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Hope of Israel Ministries (Church of YEHOVAH) Volume 2, Number 3 May-June 2001
Page 2 From the Editor Page 3 Just Who or What Is the "Antichrist"? Page 23 Hope of Israel Mail Bag Page 28 The Nature of PreExistence in the New Testament Page 40 The Idol Shepherd of Zechariah Page 48 Telltale Signs of a Cult Page 49 The House of Israel Page 53 Rejoice in YEHOVAH's Sabbath Day! Page 65 Hidden "Codes" in the Biblical Text?
Just Who or What Is the "Antichrist"?
Page 71 12 Proofs That Yeshua DID NOT Pre-Exist! Page 90 Archaeology and the Bible Page 94 The New School Prayer Page 95 Back Issues of The Berean Voice Magazine
Beginning in the Flesh
Most people in the Churches of God (and other worldly churches) do not seem to understand the importance of believing exactly what YEHOVAH says about His son Yeshua's beginning. As incredible as it may sound, the doctrine of a pre-existent savior was being promulgated even before Yeshua the Messiah was born -- before the days of the apostles. But, in fact, this doctrine was CONDEMNED by the apostles who called those who taught it Antichrists! Hope of Israel Ministries (Church of YEHOVAH) The Berean Voice Magazine P.O. Box 6772 Thousand Oaks, CA 91359-6772, U.S.A. Website (West Coast): http://hope-of-israel.org Website (East Coast): http://hope-of-isreal.net E-mail: email@example.com Editor and Director: John D. Keyser Contributing Writers: Anthony Buzzard David Maas Technical Advisor: Sean Keyser It is VITAL for us to understand how important it is to believe in the Savior sent by YEHOVAH -- the Savior who was BEGOTTEN by YEHOVAH, who was conceived in his mother's womb -- who was NOT pre-existent. Those who preach the doctrine of a pre-existent Savior are proclaiming another savior -- NOT the one proclaimed through the Holy Scriptures! They are, according to the apostle John, Antichrists: "And every spirit that does not confess that Yeshua Messiah STARTED IN THE FLESH is NOT of YEHOVAH. So this is the spirit of the Antichrist which you have heard was coming, and is now already in the world" (I John 4:3). -- John D. Keyser Now everyone agrees that for any man to come into the world -- to be born -- that man has to begin in the flesh. He has to be conceived in his mother's womb and delivered 9 months later. This means that man has to be begotten, and then he has to be born. Our savior Yeshua was begotten by his Father, YEHOVAH, in the SAME way that every human being in this world is begotten by his father! He was conceived in his mother Mary's womb, and started life in the womb!
Hope of Israel Ministries -Preparing the Way for the Return of YEHOVAH God and His Messiah!
Just Who or What Is the "Antichrist"?
Some say the Bible plainly teaches that the Antichrist will not be revealed until after the rapture. Others say the Bible plainly teaches that the Antichrist will be revealed before the rapture takes place. Meanwhile, many spend their time speculating on whom the Antichrist will be! Is he Bill Clinton? England's Prince Charles? How about Juan Carlos of Spain? Saddam Hussein? Take your pick! With a careful study of the scriptures you can know the TRUTH about this important subject!
Ralph Woodrow John D. Keyser
Who hasn't heard of the term "Antichrist" these days -- it gets a lot of publicity on religious radio and TV programs, and in religious tracts and prophetic books. Some of these books are sensational and scary, as are numerous motion pictures dealing with this theme. The common conception is that the "Antichrist" will be an atheistic politician who will explode on to the world scene in the near future with vast control of air power -- including rockets, bombs, computers, spy satellites -- and cause all manner of hell to break out on this earth. As far back as World War I, many believed that the German Kaiser would be the dreaded man of sin -- the Antichrist. A few years later it was Joseph Stalin. When the New Deal was instituted in the Unites States, some thought that Franklin Roosevelt was at least the forerunner of Antichrist. Others believed Hitler or Mussolini were likely candidates. Herbert W. Armstrong, in his early writings, certainly believed that Mussolini was a more than likely the Antichrist. A book published in 1940 echoed Armstrong's theory by asking the question: "Is Mussolini the Antichrist?" and the author , John R. Rice, answered: "He may be. I know of no reason why he should not fit the description of this terrible man of sin...He is evidently an atheist" (World-wide War and the Bible, p. 212). Another writer even claimed that Mussolini had fulfilled forty-nine of the prophecies concerning the Antichrist! Others have thought the Antichrist will be Nimrod, Nero, or a Roman Emperor resurrected from the dead. Some believe it will be Judas Iscariot. After comparing John 17:12 with 2 Thessalonians 2:3, M.R. De Haan proclaimed: "Judas, then, will be the Antichrist" (Thirty-five Simple Studies on the Major Themes in Revelation, p. 184). Author Dan Gilbert put it this way: "Antichrist will be Judas come to earth again!" (Who Will be the Antichrist? p. 21).
Their reply was that they did not wish the fall of the Empire. But before doing this. only He who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the way. Huss. To some this viewpoint will appear too ridiculous to even consider -. should overtake them in 4 .Some believe the Antichrist will be assassinated and that Satan will raise him from the dead. Justin Martyr spoke of Christians praying for the continuance of the restraining Roman Empire. Men such as Wyclif. 36). expected to follow upon its fall. many noted men through history all believed that the prophecies of the man of sin had found their fulfillment in the Roman Papacy.something that would need to be taken out of the way. There would come "a falling away first. promote this leader or that as the most likely candidate. Right or wrong. that hateful tyrant should come" (Baron Alfred Porcelli. right in the middle of his rise to power. more speedily than we suppose. with each passing year.and it will be cast aside immediately." And before that man of sin could be revealed. And then the lawless one will be revealed. p. Luther. for its fall would bring on the Antichrist. Tyndale. Should we not.. When they were accused of holding this belief.holding back -his appearance -. Newton and Wesley -. Foxe. Solid evidence shows that the Christians of the early centuries believed it was the ROMAN EMPIRE that was in the way -.the fall of which would bring on the man of sin. Though Paul does not identify this "restraining" by name. futurists all believe the Antichrist is someone yet to appear on the world scene and. surely the evidence for this position should be carefully weighed and investigated. and that man of sin be revealed. Antichrist will be assassinated. his words show it was not something unknown or obscure to the people of the time. For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work. as Bereans. they did not deny it. 49). lest.the succession of popes that rose to power in Rome following the fall of the Roman Empire. Zwingli.(2 Thessalonians 2:5-8). The Antichrist -His Portrait and History. something else would need to happen. He will raise Antichrist from the dead in an attempt to reproduce the Holy Trinity" (How to be Personally Prepared for the Second Coming of Christ.that the prophecies concerning the man of sin or Antichrist have found their fulfillment in the PAPACY -. He knew what it was.to name a few. Notice: Do you not remember that when I was still with you I told you these things? And now you know what is restraining that he may be revealed in his own time. Though often differing on details. The devil will then make his big move.. Paul explained to them that certain events had to happen before that time. As Lactantius put it: "Beseech the God of heaven that the Roman State might be preserved. Calvin. Knox. Oral Roberts writes: "The Bible tells how. at least inquire why these men believed this way? When all the evidence is in you will be surprised to find that the fulfilled interpretation will not seem as absurd as some have thought! Held Up By the Roman Empire When the Christians at Thessalonica supposed the day of Yeshua's coming was right at hand. The Christians at Thessalonica also knew what it was. p. Candidates range from Prince Charles to King Carlos of Spain to William Clinton and Saddam Hussein! Take your pick! In contrast to the futurist position taken by many modern preachers is what we will call the FULFILLED interpretation -. lest the dreaded times of Antichrist. There was something restraining -.
speaking of this same prophecy said: "This.. 2. 150). Froom. Grattan Guinness remarks: "The early writings of the fathers tell us with remarkable unanimity that this "restraint" or hindrance was the Roman Empire as governed by the Caesar. he [the man of sin] would arise" (Romanism and the Reformation. Vol. Homilies. H. 325). in the fourth century. p. stated: "He [Paul] shows that that which restrains is the Roman Empire. Tertullian said: "What is the restraining power? What but the Roman State.569). shall seize the Roman power" (Thomas Newton. Also.. article: "Antichrist. 92). Commentary on Thessalonians. Rome. Cyril of Jerusalem. noted bishop and translator of the early church. and taken out of the midst.. that when the Roman Empire is destroyed. the breaking up of which. Book 3 p. down to Chrysostom (347-404) and Jerome (331-420) to the effect that it was understood to be the Imperial power ruling and residing at Rome" (Horae Apocalyticae. p. p. p. would bring on the Antichrist who would persecute the saints (ibid. Chrysostom stated: "One may naturally enquire. Commentaria. will come. Ambrose said the Roman Empire was that which was holding back the appearance of Antichrist and that "after the falling or decay of the Roman Empire. op. p. 19). Antichrist would appear" (Newton. op.. The Expositor's Bible Commentary states: "There is no reason to doubt that those fathers of the church are right who identified it with the Empire of Rome and its sovereign head" (Denny. John. p." Vol. Clarke's Commentary adds that the UNITED testimony of the church leaders of those first few centuries was that the restraint which was to be removed was the Roman Empire (Adam Clarke. and that on the fall of the Caesar. 1..Ten kings of the Romans shall arise together. 119). he will attack the anarchy. after many pages of carefully documented proof for his statement. then he [Antichrist] shall come. For as long as the fear of this empire lasts. "We have the consenting testimony of the early fathers. 258). who. "from Irenaeus (130-200 A. cit. no one will willingly exalt himself. pp. cit. The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers. when the times of the Roman Empire shall be fulfilled.. Antichrist will not come before that" (Jerome. ten kings will divide the Roman world among themselves.). the disciple of the disciple of St. and then will be revealed the man of sin" (Porcelli. p. 49).among these the eleventh is Antichrist. Dissertations on the Prophecies. What is that which withholdeth?" He answered that it was the Roman Empire and that "when the Roman Empire is taken out of the way. p. Hippolytus believed the breaking up of the fourth empire.D." writes Edward B. Jerome. 60).. 271). but when that is dissolved. The Encyclopedia Britannica clearly says this was universally believed by Christians everywhere (1961 edition. the predicted Antichrist. cit. And naturally. p.. by magical and wicked artifices. Elliott. according to the prophet Daniel. for unless it shall have been destroyed. 463).their day (LeRoy E.. 5 . researcher Froom says that the "restraining" power impeding the development of the "man of sin" was interpreted in the early church as the Roman Empire (op. chapter 25).. 6. Vol. "Let us therefore say what ALL ecclesiastical writers have delivered to us. Book 5. by being scattered into ten kingdoms. shall introduce Antichrist upon [its own ruins]?" (ibid. p. 388-389). 463). and endeavor to seize upon the government both of man and of God" (Chrysostom. p.
Records the historian Alexander Flick: "The removal of the capital of the Empire from Rome to Constantinople in 330. If we look again at Paul's prophecy (2 Thessalonians 2:6-7) we find that he mentions that something ("what") was restraining -. in the seat of the Caesars.we have a TIME FRAME for the prophecy! Since the fall of Rome is now long past.Now we can clearly understand why the apostle Paul was careful -. especially when writing to the Christians at Thessalonica. Jerome understood exactly why Paul was so careful in this matter: "If he had chosen to say this openly. Book 5. p. one Jesus" (Acts 17:7).. 168). "What" is neuter in gender.not the future! More of this in a moment. if Caesar would have to be "taken out of the way" for the man of sin to come to power. As an illustration.when I was yet with you. I told you these things?" (2 Thessalonians 2:5). The Bishop of Rome. to develop its own form of organization. left the Western Church practically free from Imperial power. For he did not wish to bring upon himself superfluous enmities. he naturally glanced at it. then.but another building was in the way.. what power rose up in Rome following the fall of the Empire? All the evidence points to the PAPACY." and the Caesar as "he. let's suppose we would like to build a home on a certain piece of property -. The breaking up of the Roman Empire and the removal of the Caesar from power in Rome took place over a period of some time." Logically.unless it was occupying the exact spot where the new house was to be built! Understood in the context of the prophecy we are examining.and needed to be taken out of the way -.Rome! The man of sin would be a Roman power! Therefore. To teach that "eternal Rome" would fall and be broken up would have brought on unnecessary conflict with the leaders of the Empire within which they lived. Now that we understand it was the Roman Empire that would fall -. Wisdom dictated that Paul should simply write: "Remember. cit.and also someone ("he). "he" is masculine.when writing about it -. nothing can be more manifest than the correspondence of the facts in history respecting the rise of the Papacy. 1115). has well said: "To any acquainted with the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. It was at Thessalonica that the Christians had been accused of doing things "contrary to the decrees of Caesar" and believing in "another king. Obviously it could not be said that the old building was in the way -. chapter 25). the man of sin would rise to power in the exact same location that the Caesar ruled -. was now the greatest man in the West and was soon forced to become political as well as spiritual head" (The Rise of the Medieval Church. and Chrysostom added: "Because he said this of the Roman Empire. Albert Barnes. we now know WHERE the Antichrist would rise to power and we know WHEN! Looking into history. we have a STRONG INDICATION of WHERE the man of sin would rule. Cardinal Manning wrote: 6 . Paul plainly referred to the Roman Empire as "what. And. it is strongly inferred that we should look for the rise of the man of sin in a HISTORICAL context -. p. and useless dangers" (Homilies.the fall of which would bring on the man of sin -. would this caution be in order. The highly esteemed Biblical commentator. 388-389). and speaks covertly and darkly. p. and the statement of the apostle Paul here" (Barnes' Commentary.not to mention the restraint by name.. he would have foolishly aroused a frenzy of persecution against the Christians" (op.
"The possession of the pontiffs. How. and Rome was an actual desolation.that the restrainer "can be no other than the Holy Spirit in the Church. Scofield Reference Bible. were gone. The seat of sovereignty had been removed from Rome to Constantinople. Goths and Vandals had overthrown the western empire."out of the way. The imperial government was slain by the Gothic sword.but this was not the restraint of which the apostle Paul wrote. the ministry of the Holy Spirit in and through the lives of Christians today" (William W. With the fulfillment of this prophecy the mighty Roman Empire of the Caesars had passed from the scene of human history. then. That is a Scofield Bible assumption. Once it is admitted that the Roman Empire under the rule of the Caesars was that which was holding back the appearance of the Antichrist. H.rising to power at the time and place indicated -..see 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3.Which? regarding the verse under consideration: "There is no mention of the Holy Spirit at all. but over the consciences and souls of men. the stage was now cleared for the next scene in this immense prophetic drama -. The "restraint" was now fully ek mesou -. To then turn right around and say the 7 . p. Orr. The Caesars were no more." According to what Paul wrote to the Thessalonians.who was influenced by the propaganda of the Jesuits -. "This One who hinders the man of sin must be the Holy Spirit. to be 'taken out of the way'" (Scofield. Finally in 476. At the rapture of the saints. 1272). These writers merely echo the theory spread by Scofield -.the rise to power of the man of sin. But as Oswald Smith has rightly pointed out in his book Tribulation or Rapture -. p. these same people conveniently ignore all the evidence about the Roman Empire being the "restraint" and promulgate nonsense such as the following -"The hindering influence in this passage is. and the End of the World. p. The Coming Kingdom of Christ. the Holy Spirit will be taken out of the way of the man of sin so that he may be revealed" (John R. Diocletian. Rice. dominion. The Holy Spirit and the church remain to the end of the age" (page 8). but throughout the entire world. Higher and higher rose the Papacy. cit. even the Constantines and Julians had passed away. claiming dominion. Hewitt in The Seer of Babylon. was forced out of office by the Goths. Hadrian. 11). it is clearly evident that the Papacy -. we believe. not only within the limits of the fallen empire. Domitian.met all the requirements of the prophecy. The Holy Spirit Is Not the "Restraint" Most Christians recognize that Yehovah's holy spirit within the Church is a great force against evil -. not alone over the bodies. 61). the once mighty political structure lay shivered into broken fragments. 125). 113).a monarchy of loftier aspirations and more resistless might. Then slowly on the ruins of old imperial Rome rose another power and another monarchy -. of course. can preachers and evangelists of the futurist viewpoint project this prophecy into the future? Interestingly. Augustus. Grattan Guinness wrote -The mighty Caesars had fallen. Armageddon. Augustulus. till in the Dark Ages all Christendom was subjected to its sway (op. the last Western Caesar. p. Antichrist. p. commences with the abandonment of Rome by the emperors" (quoted by Clarence H. He clearly told the Thessalonians that the coming of Yeshua to gather the Church would NOT take place until after the man of sin would be revealed -.
. But if the restraint had been the holy spirit or the Church.000 Jewish Billy Grahams turned loose on this earth -. Paul mentions the Church and the holy spirit several times in his epistles to the Thessalonians -. 4:8. According to Hal Lindsey in his popular book on prophecy. there is. Comments Hogg and Vine. etc. p. As a matter of fact. but plainly.. there would be absolutely no reason for this caution. he would not have spoken obscurely. in the preceding pages.They are going to have the greatest number of converts in all history"! (The Late Great Planet Earth. which convicts and converts. would be a direct contradiction and totally unscriptural! We have seen. They will be so empowered. Antichrist and the Jews. that they "will become the mightiest evangelists this world has ever seen" (Hyman Appleman. 5." What Chrysostom rejected was a theory about the restraint being the grace of the spirit in connection with spiritual gifts.the earth will never know a period of evangelism like this period. incontestable evidence that the early Christians believed it was the Roman Empire that would be taken out of the way -. It had nothing to do with the dispensational idea of the spirit being taken out of the world in a secret rapture of the church." But he goes on to point out that the restraint was the Roman Empire and could NOT be the spirit: "Wherefore? Because if he [Paul] meant to say the Spirit. the teaching that the holy spirit will be taken out "seems to be of quite modern origin. There is absolutely no reason to believe that the restraint of which Paul wrote was the holy spirit or even the Church. 2:14. some ask us to swallow. It is also a fact that there is no record of anyone believing that the restraint mentioned by Paul was the holy spirit until the latter half of the fourth century -.and then the man of sin would be revealed. to which we will now turn 8 . "They are going to be 144.a believing remnant of which will preach the gospel of the kingdom into all the world. 5:19. no trace of it in early writings on the subject" (The Epistle to the Thessalonians).see 1 Thessalonians 1:1. is taken from this earth? If you look into the arguments given to explain away this glaring discrepancy.. his teaching about the fall of the Roman Empire was based on Daniel 7. The Proof of Daniel Those who adhere to this viewpoint face serious problems of interpretation.Church would be taken out of the way BEFORE the man of sin would be revealed. In this case. the grace of the Spirit. Yehovah will turn to the Jews -.and we only know of this belief because Chrysostom REJECTED IT! Notice: "Some indeed say. the fact is that this idea is total nonsense! Those of a discerning nature might ask HOW these Jews will be so empowered if the holy spirit. 12). 111). apparently. We also know it was Paul's practice to PROVE what he taught from the scriptures. you will find them to be totally weak and unconvincing. the reason WHY Paul was so careful not to mention the restraint by name when writing to the Thessalonians. We have solid. They teach that after the Church is gone. As much as Billy Graham might be gratified by this. p. 6.
and a mouth speaking great things" 9 . he had conquered the world and wept because there were no more worlds to conquer.is a reference to the fact that Medo-Persia crushed the three provinces that made up the Babylonian kingdom -Babylon. The second beast was like a bear and it had three ribs in its mouth (Daniel 7:5). terrible. described the Empire as being divided among the various Gothic tribes -.if there is a king. Franks. the prophet Daniel saw four great beasts which symbolized four kingdoms that were to rule the earth (Daniel 7). There is no contradiction here -. behold. As the prophecy said. Visigoths. but the wings were to be plucked off (Daniel 7:4). The meaning of the ten horns on this beast is explained in verse 24: "These ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings [or kingdoms] that shall arise. Huns. there is of necessity a kingdom. Even as a bear is less courageous (as well as less noble) than the lion. and it stands out as quite diverse from the other empires of history. the Grecian Empire of Alexander the Great. MedoPersia. the mention of "three ribs" in the mouth -. 2/." It should be noted that in Daniel 7 the words "kings" and "kingdoms" are used interchangeably. 4/. and stamped the residue with the feet of it. and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it. The third kingdom. was less in glory. so the empire which held first position in the vision was Babylon. it was dreadful. The fourth beast that Daniel saw was "dreadful and terrible. 1/. it did indeed tear down the whole earth. Ostrogoths. The first beast was like a lion with eagle's wings. magnificence. Macchiavelli. "and. and brilliance. and strong exceedingly. The third beast was like a leopard with four wings and four heads (Daniel 7:6).between the teeth where a bear crushes its prey -. and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces.The Little Horn In vision. Vandals. Suevi. In a similar fashion. It fell short of Babylon in wealth. in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man. and it had ten horns" (Daniel 7:7).their number being TEN: Heruli. The four heads on this leopard beast symbolized the four kings who ruled after the death of Alexander: (1) Cassander ruled over Greece and the surrounding country. At the age of 32. was symbolized by the leopard which is noted for its quick movements and remarkable swiftness by which it springs upon its prey. before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and. the conquests of Alexander were amazingly rapid. behold. Burgundians. Even as the lion is king among the animals of the forest. and (4) Ptolemy ruled over Egypt. the second kingdom. "I considered the horns. In due time its "wings" were plucked off and mighty Babylon fell from its exalted position. it is recorded. and strong. and Anglo-Saxons. (2) Lysimachus ruled over Asia Minor. The fourth world kingdom was the Roman Empire." continues Daniel. Lombards. 3/. the Roman historian. The prophecy speaks of four kings (verse 17) and goes on to speak of these as four kingdoms (verse 23). (3) Selecus ruled over Syria and Babylon. These have ever since been spoken of as the ten kingdoms that rose out of the Roman Empire. Lydia and Egypt. there came up among them another LITTLE HORN.
H. cit.. It is small in size. A horn on a beast is that which grows out of a beast. History records that the Heruli were overthrown in 493..an amazing point of identification even in our time! 2/.(verse 8). but a triple tiara. but in priestly garments. or ruled men in the name of God? Does the Pope dress in royal robes? Nay. 3."a mouth that spoke very great things" and "great words against the most High" (Daniel 7:20. He professes to speak the words of Yehovah.even totally opposite to scripture..following the fall of Rome. so also must the horn be Roman! Does the Papacy fit this description? Without a doubt! The Papacy rose to power at the time and place indicated by Bible prophecy. 10 . Do his subjects kiss his hand? Nay. but the Papacy claimed spiritual power as well. not what he would profess to do. cit. 25). 28). It should be carefully noted that the prophecy tells what this little horn would do. p. earth. and the Ostrogoths in 553. 3/. We have seen that Rome was indeed divided into ten kingdoms. 4/. 5/. but would be "diverse" or "different. THE PAPACY IS THE ONLY GOVERNMENT RISING FROM THE RUINS OF ROME THAT MADE SUCH CLAIMS. p. the interpretation being that "he shall subdue three kings [kingdoms]" (Daniel 7:24). gigantic in its pretensions (op. Vol. viz. Other kingdoms have claimed temporal power. By teaching corrupt doctrines. Its very name is Roman Catholic -. Its very seat is in Rome.without a doubt. This suggests PRIDE AND ARROGANCE. Does he wear a crown? Nay. but his toe! Verily this power is 'diverse' from the rest. The little horn was to be revealed in power among the TEN KINGDOMS into which the Roman Empire was divided. This "little horn" would make war against the saints (verse 21) and would think to change times and laws (verse 25). to define the doctrines of Yehovah." Has the Papacy been a kingdom that has been different from other kingdoms that rose up out of the fourth beast? Yes -. It has claimed its diversity is as the sun compared to the moon. and the Ostrogoths" (op. the Vandals in 534. both in great things and little. Grattan Guinness said it well: Is not the Papacy sufficiently diverse from all the rest of the kingdoms of western Europe to identify it as the little horn? What other ruling monarch of Christendom ever pretended to apostolic authority. the Heruli under Odacer. Since we already know that the fourth beast was Roman. the Catholic Church has spoken AGAINST Yehovah. The little horn was to pluck up three of the other horns. The little horn was pictured with a MOUTH -.in some cases -. No one in their right mind can question the fact that the Papacy is Roman. The little horn was to be A ROMAN POWER. The little horn would rise up among the ten horns (kingdoms). Did the Papacy subdue three of these ten kingdoms? Notice what Eliott says: "I might cite three that were eradicated from before the Pope out of the list first given. 139). to show that he is the good shepherd of the Church. The Papacy did indeed rise to power among these ten kingdoms -. the Vandals. to show that he reigns in heaven. Altogether there are EIGHT things that we should notice concerning the little horn: 1/. but a crosier or crook. and hell! Does he wield a scepter? Nay. but in reality he speaks things that are totally unscriptural and -.
intelligence. define. Pope Innocent IV issued an official document which clearly stated that these "heretics" were to be crushed like venomous snakes.. This makes Adolf Hitler. and tried during those terrible centuries. to shepherd or pastor. for he claims to be the possessor of the keys to the kingdom of heaven.and none other. The little horn was to "make war with" and "wear out the saints of the most High" (Daniel 7:21. This horn. inflicted on generation after generation. Looking into history.and then thrown to hungry dogs and pigs. These were minimal and amounted to almost nothing compared to the massive persecutions inflicted upon Christians by the Roman Catholic Church." Some were crushed and stabbed to death in "iron virgins.. we find that century after century of persecution fell upon the saints by a power that rose out of Rome. scalded with oil or burning pitch. The little horn of Daniel's vision "had eyes" and his "look was more stout than his fellows" (Daniel 7:20). melted lead was poured into their eyes. they were scalped. Stalin and Saddam Hussein seem like rank amateurs. with later persecutions thrust upon them by the pagan Roman Empire.secular or religious! His look is more stout than others and is greatly feared. especially arrogant is the Unam Sanctam of Boniface VIII: "All the faithful of Christ by necessity of salvation are subject to the Roman pontiff. Pinchers were used to tear out fingernails or were applied red-hot to the sensitive parts of the body. tormented with fires. His soldiers were promised property and remission of all their sins if they killed a "heretic"! Unfortunate victims of the Inquisition were stretched and torn apart on the "rack. It has been estimated -.that fifty million Christians were killed during those Satanic centuries of Papal persecution.if such treatment as this." then what is? All other persecutions against Yehovah's people were brief and mild in comparison.in front of their own parents -. With such eyes it would be a seer. babies were brutally beaten. their breasts cut off. Those who wouldn't bow to the Pope's system were shut up in caves and dungeons.Therefore we declare. Because a horn on a beast does not normally possess eyes. his decrees irreformable. more people than any other leader -. dashed against trees -. Christians who would not bow to Papal claims were horribly tortured. That power was the PAPACY -.conservatively I believe -. his utterances infallible. stabbed. Let me ask you this -. The edicts of the Pope are considered final. skinned. that to be subject to the Roman pontiff is to every human creature altogether necessary for salvation"! The Papacy has had a mouth claiming things that no other bishop had claimed before. The early Christians were persecuted by the Jews. heads were twisted off and eyes gouged out. therefore.. 6/. is a power with foresight. who judges all men. 25). whipped. such symbolism stands out vividly. assert. flayed alive. 11 . 7/. The war against the saints here described was to be carried out by a power that would rise out of Rome following the breaking up of the Empire. is not the "wearing out of the saints of the most High. tested. ears. and mouths. and pronounce. women were defiled. an instrument made for disarticulating the fingers and "Spanish boots" which were used to crush the legs and feet. were nailed to trees.Among the many claims made by the popes over the centuries." Other devices used included the thumb-screw. Every imaginable method of torture was used by these fiendish men representing the Pope. Does the Papacy fit this image? The Pope claims to be the overseer of the whole world-wide church! He claims to watch over.
R. The Man of Sin Continuing now in Paul's prophecy. in the French 12 . we see that he links the man of sin with a falling away. But for him to tamper with Divine laws demonstrates his blasphemous character.politicians commonly do this. it has brought rulers to its feet in abject humility. would wear out the saints. By exalting himself to such forbidden heights -. would be a seer. Finally the little horn would "think to change times and laws" (Daniel 7:25). Will the Church Go Through the Tribulation?.and millions have fallen for this dogma -. this kind of war would kill more sinners than saints -. would rise among the ten kingdoms into which the empire was divided.Those who hold to the futurist interpretation. would be diverse. Daniel said that Yehovah is the One that "changeth the times and the seasons" (Daniel 2:21). p. But this is not what the Bible is talking about here. but rather a falling away that would develop within the confines of Yehovah's Church. defined by Strong's Concordance as "defection from the truth. He has instituted rituals and rites that were borrowed directly from paganism." It is from this word we get our English word "apostasy. would make great claims. and that man of sin be revealed. to be sought in the church visible and not outside the church. The dropping of bombs upon cities would not distinguish between saints or sinners. Antichrist will "plunge the nations into the last great atomic war" (M. it has thrust its long arm into the affairs of this world's nations.the fourth beast -. He has done away with days and observances originated by Yehovah. except there come a falling away first. In religious affairs. In the arena of human affairs. "That day shall not come. commonly think of the Antichrist as a super-politician who will drop highly destructive bombs from jet planes. therefore. It all fits neatly together. We see..25). this would not be too significant -. but this "little horn" in his arrogance dares to even meddle with Divine things! If he were to merely change civil laws. in the general moral decline. As R. Paul correctly concluded that the man of sin would have to come to power BEFORE the saints would be gathered at the second coming of Yeshua! (2 Thessalonians 2:1-3). that the little horn would be a Roman power." This was not to be a falling away from religion into atheism.for obvious reasons! But the war of Daniel 7 was clearly NOT to be mass destruction of the people as a whole -. not in the pagan world. the Pope claims infallibility in pronouncing doctrine.it is evident that he has thought to change Divine things. De Haan." (2 Thessalonians 2:1-3).it was specifically described as war against the saints! 8/.H. Understanding this prophecy. however. It is. and has instituted the observance of days for which there is NO scriptural basis whatsoever.the little horn of Daniel 7 -. and has set himself up as the final authority on matters of doctrine. would pluck up three of the other kingdoms. Lenski wrote: "This is apostasy. the early Christians knew that the Roman Empire -. Now since the man of sin -.C.would be broken up and its demise would bring on the man of sin. then.. and would seek to change times and laws. in Mohammedanism. The Greek word that is here translated "falling away" is apostasia. As one such author says. the Papacy has annulled the decrees of kings and emperors. In fact.would make war against the saints.
