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F1- NAVIGATION 1. Generation or production of cyclones. A. frontal depression B. frontogenesis C. frontolysis D. cyclogenesis 2.

Water vapor over the plane ice surface is less than that plane water surface because____________. A. plane ice surface is cooler than plane water surface B. water vapor is directly proportional with the temperature of the air C. water vapor is proportional with the temperature of the air D. the molecules are more tightly bound in the solid state 3. During poor visibility, a watch keeping officer is given fullest responsibility to utilize all available resources on the bridge, with respect to additional look-outs, does it mean the extra look-out should perform _________. A. stand on the bridge wing with binoculars, come rain or snow B. report to Master any misbehavior on the bridge C. radar monitoring D. officer's personal and official messenger 4. The type of clouds which is formed by a very extensive of two masses of air from middle latitudes and from higher and colder latitudes, associated with front. A. Cumulus-Nimbus B. Frontal Cloud C. Orographic Cloud D. Cumulus 5. Buy's Ballot Law which states "If you stand with your back to the wind in the northern hemisphere, higher pressure will be on the right hand and lower pressure on the left, the reverse is true in the southern hemisphere". This law is evolved by a __________. A. German B. Dutchman C. French D. English 6. The most convenient method of maintaining record of ship's magnetic compass deviation is the annual adjustment of this particular reference, otherwise known as ___________. A. deviation daily observation record B. deviation card C. magnetic chart D. compensation card 7. This is a very valuable publications in determining physical characteristics of the weather and other meteorological knowledge, as published by the Hydrographic Department of the Ministry of Defense of U.K. A. Almanac B. The Mariners Handbook C. Sight Reduction Tables D. Pilot Chart 8. Hard iron is very hard to magnetized, but once magnetized, it retains its poles more or less permanently. Magnetism in hard iron is termed. A. permanent magnetism B. induced magnetism C. increased magnetism D. reduced magnetism 9. This physical element has most considerable effect in the weather. A. none of these B. oxygen C. nitrogen D. water vapor

10. A unit measuring the strength of a magnetic field is called __________. A. gauss B. degauss C. sauger D. srauss 11. To indicate a compass adjustment in progress, which international code signal is hoisted? A. Oscar Quebec B. Mike Sierra C. Oscar Mike D. Charlie Alpha 12. The following are positive signs of open water in ice concentration EXCEPT: A. water sky indicates the direction of leads or patches of open water B. the sound of surge in the ice indicates large expanse of open water C. refractions producing luminous and yellow haze on the horizon D. dark spots in fog visible at short distance relative to the reflections of the clouds 13. A radio navigation system which operates in a very low frequency is called: A. Loran C B. Loran A C. RDF D. Omega 14. If you want to know the coordinates of a certain port, the best publication to provide fastest reference is the __________. A. coast pilot B. sailing directions C. world port index D. notice to mariners 15. The pressure of the atmosphere fall off with increasing height above the Earth's surface, because _____________. A. density decreases with temperature and temperature decreases with height B. earth's gravitational force sustains air by escaping C. density increases with temperature and temperature increases with height D. since the pressure of the atmosphere is due to the weight of the column of air overhead as one ascends, leaving some of the column of air below. 16. The official document where all pertinent entries are recorded every hour and whenever an even or unusual incident occurs is _________________. A. Ship's Official Log Book B. ISM Checklist C. Master's Night Order D. None of these 17. The term used to denote a body being revolved to by its satellites. A. secondary B. tertiary C. territoriality D. primary 18. What is the angle at the observer between the magnetic north measured clockwise, to the direction of the object being measured? A. None of these B. True course of bearing C. Magnetic course or bearing D. Compass course or bearing 19. When you are steering on a pair of range lights and find the upper light is above the lower light you should__________. A. come left B. come right C. continue on the present course D. wait until the lights are no longer in a vertical line

20. Most modern Loran-C receivers, when not tracking properly, have a (n) _________. A. bell alarm to warn the user B. lighted alarm signals to warn the user C. alternative signal keying system D. view finder for each station 21. You have replaced the chart paper in the course recorder. What is Not required to ensure that a correct trace is recorded? A. Test the electrical gain to the thermograph pens B. Set the zone pen on the correct quadrant C. Line the course pen up on the exact heading of the ship D. Adjust the chart paper to indicate the correct time 22. Which buoy is Not numbered? A. Green can buoy B. Preferred channel buoy C. Red lighted buoy D. Green gong buoy 23. If Loran-C signals become unsynchronized, the receiver operator is warned because; A. signals begin to blink B. signals begin to shift C. stations discontinue transmission D. stations transmit grass 24. When the gyro pilot is used for steering, what control is adjusted to compensate for varying sea conditions? A. Rudder control B. Sea control C. Lost motion adjustment D. Weather adjustment 25. When using a buoy as aid to navigation, which of the following should be considered? A. The buoy should be considered to always be in the charted location B. If the light is flashing, the buoy should be considered to be in the charted location C. The buoy may not be in the charted position D. The buoy should be considered to be in the charted position if it has been flashing 26. When taking an amplitude, the Sun's center should be observed on the visible horizon when A. in high latitudes B. the Sun is near or at a solstice C. the declination is of a different name from the latitude D. the Sun's declination is at or near 0 27. A strong, often violent, northerly wind occurring on the Pacific coast of Mexico particularly during the colder months is a ____________. A. papagayo B. fall wind C. foehn D. williwaw 28. A buoy with composite group flashing light indicates a (n) __________. A. anchorage area B. fish net area C. bifurcation D. dredging area 29. The speed of the sound through ocean water is nearly always _____________. A. faster than the speed of calibration for the fathometer B. the same speed as the speed of calibration for the fathometer C. slower than the speed of calibration for the fathometer D. faster than the speed of calibration for the fathometer, unless the water is very warm

30. Red lights may appear on _____________. A. horizontally banded buoys B. vertically stripped buoys C. yellow buoys D. spherical buoys 31. Mean lower low water is the reference plane used for ___________. A. all vertical measurements B. heights above water for lights, mountains, etc. C. sounding on the U.S. east and west coasts D. water depths on the U.S. east coast only 32. The LMT of LAN is 1210. Your longitude is 70 30' E. Which time would you use to enter the Nautical Almanac to determine the declination of the Sun at LAN? A. 1842 B. 1652 C. 0728 D. 0652 33. The parallax angle will vary the most with the time of year _____. A. Venus B. Jupiter C. Saturn D. Polaris 34. A preferred channel buoy may be_____. A. lettered B. spherical C. showing a white light D. all of the above 35. When operated over a muddy bottom, fathometer may indicate_____. A. a shallow depth reading B. a zero depth reading C. no depth reading D. two depth readings 36. When there are small differences between the heights of two successive high tides or low tides in a tidal day, the tides are called __________. A. diurnal B. semi-diurnal C. solar D. mixed 37. A single line of position combined with a dead-reckoning position results in a(n)_____. A. assumed position B. estimated position C. fix D. running fix 38. Which position includes the effects of wind and current? A. Dead reckoning position B. Leeway position C. Estimated position D. Set position 39. What should you apply to a fathometer reading to determine the depth of water? A. Subtract the draft of the vessel B. Add the draft of the water C. Subtract the seawater correction D. Add the sea water correction 40. Green lights may appear on_____. A. horizontally banded buoys B. vertically striped buoys C. yellow buoys D. spherical buoys

41. An electronic depth finder operates on the principle that_____. A. radio signals reflect from a solid surface B. sound waves travels at a constant speed through water C. radar signals travel at a constant speed through water D. pressure increased with depth 42. In working out in local apparent noon sight for your latitude, you subtract the Ho from 90. The 90 represent the angular distance from_____. A. the equator to the elevated pole B. your horizon to your zenith C. your zenith to the elevated pole D. the geographical position of the Sun to the elevated pole 43. The value of sixty nautical miles per degree of geodetic latitude is most correct at______. A. the equator B. latitude 45 C. the poles D. all latitudes 44. Under the Iala- A Buoyage System, a buoy used as a port hand mark would not show which light characteristic? A. Isophase B. Quick flashing C. Long flashing D. Group flashing (2 + 1 ) 45. In modern fathometers the sonic or ultrasonic sound waves are produced electrically by means of a (a) _________. A. transmitter B. transducer C. transceiver D. amplifier 46. Which statement is True concerning equatorial tides? A. This occur when the Sun is at minimum declination north or south B. This occur when the Moon is at maximum declination north or south C. The difference between consecutive high or low tides is at a minimum D. They are used as the basis for the vulgar establishment of the port 47. Which has the greatest effect on the amount of gain required to obtain a fathometer reading? A. Salinity of water B. Temperature of water C. Atmospheric pressure D. Type of bottom 48. The velocity of the current in large coastal harbors is ___________. A. predicted in Tidal Current Tables B. unpredictable C. generally constant D. generally too weak to be of concern 49. The apparent wind can be zero when the true wind is from _________. A. ahead and equal to the ship's speed B. astern and equal to the ships speed C. ahead and equal to twice the ship's speed D. astern and equal to twice the ship's speed 50. The part of sextant mounted directly over the pivot of the index arm is the _________. A. index mirror B. horizon glass C. micrometer drum D. telescope

