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ligures Maps Tables/Slalemenls Noles
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|ulroduclory Nole
Census 2011marks a milestone in the historv of Census taking in the countrv.
when it sheds the legacv of the past and emerges among the comitv of Nations
the state of human resources, demographv, culture and economic structure at
this crucial juncture of the countrv's historv would be vital to guide and shape
the future course of the Nation.
In a countrv like India, with multiethnic, multilingual, multicultural and
multilevel societv, the Census is much more than a mere head count of the
population. It gives a snapshot of not onlv the demographic but also the
the level of the village and town (ward). It provides valuable information for
planning and formulation of policies bv the Government and is also used
widelv bv National and International agencies, scholars, business persons,
industrialists, and manv more. In addition, the Census provides a basic frame
for conduct of other survevs in the countrv. Anv informed decision making
that is based on empirical data is dependent on the Census. Democratic
action like reservation are also based on the basic data sets of the Census. It has
indeed come a long wav from what was described as ¨the idle curiositv of an
eccentric sirkar" (Molonv, 1911)
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. No wonder therefore, that Census 2011 has
adopted an apt tagline - ¨Our Census, Our Future"!
NoIe
1. 1. CharIres Molohy,
SuperihIehdehI o! Cehsus,
Madras, 1911: "1he Village
ih!ormaIioh, is Ihe recorder o!
his village, ahd iI well may be
IhaI amid Ihe Ioils o! keepihg
accouhIs ahd collecIihg
mamuls, he pays scahI heed
Io whaI he ahd his !riehds
cohsider Ihe idle curiosiIy o! ah
eccehIric sirkar".
Lnumeralion ol Hon'ble Presidenl ol lndia
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 3
NoIes
2. ChrisIophe GuilmoIo: "1871
is probably Ihe Iurhihg poihI
o! Ihe sIaIisIical hisIory o!
Ihdia owihg Io Ihe ihcepIioh
o! a cehIury lohg IradiIioh
o! decehhial cehsuses which
ih Iurh Iriggered a hew
developmehI ih Ihe mohiIorihg
o! socio demographic
phehomeha like !amihes,
epidemiology or Ihe haIural
ihcrease o! populaIioh"
3. Dr. W.R.Corhish,
SuperihIehdehI o! Cehsus
OperaIiohs, Madras, 1871:
"1he esIimaIes o! populaIioh
o! Madras previous Io 1867
had beeh so various ahd Ihe
direcI cehsuses o! 1822 ahd
1863 were so uhIrusIworIhy
IhaI iI had beeh !ouhd
uIIerly impossible Io arrive
aI ahy saIis!acIory cohclusioh
as Io Ihe acIual humber o!
people...".
4. Rev C.W.Rahsoh: "...!or Ihe
period prior Io 1871, we are
depehdehI !or our khowledge
o! Ihe growIh o! populaIioh
o! Madras upoh esIimaIes
which aI Iheir besI represehI
ohly ih!ormed guesswork
ahd aI Iheir worsI wildesI
cohiecIure".
HISTORY
Maurvan period in Kautilava's 'Arthashastra' (321-296 BC) and later during
the Mughal period in the writings of Abul Fazl (1595-96) in the 'Ain-e-Akbari'.
Records have it that in 1687, during the Governorship of Elihu Yale in Madras
Presidencv, the King of England desired that a count of the inhabitants of Fort
also taken up in 1853 in the North Western Frontier, which was followed bv
a series of Census like enumerations. However these ¨were not censuses but
simple head counts" (Guilmoto)
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and were so evidentlv untrustworthv that it
had long been found utterlv impossible to arrive at anv satisfactorv conclusion"
(Cornish)
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. Another description of the counts prior to 1871 describes them
as ¨at their best represent onlv informed guesswork and at their worst wildest
conjecture" (Ranson)
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. A svstematic and modern population Census, in its
Census in India was however conducted in 1881).
Rig \eda.
^rlhashaslra.
^iu·e·^kbari.
1sl sysleualic ceusus
couducled all over |udia
(uou syuchrouousì.
|irsl Syuchrouous Ceusus
couducled all over |udia.
|irsl Ceusus oí
|udepeudeul |udia.
2011 Ceusus.
800·600 BC
321·296 BC
1S9S·96
186S·1872
1881
19S1
lhe 1Slh siuce 1872, 7lh
siuce |udepeudeuce
whal is a Populaliou Ceusus1
1.4. ^ populaliou ceusus is lhe lolal process oí collecliug, coupiliug, evalualiug,
aualysiug aud publishiug or olherwise disseuiualiug deuographic, ecououic aud
deliuiled parl oí a couulry.
1.S. Populaliou is basic lo lhe producliou aud dislribuliou oí ualerial weallh. |u
order lo plau íor, aud iupleueul, ecououic aud social developueul, aduiuislralive
lhe size, dislribuliou aud couposiliou oí populaliou. Jhe populaliou ceusus is a
priuary source oí lhese basic beuchuark slalislics, coveriug uol ouly lhe sellled
populaliou bul also houeless persous aud uouadic groups. 0ala írou populaliou
ceususes should allow preseulaliou aud aualysis iu lerus oí slalislics ou persous
aud households aud íor a wide variely oí geographical uuils, raugiug írou lhe
couulry as a whole lo iudividual suall localilies or cily blocks.
· Priuciples aud Recouueudalious íor Populaliou aud housiug Ceususes
(Revisiou 2ì. uuiled Nalious . New York . 2008.
Lnumeralion ol Hon'ble Prime Minisler ol lndia
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An unbroken chain of Censuses since then, gives the Indian Census a unique
in this continuous series from 1872 and the seventh since Independence.
METHODOLOGY
canvasser method. Under this approach, data is collected from everv
individual bv visiting the household and canvassing the same questionnaire all
the reference date and time, bv conducting a Revision Round. In the Revision
Round, anv changes in the entries that arise on account of births, deaths and
migration between the time of the enumerators visit and the reference date/
time is noted down and the record updated.
In Censuses until 1931, a svnchronous  method was adopted wherein
method, besides being costlv, required the deplovment of an extremelv large
present method adopted.
In Census 2011, the canvassing of the questionnaire was done from 9th
of Februarv 2011 to 28th of Februarv 2011. A Revision Round was then
conducted from 1st to 5th of March 2011 and the count updated to the
Reference Moment of 00:00 hours on the 1st of March 2011.
charges in the States of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Iammu and
Kashmir. In these locations, the canvassing of the questionnaire was done from
11th September 2010 to 30th September 2010. A Revision Round was then
conducted from 1st to 5th of October 2010.
Reíereuce 0ale aud lhe Melhod oí Ceusus lakiug
írou 1872 lo 2011 Ceusus
Ceusus Reíereuce 0ale Melhod
1872 21s¦ feo|ua|, de ¦ac¦o |Nou·',uc||ouous)
1881 17¦| feo|ua|, de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1891 2o¦| feo|ua|, de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1901 1s¦ Va|c| de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1911 10s¦ Va|c| de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1921 18¦| Va|c| de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1931 2o¦| feo|ua|, de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1941 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1951 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
19o1 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1971 1s¦ /o||| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1981 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
1991 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
2001 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
2011 1s¦ Va|c| E·¦euded de ¦ac¦o |',uc||ouous)
Hon'ble Home Minisler ol lndia, signing lhe Household
Schedule aller Lnumeralion
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 5
ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE
In India, the population Census is a Union Subject (Article 246) and is listed
Act, 1948 forms the legal basis for the conduct of Censuses in Independent
India. Although the Census Act is an instrument of Central Legislation, in
the scheme of its execution the State Governments provide the administrative
support for the actual conduct of the Census.
India. Its main responsibilitv is to conceive, plan and implement Census
Union Territories (except the Union Territorv of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and
who are responsible for the conduct of Census in their respective jurisdictions.
Territories along with their date of joining is given at Annexure -I

Hierarchv of Census functionaries in India
Slale Co·ordiualors
Regislrar Ceueral & Ceusus
Couuissiouer, |udia
0ireclors oí Ceusus 0peralious,
Slale/uJ
0islricl Magislrales/Colleclors/
Couuissiouers oí Muuicipal
Corporalious
Jehsildars/Maulaldars
Euuueralors/Supervisors
PLANNING FOR CENSUS 2011
Freezing of Administrative Boundaries
unduplicated list of all geographical entities in the countrv, which includes
States, Districts, Tehsils/Taluks/Communitv Development (CD) Blocks and
Villages/Towns at a particular point of time. All administrative units in the
States/UTs across the countrv were frozen as on 31st December 2009.
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without omission or duplication. A unique feature of the coding svstem in
Forest Villages as separate series.
the Villages as Rural areas was also done as a part of the pre Census activities.
Growths and 476 Urban Agglomerations that have been demarcated in Census
2011.

