansion is .0004. What is the net amount in barrels of cargo loaded? A. 4800 B. 4980 C. 5020 D. 5200 329. Your tanker vessel is loading a hazardous cargo. The allowance for expansion is based on ambient temperatures of what maximum range? A. 0C to 100C B. -10C to 90C C. -18C to 46C D. -40C to 50C


330. You are on a tankship carrying benzene in bulk. Which statement is True? A. No other cargoes may be carried due to the possibility of contamination by a carcinogen. B. The crew quarters must have positive-pressure ventilation to prevent the fumes from entering the living spaces. C. Personnel taking samples are required to wear protective gloves resistant to benzene. D. Personnel working in regulated areas must use respirators 331. Which cargo would require a dangerous cargo manifest? A. Cotton B. Wheat C. Sugar D. Lumber 332. A "dangerous cargo manifest" is needed for you to carry a combustible cargo. You should obtain the shipping papers to make this "manifest" from the _______. A. Manufacturer B. ABS C. Coast Guard D. Shipper 333. You are on a containership carrying a tank container that had been filled with sodium hydroxide solution. The container is empty but has not been cleaned. Which, if any, placard is required? A. No placard is required; the tank openings must be sealed B. Empty placard with corrosive placard C. Residue label with the UN number D. Black and white corrosive placard 334. What entry on a dangerous cargo manifest concerning the classification of a cargo is correct? A. Class 8 B. Class 3 - flammable liquid C. Division 2.2 - nonflammable gas D. All of these are correct 335. The designations A, B, C, D, and E grades of cargo refer to the _______. A. degrees of quality of petroleum products B. flash point range and Reid vapor pressure index of petroleum products C. grades of crude oil D. pour point, color, and viscosity index of petroleum products 336. For the purpose of regulating tank vessels, flammable liquids are liquids which will ________. A. give off flammable vapors at or below 80F (27C) B. have a Reid vapor pressure of 18 pounds or more C. give off flammable vapors only above 80F (27C) D. sustain combustion at a temperature at or below 100F (38C) 337. How do you determine the weight of the vessel that is supported by the ground when a vessel has run aground? A. This requires extensive calculation and is usually performed only by a naval architect not by a ship's officer B. Determine the point where aground and the draft at that point, then calculate it using the grounding formula C. Use the hydrostatic tables and enter with the mean draft before grounding and the mean draft after grounding D. Use the inclining experiment formula and substitute the change of trim for the angle of list 338. Signs of racking stresses generally appear at the ______. A. bow and stern shell frames and plating B. junction of the frames with the beams and floors C. garboard strake, at each side of the keel











D. thrust bearing of the main shaft When planning the loading or discharging of a VLCC (100,000 DWT) what is the most important consideration? A. Draft and trim B. Limits of the bending moments C. Rate of discharging D. Rate of loading The vertical motion of floating vessel is known as ______. A. surge B. sway C. heave D. yaw Rivets are usually made of ______. A. wrought iron B. aluminum C. high - tensile steel D. mild steel After riveting is completed, the joints on the shell of a vessel are generally made watertight by _____. A. faying B. caulking C. felt or canvas packing D. red lead A large basin cut into the shore, close off by a caisson, and used for dry-docking of ship is known as a _______. A. slipway B. graving dock C. ground warp D. caisson dock The maximum length allowed between main, transverse bulkheads on a vessel is referred to as the ______. A. floodable length B. factor of subdivision C. compartment standard D. permissible length The term "scantlings" refers to the _____. A. draft of a vessel B. measurements of structural members C. requirements of ship's gear D. placement of a vessel's loadline What size of manila line is required to hold a weight of 932 lbs., if you use a safety factor of six? A. 2.0" B. 2.5" C. 3.0" D. 3.5" Using a safety factor of five, determine what is the safe working load for 3-1/2 inch manila line with a breaking stress of 4.9 tons. A. 0.82 ton B. 0.98 ton C. 2.45 tons D. 12.25 tons