" at Rome. Has this "falling away" already happened -. 2 Peter 2:2-3). p. Paul NEVER applied this term to the physical Jewish Temple! Repeatedly he used this expression in reference to Yehovah's chosen people. or in lesser phenomena" (The Interpretation of St. as the chief head and supporter of this apostasy. what the world recognized as the "Church" in the fourth and fifth centuries had actually become the FALLEN church. and you yourselves are that temple" (1 Corinthians 3:16-17). the man of sin was to "exalt himself above all. p.). But as time passed by. cit. are being built into a spiritual house [temple] to be cohanim [priests] set apart for God to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to him through Yeshua the Messiah" (1 Peter 2:5)... "Or don't you know that your body is a temple for the Ruach HaKodesh who lives inside you.Revolution. Compromises were made with paganism..a continual reminder for those with the eyes to see that this falling away took place centuries ago. but the pope in general. That he is the creation or result of that apostasy. The mystery of iniquity was at work. God will destroy him. to the Church -. 1112) The Temple of Yehovah As noted in Paul's prophecy. Through the ensuing centuries this apostasy has continued with a "man. even as the inspired apostles had warned (Acts 20:29-30. in Soviet Russia. it follows that the man of sin is the pope. or departure from the purity of the simple gospel.never to a literal building. The original New Testament Church of Yehovah was filled with truth and spiritual power.or is it still in the future? Those who have studied church history know the answer. as revealed in the New Testament. Only if Christianity had remained doctrinally pure through all the centuries until now. claiming Divine honors and worship -. is equally clear" (op. in the rise and spread of Masonry. cannot reasonably be doubted by anyone acquainted with the history of the church. as living stones. Notice -"Don't you know that you people are God's temple and that God's spirit lives in you? So if anyone destroys God's temple. Albert Barnes expressed it this way: "That his [the pope's] rise was preceded by a great apostasy. Paul's Epistles. but. Thomas Newton wrote: "If the apostasy be rightly charged upon the church of Rome. could the apostasy be yet future. unless this verse is the exception. Finally. not meaning this or that pope in particular. Futurists suppose that Paul was speaking of a future Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. the bishop of Rome rose to power claiming to be "Bishop of bishops" and insisted that the whole Christian world should look to him as head -. 13 . cit. there began to be subtle departures from the true faith. 433). As the falling away gathered steam.in the temple of God" (2 Thessalonians 2:4). 1 Timothy 4:1-3. exalting himself above all others. The apostasy produces him and he promotes the apostasy" (op. This has obviously not been the case. whom you received from God?" (1 Corinthians 6:19).and to ROME as the headquarters for the church. "You yourselves. For God's temple is holy.
The man of sin would claim to be "as God.. undermining His authority.above all others IN THE CHURCH! That is. then. and claiming to represent God. The prince of Tyrus was represented as saying: "I am a God.I will be like the most High" (Isaiah 14:4-15). I sit in the seat of God" (Ezekiel 28:2). being lifted up with pride. Expressions about leaders exalting themselves unto heaven. and it is growing into a holy temple in union with the Lord.implying he would claim a place of rulership within the church. as Barnes notes.NOT the Temple in Jerusalem! To this he adds: "It is by no means necessary to understand this of the temple at Jerusalem. would magnify himself above all others.. such pronouncements being considered infallible.. p. in union with him..as God said. I will be their God." writes Barnes." he is speaking from his seat officially. The man of sin is further described as he that "will oppose himself to everything that people call a god or make an object of worship.. you yourselves are being built together into a spiritual dwelling-place for God!" Ephesians 2:20-22)... exalting themselves above every god.for he shall magnify himself above all" (Daniel 11:36-37). being like the most High.. but the real antagonist. In the case of the man of sin.the bishop's seat.The idea is that the Antichrist would present himself in the midst of the CHURCH as claiming the honors due to God alone. "This expression would not imply that he actually claimed to be the true God. Similar expressions are found throughout the Bible." There is no article before "God" here in the original Greek. "You have built on the foundation of the emissaries and the prophets.. with the cornerstone being Yeshua the Messiah himself. The king of Babylon. he would not only claim to be "a" leader in the church -..The authority claimed by the Pope of Rome. abolishing His laws. The location. the meaning clearly is that the man of sin would claim Divine attributes...and I will walk among you. of Christ. in which this man of sin would seek to position himself would be. When the Pope speaks "ex cathedra. p. figuratively describe their pride and arrogance. from which we derive the word "Cathedral" -. "the Christian church" -. Guinness says: "There. sitting in the seat of Yehovah. and magnify himself above every god.he would actually claim to be "THE" leader in the church. Yes.a position that belongs only to the Lord himself -"showing that he is God. would make great claims."What agreement can there be between the temple of God and idols? For we are the temple of the living God -. etc. so that he will sit in the Temple of God and proclaim that he himself is God" (2 Thessalonians 2:4). "but only that he sits in the temple. was represented as saying: "I will exalt my throne above the stars of God. 'I will house myself in them.. We understand from this description that the man of sin would exalt himself in great pride. The man of sin would "sit" in the temple of Yehovah "as God. and oppressing His people" (op. cit. Daniel spoke of one who "shall exalt himself. and 14 . 1114). "Sit" (kathizo) implies a "seat" (kathedra). meets the full force of the language used here by the apostle" (ibid. 57).. In union with him the whole building is held together.." exalting himself as head of the church -. and they will be my people" (2 Corinthians 6:16). he would exalt himself above all others -." -. in that exalted cathedral position. he will put himself above them all.. the man of sin was to act and abide as the pretended vicar.
and adore thee!" Moreri. At the coronation of Pope Innocent X. 15 . bishops. and nuns. whom the angels in heaven revere. hidden under the veil of the flesh." Pope Leo XIII said of himself in 1890: "The supreme teacher in the Church is the Roman Pontiff. seeing the Pope is God and God is the Pope. cit." Decius said: "The Pope can do all things God can do. but has betrayed him by promoting doctrines and practices that are contrary to what he taught -." In 1894.. but heaven and hell. as to God himself. the representative of God on earth.especially during the Dark Ages. worship. he is Jesus Christ himself. Such graphic words could well describe papal practices -. also! They have claimed attributes and titles which can rightly pertain to Yehovah only." For centuries the popes accepted the same title. etc. complete submission and obedience of will to the Church and to the Roman Pontiff. and bare what was put therein" (John 12:6). the Bible is showing that the man of sin would resemble Judas. priests. have they claimed to be as Yehovah in the temple of Yehovah. prayers for the dead in purgatory. Judas was a bishop and apostle -. who fell on their knees before him. together with a perfect accord in the one faith. and have they attempted to show that they are Divine? You bet they have! They have claimed to be above all kings and emperors. which means that I am God on the earth. Nevertheless. he approached him in the garden with a kiss and the words. "Hail Master"! So also has the Papacy claimed to be Yeshua's apostle and friend. p. They have claimed not only the rule of earth. Let me ask you this: Have the popes claimed to be above all that is called god. op. offerings before idols. the following words were addressed to him by a cardinal who knelt before him: "Most holy and blessed father! head of the Church. 25). To all outward appearances. By this repetition of the term. wrote: "To make war against the Pope is to make war against God. ruler of the world. when Archbishop of Venice.see Acts 1:20. The former was a man: this is a god"! Pope Pius X. he "was a thief. we specially venerate. said: "The Pope is not only the representative of Jesus Christ. and had the bag. On the arch raised in honor of Pope Borgia were the words: "Rome was great under Caesar. to whom the keys of the kingdom of heaven are committed. Pope Pius XI in haughty tones said: "You know that I am the Holy Father. therefore." What blasphemous arrogance! On April 30. payment for masses. 1922. relic sales. a noted Catholic historian. the vicar of Christ.. etc. now she is greater: Alexander VI reigns." Incredible! The pagan Roman Caesar was called "our Lord and God. requires. in the Vatican throne room before a gathering of cardinals. etc. and all the world adores. Though Judas had received thirty pieces of silver to betray Yeshua. he said: "We hold the place of Almighty God on earth.indulgence selling. He claims such honors and such reverence as the true God would if he should appear in human form" (Barnes..1114).manifests himself as if he were God. and the gates of hell fear." This same title was applied to Judas Iscariot in John 17:12. Does the Pope speak? It is Jesus Christ who speaks." A False Apostle The man of sin is referred to in 2 Thessalonians 2:3 as "the son of perdition. Union of minds.
etc. real. moved their eyes.is spoken of as "one new man" (Ephesians 2:15). for there is only one man at a time who occupies the papal office. the idea of one man is not eliminated by this interpretation. many have claimed that the virgin Mary visited them. but it was a decline and fall -.though on a somewhat longer scale than might have been originally understood. "He that letteth [or restrains]" was a line or succession of Caesars. for each of these kingdoms included a succession of rulers. The four beasts of Daniel 7 are mentioned as four kings.a reference to a class of men of certain character.The man of sin's rise to power was to be accompanied by claims of supernatural signs and wonders. Grammatically. There is something else we should point out here -. All of these "miracles" -. A full account of all the miracles that have supposedly occurred within this system would literally fill volumes: crucifixes have spoken.whether supposed. from their prospective. not a succession of men.000 years.and that the Antichrist would be an individual who would rise to power and wear out the saints for a literal three and a half years. we read about "the high priest" (Hebrews 9:7) -. Writes Paul: "Whose coming is after [according to] the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders" (2 Thessalonians 2:9). or faked -. raised the dead. not knowing the times and seasons (Acts 1:7). Some might object to this interpretation on the basis that Paul spoke of "THE man of sin" -meaning an individual man. he would rise to power within the very framework of Christianity. The rise of the Papacy was also gradual -.the statement that the little horn would "wear out the saints of the most High" for "a time and times and the dividing of time" (Daniel 7:25). idols have sweat.greatly increased the fallen church of Rome. The early Christians. when the Bible became an open book again during the Reformation. mended broken bones. many Christians and students of the Bible came to see that these prophecies had indeed been fulfilled -. his rise to power would be accompanied with lying signs and wonders.the long line or succession of believers through the centuries -. that the man of sin would appear in connection with the falling away or apostasy.point by point -. as Yehovah. Rome had indeed fallen. Consequently. a succession of similar individuals.meaning a succession of high priests. yet the meaning is not limited to individual kings. they may have believed the fall of the Roman Empire would be sudden -. We have seen evidence -. But this is not necessarily true. We see. souls from purgatory have appeared on lonely roads and begged that masses be said in their behalf. opened their mouths. the expression "the man of sin" could mean either an individual or a succession of similar individuals. then. however. healed sicknesses. Even so. had no way of knowing that time would continue on for at least another 2. images have come down and lit their own candles. Centuries later. There is a strong indication. "The" is used in the expression "the man of God" (2 Timothy 3:16) -. so it would not be inconsistent to believe "he that sitteth" would also be a succession of men. that a succession of men is meant.in their lifetime -.taking place over a period of many years. moved their hands.many years passing before it met all the 16 .that these things did indeed find fulfillment in the Papacy of the Roman Catholic Church. A single beast in prophecy often represents a whole empire or kingdom in all its changes and revolutions from beginning to end. claiming to be above all others. Also. The church -.
"Let that therefore abide in you which you have heard from the beginning.They went out from us. you also shall continue in the Son.ones who had departed into erroneous doctrines -.. if the ones that John used as a type of the Antichrist to come were professing Christians -. in at lest one note.." (1 John 2:18-19). the burden of John's message was for Christians to hold fast to the original faith as taught in the beginning -"That which was from the beginning. which we have heard [from Christ].were not atheists! They were people who professed to be Christians.These things have I written unto you concerning them that seduce you" (1 John 2:22-26). 1322). as now.. 1260 years... p. and dividing of time -.. and in the Father" (2:24). Whosoever denieth the Son. the same hath not the Father. that denieth the Father and the Son. The time." was because many had departed from the original faith into false doctrines.. These who had departed he termed "antichrists.three and a half years or 1260 days -. If that which you have heard from the beginning shall remain in you. then.a type of the Antichrist that was to come -.. He mentions "that which we had from the beginning" (2 John 5) and "as you have heard from the beginning." was understood by many expositors on the year-for-a-day principle." "Little children... you also shall continue in the Son and in the Father." Writing at a time when many new doctrines were appearing and the "truth once delivered to the saints" was rapidly being watered down and corrupted. the Papacy did wear out the saints century after century during the period of history known as the Dark Ages -. In actual fact.. The next "Antichrist" passage is 1 John 2:22-26 -Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is ANTICHRIST.. and declare unto you" (1 John 1:1-5). "the message that you heard from the beginning" (3:11). even now are there many antichrists. Scofield was correct when he said: "'Went out from us. the deniers of the Son still called themselves Christians" (Scofield.' that is.during which over 50 million people were tortured and killed. op. the only Biblical writer who actually uses the term "Antichrist. 17 .you have heard that ANTICHRIST shall come...during which the little horn would "wear out the saints. Logically..Let that therefore abide in you.. you should walk in it" (verse 6).. The reason that John placed such strong emphasis on that which was taught "at the beginning. These "antichrists" -. John speaks of the instruction they "had from the beginning" and the word which they had "heard from the beginning" (2:7). Doubtless then.from Christianity.WHY should we look for the Antichrist somewhere outside the realm of professing Christianity? Even Scofield.. not Judaism" (ibid. If that which you have heard from the beginning shall remain in you. which you have heard from the beginning. that is.requirements of the prophecy..declare we unto you. p. said: "The 'little horn' is an apostate. cit....This then is the message which we have heard of him. times. 918). doctrinally. The Antichrist in John's Prophecy Let's turn now to the books of the apostle John.
If they had come in among the Christians denying the existence of Yehovah...Again.. which the Pope is not Thus with a wave of the hand is the mighty prophetic teaching. barefaced INFIDELITY" (V." By teaching such doctrines they denied the Father and the Son. Apparently this idea was first taught in a ninth century commentary by Berengaud (Guinness. and our Lord Jesus Christ" (Jude 3.that the Antichrist has to be an unbeliever. op.." assume the Antichrist will be an atheist -.. What.. Estep.. and DENYING the only Lord God. Antichrist's Kingdom. in a hidden way] shall bring in damnable heresies. 4). in NO WAY could they have come in unawares. "There shall be false teachers among you. 'No. and why the old Reformers and Protestants thus taught" (Old Fashioned Prophecy Magazine. Some Errors of Futurism. 2/. in the most superficial way. Clearly these false teachers were not denying the existence of Yehovah. The way they denied Him was by 18 . an atheist.turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness.and that ends the subject. in his article The Mystery of Antichrist. for it does not even pretend to be a Christian doctrine. then.. Jude. 8). or that "the blasphemy of the little horn seems. we are often told. Notice that these false teachers were so deceptive with their novel doctrines that they "crept in unawares. and exhort you that you should earnestly contend for the faith that was once delivered unto the saints. in common with all the great Reformers and Protestants for 1000 years past.K.or at least an infidel! We hear talk about the Antichrist being "the World's number one ATHEIST" (Howard C. But it was not a barefaced. reprint of 1942 edition. dismissed.to be downright. p. Fred Peters. Teaching atheism would not have this seductive effect. by saying. unless he has a firm resolve to know all the truth. for he does not deny the Father and the Son'. they denied the Lord! Nothing is said that would indicate these apostates denied the existence of Yehovah.. like John. that shook the Papacy to its foundation." Why? "For there are certain men crept in unawares. They denied Him by claiming to be Christians. the early Christians had never heard of an infidel Antichrist. but professing Christians.. even DENYING the Lord that bought them. Those "antichrists" that the apostle John mentioned were not atheists.. cit. and the matter is settled in a minute. who privily [secretly. 24). yet adhering to false doctrines which were not the original teachings of the church founded by Yeshua.they denied Him in other ways." By their erroneous and counterfeit doctrines. for the seeker does not seek further along that line.Often an earnest seeker asks of some futurist preacher if the Pope is the Antichrist of the Bible. an infidel. This point becomes clear when we see how this word "deny" was used in the scriptures. those who taught things contrary to that which was from the beginning were termed "antichrist. Peter likewise wrote of apostasy that would develop within the Church. p.. p. p. Some.and many shall follow their pernicious ways" (2 Peter 2:1-2). Van De Venter. for that would not deceive those Christians to whom Peter wrote. wrote of the apostasy that was creeping into the Church: "It was needful for me to write unto you. blatant denial -. is meant by the statement that they denied the Father and the Son? It was not that they denied the existence of Yehovah -... 1/. However. wrote: "When we teach that the Papacy (the dynasty of popes) is the Antichrist. 29).one who denies the very existence of Yehovah -. upon reading the word "denied.for John mentions the seductive nature of these teachings. 125). Their teachings were "seducing" Christians into counterfeit doctrines.
. In this particular case John was pointing out that deceivers were saying that Yeshua preexisted and did not "begin (come) in the flesh." Such were not "sound in the faith". prostitution. it was an erroneous and counterfeit view regarding the very nature of Yeshua. but in works they DENY him. Paul and John. Hereby know we the spirit of truth. Now that we have considered the word "denied" as used by Jude.. alcoholism... believe not every spirit.. Paul used the word "deny" in connection with those who taught false doctrines among the Christians. These were called "antichrists.whosoever abideth not in the doctrine of Christ. whom God hath raised from the dead" (Acts 3:13-15). Those who denied the Lord did so by not fully following the original Christian in word and deed. Since John and the other apostles had received their instruction directly from Yeshua himself. John was not dealing here with such things as political corruption. but the antichrist spirit. They denied him by rejecting his claims and having him crucified.. On an earlier occasion." The next passage that mentions "antichrist" is 1 John 4:1-6: Beloved.every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of ANTICHRIST.." their inspiration not coming from the spirit of Yehovah.. whereof you have heard that it should come. Peter said that the Jews delivered up Yeshua "and DENIED him in the presence of Pilate.and killed the Prince of life..We are of God: he that knoweth God heareth us [the apostles]. but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world. or crime in the streets.They are of the world. John warned the people to continue in the truth "as you have heard from the beginning" -the apostolic doctrine -.teaching erroneous and deceptive doctrines. Instead. hath not God. he could say that those who believed their message were of Yehovah. brutality. This is a deceiver and an ANTICHRIST. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ.this certainly would not have deceived the Christians of the time. What John dealt with here was the deception of counterfeit doctrines.. The ones who denied Yeshua did not deny his existence.. but gave heed to doctrines that cause men to "turn from the truth. 19 . and even now already is it in the world. he hath both the Father and the Son" (2 John 7-9).... They are mentioned as "deceivers.. 3/. teaching things which they ought not. Peter. who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. it is clear that atheism is NOT meant." but this was not a denial of the existence of Yeshua -....who subvert whole houses. being abominable. and the spirit of error."for many deceivers are entered into the world.They profess that they know God.. True Christians could easily recognize these for what they were. he that is not of God heareth not us. and disobedient" (Titus 1:10-16). Those who did not stand for the apostolic faith were "false prophets.they DENIED the Holy One and the Just.
or ANTICHRIST? The very reason for this is quite simple: In Ephesians 1:22.does not infer that Antichrist would be limited in his denial to the same doctrines that those apostates held. self-substituted. supposedly for Yeshua. limit the errors of Antichrist to this one point of doctrine. was against Christ or Yeshua. or a functionary of the same kind opposing. in reality. Neither those who hold the futurist view or those who hold the fulfilled view. and Colossians 1:18 CHRIST (Yeshua) alone is the head of the Church! In an interesting aside to this.that is.we have a very specific point of identification! Since these "antichrists" were a type of the Antichrist to come. but was. so also have the Popes DENIED YESHUA by promoting false doctrines that cause men to stray from the faith once delivered. They have even dared to oppose Yeshua by teaching things that are the exact opposite of what Yeshua and the apostles taught! The Counter Interpretation Hundreds of books have been written in the contest between Catholics and Protestants. Jews. against the Pope -. 4:15. The Meaning of "Antichrist" Some suppose John's use of the word "antichrist" simply means a person against Christ. pagans." For a man. At times in Catholic history two men at one time have claimed to be pope. if John used the word "antichrists" concerning people who professed to be Christians -. substitute Christ.but who were against Yeshua because of their false doctrines -. as such. 68). and members of non-Christian religions in varying degrees have all been against Yeshua. So great was the uproar that in 1516 the Fifth Lateran Council rose up FORBIDDING anyone to write 20 . or functionary.thus an "antipope. (2) instead of (in the place of) Christ. against Christ -. there is a very strong inference indeed that Antichrist would profess to be a Christian. the very title which the Pope of Rome bears -. But millions of people have been against Christ. It is a well-established fact that the word "antichrist" can mean one of the following: (1) Against (in opposition) to Christ.The fact that John especially mentioned a prominent false doctrine of that time -.can only be turned into Greek as "Antichristos" -. usurping pope. or sometimes both" (Vol. in place of Christ. 1. However. then."Vicar of Christ" -." Such a "pope" positioned himself in place of the Pope. the Vice-christ. before his conversion. or Antichrist! Therefore. Paul. 67. the compound word either signifies a vice-functionary. 5:23. pps. The one who was considered to be a hostile. as the pope. the popes have claimed to themselves a title which is the equivalent of the word coined by the apostle John! Just like the "antichrists" of whom John wrote. yet actually against him because of false doctrine. to claim to be the head of the Church. or (3) both meanings. what is this but to be. A good example of the word having both meanings can be found within the terminology of the Roman Catholic Church itself. States Edward Elliot in Horae Apocalyticae: "When anti is compounded with the noun signifying an agent of any kind. was called an "antipope.the teaching that Yeshua had pre-existed before his birth -.
within the pages of the Bible. When Thomas Brightman (1562-1607). p. first saw a copy of Ribera's futurist commentary. p. Then. built upon and enlarged by those who followed. librarian to the Archbishop of Canterbury. in Germany.. deny Yeshua. 38). amplified and adorned with the rapture theory. who founded the futurist school of interpretation. Protestant (and Church of God) interpretation of the Reformers. Because of the flood of books promoting the futurist point of view that are widely circulated today. Denmark and Sweden. Many in the Churches of God are totally unaware of the old. Records the Encyclopedia Britannica. Francisco Ribera (1537-1591) published a 500 page commentary on the grand points of Babylon and Antichrist. until today Futurism. individual Antichrist who would abolish the Christian religion. England. there is much speculation regarding which world leader will soon emerge as the Antichrist of Bible prophecy. has become the generally accepted belief of the Fundamentalist wing of popular Protestantism! (op cit.R. that the Papacy was indeed the Antichrist -. Maitland" (The Blessed Hope. after a long hiatus. standard. Vol. States George Ladd: "This futurist interpretation with its personal Antichrist and three and a half year tribulation did not take root in the Protestant church until the early nineteenth century. became the first Protestant to accept Ribera's and Lacunza's futurist interpretations. 493). The Roman Catholic Church quickly came to realize that it must produce a counter interpretation or lose the battle. that the MAN OF SIN rose to power following the breakup of the Roman Empire. 2. that these things have all found fulfillment in the Papacy of the Roman Catholic Church.or preach on the subject of the Antichrist. And then. 21 . he was aroused to indignation and fury. in the nineteenth century this Jesuit scheme of interpretation came to be adopted by a growing number of Protestants. France. Ribera assigned the first chapters of Revelation to the first century. and conquer the world. Nonetheless. the truth about the Antichrist continued to be preached with power and conviction by ministers of various Protestant churches. the object being to set aside the Protestant teaching that the Papacy is the Antichrist. until it became the common Catholic position. The rest he restricted to a literal three and a half years at the end of time. Scathingly he proclaimed: "Once they would not suffer any man to scarce touch a Bible. He also taught that the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem would be rebuilt by a single. LeRoy Froom sums it up in these words -In Ribera's Commentary was laid the foundation for that great structure of Futurism. wonder of wonders. Switzerland.a teaching which dealt havoc to the church of Rome. a Protestant scholar and reformer. Maitland (1792-1866). Samuel R. "Under the stress of the Protestant attack there arose new methods on the papal side" -. The scriptures.. now they produce a commentary to explain it -to point men away from the Papal Antichrist"! For the next few centuries the Jesuit futurist view of the Antichrist was summarily rejected by the Protestant churches. Thousands came to see. pretend to be YEHOVAH. were getting into the hands of the common people. that he seated himself above all others (including YEHOVAH) in the church of the falling away.special mention being made of the Jesuits Ribera and Lacunza. in 1826. In his commentary. The first Protestant to adopt it was S.
Million upon millions of Roman Catholics look to the Pope as the head of the church.S. Be sure to visit the Hope of Israel home pages at: http://hope-of-israel. Will you ignore these facts? Hope of Israel Ministries is on the INTERNET! THE HOPE OF ISRAEL WEBSITES ON THE INTERNET now have hundreds of articles for download. as we have seen in this article. But if he is not. Name:_________________________________________________________ Address:______________________________________________ City:____________________________State:_____Zip:_______ Mail to: Hope of Israel Ministries (Church of YEHOVAH) P. If you have friends or relatives who you think might enjoy reading The Berean Voice. then we would be more than happy to send them a free one-year trial subscription. If the Pope is the head of the Church. Box 6772 Thousands Oaks.net (East Coast). His travels and activities are given far-reaching news coverage. Our E-Mail address is: kiwihope@netscape. as well as books and many other features for the discerning Christian who is seeking answers to the mysteries of life and the hereafter.org (West Coast) and http://hope-of-isreal.Today the Pope has world-wide fame. then Protestants and Church of God adherents surely err by not acknowledging him as such. Thousands attend masses he performs. 22 .A. CA 91359-6772 U. he is a man of peace and good will. He is visited by presidents and kings.net How YOU or a Friend Can Receive FREE a Subscription to "THE BEREAN VOICE" Magazine! We send out The Berean Voice to all who wish to receive it absolutely FREE of charge.O. what can be said about a system that makes such a claim? The BIBLE clearly teaches that the head of the Church is Yeshua the Messiah -. For this position there are strong scriptural and historical proofs. In the eyes of many.and that the Papacy is the Antichrist. a belief that is foundational to the entire structure of Roman Catholicism.
for an offering before the Feast of Unleavened Bread.your site is wonderfully informative. Box 182796 Columbus. Keyser.logon. Since I am feeling much better. 1. M." I have met a person with such a name. since it too requires anesthesia and may cause bladder and kidney infections. I have also been studying Mr. John Keyser: Please would you be so kind as to send me back dated issues No.C. Your article in your last magazine about Gentiles again made me take another look in the New Testament as did your article about the God they were worshipping. Thank you for your prayers on my behalf. the instance we met. Does the first day of the new week start with the day of the first crescent? Would this day then be called New Moon day and should it be kept as a sabbath? Or is the period before the first crescent (which is the conjunction) the New Moon day observance? Which day would be the first day of the week to begin our count to the first sabbath? Or is the new moon renewal period of darkness all counted as the seventh day sabbath? At this period before the Passover.. And it is not certain whether the cyst is the cause of the pain. COMMENT: A person cannot help what they have been named by their parents.org about the Elohim being an extended order... if I may? Hope of Israel Ministries Acct. it looks like our nations of Israel are suffering some of the same kind of plagues: hoof and mouth disease in the cattle and sheep. Thanks.A. A one centimeter cyst was found in the left kidney by CT and Ultrasound scans.O. I have declined a retrograde pylography (an internal camera scope of the urethra up to the kidney). Yours faithfully.S.# 623580206 Dear Mr. although at the time.S. No. feeling the pain in my left side less often. 23 . OH 43218 U. if someone understands the meaning of the name they have been given.HOPE OF ISRAEL M Thanks for your insight and information regarding Baal Shemen and other ancient mysteries that have been perplexing me. He also has articles about the New Moon. and revels in it. Wade Cox's articles at www. Enclosed please find my check for $. I could not put my finger on the "why" of it. R. you can deposit them to the following account: Bank One Bank by Mail (OH1-1045) P. then their might be reason for uneasiness and concern in this particular case. Regarding tithes and offerings. and was troubled deeply by this individuals very presence. 5 as well as the new calendar for year 2001. B A G Dear Mr. It is clear our prayer and worship should be directed to the Most High. Would you also send me bank details so that we can deposit our offerings and donations for the books. and shutting off of electricity in California causing a kind of A I L What would one think of a person naming their offspring Shemen. However. Mr. Your comments would be greatly appreciated. A cyst cannot be removed in this procedure... A query. the Father. Cox also has articles about the role of the Angel of Yahovah as also being the Elohim of Israel. Thanking you. COMMENT: The back issues have been mailed to you. but would require a surgical operation to drain.
In it was a statement that Peter is seen as the founder of the Church. this will make it impossible for any of us to keep a job in this world unless we are selfemployed. it will be difficult to keep work.darkness.Side-By-Side explain this fully. rendered Petros in Greek and Peter in English.D. with the following day being "day 1" of the new seven day week. 27. corrupted church that the apostle John calls "the great harlot" in Revelation 17:1. and hath shut the door.A. and since the New Moon day(s) are always directly preceded by the weekly Sabbath we can have up to three days in a row that are treated as one "long" Sabbath day! The article. and you yourselves thrust out. This has always been the true position of the Catholic Church. and to knock at the door. There can be two New Moon days -.depending on the length of the month. Then shall ye begin to say. The fact is.B. But he shall say. Lord. and Jacob. I know you not whence ye are: 26. I could go on and on. I tell you. and "Babylon the Great" in revelation 18:2 Hi John: I am finding your writings very interesting and informative. As for Yeshua founding the Catholic Church -. The Catholic Church is an apostate. The New Moon day(s) should be kept as a sabbath. our article God's Sacred Calendar covers this in some detail. P. E. Peter was the Prince of the Apostles. depart from me. this is true. Just got through reading the March-April Berean Voice and wanted to let you know how thankful I am. showing them for the false prophets that they are. There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. the Catholic Church has always insisted that it was founded upon the apostle Peter who became the first "Pope" of a long series of popes -down to our day (the Holy See). We have eaten and drunk in thy presence. the first Pope of the Catholic Church was none other than Simon the Magician found mentioned in Acts 8:9. 28. Well. Sincerely. COMMENT: Due to an inaccurate understanding of Matthew 16:18. God never said it would be easy to keep His commandments and do His will. and thou hast taught in our streets. There is no other publication I know of which slices through their fog in such a thorough. This is inaccurate. but I'll end by saying that it now appears that the scales may be lifting from off of True Israel's eyes. Sincerely in Christ. and from so many angles. In accepting that you are right about the calendar and the sabbath. Our Father continue to set apart His firstfruits by the truth for His purpose and keep those who belong to Him through His son. when history and tradition is consulted. Lord. I began reading your story about whether Peter had been in Rome and had been the first Pope of the Christian Church. J. Even then with contracts etc. Basically. 24 . and Isaac. Brother John. all ye workers of iniquity. but it was Jesus Christ himself that founded the Church. not ending up as those found in Luke 13: 25. When once the master of the house is risen up. COMMENT: We are glad to hear there has been some improvement in your health. in the kingdom of God. the articles which you are providing greatly surpass the vain babblings of the seminaries. and ye begin to stand without. We are to step out in faith and even now I am finding that kind of faith hard.this is sheer nonsense. provocative manner. open unto us. I thought you would like to know so that you can correct your site. the New Moon day is determined by the crescent. when ye shall see Abraham. Blessings. as well as our articles Have We Been Observing the Sabbath At the Wrong Time All These Years and The New Moon and the Weekly Sabbath -. I know you not whence ye are. and he shall answer and say unto you. We can come out of our deceptions and begin to perceive our role in the real Kingdom. He did so on the kepha of Kephas. Although I may not agree with every point.L. and all the prophets. at this time when we acknowledge and reaffirm our acceptance of His son's offering for us and to the end of this age. Regarding the weekly Sabbath. pagan. saying.