Permanent Location Code
One of the important inputs in Census taking is assigning of the Location code
simple device bv which everv compact geographical area in anv Administrative
State right down to the village/ward can be referred to bv a combination of
such unique numbers. Until the 1991 Census, a hierarchical coding svstem
was followed, wherebv each administrative unit was coded within the next
higher Administrative Unit seriallv and svstematicallv following a geographical
order.
the inter-census period posed several problems to studv the changes in growth
and distribution of population and their characteristics from one Census to
another. For the Census of India, 2001, a svstem of Permanent Location Code
Numbers (PLCN) had been adopted bv assigning to each village within the
State/UT a continuous series of numbers. Each village had been assigned an
future changes in case of split of an existing village or creation of new villages
etc. Since the permanent Location Codes have been assigned to each village,
theoreticallv tracing the precise location of village on account of future
jurisdictional changes in the boundaries of various administrative areas within
the State should not pose a problem.
While the basic schema of Census 2001 has been retained, some improvements
have been made. Firstlv, the State and District Codes were pre-printed on the
reduce the scriptorv work of enumerators - 2 digits (within the State), 3 digits
in the case of Sub-districts (within the District), and 4 digits in the case of
given a range between 0001 and 5999, while Forest Villages have been given a
range between 6000-6999. Fourthlv, Statutorv Towns have been given Codes
within the range of 7001-7999 and Census Towns are covered in the range
presentations of data, the full Codes will be given.
Nuuber oí ^duiuislralive
uuils iu Ceusus 2011
'¦a¦es/u!'s 35
0|s¦||c¦s o40
'uo·0|s¦||c¦s 5,924
!owus 7,93o
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 7
CARTOGRAPHY
Organisation has evolved over the vears and is now the largest producer of
manual cartographic methods used until 1981 and now utilizes the latest
is the preparation of satellite imagerv based digital maps at the street and
47 new Districts, 461 new Sub Districts, 244 new Statutorv Towns and several
new Villages have come up since 2001. Maps of all these Administrative Units
have been obtained and have been updated. Extensive changes have also
occurred in the existing boundaries of the Towns. All these changes have also
been incorporated in the maps.
Salellile imagery ol a Capilal cily and lhe digilal map prepared lrom il
An added feature in Census 2011 was that print-outs of maps showing the
chance of anv omission or duplication of areas.
CONSULTATION WITH STAKEHOLDERS
in April 2008. In this Conference, consultations were held with all stakeholders
comprising representatives of various Ministries of Government of India, State
Governments, National and International voluntarv organisations, Population
Research Centres, Statistical Institutions, Universities, eminent demographers
Ouestionnaire was developed and placed for discussion before the Technical
Advisorv Committee (TAC).
Dala Users Conlerence 200! in progress
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TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
Technical Advisorv Committee (TAC) was constituted bv the Government
2008, 9th October 2009 and 23rd Iune 2010.
PRE TEST OF QUESTIONS
2009.
were chosen at the rate of two in bigger and one in smaller States/UTs except
A&N Islands. It included 201 Villages where 550 Houselisting Blocks were
59,047 Households were enumerated.
In urban areas, 32 Charges (one in each State/UT except Daman & Diu, Dadra
& Nagar Haveli and Lakshadweep), comprising 32 Wards/ part-Wards were
covered. In all 554 Houselisting Blocks were carved out in urban areas which
consisted of 58,366 Buildings, 1,19,955 Census Houses and 67,279 Households.
NOTIFICATIONS REGARDING CONDUCT OF CENSUS OF INDIA 2011
processes under provisions of the above Act and Rules. Accordinglv, various
conduct a Census of the population of India in 2011 was published in the
Gazette of India on 20th Februarv 2009.
Iammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand). In the snow-
bound areas of Iammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand the
Iammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand was published in
the Gazette of India on 20th Februarv 2009.
Union Territories was published in the Gazette of India on
25th Februarv 2010.
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 9
Enumeration was published in the Gazette of India on 31st August 2010.
FINALISATION OF THE QUESTIONNAIRES
of the data users and the available resources within the organization and the
States, made valuable suggestions for improving its form and content.
Housing Census and Population Enumeration which were dulv published in
the Gazette of India.
In 2001, two Schedules - one for Houselisting and another for Population
2011.
In all 35 Ouestions were canvassed in the Houselisting and Housing
Census Schedule and 29 Ouestions in the Household Schedule (Population
Enumeration).
Houselisting and Housing Census Schedule and the Household Schedule are
placed at Annexure-III
PRINTING
A feature that makes the Indian Census particularlv complex is that the
Schedules are canvassed in 16 languages and the Instruction Manuals are
developed in 18 languages.
million Census Schedules. To add to the complexitv, the Schedules had to be
Ahmedabad were utilized to upgrade the qualitv and aesthetics
of the Schedule. Unique features that make it stand out are Bar
Codes in each Schedule, Unique Form Numbers, Pre Printing
of certain Location Particulars, Uniform qualitv of printing and
having facilitv of variable printing and verv high production
within the stringent timelines and with strict adherence to qualitv
is a feat in itself. Approximatelv 8,000 Metric Tonnes of paper of
that the Indian Census Schedules are comparable with the best
in class internationallv.
Prinling ol Houselisl and Housing
Census Schedules in progress in a
high-end Press
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LOGISTICS
Census - Enumerators Kits, Instruction Manuals and other training materials,
Census Schedules in the right quantitv and in the right language to the Charge
nightmare. Adding to the complexitv is the fact that each Charge mav use
to pack the materials as per the database, address each package correctlv and
Printing
Malerial írou high eud Presses
Malerial írou Coveruueul/Privale Presses
Packing
^s per dalabase
Packiug aud ^ddress Labelliug
ßespatch
0espalched lo uore lhau 17,000 localious
Reluru Collecliou
Logislics. A successlul parlnership wilh lndia Posl
to the challenge. It is a matter of satisfaction that the entire task of printing
and packing of materials was accomplished in time and with a fair degree of
As regards the transportation of materials, a pioneering initiative of using the
India Post for handling the logistics was undertaken. A special 'Logistics Post'
were a few operational problems, the precision with which the entire logistics
operation was accomplished within a verv short period of time, is remarkable.
TRAINING
especiallv the Enumerators and Supervisors can hardlv
be underscored. A three tier cascade of training was
devised for this purpose. At the top of the pvramid were
was rigorouslv trained for 5 davs at a residential training
trained 54,000 Master Trainers (MTs) at the District level.
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 11
Snapshol lrom lhe e-Learning module explaining census concepls
Sachin Tendulkar, Celebraled Crickeler, helping lo propagale lhe message on Census 20!!.
Manuals bv including more illustrations and examples. Training Guides have
levels have been given intensive in-house training and provided training
aids, such as Power Point presentations, e-Learning Modules, scripts of Role
Plavs and Practice Sheets. Special training modules have been developed
for explaining the issues relating to disabilitv and gender. Special Training
modules have also been developed and rendered in Gender sensitive Districts.
between the UN Agencies (UNFPA, UNICEF, UNDP, UN WOMEN) on one
hand and the Census Organisation on the other.
A new feature in Census 2011 has been the utilisation of Non-Governmental
for training bv the Directorates of Census Operations of the States/UTs, trained
manpower from NGOs was also utilised. In addition, volunteers from NGOs
for sensitising the trainers at National, State and District levels.
Training Class in progress
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PUBLICITY
All modes of Publicitv - Mass media, Public relations, Outreach activities and
Digital media have been used to spread awareness and enlist the cooperation of
that also created the media content in both the phases of the Census. While
the general theme was that of including evervbodv without omission, special
emphasis was laid on vulnerable groups like women, elderlv, disabled, infants
Press Adverlisemenl announcing lhe slarl ol lhe Populalion
Lnumeralion on 9lh lebruary 20!!
and the homeless. Celebritv endorsements were also broadcast.
purpose of this programme was to make all children aware that the Census
is taking place and that thev have a role in ensuring that the data for their
own familv is recorded correctlv. Another purpose was to expose them to the
covered about 60 to 80 schools in each of the 640 Districts in the countrv and
in general and the students of class VI, VII and VIII in particular.
order to encourage and acknowledge the services of the real heroines/heroes of
the Census, namelv the enumerators.
taken at the level of the Directorates and at the District and local levels bv the
A unique feature of Census 2011 was the innovative use of social networking
generation to this initiative and the verv positive comments posted on the site
were motivating. A photographv competition was also launched in connection
with the Census 2011 which saw verv active participation.
Census period calling upon the public to be aware and to ensure that thev were
the theme of disabilitv.
Census in Schools - A new
inilialive
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 13
CENSUS 2011 LOGO
Rath, an emplovee of the Census organisation and was highlv appreciated for
its concept and design.

GENDER SENSITIZATION
Gender disaggregated data is the basis for gender sensitive policv formulation
policies and programmes can hardlv be over-emphasized.
Conceptuallv, information collected at the Census is gender neutral
Ouestionnaire and Instruction Manual for collection of information in the
training of Census functionaries also focused on this aspect of neutralitv.
Census 2011, a National Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming was held on
30
th
concerns of States / UTs and proposed a strategv to improve gender statistics
Directorate of Census Operations and UN agencies supporting this initiative
participated. Gender mainstreaming activities of Census 2011 encompassing
gender responsive training and publicitv is an outcome of detailed data analvsis
stakeholders.
have been made to accuratelv net the socio-cultural, demographic and economic
characteristics, which inter-alia would include correct netting of head of the
Census 20!! Logo and ils inlerprelalion
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household, Age, Age at marriage, Marital status, Literacv, and Economic
activities in unorganized and unpaid work.
abnormal gender parameters, such as, sex ratio (below 900), low female literacv
(30° or less ) and female work participation (less than 20°) at Census 2001, bv
developing special gender modules and training strategies for sensitization of
these districts special Gender Master Trainer Facilitators were appointed, who
supported Master Trainers and imparted gender training to Enumerators with
levels. Gender module aimed to reduce stereotvpes and apathv towards gender
at equipping the Enumerators with probing techniques on gender sensitive
questions.
Data Sheets highlighting gaps in gender statistics on kev population
characteristics have also been prepared for all the Districts and distributed up
to Enumerator's level.
A gender sensitive and innovative 'e-learning' module was also prepared to
such as inclusion, head of the household, age, mother tongue, work, migration
and fertilitv.
Village women welcoming lhe Census Lnumeralors
To create awareness among the general masses about gender issues and to
facilitate correct reporting of information, a well conceived publicitv plan was
Logo as explained earlier also emphasizes the pivotal role of women. Special
publicitv kits, Census in Schools kit, and other material also focused on this vital
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 15
media such as Facebook and Twitter were also part of this strategv of inclusion.
Enumerators as well as respondents.
CENSUS HELPLINE
charge level and were manned bv Master Trainers. In addition, the mobile
phone numbers of certain experts from the Directorates were given to the
Free Number was activated and a Call Centre established at which calls
Centre personnel were trained, most calls were routed to experts at each
Directorate to answer on a real time basis. Besides, a section 'Frequentlv Asked
and Enumerators alike. In a few Directorates, elaborate training videos were
produced and given to each Enumerator.

INITIATIVES
Some innovative initiatives made in Census 2011 are listed below:
1.
was able to personallv talk to more than 600 of the 640 Principal Census
about this marvellous technologv and its potential. Everv Directorate used
enhance their involvement.
2.
Conference was held on 4th March 2010 at Vigvan Bhavan in New Delhi
3. National Conference of Chief Secretaries and Director Generals of Police:
A National Conference of Chief Secretaries and Director Generals of Police
Home Secretarv chaired this Conference, which proved extremelv useful in
enlisting the full cooperation of the State/UT Governments.
4.
Home Minister spoke regarding the Census operations at the Conference
5.
India visited all States during the Census and held State level meetings with
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rich dividends.
Home Secretarv held exclusive Press Conferences during both phases
Conferences bv the Census Commissioner, India and the Directors of
Census. A speciallv developed Media Kit also served to enhance public
awareness.
7. Conference of the Directors of Census Operations: In all, eight
Conferences of Directorates of Census Operations were held in connection
with the Census 2011.
8. Conference of Militarv and Para Militarv Organisations: A Conference of
at New Delhi with the active involvement of the Ministrv of Defence and
Force, Coast Guard and all the Para Militarv Organisations participated.
long wav in enlisting the participation of these organisations in the Census.
9. Use of Mobile Phones: A database of mobile phone numbers was created at
of communication used in Census 2011. Instructions, complaints and
10. Short Mail Service (SMS): Applications like ¨wav to SMS", bulk mail
11. Call Centre: A toll free number was operated through both phases of
Enumerators could ask queries which were routed to Census experts who
12.
source was also accessed bv the Enumerators as well as the public at
large. Similar websites at the Directorate level were used for passing on
instructions as well as for monitoring progress.
13. Audio Visual Media: Innovative training CDs were prepared bv several
these over Educational TV Channels and used it as a training medium.
14. Television Serials: An innovative method was the use of a popular
Television Serial, like ¨Tarak Mehta Ka Ultah Chashma" to communicate
15. Folk Arts: A few Directorates used the medium of local folk arts to
remote tribal pockets and made Census taking easier.
Eastern States where Civil Societv Organisations joined hands with the
Directorates to not onlv spread awareness but actuallv take part in the
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 17
has greatlv enhanced the participation of the general people in the Census.
17. Partnership with Non Governmental Organisations: Disabilitv, Gender and
were made in all Directorates to identifv and work with credible Non
building to extensive involvement in training and even actual participation
18.
content, coverage and qualitv.
19. Republic Dav Tableaus: Several States took out Tableaus on Census
awareness.
20. Car Rallies: Car Rallies were organised in several States. In Madhva
Pradesh, the specialitv was that the navigators of the Cars were persons
with seeing disabilitv.
21. Tricvcle Rallv: A tricvcle rallv was also organised in Delhi for the disabled.
CONDUCT OF CENSUS 2011
Houselisting and Housing Census
of the Houselisting and Housing Census is to svstematicallv list out all the
structures, houses and households throughout the countrv for preparation of a
sound frame for conduct of the Population Enumeration. All the buildings and
addition to collecting data on characteristics of the house, information
on availabilitv of certain amenities and assets to the households were also
being processed and the detailed Report containing all Tabulations would be
released soon.
A young Creal Andamanese
ol Slrail lslands ol Andaman &
Nicobar lslands
On lhe way lo Census Lnumeralion in
Andaman & Nicobar lslands
18
Calendar of Houselisting and Housing Census

With the exception of Chhattisgarh and West Bengal, where extension of time
had to be given on account of certain local problems, the dates were adhered to
in all States/UT's. Similarlv, all States/UTs reported complete coverage except
for a few villages in the abovementioned States.
CHANGES IN THE HOUSELISTING AND HOUSING CENSUS SCHEDULE
comparisons and give a time series of data. However, everv Census also
changes made in Census 2011 are as follows:

(i) Tvpe of wall:

