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The Paul Controversy

by R.K. Phillips

Printed: Canberra, 1988. Reformatted: April, 2006

............................................ Some “born again” mistakes.............1.......................................................................... 14 C ONCLUSION ................................ 12 1...........1...................... C IRCUMCISION ... 9 1............ P AUL’ S POSITION..................4....................................................................................................................................................... THE PAUL CONTROVERSY ........................ 10 1....................... The cleansing of Israel ............................................................................................Table of Contents 1.1.....2...........2...........7.................................................................................... 6 1........... Purchasing meat in the Shambles .......1............................................................................ 15 2 ..2..........................................................................1.. 11 1......................................................... 13 B ETWEEN DEATH AND RESURRECTION ........................................................4.......... 1.........................................5..........................................2................ Translation versus interpretation ....................................................................................................... 4 1... P AUL AND THE OTHER APOSTLES ........................... 3 1........3..............4..... Disciple versus Apostle ............................................................................................................. S PEAKING TO ISRAELITES ................................... 7 1.................................................... 1........................................ 8 1........ V EGETABLES VERUSES MEAT ............................................4................3..............................................6.............. 11 1.......................................................

my secretary has typed the letters and. also apparently. flatly contradicting himself. none of which agree with each other in every verse. this is not so in the Greek text. what then is left? We have undermined the whole of the New Covenant for anybody who wants to study it. in our English translations. Then. 2. on occasion. I have been pointing out. We have achieved nothing remarkable ourselves except to show that we are the latest recruits to the numbers of those disbelievers of the past 2. rubbish Paul and all his Epistles. in the Greek text of that Epistle. either the Hebrew and Greek text is God’s Word or it is not. I have not written one single word contained in those letters -. Therefore. In many cases. in 1Jo 1:8 . Your accusations are based only on man’s mistranslations of what God caused to be written in the Greek text of the New Covenant. Jesus is speaking and in the Authorised Version of John 3:16 He said … God so loves the world that He sends His only Begotten Son in order that anyone believing on Him shall be saved. But. with your knowledge of the Bible. I could make it appear that Matthew. But. in the course of my lifetime. and some of what the other Apostles have written. Mr Jones. I could show that Jesus appears to contradict Himself. So here we have a direct. if I used the same methods that you have used in attacking Paul. 3 . In John 3:16 and Mat 15:24. the Truth and the Life” and. then that is what we would expect to find: no contradictions whatsoever. no faults and no mistakes. she has signed the letters on my behalf. I have sent out hundreds of letters. there is no such contradiction. You ended your letter by saying “Jesus is the Way. as far as you are concerned. Well. that the statements which you attribute to Paul are not true. John states If we say we have no sin we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. For example. This is because the authors all appear to think that they are only altering the words of men.000 years who have set themselves up as critics of God’s Word.1. Yet not one of the words in those letters were originated by my secretary – the words were mine – and my secretary was simply the human part of the physio-mechanical system I used to convey those words of mine into their final printed format. In those instances. Mark and Luke wandered from the truth in their Gospels. But. Where there are mistakes. So here we have John.my secretary did all this work herself. you just want to know what He said. and I cast doubt on what Jesus said. that John appears to have made several errors and. And that is the matter which must be settled and accepted as a fact before any sensible discussion can proceed. And in 1Jo 3:9 (in the Authorised Version) he states Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin for His seed remaineth in him and he cannot sin because he is born of God. The Paul Controversy Dear Mr Jones In your letter you accused Paul of being a false prophet and said that he made statements repudiating God’s Law. then the fault lies with our translators – not with God’s words. So. flat contradiction. considering the number of inconsistencies in the translations of our Bibles. so we have done Satan’s work for him. Let us take two examples: 1. The proof of that is the fact that we have at least 26 different English versions of the New Covenant. if the Bible is God’s Word. I have dictated what I needed to say. And in Mat 15:24 Jesus said: I was not sent except to the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel. where does that get us? If you. for many years.

