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, comprise a significantly large part of the population. Within educational institutions, they are the majority. They also possess certain strengths that are necessary in the process of change. They play a vital role in the society, exercising a significant influence to the other sectors. The roles they played in the past had caught the attention of the government and opened the eyes and minds of Filipino leaders and functionaries for needed reforms in the society. Today, the State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation building and reaffirms the expectation of our national hero Dr. Jose Rizal that the youth is the hope of the land. Part I. Recognizing the Vital Role of the Youth in Nation Building The Role of the Youth in Nation Building As can be seen from the activity, each card is to play a crucial role in the formation of the structure by supporting the other cards. By removing the card, the whole structure collapsed. Just as the structure collapsed with the removal of one card, the group or community where we belong would collapse even if one member, irregardless of his position in the hierarchy, would not do his part or maybe simply refusing to do what is expected of him. The importance of one card in building the structure should be taken into consideration. While it took a considerable amount of time for the structure to be put in place, it will only take a split second for the three-storey edifice to collapse once a card is removed. Along the same light, the constitution recognizes and acknowledges the role of the youth in nation building. It underscores the contributory effort of the youth to community building. But all must do its utmost best to live up to the recognition given by the state to the young people of this nation. Just as one card is very important so is the youth in nation building. No matter how small or insignificant is one individual he/she
can still contribute something, in his/her own little way, towards the achievement of the goal of our nation. According to statistics, our country is a very young country when it comes to age distribution in the population. Based on the 1995 census, the total youth population (those within 15-30 age-bracket) was approximately 20.7 million. This means that the youth at that time comprise almost 1/3 of the total Philippine population. What more at this present time? This is the reason why the Philippine Government has placed paramount importance on the significance of the youth in Nation Building. In 1870, our national hero Dr. Jose Rizal, in his message “To the Filipino Youth,” called the youth, “ The hope of the Fatherland” and exhorted them to break free from the shackles that bound their hearts and minds so that they may soar to the heavens and attain their aspirations. Gregoria De Jesus, herself a great woman and the wife of another Philippine hero, Andres Bonifacio, also recognized the role of the youth in the society. And through her “Decalogue of Filipino Youth”, she reminded the youth of the 1800s of the Filipino values that propelled the nation to independence and preserved its timehonored tradition as a distinct race. A hundred years later, Filipinos continue to put great faith and confidence in its youth. The 1987 Constitution of the Republic of The Philippines clearly states that the country’s youth policy in Article II, Section 13: “ The State shall recognize the vital role of the youth in Nation Building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs. Nation building is a dynamic, on-going, always becoming but never quite finished process of developing and strengthening the nation in the social, political, cultural, environmental, moral and cultural aspects of life founded on patriotism and nationalism. To translate this in concrete terms, the CWTSP provides the venues for the youth to be able to participate in this undertaking by encouraging the youth to contribute to the general welfare and the betterment of life of the community which many Letranites have done in the past. The Philippines is said to be a very young nation. We were under the Spaniards for 333 years, 45 years under the Americans and more than 3 years under the Japanese
imperial Army. It is therefore quite understandable that even up to now, we still consider the Philippines as a young nation. During those years many graduates of Letran have participated in the building of this nation. The idea that Filipinos should unite together as members of one and the same nation with a common past, present and destiny was triggered by the martyrdom of three noble and honored Filipino priests who were alumni of Letran famously known as the GomBurZa. During the time of the revolution many Letranites participated in our fight for independence, most notable of which are Marcelo H. Del Pilar, Emilio Jacinto, Emilio Aguinaldo, Apolinario Mabini and many others. In the first few years of Philippine Independence from Spain, Emilio Aguinaldo, Manuel Quezon, Sergio Osmeña and Jose P. Laurel became the front-runners of building our nation by becoming presidents of our country. They are the pride of Letran. Still many others have followed in their footsteps in sharing themselves in the development of this nation. Just as they have given themselves, we, the present generation of Letranites are also challenged to continuously share our talents, time and treasure in helping build our nation to the best of our abilities. Part II. Good Citizenship in the Youth The Citizens of the Philippines Section 1 of the Philippine Constitution provides that the following are citizens of the Philippines: 1. 2. 3. 4. Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution; Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines; Those born before January 17, 1973, of Filipino mothers, who elect Philippine Citizenship upon reaching the age of majority; and Those who are naturalized in accordance with law. Rights of a Citizen
Human rights are the supreme, inherent and inalienable rights to life, to dignity and to develop one’s self. During the Martial Law years, a lot of human rights both collective and individual were violated to serve not the people but the status quo. Our “being human” is the fundamental basis of human rights. Human rights are means to protect, affirm, promote and realize the value of being human. These are necessary conditions and situations for the unfolding and fuller development of life of being human as an individual and as a people. 1. Basic Characteristics of Humans Rights a. Human rights are inherent to or part of the human person. b. Human rights are inalienable; thus, they cannot be taken away from any body. c. Human rights are universal; they are not limited by boundaries but are recognized by all humankind. Human rights are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated. These rights are fundamental freedoms are the birth right of all human beings. It is the prime responsibility of the government to protect and promote these rights. Human rights are also laws or rules that bind citizens in a particular country or members of the international community that have consented to be bound to global treaties such as the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN Covenants on Civil and Political, Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. In the Philippines, the legal framework for the protection of human rights is established, among others, by the Constitution, the Civil Code, the revised penal Code and the Child and Youth Welfare Code. The Commission on Human Rights has also established protective legal measures. The Ombudsman, meanwhile, functions to prevent the abuse of power by government officials and employees. 2. Basic Principles of Human Rights a. Equality - Human people are equal regardless of sex, religion, race creed/ political belief, etc. b. Collective Rights - Human rights are enjoyed by the whole society. c. State Guarantee - The government has the responsibility of protecting and defending human rights.
The universality of human rights does not mean the absoluteness of its application. Human rights are not absolute that can be upheld under all conditions simultaneously and for all eternity. They are limited by other human rights. They cannot be used as an excuse to violate other rights. They are relative in the sense that these are evolutionary and developmental. These means that a society advances and as human consciousness develop, new rights are recognized, old rights acquire new meanings, and fulfilled rights are institutionalized. 3. Classification of Human Rights a. Civil and Political Rights consist of specific obligations of conduct, thus, have very definite, measurable standards and could be precisely defined. These are the traditional rights stated mostly in Article III (The Bill of Rights) of the 1987 Constitution. Our Civil Rights Civil rights are those granted to private individuals for the purpose of securing the enjoyment of their means to happiness. These rights include the following: 1. Right to Privacy, Communications or Correspondence (Section 3,1) 2. Right Against Involuntary Servitude (Section18, 2) 3. Right Against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures (Section 2) 4. Free Access to Court (Section 11) 5. Right Against Imprisonment Depth (Section 20) 6. Non-impairment of Contracts (Section 10) 7. Liberty of Abode and Travel (Section 6) Our Political Rights Political rights are those rights of the citizen that empower them to participate directly or indirectly in the establishment or administration of the government. These include: 1. Right to Citizenship (Article IV) 2. Right to Suffrage (Article V, Section 1) 3. Right to be informed on Matters of Public Records and Documents (Section 7) 4. Freedom of Speech, the Press and Expression (Section 4) 5. Right to form Unions and Associations (Section 8)
Section 8) Our Social and Cultural Rights Social and cultural rights pertain to a person’s freedom to benefit from his capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. Right of People to Propose Amendments to the Constitution through People’s Initiative. Sections 5. Section 2) 4. These rights include the following: 1. Economic. Right to Identify 4. Section 7) 5. and Economic Decision-making (Article XIII. Section 9) 9. Section 2) 3. Section 1) 8. Our Economic Rights These are rights intended to ensure the well-being and economic security of the individual. Section 1) 2. Right to Sectoral Representation shall be included in Legislative Bodies as may be prescribed by Law (Article VI. Right to Property (Article XIII. Association or Societies for Purposes not Contrary to Law (Article III. Rights to Form Unions. Right to Dignity (Article XIII. These rights include the following: 1. Social and Cultural Rights are rights that cannot be measured readily and are based on largely subjective judgments. Right to Participation at all Levels of Social. Right to Petition the Government for Regardless of Grievances (Section 4) 7. Right to Autonomous Economic Development (Article XIII. Political. Right to Education (Article XIV. Right to Employment with Decent Living Wedges (Article XIII on Labor) 3. Section 9) 5. 1 and 2: and Article X. Articles XIV and XV of the 1987 Constitution.6. Section 2) b. Freedom from Hunger 2. Right to Self-determination (Article II. (Article XVII. Right to Just Compensation for Private Property taken for Public Use (Article III. Section 1) . Some of these rights are stated in Article XIII (Social Justice and Human Rights).
