1,

,

S I D 63-313 APOLLO COMMAND AND SERVICE MODULE SYSTEM SPECIFICATION !BLOCK I ) (U) NAS 9-150 Exhibit I Para. 4.2 28 August 1964///,

Apollo P r o g r a m M a n a g e r

I
% This document contains infor United States within the Section 793 and 794. Its manner !o an unau?horized perso

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.
SPACE and TNFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

A

3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SI’AACI?: and INFORILIATION S I S T E h l S DIVISION

I

. .

\

CON T E N T S

Page

1.

SCOPE 1 . 1 Objectives

.

.

1 1

2.

0
3.

APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS 2 . 1 Specifications 2 . 1 . 1 NASA 2.1.2 Military 2.1.3 Contractor 2 . 2 Standards 2.2.1 Federal 2.2.2 M i l i t a r y 2.2.3 Contractor 2 . 3 Drawings 2 . 4 Bulletins 2. 5 Other Publications 2 . 5 . 1 NASA 2.5.2 Military 2.6 Precedence

. .

,

.

.
.

.

.

.

.

1 1 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4

REQUIREMENTS 3.1 General Requirements 3 . 1 . 1 Launch Vehicle P e r f o r m a n c e R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 1. 1 . 1 Launch Vehicle Attitude Control 3.1.1.2 P r o p e l l a n t Venting 3. 1. 1 . 3 Loads C r i t e r i a f o r CSM SIVB Adapter and I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n U n i t S a t u r n IB P e r f o r m a n c e R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 1. 1 . 4 Saturn V P e r f o r m a n c e Requirements 3. 1. 1 . 5 Launch Vehicle Mechanical I n t e r f a c e s 3. 1 . 1 . 6 Launch Vehicle E l e c t r i c a l I n t e r f a c e s 3. 1. 1 . 7 3.1.1.8 Command a n d S e r v i c e Module Command a n d S e r v i c e Module S I V B 3.1.1.9 Adapter ,

.

. .

.

5 7 7
8 10 16 17

.

... - 111 S i D 63 -313

I

-*
NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.
SPACE and 1Nb.ORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

x

Page 3.1.1.10 Launch E s c a p e S u b s y s t e m 3. 1. 1. 11 Command a n d S e r v i c e Module Subsystem 3. 1. 2 O p e r a t i o n a l Concept 3. 1. 2. 1 Manning of Flight 3.1. 2 . 2 Onboard Command 3. 1. 2. 3 Flight C r e w 3. 1. 2 . 4 Flight T i m e Capabilities 3. 1. 2. 5 E a r t h Landing 3. 1 . 3 C o m m a n d a n d S e r v i c e Module P e r f o r m a n c e 3. 1. 3 . 1 Boost Stabilization 3 . 1. 3 . 2 Trajectories 3. 1 . 4 M i s s i o n P e r f o r m a n c e 3. 1.4. 1 Flight P l a n 3. i . 4. 2 Contingencies Command a n d S e r v i c e Module S y s t e m Design and Performance Criteria 3 . 2. 1 G e n e r a l Design Analysis C r i t e r i a 3. 2. 1. 1 Limit Conditions 3. 2. 1. 2 Performance Margins 3. 2. 1. 3 Performance Criteria 3.2.1.4 Command a n d S e r v i c e Module Design C r i t e r i a 3. 2. 1. 5 Explosive I n i t i a t o r s 3. 2. 1. 6 Environmental C r i t e r i a 3 . 2. 1. 7 Weights 3. 2. 2 Structural Subsystem 3. 2. 2. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 2. 2 Subsystem Description 3.2.3 Guidance and Navigation S u b s y s t e m 3. 2. 4 Stabilization and C o n t r o l S u b s y s t e m 3. 2. 4. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2.4. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n 3. 2. 5 Service Propulsion Subsystem 3. 2. 5. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 5. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n Reaction Control Subsystem 3. 2. 6

.

.

17 17 18

. .

.

.

. .

.

18 18 18 18

.

.

18 19

.

19 19
19 19 23 25 25 25 25 26

.

.

3. 2

.

. . .

.

.

26
27 27 39 40 41 42 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 47 47 47

.

.

.

.

. .

.

.

3. 2. 6. 1 3 . 2. 6. 2

Command Module Reaction C o n t r o l Subsystem

. S e r v i c e Module R e a c t i o n C o n t r o l Subsystem .
SID 63-313

iv

/

J
J

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INI.’ORhZATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

“ - .

Page 3.2. 7 Launch E s c a p e S u b s y s t e m 3. 2. 7. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 7, 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n 3.2.8 E a r t h Recovery Subsystem 3. 2. 8. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 8. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n 3.2.9 C r e w Subsystem 3. 2.9. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 9. 2 Subsystem Description 3.2.9. 3 NASA F u r n i s h e d C r e w Equipment 3. 2. 1 0 E n v i r o n m e n t a l Control S u b s y s t e m 3. 2. 10. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 10. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n 3. 2. 11 E l e c t r i c a l P o w e r S u b s y s t e m 3 . 2. 11. 1 S i ~ ~ h s y s t eR-equircments m 3. 2 . 11. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n 3. 2. 12 Communicatior, Subsystem 3. 2. 12. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3.2. 12. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n 3. 2. 1 3 I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n S u b s y s t e m

.

.

48 48
51 52 52 52

.

.

53
53 54 55 57 57 58 60

.

. . .

. .

60 61 52
62 63

64
64 64 64 64 65 65 65

3. 2. 1 4

3. 2. 15

3. 2 . 16

3. 2. 13. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 13. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n D i s p l a y s and C o n t r o l s . 3. 2. 14. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 14. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n E n t r y Monitor S u b s y s t e m 3. 2. 15. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 15. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n Automated Sequence C o n t r o l S u b s y s t e m 3. 2. 16. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s

.

. .

. . .
e

3. 2. 1 7

3. 2. 1 8

3. 2. 16. 2 S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n P y r o t e c h n i c S u b s y s t e m and Devices 3. 2. 17. 1 S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s 3. 2. 17. 2 Standard Detonator C a r t r i d g e . 3. 2. 17. 3 E l e c t r i c a l P o w e r S o u r c e s 3. 2. 17. 4 F i r i n g C i r c u i t T e s t s . S e r v i c e Module P r o p e l l a n t D i s p e r s a l Subsystem

.

66 66 66 66
66

66
67 67 67

.

- v -

SIT; 63 -3 13

67

NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I NE’ORXl.4TIO.N S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N

Page
3. 3

Reliability Requirements , 3. 3. 1 M i s s i o n S u c c e s s Reliability 3. 3. 2 C r e w Safety Reliability 3. 3. 3 Reliability Apportionment

.
.

.
* *

67 67

67
67 68 68

3. 4

3. 5
3. 6

3.7

E l e c t r o m a g n e t i c Compatibility 3.4. 1 Command a n d S e r v i c e Module and GSE Equipments 3.4.2 Command and S e r v i c e Module and GSE Subsystems Interchangeability 3. 5. 1 Identification and T r a c e a b i l i t y Ground Support Equipment 3 . 6. 1 Support Requirerllents 3. 6. 1. 1 O p e r a t i o n s Supported 3. 6. 1. 2 Design Concept . 3. 6. 1. 3 Command and S e r v i c e Module . Checkout Concept 3. 6. 1. 4 S y s t e m Checkout Concept 3. 6. 1. 5 Maintenance Concept 3. 6. 2 Level of Support 3 . 6. 2. 1 T e s t P r e p a r a t i o n and Acceptance Area 3. 6. 2. 2 House S p a c e c r a f t 3 . 6. 2. 3 Prequalification Flight Drop T e s t Site 3. 6. 2. 4 White Sands M i s s i l e Range 3. 6. 2. 5 L a s C r u c e s P r o p u l s i o n S y s t e m Development F a c i l i t y 3. 6. 2. 6 E n v i r o n m e n t a l T e s t F a z i l i t y 3 . 6. 2. 7 Atlantic M i s s i l e Range 3 . 6.2. 8 Arnold Engineering Development Center . 3. 6. 2. 9 M a r s h a l l Space Flight C e n t e r Personnel Training . 3 . 7. 1 S u b s y s t e m s T r a i n e r s 3. 7. 1. 1 T r a i n e r Concept 3. 7. 1. 2 T r a i n e r I t e m s 3. 7. 2 Apollo P a r t T a s k T r a i n e r 3 . 7. 2. 1 T r a i n e r Concept 3. 7. 2. 2 T r a i n e r I t e m s Apollo M i s s i o n T r a i n i n g S i m u l a t o r s 3 . 7. 3 3. 7. 3. 1 T r a i n e r Concept

.

.
* *

. .

.

.

.
.

*

68 68 69 69 69 69 63
70 70 70 71 71 71 71 71 72 72 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 74 74 74

. .

.
*

.

.
*

.

*

*

.

.

*

.

*

. .
* *

.

. . .

. .

*

S I D 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N . INC.

SI’ZC‘E and I.NFOH11 ATION S k S T E h I S DI\ I S I O N

c

o

m
Page 3.8
3. 9

Manned S p a c e Flight Control C e n t e r and Manned . Space Flight Net M a t e r i a l s , P a r t s , and P r o c e s s e s 3. 9. 1 Specifications and S t a n d a r d s .
3. 9. 2

.

.

75 75 75 76 76

Choice of Standard M a t e r i a l s , P a r t s , and P r o c e s s e s . Nonstandard P a r t s , M a t e r i a l s , a n d Processes . New P a r t s , M a t e r i a l s , and Processes Miniaturization Flammable Materials Toxic M a t e r i a l s 3. 9. 3. 1

3 . 9. 3

3. 9. 4 3. 9. 5 3. 9. 6 3. 9. 7 3. 9. 8 3.9.9

.

.

.
*

3. 9. 3. 9. 3. 9. 3. 9. 3.9. 3.9. 3. 9.
4.

10
11

12 13

14 15 16

Unstable M a t e r i a l s Fungus-Inert M a t e r i a l s Metals 3. 9. 9. 1 D i s s i m i l a r Metals . 3. 9. 9. 2 F l e c t r i c a l Conductivity Lubricants Special Tools . Explosion Proofing F a i l Safe Connectors . Ground Support Equipment . N a m e p l a t e s and P r o d u c t Markings

.

.

.

. .

. .

.

. .

.

76 76 76 76 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 77 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 78 81 81 81 81 81 81 81

QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS 4. 1 G e n e r a l Quality A s s u r a n c e P r o g r a m 4. 1. 1 Quality Contr 01 4. 2 Reliability 4. 3 Test 4; 4 CGnfigzl?ation Management P r o v i s i o ~ s 4.4. 1 Change Control

.

.

.

.

.
.

.
.

.

.

. . . .

. . .
. .

5.

PREPARATION FOR DELIVERY 5. 1 P r e s e r v a t i o n , Packaging and Packing 5. 2 Handling

.

.

.

6.

NOTES 6. 1 R e f e r e n c e Axes

.

-

vii

SID 63-313

ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure 1 2 3 4 5 S a t u r n C-IB Configuration S a t u r n V LOR Configuration Vibration T i m e H i s t o r y - A t m o s p h e r i c F l i g h t Vibration L E S - Atmospheric F l i g h t Vibration CM - Atmospheric F l i g h t Vibration SM - A t m o s p h e r i c Flight Vibration SM Adapter - Atmospheric F l i g h t Acoustics L E S - Atmospheric F l i g h t Forward Area Acoiistics LES - Atmospheric Flight - Skirt A r e a Acoustics C M A t m o s p h e r i c F l i g h t - I n t e r n a l F o r w a r d Xa1060 Acoustics C M - A t m o s p h e r i c Flight - E x t e r n a l F o r w a r d Xa1060 Acoustics CM - Atmospheric F l i g h t - I n t e r n a l AftXa1060 Acoustics CM - Atmospheric F l i g h t - E x t e r n a l Aft Xa1060 Acoustics CM - A t m o s p h e r i c F l i g h t - C r e w C o m p a r t m e n t Acoustics S M - Atmospheric F l i g h t - I n t e r n a l F o r w a r d Xa910 , Acoustics SM - Atmospheric F l i g h t - E x t e r n a l F o r w a r d Xa910 Acoustics SM/RCS Engine & P a n e l - A t m a s p h e r i c Flight Acoustics S M - Atmospheric F l i g h t I n t e r n a l X a 9 i 0 to Xa838 External Acoustics SM - Atmospheric F l i g h t Xa910 to Xa838 Acoustics Adapter - Atmospheric F l i g h t - E x t e r n a l Xa838 to Xa722 Axial A c c e l e r a t i o n - Nominal S a t u r n V Boost L a t e r a l A c c e l e r a t i o n During F i r s t Stage Boost L a t e r a l A c c e l e r a t i o n - S-I1 Flight a t Maximum G i m b a l Deflection L a t e r a l A c c e l e r a t i o n - S-IVB Flight at Maximum G i m b a l Deflection

Page

.

.
. .
-

82 83 84 85

86
87 88 89 90 91 92 93

6
7 8
5,

.

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

-

.

.

. .

. .

.

94 95

96
97

.
.

.

-

98
99
100 101 102 103 104 105

.
.

.

.

23
24

I.
viii

SID 63-313

Figure 25 26 27 Vibration CM - Space Flight Vibration SM - Space Flight I n t e r n a l E q u i p m e n t Ultimate Design Load D i a g r a m I I n t e r n a l Equipment Ultimate Design Load D i a g r a m I1 Vibration L E S - High "Qll Abort Vibration CM - High "Q" Abort Acoustics LES High "Q" A b o r t . Acoustics C M - High "Q" Abort - I n t e r n a l F o r w a r d Xa1060 Acoustics C M - High "Q" Abort - E x t e r n a l F o r w a r d of Xa1060 , Acoustics CM - High "Q" Abort - I n t e r n a l Aft of Xa1060 Acoustics CM - High "Q" Abort External Aft of Xa1060 Acoustics C M - High "Q" Abort - C r e w C o m p a r t m e n t Command Module E x t e r n a l Dimensions Including Ablative M a t e r i a l . A r e a Designations - Side View A r e a Designations - View Looking F o r w a r d A r e a Designations - View Looking Toward Lower E n d of C r e w A r e a S e r v i c e Module Inboard P r o f i l e - View Looking Forward S e r v i c e Module Inboard P r o f i l e Sustained A c c e l e r a t i o n - Eyeballs Out Sustained A c c e l e r a t i o n - Eyeballs In Sustained A c c e l e r a t i o n - Eyeballs Down S a t u r n V Two-Stage Boost T r a j e c t o r y - 100 NM O r b i t E m e r g e n c y C a r b o n Dioxide L i m i t T e m p e r a t u r e a n d Humidity Nominal L i m i t T emp per at lire and H.;r;-,idity Er;!ergencTyr Limit . Wind S h e a r P r o f i l e . L i n e a r L o a d D i s t r i b u t i o n for M a c h 1. 35 . G r a d i e n t of N o r m a l F o r c e Coefficient and C e n t e r of P r e s s u r e V e r s u s Mach Numbers . S a t u r n V , S - l C , E1 Distribution . S a t u r n V, S-11, E1 Distribution . S a t u r n V, S-IC, KAG Distribution . S a t u r n V, S-11, KAG Distribution .
*

Page 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114
'

28
29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56

.

.

.

* *

-

.

* *

.

-

-

115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137

.

.

0

.

.

.

. .

.

.
*

.

*

* * *

- ix SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SI’ACE and INbWHMATlON S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N

CN O~

u

@

Figure

Page S a t u r n V, Saturn V , S a t u r n V, S a t u r n V, Saturn V, S-IC, S-IC, S-IC, S-11, S-11, D r y Weight Distribution Wet Weight Distribution F u l l Weight Distribution D r y Weight Distribution Wet Weight Distribution

57 58

59
60 61

. . .

. .
.

.

.

.

,

139 141 143 145 147

TABLES

Table I 1 1 Reference Axes E s t i m a t e s of Metabolic R a t e s , T h e r m a l B a l a n c e s and Water

Page

.

.
.

149 150

.

- x -

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SI’AIcb: and INPWRS1.ATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

CONSCOPE This specification e s t a b l i s h e s t h e t e c h n i c a l p e r f o r m a n c e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t h e development and d e s i g n of the Apollo (Block I) Command and S e r v i c e Module (CSM) S y s t e m . The CSM S y s t e m as d i s c u s s e d i n t h i s specification i s c o m p r i s e d of a Launch E s c a p e S u b s y s t e m ( L E S ) , a Command Module (CM), a S e r v i c e Module (SM), a S p a c e c r a f t S-IVB A d a p t e r , the a s s o c i a t e d Ground Support Equipment (GSE), and r e q u i s i t e T r a i n e r s . A g e n e r a l configuration of the Block I CSM and Launch Vehicles (LV) a r e delineated i n F i g u r e s 1 and 2. In addition, p e r f o r m a n c e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of the LV and t h e other i t e m s of Government F u r n i s h e d Equipment ( G F E ) with which the d e s i g n of the CSM S y s t e m i s compatible a r e specified. The b a s i s f o r d e s i g n of the CSM S y s t e m shall be a Lunar Orbit m i s s i o n which m a y be defined a s t h e Lunar O r b i t Rendezvous (LOR) m i s s i o n without t h e Lunar E x c u r s i o n Module ( L E M ) i n t e r f a c e . That i s , the t r a n s l u n a r injected g r o s s weight of CSM S y s t e m s h a l l include t h e propellent a l l o t m e n t r e q u i r e d for ixancuvering i f the L,FM w e r e attached but the LEM subs y s t e m s , t h e i r r e l a t i o n s h i p with the CSM s u b s y s t e m s , and the functional flow of databetween the LEM and CSM a r e not included. 1.1 Objectives.

-

The objective of the CSM i s t o t r a n s p o r t t h r e e m e n t o a lunar o r b i t and t o r e t u r n t h e m safely t o e a r t h .

2.

A P P L I C A B L E DOCUMENTS

T h e following documents f o r m a p a r t of t h i s specification to t h e extent specified herein:
2.1 2.1.1 Specifications.

-

NASA.

Soldering e l e c t r i c a l c o n n e c t o r s (high r e l i a b i l i t y ) p r o c e d u r e for ( a m e n d m e n t s MSC-ASP0 513 of 10 F e b r u a r y 1964)

MSFC -PROC- 158A 12 A p r i l 1964

- 1 -

SID 63-313

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INE’ORhlATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

v

‘*

MSFC 10M 01071 6 M a r c h 1961

Environment- p r o t e c t i o n W h e n Using Electrical Equipment-Within the A r e a s of S a t u r n Complexes W h e r e H a z a r d o u s A r e a Exist; p r o c e d u r e f o r Addendum t o MIL-I- 26600, I n t e r f e r e n c e C o n t r o l R e q u i r e m e n t s , Aero. Equip. Apollo Ground Support Equipment G e n e r a l E n v i r o n m e n t a l C r i t e r i a and T e s t Specification Apollo S p a c e c r a f t Identification and T r a c e a b i l i t y Specification.

MSC-EMI- 10A 17 October 1963 MSC-GSE- 1B 1 2 F e b r u a r y 1964

MSC- ASPO-I- 4

2.1.2

Military.

Interference Control Requirements, A e rG nautical Equiprxent E l e c t r i c a l E l e c t r o n i c S y s t e m Compatibility a n d I n t e r f e r e n c e Control R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r Aeronautical Weapon S y s t e m s , Associated Subsystems and Aircraft.

MIL-1-26600 2 J u n e 1958 MIL-E-6051C 17 J u n e 1960

2. 1 . 3

Contractor.

-

North A m e r i c a n Aviation, I n c . , S p a c e a n d Information S y s t e m s Division (NPA /S&ID) SID 62- 1000 17 S e p t e m b e r 1964 P r e l i m i n a r y Guidance a n d Navigation S y s t e m P e r f o r m a n c e and I n t e r f a c e ( P & I ) e q u i r e m e n t s Specifications R P r e l i m i n a r y NASA F u r n i s h e d C r e w Equipment I n t e r f a c e and P e r f o r m a n c e Specifications. F l i g h t R e s e a r c h a n d Development (R&D)Instrumentation Specification.

SID 62-1003 17 S e p t e m b e r 1964

SID 62-1001 17 September 1964 SID 63-881 17 S e p t e m b e r 1964

NASA Manned S p a c e F l i g h t Net (MSFN) P e r f o r m a n c e and I n t e r f a c e ( P & I )Specification - P r i m a r y

- 2 -

S I D 6 3 -3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SI'ACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

x

1 '

s

SID 64-1237 4 S e p t e m b e r 1964
2.2

Vehicle Model Specification, B a s i c Block I

-

Standards. Federal.

-

2.2.1

-

S t a n d a r d A t m o s p h e r e 1962

NASA T N D-595 M a r c h 1961
F e d e r a l S t a n d a r d 209 1 6 D e c e m b e r 1963
2.2.2

Reference Atmosphere F o r Patrick AFB Clean R o o m a n d Work Station R e q u i r e m e n t s , Controlled Environments

Military.

Identification M a r k i n g of U . S. M i l i t a r y P r o p e r ty Electrical Power, Aircraft; Characteri s t i c s a n d utilization of M e t a l s ; definitions of d i s s i m i l a r

MIL-STD- 130B 24 S e p t e m b e r 1962 MIL-STD-704 6 October 1959 MS 33586A 1 6 D e c e m b e r 1958 MIL-STD-803 27 J a n u a r y 1964 2.2.3 Contractor.

Human E n g i n e e r i n g Design C r i t e r i a f o r A e r o s p a c e S y s t e m s and Equipment

-

Not a p p l i c a b l e 2.3 Drawings.

" I n s t r u m e n t U n i t to S p a c e c r a f t P h y s i c a l R e q u i r e m e n t s ' I ( S a t u r n 1B ) " I n s t r u m e n t Unit to S p a c e c r a f t P h y s i c a l R e q u i r e m e n t s 'I (Saturn V) ' ' S p a c e c r a f t /"QIl- B a l l P h y s i c a l R e q u i r e m e n t s I ' ( S a t u r n 1B) Envelop e L E M / S IV B / I U C1e ar anc e, P h y s i c a1 - 3 SID 63-313

ICD 13M20108 20 J u l y 1964 ICD 13M50103 2 8 May 1964 ICD 13M20109 2 4 J u l y 1964 ICD 13M50123 29 J u l y 1964

-

dM"TIAL

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SI'ACK and INE'OIlhl.4TION SYSTEhlS DIVISION

ICD 13M50112 2 2 J u l y 1964 2.4 Bulletins.

"Spacecraft/"Q"-Ball P h y s i c a l R e q u i r e m e n t s " (Saturn V )

-

None applicable 2.5 O t h e r Publications. NASA.

-

2. 5. 1

Quality- P r o g r a m P r o v i s i o n s f o r S p a c e System Contracts

NPC 200-2 20 A p r i l 1962
2. 5.2

Military. -

A F M T C Pamphlet 80-2, V o l . I 1 October 1963
A F C R L 62 - 899 J u l y 1962 WADC TR 5 2 - 3 2 1 S e p t e m b e r 1954
2. 6

G e n e r a l Range S a f e t y P l a n , P r e l a u n c h Safety P r o c e d u r e

Two Point V a r i a b i l i t y of Winds, V o l s . I , I1 a n d 111.
A n t h r o p o m e t r y of Flying P e r s o n n e l 1950

-

P r e c e d e n c e . - T h e o r d e r of p r e c e d e n c e in c a s e of conflict s h a l l be a s follows:

( a ) T h e Definitive C o n t r a c t , NAS9- 150, dated 14 August 1963, Supplemental A g r e e m e n t s and C o n t r a c t Change Authorizations, (SA/ C C A ' s ) t h e r e t o of date p r i o r t o 1 August 1964.
( b ) T h i s specification

( c ) SID 64-1237, Vehicle Model Specification B a s i c : Block I ( d ) O t h e r documents r e f e r e n c e d h e r e i n

-

- 4 -

SID 63-31.3

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SI’AACE and INFORhL4TION S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N

3.

REQUIREMENTS T h i s section contains the p e r f o r m a n c e and d e s i g n r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r the CSM System and will e n c o m p a s s the following: a. b. Definition of m a j o r e l e m e n t s of the s y s t e m . Design c o n s t r a i n t s and s t a n d a r d s n e c e s s a r y to a s s u r e compatibility of p r o g r a m h a r d w a r e . The allocation of p e r f o r m a n c e budgets and specified design c o n s t r a i n t s . Identification of the p r i n c i p a l functional i n t e r f a c e s . Identification and u s e of the Government F u r n i s h e d Equipment ( G F E ) forming a n i n t e g r a l p a r t of the s y s t e m .

c.

d. e.

3. 1

General Requirements. - These general requirements a r e the collection of p r i n c i p l e s to which the b a s i c technical a p p r o a c h of the CSM s u b s y s t e m s m u s t be r e s p o n s i v e . They a r e the f i r s t o r d e r c r i t e r i a f r o m which s u c c e s s i v e d e s i g n c r i t e r i a , p e r f o r m a n c e m a r g i n s , t o l e r a n c e s , and e n v i r o n m e n t s s h a l l be developed. Launch Vehicle (LV) P e r f o r m a n c e R e q u i r e m e n t s . - P r o p u l s i o n i n c r e m e n t s involved with the boost p h a s e s of the m i s s i o n w i l l be supplied by NASA f u r n i s h e d S a t u r n 1B o r S a t u r n V launch vehicles. The CSM s y s t e m s h a l l be designed c o m patible with the following i n t e r f a c e r e q u i r e m e n t s . L a u n c h v e h i c l e Attitude Control. - The limit cycle o r dead band f o r the attitude c o n t r o l s u b s y s t e m of the LV s h a l l b e f 1 . 0 d e g r e e i n pitch, r o l l and yaw a t a r a t e not to e x c e e d 0. 05 d e g r e e s / s e c o n d . P r o p e l l a n t Venting. - The SIVB p r o p e l l a n t venting s h a l l be continuous and the t h r u s t g e n e r a t e d s h a l l not c a u s e any m o m e n t that cannot be c o r r e c t e d within the attitude c o n t r o l s u b s y s t e m dead band. Loads C r i t e r i a f o r CSM SIVB Adapter and I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n Unit IV). - The following m a x i m u m flight p a r a m e t e r s s h a l l not be exceeded on Block I m i s s i o n s .

