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FL 33487-2742 2011 by Taylor and Francis Group, LLC CRC Press is an imprint of Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business No claim to original U.S. Government works Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 International Standard Book Number: 978-1-4398-0649-4 (Hardback) This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Reasonable eorts have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the author and publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity of all materials or the consequences of their use. The authors and publishers have attempted to trace the copyright holders of all material reproduced in this publication and apologize to copyright holders if permission to publish in this form has not been obtained. If any copyright material has not been acknowledged please write and let us know so we may rectify in any future reprint. Except as permitted under U.S. Copyright Law, no part of this book may be reprinted, reproduced, transmitted, or utilized in any form by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying, microlming, and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the publishers. For permission to photocopy or use material electronically from this work, please access www.copyright. com (http://www.copyright.com/) or contact the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (CCC), 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, 978-750-8400. CCC is a not-for-prot organization that provides licenses and registration for a variety of users. For organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by the CCC, a separate system of payment has been arranged. Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identication and explanation without intent to infringe. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Evolved cellular network planning and optimization for UMTS and LTE / editors, Lingyang Song, Jia Shen. p. cm. A CRC title. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-1-4398-0649-4 (hardcover : alk. paper) 1. Cell phone systems--Planning. 2. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System. 3. Long-term evolution (Telecommunications) I. Song, Lingyang. II. Shen, Jia, 1977- III. Title. TK5103.485.E96 2011 621.38456--dc22 Visit the Taylor & Francis Web site at http://www.taylorandfrancis.com and the CRC Press Web site at http://www.crcpress.com

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Contents
Contributors ......................................................................................vii SECTION I INTRODUCTION

1 Introduction to UMTS: WCDMA, HSPA, TD-SCDMA, and LTE ....3


MATTHEW BAKER AND XIAOBO ZHANG

2 Overview of Wireless Channel Models for UMTS and LTE ......43


ABBAS MOHAMMED AND ASAD MEHMOOD

3 Virtual Drive Test........................................................................79


AVRAHAM FREEDMAN AND MOSHE LEVIN

SECTION II 3G PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION 4 WCDMA Planning and Optimization.......................................115


XUEMIN HUANG AND MEIXIA TAO

5 TD-SCDMA Network Planning and Optimization...................189


JIANHUA ZHANG AND GUANGYI LIU

SECTION III HSPA PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION 6 Capacity, Coverage Planning, and Dimensioning
for HSPA ....................................................................................231 ANIS MASMOUDI AND TAREK BEJAOUI

7 Radio Resource Optimization and Scheduling


Techniques for HSPA and LTE Advanced Technologies ........265 TAREK BEJAOUI, ANIS MASMOUDI, AND NIDAL NASSER
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8 Teletraffic Engineering for HSDPA and HSUPA Cells ............297


MACIEJ STASIAK, PIOTR ZWIERZYKOWSKI, LA AND MARIUSZ G / BOWSKI

9 Radio Resource Management for E-MBMS Transmissions


towards LTE...............................................................................331 ANTONIOS ALEXIOU, CHRISTOS BOURAS, AND VASILEIOS KOKKINOS

10 Managing Coverage and Interference in UMTS


Femtocell Deployments ...........................................................361 JAY A. WEITZEN, BALAJI RAGHOTHAMAN, AND ANAND SRINIVAS

SECTION IV LTE PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION 11 RF Planning and Optimization for LTE Networks..................399
MOHAMMAD S. SHARAWI

12 Advanced Radio Access Networks for LTE and Beyond.........433


PETAR DJUKIC, MAHMUDUR RAHMAN, HALIM YANIKOMEROGLU, AND JIETAO ZHANG

13 Physical Uplink Shared Channel (PUSCH)


Closed-Loop Power Control for 3G LTE ..................................455 BILAL MUHAMMAD AND ABBAS MOHAMMED

14 Key Technologies and Network Planning


in TD-LTE Systems ....................................................................487 MUGEN PENG, CHANGQING YANG, BIN HAN, LI LI, AND HSIAO HWA CHEN

