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21/06/2011 Advantages of the system with three way flow directional valves instead of two ways valves and

problems associated with two way valve system. Sr. No. Three way valve system The fluid is directed from one flow direction to the other direction without causing a shutoff head situation at the pump. Two way valve system Remarks Related to PUMPS Only This operation has to be taken care off by installing PLC’s and Logic controllers to avoid pump operation at Shut off. These Valves are not to installed at Suction side. Same as above Same as 1. The Flow at pump discharge shall remain constant. The pump shall deliver constant Flow and head at Pump Discharge Flange in case of installation of both type of valves, however, as per point no. 1 the valves are to be operated using PLC’s so that simultaneous closing and opening of both the valves can be controlled. Cavitation shall occur if the pump does not receive adequate flow at suction. Water hammering is again related to point no. 1

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The fluid is directed from one flow direction to the other direction may cause a shutoff head situation at the pump. When both the valves do not open and close at the same time. Pump is safe. Detrimental to pump. Pump seal failure is avoided. Pump seal will be broken. Fluid flow through the pump Fluid flow through the pump remains constant. does not remains constant.

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Pump is operating at Pump is not operating at a approximately a constant duty constant duty point point.

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Pump cavitation is not there.

Possibility of pump cavitation

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Water hammering effect is Water hammering effect is not enviable which is detrimental to there, system is safe. the system. System is not safe. No additional pressure relief Additional pressure relief valve is Pressure relief valve is valve is required. required in each circuit. recommended. Pressure relief valve to be Even if pressure relief valve is setup in such a manner that installed the water hammer effect the pump doesn’t operate at is not removed instantaneously. shut-off for more than 10-15 seconds. Water hammering may also be transferred to the hot well or cold well which will disturb the other systems. Additional pipes, pipe fittings, No. additional pipes and pipe gaskets and hardware’s fittings required. required. The liquid level in the hot well The liquid level in the hot well and the cold well will remain and the cold well may not remain constant. constant. The frequency of top up and The frequency of top up and drain the hot well or cold well is drain the hot well or cold well is minimum. more.

panel accessories required panel accessories required X almost more than 2X No of air tappings and isolation No of air tappings and isolation valve required X valve required 2X Pressure drop across three way There is sizeable pressure drop valve is negligible. more. Difficult to get 100% leak proof. Down time is less. . achieved.10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Minimum wastage of treated Maximum wastage of treated water. across two way valve. Unidirectional flow. Removal of 2 no of two way Removal of one three way valve valve require 4 no isolation require 3 no isolation valve. No of points to be monitored is No. One no. No. Pump head required is less. of vent valve required for air removal. Down time is less. valve. Comparatively cheaper. 100% leak proof. of three way valves required No of two way valves required 16 Nos. No of instrumentation cable. for air removal. Bidirectional flow. hot well and cold well to be maintained. Full port opening flow is Full port opening flow is not achieved. No of instrumentation cable. water. Pump head required is more. of vent valve required Two nos. Nitrogen consumption is Nitrogen consumption is maximum since water level in the minimum. Comparatively expensive. almost double the quantity. of points to be monitored is less.