51. You are steering a southerly course, and you note that the chart predicts an easterly current. Without considering wind, how may you allow for the set? A. Head your vessel slightly to the right B. Head your vessel slightly to the left C. Decrease your speed D. Increase your speed 52. The scale on a chart is given as 1: 5,000,000. This means that _________. A. 1 inch is equal to 5,000 inches on the Earth's surface B. 1 nautical mile on the chart is equal to 5,000 inches on the Earth's surface C. 1 inch is equal to 5,000,000 inches on the Earth's surface D. 1 nautical mile on the chart is equal to 5,000,000 inches on the Earth's surface 53. The horizon glass of a sextant is __________. A. silvered on its half nearer the frame B. mounted on the index arm C. between the horizon and the shade glasses D. all of the above 54. Chart legend printed in capital letters show that the associated landmark is _________. A. conspicuous B. inconspicuous C. a government facility or station D. a radio transmitter 55. When navigating using GPS, what is an indicator of the geometry of the satellites that your receiver is locked onto? A. Horizontal Dilution of Precision B. Selective Availability C. Doppler Shifting D. Precision Coding 56. When using GPS, how many position lines are required for a 2D (dimensional) fix? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 57. When the question of time is taken from the Nautical Almanac for use in celestial navigation, it is used to determine __________. A. zone time B. sunrise C. time of local apparent noon D. local mean time 58. The National Ocean Service publishes the ____________. A. Light Lists B. Coast Pilot C. Pilot Charts D. Sailing Directions 59. When using a radar in un-stabilized mode, fixes are determined most easily from _____. A. center bearings B. tangent bearings C. ranges D. objects that are closed aboard 60. The difference (measured in degrees) between the GHA of the body and the longitude of the observer is the _________. A. right ascension B. meridian angle C. SHA of the observer D. zenith distance

61. Vessels required to have an Automatic Radar Plotting Aid must have a device to indicate the _________. A. distance to the next port B. speed of the vessel over the ground or through the water C. time of the next navigational satellite pass D. none of the above 62. When daylight savings time is kept the times of tide and current calculation must be adjusted. One way of doing this is to _________. A. subtract one hour from the times listed under the reference stations B. add one hour from the times listed under the reference stations C. apply no corrections, as the times in the reference stations are adjusted for daylight savings time D. add 15 to the starboard meridian when calculating the time difference 63. When making landfall at night, the light from the powerful lighthouse may sometimes be seen before the lantern breaks the horizon. This light is called ___________. A. diffusion B. backscatter C. loom D. elevation 64. Prior to reading an aneroid barometer, you should tap the face lightly with your finger to___. A. expose any loose connections B. demagnetized the metal elements C. bring pointer to its true position D. contract and expand the glass face 65. What is an advantage of the magnetic compass aboard vessel? A. Compass error is negligible at or near the earth's magnetic pole B. It does not have to be checked as often C. It is reliable due to its essential simplicity D. All points on the compass rose are readily visible 66. You are using radar in which your own ship is shown at the center, and the heading flash always points at 0. If bearings are measured in relation to the flash, what type of bearings are produced? A. Relative B. True C. Compass D. Magnetic 67. What is True concerning an anemometer on a moving vessel? A. It measures true wind speed B. It measures true wind speed and true wind direction C. It measures apparent wind speed D. It measures apparent wind speed and true wind direction 68. The tropical year differs from which year by 20 minutes? A. Astronomical year B. Natural year C. Equinoctial year D. Sidereal year 69. The arc of great circle, which passes through the body and celestial poles is part of the _______. A. hour circle B. diurnal circle C. observer's meridian D. altitude circle

70. The chart of a beach area shows a very steep slope to the underwater beach bottom. Which breakers can be expected when trying to land a boat on this beach? A. Surging B. Converging C. Spilling D. Plunging 71. Low pressure disturbances, which travel along the inter-tropical convergence zone are called _______. A. permanent waves B. tidal waves C. tropical waves D. tropical storms 72. Barometers are calibrated at a standard temperature of _________. A. 0 F B. 32 F C. 60 F D. 70 F 73. In which voyage, between two points, is the rhumbline distance Not approximately the same as the great circle distance? A. The two points are in low latitudes in the same hemisphere B. The two points are in high latitudes in the same hemisphere C. The two points is near the equator, but in different hemisphere D. One point is near the equator, one point is in a high latitude and both are near the 180th meridian 74. Which statement is True concerning Mercator projection? A. Degrees of longitude decrease in length as latitude increases B. The length of the meridian is increased to provide for equal expansions in all directions C. The mileage between the meridians is increased as the latitude increases D. All of the above 75. What kind of weather would you expect to accompany the passage of a tropical wave? A. Heavy rain and cloudiness B. Good weather C. A tropical storm D. Dense fog 76. You have another ship overtaking you close aboard to starboard. You have 3 radar target bearings 090 relative at ranges of 0.5 miles. In this case, the unwanted echoes are called ____. A. multiple echoes B. spoking C. indirect echoes D. side-lobe echoes 77. When using the radar for navigating __________. A. the best fix is obtained by using a tangent bearing and a range B. and using two radar range for a fix, the object of the ranges should be closed to reciprocal bearings C. and using ranges, the most rapidly changing range should be measured last D. and crossing a radar range of one object with the visual bearings of a second object, the two objects should be 80 to 110 apart 78. What is the length of a nautical mile? A. 1,850 meters B. 5,280 meters C. 1,760 yards D. 6,076 feet

79. A swift current occurring in a narrow passage connecting two large bodies of water, which produced by the continuously changing difference in height of tide at the two ends of the passage, is called _________. A. hydraulic current B. rectilinear current C. rotary current D. harmonic current 80. Your ARPA had two guard zones. What is the purpose of the inner guard zone? A. Alert the watch officer that a vessel is approaching the preset CPA limit B. Warn of small targets that are initially detected closer than the outer guard zone C. Guard against targets loss during critical maneuvering situations D. Sound an alarm for targets first detected within the zone 81. What is True of the history display of a target's past position on an ARPA? A. It provides a graphic display to emphasize which vessel is on collision course B. In the true presentation, it provides a quick visual check to determine if a vessel has changed course C. The display is one of the primary inputs and must be in use when using the trial maneuver capability D. It provides a graphic display of a target vessel's relative course, speed and CPA 82. Most GPS receiver use the doppler shift of the carrier phase to compute the________. A. latitude B. longitude C. speed D. time 83. What is a common unit of measure for atmospheric pressure? A. Centimeters B. Inches C. Degrees D. Feet 84. As a vessel change course to starboard, the compass card in a magnetic compass_________. A. first turn starboard then counterclockwise to port B. also turn to starboard C. remains aligned with compass north D. turns counterclockwise to port 85. Chart correction information is Not disseminated through the_____________. A. Summary of Corrections B. Local Notice to Mariners C. Daily Memorandum D. Chart Correction Card 86. Diurnal aberration is due to _____________. A. motion of the Earth in its orbit B. rotation of the Earth on its axis C. the body's orbital motion during the time required for its light to reach the Earth D. a false horizon 87. The greater pressure difference between a high and a low pressure center, the __________. A. dryer the air mass will be B. cooler temperature will be C. greater the force of the wind will be D. warmer the temperature will be 88. At the magnetic equator there is no induced magnetism in the vertical soft iron because______. A. the lines of force cross the equator on a 0- 180 alignment B. the quadrantal error is 0 C. there is no vertical component of the Earth's magnetic field D. the inter-cardinal headings have less than 1 error

89. When taking stars, those bodies to the east and west will ____________. A. change altitude rapidly B. change altitude slowly C. remain in an almost fixed position D. appear to be moving in the plane of the horizon 90. A navigator fixing a vessel's position by a radar ______________. A. must use information from targets forward of the beam B. should never use radar bearings C. should only use radar bearings when the range exceeds the distance to the horizon D. can use radar information from one object to fix the position 91. When a buoy is in position only during a certain period of the year, where may the dates when the buoy is in position be found? A. Light List B. Notice to Mariners C. On the chart D. Coast Pilot 92. The National Imagery and Mapping Agency's (NIMA) List of Lights for coasts other than the United States and its possessions does Not provide information on __________. A. lighted buoys in harbors B. storm signal stations C. radio direction finder stations at or near lights D. radio beacons located at or near lights 93. The quadrantal spheres are used ____________. A. remove deviation on the inter cardinal headings B. remove deviation on the cardinal compass headings C. remove heeling error D. compensate for induced magnetism in vertical soft iron 94. An aneroid barometer reading should be corrected for differences in _____________. A. elevation B. temperature C. wind speed D. latitude 95. At what angle to the isobars do surface wind blows over the open sea? A. About 90 B. About 50 C. About 25 D. About 15 96. Isobaric configuration with low pressure refers to as ___________. A. trough B. wedge C. saddle D. col 97. Precession of the earth's axis is caused by ____________. A. movement of celestial equator as celestial poles move likewise B. gravitational forces of the Sun and the moon acting on the earth's equatorial bulge C. movement of vernal equinox westerly due to gravitational attraction D. westward motion of the equinoxes along the ecliptic 98. If the observer is at Lat 50 N, declination of the sun is 15 S, which of the following is observed? A. daylight and darkness are equal B. darkness is longer than daylight C. daylight is longer than darkness D. darkness is shorter than daylight

