Liam Haren

Stage Two English

George Orwell: Nineteen Eighty Four Essay
Mr M. Kulesza

Charrington s shop where Julia and Winston take refuge. George Orwell utilises many symbols to develop the major themes of the book. The Party uses fear as a way to control all aspects of every citizen s life. The paperweight also symbolises the sanctuary that is the upstairs room in Mr. The coral inside the paperweight represents Julia and Winston in the room. Orwell s use of symbols such as the glass paperweight. Although it is never determined whether or not Big Brother actually exists. As the paperweight was destroyed. if one knew how to read it (page 152). This world is in great contrast to what Party s claim of what the past was. Individuals are told what the past is. all memories are attempted to be erased by the Party. Orwell reveals his foreshadowing of a dystopian society as the themes are developed through the use of various symbols. The paperweight supports the theme of control of information and history by the Party. It s a little chunk of history that they ve forgotten to alter. The main theme of the novel is the dangers of totalitarianism. ultimately proving that it is truly a totalitarian state. Orwell uses the glass paperweight as a symbol of the past and Winston s dream of freedom. propaganda. he is recognised as the dictator of Oceania. This object reveals that the Party attempts to manipulate peoples memories and hence. Through the use of Big Brother. Winston buys the paperweight in an attempt to reconnect with his past as such an object is rare in 1984 Oceania.How does George Orwell use symbolism to develop the major themes of Nineteen Eighty-Four? In the novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. It s a message from a hundred years ago. physical and psychological control and rebellion were also explored in depth through the use of symbolism. fixed in a sort of eternity at the heart of the crystal (page 154). "The paperweight was the room he was in. that the Party cannot control every persons memories of their past as Winston begins to remember a world of the past. control the past: Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past (page 37). Big Brother. The use of Big Brother permits the Party to introduce fear into the Oceanic society. Orwell has demonstrated the dangers of totalitarianism. The themes of the control of information and history. intimidating posters of Big Brother hanging around the city which display the slogan BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU spread fear upon the public as it is though he is always watching. independence. so was Winston s connection with the past and his dreams of freedom and the Party s control over Winston and his past is restored. however. and the coral was Julia's life and his own. George Orwell creates Big Brother as the supreme leader and the face of the Party. The giant. which Orwell used to warn the public against falling under the control of such a regime. . The paperweight reveals. telescreens and Doublethink allow him to create a connection to the major themes in the novel.

a reality control technique used by the Party to make a person believe two contradictory things at the same time. Telescreens had two purposes. The propaganda was usually news of a victory in the war and therefore it is seen that the telescreen also symbolises propaganda. The telescreens symbolises complete censorship over one s movements and actions. . The aforementioned symbols used by George Orwell play a major part in developing the various themes in Nineteen Eighty-Four. An example of Doublethink is Blackwhite . in Room 101 Winston s independence is destroyed as O Brien makes him believe in the Doublethink idea of 2+2=5 . Through this method. However. a habit of muttering to yourself -anything that carried with it the suggestion of abnormality. an unconscious look of anxiety. In the novel. which is the ability to believe that black is white. Orwell achieved in warning people of the major theme in the novel. Doublethink is the ability to accept the truth that the Party presents. Orwell created Doublethink. The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic. therefore reiterating the idea that Oceania is a totalitarian state. thus meaning that they live constantly in fear of being both physically and psychologically hurt. it is tied to the theme of independence. Doublethink makes it easy for the Party to manipulate peoples thoughts and obliterate independence. through symbolism in the novel. "It was terribly dangerous to let your thoughts wander when you were in any public place or within range of a telescreen.Through the use of telescreens. Winston strives for independence as he attempts to dismantle the Party. the Party destroys independent thought and hence. The constant censorship of a citizen s life stops them from thinking or acting against the Party. He uses the symbol of the telescreen to establish the theme of propaganda and physical and psychological control. of having something to hide (page 65). The other themes are also developed throughout the entirety of the novel through Orwell s use of symbolism. the dangers of a totalitarian society. Orwell allows the Party to monitor each individual s life and harass them with the constant propaganda sounding from them. with the other being to constantly blast propaganda. The minor themes tie in well with the major theme and together they create an effective illustration of society under a totalitarian regime. no matter how ridiculous it may seem. This supports the theme of physical and psychological control.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.