1. d. c. Beta.Now there is no scriptural or secular evidence to show that God. Therefore. This is true of the Hebrew and Greek texts because these are the languages in which they were originally written. The men who wrote down those words were simply the human pens or biros that God selected as part of the Spirit-directed human system He used to transfer His Words into their final written form. Therefore if anyone pours scorn on something written by the pen called Paul. therefore. Mark.1. Delta. Paul. whether those human pens are called Matthew. That is why. I said that not one of the accusations you made against Paul will stand up to proper examination of the Greek text. Under these circumstances. personally. if the Bible is God’s Word. Therefore. But when human beings set themselves to make copies of God’s Words. not to add to His Word nor diminish ought from it. or to translate them into another language. because Paul did not write the false teachings or make any of the errors of which you accuse him. Gamma. then it is not Paul’s words which are being held up to ridicule and contempt. you disagreed with my statement that “Paul was only speaking to Israelites” and. Satan can do nothing about that. Speaking to Israelites However. And God said in Jer 23:28 he that hath My Word. then all the words are His. it is not their words that we are studying. Deu 4:2. sons of Abraham’s race (then you have in brackets ‘were not the Jews and Edomites of Abraham’s race?’) And those among you that fear God. brethren. We can be quite sure that God’s Word is perfect.19. Paul addressed himself to “men of the stock of Abraham”. Descendants of Ishmael Descendants of Midian and his brothers Descendants of Esau Descendants of Jacob Anyone fearing the Lord.” Then you said “What about the Ishmaelites? Weren’t they also of Abraham’s race? Don’t they fear God?” You also said that. … examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so (RSV translation). b. to us is the word of this salvation sent forth. but that men spake (as they were) being impelled by holy (power) spirit from God. So in the Bible. then that is where Satan can step in and cause errors which lead to dissension amongst those who read only what has been transcribed or translated. And God has warned us. In reality. time and again. in this verse. it is of no consequence. but God’s Words. 4 . Rev 22:18. you quoted Panin’s translation of Acts 13:26 which reads: “Men. you claim that his address could have included some or all of the following: a. James or simply Alpha. Peter states that the Bible was not written by men of their own will. we are only dividing up God’s Words into sections and using the names of those ‘pens’ as an easy and ready means of locating the particular passage of God’s Words that we wish to discuss. those conflicting passages we find in our English translations should serve as warning signs directing us to do as Paul praised the people of Berea for doing (Acts 17:11). in your reply. e. to support your case. wrote a single word of what is called the Bible – except those Commandments that were first inscribed on tablets of stone by the Finger of God at Sinai and subsequently destroyed by Moses and the new one in the Ark of the Covenant. etc. in my first letter to you. let him speak My Word faithfully. it is God’s Word that is being sneered at.

from the Exodus to the coming of Jesus. Now did God choose the fathers of anybody else BUT Israel and exalt them when they dwelt in Egypt? God did not. Paul states that the God of this people of Israel chose our fathers. therefore: i. saying: I have sent THEE (now that word ‘thee’ is singular and it refers to Jesus. But. Paul was an Israelite The men of Israel were Israelites Those already fearing God were Israelites. The men of Israel. not to Paul and Barnabus) … I have sent THEE to be a light to the nations (of Israel) that THOU (singular again. which was a week later. is directed only to Israelites. c. It is also typical of the serious distortion of the truth which results when a verse or statement is quoted without reference to its context. from then on. referred to by Isaiah (in Hebrew) and by Paul (in Greek). when Jesus sent the 12 Apostles to the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel (and Jesus specifically told the Apostles NOT to go to anybody else BUT the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel). b. Jesus) should be for salvation to the end (singular) of the earth. The word our includes himself and all those he was addressing. 5 . that could include anybody). recorded in Matt 10. And note. Paul. I agree. iii. It is obvious. he could not have said our. ii. Paul told the Jews that. No other part of the earth is so positively named anywhere. b. carefully. that it was Luke who wrote this Book of Acts. just as Jehovah had foretold our forefathers. iii. To any foreigners fearing the Lord? No. in verse 46. that the pronoun our includes: i. they had thereby condemned themselves as being unworthy of everlasting life. Now Paul is simply quoting Isa 49:6 as God’s authority – through Jesus – for himself and Barnabus to bear Jesus’ name before the nations and kings (of the) Sons of Israel. and Those fearing God. For there is not one shred of truth in this claim -. which. If this was not the case. To the Midianites? He did not. Paul uses the past tense of the verb because he was referring to the time. in verse 17. is so marked to this day as: a. and he states that this word of salvation was sent to US – that is. he did not.Now this is typical of the large number of false accusations made against God’s Words as written by Paul. So he and Barnabus were. was the purpose for which the risen Lord selected Paul. Cape Finisterre – the end of the earth – or finish of land Land’s End – the end of the land Ultima Thule – the utmost end of the earth. Then. would happen. And that singular end of the earth. ii. he repeats his opening address.as reference to the context will show to all who care to read. turning to the nations of Israel. Only Israel went into slavery in Egypt. Now did Paul make any reference to the history of the Ishmaelites? He did not. in verse 26. And then. the Israelites of Isa 49:6 . NOT Paul. This is precisely what Luke states. to Israelites only. in Acts 9:15. In the next 8 verses Paul gives a masterly thumbnail summary of the history of Israel only. Now Paul begins his address in verse 16 and there he addresses himself to: a. therefore. as we have just seen. Men of Israel (and that can be descendants of Jacob only) Ye that fear God (and on the face of it. To the history of Esau or the Edomites? He did not. since they had rejected God’s words.