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99. When certain ferromagnetic materials are so susceptible to a magnetizing field that they draw the flux lines into themselves, resulting in a greatly increased concentration of lines within the materials, is referred to as __________. A. polarization B. susceptibility C. magnetic induction D. permeability 100. A concentration of sea ice covering hundreds of square miles, which is found on the same region, is referred to as ______________. A. ice remains B. ice deposit C. ice leftover D. ice mass 101. When the radar waves are trapped in the atmosphere, which of the following occurs? A. Loss of energy to the radio waves B. Radar energy remain unchanged C. Increased in radar range D. Radar energy remain unchanged 102. When air is compressed its temperature increases conversely, when it is allowed to expand, its temperature decreases. This changes is due to__________. A. saturation B. adiabatic changes C. evaporation D. condensation 103. This is one factor affecting gain and low speed of a ship. Heavier ships are slower to gain and loose speed than smaller ships. This variable is referred to as ________. A. size of ships B. inertia C. shape of hull D. none of these 104. Following are unwanted echoes Except ; A. normal radar echoes B second trace echoes C. weather echoes D. none of these 105. The extension of the earth's equator to the celestial sphere. A. declination B. equinoctial C. diurnal circle D. prime vertical 106. The path of a ship compass platform as she turn through 360 at a certain speed and with a certain rudder angle is called; A. pivoting point B. turning circle C. thrust D. drift angle 107. Which among these unit is Not a part of a SATNAV? A. Transmitter B. Antenna C. Video display D. Data processor 108. The ability of a radar to distinguish targets relative to range, is called ___________. A. range elongation B. range segregation C. range propagation D. range resolution

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109. If the LMT is ahead of the LAT the equation of time is ___________. A. negative B. same as LAT C. same as LMT D. positive 110. Ocean swells originating from a typhoon can move ahead of it at speeds near _______. A. 10 knots B. 20 knots C. 30 knots D. 50 knots 111. When the time of the high water is known, the approximate time for low water can be determined by adding or subtracting one forth of a lunar day which is equivalent to: A. 6h-13m B. 6h-33m C. 6h-45m D. 6h-05m 112. The velocity of rotary tidal current will decrease when the moon is: A. full B. at apogee C. at perigee D. on the equator 113. Slack tidal current usually occurs how many times daily? A. Two B. One C. Four D. Three 114. Why is the height of the tide in the Tide Table essential in determining the true depth of water at any time than shown in the chart? A. The depth of the water at any time is obtained by adding the height of the tide to the charted depth B. The depth of the water at any time is obtained by subtracting the height of the tide if it is negative C. The height of the tide may be checked readily by taking soundings to be sure of the keel clearance from the bottom D. If the height of the tide is equal to the charted depth is an alarm that the ship may touch Bottom 115. The highest low water datum in considerable use is: A. Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW) B. Mean Low Water (MLW) C. Mean Lower High Water (MLHW) D. Lowest Low Water (LLW) 116. The admiralty tide tables are published in UK in the volumes covering all bodies of waters worldwide. Which of the following area is not covered by these volumes? A. The Artic and Antarctic Oceans B. The Atlantic and Indian Oceans C. European Water D. The Pacific and adjacent seas 117. What may occur when strong current set over irregular bottom or meets opposing currents? A. Tsunami B. Wave C. Ebb current D. Tide rips

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118. In the East Coast of the Philippines Archipelago the effect of Tropic Tides is less marked. There are usually ___, high water and ___low water each lunar day. A. One, one B. Two, two C. One, two D. Two, one 119. The times and heights of high and low waters as predicted in the admiralty tide table are for: A. standard ports B. primary ports C. secondary ports D. major ports 120. The sky is overcast and there is a moderate southerly wind at night. This means______________. A. temperature will generally rise B. temperature will generally fall C. winds will generally rise D. winds will generally fall 121. Which of the following statements is True with respect to ship handling procedures in ice? A. Anchoring in the presence of ice is not recommended except in an emergency B. Towing a vessel through an ice field is not recommended except in an emergency C. The "free and proceed" system of escorting a beset cuts down on the number of freeing operations D. When anchoring in ice it is advisable to increase the scope of the chain 122. Which of the following is ice of land origin? A. Shuga B. Floe C. Spicule D. Bergy bit 123. Which of the following types of ice a hazard to navigation? A. Ice rind B. Pancake ice C. Frazil ice D. Growlers 124. Multi-layer ice is the hardest sea ice and should be avoided if possible. What is the surface color of this type of ice? A. Greenish B. Bluish C. Grey D. Grey-white 125. Which of the following is Not an indication that pack ice may be nearby? A. The presence of icebergs B. Ice blink C. Absence of wave motion D. Sighting a walrus in the Arctic 126. The proximity of pack ice may be indicated by ___________. A. changes in sea water salinity B. glare on clouds on the horizon C. changes in air temperature D. icebergs 127. Which characteristics is common to advection fog? A. It commonly occurs on coastal waters during cold seasons B. It moves in a "bank" or dense cloud C. It is caused by warmer air moving to a cooler location D. All of these characteristics are common to advection fog

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128. Ascending and descending air masses with different temperatures is part of an important that transmitting processes in our atmosphere called: A. conduction B. radiation C. convection D. barometric inversion 129. Air circulation is caused or affected by: A. The rotation of the earth on its axis B. Convection currents caused by differences in radiant heating between equator and polar regions C. Mountain ranges D. All of the above 130. This is an area in which either navigation is particularly hazardous or it is exceptionally important to avoid casualties and which should be avoided by all ships, or certain classes of ships A. precautionary area B. area to avoided C. roundabout D. traffic lane 131. You are running parallel to the coast and take a running fix using bearing of the same object. You are making more speed than used for the running fix. In relation to the position indicated by the fix, you will be: A. closer to the coast B. farther from the coast C. on the track line ahead of the fix D. on the track line behind the fix 132. You are running parallel to the coast and estimate that the current is against you. In plotting a running fix using bearing from the same object on the coast, the greatest safety margin from inshore dangers will result if what speed is used to determine the fix? A. Minimum speed estimate B. Maximum speed estimate C. Average speed estimate D. A running fix should not be used under this condition 133. When you turn on the fast time constant (differentiator) control of a radar it will ____. A. Enhance weak target echoes and brighten them on the PPI B. Reduce clutter over the entire PPI by shortening the echoes C. Only suppress weak targets to a limited distance from the ship (sea clutter) D. Reduce the beam width to provide a map-like presentation for navigation 134. The radar control that shortens all echoes on the display and reduces clutter caused by rain or snow is the? A. Sensitivity time control B. Receiver gain control C. Brilliance control D. Fast time constant (differentiator) 135. The radar control that reduces weak echoes out to a limited distance from the ship is the? A. Sensitivity time control (sea clutter control) B. Receiver gain control C. Brilliance control D. Fast time constant (differentiator) 136. If there is any doubt as to the proper operation of a radar, which of the following is true? A. Only a radar expert can determine if the radar is operating B. All radars have indicator lights and alarms to signal improper operation C. A radar range compared to the actual range of a known object can be used to check the operation of the radar D. The radar resolution detector must be energized to check the radar

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137. What is the approximate wave length of an X band radar operating on a frequency of approximately 9500 MHz? A. 3 cm B. 10 cm C. 30 cm D. 100 cm 138. The 3 cm radar as compared to a 10 cm radar with similar specification will_____. A. give better range performance in rain, hail, etc. B. display small targets in a mass of dense sea clutter at a greater range C. have less sea return in choppy rough seas D. display a more map like presentation for inshore navigation 139. The 10 cm radar as compared to a 3 cm radar similar specifications will ____. A. be more suitable for river and harbor navigation B. provide a better range performance on low lying targets during good weather and calm seas C. have a wider horizontal beam width D. have more sea return during rough sea conditions 140. Your radar indicates a target; however there is no visible object at the point indicated. A large mountain, approximately 50 miles away on the same bearing as the target, is breaking the horizon. You should suspect the radar target is caused by ________. A. a submerge submarine B. ducting C. sub-refraction D. ionospheric skip waves 141. What condition indicates that your radar needs maintenance? A. Serrated range rings B. Indirect echoes C. Multiple echoes D. Blind sector 142. You are underway at 5 knots and see on your radar a contact 10 miles directly astern of you, 12 minutes later, the contact is 8 miles directly astern of you. What is the estimated speed of the contact? A. Dead in the water B. 1 knot C. 10 knots D. 15 knots 143. You are underway at 10 knots. At 1800 you note a radar contact dead ahead at a range of 10 miles. At 1812 the contact is dead ahead at a range of 8 miles. The estimated speed of the contact is ______. A. Dead in the water B. 5 knots C. 10 knots D. 15 knots 144. The closet point of approach (CPA) of a contact on a relative motion radar may be determined ______. A. immediately when the contact is noted on radar B. only if the radar scope is watched constantly C. after the contact has been marked at least twice D. by an occasional glance at the radar 145. Wind velocity varies_____________. A. directly with the temperature of the air mass B. directly with the pressure gradient C. inversely with the barometric pressure D. inversely with the absolute humidity

