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Explanatory Answers

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CAT

EXPLANATORY ANSWERS

SECTION· I

1.

tical mean s given to doubt orq uestlon In g; amblvalen t means having mixed feelings, Hence, (2), 7. The in carre ct usage is in the third sentence; th e correct usage is learning the ropes, which means still in the beginning stages of learning something, Hence, (3), The incorrect usage is option (4); run away in this can text is a sin gle word run away, which mean s easy victory, Hence, (4), The sen tence talks about rigorous studies of emotion s and how they focus more on untamed passions than on a differen tvariety of passions. From the se ntence It Is clear that the different variety of passions and thus the second blankls the opposite of untamed , The option s that best fit the se cond blank are (2) an d (4); untamed means wild or uncontrollable and domesticate d and placid mean tamed and calm respectively, Betwe en option s (2) an d (4), the fo rmerbest fits both the blanks sin ce regulatlo n mea ns man aging or contraIl in g and is correct with reference to un tamed and domesticated passions, Hence, (2), The sen tence talks about a certain ab f li ty that can be mistaken for something else along with depth of content, The first blank refers to the ability and the second blank for what It can be mistaken for, From the sentence it can be inferred that the ability has something to do with style or something on the surface since Itcan be mistaken fordepth of conte nt. T he option that thus best fits the first blank Is option (3); rhetorical means the ability to u se language stylishly and effectively, either in written orspaken form. Option (3) also best fits the second blank since the ability to convey Ideas well In spoken or written form does not mean thatthe Idea Itselfls original or has depth, Hence, (3), The central idea that the author puts forth is that literacy does not bear any relationship whatsoever with true culture; far from making an Indigenous people cultured, it robs them of their own culture, tradition an d wisdom. The author is not anti-literacy; right from the first paragraph he is solely concerned with countering the common notion that 1lliteracy Implies, as a rna tter of cou rse, Igno rance, backwa rdness, unfitness forself-government: forus, unlettered peoples are uncivilized peoples, and vice versa. Therefore option (3) Is Incorrect. Option (1) Is Incorrect sin ce the a uthor never advo cates this, 0 ptlon (4) Is Incorrect since the author Is not arguing for an inclusive culture, Option (2) correctly states the primary purpose, Hence, (2), The reasons are clearly stated in the last two sentences of the second paragraph, Only statemen tIll Is not mentioned, Hence, (3),

C beststarts the paragraph since itclearly mentions what the paragraph is all about. It talks about how aesthetic choices sen d out sign als to Inferior gro ups, A and B referto something specific, which has to be D, Thus D has to follow C, B starts with Not only, which means that there has to be a sentence that follows it, which has to be A. Hence, the correct order Is CDBA. Hence, (3), T he paragraph talks abouteverythlngbeln gcon nected: C h as to be the first sen tence since D starts wi th so, which Is Incorrect as so has to refer to something men tion ed before it. Cisthatreference and A provides the answerto the question raised In D; B concludes the paragraph, CDAB, Hence, (3), The passage starts with the author outlining the domln ant schools of tho ugh t regardln g the futu re of our industrial society: it will not survive. He goes on to present his central argument that it is trade, which promotes the exchange of ideas that is at the heart of our progress and survival. He concludes by saying that as long as we do not suppress trade and the Innovations Itbreeds; we wlll survive and prospe r, This Id ea Is best expressed by optlo n (4), 0 ptlon (3) is in complete sin ce itd oes notincl ude the author's warning that we wlll survive only If trade Is not curbed, Options (1) and (2) refer solely to the last paragraph and hence do not represent the author's main argument. Hence, (4), In the first paragraph the author ou tlines the views of the two schools of thought on the sustainabllity oflndustrlal SOCiety; both foresee ruin In the long run, Option (2) clearly states this, 0 ption s (1) and (4) draw Inferences about Intellectuals In general and not on their views about the sustain ability of industrial SOCiety, 0 ptlon (3) can not be su pported by evlde nce from the passage, Hence, (2), The author calls innovation a bottom-up process, something necessitated by the demands of trade, In novation does not crea te need s, which trad e fulfflls, but Innovation fulfills needs created by trade, It Is nota top-down process driven by sclen tlsts and rulers, Only option (1) states this.O ption (2) states the reverse of this, Options (3) and (4) do not directly refer to the bottom-up process, Hence, (1), The auth oris again ststiflingtrade and inn ovation an d talks about the precautionary banning of new techn ologies in Western Europ e. He is opposed to this an d would be most likely to call them alarmists, people who tend to get overly concerned or raise alarms of Imp en ding doom without su fflclen t e vid ence; skep-

8,

9, 2,

3,

10,

4,

11.