And so. it distresses him. he states that he (has examined the subject matter of their dispute and) is satisfied that none of the things they have mentioned are unclean of themselves but only unclean in the mind of the person concerned. Common is the proper word to use. He states that they should not cause a fellow Christian to stumble by doing things in front of weaker members who may not have the same understanding of Scripture as they have. had become common or. then he destroys himself morally. or to check it with someone who can. in verse 14. In this example one faction believes it can eat meat and the other group are all vegetarians. Vegetables versus meat You said also that the Shambles was the place where food offered to idols was brought to be sold. and other Christians should remember that fact. the wrangle goes on. in the minds of some overscrupulous members. in verse 17. Paul’s advice is to have some forethought about what you eat and also drink in front of others. And the meateaters no doubt quote the Law as their authority for eating meat. In Chapter 14 Paul is trying to sort out a minor hassle which is causing trouble between some sections of this particular group and the issue is defined quite clearly in verse 2. So.Paul’s statement is therefore in perfect accord with Acts 9:15. So! Are you claiming that you know more about Paul than God? And the Holy Spirit? And the risen Lord Jesus who chose Paul in the first place? 1. although I don’t doubt that meat which was offered to idols was sold there. for it is fatal to have scruples and then to disregard them. So. the Greek word shambles means a market place. is koinos which means common. And it is still with us today. There is nothing in this whole chapter which refers to unclean food or the food laws – and to use it to accuse Paul (as some people do) of repudiating the food laws. Well. So let us examine this question of whether people should be vegetarians or meat-eaters. 6 . And in the Jewish shambles I doubt if unclean meat could be sold at any time. where Paul explains a similar misunderstanding to the converts in Rome. Hence Paul rebukes both sides for their senseless bickering and urges them to use their brains. as Paul said. But when he is led on to do himself what his own conscience condemns. Paul does not dismiss the matter as being childish. defiled in some way. simply reveals failure on their part to study the Greek text itself. but about clean meats which. And the others quote the same Law and claim that it is not a commandment to eat meat but simply a list of certain meats which we may eat if we choose to do so. let us look at Romans 14. Then. He goes on to point out that this subjective quality is quite real to the individual concerned. he was acting in strict accordance with God’s Word and with the work for which Jesus selected him as an Apostle. And you accuse Paul of hypocrisy because he said it was all right to eat that meat but not to ask any questions as to its origin. Nevertheless. The Greek word used here. even today. Romans is a letter written by Paul to the Saints of Rome for the sole purpose of instructing them (and us) in the basics of what God’s Book is all about. but only a subjective quality in the mind of those overscrupulous persons who regarded it as common or unclean.2. And there was the ordinary market place as well as the Jewish market place. The Greek word for “unclean” is akathartos but that is NOT the word used in this context. they were not quarrelling about unclean food. and for which (in Acts 13:2) God ordained him through the Holy Spirit. The truth is there if they choose to look for it. Verse 4 states that it was the Holy Spirit Himself who caused Paul and Barnabus to be sent on their way. Paul was not exalting himself. But before I discuss this matter of meat offered to idols. instead of their emotions and personal inhibitions. which has been translated in many bibles as unclean. Thus Paul had satisfied himself that the quality of uncleanness was not an actual property of the food itself. Paul states that when one man sees another do something which his own conscience condemns.

at one of the feasts to evil spirits. we come again to the crux of the matter . Finally. And here Paul writes to the Corinthians. not as part of a previous sacrifice. was often sold afterwards in the Jewish market. ‘ask no questions as to its origin’. Paul states here whatever is sold in the Shambles. This part really begins at 1Co 10:14 and follows on from the first part which runs from 1Co 8:4-13. In 1Co 10:14 Paul resumes the theme he was discussing in 1Co 8:4-13 and he now warns all Christians to flee from anything to do with sacrificial feasts to idols. you are attributing to the idol a power which it does not possess. (and sees you are going to eat it) and then. that eat asking no questions for conscience sake. in greater detail. Paul’s argument is that. please note – was also partaking of the worship which those idols represented. 17 and 18 he shows how an Israelite. then do not eat it. he states that the food was being sacrificed to honour evil spirits. Paul wrote both of these passages to explain. he need not enquire if it had been sacrificial meat. In verses 29 and 30. that once it has been brought to the market place. offered on an altar. Nevertheless. on the matter of conscience. Paul states. that his own conscience will never deviate from what he knows to be true. because of what your eating of it might do to his conscience – not your own conscience.1. that if a Christian is invited to a meal in an unbeliever’s home. such as eating or drinking. As I said earlier. Because if you do believe it. Then in verses 16. clean meat which had been offered as a sacrifice to idols. However. Paul goes on to say that every Christian does not have the same knowledge and strength of will. not to honour God. because he knows you are a pillar of the church (for instance) he buys and eats it himself against his own scruples and so destroys himself morally by disregarding his own scruples. if a weaker Christian is also present. Paul also states. was a partaker of the same sacrifices that Jesus made and therefore a partaker in common with the worship of God as represented by the altar. At the same time he gives practical explanations of how to deal with life’s everyday problems without unnecessarily complicating it with things that don’t matter.2. which might cause a weaker Christian to stumble. and there is no God except one. 7 . The attack against Paul arises from his statements in 1Co 8:1-13 and 1Co 10:23-28 (as translated in the Authorised Version and other Bibles). then again. Paul upholds the Law at every turn and in every respect. in verse 27. But. in effect. Purchasing meat in the Shambles We can now return to your objection about Paul saying you can buy meat in the Shambles and not worry about it. provided the meat is clean. This you can eat without any qualms of conscience. Thus what Paul is saying here is. he explains. Therefore. provided the meat is clean. As a further illustration of this subject. Similarly. then the idol has no power to affect the cleanliness of the meat one way or the other.1. But. by partaking of the communion cup and the bread. on much the same lines as in his letter to the Israelites in Romans as stated earlier. refrain from indulging himself in any public act of life. anyone partaking of libations to idols and of food offered to idols – at temple feasts. so we must always consider the weaker vessel . but. it is simply clean meat and its previous use is of no consequence – you are buying it as meat. In verse 19 Paul states that such participation in no way made the idol real in any sense. in verse 25. in verse 20. no matter what another man’s scruples may be. he would and did. Therefore if they partook of meat or wine. But 1Co 10:23-28 is the second part of his teaching against ALL things associated with idolatry. Thus far from contradicting Jesus in any way whatsoever. Paul warns against asking such a question lest some weaker Christian overhears that it was sacrificial meat. then they became sharers of that worship of evil spirits in the same way that partaking of the communion bread and wine made them sharers of the worship of God – and. This first part of Paul’s explanation states there is no idol in the world. they could not serve two masters. as Christians. his previous advice to the Corinthians as stated in Acts 15:29. and points out that it had been offered to idols.