348. What is the definition of transverse metacenter? A. The distance between the actual center of gravity and the maximum center of gravity that will still allow a positive stability. B. The point to which G may rise and still permit the vessel to possess positive stability. C. The point to which G may rise and still permit the vessel to possess negative stability. D. The transverse shift of the center of buoyancy as a vessel rolls 349. At all angles of inclination, the metacenter is ______. A. vertically above the center of buoyancy B. vertically above the center of gravity C. at the intersection of the upright vertical centerline and the line of action of the buoyant force D. at the geometric center of the underwater volume 350. The most important figure in calculating the free surface content of a tank carrying liquid is; A. depth B. length C. displacement D. breadth 351. A tank 36 ft. by 36 ft. by 6 ft. is filled with water to a depth of 5 ft. If a bulkhead is placed in the center of the tank running fore-and -aft along the 36 - foot axis, how will the value of the moment of inertia of the free surface be affected? A. The moment of inertia will remain unchanged B. The moment of inertia would be it's original value C. The moment of inertia would be the original value D. None of the above 352. The effects of free surface on a vessel's initial stability do Not depend upon the; A. volume of displacement of the vessel B. dimensions of the surface of the liquid C. amount of liquid in slack tanks D. specific gravity of the liquid in the tank 353. The change in weight (measured in tons) which causes a draft change of one inch is; A. MT1 inch B. ML1 inch C. MH1 inch D. TPI 354. Those ship's tanks that are particularly important for trimming the ship are the; A. Domestics B. Settlers C. Deeps D. Peaks 355. Your vessel displaces 497 tons. The existing deck cargo has a center of gravity of 2.5 ft. above the deck and weighs 24 tons. If you load 18 tons of ground tackle with an estimated center of gravity of 18 inches above the deck, what is the height of the CG of the deck cargo. A. 1.86 ft. B. 2.07 ft. C. 2.35 ft. D 2.76 ft. 356. Your vessel has a displacement of 24500 tons. It is 529 feet long and has a beam of 71 feet. You have timed your full charged rolling period to be 25,0 seconds. What is your vessel's approximate GM? A. 1.25 feet B. 1.56 feet C. 1.98 feet D. 2.43 feet


357. Your vessel's measures 126 feet (38 meters) long by 21 feet (6 meters) in beam. If the natural rolling period at a draft of 6 feet (2 meters) in 6 seconds, what is the GM? A. 2.4 feet (0.70 meters) B. 2.8 feet (0.85 meters ) C. 3.0 feet (0.90 meters) D. 3.2 feet ( 0.98 meters) 358. Your vessel has a displacement of 100,000 tons. It is 350 feet long and has a beam of 55 feet you have timed it's full rolling period to be 15.0 seconds. What is your vessel's GM? A. 1.4 feet B. 1.83 feet C. 2.60 feet D. 3.36 feet 359. In order to check your vessel's stability, a weight of 40 tons is lifted with the jumbo boom, the boom head being 50 feet from the ship's centerline. The clinometer is then carefully read and shows a list of 5. The vessel's displacement is 8,000 tons including the suspended weight. What will be the metacentric height of the vessel at this time? A. 2.74 feet B. 2.80 feet C. 2.86 feet D. 2.93 feet 360. A ship is inclined by moving a weight of 30 tons a distance of 30 ft. from the centerline. A 28-foot pendulum shows a deflection of 12 inches. Displacement including weight moved is 4,000 tons. KM is 27.64 feet. What is the KG? A. 21.34 feet B. 22.06 feet C. 22.76 feet D. 23.21 feet 361. Sixty tons of cargo are raised with a boom 45 feet from the centerline. The vessel's displacement including the weight lifted is16,400 tons. The angle of list caused by the suspended weight is 1.5. KM is 28.75 ft., and the BM is 17.25 ft. What is the KG? A. 11.65 feet B. 22.46 feet C. 23.15 feet D. 23.82 feet 362. What is the reduction in metacentric height due to free surface when a tank 60 feet long and 30 feet wide is partially filled with salt water, and is fitted with a centerline bulkhead? (The vessel has a displacement of 10,000 tons.) A. 0.1 foot B. 0.8 foot C. 1.0 foot D. 1.2 feet 363. The liquid mud tanks on your vessel measure 18'L by 10'B by 6'D. The vessel's displacement is 944 T and the specific gravity of the mud is 1.9. What is the reduction in GM due to 2 of the tanks being slack? A. .08 foot B. .16 foot C. .45 foot D. .90 foot 364. Your vessel displaces 869 tons and measures 135'L x 33'B. You ship a large wave on the after deck which measures 52'L x 33'B. The weight of he water is estimated at 52.8 tons. What is the reduction in GM due to free surface before the water drains overboard? A. 5.12 feet B. 4.83 feet C. 5.46 feet D. 5.85 feet