Since the Bible states that the Ark had YEHOVAH's mercy seat on top of it (Exodus 25:21) and this was YEHOVAH's throne (verse 22). and access to Him) being taken by the Father. or the real ark may have been spirited back to Israel some years ago. it is quite possible that the real Ark and mercy seat will return with Him. there was no significance. When YEHOVAH's Shekinah Glory vacated the Temple just before the Roman armies surrounded Jerusalem. I was reading your article (I think by Grant Jefferies) and have a couple of questions. additional articles can be obtained. so please expect an institutional check (I am currently in prison) in the mail very soon (in the amount of $. Thank you for the hard work and writing you are doing to make it easy for us to make decisions and get closer to God. There is overwhelming evidence that YEHOVAH God's Shekinah Glory was residing in the Temple in Jerusalem during the time of Yeshua.). and is the way to get to God). it would be illogical to think that YEHOVAH resided in the Temple during the time of Yeshua without the Ark and its attached mercy seat. as indicated. to the Holy Ark (representing God Himself. it is conceivable (as you say) that YEHOVAH took the Ark with Him as it was no longer needed after Yeshua became our High Priest and access to the Father. When Y EHOVAH's Shekinah Glory returns to this earth (Revelation 19:11) and resides in the new Temple built by Yeshua after his return in Revelation 14:14. The articles that I would like you to send me are: 1) "Have We Been Observing the Sabbath At the Wrong Time All These Years?" 2) "The New Moon and the Weekly Sabbath -Side-By-Side" 3) "God's Sacred Calendar" 4) "A Unique Lunar-Based Calendar" 5) "Mysteries of Babylon and Pagan Sabbaths" I also request that you put me on your mailing list for 25 . was killed).. Pisgah are all more than likely replicas that have no significance to YEHOVAH. later in Revelation shown to be in Heaven. and centuries old false claims that the Ark really wasn't there. Now I am working as an independent contractor to Kiwi Dairies and it allows me the freedom to keep the sabbath as you have explained if I want to. It's amazing how easy anything can be if you decide to do it instead of finding all sorts of excuses. and are an attempt to keep alive the pre-Yeshua Old Testament religion that has come down to us in the corrupted form of Judaism. and I wanted to tithe to your ministry anyway. when they killed His son? Thanks. A. In the back cover.. COMMENT: You may have a point here. Why would the Bible point out that the Holy of Holies' curtain was cut by a Heavenly sword (showing God was no longer there. and that therefore. A nominal donation is suggested. in my opinion. Hi. strike at the very heart of Christian faith (because the Ark was taken the moment the Messiah. Gentlemen/Ladies: Shalom in the name of Yahweh the Righteous! May Yahshua forgive all the sins of the faithful! I have recently become introduced to the Messianic faith. the Lamb. and that Jesus had come. N. etc. why doubt the tremendous. The Ark purported to be in Ethiopia and /or any others than may be hidden under the Temple Mount or in Mt. I am inclined to feel there well may be a replica of the Ark. but would. amazing reality of the Ark being taken safely to Heaven.In a couple of years I will be able to retire and in New Zealand be on a pension. That would be touted as proof God is still with the old religion. It was said that either a replica. Regards. (since it's also very old). and eventually went back to Heaven after hovering over the Mount of Olives for a while. and I have also read a few articles in your magazine.M. that would pass carbon 14 tests. wonderful. just because of the cover up. I guess my question is.
Please be patient since there are not enough hours in the day to do all the things I would like. Quite 26 .D. Keyser: I am thankful very much to God and to you since I read your magazine issued Nov. F. I really enjoyed the articles in last December's issue about Simon the Zealot and the catacomb identified as the burial site of the Barsabbas family members. I will tithe again to your ministry at my earliest opportunity. I am interested in obtaining the address of the Assemblies of Yahweh in Bethel. I appreciate historical and archaeological information that verifies the facts of the Christian faith. Keyser. Yehovah or Jehovah is a name that doesn't appear in any language.which can also mean to "happen. I read in a history book of Israel that Yahweh was the only accepted name accepted by the Hebrews as the Heavenly Father's name. Please remember me in your prayers as I study God's word. Will you please send any information to the above address. 2000 issue of The Berean Voice magazine you stated that God's name is "Yehovah" instead of Yahweh. Yours in Christ. it is simply NOT TRUE that YEHOVAH is a corrupt and mistaken form of the Massoretic vowel pointing taken from "adonai. it just don't end. I truly thank God for handing me a great gift to help me to understand God's word and Israel.The Berean Voice -. The course is up for review to incorporate all the new truth that has been revealed during the last year or so. T. Please forward to us. I have a lot of Bible studies come my way. I am a poor man only and we are now experiencing economic crisis here in the Philippines -.S.you knocked me down on my knees. for a whole year." Nor is it an "evil name. Dear Mr. In Hebrew "YE" represents the future or imperfect of the verb "to be. In other words. Goodbye and our Almighty Father and Jesus Christ bless you so much. and that Yehovah or Yehowah was a hybrid word.M.but this is not important. Sincerely yours. I find myself reading and studying them over and over. PA so I can write to it and receive information on its church. J. I love to study the end times and prophecy. I have been looking forward to your Bible to start my study with your help. I thank you so very much for your [bi]monthly magazine. Please send.J. and December -. while "AH" represents the past.N. N. but I enjoy The Berean Voice magazine the most."The Berean Voice" magazine. C. Well. But what is important is your article -." It has no grammatical connection to the Divine Name. COMMENT: I assume that you are referring here to the Hope of Israel Bible Correspondence Course. Respectfully yours.especially the article Should There Be "Government" In the Church of God? You explained the real plain truth of the truth -. based on the Hebrew term hovah. Dear Mr. Dear Israel." as some have ignorantly charged. a name made by merging the consonants of Yahweh (YHWH) and the vowels of the Hebrew name for Lord (Adonai). the magazine -. I am certain that the reading materials you send me will provide me with excellent guidance. The combination YE-HO-AH makes much better grammatical sense. Shalom! Sincerely. COMMENT: Regardless of what you read in other publications. this form of God's Name would have specific meaning and not be merely a repetition of vowel sounds. which means "ruin" or "disaster. I don't have a concordance to help me and I have been hoping that your study Bible would get to me. I better let you go. In the Nov." "HO" represents the present.The Berean Voice.the real bread -the only hope of today's confusion. May Almighty Yahweh bless and prosper the work of your hands." This Hebrew word hovah is from hayah -.-Dec. I only wish that there was more that I could receive to understand the Greek and Hebrew prophets which deal with the end of the age. Also.
" were not. I was not sure if you meant that these Bibles were not ones we should read." (i. One Bible and commentary that I use frequently is the Jewish New Testament and the Jewish New Testament Commentary by David H. YAH would then be the contracted or shortened form of this full Name. I re-read what I had written you the other day and wanted to clarify something.e. (John 10:22-38). I'm a little paranoid about making any such statements these days. Some of them were off-line and I could not download. as I was deleting my sent files. comparing the way they rend the scriptures I'm interested in. When I am speaking of the "Jews" in Jesus' day. so I was not sure what the list meant. is and always was. This doesn't necessarily mean we shouldn't use the Bibles they promote. On page 18 you gave a list of Jesuit-inspired Futurist deception spreads to America's Protestant churches and seminaries.or more specifically. AND. But whoever those "Jews" were who kept looking for an "occasion to stone Him. I'm correctable! Blessings. I guess so! 27 . Sorry I can't be more specific. YEHOVAH. I have also listened to studies with Arnold Murray. Regarding the Hope of Israel Bible Correspondence Course. since it clearly reflects this profound meaning. Most of the so-called study Bibles have a theological bias of one form or another. Herodians. and commentaries such as Clarke's.J. the Ever-living One who will be.). Hi John. I know that most of the people on the list preach the Rapture but some of them I didn't think they did.or even the more popular form. taking the first and last sounds together. etc. there's hope for us! I appreciate your input and consider what you have written me. Sometimes you have to go back to the original Greek and Hebrew to get the true meaning of a verse. I'm speaking primarily of the "authorities. I just received The Berean Voice and I wanted you to clear something up for me.that is. I use many different Bibles in my research. I have seen how the Worldwide Church of God has changed under Joseph Tkach and this has confused me. it is up for review and will be vastly changed in certain areas as a result of what we have learned is recent years. that whatever I may write with regard to your works is okay to be taken with a "grain of salt" if necessary. J. Can you recommend a good study Bible. and as well have studies from Garner Ted Armstrong. I don't agree with everything that everyone says and check things out for myself. Pharisees. People just don't seem to see the difference between condemning a group's religious practices and condemning the people themselves. Some preach the Rapture. Was Yeshua antiSemitic? By today's standards." Just want to let you know that's not my intent. some of the older Bibles mentioned in your article about The Story of the Pagan Christian Logos are they available since they are outdated. It seems like no matter what I say about "Jews" it suddenly is "antisemitic. I have been using the Companion Bible and have a lot of information from the Worldwide Church of God that was under Herbert Armstrong.literally YEHOAH means "shall/is/was" -. Stern. Thank you for your help. I want to keep myself straight and don't want to get off track. Others I use are the Septuagint and Tanakh for the Old Testament. This is WHY the pronunciation YEHOAH is preferable -. COMMENT: Me too! As long as we remain willing to be corrected by the word of God. but we should be careful. their beliefs. Will they be available soon? Please recommend a good study Bible or will you offer one? Also. Can you please help to recommend a good study Bible. Obviously many "Jews" (of Judah and Benjamin) were His sheep. I have downloaded the Bible Study Courses on your website but have not started them yet. By the way. some don't. the Eternal. P. I can understand your paranoia regarding what you say about the Jewish people -. I will comment on that more in the next issue of the BV. COMMENT: The list you mention in the March-April issue of The Berean Voice refers primarily to those preaching about the Futurist viewpoint of prophecy -not necessarily the Secret Rapture.
to indicate the eternal divine purpose being achieved through him..The New Testament never suggests that the phrase 'Son of God' just means 'God'" (Don Cupitt.G. 4). p. vii. yet it embraced all the KEY doctrines of the pagan Mystery Religions." "Christianity" appeared to differ from the Mystery Cults. The religion now known as Christianity. London: SCM Press. "The mainstream churches are committed to a certain doctrine about Jesus. 1979.). Anthony Buzzard "Within the Christian tradition. cases to be understood on the analogy of the pre-existence of the Torah.Speaking of Jesus as the Son of God had a very different connotation in the first century from that which it has had ever since the Council of Nicea (325 AD). 124. perhaps in all. It is perhaps not a basically sound structure that needs only to be modernized. but may be in need of radical reconstruction. the New Testament has long been read through the prism of the later conciliar creeds.. Yet evangelicalism insists on that equation if one is to be considered a Christian! "When the Jew wished to designate something as predestined. appeared to reject the "cult of the gods" and the "cult of the Emperor. Talk of his preexistence ought probably in most. but specialists in early Christian thought are questioning the arguments by which that doctrine was reached.. The Debate About Christ. 28 . for they imply that Christianity may be in worse condition that was thought. This included the concept that their God (Christ) was preexistent. New Testament scholars ask if the New Testament teaches it at all. he spoke of it as already 'existing' in heaven" (E. rather than pre-existence of a fully personal kind" (Maurice Wiles. 1973. Selwyn. First Epistle of Peter. the Bible (including the New Testament) nowhere promotes this pagan concept. However. London: SCM Press. These questions are very unsettling. Many faiths and philosophies were competing for the allegiance of that world -.and all of them were more congenial to that pagan Roman world than were the teachings of Christ.. which became established as the official religion of the Roman Empire during the time of Constantine. p. The Hulsean Lectures.The Nature of Pre-Existence in the New Testament Jesus Christ came into the Mediterranean world at a time of deep religious ferment. and historians wonder at the gulf between Jesus himself and fully-developed Christianity. The Remaking of Christian Doctrine. 1974).
mystical ideas invaded the church from the second century onwards via the "Church Fathers. The Testimony of Justin Martyr to Early Christianity. Intelligent Christians need to be informed of these corruptions and how they are currently "canonized" as Scripture by many." the one Mediator between God and man (1 Timothy 2:5). the Father. This they have inherited from the churches and early post-biblical creeds which overlooked the fact that Jesus was a Jew who thought and taught in Jewish categories. and one Lord Messiah" (1 Corinthians 8:4-6). Clearly if Jews do not mean what we mean by "pre-existence" we are liable to misunderstand them on basic issues about who Jesus is.. which was written (with the exception of Luke) by Jews. however.Thus "pre-existence" statements in the New Testament really have to do with foreordination and predestination. D.. the Messiah. "To us Christians there is one God.. Its writers were all Jews except probably Luke (who. It was the Greeks who misunderstood Jewish ways of thinking and turned Jesus into a cosmic figure who entered the earth from outer space." The seed of Trinitarian doctrine was planted in the thinking of Justin Martyr." a non-human intermediary between the creator and the world. Discernment means learning the difference between revealed truth and pagan. philosophical teachings which originated outside the Bible yet affected what is now called "orthodoxy." I would ask the reader to consider the disastrous effects of not paying attention to the Jewish ways of thinking found in the Bible." who were steeped in pagan philosophy and laid the foundation of the creeds now called "orthodox. Purves. however. 1889. 167.. Note carefully Paul's definition of the One God. the second century Christian apologist who "found in Platonism the nearest approach to Christianity and felt that no break was required with its spirit and principles to pass into the greater light of Christian revelation.T.. creedal Christianity which must be recognized and forsaken. There is a huge difference between being predestined or foreordained and actually pre-existing. The true Jesus.The habits of thought which the Gentiles brought into the church are sufficient to explain the corruptions of apostolic doctrine which began in the post-apostolic age" (G." "The forces which operated to change apostolic doctrine were derived from paganism. is as Jewish as any of the writers in terms of his obvious delight in the Jewish salvation [John 4:22] offered in Jesus to both Jew and Gentile). The idea that the soul separates from the body and survives consciousness apart from the body is a thoroughly unJewish idea (this is well established in the Old Testament perspective -and the New Testament teaching about the nature of man is based on the Old). Modern Bible readers approach basic biblical issues with an entrenched Greek outlook on life. Greek philosophy believed in a "second God. But is such a Jesus a human being? Is he the true Messiah of Israel? Many dedicated Christians are currently exercised about the Gnostic and mystical tendencies affecting the church.).D. It has dramatically affected Christian doctrine. It has affected the way we define the person of Jesus. The New Testament is a thoroughly Jewish book. New York: Randolph and Co. is the "man Messiah. But many are unaware that philosophical. There is an anti-Semitic tendency in traditional. Modern readers of 29 . p.
Though the Messiah was foreknown (not known. Peter believed that all Christians were foreknown. Traditional Christianity persists with the mistaken notion that man has an "immortal soul" which survives death.). The world's history is thus predestined because it is already. 1912. in a sense. as was Jeremiah the prophet before his birth. The notion that Jesus was really alive and conscious before his birth in Bethlehem is also a very unJewish idea. Our Scholar goes on to tell us that this typical mode of Jewish thought is clearly illustrated in 1 Peter.). This typically Jewish conception of predestination may be distinguished from the Greek idea of pre-existence by the predominance of the thought of 'pre-existence' in the Divine purpose" (E. pre-existing and consequently fixed. pp. This reminds us immediately that Peter did not abandon his Jewish ways of thinking (based on the Hebrew Bible) when he became a Christian. 254. Those who have the gift of the spirit will share God's outlook and in faith recognize that the realities of God's plan will in the future become realities on earth. God sees everything laid out before Him. 253. Peter uses the same word to describe the "existence" of the Son of God in God's plan as he did to describe the "existence" of the Christian church (verse 2). Primitive Christian Eschatology. but that did not mean that we all preexisted! Peter's doctrine of future things is permeated by the same thought that all is foreordained in God's great Plan. p. he was manifested by being brought into actual existence at 30 . The pre-existence of souls belongs to the world of Greek philosophy and was held by some church fathers (notably the philosophically. 2). Cambridge University Press. that we have not had sufficient information to make good decisions on Bible issues. not just his death for our sins but the person Messiah himself (1 Peter 1:20). Human beings in Hebrew thought do not exist consciously before they are born. Many Bible readers have not paid attention to the statement of the Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible: "No biblical text authorizes the statement that the soul is separated from the body at the moment of death" (Vol. Jeremiah 1:5). Part of repentance is the willingness to admit we have been deceived.the Bible are shocked to discover that in the Bible the whole man dies and goes into unconsciousness ("sleep") and is returned to life only by the future resurrection of the whole person. 802. but foreknown.C.' he thought of it as already 'existing' in a higher sphere of life. According to Peter the Messiah himself was foreknown. Dewick. The Hulsean Prize Essay for 1908. But they did not derive this idea from the Bible.and mystically-minded Origen). Peter's letter is addressed to "the elect according to the foreknowledge ( prognosis) of God the Father" (1 Peter 1:1. One most important fact we need to know before we attempt to understand who Jesus was is this: "When the Jew said something was 'predestined. 1.
" This does not. it will not be difficult to adjust our understanding of other passages where the same principle of "existence" followed by actual manifestation is found. NOT the Greek atmosphere of later. belonging to the coming age of the Kingdom. will be able to say that 31 . we can see that Peter (as the leading apostle -. The same is true of the treasure we have in heaven. We will receive the reward of the inheritance (Colossians 3:24) when Christ brings it from heaven to the earth at his future coming. i. of course.. All that we can say is that the phrase pro kataboles kosmou [before the foundation of the world] affirms for Christ's office and work a supramundane range and importance. The Second Coming is thus to be an "apocalypse" or unveiling of what is now "existing" but hidden from our sight. We note also that for Peter the future salvation of the Christians. mean that the body of the future is temporary. Thus Jesus says in John 17:5: "Glorify me [now] with the glory which I had with you before the foundation of the world." On the basis of 2 Corinthians 5:1 a Christian in the future. In that sense we "have" it. The sort of "preexistence" Peter has in mind is the sort that fits the Jewish environment. pp.his birth (Luke 1:35). Neither the Kingdom nor Jesus actually existed in advance. States E.e. the Kingdom they are to inherit at the return of Christ. 250). Our future resurrection body already "exists" in God's intention and may be thought of as real because it is certain to be manifested in the future. Foreordination Rather than Literal Preexistence Having grasped this elementary fact of Jewish (and biblical) theology and thinking. They were planned from before the foundation of the world. is likewise waiting in heaven "ready to be revealed in the last time" (1 Peter 1:10.Peter has not extended his belief in Christ's divinity to an affirmation of his pre-existence: his Christology is more like that of the early chapters of Acts than of John and Paul" (Baker Book House.. Peter -"We are not entitled to say that Peter was familiar with the idea of Christ's preexistence with the Father before the incarnation [we are therefore not entitled to claim that Peter was a Trinitarian!].' since Christians are also the objects of God's foreknowledge. 1983.G. after the resurrection at Christ's return. 11). He says that we already "have" a building from God. So it is said of Jesus that he was "foreknown. a house fit for the coming age" (2 Corinthians 5:1). He executes the Plan at the appropriate time. Selwyn in First Epistle of St. post-biblical Christianity. While we disagree that Peter's idea of Jesus is different from that of Paul and John. This is the proper translation of aionios.Matthew 10:1) would have had no sympathy with either a Trinitarian or Arian (cp. The acquisition of that body is nevertheless the great event of the coming age introduced by the resurrection." and waiting to be revealed in God's good time (1 Peter 1:20). 248. For this idea is not necessarily implied in his description of Christ as 'foreknown before the foundation of the world. It confers immortality and thus lasts forever. not "eternal.. though we obviously do not yet have it literally. It is promised for our future.. modern Jehovah's Witnesses) view of Jesus. This is a typically Jewish way of understanding God's purpose for mankind. Paul uses the same concept and language about the future resurrection and immortality of the saints.
" The Messiah." This notion would have been completely foreign to Judaism. laid up for him in God's plan. The church has been plagued by the introduction of non-biblical language. We note that Jesus did NOT say "Give me back the glory which I had when I was alive with you before my birth. that is. There is a perfectly good word for "real" preexistence in the Greek language (pro-uparchon). to the human race -- 32 . The Son of Man is not an angel. Hence scholars rightly report that the idea of preexistence for the Messiah "antecedent to his birth in Bethlehem is unknown in Judaism. He "preexists" only in the sense that God grants us a vision of him in His Plan for the future.e. post-biblical ideas of who Jesus is. a reward stored up with God now and destined to be conferred in the future. That glory existed in God's plan. The translation of the Bible has been corrupted to mirror traditional. John 6:62). belongs. and in that sense Jesus already "had" it. To call the Messiah an angel would be a muddling of categories. The synoptic way of expressing the same idea is to talk of the Kingdom "prepared before the foundation of the world" (Matthew 25:34). Christians are said to have treasure in heaven (Mark 10:21). The Son of Man is A HUMAN BEING -.that is what the words mean. Thus what John wants us to understand is that the human Messiah was in heaven before his birth (in God's Plan) and was seen in Daniel's vision of the future (Daniel 7. No text says that Jesus WENT BACK (upostrepho) to God. Jesus at his ascension went up to the position which had been previously prepared for him in God's Plan. A Jewish and biblical conception of preexistence is most significant for Jesus' understanding of himself as the Son of Man. in his origin." Such mistranslation of the Greek "go to the Father" as "go back to the Father" tells its own story. though this idea has been wrongly imported into some modern English translations of the Bible to support "orthodoxy. according to all that is predicted of him in the Old Testament. The so-called "preexistence" of Jesus in John refers to his "existence" in the Plan of God. This is only to say that they will one day in the future "inherit the Kingdom prepared for them from the foundation of the world" (Matthew 25:34)." i. It is quite unnecessary -.to read Gentile ideas into the text of Scripture when we can make good sense of them as they stand in their Jewish environment.and indeed wrong -. The onus is on those who believe in literal preexistence to demonstrate that the texts cannot be explained within their own Jewish context.but it does in the writings of Greek church fathers of the second century. These Greek commentators on Scripture failed to understand the Hebrew categories of thought in which the New Testament is written. It is very significant that it appears nowhere in Scripture -. No angel was ever called a "Son of Man" (= member of the human race -. The Son of Man is found in the book of Daniel.he has now received what he already "had. The so-called "pre-human existence" of Christ in the Bible refers to the prior existence of Jesus in God's Plan and vision. When Jesus says that he "had" the glory for which he now prays (John 17:5).with good reason Jesus' favorite self-title). Preexistence in the Bible does not mean what it meant in later creeds: the actual conscious existence of the Son of Man before his birth at which time he entered the earth and the human condition by passing through the womb of his mother. he is merely asking for the glory which he knew was prepared for him by God from the beginning.
But he provides no scriptural support for such an ante-mundane begetting of the Son. Not only do they not hint at a pre-human Son of God. but to "begetting" by the Father through the holy spirit. 248.the Messiah -. Matthew holds that he came from Mary. repentance and other major elements of the Divine purpose. Justin Martyr is perhaps the first church Father to speak of a begetting of the Son prior to Genesis (i. pp. 1923. Also note that for Arians and Trinitarians.e. 128-32. John the apostle could also say that Christ was "crucified before the foundation of the world" (Revelation 13:8). Words of Jesus. In the Hebrew thought of the New Testament one can "exist" as part of God's Plan as did also the tabernacle. p. But can we not do the Messiah the honor of trying to understand his words in their own Hebrew environment? Should not the Bible be interpreted in the light of its own context and not in our later creeds? No Preexistence for Jesus in Matthew. 31). and the WHOLE of the Old Testament.is a supernaturally created person. the temple. -. The Son of God -. Mark and Luke There is a deafening silence about any real preexistence of Christ in Matthew. That is to think like a Greek who believes in the preexistence of souls. Bible readers disregard this very Jewish way of thinking when they leap to the conclusion that when Jesus said he "had" glory with the Father from the foundation of the world (John 17:5). Luke. The dominance of the idea in any Jewish circle whatever cannot seriously be upheld. according to a quotation we will introduce later." There are multiple examples of past tenses in the Hebrew Bible which actually refer to future events. prior to Creation). this would be a second begetting."'Judaism has never known anything of a preexistence peculiar to the Messiah antecedent to his birth as a human being' (Dalman.at the time of his conception in his mother's womb. he meant that he was alive at that time.a shift that provided the seed of the later Trinitarian formulation. This gives us an enormously valuable clue as to the way the New Testament writers understood "preexistence. Even Moses preexisted in that sense. It is the action of the Father which brings the Son into existence. They are "past" because they describe events fixed in God's counsels and therefore certain to be realized. 33 . Acts and Peter. To claim to "be before Abraham" (John 8:58) does not mean that you remember being alive before your birth. 252). Certainly in a western frame of reference the traditional understanding is reasonable. Judaism knew nothing of the [literally] preexistent ideal man" (Charles Gore. This points to the shift of thinking that has taken place by 150 A. Note also in Acts 13:33 the reference to the "raising up" of Jesus which refers to God's bringing him into being. Verse 34 mentions his subsequent resurrection. Justin differs from Matthew by saying that the Son came "through" Mary. This verse is mistranslated in our versions of the Bible: The text does not refer to conception. the Second Adam. Belief in Christ.as are all human beings -. Mark. who think that Jesus was begotten in eternity long before his conception/begetting in Mary.D. According to the Bible the Son of God was begotten -. they contradict the idea by talking of the origin (genesis) of Jesus (Matthew 1:18) and his begetting as Son (Matthew 1:20) in Mary's womb.
but to the whole revelation of God in the Old Testament in regard to his definition of the coming Messiah. however. HE HAS NOT PREEXISTED! Matthew even speaks of the "genesis" of Jesus in Matthew 1:18. Matthew 6:30. The Messiah is expressly said in this important Christological text not to be God but God's agent born to the family of Israel. (See Raymond Brown. is nowhere suggested." The spirit of God is available to all believers. "They were and were created" (Revelation 4:11). A "pre-human" Messiah. they will share the concept that "God speaks of things which do not exist as though they did" (Romans 4:17). Unprejudiced readers will see (as acknowledged by a host of biblical experts) that the Jesus of Matthew. It is a mistake to confuse "existence" in the Plan of God with actual preexistence. WHY does he have no memory of this? WHY does he expressly say that God was the creator? The answer is that Jesus worked within the Jewish and biblical framework of the scriptural heritage he had received and which he "came not to destroy." This would be a statement about the preexisting glory (not the pre-human Jesus) which Jesus prayed to have bestowed on him (John 17:5). But God cannot be tempted -.Luke knows nothing of such an idea. As they learn to think as God does. The Christ of biblical expectation is a HUMAN PERSON. Their creation followed from God's original Plan to bring them into being. Such a non-human Messiah is FOREIGN not only to the rest of the New Testament. supernaturally conceived. It is a serious imposition on the Gospel of John to understand him to teach a different sort of Jesus than Matthew. The supreme glory of his achievement for us lies in the fact that he really was a human being. It was Peter whose recognition of Jesus as the Messiah was greeted by the excited approval of Jesus (Matthew 16:16-18).one who is really an angel or God appearing as a man. This means only that things which are fixed in God's counsels "exist" in a sense other than actual existence. and also on his followers (John 17:22). A verse in Revelation speaks of things "being" before they were created. The use of the verb "were" is interesting in light of an alternative reading in John 17:5 which speaks of "the glory which was with you. Acts and Peter is A HUMAN BEING originating at his "begettal" and birth as do all other human persons. Mark. Luke. Luke 12:28) and has no memory of being the agent in the Genesis creation. All Jews who looked forward to the Messiah fully expected him to be a human person -. According to Isaiah 44:24 God was unaccompanied at the original creation. Jesus in the Gospels attributes the creation to the Father (Mark 10:6. Matthew 1:23). Peter and John understood that the glory which Jesus already "had" is the same glory believers subsequent to the time of Jesus (and therefore not yet born when Jesus spoke) also "had been given" (John 17:22). The Gospel According to John. If Jesus had really been the creator of the Genesis heaven and earth. He was tempted. Deuteronomy 18:15-18 expressly says that the Messiah is to rise from a family in Israel.James 1:13. We must choose whether to understand the language of the New Testament as Americans or Europeans or as sympathetic to Jesus and his Jewish culture.much less God Himself! Though the Jews had not understood that the Messiah was to be born supernaturally. p. 1970. The "Rock" apostle (Peter) whom Jesus appointed to "feed my sheep" has given us a marvelous lesson in how to understand the meaning of preexistence as foreknowledge and predestination. 34 . even this miraculous begetting was in fact predicted (Isaiah 7:14. Mark and Luke -. thus creating a non-fully human Jesus.not an angel -.