5,

6,

12,

2

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13. When a nation begins to read, what was once the possession of the folkas a whole, becomes the heritage of the illiterate only, fro rnthis senten ce it is clea rthat culture is divided along the lines ofliteracy; laterthe author says, oral literatures interested not only all classes, but also all ages of the population; while the books that are nowadays written expressly "for children", Staternentlcornbinesboth these arguments. Oral literature once belonged "to the whole people, the cornrnunitywhose intellectual interests are the same from the top of the social structure to the bottom," while In the readl ng society It Is accessible only to antiquaries, and Is no longer bound up with everyday life and soon, unless It Is gathered up by the antiquary, vanishes altogether. The next two statements are Implied by the above sentence; an antiquary Is a person who collects and preserves thlngsbelon glngto a different time-period, thus the things he collects and preserves, in this case oral traditio n s, becorn e relics orsurvivin gthings from the past. Hence, (4). Credible means believable, reliable and creditable means deserving credit or praise; credible fits into first and third sentence since Itls used as believable or reliable and creditable fits In tothe seco ndan d fourth sentence In contextofdeservln gpralse or cred It. Hence, (3). Complacent means self-satisfied and hence unconce med; corn plaisant means In cllned to please or oblige. Complaisant best fits all the sentences except the secon d blan k, wh ere complacen tflts b est. Hen ce, (1). The answer Is clearly stated In the fourth paragraph, Investors getln terested In a new product that seems to offer high returns, and, precisely becau se It's new, underestimate the chance that this product will eventually blow up.i.In ncva tion made investors and executives forget the need to think for themselves, Option (2) best states this. 0 ptlon (4) Is In correctslnce the passage does notsaythat Inves tors an d executives lacked the ability to evaluate, it jus t says that they did not evaluate. Hence, (2). The answer Is mentioned In the last paragraph; but another cost has been the damage done to the whole notion offlnanclallnnovatlon. "The real question Is how do we keep the good parts of in novatio n without being stu ck with the bad ".0 ption (4) best states this. Options (1) and (3) are mentioned in the passage but do n at directly an swer the question, since th e cen tral theme is about how to innovate prudently. Option (2) is an example used to supportthe negative fallout and not the fallout itself. Hence, (4). 18. The passage dea Is with flnan dallnnovatlon an d looks at Its benefits and pitfalls. Option (2) best captures this. Options (1) and (3) are incorrect since they talk abou t inn ovation in genera 1an d n at fin ancial in n ovation. Option (4) is incorrect since the passage does not go Into the future but analyses the current situation and Just ponders about the future. Hence, (2). In the paragraph the author is giving out advice on readin g. The firsttwo sentences talk aboutwhy one should read and the next two on what and how to read. In the lasttwo sentences, the authorwarns the reader against saying that he wlll not read fiction on grounds that the latter only has time for the truth. Thus, the sentence that concludes the paragraph should be related to the reading offlctlon and specifically why It should be read. Also, the author uses a casual and almost mock scolding tone; the correct option should reflect this tone. Options (2) and (3) do not talk abou t why fictio n should be read. 0 ption (4) is close sin ce it seems like a like Iy con tin ua tion on the subject of the truth In fiction. Butlt does not men tion fiction a nd hen ce is in correct; option (1) best captures the reason why fiction should be read. Hen ce, (I). The paragraph Is about the way experimental psychology produces an inadequate analysis of human beings. It discusses or debates only one version of the way h urna n beings d a things; th e cases where we err. The example Is that of people being fooled by expen slve packaging. The author criticizes the fa ctthat Itdoe s n ot discuss how h urn an beln gs do things rlgh t, for example, how and why they choose, distin guish and appreciate wines. The con eluding sentence should sum up these arguments. 0 ptlon (2) best does this. It says that expe rlmen ta I psychology se ems more interested in the surface orpackagingofthings than the things itse If. This is in line wi th the firstse ntence, experimental psychology seems to produce a stickfigure version of our doings; stick figures are lin edrawings of human beings as opposed to full-fledged sketches. Options (1) and (3) do not conclude the pa ragraph but focus on specific aspects like win e and packaging, while the passage talks about experim en tal psychology as a whole; Option (4) Is Incorrect since the theme Is not ab out human sbelng superlorbelngs. Hence, (2).