and believe in Jesus as the Son of God. God Himself does NOT change. in verses 18 and 19 the something refers to a past action by Jesus. And circumcision has nothing to do with acceptance of a Christian who has that belief. If they circumcised themselves now. in fact. as part of the Law of Leviticus (Lev 12:3). All the male members of my father’s family were circumcised. displacing themselves from The Reconciliation which God had provided for them through the death of Jesus on the stake. He was not condemning circumcision as part of a covenant with Abraham at all. But that fact does not gain for them any precedence in getting to Heaven. they were. I was simply pointing out to you that. None of them get it right. And this Law applied until Jesus died on the stake and rendered the Levitical Ordinances obsolete. Paul explains all this explicitly in the Greek text of 2Co 5:17-21. and have faith in the deliverance He wrought by His death. we. For until we recognise and accept Jesus as the Son of God. they were mistaken. Circumcision You point out. For example. the present day. and in the effectiveness of His death on the stake. requires belief in Jesus as our Lord and Saviour. in its new state. And the word Christ should be crossed out wherever it occurs and the correct translation. there is no word Jesus in the Greek text of verse 18. Unfortunately the translation of those five verses in all our Bibles is. that circumcision was a sign of a covenant made between God and Abraham. this something is the People of Israel. for an indefinite period – which may be everlasting. warts and all. As we shall see later on. We should note also that the word reconciliation at the end of verses 18 and 19 is a noun with the Definite Article and should read The Reconciliation. But to be accepted as a member of the Nation. 8 . now belonged to Jesus by right of redemption. requires baptism and belief that Jesus is the Son of God Almighty. Jesus had redeemed Israel – that is the whole of the people of Israel – past. But to be accepted as a member of the nation. For not only were they tying themselves to a Levitical Law which had become obsolete. in the belief that they were so entering the nation of Israel. This new status of the Israel People was the message that Paul had to take to the Lost Sheep. the old Levitical Law had come to an end along with the Aaronic priesthood that used to administer it. whether they believed or whether they didn’t. This is so because. or taking part in the first Resurrection. circumcision was required by every male child before he was accepted as being an Israelite. Let us assume that it is everlasting. as it is under Jesus. each individual Israelite had to be baptised.3. an anointed (something). remain in the old position of ‘enmity’ toward God – as Paul states in Rom 5:10 – by rejecting what Jesus brought about for the whole nation. or qualifying them for eternal life. and no doubt beyond. He had to convince them that. as individuals. 1 The fact that circumcision continues o be discussed today shows that its value as a sign continues up to. and neither is Paul. quite correctly. to enter Israel now. misleading and confusing. present and future. in verse 17. at best. but in verse 20 the something is again the People of Israel. But for Israelites to get any advantage for themselves from this new status of the nation. therefore it is ourselves who need to be reconciled to God. Now don’t get the idea that I am against circumcision. in its new state.1. Paul was writing to dispersed Israelites. with the death of Jesus for our sins. some of whom were heathen and some of whom were trying to keep the Levitical Law. substituted in every case. requires belief in Jesus as our Lord and Saviour. We cannot have eternal life now unless we believe Jesus is the Son of God and are baptised 1 . It is the same word which is incorrectly translated as atonement in the Authorised Version of Rom 5:11. I am not disputing that. The sad thing is that so few have any knowledge of why it has such significance or its origin.