. A fine statement of the Jewish understanding of "preexistence" is given by the Norwegian scholar. This attribution of pre-existence indicates religious importance of the highest order. 1:13.. Also note that Augustine -.. and that it is eternal. that it was created before the world.and many other early commentators -. but he did not make this purpose of creation known from the beginning of the world so that the nations might be found guilty. Rabbinic theology speaks of the Law. This is clear from the fact that Israel is included among these pre-existent entities. was present in His mind.This is true of references to the pre-existence of the Messiah. who was prepared from the beginning of the world to be the mediator of the covenant" (Testa ment of Moses. In Pesikta Rabbati 152b is said that 'from the beginning of the creation of the world the King Messiah was born. but that the community Israel. of Israel and of other important objects of faith. If Moses was decreed in the Plan of God. philosophically-minded "Church Fathers" that Jesus was either a second "member" of the Godhead (later orthodoxy) or a created angel (Arians and. "But the reference here is not to genuine pre-existence in the strict and literal sense. had been from all eternity in the mind of God..not the Messiah himself -.but not actually as a conscious person: "For this is what the Lord of the world has decreed: He created the world on behalf of his people. It is said that his name was present with God in heaven beforehand. and were already present with Him. John: "the Word was with God and was God"]. as a factor in His purpose.743). All things may then be said to have been created on behalf of the Christ. 14). His saving counsel and purpose.' This means that from all eternity it was the will of God that the Messiah should come into existence.' -. and should do his work in the world to fulfill God's eternal saving purpose" (p. before the creation of the world. in modern times. Out of respect for God's revealed Plan and in honor of the human Savior.. Mowinckel. Jehovah's Witnesses) launched the whole vexed problem of the nature of Christ in relation to the Godhead and put under a fog the true Messiahship of Jesus and his Messianic 35 . but the due unfolding and expression of God's own being [cp. This does not mean that either the nation Israel or its ancestor existed long ago in heaven. of God's throne of glory. the people of God.find NO EVIDENCE for literal preexistence in John 17:5. in his famous He Who Cometh -"That any expression or vehicle of God's will for the world. for he came up in the thought of God before the world was created. as things which had been created by God. A knowledge of the background to the New Testament reveals that Jews believed that even Moses "preexisted" in the counsels of God -.But he did design and devise me [Moses]. It is his 'name.' from the beginning is a natural way of saying that it is not fortuitous.that is said to have been present with God before creation. it makes perfect sense that the Messiah himself was the purpose for which God created everything. The same is also true of the Messiah. 334). we should seek to understand his identity in the context of his own Hebrew setting. The proposition introduced by Gentile. or His 'Word.
Note Deuteronomy 6:4. It was the Wisdom of God which existed from the beginning. A preexistent. Wisdom. if in fact he had always existed. It is far more reasonable to suppose that Paul agreed with Peter that the Messiah was hidden in the divine counsels and then revealed in the fullness of time. cp.. This explanation leaves intact the great cardinal doctrine that the One God is the Father and that Jesus is the Lord Messiah -. That important text in Deuteronomy actually states that the promised agent of God would not be the Lord God. A Messiah who is not a human being approximates much more closely to the pagan idea of preexisting souls and Gnostic "aions. 7:37)." It is most significant that Paul often speaks of the gospel as having been hidden in the counsels of God from "ages past.not a person. 1 Peter 1:20 and Revelation 13:8. of the Wisdom of God. Galatians 4:4). This is close to the idea of "the gods coming down in the likeness of men. That intrusion of paganism resulted in some very strange language about Jesus. He also says that the Son of God "came into existence" from a woman and from the seed of David (Romans 1:4. The creed of Jesus is the right creed for Christians (Mark 12:28ff). Acts 3:22.. as a human being. 1 Timothy 2:5. His "prehuman existence" signals the fact that he is really not a human being. If Wisdom is really a (male) Son of God. and that Wisdom became a person at the conception of Jesus. preexisting.Gospel about the Kingdom. He is the unique expression. It is unimaginable that Paul could have believed in the preexistence of the Son. 36 ." It was that early invasion of paganism which unfortunately began to corrupt the faith -. He has existed as an angel before being born." Such a Jesus sounds like a pagan savior figure. it is most unreasonable to claim that "Wisdom" in Proverbs (i. John 17:3 and 5:44. dwell with Prudence. There were many such cosmic saviors in the GraecoRoman world. The One God of Israel and of Jesus was and is the Father (John 17:3. 1 Timothy 2:5. The proof of this is found not only in all major commentaries but very clearly in the text itself. Titus 1:2..e. As so many scholars know." Finally.just as Peter and Paul warned in 2 Peter 2 and Acts 20:29-31. then who is Prudence? Preexisting purposes and personifications are all part of the literature of Judaism. "the only true God" (John 17:3). To worship a Savior with wrong ideas about him runs the risk of worshipping another Savior. whose identity was given long in advance of his birth. non-human Messiah is not. 2 Timothy 1:9. 1 Corinthians 8:4-6). John 5:44. the Son. but His spokesman (Deuteronomy 18:16. He was foreknown (1 Peter 1:20) and would arise from the House of Israel as an Israelite of the tribe of Judah (Deuteronomy 18:15-18. Colossians 1:26. It was the early Greek Church Fathers who confused the issue of Jewish/Christian monotheism by introducing the idea of a "numerically second God. It should not be difficult to discern that "Wisdom" here is a personification of a divine quality -. 1 Corinthians 8:4-6. Paul believed that "all things have been created in Jesus" (Colossians 1:15).not the Lord God." (Proverbs 8:12). that creed is not a Trinitarian creed. Jesus of Nazareth is what the Word (God's Wisdom) of John 1:1 became. It would be untrue to say that the Son came into existence at his birth. 17). Christians should be careful to claim allegiance to that Savior. But there was only one Messiah. "Lady Wisdom") was in fact Jesus. Mark 12:29ff. He did not say they had been created "by him." See Ephesians 3:9. "I.. "the One and only God" (John 5:44).
Wright.J.... the study of who Jesus is. He has always been alive and is Himself God. does not mean that they thought Jesus "was God..the metaphysics which helped to mold the Jesus of the Church Councils. When John is read in the light of his Hebrew background he provides no support for the doctrine of a Jesus who is "God the Son. we have to go back to those Scriptures" (C.J.nothing exists that He did not make" (John 1:1-2). and is involved in the whole religious belief and experience of the Hebrew Scriptures. Why should we attempt to read John as though he were a student of the Jew Philo or of Gentile mystery religion? Why should John be claimed as a supporter of the dogmatic conclusions of the much later Church Councils? Should we not make sense of him from the Old Testament world of ideas? "What we do know. To understand John (and the rest of the New Testament) we must pay close attention to John's cultural heritage which was not the world of Greek philosophy in which the dogmatic creeds were formed some three hundred years later." He decided on "deed... It is a considerable mistake to read John 1:1 as though it means "In the beginning was the Son of God and the Son was with the Father and the Son was God. "When John presents the eternal Word he was not thinking of a Being in any way separate from God.' The later dogmatic Trinitarian distinctions should not be read into John's mind.." This.. or some 'Hypostasis. with God. There is no doubt that for the early Christians Jesus "had the value and reality of God." A similar very misleading paraphrase in the Living Bible reads: "Before anything else existed. has to do with a reasoned statement about the relation of Jesus to the One God of Israel. We suggest that we should first see if John can be readily understood in terms of his otherwise very Jewish approach.John 1:1 Christology." says a leading Bible scholar. and his mind is his essential 37 .. the Thought. the Power or the Deed.. He created everything there is -.The evangelist John takes a well-known term logos. however. For a man's 'word' is the expression of his 'mind'. 707).We must not read John in the light of the dogmatic history of the three centuries subsequent to the Evangelist's writing" (C. What the evangelist wanted to say was: "The Creative Thought of God has been operating from all eternity. there was Christ. "Orthodoxy" claims John as its bridge to the world of Greek metaphysics -. "is that John was steeped in the Old Testament Scriptures. 1953." He comes very close to John's intention. unless we have some rapport with his mind. It is the most fitting term to express his message. THIS IS NOT WHAT JOHN WROTE! The German poet Goethe wrestled with a correction in translation: "In the beginning was the Word. "Jesus the Revelation of God.in the light of a philosophy which was not his. but unfolds what he himself means by it." an eternal uncreated Person in a triune godhead: "An author's language will confuse us." It has been held by some that John presents Jesus in metaphysical terms which would appeal to people in the Greek world who thought in terms of abstract ideas familiar to Hellenistic thought. Wright. p.. 677)." As a leading British Bible scholar wrote. p.The idea belonged to the Old Testament. Jesus the Revelation of God." in The Mission and Message of Jesus: An Exposition of the Gospels in the Light of Modern Research. does not define it.. If we wish to understand the historical ancestry of John's Logos [word] concept as he himself understood it.
" It is not difficult to understand that the Bible is abandoned when fundamental terms like Son of God are given new and unbiblical meanings. "By the time of the Council of Nicea in 325 CE.The evangelist did not think in terms of the category of 'substance' -..personality.e. and Alexandrian Christianity. They meant rather that these figures were imbued with divine spirit. heavily colored by neo-Plationic speculation. on the other.. In an illuminating article in Biblical Review J. 707. When later in the Gospel Jesus says. a great teacher.The Bishops of the councils should have realized that they had shifted ground from Hebrew metaphor to Greek ontology and in effect betrayed the real Jesus Christ... Thus the early theological debates from the middle of the second century on were largely between Antioch. From Nicea to Chalcedon the speculative and neo-Platonist perspective gained in creasing ground and became orthodox Christian dogma in 451 CE. The Church Councils under the influence of Greek speculative neo-Platonism replaced the New Testament Son of God with a God the Son fashioned by philosophy.. to express his conviction that God has ever been Active and Revealing Mind. For the most part.. and was Divine. or the Logos. the Jewish Christians' argument tended to be that they had known Jesus and his family and that he was a human being. "John's language is not the language of philosophical definition. 711). The failure to understand John [in his prologue] has led many to the conclusion that he is 'father of metaphysical [i. Harold Ellens points out that titles such as Son of God." It insisted on its dogmas. on pain of excommunication and damnation (the Athanasian Creed). twisted John's Gospel in an effort to make John fit into "orthodoxy's" 38 . one filled with the divine Logos.. Unfortunately. When a different meaning for a title is substituted for the original a new faith is created.Thus John speaks of the 'Word' that was with God.. this Alexandrian perspective of high Christology was dominant but not uncontested by the Antiochian perspective of low Christology. Nicean dogmatic "orthodoxy" lifted Jesus out of his Hebrew environment. a center of Jewish Christianity. That new faith became "orthodoxy. Thinking of a human as being God was strictly a Greek or Hellenistic notion.but that he was not divine in the ontological sense. pp. not to their being God. as the Alexandrians insisted. John has a 'concrete' and 'pictorial' mind. God. The arguments persisted in one form or another until Cyril of Alexandria's faction finally won the day for a highly mythologized Jesus of divine ontological being. for activity is the very nature of mind. Trinitarian] Christology. by His very nature.. on the one hand. 'My Father works up till now' he is saying what the Evangelist says in the first verse of the Prologue.. cannot sit in heaven and do nothing.. The creeds were speaking in Greek philosophical terms: the gospels were speaking in Second Temple Judaism terms.' and therefore responsible for the later ecclesiastical obscuration of the ethical and spiritual emphasis of Jesus. The titles referred to their function and character as men of God. Cyril was capable of murdering his fellow bishops to get his way. as used at the time when the New Testament was written -"were never meant to designate the figures to whom they were applied as divine beings..a category which was so congenial to the Greek mind" (ibid. Every mind must express itself.. what the theologians of the great ecumenical councils meant by such creedal titles as Son of God was remote from what those same titles meant in the Gospels.
Mark 12:28ff. and has sanctioned heinous crimes. Christians should adopt his Jewish creed in Mark 12:28ff. but He is the Lord Christ (Luke 2:11. Monotheism Neither Paul or any writer of the Bible ever stated that "there is One God: Father. A key to proper biblical understanding is to recognize that the Bible is a Jewish library of books and that Jesus was a Jew steeped in the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament). And so it has remained to this day. O Israel. For an illuminating example of misguided religious zeal and cruelty.. To own that his church has been wrong. Son and Holy Spirit. Inge. who is addressed as Adoni ("my Lord"). The hidden paganism in Christianity needs to be exposed.... other than God. 1939.. in Marian Hillar. the Son of the One God. 1997. It refers always to a human (or occasionally) angelic superior. 181). Adoni in its 167 occurrences never means the One God. That is the creed of Jesus and therefore the original and authentic Christian creed.To us there is One God. A Pacifist in Trouble." The Triune God -.philosophical mold.: "Hear.Psalm 110:1. The history of orthodoxy shows signs of a spirit which is far removed from the spirit of Jesus. His Father. the Father" (1 Corinthians 8:4. Out of respect and honor for Jesus the Messiah..The church has persecuted more cruelly than any other religion. He was appointed Lord and Messiah -. A revolution is needed to reverse this tragic process. see the account of Calvin's savage persecution and execution of the Spanish doctor and scholar who questioned the doctrine of the Trinity. It will come when Christians take personal responsibility for getting in touch with the Bible and investigating it with all the tools now at our disposal.appointed by God." God is one Lord.R. The words of Paul need careful consideration: "There is no God but one. One commentator asks: "How is it that the religion of love has been responsible for some of the worst cruelties and injustices that have ever disgraced humanity?. Jesus is the Lord of David of whom Psalm 110:1 speaks. his Father (Acts 2:34-36). 6:4. It is also the creed of Paul.. May we all joyfully embrace that creed and align ourselves with the Jesus the Messiah of history.. The average Catholic [and the same applies to many Protestants] relies on the infallibility of his Church. 39 . divine oracle quoted in the NT more than any other verse from the Hebrew Bible -. the Lord our God is one Lord. There is also one Lord Messiah. The two major players in the Bible are described in a precious. Jesus is another Lord. 6). Jesus (1 Corinthians 8:6)." No example out of thousands of occurrences of YEHOVAH (OT) and God (NT) can be shown to mean "God in two or three Persons.Our religious beliefs are propped up on the traditional scaffolding. which he has usually accepted without investigation.. Those who have questioned "orthodoxy" have often been roughly handled. and many of us are intensely annoyed if the stability of this scaffolding is called into question.is totally foreign to the Bible. but the creed knows of only one Lord who is God (Deut. The Case of Michael Servetus (1511-1553): The Turning Point in the Struggle for Freedom of Conscience. is almost impossible for him" (Dean W. That makes two Lords. There the One God "YEHOVAH" speaks to David's Lord.). pp.and the Biune God before the birth of Christ -. Psalm 110:1). 180.
" one whose entire description is the direct opposite of all that the Bible teaches us in relation to the Good Shepherd -And YEHOVAH said unto me. only one personality. John D. and his right eye shall be utterly darkened." This man is clearly the chief shepherd of an idolatrous and apostate church system. I will raise up a shepherd against the land: he shall not visit that which is perishing. nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat. and he shall not seek that which is scattered. in the Book of Zechariah we find a little known. Then. and his right eye shall be utterly darkened (Zechariah 11:15-17). For. Keyser Most people are acquainted with the concept of Yeshua as the Good Shepherd who gave up his life for the redemption of his Father's sheep. Take yet to thee shepherd's implements belonging to an unskillful shepherd. nor guide that which is whole: but he shall devour the flesh of the choice ones.The Idol Shepherd of Zechariah In the Book of Zechariah there is a little known prophecy about one who is called the "idol shepherd. Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm. In all the centuries since Zechariah. and he himself is an idol or object of worship within this system. behold. and even less understood. in the Jewish Tanakh. neither shall seek the young one. for the vain shepherds that have forsaken the sheep! the sword shall be upon the arms of such a one. lo. The Greek Septuagint version of the Old Testament renders these verses as follows: And YEHOVAH said to me. we read -40 .and no man can pluck them out of his hand. and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up. Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd. This article uncovers the truth about the "idol shepherd" and the blasphemous doctrines he promotes. or dynasty of men. prophecy about one who is described as being the "idol shepherd. which shall not visit those that be cut off. I will raise up a shepherd in the land. For. The sheep know his voice and they follow Yeshua as he leads them to eternal life -. However. fulfills this prophecy -. Alas. and shall dislocate the joints of their necks.THE POPES OF ROME. and tear their claws in pieces. and he shall not heal that which is bruised. nor heal that which is broken. and upon his right eye: his arm shall be completely withered.
obviously a reference to the House of Israel. By this heinous teaching -. the worthless shepherd who abandons the flock! Let a sword descend upon his arm and upon his right eye! His arm shall shrivel up. or place for departed spirits. his right eye shall go blind. divorced. one dynasty of men -. The Word of YEHOVAH -. 41 . more clearly described by the use of the all-important expression: the IDOL shepherd. In order to demonstrate this more clearly. sustain the flock or minister to the very needs of those who are "lost sheep" -. This false shepherd is indicted first of all for the tasks he has failed to do: He has failed to heal the injured. His system of idolatry. we will go on to examine YEHOVAH's judgment pronounced upon the idol shepherd. Oh. Feeding Himself at the Expense of the Flock Roman Catholicism is not merely a monolithic religious system. 2. nor heal the injured. Following this."not My people. nor seek the strayed. but who are not perfect (pretty much most of us!) must suffer purification in a mythical intermediate state.the very thing Yeshua said was the root of every evil. In these few verses Zechariah warns us against one false. feeding himself and those loyal to him. Feeding himself at the expense of the flock. shows that he is in fact a stranger to. this false shepherd has taken care of his own needs and desires." Instead.the Church of Rome teaches that all who die at peace with the church.which came by such prophets as Isaiah. the cast off. In all the centuries since the time of Zechariah until now. or a world-wide political conspiracy.one who by his total inability to perform the duty of a spiritual shepherd. dispersed people of YEHOVAH.YEHOVAH said to me further: Get yourself the gear of a foolish shepherd. cruel and deceptive shepherd in particular -. we must now look at the IDOL SHEPHERD -1. but he himself is actually set up as an IDOL -. He himself as an idol. the good news of the Kingdom of YEHOVAH. 3. it is also a system based upon greed and the love of money -. Jeremiah and Ezekiel -. Truly it can be said that the popes of Rome have "feasted on the flesh of the fat"! One of the chief means by which the Papacy has enriched itself at the expense of the people is by means of the pagan doctrine of Purgatory.frequently warns us against such false shepherds who are nothing but wolves in sheep's clothing. and an enemy of. nor sustain the frail. He is not merely the chief shepherd of an idolatrous and apostate church system.first proclaimed an Article of Faith in 1439 by the Council of Florence and subsequently confirmed in 1548 by the Council of Trent -.fits the description given: THE POPES OF ROME. only one person -.or object of worship within that system. while at the same time discarding YEHOVAH's true flock and actually turning upon the flock and devouring them. For I am going to raise up in the land a shepherd who will neither miss the lost [sheep].or to be more accurate. put away for their sins and described by the prophet Hosea as Lo Ammi -. Devouring the flock. 4. then. This personality is. hirelings who seek to deceive and destroy the very elect of YEHOVAH. but will feast on the flesh of the fat ones and tear off their hoofs.
wearing the Agnus Dei. In case anyone thinks this rotten practice of indulgences ended with the Middle Ages.pardons for sin that can be earned or purchased in this life.The Creed of Pope Pius IV states -"I constantly hold that there is a Purgatory. the superabundant merits of the saints. or the Society of the Perpetual Novena." Indulgences can be bought for saying the Rosary. 42 . by this cruel deceit. in order to obtain their quick release from the prison house of souls. in order to release their unfortunate loved ones whom they believe to be in this place of torment.the IDOL SHEPHERD of Zechariah -.is a remission of the whole. AND. Frequently during their lifetime. And.is set aside by faithful Catholics when alive." This very Satanic doctrine has often been referred to as "pick-pocket purgatory" and the "gold mine of the Papacy" because. and that the souls detained are helped by the suffrages of the faithful.. Money -. deceived Roman Catholics will pay the priest to say special masses to release the souls from Purgatory. devout Catholics will go on pilgrimages to IDOL-SHRINES and supposed holy places.. It was this horribly corrupt practice. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican." Bellarmine taught that -"There is absolutely no doubt that the pains of purgatory. which is made up of the infinite redemptive merits of Jesus Christ. 442). Albigenses and Waldenses" (Catholic Dictionary. that impelled Martin Luther to nail his famous Ninety-Five Theses to the church door in Wittenburg and thus launch the Reformation in Europe. let us read what the authoritative Twentieth Century Roman Catholic book The Question Box has to say -"An Indulgence. all of these things can be obtained at a price! Salvation is for sale in the Roman Church and. In times past Indulgences were even given to those who murdered Protestants and Church of God brethren in the name of the Catholic Church -"a plenary Indulgence was offered to all who took up arms against the Hussites. of course." Thomas Aquinas claimed that -"It is the same fire that torments the reprobate in Hell and the just in Purgatory. or you can share in the storehouse of merit by joining the Confraternity of the Miraculous Medal. advocated throughout Germany by the monk Tetzel in order to raise money for the building of St.has amassed a fortune running into the billions.. or part of the temporal punishment due to forgiven sin.. p.often large amounts -. Closely linked with the doctrine of Purgatory is the belief in INDULGENCES -. or the Scapular of the Blessed Simon Stock. hoping to earn merit which will reduce the time spent in purgatory. the Papacy -.endure for entire centuries. granted by the Pope and the Bishops out of the Church's spiritual treasure.
admirable sanctity. and burned alive in the market place of Consenza. I wonder what sort of "spiritual court" they are talking about here? Certainly NOT YEHOVAH's court! In addition to such "legalized" persecution. as we shall see. the Catholic Church was responsible for inciting crusades. V 441).. Lourdes. Mazzone. the Roman Catholic Church has reaped rich financial rewards from such events as the "Holy Year" and pilgrimages to shrines. was stripped naked. fits perfectly into Zechariah's description of he "shall dislocate the joints of their necks" -. and the mangled frame then beaten to death with lighted brands.which provided that heretics convicted before a spiritual court and refusing to recant. This.tearing in pieces those who fall under his control. still breathing. saying -"Far from being inhuman. spiritually deluded flock. Devouring the Flock Not only is the Papacy of Rome a system which is characterized by inordinate greed. they (the Inquisitors) were as a rule. the accused were denied all legal representation and they never knew the identity of their accusers. twentieth century Roman Catholic spokesmen have defended them. The burning of heretics was first decreed in the Seventh Century and the bloodthirsty Inquisition was established by the Pope of Rome to stamp out all opposition to his dictatorial rule and his false doctrines. Another martyr. Fatima and even places like Knock in Ireland. As his mangled body.g. lay on the 43 . Some victims were flayed alive. And -"There is nothing exceptionally cruel or intolerant about the statute. wars and civil wars which resulted in the cruel slaughter of more tens of thousands of Protestants and Church of God people. his body shredded with iron whips. There can be little doubt that the IDOL SHEPHERD in the Vatican has fed and enriched himself and his hierarchy at the expense of his poor..not a few have been canonized by the Church" (Catholic Encyclopedia... These have become big financial tourist businesses. and some flung from a tower summit..was used for days on end to obtain confessions -.In addition to this. In the book The Israel of the Alps we read in detail of the fierce persecution of the Vaudois or Waldensians by the forces of the IDOL SHEPHERD. e.and those convicted were usually tortured again after their trials in order to obtain evidence against their family and friends. Far from repenting of these disgusting crimes.including stretching people on the rack and "dislocating their necks" -. corruption and vast wealth.. One of the latter named Samson. were to be handed over to the secular arm and burnt" (ibid. men of spotless character and. but it is a system infamous for its cruelty and persecuting zeal. At its tribunals. was a young man of prodigious strength. This Inquisition was responsible for burning and torturing MILLIONS of Protestant and Church of God martyrs. Torture of the most horrific kind -. Here are a few extracts to illustrate our point: One Bernadino Cento was covered with pitch. VIII 31)..
" As the idolatrous practices spread and increased throughout so-called Christendom.D. at the Second Council of Nicea. His System of Idolatry Not only is Catholicism a system of cruelty and greed. Tullyvallen and Mountain Lodge Pentecostal Church.. "Let the pigs come and eat him. and the poor creature had to suffer the pain of his flesh being torn from his body by the unclean beasts. in 431 A.infamous for its worship of the goddess Diana -." Soon the barbarous order was executed. The worship of images. cut out his tongue and chopped off the fingers and thumb of his right hand. On the night of February 1. "What carrion is this?" "It is a heretic who will not die. killing the heads of Protestant households.A. it was in this very area that Catholics slew several Protestant families in one night in 1922 in the infamous "Slaughter of Altnaveigh" and it is in this same district of South Armagh that the Roman Catholic terrorists of the I. hence the inspired Zechariah calls the Papacy the IDOL SHEPHERD.. Not improving with time. where Protestants were slain as they worshipped. and the "Catholic Reaction Force" have waged a war of genocide over the past many years.the most shocking barbarities were perpetrated in the County of Louth and neighbouring counties. set on him by a beast more unclean and foul than they. I. Since the days of the 1641 massacre the land of Ireland has witnessed many wars of genocide designed to drive the Protestant population into the sea.R. These attacks culminated in what is called the Forkhill Massacre. all this began to change. The heathen temples became "Christian" churches. Her brother also had his tongue cut out and the calves of his legs hacked away.." was the answer.L. With a kick at the dying man's head. but the chief characteristic of the whole Papal organization is BASE IDOLATRY. cattle maimed and crops destroyed. the Viceroy passed and inquired.an injury from which she died. 1791. and also hacked off her breasts -. a gang of armed Roman Catholics burst into his home. now evolved into the worship of the Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven.ground.Rome never changes. the Viceroy said. the early Christians chose martyrdom rather than participate in idolatry.A. and participating in such bloody atrocities as the massacres of Whitecross. Without a doubt -.D.the Protestant schoolmaster in the village of Forkhill in South Armagh." The historian Sibbett records that -civilians were mistreated. which had originated in the city of Babylon and spread to pagan Rome as the cult of Cybele. declared Mary to be the "Mother of God. a fiendish attack by Catholics on the home of Alexander Barclay -..that a Church Council. In one year the Defenders plundered the homes of 180 Protestant families. One such time of murder and mayhem occurred during the 1790s when the Irish Protestants suffered cruelly at the hands of the Roman Catholic persecutors called the "Defenders. It was in the city of Ephesus -. idols and religious relics is a heathen practice clearly forbidden in the Word of YEHOVAH. They did the same to his wife. The pagan worship of the mother goddess. But when Christianity became the state religion under Constantine. 44 . the pagan idols were given the names of Saints and were soon being venerated. they received official legality in 788 A. For some three centuries after Yeshua.N.
. "The Commandment does not forbid the making of images" (The Catechism. Canon Cafferata).We adore thy Cross. and of the Saints. and that due honour and veneration are to be given to them" (Creed of Pope Pius IV). Also -"It is also right to honour the sacred images of Jesus Christ. but the decrees of the church make its position crystal clear -"I most firmly assert that the images of Christ and the Mother of God...To be given to God..and also of the other saints. "The Saints..To be given to the Virgin Mary. and seek to conceal this by splitting the Tenth into two parts. HYPERDULIA -. LATRIA -. DULIA -.In these Ecumenical times. In the Good Friday Service of Adoration of the Cross. Catholic handbooks and manuals of worship clearly expose the facts..Come let us adore.. O Cross!" In St.. Many Roman Catholic Catechisms purposely omit the Second Commandment forbidding image worship.). we read -"Behold the wood of the Cross -.the Church requires the relics of the Saints to be inserted in all altars where Holy Mass is offered" (Students Catholic Doctrine by C. the Vatican seeks to conceal and deny idol worship within its church..Sweet wood. 3. 2.We also honour the relics of the Saints" (Compendium of Pope Pius X). In spite of all denials to the contrary....To be given to the Saints.together with Christ are to be honoured and invoked because they offer prayers to God for us" (ibid. we also honour them indirectly in their relics and images.Hail then. Rome even seeks to divide worship into three distinct types: 1. are to be had and retained. their relics are to be venerated" (Creed of Pope Pius IV).. sweet nails.. And further -"The Saints reigning together with Christ are to be honoured and invocated that they offer up prayers to God for us. Patrick's Roman Catholic Cathedral of New York can be found the following prayer to Saint Theresa -45 . Hert). Not to be outdone by the Papacy we find the following -"Besides honouring the Saints directly in themselves.
and the Blue Army of Our Lady of Fatima.." Catholic idolatry reaches new heights in the worship of the Virgin Mary. The book The Glories of Mary." The devotion goes on: "Little Theresa of the Child Jesus."Saint Theresa who.by her powerful intercession.cast a glance of pity on us as we leave all things in thy hands.became a mirror of angelic purity. we are told -"The person who finds this prayer should copy it 20 times. The present Pope John Paul II has made a point of visiting idolatrous Marian shrines around the world to show his devotion to this pagan tradition." What blasphemy! We could go on and on to give many more examples of blasphemous and idolatrous worship of the Virgin. hands and face -- 46 . The Cardinals in their Scarlet and Purple Vestments. to obtain for us the graces we yearn for. Peter's Basilica. And. In May 1982 he visited the Fatima Shrine in Portugal to show his gratitude to Our Lady of Fatima for supposedly saving his life from assassins the previous year. he held a special ceremony in Rome to consecrate the entire world to Mary. by the Roman Catholic "Saint" Alphonsus Liguari... speak a word for us to our Lady Immaculate.. the Pope. The Archconfraternity of Our Mother of Perpetual Help. 1984. than on Jesus. the Saints and their images and relics -. your prayers will be answered. adorned with three crowns. Ruler of the World and Vicar of Jesus Christ on earth.beg her as Queen.. goes as far as to state: "We often obtain more promptly what we ask by calling on Mary. On the 11th time. the Pope is lifted up by the Cardinals and made to sit upon the High Altar in St. These include The Legion of Mary. When the Pope is crowned the following words are addressed to him -"Receive this Tiara." At the enthronement of this so-called Vicar of Yeshua.. remember your promise to make good things on earth.. Make our troubles your own." To add to this blasphemy.but this article would get out of hand if we did! The Pope Himself As an Idol! Probably the very depths of idolatry are reached in the iniquity of Romanism with the worship of a sinful man. and know that Thou art Father of Kings and Princes. kneel before the newly elected Pontiff and kiss his feet. on March 25. Special groups are set up within Roman Catholicism to encourage Marian devotion. and bring it to a church each time. Drop your shower of roses over all in need.. Roman Catholics are encouraged to participate in the Rosary devotions in which ten times as many prayers are given to Mary as to YEHOVAH. The Central Association of the Miraculous Medal.
he ceases to be merely a false shepherd and becomes the IDOL SHEPHERD OF ZECHARIAH'S PROPHECY. The prophet writes that -"The sword shall be upon his arm and upon his right eye." There was a time when the popes of Rome ruled over Western Europe. The Doom of the Idol Shepherd Zechariah leaves us on a note of encouragement -. we especially venerate. his feet. to whom the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven are committed. his arm shall be clean dried up. hands and face are kissed.where Job declares that he has not been guilty of joining in the pagan practice of kissing his hand to the sun." There can be no doubt that the whole dynasty of popes fulfills the prophecy of the IDOL SHEPHERD. and it can be found mentioned in Job 31:27 -. is kept and adored. all the knees which have not bowed to Baal.worshipping him as a god. whom the angels in Heaven adore. and every mouth which hath not kissed him" (1 Kings 19). veneration and worship that can be given to a mortal man. ruler of the world. head of the church. Kissing as a religious exercise is one of the oldest known forms of idolatry. It should therefore be obvious that the kissing of the Pope is nothing but a continuation of the ancient idolatrous worship associated with the heathen god Baal. the following words were addressed to him: "Most Holy and blessed father. We should also note that the kissing of idols and images was practiced by the worshippers of Baal in the days of Elijah." 47 . Peter's Basilica is the very place where the Reserved Sacrament. Rome's Wafer God of flour and water which they inform us has been changed into the body and blood of Yeshua. and his eye shall be utterly darkened. accepting the highest place of honor. It is important to realize that the High Altar in St. worship and adore thee. At the coronation of Pope Innocent X. It is also interesting to note that while sitting as a god above the High Altar. Listen to what YEHOVAH actually told the prophet -"I have left me seven thousand in Israel. This takes place at least five times during the ceremony. Such was the power of the Papacy that one particular pope boasted: "I can do almost all that God can do. and all the world adores. holding undisputed sway and excommunicating and overthrowing kings and emperors at will. and the gates of hell fear. which is called the Adoration. When the Pope is enthroned ABOVE the High Altar and its Wafer God.assuring us that the IDOL SHEPHERD is destined to doom and destruction.
