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VF,RBS

151

YERB PATTTRNS
To infinitive, etc. to buy that book.
to come to my house. to understand. to shut the doors. to stay here.

Untuk lebih ntemudahkan membuat ayat-ayat dalant Bahasa Inggeris, yang perlu sekali dikuasai ialah polapola ayat. Melalui penBuasaan pola-pola ayat lebih banyak ayat akan dapat dibentuk berdasarkan pola ,-ortg telah dikuttsai itu secara analogi. Dengan dentikian katakula yang telah diketahui akan dapat dipergunokan berdasarkan polct-pola ayat yctng telah diketahui itu. Untuk lebih jelas perhatikanlah beberapn pola ayat \:ong terdapat tli bawuh ini.

Subject
I
You
She

Verb
wanted have promised pretended

He
We

forgots

like
agtee

They

to pay for it.

Sutrject
I

Direct Object
like
cut helps

Subject
I

Not to infinitive, etc.


pretended
promrsecl
I

this book your finger


her mother

not to see you


not to come.

You
She

You

shHe
We

have decided swore


agreed

not to gol-,;. ii:r to :,reet !l1

He
We
.f

took
invite d dug

his book
thcm

i-11

not to spend

night
anvmore.

hey

'f hcy
t50

promised

not to clisturb

t52

SYSEMATIC MODERN ENGLISH

VERBS

153

iutrject
I
You
She

Verb
want
asked

Noun/Pronoun To infinitive, etc.


you
me

iubject Verb

Noun/Pronoun

Present Participle, etc.

to come early. to call him. to close the door. to work harder. to enter the room. to sweep the floor

I
You
'She

smell

something
them her friends the bus the house
me

burning in this roorn


standing outside.

left
saw

ordered expects

the boy

playing tennis.
leaving. shaking slowly.

He
We

his friends
them the servant

He
We

watched

allowed

felt
found

They

told

They

working hard.

Subject
I
You
She

Verb
helped
saw

Noun/Pronoun
him
them
me thern

Infinitiye, etc.
carry the books
leave the room.
go.

Subject
I

Verb
made

Object
them

Adjective
busy.

You
She

got
pushed

your clothes
the window the drawer

dirty.
open.

let watched
fe

He We

do it.
shake.

He We

found
painted

empty.
green. dead.

lt

the house the children

our new house


the tiger

They

heard

come in.

They

wished

"j

'

NX

154

SYSTEMATIC MODERN ENGLISH

\IERBS

_155

Subject
I

Verb

Ob.iect

Past Participle
cut. painted.

Subjec
I

Conjunctive To infinitive
told
advised showed

want to have my hair


had

You
She

your car
her hair

what
where

got

curled yesterday.
respected.

You
She

His action makes


We

him

how how which


whether

want to have this room


heard

cleaned.
spoken.

He
We

told advised lthe students

They

Indonesian

They

remind

I me

Subject I
You
She

Verb

Conjunctive To infinitive, etc.


how what how

Subject
I
You
She He

Verb don't
understand

Conjunctive
why
where what what whether

Clause they haven't come to go. they do there.

don't know
should know is learning
was wondering

to do it. to do. to swim. to buy. to get there to study.

don't mind
doesn't care knows wonder

He
We

which
how what

you are.
he

could find out


understand

We

willcome or no(
l

They

They

don't

rezrlize

why

they failed?.

156

SYSTE.MATIC MODERN ENGLISH

VF,RBS

157

He We

minds stop

staying a little longer.

working at four o'ciock. coming here.

They
Sub.iect

kept on

Noun/ Pronoun
asked

Conjunctive
where how when
he bought it.

him
me
LIS

You
She

told
asked

they escaped. we would be back. expensive it is


the bus leaves.

He

told

the students

hor'.,

ubiectl

Verb

We

inforrned them
asked
US

when where

--l;" t"
You
I

Direct Object
the money

Prepo- Prepositior sition

__obj.jl
rny little your frienr

to
to to
t()

si

They

they could
stay.

llent

my book
the box the painting the books the news

She I ,r'r.* He We ishowcd I brought


The

her brothe;

his

friendr

to to

hirn.

told

their frienr

Gerund, etc.
enjoy

living in this city


talk ing.

studying English.

11

ts8

SYSTEMATIC MODERN ENGUSH

VERBS

159

Subject

Verb
paid
read

Direct Object
them

Indirect Object
the money. the letter. ten dollars. Subjecl Verb

I
You
She

your father
me

lent
gave

Preposition Prepositional Object, etc.

He
We

them

English lesson.
new stories.
those books.

I
You
She

waited
agreed

for
to

them for two hours.

told
threw

him
US

my suggestion.
the radio every morning.

They

listens looked
disagreed

to
at

He
We

them carefully.
them. the guests.

with
at

They

smiled

Subject Complement

Iam
You are
She is

an employee.

very happy. very diligent.

He

is

in the Iiving-room. university students


clever.

We are

They

are