I will translate the word Christ instead of transliterating it as most translators have done. and throw out any word that is not in the Greek text.1. So let us turn to 2Co 5:17 and read on from there to the end and see exactly what Paul does say in the Greek text of this passage. the noun to which that Greek word refers. refers. the whole Assembly of Israel) be ye becoming reconciled to God. The (One) not knowing sin. a phrase or some other part of speech. in order to produce the exact sense of the context in English. then that noun or other word which he adds in must be the precise one which is indicated by the Number. And all things are. it may be necessary to add other additional words in order to translate into English what is perfectly obvious to the Greek reader. not accounting to them their offences (or faults) and assigning to us (Paul and Timothy) the presentation of The reconciliation. But. and also by the context in which it occurs. or will. 21. chance of selecting the wrong word or of introducing his own bias or beliefs into the English translation. and by making God’s Word our own. through the death of an anointed (one) God was reconciling the Israel order to Himself. This is not “interpretation” in the sense that many people use that word. in order that through Him (Jesus) we might become (the) Righteousness of God. pronoun. that we might become right-minded in God’s sight. That is. where it is necessary. a pronoun. 9 . A Court interpreter is a person who is sworn to translate the spoken or written evidence of a foreign witness as literally and accurately as the other language can. The One reconciling us (that is. Therefore in the translation of this passage into English. Translation versus interpretation The Greek text frequently has the Definite Article. Gender and Case of that Greek or Hebrew adjective. These verses then read: 17. if any. to which it applies. in brackets. it has become new (in character and quality). etc. We beseech you (Israelites of Corinth) on behalf of an anointed (people) (that is. 20. the outward sign of which is the observance of His Law.3. This strict requirement does not allow the careful translator much. pronoun. Hence a translator of the Bible should translate into English every Greek or Hebrew word as carefully and precisely as our English language will allow.1. from God. individual Israelites) to Himself through (the death of) an anointed (one) and giving us (Paul and Timothy) the commission of The reconciliation. And where he needs to add in a noun. a participle or an adjective. In some cases. It can be gained only by belief in Jesus.) Note: this righteousness which was originally spelt rightwiseness cannot be gained by merit or from any human source. He (God) made (to be) sin (itself) on our behalf. just by itself. So if anyone is in an Anointed (People) [he is in] a new state for the old (that is. permit. 19. the translator must insert the noun to which that adjective. etc. the old Low-ammi cast-off state and conditions) having passed away. 18. in order to make sense in English. I will translate the Greek word first and then add. through that conscious action of mind and spirit which is called belief. Lo. (That is. participle. So we are ambassadors on behalf of an anointed (people) as though God were making His offer (to you members of the anointed people) through us.

called saints (Israelites) … And Eph 1:1: Paul. by the Will of God. an apostle of an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus. in Rome. In some passages of our Bibles. The phrase in Christ Jesus is used by Paul only. called Saints …– that is. right through the New Covenant. John’s first Epistle is the Epistle of our Lord Jesus to the same People 2 . Paul is not doing anything that the other Apostles did not do. to those separated in an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus.1. 3 10 . … touched. But here. he is now introducing us to our risen Lord as: That (Light) (of The Israel Order) who was from The Beginning. His name Who he was To whom he was writing. then you can be sure that it is wrong. a servant (or slave) of an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus. c.4. called Israelites. in his first Epistle. 2 This is based on the fact that John begins his Epistle in a similar manner to his Gospel. called an Apostle. instead of being put at the end as we do today. c. by the Will of God. Paul’s position This passage is also relevant to another of the charges you make against Paul which is that “he was always ‘pushing himself forward’ by putting his own name and position at the beginning of all his Epistles”. to the Saints who are at Ephesus and faithful among an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus … And so also in Philippians and Colossians. started off with the name of the writer of the letter at the beginning. Therefore. the one existing at Corinth. is God’s own Epistle to the Hebrew people and starts off: God. the Light whom we have seen. Hence. His name His status To whom his Epistle was written. Hebrews. Who at sundry times … etc. to the assembly (the called out ones) of God. because I have checked every one of the occasions in which it is correctly used in accordance with the most accurate Greek texts 3 . b. Anyone making such an attack on Paul is simply revealing his own ignorance. called to be an Apostle of an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus … 2. In Paul’s day all official letters and epistles. The true sequence must always be verified by reference to an accurate Greek text. the words Christ Jesus have been incorrectly reversed to read Jesus Christ. and I would suggest that you check an unbiased translation of Rom 1:1 which reads in the Greek text: Paul. Peter and Jude do exactly the same thing. have been set-apart (to convey) the good news of God. all Paul’s Epistles must start with: a. If you happen to find it in any other Epistle. He introduced Jesus to us in the Gospel as the Light of the (Israel) order – not of the world. We should note that James’ Epistle also starts off with: a. 1Co 1:1 starts off the same way: Paul. although written down by Paul. that Light whom we have heard. Verse 7: to all God’s beloved. b. Then verse 5 begins the message which The Light gives to all Israelites.

