Talking about the Future

Future Simple facts and predictions; decisions made at the time of speaking ( a spontaneous decision); offers, requests, promises I think … I expect… I am sure… Probably… Present Simple timetables or scheduled events going to intentions, personal plans; prediction based on present evidence Present Continuous fixed arrangements that we have made (arrangements between people) with verbs of movement and activity (come, go, play, meet, fly, travel, etc.) Future Continuous activities in progress at a future point in time; intentions and fixed events Future Perfect an action completed before a particular time in the future Future Perfect Continuous emphasizes how long an action will have lasted up to a point in future.

It will be cold tomorrow, I am afraid. I’ll make some tea for you. I am sure you’ll pass the exam. Will you marry me? I will be back.

The film starts at 10.00 p.m.

Look at the sky! It is going to rain soon. She is going to have a baby. We are going to get married in April.

I am having lunch with Brian tomorrow. Are you coming to the dance tonight?

This time tomorrow I’ll be flying to New York. Don’t call me at 8. We’ll be having dinner.

I’ll have done all my work by 6 o’clock.

By the end of the week we will have been living here for six months.

1. Decide which of the following sentences express facts and predictions, requests, promises, spontaneous decisions, predictions based on present evidence, personal arrangements, scheduled events, activities in progress at a future point in time, an action completed before a particular time in future. 1. It is 8.30. Jack is leaving his house. He has to be at work at 8.45 but the journey takes 30 minutes. He
is going to be late.

2. Don’t worry. I won’t forget to post your letter. 3. I am going to Rome next week. 4. We are late. The film will have started by the time we get to the cinema. 5. I think the weather will be nice later. 6. Ted and Amy have been married for 24 years. Next year they will have been married for 25 years. 7. I will have done my homework by 6 o’clock tomorrow. 8. I am having a birthday party tomorrow. 9. It is cold here. I will shut the door. 10. I am going to start a computer course. 11. I apologize for being late. It won’t happen again. 12. He thinks his team will win the game. 13. Someone’s knocking on the door. I’ll get it. 14. I am sure you’ll like your new teacher. 15. At this time tomorrow I will be playing tennis with Jim. 2. Fill in will or be going to.
1. A: I need to go to the dentist. B: Okay, I …… drive you there. 2. A: You shirt is dirty. B: I know. I … wash it later. 3. A: We haven’t got any tomatoes. B: I know. I … buy some this afternoon. 4. A: I don’t understand this exercise! B: Don’t worry! I… help you. 5. A: Why are you so excited? B: I … buy some new clothes next week. 6. A: It is hot in here. B: I … open the window. 7. A: I can’t do this puzzle. B: I… show you how to do it. 8. A: I am not feeling well. B: I … take you to the doctor. 9. A: What are you doing next weekend? B: I … visit my parents. 10. A: Why is she wearing these clothes? B: She … have dinner with Paul. 11. A: What are Sean’s plans for the summer? B: He … work at a restaurant to earn some money. 12. A: There is a hole in the bottom of the boat. B: The boat … sink. 13. A: It’s cold in here, isn’t it? B: Just a minute! I … turn on the heating. 14. A: Where are you going? B: I … get some bread from the bakery. 15. A: Is this your guide book? B: Yes. I … visit some museums this weekend. 16. A: Would you like me to cook something for you? B: No thanks! I …have dinner with friends later.

3. Write your own text after reading the model. I am going to tidy up my room I am going to finish my homework I am going to send e-mails I am going to cook dinner I am going to do laundry I said to myself but then

4. Ask and answer the questions. Use be going to A: Have you done your homework? B: Not yet. I am going to do it after dinner? A: Have you cleaned your room? B: No. I am going to do it tomorrow. A: Have you done the shopping? B: I am going to do it this afternoon.

