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This list is not exhaustive, but has been designed to give you the basic phrases that you can use to structure your essays coherently. Do not overuse these phrases, and make sure that your essays have plenty of interesting and relevant content.
Furthermore, one should not forget that... In addition to... Moreover... It is important to add that…
A. General Phrases Developing the argument
The first aspect to point out is that... Let us start by considering the facts. The (story, novel, essay…) portrays, deals with, revolves around… Central to the novel is… The character of xxx embodies/ epitomizes…
Accepting other points of view
Nevertheless, one should accept that... However, we also agree that...
We/I personally believe that... Our/My own point of view is that... It is my contention that… I am convinced that … My own opinion is …
The other side of the argument
It would also be interesting to see... One should, nevertheless, consider the problem from another angle. Equally relevant to the issue are the questions of...
According to some critics... Critics believe that say that suggest that are convinced that point out that emphasise that contend that go as far as to say that argue for this
The arguments we have presented... suggest that.../ prove that.../ would indicate that... From these arguments one must.../ could.../ might... conclude that... All of this points to the conclusion that... To conclude, …
Firstly,.../ Secondly,.../ Finally,... (note the comma after all these introductory words.) As a final point, … On the one hand, …. on the other hand, … If on the one hand it can be said that... the same is not true for... The first argument suggests that... whilst the second suggests that... There are at least xxx points to highlight.
For example, … For instance, … To illustrate this point...
It is... true that.../ clear that.../ noticeable that... One should note here that...
. it is possible that. it is quite likely that.. Some critics suggest....... One of the most striking features of this text is.. one may conclude that.. One argument in support of... B.. Introduction It is often said that. Compared to. www.... One cannot deny that. It is difficult to believe that. On the other hand... We cannot ignore the fact that... we can observe that.we have to accept that.. The second reason for.. Certainly. Thesis The first thing that needs to be said is.com 2 . Antithesis On the other hand. In view of these facts. .... that.. It is a well-known fact that. One must admit that. That is why. let us try to analyse... We must distinguish carefully between.... but also..Useful Phrases For Writing Comparison Saying what you think is true This leads us to believe that... It is worth stating at this point that......... On the one hand there is the firm belief that... The other side of the coin is.... Moderating....... Perhaps we should also point out the fact that. agreeing. It is very possible that... First of all. we are convinced that... Not only........ many people are convinced that...... Another way of looking at this question is to..... however.........../ Therefore.. It is undeniable that.. An important aspect of the text is. Phrases For Balanced Arguments Certainty Doubtless. Emphasising particular points The last example highlights that fact that..... It cannot be denied that.. in our opinion. It is (very) clear from these observations that. However. We would even go so far as to say that...we believe that./ ...... Consequences From these facts.. whereas others.... Conclusion What conclusions can be drawn from all this? The most satisfactory conclusion that we can come to is. One cannot possibly accept the fact that..... Doubt All the same...dali68... Which seems to confirm the idea that. Accepting other points to certain degree One can agree up to a certain point with. disagreeing By and large.. Thus.. It would be unfair not to mention that fact that./ . To sum up..
Simply converting "takes a look at" to "examines. at length. then. get. usually. otherwise. however." for example. for instance.. in contrast. at last. later. for example. in fact." "give an explanation" becomes "explain. moreover. on one hand. not only-but also. make. day. for a minute. most important. specifically. nor.. finally.." "exemplifies. English is a language rich in verbs." "talks about in detail" to "analyzes. such as. Student writers often tend to write strings of short. so the use of vague verbs or long verb phrases is unnecessary. etc. last. at the same time. as a result. besides. Remarks D. thus. a contested inheritance. go. namely. for example. to illustrate. Weak action verbs (such as do. Work at occasionally opening a sentence with something other than the subject. You might find some repeated ideas from the sentence blocks before. In the same way. passive voice is wordier and less direct. to begin with. at the same time. another. before. ordinarily. As you can see. in the same way. again." etc. next.) can often be replaced by stronger ones ("has. furthermore. second. will make a difference in your prose. afterward. etc. This example dangles arguments whereas the argument itself picks up coherently. Weak action verbs paired with an adverb can usually be treated similarly ("talk heatedly. notwithstanding. however. in other words.. Addition Time www. [continued next page…] Contrast Sentence variety Make sure there's some variety in the length and types of your sentences. the characters in Book B face a similar problem.com 3 . or. but. in addition to. etc. on the other hand. another. On the contrary. in the second place. becomes "argue"). simple sentences. at first.dali68. further. Examples of Transitions: Illustration Thus." etc. soon. have. meanwhile. Although the inheritance in Book B consists of an old house and not a pile of money. can be replaced by words like "displays. rarely. And. first." etc. Transitional problems Verbs The quickest way to improve your writing is by paying attention to verbs. likewise.). both-and. formerly. therefore. last. combine some of them into longer and more complex sentences. first.Useful Phrases For Writing C. rather. consequently." "demonstrates. during the morning. Improved transition: The characters in Book A face a moral dilemma. say." for instance. as well as. second. the nature of the problem is quite similar. for instance. once. And as much as possible. than. nevertheless. too. This makes the paper choppy and makes the ideas sound simpleminded. make sure your verbs are in the active voice: "He threw the ball" (active voice) rather than "The ball was thrown by him" (passive voice). next. Example of unclear transition: The characters in Book A face a moral dilemma. while this may be true. etc. If choppy sentences are a problem. conversely. etc. You will find some transitions next. as can those paired with a noun ("make an argument" becomes "argue. day. After. in particular. in spite of. similarly. equally important. contrarily. hour. yet. also.). week. finally.
since. consequently. previously. beyond. granted that. thought. straight ahead. in fact. for this reason. surely. at the front. opposite.Useful Phrases For Writing Suggestion afterwards. accordingly. beside. in spite of. at the right. because. in short. especially. in truth. adjacent. eventually. So that. in other words. in particular. in the distance. therefore. likewise. to illustrate. while it may be true. in order to. due to. so. as a result. finally. thus. thus. at any rate. certainly. still. in front of. for instance. in the meantime. besides.com 4 . behind. namely. concurrently. truly. also. on the side. at the top. nearby. below. generally. under. even though. immediately. to list. within sight. in other words. out of sight. Although. above. in detail. For example. at the bottom. again. with the result that. in the background. then. nearer. of course. with this purpose in mind. therefore. surrounding. on top. over. Have fun with writing Concession Similarity Of Comparison Emphasis Details Examples Consequence Or Result Summary www. thus. in brief. Similarly. consequently. beneath. Specifically. indeed. Therefore. furthermore. Space At the left. in conclusion. of course. in like fashion. in addition. with this in mind. next to. at the rear. to explain. accordingly. hence. as a result. really. in like manner. around. under. in the forefront. at least. For this purpose. including. in particular.dali68. analogous to. Above all. to this end. in the center. in the foreground. simultaneously. to enumerate. along the edge. subsequently. as an illustration. across.
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