3.1.1

3 . 1 . 1.1

3. 1. 1 . 2

3 . 1. 1. 3

- 5 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-TIAL

3.1.1.3.1

Load P a r a m e t e r s
0

= 6. 9 d e g r e e s

q a = 5072 L b / F t

2 deg. ( f o r flexible body conditions)

T r a j e c t o r i e s s h a l l b e shaped s u c h t h a t t h e s e p a r a m e t e r s a r e not e x c e e d e d . ( s e e F i g u r e 46) The limit a x i a l l o a d s , s h e a r s , and bending m o m e n t s a t t h e CSM/LV i n t e r f a c e s h a l l not e x c e e d t h o s e shown i n the following table for conditions of m a x i m u m q a :

Load P a r a m e t e r s
Loads

IG-3

h l P Axial Moment Moment Moment S n My Shear Load AM. MA (lbs.) (lbs.) ( i n - l b ) ( i n - l b ) ( i n - lb)
Interface Adapter / I U (Apollo Station 5 0 2 ) Note:

- I
63.0

-269.0

21,800

2 60

6. 3

M A i s t h e moment due to the t r a j e c t o r y and t r a j e c t o r y d i s p e r s i o n s . A M Z and A My a r e fixed d i r e c t i o n m o m e n t s due to the p h y s i c a l design of the vehicle (CG locations, a s y m m e t r y , e t c . )

3.1. 1 . 3 . 2

B o o s t e r A e r o Data. - L o a d s evaluated f o r the m a x q Q condition s h a l l u s e the B o o s t e r n o r m a l f o r c e coefficient a n d c e n t e r o f p r e s s u r e a s given i n F i g u r e 51, and the n o r m a l f o r c e d i s t r i b u tion, f o r the b o o s t e r only, a s given i n F i g u r e 52. Booster C o n t r o l S y s t e m C r i t e r i a . - The s y s t e m gains f o r the autopilot a r e d e r i v e d by using a combination of the minimum d r i f t a n d minimum load p r i n c i p l e s having a n a u x i l i a r y f e e d back loop utilizing a n angle of a t t a c k o r a n a c c e l e r o m e t e r sensor.

3.1.1.3.3

- 6 S I D 63-313

3 . 1. 1 . 3 . 4

B o o s t e r Stiffness. - Distributions of E1 a n d KAG f o r the S a t u r n V b o o s t e r a r e given i n F i g u r e s 53 t h r u 56. B o o s t e r Weight Distribution. - Weight d i s t r i b u t i o n s f o r the S a t u r n V b o o s t e r s t r u c t u r e a n d p r o p e l l a n t a r e given i n F i g u r e s 57 t h r u 61. Saturn IB Performance Requirements: P a y l o a d Capability. F o r the S a t u r n I B m i s s i o n s the LV s h a l l b e capable of injecting 32, 5 0 0 pounds, b a s e d on a 8, 200 pound Launch E s c a p e S u b s y s t e m ( L E S ) , i n t o a n o m i n a l 100 n. m . E a r t h o r b i t . T r a j e c t o r y Requirements, Saturn IB. The L V shall i n s e r t t h e CSM a t cutoff into the p a r t i c u l a r m i s s i o n design t r a j e c t o r y within the a c c u r a c i e s defined b y the following flight parameters: Eccentricity, e , S e m i m a j o r a x i s , a. Ascending node, In c lin a ti on, T r u e a n o m a l y of t h e ascending node (If applicable f o r the particular mission)
*O. 00725

3.1.1.3.5

3.1.1.4

3 . 1. 1 . 4 . 1

-

3 . 1. 1 . 4 . 2

-

*lo. 70 nautical m i l e s
*0.210 d e g r e e s *O. 0839 d e g r e e s

*O. 830 d e g r e e s

3. 1. 1 . 5 3 . 1. 1 . 5 . 1

Saturn V P e r f o r m a n c e Requirements.

-

P a y l o a d Capability. - F o r t h e S a t u r n V m i s s i o n s the L V s h a l l b e capable of injecting 9 0 , 0 0 0 pounds, b a s e d on a 8 , 2 0 0 pound LES and a 2 4 , 500 pound L E M into a t r a n s l u n a r t r a j e c t o r y of the f r e e r e t u r n type having a n o m i n a l vacuum p e r i g e e altitude of 2 1 n. m . w i t h no m i d c o u r s e c o r r e c t i o n s r e q u i r e d to a c c o m p l i s h the t r a j e c t o r y

.

- 7 -

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INYORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

CON3.1.1.5.2
rn

-4

I r a j e cto ie y

R 2 quir err, er,t s

a . P a r k i n g Orbit. - The LV s h a l l i n s e r t t h e CSM a t cutoff into the p a r t i c u l a r m i s s i o n design t r a j e c t o r y for the p a r k ing orbit within the a c c u r a c i e s defined by the following flight par a m ete r s : Eccentricity, e , S e m i m a j o r a x i s , a,
+O. 0 0 7 2 5

*lo. 70
*O. 210

nautical miles degrees degrees

As cending node,
Inclination, T r u e anomaly of the ascending node (If applicable fc?r the particular mission)

*O. 0839

*Os 830

degrees

b. M i s s i o n s . - The LV s h a l l inject the CSM a t cutoff into the p a r t i c u l a r m i s s i o n d e s i g n t r a j e c t o r y within the a c c u r a c i e s defined by t h e following o r b i t a l p a r a m e t e r s : Eccentricity, e ,
f0 .
J ,
8' .

Ascending node, Inclination, T r u e anomaly of the ascending node (If applicable f o r the particular mission) 3. 1. 1. 6 3. 1. 1. 6 . 1

f

: degrees : degrees

f

*

: degrees :

Launch Vehicle Mechanical I n t e r f a c e s . Physical Interfaces a.

-

CSM SIVB Adapter/IU I n t e r f a c e . The CSM SIVB Adapter s h a l l s t r u c t u r a l l y and functionally adapt the S e r v i c e Module t o the Launch Vehicle. In the a r z a of

-

* V."_ I ~ L &ii

thesc ~ z i ~ ~ e tthat are consistent with the targeting requirements of a lunar ers a55igll v&aes mission a n d with the AV budget established for inidcourse correction. (Ref. Para. 3. 1.1.8.3)

SID 63-313

/N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.
SPACE and INPOR%I.%TION Y S T E h l S DIVISION S

a
i n t e r f a c e with the Launch Vehicle, the design of the Adapt e r and the design of the IU s h a l l m e e t the r e q u i r e m e n t s of ICD's 13M20108 (Saturn I B ) " I n s t r u m e n t Unit t o Spacecraft Physical Requirements" (original i s sue), 13M50103 (Saturn V ) " I n s t r u m e n t Unit to S p a c e c r a f t P h y s i c a l Requirements" ( o r i g i n a l i s s u e ) . R e q u i r e m e n t s e s t a b l i s h e d by ICD 13M50123 "Envelope, LEMISIVBIIU C l e a r a n c e , Physical" ( o r i g i n a l i s s u e ) will be m e t a s r e q u i r e d f o r the Saturn m i s s i o n s involved. Note: While the effectivity of t h e s e documents i s limited to m i s s i o n s A201 and A501, the d e s i g n r e q u i r e m e n t s e s t a b l i s h e d t h e r e i n provide a baseline r e f e r e n c e f o r a l l Block I S a t u r n I B and Saturn V missions.

b.

The design of the "Q"-ball "Q" B a l l to CSM I n t e r f a c e . and the design of upper end of the b a l l a s t e n c l o s u r e s h a l l m e e t the r e q u i r e m e n t s ICD's 13M20109 (Saturn I B ) Q - B a 11 P hy s i c a1 Re qui r e m en t s I I ( o r i g ina 1 I I Spa c e c r aft / i s s u e ) and 13M50112 (Saturn V ) "Spacecraft/"Q"-Ball P h y s i c a l R e q u i r e m e n t s " (original i s s u e ) . Note: While the e f f e c t i v i t y of t h e s e documents i s limited to m i s s i o n s A201 and A501, the d e s i g n r e q u i r e m e n t s e s t a b l i s h e d t h e r e i n provide a baseline r e f e r e n c e f o r a l l Block I S a t u r n I B and S a t u r n V missions.

-

3. 1. 1. 6. 2

CSM SIVB Adapter/IU I n t e r f a c e C o m p a r t m e n t .
a.

-

Boost P h a s e Venting. During the boost phase the S e r v i c e Module, A d a p t e r , IU and SIVB f o r w a r d s k i r t s h a l l be vented to a t m o s p h e r e via vents t o be located on the SIVB between 122 and 130 i n c h e s aft of the Adapter/ I U i n t e r f a c e . Total vent c r o s s - s e c t i o n a l a r e a s h a l l be 200 s q . i n c h e s . Purge Requirements. P r o v i s i o n s s h a l l be included in the design of the vehicle f o r a g a s purge of the A d a p t e r / IU i n t e r f a c e c o m p a r t m e n t . The p u r g e g a s s h a l l be introduced through the u m b i l i c a l s i n the S e r v i c e Module, Adapter and I U and s h a l l be exhausted via the boost phase vents i n the SIVB. The d e s i g n s h a l l be compatible with a n a i r purge f o r the c o n t r o l of t e m p e r a t u r e and working conditions i n s i d e the c o m p a r t m e n t and with a G N 2 purge when a n explosion h a z a r d potentially e x i s t s .

-

b.

-

L

- 9 SID 63-313

-IAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORhlATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N
' d

'

CONc.

a.*.

. I

L o w e r Adapter Access P r o v i s i o n s . - P r o v i s i o n s s h a l l b e i n c o r p o r a t e d i n the design of the I U for installation of p l a t f o r m s r e q u i r e d for a c c e s s to the lower LEM a r e a and lower Adapter mounted- CSM equipment during ground checkout and s e r v i c i n g operations. These platf o r m s a r e t o be designed and provided by the MSFC. T h e s e p l a t f o r m s shall a l s o be designed s u c h that they w i l l provide selected b a s e ( l e g ) a t t a c h points and w i l l support the v e r t i c a l loads only f r o m auxiliary two m a n platforms,

3 . 1. 1. 7
3 . 1 . 1. 7. 1

Launch Vehicle E l e c t r i c a l I n t e r f a c e s .

-

Adapter/IU I n t e r f a c e Provision. T h r e e type PTOOSE-24-61s e l e c t r i c a l c o n n e c t o r s shall be provided in the Adapter for e l e c t r i c a l mating of CSM and Launch Vehicle. The connectors s h a l l be mounted to a b r a c k e t attached to the Adapter s t r u c t u r e and located 2 5 i n c h e s above the SLA/IU i n t e r f a c e , 45 d e g r e e s f r o m the - Z a x i s toward the tY axis (CSM a x e s , Table I ) . "Q" B a l l I n t e r f a c e P r o v i s i o n s . - Wiring s h a l l be provided f r o m the MSFC furnished "Q" ball t o the Adapter/IU i n t e r f a c e . Wiring s h a l l be t e r m i n a t e d with a ME414-0095-0062 o r equivalent connector a t the "Q" b a l l i n t e r f a c e and one of the above type PTOOSE-24-61s c o n n e c t o r s a t the A d a p t e r / I U i n t e r f a c e . The i n t e r f a c e between Launch Vehicle equipm e n t and the CSM portion of the Launch Vehicle EDS r e l a t e d t o the "Q" b a l l signals i s contained in P a r a g r a p h 3 . 1. 1. 7. 5. 2. 1, a9 ( 3 ) , ( f ) . Power Interface. E l e c t r i c a l i n t e r f a c e s between CSM and Launch Vehicle s h a l l be designed i n s u c h a m a n n e r that t h e r e will be no exchange of e l e c t r i c a l power between CSM and Launch Vehicle. Signal I n t e r f a c e s . For e l e c t r i c a l s i g n a l i n t e r f a c e s , adequate e l e c t r i c a l i s o l a t i o n shall be provided i n the i n t e r f a c e design s o that the effectiveness of any s i g n a l c r o s s i n g the i n t e r f a c e w i l l not be d e t e r i o r a t e d . Launch Vehicle Emergency Detection S y s t e m (LV-EDS). The LV-EDS i s a s y s t e m which i s o p e r a t i v e during boost flight i n both the Saturn LV and the CSM s y s t e m . I t s purpose i s to d e t e c t c r i t i c a l conditions a r i s i n g f r o m malfunctions within the L V and automatically t r a n s m i t a signal to the LES

-

0

3. 1. 1. 7. 2

3. 1. 1. 7. 3

-

3. 1. 1. 7 . 4

-

3 . 1. 1. 7. 5

-

10

SID 63 -3 i 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORhlATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

..- - , r

'.

t o initiate a b o r t action o r to provide i n f o r m a t i o n to the CSM c r e w to indicate that a n a b o r t m a y be r e q u i r e d . T h i s specification is concerned only with that portion of the LV-EDS which i s contained in the CSM ( h e r e a f t e r r e f e r r e d to a s LVEDS) and i t s r e l a t i o n s h i p with the portion of the LV-EDS which i s contained i n the S a t u r n LV. W h e r e r e f e r e n c e i s m a d e to the LV portion of the LV-EDS, i t i s s o indicated. Since the CSM s y s t e m will be engaged i n m i s s i o n s involving both S a t u r n I B and S a t u r n V launch v e h i c l e s , the p e r f o r m a n c e and i n t e r f a c e r e q u i r e m e n t s for both those vehicles a r e included i n this specification. T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e c o m m o n t o both vehicles except w h e r e indicated o t h e r w i s e . 3. 1 . 1. 7. 5. 1 P e r f o r m a n c e R e a u i r e m e n t s . - The LV-EDS contained i n the CSM s y s t e m will provide the following capabilities. Astronaut Displays. In r e s p o n s e t o signals f r o m the LV and other CSM s u b s y s t e m s , the LV-EDS will display c r i t i c a l conditions to the c r e w of the CSM. Astronaut Controls. - The CSM w i l l i n c o r p o r a t e provisions f o r a s t r o n a u t c o n t r o l of the LV-EDS i n both the CSM and the LV. T h e s e c o n t r o l s w i l l p e r m i t the a s t r o n a u t to: a. b. Switch power to o r f r o m the LV-EDS s y s t e m . Enable o r disable the automatic a b o r t c i r c u i t r y o r c e r t a i n portions of t h a t c i r c u i t r y i n the L V . Manually initiate a n a b o r t sequence with the LES, o r , a f t e r LES j e t t i s o n , the SM propulsion s u b s y s t e m and, c o n c u r r e n t l y , c o m m a n d LV active engine cutoff.

3.1.1.7.5.1.1

-

3.1.1.7.5.1.2

I

c.

3.1.1.7.5.1.3

Automatic LV-EDS Functions. - The LV-EDS w i l l a l s o automatically a c c o m p l i s h the following functions within the CSM. a. Enable the automatic a b o r t c i r c u i t r y a t the i n s t a n t of l i f t - off. D e t e r m i n e through m a j o r i t y voting logic the validity of a n automatic a b o r t s i g n a l p r e s e n c e i n the CSM/LV i n t e r face a b o r t c i r c u i t r y b e f o r e t r a n s m i t t i n g a n a b o r t c o m m a n d to the LES.

b.

c

-

11

SID 63 -313

-TIAL

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

S ' A E and INFORhlATION S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N IA C :

CONc.

..&

P r o v i d e a n indication t o the LV-GSE of a n "unsafe" condition i n the LV-EDS p r i o r t o lift-off. Unsafe being defined a s : "attempting to c o m m a n d an a b o r t to the LES which would produce a b o r t a c t i o n i f the automatic a b o r t c i r c u i t r y w e r e enabled a t t h a t t i m e . Disable, i n the CSM, the automatic a b o r t c i r c u i t r y a t the i n s t a n t of LES s e p a r a t i o n . Initiate the LES abort and shut down the engines on active LV stage upon a valid c o m m a n d f r o m the CSM/LV i n t e r f ac e a bo r t c i r c u i t r y .

d.

e.

3.1.1.7.5.2 3.1.1.7.5.2.1

Functional I n t e r f a c e s .

-

Launch Vehicle I n t e r f a c e s . - Interchange of LV-EDS signals hetween t h e CSM and the LV will be a s shown below. The power s o u r c e to operate these s i g n a l s s h a l l be a s indicated: a. Launch Vehicle t o Command and S e r v i c e Module Signals. ( 1 ) Automatic Abort C i r c u i t r y . - L o s s of power in two out of 3 of the CSM/LV i n t e r f a c e automatic a b o r t c i r c u i t s shall c a u s e a b o r t action to be taken by the LES. CSM power s h a l l be u s e d for this c i r c u i t r y .

-

(2) Automatic Enabling of Auto Abort C i r c u i t r y a t

L i f t - o f f . - A dual redundant s i g n a l f r o m the LV-IU to the CSM shall c a u s e the automatic a b o r t c i r c u i t r y i n the CSM t o be enabled, i. e. , to be switched into a s t a t e of operational r e a d i n e s s . CSM power s h a l l b e u s e d for this c i r c u i t r y .

( 3 ) Dispiay C i r c u i t s . - C M displa Y s will be activated i a s shown below on r e c e i p t of s i g n a l s f r o m the LV. T h e s e display c i r c u i t s a r e n o r m a l l y de-energized p r i o r t o signal t r a n s m i t t a l .

( a ) Engine Status Signals. - A d i s c r e t e signal f r o m the LV-IU to the CM w i l l indicate the nonthrusting s t a t u s of e a c h of the active LV engines. Eight signal paths will be provided on Saturn I B m i s s i o n s f o r use during SIB s t a g e b u r n and 1 signal path f o r SIVB stage burn. On Saturn V ~ i s s i c n c ,5 s i g n a l paths will h e p r o v i d e d f o r u s e during SIC and S-I1 stage b u r n and one signal

-

12

SID 63 -3 13

-

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INPORSI.4TION S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N

-,*

path for SIVB stage b u r n . The signals f o r the different s t a g e s on e a c h vehicle s h a l l utilize c o m m o n c i r c u i t r y . CSM power s h a l l b e u s e d f o r this c i r c u i t r y .

(b) E x c e s s i v e Rate Signal. A discrete signal from the LV-IU to the CM w i l l indicate t h a t the LV r a t e limit i n any of the pitch, r o l l o r yaw planes h a s been exceeded. CSM power s h a l l b e u s e d f o r this c i r c u i t r y .

-

( c ) Launch Vehicle Guidance F a i l u r e Signal. A d i s c r e t e s i g n a l f r o m the LV-IU to the CM w i l l indicate that the LV guidance s y s t e m h a s failed and that attitude c o n t r o l is l o s t , (Rate c o n t r o l will still be o p e r a t i v e ) . CSM power s h a l l be u s e d f o r this c i r c u i t r y .

-

A discrete signal f r o m (d) Abort R e q u e s t Signal. the LV-IU to the CM w i l l indicate t h a t e i t h e r the Range Safety Officer h a s t r a n s m i t t e d a D e s t r u c t and Engine Cutoff c o m m a n d to the LV o r t h a t Launch C o n t r o l C e n t e r ( L C C ) i s indicating a n a b o r t n e c e s s i t y . CSM power s h a l l b e used for this circuitry.

-

( e ) Lift-off Signal. A d i s c r e t e s i g n a l will be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the LV-IU to the CM t o i n d i c a t e t h a t lift-off h a s o c c u r r e d . CSM power s h a l l be u s e d for t h i s c i r c u i t r y .

-

(f)

Angle of Attack Signal. - An analog s i g n a l w i l l be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the "Q"-ball/CSM i n t e r f a c e to provide a continuous r e a d o u t of a n aerodynamic p a r a m e t e r which i s a function of angle of attack. T h e s i g n a l f r o m the "Q"-ball

-

13

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SI'ACE and INI.'ORhlATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

0

i n t e r f a c e will be a single s i g n a l r e p r e s e n t i n g the combined P i t c h and Yaw v e c t o r s t o give a total angle of a t t a c k function readout. The display p a r a m e t e r will be differential p r e s s u r e a c r o s s the "QlI-ball on the LES. LV power s h a l l be u s e d for this c i r c u i t r y .

(8) S-I1 Stage F u e l P r e s s u r e Signal (On Saturn V
Missions Only). An analog s i g n a l will be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the LV-IU t o provide a continuous readout of s-I1 fuel tank p r e s s u r e . L V power shall be used f o r t h i s c i r c u i t r y .

-

( h ) SIVB Stage F u e l P r e s s u r e Signal (On Saturn V Missions Only). - An analog signal will be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the LV-IU to provide a continuous readout of SIVB fuel tank p r e s s u r e . LV power s h a l l b e used f o r this c i r c u i t r y .

(ij

S-I1 Stage Second P l a n e S e p a r a t i o n Signal (On Saturn V M i s s i o n s Only). - A d i s c r e t e signal f r o m the LV-IU will indicate that S-I1 second plane s e p a r a t i o n (S-I1 aft s k i r t ) has o c c u r r e d . CSM power s h a l l be used for this c i r c u i t r y .

b.

C o m m a n d and Service Module to Launch Vehicle Signals.

-

(1) Launch Vehicle Engine Cutoff C i r c u i t r y . - An a b o r t c o m m a n d t r a n s m i t t e d to e i t h e r the LES o r SM p r o pulsion s y s t e m s ( a f t e r LES j e t t i s o n ) will c a u s e an engine cutoff signal t o be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the CSM to the LV. This s i g n a l w i l l c o n s i s t of l o s s of power i n a t l e a s t two out of t h r e e e n e r g i z e d c i r c u i t s c r o s s i n g the CSM/L'v' i n t e r f a c e . LV power s h a l l be u s e d for this circuitry.

l8

.-

- 1

-

14

SID 63 -313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFOR?,I;ZTION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

\

.

i

( 2 ) Astronaut Manual Control C i r c u i t r y . - Upon a s t r o n a u t initiation of the following functions, s i g n a l s will be t r a n s m i t t e d to the LV a s indicated.

Two Engine Out Auto-Abort Disable. - When the a s t r o n a u t c o m m a n d s this function, a s i g n a l w i l l be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the CM to the LV-IU. The i n t e r f a c e c i r c u i t r y s h a l l c o n s i s t of t r i p l e redundant w i r e paths which become e n e r g i z e d when the disabling s i g n a l i s t r a n s m i t t e d . LV power s h a l l be used for this c i r c u i t r y .

LV E x c e s s i v e R a t e s Auto-Abort Disable. When the a s t r o n a u t c o m m a n d s this function, a s i g n a l s h a l l be t r a n s m i t t e d f r o m the CM to the LV-IU. The i n t e r f a c e c i r c u i t r y s h a l l c o n s i s t of t r i p l e redundant w i r e paths which b e c o m e e n e r g i z e d when the disabling signal i s t r a n s m i t t e d . LV power s h a l l be u s e d f o r this c i r c u i t r y .

-

( 3 ) LV-EDS.Unsafe Signal. - P r i o r t o lift-off, the CM will supply a s i g n a l to the LV-IU ( f o r subsequent action i n the LV-GSE r e l e a s e l a d d e r to p r e v e n t lift-off) i n the event the LV-EDS c i r c u i t r y is in a n "unsafe" condition. LV power s h a l l be u s e d for this c i r c u i t r y .

3 . 1. 1. 7. 5. 2

LV-EDS/CSM SCS/CSM G&N I n t e r f a c e s . - I n addition to the d i s p l a y s which a r e provided f o r s i g n a l s f r o m the LV/CSM i n t e r f a c e , the following p a r a m e t e r s w i l l be displayed for detection of c r i t i c a l conditions a r i s i n g f r o m LV malfunctions, T h e s e displays will be provided by the CSM SCS, the s i g n a l s f o r which will be in t u r n provided by the CSM G & N s u b s y s t e m (operating in the monitor m o d e ) a s d e s c r i b e d in SID 62-1000, G & N P e r f o r m a n c e and I n t e r f a c e Specification.

- 15

SID 63-313

4#MtBiWIAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPAACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E h l S D l V I S I O N

a.

A continuous readout of vehicle attitude Attitude E r r o r . e r r o r s h a l l be provided. F o r the provision of this readout, it w i l l b e n e c e s s a r y that the CSM G & N s u b s y s t e m be p r o g r a m m e d p r i o r t o flight i n consonance with the planned L V p i t c h p r o g r a m for first stage boost.

-

b.

T o t a l Attitude. - A continuous readout of vehicle t o t a l attitude s h a l l be provided. Angular R a t e s . - A continuous readout of vehicle angular r a t e s i n e a c h of the P i t c h , Yaw and Roll planes s h a l l be provided.

c.

3.1.1.8 3.1.1.8.1

Command and S e r v i c e Module. Command Module (CM). - The CSM s h a l l include a r e c o v e r a b l e CM. This module shall contain the communication, navigation, guidance, control, computing, dlspiay equipment, e t c . , r e q u i r i n g c r e w mode selection. In addition, o t h e r equipment r e q u i r e d during nominal o r e m e r g e n c y E a r t h landing p h a s e s s h a l l be included i n the CM. This module shall include f e a t u r e s which allow effective c r e w o b s e r v a t i o n with a field of view f o r g e n e r a l observation. Equipment a r r a n g e m e n t s s h a l l allow a c c e s s f o r maintenance p r i o r to E a r t h launch. The CM s h a l l provide for sufficient s t o r a g e of e x p e r i m e n t a l m e a s u r e m e n t equipment a s specified in SID 62 -1001, Flight R & D I n s t r u m e n t a t i o n Specification.

a.

Housing. - The CM s h a l l house t h r e e c r e w m e m b e r s during the launch, t r a n s l u n a r , l u n a r o r b i t , t r a n s e a r t h and e n t r y p h a s e s , E n t r y and E a r t h Landing. - The CM s h a l l be the e n t r y and E a r t h landing vehicle f o r both nominal and e m e r g e n c y mission phases. I n g r e s s and E g r e s s . - The s i d e i n g r e s s and e g r e s s hatch to the CM s h a l l be used during countdown o r r e c o v e r y . No provisions shall be m a d e f o r e x t r a - v e h i c u l a r activity during flight.

b.

c.

