ENG100 – Basic Writing Skills Notes for June 28th 1) Where we stand with things right now 2) Thursday

we will have a grammar quiz 3) Avoiding Sentence Errors a. Sentence Fragments—incomplete sentence because it lacks a subject, a verb or both. It may also may be a dependant clause because a subordinate clause is attached to it i. How to spot a fragment sentence 1. Does the group of words have a verb? a. Ex. Doug swam laps every night. To win the prize. b. Ex. Jason is excited. Going to the interview tomorrow. 2. Does the group of word shave a subject a. Ex. Peter slammed the door. And slammed out of the room. b. Ex. What about---Follow me. 3. Does the group of words begin with a subordinating conjunction (such as after, although, as, because, however, since that) a. Ex. While I was waiting for the train. b. Ex. Although the politician campaigned feverishly. 4. Does the group of words begin with a relative pronoun (that, what, whatever, which, who, whoever, whomever, whose)? a. Who lost the keys. b. That we discussed after class. c. Where the meeting will be heard ii. How to correct Fragments 1. Attach the fragment to complete sentence or an independent clause 2. Remove the subordinating conjunction or relative pronoun to make sure that the remaining group of words has a subject and a verb---it can stand alone. 3. Add the missing subject or verb iii. Exercise 10 in class b. Run-on Sentences and commas splices i. Run-on sentence – a sentence that contains two independent clauses that are not separated by any punctuation or a coordinating conjunction ii. Comma splice – two independent clauses that are joined only by a comma iii. How to spot these errors 1. you can read the sentence aloud

Common mistakes to avoid with verb tense 1. he. but we do need to know their uses – 517-519 iv. make sure the endings –d and –ed (past) and –s and –es (third person singular. b. Use irregular verbs correctly a. I didn’t get the point of that poem. The subject and the verb must agree in number and tense 1. Exercise 13 e. . 2. we watched the football game then we ordered pizza 2. 3. ii. use helping verbs where they are necessary to express the correct time a. I will lie down for a nap. Samples of prepared food were given by the supermarket. We are using active voice when the subject performs the action of the verb 1. b. Correct? 2. Singular subjects – use the singular form of the verb (usually the s form---exception—“I dance”) b. I will lay down for a nap. Agreement Rules a. C – She watches the training video. The calculator was dropped by Carlos. Active and passive Voice i. she it or any singular noun i. Third person singular – do not omit the –s or –es for a present-tense verb used with the pronoun. I – She watch the training video. Carlos dropped his calculator. Exercise 11 c.we dance 2.a. Examples are present past and future iii. The train be gone v. iii. I go to class on time b. I will go to class on time 4. Plural subjects – plural form of the verb --. Passive voice means that the subject is the receiver of the action 1. simple present tense) are on verb that require them a. I have walk three miles since I left home. Take a look at the book to discuss this – we do not need to necessarily need to know what all the names are. ii. Subject Verb agreement i. We need to be clear at how we use verbs to relate time ii. Exercise 12 d. Avoid colloquial language or dialect in writing a. Common mistakes to avoid a. Uses of verb tenses i.

Nouns with plural for but singular meaning (news. jeans. (both correct) d. Relative pronoun in adjective clauses -j.when a verb comes before a subject i. g. nobody. Some of the ice is still on the road iv. There are two bones in my soup. ii. underline. trousers. Verbs before subjects -. f. Well classified items in the newspaper… ii.be sure to highlight (bold face. then use the plural iii. h. pajamas i. which is singular) k. anybody. ii. – C e. The identification of types or categories within a group is a great way to explain a topic ii. The new list of degree requirements comes out in the spring. There is a bone in my soup. something and each) take a singular verb ii. Compound subjects – if we join two or more subjects we then get the plural verb i. What is classification writing? i. team. glasses. Everyone appreciates the hospital’s volunteers. flock. etc iii. Biologists classify plants and animals b. class. The herd scatter in all directions. c. slacks. family) if the verb refers to the unit then it is singular i. paper. jury. – C ii. Mathematics is a required course. – C iii. Grocery stores classify their items: dairy. Expenses surrounding the sale of the house were unexpectedly low. If they are referred to individually. Exercise 14 – Please post on blackboard --. Words between subject and verbs – Words. or italics) the correct verb 4) Paragraph Writing Strategies 5) 5) Classification a.b. We take the topic and then break it down into subgroups . When do we use this? i. Indefinite pronouns as subjects – some indefinite pronouns (such as everyone. mathematics) i. Collective nouns – refer t a group of people or things (audience. I – Anita and Mark plays cards. phrases and clauses coming between i. Others look plural and take the plural – braces. The herd stampedes towards us – C ii. Anita is a person who never forgets her keys (who refers to person. Some of the ice cubes are still in the tray. C – Anita and mark play cards. one. neither.

personality type 4. Consider your audience ii. it may be necessary to define them (if they are not clear) iii. gender. turtles. age. give a perfect amount of detail for each grouping iv. My Friends a. Exercise: take a moment and select a topic (if not sure you can look to the examples on page 281) a. need to provide information to explain each subgroup ii. tortoises. crocodiles. What we want to note is that everything in the classification system needs to be of a similar type. Choosing a basis of Classification i. Topic sentence should accomplish the following: 1. If there are a number of exceptions we need to reconsider the subgroups 1. think of the orchestra example from earlier . snakes.. closeness of friendship. select the one that best represents or describes the topic and fulfills the purpose 1. and matching ---not more specific than one iii. once you have your topic get them into subgroups a. Look to the examples on page 283 d. Take your topic. we need to decide on a basis for breaking down our subject 2. deciding on what basis to classify information 1. indicate how you will classify items within 3. for example: reptiles a. look to bottom of 281 b. is to have a good general topic and then brainstorm different ways to break it into subgroups or categories 3. comparable. length of friendship. Follow that up with some brainstorming some of the ways that you can classify the topic iv. Writing your topic sentence i. Look to the example on page 284 e.1. Testing the Effectiveness i. now develop our subgroups (from earlier exercise) c. Ex. The best way for us to get started. and lizards 2. explanation i. Look to think of the exceptions ii. We also could take a part an orchestra 3. Choose a basis that is uncomplicated iii. Look to page 280 (exercise 12-1 as a class) 4. Choose a basis that you are familiar with 2. the way of classifying. Once you have possible was to classify topic. it should identify your topic 2.

emphasize differences v. maintain a balance among subgroups iv. applying your skills to essay writing: classification i. Journal 10-12 – I would like for you to create three paragraphs (one for each journal entry in which you employ this pattern of organization [classifying]) b. use paragraph to separate subgroups iii.a. explain your basis of classification in your introduction ii.process . what do we do with synthesizers? (none of the categories) Or hammered dulcimers (both string and percussion)? f. consider your audience 6) Homework a. Final Draft of Out of Class Essay #1 -.

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