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Wildlife in India

The Indian sub-continent is gloriously rich in its amazing variety of wildlife, from teeming insects colonies to majestic elephant herds that make India is a veritable animal lover's paradise. India's diverse wildlife base is the second largest in the world, and there are currently 80 National Parks and 441 Wildlife Sanctuaries established here. And the incredible feature of these amazing conservatories of exotic wildlife is that they are home to the largest number of tigers and the largest number of one-horned rhinoceros in the world, as well as the almost extinct Asiatic Lion, and a large percentage of the total elephant population! And these particular animal species are but a part of more than 500 species of mammals, over 2000 species of birds, over 500 species of reptiles and amphibians and around 30000 species of insects! What more can one say about India's mind boggling wildlife and natural heritage, given the fact that the total area of India's protected reserve is 90,000 sq km which constitutes 3% of the India's land area and 12% of its total forest area?! India's astounding bio-diversity is largely due to its unique topography that offers a wide range of climatic zones across the length and breath of the country. From the steaming tropical wet evergreen jungles of the Ghats in the Indian Peninsula to the alpine forests of the Himalayas, India offers an amazing range of biological and ecological diversity. The main wildlife zones in India are the Deccan Peninsula, the Indian coasts, the Western Ghats, the Gangetic plain, the Northeastern Region, Trans Himalayas, Himalayas, Semi Arid zones, the Indian Deserts, and the Indian Islands. The climate and vegetation of these areas ranges from the tropical to the temperate and the artic, and is home to tigers, snow leopards, elephants, antelopes, deer, bears, jackals, hyena, wild buffalo, etc. There is a growing awareness of the necessity of conservation and preservation of India's wildlife. Conservation efforts have found a prominent place in India's wildlife protection policies, and the concept of biosphere reserves, Project Tiger, Project Elephant, and ecodevelopment projects are on the increase. Grass root environment consciousness is also on the increase, and more and more people are stepping in towards contributing to the conservation of wildlife in India. The tourism industry has also responded by practicing Responsible Tourism. Wildlife Safari adventure opportunities in India are in plenty and unique. The Indian tropical forests are dense areas where visibility is fairly restricted, and where adventure safaris are exciting, stealthy ventures of trying to catch sight of a majestic lion grooming himself, or a tigress nursing her cubs. The choices are immense and varied, and the atmosphere within India's National parks and Sanctuaries is one of pristine calm where animals live undisturbed in their natural habitat. The truly wonderful wildlife safari heritage of India is one its greatest natural resources. It needs to be nurtured and protected from the threat of urbanization and steady dwindling of forest areas, so that it can be appreciated and enjoyed for the generations to come.