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Future Outlook And Recommendations

Fourth-generation wireless technologies Long Term Evolution (LTE) and the more widely known WiMAX are unlikely to play a part in delivering the National Broadband Network. Both the NBN Implementation Study and NBN Co chief executive officer Mike Quigley have established that the technologies do not have the capacity, range and bandwidth sufficient to However, if the recently released NBN Implementation Study is taken into account, 300,000 extra homes or a further three per cent of the population would be serviced by fibre rather than wireless. According to the study, which was delivered to Conroy on 5 March by authors KPMG and McKinsey & Company, the cost of deploying fibre beyond 93 per cent of homes would be too cost prohibitive. Under recommendations made in the study, the NBN would serve fibre to 93 per cent of homes, a fixed wireless service to the next four per cent, and satellite-based services to the most remote homes. However, whether LTE or WiMAX are used to deliver fixed-wireless services is under question, as the report outlines towers would have to be built within seven kilometers of users to deliver the minimum data rates of 12Mbps. "In the least densely populated parts of Australia, the only economically-feasible way to deliver broadband is via satellite," the report says. Quigley recently told members of Infrastructure Partnership Australia that he believed wireless and mobile technologies such as these are "absolutely going to be a part of the fabric of telecoms in the future." However, he was no less negative on the role it had to play in the NBN. While 4G technologies would be able to provide typical speeds of 70Mbps and peaks of 150Mbps at the centre of a cell, Quigley estimated the network would require 80,000 cell sites connected by fiber to completely replace the fibre-based network with wireless. "If you think it can all be done with wireless, I think you'll be mistaken," he said. Instead, the NBN plans to fill the wireless gap to the extra 700,000 or one million homes depending on implementation of the study's recommendations - by launching two new Ka-band satellites. Quigley said the satellites would have "capacities in order of magnitude over what's available today" with Ku-band satellites. Recommendations in the implementation study agreed with this outcome, which would provide wireless redundancy for users. With Ka-band satellites likely to be four years away from implementation, one recommendation in the study suggested providers upgrade modems for Kuband satellites as an intermediate solution.

The technology is so expensive that only big names like Intel are . Usually users receive a bandwidth of 2 to 3Mbit/sec and it is required to install an additional WiMax card to increase the efficiency and strength of the signals. by the Seven Group Limited-owned service provider vivid wireless in Perth and ISP Adam Internet in Adelaide.According to a visual shown by Quigley during his speech to the industry professional’s conference. Fourth-generation wireless technologies are slowly gaining traction globally. The concerned departments like WiMax forum are trying hard to overcome this major limitation as this can cause the people to refrain from using this technology. Hence only if the range is low the WiMax technology operates significantly. the Ka-band satellites would eventually cover the vast majority of Australia. WiMax can only serve one of the two purposes either it can deliver signals to far off places or it can provide very high speed internet connectivity. The signal strength starts to decline gradually. This is an expensive and new technology that is why people are reluctant to adopt it. Only very large business organizations have adopted it as an alternative to the wired connection Security Concerns: The major limitation with any wireless technology is that it is really hard to fulfill its security needs.16 technologies requires distributed network which is complex and costly to build. The available bandwidth decreases as the number of users in one location increases. Same is the case with WiMax the hackers can also attack this connection and can steal some useful information. The hackers can even hijack the whole network by making use of denial of service attack. this is because of the various limitations it holds. Other Limitations: The infrastructure requirement for 802. Misconception with its Range and Reach: It is a common view nowadays that WiMax is capable of performing seamless operations over longer distances. If we try to send the signals over the range of 50Kilo Meters it is not possible to get error free bit rate. This security threat can devastate the entire connections. Limitations of WiMax Technology: WiMax as a major wireless technology is still not capable of replacing cable DSL. Additional investment on smart antennas provides an increased throughput with the current WiMax speed. the confidential information is accessed. The intruders are capable enough of copying the MAC frames hence they can break the security codes. In reality this is not the case. Various softwares present in the market enable the hackers and crackers to decipher the codes and exploit information. though only two retail WiMAX product are currently offered in Australia. Hence this technology is comparatively expensive and hard to use. Another limitation which comes with the WiMax is that hackers have devised a way to masquerade as the base station in this way. with potential black spots in some metropolitan areas on the east coast and possibly the far north of Queensland.

thus creating a more favorable propagation environment. This is due to the limited devices which work in accordance with WiMax. average building heights may be lower than the mast of a base station. There is such a large potential for the capabilities and applications of WiMAX in the arena of wireless communications. People consider it as a 3G technology and the one replacing broadband wired DSL. this environment offers no obstruction to wireless propagation so long as the terrain is to produce silicone chips which are integrated with the PCs to increase the efficiency of the system. . Internet news reports that “The future of WiMAX is really as a mobile service that would allow users to access the Internet with their laptops or PDAs anywhere in a city that WiMAX is available” (jiwire). The antennas that enhance the efficiency of network are really small and their electricity power demand is more. • Rural — Where homes are far apart and businesses widely scattered. Recently. average building heights are much lower than base station towers and structures are more spread out. The market for WiMax is still not very attractive as there are not enough hardware devices which support this technology. • Suburban — With lower-density housing (primarily single-family dwellings) and fewer businesses. This technology has failed to prove it as an independent technology. Huge investment is required to produce equipments that can correspond with this technology. How does the future look There are many possibilities for WiMAX in the future in our changing age of technology. there have been discussions in the news of WiMAX’s potential. but the propagation environment remains equally challenging. The IT expertise needed to maintain its security is also rare. Therefore it is impossible for them to switch to this new technology. Moreover people are more accustomed to use WiFi and they find it more users friendly. 1. Environmental Factors: Wireless design criteria vary across four types of environments: • Dense Urban — A city center with many businesses and high-density residential units represents a challenge due to multipath effects among the multi-story buildings. but still they are not adopted. Other sources confirmed that companies will soon be implementing WiMAX into technological devices such as Notebook computers and PDAs and into applications such as email. The WiMax claims to work well with the mobile technologies. In other words we can say that people are not aware of handling the pros and cons associated with this technology. However in this time of recession who would invest such a big amount in new technology like WiMax. • Urban — Surrounding a city center. 2.

3. they are striving to attain a higher bandwidth and improved network efficiency. in the coming years. PROJECTED FUTURE IMPACTS: 4. Cost benefit analysis: 5. Intel. Recommendation: . WiMAX is hoping to increase the bandwidth to 100 Mbps for mobile access and to 1Gbps for fixed nomadic access. In general. is beginning to produce chips that contain embedded WiMAX technology. WiMAX is promising to becoming more widespread in the very near future. The microprocessor company.More specifically. Most European governments are setting aside bandwidth for WiMAX usage.