No.

1866
DESCRIPTION
OF THE
AUTOMATIC PISTOL, CALIBER .45
MODEL OF 1911
WITH RULES FOR MANAGEMENT. MEMORANDA OF
TRAJECTORY. AND DESCRIPTION
OF AMMUNITION
(SIX PLATES)
APRIL 1, 1912
REVISED FEBRUARY 14, 1914

GOVE RNMENT PR!NTI::<IG OFFICE
1917
( Form No. 1866)
THE OFFICIAL NUMBER OF THIS COPY
IS
The Comma nding Officer or the Post or Coast
Defense Ordnance Officer to whom this copy is
issued will be held personally responsible for its
safe- keeping. When another officer relieves him a
receipt for it by number will be taken, which
should be mailed to the CHIEF OF ORDNANCE,
U. S. Army, Washington, D. C.
ffil=========================================ffi
N OTE.-Tbis pamphlet may be destroyed when superseded by one oflat er data
(2)
vVAR DEPARnrENT,
OFFICE OF THE C 111 EF OF 0HDN ANCE,
Washingt on, F ebruary 1-\, 1914.
Tbis i s JJUblished for the informati on and go1·ernment of tll e llegulav
Army aml Orgnnized :\liliti n of the L'nitecl States.
By or der of the Secr etary of Wur:
CROZIEr..
Brig:uli cr Genera l, Clti cf of Ordnance.
(3 )
PLATE II.
CONTENTS.
Page.
Component parts _________________________________ ____________ ·-· · ·- ___ 7
Pia t eR. 1 isL __________________ ______ ---------- ---------- -----· ... -- ---- 7-8
Detn iletl Llescri pti on __________ -------------- ----------- - -- - --· ________ 8-11
'l'o dismount ant.l a ssewb1e __ ____________________ ·------------ --------- 11-1::1
Method of opera tiOII ____________________ __ __ _______ ---------- -· ------- 13
Safet.r tl e ,· ices ___ _________________________ __ _____ ---------- --- ------- 13-14
Opern tion i 11 detaiL_-- ------ ---------------- ------------------ ------- 14-16
Parts i ssued for repair.-________________ _______________________________ 16
lm portau ( ]JOi uU>-------- ------------------------- - ------------------ - 16-17
C1eanii1g kit ____________ ---------- - -- ------- ----------------------- -- 17
Mi scellaneous ua ta __ _________ ______ ____________________ ---- -- ____ ____ 17
Exterior ha 11 isli c,; ___________________________ ----------------------- - - 18-19
Amnmni tion _______________________ ----------------- _ -------------- - - 19-20
Packing _________________________ ___ ---- ___ ___ --- - ------ - --- - - - - ----- 20
(5)
DESCRIPTION OF THE AUTOMATIC PISTOL, CALIBER .4:5,
MODEL OF 1911.
(6 pl ates.)
The automati c pistols, caliber .45, model of 1911, in the military
service are marked on the right side, "Model of 1911, U. S. Army";
on the left side, " United States l>roperty." They are also marked
with the scrinl number of the pi stol.
·1. HeceiYer.
2. Barrel.
3. Slide.
4 . Plunger lube.
5. Slide-stop plunger .
.(3. Plunger spring.
'7. Safty-lock plunger.
.8. Sl ide stop.
9. Rea r sight.
J 0. Front t.
:11. Link.
"12. Link pin.
13. Barrel bushing.
1-!. Recoil spring.
1::!. Recoil -spring guide.
16. Plug.
17. Extractor.
1 8. Ejector.
19. Ejecl"or pin.
Firing pin.
"21. Firing-pin spring.
22. Firing-pin slop.
23. Hammer .
24. Hammer pin.
25. H:unlll e r strut.
26. Hammer-strut pin.
27. Mainspring.
COMPONE;.;T IJAHTS.
28. ::\Iainspriug cap.
29. Mainspring-cap pin.
30. Sear.
31. Sear svring.
32. Sear pin.
33. Disconnector.
34: Trigger.
35. Gri11 safety .
36. Safety lock.
37. 1\Iains]lring llous ing.
38. Housing pin.
:.'>9. Housing-pin retniner.
40. Lnnya nlloop.
41. Lanyard-loop pin.
42. 1\Iagazine tube.
43. l\Ia gazine base.
44. l\Iagazine vins (2).
Magazine.
45. l\Iaga zine loop.
46. i\Iagn:r.iue spriug.
47. Magazine follower.
48. Magazine ca tcb.
49. i\Iagazine-catcll spring.
50. i\fngnzine-catch l ock.
51. ri gh t and left.
52. Stock screws ( 4).
53. Screw bushings (4).
PLATES.
Plate I is a side view of the pistol.
Plate II is a longitudinal section of the pi stol, and shows the com-
ponent parts in assembled position.
Plate III shows the receiver, barrel, and slide.
(7)
8
Plate. I V sho,YS Lhe other component parts.
Plate \ sho,ys the magazine and its component parts.
Plat e VI shows the cartridge and the trajectory.
In the plates the numbers correspond with t hose giYen in the list
of component parts and in the description that
Df:TAlLED DESCRIPTIO::'\.
The three principal part.· of the pistol are the recei Yer (1), barrel
(2), and slide (3).
The 1'eceiver (1) has suitable guides for the r eciprocating slide (3),
and a hollow handle in which the magazine is inserted from below
and l ocked in pl ace by the magazine catch ( 48) . The magazine may
be removed by pressure upon the checker ed end of the magazine
catch (48), which projects :from the left side of the receinr (1) in a
convenient position for operati on by the thumb.
The magazine catch (48) engages with and l oc ks the magazine
under the pressure of the 11W(JCtzine catch sp1·ing (49) and is held in
the receiver (1) by mea ns of the magazine catcll locl.; (50).
The magazine consists of a magazine t1tbe ( 42) closed at the bottom
by means of the magazine base ( 43) secured with two magazine pins
(44). The magazine base (43) has riveted to it the magazine loop
(45) to which can be attached a lanyard to pre>ent l oss of the maga-
zine. Within the magazine tube (42) is contained the magazine
syning ( 46) exerting a pressure against the magazi ne j ollou·e1· ( 47),
which ser ves as a mo>able platform for the cartridges.
Secured at each end of the handle of r ecei ver (1) on both sides
are sc1·ew bushings (53) , on to which are fitted the stoclcs (52) and
into which, to secure the latter, are screwed the stock sc1'e1.os (52) .
In front of the handle of r eceiver (1), in the trigger guard, is
seated the trigger (34); in rear and above the handle the firing
mechanism is arranged, comprising the hammer (23), mounted on
the hammm· pin (24), the sem· (30) and (automatic) clisconnector
(33), mounted t ogether on the sem· pin (32), the grip safety (35),
and safety l ock (36) ; also the mainspring (27), and the sear spring
(31) . The mainsp1··ing (27) is seated within the 11u:dnsp1ing housing
(37) and there held by the mainsp1·ing-cap pin (29) . The main-
spring housing (37) also contains the mainsp1ing cap (28) and the
housing-pin 1·etaineT (39). The conical point of the latter protrudes
slightly into the hole for the ho·using pin (38), engaging with t he
groove around the middle thereof , ther eby holding the housing pin
( 38) in place. Into the base of the mainspring housing ( 37) is
fitted the lanyanlloop ( 40) secur ed by the lanyw·d-loop pin ( 41).
The sem· spTing (31) has a rib on its lower end which fi ts into a
slot in the rear wall of the magazine seat and keeps the spring from
moving vertically. The mainspring housing (37) , bearing against
PLATE I l l.
5
-
20
25
7
........
14
26
.....
8
17
21
.,,".)
27
P LAT E IV.
11 12
-
CZ)
-
---
18
19
I
I
22 24
.a
~
I
28
-
32
-
• Q = t 3 ~ 4 · · · · ·
33 )
40
41
u -
J. 52 J.
• Dl •
38
-
39
->
50
IP-'"
.l 52 .l
• Ill e
PLAT E V.
43
44
45
I I
u
46
47
PLATE VI .
PISTOL BALL CARTRIDGE, CAL IBEI? .45, MODEL OF 19!1.
I_li'II.JECTO/i'Y FO/i' CJJL..4S /JVTONJJTIC PISTOL BVLLET. .42186
?
IJW.
Fli'!JNI(f"Oii'O IJHSEN'JJL VS II FEB. 13
1
/!liZ.
9
the rear of the spring, l ocks it in position and gives to it the re-
quired tension. The hmnme1' st1·ut (25) is attached to the hammer
(23) in rear of its pivot by means of the hamme1·-st1vut pin (26) .
Its lo,Yer end rests in the mainspring cap (28).
AboYe the handle on the left side are the slide stop plunger ( 5) and
safety loclc plwnger (7) with their ends protruding from the front
and rear, respectively, of the plunge1' t1tbe ( 4). The pl1tnger spring
(6) is seated between the plungers (5 and 7) within the plru1ger tube
( 4) and yieldingly holds t hem in position.
The ej ecto1· (18) is seated at the top of the receiver (1) near the
r ear end at the left side. It is held in place by the ej ecto1' pin (19).
The top of the receiYer (1) f orward of the trigger guard has a
f-emitubul ar extension which forms the seat for t he r ear portion of the
r ecoil spring (14).
The b(wrel (2) of the pistol is largest at the breech, and at the t op
has two transnr e l ocl.cing ribs, the forward edges of which, together
with the forward edge of the breech portion, ser ve to positively inter-
lock the barrel (2) with the slide (3) when in the firing position.
At its r ear is an extension which f acilitates the entrance of the c a r ~
tridge from the maga7ine into the chamber. The rear end of the
l:>arrel (2) is attached to the receiver (1) by the link (11) , link pin
(12), and the pin of the slide stop (8), and swinging thereon: can
mo\e a limited distance lengthwise and also in a vertical plane.
The ide walls of the slide (3) overlap the sides of the receiver (1),
and being provided with longitudinal ribs corresponding with similar
grooves at the top of the r eceiYer (1), the slide (3) is free to move
longitudinall y.
The slide (3) has a.t its front end a strong tubular abutment which
is in line with the forward portion of the receiver (1), and which
permits the slide (3) to mo>e to the r ear until the r ear end of the
abutment comes in contact with the fl ange of the recoil spring guide
(15) against the shoulder in the r eceiver (1) at its forward end,
thereby positively limiting the r earward movement of the slide (3) .
The latter is therefore. necessarily assembled to the r eceiver (1) from
the front, and is prevented from being thrown rearward from the
r eceiver (1) under any circumstances.
In the abutment at the front end of the slide (3) is seated the
f orward end of the recoilsp1·ing (14) , fitt ed into the plug (16). The
r ear end of the r ecoil spring (14) fitted onto the recoil sp1·ing guide
(15) r ests against the shoulder in the front end of the receiver (1).
On the top of slide (3) are mounted the front sight (10) and Tea?'
sight (9).
The ba1'1'el bushing (13) fits into the front end of the slide (3),
supports the muzzle end of the barrel (2), and holds the plug (16)
and recoil spring (14) in place.
104721"--17----2
10
When the slide (3) and the barrel (2) therein are mounted upon
the receiver (1) and the slide stop (8) is in its place so that the pin
part of the slide stop (8) locks the barrel (2) to the r eceiver (1)
through the link (11), the slide (3) is thereby positi,·ely locked in
place upon the receiver (1).
The firing pin (20), fhing-pin spTing (21), and (shell) extTacto?'
(17) are carried in the rear end of the slide (3) and locked by the
firing-pin stop (22). By pressing the firing pin (20) forward so as
to clear the firing-pin stop (22) , the latter is released and may be
removed downwardly, leaving both firing pin ( 20) and extractor
( 17) free for removal. . . .
The slide stop (8) consists of the pm part, wluch senes as a piYot
and passes through the link (11), and a body, on which is a thumb
piece for releasing the slide (3) from the open position.
Th'e safety lock (36) consists of a thin plate, a proj ecting pin, a
thumb piece, and a projecting stud. The pin part sen es as a pivot
for the safety lock (36) and is at the same time a pi ,-ot for the grip
safety (35). The uppe·r co-rner of the plate has an angle which will
fit into a correspondingly shaped recess in the slide ( 3) . When the
slide (3) is in its fonYard position, and the hammer (23 ) is full
cocked, the safety lock (36) may be pushed up manually: by means of
the thumb piece, thereby positiYely locking the hammer and the slide.
While the safety lock (36) is being pushed up into the locking posi-
tion the stud on the safety lock (36) is being canied upward and it
finally stands in rear of the lower arm of the sear (30): blocking the
sear (30) and ·causing the locking of the hammer (2:3). If the safety
lock (36) is pressed down so as to r elease the slide (3) the projecting
stud on the safety l ock (36) clears the sear (30) , permitting the sear