Ceusus 2001 Code Ceusus 2011 Code
C|ass/¦|a¦c|/oar·
ooo
1 C|ass/¦|a¦c|/oar·
ooo
1
l|as¦|c/oo|,¦|eue 2 l|as¦|c/oo|,¦|eue 2
Vud/ uuou|u¦ o||c| 3 Vud/uuou|u¦ o||c| 3
wood 4 wood 4
Cl/re¦a|/asoes¦os
s|ee¦s
5 '¦oue oac|ed w|¦|
ro|¦a|
5
8u|u¦ 8||c| o '¦oue uo¦ oac|ed
w|¦| ro|¦a|
o
'¦oue 7 Cl/re¦a|/asoes¦os
s|ee¦s
7
Couc|e¦e 8 8u|u¦ 8||c| 8
/u, C¦|e| 9 Couc|e¦e 9
/u, C¦|e| 0
Caleudar oí houselisliug aud housiug Ceusus iu 2010
1s¦ /o||| New 0e|||, wes¦ 8euua|, /ssar, /udarau 8 N|co·
oa| ls|auds, Coa, Veu|a|a,a
7¦| /o||| Ke|a|a, La|s|adweeo, C||ssa, F|rac|a| l|ades|,
'||||r
15¦| /o||| Ka|ua¦a|a, /|uuac|a| l|ades|, C|aud|ua||
21s¦ /o||| Cuja|a¦, 0ad|a 8 Naua| Fa.e||, 0arau 8 0|u
2o¦| /o||| !||ou|a, /ud||a l|ades|
1s¦ Va, Fa|,aua, C||a¦¦|sua||, 0e|||, luujao, u¦¦a|a||aud,
Va|a|as|¦|a, 8||a|
7¦| Va, Vad|,a l|ades|
15¦| Va, Iarru 8 Kas|r||, Vau|ou|, V|.o|ar, Rajas¦|au,
u¦¦a| l|ades|
1s¦ Iuue !ar|| Nadu, luduc|e||,, F|rac|a| l|ades|,
Naua|aud
15¦| Iuue I|a|||aud
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 19
(ii) Tvpe of roof:
Census 2011 compared to the Census 2001 are given below:
Ceusus 2001 Code Ceusus 2011 Code
C|ass/¦|a¦c|/oar·
ooo/wood/rud e¦c.
1 C|ass/¦|a¦c|/oar·
ooo/wood/rud e¦c.
1
l|as¦|c/oo|,¦|eue 2 l|as¦|c/oo|,¦|eue 2
!||es 3 Faud rade ¦||es 3
Vac||ue rade ¦||es 4
'|a¦e 4 8u|u¦ o||c| 5
Cl/re¦a|/asoes¦os
s|ee¦s
5 '¦oue o
8||c| o '|a¦e 7
'¦oue 7 Cl/re¦a|/asoes¦os
s|ee¦s
8
Couc|e¦e 8 Couc|e¦e 9
/u, C¦|e| 9 /u, o¦|e| 0
Ceusus 2001 Code Ceusus 2011 Code
0||u||uu wa¦e| 'ou|ce Va|u 'ou|ce o¦ 0||u||uu wa¦e|
!ao 1 !ao wa¦e| ¦|or
¦|ea¦ed sou|ce
1
Faudouro 2 !ao wa¦e| ¦|or
uu¦|ea¦ed sou|ce
2
!uoewe|| 3 Co.e|ed we|| 3
we|| 4 uu·co.e|ed we|| 4
!au|/ooud/|a|e 5 Faud ouro 5
R|.e|/caua| o !uoe we||/oo|e|o|e o
'o||uu 7 'o||uu 7
/u, C¦|e| 8 R|.e|/caua| 8
!au|/ooud/|a|e 9
C¦|e| 'ou|ces 0
(iii) Main source of drinking water:
changed from ¨Drinking water source" to ¨Main source of drinking water".
However an attempt has been made for improving the categorisation of the
sources of drinking water through provision of separate codes for 'tap water
used in Census 2011 and the corresponding Census 2001 Codes are as follows:
(iv) Source of Lighting:
'Main Source of Lighting'
20
(v) Bathing facilitv within premises: Realising that bathroom within the
house was a predominantlv urban phenomenon, the heading has been changed
as bathing facilitv within the premises. Moreover, the categories have been
along with codes as were in Census 2001 are given below:
Ceusus 2001 Code Ceusus 2011 Code
No La¦||ue 0
|a¦||ue couuec¦ed ¦o
'e|.|ce La¦||ue 1 l|oed sewe| s,s¦er 1
l|¦ La¦||ue 2 'eo¦|c s,s¦er 2
wa¦e| C|ose¦ 3 C¦|e| s,s¦er 3
l|¦ La¦||ue
w|¦| s|ao/veu¦||a¦ed
lro|o.ed l|¦
4
w|¦|ou¦ s|ao/ooeu
o|¦
5
N|u|¦ so|| d|soosed
|u¦o ooeu d|a|u
o
'e|.|ce La¦||ue
N|u|¦ so|| |ero.ed
o, |urau
7
N|u|¦ so|| se|.|ced o,
au|ra|s
8
No |a¦||ue w|¦||u
o|er|ses
luo||c La¦||ue 9
Coeu 0
Ceusus 2001 Code Ceusus 2011 Code
8a¦||oor w|¦||u ¦|e |ouse 8a¦||uu ¦ac|||¦, a.a||ao|e w|¦||u
o|er|ses
Yes 1 8a¦||oor 1
No 2 Euc|osu|e w|¦|ou¦
|oo¦
2
No 3
(vi) Latrine: In Census 2001, information was sought on the availabilitv of
'Within the premises". Attempt has also been made to include other tvpes
Census 2001 Codes are as follows:
(vi) Computer:
the countrv is still a matter of conjecture as there are no authentic sources for
as follows:
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 21
Ceusus 2011 Code
Corou¦e|/Lao¦oo oossessed
Yes
w|¦| lu¦e|ue¦ 1
w|¦|ou¦ lu¦e|ue¦ 2
No 3
Ceusus 2001 Code Ceusus 2011 Code
!e|eo|oue !e|eo|oue/Voo||e o|oue
Yes 1 Yes
Laud||ue ou|, 1
Voo||e ou|, 2
No 2 8o¦| 3
No 4
(vii) Telephone:
to separatelv include Mobile Phone also. With the rapid expansion of Mobile
Phone coverage, traditional landline telephones have become less attractive.
2011 are as follows:
POPULATION ENUMERATION
2011 (both davs inclusive). A revisional round was conducted from 1st to 5th
of the population is taken, is 00.00 hours of 1st March 2011. In parts of the
States of Iammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, which are
snow-bound in Februarv, the Population Enumeration was carried out non-
been the usual practice, was enumerated on the night of 28th Februarv 2011.
Lnumeralion in a loresl village in Orissa
22
previous Census are as follows:
a) Pre-printing of Location particulars up to District: A highlight of
Census 2011 was the pre-printing of location codes up to District level and
the Enumerators to an extent and improved compliance in the writing of
location Codes on everv Schedule.
b) Printing of Bar Codes/ Form Number:
facilitated proper inventorv management and tracking of Schedules.
c) Colour Drop-Out:
facilitate considerable improvement in Intelligent Character Recognition
(ICR).
d) Edge Cut: Cutting one edge in the Schedule is designed to facilitate proper
alignment of Schedules during scanning.
e) Linking of Houselisting with Population Enumeration: A procedure to
link the Housing Census data of matched households to the Population
f) Tracking svstem in case of more than one form is used: A provision to
record the number of the continuation forms used in the case of normal/
Institutional households where more than one Schedule has been used has
been made.
g) Description of Institutional Households: A provision has been made for
recording the description of Institutional households.
h) Gender: In a radical departure from the past, a provision has been made
an option to be exercised bv the respondent and not determined bv the
Enumerator.
i) Date of birth: A provision has been made to record age in completed vears
among a section of the population.
|ealures oí lhe Ceusus 2011 0uesliouuaires
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 23
j) Current marital status: Separate Codes have been assigned for 'Divorced'
and 'Separated'.
k) Disabilitv:
2011. In comparison to the 5 Codes in Census 2001, 8 Codes have been
societv organisations and the Ministrv of Social Iustice and Empowerment.
Respondents with multiple disabilitv would now be able to report up to 3
l) Status of current attendance in educational institution: Separate codes
have been given for persons who have never attended anv educational
institution and persons who have attended earlier. An additional code for
recording persons attending special institution for the disabled has also
been added.
m) Worked anv time during last vear:
Main Worker
If worked for 6 months or more
Marginal Worker
If worked for 3 months or more but less than 6 months
If worked for less than 3 months
Non Worker
If not worked at all
work.
n) Non-economic activitv: A categorv of 'Others' has been included to
account for commercial sex workers and persons involved in illegal
activities. A new code for 'rentier' has also been introduced.
o) Migration: While processing of the Census 2001 data, it was found
that the non-response with respect to providing the district names
was relativelv more both in the question on place of birth and place of
last residence. It was felt that as the names of the districts might have
undergone a change, the respondent was unable to provide the correct
town has been added in both these questions.
p) Number of children born alive during last one vear: Mention of the
Schedule has been done.
QUESTION DROPPED
a) Household engaged in cultivation/plantation:
was canvassed in Census 2001: 'Total net area of land under cultivation/
plantation'; 'Net area of irrigated land' and 'Tenure status of land under
24
Sr. Nc Census 2001 Census 2011 kemarks
1ì Nare o¦ oe|sou Nare o¦ ¦|e oe|sou No C|auue
2ì Re|a¦|ous||o ¦o |ead Re|a¦|ous||o ¦o |ead No C|auue
3ì 'e· 'e· l|o.|s|ou ¦o| |e¦u|u|uu a ueude| o¦|e|
¦|au ra|e o| ¦era|e
4ì /ue |u coro|e¦ed ,ea|s 0a¦e o¦ 8||¦| 0a¦e o¦ 8||¦| |u add|¦|ou ¦o aue
Sì Cu||eu¦ ra||¦a| s¦a¦us Cu||eu¦ ra||¦a| s¦a¦us 'eoa|a¦e codes ¦o| '0|.o|ced' aud
''eoa|a¦ed'
6ì /ue a¦ ra|||aue /ue a¦ ra|||aue No C|auue
7ì Re||u|ou Re||u|ou No C|auue
8ì Vo¦|e| ¦ouuue Vo¦|e| ¦ouuue No C|auue
9ì C¦|e| |auuuaues |uowu C¦|e| |auuuaues |uowu No C|auue
10ì L|¦e|ac, s¦a¦us L|¦e|ac, s¦a¦us No C|auue
11ì F|u|es¦ educa¦|oua| |e.e| a¦¦a|ued F|u|es¦ educa¦|oua| |e.e| a¦¦a|ued No C|auue
12ì '¦a¦us o¦ a¦¦eudauce |u educa¦|oua|
|us¦|¦u¦|ou
'¦a¦us o¦ a¦¦eudauce |u educa¦|oua|
|us¦|¦u¦|ou
'eoa|a¦e Codes ¦o| oe|sous w|o |a.e
ue.e| a¦¦euded aud w|o |a.e a¦¦euded
oe¦o|e
13ì 0|sao|||¦, 0|sao|||¦,
|us¦ead o¦ oue.
14ì 0|d ¦|e oe|sou wo|| au, ¦|re |as¦ ,ea| wo||ed au, ¦|re du||uu |as¦ ,ea| /dd|¦|oua| codes ¦o| ¦wo ¦,oes o¦ ra|·
u|ua| wo||e|s |3·o rou¦|s, |ess ¦|au 3
rou¦|s)
fo| ra|u o| ra|u|ua| wo||e|
1Sì Ca¦euo|, o¦ ecouor|c ac¦|.|¦, wo|| ca¦euo|, No C|auue
16ì Cccuoa¦|ou o¦ ¦|e oe|sou Cccuoa¦|ou No C|auue
17ì 0esc||oe |u de¦a|| ¦|e ua¦u|e o¦ |udus·
¦|,, ¦|ade o| se|.|ce
Na¦u|e o¦ |udus¦|,, ¦|ade o| se|.|ce No C|auue
18ì C|ass o¦ wo||e| C|ass o¦ wo||e| No C|auue
fo| ra|u|ua| wo||e|s o| uou·wo||e|s
19ì Reco|d Code o¦ uou·ecouor|c ac¦|.|¦, Nou·ecouor|c ac¦|.|¦, /dd|uu a seoa|a¦e code ¦o| |eu¦|e|s
20ì ls ¦|e oe|sou see||uu/a.a||ao|e ¦o|
wo||
'ee||uu/a.a||ao|e ¦o| wo|| No C|auue
fo| o¦|e| wo||e|s
!|a.e| ¦o o|ace o¦ wo||
21ì 0|s¦auce ¦|or |es|deuce ¦o o|ace o¦
wo|| |u |||ore¦|es
Cue wa, d|s¦auce ¦|or usua| |es|deuce
¦o o|ace o¦ wo|| |u |||ore¦|es
No C|auue
22ì Vode o¦ ¦|a.e| ¦o o|ace o¦ wo|| |Code) Vode o¦ ¦|a.e| ¦o o|ace o¦ wo|| |Code) No C|auue
23ì 8||¦| o|ace 8||¦| o|ace Nare o¦ .|||aue/¦owu |s a|so added
24ì l|ace o¦ |as¦ |es|deuce l|ace o¦ |as¦ |es|deuce Nare o¦ .|||aue/¦owu |s a|so added
2Sì /¦ ¦|e ¦|re o¦ r|u|a¦|ou, was ¦|e o|ace
o¦ |as¦ |es|deuce Ru|a|/u|oau
/¦ ¦|e ¦|re o¦ r|u|a¦|ou, was ¦|e o|ace
o¦ |as¦ |es|deuce Ru|a|/u|oau
No C|auue
26ì Reasou ¦o| r|u|a¦|ou o¦ ¦||s oe|sou Reasou ¦o| r|u|a¦|ou o¦ ¦||s oe|sou No C|auue
27ì 0u|a¦|ou o¦ s¦a, |u ¦||s .|||aue o| ¦owu
s|uce r|u|a¦|ou
0u|a¦|ou o¦ s¦a, |u ¦||s .|||aue o| ¦owu
s|uce r|u|a¦|ou
No C|auue
other technical problems like, variation in the units of measurement,
comparabilitv with other sources of data, namelv, the Agricultural Census,
land holding survev of the NSS, etc. Hence it was decided to drop this
question in Census 2011.
b) A comparison of the questions proposed in Census 2011 with the
questions canvassed in Census 2001 is presented below.
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 25
It is indeed a matter of great satisfaction that the Population Enumeration has
POST ENUMERATION SURVEY
the results of the Population Censuses through Post Enumeration Survevs
(PES). No precise estimate of the extent of error in the Census count was
the omission and duplication in the Census enumeration, that is coverage
error as well as to measure the response error in respect of certain selected
of help in identifving areas that would need attention such as concepts and
attempts, however, are made to adjust the Census results based on the PES
results.
During Census of India 2011, PES of both Houselisting Operations and
phase, that is, Houselisting Operations has been completed in all the States and
used for selection of samples for conducting the PES of this phase was the
sampling units of the Sample Registration Svstem (SRS). A total of 1,929 SRS
Units were selected for PES spread over all the States and Union Territories.
Total number of Houselisting Blocks in each SRS Unit depended upon the
population of SRS Unit. Since the PES estimation methodologv is based on
the assumption of independence between the PES and the census operations,
were speciallv trained for conducting the PES.
It is proposed to start the PES of the second phase of Census of India 2011,
that is, Population Enumeration in April, 2011 in all the States and Union
Territories. A total of 4,000 Enumeration Blocks of Population Enumeration
has been selected for the purpose of estimating coverage error. For measuring
Sr. Nc Census 2001 Census 2011 kemarks
fo| e.e| ra|||ed worau
28) Nuroe| o¦ c|||d|eu su|.|.|uu a¦
o|eseu¦
Nuroe| o¦ c|||d|eu su|.|.|uu a¦
o|eseu¦
No C|auue
29) !o¦a| uo. o¦ c|||d|eu e.e| oo|u a||.e !o¦a| uo. o¦ c|||d|eu e.e| oo|u a||.e No C|auue
fo| cu||eu¦|, ra|||ed worau
30) Nuroe| o¦ c|||d|eu oo|u a||.e du||uu
|as¦ oue ,ea|
Nuroe| o¦ c|||d|eu oo|u a||.e du||uu
|as¦ oue ,ea| |1

