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Small Wind Systems
UK Market Report
April 2010

RenewableUK previously:

wave and tidal power in and around the UK. Wind has been the world’s fastest growing renewable energy source for the last seven years. industry. and have an annual turnover in excess of four million pounds. Formed in 1978.RenewableUK is the trade and professional body for the UK wind and marine renewables industries. Our primary purpose is to promote the use of wind. RenewableUK is the leading renewable energy trade association in the UK. We act as a central point for information for our membership and as a lobbying group to promote wind energy and marine renewables to government. and with 595 corporate members. and this trend is expected to continue with falling costs of wind energy and the urgent international need to tackle CO2 emissions to prevent climate change. In 2004. the media and the public. We research and find solutions to current issues and generally act as the forum for the UK wind. RenewableUK expanded its mission to champion wave and tidal energy and use the Association’s experience to guide these technologies along the same path to commercialisation. wave and tidal industry. .

RenewableUK plays a crucial role in bringing together all the key players to tackle vital issues affecting the industry. wave and tidal power in and around the UK. We act as a central point of information for our membership and as a lobbying group to promote wind energy and marine renewables to government. the RenewableUK Small Wind Turbine Performance and Safety Standard. from manufacturers to installers. of small wind system units deployed in the UK in 2009 (-5% on 2008) UK market size (+24. which supports the Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS).12 million 59% no.09 million) RenewableUK (formerly BWEA) is the leading renewable energy trade association in the UK.915 £7.4% on 2008) UK small wind market employment in 2009 (-0.59 million 1755 no. The membership of RenewableUK ranges from small companies to the largest international corporations. and act as the forum for the UK renewable industry.280 £17. 02 About Small Wind System Technology 03 About this Report 04 Carbon Savings 05 Installed Capacity 06 Cumulative Deployment 08 Annual Deployment 10 UK and Export Markets 12 Employment Levels 13 Table of Data .7% on 2008) percentage of UK market supplied by UK-manufactured product 28.447 75% new UK capacity in 2009 (+19% on 2008) no.7 MW 15. providing us with a united. RenewableUK also owns and manages the national standard for small wind systems. from certification bodies to academic institutions. as well as the voice of the UK’s micro and smallscale wind industry.346 181% cumulative installed capacity between 2005 and 2009 no.1 SWS UK Market Report 2010 Summarised Statistics 3.2% on 2008) 8. both onshore and offshore. of small wind system units exported by UK manufacturers between 2005 and 2009 estimated UK market growth for 2010 (£48.62 MW 4.5% on 2008) proportion of output exported by UK manufacturers 13. representative voice. Contents Our primary purpose is to promote the use of wind. Through our industry working groups and events. of small wind system units exported in 2009 (+38. We also research and find solutions to current issues affecting the industry. of small wind system units deployed in the UK between 2005 and 2009 UK manufacturing export revenue (+45.

or alternatively used to charge batteries (off grid). Small wind systems generate clean renewable energy and can be connected to mains electricity supply (on grid). Building mounted Free standing HAWT VAWT On grid Off grid Small wind system technology can be subdivided into three categories: micro wind turbines (0–1. it is recommended that on-site wind speed data and careful measurements be taken over a period of time prior to installation. please visit the RenewableUK small wind system website: www.com. The production of energy by small wind systems over a year depends critically on the annual average wind speed at the sites – higher wind speeds produce more energy. If you would like to find out more about small wind systems.2 About small wind system technology With over twenty UK-based manufacturers there is a wide variety of small wind system designs and setups.renewable-uk. small wind turbines (1. Sites located only a hundred metres apart can be significantly different. .5kW). The two main designs are the horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) and vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT). To assess the average wind speed at a particular site.5–15kW) and small–medium wind turbines (15–100kW).

This is the third small wind system UK market report undertaken by RenewableUK (formerly BWEA) and draws on contributions from across the global micro and small-scale wind industry. green energy. aims to provide an introduction to small wind system technology and keep the industry up to date with the current UK and export market.5 – 15 Up to 50. With volatile fossil fuel prices and declining technology costs.400 kWh per year. and this year’s introduction of the Feed-in Tariff. a globally competitive manufacturing industry for small wind systems and a consumer base that is becoming increasingly more aware.5 Up to 1. with more and more homes and businesses generating their own clean. Small wind systems Power (kW) Annual energy production (kWh) Total height (m) Total installed cost (£k) Micro wind 0 – 1.000 15 – 50 50 – 250 Note: The average UK domestic household consumes approximately 4. interest in microgeneration is only going to grow. .000 12 – 25 2 – 50 Small-medium wind 15 – 100 Up to 200.5 – 5 Small wind 1. and support policy development in national government.000 10 – 18 0. The report assesses the current size and dynamic of the UK small wind system sector.3 About this Report The UK has the best wind resources in Europe. offers indications towards future market development.