Right to a Decent Standard of Living (Article XIII on Labor) 8. Collective Rights.6. The relation between individual and collective rights needs careful analysis of the objective conditions that exist within societies. Conscience and Religion (Article III. Right to Health and Health Services (Article XIII on Health) 7.determination. Like in the time of war. rights which belong to each of us individually but which we can exercise collectively. Besides our rights as person. to self. Right to an Autonomous Socio-cultural and Development (Article XIV on Arts and Culture) c. Right to Thought. leave and return freely) Survival • Peace • Non-aggression • Participate and Engage in International Trade COLLECTIVE RIGHTS . the enjoyments of collective rights guarantee the continued recognition and practice of individual rights. and to develop as a people. we also have our rights as a society. In turn. These are what we call the rights of the people. Right to be with One’s Family (Article XV on the Family) 9. Individual rights largely result from the enjoyment of collective rights. collective rights should be the basis of a united struggle since individual rights are limited due to the subjugation of once society by another. Individual rights are means for every person to be human and that collective or people’s rights are conditions for our humanity to develop or unfold. Section 5) 10. which are analogous to the rights of the person and which consist of three basic rights: to survive. A Summary of Individual and Collective Rights: INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS Life • • • • • • • • Health Own Property Work Form Trade Unions/To Strike Social Security Rest and Leisure Move Freely Marry (within the country.
Cruel. impart information Peaceful assembly Equal treatment Privacy • in correspondence Freedom from the following: Slavery. detention. receive.• Establish a family Self-determination • Equal Sovereign Affairs and International Affairs and International Organizations Freedom from all Forms of Racial Discrimination • • Political Independence Freedom from the following: Colonialism family. Punishment. home and Neo-colonialism Alien domination and Intervention in national affairs Sovereignty over Natural Resources and Economic Activities • Freedom to Choose or Change Social. promote and realize the value of being human: 1. Political. 2000) 60th Universal Declaration of Human Rights On the 60th Universal Declaration of Human Rights. religion. affirm. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) . Torture. Degrading. and In • human. We should treat each other with a spirit of brotherhood. Arbitrary arrest. and • opinion and expression Seek. Economic and Cultural Systems Exercise parental rights Dignity • • • • • • • Recognition as a person Honor and reputation Freedom of conscience. The Philippine Constitution. and Exile • Presumed Innocent (of crime or wrong doing) • Fair trial Development • • • • Education Share in Cultural Life of Community Form Associations Live in National and International Order Development • • • Choose the Goals and Means of Development to Industrialize the Economy Social and Economic Reforms Benefit from and Contribute to Scientific and Technological Advances in the World Reparation and Retribution for Exploitation (Source: Renato Pasimio. the following rights are to be uphold in order to protect. All human beings are born free and equal.
For violations. Right to marry. No torture. Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 10. Right to own property. We are all entitled to all the human rights. Right to fair trial. (Article 9 of the Need legal cause. No slavery. (Article 7 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 8. (Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 11. Marriage needs consent.2. detention or exile. (Article 2 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 3. (Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 6. (Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 14. (Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 13. We are presumed innocent until proved guilty. (Article 16 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 17. Right to nationality and change nationality. you have legal remedies. Right to seek asylum. Right to privacy and to reputation. Right to life. or degrading treatment. Family is protected. We’re all equal and entitled to protection against discrimination. No arbitrary deprivation. by legal means. inhuman. No arbitrary arrest. (Article 15 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 16. (Article 8 of the . (Article 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 12. Right to freedom and movement and residence. (Article 17 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 18. liberty and security of person. (Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 4. Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 9. (Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 5. cruel. (Article 6 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 7. Right to freedom of thought and religion. detention or exile. (Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) Need legal cause. (Article 14 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 15. No discrimination. No arbitrary arrest.
ph. Right to cultural life. (Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 20. Right to take part in government and equal access to public service.chr. Standard of living. holidays with pay. ((Article 29 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 30. (Article 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 29. Everyone has duties to the community for human rights. (Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 28. (Article 24 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 25. Right to a world where all rights can be realized. Therefore. Each right carries a corresponding individual and collective duty and obligation. Right to social security and economic. copyright. . form trade unions. Freedom to expression and opinion. social services. (Article 20 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 21. just and equal pay. Universal Declaration of Human Rights 2008) Duties and Responsibilities of a Citizen Every citizen is bestowed by rights guaranteed by law. protection for all children. Freedom of peaceful assembly and association. (Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 24. Performance of social duties can be demanded from each citizen on the basis of the enjoyment of the rights. (Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 27.gov. No one can take away your human rights. it is only when the citizens freely exercise their rights that they faithfully perform their duties ideally for the common good and a better quality of life. Right to rest and leisure. Right to work. Right to education.19. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) (Source: www. social and cultural rights. (Article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 22. (Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 26. (Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) 23.
For example. Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr.The natural rights bestowed to the human person are inseparably connected to many respective duties. we have been under colonial rule and the effects are telling. In a situation where our national existence or survival is threatened or in peril. By helping those in need. By appreciating the customs. As citizens. By maintaining clean surroundings. traditions. speak one’s own language. the perfection of our individuality. To patronize one’s own products. it is our fundamental and honorable duty to defend our nation against any By paying taxes on time. Filipino. a Letranite have given up their lives to demonstrate the love for the country. Our country is our extended self. with the duty of seeking it. Defense of the State Love of country is not only words but also deeds. It is our fulfillment of our personality. Love of Country How does one express love of country? Many of our heroes. are some of the more important duties and responsibilities of every citizen: 1.” One does not need to die to show love of country although one would not hesitate to do so in the event that it is necessary. we must love it and harbor its interest first foremost in our hearts. their sustenance and their inviolability on the natural law that grants and enjoins them. By taking pride of being . Love of country can be shown in many ways. like Emilio Jacinto. said: “The Filipinos are worth dying for. the right of every person to life is correlative to the duty of preserving it. We prefer foreign goods in the belief that they are superior products than ours. deceptive and onerous treaties or agreements with other nations. the right to a decent standard of living with the duty of living it becomingly. By following traffic rules. Rights and duties find their source. and if possessing it ever more completely and profoundly. For centuries. and the right to investigate the truth freely. The following. languages and people. Filipinos must develop a sense of nationalism. where our sovereignty as people and Nation is disrespected by unfair. Therefore. among others. 2. We prefer our communications with English language.
g. e. The citizens can contribute to the development and welfare of the country by doing faithfully their obligations. Furthermore. The State that we should protect consists of people. By participating in civil activities and projects. If laws are inconsistent with the Constitution. especially against those who wish to emasculate the law for usurpation of power. Colonial mentality drives the people to choose or prioritize products from other countries or imported products. Defending the State is a concrete manifestation of love of country. peace and order. 3. government and sovereignty. the latter governs and the former becomes void. Contribution to the Development and Welfare of the Country The development and welfare of the country is a responsibility not only of the government but also of all people. people can contribute to development by doing away with colonial mentality and patronizing the country’s products. duly approved by the people. community cleaning.aggression and exploitative relation. Upholding the Constitution and Obeying the Laws The Constitution is the cornerstone by which all other laws conform and to which all persons’ including the president. It brainwashes the citizens that imported or brand name product is superior to the domestic or not known products. etc. Cooperation with the Duly-constituted Authorities . willingly and promptly. Defending the State thus requires citizens to give voluntary service when needed. By promoting social justice and pursuing social policies and economic measures that are pro-people and pro-poor. territory. By paying taxes honestly. By helping protect and preserve the county’s natural resources. 5. 4. They must fight for the existence and self-preservation of the state. it betrays love of the country. is the expression of the will of the people. Hence love of country should not be an occasional virtue to be exhibited. The 1987 Constitution. must respect. It must be constantly and permanently etched in the hearts of every citizen so that it inspires them to serve and defend the country at all times and at all cost. People are duty bound to oppose any policies that exploit and deplete the national resources of the country to their detriment and that of the environment. Every citizen has the duty to defend the Constitution.
Cooperation with duly constituted authorities must always be geared toward the common good. Citizens should not tolerate or become accomplice to any wrong doing in the community. Instead they have every reason to protest or petition such laws. it is necessary for the common good and the unity of the State. Citizens should cooperate with the people mandated to rein or run the government.We need authority to lead us. It is the duty of the citizens to ensure that officers of the law attend the enforcement of the law and properly perform their duties. It is the duty of a citizen not only to see to it that he does not violate any law. Constituted authorities dispose their executions within the bounds of the law. Authority must not be used contrary to the moral law. True. Citizens should not allow crimes to be committed under their noses without even lifting a finger to prevent its execution. It is a norm of human conduct in social life established and imposed for the observance of all. The law is the mass of obligatory rules established for the purpose of governing the relations of persons in society. then the people have the option not to cooperate with the authorities. If laws and treaties are inconsistent or are unconstitutional. especially when citizens are under oppression of public authority which over steps its competence. When authority is exercised for the genuine development of the people or in accord with the moral law. They should take any step in looking towards the eradication of graft. corruption and criminality in their community. rule and regulation but also to ensure that such laws are obeyed or observed by his fellow citizens. citizens should in conscience obey constituted authorities but they are not compelled to obey commands that are morally wrong. The law is powerless without the cooperation of the citizens. A citizen must correct the distorted values that drive people to commit illegal activities. ordinance. it must be respected and obeyed. 6. Responsible Exercise of Rights and Respect for the Rights of Others . Authorities or officers of the law need citizens to prevent and be witnesses to crimes committed.