365. A vessel carries three slack tanks of gasoline (SG .68). The vessel's displacement is 8,000 tons. Each tank is 50 ft. long and 20 ft. wide. What is the reduction in GM due to free surface with the vessel floating in sea water (SG 1.026)? A. 20 feet B. 24 feet C. 28 feet D. 30 feet 366. Your vessel's draft is 16'-00" aft. The MTI is 500 ft-tons. How many tons of water must be shifted from the after peak to the forepeak, a distance of 250 feet, to bring her to an even draft forward and aft? The tipping center is 2 feet abaft. A. 52 tons B. 50 tons C. 48 tons D. 24 tons 367. A weight of 250 tons is loaded on your vessel 95 feet forward of the tipping center. The vessel's MTI is 1000 ft-tons. What is the total change of trim? A. 11.90 inches B. 18.75 inches C. 23.75 inches D. 38.01 inches 368. Your vessel has a forward draft of 26'-11" and an after draft of 29'-07". How many tons of cargo can be loaded before the vessel reaches a mean draft of 28'-06 inches if the TPI is 69? A. 204 tons B. 207 tons C. 210 tons D. 213 tons 369. A vessel's heavy displacement is 24,500 tons with light displacement of 13,300 tons. Fully loaded it carries 300 tons of fuel and stores. What is the vessel's deadweight? A. 10,900 tons B. 11,200 tons C. 13,000 tons D. 24,200 tons 370. When backing down with sternway, the pivot point of a vessel is _______. A. about one-quarter of the vessel's length from the stern B. at the bow C. about one-third of the vessel's length from the bow D. aft of the propellers 371. Which mooring line prevents sideways motion of a vessel moored to a pier? A. A line led forward from the bow B. A line led aft from the bow C. A line led in the same direction as the keel D. A line led at a right angle to the keel 372. A heated bulkhead has the effect on a hygroscopic commodity of; A. causing moisture to accumulate against the bulkhead B. lowering the vapor pressure of the commodity C. lowering the dew point of the air D. raising the vapor pressure of the commodity 373. A claim for cargo damages may be held against the ship owner if such damage is the result of failure of the ship's officers to_________. A. correct all defects in the ship's construction B. ensure the fitness and safety of cargo spaces C. ensure the adequate packaging of the cargo D. prevent delays due to quarantine restrictions


374. Overcarriage is best prevented by__________. A. assuming heavy cargo is stowed low in the vessel B. checking the vessel's load line calculation carefully C. inspection of the hold at completion of discharge D. stowing the cargo which is to be discharged last on the bottom 375. Which factor must be considered when determining the order of loading of dissimilar products through the same piping system aboard a tanker? A. Contamination of a cargo B. Flash points C. Reid vapor pressures D. Specific gravities 376. Which products is most likely to accumulate static electricity? A. Crude oil B. Hard asphalt C. Lubricating oil D. Residual fuel oil 377. When discharging an oil cargo, the first consideration is to ________. A. get the bow up B. discharge from the wings first C. discharge from the centerline tanks first D. discharge from amidships first 378. Your tank vessel is loaded down to her marks, and you find that she has too much trim by the stern. To adjust the trim, you may ______. A. add ballast forward B. load more cargo forward C. shift bunkers forward D. all of the above 379. In controlling pollution, which action should be taken after all dirty ballast has been transferred to the slop tank and prior to discharge through the oily-water pollution separator? A. The clean tanks should be ballasted B. The slops should be allowed time to settle C. Chemicals should be added to emulsify the oil D. The dirty ballast tank is crude oil washed 380. When cleaning a tank by the Butterworth process, you should begin to pump out the slops ______. A. at the end of the drop schedule B. when the process is started C. when the process is finished D. when the tank is clean 381. You are on a vessel carrying liquefied butadiene in bulk. Which document is Not required to be either in the wheelhouse or easily accessible to the person on watch while underway? A. Cargo manual B. Cargo information card C. Certificate of Inspection D. Shipping document 382. Most crude oils are classified as grade ______. A. A or B B. B C. C or D D. E 383. Metal plates that cover the top of the hawse pipe are called _______. A. footings B. plugs C. buckler plates D. stop waters