00 70.47 Cumulative installed UK small wind system capacity (MW) 0.00 30.88 Year 2009 0.29 1.16 0.57 2007 0.00 120.00 2.57 5.00 100.700GWh (1.5-10 kW 0-1.47 16.15 0.99 19.38 3.63 3.00 0.00 60. RenewableUK estimated the UK small wind system sector to have generated a level of energy that would have emitted 22.52 5.39 2011 9.00 90.03 17.01 2.95 0.42 1.07 2.4 Carbon Savings The Carbon Trust states that ‘in theory small-scale wind energy has the potential to generate 41.00 0-1.01 14.5-10 kW 0-1.5 kW 2005 0 99 183 728 548 2006 0 263 394 1991 1621 2007 0 888 676 4813 3360 2005 0 99 183 728 548 2006 2007 2008 2009 0 0 0 352 small wind 1446 system energy2235 production 263 Annual UK 888 394 676 1592 3353 1991 4813 7514 10341 1621 3360 4905 6299 2009 352 2235 3353 10341 6299 2010 2818 4142 8481 16403 9055 2011 8453 6311 17680 25851 12247 2010 2818 4142 8481 16403 9055 2011 8453 6311 17680 25851 12247 Year Year 100.78 0.5-10 kW 20.63 5.72 5.29 3.47 6.00 0.5 kW 0.8Mt of CO2 in the UK annually’.5 kW 10000 0 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.40 10.00 40.03 40.00 8.36 2011 13.00 0.40 26.29 1.99 19. Annual CO2 abatement by UK small wind systems Annual CO2 abatement by UK small wind systems 80000 Carbon Dioxide (tonne CO2) Carbon Dioxide (tonne CO2) In 2009.53 22.00 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.00 80.40 2010 3.40 10.00 60.00 0.36 2011 13.52 11.42 0.91 16.56 4.54 1.00 4.99 14.00 20.78 9. 2008 0 1446 1592 7514 4905 10.57 13.41 2.17 .00 0. Although this report does not take account of small wind systems installed in the UK prior to 2005.57 0.00 40.32 13.42 2.57 11.00 0.13 6. by 2020 the UK small wind system sector will be annually generating 1.15 0.45 26.00 60.99 2010 4.8GWh in 2009.5-10 kW 90.40 9.5 kW 10.29 2.3TWh of electricity and save 17.99 2006 0.78 2009 0.87 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0.33 7.00 kW 10-20 kW 20.20 0.41 9.00 MW The UK small wind system sector continues to grow its contribution to national energy requirements.41 1.94 2007 0.00 0-1.00 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.00 40. RenewableUK estimates that if barriers to market growth are adequately addressed.11 0.5 kW 80.00 6.7TWh) of renewable electricity.16 0.56 3.42 Year Year 70.00 0-1.42 2005 0.07 7.00 0.00 1.580 tonnes of carbon dioxide if sourced from the national grid (Digest of UK Energy Statistics).00 0.72 18.08 2008 0.00 GWh 80.28 0.00 0. approximately 12% of the UK’s electricity requirements.38 2.5-10 kW 120.00 50-100 kW 20-5030. with overall annual production estimated by RenewableUK to have reached 35. 70000 60000 Annual CO2 abatement by UK small wind systems 50000 80000 40000 70000 30000 60000 20000 50000 10000 40000 0 30000 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 20000 1.00 0.33 2008 0.16 2.00 1.01 28.12 2.63 1.00 0.01 11.00 50.16 7.00 50-100 kW 40.00 50.00 Cumulative installed UK small wind system capacity (MW) MW 60.87 2006 0.54 5.00 20.00 1.70 8.00 Annual UK small wind system energy production Annual UK small wind system energy production GWh 80.91 7.03 40.01 28.45 3. it is fair to say that current annual energy production levels are only scratching the surface of what may be possible in the future.32 16.00 2005 0.83 27.00 0.63 11.54 6.00 2005 0.