Va|c| 2010 ¦o 28
¦|

feo|ua|, 2011)
fo| |ouse|o|d euuaued |u cu|¦|.a¦|ou/
o|au¦a¦|ou
31) !o¦a| ue¦ a|ea o¦ |aud uude| cu|¦|.a·
¦|ou/o|au¦a¦|ou
0|oooed
32) Ne¦ a|ea o¦ ||||ua¦ed |aud 0|oooed
33) !euu|e s¦a¦us o¦ |aud uude| cu|¦|.a¦|ou/
o|au¦a¦|ou
0|oooed
26
content error, 20 percent sub-sample of the selected enumeration blocks has
been selected. Most of the State Governments/UT Administrations have agreed
be conducted during April to Iune, 2011.
Net omission rates of persons at the All-India level based on the PES of
population enumeration for 1981 to 2001 Censuses bv sex and residence are
presented below:
1981·2001.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
accomplished without their active cooperation. Team Census 2011 expresses
its humble and heartfelt gratitude to the billion plus people of this great
countrv who have overwhelminglv responded to the call and participated
wholeheartedlv to make this gigantic task a success.
like India - a task looked at with awe bv the world but accomplished bv
nation is proud of them and we salute each one of them for their hard work,
perseverance and patience.
Trainer Facilitators and the National Trainers, numbering around 55, 000 in all
who have trained the Enumerators and Supervisors.
in the chain. It is on the strength of their shoulders that anv National campaign
rests and to their full credit thev deliver each and everv time! Our sincere
gratitude to each one of them.
Commissioners, Commissioners of Municipal Corporations) and others senior
Heartfelt thanks to them for a job well done.
in India with the Federal and Provincial Governments working in close
cooperation to make Census 2011 a success. Our debt of gratitude to the
Jolal Rural urbau
1981 1991 2001 1981 1991 2001 1981 1991 2001
Persous 18.0 17.6 23.3 1S.0 16.8 16.8 27.6 19.8 39.8
Males 17.1 17.3 23.S 13.8 16.0 16.2 27.7 21.1 41.S
|euales 18.8 17.9 23.1 16.3 17.7 17.S 27.S 18.3 37.9
Introductory Note
PROVISIONAL POPULA1ION 1O1ALS - INDIA 27
Governments who have taken personal interest and have provided all the
required assistance needed. Our deep sense of gratitude to the Governors, Lt.
Governors and Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories who
graciouslv extended a helping hand whenever approached.
We are grateful to the members of the Technical Advisorv Committee for
providing invaluable suggestions and enriching us with their experience.
data users for their constructive suggestions. I am especiallv grateful to
Shri A. R. Nanda and Shri I. K. Banthia, both former Registrar Generals &
Census Commissioners, India for their unstinting support and advice.
and Stationarv and all the Central and State Government Presses, have stood
shoulder to shoulder with us to complete the huge job of printing within a
great lengths to ensure the timelv supplv of paper and to ensure its qualitv.
supportive of us and have extended great support to Census 2011. We would
like to place on record our sincere appreciation to all of them.
Our thanks are due to the Planning Commission, the Ministrv of Social
Iustice and Empowerment, the Ministrv of Defence, the Ministrv of Finance,
the Ministrv of Personnel, the Ministrv of Rural Development, the Ministrv
of Urban Development and all the other Ministries and Departments of the
Central Government for their support and advice.
UN Women and also UNSD have been a source of constant support for Census
the model of multiple UN agencies working in tandem, is worth emulating
in other projects. We gratefullv acknowledge the contribution of all these
agencies.
homeless, street children and several such have wholeheartedlv supported us
in training, publicitv and at times during the actual conduct of Census. We
would be remiss in our dutv if we did not acknowledge their support.
(DAVP), Doordarshan and All India Radio have provided support in the media
campaign during the Census period. Several other departments and agencies
kept us on our toes bv giving us a realitv check constantlv. We would like to
express our gratitude to the media for their support.
basic contours of Census 2011 were conceptualised. I am personallv beholden
to him for his continuing support and guidance.
28
been supportive of us throughout. We express our gratitude to the entire
endeavours. His continuing leadership and personal involvement in all matters
support. We thank them sincerelv.
We acknowledge with thanks, the encouragement received from the Hon'ble
President of India, the Hon'ble Vice President of India, the Hon'ble Prime
Minister of India and other members of the Union Cabinet.
To mv team at the headquarters and the States/UTs, the Additional Registrar
General, the Deputv Director Generals, the Ioint Registrar General, the
Deputv Registrar Generals, the Directors of Census Operations, the Director
(Administration), the Ioint Directors and all the members of the team Census
2011, mv personal debt of gratitude (Annexure-III). To sav that the last two
vears have been a huge challenge for each one of us in the Census familv, would
at the headquarters and the Directorates has toiled ceaselesslv for the success
of Census 2011. Our familv members have been a tower of strength silentlv
supporting and encouraging us to dedicate ourselves to this National cause.
Kudos to the entire Team of Census 2011!
Census 2011 is epoch making from vet another perspective. While it has
thrown up benchmark data on the abundant human resource of India, it
Censuses would be conducted in the countrv.
in the States/UTs have added to the workload besides raising anxietv levels.
completed without anv exception across the countrv. It is indeed with a great
Bouquets for successfullv completing this mammoth exercise go to 'Team
Census 2011'. Brickbats, if anv, are exclusivelv mine."
Dr. C. Chandramouli,
Registrar General &
Census Commissioner, India
Chaitra, Krishna Paksha, Ekadashi,Vikram Samvat 2067
30
th
March 2011

Introductory Note
Census 20 11 marks a milestone in the history of Census taking in the country. It has come at a time when India is perhaps at an inflexion point in history, when it sheds the legacy of the past and emerges among the comity of Nations as a strong, selfreliant and modern Nation. The basic benchmark statistics on the state of human resources, demography, culture and economic structure at this crucial juncture of the country's history would be vital to guide and shape the future course of the Nation. In a country like India, with multiethnic, multilingual, multicultural and multilevel society, the Census is much more than a mere head count of the population. It gives a snapshot of not only the demographic but also the economic, social and cultural profile of the country at a particular point of time. More often than not, it is the only available source of primary data at the level ofthe village and town (ward). It provides valuable information for planning and formulation of policies by the Government and is also used widely by National and International agencies, scholars, business persons, industrialists, and many more. In addition, the Census provides a basic frame for conduct of other surveys in the country. Any informed decision making that is based on empirical data is dependent on the Census. Democratic processes like the delimitation of electoral constituencies and affirmative action like reservation are also based on the basic data sets of the Census. It has indeed come a long way from what was described as "the idle curiosity of an eccentric sirkar" (Molony, 1911)1. No wonder therefore, that Census 2011 has adopted an apt tagline - "Our Census, Our Future"!

1

E!l
1.

Note
J. Chartres Molony, Superintendent of Census, Madras, 1911: "The Village Officer, source of all Indian information, is the recorder of his village, and it well may be that amid the toils of keeping accounts and collecting mamuls, he pays scant heed to what he and his friends consider the idle curiosity of an eccentric sirkar".

Enumeration

of Hon'ble

President of India

2

E!l 2. we are dependent for our knowledge of the growth of population of Madras upon estimates which at their best represent only informed guesswork and at their worst wildest conjecture" . Data from population censuses should allow presentation and analysis in terms of statistics on persons and households and for a wide variety of geographical units.W.". .Ranson: " .R. economic and social development.4. Another description ofthe counts prior to 1871 describes them as "at their best represent only informed guesswork and at their worst wildest conjecture" (Ranson)". This however was not followed up until 1872. In order to plan for.Introductory Note What is a Population Census? 1. epidemiology or the natural increase of population" Dr. A count was also taken up in 1853 in the North Western Frontier. United Nations: New York: 2008.. Madras. ranging from the country as a whole to individual small localities or city blocks.. 7th since Independence Enumeration of Hon'ble Prime Minister of India PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . A systematic and modern population Census.Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses (Revision 2).Cornish. distribution and composition of population. evaluating.for the period prior to 1871. This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labelled as the first population Census of India (the first synchronous Census in India was however conducted in 1881).. Rev C. it is necessary to have reliable and detailed data on the size. in its present scientific form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country. Superintendent of Census Operations. which was followed by a series of Census like enumerations. and implement. administrative activity or scientific research. However these "were not censuses but simple head counts" (Guilmoto)? and were so evidently untrustworthy that it had long been found utterly impossible to arrive at any satisfactory conclusion" (Cornish)". The population census is a primary source of these basic benchmark statistics. at a specified time. HISTORY 3.. the King of England desired that a count of the inhabitants of Fort St George be taken. A population census is the total process of collecting. Population is basic to the production and distribution of material wealth. Notes Christophe Guilmoto: "1871 is probably the turning point of the statistical history of India owing to the inception of a century long tradition of decennial censuses which in turn triggered a new development in the monitoring of socio demographic phenomena like famines.INDIA 3 . to all persons in a country or in a well delimited part of a country. The earliest references of Census taking in India can be traced back to the Mauryan period in Kautilaya's 'Arthashastra' (321-296 BC) and later during the Mughal period in the writings of Abul Fazl (1595-96) in the 'Ain-e-Akbari' Records have it that in 1687. compiling. 1871: "The estimates of population of Madras previous to 1867 had been so various and the direct censuses of 1822 and 1863 were so untrustworthy that it had been found utterly impossible to arrive at any satisfactory conclusion as to the actual number of people . analysing and publishing or otherwise disseminating demographic. economic and social data pertaining.5. during the Governorship of Elihu Yale in Madras Presidency. covering not only the settled population but also homeless persons and nomadic groups. 4. W. Rig Veda: Arthashastra: Ain-e-Akbari: 1st systematic census conducted all over India (non synchronous): First Synchronous Census conducted all over India: First Census of Independent India: 2011 Census: 800-600 BC 321-296 BC 1595-96 1865-1872 1881 1951 the 15th since 1872. 1.