It includes the duty of using mature and free judgment. Every citizen has an obligation to be useful and be a productive member of society because. Election of Good Leaders to Government It is the constitutional duty of every citizen to register and elect qualified citizens to public office. Each one must not insist one’s rights at the expense of the other’s rights but must work for the welfare of all. gainful and sustained work that people and nations live and survive. These rights must serve as means of enjoyment of our life. Although this is now the practice of many companies and seemingly tolerated by government. Section 9: and Article XIII. 7. In the exercise of rights and in the performance of duties. He should not only be concerned about his rights but also about his obligations to his fellow citizens. conscience and analysis of the integrity and fitness of the aspirants to lead the country and the people for genuine development when they hold public office. it is not right for the owners of a company to fire regular workers and then hire contractual workers in order to gain more profit at the expense of the workers’ right to tenure. For instance. A citizen must be imbued with the sense of awareness that his fellow citizens have the same rights he has. this act is wrong and it violates workers rights. 8. This duty does not only mean registering and casting a vote. It is through hard. there would inevitably be clashes. Engagement in Gainful Work Every citizen must work to assure himself and his family a life worthy of human dignity. first. It is the nature of the human person to work. It is the duty of the State to ensure the promotion of employment opportunities to its citizens. . But these must be restrained under conditions essential to the equal enjoyment of the same right by others. But it is the responsibility of every citizen to look for work. work is his contribution to the development of the country/State.In society where every member has his own interest. Section 3). (See Article II. It is not permissible to abuse one’s rights to prejudice others. all citizens must act with justice and give everyone his due and observe honesty and good faith. work is his nature and source of his dignity and second. Citizens’ rights are not an unrestricted license to do exactly as one pleases.
directly or indirectly upon the voting population. work. if he is to grow into a citizen who is “maka-Diyos. pro-poor. We can become good citizens by living in accordance with these good citizenship values For an adult. love. but we can put a stop to this by advocating political and electoral reforms to give poor but qualified candidates chances to aspire for public office. Thus voters have to exercise their power to elect public officials who are pro-God. they matter because the success or failure of the government. depends. patriotism. truth. respect for law and Government. in a way. freedom.Though elections in the country do not sufficiently provide citizens an opportunity to participate politically. pro-people. 2000) Becoming Good Citizens The Filipino people posses certain values. his basic values can be seen in his outward manifestations as well as in decision-making. Every Filipino child needs to be helped to form his own values consistent with basic Filipino values. peace. and order. There is always a consistency in what he thinks and feels and what he says. concern for the environment. respect for life. The Philippine Constitution. These values of the Filipino people serve as the guiding principles of our life as a nation and provide the underlying framework for all the provisions of the Constitution. It is true that election today serve as mechanism to maintain and legitimize the leadership of the elite. justice. makabayan at maka-kalikasan. shared perceptions on what we hold dear. what we regard as important to us. and procountry. promotion of the common good. faith in the Almighty God. equality. maka-tao. These are unity. (Source: Renato Pasimio. These sixteen values are enshrined in the Preamble of the 1987 Philippine Constitution.” Every Filipino is enjoined to live the good citizenship values enshrined in the constitution: THE GOOD CITIZENSHIP VALUES (Based on the 1987 Philippine Constitution) . Elected public officials enact and execute policies that affect the life of the people.
• We should take pride in our faith and use it to improve our lives. We even face the prospect of sharing our faith with those who actually introduced it to us in the first place. and by praying together with an extraordinary faith to get through such a calamity. FAITH IN THE ALMIGHTY GOD Be God-fearing and live according to His will. RESPECT FOR LIFE • Recognize the absolute value of human life and the human dignity of every person . and our sense of helplessness when confronted with adversity. • • Faith in the Almighty is an innate trademark Filipino value. indolence. • Our faith is a call to conversion: turning away from graft and corruption. a symbol of their bearing each other’s pains. More than ever. not merely by our lips. Our Faith. When the country was plunged into shock and misery brought about by the devastation of the 1991 earthquake.1. • We should learn how to pray from our hearts. Deepening Points • • “Faith can move mountains” If faith in God worked miracles for us during our EDSA I experiences. it can also work in our everyday lives. We pray because without God we can do nothing. Filipinos consoled themselves and lifted each other’s spirit by crying sincere tears. We pray for more God-centered leaders who assume authority in the context of genuine services. our faith as a people has proven to be stronger and more meaningful. our desire for convenience rather than hard work. which moved us to act. was the single biggest factor that made EDSA I work. 2. Such an attitude clearly defines the Filipinos’ unique regard for the value of faith in the Almighty. growing adherence to materialism at the expense of the loss of our values and integrity. one that indeed “moved mountains”. All of us have it. The kind of faith we professed at EDSA I was one that drove us into action (faith in action).
protected and preserved from the moment of conception. a fundamental goodness. Terrorism is to be condemned in the most absolute terms because it shows complete contempt for human life and can never be justified. and source of all our motivations and inspirations. (Social Doctrine of the Church #514) • • • Human life must be respected. . God is our number one value. Every person is safeguarded by basic human rights and is responsible for the rights of others. “Our body is God’s temple”. no individual has the right to harm or destroy it. foremost priority. • God’s decision to make man in his image and likeness gives the human being a unique dignity that extends to all generations and through out the entire earth. 3.Deepening Points • • Every person’s life is a precious gift. Every person should be given the opportunity and freedom to lead a values based and purpose-driven life. Deepening Points • • Order is putting everything in its right place. We should uphold and recognize each other’s dignity as a persons and grow to appreciate each other’s worth because there exist in the human person sufficient qualities and energies. ORDER • Respect the human rights of one another and comply with your duties and responsibilities. A just society can become a reality only when it is based on respect for the transcendent dignity of the human person. we should take care of it and regard it as sacred. (Social Teaching of the Church #428) • • • • Every person is a gift in himself and deserves the opportunity to realize and share his own giftedness to society without fear of harm and persecution.
Gen. • • • • Disorder triggers situations of panic. Some virtues/values that may be required when one wish to develop the value of Order are prudence. • • • Learn to be orderly in your work by establishing a system and routine. humility. harmony (as a result of the social contract borne out of the implications of the law and basic understanding of ethics and values) and progress (as the value of order constantly seeks to promote efficiency and effectiveness in a person’s work. unrest. • God follows order in the first story of creation (Cf. discipline. chaos. temperance. and workplace. belongings. havoc. Order entails the discipline of the mind. Basic values like diligence and cleanliness stem from the value of orderliness. patience and resilience. prioritization/sorting of activities according to level of importance or urgency. The value of order ensures all citizens of security (in the form of order established by laws). and anarchy. confusion. Order is so essential to us that we even have to follow a particular order in loving God. job or routine). living quarters. One of the advantages of being disorderly is that one is constantly making exciting discoveries. change/transformation should begin with us before it can proceed to a broader scale. • In doing first things first in the light of effecting change in our country. 1) .• • Some simple ways of prioritizing or putting things in order include the following: Cleanliness and proper arrangement of things. time management (faithfully following an established routine/schedule). peace (when order is maintained by law enforcement agencies of the government and other sectors of society). diligence. The determination to develop the value on a wider scale towards national development should then evolve into a collective resolve by every citizen to live out the value and allow it to pervade into our people’s consciousness and culture. emotion and action. resources management. and goal setting. budgeting and expense allocation. country and family.
bahala na. the following: kapit sa patalim. pwedeng-pwede na. Job and Work must be defined and differentiated. Our character is our fate.4. frugality. aim for excellence”. Learn to invest your God-given talents in your work. Man is destined to work. Small deeds done are better than many things planned. prudence and the virtue of temperance. Avoid acting like busy bodies doing nothing. manana habit. “Living within your means is spending less than what you earn”. Deepening Points • • • • • • • • • • • • • • The family is simultaneously a community made possible by work and the first school of work within a home. • Things done in haste will usually end in waste. for work is God’s provision to prosperity. Discuss the Filipino culture of and with regard to. He must find time for relaxation. But he must see to it that he works to make a life not just a living. Well done is better than well said-Benjamin Franklin Do your best and God will take care of the rest. Living within one’s means is a key element of success and progress as it encourages the values of discipline. ningas-kugon. Every Filipino should strive towards self-reliance. WORK • Be diligent and earn an honest living. Achievement is getting things done well while activity is a matter of merely staying busy. Our country will progress if every Filipino puts value in honest hard work. . it is in his nature. for every person. do not engage in crime and corruption. Pray and work: Pray as if everything depended on God and work as if everything depended on you. “Don’t settle for mediocrity.