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146. A local wind known as "Williwaws" is associated with what particular place in the world? A. Arabian Gulf B. West Mediterranean C. Aegean Sea D. Straits of Magellan 147. A local wind known as "Vendevale" is associated with what particular place in the world? A. West Mediterranean B. Arabian Gulf C. Gulf of Mexico D. Panama 148. A local wind known as "Simood" is associated with what particular place in the world? A. Arabia B. Gulf of Aden C. Egypt D. Gulf of Aden 149. A local wind known as "Etesian" is associated with what particular place in the world? A. Aegean Sea B. Arabian Gulf C. Gulf of Aden D. South America 150. This is a hot wind that blows off the coast of Australia. A. Brickfielder B. Elephanta C. Foehn D. Harmattan 151. Which of the following meteorological sources of information provides picture of the existing condition and shows the position of isobars and other details such as fronts and troughs etc? A. Surface Prognostic Chart B. Surface Synoptic Analysis Chart C. Change of Pressure Chart D. Upper Air Chart 152. Which of the following meteorological sources of information provides a projection of synoptic condition ahead in time and cover periods of 12, 36 and 72 hours? A. Upper Air Chart B. Surface Synoptic Analysis Chart C. Surface Prognostic Chart D. Change of Pressure Charts 153. Which of the following meteorological sources of information show isobaric lines? This chart also helps to forecast the movement of depressions. A. Change of Pressure Chart B. Airwave Chart C. Surface Prognostic Chart D. Upper Air Charts 154. Which of the following meteorological source of information are used by shore based meteorologists to obtain information on the movement of depressions and other expected weather conditions? A. Surface Prognostic Charts B. Nephanalysis Charts C. Hindcast Charts D. Upper air charts

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155. Which of the following meteorological sources of information are used by shore based meteorological to obtain information on thickness of clouds, and constant pressure analysis and other prognostic chart? A. Upper Air Charts B. Nephanalysis Charts C. Hindcast Charts D. Change of Pressure Charts 156. These are satellite information chart providing information on clouds pattern and cloud thickness.They assist in the identification of meteorological features like tropical revolving storms. A. Hindcast Charts B. Nephanalysis Charts C. Upper Air Charts D. Surface Prognostic Charts 157. These are meteorological charts which compare weather and progress along the route as advised by the British Meteorological Office with the weather and progress that would have been experienced and/or achieved along and appropriate alternative route. A. Hindcast Chart B. Nephanalysis Charts C. Upper Air Charts D. Air Wave Charts 158. Which of the following radio facsimile transmission show weather pattern based on synoptic surface observations? A. Extended Surface Prognosis B. Surface Weather Prognosis C. Surface Weather Analysis D. Extended Weather Analysis 159. Which of the following radio facsimile transmission indicate future weather patterns for either a 24-hour or 36-hour outlook for specific regions? A. Surface Weather Prognosis B. Surface Weather Analysis C. Extended Surface Prognosis D. Wave Patterns 160. Which of the following radio facsimile transmission indicate forecast position of fronts and pressure system at the surface for a period of 2 to 5 days? A. Surface Weather Analysis B. Extended Surface Prognosis C. Surface Weather Prognosis D. Weather Prognosis Charts 161. These are radio facsimile transmissions that show characteristic of "sea waves". They are based on synoptic wave observation made shortly before transmission on calculations derived from wind and wave patterns. Which of these two facsimile satisfy this description? I. Wave Analysis II. Wave Prognosis A. I is correct B. II is correct C. I & II are both correct D. I & II are incorrect 162. Ship owners often provides guidelines to Masters as an aid in establishing a most suitable route and in line with company policy. Which of the following preferences will ship owners consider in giving the master his choice of suitable route? A. Speed of passage B. Safety of vessel C. Economy D. All of these considerations are preferable

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163. Ship owners often provides guidelines to masters as an aid in establishing a most suitable route and in line with company policy. Which of the following preferences will be ship owners considering in giving the master his choice of suitable route? A. Comfort B. Dependability C. Design of vessels D. All of these considerations are preferable 164. In addition to climatic considerations, masters will need to consider a number of factors when selecting an ocean passage route. Which of the following items will be included in the master's considerations? A. Type of vessel, draft and state of loading B. Time of year and the expected weather sea condition C. The possibility of encountering gale force winds causing subsequent delays or damage to the vessels D. All of these items can be considered 165. In addition to climatic considerations, masters will need to consider a number of factors when selecting an ocean passage route. Which of the following items will be included in the master's considerations? A. Recommendation obtained from reference to the "Ocean Passage of the World" B. Whether the vessels is ice strengthened and suitably equipped from ice regions C. Ability to carry out optional tasks such as hatch cleaning D. All of these items can be considered 166. Which of the following options should the master consider as foremost when dealing with the commercial influences on the choice of route? A. Owners or charterers direct instructions B. The distance of alternative routes considered against fuel costs and time C. Cost of employing "shore based routing services" D. Maintenance of the safety of the ship and the crew 167. Which of the following items is Not an advantage of "shore-based routing"? A. Savings in fuel and time B. Reductions in ship and cargo damages, with reduced wear on main engine propulsion systems C. Increase insurance premium D. Maintenance at sea is usually possible in better weather 168. The distance at which the heliocentric parallax in one second (1") is termed___________. A. parsec B. magnitude C. astronomical unit D. light year 169. One parsec is equal to ________. A. 3.26 light year B. 0.1 light year C. 1.0 light year D. 2.2 astronomical unit 170. The term which refers to the speed at which the molecules making the atmosphere should attain to overcome the force of gravity_______. A. molecular speed B. velocity of escape C. orbit speed D. orbital velocity 171. If the temperature of the mass of air increases in which the moisture content remains constant. A. none of these B. the relative humidity of that air will decrease C. the relative humidity remains constant D. the relative humidity of that air will increase

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172. The special term which refers to the full moon nearest the autumnal equinox__________. A. harvest moon B. hunter's moon C. winters moon D. autumnal moon 173. The term "Hunter's moon" refers to a full moon which occurs _____________. A. one month after the autumnal equinox B. during the spring equinox C. when the moon is nearest the autumnal equinox D. when the moon is nearest the vernal equinox 174. At a certain day at a certain time in a tropical region the moon rises at GMT 0807H. What is the approximate GMT of the next moon rise? A. 0717H B. 0857H C. 0959H D. 0615H 175. The moon is said to be "waxing" during the period from________. A. new moon to full moon B. full moon to new moon C. last quarter to first quarter D. first quarter to last quarter 176. The moon is said to be "waning" during the period from________. A. full moon to new moon B. new moon to full moon C. last quarter to first quarter D. first quarter to last quarter 177. The points of intersection of the moon's orbit and the orbit of the earth is known as___________. A. nodes B. ecliptic C. saros D. corona 178. For a lunar eclipse to occur, which of the following conditions must be satisfied? A. The moon must be at first quarter B. The moon must be at the one of the nodes C. The moon must be at last quarter D. The moon must be at quadrature 179. This is an essential area of planning that involves an operation carried out by the navigation officers which gathers together all relevant information that benefit the future stages of the passage plan. A. execution B. planning C. appraisal D. monitoring 180. This is an essential area of passage planning that involves the operation carried out by the navigation officers such as highlighting the "No Go" areas, laying out the intended tracks__________. A. appraisal B. planning C. execution D. monitoring 181. This is an essential area of passage planning which involves the formulation of the tactics which are intended to carry the plan through__________. A. appraisal B. planning C. execution

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182.

183.

184.

185.

186.

187.

188.

189.

190.