following an extended defacto canvasser method. signing the Household Schedule after Enumeration 4 . A Revision Round was then conducted from 1st to 5th of March 2011 and the count updated to the Reference Moment of 00:00 hours on the 1st of March 2011..An unbroken chain of Censuses since then. In the Revision Round. over a period of three weeks. METHODOLOGY The Census of India is conducted once in a decade. An exception to this was made with respect to a few specific areas in the country which are snow-bound in February. Census 2011 is the fifteenth Census in this continuous series from 1872 and the seventh since Independence. This method was given up in the 1941 Census and the present method adopted. The count is then updated to the reference date and time. deaths and migration between the time of the enumerators visit and the reference date/ time is noted down and the record updated. In these locations.. In Censuses until 1931. This method. gives the Indian Census a unique historical legacy unparalleled in the world. II Reference Date II Method 21st February 17th February 26th February 1st March lOst March 18th March 26th February 1st March 1st March 1st March 1st April 1st March 1st March 1st March 1st March de facto (Non-Synchronous) de facto (Synchronous) de facto (Synchronous) de facto (Synchronous) de facto (Synchronous) de facto (Synchronous) de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) Extended de facto (Synchronous) 2011 Hon'ble Home Minister of India. The areas included certain charges in the States of Himachal Pradesh. Reference Date and the Method of Census taking from 1872 to 2011 Census Census 1872 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 110. any changes in the entries that arise on account of births. the canvassing of the questionnaire was done from 11th September 2010 to 30th September 2010. required the deployment of an extremely large force of Census takers. the canvassing of the questionnaire was done from 9th of February 2011 to 28th of February 2011. data is collected from every individual by visiting the household and canvassing the same questionnaire all over the country. a synchronous defacto method was adopted wherein the Census was conducted throughout the country on a Single night. In Census 2011. besides being costly. Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir. A Revision Round was then conducted from 1st to 5th of October 2010. by conducting a Revision Round. Under this approach.

in the scheme of its execution the State Governments provide the administrative support for the actual conduct of the Census. The Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner. the population Census is a Union Subject (Article 246) and is listed at serial number 69 of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution. Although the Census Act is an instrument of Central Legislation. Its main responsibility is to conceive. who are responsible for the conduct of Census in their respective jurisdictions. Districts. plan and implement Census taking in the country.Introductory Note ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE In India. India. 1948 forms the legal basis for the conduct of Censuses in Independent India. The field officers are headed by the Directors of Census Operations. The organization is headed by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner.INDIA 5 . The list of the Directors of Census Operations of all the States/Union Territories along with their date of joining is given at Annexure -I Hierarchy of Census functionaries in India Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Tehsils/Taluks/Community Development (CD) Blocks and Villages/Towns at a particular point of time. India is an attached office under the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. which are attached to the office at Gujarat). PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . Districts. Tehsils / Taluks / CD Blocks and Towns etc. This exercise also involved obtaining the latest maps of States/U nion Territories. The Census Act. There are field offices in all the States and Union Territories (except the Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and the Union Territory of Daman and Diu. India Directors of Census Operations. State!UT - Prinicipal Census Officers - District Magistrates!Coliectors! Commissioners of Municipal Corporations Tehsildars!Mamlatdars Charge Officers Enumerators!Supervisors - State Co-ordinators I I PLANNING FOR CENSUS 2011 Freezing of Administrative Boundaries The first step towards Census taking relates to preparation of a complete and unduplicated list of all geographical entities in the country. which includes States. All administrative units in the States/UTs across the country were frozen as on 31st December 2009. The number of Administrative Units in the country as on the cut-off date is given in the box.

The first six digits represent the code of the Village as existing at the present Census. 999 Out Growths and 476 Urban Agglomerations that have been demarcated in Census 2011. whereby each administrative unit was coded within the next higher Administrative Unit serially and systematically following a geographical order. There are 3. The frequent changes in District and Sub-district Administrative Units during the inter-census period posed several problems to study the changes in growth and distribution of population and their characteristics from one Census to another. Statutory Towns have been given Codes within the range of7001-7999 and Census Towns are covered in the range of8001-8999. Until the 1991 Census. and 4 digits in the case of Villages and Towns (within a Sub-district). Statutory Towns.2 digits (within the State).936 Permanent Location Code One of the important inputs in Census taking is assigning of the Location code Numbers at various administrative levels.Urban frame.Number of Administrative Units in Census 2011 States/UT's Districts Sub-Districts Towns 35 640 A Directory of Administrative Units with unique Identification Code for each unit was prepared. 6 . Each village had been assigned an eight digit code. some improvements have been made. While the basic schema of Census 2001 has been retained. 3 digits in the case of Sub-districts (within the District). The finalisation of the Rural. Secondly. A unique feature of the coding system in Census 2011 is that it identifies Villages. Since the permanent Location Codes have been assigned to each village. theoretically tracing the precise location of village on account of future jurisdictional changes in the boundaries of various administrative areas within the State should not pose a problem.893 Census Towns. Census Towns and Forest Villages as separate series. 5. This ensured that every Administrative Unit is covered without omission or duplication. 2001. normal Villages have been given a range between 0001 and 5999. In the detailed presentations of data. For the Census ofIndia. the State and District Codes were pre-printed on the Schedules. This makes it easy to distinguish each type of Administrative Unit dearly. Thirdly.924 7. a hierarchical coding system was followed. The demarcation of Out Growths of Towns and Urban Agglomerations was also taken up as a part of this exercise. Fourthly. while Forest Villages have been given a range between 6000-6999. Each such Administrative Unit starting from State right down to the village/ward can be referred to by a combination of such unique numbers. the full Codes will be given. This is however only for the purpose of field work. Firstly. short codes were introduced for field work in order to reduce the scriptory work of enumerators . an exercise to prepare a complete up to date list of Statutory and Census Towns for identification as Urban areas and the Villages as Rural areas was also done as a part of the pre Census activities. The Location Code Number is a simple device by which every compact geographical area in any Administrative Unit can be uniquely identified. a system of Permanent Location Code Numbers (PLCN) had been adopted by assigning to each village within the State/UT a continuous series of numbers. The last two digits are kept '00' for accommodating future changes in case of split of an existing village or creation of new villages etc.

All these changes have also been incorporated in the maps. Data UsersConference 2001 in progress PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . 47 new Districts. National and International voluntary organisations.INDIA 7 . In this Conference. It has come a long way from the traditional manual cartographic methods used until 1981 and now utilizes the latest GIS software to produce digital maps. the first Data Users' Conference was held in April 2008. 244 new Statutory Towns and several new Villages have come up since 2001. 461 new Sub Districts. The Cartographic Division of the Census Organisation has evolved over the years and is now the largest producer of Thematic Maps in the country. Statistical Institutions.Introductory Note CARTOGRAPHY The availability of accurate maps as per the latest administrative boundaries is a pre. consultations were held with all stakeholders comprising representatives of various Ministries of Government of India. CONSULTATION WITH STAKEHOLDERS As part of the Census preparations. Population Research Centres. This was aimed at reducing the chance of any omission or duplication of areas.requisite for Census. a draft Questionnaire was developed and placed for discussion before the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC). Universities. Maps of all these Administrative Units have been obtained and have been updated. The latest addition in Census 2011 is the preparation of satellite imagery based digital maps at the street and building level in 33 Capital Cities of the country. eminent demographers and social scientists. Satellite imagery of a Capital city and the digital map prepared from it An added feature in Census 2011 was that print-outs of maps showing the boundary of every Village/Town were provided to the Charge Officers to mark the position of Enumeration Blocks on these. State Governments. These digital maps were used effectively to carve out the Enumeration Blocks in both phases of the Census. Based on the deliberations of the Conference. Extensive changes have also occurred in the existing boundaries of the Towns.

00 hours of the first day of October 2010. The Notification to this effect was published in the Gazette ofIndia on 8th April 2009.047 Households were enumerated. The statute requires the Notification of various processes under provisions of the above Act and Rules. The Notification regarding the non synchronous areas (snow-bound) in Jammu & Kashmir. The pre. This constituted 60. Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand the Reference Date was notified as 00. Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand was published in the Gazette ofIndia on 20th February 2009. 9th October 2009 and 23rd June 2010. Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand). The various Notifications are listed below: • The Notification regarding the intention of the Government ofIndia to conduct a Census ofthe population ofIndia in 2011 was published in the Gazette of India on 20th February 2009. 32 Charges (one in each State/UT except Daman & Diu. In the same Notification. 1. the Reference Date was also notified as 00. It was conducted in 53 rural and 32 urban Charges.279 Households. a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) was constituted by the Government of India on 30th September 2008. Dadra Haveli and Lakshadweep). The rural charges were chosen at the rate of two in bigger and one in smaller States/UTs except A&N Islands. The List of Members of the Advisory Committee is at Annexure II. PRE TEST OF QUESTIONS The Census Questionnaire was piloted and pre-Tested in the field in all States and Union Territories from 28th June 2009 to 17th August 2009.471 Census Houses and 59. The TAC held three Meetings on 25th November 2008. The Notification regarding the conduct of Houselisting and Housing Census from 1st April 2010 to 30th September 2010 in different States and Union Territories was published in the Gazette of India on 25th February 2010. various processes have been duly notified in the Gazette of India after following the processes laid down.TECHNICAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE In order to finalise the Questionnaire and advise the Census Organisation. consisted areas.00 hours of the first day of March 2011 (except for the snow-bound areas of Jammu & Kashmir.955 Census Houses and 67.19. Accordingly.Test was conducted as a full scale exercise. The results and the field experiences of the pre-Test were discussed in a Conference of the Directors of Census Operations and a draft Questionnaire was finalised for the consideration of the Technical Advisory Committee. 1990. comprising 32 Wards/ part-Wards were In all 554 Houselisting Blocks were carved out in urban areas which of 58. • • • 8 . NOTIFICATIONS REGARDING CONDUCT OF CENSUS OF INDIA 2011 The Census of India is conducted under the provisions of the Census Act 1948 and the Census Rules.366 Buildings. a virtual rehearsal of the Census.327 Buildings in which 81. In the snowbound areas of Iammu & Kashmir. In urban & Nagar covered. It included 201 Villages where 550 Houselisting Blocks were formed.