understanding and mutual respect among its members. A family is the best place of refuge. strength. Our family is threatened daily by many issues that tend to destroy its sanctity. inspiration. We should be vigilant and possess the resolve to always value our family as our most precious gift after our own lives. we should work harder to teach and guide our children in the ways of good values and responsibility as they are more vulnerable to negative influences brought about by the advent of high technology and materialism which gives them freer access to activities that potentially undermine their good values and virtues. LOVE • Look after the good welfare of one another. 6. CONCERNS FOR THE FAMILY AND FUTURE GENERATIONS • • • • • • Look after the welfare of your family and future generations. as parents. • • • Our family is worth more than any worldly gain. The future of humanity passes by way of the family. Make it a point to spend “quality time” with your family as this will unite you more closely and bind you in understanding and love The family can survive the challenges of the times only if it is armed with sound principles and values that promote love and life: Responsible parenthood. • Giving due respect to our elders and caring for them is a testament of our enduring value of respect for our family as people and confirms our love and deference to the people from whose lives and labor we owe our own. example and source of love for today’s youth at risk and couples whose values and virtues are challenged daily by the ways of the world of covetousness and materialism. A family is strengthened by the love. unity and harmony.• What counts in the end is not the volume of work but the love that we put into our work. Deepening Points . • More than ever. 5.
and so to perform deliberate acts of one’s own. must inspire. an intellectual and thoughtful decision. respects. now and forever. purify and elevate all human relationship and in society and in politics. (cf. The new commandment of love is the fundamental law of human perfection. • A giant step to national progress is national reconciliation not national resolution. making true the pledge of mamamayan muna bago sarili…mamamayang hindi makasarili. and consequently of the transformation of the world. which represents the law of life for God’s people. accepts and forgives. Love is a decision here. sacrifice and service. Mt. If love is real it never stops reaching out. trusts. Love is the key to our nation progress. The true measure of love is. It will encourage our people to be committed to serve and be concerned for each other’s well being. loving without measure. it is simply doing good for others. Reconciliation is focused on relation while resolution is focused on problem. • • • • • • • Love cures people-both the ones who give it and the ones who receive it (Karl Menninger) The Law of Love surpasses every other law. 22:40) The commandment of mutual love. FREEDOM • • Assert your right to be able to do the right things. Love entails responsibility.Deepening Points • • • • • • Love is the value from which the other values that form a good person develop. (Social Doctrine of the Church # 33) 7. He who lives in love lives in God. Love is a gift from God and God himself. What lasts in the end is relation of love. Freedom is the power to act or not to act. Deepening Points . Love is a commitment to action. Real Love is one that shares. Love ‘till it hurts no more. cares.
The dream of freedom is not just of one man but should be of every human heart. is a sign of the sublime dignity of every human person. Some examples of situations by which the end of peace cannot be reached by the means of violence and disorder: . avoid violence as a way of settling disputes. Freedom without responsibility results to anarchy.Airing one’s sentiments on government and societal issues by way of a mutiny or coup d’etat. thus. Freedom should be practiced with a clear understanding of its bounds. by loving what is just. . and consequently. a sense of discipline and the virtue of charity. Freedom is a gift freely given. it should be something freely shared. as he likes. what is great to the point of dying for it. caring and relating with other human beings. Rizal.• • • • • • • • • According to Dr. Our sense of Freedom should lead us to love our fellowmen. PEACE • • • Live and work together in harmony. Jose P. understand their plight and do what is good and right while avoiding what is wrong and evil. “Nations win their freedom by deserving it. The fruit of freedom is cultivated by a people’s genuine sense of cooperation and desire to be responsible for their actions for the benefit of the common good and common destiny. Freedom is the highest sign in man of his being made in the divine image. A man worst difficulties begin when he is able to do.Resorting to fights and other violent displays to settle disputes/ disagreements Deepening Points . 8.Physically harming children as a method of disciplining them . • • The basis of freedom lies in the individuality of human person who is capable of thinking.” The value of Freedom is never without the virtue of responsibility. Peace cannot be attained through violence or other ways that do not promote order.
loyalty to their country. The truth entails sacrifices and effort but is a worthy cause that highlights our own capacity as persons to do good and live with integrity. Peace is attainable thru forgiveness and reconciliation. integrity. honesty. TRUTH • Stand-up for the truth. Truth and Justice.Resorting to acts of corruption to attain financial security • • • The Four Pillars of Peace: Love. that is doing the will of God (Ten Commandments) and follows the rule of law. which no amount of trouble can take it away. Deepening Points • • • • • Truth is important to a society because it is a condition for freedom. 9. • • • • • • Peace cannot thrive in a world where people do not live in dignity. Identify the fruits of a culture of truth as against the negative effects of a culture of lies. The most essential quality for leadership is not perfection but credibility: Being truthful. There is a peace. Peace can be attained and sustained when people develop a deep consciousness of their faith in God. love and order. .Stealing to pay-off a debt . avoid intrigue and mudslinging. and respect for the environment. Peace is the fruit of justice. concern for their fellowmen. The Two keys to peace: Solidarity with the Poor and Sustainable Human Development. There can be no lasting peace if the nations of the world prosper at the expense of other nations. Truth entails transparency. Peace is founded on the primary relationship that exists between every human being and God himself. sincerity and humility. Freedom..
development and happiness.g. Reflect on the implication of this statement on our present judicial system and processes. Reflect on how the media can aid in the justice process and how it can impede/diminish justice when people are subjected to trials by publicity. superior. • The Philippines has in its history a legacy of people taking justice into their own hands (e. what are the causes of this tendency and its implication to our nation’s justice system and the promotion of social justice? . sibling. security and one that allows every person equal opportunity to pursue prosperity. NPA. do not oppress or take advantage of anyone. 10. colleague. and instances of liquidation of suspected or known criminals). No one has a monopoly on truth. Deepening Points • • • Justice consists in the firm and constant will to give God and neighbor their due. parent. subordinate. Mutinies. look towards the “Absolute Truth” that is God. child. public servant. • • • “Justice delayed is Justice denied”. JUSTICE • Give everyone his due. Justice is important in the life of a person because it ensures that society fosters an atmosphere of human dignity.• • • • When in doubt about a certain issue that tends to challenge one’s integrity. will receive the full benefit and protection of the law. The Justice system is important as it ensures that all people. etc. In the end. Explain why there is a high level of distrust or lack of faith in the Philippine Justice System by citing instances and drawing participants’ responses and ideas of common practices contributing to such. the truth always prevails. teacher. Coup d’etats. MILF and MNLF Insurgencies. Honesty should be applied in all our roles in life. be it as a spouse. regardless of any form of distinction.
. divided we fall” in the context of the activity and its applicability in our present national setting. Unity is the key by which we can triumph over all these. Unity is about sharing a common vision and values. A sense of Unity will lead our people to feel each other’s needs and deepest sentiments and will lead them to share in the fruits of each other’s progress. History is a testament of our people’s legacy of strength when we are united. If our people are together to really work sincerely towards making themselves good citizens. Unity is solidarity in the service of humanity: entering into one’s life and be ready to be disturbed.• • Justice is important because it is the basis by which people are moved to charity towards their fellowmen. injustice. graft and corruption. working together towards the same dream of social justice. cultures. Deepening Points • • • • • • • • • The supreme model of unity is the Divine Trinity. decadent values and violence. beliefs etc. There is indeed strength in numbers. UNITY • Work together and share with one another. prosperity and happiness. In the fight against poverty. The implication of Unity in Diversity: gifts. Justice is the key to progress. The importance of amicable dialogue as a means of resolving conflicts/disagreements and the preservation of unity. We should not allow one of our members to fail of falter as we view the failure and success of one of our countrymen as that of our own. Significance of the statement. “United we stand. how can such evil elements thrive in our society? But this fight is won by the collective effort and resolve of our people. the foundation of freedom and the bedrock principle of unity and equality among all men. 11.
Justice is blind when it metes out justice. and the oppressed. government and community should respect this right and aid the person in his pursuit.• In every bout of our country with social ills and challenges. the family. in dignity. When lived by everyone. in peace and harmony. It is a universally accepted truth that “all men are created equal. since all people have the same dignity as creatures made in his image and likeness. be a better person and pursue happiness in his lifetime. the value of equality is a key by which man is set free. . we share in the same Destiny to live happily. school. gifted with reason and freewill”. The laws provide fairly for everyone without distinction. free from insecurity and injustice no matter what his circumstances in life are. • No man is over and above the law. This is the basic principle on which our own fundamental rights (Bill of Human Rights) are based. Thus. We will raise each other up. the poor. Deepening Points • • • God shows no partiality. It does not judge based on prejudices but only on the basis of facts and the truth. the value of Equality is every man’s assurance that he can live a life of worth and dignity. Every person should be given equal opportunity to develop himself. As we come from the same Maker. EQUALITY • Treat one another as brothers and sisters being children of one God and one nation. we must be able to say to our countrymen: “We are in this together. and We will triumph!” 12. • The value of Equality should move every citizen to look after and care for the less fortunate. Truly. • • Every citizen is assured of Equality if his basic human rights are ensured. all agencies of society.
we should find it in ourselves to love the Law. Law and Government should lead all citizens to be charitable especially those in most need of help. The law and government are not meant to enslave people. thee meant to establish order in society. charity and love for others. In the final analysis. the rule of the mob. it is meant to ensure that citizen acts responsibly while exercising his freedom. Deepening Points • • The law is not meant to curtail freedom. • The nature of laws is to provide sanctions for the irresponsible of freedom. • The law and government should not serve the interests of especially those who are in positions of power and authority. Our respect for the law and government means obeying the rule of law. Fear and intimidation should our motivations when we obey the law and respect the mandate government. the Government as they seek to protect our rights and dignity as person. Our historical experience of going out to the for a quick fix of a system is our best teacher. For every policy. Thus. RESPECT FOR LAW AND GOVERNMENT • Obey the laws of the land and support government programs. Their roles form society’s effort to form its members into responsible. the need for punishment/penalty as a disciplinary measure with policy/law is violated. and by their duly constituted free people from the bondage of poverty. laws and the government meant to institute order in a society that has a tendency to freedom and trample on the rights of the weak. there exists a corresponding implication. support and protection. ignorance. Rather.13. conscience dignified and charitable persons. we really need during this trying time is not change . • • Our own respect for the Law and Government should stem from the ultimate law of the heart: that of mutual respect. • Love is the perfection of the Law. insecurity and disregard. In the final analysis. Rather Law and Government must give preferential option to serve and pay the interests of the poor and less-fortunate members of society.