3.1.1.8.2

S e r v i c e Module (SM). An unmanned SM will be provided for a l l m i s s i o n s . This unmanned module s h a l l contain s t o r e s and s y s t e m s which do not r e q u i r e c r e w maintenance o r d i r e c t operation, and which a r e not r e q u i r e d by the CM a f t e r s e p a r a tion f r o m the SM. The SM s h a l l house all propulsion s u b -

-

4
b

. ..* *d<

-

16

SIC 63-313

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E h f S DIVISION

*.

I

\

systems required for midcourse corrections, lunar orbit i n s e r t i o n , l u n a r o r b i t m a n e u v e r s and t r a n s e a r t h injection. The SM will be j e t t i s o n e d p r i o r to e n t r y into t h e E a r t h ' s atmosphere. 3.1.1.8.3 Command and S e r v i c e Module P r o p u l s i o n I n c r e m e n t s After SIVB Separation. - After s e p a r a t i o n of t h e SIVB, p r o p u l s i o n i n c r e m e n t s of the CSM s h a l l be supplied by the SPS. F o r m i s s i o n c o m p a r i s o n p u r p o s e s , weight r e p o r t s , e t c . , the SPS c h a r a c t e r i s t i c velocity budget utilized s h a l l be a s i n d i c a t e d f o r t h e following m i s s i o n p h a s e s . I n c r e m e n t a l Velocity (FPS)

Mission P h a s e
a. Translunar
( 1) Midcour s e

300 32 30

( 2 ) Lunar O r b i t Injection
( 3 ) AV M a r g i n (100/0) b. T r a n s e a r t h (1) L u n a r O r b i t M a n e u v e r s

3 53

455 3610

( 2 ) T r a n s e a r t h Injection
(3) T r a n s e a r t h Midcourse

300
436

(4) AV M a r g i n (100/0)
3.1.1. 9

Command a n d S e r v i c e Module SIV-B A d a p t e r . The CSM/ S-IVB Adapter s h a l l s t r u c t u r a l l y a n d functionally a d a p t t h e SM to the LV. Launch E s c a p e S u b s y s t e m (LES). - P r o v i s i o n s s h a l l be m a d e t o s e p a r a t e t h e C M f r o m the L V i n t h e event of f a i l u r e o r i m m i n e n t f a i l u r e of the L V d u r i n g all a t m o s p h e r i c p h a s e s . Command a n d S e r v i c e Module S u b s y s t e m s , - The CSM s u b s y s t e m s r e q u i r e m e n t s and s u b s y s t e m d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e contained in SID 62-1237, Vehicle Model Specification - B a s i c .

-

3.1. 1.10

3.1.1.11

-

17

S I D 63-313

-TIAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SI'AC'I.: and 1NI~'OLlhlATIC)N SkS'1'b;hlS D I V I S I O N

CONFUYMS~
3.1.2 3.1.2. 1 Operational Concept.

4

-

Manning of Flight. - The CSM s h a l l be designed for manned operation with full utilization of human c r e w c a p a b i l i t i e s . Automatic s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be employed only w h e r e they will enhance the p e r f o r m a n c e of the m i s s i o n . Onboard Command. The CSM s h a l l have t h e capability t o p e r f o r m a b o r t s independent of ground b a s e d information and command. Flight C r e w . men.

3. 1 . 2 . 2

-

3.1.2.3

-

The CSM flight c r e w s h a l l c o n s i s t of t h r e e

3.1.2.3.1

The flight c r e w s h a l l h a v e the capability Crew Participation. to control the CSM throughout all flight m o d e s . The flight c r e w s h a l l p a r t i c i p a t e i n navigation, control, monitoring, computing, and observation as r e q u i r e d . Status of s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be displayed f o r c r e w monitoring, f a i l u r e detection and operational m o d e selection. The CSM s h a l l be designed s o that a single c r e w m a n will be able to p e r f o r m all t a s k s e s s e n t i a l to r e t u r n the CSM in c a s e of e m e r g e n c y .
Y

-

3.1.2.3.2

Abort Initiation. - Provisions s h a l l be m a d e for c r e w initiation of a l l a b o r t m o d e s . Initiation of a b o r t m o d e s by a u t o m a t i c s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be provided to enhance c r e w s a f e t y . Flieht Time CaDabilities. Flight. - The Apollo CSM s h a l l be designed to a c c o m p l i s h the Lunar Orbit Mission. The CSM consumables s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be designed for a nominal m i s s i o n time of 1 0 . 6 d a y s with t h r e e of t h e s e days i n l u n a r o r b i t using the AV allocations shown i n p a r a g r a p h 3 . 1. 1. 8. 3. By judicious s y s t e m m a n a g e m e n t of duty cycles, a l t e r n a t e m i s s i o n s , such as E a r t h o r b i t a l , m a y be p e r f o r m e d within the r e s u l t a n t capabilities of t h e CSM s y s t e m . P o s t Flight. - The C M s h a l l provide t h e c r e w with a habitable environment for a m i n i m u m of 48 h o u r s and a floatation environment of 7 days following a w a t e r landing. E a r t h Landing. - The CShl shall have the capability of initiatillg a r e t u r n and Earth-landing maneuver at a n y t i m e during e i t h e r l u n a r or E a r t h o r b i t a l m i s s i o n s . P r i o r t o each flight, a p r i m a r y

3.1.2.4 3.1.2.4.1

3.1.2.4.2

3.1.2. 5

-

18

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

w a t e r landing s i t e and suitable backup w a t e r landing s i t e will be s e l e c t e d for n o r m a l m i s s i o n landing. Additional c r i t e r i a apply a s follows: 3.1.2.5.1 Lunar Orbit Mission. - The CSM s h a l l be capable of landing a t the p r i m a r y w a t e r landing s i t e ( o r at any backup s i t e ) upon r e t u r n i n g to E a r t h following a l u n a r o r b i t a l m i s s i o n . Inaddition, a l t e r n a t e s i t e s s h a l l be designated s o that at l e a s t one a l t e r n a t e s i t e on E a r t h c a n be r e a c h e d . C o m m a n d a n d S e r v i c e Module P e r f o r m a n c e . - The following sub - pa ra g raph s s u m m a r i z e the nominal p e r f o r m a n c e capa bilities of the CM, SM, and S-IVB A d a p t e r . Boost Stabilization. - The effects of windage, a e r o d y n a m i c s , v a r i a t i o n s of the c e n t e r of g r a v i t y , e t c . , will be compensated for by the launch vehicle during the boost p h a s e . T r a j e c t o r i e s . - The g e n e r a l CSM t r a j e c t o r i e s s h a l l follow the g e n e r a l r e q u i r e m e n t s shown i n p a r a g r a p h 3 . 1. After t r a n s l u n a r injection, the p r i m a r y m e a s u r e d CSM positional a c c u r a c y s h a l l be provided by the MSFN with the CSM G&N Subsystem s e r v i n g a s a back-up s y s t e m i n a c c o r d a n c e with SID 64-881, NASA Manned Space Flight Net P e r f o r m a n c e and I n t e r f a c e Specification - P r i m a r y . Mission P e r f o r m a n c e . Flight Plan. - The Apollo m i s s i o n flight plan for which the CSM is s i z e d s h a l l be a s specified i n 3 . 1 . 4. 1.1 and 3 . 1 . 4 . 1 . 2 . G e n e r a l Flight P l a n R e q u i r e m e n t s and C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . - The g e n e r a l flight plan r e q u i r e m e n t s and c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s p r e s e n t t h e g e n e r a l m i s s i o n ground r u l e s t o which the CSM s h a l l be designed. T h e s e ground r u l e s c o n s i s t of t r a j e c t o r y p a r a m e t e r s and operational c o n s t r a i n t s which s h a l l be c o n s i d e r e d i n o v e r a l l CSM and s u b s y s t e m design. The c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of the l u n a r m i s s i o n s a r e d e s c r i b e d i n the following sub- p a r a g r a p h s : a. Launch S i t e , - All l u n a r o r b i t a l m i s s i o n s s h a l l be launched f r o m Cape Kennedy, F l o r i d a . The launch a z i m u t h s h a l l be within l i m i t a t i o n s s e t by r a n g e safety and t r a c k i n g c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . The launch phase f o r l u n a r o r b i t a l mis s i o n s begins with S-IC ignition and ends with S-IVB cutoff in E a r t h parking o r b i t .

3.1.3

3.1.3. 1

3.1.3.2

3.1.4 3. 1 . 4 . 1

3.1.4.1.1

-

19 SID 63-31 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

S R 4 C E and INFOR;2IATION S Y S T E h l S DIL'ISION

CON\

e-

. .
'-

w

b.

Launch T i m e Window. L u n a r o r b i t a l m i s s i o n flight plans s h a l l include at l e a s t a two hour p e r i o d on the launch d a t e . Launches m a y be m a d e providing visual r e f e r e n c e conditions sufficient f o r orientation during high altitude a b o r t exist. A launch window s h a l l be provided e i t h e r by maneuvering t h e CSM t o i n t e r c e p t a planned t r a j e c t o r y or by s e l e c t i n g a new t r a j e c t o r y that will satisfy the m i s s i o n objectives and which will a l s o be obtained a t t h e actual launch time. Both t h e l u n a r t r a j e c t o r y selection and vehicle maneuvering methods s h a l l b e developed f o r obtaining a launch window. This capability is t o b e p r o vided by a Government F u r n i s h e d Launch Vehicle f r o m a Government F u r n i s h e d Launch Complex. E a r t h P a r k i n g O r b i t . - The E a r t h parking o r b i t phase begins with S - I V B cutoff in o r b i t and ends with S-IVB relight f o r t r a n s l u n a r injection. The parking o r b i t a l t i tudes for l u n a r orbital m i s s i o n shall be limited to altitudes f r o m 90 to 1 2 0 nautical m i l e s . The nominal parking o r b i t altitude shall be 100 nautical m i l e s . Multiple parking o r b i t s a r e acceptable but s h a l l be compatible with booster p e r f o r m a n c e and lifetime l i m i t a t i o n s . The duration of t h i s phase s h a l l not exceed four and one -half h o u r s . T r a n s l u n a r Injection. - The t r a n s l u n a r injection phase begins with S-IVB ignition i n E a r t h parking orbit and ends with S - I V B cutoff. F i n a l injection into the t r a n s l u n a r t r a j e c t o r y shall be located such that the t r a j e c t o r y c a n be d e t e r m i n e d by the M S F N within 15 minutes o f ' t r a n s l u n a r injection burnout. T r a n s l u n a r Coast. - The t r a n s l u n a r c o a s t phase begins with S-IVB cutoff and ends with SPS ignition for l u n a r o r b i t ir,scrtior;. The trans!r?nar t r a j e c t o r y f o r I l ~ n a ro r b i t m i s s i o n s s h a l l be a f r e e r e t u r n type which h a s a coast r e t u r n to the E a r t h with acceptable e n t r y conditions. The d u r a t i o n of this phase s h a l l be f r o m approximately 5 9 t o 7 7 h o u r s depending upon the Earth-Moon distance, the inclinations of the g e o c e n t r i c t r a n s l u n a r and t r n n s e a r t h planes to the Moon's o r b i t plane, and the injection v e l o c i t y . The t r a n s l u n a r t r a j e c t o r i e s for lunar o r b i t m i s s i o n s s h a l l have a nominal pericynthion of 1 0 0 nautical m i l e s . The C S h l s h a l l include p r o v i s i o n s f o r p e r f o r m i n g t r a n s l u n a r midcourse correction maneuvers.

-

C.

d.

e.

- 20

-

/N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.
SI'ACE and INFORhIATION S Y S T E h f S D I V I S I O N

*
f.
L u n a r O r b i t I n s e r t i o n . - Lunar o r b i t i n s e r t i o n begins with SPS ignition j u s t p r i o r to pericynthion and ends with SPS cutoff in l u n a r o r b i t . I n s e r t i o n will o c c u r o v e r the nonv i s i b l e portion of the Moon. The CSM s h a l l a r r i v e on a c i r c u m l u n a r t r a j e c t o r y which h a s a nominal pericynthion altitude of 100 nautical m i l e s . A 5 " plane change c a p a bility s h a l l be provided within t h e l u n a r o r b i t injection velocity budget f o r establishing the i n i t i a l o r b i t . The m a n e u v e r s h a l l be accomplished a t t h e s a m e t i m e a s the r e t r o - m a n e u v e r f o r establishing the l u n a r o r b i t . L u n a r Orbit. - The lunar o r b i t phase begins with SPS cutoff in l u n a r o r b i t and ends with SPS ignition for t r a n s e a r t h injection. The nominal l u n a r o r b i t altitude s h a l l be 1 0 0 nautical m i l e s . T r a n s e a r t h Injection. - T r a n s e a r t h injection begins with SPS ignition in l u n a r o r b i t a n d ends with SPS cutoff. The SM propulsion s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be capable of providing t h e n e c e s s a r y propulsion p e r f o r m a n c e to t r a n s f e r f r o m t h e l u n a r o r b i t t o the t r a n s e a r t h t r a j e c t o r y . The m a n e u v e r r e q u i r e d i s a function of the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c of the parking o r b i t a t the t i m e of injection, the t i m e spent i n o r b i t , and t h e t e r m i n a l c o n s t r a i n t s a t p e r i g e e which m u s t be s a t i s f i e d . The t e r m i n a l c o n s t r a i n t s which m u s t be s a t i s f i e d a r e the E a r t h a t m o s p h e r i c e n t r y a n g l e , g e o c e n t r i c conic inclination, and the e n t r y epoch. The r e q u i r e d e n t r y angle s h a l l be l i m i t e d s u c h that c a p t u r e is i n s u r e d without exceeding the a e r o d y n a m i c heating o r loads l i m i t a t i o n s . The position of the vehicle at t h e t i m e of injection will be over the non-visible side of the Moon. T r a n s e a r t h C o a s t . - The t r a n s e a r t h c o a s t phase begins with SPS cutoff and concludes a t t h e e n t r y i n t e r f a c e . T h e d u r a t i o n is d e t e r m i n e d by the t r a n s e a r t h injection conditions and shall range between 60 and 84 h o u r s t o allow f o r r e t u r n to the p r i m a r y landing s i t e . The inclination of the t r a n s e a r t h t r a j e c t o r y to the E a r t h ' s equator and the t i m e of flight s h a l l be u s e d to c o n t r o l the e n t r y in such a way that t h e e n t r y t r a c k w i l l be o v e r planned t r a c k i n g and r e c o v e r y a r e a s . The CSM s h a l l include p r o v i s i o n s for performing transearth midcourse correction maneuver. T r a n s e a r t h t r a j e c t o r i e s s h a l l be s u c h that nominal e n t r y f o r Apollo m i s s i o n s will be with p o s i g r a d e motion with r e s p e c t to the E a r t h t o r e d u c e t h e e n t r y heating and widen the e n t r y c o r r i d o r .

0

g.

h.

i.

- 21 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

^--'I--"IAL

j.

E n t r y . - The entry phase begins a t the e n t r y i n t e r f a c e (nominally 400, 000 f t . ) and ends at drogue p a r a c h u t e deployment. The C M s h a l l be capable of e n t r y within a 1 5 nautical mile c o r r i d o r with a peak d e c e l e r a t i o n of 7 g during the initial pull-out with a m i n i m u m L/D=O. 30 and a t a parabolic velocity of 36, 333 fps when m e a s u r e d in a vacuum a t p e r i g e e . The m a x i m u m r a n g e at m i n i m u m L / D s h a l l be 2500 n . m . The m a x i m u m peak d e c e l e r a t i o n l i m i t s h a l l not exceed 20 g . Recovery. - The r e c o v e r y phase c o v e r s the t i m e c o m m e n c ing with drogue parachute deployment and ending with touchdown of the CM. When Command and Service Module Attitude. simultaneous r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r p r e f e r r e d attitudes e x i s t among CSM functions and s u b s y s t e m s , conflicts s h a l l b e r e s o l v e d in accordance with t h e following priority:

k,

1.

-

(1) C r e w Safety and operations. ( 2 ) Thermal constraints.

( 3 ) T h r u s t and l i f t v e c t o r management.

(4) Nuclear protection.
(5 ) Communications

(6) Conservation of Reaction Control (RCS) Propellant.
( 7 ) Navigation Attitude c o n t r o l is p e r m i s s a b l e to e l i m i n a t e s y s t e m c o n s t r a i n t s which would i m p o s e s u c c e s s i v e s u b s y s t e m r e q u i r e m e n t s . 3.1.4.1.2 Control Weight and Consumables Design M i s s i o n . - The following 1 0 . 6 day lunar o r b i t m i s s i o n timeline shall s e r v e a s a b a s i s for provisioning of consumables a n d for establishing CSM c o n t r o l weights: Mission Phase Prelaunch Ascent P h a s e E a r t h P a r k i n g Orbit '1.ransiunar injection T r ans l u n a r C oas t Duration Hours 10.00 0. 1 9 4. 40

0.07
77.00

-

22

SID 03-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SI'ACE and I N F O R h l . ~ T I O N Y S T E M S DIVISION S

.* e

L u n a r O r b i t Injection Lunar Orbit Coast T r an s e a r t h Injection Transearth Coast Pr e - E n t r y Entry R e cove r y 3.1.4.2

0.09 88.00 0. 04 84.00 0.08 0. 50 0 . 17

Contingencies. - A contingency s i t u a t i o n i s t h e r e s u l t of any deviation f r o m the m i s s i o n p l a n ' w h i c h r e q u i r e s a d e c i s i o n t o be made concerning future conduct of the m i s s i o n . Such deviations c a n include t h o s e c o n c e r n e d with schedule, s t r u c t u r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , vehicle o r s u b s y s t e m p e r f o r m a n c e , c r e w condition, r a n d o m n a t u r a l h a z a r d s and o t h e r s . The CSM individually, a n d the o v e r a l l Apollo s y s t e m , as a whole, s h a l l be capable of r e s o l v i n g contingencies i n o r d e r to m e e t t h e specified p r o b a b i l i t i e s of c r e w s a f e t y and of m i s s i o n s u c c e s s . Design Objective. - Overcoming contingency s i t u a t i o n s r e q u i r e s ope r a t i o n a l and p e r f o r m a n c e flexibility. T h i s flexibility s h a l l be provided by the following d e s i g n o b j e c t i v e s :
a.

3 . 1.4.2. 1

Built-in redundancy Switch-in redundancy Alternate operating modes

b.

c.
3. 1.4.2.2

C r i t e r i a f o r Contingency O p e r a t i o n . - P e r f o r m a n c e r e q u i r e m e n t s for CSM o p e r a t i o n u n d e r contingency conditions s h a l l be b a s e d on the following c r i t e r i a ( l i s t e d i n a p p r o x i m a t e o r d e r of s i g n i f i c a n c e ) :
a.

Adequate c r e w s a f e t y Mission success Adequate fuel m a r g i n Minimum r e s p o n s e - t i m e c r i t i c a l i t y P r i m a r y landing a r e a Adequate m a r g i n for c o n s u m a b l e s Manned S p a c e c r a f t C o n t r o l C e n t e r (MSCC) and MSFN a s s i s tance

b.
C .

d.

e.

f.
g.

c

-

23

SID 63-313

L-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SI'ACE and INFORhlATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

C O N " W b

clcc

4 -- -"-e

..

.-

h.
i.

H a r d w a r e reliability Minimum number of a b o r t t r a j e c t o r i e s Minimum flight-plan complexities P e r f o r m a n c e flexibility

j.
k. 3.1.4.2.3

Contingency Operations. - C r e w r e s p o n s e to a contingency w i l l c o m p r i s e , in general, the operations d e s c r i b e d below a. Detection of Contingency. - The c r e w m e m b e r s s h a l l be a l e r t e d to the contingency o c c u r r e n c e by one o r m o r e of the following: ( 1 ) CSM displays a n d c o n t r o l s

( 2 ) T e l e m e t r y / communication loops
(3) T e l e m e t r y / u p - d a t a link ( 4 ) Lack of r e s p o n s e to c o m m a n d inputs

( 5 ) P h y s i c a l sensing by a s t r o n a u t

( 6 ) Caution and warning display
b. Isolation of Contingency. - To aid the c r e w in isolation of contingencies, a l l information r e q u i r e d to a s s u r e c r e w safety s h a l l be s t o r e d on b o a r d the CSM in a r e a d i l y a c c e s s i b l e m a n n e r . P e r t i n e n t information affecting m i s s i o n s u c c e s s shall be s t o r e d on b o a r d w h e r e p r a c t i c a b l e . Complete information a t a l l levels a n d quantitative p r e d i c t i o n s of future m i s s i o n s s t a t u s shall be available f r o m MSCC v i a M S F N within existing communications capabilities . Evaluation of Contingency. - O n - b o a r d s t o r e d contingency d a t a shall c l e a r l y identify contingencies w h e r e c r e w safety m a y be jeopardized and w h e r e t i m e m a y be a constraining factor.

c.

d.

Implementation of Contincrencv Resolution. - The r e s o lution of a l l contingencies s h a l l be initiated by the c r e w . Automatic initiation shall be invoked only w h e n the r e s p o n s e t i m e o r the complexity of the evaluation and i m p l e mentation p r o c e s s a r e beyond r e a s o n a b l e h u m a n l i m i t a t i o n s .

-

24

-

SID 63-313

-

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORhlATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

3.1.4.2.4

Abort F a c t o r s . - F o r a b o r t action, the o n - b o a r d s t o r e d contingency data s h a l l n o r m a l l y provide a b o r t - s e l e c t i o n c r i t e r i a including propulsive fuel, t i m e , and landing a r e a .
a.

P r o p e l l a n t s . - D a t a listing AV r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r d i s c r e t e a b o r t t r a j e c t o r i e s s h a l l be r e a d i l y available on b o a r d . Sufficient conversion data shall be available on b o a r d to convert propellant r e a d i n g s to AV c a p a b i l i t i e s . Time. - Time histories for discrete abort trajectories s h a l l be r e a d i l y available on b o a r d . Sufficient i n f o r m a tion concerning consumable usage r a t e s under varying o p e r a t i o n a l conditions shall a l s o be available on b o a r d to enable r e a s o n a b l e predictions on f u t u r e consumable s t a t u s . In addition, those contingencies which r e q u i r e a timely r e s p o n s e s h a l l be identified in the on-board stored data. Information R e t r i e v a l . - On-board s t o r e d d a t a s h a l l be in sufficient detail to provide adequate a s s u r a n c e of c r e w s a f e t y even i f communications to MSCC a r e not a v a i l a b l e . An efficient unambiguous indexing method s h a l l be p r o vided to enable speedy r e t r i e v a l by the a s t r o n a u t s of adequate information f r o m the on-board s t o r e d d a t a .

b.

c.

3.2

Command and S e r v i c e Module S y s t e m Design and P e r f o r m a n c e Criteria G e n e r a l Design Analysis C r i t e r i a . - Design and operational p r o c e d u r e s s h a l l be conducted in a c c o r d a n c e with r a t i o n a l design p r i n c i p l e s to include but not be l i m i t e d to t h e following: L i m i t Conditions, - The design limit load envelope s h a l l be e s t a b l i s h e d by s u p e r p o s i t i o n of r a t i o n a l l y deduced c r i t i c a l loads for all flight m o d e s . Load envelopes s h a l l recognize the cumulative effects o f additive type l o a d s . N o s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be designed incapable of functioning a t l i m i t load conditions. P e r f o r m a n c e M a r g i n s . - Rational m a r g i n s s h a l l be apportioned to s u b s y s t e m s and components such that the g r e a t e s t o v e r a l l design efficiency i s a c h i e v e d within the Lv c a p a b i l i t i e s and implementation c r i t e r i a c o n s t r a i n t s .

3.2.1

3.2. .1

3.2.1.2

3.2.1.2. 1

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

S1’AC.K and I N V ‘ o l ~ h l 4 T I O NS’IS1”hIS

DIVISION

CON-.-.-.--_
3.2.1.2.2

.-

-

*

*-

F a i l Safe. - Subsystem o r component f a i l u r e s h a l l not p r o p a g a t e sequentially, i . e . , d e s i g n s h a l l “fail s a f e . I I Design M a r g i n s . - All CSM s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be designed t o positive m a r g i n s of safety except for s p e c i a l c a s e s subject to r a t i o n a l a n a l y s i s o r destructive t e s t s and negotiation with Manned S p a c e c r a f t Center (MSC), National A e r o n a u t i c s and Space Administration (NASA). P e r forrnanc e C r i t e r i a C o m m a n d Module Repre s s u r i z a t i o n . - The r e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be designed f o r two complete cabin r e p r e s s u r i z a t i o n s and a continuous l e a k r a t e a s high a s 0 . 2 l b s p e r h o u r . P r o v i s i o n s only s h a l l be m a d e f o r resupply of P o r t a b l e Life Support Subsystem (PLSS) expendables. Additional supply of the PLSS expendables s h a l l not b e r e q u i r e d , Vacuum Operation of Cabin Equipment. - Vacuum, for design c r i t e r i a p u r p o s e s , shall be defined a s follows: F o r CSM e x t e r i o r : F o r CM i n t e r i o r : F o r SM i n t e r i o r :

3.2.1.2. 3

3.2.1. 3 3 . 2 . 1 . 3. 1

3 . 2 . 1 . 3.2

7.5 x
m m hg
m m hg

m m hg

3 . 2 . 1 . 3.3

C o m m a n d Module Reuse. - The CM and i n t e r n a l s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l not be designed for r e p e a t e d m i s s i o n r e u s e a f t e r recovery. Command Module Water Stability. - CM flotation and w a t e r s t a b i l i t y c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s shall be such that the CM will r e c o v e r f r o m any initial attitude and will float upright with n o r m a l e g r e s s h a t c h e s c l e a r of the w a t e r . C o m m a n d and Service Module Design C r i t e r i a . T h e r m a l R e s i s t a n c e . - The CSM modules s h a l l be designed with c o n s i d e r a t i o n s of t h e r m a l r e s i s t a n c e to provide b e s t p r o t e c t i o n without c o m p r o m i s e to b a s i c module d e s i g n .
2

3.2.1. 3.4

3.2.1.4 3.2.1.4.1

3.2.1.4.2

Maintenance. - Equipment a r r a n g e m e n t s , a c c e s s i b i l i t y , and i n t e r change ability features t h a t allow efficient preflight s e r v i c i n g and maintenance s h a l l be given full consideration. Design considerations s h a l l a l s o include efficient m i s s i o n s c r u b and r e c y c l e p r o c e d u r e s .