95 1.99 19.40 2010 3.20 0.88 3.63 2.00 0.00 70.07 7.5 kW 30000 2005 0.00 30.00 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 40 1.11 0.78 Year 2005 0.20 0.03 40.57 2007 0.91 7. Annual deployment of 7.16 7.67 0.31 9.00 4. as opposed to micro wind turbines.5-10 kW 1.00 4.94 2007 0.5 kW 0.17 2010 2.41 2.5-1035000 kW 0-1.53 22.63 3.00 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 30.00 deployed0.29 3.00 0.00 11.08 8.00 2.99 2006 0.00 6.00 10.11 0.46 1.7MW at the end of last year.91 16.00 0.00 GWh Installed Capacity 80.00 1.63 1.16 2.Annual UK small wind system energy production GWh 80.00 20.01 2.06 5.5-10 kW 20.5-10 10 kW 0-1.41 1.40 10.41 9.47 16.01 3.30 3.00 0.88 3.00 90.11 0.00 50.52 Year 2005 0.12 2.99 2006 2007 2008 2009 Annual UK small wind0. in which generated energy is predominantly used to satisfy on-site demand.38 3.98 1. new financial incentives launched in April 2010 (Feed-in Tariffs) are predicted to stimulate fast growth in the previously dormant small–medium wind market.54 6.03 0.63 11.15 2.40 10.78 0.36 2011 13.01 11.3GW) of installed small wind system capacity by 2020.38 0.72 18.13 8.01 2.38 (MW) 0.01 14.11 0.00 0. 0.67 0.39 2011 9.32 16.70 3.00 MW Annual deployment in 2009 surpassed previous records by almost 20%.42 1.87 80.06 5.00 8.13 6.35 1.00 2005 Cumulative installed UK 50-100 kW 0.99 2011 6.00Cumulative 0.78 0.38 2.38wind systems 2.5 kW 5 0 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems With growing interest in grid-connected applications.00 0.88 11.00 60.57 2.64MW in 2009.28 0.5 kW 5000 2005 0 3 13 155 992 2006 0 8 28 424 2935 2007 0 27 48 1025 6082 2008 0 44 113 1600 8878 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 5 68 238 2202 11402 2010 40 126 602 3493 16390 2011 120 192 1255 5505 22167 2009 2010 2011 Year 0 .52 4.20 0.00 120.99 2006 0.00 wind system capacity (MW) Cumulative installed wind system capacity (MW) 0. Another steady year of deployment from industry and consumers alike saw the total installed UK capacity reach 28.70 8.24MW in 2008 grew to 8.5-10 kW 0-1.00 0.56 3.00 40.60 0.00 1.01 6.16 10-20 kW 0.80 2.00 0.23 0.53 22.36 2011 13.00 0.00 10-20 kW 1.78 0.42 2.45 3.300MW (1.78 2009 0.5-10 kW 0-1.03 17.80 10.5 kW 35 Cumulative installed UK small wind system capacity (MW) 2005 0.00 system capacity 0.00 20. In addition.40 9.54 2.00 2005 0.57 13.00 80.33 2008 0.01 2.99 19.00 0.5 kW 20.18 0.39 2011 9.42 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 small 0.18 0.03 17.20 0.00 0. small wind turbines.60 0.99 Year 25000 Cumulative number of installed UK small wind systems 20000 35000 15000 30000 10000 25000 5000 20000 0 15000 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-2010000 kW 1.57 0.99 14.5-10 kW 0-1.01 28.72 1.88 2009 0.46 4.63 5.52 5.99 2010 4.84 2.57 11. 50.83 27.47 16.72 18.56 4.00 0.00 UK small 0.63 number of installed UK small 0.01 28.00 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 40.84 1.29 1.17 2010 3.41 9.88 5.47 6.00 0.35 3.00 40.00 0.00 20-50 kW 0.00 0.33 7.83 27.32 13.78 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0.94 2007 0.46 1.15 2008 0.29 2. 30 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.29 90.00 0.00 2.47 0.45 26.28 0. RenewableUK estimates that the UK could have 1.16 0.94 3.80 2009 0.00 2.40 26.00 60.12 5.88 2.00 60.94 6.00 MW 60.31 9.00 0.38 0.00 5 100.07 2.00 0-1.30 0. if the appropriate policies are put in place to support this fast emerging sector.42 0.98 2.99 2011 6.00 Year 70.87 2006 0.57 5.15 0.00 6.95 0.72 5.42 0.46 6.03 40.5 kW 10.00 0.15 0-1.23 1. are expected to continue to provide the majority of annual deployed capacity.00 40.42 Year Although coming from a low base.54 5.00 1.52 11.40 Year MW Annual Annual deployed UK small wind system capacity (MW) 25 deployed UK small wind system capacity (MW) 20 40 15 35 10 30 MW 5 25 0 20 50-100 kW 15 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.01 2.03 5.54 1.78 0.00 10-20 kW 1.08 2008 0.78 9.80 10.

Small wind system technologies that connect straight into the grid or feed mains electricity supply are expected to be a significant growth area in future.00 0.30 25 MW 20 6 15 10 Cumulative Deployment 5 0 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1. Many of these applications are installed within the leisure (e.11 0.46 6.00 0.01 2.03 5.30 3.5-10 kW 0-1. almost 14.63 2.78 Year By 2020.00 0. 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 2005 0 3 13 155 992 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.5-10 kW 0-1. RenewableUK estimates that over 600.94 2007 0.5 kW 2005 0. Although this report does not take account of small wind systems installed in the UK prior to 2005.31 9.99 2011 6.52 2010 2.06 5. future technology cost reductions and fossil fuel price hikes could mean more and more potential sites become commercially attractive.38 0. it is fair to say that the total number of existing UK installations will likely be significantly higher than this value.15 2008 0. With the UK enjoying the best wind resources in the whole of Europe.84 1. batement by UK small wind systems Cumulative number of installedCumulative UK small windofsystems number installed UK small wind systems 35000 30000 Number of small wind systems Since 2005.88 2.23 1.35 1.000 micro.000 small wind systems have been deployed in the UK.67 0.80 2009 0. 2008 0 1446 1592 7514 4905 2009 352 2235 3353 10341 6299 2010 2818 4142 8481 16403 9055 Number of small wind systems 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 2011 8453 6311 17680 25851 12247 0 Ongrid Offgrid 2005 165 998 Year 2006 870 2521 2007 2514 4664 2008 3901 6730 2009 5141 8770 2010 8826 11821 Year mall wind system energy production Cumulative number of UK small wind systems Number of small wind systems 35000 30000 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 2011 14193 15042 .98 2.00 0.80 10.88 3. small and small– medium wind turbines could have been installed in the UK alone.60 0.20 0.g.01 3.78 0.00 2.18 0.5 kW 2006 0 8 28 424 2935 2007 0 27 48 1025 6082 2008 0 44 113 1600 8878 2009 5 68 238 2202 11402 2010 40 126 602 3493 16390 2011 120 192 1255 5505 22167 Year Cumulative number of UK small wind systems (onwind grid/off Cumulative number of UK small systemsgrid) (ongrid / offgrid) 35000 Off grid applications of small wind system technologies are expected to experience steady growth throughout the coming years. marine) and industrial segments of the market.46 4.99 2006 0.

