Automotive Transmission 1

Automotive Transmission Its Parts and Functions

Vill Amore P. Padayhag BSME-1

English 12, EN 198 Mrs. Mayflor D. Prantilla-Arambala March 4, 2011

hydraulic pump. output shaft. typically operated with pedal for regulating torque transfer from internal combustion engine to transmission and a gear stick operated by hand. transmission axles. valve body. clutches and bands. driver usually use the driver-operated clutch. 1976). Usually here in Philippines we use manual transmission and we need to know what are the parts and function of it. gasket. Like the transmission of a car. Manual transmission gives the driver the will to choose any forward gear ratio at anytime he wants. planetary gear set. also known as a manual gearbox or standard transmission is a type of transmission that are usually use in the cars here in the Philippines. In using a manual transmission. . The transmission of a car has two kinds. from which it is actually carried to the wheels (Crouse. we always use it every time we drive. automatic transmission and manual transmission. gear pump.Nowadays almost all of the people are using cars due to our advance technology. W. and speedometer drive gear. fly wheel..H. A manual transmission. Torque converter. Manual transmission parts are simpler than automatic transmission part because manual transmission is not controlled by computer system. We use cars to go to other places and to travel a lot faster than walking. gearshift lever.Automotive Transmission 2 Automotive Transmission Parts and Functions ³An automotive transmission is a device for transmitting power from the engine to the drive shaft. universal joint. The gear stick is used to choose what gear ration a driver wants to use. Many car users are just driving without knowing the parts and function of the car that they are using. These are the parts of the manual automotive transmission. idler.

and coupling.Automotive Transmission 3 The torque converter is one of the most important parts of a transmission. In this stage of operation the torque multiplication is stopped.. The acceleration depends on the actual difference between the pump and turbine speed. acceleration. Making the load rational to the power source give an ideal speed for the load of a car. Pumping fluid to the engine is the primary function of gear pump.B. T. in this stage of operation it prevent the car from moving by placing the transmission in a gear by applying brakes. 2004). Gear pumps draw transmission fluid and pressurize it in the engine to make the car operate. Torque converter makes the engine still running while the vehicle is stationary without stalling. . Second stage of operation is the acceleration. Stall. Initially it will end when the car starts to move. Malfunction of pump can cause major damage to the engine and stop it from operating. The torque converter is behaving and stable. The torque converter has 3 stages of operation and these are stall. Stall phase last only for a period of time. It provides enough fluid to the engine to pressurize it to keep it running(David. The last and third stage of operation is the coupling. In this stage it usually the clutch is lock-up to improve the fuel efficiency of a car. It generates more power whenever the load is heavy and it provides a rational speed with the load. This torque converter allows the transmission to stay in a specific gear that the driver chose. This gear pumps provide smoother operation of the car. In this stage of operation the converter will produce torque multiplication that is less than what could be achieved under stall conditions.

The hydraulic pressure is controlling the operation of the planetary gear set to select the optimum gear ratio for the current operating conditions. One example of this situation is driving using half-clutch. This roller clutch is very useful in racing car¶s transmission. such as low range or reverse. The hydraulic pressure controlled by these valves drives the various clutch and brake band actuators. It prevents the other . while allowing another member to rotate. The pressure coming from this pump is regulated and used to run a network of spring-loaded valves and pistons. Pressurizing the lubricating oil and fluid is processed in valve body. The valve body is the hydraulic control center that receives pressurized fluid from the main pump operated by the fluid coupling or torque converter. Lubricating oil is very useful in the transmission and hydraulic pump is the one pumping it. The roller clutch is the one used to manage the up shifts or downshifts of transmission. The clutches and band enable to effect gear changes. This hydraulic pump helps to provide lubricating oil by pumping it. It transmits torque and producing gear reductions. One of two types of clutches or bands are used to hold a particular member of the planetary gear set motionless. The bands come into play for manually selected gears. The advantage of this type of clutch is that it eliminates the sensitivity of timing a simultaneous clutch release or applies on two planetary. It helps a faster torque transfer while changing gears. It transmits torque only in one direction whether free-wheeling and overrunning.Automotive Transmission 4 In shifting from low gear to higher gear the clutches and bands are in charge in that. These clutches and bands make the changing of gear more effective and faster.

Flywheels resist changes in their rotational speed by the planetary gear set. It is a mechanical device in which the transmission gets rotation energy. which makes a steady speed of the shaft which is produced by the power source. spline and tapered tool fittings. This output shaft is very useful in a big truck like dump trucks.Automotive Transmission 5 transmission and other parts from corrosion. Hydraulic pump provide properties that promote smooth power transmission. The output shaft is a rotatable cylindrical bar that is used in automotive transmission systems for transmitting torque from a device. Behind the engine break of a truck is the output shaft who is the one reducing the speed even without applying brakes. Proper maintenance of hydraulic pump increases the service life of the transmission. These automotive transmission parts also called as drive shaft or slow speed shaft are the essential elements of speed reducer. Planetary gear set is the one responsible for changing gears. the engine. Planetary gear set is a gear system consisting of one or more outer gears. Output shaft is the one responsible for controlling the speed of the car. Flywheel is a spinning wheel or disc with fixed axle so that it won¶t move back and forth. . The shaft can be found at the center of the flywheel. The basic parts of an output shaft are plug-in. Usually the planet gears are mounted on a movable arm or carrier which itself may rotate relative to the sun gear. or he sun gear. Planetary gear set makes changing of gear from 5th gear to 2nd gear possible. There are one or more outer gears revolving about a central.