19.

14.

20.

15.

16.

17.

IMS-33-1-AL-

B-SimCAT-3

3

CAT

SECTION·II

21. The pawn Is Initially at (1, 1). It can reach (4, 5) In a minimum of5 moves with 3 tails and 2 heads. But It can also reach the same position In more moves by moving k more steps to the left and k more steps right. So total number of tails mustbe 3 + 2k. Similarly, number ofh eads must be 2 + 2 m. S 0, the total n urn ber of moves mustbeodd and the difference between the number of heads and tails must be an odd number. Hence, (2). To reach (7, 7) from (1,1) a minimum of 6 tails and 3 heads are required. These can be obtained In any order. So the required number of ways Is equal to the numberofways of getting 6 tails and 3 heads from 9 tosses = 9C3 = 84. Hence, (3). Since the pawn only jumps 2 steps up or down itcan never reach the 4th row. So (1) Is not possible as the pawn cannot reach (5, 4) To reach (6, 5) Mini must get 5 + 2k tails and 2 + 2m heads. So, (2) is possible. To reach (6, 7) Mini must get 5 + 2k tails and 3 + 2m heads. So, the total number ofrnoves rnustbe an even number. So, (3) Is not possible. To reach (4, 3) Mini must get 3 + 2k tails and 1 + 2m heads. So, the number of tails must be an odd number. So, (4) is not possible. Hence, (2). 16 Using the lastcondition, 4 we get"? of21 = 12 employ-

ees not se lected by eltherwe number affected of affected employees

re affected. So

"8 of total

of

3

employees

= =

12. So, number

=

12,

'3

8

32. So, x + (6 - x) +

(16 - x) + 12 = 32. So, x = 2. So,

"6 =

2

33.33%

of the employees

selected

byboth

22.

Abhay an d Bhayya were affected. Hence, (3). 26. usln g the table above, n um ber of affected employees not selected by Abhay = 6 - x + 12 = 16 out of which 6 - x = 4 (25 %) were selected by Bhayya. Hence, (4). By our table, Bhayya selected 6 affected employees. So, we must multiply all the values by 3 to match the given situation. In that case, number of unaffected employees selected by Abhay = 14 x 3 = 42. Hence, (2).

23.

27.

Answers to questons 28 to 30:

The a rncu nt taken fro rnthe table is always 4, a n even number & it is distributed as either 4 + 0 + 0 + 0 or2 + 2 + 0 + O. Thus amountearned by each Individual in 3 out of 4 rounds is even, In the remaining round the 3 players rnusthave tied atthe top spotas the amoun tso fea ch playeris different. Amount added / subtracted In this scenario Is 1 or 3 which are odd numbers. Thus, the amounts they must possess at the end of 4 rounds must be odd. Also D has highest am oun t &B has the lowest amou nt. Thus only 1 combination Is possible

D

ii. 24. % of50% =

30 '

y, = 4/15. So number

of employees

must be divisible by 15. 25% = '1.. So, the number should also be divisible by 4. So, the number should be divisible by 60. From the given options, (3) can be the only possible answer. (We can check that the rest of the data Is viable for 60 employees) Hence, (3). 25. Solution: Letus tabulate the data for 60 employees. Forany other multiple of 60, the percentages would remain the same (one can also take 60k employees and see that all the values In our table simply get multiplied by k) The n umbers in b rackets de nate th e n umber of affected employees in that set.