-

26 SID 63-313

/

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I NFORhlATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

‘ , 4

3.2.1.4. 3

Ground Handling. - F u l l design recognition s h a l l be given t o the durability r e q u i r e m e n t s of CSM equipment a n d s u b s y s t e m s during preflight p r e p a r a t i o n . Ultimate F a c t o r . - The ultimate factor s h a l l be 1. 5 applied to l i m i t l o a d s . This factor m a y be r e d u c e d t o 1 . 3 5 f o r s p e c i a l c a s e s subject to r a t i o n a l a n a l y s i s and negotiation with MSC, NASA. Explosive Initiators. - The c o n t r a c t o r shall s t a n d a r d i z e a l l CSM i n i t i a t o r s i n s o f a r a s possible by utilizing hot w i r e initiators. Environmental C r i t e r i a . - These r e q u i r e m e n t s define the environmental design c r i t e r i a for the CSM equipment and a s s o c i a t e d Ground Support Equipment (GSE). Command and S e r v i c e Module and GSE Ground E n v i r o n m e n t s a. T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , Ground Handling, and Storage. - The following conditions r e p r e s e n t the n a t u r a l and induced e n v i r o n m e n t a l e x t r e m e s which m a y be encountered during t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , ground handling and s t o r a g e . Handling GSE s h a l l b e capable of operating during e x p o s u r e t o t h e s e e n v i r o n m e n t s . O t h e r GSE and CSM equipment m a y be p r o t e c t e d by suitable packaging if t h e s e environments e x c e e d those e x p e r i e n c e d during n o r m a l operation. (1) Natural Environments (a) Temperature

3.2.1.4.4

3.2.1.5

3.2.1.6

3.2.1.6. 1

A i r transportation

-45 F t o t 140 F for eight h o u r s

Ground t r a n s p o r t a t i o n

- 2 0 F t o t 145 F f o r two weeks
t 2 5 F to t 1 5 0 F f o r three years

Storage

( b ) Altitude
A i r transportation

u p to 35, 0 0 0 f e e t for eight h o u r s

I -

-

27

SID 63-313

(

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I ~ N ~ O R ~ L ~ TSYS1’IS.ZIS I I I V I S I O N lON

CONGround t r a n s p o r t a t i o n and storage ( c ) Humidity

w

Up t o 6 , 000 f e e t for three years

0 to 100 percent relative humidity, including c ondi ti on s whe r e i n condensation t a k e s place i n the f o r m of w a t e r o r f r o s t for a t l e a s t t h i r t y days.
Solar radiation of 3 6 0 Btu p e r s q u a r e foot p e r hour for s i x hours p e r day f o r two weeks

(d) Sunshine

( e ) Rain

U p to 0 . 6 inch p e r hour f o r twelve hours
As encountered i n d e s e r t and ocean beach a r e a s , equivalent to 140-mesh s i l i c a flour with p a r t i c l e velocity up 500 f e e t p e r minute and a p a r t i c l e density of 0. 25 g r a m s p e r cu f t .

(f)

Sand and d u s t

A s experienced in F l o r i d a climate.

Salt atmosphere a s encountered in c o a s t a l a r e a s , the e f f e c t of w h i c h i s simulated by exposure to a 5 p e r c e n t s a l t solution by weight for 48 h o u r s . (i) Ozone Up to 3 y e a r s espostirc’ t o 0. 05 p a r t s / m i l l i o n c on c e n t r a ti o 11. T h e s e ground wind c r i t e r i a consist 01 description of C a p

(j)

Ground winds

3

;

-

-

28

SID 0 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH

A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

S P A C E and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

r

Kennedy wind d a t a f o r the height i n t e r v a l s of 10 to 4 0 0 feet.

1.

F r e e Standing - The design wind s p e e d s f o r s t r u c t u r a l loading c o n s i d e r a t i o n s of the CSM a r e p r e s e n t e d i n the table below. Wind speed occuring during the s t r o n g e s t wind month a t Cape Kennedy, F l o r i d a , a r e l e s s than those p r e s e n t e d 99. 9 p e r c e n t of the t i m e . Steady State Wind (knots )
23. 0 28. 7 32. 9 36. 5 41. 9 45.4 48. 1

Height (ft)
10 30 60 100 200 300 40 0

P e a k Wind (knots ) (:::)
32. 2 40. 2 46. 1 51. 1 58. 7 63. 6 67. 3

(:: )

G u s t C ha r ac t e r i st i c s :
F o r the effects of g u s t s , a l i n e a r buildup f r o m the s t e a d y s t a t e winds t o the peak winds will be a s s u m e d . The p e r i o d of t h i s buildup and d e c a y s h a l l be taken a s 4 seconds f o r a l l height l e v e l s ; t h a t i s , buildup of 2 seconds f o r decay to steady s t a t e wind speed.

2 -.

S t o r m Conditions - The 99. 9 p e r c e n t peak wind s p e e d s p r e s e n t e d i n p a r a g r a p h 3. 2. 1 . 6 , ( l ) , ( j ) , 1 may be exceeded during s e v e r e . t h u n d e r s t o r m o r h u r r i c a n e condition a t Cape Kennedy. During s u c h p e r i o d s , the vehicle m u s t be p r o t e c t e d i n s u c h a m a n n e r that wind loading conditions g r e a t e r than those f o r the 99. 9 p e r c e n t winds s h a l l not be e x p e r i e n c e d by the CSM.

( 2 ) Induced Environment
( a ) Shock

-

as e x p e r i e n c e d in any d i r e c t i o n
Shock L e v e l (g 1 Time (millis e c onds )

Weight (pounds ),:(:::

- 29

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SI’AAct.; and I NFORSl.+TION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

CONL e ss than 250 250 to 5 0 0 30

e’

4

11 1 (halfsine w a v e f o r m )

*

24

11 f 1 (halfsine w a v e f o r m )

5 0 0 to 1,000 Over 1 , 0 0 0

21

11 f 1 (halfsine w a v e f o r m )
11 1 (halfsine w a v e f o r m )

18

*

:$:$Weight of equipment and package o r c o n t a i n e r s (if any). (b) Vibration, direction Weight (pounds j L e s s than 50 5 0 to 3 0 0 3 0 0 t o 1, 000 Over 1, 0 0 0 b.

- Sinoidal

as experienced in any

5 t o 26. 5
CPS

2 6 . 5 to 5 2
CPS

52 to 5 0 0 CPS

*l. 56g * l . 30g * l . 30g f l . 04g

(inch DA) 0.043 0.036 0. 036 0. 029

-16. Og *5. og

Sheltered Environment A r e a s These requirements r e p r e s e n t the environment design c r i t e r i a f o r CSM equipm e n t and GSE both i n operating and non-operating condition. The equipment s h a l l be capable of meeting the operating r e q u i r e m e n t s of the applicable p e r f o r m a n c e specification during and a f t e r e x p o s u r e to these environm e n t s . N a t u r a l and induced environments a r e combined i n this section. The l e v e l of e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n t r o l a t e a c h A p o l l o s i t e s h a l l be a s indicated i n MSC-GSE-1B.

-

(1) I n t e r i o r Controlled - An environment i n which the t e m p e r a t u r e , humidity, sand, s a l t s p r a y , e t c . , a r e controlled.
(a) Temperature t 6 0 F to t 80 F for up to three years t 5 2 F to t105 F f o r one hour m a x i m u m with e n v i r o n m e n t a l equipment out of c o m m i s s i o n (b) Oxygen Atmosphere The following conditions apply to the CM i n t e r i o r :

-

30

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

a

95 f 5 p e r c e n t by weight oxygen a t t o t a l p r e s s u r e s up t o 14. 7 p s i a f o r up t o 24 h o u r s . Oxygen p a r t i a l p r e s s u r e up to 14. 7 p s i a coincident with t o t a l p r e s s u r e up to 21.0 psia f o r two h o u r s ( c ) Humidity 30 p e r c e n t to 70 p e r c e n t f o r up to t h r e e y e a r s P a r t i c l e count not to exceed Level 300,000 of F e d e r a l Standard 209: No m o r e than 2 , 0 0 0 p a r t i c l e s p e r cubic foot l a r g e r than 5 m i c r o n s . No m o r e than 35 of t h e s e l a r g e r than 65 m i c r o n s . No m o r e than 3 of t h e s e 35 p a r t i c l e s l a r g e r than 100 m i c r o n s .

0

( d ) Sand and Dust

(2) I n t e r i o r Uncontrolled

An environment i n which the t e m p e r a t u r e , sand, s a l t s p r a y , e t c . , a r e only p a r t i a l l y controlled. (a) Temperature t 1 5 F to t 1 0 5 F f o r up to three years

-

( b ) Humidity

0 to 100 p e r c e n t r e l a t i v e humidity, including condi tions w h e r e i n condensation t a k e s p l a c e i n the f o r m of water o r f r o s t for a t l e a s t t h i r t y days.
S o l a r r a d i a t i o n a t 360 Btu p e r s q u a r e foot p e r hour f o r 6 h o u r s p e r day f o r 2 weeks. A s encountered in desert a n d o c e a n beach a r e a s , equivalent to 140 m e s h s i l i c a f l o u r with p a r t i c l e velocity

( c ) Sunshine

( d ) Sand and dust

31

SID 63-313

c

V”6MTIAL
0

/

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
*

CN O-

4 .

.A*

up 500 f e e t p e r minute and a p a r t i c l e density of 0 . 2 5 g r a m s p e r cu. f t . c. Other Environment A r e a s - Environments to which c e r t a i n GSE a r e exposed, s u c h a s the Launch Umbilical Tower ( L U T ) and Environmental C h a m b e r , s h a l l be a s indicated i n MSC-GSE-1B.

3 . 2. 1. 6. 2

Command and S e r v i c e Module F l i g h t Environments. - T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e p r e s e n t the environmental design c r i t e r i a f o r the CSM equipment i n a n operating condition a s e x p e r i e n c e d during the various flight m i s s i o n p h a s e s . The m i s s i o n p h a s e s a r e a s defined in p a r a g r a p h 3. 1 . 4 . 1. 1. The equipment s h a l l be capable of meeting the operating r e q u i r e m e n t s of the applicable performance specification during and a f t e r e x p o s u r e t o these environments. a. All M i s s i o n P h a s e s - T h e s e a r e induced environments which a r e p r e s e n t for a l l m i s s i o n p h a s e s . (1) T e m p e r a t u r e The c o n t r a c t o r s h a l l provide temperature requirements for structure, subsystem, and component de sign f o r e a c h applicable m i s s i o n phase. The following conditions apply t o the CM i n t e r i o r : 95 f 5 p e r c e n t by weight oxygen f o r 255 hours. Nominal CM i n t e r i o r a t m o s phe r i c composition i s p r e s e n t e d in the following table:

( 2 ) Oxygen Atmosphere

Constituent G a s Oxygen C a r b o n Dioxide Water Vapor

Partial Pressure (psis)

YQ By VOl.
92. 76
2. 94

YQ By

Wt.

4.638
0. 147(max)

93.49 4. 0 7

0. 215

4. 30

2. 44

-

32

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

S P A C E and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
* .

*

( 3 ) Humidity

The following conditions apply t o the CM i n t e r i o r : 0 to 100 p e r c e n t r e l a t i v e humidity f o r 255 h o u r s . 40 t o 70 p e r c e n t nominal r e l a t i v e humidity. 95 f 5 p e r c e n t r e l a t i v e humidity including conditions w h e r e condensation t a k e s place i n the f o r m of w a t e r , f o r a t l e a s t 20 h o u r s . The following condition applies t o the CM i n t e r i o r : Salt atmosphere a s caused by human p e r s p i r a t i o n , the effect of which i s s i m u l a t e d by e x p o s u r e to a one p e r c e n t salt solution by weight for 48 h o u r s .

( 4 ) C o r r o s i v e Contaminants

b.

Ascent P h a s e

(1) N a t u r a l Environments

(a) R e f e r e n c e
Atmosphere

The r e f e r e n c e E a r t h A t m o s p h e r e a t Cape Kennedy, F l o r i d a , s h a l l be a s p r e s e n t e d i n the following table.

Altitude ( f e e t ) Up t o 101, 705 101, 705 to 295, 272 O v e r 295, 272

I

A t m o s p h e r e i n Accordance with NASA TN D-595 AFCRL-62-899

U . S. S t a n d a r d A t m o s p h e r e , 1962

(b) Ground Winds

The d e s i g n wind s p e e d f o r launch of the CSM a r e p r e s e n t e d i n the table below. Wind s p e e d s occuring during the s t r o n g e s t wind month a t

-

33

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH AMERICAN

AVIATION, INC.

S l ’ \ < ‘ E and INFOIIS1.ATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

co-

I

* .

-e

Cape Kennedy, F l o r i d a , a r e l e s s than those p r e s e n t e d 99. 0 p e r c e n t of the t i m e . Steady State Wind (knots) 10 30 60 100 200 300 400 ‘%Gust h a r a c t e ri s t i c s C F o r the effects of g u s t s , a l i n e a r buildup f r o m the steady s t a t e winds to the peak winds will be a s s u m e d . The period of this buildup s h a l l be taken a s 4 seconds f o r a l l height l e v e l s ; that i s , buildup of 2 seconds and 2 seconds for decay t o steady state wind speed. 18. 4 22. 9 26. 3 29. 2 33. 5 36. 3 38. 5 P e a k Wind : ) (knots k

25. 32. 36. 40. 46. 50. 53.

8 1 8

9 9
8

9

o

( c ) Winds Aloft. - Spacecraft design s h a l l consider a 99 percentile wind s h e a r ( F i g u r e 50) with a 9 m e t e r p e r second d i s c r e t e q u a s i - s q u a r e wave gust s u p e r imposed, such that the t o t a l d o e s not e x c e e d a 88 percentile wind speed. (2) Induced Environments (a) P r e s s u r e The following condition applies to the CM i n t e r i o r : 14.7 psia nominal d e c r e a s i n g to 6. 0 p s i a Mechanical v i b r a t i o n f r o m a l l s o u r c e s of excitation a s e x p e r i enced by the CSM s t r u c t u r e . The design vibration l e v e l s for v a r i o u s zones of the CSM a r e p r e s e n t e d i n F i g u r e s 3 through 7. Acoustic noise r e s u l t i n g f r o m ground reflection and a e r o dynamic t u r b u l e n c e . The d e s i g n a c o u s t i c s l e v e l s for v a r i o u s zones of the CSM a r e p r e s e n i e d in F i g u r e s 8 ‘ilii’ough 20. 34

(b) Vibration

( c ) Acoustics

-

SID 63-313

-aiwwmb

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

-*
(d) Acceleration The design sustained a c c e l e r a tion l e v e l s f o r the CSM a r e p r e sented i n F i g u r e s 21 through 24.

C.

E a r t h P a r k i n g O r b i t , T r a n s l u n a r Injection, T r a n s l u n a r Coast, Lunar O r b i t I n s e r t i o n , Lunar O p e r a t i o n s , T r a n s e a r t h Coast, and P r e - e n t r y P h a s e s

(1) N a t u r a l Environments
Electromagnetic Radiation The s o u r c e of e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c radiation p r e s e n t e d below impinge on the e x t e r i o r of the CSM i n logical combination for a t o t a l t i m e up to 255 h o u r s . 442 B t u / f t 2 - h r 73 B t u / f t 2 - h r 287 B t u / f t 2 - h r

Solar F l u x Earth Emission Lunar E m i s s i o n ( s u b s o l a r point) Lunar E m i s s i o n (dark side) E a r t h Albedo Lunar Albedo

5 Btu/ft2- hr

0. 34
0. 124

( 2 ) Induced E n v i r o n m e n t s
(a) P r e s s u r e Location CSM E x t e r i o r CSM I n t e r i o r (SM and CM F o r w a r d and Aft C o m p a r t ments) P r e s sure 7. 5 x 10-lOmmHg 1 . 0 10 ~ Max. E x p o s u r e Time 255 h o u r s 255 h o u r s

-6

mmHg

-

35

S I D 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
I

4

.

Location CM Interior

P r e s sure

Max. Exposure Time (parking o r b i t only 1 255 hours

6. 0 p s i a d e c r e a s ing to 5. 0 psia 5. 0 f 0. 2 p s i a (normal) 1. 0 x 1Om4mrnHg (emergency)

100 hours

(b) Vibration

The design levels for the CSM a r e presented i n F i g u r e s 2 5 and 26.

d.

Entry Phase (1) Natural Environments Reference Atmo s phe r e The r e f e r e n c e E a r t h atmosphere for p r i m a r y and contingency landing s i t e s s h a l l be in accordance with U. S. Standard Atmosphere, 1962.

( 2 ) Induced Environments

(a) Pressure

The following condition applies to the CM i n t e r i o r : 5. 0 psia increasing to 5. 5 psia (nominal) The design vibration levels for the CM a r e presented in F i g u r e 5. Uniformly reduced by 10 db. The design sustained acceleration level is 2 0 g.

(b) Vibration

( c ) Acceleration

) .

- 36 SiD 63-313

/

-

NORTH AMERICAN

AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and

INFORhfATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

e.

Recovery Phase
(1) N a t u r a l E n v i r o n m e n t s

( a ) Reference Atmosphere (b) Sea State Wind velocity Wave height ( c r e s t to trough) Wave period Wave length Wave velocity

Same a s p a r a g r a p h 3 . 2. 6. 2 d , (1).

1 6 to 20 knots

0 to 8 - 1 / 2 feet f i r s t two days-14 to 18 f e e t next five days

5 to 6 seconds

125 to 185 f e e t

14 t o 18 knots

( 2 ) Induced E n v i r o n m e n t s
(a) Pressure The following condition applies t o the CM interior: 5. 5 p s i a (nominal) i n c r e a s i n g t o 14. 7 p s i a (nominal) T e r m i n a l peak s a w tooth pulse of 78 g ( p e a k amplitude ) with t o t a l d u r a t i o n 10 t o 15 m i l l i s e c o n d s , including de c ay t i m e

(b) Shock

-

37

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

no g r e a t e r t h a n 10 p e r c e n t of the total d u r a t i o n . F i g u r e s 2 7 a n d 28 define t h e Shock directions.
f.

L a u n c h A b o r t s - Only t h e e q u i p m e n t n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e s u c c e s s f u l completion of a launch a b o r t s h a l l be c a p a b l e of m e e t i n g t h e o p e r a t i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e a p p l i c a b l e p e r f o r m a n c e s p e c i f i c a t i o n d u r i n g and a f t e r e x p o s u r e t o t h e s e envi r onm ent s

.

(1) Natural Environments Same a s paragraph 3.2.1.6.3b,
(l),

( 2 ) Induced E n v i r o n m e n t s
(a) Vibration M e c h a n i c a l v i b r a t i o n s f r o m ail s o u r c e s of e x c i t a t i o n a s e x p e r i e n c e d by p r i m a r y s t r u c t u r e s . The d e s i g n v i b r a t i o n l e v e l s for v a r i o u s z o n e s of t h e CSM a r e p r e s e n t e d i n F i g u r e s 2 9 a n d 30. Acoustic noise resulting f r o m a e r o d y n a m i c t u r b u l e n c e and t h e launch e s c a p e m o t o r . The design acoustics levels for v a r i o u s z o n e s of t h e CSM a r e p r e s e n t e d i n F i g u r e s 31 t h r o u g h 36. The d e s i g n s u s t a i n e d a c c e l e r a tion l e v e l i s 20 g.

(b) Acoustics

(c) Acceleration

3.2.1.6.3

C o m m a n d Module P o s t Landing E n v i r o n m e n t s . - T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e p r e s e n t the environmental design c r i t e r i a f o r C M e q u i p m e n t in a n o p e r a t i n g and a n o n o p e r a t i n g condition. O p e r a t i n g e q u i p m e n t is t h a t needed f o r C M habitability a n d l o c a t i o n . T h i s equipment s h a l l be c a p a b l e of m e e t i n g t h e o p e r a t i n g r e q u i r e T - e n t s of the a p p l i c a b l e p e r f o r m a n c e specification during exposure to these environments.

-

38

SiD 63-313

NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORhIATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

a.

N a t u r a l Environments(1) T e m p e r a t u r e t 1 5 F t o t 1 0 5 F f o r u p to 48 h o u r s Sea L e v e l Up to 100 p e r c e n t r e l a t i v e humidity for up to 48 h o u r s . Solar radiation of 360 Btu p e r s q u a r e foot p e r hour f o r 6 h o u r s p e r day. Same a s paragraph 3.2.1.6.1, a, ( I ) , (e). Same a s p a r a g r a p h 3 . 2 . 1 . 6 . 1 , a, ( I ) , ( f ) . Same a s p a r a g r a p h 3 . 2 . 1 . 6 . 1 , a , ( I ) , (h). Same a s p a r a g r a p h 3 . 2 . 1 . 6 . 2 , d, ( l ) , ( b ) .

(2)

Altitude

( 3 ) Humidity

( 4 ) Sunshine

( 5 ) Rain

(6) Sand and d u s t

(7) Salt Spray

(8) Sea State

3 . 2. 1. 7

Weights. - The weight of the CSM s h a l l be m i n i m u m c o n s i s t e n t with design r e q u i r e m e n t s and s h a l l not exceed the c o n t r o l weight of 21, 2 0 0 pounds f o r the CSM a t launch excluding SPS usable propellant of 4 0 , 5 2 5 pounds. Launch E s c a p e Subsystem. - The c o n t r o l weight of the LES s h a l l not exceed 8 , 2 0 0 pounds including b a l l a s t . S-IVB A d a p t e r . - The c o n t r o l weight of the CSM S-IVB adapter s h a l l not exceed 3 , 8 0 0 pounds. A design weight of 3 , 9 0 0 pounds will be used f o r t r a j e c t o r y s t u d i e s and d e s i g n analyses f o r a non-LEM c a r r y i n g vehicle b e c a u s e of 100pounds of s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s r e q u i r e d to r e p l a c e LEM load c a r r y i n g members

3.2. 1.7. 1

3.2. 1.7. 2

.

3.2.1.7.3

Government F u r n i s h e d Equipment ( G F E ) . - The following G F E i t e m s and a s s o c i a t e d weights a r e those u s e d i n establishing the above c o n t r o l weights.

-

39

SID 63-313

4?€M#€MIAL

/

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

CN OItem Command Module Guidance & Navigation Crew Systems Crew (50-70-90) Spacesuits (3) Provisions As sembly-Crew S u r v i v a l (Contents only) Kit #1, #2, # 3 Food Set (incl. Drinking Water P r o b e ) f o r 10. 6 day mission Weight Pounds

Lp'

%

1, 180.6
(415. 0)

(765.6)
528. 0

90. 8
68. 1

57. 3

I.

M e d i c a l Kit

- Emergency

2. 8

I n s t r u m e n t Set Phy s i ol og i c a1 M oni t o r Bioinstrumentation Radiation D o s i m e t e r s Communication, E l e c t r i c a l Monitoring & T e l e m e t r y (Suit Mounted) (3) Constant Wear G a r m e n t s (6 Pr)
3 . 2. 2

1.5

3. 8

5. 5 2.4

5.4

S t r u c t u r a l Subsystem. - The CSM S t r u c t u r a l Subsystem s h a l l b e c o m p r i s e d of the fundamental load c a r r y i n g s t r u c t u r e s . M e t e r o i d , radiation and p a s s i v e heat protection s h a l l be that i n h e r e n t i n the s t r u c t u r e designed to c a r r y the l o a d s .

- 40 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORhlATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

'.

3. 2. 2. 1 3. 2. 2 . 1. 1

Subs y st e m R e q u i r e m e n t s S t r u c t u r a l Loads. - The p r i m a r y s t r u c t u r e of a l l modules of the s p a c e c r a f t s h a l l be capable of withstanding a l l loads r e s u l t i n g f r o m the conditions specified below without r e q u i r i n g p r e s s u r e stabilization. a. Launch P h a s e . P r i m a r y CM s t r u c t u r e s a r e to be designed f o r loads during launch a s s p e c i f i e d in p a r a g r a p h 3 . 1. 1 . 3 E n t r y p h a s e . - P r i m a r y CM s t r u c t u r e s a r e to be designed for a limit load of 20g during e n t r y . Noise. The design s h a l l accommodate sound p r e s s u r e l e v e l s in the r e s p e c t i v e frequency r a n g e s shown in F i g u r e s 8 through 2 0 and 3 l t h r o u g h 36. Vibration. - T h e effects of the s t e a d y and t r a n s i e n t inputs s h a l l be combined. T h e vibration a n a l y s e s s h a l l recognize the lower damping p r e s e n t i n a vacuum. T h e vibration c u r v e s a r e shown i n F i g u r e s 3 through 7 and 2 5 , 2 6 , 2 9 and 30. Dynamic Loading. The calculation of dynamic loads s h a l l include the effects of engine s t a r t , rebound on the pad, lift off t r a n s i e n t s including ground winds, g u s t s , and wind s h e a r s .

-

b.

c.

-

d.

e.