OF THE QUESTIONNAIRES FINALISATION The TAC considered the draft Questionnaire and keeping in view the demands of the data users and the available resources within the organization and the States. The services of the National Institute of Design. In 2001. This required printing in high end Presses having facility of variable printing and very high production volumes. In all 35 Questions were canvassed in the Houselisting and Housing Census Schedule and 29 Questions in the Household Schedule (Population Enumeration) . The same approach has been followed in Census 2011. the Schedules had to be printed on special grade paper. Printing high-end of Houselist Press and Housing Census Schedules in progress in a PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . the specifications for which were evolved in India for the first time in consultation with experts in scanning technology and paper technologists.the Houselisting and Housing Census Schedule and the Household Schedule are placed at Annexure.000 Metric Tonnes of paper of various grades have been procured for this purpose. Pre Printing of certain Location Particulars. The final Questionnaire was then put up for the consideration of the Government ofIndia. That the entire quantity of material has been printed within the stringent timelines and with strict adherence to quality is a feat in itself. Unique Form Numbers. The Notification regarding the questions to be canvassed in the Population Enumeration was published in the Gazette ofIndia on 31st August 2010.4 million Instruction Manuals and 340 million Census Schedules.one for Houselisting and another for Population Enumeration were canvassed.5. The result is that the Indian Census Schedules are comparable with the best in class internationally. made valuable suggestions for improving its form and content.INDIA 9 . two Schedules . Ahmedabad were utilized to upgrade the quality and aesthetics " of the Schedule. To add to the complexity. Uniform quality of printing and colour drop-out facility. The final Questionnaires developed and canvassed for the Census 2011. The requirement is also huge . The Government ofIndia gave its assent to the two Questionnaires after which the Questions to be asked in the Houselisting and Housing Census and Population Enumeration which were duly published in the Gazette of India. Unique features that make it stand out are Bar Codes in each Schedule. Approximately 8.III PRINTING A feature that makes the Indian Census particularly complex is that the Schedules are canvassed in 16 languages and the Instruction Manuals are developed in 18 languages.Introductory Note • • The questions proposed to be canvassed during the Houselisting and Housing Census was also published in the same Notification.

trained 54. A three tier cascade of training was devised for this purpose. The MTs ultimately trained the 2. The National Trainers trained 725 Master Trainer Facilitators (MTFs) at the State level. especially the Enumerators and Supervisors can hardly be underscored. Instruction Manuals and other training materials. The printing was done at locations spread all over the country with varying levels of efficiency. The next task was to pack the materials as per the database. It is a matter of satisfaction that the entire task of printing and packing of materials was accomplished in time and with a fair degree of efficiency. At the top of the pyramid were a group of National Trainers. Adding to the complexity is the fact that each Charge may use material in several languages. Census Schedules in the right quantity and in the right language to the Charge Officers (approximately 17. 000 in number) and the reverse collection of filled in Schedules and other material. TRAINING The need for comprehensive training of all functionaries. address each package correctly and Printing Material from high end Presses Material from Government/Private Presses Packing As per database Packing and Address Labelling 2011 Despatch Despatched to more than 17.7 million Enumerators and Supervisors at the field level. Though there were a few operational problems.000 locations Return Collection Logistics: A successful partnership with India Post have them shipped out to each location. As regards the transportation of materials. the precision with which the entire logistics operation was accomplished within a very short period of time. a pioneering initiative of using the India Post for handling the logistics was undertaken. as can well be imagined is a logistical nightmare. This group was rigorously trained for 5 days at a residential training camp. 90 in number.Enumerators Kits. A special 'Logistics Post' arrangement was put in place by India Post for the Census 2011. Special efforts have been taken to improve the Instruction 10 .LOGISTICS The task of making available all the materials required for conducting the Census . is remarkable. The MTFs in turn.000 Master Trainers (MTs) at the District level. The first task was therefore to prepare an accurate database of Charge-wise requirement of materials. which added to the challenge.

UNICEF. State and District levels have been given intensive in-house training and provided training aids. UN WOMEN) on one hand and the Census Organisation on the other. volunteers from NGOs working in the field of disability and gender were associated with Census 2011 for sensitising the trainers at National. State and District levels. trained manpower from NGOs was also utilised. It needs mention that the entire training strategy has been a collaborative effort between the UN Agencies (UNFPA. PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS -INDIA 11 . A new feature in Census 2011 has been the utilisation of Non -Governmental Agencies in the training effort.Learning Modules.Introductory Note X >J:fll<lil>'P'l123 - - - - Training Class in progress Snapshot from the e-Learning module explaining census concepts Manuals by including more illustrations and examples. helping to propagate the message on Census 2011. Celebrated Cricketer.National. The Trainers at each level . scripts of Role Plays and Practice Sheets. Training Guides have also been prepared. such as Power Point presentations. In order to supplement the manpower deployed for training by the Directorates of Census Operations of the States/UTs. In addition. UNDP. e. Special Training modules have also been developed and rendered in Gender sensitive Districts. Special training modules have been developed for explaining the issues relating to disability and gender. Sachin Tendulkar.

A new initiative All modes of Publicity . Another purpose was to expose them to the significance of Census Data in the development of the country.PUBLICITY Census in Schools . While the general theme was that of including everybody without omission. Celebrity endorsements were also broadcast.'Census in Schools' was launched across the country. Census 2011 also saw the use of a Mascot .e.tion. infants therefore we count! Participate in the Census from 9'" to as.a lady enumerator. This was done in order to encourage and acknowledge the services of the real heroines/heroes of the Census. Outreach activities and Digital media have been used to spread awareness and enlist the cooperation of all stakeholders. In addition to the efforts taken at the National level. A photography competition was also launched in connection with the Census 2011 which saw very active participation.February. The National Trust also provided media content on the theme of disability. Amwerallque. namely the enumerators. disabled.willbekeptconfidential DUI CENSUS. elderly. The purpose of this programme was to make all children aware that the Census is taking place and that they have a role in ensuring that the data for their own family is recorded correctly.pon. The Department of Consumer Affairs also ran an effective campaign during the Census period calling upon the public to be aware and to ensure that they were not left out of the count. 2011 I Yourre. Public relations. publicity efforts were also taken at the level of the Directorates and at the District and local levels by the field officers. The enthusiastic response of the younger generation to this initiative and the very positive comments posted on the site were motivating. A scientific media plan was designed by a professional agency that also created the media content in both the phases of the Census. Our FUTURE. 12 . A unique feature of Census 2011 was the innovative use of social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter. special emphasis was laid on vulnerable groups like women. The programme covered about 60 to 80 schools in each of the 640 Districts in the country and was specifically designed for participation by the students of the entire school in general and the students of class VI.fullYilndcorrectiy • Find us on FACEBOOK Follow us on TWITTER PressAdvertisement announcing the start of the Population Enumeration on 9th February 2011 and the homeless. VII and VIII in particular.Mass media. A new initiative .

which could affect accurate netting of data in the field due to any prevailing cultural or other bias. The Logo was designed by Shri Padarabinda Rath.. a National Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming was held on 30th July 2010. information collected at the Census is gender neutral and compiled and tabulated for both men and women separately. The interpretation of the Logo is given in the Box above. I EQJ Female Child ' ~. :~ ~ Adult Male "':I . GENDER SENSITIZATION Gender dis aggregated data is the basis for gender sensitive policy formulation and programme planning. 2011 E UJ Male Child Star with 10 points. shared local concerns of States / UTs and proposed a strategy to improve gender statistics in Census 2011. Gender sensitivity was integrated into the entire process of Census taking. The first and foremost aim of Census 2011 has been to ensure complete coverage without omission or duplication. The training of Census functionaries also focused on this aspect of neutrality. The need for gender statistics in formulating policies and programmes can hardly be over-emphasized. which inter-alia would include correct netting of head of the PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . The Questionnaire and Instruction Manual for collection of information in the field have been carefully designed to avoid any bias on the basis of gender. Gender mainstreaming activities of Census 2011 encompassing gender responsive training and publicity is an outcome of detailed data analysis and subsequent deliberations and consultative processes involving different stakeholders. special efforts have been made to accurately net the socio-cultural. demographic and economic characteristics. representing decenial Census ~ People's participation for inclusive growth Census 2011 Logo and its interpretation CENSUS 2011 LOGO An innovative Logo was adopted for Census 2011. With a view to review the past experience and fine-tune the strategies for Census 2011. Conceptually. an employee of the Census organisation and was highly appreciated for its concept and design.. This was followed by a number of group workshops in which Directorate of Census Operations and UN agencies supporting this initiative participated.INDIA 13 . In addition to the basic count. The workshop looked at data sets on key gender indicators and deliberated on all sensitive issues.Introductory Note Q " : ~ Interpretation Houselisting Housing Census & Adult Female ~~ .

low female literacy (30% or less) and female work participation (less than 20%) at Census 2001. age. mother tongue. by developing special gender modules and training strategies for sensitization of Census functionaries. In this connection. Census in Schools kit. sex ratio (below 900). The training module was aimed at equipping the Enumerators with probing techniques on gender sensitive questions. Special publicity kits.household. Marital status. and Economic activities in unorganized and unpaid work. work. head of the household. migration and fertility. This module has all gender sensitive themes such as inclusion. who supported Master Trainers and imparted gender training to Enumerators with the aid of a special module and kits specially devised for training at different levels. Literacy. The new Census Logo as explained earlier also emphasizes the pivotal role of women. Gender flyers and data sheets based on Census 2001 were also prepared to highlight the concerns. such as. Gender module aimed to reduce stereotypes and apathy towards gender concerns was prepared. special efforts were directed towards districts that returned abnormal gender parameters. Age at marriage. a well conceived publicity plan was launched with a female enumerator as the mascot of the Census. Age. The number of such gender critical district was 262. A gender sensitive and innovative 'e-leaming' module was also prepared to simplify difficult questions and responses by way of role plays in the typical field situation through animation. In these districts special Gender Master Trainer Facilitators were appointed. and other material also focused on this vital 14 . Data Sheets highlighting gaps in gender statistics on key population characteristics have also been prepared for all the Districts and distributed up to Enumerator's level. Village women welcoming the Census Enumerators To create awareness among the general masses about gender issues and to facilitate correct reporting of information.

The same was continued in this Census also. India was able to personally talk to more than 600 of the 640 Principal Census Officers across the country during the actual Census. There is no doubt that this personal contact went a long way in sensitising the Census Officials and enhance their involvement.Introductory Note issue. The Union Home Secretary chaired this Conference. 3. most calls were routed to experts at each Directorate to answer on a real time basis. This direct contact had a Significant impact. The help desks were established at the charge level and were manned by Master Trainers. India visited all States during the Census and held State level meetings with the State and District Officers. Governors held on 25th October 2010. State representatives and Directors of Census Operations participated. A Toll Free Number was activated and a Call Centre established at which calls could be received from the Enumerators and Supervisors. Every Directorate used this mode of communication to the maximum. which proved extremely useful in enlisting the full cooperation of the State/UT Governments. The impact of this was also quite Significant. In addition. The personal rapport PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS -INDIA 2. which could well be seen during the field operations. a section 'Frequently Asked Questions' was opened in the Census website which was accessed by officials and Enumerators alike. 15 . Though the Call Centre personnel were trained. The use of social digital media such as Facebook and Twitter were also part of this strategy of inclusion. Governors: The Hon'ble Union Home Minister spoke regarding the Census operations at the Conference of Chief Ministers and Lt. Besides. The Conference was inaugurated by the Hon'ble Home Minister of India. The Union Home Secretary. National Conference of Chief Secretaries and Director Generals of Police: A National Conference of Chief Secretaries and Director Generals of Police was held on 11th June 2010 at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi. 5. The print and audio visual publicity material also has special gender themes on inclusion and female work. Conference of Chief Ministers and Lt. India personally visited 23 States/UTs during both phases of Census. CENSUS HELPLINE Help desks and help lines had been introduced in the last Census. In a few Directorates. the mobile phone numbers of certain experts from the Directorates were given to the Master Trainers so that they could get clarifications then and there. INITIATIVES Some innovative initiatives made in Census 2011 are listed below: 1. National Conference of all Principal Census Officers: A National Conference was held on 4th March 2010 at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi in which Principal Census Officers. elaborate training videos were produced and given to each Enumerator. The ultimate aim has been to create an environment that will sensitize both Enumerators as well as respondents. Video Conferencing: The fact is that the Census Commissioner. senior Officers of the Ministry of Home Affairs and many Central Government Ministries and Departments participated. The outreach programmes organized by the Directorates had gender as the main area of focus. The Census Commissioner. 4. speaks volumes about this marvellous technology and its potential. State Conferences: Senior Officers from the Office of the Registrar General.