Selected by Abhay Selected by Dba."" Notseled:edby Dba."" Total Not selected b. Abbav Total

iii.

Aand C

B

**Rounds Round x Round y Round z Round w Total
**

Hence,

A 0 0 2 1 3

B 0 2 2 -3 1

C

D

0 2 0 1 3

4 0 0 1 S

28-(2)

29-(2)

30 -(3)

6 (x) 24(16 -x) 30 (16)

9 (6 -x) 21 (12) 30

15 (6) 45 60

4

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Answers to questions 31 to 34: Using (11), we can say that T can take four positions: 1,2, 3,4, The possibilities are:

1 I II III PI 36,

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

V

VI

**RiS RiS T RiS RiS T RiS RiS RiS RiS T RiS RiS T T RiS RiS
**

T

The sltuatlo n Is A GA __ , Now elea rly from con dltlon (c) either the 4th or 5th row must contain Dahlias, Option (2) Gardenias is eliminated from condition (d); optio n (3) is elimin ated from co ndition (g) an d option (4) from condition (e), Option (1) does not violate any condition, Hence, (1), The situatio n is _ D _ D _, 5in ce all the empty position

are adjacentto Dahlias, Camellias can neverbe plan ted

37,

**from condition (e), eltmin atlng options (3) and (4), Option (1) violates condition (g), Hence, (2),
**

38,

**Refer to the table below:
**

Saeen 1 Show 1 Screen 2 Saeen 3 Screen

I Is not possible as the fourth letter to the right of T will be H and, then, that will contradict (iii),

Using II, the A arrangrnent H, can be: T5R

SaeeD 4

S

Only P, E, M are left. M cannot be adjacent to A. B u tifthis is followed, con ditio n (ii) is violated, Using III, the arrangement can be:

TR5 M H,

Show 2 Show 3

Show 4

Z

Shutter X

Hangov

er

Y

Transfo rmers

**P, A and E are left, A and E cannot be adjacent to M or condition (II) Is violated, Using IV, the arran grnen t can be:
**

R5T H M

Die Hard

Show S

**A an d E ca n not b e a djace nt to Hand (ii) cannot be followed,
**

Using V, the arrangement can be:

M an d, th us, con dltf on

X,

**Yand Z are the movies screened shows.
**

neitherbe an action movie movie

as thatpartlcular

itbe a horror

5 R THE, M, P and A are left and can be adjusted under all conditions, Using VI, the arrangement can be: H TR5 E M, P and A are left and can be adjusted under all conditions, Thus, we have the following four possibilities: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 H 8

Xcan

norcan

movie. :. it is a comedy

Y cannotbe

- 'Hangover.

A

H

S

R

T PIM T R

IMIP

S

E E

PIM MIP

A

Now, we can an swer all the questions. 31-(1) 32-(3) 33, If there are exactly 4 letters between E and M in the correct password, then the only possible password is 12 3 4 678 is R, Hen ce, (1), can be A5, HP

39,

as it is followed by an action movie, It cannotbe a comedy movie because Hangover (comedy) Is screened at the same time on screen 3. :. Y Is a horror movie, Zcan n otbe a ho rror movie as It Is followed by a horror movie, Itcan n otbe a comedymovle because Hangover (comedy) is screened at the same time on screen 5. :. Z is an action movie. Hence, (1), an action movie

**From the previous
**

Saeen1 Show 1 Show

2

solution:

Saeen

2

Saeen

1

Saeen4

SaeenS

HPMTR5AE Then, the fifth letter in the password 34, The first two letters or HM, Hence, (2), in the password

Act10n Horror Transformers

Shuttar Comedy liard Hangover

Hangover

Show 3 Show 4 Sh:W

Die

35,

Option (3) violates condition be planted, Hence, (3),

**(d) and hence cannot The 4th show on screen 4 cannot be a comedy movie
**

or an action screened Similarly, the movie same (both time). action movies 5 is also are being movie. a horror at the \ it is a horror