-

3. 2. 2. 1. 2

P r e s s u r e V e s s e l . - The p r e s s u r e cabin s h a l l be s e p a r a t e f r o m the t h e r m a l protection s u b s y s t e m . The s p a c e between the p r e s s u r e cabin and the t h e r m a l protection s h a l l be vented t o ambient t o limit the collapsing p r e s s u r e s on the p r e s s u r e v e s s e l . No provisions s h a l l be m a d e f o r o v e r p r e s s u r e s due t o LV explosion except t h a t due t o the i n h e r e n t s t r u c t u r a l capability resulting f r o m m a x i m u m flight l o a d s . a. P r e s s u r e V e s s e l L i m i t L o a d s . - L i m i t loads s h a l l be obtained with limit p r e s s u r e s . When p r e s s u r e e f f e c t s a r e relieving, p r e s s u r e should not be u s e d . L i m i t p r e s s u r e is defined a s the relief valve nominal p r e s s u r e plus i t s t o l e r a n c e s and plus h y d r o s t a t i c head.

-

41-

SID 63-313

4l@"TIAL

~

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SI’ACb: and l N ~ O I ~ S l . \ T l O NY S T E h 1 S D I V I S I O N S

v

”*

b.

P r e s s u r e V e s s e l Ultimate F a c t o r , s h a l l be 1. 50.

-

The ultimate f a c t o r

c.

P r e s s u r e V e s s e l Proof F a c t o r . - The proof factor s h a l l be 1. 33 when p r e s s u r e i s applied as a s i n g u l a r load.

3. 2 . 2 . 2 3. 2 . 2 . 2 . 1

Subsystem Description Launch E s c a p e Tower ( L E T ) . - The tower s t r u c t u r e s h a l l f o r m the connecting link between the CM and the s t r u c t u r a l skirt of the launch escape m o t o r , and s h a l l be designed to c a r r y the loads and s t r e s s e s to which it will be subjected in p e r f o r m i n g its function of aborting the CM a t any point f r o m the launch pad t o 30 seconds a f t e r ignition of the S a t u r n S-11. The four m a i n longitudinal m e m b e r s s h a l l t e r m i n a t e at the CM, forming a r e c t a n g u l a r p a t t e r n . Attachment of e a c h of t h e s e four m e m b e r s to the CM s h a l l be by m e a n s of explosive b o l t s , which s h a l l function to d e t a c h the tower s t r u c t u r e f r o m the CM a t the initiation of the j e t t i s o n command. The launch e s c a p e tower shall be p r o t e c t e d by a n ablative m a t e r i a l t o p r e v e n t overheating , Command Module. - The CM physical f e a t u r e s s h a l l be defined by aerodynamic and heating p e r f o r m a n c e r e q u i r e m e n t s and c r e w utility and well being c o n s i d e r a t i o n s . a. G e o m e t r i c C h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . - The b a s i c e x t e r n a l g e o m e t r y of the CM i s shown i n F i g u r e 37. The CM s h a l l be a s y m m e t r i c a l , blunt body developing a m i n i m u m hypersonic L / D of 0. 30. T h e L / D v e c t o r s h a l l b e effectively modulated i n hypersonic flight by the u s e of r o l l control.
Inboard Profile. - Basic arrangeiments of i n t e r n a l f e a t u r e s fundamental t o f u l l utilization of the CM g e o m e t r y s h a l l be a s shown i n F i g u r e s 38, 39, a n d 40.

@

3. 2 . 2 . 2 . 2

b.

( 1 ) Load Attenuation Swept Volume. - The c r e w s h a l l be suspended on d i s c r e t e load attenuation devices which normally a c t on Earth-landing i m p a c t .

-

42

SXD 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

NORTH AMERICAN

AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I N F O R h f . ~ T I O N Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N S

( 2 ) C r e w Space Equipment. - C r e w space equipment s h a l l be f r e e of p r o t r u s i o n s and s n a g s .
C.

Consideration s h a l l be C e n t e r of G r a v i t v Management. given to c e n t e r of g r a v i t y management. Alteration of c r e w positions m a y be u s e d f o r c e n t e r of g r a v i t y management a f t e r touchdown. Visibility s h a l l be provided by one window Visibility. o v e r the c r e w s head i n the launch condition. F o u r additional windows compatible with t e m p e r a t u r e r e q u i r e m e n t s of the lunar m i s s i o n s h a l l be provided for u s e during the flight phase. A c c e s s and E g r e s s Hatches.

-

d.

-

e.

-

(1) T h e r e s h a l l be one side hatch provided in the CM to be used for ground a c c e s s s e r v i c i n g and maintenance. N o r m a l a c c e s s and e g r e s s f o r the c r e w and a l l o n b o a r d equipment installation s h a l l be achieved through the side hatch. The capability s h a l l e x i s t f o r opening of the side hatch on the pad to give unobstructed a c c e s s to the CM e x t e r i o r s within 90 seconds.
(2)

T h e r e s h a l l be another i n w a r d opening hatch a t the f o r w a r d end of the c r e w c o m p a r t m e n t f o r u s e a f t e r landing.

f.

E n t r y T h e r m a l P r o t e c t i o n . - T h e CM s h a l l be designed with a t h e r m a l protection s h e l l which will i n s u r e t h a t the i n t e r n a l environment of the CM w i l l not exceed the design limits of the s t r u c t u r e and i t s enclosed s y s t e m while e n t e r i n g the E a r t h s a t m o s p h e r e within the l i m i t s of velocities and flight p a t h a n g l e s p r e s e n t e d i n p a r a g r a p h 3. 1. 4. 1. 1 (j).

3. 2. 2. 2. 3

S e r v i c e Module, - The SM s h a l l b e designed and c o n s t r u c t e d t o support body loads f r o m the SM a n d A d a p t e r and provide a mounting s t r u c t u r e f o r : SM s u b s y s t e m s , p r e s s u r e v e s s e l s f o r E P S and ECS r e a c t a n t s , and the a t t a c h m e n t f o r the High Gain S-Band Antenna. Space r a d i a t o r s s h a l l be a n i n t e g r a l p a r t of the SM o u t e r s h e l l . The SM r e f e r e n c e a x e s a r e delineated i n Table I .

- 43 SID 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N
.. I

e' " -

*

a.

Inboard P r o f i l e , - The SM i n t e r n a l a r r a n g e m e n t s h a l l contain six segments and a c e n t e r section. (See F i g u r e s 4 1 and 42. ) Equipment contained i n e a c h s e c t o r s h a l l b e a s follows:

(1) S e c t o r I

Cryogenic tankage and s m a l l e r i t e m s of o t h e r equipment

(2)

Sector 1 1

SPS oxidizer tank
SPS fuel t a n k F u e l c e l l s , SPS p r e s s u r i z a t i o n package, and s m a l l e r i t e m s of o t h e r equipments

( 3 ) S e c t o r I11

(4) S e c t o r IV

(5j

Sector V

SPS oxidizer tank
SPS f u e l tank

( 6 ) S e c t o r VI
( 7 ) C e n t e r section

SPS helium s t o r a g e tanks (two)

The high gain S-band antenna s h a l l be housed below the lower SM bulkhead and i n s i d e the Adapter. The antenna s h a l l be extended a f t e r Adapter SM s e p a r a t i o n ,

-

b.

S P S T a n k Sizing. - Tank sizing f o r the SPS s h a l l provide a m i n i m u m usable propellant s t o r a g e f o r 3 0 , 0 0 0 pounds of oxidizer and 1 5 , 0 0 0 pounds of fuel.

3 . 2. 2. 2, 4

Command and Service Module/SIVB Adapter. - T h e CSM SIVB Adapter s h a l l s t r u c t u r a l l y a n d functionally adapt the S e r v i c e Module to the Launch Vehicle. In the a r e a of i n t e r f a c e with the Launch Vehicle, design of the Adapter s h a l l m e e t the r e q u i r e m e n t of I C D ' s 13M20108 (Saturn IB) "Instrument Unit to S p a c e c r a f t Physical R e q u i r e m e n t s " (original i s s u e ) , 13M50103 (Saturn V ) "Instrument Unit to Spacecraft P h y s i c a l R e q u i r e m e n t s " (original i s s u e ) . R e q u i r e m e n t s established by ICD 13M50123 "Envelope, LEM/SIVB/IU C l e a r a n c e , P h y s i c a l " ( o r i g i n a l i s s u e ) will be m e t a s r e q u i r e d for the S a t u r n m i s s i o n s involved.

-

44

S I D b 3 - i13

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

S P A C E and INFORhlATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

a.

Adapter Separation. - The Adapter s h a l l b e designed s o t h a t s e p a r a t i o n of the Adapter f r o m the CSM s h a l l be effected by severing the Adapter s h e l l with ordnance devices at a station below the SM/S-IVB Adapter i n t e r f a c e . Simultaneously, longitudinal shaped c h a r g e s s h a l l f u r t h e r s e p a r a t e the s h e l l into hinged panel s e g m e n t s . The lower section of the Adapter s h e l l will be left i n t a c t and attached to the S-IVB b o o s t e r .

a

3. 2. 3

Guidance and Navigation Subsystem (G&N). T h i s s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be provided by NASA and the r e q u i r e m e n t s for which the G & N s u b s y s t e m i s designed s h a l l be a s specified in SID 6 2 - 1 0 0 0 , P r e l i m i n a r y Guidance and Navigation S y s t e m P &I Re qui r e m e n t s S pe ci f i cation. Stabilization and Control Subsvstem ( S C S ) . Subsystem R e q u i r e m e n t s .
a.

-

3. 2 . 4

-

3 . 2. 4.1

-

The SCS s h a l l provide for:

Flight path stability augmentation f o r a t m o s p h e r i c a b o r t s . Orientation, attitude c o n t r o l , and e n t r y stabilization a n d control f o r e x t r a a t m o s p h e r i c a b o r t s . T h e s u b s y s t e m s h a l l a c c e p t commands f r o m the guidance s u b s y s t e m f o r t h r u s t v e c t o r and e n t r y c o n t r o l a s specified in SID 6 2 - 1 0 0 0 , P r e l i m i n a r y Guidance and Navigation P & I R e q u i r e m e n t s Specification. Stabilization and c o n t r o l during m i d c o u r s e flight, and attitude control and o r i e n t a t i o n f o r application of midcourse corrections, Stabilization and c o n t r o l during l u n a r o r b i t . :: C o n t r o l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r e n t r y guidance s h a l l be provided by pitch and r o l l c o n t r o l .

b.

a

c.

d.
e.

:::The stabilization of the CSM while i n E a r t h P a r k i n g O r b i t s h a l l be provided by NASA furnished S-IVB,

3. 2 . 4 . 2

Subsystem D e s c r i p t i o n . - T h e SCS s h a l l c o n s i s t of the fo 1lowing basic co rnpo nent s : Attitude r e f e r e n c e Rate s e n s o r s C o nt r o 1 e 1e c t r o n i c a s s e m b ly

- 45 SID 63-313

-IAL

/

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

S P A C E and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

c. -..
M 2 n u a l cc!r?trol Displays P o w e r supplies

0

e *

3, 2.5
3 . 2.5. 1

S e r v i c e P r o p u l s i o n Subsystem (SPS) Subsystem Requirements. - The SPS s h a l l supply the propulsion i n c r e m e n t s i n the following n o r m a l and e m e r g e n c y modes. a.
A l l m a j o r velocity i n c r e m e n t s ( > 10 f p s ) r e q u i r e d for t r a n s l u n a r midcourse velocity c o r r e c t i o n s , f o r i n s e r t i o n of the CSM into a l u n a r o r b i t , for lunar o r b i t m a n e u v e r s , for injection f r o m lunar o r b i t into the t r a n s e a r t h t r a j e c t o r y , and for t r a n s e a r t h m i d c o u r s e velocity c o r r e ctions.

b. 3.2.5. 1.1

Abort propulsion after j e t t i s o n of the LES.

P r o p e l l a n t s . - The SPS s h a l l utilize the following e a r t h s t o r a b l e , hypergolic propellants. a, b, Nitrogen tetroxide (N204) a s the oxidizer.
-4 rxixture of fifty p e r c e n t hydrazine (N2H) and fifty p e r cent u n s y m m e t r i c a l dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) a s the fuel.

3. 2 . 5 . 1. 2

P e r f o r m a n c e . - The s u b s y s t e m s h a l l have the following performance characteristics. a. b. c. d. T h r u s t = 21, 900 l b s , nominal i n a vacuum. Specific Impulse, Isp = 313 seconds ( - 3 u value) Continuous operation = 635 seconds maximum Minimum impulse bit = 5000
f

200 pounds s e c .

3. 2. 5. 2

Subsystem Description. following components:

-

The SPS s h a l l c o n s i s t of the

3 . 2 . 5 . 2. 1

Rocket Engine Subsystem. - The SPS engine s h a l l be a single unit, liquid-fueled, p r e s s u r e -fed, non- t h r ottleable t h r u s t g e n e r a t o r , gimbal-mounted t o p e r m i t t h r u s t vector c o n t r o l ..+ l l a -,rr:w..m -:L -:-l.-l ---lnC r Q . 5 :- L L -C 11- Tr v I WLL lllahllllulll V I -u 111 L I l plane and *6. 0 d e g r e e s i n the X - Z plane with multiple r e s t a r t capability.
SLIIIUCZL
CLLLSAL

U G ~ ; S C G U

-

SID 63-313

/

-

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INbWRhIATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

*.
3.2. 5.2.2 P r o p e l l a n t S u b s y s t e m . - The c o m p l e t e p r o p e l l a n t s u b s y s t e m s h a l l c o n s i s t of s e p a r a t e s t o r a g e a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n s u b s y s t e m s f o r o x i d i z e r a n d fuel. H e l i u m S u b s y s t e m . - Helium g a s , contained a t high p r e s s u r e , s h a l l be u t i l i z e d f o r p r e s s u r i z a t i o n of the p r o p e l l a n t s u p p l i e s . R e a c t i o n C o n t r o l S u b s y s t e m (RCS). - T h e CSM s h a l l include r e a c t i o n c o n t r o l s u b s y s t e m s to p r o v i d e the i m p u l s e f o r attitudt c o n t r o l and s t a b i l i z a t i o n . T h e S M / R C S s h a l l a l s o b e c a p a b l e of m i n o r t r a n s l a t i o n a l v e l o c i t y i n c r e m e n t s . C o m m a n d Module R e a c t i o n C o n t r o l S u b s y s t e m (CM/ RCS). T h i s s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be u s e d only a f t e r s e p a r a t i o n of t h e CM f r o m t h e SM.

3.2. 5.2. 3

3.2.6

3.2.6. 1

-

3.2.6. 1 . 1

S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s . - The s u b s y s t e m s h a l l p r o v i d e t h r e e a x i s c o n t r o l p r i o r t o development of a e r o d y n a m i c m o m e n t s , r o l l c o n t r o l during e n t r y , and pitch and yaw damping during e n t r y . A r o l l a c c e l e r a t i o n of a t l e a s t l O " / s e c / s e c s h a l l be p r o v i d e d d u r i n g e n t r y . The pitch and yaw m a n e u v e r r a t e s during e n t r y s h a l l be a t l e a s t 7 d e g r e e s p e r s e c o n d f r o m SM s e p a r a t i o n to the 0. 5 g l e v e l a n d a t l e a s t 2 d e g r e e s p e r s e c o n d f r o m t h e 0 . 5 g l e v e l to r e c o v e r y . A m i n i m u m i m p u l s e bit of not m o r e than 2 pound seconds s h a l l be provided. The s u b s y s t e m s h a l l have the capability t o dump unused p r o p e l l a n t a n d p r e s s u r a n t p r i o r to i m p a c t . T h e s u b s y s t e m s h a l l a l s o be c a p a b l e of providing t h r e e axes c o n t r o l of t h e CM with t h e SM a t t a c h e d o r t h e CM a l o n e d u r i n g a l l high a l t i t u d e a b o r t s . S u b s y s t e m D e s c r i p t i o n . - The RCS s h a l l be p u l s e m o d u l a t e d , p r e s s u r e fed, and utilize e a r t h storable hypergolic propellant. P r o p e l l a n t t a n k s s h a l l be p o s i t i v e e x p u l s i o n type. The CM s h a l l have two independent RCS s y s t e m s , E a c h s h a l l b e capable of m e e t i n g the t o t a l t o r q u e a n d p r o p e l l a n t s t o r a g e r e q u i r e m e n t s . E a c h s u b s y s t e m s h a l l c o n s i s t of h e l i u m p r e s s u r i z a t i o n p r o p e l l a n t s t o r a g e , d i s t r i b u t i o n , and t h r u s t c h a m b e r s u b s y s t e m s . The two s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be c a p a b l e o f s i m u l t a n e o u s o r independent o p e r a t i o n .

3 . 2 . 6 . 1.2

a.

Oxidizer. (N204) Fuel.

-

The o x i d i z e r s h a l l be n i t r o g e n t e t r o x i d e

b. 3.2.6.2

-

The f u e l s h a l l b e m o n o m e t h y l h y d r a z i n e (MMH).

S e r v i c e Module R e a c t i o n C o n t r o l S u b s y s t e m ( S M / R C S )

-

47

SID 63-313

-W"TIAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION,

INC.

SPACE and 1NF''ORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

cn .

-

~0

3.2.6.2. 1

S u b s y s t e m Requirements. - T r a n s l a t i o n a l and r o l l control of the CSM during a l l unpowered phases f r o m t r a n s l u n a r injection to separation of the CM and SM p r i o r to e n t r y s h a l l be supplied by a reaction control s y s t e m mounted in the SM. The s u b s y s t e m shall be capable of p e r f o r m i n g proportional attitude maneuver r a t e s of 0. 1 to 0.65 d e g r e e s p e r second and of supplying a minimum i m p u l s e bit of 0.4*0.2 lb'/ s e c . The s u b s y s t e m shall a l s o be capable of providing the velocity i n c r e m e n t r e q u i r e d for the following m a n e u v e r s .
a.

CSM Separation f r o m Boost Vehicle. - The SM/RCS s h a l l provide for s e p a r a t i o n f r o m the boost vehicle p r i o r to activation of the SPS for p o s t a t m o s p h e r i c a b o r t , t r a n s l u n a r injection a b o r t , and a f t e r injection into a translunar trajectory , Minor Velocity I n c r e m e n t s . - The SM/RCS s h a l l provide for o r b i t a l c o r r e c t i o n s of l e s s than 10 f p s a f t e r CSM injection into lunar o r b i t , f o r r e o r i e n t a t i o n of the CSM p r i o r injection into a t r a n s e a r t h t r a j e c t o r y during a t r a n s l u n a r t r a j e c t o r y a b o r t , and for s e p a r a t i o n of CM and S M p r i o r to the e n t r y mode. E m e r g e n c y Operation. - F o r e x e r g e n c y o p e r a t i o n s , the SM/RCS shall be capable of a continuous burn of 500 seconds.

b.

C.

3 . 2 . 6.2.2

S u b s y s t e m Description. - The RCS shall be pulse modulated, p r e s s u r e fed and utilize e a r t h s t o r a b l e hypergolic fuel. Fuel tanks s h a l l be positive expulsion type. The s u b s y s t e m shall c o n s i s t of helium p r e s s u r i z a t i o n propellant s t o r a g e d i s t r i b u tion and t h r u s t chamber s u b s y s t e m s . a. Oxidizer. - l h e oxidizer shaii be nitrogen tetroxide (N204)Fuel. - The fuel s h a l l be a m i x t u r e of fifty p e r c e n t hydrazine (N2H4) and fifty p e r cent u n s y m m e t r i c a l dimethylhydrazine (UDMH).

-.

b.

3.2.7 3.2.7. 1

Launch E s c a p e Subsystem (LES).

-

A LES s h a l l b e provided.

Subsystem Requirements. - The LES shall be capable of s e p a r a t i n g the CM f r o m the LV in the event of f a i l u r e o r
I*IIII,LIIF;*IC
ILI.ILUL L

.I

$ q : l q q v n - 4 Ich, L Y 17 T " & A L

a tmo sp h e r i c p ha s e s

.

. _"11

t hln Lq I.. U I- C *h -?/I l C 7 *n I y u u C l L

U I L U

/I17,.;nm1 * - 1 u u * **A& _A

-

48

SID 63-313

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SkS’TFIhlS D I V I S I O N

c

*

3 . 2 . 7 . 1. 1

Performance Criteria. The CSM s h a l l provide f o r c r e w e s c a p e f r o m a c r i t i c a l l y malfunctioning L V f r o m t h e t i m e of c r e w i n s e r t i o n i n t o t h e CM until s u c c e s s f u l completion of t h e second b o o s t e r s t a g e ignition. C r e w a c c e l e r a t i o n s i n c u r r e d d u r i n g LES a b o r t and e n t r y following a b o r t s h a l l not exceed t h e e m e r g e n c y l i m i t s of F i g u r e s 4 3 through 45. a. J e t t i s o n Capability. - P r i m a r y p r o p u l s i o n , t r a j e c t o r y shaping and equipment j e t t i s o n capability s h a l l be p rovi de d. C r e w E s c a p e . - The LES s h a l l provide for c:rew e s c a p e f r o m the L V u n d e r the following conditions:
(1)

-

0

b.

F o r e s c a p e p r i o r to and s h o r t l y a f t e r lift off. The L E S s h a l l s e p a r a t e the CM f r o m t h e L V and p r o p e l the CM to a n adequate altitude to e n s u r e s a f e ERS o p e r a t i o n . The CM s h a l l be p r o p e l l e d to sufficient r a n g e to m i n i m i z e the e f f e c t s of wind d r i f t a n d t h e plane of the a b o r t t r a j e c t o r y s h a l l be f i r e d nominally in a down r a n g e d i r e c t i o n . The a b o r t capability s h a l l provide for c r i t i c a l cont r o l a n d guidance malfunctions which o c c u r s i m u l t a n e o u s l y with lift-off. A nominally p e r f o r m ing s u b s y s t e m s h a l l provide r e c o v e r y a t , o r a b o v e , ground l e v e l f o r the following b o o s t e r malfunction conditions and a s s o c i a t e d p a r a m e t e r s f o r a b o r t initiation.

(2)

Average Booster Divergence Rate Deg/Sec Condition I Condition I1

Attitude D i v e r g e n c e a t A b o r t Initiation Deg. *11 *15

*5. 0
*2.5

(3)

The L E S p e r f o r m a n c e p e r t u r b a t i o n s s h a l l be c o n s i d e r e d to a s s u r e a high probability o f s a f e CM r e c o v e r y following b o o s t e r malfunctions a t lift-off.

(4) During a f i r s t 40 s e c o n d s following l i f t - o f f r a n g e
safety considerations require escape f r o m a thrusting booster .

- 49 -

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

4#”rAl

,
NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.
SPACE and INYORlLlATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

m

-

,

-.-

( 5 ) After 40 seconds the b o o s t e r t h r u s t will b e t e r m i n a t e d automatically at a b o r t initiation.

( 6 ) A minimum s e p a r a t i o n r a t e a t m a x i m u m dynamic
p r e s s u r e shall be c h a r a c t e r i z e d by the r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r attaining a CM s e p a r a t i o n distance of 350 f e e t i n 3 seconds following CM s e p a r a t i o n f r o m the SM. A minimum " m i s s distance" of 800 f e e t s h a l l be provided f o r the c a s e of a b o r t a t z e r o d e g r e e s angle of a t t a c k and stable flight of the b o o s t e r . The t e r m " m i s s distance" is defined a s the distance between the LES vehicle and the b o o s t e r / S M components a t a t i m e when the LES vehicle c r o s s e s a plane which contains the b o o s t e r and i s perpendicular to the booster flight path.
( 7 ) The LES shall b e capable of p e r f o r m i n g its function at t h e maximum dynamic p r e s s u r e i n c u r r e d during the boost ( s e e F i g u r e 46), with a b o r t initiated p r i o r t o s t r u c t u r a l b r e a k u p of the L V configuration. A m i n i m u m capability shall b e provided f o r a b o r t at conditions d e s c r i b e d as follows:

Altitude Dynamic P r e s s u r e Condition I (Slow divergence f a i l u r e )

= 4 0 , 0 0 0 feet = 750 psf

Attitude r a t e a t a b o r t initiation b a b o r t = 5 d e g r e e s p e r second, angle of a t t a c k a n d / o r s i d e s l i p a t a b o r t initiation e a b o r t = *15 d e g r e e s

Condition I1 (Hard over -gimbals)

.. Average pitch ( o r Yaw) a c c e l e r a t i o n p r i o r to a b o r t initiation ( 8 A v g ) = 10 d e g r e e s p e r second2), pitch ( o r yaw) r a t e a t a b o r t initiation ( 6 a b o r t ) = *5 d e g r e e s / s e c o n d .

-

50

SID 5 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INPORSIATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

c.

-

(8)

The maximum altitude f o r LES abort shall be compatible with;

(a)

Completion of second stage ignition and separation of jettisoned components Achieving a dynamic p r e s s u r e condition permitting utilization of a SM abort. A minimum capability s h a l l include the following p a r am ete r s : Altitude 320, 000 feet Mach No. 8. 0 Dynamic P r e s s u r e 0 . 5 to 1 . 0 psf Flight Path Angle 20 d e g r e e s

(b)

3. 2. 7. 1 . 2

Normal Mission LES Jettison. - A jettison capability shall be provided to s e p a r a t e the LES f r o m the b o o s t e r s . A sufficient l a t e r a l separation distance shall be provided to a s s u r e a minimum "miss-distance" of 150 f e e t when jettison i s initiated f r o m a booster a t z e r o angle of attack and nominal pitch r a t e . Subsystem Description Launch Escape Propulsion Section. A solid propellant propulsion section s h a l l be provided to p e r f o r m the following:

3. 2 . 7 . 2 3 . 2 . 7 . 2.1

a.
b.

Separate the CM f r o m the L V during atmospheric a b o r t Jettison the LES f r o m the CM during n o r m a l m i s s i o n o r a f t e r atmospheric abort

3.2.7.2.2

Emergency Detection Subsystem (EDS). - Abort shall be initiated manually o r automatically by the LV-EDS. Following abort initiation, LES functions s h a l l be automatically controlled by the Automated Sequence Control Subsystem. Manual control of physical functions s h a l l b e provided to enhance reliability of the s u b s y s t e m .

