®

NE556 SA556 - SE556
GENERAL PURPOSE DUAL BIPOLAR TIMERS

. . . . . . . .

LOW TURN OFF TIME MAXIMUM OPERATING FREQUENCY GREATER THAN 500kHz TIMING FROM MICROSECONDS TO HOURS OPERATES IN BOTH ASTABLE AND MONOSTABLE MODES HIGH OUTPUT CURRENT CAN SOURCE OR SINK 200mA ADJUSTABLE DUTY CYCLE TTL COMPATIBLE TEMPERATURE STABILITY OF 0.005% PER oC

N DIP14 (Plastic Package)

D SO14 (Plastic Micropackage)

DESCRIPTION The NE556 dual monolithic timing circuit is a highly stable controller capable of producing accurate time delays or oscillation. In the time delay mode of operation, the time is precisely controlled by one external resistor and capacitor. For a stable operation as an oscillator, the free running frequency and the duty cycle are both accurately controlled with two external resistors and one capacitor. The circuit may be triggered and reset on falling waveforms, and the output structure can source or sink up to 200mA. PIN CONNECTIONS (top view)

ORDER CODES
Part Number NE556 SA556 SE556 Temperature Range 0 C, 70 C –40 C, 105 C
o o –55 C, 125 C o o o o

Pakcage N • • • D • • •

Discharge Threshold

1 2

14 13 12 11 10 9 8

VCC Discharge Threshold Control Voltage Reset Output Trigger

Control Voltage 3 Reset Output Trigger GND 4 5 6 7

July 1998

1/9

7kW R4 R8 1kW 5kW 5 R12 6.7kW Q23 3.8kW Q21 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q19 Q20 31R R11 5kW THRESHOLD Q1 Q2 Q3 Q11 Q12 TRIGGER 2 Q10 Q4 R9 5kW Q13 Q16 RESET DISCHARGE 4 7 Q14 GND 1 Q15 Q17 R5 10kW R6 100kW R7 100kW R10 5kW Q18 R16 100W R15 4.7kW R2 830W R3 4.7kW D2 R17 4.9kW D1 R14 220W Q24 3 Q22 OUTPUT TRIGGER COMPARATOR FLIP FLOP ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol Vcc Toper Supply Voltage Operating Free Air Temperature Range for NE556 for SA556 for SE556 Parameter Value 18 0 to 70 –40 to 105 –55 to 125 150 – 65 to 150 Unit V °C °C °C Tj Tstg Junction Temperature Storage Temperature Range 2/9 .NE556/SA556/SE556 BLOCK DIAGRAM VCC+ 5kW THRESHOLD CONTROL VOLTAGE COMP R FLIP-FLOP 5kW COMP TRIGGER DISCHARGE Q OUT 1/2 NE556 S INHIBIT/ RESET 5kW RESET S SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM CONTROL VOLTAGE THRESHOLD COMPARATOR VCC R1 4.

33 0.9 1 0.(note 3) Trigger Voltage VCC = +15V VCC = +5V Trigger Current (Vtrig = 0V) Reset Voltage .4 3. C = 0.7 11 4 % ppm/°C %/V V Vth V 11.3 3.9 9.33 10 3.15 0.5 30 0.5 13.4 0.1µF.8 10.5 0.1 5 1. Supply current when output is high is typically 1mA less.5 90 0.1 9 2.(note 4) Reset Current Vreset = +0.25 5.(note 2) Drift with Temperature Drift with Supply Voltage Timing Error (astable) (RA.1 0.4 2 2.SA556 Min.7 10.2 2. VCC = +15V) Initial Accuracy .75 0.4V Vreset = 0V VOL Low Level Output Voltage VCC = +15V.9 0. 6 20 4 Max.2 4. This will determine the maximum value of RA + RB for +15V operation the max total is R = 20MΩ and for 5V operation the max total R = 3. 3/9 .5 0.4 0.1 0.25 0.4 4.5 to 18 VCC NE556 . Typ.4 4.33 0.5 to 18 VCC Unit V V ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Tamb = +25oC.2 1 50 0.NE556/SA556/SE556 OPERATING CONDITIONS Symbol VCC Vth. 10 24 NE556 .25 5. Specified with trigger input high.67 0.6 2.25 150 0.2 1.67 0. C = 0. IO(sink) = 10mA IO(sink) = 50mA IO(sink) = 100mA IO(sink) = 200mA VCC = +5V.75 2. IO(source) = 100mA 0.5 % ppm/°C %/V 1.4 2 2.6 2.6 4 0. Tested at VCC = +5V and VCC = +15V.5 0. 2.1 0.25 0. Vreset Supply Voltage Maximum Input Voltage Parameter SE556 4.1 0.3 0.05 2 100 0.4 2.2 0.1 0.7 SE556 Min.(note 2) Drift with Temperature Drift with Supply Voltage VCL Control Voltage level VCC = +15V VCC = +5V Threshold Voltage VCC = +15V VCC = +5V Threshold Current . 12 30 Unit mA 0. 4.4 1 0.1 3 0.3 3.2 0.5 V 0.75 2.5 0.5MΩ. RB = 1kΩ to 100kΩ.2 0.5 0. IO(source) = 200mA IO(source) = 100mA VCC = +5V. IO(sink) = 8mA IO(sink) = 5mA High Level Output Voltage VCC = +15V.1µF) Initial Accuracy .3 0.(2 timers) Low State VCC = +5V VCC = +15V High State VCC = 5V Timing Error (monostable) (RA = 2k to 100kΩ.3 0. VCC = +5V to +15V (unless otherwise specified) Symbol ICC Parameter Supply Current (RL ∞) (.0 1 µA V mA µA V Ith Vtrig Itrig Vreset Ireset VOH Notes : 1. Vcl.4 0.3 10 3.35 V 13 3 12.5 2.1 5 1.15 10 3. 3.note 1) .8 2. 6 20 4 Max.SA556 4.45 9.05 12.8 1.4 1.5 13.25 12. Vtrig.6 8.4 2. Typ.33 10 3.5 1.