I watched TV all afternoon. 5. Use be going to or will to fill in the gaps. 1.
Oh, dear, it’s already 7 o’clock! We… be late. 2. Do you think Nicole … pass her driving test? 3. This chocolate cake tastes so good! I think Christine … love it. 4. It’s very cold. I am sure it … snow. 5. Laura … probably be here by 8 o’clock. 6. I am not feeling well. I think I … faint. 6. He likes painting. He … to be an artist. 7. I am sure Kelly … let you borrow this CD. 8. I am cold. I … put on my jacket. 9. Look at him! He … fall from his bike. 10. Don’t worry! I … call the plumber for the dishwasher.

6. Use be going to or will to fill in the gaps. My name’s Dolly Benson and I’m just an ordinary actress now, but, believe me, I ...be famous. I think my new film Back Door … show you that I’m as goof as any actress in the world. I know I … be bigger that Marilyn and better than Julia. I … stay in Mississippi for the next year, but then maybe I … live in Hollywood – next door to Brad Pitt. Brad and I … go out to all the best parties. Maybe we …go together, but we … meet there. All those who don’t know me today …know we next week – I hope! 7. Look at the diary below. Fill it with different activities. Then, use the present continuous form to say what your arrangements are for this week. Ask your friend about his/her plans for this week. Your friend wants you to visit her/him. Look at your diary and explain why you can’t come. Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

have a dinner party, buy a computer, take the car to a mechanic, go to the cinema, clean the house, fly to Moscow, meet with …, go shopping, go to the hairdresser’s, move furniture, go to the theater, do my homework, make a chocolate cake, go to the concert, go to the dentist, drive to the supermarket, knit a scarf, go to the bank, babysit, go rollerblading, go to the gym. A: Can you come on Monday evening? B: Sorry but I am playing volleyball. A: What about Tuesday evening then? B: No, not Tuesday. I … A: And Wednesday evening? B: …. A: Well, are you free on Thursday? B: I am afraid not. I … A: What are you doing on Friday? B: I am busy on Friday. I … A: Can you come on Saturday evening? B: I think I can. A: Sorry but I am busy on Saturday. I … B: What about Sunday? A: …

8. Put the verb into the more suitable form, present continuous or present simple. 1. I … (go) to the theater this evening. 2. … the film (begin) at 3.30 or 4.30? 3. We … (have) a party next Saturday. 4. The art exhibition … (open) on 3 May and (finish) on 15 July. 5. I …not (go) out this evening. I …(stay) at home. 6. ….you (do) anything tomorrow morning? 7. We … (go) to a concert tonight. It … (begin) at 7.30. 8. Sue …(come) to see us tomorrow. She …(travel) by train and her train … (arrive) at 10.15. I …(meet) her at the station. 9. I …not (use) the car this evening, so you can have it. 10.

I am bored with this programme. When … it (finish)? 11. I can’t see you at the weekend. I …(visit) my parents. 12. He … (meet) Lisa for coffee at noon.

9. Put the verbs in brackets into correct future forms.
1. This time next month we … (lie) on the beach. 2. You’d better take your umbrella. Look at the clouds. It …rain. 3. The plane for New York …(depart) at 9.15. 4. Look at that car! It … crash. 5. I’ll say goodbye now. You …(go) by the time I get back. 6. Dave is so ambitious. I am sure he … (make) a fortune by the time he’s thirty. 7. You’ll know where the party is. We …(make) so much noise! 8. I’ve just got an e-mail from Megan. I … (read) it to you. 9. I’ll lend you this book next time I see you. I … (read) it by then. 10. The train …at 8 o’clock. Don’t be late. 11. I am going to make a success out of my life. You…(see). 12. What time … the plane for Moscow (leave)? 10. Use Future Simple, Future Continuous or Future Perfect. 1. I (to do) my homework tomorrow. 2. I (to do) my homework at six o'clock tomorrow. 3. I (to do) my homework by six o'clock tomorrow. 4. When I come home tomorrow, my family (to have) supper. 5. When you come to my place tomorrow, I (to read) your book. I (to do) my homework by the time you come. 6. Don't come to my place tomorrow. I (to write) a composition the whole evening. 7.I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow. I (to watch) TV the whole evening. 8. What you (to do) tomorrow? 9. What you (to do) at eight o'clock tomorrow? 10. You (to play) volleyball tomorrow? 11. You (to do) this work by next Sunday? 12. When you (to go) to see your friend next time? 13. How many pages you (to read) by five o'clock tomorrow? 14. Tomorrow I (to begin) doing my homework as soon as I come from school. I (to do) my homework from three till six. My father (to come) home at seven o'clock tomorrow. I (to do) all my homework by the time he comes, and we (to go) for a walk together.