-

51

SID 63-313

NORTH AMERICAN

AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N

co-

w

-*..

e

rn

3.2.8

E a r t h R e c o v e r y Subsystem (ERS). - The CM s h a l l include a n ERS to be u s e d under all flight conditions f o r e a r t h landing requirements. Subsystem Requirements. - The s u b s y s t e m shall s a t i s f y the following r e q u i r e m e n t s a f t e r n o r m a l e n t r y , m a x i m u m dynamic p r e s s u r e e s c a p e , and pad e s c a p e . P o s t e n t r y Stabilization. de scent.

3.2.8. 1

3.2.8. 1. 1

-

Stabilize the CM during p o s t e n t r y

3.2.8.1.2

Design Loads. - The ERS s h a l l be designed for loads r e s u l t i n g f r o m CM g r o s s launch weight of 11 , 500 pounds with the f a c t o r of safety of 1. 35. Reduce the v e r t i c a l touchdown velocity Velocity Control. to n o t m o r e than 3 3 , 5 feet p e r s e c o n d a t s e a level. I m p a c t Attenuation. - Red=c,e i m p a c t a c c e l e r a t i o n s u c h that the CM flotation is not i m p a i r e d . Any f u r t h e r attenuation r e q u i r e d to prevent exceeding the c r e w e m e r g e n c y a c c e l e r a tion l i m i t s delineated i n F i g u r e s 43 through 45 s h a l l be provided by c r e w m a n shock attenuation devices. F o r design p u r p o s e s , the CM attitude a t i m p a c t s h a l l be l i m i t e d to 30 d e g r e e s negative pitch angle. Postlanding. - The ERS w i l l provide a s a u x i l i a r y equipment on the CM the following equipment:

3.2.8.1.3

-

3.2.8.1.4

3.2.8. 1. 5

a.
b. c. d. 3 . 2 . 8 . 1. 6

CM pick-up sling. Automatic actuated s e a dye m a r k e r . F l a s h i n g beacon light. E x t e r i o r r e c o v e r y p a r t y umbilical connection.

Initiation and Control. - Initiation of a l l functions s h a l l be capable of being manually controlled except the s e a dye m a r k e r . S u b s y s t e m Description. - The ERS s h a l l consist of 2 FIST type drogue chutes deployed by m o r t a r and a c l u s t e r of t h r e e simultaneously deployed landing p a r a c h u t e s . Landing p a r a chutes s h a l l be sized such that s a t i s f a c t o r y operation of any two of the t h r e e will s a t i s f y the v e r t i c a l velocity r e q u i r e m e n t .

3.2.8.2

- 52 SID 63-313

/ N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.
SI’ACE: and INVORhlATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

3.2.9 3.2.9. 1

Crew Subsystem S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s . - Design a n d o p e r a t i o n a l p r o c e d u r e s s h a l l be i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h the c r e w r e q u i r e m e n t s p r e s e n t e d here. C r e w S i z e a n d N u m b e r . - T h e CSM d e s i g n p a r a m e t e r s s h a l l a c c o m m o d a t e 3 c r e w m e m b e r s between the 10th a n d 90th p e r c e n t i l e , a s defined i n WADC-TR 52-321, A n t h r o p o m e t r y of Flying P e r s o n n e l , f o r t h e following d i m e n s i o n s : w e i g h t , standing h e i g h t , s i t t i n g height - e r e c t , b u t t o c k - t o - k n e e l e n g t h , k n e e height ( s i t t i n g ) , hip b r e a d t h ( s i t t i n g ) , s h o u l d e r b r e a d t h ( b i d e l t o i d ) , a n d a r m r e a c h f r o m w a l l . A l l o t h e r body d i m e n s i o n s s h a l l fall within t h e 5th a n d 95th p e r c e n t i l e s a s defined b y WADC-TR 52-321. P e r c e n t i l e s f o r body d i m e n s i o n s undefined by a p p l i c a b l e d o c u m e n t s w i l l b e e s t i m a t e d . F o r d e s i g n p u r p o s e s , body d i m e n s i o n s w i l l b e e s t i m a t e d by a p p r o p r i a t e s t a t i s t i c a l and a n t h r o p o m e t r i c m e t h o d s . Division of Duties. - C r e w duty r e q u i r e m e n t s s h a l l b e b a s e d on c r o s s - t r a i n i n g such that each c r e w m e m b e r i s able to p e r f o r m t a s k s p e r f o r m e d by o t h e r c r e w m e m b e r s .

3 . 2 . 9 . 1. 1

3 . 2 . 9 . 1.2

.

3 . 2 . 9 . 1. 3

;

The a v e r a g e daily m e t a b o l i c r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r e a c h c r e w m a n a r e a s s u m e d to be a s shown i n T a b l e I I .

-

3.2. 9. 1 . 4

E n v i r o n m e n t a l R e q u i r e m e n t s . - The CM i n t e r i o r e n v i r o n m e n t s h a l l b e a s s p e c i f i e d i n p a r a g r a p h 3. 2. 10.
a.

Vision. - C r e w v i s i o n s h a l l b e s u c h t h a t CM c o n t r o l i s not a d v e r s e l y affected.

3.2. 9. 1. 5

Decompression Protection. - P r e s s u r i z e d g a r m e n t s (GFE) s h a l l p r o v i d e p r o t e c t i o n f o r c r e w m e m b e r s i n t h e e v e n t of c r e w c o m p a r t m e n t d e c o m p r e s s i o n . Two c r e w m e m b e r s s h a l l be c a p a b l e of donning P r e s s u r e G a r m e n t A s s e m b l i e s i n five m i n u t e s o r l e s s . A t l e a s t one c r e w m e m b e r s h a l l w e a r the P r e s s u r e G a r m e n t A s s e m b l y a t all t i m e s .

-

53

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

diMW&UWlAL

/

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, IKC.

SI’ACE and INFORhIATION S k S T E h I S D I V I S I O N
~

-

) r

-.,-

3

*

0

3.2.9. 1.6

Food and Water a. Food. - P r o v i s i o n s f o r s t o r a g e of food and a s s o c i a t e d equipment ( G F E ) s h a l l be provided within the CM sufficient f o r a 10. 6 d a y m i s s i o n . Water. - In addition to the p r i m a r y s o u r c e of potable w a t e r , a backup supply shall b e provided i n t h e s u r v i v a l kit ( G F E ) . C h e m i c a l s capable of desalting s e a w a t e r s h a l l be m a d e available. One pint of f r e s h w a t e r s h a l l be obtained f r o m each 0. 16 pounds of chemical.

b.

3. 2. 9. 1. 7

Human W a s t e Control. - P r o v i s i o n s shall b e provided f o r the r e m o v a l and disposition of gaseous, solid ( f e c a l ) , liquid human w a s t e within t h e CM. A manually o p e r a t e d valve shall b e provided f o r periodically venting liquid w a s t e o v e r b o a r d . Crew C o m p a r t m e n t Lighting a.
A p o r t a b l e light shall b e provided which m a y ;

3. 2 . 9 . 1. 8

( 1 ) Be used by c r e w m e n during flight f o r o p e r a t i o n of CM s u b s y s t e m s .

(2) P r o v i d e i n t e r i o r illumination during the p o s t landing
phase. ( 3 ) Be used a s a ground signal light with the capability of being seen by r e c o v e r y f o r c e s a t a d i s t a n c e of 1 3 m i l e s i n a n a t m o s p h e r e with a t r a n s m i t t a n c e of 70 percent.

b.

A window filter a s s e m b l y capable of attenuating visible s o l a r radiation f r o m 8 9 p e r c e n t t r a n s m i t t a n c e to 20 p e r c e n t . The f i l t e r a s s e m b l y s h a l l a l s o r e f l e c t 9 0 p e r -

cent of the s o l a r heat.
3. 2 . 9 . 2 3 . 2 . 9 . 2. 1

Subsystem Description C r e w Equipment. - Provisior,s f o r the c r e w e q u i p r A e n ta r e delineated i n SID 62- 1003, P r e l i m i n a r y NASA F u r n i s h e d C r e w Eqiuipment i n t e r f a c e and p e r f o r m a n c e specification.

- 54 SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

L

-

-

b

e

3 . 2. 9 . 2 . 2

Couches. - Couches s h a l l b e designed to provide comfortable support during all m i s s i o n p h a s e s . The c e n t e r c r e w couch s h a l l be foldable, to the extent r e q u i r e d , to provide n e c e s s a r y w o r k s p a c e and adequate a c c e s s by the c r e w to a l l regions of the CM a s r e q u i r e d . R e s t r a i n t Subsystem. - A s u b s y s t e m of r e s t r a i n t s shall be provided for c r e w support and r e s t r a i n t during n o r m a l and e m e r g e n c y m i s s i o n conditions. The s u b s y s t e m shall p r e v e n t the c r e w f r o m exceeding the l i m i t s delineated i n F i g u r e s 4 3 through 4 5 . Crew A c c e s s o r i e s . All c r e w a c c e s s o r i e s s h a l l be provided t o a s s i s t the c r e w m e n i n the p e r f o r m a n c e of t a s k s under anticipated m i s s i o n conditions and a c t i v i t i e s . SID 6 2 - 1 0 0 3 , P r e l i m i n a r y NASA F u r n i s h e d Crew Equipment Interface R e q u i r e m e n t s s p e c i f i e s the NASA f u r n i s h e d c r e w equipment. Window F i l t e r A s s e m b l i e s . A s u b s y s t e m of f i l t e r a s s e m b l i e s s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d a n d i n s t a l l e d t o attenuate t h e r m a l and s o l a r e n e r g y e n t e r i n g the CM through the windows as r e q u i r e d during the c o u r s e of the m i s s i o n . Survival K i t Storage. - P r o v i s i o n s h a l l b e m a d e f o r s t o r a g e and a c c e s s i b i l i t y of 3 s e t s of Survival P r o v i s i o n s ( G F E ) i n t h e CM. C r e w Equipment and Suit Interface. - A s u b s y s t e m of u m b i l i c a l s and c o n n e c t o r s s h a l l provide e l e c t r i c a l power and oxygen c i r c u l a t i o n f o r the P r e s s u r e G a r m e n t Assembly. T h i s equipment s h a l l a l s o include t e t h e r i n g p r o v i s i o n s f o r tools u s e d under weightless conditions. Medical K i t S t o r a g e . - P r o v i s i o n s h a l l b e m a d e f o r s t o r a g e of one GFE Medical K i t in t h e CM. P e r s o n a l Hygiene. - P e r s o n a l hygiene equipment s h a l l be provided t o enable c r e w m e n to p e r f o r m n e c e s s a r y bodily c l e a n s i n g during t h e m i s s i o n . NASA F u r n i s h e d C r e w Equipment

3.2. 9.2.3

3.2.9.2.4

3. 2. 9 . 2 . 5

-

3 . 2 . 9. 2 . 6

3.2.9.2.7

3. 2. 9. 2. 8

3.2.9.2. 9

3.2.9.3 3.2.9.3.

1

Survival P r o v i s i o n s , s h a l l include:

-

NASA-furnished s u r v i v a l p r o v i s i o n s

- 55 -

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SI’AACE and INt2ORhlATION S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N
*

“ P

.*

Signal m i r r o r - s u r v i v a l , c r e w m a n Sunglasses - survival, c r e w m a n Water and container - s u r v i v a l , crewman F i r s t aid kit - survival, c r e w m a n Machete - survival, c r e w m a n f. Desalting kit - survival, c r e w m a n g. T r a n s c e i v e r - survival, c r e w m a n Life v e s t - survival, c r e w m a n h. Balloon kite - survival, c r e w m a n i, j m Life r a f t - one-man s u r v i v a l , crewman Light a s s e m b l y - s u r v i v a l , c r e w m a n k. F l a r e s e t - survival, c r e w m a n 1. m . S e a dye m a r k e r Whistle - survival n. Nylon l a n y a r d 0. Carb~rundum stcne P’ Cottonballs and s t r i k e r q. r . C o m p a s s - survival Sewing kit and needles S. Fishing kit - survival t.

a. b. c. d. e.

n

The NASA-furnished s u r v i v a l provisions s h a l l be packaged in the c o n t r a c t o r -furnished s u r v i v a l provisions a s s e m b l y f o r s t o r a g e in the CM. 3.2.9.3.2 P e r s o n a l Equipment. - The NASA-furnished p e r s o n a l equipment s h a l l include:

a, b. co
3.2.9.3.3

P r e s s u r e Garment Assembly Constant Wear G a r m e n t (CWG) G F E Checkout Equipment, as r e q u i r e d

Medical EauiDment. - The NASA-furnished medical equipment s h a l l include the following i t e m s : a, b. c. d. e. f. Radiation Dosimeter (Set) D r e s s i n g s - Emergency Medical K i t (Set) Medications - e m e r g e n c y m e d i c a l kit (Set) I n s t r u m e n t s e t - c l i n i c a l monitoring, physiological I n s t r u m e n t a s s e m b l y - biomedical p r e a m p l i f i e r I n s t r u m e n t a s s e m b l y - biomedical s e n s o r s , p e r s o n a l

The NASA-furnished m e d i c a l equipment s h a l l b e s t o r e d in the c o n t r a c t o r -furnished m e d i c a l c o m p a r t m e n t for s t o r a g e i n the CM.

-

56

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INIWRhl.4TION S Y S T E h l S D I V I S I O N

3 . 2 . 9.3.4

b NASA-furnished - The ,
food and a s s o c i a t e d equipment s h a l l c o n s i s t of the following items:

a. b. c.

Food Mouthpiece, food, p e r s o n a l Probe, water delivery

The NASA-furnished food s h a l l b e s t o r e d i n the c o n t r a c t o r f u r n i s h e d food c o m p a r t m e n t a s s e m b l y f o r s t o r a g e in the CM. 3.2. 10 Environmental Control Subsystem (ECS). - The CSM s h a l l include a n ECS which p r o v i d e s a conditioned, " s h i r t s l e e v e " a t m o s p h e r e for the c r e w ; p r o v i s i o n s f o r s p a c e s u i t s in event of cabin d e c o m p r e s s i o n ; t h e r m a l control of a l l CSM equipm e n t w h e r e needed; and p r o v i s i o n s only f o r c h a r g i n g the P o r t a b l e L i f e Support S y s t e m (PLSS). Subsvstem R e q u i r e m e n t s Cabin P r e s s u r e . - T h e cabin p r e s s u r e nominal o p e r a t i n g l i m i t s s h a l l be 5 p s i a * O . 2. T h e s u b s y s t e m s h a l l b e capable of maintaining a cabin oxygen p a r t i a l p r e s s u r e of a t l e a s t 3. 5 p s i a f o r a t l e a s t 5 m i n u t e s following a single one-half inch d i a m e t e r puncture in the p r e s s u r e c o m p a r t m e n t . T h e e m e r g e n c y unit c i r c u i t s h a l l be 3. 5 p s i a m i n i m u m . Oxygen P a r t i a l P r e s s u r e . - The oxygen p a r t i a l p r e s s u r e nominal l i m i t s s h a l l b e 2 3 3 m i l l i m e t e r s of m e r c u r y ( m m ) m i n i m u m , and e m e r g e n c y l i m i t s s h a l l be 16mm. Carbon Dioxide P a r t i a l P r e s s u r e . - The C 0 2 p a r t i a l p r e s s u r e nominal l i m i t s h a l l be 7. 6mm m e r c u r y m a x i m u m . In a n e m e r g e n c y the l i m i t s s h a l l not exceed that given i n F i g u r e 47. In the post-landing p h a s e the following values s h a l l be used:

3. 2. 10. 1 3.2. 10.1. 1

3. 2. 10. 1. 2

3 . 2. 10. 1. 3

a.

C 0 2 Production, - Metabolic r a t e x 0 . 0045 pounds p e r m a n p e r day. See T a b l e I1 CO2 Concentration Allowable.

b.

-

16 mm Hg Avg.

3. 2. 10. 1 . 4

Sweat Rate. - The sweat r a t e s h a l l b e a s specified in NASA l e t t e r E C 6-64-351, E n v i r o n m e n t a l L i m i t s f o r Apollo P o s t Landing P h a s e , dated 17 J u n e 1964.

- 57 SID 63-313
-~
~

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

.-

3. 2.10. 1. 5

Temperatur e Limits a.

CM T e m p e r a t u r e . - T h e cabin air t e m p e r a t u r e nons t r e s s e d limits s h a l l b e 7 0 d e g r e e s F m i n i m u m and 80 d e g r e e s F maximum. T h e nominal and e m e r g e n c y l i m i t s s h a l l b e a s p r e s e n t e d i n F i g u r e s 48 and 49 respectively.
SM T e m p e r a t u r e . - T h e SM t e m p e r a t u r e s s h a l l b e maintained within s a f e l i m i t s f o r equipment installed.

b.

3. 2. 10. 1. 6

Cabin Relative Humidity. - The cabin r e l a t i v e humidity nons t r e s s e d l i m i t s shall be 40 p e r c e n t m i n i m u m and 70 p e r c e n t m a x i m u m . T h e nominal and e m e r g e n c y l i m i t s s h a l l be a s p r e s e n t e d i n F i g u r e s 48 and 49 respectively. Subsystem Description. - Environmental control s h a l l be accomplished with two a i r loops, a g a s supply section, a t h e r m a l control section, and a w a t e r management section. Regenerative Circuit Loop. - This loop supplies the conditioned a t m o s p h e r e to the cabin and space suit and s h a l l provide r e m o v a l of d e b r i s and noxious g a s e s and for carbon dioxide absorption. Ventilation flow a t 3. 5 p s i a shall be 10 cfm through e a c h s p a c e suit with a m a x i m u m flow r e s i s tance i n e a c h s p a c e suit of 5 inches of w a t e r . Cabin Loop. - The loop s h a l l s e r v e to provide cabin ventilation and t h e r m a l control d u r i n g a l l p h a s e s of the m i s s i o n , Postlanding ventilation s h a l l b e accomplished by 5 inch d i a m e t e r inlet and outlet openings with valves, a fan and d i r e c t i o n a l ducting. F o r p u r p o s e s of a n a l y s e s the following special environmental conditions s h a l l b e used:

3.2.10.2

3.2.10.2. 1

3 . 2. 10. 2. 2

a.

Temperature Max Air T e m p (F) 84.4

E x p o s u r e T i m e :::(hr) 0

-

2.5

2.5 - 8 8

8 4 . 4 l i n e a r i n c r e a s e to 86. 5 86.5

-

12

- 58 SID 63-313

-

NORTH AMERICAN

AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INYORhlATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

12

-

17

86. 5 l i n e a r d e c r e a s e to 8 4 . 4 84.4

17 - 2 4 Repeat b. Humidity

8 2 p e r c e n t r e l a t i v e humidity f o r 48 h o u r s

c.

Sunshine Solar Radiation (Btu/ft2 / h r )

E x p o s u r e T i m e :::(hr)
0 - 5

0 l i n e a r i n c r e a s e to 306
306 306 l i n e a r d e c r e a s e to 0
0

5 - 9

9 - 13
13 - 2 4 :::Starting at Sunrise. d. Sea State Wind Velocity Wave Height ( c r e s t to trough) 3.2. 10.2. 3

3 to 28. 5 knots
0. 5 to 8. 5 f e e t

G a s Supply Section. The p r i m a r y g a s supplies s h a l l b e s t o r e d a s s u p e r c r i t i c a l c r y o g e n i c s i n the SM i n the s a m e tank a s for the EPS. E n t r y oxygen s h a l l be supplied f r o m a high p r e s s u r e bottle of g a s e o u s oxygen. T e m p e r a t u r e Control a. CM T h e r m a l Control. - Dissipation of the i n t e r n a l t h e r m a l load of the CM s h a l l be a c c o m p l i s h e d by a b s o r b ing heat with a circulating coolant a n d r e j e c t i n g this h e a t f r o m a s p a c e r a d i a t o r during c e r t a i n m i s s i o n m o d e s . O t h e r cooling s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l supplement or r e l i e v e the p r i m a r y subsystem. SM T h e r m a l Control. - T h e r m a l stabilization of the SM/RCS s h a l l be a c c o m p l i s h e d by a b s o r b i n g and d i s s i p a t ing h e a t with a c i r c u l a t i n g coolant by the u s e of a heat

-

3.2. 1 0 . 2 . 4

b.

- 59 SID 63-313

%WB€NTIAL

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N . INC.
l

SI’ACI.: and INFORMATION SYSTEhIS DIVISION

*-

-*.

rl

sink, e l e c t r i c h e a t e r and pump a s s e m b l y independent of CM t h e r m a l control. 3.2. 10.2. 5 Water Management. - Water s h a l l be collected f r o m the s e p a r a t o r and the fuel c e l l a n d s t o r e d in positive expulsion tanks. The w a t e r collected f r o m the fuel c e l l s h a l l be s t o r e d s e p a r a t e l y and used a s the p r i m a r y s o u r c e of potable w a t e r . Safety F e a t u r e s . - All relief valves and other valves which connect the internal p r e s s u r e v e s s e l to the s p a c e environment s h a l l have manual c l o s u r e s and o v e r r i d e s . F i l t e r s s h a l l be provided to p r o t e c t all r e g u l a t o r s , control v a l v e s , g a s a n a l y z e r s , etc. Relief valves s h a l l be provided to p r e v e n t o v e r p r e s s u r i z a t i o n of low p r e s s u r e components. Flow limiting d e v i c e s s h a l l be provided to p r e v e n t e x c e s s i v e u s e of g a s supplies and subsequent depletion of such supplies. E l e c t r i c a l P o w e r Subsystem ( E P S ) Subsystem Requirements. - The EPS shall be designed to s t o r e e n e r g y , g e n e r a t e , supply, r e g u l a t e , condition, and d i s t r i b u t e a l l e l e c t r i c a l power r e q u i r e d by the CSM f o r the full duration of the m i s s i o n , including the p o s t landing r e c o v e r y , but excluding the P o r t a b l e Life Support Subsystem (PLSS) b a t t e r i e s . P o w e r Output. - The 575 kwh of e l e c t r i c a l r a t e of 563 w a t t s and c e l l . In addition 725 s h a l l b e available.
E P S shall b e capable of generating e n e r g y f r o m fuel c e l l s a t a m i n i m u m a m a x i m u m r a t e of 1420 w a t t s p e r watt h o u r s f r o m s t o r a g e b a t t e r i e s

3.2. 1 0 . 2 . 6

3.2.11 3.2.11.1

3. 2. 11. 1. 1

3.2.11.1,2

DC Bus Voltage. - E l e c t r i c a l power s h a l l be generated and d i s t r i b u t e d at 28 vdc (nominal).

3.2.11.1.3

AC System Voltage. - The a c s y s t e m shall supply 11 5/200 volts a t 400 c p s and s h a l l be t h r e e phase type connected.

3.2.11.1.4

AC Ripple. - A l l dc buses i n the s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be maintained e s s e n t i a l l y f r e e of a c ripple ( a s defined i n MIL-STD-704, p a r a g r a p h 31. 2 ) t o within a l i m i t of 250 millivolts peak to peak.
Regulation, - Steady s t a t e voltage l i m i t s s h a l l be 27. 5 volts *2. 5 volts. Transient load voltage l i m i t s s h a l l be 21 to 32 volts with r e c o v e r y t i m e to s t e a d y - s t a t e l i m i t s within one second.

3.2.11.1.5

- 60 -

SID 63-313

-

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEhIS DIVISION

3.2.11.1.6

Load Grouping. - All e l e c t r i c a l loads supplied by the distribution s y s t e m s h a l l be c l a s s i f i e d a s e s s e n t i a l , none s s e n t i a l , pyrotechnic, o r r e c o v e r y . E s s e n t i a l loads a r e defined a s those loads (except pyrotechnic c i r c u i t s ) that a r e mandatory f o r s a f e r e t u r n of the CSMto e a r t h f r o m any point i n the l u n a r m i s s i o n . Loads not n e c e s s a r y f o r the s a f e r e t u r n of the CSM s h a l l be grouped on a n o n - e s s e n t i a l bus and provision m a d e f o r disconnecting t h e s e loads a s a group under e m e r g e n c y conditions. All l o a d s r e q u i r e d during the post-landing r e c o v e r y period s h a l l be supplied by a r e c o v e r y bus and provision m a d e f o r manually d i s connecting the e s s e n t i a l bus following landing. Redundant b u s e s s h a l l be provided f o r pyrotechnic c i r c u i t s and u s e d to supply only that type load. Subsystem Description M a j o r Components. m a j o r components :

3.2.11.2 3. 2. 11.2. 1

-

The E P S s h a l l include the following

(a) E n e r g y S o u r c e s
Cryogenic Gas S t o r a g e Subsystem Storage Batteries ( b ) Power Generation Equipment F u e l Cell Subsystem ( c ) Power Conversion Equipment Inverters Battery Chargers ( d ) Power Distribution Equipment Power B u s e s , a - c and d - c Associated C o n t r o l s

3 . 2. 1 1 . 2 . 2

Location. - The location of e a c h of the above components within the CSM s h a l l be a s l i s t e d h e r e i n . E v e r y e f f o r t s h a l l b e e x e r c i s e d to m i n i m i z e equipment s i z e and weight, c o m m e n s u r a t e with the e s t a b l i s h e d r e q u i r e m e n t s and obtaining the highest p r a c t i c a b l e r e l i a b i l i t y .

.

-

61

SID 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYS'I'HhlS D I V I S I O N

c

Location F u e l c e l l module and c o n t r o l s Tank ( e m p t y ) , r a d i a t o r s h e a t e x c h a n g e r s , piping, v a l v e s Total r e a c t a n t s , plus r e s e r v e s Auxiliary batteries Pyrotechnic batteries S e p a r a t i o n sequence r b a t t e r i e s Batteries charger Static i n v e r t e r s
E P S d i s p l a y and control pariel

SM

SM

SM CM CM SM CM CM

cTi4

3.2. 12 3.2.12. 1

Communication Subsystem S u b s y s t e m R e q u i r e m e n t s . - The CSM s h a l l be capable of t r a n s c e i v i n g communications between the CSM and E a r t h a t l u n a r d i s t a n c e s . The communication equipment s h a l l be compatible with the equipments u s e d by the MSFN a s defined i n SID 63-88 1 , NASA MSFN P e r f o r m a n c e and I n t e r f a c e Spe cifi cation - P r i m a r y .