42 Year 7 2008 2009 2010 wind system 0.46 6.47 6.80 2009 0.29 2.00 1 2.00 2. As with all applications of small wind system technology.36 Vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT) entrant into the mainstream small wind system sector.00 2.01 28.2011 8453 6311 17680 25851 12247 Year 7 2008 2009 2010 Free-standing turbines.40 10.03 5.38 1.00 capacity 0.88 Number of small wind syste Number of small wind systems 2010 2818 4142 8481 16403 9055 7 15000 30000 Cumulative number of UK small wind systems 2007 2008 2009 2010 2514 3901 5141 8826 4664 6730 8770 11821 2006 870 2521 30000 2011 14193 15042 Year 25000 Cumulative number of UK small wind systems 20000 35000 15000 30000 10000 25000 5000 20000 0 15000 Building mounted Freestanding 10000 2005 2 1161 2006 382 3013 2007 1436 5746 2008 2099 8536 2009 2432 11483 2010 3603 17048 2011 4842 24397 Year 5000 Cumulative number of UK small wind systems 0 35000 Building mounted Freestanding Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems 2009 352 2235 3353 10341 6299 Cumulative number of UK small wind systems (ongrid / offgrid) 20000 35000 2005 2 1161 2006 382 3013 2007 1436 5746 2008 2099 8536 30000 2009 2432 11483 2010 3603 17048 2011 4842 24397 Year System25000 design Cumulative number of UK small wind systems 20000 35000 15000 30000 10000 25000 5000 20000 0 15000 2005 0 1163 VAWTs HAWTs 10000 2006 8 3387 2007 48 7134 2008 146 10489 2009 284 13631 2010 728 19923 2011 1368 27871 Year 5000 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 0 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems 2008 0 1446 1592 7514 4905 25000 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems abatement by UK small wind systems 10000 VAWTs HAWTs 9000 2005 0 1163 2006 8 3387 2007 48 7134 2008 146 10489 2009 284 13631 2010 728 19923 2011 1368 27871 Year 8000 7000 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 6000 5000 10000 4000 9000 3000 8000 2000 7000 1000 6000 0 5000 50-1004000 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 3000 1.88 3.56 3.38 0.38 4.01 3 7.99 2010 4.40 26.88 11.03 40.84 1.70 3.39 2011 9.45 26.72 annually and small 3.5-10 kW 2000 0-1.00 4.99 2011 6.42 Year 2008 0.56 capacity (MW)4.60 0.63 2.32 13.29 3.80 10.57 deployed 9.32 16.00 6.72 18.78 2009 0.41 6.99 14.00 11.00 overall 9.01 14.52 5.38 3.40 9.41 9.53 wind 11.99 19.57 8.70 8.01 28.39 in the near future.00 8.00 0.54 1. as2011 opposed to all wind system 0 energy production 352 2818 8453 turbines. ed UK small wind capacity (MW) aresystem a relatively new Horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWT) are forecast to2010 provide 2011 a significant 2009 0.54 2. 22.45 3 11.91 7.00 1.47 16.01 2.99 19.53 22. are expected 1446building-mounted 2235 4142 6311 1592 3353 8481 17680 to continue to make up the lion’s 3 7514 10341 16403 25851 0 4905share of 6299 12247 for the existing9055 installations foreseeable Year future.98 2.78 Year 2008 2009 2010 10000 25000 5000 20000 0 15000 2011 2005 165 998 Ongrid Offgrid 10000 2006 870 2521 2007 2514 4664 2008 3901 6730 2009 5141 8770 2010 8826 11821 2011 14193 15042 Year 5000 System setup 0 2005 165 35000 998 Ongrid Offgrid 2011 13.01 17. mall wind system energy production Mounting turbines on buildings is a relatively new application of small wind system technology.5 kW 2005 0 3 13 155 992 2006 0 5 15 269 1943 2007 0 19 20 601 3147 2009 5 24 125 602 2524 2010 35 58 364 1291 4988 2011 80 66 653 2012 5777 Year 1000 0 2008 0 17 65 575 2796 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 .03 17. due attention should be paid to the quality of available wind resources on-site prior to installation.03 40.83 11.06 5.54 5. 2008 0.91 16.38 1.00 proportion of the number of 2.52 11.01 8.78 9.57 7 2.83 27.36 2011 13.03 micro 18.54 6.46 4.17 Year 7 Annual2008 2009 mall wind system (MW) 0.47 27.40 turbines 16.52 2010 2.47 0d UK small0.40 2010 3.17 Year Annual small wind system capacity (MW) 2008 0.40 10. but it is anticipated that they will play an expanding role as the overall market grows.31 9.88 2.57 13.