Criticism. Internally. is redefined as rebellion. Telltale Signs of A Cult 1. 48 . Attempts to leave the group or reveal embarrassing facts about the group or its leaders are met with threats. priest or pastor. YEHOVAH's Word. "For there is no other name under heaven given among men by which [or through which] we must be saved" (Acts 4:12). We are living in the prophetic era which will see the "stripping and burning" of the harlot church system spoken of in Revelation 17 and 18.both intellectual and social. Salvation cannot be found in any pope. obedience and submission is vigilantly maintained. not in any image. or maintains a critical stance regarding established Christianity while consistently praising and exalting its own leaders and ministry. Refugees of the group are faced with confrontations by cult adherents who encourage or coerce them back into the group's control. and both of these have indeed been darkened. 10.Taken from William F. France and Italy -. 8. Dankenbring's Prophecy Flash magazine. consumed and dried up since the time of the Reformation. 9. It encourages isolation -. It exercises control by the leadership of the private lives of group members. many of the special privileges granted to the Vatican by Mussolini under the Lateran Treaty of 1929 were stripped away. 6. It teaches that the group is the only true church. Soon Yeshua will return to gather up the lost sheep of the House of Israel and his Father YEHOVAH will return shortly thereafter in His Shekinah Glory to finally destroy what remains of the Papal IDOL SHEPHERD by the "brightness of His coming. resulting in almost total absorption on one's life into its activities. even if constructive. Portugal. Demonstrations of loyalty to the leader and to the group are expected.are now democratic countries within the framework of modern Europe. saint or miraculous medal.The arm and the eye of the IDOL SHEPHERD symbolize the spiritual and political power of the Papacy. has been freely distributed leading multitudes of Roman Catholics out of the cage of the IDOL SHEPHERD and into the fold of YEHOVAH's true church. The nations that once wielded the sword on behalf of the Vatican -. exclusive ministry. 7. It discourages dissent or any questioning of the leaders teachings or directives. 5. 3. 2.Spain. Use of intimidation by warning that members who leave the group will go to hell or suffer some other calamity. -. Emphasis on authority. 4. the Bible. It requires that members give substantial portions of their income to the group or leaders. In February 1984." Until that day we must continue our witness to all people that salvation is to be found in YEHOVAH God alone through His High Priest Yeshua the Messiah. revelation or position of authority from YEHOVAH. Emphasis is on loyalty to the church. the modern Papacy faces revolt and dissent at every turn within the ranks of both clergy and laity. It promotes leaders who claim a special. idol.
" This is Moffatt's rendering of the relevant passage in the 47th chapter of Ezekiel. It is difficult for these to be recognized after the millennia of transition. Scotland was inhabited by a multitude of clans. to be his successor. recited the genealogy in Gaelic. The Celtic Church followed the same Israelite custom. The ancient Highland Games are still popular. Tribal bards were still in existence in many clans as late as the 18th century. The family is.the genealogist of the Chief's house. "An Clarsair" -. 49 . of course. whether they approve or not. bards and lawgivers -. The inauguration of a new chief was a richly traditional service. Although scattered throughout the world. At Iona. dramatically describing in verse the exploits of the chief's ancestors and the history of the clan. Then the bard gave an oration. falling on bended knee.the district king. of royal blood. the clans of Israel. The ancient office of RiSeannachie with supreme jurisdiction in genealogy and preserving the royal pedigree evolved into the present Lord Lyon King of Arms. A dying chief would call for his successor and bestow his blessing upon him. each with its territory. It is mysteriously exemplified in the Nature of God in the Person of the Father and the son.were an order of hierarchy organised in a college under a chief Druid. A religious service was held with an address suited to the occasion. Community life is organised under the rule of hereditary chiefs descended from the original founder. The chief. "Am Bard" -.the sword or armour-bearer. Head of the Clan A clan chief had his "Ard Chillean an Tighe" (gentleman of the household). like Homer's Achaeans and Danaans. but the changes which they have undergone through the centuries cannot conceal them from the Omniscient Creator. "An Gille More" -. nine were of the same family as Columba who was. "Am Fear Sporain" the treasurer. clan societies still keep the ancient loyalties and traditions alive. at least. Then he proclaimed: "The blessing of God on thee. There was no democratic election of chiefs: the chief himself appointed his successor. It relates easily to ancient Scottish usage.priests. this Divinely ordained system has continues through the ages and still survives. chief and Druid. and consisting of kinsfolk who are united by blood relationship in a common lineage. God's people of Israel. In pre-Christian times. the Divinely ordained nucleus of human society. dressed in white. The chiefs came under the provincial righ -. the ancient tongue of the Highlander still thrives. "Am Fear Braitaich" -. as the yearly mod testifies. just as Jacob did to his sons. Then the Seannachie delivered the insignia. Gaelic. The Druids -. of the first eleven abbots. were not democratic. The Scriptures make it clear that the clan is Divinely ordained. In the Ezekiel prophecy and the Revelation vision. The Hebrew word Moed means an assembly. "An Cleasaiche" -. faithful successors of Israel's Levites.the harper. the clan system is shown as being intact at the end of the age with the twelve gates of the New Jerusalem named after the clans of Israel. are divided into clans descended from the sons of Jacob. The destiny of His Israelites in the present Latter Days is foretold according to their clans. was led to the stone and presented to the assembled clan. and must ever be. "Am Piobaire" -. "Clan" simply means "children" as being the natural extension of the family. generally consisting of "A Seanachaidh" -. Could anything be more positive? In Scotland. It took place at a sacred stone (a true Israelite custom indeed) on which was carved the clan's heraldic emblem." The clansmen shouted: "God bless him!" Then the chief gave an oath to be a loving father to the people. but aristocratic. This ordered development of the family has never been superseded by God. The Scottish clans. the rod and sword to the new chief and.the piper.the bard. Columba chose his cousin Baithene.the jester.the standard-bearer. "An Cupair" -the cup-bearer.The House of Israel Scotland's Clans Parallels with Patriarchal Practice in Israel "This land you must divide among yourselves.
Athenian shepherds played bagpipes and ancient historians claim that they were invented in Arcadia. and he shall yield royal dainties. In their ministry. The law of succession amongst the clans was closely related to the Divine law of succession given to Israel and recorded in the 27th chapter of Numbers. Another was discovered in ancient Nineveh. being a family with the chief as its father. surely. as with the Zelophehal law in ancient Israel. The Celtic Church was a clan church: hereditary and monarchistic rather than episcopal. The traditions of both the Druids and the Celtic Church were deeply rooted in their past and many of them go back. thistles and battle-axes are undoubtedly Scriptural emblems used by Israel. The ancient name for the instrument was pythaula. the king -. arrows. Their religion was closer to Christianity than was any other.six. Experts agree that armory began on tribal standards and was reproduced on shields. The wearing of tartan by the clergy was banned by the Reformers who. was found at Tarsus. One possible reason for this high standard of the Celtic clergy is that many of them had been Druids from noble families. Virgil describes the tartan garments worn by the Celts: "Their cloaks are striped and shining.W.C." Just what is meant by "royal dainties" is uncertain.F. -. A stone found near Boness in 1870 showed a party of Roman soldiers dressed in kilts being led by a piper. as we read in Genesis 49:20. In the Communion.five. unfortunately." Tartan. the blessing of Asher does promise him some pleasant things. Any attempt to introduce the Euro-Babylonian Salic Law in Scotland has inevitably been repudiated as alien to her traditions. Under Celtic law women could own land and a woman could be a chief. galleys. The heraldry of the Scottish clans is considered by many to be the purest in Europe.perhaps prematurely -. The original use of tartan in this manner perhaps throws light on the seemingly unaccountable jealousy aroused by the "coat of many colours" bestowed -. Finlayson The Tribal Emblems of Israel Though short. Of course. A Greek sculpture shows a piper. to the clans of Jacob -his tribe of Israel. the serpent. A similar portrayal is found on Greek coins. stars. as the sculptured stones testify. The coming of Christianity did not greatly affect clan customs. characterised by respect and dignity without servility. the eagle. the clergy of the Scottish Church wore a tartan robe consisting of eight colours to signify that when engaged in spiritual matters their power was above that of the king. A terracotta dated 200 B. the unicorn." Many references to such standards are found in ancient Celtic poetry and history. a man's status within the clan was shown by the number of colours he wore. The aristocracy of the clans was similar to that of Homer's ancient Greeks with their intimate relationship between nobles and people.two. "Out of Asher his bread shall be fat..seven. Druids -. Many of the emblems found in clan heraldry -the lion. We know from Scripture that the tribes of Israel had standards with emblems appropriate to "their father's house. officers -. The ancient Celtic Church continued the tradition and the clergy wore a quiet tartan. Historians have compared the Druids and Celtic clergy with the Levitical priesthood. An old tradition relates that the shepherds who were present at the Nativity expressed their joy on the bagpipes.hereditary standardbearer. Some historians believe that they were used in the Temple at Jerusalem. dressed like a Scottish Highlander. but in that day it seems that they would 50 . many Celts served in the Roman armies. a word of ancient Greek origin. the bull. mountains. the hart. the sacred vessels were covered with two tartan veils which related the sacrament to the clan. It is significant that the Celtic word is piob-mhala. were unable to discern between Roman and Celtic traditions.three. Chieftainship of a clan was transmissible through a female. Servants wore one colour. The distinctive Highland dress did not originate in Scotland but was brought by early colonisers. farmers -. The snobbery which has so bedevilled modern society had no place in the patriarchal benevolence of the clan. on which was portrayed a piper. It is obvious that there was little opposition by the Druids to Christianity. Eventually the chieftain's tartan became that of the clan and was worn by all its members. chieftain -. encouraged a personal relationship between its members which was very different from the modern development of the State with its impersonal bureaucratic control. Joseph. the wolf. The bagpipes have been a favourite instrument with the Scots from earliest times.by Jacob on his favourite son. with centuries of hereditary religious tradition behind them.The clan. Every clan chieftain had his An Brataich -.
it is important to note that. These were not the official emblems of the tribes and. In considering the blessing given to Joseph we must remember that his descendants were divided into two tribes. Moses said: "His glory is like the firstling of his bullock. was a Laden Ass. as recorded in verse 27: "Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey. which then became his official emblem. the Unicorn and the Horn becoming the emblems of the Tribe of Ephraim. It had no harbour and apparently did not touch the sea at any point. in view of other statements in the Bible referring to Israel as an Olive Tree (Romans 11:24). even a fruitful bough by a well. Here Joseph is likened to an Ox and to a Unicorn. objects and other things mentioned in Jacob's prophetic blessings of his sons. and emphasis on." In this blessing Benjamin is definitely likened to a wolf. It would seem. the blessing given to Joseph was in part inherited by both of these tribes. the youngest of his sons. Ephraim and Manasseh. We should also note the repetition of. Strangely enough. 33:17).include wine. In the next verse enemy archers are said to shoot at Joseph and. a covered Cup or Goblet. and thus to ships. Later. and which became the emblem of the tribe descended from him. and hated him: but his bow abode in strength. it follows that there is an implied relationship between him and some Arrows. Of him it states: "Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens. a Unicorn and a Horn. and in part divided between them. as in the case of Simeon. and he shall be for an haven of ships. some Arrows." Those listed under the heading "Secondary Emblems" are the additional likenesses mentioned in connection with some of the tribes in the blessings given by Jacob and later by Moses or. and his border shall be unto Zidon. It says: "Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea. The part of the blessing which concerns our study is recorded in verses 22-24. The blessing given to Issachar is recorded in verse 14. and so a wolf became the emblem of Benjamin and of the tribe descended from him. In blessing Benjamin. after Zebulun had left Palestine." we see the official emblems of the Twelve Tribes as displayed on their ensigns in accordance with the command: "Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch. whose branches run over the wall: the archers have sorely grieved him. and the Olive Branch and a Bundle of Arrows the emblems of the Tribe of Manasseh. therefore. the word "horns. or to some personal characteristic. some of them were likened or related to more than one. the alternate was to represent Zebulun as a Ship. and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob. some of the tribes had only one emblem while others had two or more. and at night he shall divide the spoil. From this came Asher's emblem. they were adopted to commemorate some historic event." Joseph is here likened to a Bough or Branch. which. The blessing given to Zebulun is recorded in verse 13. and so a Ship became the emblem of the Tribe of Zebulun. In considering the various animals. it certainly relates him to a haven or harbour and to ship traffic. and shot at him. a Unicorn and a Horn. an Ox. Jacob said. and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim and the thousands of Manasseh" (Deut. in his blessing of the descendants of Joseph. under the heading "Primary Emblems. therefore. we see that Joseph is likened or related to: an Olive Branch. As it would be difficult to picture either a harbour or ship traffic on an ensign or banner. has always been understood to be an Olive Branch. with the Ox. When these are added to the things to which he is likened in the blessing given him by his father Jacob. In the list. the territory allotted to the Tribe of Zebulun in ancient Israel was inland. These were then inherited by and divided between Joseph's two sons. Consequently." Although this does not actually liken him to any animal or object. and this would require a cup or some similar vessel to put it in. where we read: "Joseph is a faithful bough. 51 . bearing the names of his two sons Ephraim and Manasseh. however.with the ensign of their father's house... while each of them was likened or related to some one animal or object. as the archers shoot arrows. that this blessing was prophetic of some future time." In the blessing given by Moses. Consequently." Here we see that the animal to which he is likened. we see that Joseph is likened or related to an Ox. These are listed on the next page.
But if we find a people. 52 . with the leaders of those nations. and a Grape Vine DAN A Horse. or until very recently have been. That all of these would survive the early emigration from Israel. descendants of "lost" Israel. through intermarriage. however. As history records few. instances of a family. at least in part. Nevertheless. at least nineteen are. these secondary emblems would not be forgotten. -. emblems of one or another section of the Celto-Saxon people.W. Thus the total number of tribal emblems actually used was twenty-two. we find a people using two or three of these emblems.THE EMBLEMS OF THE TWELVE TRIBES Primary REUBEN SIMEON JUDAH DAN NAPHTALI GAD A Man A Sword A Lion A Serpent A Hind or Stag The Leader of a Troop (sometimes a number of Tents) ASHER A Covered Goblet ISSACHAR An Ass under a Burden ZEBULUN A Ship MANASSEH An Olive Branch EPHRAIM An Ox BENJAMIN A Wolf so far as we have been able to discover. were not ordinarily used. Today -. It moved westwards with the migrations through the territories known to antiquity as "Scythia. Later. in some cases. A count of the emblems as listed above shows twelve official or primary emblems and twelve secondary ones. Actually. the lions listed as secondary emblems of Dan and Gad.most of their thrones having been "cast down. They marched. Bennett The Emblem of Royal Judah Judah was the leading tribe of the "brigade" which included Issachar and Zebulon. The Royal Lion of Judah was the emblem of emblems. then their Israelitish origin is no longer a possibility or even a probability. and the Number 13 EPHRAIM A Unicorn.it stands supreme as the chief heraldic symbol of the surviving House of Judah in Britain and the Commonwealth. tribe or people willfully adopting the emblem of Secondary REUBEN SIMEON JUDAH A Body of Water A Castle Gate Three Lions. the later downfall and deportation of the Israel nation and nearly three thousand years of war." as prophesied by Daniel -. If." It appeared. secondary emblems of one tribe became the recognized emblem of a group of tribes. it is a certainty. and camped together on the east side of Israel's foursquare Wilderness complex. Yet the amazing thing is that of these twenty-two tribal emblems of ancient Israel. and a Lion GAD A Lion MANASSEH A Bundle of Arrows. a Sceptre. their Israelitish origin becomes something more than a possibility. using nearly all of these emblems and that they have done so as far back as their historical records and legends go. they were used by a section of a tribe to distinguish it from the rest and. were not used during the early years of Israel's history. if any. or group of related peoples. in one or two cases. it follows that if we find people using one of Israel's tribal emblems today it is certainly possible that they are.H. being indistinguishable from Judah's primary emblem. and a Lion anyone else as their own. separation and migration is very unlikely.
and was refreshed. for a perpetual covenant. and hallowed it. to keep it holy." 53 . and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work. it was made when man was made -.for all human beings everywhere on earth. Notice Exodus 31:14-17: "Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore. nor thy daughter. but for man -. nor thy cattle." Sabbath a Special Sign The Sabbath is very special to YEHOVAH. for it is holy unto you.Rejoice in YEHOVAH's Sabbath Day! Many ask. And God blessed the seventh day. Six days shalt thou labour. the sea and all that in them is. "It is a SIGN between me and the children of Israel forever: for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth. we read YEHOVAH's instruction about the Sabbath -. thou. nor thy maidservant." In Exodus 20:8-11.. Since the Sabbath was made for man. It is a memorial of creation -.during creation week.Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath. and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth. Yeshua the Messiah said. nor thy son.a special sign -identifying YEHOVAH as Creator and those who keep it as His people. and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day. and on the seventh day he rested. He didn't say it was made for the Jew. thy manservant. Read the account in Genesis 2:2-3: "And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made.. and not man for the sabbath" (Mark 2:27). and he RESTED on the SEVENTH DAY from all his wok which he had made. "The sabbath was made for man. to observe the sabbath throughout their generations. "How should I keep YEHOVAH's Sabbath day?" This article gives you the principles that will enable you to observe YEHOVAH's Sabbath day as He intended.the fourth of YEHOVAH's Ten Commandments or Words: "Remember the sabbath day..
even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day. Notice: "Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths. they believed. They became known as Gentiles. By contrast.But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness. After the death of Nehemiah. not by the enunciation of general principles. and it shall not be quenched" (Jeremiah 17:27). The result was the sacking and destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans. and did not our God bring all this evil upon us. But even then.. Men Make Sabbath a Burden Upon receiving Nehemiah's correction most of the people repented and began observing YEHOVAH's Sabbath.. He would destroy the city. religionists in their zeal to keep the Sabbath holy began to legislate in minute detail what a person could and could not do on the Sabbath day.. many began to break the Sabbath.and my sabbaths they greatly polluted. They established thirty-nine (39) main categories of prohibited work alone. "But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day. We must tell the people what they may do and what they may not do." said the Pharisees. They continued to break the Sabbath. says on page 28: "Uniformity. in his book A Guide to the Sabbath. Rabbi Solomon Goldman." And the Pharisees did just that. human nature has a tendency of going to extremes. The people did not listen. could be achieved. but by sharp and detailed demarcation of the areas of what is 54 . They ignored it and trampled all over it. and failed to observe the Sabbath.ancient Israel -. understanding and wisdom to do that." (Ezekiel 20:12-13). and not to bear a burden. Because of this sin... This was done to effect a norm for Sabbath observance that would be universal. What evil thing is this that ye do. the leading religious party. Nehemiah "contended with the nobles of Judah.. YEHOVAH's people -. After a number of years YEHOVAH brought some of the House of Judah back to Jerusalem. The people rebuilt the city and acknowledged the Sabbath. and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem.. and upon this city? yet ye bring more wrath upon Israel by profaning the sabbath" (Nehemiah 13:17-18). and said unto them. the ten tribes of the House of Israel went into captivity and lost their identity. then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof.Throughout much of their history. YEHOVAH had given the people basic spiritual principles and expected them to apply those principles accordingly. Speaking of the rabbis who enacted these rules. because they forgot YEHOVAH's Sabbath! People Punished for Sabbath-Breaking YEHOVAH warned the people of Jerusalem that if they did not keep His Sabbath holy. and profane the sabbath day? "Did not your fathers thus. However.rebelled against YEHOVAH. "Not good enough. and the capture of its citizens (Jeremiah 52:12-30). "The people don't have the knowledge.
It was not made to be a burden. Remember. working out schedules. Secondly. First." They eagerly wait for the end of the Sabbath to be about their ways and pleasures which they have been thinking about all day long anyway! Once you are able. to enable you to live a happier and more abundant life.forbidden and what is permitted. by governing the apparent trivial circumstances of daily life and by strict definition of terms. YEHOVAH did not intend for a human being to so fret and worry about breaking the Sabbath that he would fear to do anything on that day. he wants your mind free from thinking about those daily responsibilities and activities. not a blessing for man as YEHOVAH designed it. Each of us tends to become overly absorbed in our daily cares during the week. Sabbath Made to Serve Man Yeshua said the Sabbath was made for you (Mark 2:27). he wants your time to be free from responsibilities and activities. 'consists of a multitude of minimals. building fences. you will find out what a real delight and joy the Sabbath is! "Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord" (Isaiah 58:14). we are to take care of ALL our responsibilities during the rest of the week. But the main emphasis is to "rest" from your normal toil and activities on this day. YEHOVAH intended His Sabbath to be a day of joy and supreme delight -. You were not made for the Sabbath. to help you. YEHOVAH foresaw this. caused the Sabbath day to become an institution of itself. That is why this article is not an encyclopedic compilation of do's and don'ts for every possible situation which might arise on a Sabbath day. 55 . making payments.a special day of blessing and happiness! What Does It Mean to "Rest"? YEHOVAH is concerned with two overall aspects of your life on the Sabbath. Then we can spend more time on those activities which help us better understand our relationship with YEHOVAH. by prescribing even for the remote contingency. Life itself. He set aside the Sabbath day as a time when we can completely forget our routine work. How do you accomplish this? Devote the additional free Sabbath time you have to extra Bible study. Those who can't or don't control their minds call the Sabbath "bondage. They made the Sabbath a BURDEN. Certainly we can physically rest more on the Sabbath. cleaning house. extra prayer and extra meditation! This is the one day of the week when you don't have to worry about getting to the job. they felt. From the very beginning.'" However pure their motives (and there is some doubt about that) and desirable their objectives the rabbis. on the Sabbath. You should serve YEHOVAH with your mind on the Sabbath. It was made for you. by their strict legislation. This makes you FREE to properly worship YEHOVAH God on this day. to get your mind and thoughts on YEHOVAH's purpose and YEHOVAH's ways. Our Creator knew that we would need a period of rest from our normal duties every seventh day.
that is. This includes working around the house. Your pleasure. swimming. 23. the serious business of making a livelihood. "Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks" (Matthew 12:34). Sabbath Begins at Sunset In order to keep the Sabbath holy. determining which day of the week in our Gregorian calendar of today the Sabbath falls on is not quite so simple. from sunset to sunset. boating -. the holy of the Lord. television. washing the car -. We talk about what we are thinking. This means course of life. Forsaking one's pleasure does not mean that the Sabbath is to be a rigorous day of abstinence. That is.But the Sabbath day is free time -. movies. card playing. but it is much more difficult to cease thinking or talking about them. In every case the evening precedes the morning.all the things that pertain to your physical maintenance during the normal course of the week." You simply apply the principle by putting your mind on the positive purposes for which the Sabbath was made. This would also include the many time-consuming hobbies such as "ham" radio. Notice Genesis 1:5." "your pleasure. 31. we shouldn't become "Pharisaical" about this. sewing. Man begins his days at midnight. cleaning. honourable. Your words. 19. but YEHOVAH's days begin and end at sunset. etc.those things which take up the majority of our "leisure" time. we need to know when it occurs. The Sabbath was not designed for activities such as hunting." "your words" mean? 1/. 13. from doing thy pleasure on my holy day. not doing thine own ways. You should not involve yourself in working at what you normally do during the week -. time. YEHOVAH's Instruction Notice YEHOVAH's positive instruction on the Sabbath: "If thou turn away thy foot [that is. 2/. stamp collecting.those things by which you feed. This is obviously the most difficult of all! We may cease doing our ways and our pleasures. nor speaking thine own words: then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord" (Isaiah 58:13-14). wood-working shop. again. Our words show what is going on in our minds and hearts. Let's understand the principle of Isaiah 58:13-14. sports and pleasure-seeking. finances. The calendar of today has lost contact with the original 56 . Your ways. nor finding thine own pleasure. 3/. enterprises.free to be completely absorbed in YEHOVAH and His Word. The principle is that we should avoid having our mind. Unfortunately. your employment. fishing. don't trample on it] from the sabbath. Furthermore. What does "your ways. golfing. 8. clothe and care for yourself physically. mode of action -. Here. YEHOVAH God commands us to celebrate His holy time from "even to even" (Leviticus 23:32. and energy taken up in hobbies. This is the spiritual application of the first two principles.free from all your daily cares and worries -. and shalt honour him. There is no such regulation as: "You may not spend more than 30 seconds talking about cars on the Sabbath. It doesn't mean you can't mention or discuss "physical" things. and call the sabbath a delight.
back in early times. Sabbath observance had been established by YEHOVAH long before at Creation -.e. given the coincidence of their identical length. their conception of their holy day was evidently affected by the astrological conception of Saturn as a planet that has an overwhelming negative influence. Zerubavel goes on to say that "the Jewish and astrological weeks evolved quite independently of one another.. and an old Jewish legend even links the choice of "the day of Saturn" as the official Jewish rest day with the superstition that it would be an inauspicious day for doing any work anyway!" (p. However. the Babylonians and the Hebrews had rest days or Sabbaths that coincided with the phases of the moon. the DISSOCIATION of the seven-day week from nature [i. occasionally. While we disagree with this being a "most significant contribution.week that YEHOVAH implemented. Moreover. YEHOVAH's true weekly cycle and Sabbath day obviously preceded both the making of the calendrical association between "the day of Saturn" (Saturday) and the Sabbath and the naming of the planet after the latter.. from the phases of the moon] has been one of the most significant contributions of Judaism to civilization" (p.. Judaism did that the other way around! 57 . Yet.and long before the astrological week even came into existence. in his book The Seven Day Circle. While the Jewish sabbath day was indeed influenced by pagan astrological lore." this quote shows that the present weekly cycle was changed by the Jewish authorities from a cycle anchored to the moon's phases to one that is completely dissociated from the moon and its phases. states that "a continuous seven-day cycle that runs throughout history paying no attention whatsoever to the moon and its phases is a distinctly Jewish invention. 17). and the Sabbath day can fall on any day of the week -. Shabbath. and Jews even came to name the planet Saturn Shabtai.including. and appear to have derived this understanding from a common Semitic antiquity. as they came into closer contact with Hellenism. after the original Hebrew name of the Sabbath. Saturday.There are traditional Jewish superstitious beliefs about demons and evil spirits that hold full sway on the Sabbath. According to all authorities the present seven day cycle is artificial -having NO relationship to any natural phenomena. A permanent correspondence between the Sabbath and "the day of Saturn" [Saturday] was thus established no later than the first century of the common era..to civilization. it was only a matter of time before some permanent correspondence between particular Jewish days and particular planetary days would be made. Author Eviatar Zerubavel. 11). Whereas astrology named the day of Saturn after the planet. Moreover.
such as housecleaning. The New Moon and the Weekly Sabbath -. on the Sabbath.known as the "Preparation Day. One word of caution though. grocery shopping. the sunset may be determined by observing the light as it diminishes before the twilight approaches. you would begin to observe the Sabbath when the sun is ready to fade away over the horizon. From Sabbath to Saturday: The Story of the Jewish Rest Day. Does that mean we cannot eat a fine. YEHOVAH does not want us to clutter up His Sabbath with long hours of cooking. 58 . concerning the preparation day. kept in the refrigerator. sumptuous meal on the Sabbath? Not at all! The Sabbath is a feast day. YEHOVAH has commanded that we prepare for it the day before -. baking. If this information is not available. roasting. cooking.For more information about YEHOVAH's Sabbath day and how to determine when it falls. Obviously we would not normally fry or scramble an egg on the preparation day. boiling. write for the following articles: Have We Been Observing the Sabbath at the Wrong Time All These Years?.. and saved until the Sabbath. if you can see the sun. not a day to catch up on what we should have been doing all week. Prepare for the Sabbath In order that we may have our minds free from last-minute duties on the Sabbath. since YEHOVAH's days begin at sunset. store it in the deep freeze and then thaw it out and eat it Sabbath morning. Or. Baked goods can be prepared ahead of time. There are some things which cannot or need not be done before the Sabbath. and YEHOVAH's Sacred Calendar for 2001. It is only one day. etc. -. Then. house repairs. etc. you can simply "warm it up. YEHOVAH's Sabbath is the seventh day on His true calendar and. Don't make the mistake of leaving daily duties -." Exodus 16:23-25 shows that we should do our heavy cooking. on the preparation day prior to the Sabbath. car washing." In this way the time involved will be kept down to a minimum on the Sabbath. Let's say we want to prepare a nice roast for the Sabbath. you should keep YEHOVAH's Sabbath beginning at sunset the previous evening and ending Sabbath evening at sunset. and the roast will not be dry. What should we do? Here is one way to handle the situation. The same holds true for any kind of baking. But this may require cooking it for two or three hours. and brought out to be eaten on the Sabbath. Cook it on the preparation day (the day before the Sabbath) until it is almost but not completely done. The approximate time of the sunset may be found in most newspapers in the weather forecast section.until the preparation day before the Sabbath! Do this and you will find the Sabbath may be a day of total collapse rather than a peaceful day of rest and relaxation with enough energy to communicate with YEHOVAH! The day before the Sabbath is a day that prepares us for the Sabbath. But it does mean that we should plan ahead. Elaborate salads and dressings should be prepared separately ahead of time.Side-By-Side.