(30) to be operated by the trigger (34), thereby causing the release
of the hanm1er (23) if the grip safety (35) is pressed inward, as by
the hand grasping the handle of the pistol, and the trigger (34) is
pulled.
The g1·ip saf ety (35) is pivoted in the upper part of the receiver
(1) . Its lower part proj ects from the r_ear fa ce of the under
pressure of the short leaf of the sear sprmg (31), thereby locking the
trigger whenever the handle of the pistol is r eleased. But when the
handle is grasped, as in the firing position, the grip safety (35) re-
leases the trigger (34) without requiring the attention or thought of
the firer.
The (automatic) disconnectoT (33) is iu the (1)
in r ear o-f the maga,;ine seat. In the underside of the shde (3) and
near its rear end, a recess is provided which stand.· aboYe the top of
the disconnector (33) when the slide (3) is in the forward firing
position. With the slide in this position the disconnect or (33 )_ is
rai sed to its operative position by the center leaf of the sear sprmg
11
(31) and it then will transmit the moYement o£ the trigger (34) to
the sear (30). The forward surfaces of the recess of the slide (3)
and of the projecting end of the disconnector (33) are inclining, so
that the rearward mo,·ement of the slide (3) depresses the connector
(33) until the slide (3) again r eturns to its forward position. In this
depressed position of the disconnector (33) the trigger (34) is dis-
connected from the sear (30) , allowing the sear (30) to reengage the
hammer (23) . This arrangement automatically and positively pre-
vents firing of the pistol except when all its parts are in the fully
closed and locked firing position, and it also prevents more tha·n one
shot from following each pull of the trigger (34).
TO DISMOUNT .AND .ASSEli!BLEJ THE PISTOL.
Remove the magazine by pressing the magazine catch ( 48) .
Press the plug (16) inward and turn the barrel bushing (13) to
the right until the plug (16) and the end of the recoil spring (14)
protrude from their seat, releasing the tension of the spring (14).
As the plug (16) is allowed to protrude from its seat, the finger or
thumb should be kept over it, so that it will not jump away and be
lost or strike the operator. Draw the slide (3) rearward until the
smaller r ear r ecess in its l ower left edge stands above the projec-
tion on the thumb piece of the slide stop (8); press gently against
the end of the pin of the slide stop (8) which protrudes from the
right side of the r ecei1er (1) above the trigger guard and remove
the slide stop ( 8) .
This releases the link (11), allowing the barrel (2), with the link
(11) and the slide (3), to be drawn forward together from the
r eceiver (1), carrying with them the barrel bushing (13), recoil
spring (14), plug (16), and recoil-spring guide (15) .
Remove these parts from the slide (3) by withdrawing the recoil-
spring guide (15) from the rear o£ the recoil spring (14) , and draw-
ing the plug (16) and the recoil spring (14) forward from· the slide
(3). Turn plug (16) to right to remove from recoil spring (14).
Turn the barrel-bushing (13) to the left until it may be drawn for-
ward from the slide ( 3). This releases the barrel ( 2) which, with
the link (11), may be drawn forward from the slide (3), and by
pushing out the link pin (12) the link (11) is released from the
barrel (2) .
Press the rear end of the firing pin (20) forward until it clears the
firing-pin stop (22), which is then drawn downward from its seat in
the slide (3); the firing pin (20), firing-pin spring (21), and ex-
tractor (17) are then removed from the rear of the slide (3).
The safety lock (36) is readily withdrawn from the receiver (1)
by cocking the hammer (23) and pushing from the right on the pin
part or pulling outward on the thumb piece of the safety lock (36)
12
when it is midway between its upper and lo1\er positi ons. The
cocked hammer (23 ) is then lower ed and r emoved after r emoving the
hammer pin (24) from the l eft side of the r eceiver (1) . The housing
pin (38) is then pushed out from the ri ght side of the r eceiver (1),
which allows the mainspring hou. ing (37) to be withdra1\n down-
ward and the grip safety (35) r earward from t he hai1dle. The sear
spring (31) may then be r emoved. By pushing out the sear pin (32)
from the right to the left side of the r eceiver (1), the sear (30) and
the disconnector ( 33) ar e r eleased.
To r emove the mainspring (27) , mainspri ng ca p P8) . and hous-
ing-pin r etainer (39) from the mainspring housing (31), compress
the mainspring (27) and push out the small mainspring cap pin (29) .
To r emo,-e the magazine catch (48) from the r eceiver (1), its
checker ed left end must be pressed inward, when the ri ght end of the
magazine catch (48) will proj ect so far from the right side of the
r eceiver (1) that it may be rotated one-half turn. This movement
will r elease the magazine catch lock (50) fr om its seat in the r eceiver
( 1), when the magazine catch ( ±8) , the magazine catch lock (50), and
the magazine catch spring (±9) may be r emoved.
With the in1proved design of magazine catch lock ( jO) the opera-
tion of dismountinG' the magazine catch (48) is simplified in that
0 .
when the magazine catch (48) has been pressed imn trcl the magazme
catch lock (50) is t urned by means of a scr ew driver or the short lea f
of the sear spring (31) a quarter turn to the l eft 1\hen the magazine
catch (48) with its contents can be r emoved. The improved design
will be recognized from the fact t hat the head of tl1e magazine catch
lock (50) is slot.tecl.
The trigger (34) can then be r emoved r ear1\ ardly from the r e-
ceiver (1) . .
The hammer strut (25 ) or the long arm of the scr ew dri>er can
can be used to push out all the pins except the mainspring-cap pin
(29 ) lanyard-loop pin (41) , and eject or pin (19) .
To assemble ·the pi stol, proceed in the r everse order.
It should be noted that the disconnector (33) and sear (30) ar<::
assembled as foll ows : Place the cylindrical part of the disconnect or
(33) in its hole in the r ecei ver (1) with the flat face of the lo,Yer
part of the disconnector (33) r esting against the yoke of the trigger
(34) . Then place the sear (30), lugs downward, so that it sh·ad-
dles the disconnector (33). The sear pin (32) is then inserted in
place, so that it passes through both the disconnector (33 ) and the
sear (30).
The sear (30) , disconnector (33), and hammer (23 ) being in place
and the hammer (23) down, to replace the sear spring (31) , locate
its lower end in t he cut in the r ecei>er (1) , 1\ith the end of the long
leaf resting on the sear (30) ; then insert the mainspring housing (37)
13
until its lo"·er end projects bel o\\- the frame about one-eighth of an
inch, r eplace the grip safety (35), cock the hammer (23 ) , and replace
the saf ety lock (36); then lower the cockecl hammer (23), push the
mainspring housing (37) home and insert the housing pin (38).
In assembling the safety lock (36) t o the r ecei,' er (1) use the tip
of the magazine f ollo,Yer ( 47 ) OJ' th e screw ch·i n r to press the safety-
lock plunger (7) home, thus allo"ing the .'eating of th e safety l ock
(36). It should be r emember ed that when as .. embling the safety
l ock (36) the hammer (23) must be cocked.
\Vhen r eplacing the slide (3) and barrel (2) on the r eeeivrr (1),
ca r e mu.-t be taken that tbe link (11) is tilted f orwanl as far as pos-
sible and that the link pin (12) is in place.
)£ETHOD OF OPEHAT IOX.
A loaded magazine is placed in the handle and the slide (3) drawn
!till y back and r eleased, thus bringing the fir t cnrtriclge into the
chamber (if the slide is open, push cl own the slide stop (8) to let the
slide (3) go forward ) _ The hammer (23) is thus cocked and the
pistol is r eady for firing.
If it is desired to make the pistol r eady for instant use and for
firing the least possible delay the mnximum number of shots,
draw back the slide (3), insert a cartridge by hand into the cham-
ber of the barrel (2), allow the slide (3) t o clo .. e, then lock the slide
( 3) and the cocked hammer (23) by pressing the safet y lock ( 3G)
up,Yard, and insert a loaded magazine. The slide (3) and hammer
( 23) being thus positively locked, the pistol may be carried safely at
full cock, and i t is only necessary to press cl own the safety lock (3G)
(which is located within easy r each of the thumb) when rai sing the
pistol to the firing position.
The grip safety (35) is provided ,.,·ith an extending which
not only seiTes as a guard to preYent the hand of the shooter from
slipping upward and being struck or injured by the hammer (23),
but also aids in accurate shooting by keeping the hand in the same
position for each shot; and, furthermore, permits the lo"·ering of the
cocked hammer (23) with one hand by automatically pressing in the
grip safety (35) when the hammer (23 ) is drawn slightly beyond the
cocked position. In order to r elease the hammer (23) , the grip
safety (35) must be pressed in before the trigger (34) is pulled.
S.\ FETY DE\"ICES.
It is impossible for the firing pin (20) to discharge or eYen touch
the primer , except on receiving the full blow of the hammer (23).
The pistol is provided with two automatic safety devices :
(1) The (automatic) disconnector (33) which positively prevents
the release of the hanuner (23) unless the slide (3) and barrel (2)
14
·are in the forward position and safely interlocked ; this device also
controls t he firing and prevents more than one shot from following
each pull of the trigger (34). . .
(2) The (automatic) grip safety (35) at all tlmes lo.cks the t ngg: r
(34) unless the handle is firmly grasped and the gnp safety (3;))
pressed in. .
The pistol is in addition provided with a safety lock (3G) whlC!l
the closed slide (3) and the cocked hammer (23) can be at \Yill posl-
ti vely locked in positi on.
OPERATlOX JX DETAIL.
The magazine may be charged " ·ith any number of cartridges from
-one to seYen.
The charged magazine is inserted in the handle and the slide
( 3) drawn once to the r ear. Thi s movement cocks_ the hammer ( 23),
the r ecoil spring (14), and, when slide (3) the
r ear position, the magazine follo"·er ( 4 7) rmses th e upper car tndge
:into the path of the slide (3). The slide (3) is tl_1 en r eleased be-
ing f or ced fonYard by the recoil spring ( 1-±), ca the first
into the chamber of the barrel (2) . As the sltde (3) approaches Its
forward I)05ition it encounters the r ear extension of lhe barrel (2)
' .
and forces the barrel for ward.; the r ear end of lhe barrel (2) s'nngs
upY'>ard o:1 the linlc ( 11), turning on the muz.zle end as en a_
·when the slide .(3) and barrel (2 ) r each their for\\'ard position t hey
are positinly l ocked together by the locking ribs on the barrel (2)
and their joint f orward moYement is arrested by the barrel lug
encountering the pin on the slide stop (8) .
The pistol is then r eady for firing.
When t he hammer (23) is cocked, the hammer strut (25) moves
downward, compressing the main pring (27), and the sear (30),
under action of the long leaf of the sear spring ( 31) , engages its nose
in the notch on the hammer (23) .
In order that the pistol may be !-ired the following conditions
must exist: The grip safety (36) mu. t be pressed in, l ea·,·ing the
trigger (3-±) free to mow; the slide (3_) must be in its for."·ard posi-
tion, properly interl ocked "1\-ith the barrel (2), so tha.t the cllsconnector
(33) is held in the recess on the underside of t he slide (3) under the
action of the sear spring (31), tran;; mitting in tlus position any
motion of the trirmer (3-±) t o the sear (30); the safety lock (3G) mtd
00 .
be do"·n in the unlocked po. iti on, so that the sear (30) Will be
unblocked and free to r elease the hammer (23) an d the slide will be
