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International Aquafeed is published five times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies, the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published. ©Copyright 2009 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058
The International magazine for the aquaculture feed industry
F: Victam 2011
A review from Cologne, Germany
ictam 2011 brought with it a lot of changes: A change of frequency – being held once every three years to every four years (as the previous one had been held on 2007); a change of localisation from - Utrecht (in The Netherlands) to Cologne, Germany; a change in its appeal - as Fiapp (an exhibition for ingredient and additive manufacturers) and Grapas (an exhibition for flour, pasta and rice milling and general grain processing for foodstuffs) became co-located exhibition following the success of an expanded show at Victam Asia. But the fundamentals were still there: international feed industry, new technology and innovation, meeting with conferences. Paradigm change takeing place With a more convenient localisation to express their growth, the Victam, GRAPAS and FIAPP 2011 shows had been a great success both for exhibitors or visitors. Easy-to-reach by train, air and car, easyto-park, easy-to-lodge in a city which offering enough rooms to accommodate any number of visitors and finally, on local tram lines to accommodate everyone. The change from Utrecht in The Netherlands to Cologne in Germany seems
to have been well accepted by visitors. The only exception to a smooth transfer were some technical issues with regard to the lack of signage to conferences rooms, which the exposition park missed providing. Exhibitors are still evaluating their experiences and expressing their views to the organisation so, over the next few months, more details will be available regarding the success of the change and decisions to be taken with regard to the next European show. Belying the change in location there is a real paradigm change taking place within our indusries: Western Europe is no more the centre of the feed universe, North Africa and Eastern Europe emergence are emerging as strong realities. Without overlooking the development of Middle East and Asia – showing up as either established visitors or exhibitors. The number of Chinese exhibitors has grown remarkably and they are looking for business in Europe and Africa, and not just within the Asian region: Victam Bangkok 2012 - to be held next February - is much more dedicated to be representative of the region. At Victam International in Cologne more than 17 Chineses exhibitors and four other Asian firms exhibited. Even if connected, our industry had seen this direction in growth for Victam
International as early as the 1990s. Now it is much more evident, as it had been clear at the beginning of 2008 in Bangkok during Victam Asia, that a more central European venue for Victam International was necesary.
Big machines – big displays
First impressions of the show were that this was the real thing! With real and big machines on display. Visitors wanted to see and to touch and even smell the real thing. The immediate impression was about size: big, big machinery which begs the question, does the feed industry really give any thought to energy cost? Of course not you would think, but just look at Stolz and its work about optimisation of the drying process in connection with the French technical center Tecaliman. There were innovation looking at what might seems minor details as to the repartition of particle size reduction through grinding, as the easiest change of spare parts, through to the cleaning concepts now included on many machines. Another field that appeared to be a common thread throughout the show was on-line control, either to control humidity/ moisture or protein content. If we can easily see the interest in those control measures and the automatic regulation of the process
parameters for dealing with moisture, we are still waiting to see how we might use on-line protein control to regulate the process. Pelleting technology to be used in the production of bioenergy was also evident at the show.
Bioenergy and pelleting
The biomass part of the exhibition is completely connected with the feed technology and visitors began showing an interest in this technology as early as 2007 during the previous Victam International in Utrecht. Some 40 millions tonnes of pellets might be produced in Europe by the bioenergy industry by 2020: this market might overtake the investment in feed equipment if it fullfills its promise and reaches this target, expressed during the European Biomasse Association conference Aebiom. It had been held on May 5, 2011. It should come at no surprise that some of the main exhibitors and sponsored for this event are strong players in the feed sector – to name a few they include, Andritz, CPM, Kahl, Latgran, Poyry, VDB and Vapo. The estimation for world output of bioenergy pellets by 2015 is a massive 23.5 million tonnes. Europe is expected to produce 10 million tonnes of that - less than
the half of world output. However, aas early as 2008, European bioenergy pellet production reached 6.3 tonnes - which mean that already Europe was accounting for more than half of total production of 11.8 million tonnes at that time. The fastest growth might well occur in North America where output was just 2.9 million tonnes in 2008 with an estimated target of 7.7 million tonnes by 2015. Production is partly assured on machines from previously feed or other operations would need. But in 2010, over capacity had been significant throughout the world, from one-third in Germany to more than double in USA. So investments in this sector will need to wait a little for the new year to come. The feed-related co-located shows FIAPP, the feed ingredients and feed additives show, didn’t seem as important regarding the number of exhibitors taking space, but are going their road. The EPA press conference about probiotics is pointing this fact. At the end of the 1980s, the first European conference which launched the debate between probiotics and antibiotics, for example, had already taken place at Huhn and Shwein (the previous name for Eurotier) in Germany. Maybe this press meeting signaled the real installation of
additives and ingredients as a part of this global show? As visitors to Victam International are mostly technologists, they might be more interested in the technical constraints or advantages of one ingredient over another, but the show must drive buyers to develop this part of Victam. Despite this consideration, the conferences gave some driving force to FIAPP. For example the seaweed products of Ocean Harvest showed its interest in aquafeed as a substitute of premixes with its range of minerals and vitamins (apart for B group vitamins which might be found on yeast products). GRAPAS, the grain (GRA) and pasta (PAS) show targeted flour milling, gain and rice processing as well as pasta and noodle production industries. These industries are using some of the same technologies that are used in the feed sector and it is quite clear there is sound synergies here.