Unfortunately. First. that it is now used by the evangelical and charismatic churches as the basis for their claim to be “born again” Christians. to be reconciled to God again through His Son Prepare ourselves for the restoration to our former position of sonship again – not adoption – which we had before being cast off because of the idolatry of our ancestors. God’s terms for The Reconciliation. and that his task was to: a. verse 6: which He (God) shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour. He appointed Paul. their herald. and for which. That was the purpose for which Jesus appointed the original Apostles as stated in Mat 10:2-7. Paul is not “pushing himself forward’ as you put it. What has been made new is the status and standing of the whole nation of Israel which was brought about by the act of redemption by Jesus on the stake. in the Authorised Version: … He (Jesus) saved us by the washing of regeneration. And that this was brought about by the act of redemption by Jesus on the stake . the passage 2Co 5:17 quoted above. it will be seen that it has nothing to do with being ‘born again’. automatically. an anointed people belonging to Jesus – and provided they began believing in Him and observing God’s Laws they could become members of it by being baptised. who in many cases were heathen. and renewing of the Holy Ghost.1. to the dispersed Israelites. as stated in verse 26). the failure to recognise to whom these verses refer. Bring them the good news of their redemption. Acts 9:15 states. one sent forth (Greek: apostello) to proclaim a message – not “to preach”. and their servant. The word regeneration (re-birth) is first used in the Bible in Mat 19:28 by 11 . For there was no other way that they could enter the kingdom of God. Some “born again” mistakes Paul states that what was made new is the status and standing of the whole Nation. by the death of Jesus on the stake. What Paul is saying to the Corinthians. quite correctly. Once again. not ambassadors for Jesus. The apostle then becomes known as the apostle of the people or nation to whom he is sent. His mission was to go out and convince these people. 1. This has nothing to do with individual Christians being “born again”. and explaining to them. The passage reads. He was driving it home to them that. (and those of us today who are their descendants) for the sake of God’s Anointed People. where he sets down exactly his position and status. 1.4. the mistranslation of the particular Greek words concerned and second. the distinction between a disciple and an apostle. the nation had become. the churches use an isolated text taken out of Titus 3:5. But an apostle. in verse 20 is that both he and Timothy had become their ambassadors. is a herald. “shed” on anybody. Additionally. then he would have included this title at the head of this 2nd Epistle to the Corinthians. This is what Paul is saying. their claim is based upon two errors of translation. in those 5 verses of 2Co 5:18-21 . wherever they might be. He is not claiming that he was “an ambassador for Christ”. right through his Epistles Paul is telling dispersed Israelites. that he was appointed as their Apostle. c. A disciple is a follower and a learner.4. If he had been appointed as “an ambassador for Christ”. The Holy Spirit Himself is not. time and time again. This is quite true because they were bringing. and cannot be. that they had been redeemed by Jesus and that they now belonged to Him. carefully. Hence.Paul was chosen to bear Jesus’ name before the nations and kings of the Children of Israel. Therefore. b. Disciple versus Apostle Note. in the Bible.6 to support their “born again” theories. as given above. and Mark 3:14. But when the passage is correctly translated. And the true translation of the term in Christ Jesus is: in an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus. as the translators of our bibles have made him appear to be saying. in which Paul explains this to us is so badly mistranslated in all our Bibles. This is confirmed in Rom 11:13 where the word gentiles should read nations (of Israel. through the sacrifice of Jesus (the Anointed One) Call on each one of them.2.

cast-off Israelites – because of their sinful state. by individual Christians. The reconciliation required the re-birth of the whole Nation through the washing (not by the Holy Ghost as stated in the Authorised Version) but by that holy (power) spirit which He (God) shed on us (Israel) abundantly through Jesus as stated in verse 6. things heard in visions and dreams are literal and are to be understand in the context of normal speech. It refers to her reinstatement from being divorced (Hos 2:2) to a closer relationship of being reconciled to God as stated by Paul in 2Co 5:18 . 4 Furthermore. Thus the regeneration and renewing do not refer to supposed successive stages of “spiritual experience”. which includes the use of figures of speech etc. In this passage Paul speaks of Jesus as sanctifying the called out assembly of Israel (not the “church”. The Greek word loutron. Hence this word describes the ‘upraising’ of Israel to a new and higher level of spiritual knowledge and communication with God through our Mediator and Redeemer Jesus the Anointed One. used as a noun in both Titus 3:5. as the churches try to make out. cannot commit sin. the objects or things seen in those visions or dreams are symbolic and must not be taken literally. In this context these words refer to two different aspects of one great event in the history of the Ten-Tribed ‘Lost Sheep of the House of Israel. the adverb ana meaning a raising up and kainos meaning a new but a different state. co-incident with the resurrection of Jesus in 30 AD. and is best explained in Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians (Eph 5:26. The second Greek word translated renewing is ana-kainoo. The cleansing of Israel The Restoration of Israel was done by the washing in that holy (power) spirit present in God’s Word. while the renewing reveals their new spiritual position in contrast to their former state of almost spiritual death 4 .2. those who have believed Jesus. It is used here in Titus 3:5. refers to those called out from amongst the whole body and thereby it refers to those who believed Jehovah and lived in accordance with Levitical Law and since Jesus’ day. This cleansing of the called out assembly of Israel from sin was first brought to Peter’s attention through that vision which is recorded in Acts 10:15. the outpouring of the Spirit of God is symbolised in the Great Pyramid by the huge uplift of ceiling from the small passage into Grand Gallery. It is being used in these verses.1. Only Israelites can commit sin (in God’s sight) because sin is breaking God’s Law and the Law was only ever given to. So. The regeneration highlights their new relationship in contrast to their former cast-off state. This word is derived from two Greek words. it is up to us to find out to what the symbols refer in order to interpret the vision/parable correctly. The Greek word. that is. Therefore those unclean things which Peter saw in his vision represented people whom Peter regarded as being “unclean”. 12 . 1. Now food. and accepted by. and with the Definite Article here in Eph 5:26. whether clean or not.6 in reference to the first stage of this restoration of cast-off Israel. the People of Israel. as merely cleansed means cleansed from sin. please note) cleansing her from sin in the laver (the washing) by (the spoken) Word (of God).Jesus in reference to the complete restoration of all Israel in the Kingdom Age. of God’s spoken Word as being the instrument of a cleansing (through the outpouring of God’s Spirit which is always present with His Word) . as with parables. The immediate result of this is a quickening and stimulating intellectual cleansing effect upon all those who hear and can understand it. metaphorically.27). The Greek word which is inadequately translated.4. It is important to note that in all visions and dreams recorded in the Bible. in the Authorised Version. means a vessel for bathing. ekklesia. On the other hand.

