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Three traditions in inta ethics hedlye bull Realism, cosmopolitanism, rationalism Never treat others as a mean to your ends

Kantianism Realism Power and security-seeking are primary in international politics Realist international ethics Humans constitute a collection of separate communities with no common morality (position of EH Carr and Morgenthall) Do moral standards exist in all international politics according to morgenthau? Yes How does Carrs international ethic differe from Morgenthau? For Carr, sound foreign policy should ultimately be based upon stable, unchanging features of state behavior, whereas Morgenthau stresses that state behavior is not stable but based on a national interest that may have ethical content. According to EH Carr The student of morality should take on the role of scientist over missionary For Carr, the personification of artificial man, Necessary fiction Indispensable tool for understanding modern society According to Hedley Bull, anarchy and inta society Are not mutually exclusive According to rationalist tradition There is an international society of sovereign states. The order among sovereign states is different form the order among individuals According to Bull The prevlance of war does not mean the absence of international society According to Hobbesian concept of politics, common power There will be now laws, industry or agriculture because people will not be awe of the common power According to cosmopolitan justice, moral rights and duties are vested in The whole of all humans Morality is about nothing less than how we ought to live Morality is at least the effort to guide ones conducted by reason while giving equal weigh conscientious moral agent is someone who acts with impartial concern for the interests of everyone affected No privileged persons. Impartiality is a rule that forbids us from treating one person differently from one another when there is no good reason to do so Sifts facts and examines implications. Scrutinizes principles of conduct for their soundness. Is willing to listen to reason even if this means revising prior convictions. Is willing to acc on the result of such deliberations.

Justice is about treating different persons as if they were the same, and is about morality in general Substantive and formal Arithmetical proportionate Communitative and distributive 3 ideal typical doctrines Hobbesian realist Kantian revolutionary Rational 2 modes of international association Purposive and practical International society is ultimately practical, but you can have both