4th show

on screen

IMS-33-1-AL-

B-SimCAT-3

5

CAT

movie. Filling the table using above Information,

Saeen 1

Screen Screen

we get:

SaeenS Horror Haagover Ad:lon

**Show Show Show Show Show
**

5 4 3 2 1 Adion Horror Traasfonners

2

1

Saeen4 Acti on

A~

S1mtter Com.<%,

DIe

Horror Action HOIl"Or Han.,ver

D

G

Hard

Horror

Amon

A~

The movie scree ned as th e 4thsh ow on screen 4 cann at be the same as the movie screened as the 4th show on screen 5. The movie screened as the 2nd sh ow on screen 4 cann ot be 'Shutter; hence It Is 'Exorcist'. 0 n the same lines, we can saythatthe movie screened before 'Hangover' on screen 5 Is 'Shutter. Hence, (3). 40. Similar to previo us solu tion, we fill the table as follows,

Screen Screen

D

In any case, asAB

G

II DG,the

following pairs of triangles AA8D& AA8G, AADGand

arecertalnlyequl-areal: because A ODC) Butwe adjacent

A BDG, A AO D and A BOG (T he last pair Is eq ul-areal A ADGand A BDCs hare the commo n portion do not know if A AOD & A DOG or any of the pairs (A AOD & AAOB, etc.) are equi-areal.

Saeen 1

**Show Show Show Show Show
**

5 4 3 2 1

2 AfD HIB AfT HIS ";mil" oor

1 AfT Shutter ~H

DIe

Saeen4 HIB AfT HIS C/H AfD

Saeen5 HIS Haaguver AfD HIB AfT

A AOB an dAD 0 C are similar tria ngl es, So they will have eq ual area If and only If 0 Is the mid poln t of 8 D and AG. Similarly, A AOD and A AOB have common base l1ne BD. So they will also have equal area Ifand only If 0 Is the midpoint of 8D and AG. But 0 will be the midpoint of 8D and AG ifand only if the diagonals bisect each other i.e. A8 GD is a parallelogram. Pro m statemen t I, AB *- DC. So A8 GD is not a parallelogram. Pro m s tateme nt II, AD is not parallel to BG. So ABGD Is not a parallelogram. So, we can con elude from eitherstaternen talon e that there are exactly 3 pairs or equl-areal triangles. Hence, (2). 43. Using statemen t I alone, In a 100 m race, Tina would take 10 sec to finish the race and Nita would take 10 + 2 0 = 30 seconds (Ratio = 3 : 1) whereas in a 200m race, Tin a would take 20 seconds and Nita would take40 second (Ratio = 2: I). So, staternen t I alone is not sufficien t. Using statement II alone, For distance 'x' when Nltln goes x meters Tina goes x - 20 meters (as her speed is 10m/s). In the same time Nita goes x - 60 m. Ratio of speeds

=

C/H AID HIB Traasfonners HIS

Hard HIB

WhereX/y _Xrepresents the firstletterofthe genre and Y represents the first letter of the name of the movie. Then the first show on screen 4 Is H/E l.e, Horror /Exorclst. Hence, (I).

SECTION· III

41. Even with both statements together, there could be 2 such AP.s: 1, 2,3, . 8,9 and 9, 8, 7,. 2, I. Hence (4). ABCD could be drawn below: in multiple ways as shown

42.

D

&.

G

(x-20) (x-60)' t

This value dep end s upon th e val ue ofx. So, statemen II alone is not sufficient. Using statements I and II together, From the first statement about the race Nltln beats

6

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Tina by 20 m, that Is, by 2 seconds (as Tina's speed Is 10 m/s) The se cond sta ternen t states that Ni tin beats Tin a by 2 sec. So both the statements are describin g the same race. Fro rn the 2 staternen ts we co nel ude that wh en Nitin finishes the race Tina Is 20 m behind and Nita Is 60 m behind, Tin a will further req uire 2 seco nds to fin ish and Nita w1l1 finish 20 seconds after Tina, So Nita will take 20 + 2 = 22 seconds to finish the ra ce In which she covers 60 m. 46, So Nita's speed is (~~) mis, Hence I(BD) w1l1 be I(HD) + I(HB) I(BD) =