free to moYe back.
On pulling the trigger (34), the sear (30) is moved and the r eleased
hanm1er (23 ) strikes the firing pin (20) which transmits the bl ow to
the primer of the cartridge. The pressure of the gases gener ated in
15
the barrel (2), by the eX_j) losion of t.he powder in the ca rtridge, is
exerted ii1 a fonTarLl direction against the bullet , driving it through
the bore, and in a rearward direction against the f ace of the slide (3),
dri,·in o- the l atter and the barrel (2) to the r ear together. Tl:e
0 .
downward swinging monment of the barrel (2) unlocks It from the
&li de (3), and the barrel (2) is then stopped in its lowest position.
The slide (3) continues to moYe t o the rear, opening the breech,
cocking the hammer (23), extracting and ejecting the empty shell and
compressing the recoil ·pring (14), until it-the slide (3)-r eaches its
rcarmost position when another ca r tr idge is raised in front of it and
forced into the chamLer of the barrel (2) by the return monment o:f
i he slide ( 3) ui1der pressme of t he r ecoil spring (1-±).
The 'wight and consequently the inertia of the slide (3), aug-
ment ed by those of the banel (2) are so many times greater than the
\Yei o·ht and inertia of the bullet that the l at ter has been giYen its
0
maximum Yelocity and has been dri,·en from. the muzzle of the bar-
r el (2) before t he slide (3) and barrel (2) haYe r ecoiled to the point
" ·here t he barrel (2) commences its unl ocking movement. Thi s con-
struct ion, therefore , delays the opening of the breech of the barrel
(2) until nfter the bullet has left the muzzl e and therefore practically
preYent s ihe escape of any of the powder gases to the r ear aft er the
breech has been opened.
This factor of safety is further increased by the t ension of the
recoi l spring (1-±) and mai n pring (27), both of which oppo. e the
r ean Ya rd moYement of the slide (3).
II hile the comp:uatin ly great weight of the slide (3) of this pis-
t ol insures safety against premature opening of ihe breech, it also
in ures operati on of the pistol, because at the point of the rearward
opening moYement " ·her e the barrel (2) is unlocked and stopped,
the hea' 'Y slide (3) ha s attained a momentum which is suffi cient to
carry it through its complete opening rno,·ement and makes the
pistol r eady f or another shot.
IYhen the magazine has been emptied, the paYd-shaped slide stop
(8) will be rai sed by the magazi.ne f ollower (47) under action of the
magazine spring (-±6) into the fr ont recess on t he lower lef t side of
the sli de (3), thereby locking the slide (3) in the open position, and
scning as an indicator t o r emind the shooter that the empty maga-
zine must be replaced by a charged one before the firing can be
continued.
Pressure upon the magazine catch (-±8) quickly r eleases the empty
ma o·azi ne from the handle and permits the insertion of a loaded
0 .
magazine.
To release the slide (3) from the open position, it is only necessary
to press upon the thumb piece of the slide stop (8) when the slide
(3) will go forward to its closed posi tion, carrying a cartridge from
16
the pr eYi ously insel'tecl magazine into the barrel (2) and making t he
pistol ready for firing again.
PAJUS l SSL"ED l'OR HEPAlRS.
For making r epairs t o the ·e pi st ol s in the hands of troops in field
and garrison the :following spa re parts will be is ·ned. T he nnmber
opposite each part is the maximum fo r 100 pi stols for orcl in ar y
r l'paus per yea r:
I
or purl. Jxumbcr :\a me of c-or.1_:xment }ltlr1. 'Xmnber.
------------------------- ::---------------
Discon_ncclor ..
Extractor.... . .. .. . __ ... _ .. _
Firing pin ..... _ ................... .. ... .
Firing-pin spring........... . ...... .. .. ..
Firing-pin stop ....... _._ ..... _ ... _ ... .
:::::::: ..... .... .
B arnmei -strut pin ..... _ .. ... . .
Housing pin .. .. _._... . _ .........
Housing-pin rct3i.J1cr_. ___ . .. •....... .. ...
Link ............................ .
:::::::: : .. . :::::::::::::::::
Mainspring cap ........................ ..
5 Mainspring-cap pi:1
10 Plug ....................... ...... .... ..
10 P lunger spring_ ....................... .
10 Recoil spring ... _ ..
5 Recoil-springg11 i:..: e ...
10 Safety-lockplungcr ...... .. .. ....... .... 1
10 Sear......... -.·. I
10 Searpin ....
10 Sear spring .. _ .. .. _ .. _ ... _ ........ . .... .
1g · ... .. .......... ,
10 Stock, left.. _ .. _ . ..• • : _:._· : __: _:_:. _· .. · ._· ._-_:::_ :
5 Stock, _. __ _
5 j Stock srrcw .
-------·-········ ··--
DIPORT AXT POI:\'l'S.
5
5
10
10
5
10
10
5
10
5
10
5
5
10
1. Never place the trig·ger fing·er within the trig·ger guard until it is
intended to fire and the pistol is pointed toward the target.
2. Do not carry the pistol in the holster with the hammer cocked and
safety lock on, except in an emergency.
If the pistol is so carried in the holster , cocked and saf ety lock on,
the butt of the pistol should be rotated a'Yay from the body when
withdrawing the pistol from t he holst er , i n order to aYoid displacing
the safety lock.
3. The trigger should be pulled with the forefinger . If t he trigger
is pulled with t he second finger, the forefinger extending al ong the
side of t he receiYer is apt to press against the projecting pin of the
slide stop and cause a Jam when the slide r ecoils.
4. Care must be exer cised in inserting the magazine to insure its
engaging with the magazine catch.
5. Pressure must be entirely r elieved from the trigger aft er each
shot in order that the trigger may r eengage with the sear.
6. To remove cartridges not fired disengage the magazine slightly
and then eA.'tract the cartridge in the barrel by drawing back the
slide.
7. The pistol must be kept clean, free from rust, and properly
oiled. Excessive oil l eft in the mechanism will cause the parts to
gum and work stiffly.
8. Care must be exercised to insure that the clisconnector is prop-
erly assembled to the sear.
17
9. The hammer shoul cl not be snapped " .hen the pistol is part ially
di sassembled.
10. The stocks need neYer be remoYed, as the pi st ol can be di s-
mounted and assembled without remoYing them.
11. Use no hammer either in assembling or dismounting t he pistol.
12. Magazine: Reasonable care should be taken to see that the
magazine i. not dented or ot henYise damaged.
K eYer insert the magazine and strike it smartly 'Yith the hand t o
force it. home, as this may spring the base or t he inturning lips at
the top. It shoi1ld be inserted by a quick continnons moYement .
CLE. \ XI.:\0 IUT.
For cleaning, dismounting. and assembling !he pist ol a kit is issued
consisting of a metal box: containing the follo"·ing art icles :
10 scr ew clriYers.
10 cleanin!f rods. l.Jrass (matl e so thn t eitiler a clot h wiper or bristll'
brush ca n be u><ecl).
10 thong brushes.
1 oil can.
1 grease pot for cosmi c.
The aboYe articles, " ·ith the exception of the oil can and grease
pot f or cosmi c, ,u·e also supplied as part of the contents of the arm
repair chest, model of 1910, when this chest is issued to organizationf'.
equipped with the pi stol. The cleaning kit "'ill therefore be issued
only to organizations equipped with t he pi stol and not provided
an arm r epair chest.
:i\flSCELLA::\'EOUS DATA CONCEfu'i iNG l:'ISTOL.
Weight, 2 pounds 7 ounces.
Trigger pull, 6 to 7 t pounds.
Total length, 8.593 inches.
Barr el:
Length, 5.025 inches.
Diameter of bore, 0.445 inch.
Rifling:
Grooves--
Number , 6.
Width, 0.1522 inch.
Depth, 0.003 inch.
Lands, width, 0.072 inch.
Twist, one turn in 16 inches, left-handed.
Front sight abm
7
e axis of bore, 0. 5597 inch.
18
EXTERIOR BALLISTICS.
1. RAPIDITY OF F IRE.
(a) This pistol has been fired 21 times in 12 seconds, beginning
w.i.th pistol empty and loaded magazines on a table at side of oper-
ator.
(b) Firing at 25 yards distance at a target 6 feet by 2 feet under
the same conditions as in (a) 21 shots '"ere fired in 28 seconds, mak-
ing 21 hit s, with a mean r adius of 5.85 inches.
(c) Firing 10 shots, using a muzzle rest at 25 yards distance, at a
ta<get 6 f eet by 2 feet, a mean radius of dispersion of 0.855 inch has
been obtained.
2. ACCUIUC¥ \\' lTII l:ZZL:;
'hf ean
Mean
Range.
radius.
vertical
de,·iation.
Yards. I nches. Inches.
25 0. 55 0. 619
50 1. 356 0 910
75 2. 244 1. 422
The aboYe figures represent the mean nriations for seyeral targets_
3 . DRIFT.
The drift or deviation due to the rifl.ing is, in thi · pi stol, to the
left, but is more than neutralized by the pull of the trigger 'Yhen the
pistol is fired from the right hand. The Jrift is slight at short ranges
and that for long ranges is immaterial, inasmuch as the pistol is a_
short-range '"ea pon.
4. YELOCITY Wl'l'll STRIKING EC\'ERGY.
Range. Yelocil y.
I
Energy.
I
Feel per Fool-
l rards. second. pounds.
0 802 329
25 788 317
50 i73 305
i5 75 294
100 iH 283
125 730 272
150 717 262
175 253
2UO 691 244
225 678
2.:.0 666 226
19
5. PENETRATION IN WHJ'l'E PINK
R ange. Depth.
Yards. Inches.
25 6. 0
50 5. 8
75 5. 6
100 5. 5
150 5. 2
200 4. 6
250 4. 0
A penetration of 1 inch in "·hite pine corresponds to a dangerous
wound. .
The penetration in moist loam at 23 yards is 9.95 inches.
The pentrati on in dry sand at 2) yards is 7.8 inches.
6. TRAJECTORY'.
Plate YI shows the trajectory "·ith ammunition model of 1911 up·
to 230 yard . The maximum ordinate fe r this range is 4.29 feet at
12G yards from the muzzle. The traj ectory is yery flat up to 75
yards at " ·h ich range the pist ol i.· accurate. The angle of departure
is 1 °-13' -31".
the n ngle of departure equal to 43° , the range is a ppr_oxi-
matcl.'· 1,9.J .) yan1s, the maximum orclinnte of the traject ory being
2.21 () feet.
AMMUNITION FOR AUTOMATIC PISTOL CALIBER .45, MODEL OF
1911-BAIL CARTRIDGE.
(Plate Y I.)
The components of the bnll ca rtri dge consist of cartridge case,
primer, po,Yder, and bull et.
C. \ RTRlDGE C. \ SE.
The cartridge case i;; cylindrical and is made of bra. s. It is pro-
vided " ·ith a cannelme to prennt the bull et being f or ced do"·n on
the po,Tcler.
PRDIER.
The primer consists of a cup whi ch contains the primer composi-
tion, a paper disk, and an ruwi l " ·hi ch resi . ts the blow of the firing
pin. The am·il is provided wi th two vents by which the fl ame is
ccmmunicated to the charge. Ignition is produced by crushing the
composition bebYeen the cup and am·il by a blo'v of the firing pin.
POWDER.
The powder is a smokeless poYrcler. T he charge varies with the.
kind and lot but it is generally about 5 grains.
~ 0
BULLET.
The body of the bullet is a cylinder. The bullet has a core of
lead and tin composition inclosed in a j acket of gilding metal or
cupro-nickel. It ''"eighs 230±2 grains.
Inches.
Length of bull et ___________________________________________________ O.G62
Dia meter of c.,· limlri cal part of IJllll eL______________________________ . 45015
Total length of cartridge ____ _____________________________________ __ 1. 261
To r ender the cartridge " ·aterproo£ the inside of the neck of the
case and the outside of the prime1· nre shella cked.
PACK J ); C.
The cartridges are packed in pasteboard boxes containing 20
cartridges each. One hundred pasteboard boxes, or 2,000 car-
tridges are packed in one zinc case, hermetically sealed, with handle
for tearing open. The whole is inclosed in a wooden box, the cover
of which is fastened with scr ew hooks and thumb nuts and sealed.
I' ounds.
Weight of 100 ca rtridges___ _________________________________________ __ 4. 6
Weight of 2,000 cartridges, pncked _________________ _______ ------------- 110
WAR DEPARTMENT,
0 F F I C F ~ OF THE C HIEF OF 0HUNANCE,
TVasli ·i·ngf on, Fcbrurl1'y 14, 9114.
13092-2873.
April 1, 191 ::! .
RH iscd, FcbJ·uaJ·y 14, 1914.
FOlD! No. 18G6.
Ed. June 13-I i-20,000.