38 3.83 number of 8.03 2008 and 2009.88arrival of 5.39 2011 9.46 9.53 8.54 1.98 in April 1.e.38 4. battery charging) applications will experience stable levels of increasing annual UK deployment in the future.38 3.63 set to6.98 With the 1.99 5.46 9.06 sharp increases in annual deployment 2.00 9.01 6.78 many consumers to hold off installing Year wind systems in the 2008small 2009 2010 2011meantime.88 turbines 11.03 17.5-10 kW 10000 0-1. GPDO 5.00 6. the main growth market will be for those applications connecting to the grid.80 has still yet 2.53 22.78 Yearare 2006 8 3387 5000 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems Yearslightly 2005 0 1163 VAWTs 10000 HAWTs 1.72 18.01 11.01 27.5-10 kW 0-1.47 the total18.00 mall wind 1.03 2. 0.882008.6kW.54 system capacity (MW) deployed capacity between 2.60 0.57 11.84 2.00 11.00 1.8 2008 0.52 4.39 in 2009 22.99 5.00 ber of installed wind systems 0.00 8.5 kW 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 0 0 0 5 35 5 deployed UK 19 small wind 17 24vs Offgrid) 58 Annual system (Ongrid 15 20 65 125 364 269 601 575 602 1291 1943 3147 2796 2524 4988 9000 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems while off grid (i.31 policy 0.70 3. 2.38 2.17 Year 30000 15000 25000 10000 20000 5000 15000 0 Previously expected increases in annual deployment have not been realised in 2008 due to delays in introducing streamlined planning policy. which has caused 2.52 4.38 2.40deployed 16.88 Number of small wind syste Number of small wind systems ed UK small wind system capacity (MW) 2009 0.84 2.47 16.00 4. It UK is anticipated that mber of installed small wind systems 2007 48 7134 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 0.80 2.57 9.17.70 8.60 UK small 0.00 0.38 Although 2.5 kW 1000 2005 0 3 13 155 992 2006 0 5 15 269 1943 2007 0 19 20 601 3147 2008 0 17 65 575 2796 2009 5 24 125 602 2524 2010 35 58 364 1291 4988 2011 80 66 653 2012 5777 Year 0 2005 0 3 13 155 992 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.40 2010 3. namely Orders 2008 General 2009Permitted 2010 Development 2011 0.00 (GPDO).46 10. 2008 0 44 113 1600 8878 2009 5 68 238 2202 11402 2010 40 126 602 3493 16390 2011 120 192 1255 5505 22167 Year 2008 0 44 113 1600 8878 Year 2009 5 68 238 2202 11402 2010 40 126 602 3493 16390 2011 120 192 1255 5505 22167 2005 0 1163 VAWTs 10000 HAWTs 2006 8 3387 2009 284 13631 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 2007 2008 2009 48 146 284 7134 10489 13631 9000 2010 728 19923 2011 1368 27871 2010 728 19923 2011 1368 27871 Year 8000 7000 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 6000 10000 5000 9000 4000 8000 3000 7000 2000 6000 1000 5000 0 4000 50-100 kW 20-50 3000 kW 10-20 kW 2000 1.46 10. 2008 146 10489 Year 0 expected for 2010 and 2011.06 to be implemented.00 0.17decreased on the previous year.01 6.63 6.80 2.72 7 Cumulative number of UK small wind systems 25000 2011 80 66 653 2012 5777 Year 8000 Annual deployed UK small wind (On grid off grid) Annualsystems deployed UK small windvs system (Ongrid vs Offgrid) 7000 6000 10000 5000 9000 4000 8000 3000 7000 2000 6000 1000 5000 0 4000 Ongrid 3000 Offgrid 2005 165 998 2006 705 1523 2007 1644 2143 2000 2008 1387 2066 2009 1240 2040 2010 3685 3051 2011 5367 3221 Year 1000 0 Ongrid Offgrid 2005 165 998 2006 705 1523 2007 1644 2143 2008 1387 2066 Year 2009 1240 2040 2010 3685 3051 2011 5367 3221 .41 increasing 6. 5 2 35000 20000 Annual Deployment 2008 2009 2010 2011 Despite UK market revenue and annual Annual0.88 3.31 0.41 9.03 2.83 27.80 new financial incentives.00 be implemented 0.88 3. This means that over 2009 the average size Annual mall wind system capacityinstalled (MW) of each UK small wind system grew from 2kW to 2.

07 2.00 60.75 5.12 7.00 Market size (UK.00 40.00 50.36 1. small wind systems (ongrid / offgrid) and many foreign System setup 8000 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 7000 10000 6000 9000 5000 8000 4000 7000 3000 6000 2000 5000 1000 4000 0 Building mounted 3000 Freestanding 2000 2005 2 1161 2006 380 1852 2007 1054 2733 2008 663 2790 2009 333 2947 2010 1171 5565 2011 1239 7349 2010 1171 5565 2011 1239 7349 Year 1000 ber of UK small wind systems 007 2008 2009 436 2099 2432 746 8536 11483 2010 3603 17048 2011 4842 24397 0 Building mounted Freestanding ber of UK small wind systems 2008 146 10489 Year 2009 284 13631 2010 728 19923 2011 1368 27871 Market size (£ million) Market size (£ million) Year Market size (UK.00 10.99 30.00 90.00 Gross UK market revenue Gross export market revenue 20. there is a wide variety of product design.00 70.00 20.00 40.48 2006 6.09 2011 77. Export) 2005 2 90.00 30.00 1161 2006 380 1852 2007 1054 2733 2008 663 2790 2009 333 2947 80.09 17. Significant growth is anticipated following streamlining of the planning system through General Permitted Orders and the 2008 2009 Development 2010 2011 2099 2432 3603 4842 introduction of Feed-in Tariffs in 2010.00 Year 70. e number of UK small wind systems The annual deployment rate for building-mounted systems has dropped noticeably following a peak in 2007. Export) 60.22 Year 10.70 2. 8536 11483 17048 24397 Year Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems Year 007 436 746 Annual deployed UK small wind systems (HAWTs / VAWTs) 10000 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems With over twenty UK manufacturers companies active in the UK market.00 0.00 2009 17.21 2007 13.00 50.71 2008 13.00 80.00 2005 2.00 30.59 2010 48.53 .9 K small wind systems (ongrid / offgrid) 2008 3901 6730 2009 5141 8770 2010 8826 11821 2011 14193 15042 System design Year 9000 8000 Annual deployed UK small wind systems (HAWTs / VAWTs) 7000 10000 6000 9000 5000 8000 4000 7000 3000 6000 2000 5000 1000 4000 0 VAWTs 3000 HAWTs 2000 2005 0 1163 2006 8 2224 2007 40 3747 2008 98 3355 2009 138 3142 2010 444 6292 2011 640 7948 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 2007 2008 2009 2010 40 98 138 444 3747 3355 3142 6292 2011 640 7948 Year 1000 2008 of UK small 2009 2010 e number wind systems 3901 5141 8826 6730 8770 11821 0 2011 14193 15042 VAWTs HAWTs 2005 0 1163 10000 2006 8 2224 Year 9000 Free-standing turbines are expected to experience rapid and consistent growth throughout 2010.