D. monitoring This is an essential phase in passage planning which involves the construction of the finished passage plan and the instigation of the plan revealing the progress of the vessel and the visual confirmation that the plan is being drawn to a conclusion_____________. A. appraisal B. planning C. execution D. monitoring A safe speed throughout the passage, bearing in mind the ship's draft and the possibility of "squat" and reduction in under keel clearance is part of the_____ phase of passage planning. A. planning B. execution C. appraisal D. monitoring Ensuring that all relevant publications are on board and correct for the forthcoming voyage is part of the _______________ phase of passage planning. A. appraisal B. execution C. planning D. monitoring The project of ETA's towards critical points to allow a more detailed assessment of tide heights and flow is part of the ____________ phase of passage planning. A. planning B. execution C. monitoring D. appraisal An embayment of the coast in which fresh river water entering at its head mixes with the relatively saline ocean water is called_____________. A. river mouth B. river bank C. coastal plain D. estuary A margin on the shore of a large body of water, particularly the sea, and generally represents a strip of recently submerged sea bottom, is called__________. A. coastal area B. coastal marsh C. coastal plain D. coastal mark A zone adjacent to a continent that extends from the low waterline to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths, is called_________. A. continental shelf B. coastal mark C. continental rise D. continental borderland A region adjacent to a continent, normally occupied by or bordering a shelf, that is highly irregular with depths is called __________. A. continental shelf B. continental borderland C. continental rise D. coastal plain A gentle slope rising from oceanic depths toward the foot of a continental slope, is called ___________. A. continental rise B. continental borderland C. continental shelf D. coastal plain

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191. An elongated and comparatively steep slope separating flat or gently sloping areas on the sea floor, is called __________. A. shoal B. ridge C. escarpment D. continental rise 192. An elevation on the sea floor rising generally more than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit, is called _________. A. seamount B. atoll C. knoll D. continental rise 193. An elevation on the sea floor rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit, is called_________. A. range B. seamount C. atoll D. knoll 194. An annular depression that may not be continuous located at the base of many seamounts, islands, and other isolated elevations of the sea floor is called________. A. table mount B. moat C. volcanic island D. atoll 195. An embankment on the sea floor bordering a canyon, valley, or sea channel, is called _________. A. levee B. archipelagic apron C. fracture zone D. saddle 196. A low part of the sea floor located in a ridge or between contiguous seamounts, is called ________. A. levee B. saddle C. ridge D. archipelagic apron 197. On the sea floor a gentle slope with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands or seamount, is called __________. A. archipelagic apron B. continental rise C. continental slope D. sea channel 198. On the sea floor, an entire mountain system including all the subordinate ranges, interior plateaus, and basins is called _________. A. volcanic island B. table mounts C. cordillera D. province 199. On the sea floor, a region identifiable by a group of similar physiographic features whose characteristics are markedly in contrast with surroundings area, is called _________. A. volcanic island B. island arc C. cordillera D. province

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200. An extensive linear zone of irregular topography of the sea floor characterized by steep sided or asymmetrical ridges, troughs, or escarpment, is called_______. A. fracture zone B. volcanic zone C. island zone D. canyon 201. On the sea floor, a relatively narrow deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope, is called___________. A. continental divide B. canyon C. sea channel D. cordillera 202. A long narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea flow, with relatively steep sides, is called __________. A. cordillera B. trench C. fracture zone D. levee 203. A current established between basins which contain water of different densities, is called _________. A. drift current B. upwelling current C. stream current D. convergent current 204. The North Atlantic Drift sets in what direction? A. ENE B. SSW C. NNE D. NNW 205. This is a kind of stream current which is described as "A River in an Ocean". A. Gulf stream B. Humboldt Current C. Guinea Current D. Kurushio Current 206. This is the current that sets in a westward direction about latitude 10N. A. Guinea Current B. South Equatorial Drift C. North Equatorial Drift D. Caribbean Sea Drift 207. The steady current circling the globe at about 60 S is the ________. A. Prevailing Westerly B. Sub-Polar Flow C. West Wind Drift D. Humboldt Current 208. Prevailing winds between 30 N and 60 N latitude are from the ________. A. east B. west C. north D. south 209. During the winter months, the southeast trade winds are: A. stronger than during the summer months B. weaker than during the summer months C. than during the summer months D. than during the summer months

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210. The bulletin issued by National Meteorological Office (Weather Bureau) for the period stated that includes the anticipated wind, visibility, weather and wave condition. A. forecast B. prognosis C. synoptic D. analysis 211. The periodic horizontal movement of water caused by the gravitational forces of the moon and the sun, inertia of waterways and coriolis acceleration is called _______. A. tidal current B. ocean current C. south equatorial current D. north equatorial current 212. An ocean current that flows generally along or around the coast of Florida and northeastward to Cape Haterras, Grand Banks and towards the north to the North Atlantic. A. Guinea current B. Gulf Stream C. North Atlantic current D. North Equatorial current 213. An ocean current that generally flows in the northeasterly direction in the northwest pacific in the vicinity of Taiwan towards the southwest end of Japan is called _________. A. Northwest Pacific current B. Gulf stream C. Kurushio current D. Tsushima current 214. An ocean current that generally flows in the northeasterly direction from the southwest end of Japan through the Japan Sea along the northwest coast of Japan is the _______. A. Kuroshio current B. Tsushima current C. Seto Naikai D. North equatorial current 215. An ocean current that occurs in the area of the prevailing westerlies, that generally flows in an easterly direction to a point west of Cape of Good Hope is the _____. A. North Atlantic current B. South Atlantic current C. Gulf stream D. Guinea current 216. Current that flows easterly around Antarctica is termed as ________. A. Antarctic current B. Falkland current C. Gulf stream D. Antarctic current 217. The North equatorial current flows in the _______ direction. A. northerly B. easterly C. westerly D. southerly 218. The equatorial counter current generally flows in the _______ direction. A. easterly B. northerly C. southerly D. westerly

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219. If you are caught up by a cyclone in the northern hemisphere and you are in the dangerous semi circle, the evasive action to be done is _______. A. place wind on starboard quarter, altering course to port as the wind backs B. place wind on port quarter altering course to starboard as wind veers C. place wind 1-4 point on port bow, altering course to starboard as wind veers D. place wind 1-4 points on starboard bow, altering course to starboard as the wind veers 220. If you are caught up by a cyclone in the northern hemisphere, and you are in the navigable semi circle or in the path of the cyclone, the evasive action to be done is________. A. place wind on starboard quarter, altering course to port as wind backs B. place wind 1-4 points on starboard bow, altering course to starboard as the wind veers C. place wind 1-4 points on port bow, altering course to port as the wind backs D. place wind on port quarter altering course to starboard as wind veers 221. If you are caught up by a cyclone in the southern hemisphere, and you are in the navigable semi circle or in the path of the cyclone, the evasive action to be done is _________. A. place wind on starboard quarter, altering course to port as wind backs B. place wind 1-4 points on starboard bow, altering course to starboard as the wind veers C. place wind 1-4 points on port bow, altering course to port as the wind backs D. place wind on port quarter altering course to starboard as wind veers 222. If you are caught up by a cyclone in the southern hemisphere, and you are in the dangerous semi circle, the evasive action to be done is ________. A. place wind on starboard quarter, altering course to port as wind backs B. place wind 1-4 points on starboard bow, altering course to starboard as the wind veers C. place wind 1-4 points on port bow, altering course to port as the wind backs D. place wind on port quarter altering course to starboard as wind veers 223. The Inter-tropical Convergence Zone (I.T.C.Z.) is generally associated with _______. A. clear skies and sunny weather B. cloudy and showery weather C. wind and stormy weather D. very hot and dry weather 224. A tropical revolving storm occurs in all oceans except the ________. A. Arabian Sea B. South Indian Ocean C. South Atlantic Ocean D. Western South Pacific Ocean 225. Tropical revolving storms occur in all months of the year only in the ________. A. North Atlantic Ocean B. Western North Pacific Ocean and China Sea C. North Indian Ocean D. Western South Pacific Ocean 226. Which statement is True concerning equatorial tides? A. This occur when the Sun is at minimum declination north or south B. This occur when the Moon is at maximum declination north or south C. The difference in height between consecutive high or low tides at a minimum D. They used as the basis for the vulgar establishment of the port 227. The winds you would expect to encounter in the North Atlantic between latitudes 5 and 30 are known as the _______. A. doldrums B. westerlies C. trades D. easterlies 228. The West Wind Drift is located ________. A. near 60 S B. on each side of the Equatorial current C. in the North Atlantic D. between Greenland and Europe
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229. The prevailing winds in the bank of latitude from approximately 5N to 30N are the ______. A. prevailing westerlies B. doldrums C. southeast trade winds D. northeast trade winds 230. The type of tide that prevails in the greatest number of important harbors on the Atlantic Coast is ________. A. interval B. mixed C. diurnal D. semidiurnal 231. The winds with the greatest effect on the set, drift, and depth of the equatorial currents are the ________. A. doldrums B. horse latitudes C. trade winds D. prevailing westerlies 232. Neap tides occur when the ________. A. moon is in its first quarter and third quarter phases B. sun and moon are on the opposite sides of the earth C. moon's declination is maximum and opposite to that of the sun D. sun and moon are in conjunction 233. The north equatorial current flows to the _________. A. east B. northeast C. southwest D. west 234. Neap tides occur _______. A. at the start of spring, when the sun is nearly over the equator B. only when the Sun and Moon are on the same sides of the Earth and are nearly in line C. when the Sun and Moon are approximately 90 to each other has seen from the Earth D. when the Sun, Moon, and Earth are nearly in line, regardless of alignment order 235. Weather systems in the middle latitudes generally travel from ________. A. west to east B. east to west C. north to south D. none of the above 236. Spring tides occur _________. A. at the start of spring, when the Sun is nearly over the equator B. only when the Sun and Moon are on the same side of the Earth and are nearly in line C. when the Sun and Moon are at approximately 90 to each as seen from the Earth D. when the Sun, Moon and Earth are nearly in line, in any order 237. Steady precipitation is typical of _______. A. coming cold weather conditions B. a warm front weather condition C. high pressure conditions D. scattered cumulus clouds 238. The direction of the prevailing winds in the Northern hemisphere is caused by the ________. A. magnetic field at the North Pole B. Gulf stream C. Earth's rotation D. Arctic cold fronts