fires of the proper type were commanded by YEHOVAH to be kept burning. a fire! The question is. Should a fire be kindled on the Sabbath day? If not. 59 .which is about three quarters of a mile.with turning on your kitchen stove. a flame that would devour -. In Exodus 35:3 YEHOVAH God was not referring to a cooking. The Israelites were building the tabernacle and needed a fire large enough to work metal. This was a custom and tradition of the Jews. This scripture says: "Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations on the Sabbath day. that Moses had to tell them to stop bringing unneeded materials for its construction. how can one prepare a simple meal? What about people in very cold climates? Can't they build a fire to keep warm? Let's notice Exodus 35:3 and its context. On the other hand. it shall never go out. Fire on the Sabbath Many wonder about Exodus 35:3. Now let us briefly discuss some specific questions which arise in regard to the Sabbath. It was an industrial fire.By using the preparation day properly we will be able to enter the Sabbath in a spirit of rejoicing and worship toward YEHOVAH. This was not a cooking or household heating fire. The rabbis tried to legislate exactly how far a person could legally walk on the Sabbath.but rather. Notice Leviticus 6:13: "The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar. sacrificial or personal heating fire -. a fire which is used for work that should be done only on the other six days of the week. Sabbath Travel What about traveling on the Sabbath? Some people are confused about the meaning of "a Sabbath day's journey" found in Acts 1:12. Anyone who traveled more than this distance on the Sabbath became guilty of breaking the Sabbath in their eyes. It is certainly permissible to light a fire for heat in wintry weather or to warm up food.that is. This had nothing to do with personal cooking -. the Israelites would work right through the Sabbath on the tabernacle. And YEHOVAH knew that if He did not stop them." The original Hebrew word for "kindle" means to prepare a consuming flame. The Israelites were so zealous for building the tabernacle. why mention such a fire in connection with the Sabbath? Read the context of chapter 35 and you will see." Here is a sacrificial fire (from which the priests in the wilderness cooked their meat) remained burning on the Sabbath. It is not a Biblical command of any sort.000 cubits -. The distance they arrived at was 2.
if you are living a Christian life. and ask if you could get together with them some other time. What should be done? There are no hard and fast rules regarding this. Instruct Your Children The Sabbath affords a wonderful opportunity for you to train and teach your children." Driving to a nearby park to enjoy a relaxing family picnic is fine so long as it doesn't turn into a long trip.on this day. our thoughts should always be centered on YEHOVAH -. Let your light shine. taking a refreshing walk is fine so long as it doesn't turn into a "hike. Every situation requires a different answer. However. the chances are close friends. This could be a beneficial diversion and a relaxation. If visitors are old friends or relatives from out of town who have traveled some distance to visit you. As far as YEHOVAH is concerned. However. You simply have to act with wisdom as the problem arises. However. With this principle in mind. 60 . if certain individuals make it a practice of visiting you on the Sabbath. There is no special command anywhere in the Bible defining travel on the Sabbath. be hospitable and friendly. His creation -. it might be best to tactfully tell the people involved that you believe this day to be YEHOVAH's Sabbath. Of course. His purpose. It is not wrong to have a picnic lunch with the family or friends on the Sabbath. If visitors are neighbors or in-town relatives. Again. YEHOVAH inspired Solomon to write: "Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old.But YEHOVAH never legislated on this point. then be as hospitable as possible. and act accordingly.His ways. The questions you need to ask yourself are these: "Why do I want to travel on the Sabbath? Do I need to travel on the Sabbath? Is it to worship and glorify YEHOVAH? Will this traveling help me to keep YEHOVAH's Sabbath holy? Or is it merely for such pleasure-seeking which will deprive me of the ability to properly worship YEHOVAH? You will have to ask and answer these questions for yourself. one shouldn't walk or drive so far on the Sabbath as to become unduly tired or have his worship of YEHOVAH interfered with. he will not depart from it" (Proverbs 22:6). They understandably lack the comprehension to keep YEHOVAH's Law like an adult can. every set of circumstances is different. neighbors and relatives already know you keep the Sabbath. We must learn to use wisdom in each and every case. This command would certainly apply to teaching your child to keep the Sabbath. you should remember that even sweet little children are self-centered. However. Invite them in. Sabbath Visitors From time to time unconverted friends and relatives may come to visit on the Sabbath.
as a parent. park or merely around the block. 65). Talk with them. Only YEHOVAH can open a person's mind and lead him or her to understand the importance of the true Sabbath day (John 6:44. They should be instructed in a kind and straightforward manner that the seventh day is holy to their heavenly Father. If your husband or wife is uninterested. If you really follow through with this principle. one of the biggest problems to be wary of is trying to cram that knowledge down the throats of others. Make sure you spend time with your children -. however. DON'T MAKE THIS MISTAKE! Yeshua tells us to let our light shine (Matthew 5:16). If you do. Read them stories from the Bible. why you don't do certain things on the Sabbath. He is liable to feel that you are unreasonably curtailing his freedom and lowering his image amongst his peers -. Be very careful when dealing with your children -. But you. Don't suddenly inform him that he can't go to school on the Sabbath day.and he may resent it. Encourage them to ask questions about YEHOVAH or the Sabbath. and they may be annoyed at not being able to do the things they used to do on that day. homework or boisterous play on the Sabbath. By the time a youngster reaches his teens. Your children should be taught these things gradually and only as their age makes it possible for them to understand. if they ask. You should certainly tell them.or twelve-year-old child should have enough respect for YEHOVAH's Sabbath that he (or she) does not spend his or her time reading "funny books" or watching TV programs on that day. At first. or to play quiet. subdued and educational games. a ten. when it falls during the week. 61 .especially if they are young. can do a lot to offset any such resentment. and that they can show their love for Him by refraining from their usual play on that day. a walk in the woods. But they should.especially teen-agers. But let it go at that. It is all right for young children to play quietly on the Sabbath. but don't preach to other members of the family. Set the right example. don't force YEHOVAH's truth upon him or her.encourage older children to study some profitable books. keeping the Sabbath may seem strange to your children. That is what we should do. Walk with them. you will soon find relations between you and your mate strained. If trained properly from infancy. it won't be long before your children begin to associate the Sabbath with family togetherness. he has a personality and a mind of his own. Don't Push Your Family When YEHOVAH begins to open a person's mind to His truth. You should keep the Sabbath. Have a family Bible study. be taught to rest from their routine work. There are many things you can do on the Sabbath that will appeal to your children if you will only think about it: A family picnic.
is it all right to care for livestock on the Sabbath? Yeshua showed very clearly that feeding and watering stock is necessary on the Sabbath and permissible (Luke 13:15). 62 . understanding. Then you need to ask YEHOVAH for wisdom.the kind of fun that's fun today and next year -. to know how to approach your teen-agers with the subject of the Sabbath. Farm Problems Farmers have special questions concerning the Sabbath. You need to size up your teen-agers. You need to understand them: how they think. it wouldn't be wrong to give it to him. Make YEHOVAH's way the fun way of life -. You need to really love and work with your children. Children and teen-agers must have confidence in their parents. Also show them the positive side of YEHOVAH's way. and there is no problem. YEHOVAH does not want us to be slaves to our occupation. If not.with NO kickbacks. But if your neighbor is in real need of food. In other words make YEHOVAH's way so attractive to your teen-agers that this world's way will lose a lot of its appeal to them. What if a neighbor has an emergency and asks to borrow one of your tools on the Sabbath? In this case it is an "ox in the ditch" situation and it would be all right to lend it to him. you could tactfully tell him the Sabbath is holy to you. be a loving parent. suppose a neighbor habitually wants to borrow some item from you on the Sabbath? If he is that close a neigh. what their needs are and what is really precious to them. This brings up another problem. what they like and dislike. then you should either learn to better organize your work or cut down the number. and that you don't normally loan out your tools on that day. The same principle holds true for milking cows. On the other extreme. you should make this fact known tactfully. However. Of course. What about the sale of farm produce on the Sabbath? Amos 8:5 and Nehemiah 13:15-19 show that we should not transact any business on the Sabbath. Any decisions about their Sabbath conduct and activities should be made very carefully and with wise counsel. For example. he certainly should be aware of your convictions. Rather.Some teen-agers go right along with their parents. Show real concern for your children. and woe be it to the one who dares to disobey. insight. Put the accent on building this confidence. To avoid this problem. with the Sabbath falling on different days of the week. it may not be too much of a problem. Don't be an iron-fisted autocrat who lays down the law. if you are spending an excessive amount of time caring for dairy cattle or livestock on the Sabbath. Other teens rebel.
There are, of course, any number of situations between these two extremes. They should be handled with love, concern, wisdom and with the overall purpose of the Sabbath in mind.
What do you do when an emergency arises on the Sabbath? Yeshua said: "Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?" (Luke 14:5). Many misunderstand this statement. Some may wonder if their job is an ox in the ditch situation when they are required to work on the Sabbath day -- as will frequently happen when the Sabbath falls during the week. The principle of the ox in the ditch applies to genuine emergencies like personal injuries, burning houses, power failures, accidents and other occurrences (natural disasters -- tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, etc.) which would entail injury or loss of life or of personal property. It is not an ox in the ditch situation when your job requires you to work on the Sabbath. Neither does the principle apply to those who "push their own ox into the ditch" by acquiring or keeping a job where they can't negotiate to have the Sabbath day off, or by "putting off" work which should have been done during the other days of the week. Nor does it include harvesting or plowing on the Sabbath -- even if there has been bad weather or machinery breakdowns during the other week days. YEHOVAH says, "Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing [better translated, "plowing"] time and in harvest thou shalt rest" (Exodus 34:21).
Procuring Food on the Sabbath
In Matthew 12:1-5 Yeshua clearly showed that it is not wrong to procure food on the Sabbath if one is without food and is hungry. If, for some reason, you are caught away from home on the Sabbath, it is not wrong to eat a meal in a restaurant or cafeteria. Some people living in today's gigantic metropolises do not have cooking facilities. There would be nothing wrong for such people to buy a meal on the Sabbath. Perhaps one should also consider moving to an apartment which does have cooking facilities.
Dishes on the Sabbath
Some women have wondered if it is all right to wash dishes on the Sabbath. YEHOVAH does not specifically state how many dishes we may wash on the Sabbath. Washing dishes is an everyday physical act that could detract from the Sabbath. Some women simply rinse, neatly stack and cover soiled dishes and utensils, waiting until after the Sabbath to give them a final washing. Others use paper plates, and thus avoid some of the problem. Still, if necessary, it is not wrong to wash dishes or utensils on the Sabbath. Time spent at this task should be kept to a minimum. YEHOVAH does not want us to clutter up His Sabbath by spending a lot of time washing dishes or doing other household chores.
But that doesn't mean that you should leave the house in shambles! Again, use wisdom. Do what is necessary. But don't get involved in housework.
Television and Radio
Often a person will ask if he can watch television or listen to the radio on the Sabbath. This is another area where YEHOVAH does not specifically legislate. But the principle is clear. YEHOVAH's Sabbath is holy. Most television programs consist of sports events, movies, variety shows or other such programs. They do not help you to keep YEHOVAH's Sabbath day holy. Therefore, you should not be spending valuable time on YEHOVAH's Sabbath watching television. The same holds true for radio programs. There can be exceptions, however. It is not wrong to listen to a particularly good news program on the Sabbath. Also, from time to time, some special documentaries showing prophecy being fulfilled are broadcast on the Sabbath. But be sure you do not use such liberty as license to keep the television or radio on for an excessive amount of time -- thus breaking the Sabbath. A certain amount of relaxing, subdued, enjoyable background music can add to the Sabbath atmosphere, and help make it a delight. But listening to secular music for sheer entertainment to while away the Sabbath is a sin. What pleases YEHOVAH is our participating in singing songs and psalms of praise to Him -- especially on the Sabbath.
Enjoy YEHOVAH's Sabbath
As you can readily see, multitudes of questions could arise about keeping the Sabbath. However, most of those questions can be easily answered if we keep in mind the basic purpose of the Sabbath day. Remember! The Sabbath is YEHOVAH's day -- the day He made holy. It is not only a day of physical rest and relaxation from the toil of the week, but it is also a spiritual BLESSING. It is a day that renews our bond with YEHOVAH. Use YEHOVAH's Sabbath! Use wisdom in observing it! Be BALANCED in your approach to the Sabbath. Be neither hypocritical, self-righteous, Pharisaical; nor haphazard, sloppy, unmindful. So KEEP HOLY the day YEHOVAH made holy! REJOICE in the blessings and opportunities that the Sabbath affords, and remember that it is an identifying sign of direct relationship between you and your Creator. Make Way
He comes to judge the nations and to reign -- on the throne of ancient Israel -In David's city -- New Jerusalem -reclaimed by Britain from the infidel As foretold in Daniel's prophecy; the power of Evil curbed, the power of Love set free.
Make way through the turmoil of the times. Make a highway for the Prince of Peace... Clear a path through trial and turbulence. Bid violence subside and anger cease. Make way through the chaos of the world. A royal route prepare for Yeshua the king... Make way for the lord of all to ride -the road of glory, truth and light to bring.
-- Patience Strong 64
Hidden "Codes" in the Biblical Text?
During the last decade the notion that hidden codes are "embedded" in the Hebrew text of the Old Testament (OT) has become of great interest to evangelical and some Jewish circles. The idea has grown sufficiently in popularity to spawn over two dozen books (including at least one New York Times bestseller), several commercially available software packages (for "decoding" the codes), a number of television interviews and program episodes about the code, and at least one commercially viable Hollywood movie. The classic example used to demonstrate ELS occurs in Genesis 1:1-5a. Starting with the last letter of the first word of the Bible, the tau roughly corresponding to our "t," and counting forward in intervals of forty-nine characters, one discovers that the Hebrew word for "instruction" or "law" ( torah) is spelled out every fiftieth letter. (Chuck Missler, The Cosmic Codes, pp. 126-129). We will return to this example in a moment.
The relatively recent awareness of the Code is due to technological advances. Prior There are different nuances and complexi- to the advent of the modern computer it was ties to this Code depending on which propo- extremely tedious to find such "codes" by nent one listens to, but the underlying counting Hebrew characters manually (the bamethodology is quite simple. The Code is re- sic thought that "hidden codes" of various ferred to as "Equidistant Letter Sequences," or types exist in the Hebrew text goes back at ELS. The theory is that hidden words and sen- least to the Kabbalah of medieval Jewish tences can be found "embedded" in the He- mysticism (Gershom Scholem, Kabbalah, pp. brew text of the OT by counting Hebrew 337-343)). Yet today computers running apletters at equally spaced intervals. That is, a propriate software can quickly scan the Heperson can locate certain meaningful words or brew text and detect a variety of "embedded phrases, such as "hammer" and "anvil," if he messages" (several such programs can be examines the letters at sequences that were downloaded from the Internet). By using comequally spaced in the Hebrew text. Thus, "if he puters Code proponents claim to have discovfound the first letter of a significant word such ered thousands of words and sentences as Torah, and then, by skipping forward seven "embedded" in most or all sections of the O.T. letters he found the second letter of the word Torah, he would continue to skip forward the The import assigned to the ELS codes is same number of letters to see whether or not that their existence "proves" that the Bible, at the complete word Torah was spelled out in least the OT, is "divine rather than human in the text at equally spaced intervals" (Grant origin" (some Code proponents also claim to Jeffrey, The Signature of God, pp. 255-256). have discovered messages "embedded" in the Greek text of the NT (Grant Jeffrey, The 65
The Bible Code: Fact or Fake? pp. 123). The thesis that today we have a pristine copy of the original Hebrew text is the issue upon which the validity of the Code stands or falls. and the Yemenite -. in order for the Code to work. In biblical Hebrew vowels were not written. Therefore. only consonants. Hebrew grammarians point out the liberties that Code proponents take with the consonantal Hebrew text. 169-179)). This necessity is easily demonstrated with a simple example. will certainly affect any "Code" based on counting character intervals between letters. Because numerous authors wrote the OT over a period of about one thousand years. p. namely that the Hebrew text we have today is letter-for-letter precisely the same as the text originally penned by the various authors of the OT. the two vowels (-a-a-) being supplied by the reader.the Ashkenazi.( deber) form a word meaning "pestilence. by simply inserting the single character "e" after the " C" ("sdwdCelko Woqwo Ddpo k Jemnx")my "code" now produces the nonsensical word "cwdj. p. whether or not they change the substantive meaning of a passage. Thus they either state or infer that the Hebrew text we have today has been preserved without change or error since its inception. 94). the common Hebrew noun for "word" (dabar) is written with the consonants d-b-r. and has existed for thousands of years. Vowels were supplied when someone read the text. The Cosmic Codes. In many cases which vowels are supplied affects not only pronunciation but also the meaning of a word. Others point to the failure of Code proponents to consider the thousands of textual variants that exist among the various manuscripts of the OT. In the character string "sdwdClko wOqwo dDpo kjEmnx" the word "code" is found by using every fifth letter. 35038). Decoding the Bible Code. That is. Yet the same three consonants supplied instead with the vowels -e-e. But there is one problem with the Code that completely invalidates it. not only must our present Hebrew text preserve the same number of characters as contained in the original. First we must ask the question: do we today have a version of the Hebrew text that is letter-for-letter the same as the text as originally written? A Basic Premise By its very nature the ELS Code demands the acceptance of an essential presupposition.have only nine letter-level variations total in the entire 304. Code proponents instinctively understand the necessity of accepting this premise in order for the Code to work. For example. Scholars of various disciplines have offered a variety of criticisms of the Code. Note the following comments: "The three Torahs in use worldwide among the Jews -. 66 ." This and other characteristics of the Hebrew language make it fairly easy to find or force specific meanings into a given string of consonants (Phil Stanton.Mysterious Bible Codes. Mathematicians argue that statistically such "codes" or patterns will occur by chance in any text of similar length to the OT. the only reasonable conclusion is that the Code (and thus the OT) is divine or supra-human in origin. particularly one that includes no vowels as in the Hebrew text (John Weldon. the argument goes. "Details of today's world are encoded in a text that has been set in stone for hundreds of years. Variant readings that add to or delete letters from the Hebrew text. p. it is for all practical purposes impossible for thousands of coded messages based on ELS to have been "encoded" in the OT text by human design.) Hence my Code is invalidated by a change of one or more characters. but the letters also must be in the same order as first written. the Sephardi.805 letters of the text!" (Chuck Missler. However.
258).differences of spelling and the like that would. 123). Due to the work of a group of found at Qumran were from extra-biblical Jewish scribes known as Masoretes (from Jewish writings. 15-22). They also entire Hebrew OT in existence. and fragments of all but one book of the entire Old Testament have been found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. What of the centuries prior to that period? A fundamental goal of the Masoretes was to establish a standard Hebrew text from among at least three competing older textual traditions. each with its own set of variant "Jesus Christ. Most involved precise order throughout eternity" (Grant Jef. Only a handful of single. the data upon which to claim that the Dead Sea Masoretic Text. The Masorah of Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. However. fixed the meaning of words by inserting vowels amongst the consonants. p. p. is totally false. The Bible Code. the ing variants exist between the Isaiah scroll and most remarkable aspect was the absence of the Masoretic Text (Ernst Wurthwen. one almost complete Isaiah scroll. 35)) is "nearly the same" as the OT able encodings that are still with us today" books found among the Dead Sea Scrolls is. pp. The Bible Code. affect the number and order of characters. p. "All Bibles in the original Hebrew language As to the claim that the Isaiah scroll found that now exist are the same letter for letter" at Qumran contained "only a handful of single(Michael Drosnin. 194). frey. The Signature of God. Their efforts were The Key Issue so successful that textual variants between medieval manuscripts and those printed today are It is to be remembered that the books of the rare. completely misleading. Few of these textual variants afinspired by God and were preserved in their fected the substance of the OT. p. The Masoretes established of the Hebrew Bible. The discrepancies when compared with our current Text of the Old Testament.Codex Lenengradensis was this rigor that has preserved the remark. Himself. affirmed that the actual readings numbering in the thousands if not tens letters composing the Scriptures were directly of thousands. Over forty-five hundred spellincluding the complete scroll of Isaiah. Mynatt and Crawford. letter or punctuation differences. 38). best. There is simply insufficient which the name of the present Hebrew text. p. which are more than 2000 years old" (Michael Drosnin. As priceless as the scrolls of Qumran are. the work of the Masoretes oc. 67 There is a complete version from 1008 AD that is nearly the same. The Cosmic Codes.950 AD (Kelley. a complete copy of In several of the preceding quotations the the OT HAS NEVER BEEN FOUND.claim that the oldest complete manuscript of letter or punctuation differences were found! It the OT (1008 AD -. And the copies of Isaiah.OT were written over a one thousand year pecurred between approximately 600 AD and riod from approximately 1400 BC to 400 BC. p. Codex Leningradensis an elaborate system of regulations governing is still the oldest complete manuscript of the the copying of OT manuscripts. 32). The majority of the manuscripts nally written. Discovkey point is missed.soretic Text a pristine copy of the original text dreds of years ago.except Esther. and text are in agreement.(ibid. at (Chuck Missler. is derived) the Hebrew text Scrolls demonstrate that we have in the Mawe use today was indeed "set in stone" hun. but whether or not they fragments from all the rest of the OT books preserve the character arrangement as origi. The question is not ered at Qumran were one complete Isaiah whether all present versions of the Hebrew scroll.. however. ." the statement "When the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered.
From about the ninth century on. 37).' They were first used to indicate final long vowels (beginning in the ninth century BC) and later (beginning in the eighth century BC) they were also used to indicate medial long vowels. This was not due to carelessness or a lack of reverence for the biblical books. but not in a completely Hebrew was originally written with a systematic way" (Ellis Brotzman. grow gradually by region? Was there a long That is. Hebrew grammarians refer to the use of a consonant to mark a long vowel as matres lectionis (Latin for "mothers of reading"). However. p. We know the use of matres long vowel was present. an everyday language spoken. Cross. During the period in which the OT was written Hebrew was a living language. Early Hebrew Orthography. p. 56). the name David.Prior to the advent of the printing press all copies of OT books were copied by hand (Ellis Brotzman. Beginning in the late ninth century? Was the practice impleninth century BC certain consonants began to mented consistently throughout Israel or did it be used as "helpers" to mark long vowels. Many (but not all) of the textual variants in both OT and NT manuscripts can be explained as scribal errors. certain consonants came to be used to indicate vowels. a problem more fundamental to the Code than scribal error exists. written and read by the Israelites. a consonant was inserted within a syl. Did the practice begin in the early or exclusively consonantal text. This "helper" letter cal author writing his original text during the was not pronounced and did not affect the ninth century initially use matres lectionis or original pronunciation or meaning of a word. It not? We have no way of knowing the answers served to communicate to the reader that a to such questions. In older or archaic Hebrew the name is spelled with the three consonants d-w-d while in later Hebrew the spelling is dw-y-d. However. 40). Old Testament Textual Criticism. p. This is no different than "modernizing" the spelling of Old English words from documents authored hundreds of years ago (e.g. Ancient Hebrew scribes incorporated matres lectionis into the biblical text to indicate long vowels. Scribes were merely keeping the language of the Bible in harmony with current usage. Matres lectionis were subsequently added to the Old Testament text [emphasis added].. In both cases it is pronounced dawi d and both forms occur in the Hebrew Bible. As initially written. As one preeminent authority on the text of the OT wrote: "Text transmission prior to 300 BC was also based on a predominant consonantal spelling.transition period to the new spelling method in lable to indicate that a specific long vowel such a non-technological society? Did a bibliwas to be pronounced. All of the the first usage of matres lectionis are approxiearliest books of the OT were written with this mations. The relevancy to the Code is that Hebrew scribes incorporated many such modifications to Hebrew spelling practices into the text of the OT. Old Testapurely consonantal alphabet (Frank Moore ment Textual Criticism. As with all living languages Hebrew underwent orthographic or spelling changes (as well as changes in syntax). and David Noel Freedman. changing the second person plural form of the pronoun "ye" to "you"). These 'helping' consonants are called matres lectionis. in the latter case y (or yod) has been added to indicate a long vowel. literally 'mothers of reading. Jr. A good example is lectionis began around the ninth century from 68 . most early Old Testament books would have been written in an exclusively consonantal text. Regardless of how careful a scribe was errors occurred due to the nature of manual copying. No characters Complicating the matter is that the dates for existed for representing vowels.
(Frank Moore Cross. The good OT text inconsistently. In Summary The adoption of matres lectionis into the Hebrew text of the OT by early Israelite scribes is only one of many problems with the popular ELS Code and represents only one of many such changes in Hebrew spelling habits incorporated by scribes into the OT text. Jr.. but later the letter vav ( w) was used as in the Masoretic Text (ibid. My purpose has not been to study exhaustively all aspects of the Code or to present a complete description of the history of the biblical text's transmission. such efforts were implemented inconsistently and only partially (which is another reason the Masoretic Text displays such a mixture of Hebrew spelling practices throughout). Second. nal. matres lectionis and other or. confident that we have a version of the He59). Ironically the spelling form used for torah in Genesis 1:1-5a by Code proponents is a later form of to rah which uses the letter vav (corresponding to our "w") as a mater lectionis ( mater is singular. p. But did biblical scribes adopt these improvements into the text of the OT as quickly as they came into use in popular literature or at a later date? Such unknowns make any effort to restore the original character sequence of the OT text by removing matres lectionis (and other orthographic changes) from the Hebrew text essentially impossible. We thographic changes were incorporated into the ignore such facts at our own peril. p. Remove them and the "hidden code" torah ceases to exist though the meaning and pronunciation of the passage remain unchanged. When the earliest books of the OT were originated matres lectionis were not used (Angel Saenz-Badillos." Hence Code proponents are using a spelling form of to rah ( t-w-r-h) which postdates the Mosaic writings rather than the more archaic form (t-rh) to find "codes" in the very oldest section of the Bible. In fact. a practice not used in the Masoretic Text. I believe that the spirit of God inspired the books of the Old Testament as originally written. Nevertheless. To return to our earlier example.and thousands of textual variants do exist. 66). First. some of the Dead Sea Scrolls even use two consonants in places to mark a single long vowel such as alef AND vav for a single long o. during the rabbinic and Masoretic periods as the Hebrew text was being "set in stone" there were some attempts by scribes out of due reverence to the original text to remove some of the later spelling forms in order to restore the older spelling patterns. None of them were original. when matres lectionis first came that affect the number and order of characters into use the letter he ( h) marked the long "o" make any "Code" based on exact sequences of 69 . Third. but rather to show one of the KEY reasons why the ELS Code is invalid. p. A History of the Hebrew Language. Early Hebrew Orthography.non-biblical inscriptions. in Genesis 1:1-5a at least twenty-one matres lectionis occur within this string of text. which Hebrew consonants were brew text that is generally faithful to the origiused to mark which vowels changed over time. orthographic changes to the Three additional issues further complicate text of the Hebrew Old Testament did occur the matter. yet they occur thousands of times just in the five books of the Pentateuch. the portion of the Bible in which most of the Bible codes occur. The Masoretic Text is news is that most of these anomalies affect "itself a mixture of orthographic forms from only spelling (and other minor issues) and every stage in the history of Hebrew spelling" have little impact on the meaning of passages. and David Noel Due to the efforts of textual critics we can be Freedman. However. 58). matres plural) to mark the long "o. Yet the thousands of orthographic changes For example.
which are readily available and free. But the only possible conclusions are that they exist either due to pure chance or possibly the Masoretes deliberately rearranged the letter sequences of the Hebrew text to produce the Code. lord. Many believers hop on such bandwagons because they seem to offer spectacular evidence for the divine authorship of the Bible. And one does not need to dig too deeply to find the relevant information. This latter possibility is extremely doubtful. Bible Digest. sacraments and church traditions almost as if they were magical talismans rather than tools to help lead us to truth. Adoni is never 70 . Rather than pursuing serious study and unbiased inquiry of Scripture we have many Christians using their computers today to find the "deeper. a number of non-believing critics of Christianity have taken the small amount of time necessary to research this very same data and have posted papers on the Internet ridiculing the Code. 'How is it that David in the spirit calls him lord." using the lower case "l. Perhaps this Christian tendency stems from the subtle evangelical attitude that views Scripture. RSV. hidden messages" buried behind the plain text of Scripture. 'Sit at my right hand till I put your enemies under your feet'"? If then David calls him lord. Sadly. David's son and David's superior. Steven F. You may have to ask someone who knows Hebrew." One modern paraphrase version helpfully writes in Matthew 22:43-45 (note the small "l's"): "He said to them. in the words. I am sorry to have to point out that there is a serious factual mistake in what you read in that source. 92. Yet the Code should warn us of the danger of accepting every new fad and idea uncritically. "the Lord said to my lord. The sensational always makes for an effective sales tool. why is it that the Messiah is given the divine title for God. many believers are using their computers "for a form of divination" (Allon Maxwell. "The Lord said to my lord. Q & A: If it is true that the Messiah is not God. spiritual catchphrases. but when it comes to the study of Scripture there is no substitute for serious individual research. NRSV and the 1973 version of the NASV read correctly. as there is no evidence from any of the Jewish writings of the period to indicate such as effort was undertaken and it would go against everything for which the Masoretes stood. As Allon Maxwell has so aptly put it. The human desire to find easy answers and short cuts is as understandable as the appeal of the sensational.. at least in North America. Strong's Concordance unfortunately does not let you see the important difference between Adonai and adoni. Unfortunately. in Psalm 110:1? I read that this is so in the NASV marginal note to Acts 2:36. Adonai. but the word for the Messiah in Psalm 110:1 is not in fact Adonai (the Lord God in all of its 449 occurrences) but the different word adoni which always means a superior who is not YEHOVAH. owner. That the Code was not original to the OT text is clear to anyone familiar with the history of the transmission of the Hebrew text. The RV. p. etc. That Code proponents can find "hidden messages embedded" in the Hebrew text is not disputed. used as a title for YEHOVAH..letters completely void. February 1999). To these critics such "Christian" fads only substantiate their view that believers are gullible fools easily taken in by fantasies and myths. It designates human superiors of all types (father. So Psalm 110:1 is a most precious testimony to the truth that the Messiah is not YEHOVAH Himself but the son of YEHOVAH." The Knox translation reads "the Lord said to my Master. Byington). king. but the son of God.but never YEHOVAH. the desire to "search Scriptures daily to see if these things be so" scarcely exists in the Body of Christ. The problem with Christian "fads" like the Code is that they only serve to further discredit the cause of Christ and Scripture in the eyes of a lost world. how is he to be his son?'" (The Bible in Living English..) and sometimes angels -.