3.2.12.1.

1

Voice Transceiving. - Voice communication capability between the CSM and E a r t h s h a l l be p r o v i d e d except when t h e moon blocks the l i n e of s i g h t b e a r i n g between the CSM a n d E a r t h . At a n AM t r a n s m i s s i o n a t 2200-2400 m c and r e c e p t i o n a t 2000 to 2200 m c a capability of t r a n s c e i v i n g s h a l l a l s o b e provided for a H F , 8-16 rnc band, and a VHF, F M t r a n s m i s s i o n a t 237.8 m c .

3.2.12.1.2

P e r s o n n e l Communications. - Two -way communication between c r e w m e m b e r s s h a l l b e provided.

3.2.12.1.3

T e l e m e t r y . - A capability of t e l e m e t e r i n g 51,200 b i t s p e r second with a n o n - r e t u r n to z e r o f o r m a t s h a l l be p r o v i d e d with a n a c c u r a c y of 0 . 5 p e r c e n t . A m i n i m u m data r a t e mode s h a l l be p r o v i d e d a t a bit r a t e of 1600

-

62

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

b i t s p e r second. This capability s h a l l e x i s t f r o m the t i m e o f lift -off until touchdown. Additional r e q u i r e m e n t s include:

a.

A digital up-data link operating a t 450 m c s h a l l be provided.

( b ) Simultaneous operation of functions s h a l l be l i m i t e d to those noted i n SID 64-1237 Vehicle Model Specification B a s i c , Block I. 3.2.12.1.4 Television. - The CSM s h a l l contain a capability of t r a n s m i t t i n g to e a r t h high resolution p i c t u r e s of n e a r c o m m e r c i a l quality in r e a l t i m e and a l s o of monitoring the i n t e r n a l and e x t e r n a l s c e n e s in r e a l t i m e . It s h a l l provide a n analog output to 320 l i n e s p e r f r a m e at a r a t e of 10 f r a m e s p e r second f o r t r a n s m i s s i o n on the 2200-2400 m c band (S -Band).

-

3.2.12.1.5

A s u b s y s t e m capable of providing Tracking Transponders. r e l i a b l e tracking s i g n a l s i n the n e a r - E a r t h - p h a s e of flight and of providing velocity and range t r a c k i n g to the l u n a r d i s t a n c e s h a l l be supplied. N e a r E a r t h t r a c k i n g s i g n a l s ( < 8000 nm) s h a l l be i n the 5640-5815 m c band (C-Band) and i n the 2000 to 2200 m c band for receiving and in the 2200 to 2400 m c band (S-Band) f o r receiving to the l u n a r d i stanc e. R e c o v e r y Aids. - After landing, the CM s h a l l h a v e the capability of a c t i v e l y aiding i n the r e c o v e r y o p e r a t i o n s through voice t r a n s m i s s i o n and r e c e p t i o n to a r a n g e of 87 n m through a beacon o p e r a t i n g a t 243 mc ( V H F ) to aid s e a r c h and r e c o v e r y a i r c r a f t . S u b s y s t e m Description. - The m a j o r components of the communications s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l include the following items:

-

3.2.12.1.6

3.2.12.2

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

V H F / F M t r a n s m i t t e r equipment V H F / A M t r a n s m i t t e r - r e c e i v e r equipment Unified S-band equipment S-band power a m p l i f i e r equipment C-band t r a n s p o n d e r equipment VHF r e c o v e r y beacon equipment H F t r a n s c e i v e r equipment

SID 63-313

Audio c e n t e r equipment Television equipment P C M t e l e m e t r y equipment Premodulation p r o c e s s o r equipment Digital up-data link equipment Signal conditioning equipment C e n t r a l timing equipment Data s t o r a g e equipment Beacon antenna equipment V H F / 2 -KMC omni antenna equipment R e c o v e r y antenna equipment Ancillary equipment 2-KMC high gain antenna equipment The s u b s y s t e m functions and detailed equipment d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e contained i n SID 64-1237, Vehicle Model Specification, B a s i c - Block I; 3.2.13 3.2.13.1 In s t r um entat ion Subs y s te m

.

Subsystem Requirements. - P r o v i s i o n s s h a l l be made on board the CSM System to make, condition, t e l e m e t e r , and r e c o r d the following m e a s u r e m e n t s . a) Pressures b) Temperatures c ) Flow R a t e s d ) Accelerations e ) Quantities f ) Angular positions g) C u r r e n t s h ) Attitudes

2 . 2. 1 3 . 2

Subsystem Description. - The operational i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n w i l l b e physically and functionally compatible with the other s u b s y s t e m s noted in SID 64- 1237, Vehicle Model Specification - B a s i c , Block I. The R&D instrumentation s h a l l b e a s noted in SID 6 2 - 1001, Flight R & D Instrumentation P e r f o r m a n c e and Interface Specification. Space provisions only f o r scientific instrumentation w i l l be provided. The s p a c e allocation s h a l l consist of 2. 7 cubic feet a s delineated in SID 04-1237, Vehicle Model Specification - B a s i c , Block I. Displays and Controls ( D & C ) Subsystem Requirements. - Sufficient depth of information and command a c c e s s to the CSM s u b s y s t e m s shall be

3. 2. 1 4 3. 2. 14. 1

- 64 -

SID 63-313

e@uwmue

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

4
4

provided to enable the 3 m a n c r e w to a c c o m p l i s h the following ope rations:

( a ) Effect manual CSM s y s t e m management

I i

(b) Safe shutdown of CSM equipment ( c ) Select a l t e r n a t e s u b s y s t e m operating m o d e s (d) Recognize h a z a r d to c r e w CSM, launch vehicle o r m i s s i o n and effect m i s s i o n change if n o r m a l s y s t e m operation cannot be r e s t o r e d . 3.2.14.2 Subsystem Description. - The Display and Control s u b s y s t e m s h a l l p r e s e n t information to and a c c o m m o d a t e control action inputs f r o m the CSM flight c r e w during the m i s s i o n as d e s c r i b e d i n section 3. 1 . 4 . The P r i m a r y location of the D&C equipment s h a l l be the Main Display Console (MDC), which i s l o c a t e d above the c r e w couches in the CM. Secondary locations of the D&C equipment s h a l l include the right-hand and left-hand s i d e display consoles. Other locations of the D&C equipment s h a l l include the left-hand f o r w a r d equipment bay, r i g h t hand forward equipment bay and the Navigation Station a t the lower equipment bay. The operational D&C equipment s h a l l be o r i e n t e d as to e s t a b l i s h a Displays and C o n t r o l s s u b s y s t e m . The M a s t e r Caution and Warning S u b s y s t e m and C r e w C o m p a r t m e n t floodlighting equipment a r e p a r t of the D&C equipment and s h a l l be provided a s defined in SID 64-1237, Vehicle Model Specification, B a s i c - Block I.

I

i

3.2.15 3.2.15.1

E n t r y Monitor S u b s y s t e m Subsystem R e q u i r e m e n t s . - The CSM c r e w s h a l l m o n i t o r CM "g" f o r c e s , change i n velocity, and r o l l attitude about the s t a b i l i t y a x i s during the e n t r y p h a s e of the m i s s i o n . The p r e s e n t a t i o n of t h e s e p a r a m e t e r s s h a l l allow the c r e w to a s c e r t a i n that the e n t r y flight path r e m a i n s within c e r t a i n c r i t i c a l l i m i t s . The CSM c r e w s h a l l a l s o be provided with adequate information to p e r m i t manual o v e r r i d e and control at any t i m e during the e n t r y p h a s e , should s u c h a c t i o n become n e c e s s a r y .

-

65

-

&HMW?IAL
SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

/'

0

3.2.15.2

Subsystem Description. - The EMS s h a l l contain i t s own s e n s o r s for "g" f o r c e s and r o l l attitude and s h a l l o p e r a t e independently of all o t h e r s y s t e m s except f o r p r i m a r y power. The EMS s h a l l consist of two s e n s o r s (a g y r o and a n a c c e l e r o m e t e r ) and the following displays:

(a) Threshold indicator l a m p
( b ) C o r r i d o r indicator l a m p ( c ) Flight Monitor 3. 2. 16 3. 2. 16. 1 Automated Sequence Control Subsystem Subsystem Requirements. - Automated sequencing s h a l l be employed to control those functions and events which r e q u i r e g r e a t e r p r e c i s i o n o r speed of r e s p o n s e than the c r e w can provide o r to relieve the c r e w of tedious t a s k s . An i n t e r l o c k between the sequencer s u b s y s t e m and the GSE s h a l l be p r o vided to p r e v e n t inadvertent a b o r t d u r i n g the p r e - l a u n c h phase. Subsystem Description. - T h e automated sequencing s u b s y s t e m d e s c r i p t i o n i s delineated in d e t a i l i n SID 64-1237, Vehicle Model Specification - Basic, Block I. T h i s s u b s y s t e m s h a l l be capable of p e r f o r m i n g the p r o p e r sequencing of events during ascent, e n t r y , LES Abort, Adapter s e p a r a t i o n and SPS a b o r t , initiating functions and providing m o n i t o r capabilities. A n interlock between the s e q u e n c e r subs y s t e m and the GSE s h a l l be provided to p r e v e n t i n a d v e r t a n t a b o r t during the prelaunch phase. P y r o t e c h n i c Subsystem and Devices S u b s y s t e m Requirements. - All Pyrotechnic Subsystem and devices including their a s s o c i a t e d e l e c t r i c a l c i r c u i t r y s h a l l provide f o r redundant design through the detonators. N o redundancy s h a l l be provided f o r the explosive c h a r g e s e x c e p t i n t h e c a s e of the C M / L E S s e p a r a t i o n devices, the E L S drogue and pilot p a r a c h u t e deployment devices. S t a n d a r d E l e c t r o -Explosive Device ( E E D ) . - All e l e c t r i c a l l y actuated pyrotechnic devices shall be f i r e d by the Apollo Standard Initiator (ASI).

3. 2. 16. 2

3.2.17 3.2.17.1

3.2.17.1.1

- 66 SID 63-313

NORTH A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , I N C .

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEhlS DIVISION

3.2.17.2

Standard Detonator C a r t r i q g e . - A s t a n d a r d detonator s h a l l be u s e d to initiate all high e b i v e c h a r g e s . The detonator s h a l l c o n s i s t of the AS1 h e r m e t i c a l l y s e a l e d into a c a r t r i d g e containing a c h a r g e which produces a high, o r d e r detonation. This c a r t r i d g e a s s e m b l y s h a l l be designated as the Apollo Standard Detonator (ASD). E l e c t r i c a l P o w e r Sources. - The f i r i n g and logic e l e c t r i c a l power s o u r c e s f o r pyrotechnic s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l b e provided by b a t t e r i e s which a r e s e p a r a t e and independent f r o m a l l o t h e r CSM power s o u r c e s and f r o m each o t h e r . F i r i n g Circuit T e s t s . - P r o v i s i o n s s h a l l b e m a d e f o r e l e c t r i c a l continuity checkout of a l l firing c i r c u i t s a f t e r m a t i n g of the l a s t e l e c t r i c a l connector i n the c i r c u i t . Special t e s t equipment shall b e u s e d f o r t h i s continuity t e s t to p r e c l u d e d a n g e r o u s l e v e l s of voltage being inadvertently applied

0

3. 2. 17. 3

3. 2. 17. 4

.

3. 2. 18

S e r v i c e Module P r o p e l l a n t D i s p e r s a l Subsystem. - T h i s pyrotechnic function s h a l l b e o p e r a b l e upon r e c e i p t of the R F a r m and f i r e signals initiated by the ground Range Safety Officer. The s u b s y s t e m s h a l l b e o p e r a b l e only during that p o r t i o n of flight p r i o r to L E S T o w e r jettison. The explosive c h a r g e s s h a l l open the SM m a i n propellant tanks to provide a t m o s p h e r i c d i s p e r s a l of p r o p e l l a n t s . Space p r o v i s i o n s only s h a l l be provided f o r explosive c h a r g e s and d e v i c e s to d i s p e r s e contents of the LEM d e s c e n t s t a g e p r o p e l l a n t tanks. Reliabilitv R e q u i r e m e n t s Mission S u c c e s s Reliability. r e l i a b i l i t y objective f o r Apollo m i s s i o n followed by the r e t u r n exceeding the e m e r g e n c y c r e w criteria. The m i s s i o n s u c c e s s s h a l l be 0 . 9 0 f o r a LOR to e a r t h of the CSM without l i m i t s , given i n the design

3.3 3.3.1

3.3.2

C r e w Safety Reliability. - The c r e w s a f e t y r e l i a b i l i t y objective f o r the Apollo LOR m i s s i o n s h a l l be 0. 999 and s h a l l be i n t e r p r e t e d a s the probability that the c r e w shall not have been subjected to conditions g r e a t e r than the e m e r g e n c y l i m i t s given i n t h e d e s i g n c r i t e r i a . Reliability Apportionment, - The r e l i a b i l i t y objectives f o r t h t m a j o r Apollo-Saturn s y s t e m s s h a l l be a s delineated below:

3.3.3

a

- 67 -

-TIAL
SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

c
I

o

v
Apolio -Saiurri Reliability A p p ~ r t i ~ n r ~ e n t s System Mission S u c c e s s

-

-

C r e w Safety 0.99999

GSE MSFN LAUNCH VEHICLES (defined by the NASA) CM and SM LEM (defined by the NASA) APOLLO-SATURN

0.9999 0.999
0.950 0.9638 0.984 0.90

0.99999
0.99994 0.99958 0.9995 0.999

The above apportionment c o n s i d e r s the u s e of In-Flight Maintenance and on-board s p a r e s . Elimination of t h e s e i t e m s r e q u i r e s a reapportionment of r e l i a b i l i t y objectives and a redefinition of r e l i a b i l i t y goals. 3.4 E z t h 2 s semhl y s h a l l be E l e c t r o m a g n e t i c Coiiipatibility. e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c a l l y compatible with o t h e r a s s e m b l i e s i n the s y s t e m , o t h e r equipment i n o r Iiear the LV, a s s o c i a t e d t e s t and checkout equipment, and to the e l e c t r o - m a g n e t i c radiation of the operational environment. The s u b s y s t e m shall not be a s o u r c e of i n t e r f e r e n c e that could a d v e r s e l y affect the o p e r a t i o n of o t h e r equipments o r c o m p r o m i s e i t s own o p e r a t i o n a l capabilities. The s y s t e m shall not be a d v e r s e l y affected by fields o r voltages reaching it f r o m e x t e r n a l s o u r c e s , such as i m p r o p e r l y s u p p r e s s e d vehicle t e s t and checkout equipment, and n e a r b y radio frequency s o u r c e s in the operational environment.
~

3.4.1

Command and Service Module and GSE Equipments. - MILI- 266 O O ( U SAF ), Inter f e r ence Contr ol R e q u i r e m e n t s , Aeronautical Equipment, dated 2 J u n e 1958, and MSC-EMI10A, Addendum t o MIL-1-26600, dated 17 October 1963 s h a l l be u s e d as a guide. Command and S e r v i c e Module and GSE S u b s y s t e m s . - Shall be designed in a c c o r d a n c e with MIL-E -6051 C, E l e c t r i c a l E l e c t r o n i c System Compatibility and I n t e r f e r e n c e Control R e q u i r e m e n t s for Aeronautic a1 Weapon S y s t e m , As s o c i a t e d S u b s y s t e m , and A i r c r a f t , dated 1 7 June 1960. Mechanical and e l e c t r i c a l i n t e r c h a n g e Interchangeability. a b i l i t y s h a l l e x i s t between like a s s e m b l i e s , s u b a s s e m b l i e s , and r e p l a c e a b l e p a r t s of operating s u b s y s t e m s ( e l e c t r o n i c , e l e c t r i c a l , e t c ) r e g a r d i e s s of t h e manuhciui;ei? cjr supplier. Non-operating s u b s y s t e m s such a s s t r u c t u r e need not comply

3.4.2

3. 5

-

- 68 -

SID 63-313

-

/ -

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

-.

with this requirement.

Interchangeability for the purpose

of this paragraph does not mean identity, but r e q u i r e s that a substitution of such like a s s e m b l i e s , s u b a s s e m b l i e s , and replaceable p a r t s be e a s i l y effected without physical o r e l e c t r i c a l modifications to any p a r t of the equipment o r a s s e m b l i e s , including cabling, connectors, wiring, and mounting, and without r e s o r t i n g to selection; however, adjustment of variable r e s i s t o r s and t r i m m e r capacitors m a y be made. In the design of the equipment, provisions s h a l l be made for design t o l e r a n c e s sufficient to accommodate various sizes and c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of any one type of a r t i c l e , such a s tubes, r e s i s t o r s , and other components having the limiting dimensions and c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s s e t forth i n the specification for the p a r t i c u l a r component involved without departure f r o m the specified performance. Where matched p a i r s a r e required, they s h a l l be interchangeable and identified a s a matched pair o r s e t .
3.5.1

Identification and Traceability. Apollo identification and traceability shall be in accordance with MSC-ASPO- 1-4. Ground Support Equipment (GSE). GSE is defined as the non-flight implements o r d e v i c e s r e q u i r e d to checkout, handle, s e r v i c e , o r otherwise p e r f o r m a function i n support of the CSM o r boilerplate during t e s t s at factory subsequent to manufacturing complete, prelaunch, launch, and post launch operations at the t e s t s i t e , and m a j o r development t e s t s such a s house CSM t e s t s , propulsion t e s t s and environmental t e s t s . Support Requirements Operations Supported. - CSM GSE shall support the vehicles during: ( 1 ) acceptance, ( 2 ) t e s t preparation, ( 3 ) t e s t , ( 4 ) checkout, and ( 5 ) prelaunch checkout. It shall a l s o include such r e c o v e r y and post launch t e s t i t e m s as may be agreed to by the p a r t i e s . Design Concept. - The GSE design concept delineates f o u r general categories of equipment for supporting servicing, handling, s y s t e m C / O and testing, and various auxiliary r e q u i r e m e n t s . The equipment design shall be pointed towards r e m o t e control utilizing a digital i n t e r f a c e with computer analysis and control a s well as a d i r e c t i n t e r f a c e f o r l o c a l / manual control. To a s g r e a t an extent as practical, s i m i l a r equipment shall be used to e n s u r e continuity in checkout. Design s h a l l be based on u s e by skilled technicians.

-

3. 6

-

3.6. 1
3. 6. 1. 1

3. 6 . 1. 2

-

69

S I D 63-313

4"TIAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

S l M C E and 1 N ~ O I l h l A T I O . V S1'b:SlS UI\'ISION SI

C'

' -

3. 6. 1. 3

Command and Service Module Checkout Concept. checkout shall consist of:

-

CM

(a) Local/manual operation
( b ) Remote/semi-automatic operation as provided by ACE ( c ) Remote/manual operation The local operation shall be performed with the Acceptance Checkout Equipment - CSM (ACE/CSM) provided by NASA. This remote/automatic operation shall be based on a computer controlled cathode r a y tube display system. Conventional t e s t equipment techniques shall incorporate flexibility to easily accommodate frequent change s

.

NAA shall design all c a r r y - o n equipment for ACE/CSM usage a s follows:

(a) All flight hardware equipment based on checkout f o r the CSM. (b) All equipment based on checkout of the G & N subsystem. ( c ) All equipment required between the CSM and the t r a n s m i s s i o n line interface. (d) All equipment required for hazardous operations designed for r e m o t e / m a n u a l operation from protected a r e a s . This equipment shall be designed for specific t e s t s .
3 . 6 . 1.4

System Checkout Concept. - All checkout operations p e r f o r m e d on s y s t e m s and subsystems installed i n the vehicle shall b e p e r f o r m e d by checkout equipment h z s i n g rerr?ote m-anud o r automatic capability f o r malfunction detection and isolation to a replaceable package. Operations performed on s y s t e m s and s u b s y s t e m s not installed i n the vehicle %-ill accombe plished by Bench Test Equipment (BTE) in Downey o r Florida. BTE s h a l l be limited to local manual operation. Maintenance Concept. - In-field operations maintenance shall be accomplished by removal and replacement at the "black box" level. System f a i l u r e s a n d / o r malfunctions shall be c o r r e c t e d by removal of the isolated replaceable package to a ETE i r e 2 for malfunction verification. Electronic packages will then be returned t o the supplier. Mechanical components

3. 6. 1 . 5

- 70 SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

w i l l be r e p a i r e d by unit r e p l a c e m e n t , r e v e r i f i e d , and made ready f o r reinstallation. The malfunctioned unit w i l l be r e t u r n e d t o supplier. BTE s h a l l a l s o b e u s e d f o r s p a r e s certification be for e installation.
3.6.2 Level of Support. - The l e v e l t o which CSM GSE s h a l l support the v e h i c l e s , operations, and s i t e s specified i n P a r a g r a p h 3. 6. 1 is as follows: T e s t P r e p a r a t i o n and Acceptance A r e a . - Equipment s h a l l be provided i n the t e s t p r e p a r a t i o n and acceptance a r e a t o functionally checkout s p a c e c r a f t s u b s y s t e m s and v e r i f y c o m pliance of operational and p e r f o r m a n c e p a r a m e t e r s with de sign r e q u i r e m e n t s Installation checkout, s u b s y s t e m functional t e s t s , and i n t e g r a t e d s y s t e m s tests s h a l l b e p e r formed. Substitute units s h a l l be provided when r e q u i r e d to s i m u l a t e modules o r e l e m e n t s of the s y s t e m which a r e not p r e s e n t . Extensive checkout of fuel and cryogenic s y s t e m s and a s s o c i a t e d s e r v i c i n g equipment will not be conducted i n this a r e a .

3.6.2. 1

.

3.6.2.2

House Spacecraft. - GSE for House S p a c e c r a f t s h a l l p e r f o r m s u b s y s t e m s and combined s u b s y s t e m s t e s t s for the following purpo s e s : (a)
(b)

Engineering development F i e l d operations checkout (ACE p r o g r a m m i n g and ope r a t i o n s )

The r e m o t e m a n u a l and s e m i - a u t o m a t i c checkout m o d e s shall b e applied t o the House CSM o p e r a t i o n s to develop checkout techniques and operating p r o c e d u r e s a s ACE capabilities a r e developed. S e r v i c i n g , handling and auxiliary equipment s h a l l be provided a s r e q u i r e d . 3.6.2.3 Prequalification F l i g h t D r o p T e s t Site. - The GSE provided to support t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s s h a l l c o n s i s t of handling equipment, and limited a u x i l i a r y equipment. White Sands M i s s i l e Range. - Support f o r the WSMR a b o r t t e s t s s h a l l be i n a l o c a l / m a n u a l mode and r e m o t e / m a n u a l mode with checkout equipment having capability f o r c e n t r a l ized g r o s s s y s t e m and diagnostic check with checkout equipment having capability a s s p e c i f i e d i n p a r a g r a p h 3 . 6 . 1 . 5 . The support a t WSMR s h a l l include c o n t r o l and monitoring during

3.6.2.4

0

- 71 SID 63-313

4 " I A L

/NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.
SI’AACE and INt.’OHILIATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
.-e

co
p r e -launch o p e r a t i o n s and countdown. The R & D i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n checkout equipment and a s s o c i a t e d checkout equipment s h a l l be installed in a mobile van i n place of the P a d T r a n s f e r Room. The R&D instrumentation checkout equipment s h a l l be modified a s n e c e s s a r y to e n s u r e suitability f o r i t s intended end purpose. Auxiliary, handling, and s e r v i c i n g equipment s h a l l be provided a s r e q u i r e d with checkout equipment specified i n p a r a g r a p h 3.6.13. 3.6.2.5 L a s C r u c e s Propulsion System Develolsment Facilitv. Support of t e s t p r e p a r a t i o n and f i r i n g p r e p a r a t i o n s h a l l be i n the local / m a n u a l mode with equipment having diagnostic capability as specified i n p a r a g r a p h 3 . 6 . 1 . 5 . Servicing equipment r e q u i r e d to f u r n i s h fluids, p r o p e l l a n t s , pneumatic p r e s s u r e s f o r the propulsion, r e a c t i o n control, and o t h e r fluid s u b s y s t e m s shall a l s o be provided with l o c a l / m a n u a l control c a p a b i l i t i e s . Engine firing control equipment capabie of controlling and monitoring firings i n a r e m o t e manual mode s h a l l be provided. Handling and a u x i l i a r y equipment shall be p r o vided a s r e q u i r e d . Environmental T e s t Facility. - Support checkout of the CSM s h a l l be accomplished with ACE-CSM equipment p r i o r to the t h e r m a l vacuum t e s t . Handling and a u x i l i a r y equipment s h a l l be provided a s required. T e s t o p e r a t i o n s will be conducted with r e m 0 te / manual equipment. Atlantic M i s s i l e Range. Equipment shall b e provided f o r the c o m p l e t e functional checkout of the s p a c e c r a f t and verification of r e a d i n e s s f o r flight. Equipment at the launch complex s h a l l provide f o r s e r v i c i n g and p r e p a r a t i o n of the s p a c e vehicle and monitoring and c o n t r o l of the launch operatiorr. Special facilities and equipment s h a l l be provided f o r s t a t i c f i r i n g of the SPS and RCS s y s t e m s , and operation and verification of the fuel cell, cryogenic and the environm e n t a l control s y s t e m s . Individual s u b s y s t e m and i n t e g r a t e d s y s t e m s t e s t s s h a l l be conducted in the operations and control building. T e s t s and checkout i n t h e operations and c o n t r o l building and a t the launch complex s h a l l be designed f o r u s e of ACE equipment. Arnold Engineering Development C e n t e r (AEDC). - S e r v i c e P r o p u l s i o n System t e s t s will b e conducted using G S E and STE f u r n i s h e d b y the engine s u b c o n t r a c t o r s a s well a s s t a n d a r d bench type t e s t equipment.