384. In relation to the turning circle of a ship, the term "kick" means the distance ______. A. around the circumference of the turning circle B. gained at right angles to the original course C. gained in the direction of the original course D. or throw of a vessel's stern from her line of advance upon putting the helm hard over 385. The figure obtained by dividing the total volume of the ship in cubic feet (after omission of exempted spaces) by 100 is the ______. A. bale cubic B. gross tonnage C. light displacement D. net tonnage 386. Angular motion about the vertical axis of a vessel is called ______. A. yaw B. surge C. sway D. roll 387. The type of joint formed when an edge of one plate is laid over the edge of the plate to which it is riveted is a _____. A. grip joint B. strap joint C. thread joint D. lap joint 388. The fore and aft run of deck plating which strengthens the connection between the beams and the frames and keeps the beams square to the shell is called the _________. A. garboard strake B. limber strake C. sheer strake D. stringer strake 389. The terms "cant frame" and "counter" are associated with the vessel's ________. A. cargo hatch B. forecastle C. steering engine D. stern 390. A cofferdam is _______. A. any deck below the main deck and above the lowest deck B. a member that gives fore-and-aft strength C. made by placing two bulkheads a few feet apart D. a heavy-fore-and-aft beam under the deck 391. Which freeboard does not affect the required free board of a cargo vessel? A. Season of the year B. Geographic zone of operation C. Density of the water D. Condition of trim in normal operation 392. A vessel has a maximum allowable draft of 28 feet in salt water and a fresh water allowance of 8 inches. At the loading berth, the water density is 1,011. To what draft can she load in order to be at her marks when she reaches the sea? (The salt water density is 1,025.) A. 27' 07.5" B. 27' 08.5 C. 28' 03.5 D. 28' 04.5"


393. You must shift a weight from the upper tween deck to the lower hold. This shift will _______. A. make he vessel more tender B. make the vessel stiffer C. increase in the rolling period D. decrease the metacentric height 394. The geometric center of the underwater volume of a floating vessel is the center of _________. A. hydrodynamic forces B. flotation C. gravity D. buoyancy 395. For a vessel inclined by the wind, multiplying the buoyant force by the horizontal distance between the lines of action of he buoyant and gravity forces gives the _______. A. righting moment B. vertical moment C. longitudinal moment D. transverse moment 396. Transverse stability calculations require the use of _______. A. hog or sag calculations or tables B. hydrostatic curves C. general arrangement plans D. cross-sectional views of the vessel 397. A vessel with a large GM will _______. A. have more resistance to listing in case of damage B. have less tendency to have synchronous rolling C. be less likely to have cargo shift D. ride more comfortably 398. When the height of the metacenter is the same as the height of the center of gravity, the metacentric height is equal to _______. A. the height of the metacenter B. the height of the center of gravity C. the same as half the height of the metacenter D. zero 399. The angle of the maximum righting arm corresponds approximately to the angle of _______. A. deck edge immersion B. the load line C. downflooding D. loll 400. A vessel continually lists to one side and has a normal rolling period. Which statement is true? A. The vessel has negative GM B. The center of gravity is on the centerline C. The list can be corrected by reducing KM D. The vessel has asymmetrical weight distribution