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Read the following paragraph and answer the questions (15) given below:

If a discharge is passed through hydrogen gas (H2) at low pressure, some hydrogen atoms are formed,
which emit light in the visible region. The light can be studied with a spectrometer and is found to
comprise a series of lines of different wavelength. The lines get increasingly closer to each other as the
wavelength decreases until the continuum is reached. Sommerfield explained the splitting of lines by
assuming that some of the orbits were elliptical, and that they precessed in space around the nucleus. For
the orbit closest to the nucleus, the principle quantum number n = 1, and there is a circular orbit. For the
next orbit, n = 2 and both circular and elliptical orbits are possible. To define an elliptical orbit a second
quantum number k is needed. The shape of ellipse is defined by the ratio of the major and minor axis.
Thus,
major axis n
minor axis k

, where k is called azimuthal quantum number and may have values from 1, 2, n.
Thus, for n = 2, n/k may have values 2/2 (circular) and 2/1 (elliptical orbit). The presence of these extra
orbits which have slightly different energies from each other accounts for the extra lines in the spectrum
revealed under high resolution. The original quantum number k now has been replaced by a new quantum
number
l
where
l
= k 1.
1. When the value of principle quantum number, n = 3, how many orbitals are possible in the valence
shell of the atom?
(A) 8 (B) 9
(C) 3 (D) 4
2. Who introduced the concept of elliptical orbits?
(A) Bohr (B) Sommerfield
(C) de Broglie (D) Rutherford
3. For which of the following shells splitting of spectral lines does not occur?
(A) K (B) L
(C) M (D) All of the above
4. The splitting of spectral lines in the presence of magnetic field is called
(A) Stark effect (B) Zeeman effect
(C) Thomsons effect (D) None of the above
5. The lines become increasingly closer as the wavelength ( ) decreases, it explains that
(A) the distance between any two orbits increases as the principle quantum number increases.
(B) the distance between any two orbits decreases as the principle quantum number increases.
(C) distance between consecutive orbits is always same.
(D) None of the above
6. If
o

is the threshold wavelength of a metal and is the wavelength of the incident radiation, the
maximum velocity of the ejected electrons from the metal would be
(A)
1/ 2
o
o
2hc
m
] | `
]

] . , ]
(B)
1/ 2
o
o
2hc
m
] | `
]

] . , ]
(C)
( )
1/ 2
o
2hc
m
]

]
]
(D)
( )
1/ 2
o
2hc
m
]

]
]
7. The plot of radial probability function
o
2 2
(4 r R ) vs r (A)
for a given orbital equation based on derivation
from Schrodingers wave equation is as given. Which of the following is/are not correctly represented in
plot?

o
r(A)

2 2
(4 r R )

(A) 1s orbital with no radial node (B) 2s orbital with one radial node
(C) 3s orbital with two radial node (D) 3s orbital with one radial node
8. A hydrogen like atom (atomic number Z) is in a higher excited state of quantum number
n. This excited atom can make a transition to the first excited state by successively
emitting two photons of energies 10.2 ev and 17 ev respectively. Alternatively, the atom
from the same excited state can make a transition to the second excited state by
successively emitting two photons of energy 4.25 ev and 5.95 ev respectively. Determine
the values of n and z.
9. a) The Schrodinger wave equation for hydrogen atom
0
3 / 2
r / a 2
0 0
1 r
s 2 e
a a

| ` | `


. , . ,
Where a
0
is Bohrs radius. If the radial node in 2s be at r
0
, then find r in terms of a
0
.
10. a) Calculate the wavelength of electron moving with K.E. 10 eV.
b) An electron has a speed of 600 ms
1
with an accuracy of 0.004%. Determine the
uncertainty with which its position can be located. Also comment on the result
11. B
12. B
13. A
14. B
15. B
46. A
3. A, C, D