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239. To predict the actual depth of water using the Tide Tables, the number obtained from the Tide Tables is ________. A. the actual depth B. added to or subtracted from the chartered depth C. multiplied by the charted depth D. divided by the charted depth 240. The southeast trade winds actually blow toward the _______. A. southeast B. south C. east D. northwest 241. On voyage from New York to Durban, South Africa, you should expect the Agulhas current to present a strong __________. A. offshore set B. onshore set C. head current D. fair or following current 242. As the South Equatorial Current approaches the east coast of Africa, it divides with the main part flowing south form the warm _____. A. Agulhas Current B. Canary Current C. Benguela Current D. Madagascar Current 243. On a voyage from Halifax, N.S., to Dakar, West Africa, the Canary Current will ________. A. set the vessel to the left B. set the vessel to the right C. offer resistance in the form of a head current D. furnish additional thrust in the form of a fair or following current 244. Which ocean current is "warm" based on the latitude in which it originates and on the effect it has on climate? A. Kuroshio Current B. Benguela Current C. Peru Current D. California Current 245. What current flows southward along the west coast of the United States and cause extensive fog in that area? A. Davidson Current B. North Pacific Current C. Alaska Current D. California Current 246. In which month will the equatorial counter current be strongest? A. January B. April C. August D. October 247. What is the zenith distance (ZX) of the body on the horizon when it is rising or setting? A. 45 degrees B. 180 degrees C. 90 degrees D. 270 degrees 248. If a celestial body is at your meridian, the azimuth A. either south or west B. either north or east C. either east or west D. either north or south

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249. A minimum distance a vessel, if constrained by not enough sea room should pass within a Tropical storm is A. 50 miles B. 80 miles C. 250 miles D. 100 miles 250. What is the most important publication for correcting charts and thus keeping them up to date? A. Radio signals B. Light lists C. Notice to Mariners D. Sailing directions 251. Relative humidity is measured by: A. hydrometer B. hygrometer C. anemometer D. barometer 252. The geographical position of a ship may be determined by observations of either fixed objects on shore or celestial bodies and by plotting lines of position obtained from these observations: the intersection of these two lines represents the exact position of the vessel and is usually referred to as a: A. Dead Reckoning B. Running Fix C. Fix D. DR 253. If the altitude of the body is 45 degrees, what will be its zenith distance? A. 40 degrees B. 50 degrees C. 45 degrees D. 90 degrees 254. The stronger the pressure gradient, the wind will be A. unchanged B. none of these C. weaker D. stronger 255. Intended for navigation and anchorage in harbors and small waterways. A. Harbor charts B. General charts C. Sailing charts D. Coastal charts 256. From lat 14 N thru lat 14 S, what is the dlat? A. 28 S B. 22 S C. 22 N D. 28 N 257. It is the direction in which a vessel is pointed as the angular distance from North usually 000 degrees at North clockwise through 360 degrees A. track B. heading C. course D. bearing 258. A vessel sailed on a total distance of 120 miles for 10 hours. How many hours did she do for the trip? A. 12 hours B. 20 hours C. 10 hours

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259.

260.

261.

262.

263.

264.

265.

266.

267.

268.

D. 15 hours Formation of water vapor in free atmosphere takes place by the presence of minute particles, called: A. gases B. nuclei C. all of these D. carbons Measuring distances on the Mercator chart is done through the use of: A. longitude scale B. latitude scale C. speed scale D. weighing scale The steaming time acquired by the vessel is 149.6 hours, how many days of navigation did she travel? A. 6 days 5 hours 36 minutes B. 6 days 8 hours 35 minutes C. 6 days 6 hours 30 minutes D. 6 days 7 hours 30 minutes This is the direction in which the ship is heading; A. Course B. Meridional parts C. Dlat D. Dlo The LMT of longitude 78 18' W is 04H 03M. Find the GMT? A. 23H 00M B. 23H 03M C. 09H 00M D. 09H 16M Compass best, error is. A. West B. East C. North D. South The ship left from latitude 42 29.7' N, and the Dlat is 8.8' S, find the latitude in? A. 42 23' N B. 42 22' N C. 42 20.9N D. 42 25' N The construction of charts requires that the areas of certain spaces on the chart shall have the same ratio to one another as the corresponding spaces on the surface of the earth. A. equivalence B. equilateral C. inconvenience D. convenience For 18 hours, a vessel steamed at an average speed of 10 knots. What was the total distance? A. 200 miles B. 100 miles C. 300 miles D. 180 miles The chart indicates the variation was 3 48' W in 1996 and the annual change is 8' W. If you use the chart in 2000, how much variation should you apply? A. 3 16' W B. 4 20' W C. 4 20' E D. 3 16' E

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269. The correction to be applied to ship's time to obtain the corresponding Greenwich meridian time prefixed by plus (+) sign at Western Longitude and by minus (-) sign at Eastern Longitude. A. Longitude in time B. Zone description C. Equation of time D. Zone Meridian 270. The Great Circle distance from Latitude 35 08' S, Longitude 029 26' E to Latitude 33 16' S, Longitude 116 36' E is 4172.7 miles and the Initial course is 117 T. A. 43 13.4' S B. 43 18.5' S C. 43 15.9' S D. 44 49.1' S 271. Two wind pressure system within 20-30. Latitudes A. Trade wind belt B. Westerlies C. Polar low belt D. Doldrum 272. A vessel sails from Lat 30 13' 14" N. Long 125 30' 20" E to Lat 45 N, Long 108 45' 30" E. Find DLAT and DLO? A. 75 13' 14" N / 016 44' 50" W B. 14 46' 46" N / 016 44' 50" W C. 75 13' 14" N / 125 44' 10" E D. 14 46' 46" S / 125 44' 10" E 273. Definite pattern of weather for a long period time. A. all of these B. season C. climate D. weather 274. What is the periodical publications of astronomical data designed primarily for marine navigation? A. Nautical Almanac B. World Almanac C. Notice to Mariners D. Sailing directions 275. On the Tropic where the Earth deflecting force is very slight, the dominant factor is a force which contribute to the tendency of the wind to go off at a tangent to the isobars is: A. Frictional resistance force B. Frictional resistance force C. Centripetal force D. Corioli's force 276. Internationally used value of the atmospheric pressure in metric system A. 29.92 inches B. 29.92 inches C. 29.92 inches D. 1013 millibars 277. Find what course to steer from a place in latitude 12 17' S and longitude 34 29' E to latitude 12 17' S and longitude 79 16' E? A. South West B. West C. East D. South East

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278. The angular distance north of south of the equator measured from 0 degrees to 90 degrees A. Parallel of Latitude B. Longitude C. Latitude D. Difference of Latitude 279. Visibility is affected by liquid particles which condenses less than 0 degrees C or F 32 degrees in the atmosphere is called:
A. Mist B. Frost

280.

281.

282.

283.

284.

285.

286.

287.