CALIBER . 1866 DESCRIPTION OF TH E AUTOMATIC PISTOL. MEMORANDA OF TRAJECTORY. 1914 WASi~ !N GTON GOVE RNMENT PR!NTI::<IG OFFICE 1917 . 1912 REVISED FEBRUARY 14. AND DESCRIPTION OF AMMUNITION (SIX PLATES) APRIL 1.45 MODEL OF 1911 WITH RULES FOR MANAGEMENT.No.

1914.keeping. Washington. U.. Clticf of Ordnance. Brig :ulicr Genera l. IS The Comma nding Officer or the Post or Coast Defense Ordnance Officer to whom this copy is issued will be held personally responsible for its safe. OFFICE OF THE C 111 EF OF 0HDN AN CE. F ebruary 1-\. C. When another officer relieves him a receipt for it by number will be taken. Tbis ~ranunl i s JJUblished for the informati on and go 1 ·ernment of tll e llegulav Army aml Orgnnized :\liliti n of the L'nitecl States. which should be mailed to the CHIEF OF ORDNANCE.-Tbis pamphlet may be destroyed when superseded by one oflater data (2) .( Form No . Washingt o n. (3 ) ffil=========================================ffi N OTE. By or der of the Secr etary of Wur: ". S. Army. 1866) THE OFFICIAL NUMBER OF THIS COPY vVAR DEPARnrENT.ILLJ ~ur CROZIEr. D.