11. Read the letter. What is Jenny planning to do?
Dear Sarah, I’ve got some great news. Richard and I are going on holiday for a whole month. Guess where – Hawaii! We’re leaving on 1st June. We both love swimming, so we’re going to stay at a fabulous hotel right next to the beach. I am going to relax as much as possible because I’m quite tired after working hard all this year. We are coming back from our holidays on 30th June, and I’ve got lots of plans for the rest of the summer. First, I’m going to work at a café because I want to earn some extra money and buy a new car. I am also going to join a gym to lose some weight. Finally, I want to find a better job in autumn, so I’m going to start a computer course. Oh, I nearly forgot! On 16th August we’re having a garden party to celebrate Richard’s birthday. Please try to come. You’re welcome to spend the night here. Well, that’s all for now. Hope to see you soon. Love, Jenny

12. Write a letter about your future holidays and other plans. Use some of the word-combinations.
go climbing, go fishing, go hiking, go sailing, go shopping, go sightseeing, go skiing ,go snorkeling, go snowboarding, go diving, go swimming, go surfing, go jet –skiing, watch the sunset, have fun and relax, make sandcastles, smell different smells, see different trees, flowers, plants, see many places in a short time, meet new people, take pictures of the ruins of ancient buildings, listen to the sounds of waves, stay at the luxurious hotel, go to a swimming pool, have new experiences and sensations, have an excellent opportunity to go round the city, see beautiful monuments to famous people, drop in a café and have ice-cream, have rest, play different games, enjoy underwater world, make a fire and bake potatoes, visit museums, be close to nature, explore the world, observe wildlife, learn about architecture styles, learn the origin of old customs and traditions, enjoy country life away from the noise of big cities, take a boat trip down the river, buy souvenirs)

13. Write a list of your resolutions. Use be going to 1. I am going to learn to drive. 2. I am not going to join a gym and lose some weight. (eat fast food, work twenty hours a day, buy a pet, get married, have three children, buy a new camera and take a lot of pictures, learn to make a chocolate cake, take a scuba-diving course, make new friends, learn Spanish (Italian), give up smoking, give up drinking beer, etc.)

14. Read the text and fill in the gaps with will or won’t. Do you ever wonder what schools … be like in the future? Well, we have some good ideas! It is likely that you … have to use paper and pencils anymore as every child …have their own laptop computer to work on. You …have an online teacher who …give you instructions about your daily tasks. Pencil sharpeners, crayons, calculators and compasses … used anymore as you … do everything from art and math to science lessons on the computer. You … even have to learn to write anymore as typing … be all you need to do. At the end of the day all students … receive an email telling them about their homework. When they finish it they … have to send their work via email to an online teacher who … mark it and send it back. We think this kind of school … be both good and bad for the students. Of course there … be any more annoying teachers! But, working alone on a computer all day … be a little lonely. … all of this come true? You … have to wait and see! 15. Read the dialogue and make up your own. A: It’s so great lying here on the beach with nothing to worry about. B: Yeah, it’s lovely but will it always be like this? A: I don’t know. Do you ever think about the future? B: Sometimes. It’s fun to picture myself in 15 years’ time! A: So, would you like a family? B: Oh yes! As soon as I get a job, I’ll get married and have two children. I don’t know yet what I’ll be though, maybe an architect or something… A: I think you’ll make an excellent architect. You’re very good at drawing. B: I hope so! I’d love to be an architect. What about you? A: I’m sure I’ll be a famous rock star. B: A rock star? I thought you wanted to be a photographer! A: Well, I’ve changed my mind. When I release my first CD, my life will change. I’ll travel around the world, give concerts and sign autographs. B: So, will you have children? A: I don’t think I will. They certainly wouldn’t like travelling around all the time. B: Probably not. There’s only one problem. You can’t sing very well! A: I’ll take lessons and I’ll find a very good manager. That’s how you become a singer nowadays. B: Don’t give up the idea of photography, just in case… A: What to you mean?

