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# Tip 36: How to Measure and Monitor Temperature with a Pt100 Resistance TemperatureSeite 1 von 2 Detector

## Version 4.1. Updated 02/02

How to Measure and Monitor Temperature with a Pt100 Resistance Temperature Detector (Tip 36) Category: Regulatory Control Special Hardware Requirements:
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1 Pt100 temperature sensor 1 TD 200 operator interface 1 EM 235 analog expansion module

Note: An improved method to measure and monitor temperature (using the EM231 RTD module) is documented in Tip 47 To select a voltage range of 0 V to 10 V on the EM 235, set the configuration switches as follows: 1: ON, 3: OFF, 5: OFF, 7: OFF, 9: ON, 11: OFF. Depending on the number of the channel used on the EM 235, the corresponding address of the analog input word has to be used in the program: AIW0 for input channel 1, AIW2 for input channel 2, AIW4 for input channel 3. The unused EM 235 inputs are short-circuited. Project Example Print this Tip This program tip shows how to measure a temperature and monitor the specified limits by using the analog expansion module EM 235. A Pt100 temperature sensor is connected to one input channel of the analog module. In order to convert the temperature-conditioned resistance change of the Pt100 into a voltage reading, the analog output is used as constant current source. The output supplies the Pt100 sensor with a 12.5 mA constant current. With this circuit, a linear input voltage of 5 mV per degree Celsius (C) is generated. The EM 235 converts this voltage into a digital value, which the program reads out cyclically. From the value read, the program calculates the temperature [C], using the following formula: T[C] =Digital value - 0 C offset 1 C value Digital value = value stored in AIWx (x=0,2,4). 0 C offset 1 C value = digital value, measured at 0 C. In this example, the offset is 4000. = value difference at a temperature rise of 1 C. In this example, 1 C value = 16.

The program calculates the value to the first decimal point and writes the result in the embedded variable of Message 1: Temperature = xxx.xC, which is read out with a TD 200 operator interface. In the initialization segment of the program, the user can enter a high and low temperature limit. The program monitors the measured value and displays a warning by means of the TD 200 if the measured temperature leaves the selected range. Message 2: Temperature > xxx.xC appears in the second display line of the TD 200 if the measured temperature exceeds the high temperature limit; Message 3: Temperature < xxx.xC is displayed if the measured temperature drops below the low temperature limit.

file://D:\T&T\English\tips\tip36.htm

05.08.2002

Tip 36: How to Measure and Monitor Temperature with a Pt100 Resistance TemperatureSeite 2 von 2 ... Detector

EM 235 Circuit:

## Copyright 2002 Siemens Energy & Automation

SIMATIC S7 -200 customers have free use of the application tips. These tips are only a general approach to using the S7 -200 with various applications. Your specific application may be different. It is your responsibility to use the SIMATIC S7-200 properly in your applications.

file://D:\T&T\English\tips\tip36.htm

05.08.2002