.------------..-lm portau ( ]JOi uU>------.. _____ ______________________ -------------------. D etn iletl Llescri pti on __________ ------------.--.--.-. Page.---------.19-20 Pa ckin g _________________________ ___ ---..-_______ ______ ___ _________________________ ______ 16 C1eanii1g kit ____________ --------.l a ssewb1e __ _________ ______ _____ ·-----------.PLAT E II..___ ___ -..--· _____ ___ 7 7-8 8-11 'l'o dismount ant. -.....---.--.--.-...------------------------..· ices ___ _________________________ __ _____ --------..---..13-14 Ope rn tion i 11 detaiL _-...----------.r tl e .-· -----.--..11-1::1 Method of ope ra tiOII ___________ ______ ___ __ __ _______ ---------...________ 17 Exterior ha 11 isli c .----------------.-----.14-16 Parts i ss ued for repair..13 Safet.16-17 17 Mi scellan eous ua ta __ _________ ____ __ ____________________ ---.-----...------.-----· .--.-- 20 (5) .--.---.-.------------------. Component parts __________________ __________ _____ __ ______ __ __ ·-· ··...--.18-19 Amnmni tion _______________________ ----------------.-.-----..___ Pia teR 1isL __________________ ______ --------.---------------...._-------------. CONTENTS.

1\Iagazine tube. 44. model of 1911. Barrel bushing. 26.45. Plate II is a longitudinal section of th e pistol. J 0. Army". Mainspring. 27. Magazine. Housing pin. Hamm e r pin. i\fngnzine-catch lock. Ejector. ::\Iainspriug cap. Plate I is a side view of the pistol. Barrel.8. 46. Slide. :." They are also marked with the scrinl number of the pistol. 19. l\Ia gazine ba se. R ecoil -spring guide. Ma ga zine ca tcb . 28. 36.. 29. 48. ~tuck s. . on the left side. Stock sc rew s ( 4). 23. 5. 52. Plug. R ea r sight. Firing-pin slo p. Safety lock. 50. and slide. Link. 40. caliber . Front ~iglJ t. Magazine follower.iue spriug. S. 43. 4 . 37. 24. . Link pin. HeceiYe r. " United States l>roperty. (7) . 16. 13. H:unlll e r s trut. i\Ia ga zine-catcll spring. 41. 3. "12. 45. 9. Sear. Lanyard-loop pin . Ejecl"or pin. 22. 1::!.'>9. Plate III shows the receiver. 2. Disco nnector. "Model of 1911. l\Iaga zine vins (2). Hamm e r . ·1 . Lnnya nlloop. (6 p l ates. 35. i\Iagn:r. 30. barrel. Sl ide sto p. 1\Iains]lring llou s in g.4:5.(3. Screw bushings (4). 49. "21. Sear s vring. :11. 42. 51. 17. 38. 25. 1 8. CALIBER . MODEL OF 1911. Firing pin.. ri gh t and left.T IJAHTS. and sho ws the component parts in assembled position. Plunge r lub e. COMPO NE. Housing-pin retniner. 31. Hammer-strut pin . Gri11 safety. Extractor. Plunger s pring. Sear pin.) The automati c pistols. 47. 34: Trigger. 1-!.DESCRIPTION OF THE AUTOMATIC PISTOL. Firing-pin s pring. 33. 32. PLATES. Slide-stop plunger . l\Iaga zine loop. in the military service are marked on the right side. U. '7. Mainspring-cap pin. Safty-lock plunger. R ecoil spring. ~0. 53.

In front of the h andle of r eceiver (1). The mainsp1··i ng (27) is seated within the 11u:dnsp1ing housing (37) and there h eld by the mainsp1·ing-cap pin (29) . Secured at each end of the handle of r ecei ver (1) on both sides are sc1·ew bushings (53) . The magazine may be removed by pressure upon the ch ecker ed end of th e magazine catch (48). and a hollow handle in which the magazine is inserted from below and locked in place by the magazine catch (48) . PLATE I l l. The sem· spTing (31) has a rib on its lower end which fits into a slot in the rear wall of the magazine seat and keeps the spring from moving vertically.ys the magazine and its component parts. (50). In the plates the numbers correspond with those giYen in the list of comp onent parts and in the description that follo>~" s. The magazine base (43) h as riveted to it the magazine loop (45) to which can be atta ched a lanyard to pre>ent loss of the magazine. and slide (3). ther eby holding the housing pin ( 38) in place. The magazine consists of a magazine t1tbe ( 42) closed at the bottom by means of the magazine base (43) secured with tw o magazine pins (44). mounted on the hammm· pin (24). in rear and above the handle the firing mechanism is arranged. which projects :from the left side of the receinr (1) in a convenient position for ope rati on by the thumb. mounted together on the sem· pin (32).YS L other component parts.8 Plate. Plate VI shows the cartridge and the trajectory. and the sea r spring (31) . bearing against . engaging with the groove around the middle thereof . which ser ves as a mo>able platform for the cartridges. The mainspring housing (37) also contains the mainsp1ing cap (28) and the housing-pin 1·etaineT (39). The mainspring housing (37) . comprising the hammer (23). I V sho. Into the base of the mainspring housing ( 37) is fitted the lanyanlloop (40) secu r ed by the lanyw·d-loop pin (41).· of th e pistol are the recei Yer (1). The magazine catch (48) engages with and loc ks th e magazine under the pressure of the 11W(JCtzine catch sp1·ing (49) and is h eld in the receiver (1) by mea ns of the magazine catcll locl. to secure th e latter.os (52) . in the trigger guard . The three principal part. is seated the trigger (34). on to which are fitted the stoclcs (52) and into which . Df:TAlLED DESCRIPTIO::'\. Within the ma gazine tube (42) is contained th e magazin e syning ( 46) exerting a pressure against the magazine j ollou·e1· ( 47). also the mainspring (27).. The 1 'eceiver (1) has suitable guides for the r eciprocating slide (3). are screwed the stock sc1'e1. the grip safety (35). and sa fety lock (36) . the sem· (30) and (automatic) clisconnector (33). The conical point of the latter protrudes slightly into the h ole for the ho·using pin (38). he Plate \ sh o. barrel (2).

. • 52 32 • Q = ) 28 II 46 u 45 t3~4····· 40 38 -> 50 39 47 J... 7 14 8 11 CZ) 17 18 I 21 I ---12 19 PL AT E V.... 5 20 .l • 52 . Dl 41 IP-'" .P L AT E IV . 43 24 ..l e • Ill ...a ~ I 33 22 44 26 .) 27 25 .. u J....".