Our country’s heroes. CBCP) • • Law is the embodiment of the moral sentiment of the people. but change of heart. • Patriotism means obedience and respect of the law and government not because of duty or fear of punishment or compulsion but because of love of country. Our country needs people who are committed to serve the interest of the nation no matter who are seated at the helm of the government. Deepening Points • • • Patriotism is a call for every citizen. Angel Lagdameo. Responsible authority must recognize. (Ref. individual conversion: a adoption of correct values in governance from the president down into barangay officials. the ones who will move our country to greater heights are not found in pedestals or pinnacles of power and prestige. Leaving one’s country is turning his back to his very own family. they are found in the hearts and deeds of ordinary people seeking to be good citizens in their everyday lives. 14. respect and promote essential human and moral values. “One-shot-deal” • • • • • There is such a thing as unsung heroes but none whose deeds do not touch the life of at least one person. PATRIOTISM • Place the good of the country above one’s own. Patriotism is every person’s sense of duty and responsibility to contribute in the development of his country. Patriotism inspires a citizen to respond to the call of service to his nation and look after his fellowmen in need. the protection of her integrity. (“Consistency” vs. Patriotism is about loving one’s country by being a steadfast good citizen in one’s daily encounter of the challenges of life and society. Arch.of a system or at the helm. and the upholding of the rights and dignity of his people. .
either as groups or as individuals. and an atmosphere of sharing and fraternal charity. 15. To this end. a capacity to feel compassion for countrymen. insecurity and injustice. its language. ability to be free from fear. The principle of universal destination of goods requires that the poor. to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily. the preferential option for the poor should be reaffirmed in all its force. clothing. Some essential elements needed for the holistic development and progress of the common good are food. (Social Doctrine of the Church # 182) . its tradition. the marginalized and in all cases those whole living conditions interfere with their proper growth should be the focus of particular concern. which allow people. and its natural feature. shelter. work. education. opportunity to improve one’s self. The value of promoting the Common Good should move us to share and reach out to others in need.• • Patriotism is a love for anything to do with our native land: its history. PROMOTION OF THE COMMON GOOD • Put the welfare of the greater number of people above one’s own. Deepening Points • Common good means the sum total of social conditions. Nationalism is a firm sense of community and shared fate. • • • The common good concerns the life of all. • • • • “Put the welfare of the greater number of people over one’s own”. We should always consider the welfare of the Common Good or of other people when we make decisions or when we act on something. The common good requires the social well-being and development of the group itself.
enterprises. They must be shared equitably. Work towards things that promote the greater good of the many vs. profit from other people and deal with the rights and dignity of individuals. personal gain or benefit of a select few. in accordance with justice and charity. Therefore. received a mandate to subject to him the earth and all that it contains.• • • We should all vigilant and steadfast in guarding our human rights as these ensure the general welfare of the common good. and to govern the world with justice and holiness. (4481) • Treat Mother Nature as your own mother. • • National interest should prevail over individual interests. not . treats us kindly and lovingly by providing for us faithfully. The blessings of creation are meant for the enjoyment of all and should benefit everybody. CONCERN FOR THE ENVIRONMENT • Keep your surroundings clean and conserve our natural resources. this quote captures the essence of a public servant who desires the Promotion of the Common Good in his work amidst the demands and temptations of politics. We should develop a sense of urgency in the way we treat our environment. individuals and other entities should be mindful of the way they treat the environment. sustains our life. In every sense of the word. In the Government. 16. The social doctrine of the Church reminds us that the goods of the earth were created by God to be used wisely by all. Let us learn to respect for the integrity of creation because every person has the right to a safe and healthy environment. All of creation should be made available to all men. she feeds. • • Every person’s mission of stewardship demands that he be more conscious of his actions when he relates with the environment. Deepening Points • • Man being created in God’s image.
Guiding and directing on a course. It is a blend of the rational and emotional. Leadership is defined as: 1. which inspire confidence. the ideal and practical. 1. Leadership Theory and Practice. we have floods and calamities. As a “parent”. domineering. It is the capacity and will to rally men and women to a common purpose and the character. It is about ordinary people who care. • Ang kalinisan ng ating kapaligiran ay ating kalusugan at kaunlaran ng bayan. 3. (Source: Peter Northouse. We can do this best by contrasting two opposite styles of leadership: the authoritarian and the democratic (or participate) style. It is the process of influencing and directing activities of members toward goal accomplishment. 4. It is simply not an art (emotional/instinctual) or a science (rational/acquired). Thus. and to some extent. 2. The Authoritarian Style shows certain characteristics and we can sum them up by saying that leaders falling under this category: • are generally strong-willed. has a way of disciplining her children lest they abuse. we have despoiled her and given her less than the respect that she deserves. 2001) Leadership Styles Let us compare leadership styles. As “her children”. Promoting Good Leadership in the Youth Defining Leading and Leadership Leading is defined as: 1. the innate and acquired. People who care enough to get extra ordinary things done. (Good health is our wealth) (Source: Modules on Good Citizenship Values 2006 by the Good Citizenship Movement) Part III. and as serving as a channel. 2. aggressive.even anything in return other than respect and love. . A leader is someone who has commanding influence. Influencing others to take action toward specific goal.
The following self-talk describes the attitudes of authoritarian leaders: I know best what is to be done here. the agenda is mine and I’ve thought each point through already. follow directions without question. After all. The others in the group expect as much of me. This is after all. adult to adult with underlings. I can take care of the thinking. and we can’t be held up by any petty personal squabbles. which for them. one might see things this way. and I do more than my share of the doing too. generally blame poor results on the inability of others to carry out instructions correctly.• • • • must have their own way. • • have business-like and task-oriented attitudes. Better that we all keep our feelings to ourselves anyway. Because I cannot do everything myself. in their estimation. As a member of this leader’s group. They do not like to see employees get close to one another. After all. not their ideas and plans. I am better trained. But I don’t expect to hear anything new. I’ll also dispose of any disputes that may arise. more experienced. as authoritarian leaders perceive them. not encourage equal relationships (i. These days. and better informed on the matter than anyone else here. I’m quite confident that we will end up doing it my way. might endanger their authority. As a rule. to implement what needs to be done. That would be a sheer waste of time. The job comes first. I suppose I’ll have to listen to them. Of course. but I shall need their help here. for such cliques. I need their help. He usually does most of the talking and all of the actual planning and only wants our approval and . I’ll handle the proceedings during the meeting and I’ll manage to control the pace of things as well. ordinarily are not ready to listen to views and suggestions of others (although they may pretend to). if they offer different opinions. look upon subordinates more as functionaries than as persons. they expect that much of me. seems the only way. my job as their leader. and the best subordinates.e. whether one likes it or not: The leader is the real spokesman of the group. they do not allow themselves to get close to employees. since the task is the thing that counts.
just as long as I do the job he asks me to do. when they can. he comes down hard when we make mistakes or he feels that we have let him down. I’m happy that the leader takes all the responsibility of the group upon himself. • • They encourage joint decision-making as well as shared goal setting. They encourage members in their groups to express their ideas and feelings. In one way.cooperation. we tend to turn into lambs when he is around. They rarely set policies without explaining the reasons and proposing them to their groups. While he’s not a very personable man. I would like to speak out and even disagree with the leader – for he is not right all the time. his credentials are good. He does have more experience and competence than I have and he seems to have our best interests at heart. In fact. 2. I sometimes resent being so uninvolved and feeling so unimportant. . he doesn’t like to waste any time. And he is generous with his praise of my work – I guess. Democratic or Participative Style Characteristics of democratic leaders can be summed up in the following: • • They are generally as concerned with maintaining group effectiveness as with completing the task to be done. whatever the hour and however serious the problem. But at the same time and probably for the same reason. I guess it is because we would not like to hurt and upset him. he’s always ready to help any of us. During the meetings. because they believe that such a climate leads to greater creativity and commitment. That leaves me to do more or less what I want. While we spend a lot of time talking about the boss and his ways outside meetings. • If they encounter resistance or conflicts. for suggestions and criticism. because this reflects well on his leadership in the eyes of outsiders. So things keep going on in the usual way. they allow them to surface and they seek the help of their groups in removing the resistance or resolving the conflicts. but I’m not sure how this would go over with the others in the group.