=

x "2

+ -2-'

x.J3

But

J2

as BD isthediagonal 1 [ --2-

of the square, Hence

we can saythatx 2,828 "2,732

+.Ji)

= and

hence x=

[ 1';J3J

2.5

,,1.03,

Hence, (3),

Hence the ratio is 6 : 22. Hence, (3), 44, We can just observe the pattern flO) = 1, f(l) = 2, f(2) = 4, f(3) = 7, f( 4) = 11 an d so a n which is aqua dra tic series as the second level differences are the same, Alternatively, we can see thatf(n+2) = fen) + z n + 3 = fen) + (n +1) + (n+2), Butwe also have f(l) = flO) + (0+1), Putting these together we can show that for all whole numbers n, f(n+1) = fen) + (n+1), Either way, we can showthatf(n) = ~(n2+ 2 n + 2),

Only the colour Is im portan t an d not the order of the ca rds. The green cards rnustbe placed one in each row, So In the flrstrowtherewould be3 choices forthe green card, Thereafter, the second row would offer only 2 choices, and the third rowwould offeronly 1, So, there are 3 x 2 x 1 = 6 ways of placing the green cards. Now, the blue card can be placed In any of the remain In g 6 places In 6 ways, Thereafte r, the red cards can n at be used In the sam e row so they would have 4 empty slots giving us 4G2 = 6 ways to place the red cards, On ce th at Is d one we have n a choice butto place the 3 yellow cards In the remaining slots, So, the total number of ways of pIa cin g the cardswhile satis fying the given con d itions = The maximum p ossible number of trials required = 6, 6, 6 = 216, Hence, (3),

Hence (1) Is true, f( 4) = 11, f(3) = 7 an d f(2) = 4, f( 4) = f(3) + f(2), Hen ce 3f(4) = 3f(3) x 3f(2) .so (3) Is true, Hence (2) is the only statement which is not necessarlly true for all n. Hence (2), 45,

47,

A~B

,

..

G candidates for the largest in A DEG and A BFG as shown

D There

G

are two possible triangle,

equllateral

the figure, A DEG clearly has a side of 1, Let the side of BFG b e x, Now FDG Is a 45 -4 5-90 triangle and hence I(HD) will be ~,Also 2 equilateral triangle HB w1l1 be the height of the

Let the kite be FBED and the rectangle be ABGD in the adjoining figure, Nowthe area of the kite Is twice that of 'BED and the area of the rectangle is twice thatof'BGD, Also BD w1l1 be a diameter of the circle, Also, since BE and BG are the shorter sides of their respective figures, and BE (7 ern) Is less than BG, we can se e tha t G will be further from BD than E, i.e the triangle BGDhasa greaterh elgh tand so a greater area, Hence the rectan gle is larger than the kite, Hence, (3), 48, Gon sld er th e triangle' BGD shown as a dotted line in the figure, I(BG) has to be greater than I (BG) i.e. > 8, So I(BD) must be greater diameter and hence Hence, (3), than 8

and hence I(HB) will be

x.J3

2

J2 ' But

BD Is a

equal to 2R, Thus R> 4,

IMS-33-1-AL-

B-SimCAT-3

7

CAT

49. After step 1, value of a = a + b After step 2, new value of = I(a + b) - b] = a T h u s, after step 2 of every itera tion, the val ue of' a' remains the same. In step 3 of every iteration, the new value of 'b' is the difference between 'a' an d the presen tvalue of 'b',

It,ration Iteration 1: II '" 5: b " 8 - 5 " 3 81

;II '"

It.ntion

2: II" 41

;II"

5: b " 5 - S " 2: IiJ b "

Ii 3 " 2:

IiJ b "

Ii -

2

"

3 Iteration

It.ntion

"~I " '" 5: b '" 5 - 2: '" 3 Iteration

1001 II '" IiJ b'"

Ii -

3"2

Hence, (3). 50. 7 appears In the thousands place 770 times (>700). 53.