C. Dew D. Fog What sailing method should not be used for distances more than a few hundred miles? A. Plane sailing B. Mercator Sailing C. Parallel Sailing D. Traverse Sailing If the LHA of the sun is 270 what is the meridian angle? A. 90 East B. 80 East C. 80 West D. 90 West The sequence of intervals of light and darkness in which the whole sequence being repeated identically at regular interval. A. period B. fixed light C. rhythmic light D. characteristic Find the Great Circle distance from latitude 03 South, longitude 134 West to latitude 14 South, longitude 103 West? A. 1909 miles B. 1988 miles C. 1899 miles D. 1919 miles How far can a ship sail in 15 minutes if her speed is 18 knots? A. 4.0 N.M B. 4.5 N.M C. 4.8 N.M D. 5.0 N.M The actual speed of the vessel over the surface of the earth at any given time. A. speed over the ground B. speed of intention C. speed of advance D. speed of through the water Wind tends to blow in circular along the isobar instead of perpendicular to the isobar, partly due to: A. Difference in pressure and temperature between two localities B. Difference in pressure and temperature between two localities C. Corioli's force D. Difference of temperature between two localities The course given is S 83 22' East, find the true course? A. 96 39' B. 96 36' C. 96 38' D. 96 40'

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288. This is a middle cloud with height of 6,000 to 20,000 feet A. Alto cumulus B. Stratus C. Cumulus D. Cirrus 289. The type of clouds prominent in hilly or mountainous districts covering the hill tops A. Cumulus-Nimbus B. Frontal Cloud C. Orographic cloud D. Cumulus 290. If the given course is South 69 West, what is the true course? A. 248 B. 249 C. 246 D. 247 291. Which of the following publications would you refer to obtain navigational information when entering a foreign port? A. Sailing Direction B. Coast Pilot C. World Port Index D. Notice to Mariners 292. The meridian angle of the body is 090 West, latitude is 45 South. What is the LHA of the body? A. 270 B. 090 West C. 090 East D. 090 293. The line of intersection of a sphere and plane through its center. A. Small Circle B. Half Circle C. Hour Circle D. Great Circle 294. Compass least, error is; A. East B. North C. South D. West 295. Any other rhumbline that spirals towards the poles. A. Distance B. Loxodrome C. Great Circle D. Small circle 296. The shape of the earth is. A. Sphere B. Elliptical C. Circle D. Oblate spheroid 297. The rate of temperature decrease with height, commonly noticed at troposphere is called: A. Inversion rate B. Adiabatic changes C. Lapse rate D. None of these 298. Descriptive term used for Beaufort No.10 with wind 48-55 knots is A. Storm B. Hurricane C. Violent storm

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299.

300.

301.

302.

303.

304.

305.

306.

307.

308.

309.

D. Strong gale A projection often illustrated as a cylinder. A. Mercator Projection B. Polyconic Projection C. Gnomonic Projection D. Lambert Conformal Which of the following is the official publication for the correction of charts, sailing directions, light list, etc? A. List of Radio Signals B. Coast Pilot C. List of Lights D. Notice to Mariners This is the symbol for stratus cloud. A. St B. Cu C. Cs D. Ci Low pressure area occurring in high and middle latitudes. A. Extra-Tropical cyclone B. Anticyclone C. Tropical storm D. Tropical cyclone A low form of sheet cloud resembling fog but not resting on the ground A. Cirrus B. Nimbus C. Stratus D. Cumulus The point which the Great Circle track reaches its highest latitude. A. Vertex B. Rhumb course C. Vortex D. Rhumbline An error of the magnetic compass caused by the magnetic field of the earth A. Compass B. Refraction C. Variation D. Deviation The central meridian for a place with zone description +1 is : A. 015 00' East B. 007 30' East C. 007 30' West D. 015 00' West Are small circle of the earth whose plane are parallel to the plane of the equator A. Great Circle B. Small Circle C. Parallel of Latitude D. Equator th Your are in 120.0 West and your ship time is 2030 hrs. June 20 . Find GMT? A. 0430 hrs/21 June B. 1230 hrs/20 June C. 0430 hrs/20 June D. 1230 hrs/21 June Front replacing cold air masses. A. Stationary front B. Cold front C. Occluded front D. Warm front
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310. The best course of action if a storm is suspected in the vicinity, the following knowledge is necessary A. All of these B. The bearing of the center of the storm C. The drop of the barometric pressure D. The path of the storm 311. The art of conducting a vessel in channels, harbors and along the coast. A. Dead Reckoning B. Terrestrial Navigation C. Piloting D. Electronic Navigation 312. If the latitude is 47 North and the declination is 18 South, the amplitude of the body when setting is: A. South 27 East B. West 27 North C. East 27 South D. West 27 South 313. A ship covers a distance of 12 miles in 2 hrs. Find her speed? A. 8 knots B. 6.5 knots C. 7 knots D. 6 knots 314. Is formed by the aggregation of ice crystal. A. snow B. frost C. Rain D. Drizzle 315. What is the meridional parts of latitude 6 47' South? A. 405.7 B. 405.2 C. 405.6 D. 405.5 316. In parallel sailing difference of longitude can be obtained by multiplying. A. Dep. And Sec Mlat. B. Dep. And Sine Lat C. Dep. And Sec. Lat D. Dep. and Sine Mlat. 317. Find the GHA of Aries from the following: GHA of star 061 34.5' and SHA of star 301 47.6' A. 119 46.9' B. 240 13.1' C. 120 49.6' D. 191 49.6' 318. What is the most important publication for correcting charts and thus keeping them up-todate? A. light lists B. radio signals C. notice to mariners D. sailing directions 319. The apparent path of the sun around the earth. A. Hour angle B. Ecliptic C. Ellipse D. Equinoctial

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320. Also in the construction of charts, requires that the distances from any two points to the center of the chart shall have the same ratio to each other as the corresponding distances. A. semi-distance B. variable distance C. short distance D. equidistance 321. Which of the following publications would you refer to obtain navigational information when entering a foreign port? A. light lists B. sailing directions C. radio signals D. notice to mariners 322. The ratio of a given distance on the chart to the actual distance which it represents on the earth. A. terrestrial distance B. scales C. measurements D. rhumbline 323. The Great Circle distance from Latitude 36 57.2 North, Longitude 006 45.7' West to Latitude 24 25.3' N, Longitude 085 02.6' W is 3999 miles and the initial course is 283.8 . What is the longitude of the vertex? A. 039 19.5' West B. 059 09.5' West C. 029 09.5' West D. 019 19.5' West 324. The alternative sailing in lieu of Great Circle to limit the latitude of vertex. A. Mercator Sailing B. Composite Sailing C. Parallel Sailing D. Great Circle sailing 325. This is the symbol for cumulus cloud. A. St B. Cs C. Cu D. Ci 326. A type of chart projection used wherein a cylinder is placed around the earth, tangent to the equator A. Cylindrical projection B. Lambert conformal projection C. Simple conic projection D. Polyconic projection 327. From long 155 East thru 155 West, what is the dlong? A. 310 East B. 050 East C. 050 West D. 310 West 328. Sailing method where a vessel is due east or west. A. Parallel sailing B. Mercator Sailing C. Traverse sailing D. Plane sailing 329. Convert 7 hrs - 15 mins. - 42 sec. to Arc. A. 108 45' 10" B. 105 13' 55" C. 105 45' 55" D. 108 55' 30"

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330. A great circle at latitude 0 degree. A. Prime meridian B. Poles C. Equator D. International date line 331. The three-dimensional shape obtained by rotating an ellipse about its minor axis. A. Ellipsoid of revolution B. Precession of the axis C. Rotation of the earth D. Revolution of the earth 332. Notices to Mariners are published. A. Weekly B. Bi-annually C. Monthly D. Yearly 333. From position Latitude 23 21 North, Longtitude 125 28 East, vessel proceeded through along the great circle track to arrival position at Latitude 40 08 North, Longitude 175 45 West. Find the Great Circle Distance? A. 4104 B. 3104 C. 2104 D. 5104 334. Distance along the great circle connecting two points. A. Small circle distance B. Loxodormic curve C. Great circle distance D. Distance 335. The line of intersection of a sphere and plane which does not pass through its center. A. Half circle B. Great circle C. Hour circle D. Small circle 336. Find the LHA of star if the GHA of the star is 81 57.3' and the longitude is 174 32.9' West A. 240 24.4 B. 92 35.6' C. 267 24.4 D. 256 30.2 337. A.U.K. based publication agency which specializes in the nautical publications. A. DOD B. DMA C. MMDA D. UKHO 338. When the air is heated at the bottom, it becomes. A. None of these B. Saturated C. Unstable D. Stable 339. Which is least true why there is a "non-constant" rate on the apparent sun as a celestial reference for time? A. Motion of the sun along the ecliptic is tilted B. Revolution of the Earth on its orbit is not constant C. The effect of the nutation on the Earth's rotational axis D. Rotation of the Earth on its axis is not constant

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340. It is the sextant error on the index mirror when not perpendicular to the plane of the instrument. A. Parallel error B. Index error C. Side error D. Perpendicularity 341. Is a frequently shift resulting from relative motion between a transmitter and receiver or reflector of acoustic or electromagnetic energy. A. Doppler B. Echo C. Acceleration D. None of these 342. Ocean average depth is. A. none of these B. 2, 075 feet C. 2, 075 meter D. 2, 075 fathom 343. You are in long 175 West and heading 270 where do you change clocks? A. 172 30 East B. 165 30 East C. 172 30 West D. 180 344. Type of tidal occurrence which is characterized by a larger inequality in the high water heights or in both. Hence are usually two highs and low water each day, but occasionally the tide may become diurnal. A. none of these B. diurnal C. semi-diurnal D. mixed type 345. The possible effect of one precessional cycle upon the global weather pattern and its climate is to interchange the pattern to the opposite, every __________. A. 26, 000 years B. 25, 800 years C. 2, 000 years D. 14, 000 years 346. When the temperature decreases or the density of the atmosphere increases, the propagated waves are bended upward causing the decrease of radar horizon. A. None of these B. Normal refraction C. Sub- refraction D. Sub- refraction 347. Local hour angle (LHA) can be found by; A. LHA = GHA + east - west longitude B. LHA = GHA - east longitude C. LHA = GHA - west + east longitude D. LHA = GHA - west longitude 348. This is otherwise known as mountain winds; A. Anabatic wind B. Gradient wind C. Katabatic wind D. Geostropic wind 349. Water vapor exerted pressure proportionate to the maximum capacity the atmosphere holds under certain temperature, any excess is condensed. This is called; A. Evaporation B. Liqufication C. Condensation

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350.