(note 6) (Vreset = VCC) SE556 Min. Idis = 4. Time mesaured from a positive going input pulse from 0 to 0.SA556 Min.5 480 200 300 300 ns µs tr tf toff Notes : 5. Typ. Figure 1 : Minimum Pulse Width Required for Trigering Figure 2 : Supply Current versus Supply Voltage Figure 3 : Delay Time versus Temperature Figure 4 : Low Output Voltage versus Output Sink Current 4/9 . No protection against excessive Pin 7 current is necessary. 20 Max. 100 NE556 . providing the package dissipation rating will not be exceeded.8x VCC into the threshold to the drop from high to low of the output trigger is tied to treshold.(note 5) VCC = +15V.5mA Output Rise Time Output Fall Time Turn off Time . 20 Max. 6.NE556/SA556/SE556 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) Symbol Idis(off) Vdis(sat) Parameter Discharge Pin Leakage Current (output high) (Vdis = 10V) Discharge pin Saturation Voltage (output low) . Idis = 15mA VCC = +5V.5 480 200 200 200 180 80 100 100 0. 100 Unit nA mV 180 80 100 100 0. Typ.

NE556/SA556/SE556 Figure 5 : Low Output Voltage versus Output Sink Current Figure 6 : Low Output Voltage versus Output Sink Current Figure 7 : High Output Voltage Drop versus Output Figure 8 : Delay Time versus Supply Voltage Figure 9 : Propagation Delay versus Voltage Level of Trigger Value 5/9 .

NE556/SA556/SE556 TYPICAL APPLICATION 50% DUTY CYCLE OSCILLATOR VCC PULSE WIDTH MODULATOR VCC 4 6 (8) (10) 14 (13) 1 RA 51kW Rs 22kW (12) 2 RA 4 Trigger 6 (8) (10) 14 (13) 1 1/2 NE556 SE556 Output 5 (9) 7 1/2 NE556 SE556 Output 5 (9) 7 (12) 2 (11) 3 0.C  RB − 2RA  t2 = [(RARB) ⁄ (RA + RB)] CLn    2RB − RA  1 1 f= RB < RA ti t1+ t2 2 t2 t1 6/9 .01nF (11) 3 C C MODULATION INPUT t1= 0.693 RA.

44 R A + 2R B ) C Ground MONOSTABLE OPERATION VCC RL 4 Trigger (10) 6 (8) ASTABLE OPERATION VCC RA RL 4 (10) RA 14 (13) 1 14 (13) 1 1/2 NE556 SE556 (12) 2 Output 5 (9) 1/2 NE556 SE556 (12) 2 RB Output RL 5 (9) 7 (11) 3 RL 7 (11) 3 0.C f= 1.1 R t .1 R A . +15V Reset Rt Trigger Trigger 6 Discharge 1 2 Threshold C1 4 Vcc 14 5 Output 10 Reset 14 Discharge 13 1/2 NE556 SE556 Control 3 Output 9 Ground 0.693 RBC Output Low t2 t1 7/9 .44 R A + 2R B ) C t1 = 0.01m F RA 1/2 NE556 SE556 RB 12 Threshold 8 Trigger 11 Control Ground 0. It is connected as an astable and determines the frequency of the tone. The second timer is enabled by the high output os the monostable.693 (RA + RB) C Output High t2 = 0.NE556/SA556/SE556 TONE BURST GENERATOR For a tone burst generator the first timer is used as a monostable and determines the tone duration when triggered by a positive pulse at pin 6.01m F C2 T = 1.01nF (8) 6 10nF C C Operating frequency T = 1.C1 f= 1.

065 0.54 15.100 8/9 .5 2.1 3.3 1. 1.600 0.51 1.24 7. 0. Max.787 0.055 Inches Typ.25 20 8.020 0.130 0.5 0.65 Min. Max.280 0.010 0.201 0.NE556/SA556/SE556 PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA 14 PINS .PLASTIC DIP Dimensions a1 B b b1 D E e e3 F i L Z Min.54 0.100 0. 0. 0.020 0.335 0.27 2.39 Millimeters Typ.050 0.1 5.

France .Singapore .United Kingdom .Thailand .46 0.150 0. Max. However. Max.008 0.S.Malaysia .55 5.2 0.62 3. © The ST logo is a trademark of STMicroelectronics © 1998 STMicroelectronics – Printed in Italy – All Rights Reserved STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia .A.027 Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable.Canada .Japan .004 0.208 0.8 1.Brazil .) 0. 0.75 6.1 0.050 0.Korea .U.0 5.157 0.68 8o (max. 0.25 45 (typ.228 0.007 Inches Typ.Spain .018 0.300 0.050 0.27 0.010 0.27 7.Morocco The Netherlands .063 0.Italy . No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. 9/9 .020 0. 1.6 0. 0.Germany .NE556/SA556/SE556 PACKAGE MECHANICAL DATA 14 PINS .5 4.336 0.244 0.China .) o Min.35 0.181 0.Taiwan .020 8.334 0.014 0. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics.5 8.75 0.8 4.Malta .6 0.Mexico .Switzerland . Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice.Sweden .PLASTIC MICROPACKAGE (SO) Dimensions A a1 a2 b b1 C c1 D E e e3 F G L M S Min.19 Millimeters Typ.2 1. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied.069 0.3 1.

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