Paul and the other Apostles Another of your objections to Paul concerns his position with respect to the original twelve Apostles. This cleansing and uplifting power of God’s Spirit. to take the place of Judas. Matthew 10 states that Jesus called His 12 Disciples to Him. the Israel people had not heard God Himself speak. since the time of Moses. by the remaining 11 Apostles. Those who were not of Israel did not hear The Voice speaking clearly in any dialect. which states that Jesus. But with the coming of Jesus. and other critics of St Paul. 1. claim that Paul cannot become one of those twelve future rulers over Israel. which the Apostles received at Pentecost. Then He gave them power to heal diseases and infirmities. Thus those disciples of verse 1 had become Apostles because they then possessed enough holy (power) spirit to heal the sick. was simply taking this information and telling the Corinthians. and during His ministry as the Lamb of God. to hear that one. Well. the Ephesians and Titus. That is the point at which they go astray. it enabled those devout men of Israel. because Acts 1:26 states. And Paul was urging them now to become reconciled to God by belief of Jesus and in what He had done. However. ratified that election. For example. His action therefore left one of those thrones vacant.5. Hence Paul. who had come from every nation (of Israel) under the heaven. that conversion itself is not the subject matter of these passages in Paul’s letters to the Corinthians. not Matthias. But there is nothing in Acts 1. They had not only received God’s Word from the mouth of the Son of God Himself. you. was demonstrated by the events stated in Acts 2:14-47. appointed by God. from that time onwards. 13 . and to cast out those beings of the spirit world who were unclean. when the symbols are correctly identified then Acts 10:15 states and a voice came to him again a second (time. for the first time in Scripture. that they were some of the people of that whole Assembly of Israel which God had cleansed from sin through the death of Jesus. Having received this power from Jesus. This statement was made after Judas had left the Passover Supper to betray his Master . While this conversion may include some degree of spiritual experience by the so-called “born again” Christian. a partial fulfilment of the prophecy of Joel 2:28 which included the pouring out of God’s Spirit on some others of those present at Pentecost. verse 2 then refers to them. but now also from the Apostles after they had received that power from on high at Pentecost which Jesus had promised them. They are quite right in saying that Matthias was elected. The critics are also wrong on the second count. Therefore it is only within the framework of the restored status of the Israel nation that it became possible. God or the Holy Spirit. Luke 22:30 states that Jesus appointed to the Apostles a future kingdom in which they would sit on thrones judging the Twelve Tribes of Israel. will sit in judgement on one of those twelve thrones. to take the place left vacant by Judas. that Matthias was elected. by the remaining 11 Apostles. the critics are wrong on the first count. apart from the Apostles themselves. for the individual Israelite himself to become reconciled to God. These events were. had spoken God’s Words to them. saying) “what nations The God hath cleansed (from sin) thou must not regard as common. in themselves.Thus. each one in his own dialect. to the Ephesians and to Titus. He had to be baptised and believe in that redemption of the nation which was effected by Jesus. those who cared to listen and to follow Him had been given a drenching of it. or anywhere else in Scripture. We must remember that. and 400 years had passed since the last prophet (Daniel). singular Voice speaking to them. for Paul. as Apostles. and also spiritual authority to cast out unclean spirit beings. they only heard what sounded like drunken babbling. This new upsurge of holy (power) spirit enabled the Apostles to speak with a power and authority which was of a character entirely new to them. many years later.

