SKYLAB

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FIRST MANNED MISSION
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The Crew

Commander

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Charles "~Pate" Conrad, Jr. (Captain, USN) Joseph P. Kerwin (Coummander, MC, USN)

Science Pilot --

Pilot -- Paul J. Weitz (Commander, USN) Mission Duration -28 days, 49 minutes

Mission Events Launch: May 25, 1973, 9:00 AM EDT, from Pad 39-B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, aboard a Saturn IB launch vehicle. Orbit Insertion: 9:10 AM EDT. Began station keeping at 4:30 PM, conducted a fly..around to inspect damage and soft docked at 5:56 PM. Stand-up EVA: Undocked and conducted stand-up EVA from 6:45 to 7:00 PM. unable to deploy solar array.
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July 6, 1973

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Dock:

Hard docked with Skylab at 11:50 PM after at least 5 attempts. Crew reported one workshop solar wing totally gone and the other slightly deployed, hampered by a metal strap. Also reported that the meteoroid shield was gone with the exposed gold thermal material badly discolored. Entared OWS at 3:30 PM EDT on May 26 and began preparations for parasol deployment. Parasol deployment completed at 7:30 PM after which spacecraft external and internal temperatures began to drop. Began equipment transfer and storage and rartial activation of some experiments on May 27. Completed activation of most experiments on May 28 and on May 29, everything turned on for first time (checked out EREP and ATM). On June 7, Cdr. Conrad and SPT Kerwin performed an EVA to free the undeployed OWS solar array. The hatch was opened at 11:15 AM EDT and at 2:01 PM Conrad reported that the strap restraining the solar wing had been cut, the beam was fully deployed and the three panels were beginning to deploy. After opening a door on the SOS4 experiment and inspecting Quad 4 of the CSM, the hatch was closed at 2:40 PM completing a 3 :'.our and 25 minute EVA. By 8:58 PM all SAS solar power sections were deployed and the power crisis had abated Early on the morning of June 18 at 3:22 AM EDT the Skylab 2 crew broke the space flight record of the Soviet Soyuz 11 flight of 570 hours and 23 minutes set in June 1971.

Parasol Deployment:

Workshop activation:

SAS Deployment EVA:

Endurance Record:

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-3Film Retrieval EVA: On June 19 at 6:53, the hatch of Skylab was opened once more and Cdr. Conrad and Pilot Weitz exited the space station. Conrad's first task was to hit the failed CBRM 15 with a hammer. After hitting the battery, it began producing an additional 240 watts of power. Conrad then retrieved film from the ATM and deployed a sample of the parasol material for comparison purposes. Estimated time of closing hatch was 8:29 AM. On June 22 at 4:55 AM EDT the Skylab crew undocked from the space station and did a series of burns to achieve the correct orbit for reentry. At 9:40 AM, the primary recovery ship, USS Ticonderoga gained radar contact with the spacecraft. At 9:49 AM Skylab 2 splashed down 6 miles from the recovery ship, 820 miles southwest of San Diego in the Pacific Ocean. At 10:28, the spacecraft with crew was aboard the Ticonderoga.

Re entry:

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTW, D.C. C.

SIOGWAPHICAL DATA
NAME: . ; Paul Joseph Weitz NASA Astronaut (Commander, USN)

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born in Erie, Pennsylvania, on July 25, 1932. His mother, Mrs. Violet Martin, now resides in Norfolk, Virginia. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Blond hair; blue eyes; height: 5 feet 10 inches; weight: 180 pounds. EDUCATION: Attended McKinley Elementary School in Erie, Pennsylvania, and Harborcreek High School in Harborcreek, Pennsylvania; received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Pennsylvania State University in 1954 and a Master's degree in Aeronautical Engineering from graduate School in Monterey, California, the U.S. Naval Postin 1964. MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Suzanne M. Berry of Harborcreek, Pennsylvania; her father is Mr. John H. Berr . Matthew J., September 23, 1958; Cynthia A., September 25, RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: Hunting and fishing are amoung his hobbies. SPECIAL HONORS: Recipient of the Air Medal (5 awards) and the Navy Commendation Medal for combat flights in Viet Nam. CHILDREN: 1961.