The following proofs show that Yeshua NEVER EXISTED prior to his human birth in Bethlehem two thousand years ago.as some teach today -.for if Yeshua pre-existed as an equal to the Father as many believe. if Yeshua was -.which has been taught to them by the SERVANTS OF SATAN. In Hebrews 6:13 and 15 we read -"For when YEHOVAH made a promise to Abraham. This is because neither one would be greater than the other. Now. no." In the these inspired verses we find that there was NO GREATER BEING by Whom to confirm this promise to Abraham. not even the angels of heaven. this goes against the doctrines of the Trinity and of the PRE-EXISTENCE -. However. then he would be "The Father" and he would know the day and hour of his Second Coming! But he clearly shows here that he does NOT know that day and hour -. 2/. This emphatically disproves the pagan Christian doctrines of the Trinity and of the pre-existent Savior.which also proves there is no one greater than YEHOVAH -"But of that day and hour NO ONE KNOWS. we are clearly shown in these scriptures that (1): Not only was Yeshua NON-EXISTENT at the time the promise was made to Abraham. Matthew 24:36. Note carefully this statement which Yeshua made -. but (2) we find that YEHOVAH the Father is greater than the Son. and to YEHOVAH's true plan of bringing His sons to perfection. 71 . Hebrews 6:13. "For men indeed swear by the GREATER. 16.YEHOVAH (or God) of the Old Testament. and an oath for confirmation is for them an end of all dispute. John D. but my Father ONLY. Keyser 1/.ONLY the heavenly Father knows. this promise would have been ratified by BOTH the Father AND the Son.12 Proofs That Yeshua DID NOT Pre-exist! The plan of YEHOVAH has been overlooked by the people in this world because they have accepted the PAGAN DOCTRINE of a pre-existent savior who did it all for them -. This pagan doctrine was contrived for the purpose of BLINDING people's minds to the TRUE Savior sent by YEHOVAH. He swore by Himself. But. because He could swear by NO ONE GREATER.
who bears testimony to the Father. It is not cited by any of the Greek ecclesiastical writers. This. goes on to tell us: Verse 7." then he would have been a being who possessed ALL KNOWLEDGE. and these three are one." This text concerning the heavenly witnesses is not contained in any Greek manuscript which was written earlier than the 15th century. a Latin writer of no credit.nor would it have ever entered his mind! The later translators knew this verse was ADDED and bogus.Improved Version. in itself. who bears testimony to his Son. the Father. And there are three that bear witness in earth. the Word. The received text reads. just as the Father does. and he still would have known the day and the hour of his return. in his Clarke's Commentary. There are three that bear record] The Father. and the Holy Ghost. What is wrong with this scripture? Simply this: This entire verse is NOT even found in the Greek writings before the year 400 A. 72 . The Old Testament prophets nowhere promulgated a doctrine about a "pre-existent savior" -.D. and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one" (I John 5:7). anxious to incorporate this doctrine (which was one of THEIR oldest and most honored) into their "Christian" religion. the Word or Logos. the world. and give life to. even when the subject upon which they treat would naturally have led them to appeal to its authority.and also explains WHY -7. that Jesus came to die for. nor by any of the early Latin fathers. Adam Clarke. shows this verse MISSING in their translation -. And these three are one in essence. and agree in the one testimony. This is something the scriptures adamantly condemn. is of no great moment. and was first cited (though not as it now reads) by Vigilius Tapsensis. which bears testimony to the Father and the Son. in the latter end of the fifth century. But the pagans.! The apostle John NEVER wrote this -. if Yeshua had pre-existed ALONGSIDE the Father from at least the Creation as an equal or "second God. page 803. It is therefore evidently spurious. but by whom forged. and the Holy Spirit.Similarly.and neither did Yeshua or the apostles in the New Testament. -. the Word. 3/.and NOT the every word of YEHOVAH! The Emphatic Diaglott. which is a standard practice to show the reader that those particular words and phrases were added. as its design must be obvious to all. went so far as to ADD verses to the Bible to prove their doctrine of pre-existence and the Trinity. Here is a verse that was ADDED for this very reason -"For there are three that bear record in heaven. "For there are three that bear witness in heaven. I John 5:7. the Father. yet they failed to italicize it. proves that those in control of translating the scriptures were those who embraced the doctrines of paganism -.
Pt. If we receive the witness of man. ancient versions. p. The Roman Church refused to bow to the evidence. (New Comm. and all the versions. not by water alone. the water. Gregory's rebuke is specially applicable: 'God does not need our lies. Jesus Christ. but by water and blood.) Speaking of this and another. This is he that came by water and blood. with the exception of the Codex Montfortii. p. at a time when the gospels. Slavonian. to sustain the Trinitarian doctrine.. in all the ancient versions but the Vulgate.. etc.But it is likely this verse is not genuine...The Congregation of the Index. bluntly speaking. the Father. in a word. Dublin: the others which omit this verse amount to one hundred and twelve. and authentic manuscripts. 72) "This memorable text. &c. and these three are one and there are three which bear witness in earth. are the following:"6. some of which are more than 1200 years old. the Word. forbade any question of the authenticity of the text relating to the "Three Heavenly Witnesses." (Ch.) This verse 7. one excepted. Companion to the Revised Version. in Trinity College. are these:[In heaven. for without them it would not be. have it not. and even of this version many of the most ancient and correct MSS.] However. For there are three that bear witness. the above excepted. the Codex Montfortii. on January 13. the witness of God is greater. It was first pointed out in 1516 that these verses were an interpolation. 239. to explain why this was not deleted by some of the later Bible versions -Erasmus first detected the fraud and omitted the forged verse in his edition of the Greek Testament in 1516. they would be an affirmation of the doctrine of the Trinity. 1897. by Joseph Wheless. as they exist in all the Greek MSS. Paul ignore it. the Coptic. of all the manuscripts now extant.'" (Orpheus. is a forgery: "It had been willfully and wickedly interpolated. "is condemned by the silence of the Fathers. III. 718-19. It is wanting in every MS. the Spirit." (Roberts. The words. and these three agree in one. because the Spirit is truth. p. 598. Armenian. It is wanting in both the Syriac." It showed in this instance a willful ignorance to which St. Ethiopic. above four score in number. and Acts and St." The words that are omitted by all the MSS. and the Holy Spirit. 7) was subjected to interpolation of a later date. for they do not appear in the best manuscripts down to the fifteenth century. p. with the approbation of Leo XIII. The Holy Trinity is an unholy Forgery! 73 . and the blood. the Vulgate excepted.. we will allow the book Forgery in Christianity. Reinach says: "One of these forgeries (I John v. It is wanting also in all the ancient Greek fathers.If these two verses were authentic. xxvii. 7. and with out the forged "Three Heavenly Witnesses. all the Arabic. Sahidic. And it is the Spirit that beareth witness. 9. it has been entirely omitted by the Revisers of the New Testament.) But His Church does.. and in most even of the Latin." there would be not a word in the entire New Testament hinting the existence of the Three-in-One God of Christianity. of this epistle written before the invention of printing." says Gibbon.
36: "And it came to pass. However." Take note that the word "Word" is CAPITALIZED in this verse -." The Greek word "Logos" was very dear to pagan minds." the perpetrators of I John 5:7 were also promulgating the FALSEHOOD of the pagan concept found in John 1:1 (KJV) -." This latter part becomes. make the glory of Thy SHEKINAH to dwell among them. Return.notice: KING JAMES VERSION. common practice in the Targums to find the word LORD (YEHOVAH) translated "the Word of the Lord" -.in order to make it appear as though this were speaking about a being or a person. Numbers 11:20: "Because that ye have despised the LORD which is among you.and certainly not confused with Yeshua the Messiah! The MANIFESTATION OF YEHOVAH was with YEHOVAH "in the beginning. to Thy people Israel. and let thine enemies be scattered. Numbers 10:35." Now look at Numbers 11:20: KING JAMES VERSION. he said. Numbers 11:20: "Because ye have contemptuously rejected THE WORD OF THE LORD whose SHEKINAH dwelleth among you.The first perpetrator of this FRAUD added the pagan doctrine of the Trinity to the Bible -that there are three gods in one: the Father (one). and that "He" was "in the beginning WITH God" -. And. and have mercy on the thousands of Israel." CHALDEE TARGUMS. O WORD OF THE LORD. O LORD [YEHOVAH]. nevertheless. but." and it was YEHOVAH's manifestation (Greek possessive form).which says: "In the beginning was the Word. the other perpetrators of this false doctrine are just as guilty of deception since they DID NOT remove this verse from subsequent versions of the Bible when they uncovered the truth about it! In naming the second person of this Trinity the "Word. in the Targums: CHALDEE TARGUMS. when the ark set forward. YEHOVAH's manifestation (or 74 . the translators of the King James Version did want you to believe that the "Word" was God. and the Word was with God. in fact. two) and the Holy Spirit. and let them that hate thee flee before thee. that Moses said. and the Word was God.that "He" was pre-existent and equal with YEHOVAH. It is interesting to note that in the Chaldee Targums (paraphrases of parts of the Old Testament written in the Chaldee language) we find that YEHOVAH is called "the Word of the Lord" and equated with the Shekinah Glory! It is. a personified third god (three). And when it rested. LORD [YEHOVAH]. the "Word" (Yeshua. should properly have been translated "MANIFESTATION" or "SHEKINAH GLORY" in this case -. in this particular case. Rise up. Numbers 10:36: "Return now. unto the many thousands of Israel.
and His manifestation was His very own. In John 1:14 we find that according to (or by) YEHOVAH's manifestation (Shekinah Glory) flesh was CREATED. full of grace and of truth." This same deception is continued by the translators in John 1:14 (KJV) which says: And the Word was made flesh." 4/. the GLORY of the only begotten of the Father -. Of course -. glory as of an only begotten from a father. But when he reached the age of about 30 years old and had entered into YEHOVAH's ministry. is as follows -"And the Word flesh became and tabernacled among us. ghin'-om-ahee. It should be apparent to any honest person by now that in the BEGINNING WAS THE MANIFESTATION OF YEHOVAH.) full of grace and truth. (reflex.) to become (come into being). according (or by) YEHOVAH's manifestation. he obeyed the truth of YEHOVAH. the glory as of the only begotten of the Father. and mid. he was the walking.like any other baby -. i." Indeed. and we beheld his glory. and he proclaimed the truth of YEHOVAH! And what is YEHOVAH's "truth"? Psalm 119:142 and Psalm 119:151 show that YEHOVAH's LAW and COMMANDMENTS are "the truth. John 1:14. to cause to be ("gen"-erate). His Son was created IN THE FLESH and dwelt among us. The word which has been translated "MADE" in the above verse. because he knew the truth of YEHOVAH. is word #1096 in Strong's Greek Dictionary -.Shekinah Glory) was with him in the beginning. where YEHOVAH said: "Let there be light. as we see in the first chapter of the Book of Genesis. and dwelt among us.YEHOVAH's Shekinah Glory was not with Yeshua at his birth. he had to LEARN YEHOVAH's laws and commandments and way of life as he grew. (and we beheld his glory.and means: 1096. speaking manifestation (dabar-logos) of YEHOVAH. 75 . That Yeshua was born after being BEGOTTEN by YEHOVAH and being CONCEIVED by his mother Mary. and there was light. ginomai.. and we beheld the glory of him. The same manifestation (Shekinah Glory) was in the beginning with YEHOVAH and. and this MANIFESTATION was the power of YEHOVAH. in the same way.for we should all obey in the same way that Yeshua did. The word for word Greek translation of John 1:14. a prol.CREATED IN THE FLESH ACCORDING TO (OR BY) THE SHEKINAH GLORY of YEHOVAH. is a scriptural FACT. from The New International Version Interlinear Greek-English New Testament.e. form of a prim. And. verb. each saint or true Christian should also be the "manifestation of YEHOVAH created in the flesh.full of honor and truth." -. Yeshua the Messiah was YEHOVAH's manifestation in the flesh -.
. 30 (.. mere:alone. viii. .Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon to the New Testament. 1 Cor. Ro. ek tivos. mon-og-enace'. i. sole or single. Yeshua clearly had a beginning -. made under the law. full of honor and truth.. 5/.#3439 in Strong's Greek Dictionary and means -3439. to become.. i. to come into existence. and mid.. come from)...e. Mt.e. 4 (. i 15. . Gal.. Heb. (reflex. Yeshua "CAME FROM" the Father. The correct translation in the Greek confirms even more that Yeshua the Messiah was BEGOTTEN -.). only.. 37 (.. verb. Therefore. form of prim.) to become (come into being).. which means: ONLY.. Galatians 4:4. 3.e. 10..) to become (come into being). iv. 58 (. from 3441 and 1096. . ghin'-om-ahee... xxi. i.. monogenes. made of a woman. form of a prim. remaining. COME INTO BEING. a prol.. sole:.. i. and we beholding his glory. just as you and I "came from" our fleshly fathers. monos. Jn. As you can see.e. and mid. which means: TO CAUSE TO BE. receive being: absol. i.e.. (reflex. BROUGHT INTO EXISTENCE. Jn.which means he was caused to be. xv. begin to be.. i.. . to be born. shows that the word means -1. and dwelling among us. ginomai. 3.only (begotten..... the word translated "MADE" in this scripture is word #1096 in Strong's Greek Dictionary.. to cause to be ("gen"-erate). God sent forth his Son. prob. by impl.).. the correct translation of John 1:14 is as follows: According to (or by) the manifestation [Shekinah Glory] flesh was created. from 3306.). Again. ginomai. 3 (. ghin'-om-ahee. to cause to be ("gen"-erate). TO EXIST -3441. and word #1096. a prol. Thayer's Greek Lexicon again shows us word #1096 to mean -- 76 . verb. word #3439 comes from the word #3441. in other words.. mon'-os.. 19 (. by themselves. Thayer. i..and the apostle Paul tells us what that beginning was -But when the fullness of the time was come. of the origin of all things. The words that have been translated "only begotten" in this scripture are actually only one word in the Greek -.. only-born.. . child).. and means -1096.. 1096..). was the glory of the ONLY BEGOTTEN of the Father. xi.). who are flesh. by Joseph H. Jn.
and now glorify me thou. 58 (..word #2192 in Strong's Greek Dictionary.. to be born. ..e. receive being: absol. fulfilling His plan for a Savior -..and should -. History shows that we have Constantine the "Great" -.. Jn.. glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. The next word underlined -. As a result. Yeshua the Messiah came into existence from a woman -. 1. it becomes very obvious that this scripture was also TAMPERED WITH -. But.. of the origin of all things.TWISTED to fit prevailing pagan concepts! The New International Version Greek-English New Testament by Alfred Marshall. have in store: Therefore..). O Father.. to become.to thank for helping to establish a corrupted and pagan Christianity that features the doctrines of a PRE-EXISTENT SAVIOR within a Trinity.. 37 (. YEHOVAH set forth His son.. with thyself.).SENT for you and me.is word #4253 in Strong's. have at hand. i. Heb. To the untrained mind it sounds as though this verse is upholding the teaching that Yeshua pre-existed before his fleshly birth.. "PREVIOUS" to the world TO COME -77 . 30 (. that is. is to be BEFORE the world TO COME. . coming into existence from a woman. to come into existence.have been translated "I AM TO HAVE. This word means: to have to hold. Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament shows this word to mean: TO HAVE IN STORE! Notice -. 3. 15...and came into existence under the Law. i. 6/. xv.. 10.. the CORRECT translation of Galatians 4:4 should be: But when the appointed time had fully come. Father.. due to the corruptions of the translators." This glory that Yeshua is said to have. KEY verses in the Bible were changed by ADDING words or by DECEPTIVE renderings. and means: PREVIOUSLY. to have a thing in readiness.the so-called "savior" of Christianity -. x1.with the glory which I had before the the world to be with thee. begin to be. The first word underlined and translated "I HAD" is the IMPERFECT FORM of the Greek word "echo" -. John 17:5. In John 17:5 we read the following -And now. 3 (. All the scriptures agree that Yeshua came into EXISTENCE in the FLESH -.. Jn.....translated "BEFORE" -. shows the Greek word for word translation of this verse: 5.. viii. Jn. come from).)... i. 1 Cor. Ro. However.. coming into existence under the subjection of the Law. All this was done by the manifestation or Shekinah Glory of YEHOVAH.and not one second before! However.1. the word translated "I HAD" can -.. by comparing the Greek text to the English translation and then letting OTHER SCRIPTURES interpret this scripture for us. 3.
Now this one (Yeshua) was counted worthy of more GLORY than Moses. and that is exactly what we find in the other scriptures that interpret this scripture. 1. with the glory which I AM TO HAVE with You BEFORE the world to come.BEFORE the Kingdom of God (YEHOVAH) and BEFORE the NEW WORLD that is to come.e. superior) to:. In the following verses we find written: Hebrews 1:13: But to which of the angels has He (YEHOVAH) ever said: sit at my right hand -until I make your enemies your footstool? Psalm 110:1: YEHOVAH said to my ruler and king: sit at my right hand.am (art. 1 Peter 1:11: Examining closely to what things. or ever. 1.above. You glorify me beside Your own self. 1. The third word underlined -. is. are." i. have been.or at the right hand of YEHOVAH's throne -.may (might.. Who BEGOT HIM. He also knew that he was to be allowed to take his rightful place at the right side of YEHOVAH.. and a witness of the sufferings of the Messiah. Now let's read this verse in the way that it should have been translated -And now. that. 27. 1.translated "TO BE" -. holy brothers. who was faithful to Him: YEHOVAH... 6. or what manner of season.. be. In comp. that. consider the apostle (the one sent) and High Priest of our profession. until I make your enemies your footstool. "fore. pro. This GLORY was in fulfillment of Biblical prophecy -. in front of.) to be. 10. which the spirit that was in them made clear to them. just as Moses was faithful in all his house. 12. had been. a prim.with the glory that he HE HAD IN STORE with the Father -. infinit. 1. Yeshua the Messiah. and the GLORY THAT WOULD FOLLOW. since he who has built the House of YEHOVAH has more honor than the House of YEHOVAH.4253. prior (fig. Yeshua knew full well that he was to die and be resurrected by YEHOVAH.. 1 Peter 5:1: The elders who are among you I exhort.. . when it testified BEFOREHAND to the sufferings of Messiah.is shown by A Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek New Testament (by Ethelbert W.. and ALSO A PARTAKER of the GLORY THAT WILL BE REVEALED: 78 .and this glory was only to BEGIN to take place in a certain time period. should) be. Bullinger) to mean "COME": elvai (pres. to be made. Notice Hebrews 1:1-3 -Therefore.was (were). prep. partakers of the heavenly calling. be). pro. ago. before. Yeshua was only asking YEHOVAH to glorify him beside the Father -. 33. that.. come. who am also an elder.. it retains the same significations. to have been. O Father.
the glory of the only BEGOTTEN son of the Father. and every authority and power. so that YEHOVAH may be acknowledged as THE SUPREME HEAD OVER ALL.We must realize that we too can look forward to this SAME glory that Yeshua will receive. preeminence. a most glorious condition. people are deceived because of the pagan lies that the translators have inserted into the scriptures! Yeshua was speaking of the glory he WAS to RECEIVE after he was resurrected. 5 As the Bible says. xvii. Just as the apostles looked forward to this glory. For he (Yeshua) MUST REIGN until he has put all enemies under his feet. then the son himself WILL BE SUBJECT TO HIM Who put all things under him. when Yeshua returns to this earth (as pictured in Revelation 14:14) he will have all authority to destroy all other rules. even by Yeshua himself. so should we. nor of a "past life" -. 26. will always have the honor of being at his Father's right hand -but he did not receive this honor (glory) until AFTER his resurrection! The word translated "glory" is word #1391 in Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon. when he (Yeshua) will have handed over the Kingdom to YEHOVAH. Unfortunately. authorities and powers. Clearly. when he (Yeshua) will have destroyed every other rule.he did not have this glory before his human birth! Yeshua the Messiah. Who put everything under Yeshua. But when it says that everything has been put under him. The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. as the only BEGOTTEN son of YEHOVAH. Yeshua will then become our High Priest. Jn. He will reign on earth until he has put all enemies under his feet and then. xxai. to our Father. This was the very glory that Yeshua was talking about -. magnificence.acknowledging that YEHOVAH is the SUPREME HEAD over ALL. who sits at YEHOVAH's right hand -Then the end. Yeshua will hand all power over to Him and become subject to Him -. and means: 2. full of mercy and truth! 79 . dignity. excellence.as countless deceived people have believed. For YEHOVAH has put all things under his feet. when YEHOVAH's Shekinah Glory returns to this earth (Revelation 19:11) to reside in the Temple built by Yeshua. of that condition with God the Father in heaven to which Christ was raised after he had achieved his work on earth: Lk. Yeshua will receive his glory and then his enemies will be made his footstool.but we also can see that YEHOVAH will always be exalted as THE SUPREME HEAD over ALL. through the full knowledge of Him Who called US to GLORY and virtue. most exalted state.glory he knew he would receive because it was written in the prophets! He knew he would RECEIVE this glory AFTER HIS RESURRECTION -. it is clear that THIS DOES NOT INCLUDE YEHOVAH HIMSELF. Notice 2 Peter 1:3: As His holy power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and holiness. In 1 Corinthians 15:24-28 we clearly see that the last enemy that will be destroyed is DEATH -. ministering to YEHOVAH his Father in the Temple of YEHOVAH! Yeshua was NOT speaking of "past glory". When He has done this. a.
the book Forgery in Christianity (by Wheless) informs us -In the King James or "Authorized" Version we read: "Great is the mystery of Godliness: God was manifest in the flesh.was originally in the text! Furthermore. The CORRECT translation of this verse should read as follows -- 80 . is the glory Yeshua has NOW.NOT the word "God" -. who through him we do believe in YEHOVAH. Notice -Nearly all the ancient MSS. preached among the nations. this "translation" is simply NOT FOUND in most of the other modern versions! In the King James Version this reads -And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh. and GAVE HIM GLORY. The Revised Standard Version of the Bible has corrected this verse. seeking to bolster up an "apostolic" pedigree for the later "tradition" of the divinity of the Christ. is the mystery of our religion: He was manifested in the flesh. is no longer a mystery. iii. justified in the Spirit." premised in the text. believed on in the world. that your faith and hope might be in YEHOVAH. Thus the great "mystery of godliness. (1 Tim. as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: who truly was foreordained before the foundation of the world. The Emphatic Diaglott shows us that the word "God" was NOT in the Alexandrian Manuscript -nor was it in almost all of the other ancient manuscripts.the FIRSTBORN from the dead.The glory of being the ONLY begotten son of YEHOVAH -.and let this sink in -.) In the "Revised Version" this "God Manifest" forged interpolation is shamed out of the text. vindicated in the Spirit. 7/. The Concordant Version of the Sacred Scriptures -.. I Timothy 3:16.written in the ancient Greek form -reveals that the word "WHO" -. Another verse which is used by those who have been deceived by the pagan ideas of the translators is found in I Timothy 3:16 in the King James Version." instead of "God. saying -Great indeed. is confessed. seen by angels. and will forevermore have! But -. and all the versions have "He who. and the fraudulent insertion into the text by some overzealous Christian forger. taken up in glory. but was MANIFEST in these last times for you." etc. 16." etc. because he simply DID NOT EXIST before he was begotten by YEHOVAH and born as a flesh and blood human being! Read 1 Peter 1:19-20: But with the precious blood of Messiah." in this passage. who raised him up from the dead. preached unto the Gentiles. Taking this theme further. seen of angels.Yeshua DID NOT have this glory previously. However. received up into glory. believed on in the world. we confess. which there honestly reads: "He who was manifested in the flesh.
Vocalizing kisse' ka. 51). The way these verses have been translated in the King James Version would have those with a shallow knowledge of the Bible believe that Yeshua is here called "God"! However. Thy throne. Notice how it is rendered in The Holy Name Bible: Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the King's enemies. a little research into the Bible will reveal that Hebrews 1:8-9 is a DIRECT QUOTE from Psalm 45:6-7 in the Old Testament. O God. Notice the author's comments in The Anchor Bible. whereby the people fall under Thee. has enthroned you. hath anointed Thee with the oil of gladness above Thy fellows. which says that Elohim was inserted "often by editorial change for an original YHVH" p. The Name of "YEHOVAH" was replaced by the PAGAN title "Elohim" in Psalm 45:6-7. Some use these verses to claim Yeshua was an angel. even thy God. This is corroborated in A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament by Brown. Psalms I -The eternal and everlasting God has enthroned you! The scepter of your kingdom must be a scepter of equity. while others use it to claim Yeshua was God.deception perpetrated in order to promulgate the LIE of a "pre-existent" savior who was God manifested in the flesh! Don't fall for it! 8/. 44). As you can see for yourself there has been blatant forgery and deception carried out by the translators of YEHOVAH's Word -. has anointed you. Hebrew 1:8-9. the unsatisfactory nature of the numberless solutions which have been proffered on behalf of this crux interpretum. Notice what the King James Version says -But unto the Son he saith.And without controversy.) and. Thou hast loved righteousness. negatively. its concordance with the Ugaritic-Hebrew proclivity for coining such verbs (Biblica 44 . Thy Elohim. this is not the only translation problem encountered in these verses. O Elohim. was justified in spirit. and hatest wickedness: therefore Elohim. because God." The only evidence for this proposal is its manifest good sense. 81 . is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. 204f. and hated iniquity. "throne. hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. Unfortunately. Another scripture that has deceived many in the Churches of God who quite often use these verses to "prove" that Yeshua was pre-existing being. was received up into HIS GLORY. Thy throne. Driver and Briggs. Thou lovest righteousness. You must love justice and hate iniquity. is for ever and ever: the sceptre of Thy kingdom is a right sceptre. is that of Hebrews 1:8-9. therefore God. by Ludwig Koehler and Walter Baumgartner. a denominative piel from kisse'. was believed on in the world. shows that the word "Elohim" was used to REPLACE the Name of YEHOVAH (p. was preached to the Gentiles. was seen by angels. your God. The Lexicon In Veteris Testamenti Libros. great is the secret of holiness: HE WHO WAS MANIFESTED IN THE FLESH.
"God has anointed you. Division 2 -Thy throne. m sah ka lohim.we get the TRUE TRANSLATION of Psalm 45:6-7. of righteousness. Psalm 45:6-7 and Hebrews 1:8-9 are the SAME prophecy which will take place in the near future. You have put all things in subjection under his feet. for one brings testimony in a certain place. that You visit him? You made him a little lower than the angels. p. GIVEN OF GOD. given of YEHOVAH. 8. In putting everything in subjection under him. ruling rod." Some commentators (as early as 1790) have felt that a verb is needed here and have accordingly supplied hekin or something similar. about which we are speaking. the scepter. Yeshua did NOT "have" this throne when the Psalms were written -. ruling staff. Notice! Your throne. kisse' ka lohim is stylistically parallel to vs." Therefore. And this is EXACTLY how Hebrews 1:8-9 should have been translated -.because this was in YEHOVAH's plan from the very beginning! Therefore. berak ka lohim. A study of Psalm 45 (44).as pointed out in Hebrews 2:5-8: For it is NOT to the angels that He has subjected the world to come." and stylistically and semantically parallel to vs. "God has blessed you.along with the true translation of the Hebrew text -. too. As we just saw. 3. is for ever and ever. saying: What is man. There have been many different solutions offered in solving the problem of correctly interpreting this verse. of your kingdom is a scepter. but they will be one day soon -. But see how this verse is translated from the Hebrew in The Holy Bible. by putting the name of "YEHOVAH" BACK into this verse -. the Name of "YEHOVAH" was replaced with the word "Elohim. because he was quoting from it. concerning the only begotten son of YEHOVAH -. referring to the world to come -. Psalm 45:6-7 is a prophecy that will take place when Yeshua is crowned king under his Father YEHOVAH. You crowned him with glory and honor.because it is a DIRECT quotation! We know that the author of the Book of Hebrews (Paul) was not saying anything that was not already in the Book of Psalms.because he did not yet exist! And Yeshua does not "have" this throne even at THIS TIME because all things have not YET been out under Yeshua. therefore YEHOVAH your FATHER has anointed you with the oil of gladness over your fellow men. and did set him over the works of Your hands. 79. Second Part. YEHOVAH left nothing that is not subject to him -. have loved righteousness and hated wickedness. You. Notice the last part of verse 8 closely: These things are NOT under Yeshua yet.In other words. that You are mindful of him. or the son of man. endureth for ever and ever: the sceptre of equity is the sceptre of thy kingdom.but they do NOT teach of any pre-existent god-savior! 82 . King.but at this time we do NOT YET see all things put under him. cf.