Conference of Military and Para Military Organisations: A Conference of nodal officers of Military and Para Military Organisations was conducted at New Delhi with the active involvement of the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Home Affairs. Air Force. Call Centre: A toll free number was operated through both phases of Census and the calls were handled by a professional Call Centre. The Charge Registers had the Telephone numbers of all functionaries. 14. Similar meetings were held in all Directorates. This was also followed up with a series of such Press Conferences by the Census Commissioner. like "Tarak Mehta Ka Ultah Chashma" to communicate message of Census 2011. A specially developed Media Kit also served to enhance public awareness. Circulars and Frequently Asked Questions. 16. Audio Visual Media: Innovative training CDs were prepared by several Directorates and distributed to the field functionaries. Representatives of the Army. 12. 15. Web Site: The Census website. Coast Guard and all the Para Military Organisations participated. This sensitisation went a long way in enlisting the participation of these organisations in the Census. 8. This had a wide reach and great appeal. complaints and clarifications were all done through this medium. 11. hosted all the Instruction Manuals.built up during these visits with the State and District level officers paid rich dividends. eight Conferences of Directorates of Census Operations were held in connection with the Census 2011. Conference ofthe Directors of Census Operations: In all. This source was also accessed by the Enumerators as well as the public at large. which was the most effective medium of communication used in Census 2011. 13. Use of Mobile Phones: A database of mobile phone numbers was created at various levels and effectively used. India and the Directors of Census. The Enumerators could ask queries which were routed to Census experts who clarified the same. besides other sections. Television Serials: An innovative method was the use of a popular Television Serial. Press Conferences: The Hon'ble Union Home Minister and the Union Home Secretary held exclusive Press Conferences during both phases of the Census. 7. The Centres also handled public complaints. This unique approach opened doors especially in remote tribal pockets and made Census taking easier. Navy. Similar web sites at the Directorate level were used for passing on instructions as well as for monitoring progress. 6. Folk Arts: A few Directorates used the medium oflocal folk arts to communicate messages. Some also broadcast these over Educational TV Channels and used it as a training medium. Short Mail Service (SMS): Applications like "way to SMS". bulk mail service was used to communicate instructions to field functionaries as well as receive and clarify doubts from field functionaries. 10. Instructions. Community Volunteers: This was a unique initiative in some North Eastern States where Civil Society Organisations joined hands with the Directorates to not only spread awareness but actually take part in the 16 . 9.

The Schedules canvassed during this phase are being processed and the detailed Report containing all Tabulations would be released soon. The participation ranged from awareness building to extensive involvement in training and even actual participation in the conduct of field operations. In addition to collecting data on characteristics of the house. The results have been quite encouraging. 21. This has had a significant impact in these States and has greatly enhanced the participation of the general people in the Census. houses and households throughout the country for preparation of a sound frame for conduct of the Population Enumeration. In Madhya Pradesh. Gender and Homeless. coverage and quality. Partnership with Non Governmental Organisations: Disability. information on availability of certain amenities and assets to the households were also collected in this first phase. This was done by engaging professional media consultants. CONDUCT OF CENSUS 2011 Houselisting and Housing Census The Census Operations in India are carried out in two phases. having been identified as areas requiring special focus. the speciality was that the navigators of the Cars were persons with seeing disability. The media campaign has been appreciated for its content. Media Plan: Scientific media and communication plans were prepared during both phases of the Census. This was very helpful in spreading awareness.the Houselisting and Housing Census followed by the Population Enumeration. 20.Introductory Note conduct of the Census. The Houselisting and Housing Census was conducted in different States and Union Territories during April-September 2010. 17. 19. Tricycle Rally: A tricycle rally was also organised in Delhi for the disabled. efforts were made in all Directorates to identify and work with credible Non Governmental Organisations. 18. Republic Day Tableaus: Several States took out Tableaus on Census 2011 on the occasion of Republic day. All the buildings and houses. The objective of the Houselisting and Housing Census is to systematically list out all the structures. A young Nicobar Great Andamanese & Islands On the way to Census Enumeration Andaman & Nicobar Islands in of Strait Islands of Andaman PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS -INDIA 17 . wherever necessary are numbered for easy identification at the time of actual enumeration. Car Rallies: Car Rallies were organised in several States.

Calendar of Houselisting and Housing Census The Calendar of Houselisting and Housing Census is given in the box below: Calendar of Houselisting and Housing Census in 2010 1st April 7th April 15th April 21 st April 26th April 1st May 7th May 15th May 1stJune 15th June New Delhi. where extension of time had to be given on account of certain local problems. Maharashtra. Lakshadweep. Uttarakhand. However. all States/UTs reported complete coverage except for a few villages in the abovementioned States. Punjab. Rajasthan. The changes made in Census 2011 are as follows: (i) Type of wall: A differentiation has been made between 'stone packed with mortar' and 'stone not packed with mortar: The Codes in Census 2011 are: Census 2001 Grass/thatch/bamboo Plastic/polythene Mud/ unburnt brick Wood Glimetal/asbestos sheets Burnt Brick Stone Concrete Any Other 2 3 Census 2011 Grass/thatch/bamboo Plastic/polythene Mud/unburnt Wood Stone packed with mortar Stone not packed with mortar Glimetal/asbestos sheets Burnt Brick Concrete Any Other brick 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 9 0 18 . Sikkim Karnataka. Mizoram. Similarly. the dates were adhered to in all States/U'Ts. Nagaland Jharkhand Delhi. Chhattisgarh. CHANGES IN THE HOUSELISTING AND HOUSING CENSUS SCHEDULE The attempt at every Census is to maintain continuity in order to allow comparisons and give a time series of data. Andhra Pradesh Haryana. Meghalaya Kerala. West Bengal. Pradesh. Goa. every Census also permits a few changes in keeping with the demands of stakeholders. Himachal Pradesh. Bihar Madhya Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir. Puducherry. Daman & Diu Tripura. Andaman bar Islands. Chandigarh Gujarat. Manipur. Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Arunachal & Nico- Orissa. Himachal Pradesh. Assam. With the exception of Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. Uttar Pradesh Tamil Nadu.

The codes used in Census 2011 compared to the Census 2001 are given below: Census 2001 Grass/thatch/ba mboo/wood/mud etc. Plastic/polythene Tiles Census 2011 Grass/thatch/bamboo/wood/mud etc.INDIA 19 . 2 3 Plastic/polythene Hand made tiles Machine made tiles 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Slate Glimetal/asbestos sheets Brick Stone Concrete Any Other 4 5 6 7 8 9 Burnt brick Stone Slate Glimetal/asbestos sheets Concrete Any other (iii) Main source of drinking water: The heading of the question has been changed from "Drinking water source" to "Main source of drinking water': Drinking water cannot be classified as 'safe' or 'unsafe' without proper testing.Introductory Note (ii) Type of roof: The Codes for material of roof have been modified by distinguishing hand-made tiles from machine made-tiles. However an attempt has been made for improving the categorisation of the sources of drinking water through provision of separate codes for 'tap water from treated source' and 'tap water from untreated source: The set of codes as used in Census 2011 and the corresponding Census 2001 Codes are as follows: Census 2001 Drinking Water Source Tap Handpump Tubewell Well Tank/pond/lake River/canal Spring Any Other Census 2011 Main Source of Drinking Water 1 2 3 Tap water from treated sou rce Tap water from untreated source Covered well Un-covered well Hand pump Tube well/borehole Spring River/canal Tank/pond/lake Other Sources 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 (iv) Source of Lighting: The heading has been modified as 'Main Source of Lighting' PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS .

The codes for the new question in Census 2011 are as follows: 20 . The Census 2011 would give rich data on this. in Census 2011 it has been modified as available 'Within the premises': Attempt has also been made to include other types oflatrines. These categories are more in keeping with the WHO/UNICEF categories. information was sought on the availability of latrine 'within the house'. which would be a vital input for policy planning. The set of codes as used in Census 2011 and the corresponding Census 2001 Codes are as follows: Census 2001 No Latrine Service Latrine Pit Latrine Water Closet I Code 0 Census 2011 Flush/pour flush latrine connected to Piped sewer system Code I 2 3 Septic system Other system Pit Latrine With slablVentilated Improved Pit Without slab/open pit Night soil disposed into open drain Service Latrine Night soil removed by human Night soil serviced by animals No latrine within [Jremises Public Latrine Open 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 (vi) Computer: This is a new question.(v) Bathing facility within premises: Realising that bathroom within the house was a predominantly urban phenomenon. Moreover. Computer and Internet penetration in the country is still a matter of conjecture as there are no authentic sources for this data. the categories have been expanded to include 'Enclosure without roof: The code list for the Census 2011 along with codes as were in Census 2001 are given below: Census 2001 II Code Census 2011 IICode Bathroom within the house Yes No Bathing facility available within premises Bathroom 2 Enclosure without roof No 2 3 (vi) Latrine: In Census 2001. the heading has been changed as bathing facility within the premises.

A revisional round was conducted from 1st to 5th March 2011. The Census Moment. In parts of the States of Jammu & Kashmir. the Population Enumeration was carried out nonsynchronously in September . The codes in Census 2011 are as follows: Census 2001 Telephone Yes II Code Census 2011 Telephone/Mobile Yes Landline only Mobile only IICode phone 2 3 No 2 Both No 4 POPULATION ENUMERATION The Population Enumeration was undertaken between 9th to 28th February 2011 (both days inclusive).October 2010. Enumeration in a forest village in Orissa PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . The houseless population.00 hours of 1st March 2011. With the rapid expansion of Mobile Phone coverage. The present Census would give rich data on this aspect. as has been the usual practice. is 00. the referral time at which the snapshot of the population is taken.Introductory Note Census 2011 Computer/Laptop Yes With Internet Without No Internet possessed 2 3 (vii) Telephone: The scope of the question on Telephone has been expanded to separately include Mobile Phone also. traditionallandline telephones have become less attractive. Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.INDIA 21 . which are snow-bound in February. was enumerated on the night of 28th February 2011.

Gender: In a radical departure from the past. Description of Institutional Households: A provision has been made for recording the description of Institutional households. This reduced the burden on the Enumerators to an extent and improved compliance in the writing of location Codes on every Schedule. This is designed to facilitate considerable improvement in Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR). This greatly facilitated proper inventory management and tracking of Schedules. This is expected to improve reporting of age at least among a section of the population. a provision has been made for the respondent to return a gender other than male or female. Printing of Bar Codes/ Form Number: The introduction of unique Form Number and Bar Codes in each Schedule was a new feature.Features of the Census 2011 Questionnaires • Forms designed by National Institute of Design(NID). Colour Drop-Out: The colours chosen for printing the Schedule were such that they dropped out totally after scanning. b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) 22 . Tracking system in case of more than one form is used: A provision to record the number of the continuation forms used in the case of normal! Institutional households where more than one Schedule has been used has been made. This is an option to be exercised by the respondent and not determined by the Enumerator. Date of birth: A provision has been made to record age in completed years as well as date of birth. Linking of Houselisting with Population Enumeration: A procedure to link the Housing Census data of matched households to the Population Enumeration data has been attempted for the first time. Ahmedabad • Each Form has a Bar Code and a distinct Number • Printed in select high-end Presseshaving capacity for digital printing • Special colours used to enable complete drop-out after scanning • Pre-printing of State and District Location Codes attempted for the first time • Facility for noting continuity made in the Form • Specification for Paper evolved in consultation with experts • Paper quality The new features in Household Schedule of Census 2011 as compared to the previous Census are as follows: a) Pre-printing of Location particulars up to District: A highlight of Census 2011 was the pre-printing oflocation codes up to District level and the use of shorter Location Codes in the field. Edge Cut: Cutting one edge in the Schedule is designed to facilitate proper alignment of Schedules during scanning.

Status of current attendance in educational institution: Separate codes have been given for persons who have never attended any educational institution and persons who have attended earlier. A new code for 'rentier' has also been introduced.INDIA 23 . An additional code for recording persons attending special institution for the disabled has also been added. 0) p) QUESTION DROPPED a) Household engaged in cultivation/plantation: The following question was canvassed in Census 2001: 'Total net area ofland under cultivation/ plantation'. Any Other and Multiple Disability. The new Codes are: Mental Retardation. Mental Illness. the respondent was unable to provide the correct names. It was felt that as the names of the districts might have undergone a change. 'Net area of irrigated land' and 'Tenure status of land under cultivation/ plantation. Migration: While processing ofthe Census 2001 data. In comparison to the 5 Codes in Census 2001. 1) m) Worked any time during last year: The question on Work Status has been modified as below: Main Worker If worked for 6 months or more Marginal Worker If worked for 3 months or more but less than 6 months If worked for less than 3 months Non Worker If not worked at all Such a classification would not only retain the older categorization of Main.8 Codes have been provided in the present Census. The question was canvassed but could not be tabulated on account of widespread non-response. an added item. namely. n) Non-economic activity: A category of 'Others' has been included to account for commercial sex workers and persons involved in illegal activities. Number of children born alive during last one year: Mention of the specific period 'Ist March 2010 to 28th February 2011' on the body of the Schedule has been done. Respondents with multiple disability would now be able to report up to 3 disabilities for the first time.Introductory Note j) k) Current marital status: Separate Codes have been assigned for 'Divorced' and 'Separated: Disability: The question on disability has been vastly enlarged in Census 2011. The questions and the instructions have been finalised after extensive deliberation with civil society organisations and the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. in Census 2011. the name of village/ town has been added in both these questions. Marginal and Non Worker but would also offer richer data on the period of work. Thus. There were also PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . it was found that the non-response with respect to providing the district names was relatively more both in the question on place of birth and place of last residence.