I put a lot of energy into group work. and try to elicit. along . I try to contain myself and stay in touch with whatever might be going on inside of me. including the leader of the group. competent and experienced I am. When aroused by someone or something. I realize that. one might see things this way: I find the other members of the group quite friendly and cooperative. • • They allow group members a good deal of freedom in their work. I am always ready to learn. We all seem to have a common stake in what we are doing and in the group we belong to. I may not have all the information needed. They also believe that groups of committed individuals working together have greater potentials than when those same members work as individuals. I have clear convictions. with the group’s help. once they have shown their ability to do it.• They believe that responsibility for getting a job done depends as much on the group as upon themselves. We have developed a true team spirit. They try to have this attitude shared by all group members. When conflicts arise in the group. and definitely lack the experience of others in the group. however. to identify the issues involved and to uncover their resources. As a member of this leader’s group. • They believe in the effectiveness of group work. ideas and opinions that differ from my own. I listen for. I do my best. but I am also open to change in the face of sound ideas and reasoning. When we characterize the attitudes of such leaders in the following bit of selftalk: I place a high value on sound and creative decisions that emerge from real understanding and searching within a group of committed people who take their life together seriously. because I firmly believe in the effectiveness of teamwork. I try to maintain a sense of humor to keep things in perspective. They keep looking for better ways to do things and are open to change when convinced that such changes seem called for and would lead to greater effectiveness.
we make decisions and set goals as a result of group consensus. and this accomplishment leads to confidence in the group’s potential and back to renewed commitment to the group and to its ongoing tasks. and you find your own role both interesting and rewarding. Anybody can say that he has integrity. we have experienced a “circle of success” more than once. apologize and deal with the consequences of your action. Another type of leadership style is the laissez-faire. Charisma . as a group.with initiative and creativity. This is a leader in name only. We all share in the success or failure. It is more than talk. It is said that talent is a gift but character is a matter of choice. You like the atmosphere. (Source: Peter Northouse. He fails to provide any direction for his group. but action is the real indicator of character. 2001) Indispensable Qualities of a Leader The following are the indispensable qualities of a leader: 1. which in turn lead to a degree of shared success in achieving those targets. 2. but it certainly reveals it. Members are left the responsibility of leading and directing. In our working together. Crisis does not make character. Your character determines who you are. Character How a leader deals with circumstances of life tells you many things about his character. We keep looking for new better ways and our leader encourages us to do so. It is a choice. Leadership Theory and Practice. As far as possible. 3. The beginning of character repair comes when your face your flaws. That same group member might reflect on the circle of success this way: A shared commitment to the group and its task leads to interdependent efforts from its members to find the best way to complete those tasks.
People enjoy leaders who enjoy life. If you want to make a difference in other people’s lives as a leader. look into your heart to see if you are really committed. They don’t show up in body only. Charisma. But commitment comes before achievement. it can be developed. . It starts in the heart. The only real measure of commitment is action. It is one thing to talk about commitment. They come ready to play everyday – despite of what they feel. Think of the people you want to spend time with. Nothing is harder than living them day after day. As quoted by Arthur Gordon: “Nothing is easier than saying words. growing. Most individuals want everything to be perfect before they are willing to commit themselves to anything. you need to be like the people you enjoy being with. They are passionate about life. It is an antecedent. How would you describe them? They are celebrators and not complainers. But that’s not true. or how difficult to expect the game to be.- Most people think of charisma as something mystical. In order to gain charisma. what kind of circumstances they are in. Competence Responsible people show up when they are expected. They think its’ a quality that comes at birth or not at all. It shows them that you have conviction. Like Benjamin Franklin. If you to be an effective leader you have to be committed. - 3. True commitment inspires and attracts people. But highly competent people take it a step farther. plainly stated is the ability to draw people to you. They will believe in you only if you believe in your cause. almost undefinable. Commitment It separates the doers from the dreamers.” 4. But it is another to do something about it. All highly competent people continually search for ways to keep learning. And like other character traits. one should love life. If you want to attract people. and improving.
Problem Solvers Effective leaders always rise to a challenge. Anyone who lives beyond an ordinary life has great desire. Every test you face as a leader begins within you.” Courage is not the absence of fear. 2. It means letting go of the familiar and forging ahead into something new. Courage It begins with an inward battle. Martin Luther King Jr. 6. 7. Passion Researchers spend a lot of time trying to figure out what makes other people successful. Anyone who expects the road to be easy will continually find himself in trouble. The test of courage is no different. or they . That is one thing that separates winners from winners. the greater the desire – and the greater the potential. education. for equality. leaders rise above predicaments with creativity and tenacity. They accept the truth. Leaders with good problem-solving ability demonstrate five qualities. No matter what field a leader is in. The stronger your fire. They often consider a person’s credentials. As quoted by the psychotherapist Sheldon Kopp: “All the significant battles are waged within self. and other factors. Winston Churchill for freedom. Since problems are inevitable. good leaders anticipate them. Your burning desire determines your destiny. 5. Think of great leaders. Constituents expects that and a whole lot more form their leaders. As leaders. It’s true in an any field: weak desire brings weak results. It is doing what you are afraid to do. Bill gates for technology. an act of the will. he will face a problem. They anticipate problems. 1. While others complain. they accept them and put up with them. and you will be struck by their passion: Gandhi for human rights. But what goes beyond those is what we call passion. People respond to problems in these ways: they refuse to accept them. intelligence.- Performing at high level of excellence is always a choice. we expect our people to follow through when we hand them the ball. just as a small fire creates little heat.
They cannot afford to be overwhelmed by emotion.accept them and try to make things better. – implement the best solution. Develop a method. they’ll go along. Don’t avoid hassles/problems. To improve your problem-solving skills. – have your team study all angles. Leaders should have a contagious cheerful and positive disposition. 3. Some people have a hand time solving problems because they don’t know how to tackle them. They see the big picture. 2. Effective leaders face up to the reality of the situation. . Leaders must always do the latter. 5. If you are face with lots of problems. If you have been avoiding them you’ll never have the opportunity to solve them. – spend time to discover the real issue. 4. They should be able to create an atmosphere of oneness. – brainstorm multiple solutions. Try using the TEACH process: T IME E XPOSURE A SSISTANCE C REATIVITY H IT 8. Team Player If you get along. Nor can they allow themselves to get so bogged down in the details of the problems that they lose sight of what’s important. Effective leaders never try to solve all the problems at once because they know it would be a ceaseless striving. not during the dark times. Effective leaders understand the peak-to-peak principle. They don’t give up a major goal when they are down. They handle one thing at a time. They make major decisions when they are experiencing a positive swing in their leadership. Leaders must continually see the big picture. You’ll only get better if you gain experience dealing with them. do the following: 1. make sure you really solve the one you are working on before moving to the next one. – find out what others have done.
people don’t care how much you know. They like to feel special. so show them hope. have some things in common. so navigate them. they will love and respect you – and these create a great foundation for building relationships.- According to Mr. If your focus is on what you can put in at people rather than what you can get out of them. John Maxwell. Henry Gruland: “Being a leader is more than just wanting as lead. he cannot be a good leader without people skills. 1.” 3. so sincerely compliment them. Have a Leader’s Head Understand people The first quality of a relational leader is then ability to understand how people feel and think. They desire direction. Extend a Leader’s Hand Help people People respect a leader who keep their interest in mind. They want success so help them win. whether leaders or followers. People truly want to go along with people they get along with. Leaders have empathy for others and a keen ability to find the best in people…not the worst…by truly caring for others. recognize that all people. Love people According to the President and CEO of Definitive Computer 2. Visionary You can seize only what you can see. 9. until they know how much you care. It is true the ability to work with people and develop relationships is absolutely indispensable to effective leadership. As you work with others. They want a better tomorrow. . And while someone can have people skills and not to be a good leader. Have a Leaders Heart - Services.
disabled the Supreme Court. It sparks and fuels the fire within. Talk to any leader. The following 14 years. and you’re likely to discover key events in his past that were instrumental in the creation of his vision. Marcos declared Martial Law on September 21. closed the Congress. understand these things: 1. as some people seem to believe. and I’ll show you someone who is not going anywhere. If you lack vision. Towards Transformational Leadership . the more winners it has the potential to attract. It shows the testimony of the different persons involved especially the victims. the phenomenon known to world as the People Power. 2. Because vision leads the leader. - (Source: Peter Northouse. he ruled as a dictator. Vision helps you gather resources. Vision is not some mystical quality that comes out of a vacuum. it does more than just include others. 4. Show me a leader without a vision. One of the most valuable benefits of vision is that it acts like a magnet attracting. It paints the target. and uniting people. Leadership Theory and Practice. To get a handle on vision and how it comes to be a part of a good leader’s life. "Batas Militar" is a comprehensive video about the Martial Law. 3. Look to your calling if you have one. 1972 accordingly to save democracy. This movie showcases the heroism of the Filipino people who fight against the dictatorship and joined hands together as one for freedom. Draw on your natural gifts and desires. It also rallies finances and other resources. He put to jail all his political enemies.- Vision is everything for a leader. Vision starts within. And it has real value. Vision draws on your history. challenging. look inside yourself. Vision meets other’s Needs. It grows from a leader’s past and the history of the people around him. it adds value to them. True vision is far-reaching. It goes beyond what one individual can accomplish. The greater the vision. 2001) Movie Review: “Batas Militar” President Ferdinand E. cut the freedom of the press and sent the military and police to control the country.