EXPERIENCE: Weitz received his commission as an Ensign through the NROTC program at Pennsylvania State University and, upon graduation in 1954, was assigned to USS John A. Bole (DD-755) as CIC Officer. After having served in this capacity for one year, he attended flight training and was awarded his wings in September 1956. He was an A-4 Tactics Instructor with VA-44 at the Naval Air Station in Jacksonville, Florida, from 1956 to 1960, and a project officer for various air-to-ground delivery tactics projects while on duty with VX-5 at China Lake, California, from September 1960 to June 1962. He completed the next two years at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School and was then assigned to VAH-4 at the Naval Air Station in Whidbey, Washington, in June 1964. It was during this tour of duty, while a detachment officer-in-charge, that announcement serving as was made of his selection to the astronaut training program. He has logged more than 3,900 hours flying time in jet aircraft. -more--

3,400 hours

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CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: Commander Weitz is one of the 19 astronauts selected by NASA in April 1966. He served as a member of the astronaut support crew for Apollo 12.

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
WASNIMGTO, D.C. US4

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA

NAME:

Joseph P. Kerwi:. (Commander, MC, USN) NASA Aatronaut

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Born February 19, 1932, in Oak Pa'rk, Illinois. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edward M. Kerwin, are residents of Chicago, Illinois. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: 170 pounds. Brown hair; blue eyes; height: 6 feet; weight

EDUCATION: Graduated from Fenwick High School, Oak Park, Illinois, in 1949; received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from College of the Holy Cross, Worcestet, Massachusetts, in 1953; a Doctor of Medicine degree from Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, in 1957; completed internship at the District of Columbia General Hospital in Washington, D.C.; and attended the U.S. Navy School of Aviation Medicine at Pensacola, Florida. MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Shirley Ann Good of Danville, Pennsylvania. Her parents, Mr. and Mrs. George D. Good, reside in Danville. CHILDREN: Sharon, September 14, 1963; Joanna, January 5, 1966; His hobbies are reading and classical music.

Kristina, May 4, 1968.
RECREATIONAL INTERESTS:

ORGANIZATIONS; Fellow of the Aerospace Medical Association; and member of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, and Phi Beta Pi. SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the MSC Certificate of Commendation (1970).

EXPERIENCE: Kerwin, a Commander, has been in the Navy Medical Corps since July 1958. Prior to becoming a naval aviator, he served two years as flight surgeon with Marine Air Group 14 at Cherry Point, North Carolina. He earned his pilot's wings at Beeville,

Texas, in 1962.

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-7He then became flight surgeon for Fighter Squadron 101 at Oceana Nlaval Air Station, Virginia Beach, Virginia, and was subsequently assigned as staff flight surgeon for Air Wing Four at the Naval Air Station, Cecil Field, Florida. He has logged 2,noo hours flying time -aircraft. 1,800 hours in jet

CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: Commander Kerwin was selected as a scientistastronaut by NASA in June 1965.

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
WASNIOTON, D.C. 205"

BIOGRAPHICAL DATA
NAME: Charles Conrad, Jr. (Captain, USN) NASA Astronaut Born on June 2, 1930, in Philadelphia, 5 feet

BIRTHPLACE AND DATE: Pennsylvania.

PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Blond hair; blue eyesi height: 6 1/2 inches; weight: 145 pounds.

EDUCATION: Attended primary and secondary schools in Haverford, Pennsylvania, and New Lebanon, Now York received a Bachelor of Science degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Princeton University in 1953, an Honorary Master of Arts degree from Princeton in 1966, an Honorary Doctorate of Laws degree from Lincoln-Weslyan University in 1970, and an Honorary Doctorate of Science from Kings CoLlege, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania,

in 1971.