No other ministration was necessary... This verse -.Clarke's Commentary is one of them -Verse 25.. then. The statement made in Daniel 3:25 was spoken by Nebuchadnezzar. But even a cursory examination of this verse indicates that there is absolutely NOTHING here that names Yeshua or says that he pre-existed! Now. He did NOT say: "." Are we to suppose. Meshach and Abed-nego into the furnace because they refused to worship this image -... and delivered his servants.the fourth looks like Yeshua. reads as follows -He answered and said. Proverbs 30:4. walking in the midst of the fire. that is. bar elahin signifies a son of the gods. The first thing you should realize is the fact that there are many sources out there that know this verse has been mistranslated -. a Divine person or angel. the Son of YEHOVAH"? This is EXACTLY what the deceivers would like you to believe! YEHOVAH has many angels.] A most improper translation. in the King James Version.I see the Son of YEHOVAH.. It was this same Nebuchadnezzar who made this statement in Daniel 3:25: ". Is like the Son of God.and by WHOM. are trying to deceive you into thinking that Yeshua was alive at the time. Those who try to deceive you will more than likely use Daniel 3:25 to "prove" that the son of God was pre-existent. the king of Babylon -..I see Yeshua.. The Bible also shows that many times these angels have the appearance of HUMAN BEINGS -." And though even from this some still contend that it was the Angel of the covenant. and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God. yet the Babylonish king knew just as much of the one as he did of the other. What notion could this idolatrous king have of the Lord Jesus Christ? for so the place [verse] understood by thousands. let us notice WHAT was said -.and this is exactly how King Nebuchadnezzar described the fourth man in Daniel 3:25.9/. that this pagan king who was trying to kill the servants of YEHOVAH.in the King James Version -. and he does send them to help us at times -.just as Daniel 3:24 clearly states..they would worship YEHOVAH only.". Daniel 3:25. He then cast Shadrach. I see four men loose. as that which stopped the mouths of the lions when Daniel was cast into their den. .reads: 83 .. Do not allow anyone to deceive you about this!! 10/... and so the king calls him in verse 28: "God hath sent his ANGEL. Neither did he say: "...the fourth looks like the son of the gods. Lo. of course. and they have no hurt. a single angel from heaven was quite sufficient to answer this purpose. Nebuchadnezzar was a pagan who had just made an image of himself and had commanded all in his kingdom to worship it. It is quite amazing that there are people who say this fourth person was Yeshua.like the ones YEHOVAH sent to help Lot and Abraham. said: ".". They. Don't fall for it! This scripture..
in other words. Job xxxviii 3-38. Isa lii 6. Unless his name is known. or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name. but He takes hold of the seed of Abraham. But. Job xxxviii 7. this particular scripture is TWISTED by the false ministers in the world who claim that it teaches that Yeshua was already in existence at that time.For truly.and it is hard to believe that any serious student of the Bible could use this verse to justify such an understanding. Isa xl 12ff. and what is his son's name. or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound up the waters in His garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is HIS NAME? What is THE NAME of His sons? Tell me if you know! Here is a copy of Proverbs 30:4 from the Greek Septuagint Version.But to which of the angels has He ever said: Sit at My right hand. Correctly translated. the ANGELS! Notice what it says -4.the angels! Yeshua was not an angel. Hebrews 2:16 -. Who has ascended the sky. corroborates this translation and plainly says that the sons who are being spoken of refer to the HEAVENLY HOST -. about which we are speaking. This was NOT speaking of Yeshua going back and forth from heaven to earth. they do. there are MANY direct scriptures which say emphatically that YEHOVAH was ALONE at creation. this verse reads: Who has ascended into heaven. Gen xxxii 29. Ps lxxxii 6. Cf.For it is not to the angels that He has subjected the world to come. as the Bible clearly states -Hebrews 1:13 -. But this verse in NO WAY refers to Yeshua -. Exod iii 13. There are absolutely NO direct statements to the effect that any beings existed beside YEHOVAH before He created the angels. But. cf. and that there was NONE BESIDE HIM! 84 . on page 176. his sons'. Cf. He does not take hold of angels. until I make your enemies your footstool? Hebrews 2:5 -. Proverbs.. sadly. Surely you know. Job xxxviii 5. The divine beings of the heavenly host.Who hath ascended up into heaven. from which this verse was translated -Who hath ascended up to heaven and come down? Who hath collected the winds in his bosom? Who hath infolded the water in a mantle? Who hath a dominion over all the ends of the earth? What is his name? or what the name of his sons? The Anchor Bible. this was speaking of YEHOVAH's MESSENGERS -. if thou canst tell? Once again. neither god nor man can be known as real' cf.
wonder (-ful. The first word underlined -.is translated from the Hebrew word "yaotz.I. The Prince of Peace. unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful.is word #6382. am the LORD. as the Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament shows. The mighty God. the word "GABUR" is a word that means "mighty. 11/. Isaiah 9:6 in the King James Version has KEY words that are mistranslated -For unto us a child is born. Isaiah 44:6. In its original form this word was not the adjective "Wonderful" in Isaiah 9:6.marvellous thing. 149). there is NO GOD beside ME: I girded thee." words #1386 and #410 in Strong's Hebrew Dictionary. The trouble is. 8 (King James Version) -." 85 .as well as other mistranslated versions -. and beside me there is no saviour. and I am the last. Isaiah 9:6.although relatively accurately translated -. even I. that he was the "everlasting Father" -. there is NO GOD. Counsellor..Thus saith [YEHOVAH] the King of Israyl. WHO is this "Counselor.were translated from the Hebrew words "GABUR" AND "EL. . it seems." of Whom this child who is to be BORN is to be a "WONDER" or an Ideal Ruler? In the next words mistranslated in the King James Version we find the answer to this question. and there is NONE ELSE..in other words. I am the first. even though the scholars admit this fact no one wants to buck the system and correct these mistakes! No one. Isaiah 45:5 (King James Version) -." word #3289 in Strong's Hebrew Dictionary. The words "MIGHTY" and "GOD" in the King James Version -. The King James translation of Isaiah 9:6 is just one of these cases of deliberate fraud foisted off onto deceived people. pele'. According to the Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament (p.which has been translated "Wonderful" -.Isaiah 43:11 (King James Version) -. that he was PRE-EXISTENT! Let us set the record straight and present the TRUTH about that lie. peh'-leh. Fear ye not. and beside ME there is NO GOD.not words with separate meanings! If you check it out for yourself you will see that this phrase actually means: "WONDER of a Counselor"! See how deceptive the translators have been? The "WONDER" of the Counselor is the Ideal Ruler foretold to come -. wants to suffer the persecution this entails. -fully). though thou has not known ME. The everlasting Father. and have declared it? ye are even my witnesses. 419) clearly and emphatically shows. and his redeemer [YEHOVAH] of hosts. from word #6381 in Strong's Hebrew Dictionary -6382. but the NOUN "wonder" -.which The Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament (p.and it is also part of the phrase pele-yaotz. but the word "yaotz" is clearly shown from the previous reference to be part of a PHRASE -. This translation infers that the SON (Yeshua) was the "mighty God".I am [YEHOVAH]. The word "Counsellor" -. Now.. from 6381. It is generally known in scholarly circles that the King James Version of the Bible contains literally THOUSANDS of mistakes and deliberate fraud. neither be afraid: have not I told thee from that time. a miracle:. Is there a GOD beside ME? yea. I know not any.
The Soncino Talmud, The Babylonian Talmud, Seder Nezikin, Sanhedrin, 94a, translated by Dr. I. Epstein, shows the word "EL" to mean "judge" in this particular place! For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called [i] Wonderful, [ii] Counsellor, [iii] Mighty, [iv] Judge.* * For this meaning of el, cf. Ex. XXI, 6; XXII, 8. Yes, judgment has been given into the hands of Yeshua the Messiah -- just as Acts 10:38-42 emphatically tells us -How God [YEHOVAH] anointed Jesus [Yeshua] of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God [YEHOVAH] was with him. And we are witnesses of all things which he did both in the land of the Jews and in Jerusalem, whom they killed by hanging on a tree. Him God [YEHOVAH] raised up on the third day, and showed him openly, not to all the people, but to witnesses chosen before by God [YEHOVAH], even to us who ate and drank with him after he arose from the dead. And he commanded us to preach to the people, and to testify that it is He who was ordained by God [YEHOVAH] to be JUDGE of the living and the dead. Yeshua will be the JUDGE appointed by YEHOVAH, whose JUDGMENT -- according to YEHOVAH's judgments -- will bring peace to this earth. And because Yeshua the Messiah will command that each and every word YEHOVAH has spoken is to be obeyed -- completely -- Yeshua will BE "The Prince of Peace." The Hebrew words "el" and "gabur" -- when properly translated -- would be written in this fashion: "JUDGE OF THE MIGHTY." Therefore, Isaiah 9:6 is translated word for word as: For a child is born to us, a son is given to us, and is called His Name, Wonder of the Counselor, the Judge of the Mighty Father Everlasting, Prince of Peace. As a result, Isaiah 9:6, when properly translated into modern English, will read as follows: For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government will be upon his shoulders. And his name will be called the WONDER of the Counselor, the JUDGE of the Mighty Everlasting Father -- the PRINCE of peace. As pointed out, the COUNSELOR is "The Mighty, Everlasting Father -- YEHOVAH Himself! As the Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament (p. 810) points out, Isaiah 9:6 is showing that this "WONDER" (Yeshua the Judge) of the "COUNSELOR" (YEHOVAH the Father) -- Yeshua Messiah who is the Ideal Ruler -- was YET TO COME when this prophecy was spoken! Yeshua DID NOT exist in the time of Isaiah the prophet, but he was prophesied to come later.
And -- and please take careful note of this -- Yeshua WAS NOT "The Mighty God, the Father" -- as the fraudulent translators of the King James Version of the Bible, as well as the rest of the deceived world, would like for YOU to believe! When this scripture is properly translated it agrees totally with all the other inspired scriptures of YEHOVAH. It was not the inspired prophets of YEHOVAH who were trying to teach of a "pre-existent god-savior." It was the PAGAN TRANSLATORS -- adding to or deleting from the original inspired word of YEHOVAH, who caused this grave error to be taught to this whole deceived "Christian" world as "doctrine." 12/. Ephesians 3:9. Here is a scripture that fools the unlearned into believing that it was Yeshua who was "the Creator." In fact, many of the Churches of God teach that "in the beginning there were TWO GODS," and that "one god decided to become the father god and the other decided he would be god the son." This is totally ridiculous! Let us try and understand WHY some have become CONFUSED -- and also WHAT the real meaning of this verse is. Ephesians 3:9, in the King James Version, reads -And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: By just reading this verse it is easy to think that YEHOVAH the Father gave orders to create all things, and that these orders were carried out by Yeshua the Messiah. Once again, this world has been DECEIVED into believing this LIE because the LAST THREE WORDS in the King James Version were ADDED to this scripture by the translators! These last three words were NOT in the original manuscripts! The Emphatic Diaglott, as well as The Interlinear GreekEnglish New Testament clearly show that these words were added. By adding these last three words to the King James Version, the whole meaning of Ephesians 3:9 has been ALTERED! Clarke's Commentary (p. 445) shows these words to be missing in many manuscripts! Notice -But the words ...., by Jesus Christ, are wanting in ABCD*FG, and several others; also in the Syriac, Arabic of Erpen, Coptic, Ethiopic, Vulgate, and Itala; as also in several of the fathers. Griesbach has thrown the words out of the text; and Professor White says, "certissime delenda," they are indisputably spurious. The text, therefore, should be read: which from the beginning of the world had been hidden in God who created all things. No inferiority of Christ can be argued from a clause of whose spuriousness there is the strongest evidence. This verse, from The Ryrie Study Bible, New American Standard Version, reads -and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God, who created all things; The Revised Standard Version shows these words are NOT in this translation: and to make all men see what is the plan of the mystery hidden for ages in God who created all things; 87
Correctly translated, therefore, this verse should read -And to make all men plainly see how this secret is administered; which has been hidden in YEHOVAH from the beginning of the ages, Who created all things. Merely by leaving out the fraudulent words ADDED by uninspired men, we see that the apostle Paul was saying that great secret was hidden in YEHOVAH Who created all things -- NOT in Yeshua who came into existence later! That Yeshua created everything was totally unknown to the Apostolic Fathers. One of the earliest non-Biblical statements of Christian faith is found in a book of 16 short chapters known as The Didache, or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles. The author of this book is unknown, but historians have dated it to before or about the year 100 A.D. The Didache deals with concepts people would need to know to become Christians. In chapter 7, it prescribes baptism "in the name of the Father and of the son and of the holy spirit," the same words Yeshua used in Matthew 28:19. But it says absolutely nothing about the three being equal in eternity, power, position and wisdom, or that Yeshua created everything at his Father's command. In its 10th chapter, The Didache includes the following confession of faith in the form of a prayer: We thank you, Holy Father, for your holy Name which you have made to dwell in our hearts; and for the knowledge and faith and immortality which you have made known to us through JESUS YOUR SERVANT. Glory to you forever! YOU, Almighty Master, CREATED EVERYTHING for your Name's sake...And to us you have graciously given spiritual food and drink, and life eternal through Jesus your servant (The Apostolic Fathers, Vol. 3, pps. 166-7). Clearly, there is no sign of Yeshua having created everything is this passage! In fact, it emphatically states that YEHOVAH created everything! In The Influence of Greek Ideas on Christianity, Edwin Hatch quotes the foregoing passage and then says -In the original sphere of Christianity there does not appear to have been any great advance upon these simple conceptions. The doctrine upon which stress was laid was, that God [YEHOVAH] is, that He is one, that He is almighty and everlasting, that HE MADE THE WORLD, that His mercy is over all His works. There was no taste for metaphysical discussion (p. 252). It should be CLEAR to any honest-minded person that deliberate deception, by deceived men, has taken place in the King James Version of the Bible -- deceitful men whose sole ambition was to deceive you and lead you astray! And because these deceitful men have led thousands away from the every Word of YEHOVAH, they have successfully led them away from the TRUE SAVIOR sent by YEHOVAH!
PROVE that totally righteous beings COULD be developed from flesh and blood beings.he was a FLESHLY HUMAN BEING who overcame! Hebrews 2:17 plainly tells us the following -For this reason he had to be MADE LIKE his brothers in EVERY WAY. Yeshua was neither "god" nor "angel" -. The religious impostors who altered the Holy Scriptures of YEHOVAH and those who believe these same lies. it is difficult to grasp the extremes to which these deceivers went to in order to bring forth a "pre-existent god-savior" who "did it all for you. Yeshua HAD to be human.Yeshua warned us of false messiahs and religious impostors. And." The REAL PERSON behind these deceptions is. our High Priest. can OVERCOME.in order that he could. in PROVING that flesh and blood COULD OVERCOME. OVERCAME. in order that he might BECOME a merciful and faithful High Priest in service to YEHOVAH. whose sole purpose is to destroy mankind. even though we suffer and are tempted." Or one could say. as the apostle Peter said in Acts 2:40 -. It was absolutely necessary for our Messiah. to be born flesh and blood -. he is able to help those who are being tempted. and our Savior sent by YEHOVAH. In Matthew 15:14 we read -Let them alone. it is possible -.with the help of YEHOVAH's holy spirit -. And if the blind lead the blind. whose purpose was to deceive and be deceived. even though he suffered and was tempted.to RESIST SATAN! Yeshua was BORN flesh and blood." so all you have to do now is simply "believe. being tempted. It is high time for US to remove the blinders and shake off the DECEPTIONS of this generation and come to the realization of the TRUTH of YEHOVAH! Or. in his OWN HUMAN SELF. we too. and that he might make atonement for the sins of the people. as Hebrews 2:18 most emphatically records -For in that he himself has suffered. However. Yeshua suffered ALL the temptations which all other human beings suffer." But the fact is. being flesh and blood. but we are only human beings. are all headed for the same destruction. he also proved that YEHOVAH's plan from the beginning -. Satan the Devil. being flesh and blood."SAVE YOURSELF FROM THIS PERVERSE GENERATION!" Why Yeshua Could NOT Have Pre-Existed One could easily say. he was a God. "Sure. he was an angel. he overcame. in order to PROVE that YEHOVAH's created mankind CAN OVERCOME! Yeshua the Messiah HAD to PROVE that. They are BLIND LEADERS of the blind. he overcame.the building of the perfect God (YEHOVAH) family from flesh and blood mankind does work! Since Yeshua himself. BOTH will fall into the ditch. yes. of course. 89 . "Sure. The FACT of the matter is.
In September 1997. Wood visited Jericho and examined the results of the Italian excavation first hand. when the purpose of an excavation at a Biblical site is to disprove the Bible and disassociate the site with any historical Jewish connection. His purpose is to tie together Biblical personages and events to similar sounding references in ancient historical records. Lorenzo Nigro and Nicolo Marchetti. Not only did the Italians find the same evidence uncovered in the earlier excavations. the Italian archaeologists. "But even more exciting is the fact that all the evidence from the earlier digs has disappeared over time. the Associated Press and most of the world doesn't realize any of this." said Wood. the Palestinian Authorities. A Wood went on to point out. But that's why the Associates for Biblical Research is in business.ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE BIBLE Jericho -. recently responded. Director of the Associates for Biblical Research and one of the leading experts on the archaeology of Jericho. working under the auspices of the new Palestinian Department of Archaeology. Their dig was the first foreign expedition in the Palestinian-controlled areas of the West Bank since self-rule began in 1994. allowing the identification of 90 . their announcement suggests their excavation was conducted to disprove the Biblical account of Joshua's capture of the city. "It matters little what the Italian archaeologists did not find in their month-long dig. British historian David Rohl has captured the imagination of many Bible students and at the same time created quite a stir among scholars. Nigro and Marchetti announced they found no evidence for a destruction from the time of Joshua. Dr. Dr. After their excavation. In the balk of the Italian excavation. it fits the Biblical story perfectly! "The Italian excavation actually uncovered most of the critical evidence relating to the Biblical story. two Italian archaeologists conducted a limited excavation on the ancient tell of Jericho. it can be summarized as follows. All found abundant evidence of the city's destruction by fire in a layer related to the Biblical date of 1400 BC. drawings and photos. It is a sad commentary on the state of archaeology in the Holy Land. Assyrian and Israelite history. Incredibly. Unfortunately." he said. Pharaohs and Kings Confused Over the past several years. Wood noticed the remains of the collapsed mudbrick city walls which had tumbled. Rohl has attempted to completely overhaul ancient Near Eastern chronology. I had my photograph taken standing next to the wall where the mudbrick collapse had just been excavated. We only have records. excavated for one month on the fringes of Kathleen Kenyon's west and south trenches. The evidence is already in. Bryant Wood. Through his book Pharaohs and Kings: A Biblical Quest (Crown. shifting dates up to 350 years. Please pray for our efforts. at the outer base of the revetment wall. Is it further possible that the Palestinian Authority supported this dig for the express purpose of denouncing any Jewish connection to the site? As to their evidence. Mesopotamian. John Garstang (1930-1936) and Kathleen Kenyon (1952-1958) both dug at Jericho for six seasons and a German excavation directed by Ernst Sellin and Carl Watzinger dug for three. he found the Italians had uncovered the stone outer revetment wall at the base of the tell with part of the mudbrick wall built on top of it still intact. he quotes a number of experts in their respective fields of Egyptian. To bolster his case. Pray for the removal of all obstacles blocking the publication of Dr. While the scope of his work is vast and hinges on a number of technical issues. His work attempts to fill the gaps we presently have in ancient chronologies. While it is too soon for the academic community to see details of their discoveries. Three major expeditions to the site over the past 90 years uncovered abundant evidence to support the Biblical account. Wood's technical study of the pottery of Jericho. But the Italians uncovered a completely new section of the wall which we did not know still existed. 1995) and a video by the same name. Rohl proposed a realignment of ancient Near Eastern chronologies.The Walls DID Come Tumbling Down! In the spring of 1997.
they do not invalidate the known facts. Conservatives want to tie Biblical events to ancient history.Biblical personages with ancient representations known from other sources. he provided Rohl with primary evidence from several vital genealogies of the 21st and 22nd Egyptian dynasties. too. Kitchen says he was interviewed in his Liverpool. he presented continuous lines of high priests for Amun (in Thebes) and Ptah (in Memphis) going through both dynasties. even though they were separated by as many as 350 years. As a coup de grace. "The easy way out. Kenneth Kitchen. In addition. it must be understood that these gaps are not unaccounted periods in the history of those civilizations. Thus. Assyrian. it is important to be honest with the known facts and deal 91 .go away' which would be academically justified" (personal communication). But all is not well in Rohl-land! One of the experts who appeared in Rohl's videos is Egyptologist Dr. It is not possible to simply drop or add 350 years to these chronologies. Due to the technical nature of his work. plus markers showing which kings of Assyria successively built in the national shrine at Assur. despite the supposed connections Rohl makes by doing so. and his book virtually ready for press" (personal communication). In particular. while Rohl's work sounds good. Finally. Admittedly. 1995. So Kitchen agreed to the interview. an occurrence which takes place only once every 1460 years. his work has received widespread media attention and has become popular among conservatives. Kitchen brought out what he called "one totally damning little text" (personal communication) from Deir el-Medina in west Thebes. however. Babylonian and Palestinian chronologies. also bolstered Kitchen's case. England home by Rohl on May 17. Furthermore. Kitchen provided parallels in the Assyrian King List. Kitchen answered Rohl's two great anomalies in Egyptian chronology -. His case centers on dropping the 21st Egyptian Dynasty (1069-945 BC) into being contemporary with Egypt's 22nd Dynasty (945-715 BC). As far as Kitchen is concerned. Rohl's proposed "corrections" of ancient Near Eastern chronologies was dead in the water (Kitchen 1995: xlii-xlvi). and the connections he makes sound reasonably and offer some interesting possibilities. Kitchen said he demonstrated evidence which directly contradicted Rohl's views. While Rohl's books and videos appear to make a convincing case for his side. it is all right for us to have gaps. Rohl's efforts focused on eliminating the gaps in ancient Near Eastern chronologies. that he had most of his filming already in the can by May 17th. 'You are 90% rubbish -. Kitchen later said he had great reservations about giving the interview because he understood Rohl's arguments all too well. They only represent our incomplete and uneven knowledge of these histories. In retrospect. the Assyrian Eponym List and the Babylonian King List. now. Sour grapes? Probably not. Kitchen said Rohl communicated he was unaware of this material. Kitchen only appears in Rohl's three-video series for a total of about three minutes. While the Associates for Biblical Research staff. Kitchen was not at all happy with Rohl's finished product. a conservative evangelical scholar.the cache of royal reburial near Deir el-Bahri and the lack of Apis bull burials for the 21st Dynasty. it simply does not work with the known facts of Egyptian. for seven hours. Professor of Egyptology at the University of Liverpool. Rohl's idea is quite appealing to those frustrated by the lack of connection between Biblical and secular history. is often at odds with conventional chronologies. The material Rohl focuses on is quite technical. most of the interview was spent with Kitchen demonstrating to Rohl why his theories are wrong and do not work. not new information. According to Kitchen. Angry that he did not get more air time? I doubt it. "was simply to say. With Rohl's main focus on Egyptian chronology. This allows him to connect names and events from ancient history with similar sounding Biblical events and people. "It is clear. with crosslinks illustrated by the synchronous history and Chronicle P. It precisely dated the Nile inundation at a specific time. Kitchen said he later realized that Rohl was only looking for sound bites. Kitchen's specialty. Yet. Additional links to New Kingdom Egypt and Hatti. Consequently. Consequently. few are capable of responding authoritatively. he unfortunately chose to ignore contradictory evidence from Kitchen and other scholars." he said. But for all experts to respond that way would allow Rohl to go forward with no detractors.
(around the time when Saul and David ruled in Israel).what we know as Chinese Turkistan -. but is not good scholarship. which apparently promotes preservation. high-bridged noses -. When the mummies were first brought to the museum. The Beauty of Loulan is the premier mummy of the region. This may sell books and videos. linguistically. but bad for a better understanding of the Bible and the ancient world. They are Caucasian -. about 1000 B. or tartans. her face appears on wall posters and CD covers of recordings by local musicians. her face is serene and lovely. One of the oldest mummies is Cherchen Man. Laboratory tests disclosed that the dust was an animal protein. too. the Tokharians resemble the huge. Furthermore. but gave no other specifics.C.E. The chief difference is that the ancient plaids contain no more than two or three colors. He was buried wearing a two-piece suit of purplishred-brown wool. In fact. found in the Andes of Peru are found to have been covered with a thin layer of fish paste. But these prehistoric people are not Oriental. Cherchen Woman was over six feet tall and was buried wearing a dark red robe onto which had been painted a pattern of swirls and spirals. While the Cherchen mummies date from about 1000 B. Archaeological evidence shows us that the Celts have been weaving plaid twills. In life. The oldest is 4000 years old -contemporaneous with the much more famous Egyptian mummies. The spiral pattern is interesting because it offers some clues to the origins of the Cherchen people. It is good for business. The oldest mummies come from Loulan in the Taklamakan Desert. Rohl's efforts are creative and not bad in themselves. but their bodies are just as well preserved. they do not stand up with the corpus of known evidence. Unfortunately. This similarity of Tokharians and Celts extends into textile technology. handlebar mustaches and occasionally full beards. he stood six foot six inches tall. The real problem is that Rohl is aware of this.tall.E. author of Women's Work. What were these blondes doing in the foothills of the Himalayas? Where did they come from? Were they Celts as their plaid clothing suggests? In The Mummies of Urumchi. Welsh. yellow and blue wool wrapped around his feet and legs like stockings. an Indo-European nation that must have emigrated to the Tarim Basin from much farther west. blonde..clearly not Mongolian or Chinese. they were disrobed so that grave dirt and any mold or fungus could be cleaned off the corpses.with them. the Loulan mummies date from about 2000 B. but goes ahead anyway. Elizabeth Wayland Barber. and their connections to the West. Irish. Their clothing is not as colorful as the Cherchen mummies. while the modern tartans are generally The Mummies of Urumchi In the museums of Urumchi. the Bronze and Iron Age ancestors of the historic Celts wove woolen plaid cloth that is almost identical to modern examples from Scotland. And they are wearing beautifully preserved woolen clothes woven in a pattern we would recognize as tartan plaid.. and gaudy strips of red. Like a supermodel.C. and Bretons than with any other Indo-European language.a collection of ancient mummies lay at the center of an enormous mystery.E. The curators found that the better preserved mummies had been painted with some substance that left a fine yellow dust or fuzz on their bodies. the world to which they belonged. ill-founded efforts like Rohl's actually hurt other scholars who are honestly trying to make the same type of connections between the Bible and secular history. Four thousand years after her death. pieces together the history of these mysterious people. Two of the corpses were not very well preserved. It's interesting to note that mummies 92 . the era of Abraham and the patriarchs. and blond with round eyes (that may have been blue). In the grave with Cherchen Man were three adult women. The Cherchen spirals are very similar to those found in the Aegean and also on tombs in Ireland. the windswept regional capital of the Uyghur Autonomous Region in Western China -. Rohl has only used selective facts which fit his views. pale-eyed Celtic warriors the Greeks and Romans went up against in ancient times. Physically.C. but the third remained in excellent condition. for 3000 years at least. the Tokharians share more features with the Celtic languages of the Scots. large-nosed. In fact. Who were the mummies? The best evidence suggests that they were Tokharians. soft white deerskin boots. Frescoes that the later Tokharians painted of themselves making gifts to Buddhist monasteries show the donors with light brown or even red hair.
and put on display a rare specimen of "Etruscan" culture. Again. and fought with great courage. This is a ceremonial siren vessel. the Bible does not explain what these deeds were. -. and went on in overthrowing their cities. Step-by-step. 1980 93 . Moses was appointed general of the Egyptian army. What they did not like about this Ethiopian woman is not explained in the Bible. 10:2).multicolored. It is hard to escape the claim that the mysterious Etruscans. on condition she would procure the delivering up of the city. and indeed made a great slaughter of these Ethiopians" (Antiquities of the Jews.. he beat them. Elizabeth Wayland Barber leads her readers through the evidence.C. the noted Jewish historian of the first century of our era. we need always to remember the pre-Exodus "breakaway" of an enterprising section of the tribe of Dan who moved to Greece well in advance of the westward trekking main body of Israel.. who was used of YEHOVAH to bring the Israelites forth from Egypt. joining battle with them. being raised in Pharaoh's household. was married to an Ethiopian woman. idolatrous and gentilized though they had undoubtedly become..she fell deeply in love with him. in Asia Minor. and had subsequently moved westwards under pressure from further east." Moses and the Ethiopian Woman Moses. and consummated his marriage. believed to date from the 6-7th century B. therefore. he gave thanks to God. and admiring the subtlety of his undertakings. 10:2). We recall that Miriam and Aaron -. It was well fortified and difficult to take. fills in the details about the deeds of Moses and also the Ethiopian woman! Egypt had become involved in a war with the Ethiopians. which explains how he was mighty in deeds. out of her affection for him. sent to him the most faithful of all her servants to discourse with him about their marriage. No sooner was the agreement made. Steven tells us that Moses. But Josephus.. descended from the tribes of Israel. When Israeli archaeologists uncovered bodies on the fortress of Masada near the Dead Sea they found traces of a similar plaid cloth. According to Josephus. the daughter of the king. summed it up in these words: "When Moses was nourished in the king's palace." In this connection. when he married that king's daughter. at least temporarily. He was very successful in this position. but it took effect immediately. drawing upon her expertise in textile history and her discoveries in the museums of western China. the walls. in the regions of Asia Minor and the Aegean. and upon the prevalency of that passion.and that when he had once taken possession of the city. he would not break his oath to her.Wake Up! October. This is where "the Ethiopian woman" comes into the picture. "She happened to see Moses as he led the army near An Etruscan Link with Israel of Old The British Museum conservation department has reassembled -. and led the Egyptians back to their own land" (Antiquities of the Jews. It was to Christian communities among these that the apostles (particularly Paul) preached and wrote. and. Book 2. He thereupon accepted the offer.from a handful of fragments -.had some differences with him "because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman" (Numbers 12:1). and deprived them of the hopes they had of success against the Egyptians. he was appointed general of the army against the Ethiopians. she delivered the city up to him. "He came upon the Ethiopians before they expected him. an early church father. Finally Moses and the Egyptian armies besieged the royal city of Ethiopia called Saba. because.who had been carried captive by the Assyrians into exile in Media. her name was Tharbis. At the end she presents us with the most conclusive evidence yet that the mummies of Urumchi are related to the modern Scots and Irish and are. and when Moses had cut of the Ethiopians. and believing him to be the author of the Egyptian's success. was well-educated in the wisdom of the Egyptians and was mighty in deeds (Acts 7:22). Many have been puzzled about this. Irenaeus. and conquered them. and attributed to Lydia. descended from both of the ten northern and two southern tribes of Israel -. contained a substantial proportion of "Israelites of the Dispersion. It is accepted that there were large colonies. Book 2.the sister and brother of Moses -. They settled. The details of this dispute are not given.
but first the Bible. orange. It violates the Bill of Rights. 94 . Study witchcraft. or green. Our hair can be purple. So. To quote the Good Book makes me liable. Lord. the school's a mess. And the "unwed daddy. We can get our condoms and birth controls. If Scripture now the class recites. And pierce our noses. my soul please take! Amen. the law is precise. Arizona. They've outlawed guns." our Senior King. which is a sad commentary on American society today. But the Ten Commandments are not allowed. The law is specific. We can elect a pregnant Senior Queen. Prayers spoken aloud are a serious vice. It's scary here I must confess. vampires and totem poles. In silence alone we must meditate. tongues and cheeks. It's "inappropriate" to teach right from wrong. This is incredible! May YEHOVAH have mercy on His people Israel! Now I sit me down in school Where prayer is against the rule For this great nation under God Finds mention of Him very odd. That's no offence. it'a a freedom scene.The New School Prayer This prayer. When chaos reigns. this silent plea I make: Should I be shot. God's name is prohibited by the State. We're taught that such "judgments" do not belong. No word of God must reach this crowd. For praying in a public hall Might offend someone with no faith at all. We're allowed to cuss and dress like freaks. was written by a teenager in Bagdad. And anytime my head I bow Becomes a Federal matter now.
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