First Conditional: real possibility

We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition or situation in the future, and the result of this condition. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, it is morning. You are at home. You plan to play tennis this afternoon. But there are some clouds in the sky. Imagine that it rains. What will you do? IF condition present simple If it rains result WILL + base verb I will stay at home.

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. It is not raining yet. But the sky is cloudy and you think that it could rain. We use the present simple tense to talk about the possible future condition. We use WILL + base verb to talk about the possible future result. The important thing about the first conditional is that there is a real possibility that the condition will happen. Here are some more examples (do you remember the two basic structures: [IF condition result] and [result IF condition]?): IF condition present simple If If If If If I see Mary Tara is free tomorrow they do not pass their exam it rains tomorrow it rains tomorrow result WILL + base verb I will tell her. he will invite her. their teacher will be sad. will you stay at home? what will you do?

ca/elc/StudyZone/330/grammar/1cond.htm http://www. ..] [..result WILL + base verb I will tell Mary He will invite Tara Their teacher will be sad Will you stay at home What will you do IF condition present simple if if if if if I see her.php http://www.. you can watch TV tonight. for example: If you are good today. it rains tomorrow? it rains tomorrow? Sometimes. Simple Present .com/grammar/firstconditional1.uvcs.. or may instead of will.. we use shall.html Future Real Conditional (Unit 12) FORM [If / When .. First Conditional (IF .. she is free Simple Present .perfect-english-grammar....tolearnenglish.better-english. if / when . Simple Future ..... they do not pass their http://web2. Simple Future .. ..php http://www.or when-clause..] Notice that there is no future in the if .htm http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.

I HAVE TO WAIT UNTIL I HAVE A DAY OFF. IT DEPENDS ON THE WEATHER. Examples: y If I go to my friend's house for dinner tonight. A: What are you going to do if it rains? B: I am going to stay at home. It is different from other Real Conditional forms because. Jerry will help me with my homework when he has time. but the use is different from other Real Conditional forms. you call me. If the weather is nice. I will give you the address. we are simply waiting for it to occur. I am going to read if there is nothing on TV. IF YOU WANT THE ADDRESS. Notice also that the Simple Future is not used in ifclauses or when-clauses. she is going to walk to work. I AM STILL NOT SURE IF I WILL GO TO HIS HOUSE OR NOT. "if" suggests that you do not know if something will happen or not. IMPORTANT If / When Both "if" and "when" are used in the Future Real Conditional. Examples: y When y If you call me. "When" suggests that something will definitely happen at some point. you do not know what will happen in the future. I will take a bottle of wine or some flowers. IT DEPENDS ON THE TV SCHEDULE.USE The Future Real Conditional describes what you think you will do in a specific situation in the future. I will give you the address. y y y y y When I have a day off from work. I HAVE TO WAIT UNTIL HE HAS TIME. Carefully study the following examples and compare them to the Future Unreal Conditional examples further down the page. you are usually imagining or guessing about the future. AND AT THAT TIME. unlike the present or the past. . YOU ARE GOING TO CALL ME LATER. Although this form is called "real". I WILL GIVE YOU THE ADDRESS. It is called "real" because it is still possible t hat the action might occur in the future. I am going to go to the beach. YOU CAN CALL ME . In the Future Real Conditional.

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