cing ribs. I_li'II. MODEL OF 19!1.Yer end rests in the mainspring cap (28). The ba1'1'el bushing (13) fits into the front end of the slide (3).9 PLATE VI . of the plunge1' t1tbe ( 4). and swinging thereon: can mo\e a limited distance lengthwise and also in a vertical plane. locks it in position and gives to it the required tension. 104721"--17----2 . The top of the receiYer (1) f orward of the trigger guard has a f-emitubular extension which forms the seat for t he r ear portion of the r ecoil spring (14). Its lo. and is prevented from being thrown rearward from the r eceiver (1) under any circumstances. supports the muzzle end of the barrel (2). . The latter is therefore. AboYe the handle on the left side are the slide stop plunger ( 5) and safety loclc plwnger (7) with their ends protruding from the front and rea r. CAL IBEI? . The hmnme1' st1·ut (25) is attached to the hammer (23) in rear of its pivot by means of the hamme1·-st1vut pin (26) . the forw ard edges of which. 131 /!liZ.JECTO/i'Y FO/i' CJJL. The ide walls of the slide (3) overlap the sides of the receiver (1).45.42186 ? IJW. and which permits the slide (3) to mo>e to the r ear until the rear end of the abutment comes in contact with the flange of the recoil spring guide (15) against the shoulder in the r eceiver (1) at its forward end. PISTOL BALL CARTRIDGE. The slide (3) has a. The r ear end of the recoil spring (14) fitted onto the recoil sp1·ing guide (15) r ests against the shoulder in the front end of the receiver (1). and at the t op has two transnr e locl.t its front end a strong tubular abutment which is in line with the forward portion of the receiver (1). and holds the plug (16) and recoil spring (14) in place. link pin (12). together with the forward edge of the breech portion. respectively. ser ve to positively interlock the barrel (2) with the slide (3) when in the firing position. Fli'!JNI(f"Oii'O IJHSEN'JJL VS II FEB. and being provided with longitudinal ribs corresponding with similar grooves at the top of the receiYer (1). the rear of the spring. necessarily assembled to the r eceiver (1) from the front.. On the top of slide (3) are mounted the front sight (10) and Tea?' sight (9). thereby positively limiting the r earward movement of the slide (3) . In the abutment at the front end of the slide (3) is seated the f orward end of the recoilsp1·ing (14) . The pl1tnger spring (6) is seated between th e plungers (5 and 7) within the plru1ger tube ( 4) and yieldingly holds them in position. The b(wrel (2) of the pistol is largest at the breech.4S /JVTONJJTIC PISTOL BVLLET. and the pin of the slide stop (8). th e slide (3) is free to move longitudinall y. It is held in place by the ejecto1' pin (19). fitted into the plug (16). The ejecto1· (18) is seated at the top of the receiver (1) near the r ear end at the left side. At its r ea r is an extension which f acilitates the entrance of the car~ tridge from the ma ga7ine into the chamber. The rear end of the l:>arrel (2) is attached to the receiver (1) by the link (11) .

In the underside of the shde (3) and near its rear end. The pin part sen es as a pivot for the safety lock (36) and is at th e same time a pi . to be drawn forward together from the r eceiver (1). permitting the sear (30) to be operated by the trigger (34). with the link (11 ) and the slide (3). allowing the barrel (2). the slide (3) is thereby positi. Th'e safety lock (36) consists of a thin plate.. the safety lock (36) may be pushed up manually: by means of the thumb piece. TO DISMOUN T . The (automatic) disconnectoT (33) is mo~ted iu the ~·eceiver (1) in r ear o-f the maga. a proj ecting pin. thereby locking the trigger whenever the handle of the pistol is r eleased. recoil spring (14). with the link (11). the finger or thumb should be kept over it. and it also prevents more tha·n one shot from following each pull of the trigger (34). The safety lock (36) is readily withdrawn from the receiver (1) by cocking the hammer (23) and pushing from the right on the pin part or pulling outward on the thumb piece of the safety lock (36) . thereby positiYely locking th e hammer and the slide. and a body. releasing the tension of the spring (14). The firing pin (20). so that the rearward mo. the grip safety (35) releases the trigger (34) without requiring the attention or thought of the firer. and drawing the plug (16) and the recoil spring (14) forward from· the slide (3). and the hammer (23 ) is full cocked. But when the handle is grasped. This releases the barrel ( 2) which. as by the hand grasping the handle of the pistol. a thumb piece.·ely locked in place upon the receiver (1). thereby causing the release of the hanm1er (23) if the grip safety (35) is pressed inward. a recess is provided which stand. Remove these parts from the slide (3) by withdrawing the recoilspring guide (15) from the rear o£ the recoil spring (14) . firing-pin spring (21). Press the rear end of the firing pin (20) forward until it clears the firing-pin stop (22). Its lower part proj ects from the r_ear fa ce of the harrell ~ under pressure of the short leaf of the sear sprmg (31). The slide stop (8) consists of the pm part. may be drawn forward from the slide (3). The uppe·r co-rner of the plate has an angle which will fit into a correspondingly shaped recess in the slide ( 3) . If the sa fety lock (36) is pressed down so as to r elease the slide (3) the projecting stud on the safety lock (36) clears the sear (30) . The g1·ip saf ety (35) is pivoted in the upper part of the receiver (1) . . press gently against the end of the pin of the slide stop (8) which protrudes from the right side of the recei1er (1) above the trigger guard and remove the slide stop ( 8) . Turn the barrel-bushing (13) to the left until it may be drawn forward from the slide ( 3). Turn plug (16) to right to remove from recoil spring (14). . By pressing th e firing pin (20) forward so as to clear the firing-pin stop (22) . This arrangement automatically and positively prevents firing of the pistol except when all its parts are in the fully closed and locked firing position. and (shell) extTacto?' (17) are carried in the rear end of the slide (3) and locked by the firing-pin stop (22). .10 When the slide (3) and the barrel (2) therein are mounted upon the receiver (1) and the slide stop (8) is in its place so that the pin part of the slide stop (8) locks the barrel (2) to the r eceiver (1) through the link (11). When the slide (3) is in its fonYard position. fhing-pin spTing (21). wluch senes as a piYot and passes through the link (11).ine seat. This releases the link (11). The forw ard surfaces of the recess of the slide (3) and of the projecting end of the disconnector (33) are inclining. carrying with them the barrel bushing (13).-ot for the grip safety (35). allowing the sear (30) to reengage the hammer (23) . As the plug (16) is allowed to protrude from its seat.·ement of the slide (3) depresses the connector (33) until the slide (3) again returns to its forward position. the firing pin (20). and a projecting stud. and extractor (17) are then removed from the rear of the slide (3).AND . With the slide in this position the disconnect or (33 )_ is rai sed to its operative position by the center leaf of the sear sprmg 11 (31) and it then will transmit the moYement o£ the trigger (34) to the sear (30). the latter is released and may be removed downwardly. which is then drawn downward from its seat in the slide (3).· aboYe the top of the disconnector (33) when the slide (3) is in the forward firing position. leaving both firing pin ( 20) and extractor ( 17) free for removal. Remove the magazine by pressing the magazine catch (48) . so that it will not jump away and be lost or strike the operator. on which is a thumb piece for releasing the slide (3) from the open position.ASSEli!BLEJ THE PISTOL. While the safety lock (36) is being pushed up into the locking position the stud on the safety lock (36) is being canied upw ard and it finally stands in rear of the lower arm of the sear (30): blocking the sear (30) and ·causing the locking of the hammer (2:3). and the trigger (34) is pulled. Press the plug (16) inward and turn the barrel bushing (13) to the right until the plug (16) and the end of the recoil spring (14) protrude from their seat. In this depressed position of the disconnector (33) the trigger (34) is disconnected from the sear (30) . as in the firing position. plug (16). and recoil-spring guide (15) . Draw the slide (3) rearward until the smaller r ear recess in its lower left edge stands above the projection on the thumb piece of the slide stop (8). and by pushing out the link pin (12) the link (11) is released from the barrel (2) .