1992). self-perpetuating and momentum building. principles. and understanding.Society’s transformation requires transformational leadership (Stephen Covey. and patient focuses more on mission and strategies for achieving them makes full use of human resources identifies and develops new talent recognizes and rewards significant contributions designs and redesigns jobs to make them meaningful and challenging releases human potentials models love leads out in new directions aligns internal structures and systems to reinforce over arching values and goals Leadership is the ability to influence others towards desired goals. morals and ethics transcends daily affairs is oriented toward meeting long term goals without compromising human values and principles separates causes and symptoms and works at prevention values profit as the basis of growth is proactive. insight. Transformational leadership for Covey basically means that we change the realities of our particular world to more clearly conform to our values and ideals. clarify purposes. enlarge vision. and bring about changes that are permanent. thus it: builds on man’s need for meaning is preoccupied with purposes and values. but transformational leadership includes doing the right things. It focuses on the “top line” and is principle-centered. make behavior congruent with beliefs. or values. catalystic. transforming people and organizations in a literal sense – to change them in mind and in heart. The following virtues are considered as the foundation of transformational leadership: .
Industry – the habit of working hard and working under pressure. 9. learn through both their eyes and their ears continually expand their competence and ability to do things develop new skills. always seeing the bright side of things. Magnanimity – the habit of having great ideals and ambitions of doing good. 3. duties. 2.1. 5. 6. They are service-oriented: . 10. Generosity – the habit of sharing the good that one has with other people. positive. take classes. Temperance – the habit of bringing the desires and natural inclinations of man under the control of right reason. 7. 8. Prudence – the habit which enables man to direct his actions to human life’s goals of knowing the right thing to do and applying it. Justice – the habit of giving each one his due with constant and perpetual will. thinking first of the people around him and looking for ways he can help and serve them. They are continually learning: constantly educated by their experiences read. readiness to answer to the consequences of our actions. 4. new interests make and keep promises or commitments increase their personal worth as they elevate themselves to the next level of challenge and make their self-mastery grow 2. Loyalty – the habit of remaining true to your friends and to your principles (goals) inspite of difficulty. Fortitude – the habit of overcoming the difficulties and pressures of life in the pursuit of good. Covey identifies the following characteristics of principled-centered leaders: 1. Cheerfulness – the habit of being optimistic. Responsibility – the habit of being accountable for one’s actions. gives stability which man needs to work without fear and anxiety in the search for happiness. obligations. being concerned with doing great deeds of service to others by devoting his life to serve his country or to help people. seek learning. listen to others.
pleasant. They believe in other people: do not overreact to negative behaviors. to stereotype. of contribution cheerful. having many interests 5. categorize and prejudge seek the oak tree in the acorn and understand the process of helping the acorn to become a great oak create a climate for growth and opportunity intellectually active. of service. think of others and put on the harness of service in various stewardships believe that the effort to become principled-centered without a load to carry simply will not succeed have a sense of responsibility. They radiate positive energy: - - - 4. positive. criticism or human weaknesses realize that behaviors and potentials are two different things. They lead balance lives: - . believes in the unseen potential of people feel grateful for their blessings don’t carry grudges refuse to label other people. happy attitude is optimistic. upbeat. believing have an energy field or an aura that charges or changes weaker. negative energy fields around them attract and magnify smaller positive energy fields tend to either neutralize or sidestep the negative energy they come into contact with wisdom gives them a sense of ho strong the negative energy source is and a sense of humor and timing in dealing with it - - 3. enthusiastic spirit is hopeful.- see life as a mission not as a career “yoke” up every morning.
- healthy sense of humor. direct. will power. They are synergistic: as changed catalysts. the only real failure for them is experience not learned from - - - - 6. carefully planning the future and flexibly adapting changing circumstances genuinely happy for other’s success and do not feel in any sense that these take anything from them see success on the far side of failure. creativity. wise live sensibly in the present. stamina. and non-manipulative their actions and attitudes are proportionate to the situation-balanced. moderate. They see life as an adventure: savor life because their security comes from within instead of from without see old faces freshly. protection. resourcefulness. and abundance of comfort zones in their homecamps completely present when they listen basically unflappable and capable of adopting virtually to anything that comes along 7. simple. temperate. rediscover people each time they meet them like courageous explorers going on an expedition into unchartered territories their security lies in their initiatives. they improve almost any situation they get into in team endeavors they build on their strength and strive to complement their weakness with strength of others in negotiating and communicating with others in seemingly adversarial situations. particularly laughing at themselves and not at other’s expense open their communication. old scenes as if for the first time. courage. they learn to separate the people from the problem focus on other person’s interests and concerns rather than fight over positions .
he continuously propagates and defends the tenets and traditions of the church. His devotion to Our Lady is manifested in more ways than one. he acts with reason and insight. and visualizing emotionally. A Letranite is a faithful witness to the gospel message empowered by his strong relationship with the Lord and the teachings of his alma mater. show unconditional love. whom he reveres and honors. which are usually much better than any of the original proposals. He has uncompromising passion for truth. Inspired by love of God and love of neighbor. The Letranite is stirred by constant search for truth. 1997) Letranite Profile: A Community Builder and Leader The ideal of a Letranite is nobility. and spiritual exercise their minds through reading. emotional. as opposed to compromise solutions wherein both parties give and take a little 8. listen to others with genuine empathy. The Letranite is devoted to the Mother of God. Instilled with the Dominican spirit. the more popular being the Rosary. mental. physical. It draws its inspiration from God himself who guides his conduct and orients it towards Himself. Inspired by the Holy Spirit. His relationship with other people is marked by fairness and generosity that flows from the nobility of his heart. The Letranite is also man-for-others. creative problem-solving.- together they arrive at sybergetic solutions. he practices charity and justice to promote peace. Values Integration and Promotion. . he possesses the ability to think critically. analyze. He lives his faith based on sound catholic doctrines. synthesize and form right judgment. and reactions (Source: V. Following a long-standing tradition. which he prays alone. with his peers and with his family at home. accept responsibility for their own lives. Gonzales. Called to share in the prophetic role of Christ. generosity and discipline of the Knight of Old. They exercise for self renewal: regularly exercise the four dimensions of the human personality. the Letranite always carries the rosary. they can make an effort to be patient. writing. make decisions.
Marketing. he is formed to be a “catalyst of change”—one whose actions are always directed towards the betterment of the lives of others. Inspired by the example of St. and whose aspirations are meant for the building of progressive Christ-centered communities. Rev. The program was intended to be a long-range plan that would establish a lasting relationship between the students and the community. Rogelio B. He is armed with professional competence to advance the national interest and global competitiveness. (Source: Output of the Strategic Development Committee. Fr.P. The successful Letranite excels and is recognized in his chosen field of endeavor. then rector and president of the Colegio. He initiated the practicum program (on-the-job-training) or application of what the Letran collegiate students learned from their academic subjects like Sociology. In his dealings. He maintains high dignity and integrity in the exercise of his profession. thought of introducing a program that makes use of a community as an educational resource. Part I..The Letranite is a dynamic leader imbued with a strong desire to be of service to humanity. O. 2007) MODULE VI Letran Community Involvement Program: Letranites Dynamic Builders and Leaders of Communities Introduction The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) specifically emphasizes extension service as one of the basic functions of a college or university. the two others are instruction and research. The initial stage was an immersion of the students by bringing them to Tala Leprosarium community and matching the class with economically deprived families for learning-partnership. Theology. Accounting. Dominic as “light of the world and salt of the earth”. . etc. he practices fairness at all times. Alarcon. It is therefore the primordial concern of a college or university to provide a comprehensive program of extension to be participated by all members of the academic as well as non-teaching personnel and the students. The Community Involvement Program of Colegio de San Juan de Letran History of Letran’s Community Involvement Program In 1989.
