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Part-A Unit I 1. Define fluid. 2. Differentiate between fluid and solid. 3. Define Specific volume 4. Define Specific gravity. 5. Define Viscosity. 6. Define Compressibility. 7. Define vapour pressure. 8. Define Capillarity. 9. Define Surface tension. 10. Differentiate between Absolute and gauge pressures. 11. Mention two pressure measuring instruments. 12. What is peizometer? 13. how manometers are classified. 14. What is pitot static tube? 15. Write down the units for dynamic and kinematic viscosity. 16. State Newton¶s law of viscosity. 17. Differentiate between Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid. 18. Differentiate between ideal and real fluid. 19. What is ideal plastic fluid? 20. Define velocity gradient. 21. What is the difference weight density and mass density¶? 22. What is the difference between dynamic and kinematic viscosity¶?
13.. . 34. What is orifice plate¶? 55. Mention the methoas tbr dimensional analysis. 57. 36. 30. Why the divergent cone is longer than conergent cone in venlurimctcr¶! 51. Write down Euler¶s equation of motion. What is vacuum pressure? 26. Define velocity potential function. 3 1. Mention the applications of Bernoulli¶s equation of motioii 48. DelIne coefficient oldiseharge. Mention liv discharge measunng devices 49. U.23. 52. l)cline flow net. Define relative density. Differentiate between rotational and i rrotational flow. Differentiate between compressible and incompressible flow. Write down continuity equation in three dimensions. Compare the merits and demerits of enturimctcr with orifice meter. Define coeflicient of contraction. 38. DelIne coelficient olvelocity. 64.umbers. [)raw the vcnturiincter and mention the parts. 63. 32. State the assumptions made in Bernoulli¶s equation of motion. What is dimensionless number? 62. Define steady flow. Differentiate between local and convective acceleration. What is the dilThrcncc between Pitot tube and Pitot static tube? 54. 37. 42. Why Cd value is high in venturimeter than oiilice meter? 53.14. 17. What is dimensional homogeneity¶? 61. 28. Define stream function. Write down the value of atmospheric pressure head in terms of water and 1-1g. 59. What do you mean by vena contracta? 56. 25. 29. 40. Mention few important dimensionless . Define uniform flow. Write down Bernoufli¶s equation of motion fr ideal and real fluid. 58. 33. Differentiate between specific weight and specific volume. 41. 28. 60. 45. h-low will you classify the flow as laminar and turbulent¶? 35. Define stream line. 50. Define path line. . Defineiu4ation. Write down continuity equation for compressible and incompressible fluid. Mei:tion the tpe of¶ forces acting in moing fluid. What is absolute zero pressure¶? 27. 24. Define streak line. Differentiate between laminar and turbulent flow. State Btkinghaiu¶s Pi Theorem. 39.
Define momentum thickness. 97. 80. On what basis. What is the diti¶erencc between model and prototype¶? 71..ist down the type of minor energy losses. DiIl1rentiate between impulse and reaction turbine. 107. 66. 99. Mention two application of similarity laws 72. 67. Define Froude¶s number.65. Sketch the shear stress distribution for laminar flow between parallel plates 79.weishack¶s equation. 103. [)il¶fërentiate between Hydraulic Gradient line and Total Energy line. Define laminar sub layer. 82. Define specific speed of turbine. Write down Darcy . 74. What is compound pipe? 86. 73. 96. 92. Define impulse turbine. What is the condition for maximum efficiency of power transmission¶? 88. Mention the application of moody diagram. I-low boundary layers are classified? 94. 101. Define geometnc similarity. Define drag force. What do you mean by major energy loss¶? 84. What is the ditkrcnce between friction factor and coeflicient of friction? 83. [)eline kinematic similarity. Define Mach¶s number. 75. What are the classifications of turbine 102. 93. 89. 104. Define Weber¶s number. Define laminar boundary layer 95. What are the main parameters in designing a Pelton wheel turhine? . What do you mean by bounda layer separation? 90. 105. 91. Define dynamic similarity. [. 68. the boundary layer is classified as laminar and turbulent? 98. 70. 85. Define reaction turbine. What do you mean by equivalent pipe? 87. What is the dilkrence between fluid kinematics and Iluid dynamics¶? 76. Delinelaiy layer thicknes. 29. Define iift force. What is the function of dralL tube? 106. Define Euler¶s number. Define turbine. Sketch the velocity distribution for laminar how between parallel plates. Write down Hagen poiseulle¶s equation 77. Define energy thickness. Define displacement thickness. 69. SI. 100. Define Reynold¶s number. Define turbulent boundary layer. 78.