Census 2011 Name of the person Relationship to head Sex Date of Birth Current marital status Age at marriage Religion Mother tongue Other languages known Literacy status level attained in educational Highest educational Status of attendance institution Disability Worked any time during last year level attained in educational Census 2001 Name of person 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) Relationship to head Sex Age in completed years Current marital status Age at marriage Religion Mother tongue Other languages known Literacy status Highest educational Status of attendance institution Disability Did the person work any time last year Remarks No Change No Change Provision for returning a gender other than male or female Date of Birth in addition to age Separate codes for 'Divorced' and 'Separated' No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change No Change Separate Codes for persons who have never attended and who have attended before Question modified. etc. Three questions instead of one.other technical problems like. b) A comparison of the questions proposed in Census 2011 with the questions canvassed in Census 2001 is presented below. Additional codes for two types of marginal workers (3-6 months. namely. was the place of last residence Rural/Urban Reason for migration of this person Duration of stay in this village or town since migration No Change No Change Name of village/town Name of village/town No Change No Change No Change is also added is also added 22) Mode of travel to place of work (Code) Birth place Place of last residence At the time of migration. trade or service Class of worker No Change No Change No Change No Change Record Code of non-economic Is the person seeking/available work activity for Non-economic Seeking/available activity for work Adding a separate code for rentiers No Change Travel to place of work Distance from residence to place of work in kilometres One way distance from usual residence to place of work in kilometres Mode of travel to place of work (Code) Birth place Place of last residence At the time of migration. Hence it was decided to drop this question in Census 2011. land holding survey of the NSS. the Agricultural Census. comparability with other sources of data. variation in the units of measurement. was the place of last residence Rural/Urban Reason for migration of this person since migration 27) Duration of stay in this village or town 24 . less than 3 months) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 23) 24) 25) 26) Category of economic activity Occupation of the person Describe in detail the nature of industry. trade or service Class of worker Work category Occupation Nature of industry.

officials of the respective Directorate of Census Operations conducted the field work The enumerators were specially trained for conducting the PES. Population Enumeration in April. The Coverage Certificates given by all the Principal Census Officers indicate that the coverage has been cent percent. A total of 4. During Census of India 2011. The field work of the PES of the first phase. A total of 1. as well as in improving the conduct of future Censuses. wherever possible. that is. No attempts. are made to adjust the Census results based on the PES results. 2010. of children ever born alive Number of children surviving at present Total no. In the other States/UTs. POST ENUMERATION SURVEY The Census Organisation since Independence has traditionally been evaluating the results of the Population Censuses through Post Enumeration Surveys (PES). It is proposed to start the PES of the second phase of Census of India 2011. that is coverage error as well as to measure the response error in respect of certain selected characteristics canvassed at the Census called content error. For measuring PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS . Since the PES estimation methodology is based on the assumption of independence between the PES and the census operations. however. Total number of Houselisting Blocks in each SRS Unit depended upon the population of SRS Unit. The results are of help in identifying areas that would need attention such as concepts and definitions employed. Houselisting Operations has been completed in all the States and Union Territories during 16 August to 15 September.Introductory Note 28) 29) Number of children surviving at present Total no. The sampling frame used for selection of samples for conducting the PES of this phase was the sampling units of the Sample Registration System (SRS).929 SRS Units were selected for PES spread over all the States and Union Territories. No precise estimate of the extent of error in the Census count was ever made prior to Independence. procedures of enumeration and related instructions to the field staff. that is. of children ever born alive No Change No Change 30) Number of children born alive during last one year For household engaged in cultivation/ lantation Number of children born alive during last one year (1 st March 2010 to 28th February 2011) Duration of one year specified 31) 32) 33) Total net area of land under cultivation/plantation Net area of irrigated land Tenure status of land under cultivation/ plantation Dropped Dropped Dropped It is indeed a matter of great satisfaction that the Population Enumeration has been completed in all the States/UTs. the field work was carried out by the staff of the respective State Governments. 2011 in all the States and Union Territories. The objective of the PES is to quantity the omission and duplication in the Census enumeration.000 Enumeration Blocks of Population Enumeration has been selected for the purpose of estimating coverage error. PES of both Houselisting Operations and Population Enumeration has been proposed to be conducted separately after the conclusion of the respective phases. etc.INDIA 25 .

3 23.0 17.3 2001 39.8 41.6 17.8 Total 1991 17. Team Census 2011 expresses its humble and heartfelt gratitude to the billion plus people of this great country who have overwhelmingly responded to the call and participated wholeheartedly to make this gigantic task a success.1 18.8 16. Net omission rates of persons at the All-India level based on the PES of population enumeration for 1981 to 2001 Censuses by sex and residence are presented below: Net omission rates (per thousand persons) at All-India level by sex and residence 1981-2001. Three weeks to cover a vast and diverse country like India .6 27.3 Rural 1991 16.5 37. It is on the strength of their shoulders that any National campaign rests and to their full credit they deliver each and every time! Our sincere gratitude to each one of them. 2011.000 strong team of Charge Officers and Special Charge Officers. The 15. as usual done it! Nothing could have been accomplished without their active cooperation.5 Urban 1991 19.7 27. Most of the State Governments/UT Administrations have agreed to provide their Staff for the field work and supervision. The Census is a fitting example of how National campaigns are accomplished in India with the Federal and Provincial Governments working in close cooperation. Census 2011 would not be what it is without their effort! We thank the army of Master Trainers. Our debt of gratitude to the 26 . Intensive training will be imparted to them before the field operation. 000 in all who have trained the Enumerators and Supervisors. The tremendous effort of the support team. Sex 1981 Persons Males Females 18.8 16.2 17.8 21. numbering around 55. 20 percent sub-sample of the selected enumeration blocks has been selected.9 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS "The people ofIndia have.8 16.3 17.7 million Enumerators and Supervisors who have spared no efforts to complete the arduous task in time.5 1981 27.1 1981 15. are our field Commanders.content error.7 2001 16.5 23. Master Trainer Facilitators and the National Trainers. perseverance and patience.0 13.1 18.9 2001 23. often goes unacknowledged.0 17. (District Collectors/Magistrates/Deputy Commissioners. The State/UT Administrations have rendered unstinting cooperation to make Census 2011 a success. Little could have been accomplished without this vital link in the chain.a task looked at with awe by the world but accomplished by these humble women and men with sincerity and devotion to duty. Commissioners of Municipal Corporations) and others senior officials of the District and Municipal Corporations have been unsparing in their efforts to ensure that the Census Operations are completed smoothly. The heroines and heroes of Census 2011 have undoubtedly been the 2. The nation is proud of them and we salute each one of them for their hard work. who are the backbone of any successful venture. The Principal Census Officers. The field work is proposed to be conducted during April to June. Heartfelt thanks to them for a job well done.

Their involvement in Training and Publicity initiatives is Significant and the model of multiple UN agencies working in tandem. We would like to thank all of them for their contributions. both former Registrar Generals & Census Commissioners. The Directorate of Printing and Stationary and all the Central and State Government Presses. is worth emulating in other projects. India Shri D. India for their unstinting support and advice. Nanda and Shri J. K. the Ministry of Urban Development and all the other Ministries and Departments of the Central Government for their support and advice. Civil society organisations working in the field of disability. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of all these agencies. The various organisations of the United Nations.UNFPA. UN Women and also UNSD have been a source of constant support for Census 2011. The Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals has gone to great lengths to ensure the timely supply of paper and to ensure its quality. I am personally beholden to him for his continuing support and guidance. Our deep sense of gratitude to the Governors. the Ministry of Defence. PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS .Introductory Note Chief Secretaries. Sikri was at the helm of affairs till November 2009. Doordarshan and All India Radio have provided support in the media campaign. the homeless. Nodal Officers and all other senior officials in the State Governments who have taken personal interest and have provided all the required assistance needed. street children and several such have wholeheartedly supported us in our efforts. We would like to place on record our sincere appreciation to all of them. Our thanks are due to the Planning Commission. have stood shoulder to shoulder with us to complete the huge job of printing within a short time. The Department of Consumer Affairs also ran an active media campaign during the Census period. We would like to express our gratitude to the media for their support. the Ministry of Rural Development. The NIC and NICSI have been extremely supportive of us and have extended great support to Census 2011. R. Governors and Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories who graciously extended a helping hand whenever approached. Banthia. The Department of Posts has successfully undertaken the challenging task of managing the logistics. The Press Information Bureau (PIE). I am especially grateful to Shri A. They have kept us on our toes by giving us a reality check constantly. the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Directorate of Audio and Visual Publicity (DAVP). UNICEF. Several other departments and agencies have added their bit to the publicity efforts of the States and Union Territories. They have come forward in a big way in augmenting our efforts in training. Under his able leadership the basic contours of Census 2011 were conceptualised. We would be remiss in our duty if we did not acknowledge their support. the Ministry of Personnel. publicity and at times during the actual conduct of Census. We are grateful to the members of the Technical Advisory Committee for providing invaluable suggestions and enriching us with their experience. The electronic and print media has taken Census 2011 to every home in the country. social scientists and other data users for their constructive suggestions. the Ministry of Finance. Thanks are also due to several demographers.INDIA 27 . The former Registrar General & Census Commissioner. They have also come out with a special commemorative Postal Stamp on Census 2011. The Office of the Surveyor General of India has closely worked with us on the digital mapping project in the State/UT Capitals. Lt. UNDP. K. gender.

He has indeed left a lasting mark on Census 2011. Every member of the Census organisation. the Directors of Census Operations. the Director (Administration). Krishna Paksha. Chandramouli. the encouragement received from the Hon'ble President of India.Vikram 30 March 2011 th 28 . has been a source of motivation for us. the Deputy Director Generals. To say that the last two years have been a huge challenge for each one of us in the Census family. Our family members have been a tower of strength silently supporting and encouraging us to dedicate ourselves to this National cause."The Provisional Population Totals". Registrar General & Census Commissioner. at the headquarters and the Directorates has toiled ceaselessly for the success of Census 2011. it has also laid the foundation for National Population Register. India Samvat 2067 Chaitra. the first results of Census 2011. While it has thrown up benchmark data on the abundant human resource of India. Ekadashi. We acknowledge with thanks. my personal debt of gratitude (Annexure. the Joint Directors and all the members of the team Census 2011. We Sincerely acknowledge his contribution. the Deputy Registrar Generals.III). if any. C. His doors have always been open to us. It is indeed with a great sense of relief and satisfaction that we place before the people of India. Bouquets for successfully completing this mammoth exercise go to 'Team Census 2011: Brickbats. the Hon'ble Prime Minister of India and other members of the Union Cabinet. Collective effort and team spirit has enabled us to climb these heady heights. the Hon'ble Vice President of India. The Ministers of State of Home Affairs have Similarly been a constant source of support. the issue of Caste Enumeration. the Joint Registrar General. The Hon'ble Union Home Minister has been a pillar of strength in all our endeavours. would definitely be an understatement. We express our gratitude to the entire Ministry of Home Affairs. are exclusively mine:' Dr. The creation of the National Population Register.The Home Secretary has backed us all in each and every way. It is heartening that the sweat and toil has paid off and the Census has been completed without any exception across the country. To my team at the headquarters and the States/UTs. The National Population Register when completed would Significantly impact the way future Censuses would be conducted in the country. the Additional Registrar General. Similarly. His continuing leadership and personal involvement in all matters concerning the Census and his efforts to ensure that its integrity was not compromised. the Financial Advisor and his office have been supportive of us throughout. local socio-political agitations in the States/UTs have added to the workload besides raising anxiety levels. Kudos to the entire Team of Census 2011! Census 2011 is epoch making from yet another perspective. We thank them sincerely. the threat ofleft wing extremism.