351.

352.

353.

354.

355.

356.

357.

358.

359.

D. Saturation A long and narrow depression with relatively steep sides; A. Trench B. Ridge C. Rise D. trough A magnetic corrector bar for compensating against vertical soft irons like the funnels; A. Flinders bar B. Permanent magnet corrector C. Quadrantal corrector D. Heeling corrector The angular distance measured from vernal equinox eastward and usually expressed in units of time; A. LHA of Aries B. Right ascension C. Right sphere D. GHA of Aries At fixed point on the Earth, the barometer does not read the same all day long. In low latitudes, it falls slowly between; A. 6:00 AM to 1:00 PM B. 11:00 AM to 5:00 PM C. 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM D. 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM Stage of tropical cyclone, no decrease of pressure and no increase of wind force; A. Depression stage B. Immature stage C. Mature stage D. Decaying stage Wind is due to; A. pressure change B. unequal heating of the land C. temperature change D. temperature and pressure change It is the small circle on the earth surface where the sea and sky appears to meet. A. visible horizon B. rational horizon C. sensible horizon D. true horizon This is a radar transponder which emits a characteristic signal when triggered by a ship's radar. A. RACON B. RECON C. BEACON D. None of these The fictitious sun which moves at uniform speed in the celestial sphere which is equal to the average speed of the apparent sun along the ecliptic. A. Mean sun B. Astronomical sun C. Dynamical sun D. True sun Circumpolar means; A. around the sun B. around the earth C. around the pole D. around the planet

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360. The meridian angle of the body is 090 West, latitude is 45 South. What is the LHA of the body? A. 090 East B. 270 C. 090 D. 090 West 361. Earth's equatorial radius is _________. A. 3963.35 statute miles B. 3963.35 statute miles C. 3590.01 statute miles D. 3693.55 statute miles 362. Coriolis or deflection force is due to; A. earths revolution B. earths rotation C. elliptical orbit of the earth D. nutation of the earth 363. In the Northern Hemisphere, the ship is in the dangerous semi-circle if; A. the wind is backing B. the wind is steady C. none of these D. the wind is veering 364. The point of the celestial sphere beneath the observer. A. Azimuth B. Zenith C. Observer;s point D. Nadir 365. The vertical distance between trough and crest of the wave. A. rise B. magnitude C. range D. height 366. The point of the celestial sphere directly overhead. A. Zenith B. Vertical circle C. Nadir D. Hour circle 367. Flat-topped elevation over which depth of water is relatively small, but which is sufficient to surface navigation. A. reef B. coral reef C. bank D. shoal 368. It is the angle between the horizontal plane through the observer's eye. A. Parallax B. Altitude correction C. Dip D. Semi-diameter 369. A low form of sheet cloud resembling fog but not resting on the ground. A. Nimbus B. Cumulus C. Stratus D. Cirrus

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370. Is the process of measuring a craft's velocity and displacement (and even the altitude, if used by aircraft) from a known start point through sensing the accelerations acting on it in known directions by means of devices that mechanize the Newton's Law of motion. A. Inertial navigation B. Electronic navigation C. Navigational Satellite System D. None of these 371. When the body is on the rational horizon, what is its zenith distance? A. 000 B. 090 C. 270 D. 180 372. If the temperature of the mass of air increases in which the moisture content remains constant. A. The relative humidity of that air will increase B. The relative humidity of that air will decrease C. The relative humidity remains constant D. None of these 373. The physical reason why the earth's axis point to the constant direction of the North Star, Polaris is due to______________. A. Precession of the Equinox B. General precession C. Gyroscopic precession D. Gyroscopic inertia 374. The horizontal distance from crest to crest or from trough to trough. A. wave velocity B. wave length C. wave height D. wave period 375. A great circle through the celestial poles and a point or body on the celestial sphere. A. Equinoctial B. Zenith C. Hour circle D. Small circle 376. A larger depression of more or less circular or oval form. A. basin B. trough C. swells D. trench 377. Upper parts of elevation which show the effects of erosion and deposition. A. Reef B. Shoal C. Bank D. All of these 378. This is a shadow area when ship structures at equal height with the scanner, causing areas behind scanner to be un-scanned. A. Reflected sector B. Tuned C. Shadowed sector D. Blind sector 379. The pressure of the atmosphere fall off with increasing height above the Earth's surface, because__________. A. Since the pressure of the atmosphere is due to the weight of the column of air overhead, as one ascends, leaving some of the column of air below. B. Earth's gravitational force sustains air by escaping C. Density increases with temperature and temperature increases with height

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380.

381.

382.

383.

384.

385.

386.

387.

388.

389.

D. Density decreases with temperature and temperature decreases with height The central meridian for a place with zone description at -8 is A. 120 West B. 125 West C. 125 East D. 120 East The north seeking pole of the magnetic compass is symbolically colored. A. Green B. Blue C. Yellow D. Red Below the layer of 125 meter depth, at the tropic, a zone of rapid temperature decreases is called ___________. A. thermocline layer B. isothermal layer C. mixed layer D. none of these Dangerous semi-circle in the Northern Hemisphere. A. port side B. left C. starboard D. counterclockwise The increase in pressure with depth is nearly constant because water is only slightly compressible. Its coefficient of compressibility is; A. 0.00046 per bar B. 0.0046 per bar C. none of these D. 0.000046 per bar Speed of light is; 9 A. 3 x 10 meter / sec 3 B. 3 x 10 meter / sec 6 C. 3 x 10 meter / sec 8 D. 3 x 10 meter / sec The great circle that passes through the Zenith and Nadir. A. Vertical circle B. Prime vertical circle C. Principal vertical circle D. Hour circle nd th This occurs when moon is between 2 quarter and full moon and between 4 quarter and new moon. A. priming B. spring tide C. lagging D. neap tide A horizontal force which balanced the gradient force is: A. pressure gradient B. centripetal force C. coriolis force D. geostrophic force th At 1845 zone time, on 24 October 1996, vessel departs a Bimini Island at latitude 35 50' North and longtitude 77 West (ZD+ 5), bound for bishop rock at Latitude 49 40' North, longitude 006 34' West, with average speed of 13.6 knots. If the aggregate distance to be covered is 3,491 nautical miles, what is the estimated arrival zone time at Bishop's rock? A. 04 Nov 1626 B. 03 Nov 1600 C. 04 Nov 0627
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390.

391.

392.

393.

394.

395.

396.

397.

398.

399.

D. 03 Nov 1627 The Earth's rotation causes the Sun and other celestial bodies to appear to cross the sky, from _________. A. East to West B. South to North C. West to East D. North to South A sextant error when the pivot of the index bar is not at the center of the arc. A. Centering error B. Side error C. Prismatic error D. Shade error Planets whose orbits larger than that of the earth's orbit are classified as; A. superior planets B. gas planets C. quadrature D. inferior planets Doppler sonar navigation in commercial vessel is best exemplified by the use; A. GPS navigator B. Echo sounder C. Radar D. Sextant The type of clouds prominent in hilly or mountainous districts covering the hill tops; A. Frontal cloud B. Cumulu Nimbus C. Cumulus D. Orographic cloud If the GHA of the Aries is 270 and GHA of the sun is 180, your longitude is 090 East and your SHA of the star Canopus is 090 what is the LHA of the star Canopus A. 360 B. 180 C. 090 D. 270 Low pressure with light wind but frequent calms; A. Doldrum B. Polar low belt C. Easterlies D. Trade wind The line were the earth and sky appears to meet together; A. Declination B. Nadir C. Horizon D. Zenith The expression used which means "sun standing still" ; A. Elongation B. Solstice C. Quadrature D. Equinox Due to precession of the equinoxes, the celestial poles are describing circles to the sky. The north celestial pole is moving closer to the Polaris, which it will pass at angular distance of 28 minutes of arc in the year? A. 2, 000 AD B. 14000 AD C. 25, 800 AD D. 2102 AD

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400. The ocean temperatures, everywhere is below 60 F at the depth greater than; A. 100 meters B. 100 fathoms C. 200 fathoms D. 300 fathoms

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