To r emove the mainspring (27) . p ermits the lo"·ering of the cocked hammer (23) with one hand by automatically pressing in the grip safety (35 ) when the hammer (23 ) is drawn slightly beyond the cocked position.t ecl. In order to r elease th e hamm er (23) . then lower the cockecl hamm er (23). In assembling th e safety lock (36) t o th e r ece i. th e magazine catch lock (50). but also aids in accurate shooting by keeping the hand in the same position for each shot. ing (3 7) to be withdra1\n downward and the grip safety (35 ) r earward from t he hai1dle. The sea r spring (31) may th en be r emoved. The hammer strut (25 ) or the long arm of the scr ew dri>er can can be used to push out all the pins except the mainspring-cap pin (29 ) lanyard-loop pin (41) . when the ri ght end of the magazine catch (48 ) will proj ect so far from the right side of th e r eceiver (1) that it may be rotated one-half turn.. and ejector pin (19) . so that it p asses through both the disconnector (33 ) and the sear (30). thu s allo"ing the . its checker ed left end must be pressed inward.-t be taken th at tb e link (11) is tilted f orwanl as far as possible and that th e link pin (12) is in pla ce. The housing pin (38 ) is then pushed out from the right side of the r eceiver (1). th e sear (30) and the disconnector ( 33 ) ar e r eleased. and insert a loaded magazine.-e the magazin e catch (48 ) from the r eceiver (1). compress the mainspring (27) and push out th e small mainspring ca p pin (29 ) .the fram e about one-eighth of an inch .'eating of th e safety l ock (36). Then place the sear (30). The slide (3 ) and hammer ( 23) being thus positively locked . then insert the mainspring housing (37) 13 until its lo" ·er end projects bel o\\. the grip safety (35) must be pressed in before the trigger (34) is pulled. It sh ould be noted that the disconnector (33) and sea r (30) ar<:: assembled as foll ows : Place the cylindrical part of th e disconnector (33) in its hole in the r eceiver (1) with the flat fa ce of the lo. locate its lower end in t he cut in the r ecei>er (1) . to replace the sear spring (31) . allow th e slide (3) to clo. This movement will r elease the m agazine catch lock (50) fr om its seat in the r eceiver ( 1). and h ousing-pin r etainer (39) from the mainspring h ousing (31). which allows th e mainspring hou . push the mainspring hou sing (37) h ome an d insert th e housin g pin (38). It should be r emember ed that wh en as. The pistol is provided with two automatic safety devices : (1) The (automatic) disconnector (33) which positively prevents the release of the hanuner (23) unless the slide (3) and barrel (2) . and hamm er (23 ) being in place and the hammer (23) down . The cocked hammer (23 ) is then lower ed and r emoved after r emoving the hamm er pin (24 ) from the l eft side of the r eceiver (1) . cock th e hammer (23 ) . If it is desired to make the pistol r eady for instant use and for firing v-~ ith the least p ossible dela y th e mnximum number of shots. push clown th e slid e stop (8 ) to let the slide (3 ) go forward ) _ Th e hamm er (23) is thu s cocked and the pistol is r eady for firin g. so that it sh·a ddles the disconnector (33 ).. )£ETHOD OF OPEH AT IOX .·ith an extending horn~ which not only seiTes as a guard to preYent the h and of th e sh ooter from slipping upward and being stru ck or injured by th e hammer (23). The trigger (34 ) can then be r emoved r ea r1\ ardly from the r eceiver (1) .12 when it is midw ay between its upper and lo1\er p ositions. S. the pistol may be carried safely at full cock . With the in1proved design of magazine catch lock ( jO) the operation of dismountinG' the magazine catch (48 ) is simplified in that 0 . then lock the slide ( 3) and the cocked hammer (23 ) by pressing the safet y lock ( 3G) up. A loa ded magazine is pla ced in the handle and th e slide (3) drawn !till y back and r eleased . To assemble ·the pistol. mainspri ng ca p P8) . furthermore. r eplace th e grip safety (35). lu gs downw ard . and . ca r e mu. The sear pin (32) is then inserted in place. except on receiving the full blow of the hammer (23). and the ma gazine catch spring (±9) may be r emoved..Yer ( 47 ) O J' th e screw c n r to press th e sa fetyh·i loc k plunger (7) home. emblin g the safety l ock (36) th e hamm er (23) must be cocked. \Vhen r eplacin g the slide (3 ) and barrel (2) on th e r eeeivrr (1).Yer part of the disconnector (33 ) r estin g against th e yoke of the trigger (34) . when the maga zin e catch (48) h as been pressed imn trc the ma gazm e l catch lock (50) is t urned by means of a scr ew d river or the short lea f of the sear spring (31) a quarter turn to the l eft 1\hen th e m agaz in e catch (48 ) with its contents can be r emoved.\ F ETY DE\"ICES . To r emo. insert a cartridge by hand into th e chamber of the barrel (2). 1\ith the end of the long leaf resting on the sear (30) . proceed in the r everse order. e. B y pushin g out th e sear pin (32) from the right to the left side of the r eceiver (1). and replace th e sa f ety lock (36). and it is only necessary to press clown the safety lock (3G) (which is located within easy r each of the thumb) wh en rai sing the pistol to th e firing position. when the magazine catch ( ±8) . The improved design will be recognized from the fact t hat the head of tl1 e magazine catch lock (50) is slot. The sear (30) . thus bringin g th e fir t cnrtriclge into the chamber (if the slide is open . disconnector (33).' er (1) use the tip of th e ma gazine f ollo. It is impossible for the firin g pin (20) to discharge or eYen tou ch the primer . .Yard .. draw back the slide (3). The grip safety (35) is provided .

until it-the slide (3)-r each es its rcarmost position when another ca r tr idge is raised in front of it and forced into the ch amLer of the barrel (2) by th e return monment o:f i he slide ( 3) ui1der pressm e of t he r ecoil spring (1-±). . opening the breech.t the c llsconnector (33) is held in the recess on th e und erside of t he slide (3) under the action of the sea r spring (31). The pistol is then r ea dy for firing.·in 0o. and forces the barrel for ward.. by the eX_j)los ion of t. The pistol is in addition provided with a safety lock (3G ) b~ whlC!l th e closed slide (3) and the cocked hamm er (23) can be at \Yill posltively locked in positi on ..·ing the trigge r (3-±) free to mow. li The slide (3) continues to moYe to the rear. cockin g the h ammer (23). e the r ea n Ya rd moYement of the slide (3). t be pressed in. As the sltde (3) approaches Its forward I)05ition it encounters th e r ear ex tension of lh e barrel (2 ) ' .·en from. is exerted ii1 a fonTarLl direction against th e bullet . This m ovement cocks_ the hammer ( 23).14 ·are in the forward position and safely interlocked . The ch arged maga zine is inserted in the handle and the slid e ( 3) drawn once to the r ea r. and the barrel (2) is then stopped in its lowest position. it is only necessary to press upon the thumb piece of th e slide stop (8) when the slide (3) will g o forward to its closed posi tion. engages its n ose in the n otch on th e hammer (23) . downward swin ging monment of the ba rrel (2) unlocks It from the & de (3). under action of the long leaf of the sear spring ( 31) . . so th a. Wh en t h e h ammer (23) is cocked. compres~es the r ecoil spring (14).ne from th e handle and permits th e insertion of a loaded o·azi magazine. ·when the slide . The slide (3) is tl_1 en r eleased aml~ being f or ced fonYard by the recoil spring ( 1-±). dri."·ard position. p roperly interl ock ed "1\-ith th e barrel (2). To release the slide (3) from the open position. the hea''Y slide (3) ha s attained a momentum which is sufficient to carry it through its complete openin g rn o. carrying a cartridge from The magazin e may be charged " ·ith any number of ca rtridges from -one to seY en. th e sear (30) is moved and the r eleased hanm1er (23 ) strikes th e firing pin (20) which tran smits th e bl ow to the primer of the cartridge. this device also controls t he firing and prevents more than one shot from following each pull of the trigger (34). Th e pressure of the gases gener ated in .cks the t ngg: r (34) unless the handle is firmly grasped and the gnp safety (3. and in a rearward direction against the f ace of the slide (3). when ~he slide (3) r eache~ the r ear position. lea·. In order that the pistol may be !-ired the following conditions mu st exist: The grip safety (36) mu. the r ear end of lhe barrel (2) s'nngs upY'>ard o:1 the linlc ( 11 ). it also in ures operati on of the pistol. On pulling the trigger (34). II hile the comp:uatin ly great weight of th e slide (3) of this pistol insures safety against premature opening of ihe breech. turning on th e muz. This constru ction. the muzzle of the barr el (2) before t he slide (3) and barrel (2) haYe r ecoiled to th e point " ·h ere t he barrel (2) commences its unl ocking movement. ex tracting and ejecting the empty shell and co mpressing the recoil ·pring (14). (2) The (automatic) grip safety (35) at all tlmes lo.ne f ollower (47) under action of the magazine spring (-±6) into the fr ont recess on t he lower lef t side of th e sli de (3). and the sear (30).(3) and barrel (2 ) r each their for\\'ard position t hey are positinly l ocked together by th e locking ribs on th e barrel (2) and their joint f orward moYement is arrested by the barrel lug encountering the pin on the slide stop (8) . the slide (3_) mu st be in its for. This factor of safety is further increased by the tension of th e recoi l spring (1-±) and mai n pring (27). . ca ~·n e the first carlncl~e into the chamber of the barrel (2) . The 'wigh t and consequently the inertia of th e slide (3).zle end as en a_ ~nlc rnm.he powder in the ca rtridge. Pressure upon the ma gaz ine catch (-±8) quickly r eleases th e empty ma 0 .mitting in tlu s p ositio n any motion of the trirmer (3-±) to th e sea r (30). the paYd-shap ed slide stop (8) will be rai sed by th e magazi. delays the opening of the breech of the barrel (2) until nfter the bullet h as left th e muzzl e and therefore practically preYent s ihe escape of any of the powder gases to the r ear aft er the breech ha s been opened. 15 th e barrel (2).the l atter and the barrel (2) to the r ear together. therefore . driving it through the bore. augmen ted by those of th e banel (2) are so many times greater than th e \Yei 0o·h t and inertia of the bullet that the l at ter ha s been giYen its maximum Yelocity and ha s been dri. th e ma ga zine follo" ·er ( 4 7) rm ses th e upper ca r tndge :into the path of the slide (3). th e safety lock (3G) . thereby locking the slid e (3) in the open position. mtd 00 be do"·n in the unlocked po. both of which oppo. th e hamm er strut (25) moves downward . OPERATlOX JX DE TAIL . Tl:e .)) pressed in. IYhen the maga zine ha s been emptied. iti on. because at the point of the rearward opening moY ement " ·h er e the barrel (2) is unlocked and stopped. and scning as an indicator to r emind th e sh ooter that the empty maga zine must be replaced by a charged one before the firin g ca n be continued. compressing the main pring (27). tran.·ement and makes the pistol r eady f or anoth er sho t. so th at the sear (30) Will be unblocked and free to r elease the hammer (23) an d the slide will be free to moYe back. and .