These transmission part is consists of spline at one end and flange at the other end. A gasket is a type of seal used to seal two stationary parts that are fastened together. It prevents the transmission from being drained with lubricant oil which is very .Automotive Transmission 6 Transmission axles usually support the differential shafts and wheels. This joint is the point of connection in a stiff rod which enables the rod to turn in any desired direction. These automotive transmission parts are one of the earliest forms of flexible couplings that have two shaft yokes located at 90 degrees angle to each other and a four point cross that fasten. there are also a number of other seals and gaskets that vary from transmission to transmission. It is very important to transmission because without this suspension. A common example is the rubber O-ring that seals the shaft for the shift control lever. Sealing leakage is very important that¶s why there is gasket. Transmission axle is the metal based shaft to which wheels. Seals are very important because it prevents fluid leakage. Universal joint is also known as U joint. In other words universal joint is a joining link between two shafts that are in a changing position. differential and engine will be dismantled. which are used for providing support to differential shafts and wheels in order to manage a vehicle. Seals are required anywhere that a device needs to pass through the transmission case with each one being a potential source for leaks. wheels. brakes and other automotive suspension parts are connected. Both of these components are used for holding tightly the wheel studs. Transmission axles are the shafts usually rods or bars. This is the shaft that you move when you manipulate the gear shifter. Aside from the main seals. brakes.

As the disk turns. The last is the speedometer drive gear which is monitoring the speed of the car. Literally a car won¶t function if one of these parts is missing. Without this gasket it would cause short lifetime of a car¶s transmission. . the teeth pass between the two. The gearshift lever is the used by the driver in shifting gears. The sensor is typically a toothed metal disk positioned between a coil and a magnetic field sensor. It is the one responsible for choosing the desired gear of the driver. The computer converts the pulses recorded into an analog-style needle or digital display. In shifting gears the gearshift lever should be on timing with the clutch so that the shifting of gear is smooth. A rotation sensor. Even it is the tiniest bolt in the transmission it is still very important to it so that it transmission will function properly. It is supporting the weight of the belt and the materials being transported on the conveyor belt and it is usually cylindrical in shape. It is supporting the movement of the rollers which the conveyor belts are moving.Automotive Transmission 7 important in preventing the transmission from corrosion. It is always present on a manual transmission at the side of the driver. usually mounted on the rear of the transmission at the drive shaft. An idler is a mechanical devise that is supporting main transfer of power in a transmission. each time producing a pulse in the sensor as they affect the strength of the magnetic field it is measuring. delivers a series of electronic pulses whose frequency corresponds to the rotational speed of the driveshaft.

Automotive Transmission 8 References Crouse. (1976). W. United States: Scholastic Inc. . Automotive transmission and power trains. H.

275. p. (1976).org/wiki/Transmission_(mechanics)#Manual http://www.com. Transmission. W. (2003). B. Drubbel.Automotive Transmission 9 Crouse.fortwaynetransmission.ph/imglanding?q=major+parts+of+transmission&hl=tl&sa=X&biw=128 0&bih=709&tbs=isch:1&prmd=ivns&tbnid=tTrFLLgDd-6--M:&imgrefur http://www. p.H. Automotive. 184 http://en.wikipedia.com/your-transmission-3/how-it-works/ Bibliography . Automatic and manual transmissions.google. Automotive.

Automobile transmission and power trains. The shell auto care guide for automobile parts. M. The function of transmission.htm . (2003).org/wiki/Manual_transmission http://en. R.W. C. United States of America: Wiley Publishing Inc.Automotive Transmission 10 Crouse.com/content/construction/14273/css/14273_133. (1950). (2004). G. Automatic and manual transmission. Giles.wikipedia. (2005).wikipedia. United States: Trident Press International. Auto-mechanics fundamentals. (1971).B. Naples. (2004).wikipedia. Petersen¶s basic clutches and transmissions.org/wiki/Speedometer http://www.H. W. 279-280. David.(1976). United States of America: Scholastic Inc. Olney. Kent. United States of America: New Dawn Press. United States of America: Scholastic Inc. Mechanical trades.19.tpub. (1974). (1971). Millwrights and mechanic. Nelson. United States of America: Wiley Publishing Inc. New Jersey: Clifton National Band and Trust Press.p.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmission_(mechanics)#Uses http://en.org/wiki/Automatic_transmission http://en. Design and production. V.org/wiki/Flywheel#Applications http://en. W. Vas.A. United States of America: Trident Press International. Mechanical Energy. United States of America: Scholastic Inc. Schofield. Gears and transmission.wikipedia. B. Stockel. J.G. T. Drubbel. (1998). http://en. M.

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