# Etabs Flowchart: A.

Structural Analysis

1.0 Set the unit: click at the lower right, use KN-m
2.0Model Initialization: NO (to use the built-in Etabs Default) 1.1Grid Dimension (click Custom Grid Spacing to edit) 1.2Story Dimension (click Custom Story Data to edit) 3.0Define 3.1Material Property Name a. Click Conc – Modify/Show Material Particular Units Used Type of Material Concrete comp. strength, f’c Bending Reinf. Yield Stress, Fy Shear Reinf. Yield Stress, Fy Mass per Unit Volume Weight per Unit Volume Modulus of Elasticity Poisson’s Ratio Coeff. of Thermal Expansion Remarks KN-m Isotropic (usually used for RC and steel) Example Value KN-m Isotropic 27579 413685 275730 2.4007 23.5616 24821128 0.2 9.900E-0.6

= 4730 x sqrt (f’c inMPa) x 1000

*Conversion from concrete cube (fcu) to cylinder strength (f’c) using L’Hermite formula: f’c = 0.76 + 0.2 log (fcu / 2840) where: fcu in psi example: therefore: fcu = 40MPa = 5801.51psi f’c = 0.822 * fcu = 32.88MPa

3.2Frame Section a. Click Add Rectangular (arrow down the second dialog box at the right ), then click Modify/Show Material b. Modify Concrete Reinforcement (There are two tabs in the reinforcement data dialog box. They are labeled column and beam. Pick the tab that corresponds to the frame section you are defining.)  For beams: input As (area of steel reinf.) at reinforcement overrides for ductile beams for investigation. Otherwise, leave it at default values, 0 c. Set Property Modifier: Input modification factor for moment of inertia (for crack section, usually 0.7 for columns & 0.5 for beams) 3.3Wall/Slab/Deck Section

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2 UBC Constant 0.020 Top Most level to Ground Floor only SMRF for Steel & RC = 8.030 Other = 0.4 B Story Range Overstrength Factor.2.0 For Dynamic Analysis: Define Response Spectrum Function – define UBC97 & add UBC97 Spectrum 5. Multiplier 1 0 0 0 Auto Lat. Click Add Deck or Wall or Slab (arrow down the dialog box at the right ). Choose the type to be used: • Click Shell Type Behavior (Out-plane stiffness is provided for the section) – usually used for cantilever slabs and walls • Click Membrane Type Behavior (Only in-plane membrane stiffness is provided for the section) – usually used for slab • Click Plate Type Behavior (Combination of Out-plane and inplane stiffness is provided for the section) 4.2 NSCP Referenc e Constant 0.5 Per Code SC 0.5.05 Steel = 0.4 B 208.0853 RC = 0.1 Choose EQX then click Modify Lateral Load 5. Load UBC97 UBC97 5.a. R Seismic Coefficient: Soil Profile Seismic Zone Factor Near Source 16-N 208-11 16-J 16-I 16-U 208-2 208-3 208-6 2 .0731 Other = 0.05 Steel = 0.0Define Static Load Case Name Load Dead Live EQX EQY Type Dead Live Quake Quake Self Wt.2.2 Direction & Eccentricity = X-dir.035 RC = 0. + Eccen Y Particular Referen ce Eccentricity Ratio Time Period 1630.0488 Top Most level to Ground Floor only SMRF for Steel & RC = 8. then click Modify/Show Material b.5 Per Code SC 0. Type thickness for membrane and bending (same thickness) c.

1.42DL + 1.05 1.05 1.70 2 1.7LL Comb3: 1.Factor Distance to Source (Km) Importance Factor.2Based on UBC’97: cas DL LL e 1 1.0Load Combination (ultimate design due to earthquake based on NSCP) 7.55 7 1.4DL Comb2: 1.05 CQC SRSS U1 = 1 (scale factor) 0 0 y-direction Specy 0.3DL + 1.1EQY Comb6: 1.70 1.42DL + 1.3DL + 1.1LL + 1.05 1.1LL .1add new spectrum Mark Spectrum Case Name Damping Modal Combination Directional Combination Input Response Spectra Excitation Angle Override Eccentricity Response Spectrum Case Data x-direction Specx 0.275 1.1LL + 1.0LL .275 5 1.05 CQC SRSS U2 = 1 (scale factor) 0 0 7.0LL .40 1.275 0.40 1.1EQX Comb5: 1.4 Direction & Eccentricity = Y-dir.0LL + 1.70 1.3 Choose EQY then click Modify Lateral Load 5.1Based on NSCP: Comb1: 1.0LL + 1.42DL + 1. I 10 16-K 1 208-1 10 1 5.30 1.0EQX Comb8: 1.1EQX Comb4: 1.54 - 1.70 1.42DL + 1.5 Where: LLr 1.0For Dynamic Analysis: Define 6.0EQY 7.0EQX Comb9: 1.3DL + 1.40 6 1.1.40 F 1.40 1.5 E WL H T 1.275 4 1.1.0EQY Comb10: 1.1EQY Comb7: 1.10 1.4DL + 1.1LL .20 0.3DL + 1.1.05 1.32 0. + Eccen X 5.40 1.30 DL = deadload LL = liveload LLr = roof liveload E = earthquake WL = windload 3 .70 3 1.5Copy constant used for EQX 6.