How turbines are classified based on working principle. Draw the velocity triangle for radial flow reaction turbine. What is the difThrence between Francis turbine and Modern Francis turbine? 122. Why the foot valve is a non return twe valve? . Mention the types of elliciencies calculated for turbine. What does velocity triangle indicates? 129. 143. 133. What is breaking jet in Pelton wheel turbine? 109. Hydraulic efliciepcv 30. 147. Ill. (live example 127. What is the diffurence between propeller and Kaplan turbine? 119. how turbines arc classified based on flow. Vhat do you mean by tail race! 116. Define Rotodynamic pLmp. Mention the parts of centrifugal pump. 134. 136. 130. How turbines are classified based on head. What is the need for priming in pump? 145 Give examples for Rotodynamic pump 146. 149. 148. What is speed ratio? II 7. 121. Vhat is mixed flow reaction turbine? (live an example. Define Mechanical efficiency. DiFferentiate between Rolodynamic and positive displacement pump. Give example. 132. What is the function ofeasing in Pelton turbine 110 Draw a simple sketch of Pelton wheel bucket. Define cavitation in pump. 131. 141. Mention the parts of Kaplan turbine. 140.108. Why drati tube is not required in impulse turbine? 125. Give examples for Positive displacement pump. What is the difference between outward and inward flow turbine? 123. Define pump. What do you mean by head race? 115. Why the foot valve is fitted with strainer¶! 150. Dillireniiatc pump and turbine. how performance characteristic curves are drawn for turbine. 120. 135.rcntiatc between inward and outward flow reaction turbine. What is water hammer? 114. 14¶. Define overall efficiency. Vhat is flow ratio? 118. What is the function of surge tank fixed to penstock in Pelton turbine? II¶. Draw the velocity triangle for tangential flow turbine. Mention the type of casing used in centrifugal pump. 144. 137. Mention the type of characteristic curves for turbines. Dilll. How the inlet discharge is controlled in Pelton turbine? 113. 128. 124. How pumps are classified? 139. 138. (live example. Define Positive displacement pump. 126.
183. What is the difference between actual and ideal indicator diagrani¶ 174. 186 Vnte down the equation br loss of head due to friction in reciprocating pump. Briefly explain Gear pump. 179. Derive Bernoulli¶s equation from Euler¶s equation of motion. 1 77. is the amount oiwprk vessel¶? 181. 175. 167. Define specific speed of pump. 160. Vhat is the condition li. Mention the parts of reciprocating pump. 180. Mention the type of characteristic curves for pump 166. Part B OUESTIONS (Theors / Deriation) 1. How separation occurs in reciprocating pump! 18S \Vriie down the equation br loss of¶ head due to acceleration in reciprocating pump. 168. Dit¶tirentiatc single acting and double acting reciprocating pump. Define Mechanical efficiency. Draw the indicator diagram fro reciprocating pump. Dern e continuity equation in three dimension 2. Define Hydraulic efficiency 162. 187. How performance characteristic curves are drawn for pump. 163. . What is the function of air vessel¶? 169. Why the vanes are curved radially backward! 155.151. 165. Briefly explain vane pump. 161. Mention the types of efficiencies calculated tar Pump. What is separation in reciprocating pump! 184. What is rotary pump? 178. Draw the velocity triangle for centrifugal pump. What is the function of volute casing! 153. Differentiate between volute casing and vortex casing. Derive [lagen pismelle¶s equation for laminar flow through circular pipe. Dern e an expression tbr discharge in orifice meter 5. What is the function of guide vanes? 154. Mention the types of impeller used. 3. 182. What is the function of impeller? 159. 176. Mention the merits and demerits of centrifugal pump. Vhat does indicator diagram indicates? 173. 152. What is negative slip¶? 171.r occurrence of negative slip? 172. What do you mean by absolute velocity? 158. Mention (he merits and demerits of reciprocating pump. Dern e an expression for discharge in entunme1ei 4. Dilkreniiate between internal gear pump and external gear pump. What do you mean by relative velocity? 156 What is whirl velocity? 157. Define overall efficiency 164. What is slip of reciprocating pump? 170.
l)eri¶e an expression for specilic speed for turbine. Derie the amount of work saved by air vessel in reciprocating pump. Deri¶e the elliciencies in centrifugal pump 17. Explain ith neat sketch the working principle of Reciprocating pump. Explain the types of similarities. Deri e an expression for specilic speed 11r pump. Explain with neat sketch the working principle of Centrifugal pump 11. . ii Explain with neat sketch the working principle of Pelton wheel turbine 13. Explain with neat sketch the working principle of rotary purnp( Gear Vane pump) 16. Dens e Darcv-weishack equation for flow through pipes 7. 10. 8. Explain with neat sketch the working principle of Kaplan turbine 14. Explain with neat sketch the working principle of Reaction turbine 15. 9.6.
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