Total number of3's In X = (no. of terms In X divisible by 3) + (no. of terms In X divisible by 9) = 6 + 2 = 8 ...(4) From (1), (2), (3) and (4), we saythatX Is divisible by 18! The term 1141n X Is divisible by 19. Thus, the product is divisible by 19 ' 18! = 19! Now, th e numb erof2's In 2 O!= 18 exceeds the number of 2's In X. Hence, the product is not divisible by 20! and hence not even by 211. Hence, (1).

A

Total numbers in the given range = 7769 - 1001 + 1 = 6769 «7000) Now, for every te n numbers, th e dlgt t '7' appe ars in the units place exactly once. Total numbers < 70 0 0 \ total appearan ce of7 In un Its place Is less than 700. Par every hundred numbers, the digit '7' appears in the tens place exactly 10 times. Total numbers <7000 \ total appearance of71n tens place Is less than 700. Also, forevery th ousand n umbers, the digit '7' appears In the hundreds place exactly 100 times. Total numbers < 7000 \ total appearance of 7 in hundreds place is less than 700. Thus, 7 appears the most in thousands place. Hence, (4). 51. log4=0.6 Thus, 2 log 2 = 0.6 giving log 2 = 0.3 log 5= log Hence, (4). 52. The productofn

n!.

Obse rve thatAB, BC and ACform a Pythagorean :. I)"ABC = 90° " since AC = 5m .(1)

triplet.

1 A(I)"ABC)="2'AB'BC

Also, I)"AMB = 90° ".angle Inscribed I)"BMC = 90°. angle Inscribed

In a semi-circle

In a semi-circle above have

:. A-M-C as the two angles a common arm BM.

mentioned

.. M lies on AC and BM .L AC .. A(I)"ABC)= 1 "2 "AC'BM ...(2)

10

= log 10 - log 2

1 - 0.3= 0.7

Prom (1) and (2), BM = (AB xBC) AC Hence, (1). (3x4) 5 =2.4m

consecutive

numbers

Is divisible by

Thus, the product of numbers from 110 to 126 Is perfectly divisible by 17! 18! = 18 • 17!. 18 Is a factor of 2's and ss. Numberof2'Sln18!="'2 18 + 18

54.

v=

2x

4"

+

18

18 18 +8" +"16 =16,,(1) 18 9

Number

of 3's in 18! =

= 8.,,(2)

LetXrepresentthe product! 110.111 x . ,,126 Total number of 2's in X = (no. of even terms in X) + (no. of terms In X divisible by 4) + (no. of terms in X divisible by 8) + (no. of terms in X divisible by 16) = 9 + 4 + 2 + 1 = 16(3)

a

Trusted lor Sucass

IMS-33-1-AL-

B-SlmCAT-3

CAT

Note that the Unes y = 2 - x and y = 2 + x are perpendlcularto each otherand pass through A = (0,2). So the req uired region (triangle ABC) is a right angled triangle. Solving pairs of equations we get, C = (2,4) and B

= (~,~)

Also angle OAB = angle YAC = 45'. So, AB = .fix = -(dlfferen ce In x-coordlna tes of A an dB) 59. and x (difference in x-coordinates of A and C)

will be fo r k = 29, 44, etc. Note that the next number will exceed the previous by 15x16 = 240. So, th en ext numbers will be 225+240,225+480,225+720. His sum = 225(4) + 240(0+1 +2+3) = 900+1440 = 23 40 The first number that satisfies the given condition Is 16. The next n umbers are: 16+240, 16+480,16+ 720 and 16+960. Required sum = 16(5) + 240(0+ 1+2 + 3+4) = 80+2400 = 2480 So, th e d tffe ren ce In the an swers = 2480 - 2340 = 140. Hence, (4). We have 28 < x2 + 3x < 40. Solving the first part we get: x2 + 3x - 28 > 0 => (x + 7)(x - 4) > 0 => x > 4 or x < -7. Solving the second part we get: x2 + 3x - 40 < 0 => (x + 8)(x - 5) < 0 => -8 < x < 5 Combining both we get: -8 < x < -7 or 4 < x < 5 So, 49 < x2 < 64 or 16 < x2 < 25. Hence, (2). Letthe time fora swingbe t, the length be 1, then we

2,/2

3

AC =

=

,Ji

2,Ji

60.