70 2.00 10000 Gross UK market revenue Gross export market9000 revenue Year As predicted in last year’s report. Scotland is expected to Year implement this policy in 2010.07 2.59 2010 48.48 2006 6. Export) Sharp increases are anticipated for the of UK small wind UKsystems market in 2010. to Year provide streamlined planning (General 2008 2009 2010 2011 0 5vs Offgrid) Development 35 80 Orders) Permitted nd system (Ongrid 17 24 58 66 and 65 125 technology-specific 364 653 planning 575 602 2012 guidance to1291 local authorities.00 Year 2008 146 10489 2008 663 2790 Year 1000 Market size (£ million) Market size (£ million) 2010 728 19923 2007 1054 2733 Market size (UK.99 30.22 20.21 2007 13. 2007 1054 2733 Year 0.21 2007 13. Export) 90.09 2011 77.00 40.00 70.00 50.5-10 kW 0-1. with manufacturing forecasting industry-wide revenue increases of up to 181%.12 7.00 30. Northern Ireland and Wales.mber of UK small wind systems 10 Number of small wind syste Number of small wind systems 8000 Annual deployed UK small wind systems 7000 6000 10000 5000 9000 4000 8000 3000 7000 UK and Export Markets 2008 2099 8536 2009 2432 11483 2010 3603 17048 2011 4842 24397 Year With weakened currency rates for the pound sterling.09 2011 77.00 10. 2009 284 13631 2006 380 1852 2000 Year 008 146 0489 2005 2 1161 7000 2011 8588 7279 Year 6000 Annual number of exported small wind systems 5000 4000 8000 3000 7000 2000 6000 1000 5000 0 4000 50-100 kW 3000 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 2000 1.00 0.00 50.00 2011 1368 27871 08 87 66 ear 2009 1240 2040 2010 3685 3051 2011 5367 3221 2008 663 2790 2009 333 2947 2010 1171 5565 2011 1239 7349 Market size (UK.00 2 1161 80. Export) UK small wind systems 2009 284 13631 2009 333 2947 70.00 80. 2009 more small wind systems being exported by UK manufacturers than were installed across all UK territories.09 17. the UK planning system is 2008 2009 2010 2011 unpredictable becoming increasingly 0 5 35 80 for seeking to install 17 24 UK customers 58 66 65 125 364 653 small wind systems.00 60. 2006 380 1852 Gross UK market revenue30. UK small wind systems 2008 2099 8536 2000 6000 1000 5000 0 4000 Building mounted Freestanding 3000 0 Building mounted Freestanding 2005 90.00 2010 728 19923 2010 1171 5565 Market size (UK.71 2008 13.36 1.00 2009 17. Commitments 575 602 1291 2012 made within 2796 2524 4988the Government’s 5777 Microgeneration Strategy (2006).22 2009 17.48 Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems 2006 6.12 7.53 Year Annual deployed number of small wind systems (UK + Export) 2005 2.09 17.00 40. UK manufacturers 2009 2010 2011 enjoyed a 45.00 2005 2.36 1.59 2010 48.5 kW 1000 0 2005 0 0 4 38 2040 2006 0 0 1 61 2624 2007 0 0 8 45 2874 2008 0 0 38 217 2949 2009 0 0 36 249 4162 2010 0 0 232 408 4725 2011 0 0 509 1082 5688 Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 .75 5.99 30. and we await a Government response to the wind system (Ongrid vs Offgrid) consultation in England. have yet 2796 2524 4988 5777 to be fulfilled.70 2.00 Gross export market revenue 2011 1368 27871 UK small wind systems witnessed 2011 1239 7349 60.71 2008 13.07 2.53 Year 8000 7000 of small wind systems (UK and export) Annual deployed number Annual deployed number of small wind systems (UK + Export) 6000 10000 5000 9000 4000 8000 3000 7000 2000 6000 1000 5000 0 4000 Annual deployment (UK) Annual deployment (Export) 3000 2005 1163 2082 2006 2232 2686 2007 3787 2927 2008 3453 3204 2009 3280 4447 2010 6736 5365 2011 8588 7279 Year 2000 1000 Annual number of exported small wind systems 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1163 2232 3787 3453 3280 6736 2082 2686 2927 3204 4447 5365 0 Annual 8000 deployment (UK) Annual deployment (Export) Number of small wind systems Number of small wind systems Without any planning policy action from central government over the past 5 years.00 10.00 20.4% growth in export 2432 3603 4842 11483 revenues 17048 for24397 market 2009.75 5.