Seminars Pellets for bioenergy
Around 100 participants attended this event: It proved a great success for Aebiom (the European Biomass
28 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | July-August 2011
July-August 2011 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | 29
F: Victam 2011
ticated price regulation tools are becoming available, a sign that the market is becoming a worldwide commodity. With the market growth, raw material diversification will become crucial: the use of new raw materials such as straw and hay (which poses questions about competition with feed), corn cobs, sunflower husks, peanut shells and other biomass offers a realistic opportunity for future diversification. The general pattern is the same as with feed: not to allow spoilage or waste of any resource. Finally, biomass quality is perceived as essential in achieving successful market development. The ENplus quality certification is developing: 60 percent of Germany and 90 percent of Austria production capacities are expected to be certified at the end of 2011. specifications used by fishmeal producers and purchasers. As explained Joseph P Kearns from Wenger, the developing trend in aquafeed plants is to ensure feed safety throughout the production process. A strategic path to accomplish this would be to assess and design the facility with attention to raw materials and their storage, plant equipment design, processing or operating procedure, final product efficacy and the overall culture of day-to-day operation of the plant. As Urs Wuest from Buhler said, the changing requirement in the aquafeed industry translate into a demand for specific technical requirement such as extrusion technology.
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Ingredients and additives
Eufetech, the European Feed Technology Center, and Linx Conferences proposed a conference focusing on feed safety and formulation advances. Eufetech brings together animal feed manufacturers, academia and researchers from: Bemefa (Belgium), FEFAC and FEFANA (UE), Cesfac (Spain), Tecaliman (France), Wageningen (The Netherlands), Ghent University (Belgium), FINSV (Serbia), Isan (Italy), University of Nottingham (UK). Since 1995, the EU has required feed manufacturers to estimate the mixing and cross contamination risk on their plants. The pressure from this regulation has continuously grown and the last Directive (08/09) limited the carryover from three to one percent for coccidiostics, depending on whether or not it is target feeds. In this context, Tecaliman had developed, beginning 20 years ago, rules to evaluate mixing capability of a mixer and cross contamination levels in plants. The technical centre promotes a method using external micro-tracer which became recognize as a reference in Europe. The quality of new raw material as distillers dried grain depend of the process on the plant as Kip Karges of Poet Nutrition showed. Ilvo from Belgium had evaluated the nutritional value of wheat DDGS for ruminants and pig. During the conference, a wide range of other topics had been presented, form GMP+ to enzymes as additives for upgrading the nutritive value of poultry diets containing sunflower meal and the potential of organic trace minerals to improve animal health and reduce environmental impact of animal production systems.
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Organised by Linx Conferences in association with Nofima, the Norwan Research Institute, and sponsored by Buhler, Aquafeed Horizon was attended by more than 100 participants looking for the latest developments in aquatic feed production. For example, handling, storage and transport of feeds lead to attrition of pellets. Undersized particles represent loss and poor utilisation of feed resources. Thus, feed with high physical pellet quality is in demand. However, physical properties affect the nutritional value of feeds. Research shows that feed intake appears to be the main factor when evaluating pellet quality, but several other factors such as pellet durability, nutrient digestibility and fat belching must be taken into consideration when searching for the most economical and sustainable pellet quality. Hardness and durability combined with low, medium or high water and steam input in the extrusion process show different impacts on feed intake and fish growth. Those data can be used by the industry to better understand and correct the observed variance in extrusion properties, pellet quality and to improve the product
Association) which had been held on the last day of the show. It focused on the market and on the opportunity for the pelleting technology. It shows some advantages: energy density, logistics, lower investments in plants … the pellet demand might reach 229TWh in 2020, 68 percent solid biomass, 50 percent pellets. For Jean-Marc Jossart (of Aeobiom), the demand for pellets will reach 42 million tonnes worldwide by then. Sweden with its two million tonnes (500Kt of import) of wood pellets and Germany (at 1.6 million tonnes or nearly self-sufficient) have been the major European markets in 2009. The globalization of the pellet sector opens up worldwide supply with the transport and logistical implication of the pellet transfer from regions with high biomass potential to high consumption regions. Price index and more and more sophis-
Innovations for a better world.
30 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | July-August 2011
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