MARITAL STATUS: Married to the former Jane DuBose of Uvalde, Texasl her parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. 0. DuBose, reside in Uvalde. CHILDREN: Peter, December 24, 1954; Thomas, May 3, 1957; Andrew, April 30, 19591 Christopher, November 26, 1960. RECREATIONAL INTERESTS: His hobbies include golf, swimming, water skiing, and automobile racing, ORGANIZATIONS: Fellow of the American Astronautical Society, and the New York Academy of Sciencei and Associate Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and the Society of Experimental Test Pilots. SPECIAL HONORS: Awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal, two NASA Exceptional Service Medals, the Navy Astronaut Wings, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, and two Distinguished Flying Crosses; recipient of Princeton's Distinguished Alumnus Award for 1965, the U.S. Jayceets 10 Outstanding Young Men Award in 1965, the American Astronautical Society Flight Achievement Award for 1966, Pennsylvania's Award for Excellence in Science and Technology in 1967 and 1969, the Rear Admiral William S. Parsons Award for Scientific and Technical Progress in 1970, the Godfrey L. Cabot Award in 1970, the Silver Medal of the Union League of Philadelphia in 1970, the FAI Yuri Gagarin Gold Space Medal and the De La Vaulx Medal in 1970, and the National Academy of Television Arts and Science Special Trustees Award in 1970.
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EXPERIENCE: Conrad entered the Navy following graduation from Princeton University and became a naval aviator. He attended the Navy Test Pilot School at Patuxent River, Maryland, and upon completing that course of instruction was assigned as a project test pilot in the armaments test division there. He alio served at Patuxent as a flight instructor and performance engineer at the Test Pilot School. He has logged more than 6,000 hours flight time, with more than 4,800 hours in jet aircraft. CURRENT ASSIGNMENT: Captain Conrad was selected as an astronaut by NASA in September 1962. In August 1965, he served as pilot on the 8-day Gemini 5 flight. He and command pilot Gordon Cooper were launched into earth orbit on August 21, and proceeded to establish a spane endurance record of 190 hours and 56 minutes. The flight, which lasted 120 revolutions and covered a total distance of 3,312,993 statute miles, was terminated on August August 29, 1965. It was also on this flight that the United States took over the lead in man hours in space. On September 12, 1966, Conrad occupied the command pilot seat for the 3-day Gemini 11 mission. He executed orbital maneuvers to rendezvous and dock in less than ona orbit with a previously launched Agena and piloted Gemini 11 through two periods of extravehicular activity performed by pilot Richard Gordon. Other highlights of the flight included the retrieval of a nuclear emulsion experiment package during the first establishment of a new world space altitude record of EVA: the 850 statute miles, the completion of the first tethered station-keeping exercise, in which artificial gravity was produced; and the completion of the first fully automatic controlled reentry. Gemini 11 was concluded on September 15, 1966, with the spacecraft landing in the Atlantic--2 1/2 miles from the prime recovery ship USS GUAM. He was subsequently assigned as the backup spacecraft commander for the Apollo 9 flight.

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Conrad was spacecraft commander of Apollo 12, November 14-24, 1969. With him on man's second lunar landing mission were Richard F. Gordon (command module pilot) and Alan L. Bean (lunar module pilot). In accomplishing all of the mission's objectives, the Apollo 12 crew executed the first precision lunar landing, bringing their lunarmodule, "Intrepid," to a safe touchdown in the Moon's Ocean of Storms; and performed the firnt lunar traverse deploying the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP), installing a nuclear power generator station which would provide the power source for long-term scientific experiments, gathering geologic samples of the lunar surface for return to earth, and completing a close-up inspection of the Surveyor III spacecraft. Throughout the 31-hour lunar surface stay by Conrad and Bean, Richard Gordon remained in lunar orbit aboard the command module, "Yankee Clipper," photographing landing sites for future missions. Apollo 12 lasted 244 hours and 36 minutes and was concluded 4ith a Pacific splashdown and subsequent recovery operations by the USS HORNET. Captain Conrad has completed three space flights, logging a total of 506 hours and 48 minutes in space--of which 7 hours and 45 minutes were spent in EVA on the lunar surface.

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