UK manufactured product vs imported product UK manufactured product Imported product 25% UK manufactured product Imported product 25% 75% 2008 663 2790 Year 2009 333 2947 2010 1171 5565 2011 1239 7349 75% . 5 EU (excluding UK) North America 2009 3 export markets for UK-manufactured product (£7.5 kW 2011 5367 3221 2006 0 0 1 61 2624 2007 0 0 8 45 2874 2008 0 0 38 217 2949 2009 0 0 36 249 4162 2010 0 0 232 408 4725 2011 0 0 509 1082 5688 Year Year 2009 export market revenue share (£7.Number of small wind syste 2008 0 17 65 575 2796 2009 5 24 125 602 2524 2010 35 58 364 1291 4988 7000 6000 5000 11 4000 3000 2000 1000 2011 80 66 653 2012 5777 0 Annual deployment (UK) Annual deployment (Export) 2005 1163 2082 2006 2232 2686 2007 3787 2927 2008 3453 3204 2009 3280 4447 2010 6736 5365 2011 8588 7279 Year Year Annual number of exported small wind systems Annual number of exported small wind systems 8000 7000 Number of small wind systems The steady growth in export markets for UK manufacturers in 2009 has come from across the sub-20kW range of small wind systems.5 million) . UK control dropped from 85% to 75% through 2009. 07 54 33 Year 2009 Market revenue share (£17 million).UK manufactured product mall wind systems (HAWTs / VAWTs) The EU and North America were the dominant markets for UK exports in 2009. wind system (Ongrid vs Offgrid) 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2008 1387 2066 2009 1240 2040 2010 3685 3051 2005 0 0 4 38 2040 50-100 kW 20-50 kW 10-20 kW 1.5-10 kW 0-1.5 million) 3 7 South America Africa Asia Pacific & Australasia EU (excluding UK) Arctic & Antarctic North America South America Africa Asia Pacific & Australasia Arctic & Antarctic 2 5 3 3 38 2008 98 3355 2009 138 3142 2010 444 6292 2011 640 7948 38 42 42 Year 2008 2009 2010 98 UK small wind 138 systems 444 deployed 3355 3142 6292 2011 640 7948 Although UK manufacturers currently enjoy a significant share of their market. it is anticipated that deployed UK indigenous small wind systems competition will grow over the coming years.5kW).5 million) .UK manufactured product all wind systems (HAWTs / VAWTs) 2 7 2009 export market revenue share (£7. The US in particular provided significant growth for UK sales. UK manufactured product vs imported product 2009 market revenue share (£17 million) of UK-manufactured product vs imported product 2009 Market revenue share (£17 million). with particular increases in the sales of micro wind turbines (0–1. Indeed.

59 48.22 17. RenewableUK estimates that for every manufacturing companylevel employee.12 48. the number of UK-based 33 2790 2947 5565 7349 3000 2000 2000 2500 1500 1500 2000 1000 1000 1500 500 500 1000 0 0 UK Jobs 500 UK Jobs 2005 2005 485 485 2006 2006 845 845 2007 2007 1315 1315 2008 2008 1880 1880 2005 installed 2006 2007 UK capacity in 2009 (8.09 17.5-10 kW 10-20 kW 20-50 kW 50-100 kW .99 market revenue of £750 million 13.g.7.5 kW 1. etc.22 17.53 2.09 77. RenewableUK estimates that by 2020.70 2.53there is UK market plus.75 17. the small wind system sector could be 5. and revenue umber of smallmeasured wind systemsin (UK + Export) the billions of pounds annually. Market size (UK. Export) crisis.5 kW kW 1. installer.71 13.99 umber of smallRenewableUK wind systems (UK + Export) estimates that the UK 2. etc.12 25% 25% UK manufactured product UKImported manufactured product product Imported product 25% UK manufactured product Imported product Employment Levels 2007 07 1054 54 2733 33 2008 2008 663 663 2790 2790 2009 2009 333 333 2947 2947 2010 2010 1171 1171 5565 5565 75% 75% 2011 2011 1239 1239 7349 7349 75% Year Year jobs provided by the UK small wind Year system sector held firm at around 1.59 17.5 kW 0-1.59 Assuming Year saturation and a continued participation Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 in fast-expanding export markets.5 kW kW 1. Export) 54 333 1171 1239 Market size (UK.09 77.75 5. two jobs are created upstream (e.53 small wind system sector could provide Year over 10.75 17. distributor.5-10 kWkW 10-20 10-20 kWkW 20-50 20-50 kW 50-100 kW 50-100 kW 0-1.12 7.6 MW)1315 UK Jobs UK capacity 485 installed in845 2008 2009 2010 2011 1755 2340 2695 4 4 10 UK capacity installed in 2009 (8.71 5.g.6 MW) 2009 (8.5 kW 0-1.5 kW 1.09 size 77.5-10 kW 10-20 kW 20-50 kW 50-100 kW 29 35 UK small wind systems deployed in 2009 (3280 systems) UK small wind systems deployed in 2009 (3280 systems) Year UK small wind systems installed in 2009 (3280) 4 1 0 0 UK small wind systems in 2009 (3280 systems) 4 1deployed exported small wind systems 18 18 4 1 0 18 77 2008 2008 0 0 0 0 38 38217 217 2949 2008 2949 0 Year Year 0 2009 2009 0 0 0 0 36 36249 249 4162 2009 4162 0 0 2010 2010 0 0 0 0 232 232408 408 4725 2010 4725 0 0 2011 2011 0 0 0 0 509 509 1082 1082 5688 2011 5688 0 0 2011 2011 2695 2695 1880 Year 10 22 Year Year 2010 2010 2340 2340 Year Year 0 UK capacity installed in 2009 (8. d 13.70 13.5-10 1. Export) Based on current industry practice.71 5. Small wind system sector employment Small wind system sector employment Small wind system sector employment 3000 3000 Small wind system sector employment 2500 2500 Number of UK-based Number ofjobs UK-based jobs Number of UK-based jobs 07 2008In the2009 2011economic face of 2010 the global Market663 size (UK.09 that 30.800.99 30.09 30.6 MW) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 3787 3453 3280 6736 8588 3787 2927 3453 3204 3280 4447 6736 5365 8588 7279 2927 3204 4447 5365 7279 2009 2009 1755 1755 77 77 0-1.12 48. components.5-10 kWkW 10-20 10-20 kWkW 20-50 20-50 kW kW 50-100 50-100 kW 0-1.). supply chain.5-10 1.22 7.70 number of small wind systems (UK + Export) 13.) and a further two are created downstream (e.800 people with a 6 2007 2008employing 2009 2010 2011 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 13.000 UK-based jobs.6 MW) 22 10 4 22 29 35 2007 2008 2009 2010 3787 3453 3280 6736 r of exported wind systems 2927 3204small 4447 5365 f exported small wind systems 2011 8588 7279 35 29 0-1.