(Alte rn atively, we ca n also fin d the len gths using the distance formula) So, Area of th e region units. Hence, (3). Answers to questions 55 and 56: Ifweh ave 15 boxes each containing adlfferenta moun t less then or eq ual to Rs. 15, we will get 1 + 2 + + 13 + 14 + 15 = 120. We want exactly Rs. 21 less and two boxes less. So we wan tto remove two boxes that add up to Rs. 21. Possible ways: Remove 6 & 15 or 7 & 14 or 8 & 13 or 9 & 12 or 10 & 11. Total 5 ways. Also, In non e of the ways can we rem ove th e boxwl th 1 coin. So, one of the boxes certalnlycontalns Re 1.

Hence,

2.J2 = ¥z ' -3-

x

2.J2

=

3"

4

sq

can say t =

k·;Jl

of length 21 = 2 seconds

L.

Time for the first pendulum per swing. Hence 2=

k-../-Zt

and so k

"\ 2.1.

ri1

For the second pendulum, t =k= x =2 = Hence per 60 seconds, it will make = 45 swings. Hence (1).

55-(2) 57.

56-(1).

END OF EXPLANATORY

ANSWERS

7100 < 10100 So, the n umber of digits of 7100 is less than 101. So, A < 900. So, B < 26 (8+9+9 as tha t's the maximum possible value of the digits). So, the sum of digits of B Is at most 10 (1+9). Now,7100 == A B (mo d 9) as any number Is congruen t to the sum of Its digits modulo 9. So, A7100 (_2)100 21002(23)332(_1)33 -27 (mod 9). So, the sum of digits of B 7 (mod 9). So, it could be 7/16/25/ etc. but since we know that it is at most 10, It has to be 7. Hence, (1).

58.

The numbers thatSwa nand wrote m ustbe ofth e form 16k+1 such that 15 divides 16k + 1, i.e. 15 divides k+I (as 15 divides 15k) The first such number will befork= 14, i.e. 16(14)+1 = 225. The next numbers

IMS-33-1-AL-

B-SimCAT-3

9

SimCAT-3

SCORE CARD

(SECTION -WISE) IPINI I IAI

SimCAT-3

ANSWER KEY

(SECTION-WISE)

**Total MARKS PER QUESTION NO. OF QUESTIONS AT TEMPTED QUESTIONS
**

(3)

[2ZJ

SECTION

1-3 (3) 6-2 11-2 16-2

-I

2-3 7-3 12-3 17-4 3-4 8-4 13-4 18-2 4-2 9-2 14-3 19-1 5-1 10-3 15-1 20-2

NO. OF' MISTAKES CORRECT ANSWERS NEGATIVE NET SCORE MARKS

*

D D

D

Total

(l)

D D

MARKS PER QUESTION NO. OF' QUESTIONS AT TEMPTED QUESTIONS

QEJ

SECTION

21-2 (3) 26-4 31-1 36-1

- II

22-3 27-2 32-3 37-2 23-2 28-2 33-1 38-1 24-3 29-2 34-2 39-3 25-3 30-3 35-3

NO. OF MISTAKES CORRECT ANSWERS NEGATIVE NET SCORE MARKS

*

D D D

D

Total

(l)

D

40-1

MARKS PER QUESTION NO. OF QUESTIONS ATTEMPTED QUESTIONS

NO. OF MISTAKES CORRECT ANSWERS NEGATIVE NET SCORE MARKS

D D D

for every incorrect

0

SECTION

41-1 (3) 46-3 51-4 56-1

- III

42-2 47-3 52-1 57-1 43-3 48-3 53-1 58-4 44-2 49-3 54-3 59-2 45-3 50-4 55-2 60-1

*

D D

*

1 mark wlll be deducted

answer.

TOTAL SCORE

D

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