15 Planning and Optimization of Multihop Relaying


Networks ...................................................................................549 FERNANDO GORDEJUELA-SANCHEZ AND JIE ZHANG

16 LTE E-MBMS Capacity and Intersite Gains ..............................587


AMERICO CORREIA, RUI DINIS, NUNO SOUTO, AND JOAO SILVA

Index .................................................................................................611

Contributors
Antonios Alexiou University of Patras Patras, Achaia, Greece Matthew Baker Alcatel-Lucent Cambridge, United Kingdom Tarek Bejaoui Mediatron Lab University of Carthage Sfax, Tunisia Christos Bouras University of Patras and RACTI Patras, Achaia, Greece Hsiao Hwa Chen Department of Engineering Science National Cheng Kung University Tainan City, Taiwan, Republic of China Am rico Correia e Instituto de Telecomunicacoes ISCTE-IUL Lisboa, Portugal Rui Dinis Instituto de Telecomunicacoes FCT-UNL Caparica, Portugal Petar Djukic Department of Septenes and Computer Engineering Carleton University Ottawa, Canada Avraham Freedman NICE Systems Ltd. Intelligence Solutions Division Raanana, Israel la Mariusz G / bowski Poznan University of Technology Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications Chair of Communications and Computer Networks Poznan, Poland Fernando Gordejuela-Snchez Centre for Wireless Network Design (CWiND) University of Bedfordshire Luton, United Kingdom Bin Han Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Beijing, Peoples Republic of China Xuemin Huang NG Networks Co., Ltd. Suzhou, Peoples Republic of China vii

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Contributors

Vasileios Kokkinos University of Patras and RACTI Patras, Achaia, Greece Moshe Levin NICE Systems Ltd. Cellular Technology Department Raanana, Israel Li Li Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Beijing, Peoples Republic of China Guangyi Liu Research Institute of China Mobile Beijing, Peoples Republic of China Anis Masmoudi Mediatron Lab University of Carthage Tunisia and ISECS Institute University of Sfax Sfax, Tunisia Asad Mehmood Department of Signal Processing School of Engineering Blekinge Institute of Technology Blekinge, Sweden Abbas Mohammed Department of Signal Processing School of Engineering Blekinge Institute of Technology Blekinge, Sweden Bilal Muhammad Department of Electronics Engineering IQRA University Peshawar Campus NWFP Peshawar, Pakistan

Nidal Nasser Department of Computing and Information Science University of Guelph Guelph, Canada Mugen Peng Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Beijing, Peoples Republic of China Balaji Raghothamon Airvana Chelmsford, Massachusetts Mahmudur Rahman Department of Septenes and Computer Engineering Carleton University Ottawa, Canada Mohammad S. Sharawi Electrical Engineering Department King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) Dharan, Saudi Arabia Joo Silva a Instituto de Telecomunicacoes ISCTE-IUL Lisbon, Portugal Nuno Souto Instituto de Telecomunicacoes ISCTE-IUL Lisboa, Portugal Anand Srinivas Airvana Chelmsford, Massachusetts

Contributors Jianhua Zhang Wireless Technology Innovation (WTI) Institute of Beijing University of Posts and Telecom Beijing, Peoples Republic of China

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Maciej Stasiak Poznan University of Technology Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications Chair of Communications and Computer Networks Poznan, Poland Meixia Tao Institute of Wireless Communication Technology Department of Electronic Engineering Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China Jay Weitzen Airvana and university of Massachusetts Lowell ECE Department Chelmsford, Massachusetts Changqing Yang Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications Beijing, Peoples Republic of China Halim Yanikomeroglu Department of Septenes and Computer Engineering Carleton University Ottawa, Canada

Jie Zhang Centre for Wireless Network Design (CWiND) University of Bedfordshire Luton, United Kingdom

Jietao Zhang Huawei Wireless Research Shenzhen, Peoples Republic of China

Xiaobo Zhang Alcatel-Lucent Shanghai Bell Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China

Piotr Zwierzykowski Poznan University of Technology Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications Chair of Communications and Computer Networks Poznan, Poland