992 VAWT 0 0 8 8 40 40 98 100 138 148 444 474 640 875 Sales (£ thousand) 0-1.790 5.524 6.951 2.966 17.360 3.663 8.123 24.387 1.280 7.736 12.291 1.224 4.708 48.355 6.349 13.161 3.627 7.245 2.200 1.862 7.947 6.265 4.101 8.678 2.789 7.8518 Total = UK deployment + export from UK manufacturing 2005-2009 data is based on historic manufacturing records 2010 and 2011 data is based on manufacturing forecasts HAWT = Horizontal axis wind turbine VAWT = Vertical axis wind turbine .243 1.194 1.301 1.459 6.648 6.050 17.612 3.557 3.695 16.523 4.147 6.695 Number of deployed units in that year 0-1.5-10kW 1.455 4.590 5.094 10-20kW 13 17 15 16 20 28 65 103 125 161 364 596 653 1.506 43.559 19.567 3.657 3.453 6.163 3.361 1.713 5.796 5.800 4.988 9.545 3.923 3.733 5.245 2.312 1.281 13.093 65.533 5.579 6.809 2.595 3.848 1.143 4.367 8.588 15.040 1.920 1.542 System Setup Building Mounted 2 2 380 384 1054 1091 663 853 333 1.340 2.988 10.565 9.292 11.699 2.221 7.755 2.465 1.692 20.745 2.689 Free Standing 1.325 Offgrid 998 3.450 17.920 1.050 7.727 6.842 6.240 2.777 11.515 2.623 2.315 1.156 4.201 13.001 9.763 1.183 77.171 2.804 2.534 2.450 Total 2.713 5.014 10-20kW 251 317 261 321 399 759 1.173 2.13 Table of Data UK 2005 TOTAL 2005 UK 2006 TOTAL 2006 UK 2007 TOTAL 2007 UK 2008 TOTAL 2008 UK 2009 TOTAL 2009 UK 2010 TOTAL 2010 UK 2011 TOTAL 2011 Small Wind Sector Employment Employees 485 845 1.363 30.060 4.200 2.220 25.298 3.033 5.749 18.032 1.674 3.893 20-50kW 235 235 292 292 1.714 3.425 3.407 13.142 7.429 3.232 4.162 20-50kW 3 3 5 5 19 19 17 17 24 24 58 58 66 66 50-100kW 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 35 35 80 80 Total 1.644 1.671 3.163 3.156 2.686 4.093 3.040 5.918 3.178 System Design HAWT 1.685 5.943 4.265 4.910 3.5kW 573 1.880 1.359 2.071 8.031 29.969 10.430 5.800 50-100kW 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 895 895 7.078 16.867 System Application Ongrid 165 205 705 745 1.745 7.051 6.012 3.021 2.480 11.239 2.747 6.852 4.133 8.375 11.5-10kW 155 193 269 330 601 646 575 792 602 851 1.946 6.5kW 992 3.948 14.

Windcrop Limited Windsave Holdings Ltd . Eclectic Energy Limited Endurance Windpower Inc Engenius Ltd Eoltec Wind Turbines Evance (Iskra) Wind Turbines Limited Evoco Energy Ltd Fortis Wind Energy Futurenergy Gaia-Wind Ltd Gazelle Wind Turbines Ltd Gendrive Ltd Green Company (Europe) Ltd ICE Renewables Kestrel Wind Turbines Leading Edge Wind Turbines Llumarlite Energy Systems Ltd Mariah power Marlec Engineering Co Ltd NaREC Northern Power Systems Ltd OCIP Energy Perpetual Energy Proven Energy Limited Quietrevolution Renewable Devices Ltd RWE Npower Samrey Wind Turbines Southwest Wind Power Sustainable Energy Consultants TUVNEL Vertical Wind Energy Ltd Westwind turbines Wind Energy Solutions B.V.14 Contributors RenewableUK would like to thank the following organisations for their support and contributions towards building this report: Ampair Bettergeneration Broadstar Wind Systems Bryan J Rendall Ltd Building Research Establishment (BRE Global) Cleanfield Energy Corp.

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United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)20 7901 3000 Fax: +44 (0)20 7901 3001 Web: www.com Email: info@renewable-uk. Francis Street London SW1P 1DH.renewable-uk.RenewableUK Greencoat House.com  .

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