Etabs Flowchart: A.

Structural Analysis

1.0 Set the unit: click at the lower right, use KN-m
2.0Model Initialization: NO (to use the built-in Etabs Default) 1.1Grid Dimension (click Custom Grid Spacing to edit) 1.2Story Dimension (click Custom Story Data to edit) 3.0Define 3.1Material Property Name a. Click Conc – Modify/Show Material Particular Units Used Type of Material Concrete comp. strength, f’c Bending Reinf. Yield Stress, Fy Shear Reinf. Yield Stress, Fy Mass per Unit Volume Weight per Unit Volume Modulus of Elasticity Poisson’s Ratio Coeff. of Thermal Expansion Remarks KN-m Isotropic (usually used for RC and steel) Example Value KN-m Isotropic 27579 413685 275730 2.4007 23.5616 24821128 0.2 9.900E-0.6

= 4730 x sqrt (f’c inMPa) x 1000

*Conversion from concrete cube (fcu) to cylinder strength (f’c) using L’Hermite formula: f’c = 0.76 + 0.2 log (fcu / 2840) where: fcu in psi example: therefore: fcu = 40MPa = 5801.51psi f’c = 0.822 * fcu = 32.88MPa

3.2Frame Section a. Click Add Rectangular (arrow down the second dialog box at the right ), then click Modify/Show Material b. Modify Concrete Reinforcement (There are two tabs in the reinforcement data dialog box. They are labeled column and beam. Pick the tab that corresponds to the frame section you are defining.)  For beams: input As (area of steel reinf.) at reinforcement overrides for ductile beams for investigation. Otherwise, leave it at default values, 0 c. Set Property Modifier: Input modification factor for moment of inertia (for crack section, usually 0.7 for columns & 0.5 for beams) 3.3Wall/Slab/Deck Section

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2 UBC Constant 0.020 Top Most level to Ground Floor only SMRF for Steel & RC = 8.030 Other = 0.4 B Story Range Overstrength Factor.2.0 For Dynamic Analysis: Define Response Spectrum Function – define UBC97 & add UBC97 Spectrum 5. Multiplier 1 0 0 0 Auto Lat. Click Add Deck or Wall or Slab (arrow down the dialog box at the right ). Choose the type to be used: • Click Shell Type Behavior (Out-plane stiffness is provided for the section) – usually used for cantilever slabs and walls • Click Membrane Type Behavior (Only in-plane membrane stiffness is provided for the section) – usually used for slab • Click Plate Type Behavior (Combination of Out-plane and inplane stiffness is provided for the section) 4.2 NSCP Referenc e Constant 0.5 Per Code SC 0.5.05 Steel = 0.4 B 208.0853 RC = 0.1 Choose EQX then click Modify Lateral Load 5. Load UBC97 UBC97 5.a. R Seismic Coefficient: Soil Profile Seismic Zone Factor Near Source 16-N 208-11 16-J 16-I 16-U 208-2 208-3 208-6 2 .0731 Other = 0.05 Steel = 0.0Define Static Load Case Name Load Dead Live EQX EQY Type Dead Live Quake Quake Self Wt.2.2 Direction & Eccentricity = X-dir.035 RC = 0. + Eccen Y Particular Referen ce Eccentricity Ratio Time Period 1630.0488 Top Most level to Ground Floor only SMRF for Steel & RC = 8. then click Modify/Show Material b.5 Per Code SC 0. Type thickness for membrane and bending (same thickness) c.

1.42DL + 1.05 1.05 1.70 2 1.7LL Comb3: 1.Factor Distance to Source (Km) Importance Factor.2Based on UBC’97: cas DL LL e 1 1.0Load Combination (ultimate design due to earthquake based on NSCP) 7.55 7 1.4DL Comb2: 1.05 CQC SRSS U1 = 1 (scale factor) 0 0 y-direction Specy 0.3DL + 1.1EQY Comb6: 1.70 1.42DL + 1.3DL + 1.1LL + 1.05 1.1LL .1add new spectrum Mark Spectrum Case Name Damping Modal Combination Directional Combination Input Response Spectra Excitation Angle Override Eccentricity Response Spectrum Case Data x-direction Specx 0.275 1.1LL + 1.0LL .275 5 1.05 CQC SRSS U2 = 1 (scale factor) 0 0 7.0LL .40 1.275 0.40 1.1EQX Comb5: 1.4 Direction & Eccentricity = Y-dir.0LL + 1.70 1.3 Choose EQY then click Modify Lateral Load 5.1Based on NSCP: Comb1: 1.0LL + 1.42DL + 1. I 10 16-K 1 208-1 10 1 5.30 1.0EQX Comb8: 1.1EQX Comb4: 1.54 - 1.70 1.42DL + 1.5 Where: LLr 1.0For Dynamic Analysis: Define 6.0EQY 7.0EQX Comb9: 1.3DL + 1.40 6 1.1.40 F 1.40 1.5 E WL H T 1.275 4 1.1.0EQY Comb10: 1.1EQY Comb7: 1.10 1.4DL + 1.1LL .20 0.3DL + 1.1.05 1.32 0. + Eccen X 5.40 1.30 DL = deadload LL = liveload LLr = roof liveload E = earthquake WL = windload 3 .70 3 1.5Copy constant used for EQX 6.