Study the examples. A: What time will you phone me tomorrow? B: I’ll phone you when I get home from work. If I go shopping, I’ll buy some food. While, as soon as, before, after, until and till The Present Perfect is used to express the idea of completion. Can I borrow this book after you have finished it? As soon as I’ve read the book, I’ll give it back to you.

1. All the sentences are about the future. Use Future Simple or the Present Simple.
1. I want to see Margaret before she … (go) out. 2. We are going on holiday tomorrow. I … (tell) you all about it when we …(come) back. 3. Brian looks very different now. When you …(see) him again, you …(not recognise) him. 4. We must do something soon before it …(be) too late. 5. I don’t want to go without you. I …(wait ) until you …(be) ready. 6. I’d like to play tennis tomorrow if the weather …(be) nice. 7. I am going out. If anybody … (phone) while I …(be) out, can you take a message? 8. If you … (press) this button, a red light will start flashing. 9. If he … (have) time, he … (do) the shopping. 10. If you …(walk) under a ladder, you …(not have) good luck. 11. If you …(break) a mirror, you … (have) bad luck for seven years. 12. If you …(not knock) on wood three times when you have a bad thought, the thought … (come) true. 13. If you …(have) a gap between your two front teeth, you …(be) rich someday. 14. Ken … (leave) London when he …(sell) his house. 15. They …(phone) before they … (come) for lunch. 16. The children … (go) swimming every day while they … (be) at summer camp. 17. He … (wash) the car when he …(finish) his homework. 18. Jane …(cook) dinner as soon as she …(put) the baby to bed. 19. When …(you, call) Ann? 20. They … (not buy) anything until you …(tell) them what you want.

2.

Complete the sentences using the words in brackets.

1.If you don’t take an umbrella, you …(get wet). 2. If you don’t wear a coat, you … (catch cold). 3. If he watches too much television, it … (hurt eyes). 4. Unless you put some sun cream, you … (get sunburnt). 5. I’ll be angry, if you … (scratch the car). 6. If he gives us any more work, we … (not do it). 7. Will you give John the message, if you … (see ) him. 8. If you … (not study) hard, you …(not pass) the exam. 9. If you …(speak) to the teacher like that, you …(get into trouble). 10. If you are not careful who you give your e-mail address, you … (get) a lot of spam. 11. If you …(not go) to bed early, you …(be) tired tomorrow. 12. When you …(fix) your computer, you … (can) use the Internet. 13. If you …(leave) now, you … (miss) the start of the film.

3. Complete the sentences using one of the verbs below in the correct tense. find get do take travel finish go stop enjoy have save visit not get -- What will you do when you finish the exams? -- I’m not sure. If I ________ good results, I _________ to university. -- Me too, but if I can, I _________ a year off to work and then I _________ for six months. -- Where? -- If I _______ enough money, I _______ Australia and the Far East. -- Won’t you find it difficult to study again if you __________ for a year? -- I don’t think so. I think I __________ my studies more if I __________ a break first. -- Anyway, unless you ________ a job first, you won’t have enough money to travel. -- I know. I’ll start to look for work straight away when we finish here in June. -- Well, you might be lucky. Come on, unless we do some studying now, we __________ places at university. 4. Complete the sentences 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. If I have time at the weekend, I’ll ____________. If I win a lot of money, I’ll __________. If I get to bed late, I’ll ___________ If I go out with my friends, I’ll _________. If I finish my homework early, I’ll ______. When I go to London, I’ll _________ If I catch cold, I’ll _______. If I study English, I’ll ______.

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