and of those who believe and who are alive at the time of the Second Advent. or to pray for its coming to be delayed so that he would have time to make more converts among them. Paul would not be so stupid as to waste his time praying for an early death. But although they prayed to the Lord to show them which man of their final ballot should be appointed. in Acts 9:15. is not supported by Paul. will not rise from their graves until the Second Advent takes place. when they had elected Matthias. as a verbal noun which means it can refer only to one event. that Paul was the only other person chosen by Jesus to represent Him before the Nations and Kings of the Children of Israel. possessed by none of the other Apostles (and few. or Their method of selection. d. and it also states. if any. acceptable to the Risen Lord Jesus. but without the Epistles written by Paul. it is obvious from the context. the appointment of a twelfth Apostle. For Paul was a brilliant lawyer. And that is how Paul describes his appointment at the beginning of most of his Epistles: Paul. Statutes and Judgements. with a legal_ comprehension of the application of God’s Laws. that the dead in an Anointed (People) that is. we would know little or nothing of all that lay behind the matters discussed by Jesus while He was on the earth. These metaphors always consist of two familiar but distinctive relationships of natural human life. because he states. 1. Accepted the limitations of choice laid down by Peter in verses 21 and 22. dead Israelites. Paul uses three separate and distinct metaphors to refer to the coming union of our Saviour Lord with His Redeemed People in the Kingdom Age. a called Apostle of an anointed (people) belonging to Jesus … Hence Paul is the true twelfth Apostle who not only replaces Judas. Then again they should also have realised that. so that he. c. This is confirmed by the fact that we hear nothing more about Matthias after Acts 1. he or she is immediately ushered into the presence of our Lord. The Resurrection of the dead. They should also have remembered that Jesus did not use a lottery or ballot system to select any of the original twelve. in 1Th 4:16. none of them had the ability to bestow on him any of those powers which Jesus had personally given to them. and all other believers. The word is used with the Definite Article here. These are: 14 . Once again it is based on a misleading religious translation of his words in Phi 1:20-25. Scripture reveals the fact that Jesus chose all the original Apostles personally. and Paul could not and would not deny that fact. themselves. should have known that human beings are incapable of selecting someone to represent The Lord our Creator. of the translators of our Bibles). Nor would we have much understanding of what Jesus did for us or of what we need to do about it today. that the Lord gave no sign that He: a. 1Th 4:16 has nothing whatsoever to do with a so-called “Rapture of the Saints” which some of the churches go on about under the delusion that “the church” is to form “the body” of the “Bridegroom” of which the head is Jesus. or Approved of their selection. or Approved of their precipitous action in presuming to elect a twelfth Apostle. but who will also judge Israel from one of those twelve thrones in the Kingdom Age. Therefore. had to remain in abeyance until He was ready to make that selection. Between death and resurrection Similarly. by the Will of God. All of Scripture states that there is no knowledge or conscious awareness in the grave. could be with the Lord forever more. They. b. Therefore it was inappropriate for them to take such action. the modern church teaching.6.In Acts 1 the Apostles “elected” Matthias as the twelfth Apostle in place of Judas. that when a person dies. The error stems from mistranslating the Greek verb ana-lusai which literally means up-loosing. Paul was simply telling the Philippians that he was torn between the desire to pray for the Resurrection to come quickly.

....................... 4 D Deu 4: 2 ....................................... b.......................... 10 Eph 5:26 ................. 12 Titus 3: 5.................. the husband............... 7 1Co 8: 4-13.................... which you and others have called into question............ and The bridegroom and his bride..... that the supposed errors and contradictions in Paul’s Epistles are not there in the Greek text in which Paul wrote them........................ and.......................... 12 5:18-21 .......................... 3 Mat 19:28... 4 Rom 1: 1 .......................................... 12.............. in the preceding pages. 15 2 2Co 2Co 2Co 2Co 5:17 .. 8 Rom 5:11 .. Paul or any of the other New Testament writers – they were just the human pens that God used to write down His Words............. 11 Mat 10: 2-7 ...... but it is quite evident from my studies..................................... and then assert that these two together represent the ‘Bridegroom in a different metaphor............. that no human being could have originated any of those Gospels or Epistles because they are so grammatically and completely perfect..7.. 1..................................... and it is time that we took notice of that fact and started to study God’s Word instead of trying to criticise it........... 13 Acts 2:14-47.. whether written by Peter..... 8 Luke 22:30 . 8 5:18 ... 14 Acts 10:15 ........a....... or the bridegroom........... The head and the body A husband and his wife........... 4 E Eph 1: 1........ 4 Acts 15:29 ... 12 I Isa 49: 6 ................... 13 Acts 9:15.....6 ........................... c................................................. 4 Joel 2:28 ......... 11..... Index 1 1Co 1: 1 ...... in many instances........... 11 Mat 15:24........................ 13 John 3:16.... and that the church represents ‘the body’ in one metaphor........................... 12 H Hos 2: 2...19 .................................... 3 1Jo 3: 9.............. 8 Rom 11:13 . There is no error in any of the ‘original’ Greek text........ I have shown... 12 Eph 5:26.................5............. 13 M Mark 3:14.............. their failure to pay proper attention to the information hidden in the grammar itself................ 6 15 ................. 11 5:17-21 ....... 10 Rom 5:10 ............ All of it is God’s Word..................... 13 Acts 13: 2.......................... The first parts of each metaphor always refer to Jesus as the head. Conclusion Now I am not going to continue discussing passage after passage of Paul’s Epistles.......... and the second part always refers to Israel............ 11 Acts 13:26 .......... Such critical action achieves nothing except to reveal the ignorance and lack of understanding of the critics themselves............................ 3 L Lev 12: 3...... 11 T Titus 3: 5........................... 7 1Jo 1: 8............. 5 J Jer 23:28 . It only creates confusion to try to include “the church” by mixing two metaphors together............................. 10 1Co 8: 1-13.................. 14 R Rev 22:18............................................................. The “church” cannot claim that Jesus is the Head........ What you choose to believe is your own affair................................. 11................. Man could not have achieved that state of perfection by his own efforts....... 6............. 12 P Phi 1:20-25.................. 9.................................... 7 1Co 10:14 ..................................... 14.. 7 Acts 17:11 .......... 3 1Th 4:16 ...... The errors arise because of the failure of the translators of our Bibles to translate many Greek words correctly......27.......... 7 1Co 10:23-28..... 12 A Acts 1:26..........................