He shared the same dream as his predecessors.In 1992. noir development from the civilizations in which its exists. the predecessor of Fr. and we even include the whole of humanity” — quoted from Populorum Progressio on the Development of Peoples. the name Extension Services was changed to Center for Community Development. Alarcon. O. As an eminent specialist has very rightly and emphatically declared: “We do not believe in separating the economic from the human. each man and each group of men. that is. He envisioned of making the Colegio known for its “academic excellence with social relevance”. Fr. The BuidHope Program Development cannot be limited to mere economic growth. as the Colegio played a vital role in social development. Encyclical Letter of Pope Paul VI promulgated on March 26. which would enable the Letranites to connect with the community and to learn altruism. As it envisions itself to be a model Christcentered institution. it must be complete: integral.. 1967.” The community service area of the Colegio’s Extension Services was expanded to include not only the immediate residents of Intramuros where the Colegio is located. the Extension Services Office. Rev. it has to promote the good of every man and of the whole man. a community of persons permeated by Christ.P. In the year 2004. Lao. In 1999. but also to other poor communities in Metro Manila and as far as the Babuyanes Group of Islands. The Colegio is seen here as an institution committed to freely devoting its resources for the sake of others through its community involvement program directed towards the promotion of sustained improvement of the quality of life of the Filipino Poor.P. O. that is “to promote the importance of the extension services in realizing the Vision-Mission of the school. a new rector and president were elected. The Colegio de San Juan de Letran is an educational institution with a peripheral interest in community and extension services. Cercado likewise believed that the academe must include a feature. Rev. Ramon Cercado. Letran expresses love . Fr. What we hold important is man. formalized the creation of the office which will be in-charged of the outreach program of the Colegio. In order to be authentic. Edwin A. Fr.
Letran participates in the redemptive work of Christ as it stands to fight for justice. 2) achieve universal primary education. The Letran BuildHope Program is also a community-based education program that integrates values education and capability building to effect empowerment and holistic development of persons in the marginalized communities.of God and love of neighbor by freely devoting its resources for the sake of others through its community involvement program. As Letran remains resolute in its institutional core values.1) eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The Letran BuildHope Program seeks to deploy Letran’s resources in ways that will help deliver sustainable solutions to social problems through different community development programs . Through the BuildHope Program. Spirituality-Love of God. the goals of the Dominican-Justice. Letran’s community involvement program. it provides the Letranites the experience vital in the integral formation of the human persons. Under the Letran BuildHope Program are two community development programs aim to assist in the development of Letran’s partner . Letranism-Love of Letran. 8) develop a global partnership for development. teaching-learning approach where active-learning and cooperative learning are employed. to build hope for those who have less in life. Letran responds to the Gospel message .preference for the poor. promote and protect human dignity. 4) reduce child mortality. Through community education. 5) improve maternal health. 6) combat HIV/AIDS. 7) ensure environmental sustainability. The Letran BuildHope Program. and the United Nations-Human Rights (UN-HR) call for the adherence to the Millennium Development Goals . Faithful to its commitment as steward and “salt” of the earth. malaria and other diseases. Peace and Care of Creation (Dominican-JPCC). Letran adopts the World Health Organization’s life-skills approach to empower communities. Patriotism-Love of Country.to give hope. as part of the learning process that leads to their development to become dynamic builders and leaders of the Filipino society. The BuildHope Program concretizes the Letran creed as it sends Letranites outside the walls of the school to actively participate and to live the mission of building dynamic Christ-centered communities. 3) promote gender equality and empower women. is a values-oriented community education program that provides opportunities to Letranites to actively participate in the affairs of the Church and society.
Environment Preservation – to make the community an advocate of the protection and care of their environment. The TeachFaith Project As a Catholic institution.to build families in different community barangays. values formation and skills development leading to a holistic community development.1. As the frontline of development within the city or municipality. Socio-economic Development – to promote the sustained improvement of the quality of life in the community. social entrepreneurship and livelihood sustainability: 1.communities through rehabilitation and social services. Spiritual Formation – to build a Christ-centered community animated and nurtured by the Dominican charism and Letran tradition. Letran expresses its utmost desire of extending its sphere of influence to contribute to the formation and growth of families in every community . The BuildHomes Program aims to build capabilities of the Filipino poor through community education directed towards the promotion of a sustained improvement of a quality life. Letran continues the task of molding a Christian community. It aims to empower the disadvantage and the underprivileged through conscientization. The following are the different projects under the Buildhomes Program which aim to build the morals and capabilities of the community in the different partner barangays: 1. Thus. Through the BuildHomes Program. 2. the barangays become the critical areas for change. spiritual and values-based formation. As a Dominican institution. 3. Letran is the most potent instrument in the renewed evangelization of Jesus Christ. This project aims to . The following are the program components of the BuildHomes Program: 1. the interventions of Letran to the poor families of the community barangays through its community-based programs hope to contribute to the national program of the government in relation to poverty alleviation and sustained development. Inspired by the special devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary and the rosary. Letran is guided by the consecration to the truth from which springs the mission to live and proclaim the value of God’s kingdom. The BuildHomes Program The BuildHomes Program is Letran’s adopt-a-barangay program.
Values Formation (for the youth) 5. Skills Training on Cooperative Management . they move up to public forestlands. Alternatives Learning System (for out of school youth) 4. people move out in all directions. alternative learning and formal education towards the promotion of a sustained improvement of a quality life. Skills Training on Small Business Management 10. skills training. Catechism (for children) 2. From the economically exhausted agricultural lowlands.educate the people in the communities about Christian values. Skills Training on Home Business-Crafts 6. Scholarship Grants (for formal education for intellectually capable students) 3. moral and worship towards the development of community of persons who embody a life of constant witnessing to the gospel message of Christ. Skills Training on Basic Financial Management 8. This project aims to develop the capability of the people in the communities through the promotion of basic literacy. Others migrate to the urban canters. doctrine. Activities and various training include: 1. Direction of their own movement is dictated by the offer of better economic opportunities elsewhere. Activities include: 1. Creative Parenting Seminars 1. Skills Training on Home Business-Food 7. or move down to the coast. Family Catechism 3. Skills Training on Basic Marketing 9. Skills Training on Basic Computer Applications 5. Many of them end up as squatters in the new found haven and have to depend on an already impoverished environment because many others have been there much ahead of them. The out-migration from depressed provinces continue to add to the swelling urban squatter population that may already consist of fourth and even fifth generation squatter families. The TeachLife Project As less and less can be gotten out of nature. Sacramental Services 4.2. Basic Literacy (3Rs for children) 2.
It aims to develop values in students and enhance their capabilities for learning .air. education for the benefit of the poor through the public schools. The efforts of the government to make education available to all are coupled with problems of limited budget. Medical Services 3. if not free. Activities include: 1.if waste material which the environment cannot handle. Home-urban/Backyard Gardening 4. this project aims to promote the protection and care of the environment in the communities leading to a balanced ecosystem for a healthy life. have marginalized many families dependent on farming and fishing. Even the latest text books cannot be provided for students’ use and the latest technology has not been introduced both to the teachers and students. The BuildSchools Program aims to assist in the formation of the students in different partner public schools of Letran through community education leading to their holistic development. Continuing damage to the environment. .1. water. Ecological Waste Management 2.to build future leaders of our communities. particularly to land and marine resources. It is also the result of depleted coastal resources. It is in this context that Letran is extending its resources and expertise to effect change and assist in the formation and continuing education of students and promote the continuing professionalism of teachers of public educational institutions.3. The following are the program components of the BuildSchools Program: 1. Seminars/Fora on Health and Environmental Issues 2. degraded forest and mineral resources and the disregard for the integrity of nature. and land . degrade. disperse or diffuse and that it becomes unclean and unhealthy. The TeachHealth Project Environmental imbalance or simply pollution is present in the environment .to build a high degree of responsibility in the students of the partner public schools. The BuildSchools Program The government is trying its best to lessen illiteracy rate in the country by providing cheaper. Being concerned of this present situation of the environment. Values Formation . The BuildSchools Program is Letran’s adopt-a-school program.
The following are the different projects under the BuildSchools Program which aim to develop values and enhance capabilities of the community in the adopted schools: 2. sex-exploitation of women and so much graft and corruption causing gross negligence and inefficiency in government service. Basic Catechism (for students) 2. Students’ Supplementary Learning and Teachers’ Continuing Professionalism . Scholarship Grants (for intellectually capable students) 2. This project aims to provide the students more opportunities for learning and the continuous professionalism of the teachers of public schools through training and seminars. Training on Basic Computer Applications (for students and teachers) 3. The TeachValues Project The culture of silence and indifference.2.1. 1. attitudes and motives to enable them to participate in the building of a just and humane society.2. Training on New Teaching Methodologies (for teachers) (Source: The BuildHope Program.to supplement learning of students and promote the continuing professionalism of teachers in the partner public schools. Values Formation (for students) 3. Letran has the responsibility to assist public schools in the development of students and teachers who lack the opportunities and the facilities. Creative Parenting Seminars (for teachers and parents of students) 2. prostitution. TeachSkills Project As an institution of higher learning. 2008) . Activities include: 1. the deterioration of traditional value system and the condition of neglect for the lives of the great majority of the Filipinos lead to so many social ills such as poverty-related illnesses and low income. This project aims to develop the students in public partner schools with the right sense of moral values.
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