..~. Housing pin ....... . ~~~s~~. T he nnmber opposite each part is th e maximum fo r 100 pi stols for orcl in ar y r l'paus p er yea r: ~ame or compor~cnt purl.. left-handed..· ..·: ::::::: :::::::: . 10.. 10 cleanin!f rods. .. .... .. l. width.. 1g 10 10 5 10 5 10 5 5 10 ~u~~-~tg~-t>i.... . :i\flSCELLA::\'EOUS DATA CONCEfu'i iNG l:'ISTOL . 5 j Stock srrcw .. For making r epairs t o the ·e pist ols in the hands of troops in field and garrison th e :following spa re parts will be is ·ned...... ___ . equipped with the pistol. _. Do not carry the pistol in the holster with the hammer cocked and safety lock on. _. The cleaning kit "'ill therefore be issued only to organizations equipped with t he pistol and not provided w it!~ an arm r epair chest.h en the pistol is part ially disassembled... Width. _. 1 Sear. .... B arr el: L ength... ... and properly oiled. . not dented or ot henYise damaged. ....... 10 tho ng brushes. Care must be exercised to insure tha t the clisconnector is properly assembled to the sear....... The hamm er shoul cl n ot be snapped " ...... 2..... 1 oil ca n .16 the p r eYiously insel'tecl ma g azin e into the barrel (2) and making the pistol ready for firing again......003 inch..u·e also supplied as part of the contents of the arm repair ch est. ri g!~t.. ::--------------Ma inspring-cap pi:1 Plug ......... _.. Firing-pin spring..... Total length...... 0.........1522 inch. Use no hammer either in assembling or dismounting t he pistol.... 5 5 10 10 5 10 10 ~~~::~ ~i~...~ Safety-lockplungcr . . CLE.... _.. .... ... . Trigger pull. 11. . . .. Twist. If the pistol is so carried in the h olster .. .. _ Firing pin . Weight..... . The pistol must b e kept clean . Jxumbcr 5 10 10 10 :\a me of c-or... .. 0.... 0. 1 g rease pot for cosmi c.. E xtractor. 0. .. : I ~ 'Xmnber. The trigger should be pulled with the forefinger ... ....: :::::::::.... If t he trigger is pulled with th e second fing er. Housing-pin rct3i. 5. . _. i n order to aYoid displa cing the sa fety lock... To remove cartridges not fired disengage the m agazine slightly and then eA. _.. 0... home. Firing-pin stop ....._.· : : _:_:..... Rifling: Grooves-N umber ... .:\0 IUT....._-_:::_ : : : ___ _ · _ Stock..: e ... .. _. .. _. and asse mbling !he pist ol a kit is issued consisting of a meta l box: co ntainin g the follo"·ing art icles : 10 scr ew clriYers. 3... the butt of the pistol should be rotated a'Yay from the body wh en withdrawing the pistol from t h e holster ... P lunger sprin g_ . except in an emergency.:: · ....... DIPORT AXT POI:\'l'S.... ...... Recoil spring ... K eYer insert the magazine and strike it smartly 'Yith the hand to force it...'tract the cartridge in th e barrel by drawing bac k the slide. Link . ... the forefinger extending along the side of th e receiYer is apt to press against th e projecting pin of the slide stop and cause a Jam when the slide r ecoils..... 8. Excessive oil left in the m ech anism will cau se the parts to gum and work stiffly. _... ...• • _. 5597 inch.. PAJUS l SSL" ED l'OR HEPA lRS.. Sear spring.t.. m odel of 1910. Care must be exer cised in inserting the magazin e to in sure its engaging with the m agazine catch.... _. one turn in 16 inches. Recoil-springg11 i:... . dismounting. 8. Diameter of bore.. . 1.. .~ 5 Stock. 6.. cocked and sa f ety lock on ..... __ _ -------·-········ ··-- Mainspring cap ... Magazine: R easonable care should be taken to see that the magazine i. . ---------···-·---.... Front sight abm7 e axis of bore.. ------------------------Discon_ncclor.. free from rust. . _. when this chest is issued to organizationf'... The stocks n eed neYer be remoYed . . _. as the pi stol can be dismounted and assembled without remoYing them....593 inch es.Jrass (matl e so thn t eitiler a clot h wiper or bristll' brush ca n be u><ecl). Pressure must b e entirely r elieved from the trigger aft er each shot in order that the trigger ma y r een gage with th e sear. _... .. 17 9... ....... ...072 inch. Never place the trig·ger fing·er within the trig·ger guard until it is intended to fire and the pistol is pointed toward the target.. .1_xment }ltlr 1.... . Depth..._ ...· ...::::::::::::::::: 5 10 10 10 For cleaning....025 inches.. 2 pounds 7 ounces... •..g·. Lands.... " ·ith th e exception of the oil can and grease pot f or cosmi c.. _.. .. left. 12... .. It sh oi1ld be in se rted by a quick continn ons moYement.... B arnmei-strut pin .... _. 6.....·.. -.. __ . 4.. 7. .. . .... I Searpin ... 6 to 7t pounds.\ XI.... 5. The aboYe articles. ...... as this may spring the base or t h e inturning lips at the top..J1cr_..445 inch...

329 317 305 294 283 272 262 l rards. beginning w. .) The aboYe figures represent the mean nriations for seyeral targets_ 3 . 356 2. 6. T he charge varies with the .29 feet at 12G ya rds from the mu zzle.· accurate. (Plate Y I. po.0 691 678 666 253 244 2~l5 226 The primer consists of a cup whi ch contains the primer composition . 25 50 75 I nches. kind and lot but it is generally about 5 g rains. DRIFT. The traj ectory is yery flat up to 75 yards at " ·h ich range the pist ol i. the maximum orclinnte of the traject ory being 2. PRDIER. YELO C ITY Wl'l'll STRIKING EC\'E RGY. a mean radius of dispersion of 0. 8 100 150 200 5.95 inches.th pistol empty and loaded magazines on a table at side of operator. 6 4. a paper disk .th the n ngle of departure equa l to 43° .i. 6.\ RTRlDGE C. (a) This pistol ha s been fired 21 times in 12 seconds. 619 910 1. 422 0 Plate YI shows the trajectory "·ith ammunition model of 1911 up· Yards. 2. 'hfean radius. 4. 0 25 50 Fool- 802 788 i73 75 iH The ca rtridge case i. the range is a ppr_ xio matcl. making 21 hit s.9. Depth . to the left. 19 5.J . 0 5. inasmuch as the pistol is a_ short-range '"ea pon. s. C. Feel per second. MODEL OF 1911-BAIL CARTRIDGE. Mean vertical de.:. 2 4. The penetration in moist loam at 23 yards is 9.ing is.8 inches. AMMUNITION FOR AUTOMATIC PISTOL CALIBER .) yan1s. 0. with a mean r adius of 5. in thi · pi stol.·iation.21 () feet. but is more than neutralized by the pull of the trigger 'Yhen the pistol is fired from the right hand. PENETRATION IN WHJ'l'E PINK R ange.18 EXTERIOR BALLISTICS. cylin drica l and is made of bra. 25 50 75 Inches. i5 100 125 150 175 2UO 730 717 70~ 225 2. at a ta<get 6 feet by 2 feet. A p enetration of 1 inch in "·hite pine corresponds to a dangerous wound. The maximum ordinate fe r this range is 4. . primer. I Energy . 6 5. 0. Range. The drift or deviation due to the rifl. The components of the bnll ca rtri dge consist of cartridge case. The p entrati on in dry sand at 2) yards is 7. The Jrift is slight at short ranges and that for long ranges is immaterial. The angle of departure is 1 °-13' -31" . Range. 244 to 230 yard . It is provided " ·ith a cannelme to prennt th e bu ll et being for ced do"·n on the po. ts the blow of the firing pin. and an ruwi l " ·hi ch resi.\ SE. I pounds.85 inches. ~Yi. POWDER.45.. using a muzzle rest at 25 yards distance. 0 250 l:ZZL :. A CCU IU C¥ \\' lTII ~~ Yards. 1. 5 5. The powder is a smokeless poYrcler.'· 1. and bu ll et. TRAJECTORY'.855 inch has been obtained. Ignition is produced by crushing the composition bebYeen the cup and am·il by a blo'v of the firing pin. Yelocily . nE ~H. The am·il is provided with two vents by which the fl ame is ccmmunicated to the charge.Tcler.Yder. Inches. (b) Firing at 25 yards distance at a target 6 feet by 2 feet under the same conditions as in (a) 21 shots '"ere fired in 28 second s. RAPIDITY OF F IR E. 55 1. (c ) Firing 10 sho ts.

~0 B ULLET. Ed . The ca rtridges are pa cked in pasteboa rd boxes containing 20 cartridges each . 261 To r ender the cartridge " ·aterproo£ th e in side of th e neck of th e case and the outsid e of the prime1· nre shella cked .000 cartrid ges. with handle for tearing open. 1914. 1 3092-2873.G62 In ch es. 191 ::! . April 1. PA C K J ). I'ounds. TVasli ·i·ngf on. C . the cover of which is fa stened with scr ew hooks and thumb nuts and sealed. FOlD! No . hermetically sealed.000. The bullet ha s a core of lead and tin composition inclosed in a jacket of gilding meta l or cupro-nickel. or 2. 18G6. One hundred pasteboard boxes. June 13-I i-20. The whole is inclosed in a wooden box. FcbJ·uaJ·y 14. Fcbrurl1'y 14 .. 45015 Total length of cartridge ____ ____________________ _________________ __ 1. Length of bull et ___________________________________________________ O.110 WAR DEPARTMENT.000 cartridges are packed in one zinc case. The body of the bullet is a cylinder. Weight of 100 ca rtridges___ ________________________ _________________ __ 4. It ''"eighs 230±2 g rain s. R H iscd. Dia meter of c. pncked _________________ _______ ------------. 6 Weight of 2.·limlri cal par t of IJllll eL______________ __ ____ __________ . 0FFI C F~ OF THE C HIEF OF 0HUNAN CE. 9114. .

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