0 Analyze – check model – checked all boxes for checking 14. view .uniform 11.3 Wall– (elev.0Special Seismic Load Effect (check reliability /redundancy factor) 8.8 Slab (plan view – easier to draw) . select D1 11.2Uncheck – include lateral mass only 9.please ensure proper meshing.easier to draw) 10.3Checked – Lump lateral mass at story levels 10. as much as possible use only 3 to 4 point nodes in modelling slabs element.0 Assigned Loads 11. click Assign.5 Shell/Area – Pier Label (for design of walls) 10.1From Loads – define mass multiplier (DL &SDL = 1) 9.2.3 P-Delta effect .2.of modes .0Define Mass Source 9.90 1.check if structure is 90% participated for static 12.0 Run Analysis 4 .2Omega factor – 2.1Dynamic Parameters – used Eigenvectors 12.8 9. the following shall apply: cas DL LL LLr E WL H T F e 2R 0. shrinkage.0 Draw & Assigned 10.1 Rho Factor – reliability /redundancy factor – choose program calculated 8.0 Analyze – set analysis option 12.2 Check Dynamic Analysis if applicable 12.2 Column – check column orientation in plan view  If adjustment is needed – select columns at elev.1 Building Active Degrees of Freedom – checked full 3D 12.4 Joint/Point – Restraint (support) – fixed (click joint at base level for footing Support – columns & walls) 10.check if applicable 13.H = Earth pressure T = effects due to creep.6 Beams & Girders (plan view – easier to draw) 10.90 1.10 8.easier to draw) 10.40 3R 0.70 1. 10. view .1 Column – (elev. thermal gradients and differential settlement F = fluid loads Where dead and live load are beneficial. view. Local Axes and type the desire angle 10.30 6R 0.3 Select point – assign joint/point load – joint forces 12.2 Select line – assign frame/line loads – point or uniform loads 11. Frame/Line.90 1.9 Assigned Diaphragm – Select all elements (plan view per floor) – Assign\Shell/Area\Rigid Diaphragm.2No.1 Select area – assign shell/area loads .7 Frame line – Frame Releases/Partial Fixity – check Moment 2-2 & 3-3 for pin connection (intermediate beams) 10.

Static (Quake) should be almost equal with Dynamic (Spec) 21.1 File – Print Table –Summary Report – scroll down .0 Check Mode Shape: 18. s = As1/As where As1 = area of one reinf.0 Check modal participation.3 Adjust scale factor A . bar in mm2 • Torsion Reinforcing 4. used the add or remove icon to choose.Modify /show Spectrum – change scale factor as computed above Note: Upon adjustment of scale factor.0 Check period.0 5 .0 Verify Analysis .0 Design – Concrete Frame Design – Select Design Combo – choose the desire load combination to be used for design. bar in mm2 • Shear Reinforcing – defined as As/meter in mm2/m: Spacing. static should be at least 90% participated File – Print Table –Summary Report – scroll down – from Modal Load Participation Ratios 20. T for mode 1 should be </+ 5secs. Curve should be gradual curve 17. at the upper most level: Display – Show Mode Shape – rotation should not occur on Mode 1 and 2 19. Define – Response Spectrum Case – SpecY .0 Modify scale factor for dynamic analysis: 20.2 Compute scale factor • Scale factor-1 = Quake X / Spec X • Scale factor-2 = Quake Y / Spec Y 20.0 Design – Concrete Frame Design – Display Design Info • Longitudinal Reinforcing – defined as As in mm2: # rebars = As / As1 where As1 = area of one reinf. T: File – Print Tables – Summary Reports – scroll down – Modal Period and Frequencies. Define – Response Spectrum Case – SpecX . Display – Show Story Response Plots – choose Story Shears. Concrete Frame Design 1.File – Last Analysis Run Log – check for warnings messages 16. 18.2 Check movement at plan view.from Total Reactive Forces (Recovered Loads) @ Origin.0 Design – Concrete Frame Design – Start Design/Check of Structure 3.Modify /show Spectrum – change scale factor as computed above B.1 File – Print Tables – Summary Reports – scroll down – Modal Participating Mass Ratios – Rotation for Mode 1 and 2 should be minimal.15.0 Check story drift File – Print Tables – Summary Reports – scroll down – Story Drift B. 2. 18. compare the following: • Quake X versus SpecX (FX) • Quake Y versus SpecY (FY) • Quake X versus SpecXY (FX) • Quake Y versus SpecXY (FY) 20.0 Check graph of storyshear.

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