0

3.6.2.6

3. 6. 2. 7

-

3. 6. 2 . 8

- 72 SI3 63-313

NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORhlATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

3.6. 2 . 9

M a r s h a l l Space Flight C e n t e r (MSFC). Dynamic & Umbilical T e s t s will b e conducted with bench type t e s t equipment. A p r o g r a m plan s h a l l be provided f o r P e r s o n n e l Training. t r a i n i n g t h e flight c r e w and ground operations p e r s o n n e l i n the s k i l l s and knowledge r e q u i r e d f o r operation of the Apollo s y s t e m . The c o n t r a c t o r s h a l l support the p r o g r a m with t h e following c a t e g o r i e s of t r a i n e r s . Subsystems Trainers T r a i n e r Concept. - The CSMSubsystems T r a i n e r s , a s far a s p r a c t i c a l , s h a l l provide f o r the simulation of specified CSN s u b s y s t e m s with sufficient r e a l i s m for the training of p e r s o n n e l i n the functional r e l a t i o n s h i p s of CSM components, s u b s y s t e m s , and the p r o c e d u r e s of flight s u b s y s t e m s m a n a g e m e n t . The S y s t e m s T r a i n e r s s h a l l be mobile unit d e v i c e s o p e r a t i n g in a controlled environment. The design configu r a t i o n will be b a s e d on the c o n t r o l s and displays of the f i r s t manned e a r t h o r b i t a l s p a c e c r a f t . The t r a i n e r s s h a l l be capable of accepting s e l e c t e d m o d e s and p r o b l e m s i n s e r t e d by a n i n s t r u c t o r . T r a i n e r I t e m s . - The S u b s y s t e m s T r a i n e r s shall c o n s i s t of the following m a j o r i t e m s : (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) Stabilization and Control S u b s y s t e m T r a i n e r s Communication Subsystem T r a i n e r s Electrical Power Subsystem T r a i n e r s Environmental Control S u b s y s t e m T r a i n e r s Propulsion Subsystems Trainer

-

3.7

-

3.7.1 3.7.1.1

3.7.1.2

3. 7 . 2

Apollo P a r t T a s k T r a i n e r ( A P T T ) T r a i n e r Concept. The A P T T s h a l l b e a fixed b a s e device operating i n a controlled environment and capable of providing training in s e l e c t e d t a s k s a s s o c i a t e d with m i s s i o n s e g m e n t s as follows: launch countdown, launch, e a r t h o r b i t , t r a n s l u n a r , lunar orbit, t r a n s e a r t h and e n t r y . The d e s i g n configuration of the A P T T s h a l l b e b a s e d on t h e c o n t r o l s and displays of the f i r s t manned E a r t h o r b i t a l CSM equipment to s i m u l a t e m i s s i o n r e q u i r e m e n t s . Capabilities w i l l be provided i n the p e r f o r m a n c e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of the t r a i n e r equipment to s i m u l a t e m i s s i o n segments of the CSM subsequent to the f i r s t manned e a r t h o r b i t a l flight including the l u n a r m i s s i o n CSM. The A P T T s h a l l provide crew training in n o r m a l and a l t e r n a t e flight p r o c e d u r e s . Mal-

3. 7 . 2 . 1

-

-

73

SID 63-313

-TlAL

/

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION
4 '

co-

functions s h a l l b e i n s e r t e d i n the t r a i n i n g t a s k s to r e q u i r e t h e flight c r e w to utilize these a l t e r n a t e p r o c e d u r e s . Initially at l e a s t one malfunction shall b e available f o r each a l t e r n a t e p r o c e d u r e . Additional malfunctions s h a l l b e provided on the b a s i s of subsequent analysis t o provide a l i b r a r y of malfunctions r e l a t e d to c r e w actions and a l t e r n a t i v e s . Malfunctions f o r which no c r e w alternative e x i s t s s h a l l not b e employed. 3.7.2.2 T r a i n e r I t e m s . - The APTT s h a l l c o n s i s t of the following m a j o r equipment groups: Simulated CM I n s t r u c t o r ' s Console f o r T h r e e I n s t r u c t o r Positions Computer Complex Digital Computer and P e r i p h e r a l Equipment Analog Computers and P e r i p h e r a l Equipment Input - Output Control and B u f f e r Unit Equipment Simulated Command and S e r v i c e Module S u b s y s t e m s Equipment Visual Simulation f o r T e l e s c o p e and Sextant Aural Simulation Equipment Recording Equipment 3.7.3 3.7.3.1
~

Apollo Mission Training S i m u l a t o r s (AMTS): T r a i n e r Concept. - The AMTS s h a l l be a fixed b a s e device operating in a controlled environment and capable of providing training i n all t a s k s associated with continuous m i s s i o n phases as follows: Launch countdown, launch, e a r t h o r b i t , t r a n s l u n a r , l u n a r o r b i t , l u n a r rendezvous. The p h a s e s of t h e m i s s i o n s h a l l be p r e s e n t e d i n a continuous f a s h i o n without a p p a r e n t r e -prograimming o r switching t r a n s i e n t s . The AMTS s h a l l be capable of providing integrated t r a i n ing and o p e r a t i o n with t h e I n t e g r a t e d Mission Control C e n t e r (IMCC) and Simulated Checkout and Training S y s t e m (SCATS). The c r e w and ground operations functions s h a l l be derived f r o m t r a i n i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s developed f r o m flight c r e w t a s k s aEalys e 8 . The design configuration of the AMTS s h a l l be b a s e d on the c o n t r o l s and displays of the f i r s t manned E a r t h o r b i t a l CSM and r.elaied Alv$TS t r z i n i ~ g e q u i r e r r e n t ~ . r
(f

The AMTS s h a l l provide c r e w t r a i n i n g i n n o r m a l flight

- 74 -

SID 63-313

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INYORIL1ATION S Y S T E h I S DIVISION

p r o c e d u r e s and a l t e r n a t e flight p r o c e d u r e s . Malfunctions will be i n s e r t e d i n the training t a s k s to r e q u i r e the flight c r e w to utilize a l t e r n a t e p r o c e d u r e s . Initially, a t l e a s t one malfunction s h a l l be provided on the b a s i s of subsequent a n a l y s i s to provide a l i b r a r y of malfunctions r e l a t e d to c r e w actions and a l t e r n a t i v e s . Malfunctions f o r which no c r e w a l t e r n a t i v e e x i s t s s h a l l not be employed. 3.8 Manned Space Flight Control C e n t e r (MSCC) and Manned Space Flight Net (MSFN). - The design configuration of the MSCC and the M S F N m u s t conform to the i n t e r f a c e r e q u i r e m e n t s delineated in S I D 63-881, NASA Manned Space Flight Net, P&I Specification. This section d e s c r i b e s the o p e r a t i o n concept f o r the MSCC and the computational f a c i l i t i e s , gives a g e n e r a l d e s c r i p t i o n of the initial configuration of the MSFN, and a g e n e r a l outline of the ultimate configuration as c u r r e n t l y visualized. M a t e r i a l s , P a r t s , and P r o c e s s e s . - M a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and p r o c e s s e s shall be s e l e c t e d with the following c o n s i d e r a t i o n s :
a.

3.9

b.
C.

d.

M a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d p r o c e s s e s s h a l l be suitable f o r the purpose intended. Safety, p e r f o r m a n c e , r e l i a b i l i t y , and maintainability of the i t e m a r e of p r i m a r y i m p o r t a n c e . Except in those i n s t a n c e s w h e r e t h e i r u s e is e s s e n t i a l , c r i t i c a l m a t e r i a l s s h a l l not be used. Where possible, m a t e r i a l s and p a r t s shall be of the kind and quality widely available in supply channels. When p r a c t i c a b l e , m a t e r i a l s and p a r t s s h a l l be nonproprietary. When p r a c t i c a b l e , a choice among equally suitable m a t e r i a l s and p a r t s s h a l l be provided. Whenever possible, single s o u r c e i t e m s shall be avoided. When p r a c t i c a b l e , c i r c u i t s s h a l l be designed with a minimum of adjustable components.

3.9.1

Specifications and S t a n d a r d s . - M a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and p r o c e s s e s shall be s e l e c t e d i n the following o r d e r of p r e f e r e n c e , provided coverage is suitable:

(a) F e d e r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s approved f o r u s e by the NASA
(b) M i l i t a r y s p e c i f i c a t i o n s and s t a n d a r d s (MIL, JAN, o r MS)

( c ) Other Governmental specifications
(d) Specifications r e l e a s e d by nationally r e c o g n i z e d a s s o c i a tions, c o m m i t t e e s , and technical s o c i e t i e s .

- 75 SID 63-313

6 T T I A L

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1NbY)RhlATlON SYS'l'EhlS DIVISION

3.9.2

Choice of Standard M a t e r i a l s , Parts, and P r o c e s s e s . - Where applicable, p r e f e r r e d p a r t s lists s h a l l b e used. When a n applicable specification p r o v i d e s m o r e than one g r a d e , c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , o r t o l e r a n c e of a p a r t o r m a t e r i a l , t h e s t a n d a r d p a r t s , m a t e r i a l s , and p r o c e s s e s of the lowest g r a d e s , b r o a d e s t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , and g r e a t e s t t o l e r a n c e s s h a l l b e chosen. However, s t a n d a r d p a r t s , m a t e r i a l s , o r p r o c e s s e s of high g r a d e s , n a r r o w c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , o r s m a l l t o l e r a n c e s m a y be u s e d when n e c e s s a r y to avoid delay i n development or p r o d u c tion, obvious waste of m a t e r i a l s , o r u n n e c e s s a r y u s e of production f a c i l i t i e s . The r e q u i r e m e n t s specified f o r the u s e of s t a n d a r d p a r t s , m a t e r i a l s , o r p r o c e s s e s s h a l l not r e l i e v e the c o n t r a c t o r of the responsibility to comply with all p e r f o r m ance and other r e q u i r e m e n t s specified i n t h e contract. MSFC-PROC- 158A, 12 April 1964, Soldering e l e c t r i c a l connectors (high reliability). - P r o c e d u r e f o r , -as amended by MSC-ASP0 513, 10 F e b r u a r y 1960, d e l i n e a t e s s o l d e r i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s .

3.9.3

I

Nonstandard P a r t s , M a t e r i a l s , and P r o c e s s e s . - Nonstandard p a r t s , m a t e r i a l s , and p r o c e s s e s m a y b e used when n e c e s s a r y t o facilitate the design of the p a r t i c u l a r equipment. However, when s u c h nonstandard i t e m s a r e i n c o r p o r a t e d i n the design, they s h a l l b e documented as r e q u i r e d by t h e contract. New P a r t s , M a t e r i a l s , and P r o c e s s e s . - New p a r t s , m a t e r i a l s , or p r o c e s s e s developed under the c o n t r a c t m a y be u s e d , p r o vided they a r e suitable f o r the p u r p o s e intended. Any new p a r t s , m a t e r i a l s , o r p r o c e s s e s used s h a l l be do'cumented as r e q u i r e d by the contract. Miniaturization. - Miniaturization s h a l l be accomplished to the g r e a t e s t extent p r a c t i c a b l e , c o m m e n s u r a t e with r e q u i r e d functions and p e r f o r m a n c e of the s y s t e m . Miniaturization s h a l l be achieved by u s e of the s m a l l e s t possible p a r t s and by compact a r r a n g e m e n t of the p a r t s i n a s s e m b l i e s . Miniaturization s h a l l not be achieved by means that would s a c r i f i c e the reliability or p e r f o r m a n c e of the equipment. F l a m m a b l e M a t e r i a l s . - M a t e r i a l s that m a y support combustion o r a r e capable of causing a n explosior, shall not be u s e d i n a r e a s w h e r e the environments o r conditions a r e such that combustion would take place. Toxic h . k t e ~ - i a l : - TJnless specific w r i t t e n approval is obtained f r o m the NASA, m a t e r i a l s that produce toxic effects o r noxious s u b s t a n c e s when exposed to CM i n t e r i o r conditions shall not be used.
r..

3. 9. 3. 1

I

3.9.4

3.9.5

3.9.6
b

w

-

-r/

I O

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORhI.4TION SYSTEMS DIVISION

i*
3.9.7 Unstable M a t e r i a l s . M a t e r i a l s which e m i t o r deposit c o r r o s i v e s u b s t a n c e s , induce c o r r o s i o n , o r produce e l e c t r i c a l leakage paths within an a s s e m b l y s h a l l b e avoided o r p r o t e c t i v e m e a s u r e s incorporated. Fungus -Inert M a t e r i a l s . F u n g u s - i n e r t m a t e r i a l s s h a l l be used to the g r e a t e s t extent p r a c t i c a b l e . Fungus -nutrient m a t e r i a l s may be used if p r o p e r l y t r e a t e d t o p r e v e n t fungus growth f o r a period of t i m e , dependent upon t h e i r u s e within the CSM. When used, fungus -nutrient m a t e r i a l s s h a l l be h e r m e t i c a l l y s e a l e d o r t r e a t e d f o r fungus and s h a l l not a d v e r s e l y affect equipment p e r f o r m a n c e o r s e r v i c e life. Metals. - All m e t a l s s h a l l be of c o r r o s i v e - r e s i s t a n t type o r shall be suitably protected to r e s i s t c o r r o s i o n during n o r m a l s e r v i c e l i f e . Gold, s i l v e r , platinum, nickel, c h r o m i u m , rhodium, palladium, titanium, cobalt, c o r r o s i o n - r e s i s t a n t s t e e l , tin, lead-tin alloys, tin alloys, Alclad aluminum, o r sufficiently thick platings of t h e s e m e t a l s m a y be u s e d without additional protection or t r e a t m e n t

-

3.9.8

-

3.9.9

.

3.9.9.1

D i s s i m i l a r Metals. - Unless suitably p r o t e c t e d o r coated to prevent e l e c t r o l y t i c c o r r o s i o n , d i s s i m i l a r m e t a l s , a s defined in Standard MS 33586, s h a l l not be used in i n t i m a t e contact. E l e c t r i c a l Conductivity. - M a t e r i a l s used i n e l e c t r o n i c s or e l e c t r i c a l connections s h a l l have such c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s that, during specified environmental conditions, t h e r e s h a l l be no a d v e r s e effect upon the conductivity of the connections. Lubricants. - T h e CSM l u b r i c a n t s and l u b r i c a t i o n s h a l l be compatible with the combined environments i n which they a r e employed. Lubricant m a t e r i a l and p r o c e s s specifications w i l l be f o r m u l a t e d t o p r e s c r i b e m a t e r i a l s and d e s c r i b e application methods . Special Tools. - The functional components of the CSM and component a t t a c h m e n t s s h a l l be designed so that t h e u s e of special tools f o r a s s e m b l y , d i s a s s e m b l y , installation, and s e r v i c e s h a l l be kept to a m i n i m u m . Explosion Proofing. The e n t i r e CSM, including e l e c t r o n i c subsystems and r o c k e t m o t o r i g n i t o r s , s h a l l b e designed t o minimize the existence of f i r e h a z a r d s o r explosive e n v i r o n ment. The s u b s y s t e m s s h a l l be designed t o p r e v e n t t h e e m i s s i o n of g a s e o u s vapors t h a t might contarninate the CM

3 . 9. 9 . 2

3.9. 10

3 . 9 . 11

3.9. 12

-

-

77

-

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

L-

/ / -

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INlWRhlATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

during any p a r t of the m i s s i o n operation. The fuel tanks mounted in the CM shall be compartmented to prevent ignition i n the event that leakage should occur. Where practicable, the various components shall be h e r m e t i c a l l y sealed o r of explosion-proof construction. The rocket m o t o r squibs shall be capable of withstanding an e l e c t r i c a l impulse of 1 a m p e r e at 1 watt dc for 5 minutes without detonating. Design of equipm e n t shall be in accordance with MSFC 10M 01071. 3. 9. 13
Fail Safe. - Subsystem o r component f a i l u r e shall not propagate sequentially; that i s , design shall "fail safe. ' I

3. 9. 14

Connectors. - Wherever p r a c t i c a l , all e l e c t r i c a l and mechanical connectors (except R&D instrumentation) shall be so designed as t o preclude the possibility of i n c o r r e c t connection. Ground Support Equipment. - Commercial standards for m a t e r i a l s and equipment shall be utilized t o the maximum extent possible where such u s e w i l l not compromise the safety of operations o r the meeting of the n e c e s s a r y performance requirements. Nameplates and Product Markings. - The CSM and all a s s e m blies, components, and p a r t s shall be m a r k e d f o r identification i n accordance with Standard MIL-STD- 130. QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS General Quality Assurance P r o g r a m . - NAA/S&ID shall establish a quality assurance p r o g r a m i n accordance with NASA Publication NPC 2 0 0 - 2 . Inspections and t e s t s t o determine conformance of the system to contract and specification requirements shall be conducted p r i o r to s u b ~ i s s i o n of the a r t i c l e to the NASA for acceptance. Documentation requirements shall be as noted i n Exhibit 1 t o the Apollo Contract, NAS9-150. Quality Control. control plan. Reliability.

3. 9 . i5

3 . 9 . 16

4. 4. 1

4.1.1

-

NAA/S&ID shall establish a quality

4.2 4.3

-

NAA/S&ID shall establish a reliability p r o g r a m .

Test. - NAA/S&ID shall establish a qualification t e s t p r o g r a m to determine that the CSM system satisfies the requirements of Section 3 of this specification. The ground r u l e s for establishing this program a r e a s follows.

-

- 78

SID 63-313

(@Hauwt

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEhlS DIVISION

;Y

Test programs for each t e s t phase a r e to consider the overall m i s s i o n environmental and operational conditions to be encount e r e d f o r each grouping of flight vehicles. After t h e s e a r e defined, specific r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r e a c h vehicle, and in t u r n each s u b s y s t e m , a r e to b e established. As a r e s u l t of t h i s approach, t h e r e i s to b e a definitive t e s t p r o g r a m t a i l o r e d f o r each i t e m to b e used on an Apollo flight vehicle dependent upon i t s specific application and p r e v i o u s u s a g e h i s t o r y , F o r those s u b s y s t e m s o r equipments t h a t a r e t o b e utilized on m o r e than one vehicle configuration, the qualification t e s t i n g i s t o be so o r i e n t e d as t o s a t i s f y the m o s t s e v e r e r e q u i r e m e n t s . In a c a s e w h e r e t i m e i s of the e s s e n c e , the qualification t e s t s a r e t o b e conducted t o s a t i s f y t h e l e s s e r conditions initially, with additional t e s t s subsequently being r u n to m e e t the m o r e stringent r e q u i r e m e n t s

.

Sample s i z e s s h a l l be consistent with the m i n i m u m n u m b e r of a r t i c l e s needed to complete the r e q u i r e d t e s t s f o r Block I qualification. An attempt s h a l l be made to qualify f o r Block I with a m a x i m u m of two equivalent s y s t e m s (one s y s t e m s ' s worth of components f o r Design Proof t e s t s - P h a s e A , and one s y s t e m f o r Mission Simulation - Life t e s t s ) with exceptions taken only w h e r e dictated by qualification schedule r e q u i r e ments and the n e c e s s i t y f o r design m a r g i n verification (off-limit t e s t s ) r e l a t e d to equipments that influence c r e w safety (manned flights only). Repeatability s h a l l not b e c o n s i d e r e d i n establishing the number of h a r d w a r e i t e m s o r the n u m b e r of t e s t s r e q u i r e d for Block I qualification. Qualification t e s t s a r e t o c o n s i s t of a t h r e e - p a r t , two-phase p r o g r a m a s defined below: Phase Part
1 2

T e s t Type Design Proof Off - L i m i t M i s s i o n Simulation

Level of A s s e m b l y Components

A

B

3

S u b s y s t e m s or functional groups of equipment

Design proof t e s t s w i l l be r u n at the most s e v e r e l e v e l s of expected m i s s i o n e n v i r o n m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , t h e s e tests a r e t o b e sequentially applied, although u n d e r c e r t a i n c i r c u m s t a n c e s

f

- 79 -

SID 63-313

-IAL

I
~

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I N F O R h l . ~ T I O NS Y S T E M S DIVISION

l

co

c

*
a

combined environments w i l l be utilized. Exposure t i m e s will be commensurate with the c r i t i c a l m i s s i o n phases during which t h e s e environments a r e encountered. Off -limit testing is to verify positive design m a r g i n s and to verify the equipment's t r u e capability under emergency conditions. F a i l u r e modes and fail-safe provisions a r e a l s o verified by this t e s t . Offl i m i t testing f o r Block I hardware i s r e s t r i c t e d t o i t e m s essential to crew safety. Mission simulation - life testing consists of one m i s s i o n simulation conducted t o a s s u r e suitable performance, compatibility and the absence of interface problems under n a t u r a l combinations of critical m i s s i o n environments, at nominal values. The t i m e of t e s t i s commensurate with each phase of the mission, starting with ground handling and transportation of the spacecraft. Availability of t e s t facilities and schedules will estabiish the general constraints to true si~liulatioii,arid will r e s t r i c t environmental combinations. Qualification testing is to be conducted at the highest p r a c t i c a l level of assembly. The level considered p r a c t i c a l w i l l depend upon such f a c t o r s as availability of facilities and the minimum acceptable number of i n t e r f a c e s t o be maintained in o r d e r to a s s u r e a r e a l i s t i c simulation of the m i s s i o n conditions to be enc ount e r e d

.

Qualification for manned flights shall be completed p r i o r to sign-off of the DD250 for the flight vehicle. Qualification planning i s t o be based upon s u c c e s s during the t e s t program. N o provisions a r e to be included i n the initial planning phases for schedule or cost contingencies, associated with failures. P r i o r to the initiation of any t e s t s , investigations a r e to be conducted to a s s u r e that s i m i l a r usage h i s t o r y i s not available which would allow qualification by similarity. In addition t o the previous i t e m s , the following ground r u l e s apply t o the ground support equipment: 1. Qualification i s to be completed p r i o r to usage with the f i r s t manned flight vehicle. There s h a l l b e no new procurement for qualification testing. Equipments intended for field usage shall b e

a

2.

- 80 SID 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

S P A C E and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S DIVISION
3

r

c

subjected to the qualification t e s t s and then refurbished p r i o r to final application.

3.
4.

The qualification p r o g r a m shall be in consonance with the r e q u i r e m e n t s of MSC, GSE-1B. Mission c r i t i c a l GSE only shall be qualification tested.

4.4
4.4.1

Configuration Management Provisions. Change Control. - NAA/S&ID shall maintain an effective configuration control p r o g r a m to control the incorporation of engineering changes affecting engineering o r d e r s and drawings, specifications, procurement documents, quality control, inspection and t e s t p r o c e d u r e s , p r o c e s s , manufacturing, and operation instructions, and s i m i l a r documents. PREPARATION FOR DELIVERY P r e s e r v a t i o n , Packaging, and Packing. - P r e s e r v a t i o n , packaging, and packing shall be i n accordance with NAA/ S & I D p r o c e d u r e s , provided the procedure a s s u r e s adequate protection i n accordance with delivery modes, destinations, and anticipated s t o r a g e periods. Handling. - Handling shall be i n accordance with NAA/S&ID procedures. NOTES Reference Axes: - The r e f e r e n c e axes of the CSM s h a l l be orthogonal and shall be identified as shown i n Table I .

5. 5.1

5.2

6. 6. 1

-

81

-

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

COMMAND & SERVICE MODULE
(CSM)

7STA 2330.359 STA 1780.159

LES

SLr

-

-

-

-

STA 1698.859 STA 1662.859

- -

XA = 583.300
\

JS.

XA = 502.000 - L U .

LAUNCH VEHICLE (LV)

STA 1186.804 GIMBAL STA 1086.157 STA 962.304 STA 2330.359

n
A
XA = 1133.500 XA = 1084.627

NOTE: NO ABLATIVE MATERIAL DIMENSIONS INCLUDED ON C/M

STA 2281.486-

& SERVICE MODULE

S B
STA 2034.859XA = 838.000

A SEPARATION
FIELD SPLICE

DETAIL

/
GIMBAL STA 100.000 STA 1 .OOO

\

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

/

F i g u r e 1.
-0

S a t u r n C - I B Configuration

- 82 -

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and IN.FORMATI0N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

A

7

- - - - - -

C O M M A N D & SERVICE MODULE (CSM)

STA 3890.055 STA 3841.182 STA 3756.555 STA 3594.555 STA 3339 .E55 STA 3258.555

= 583.300

= 502.000

STA 2746.500 GIMBAL STA 2645.853

LAUNCH VEHICLE (LV)

STA GIMBAL iSTA STA STA

1 7 6 1664.000 1564.0001541.000-

-

0

\

---/-

.

L----2

--

C 'Q

0

-

~

i

~

+

NOTE: N O ABLATIVE MATERIAL DIMENSIONS INCLUDED ON C/M
XA = 1084.627

I

D~AIL

(

GIMBAL STA 100.000

l
STA 115.494-

F i g u r e 2.

Saturn V LOR Configuration

- 83 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

'

c

o

w

*-

VIBRATION TIME HISTORY ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

IGNITION

0

I

TRANSON IC

I

"Q ''MAX

-10

- 20

-30
rn
U

-40
0

10

20

30

40

50

00

70

80

90

100

110 120 130

TIME FROM LI FTOFF-SECONDS

Figure 3 .

Vibration Time H i s t o r y

-

Atmospheric Flight

.c.

- 84 -

SJD 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
F
4

VIBRATION
LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM ATMO SP HE R IC F L I GHT

1. 0

SKIRT AREA
m

cv

\
CD

6

1,
LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM
0.001 ' 10

FA

0
SA

TL

I
100

I I Ill1111
1000

I
2000

FREQUENCY

- CPS
Atmospheric Flight

F i g u r e 4. Vibration LES

- 85 -

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

~~

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and IN.FORMATI0N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

c 0MMA b! D ‘MC!u L E D
ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

V I BRATION

1

HEATSHIELD

m U

cv

\

.o

.“j‘

m
Z
w

> I a

0) I

2
I W

U
L

m

0
I I

Z

0. 01

3 w
w

U U

4

0.001

+

10
COMMAND MODULE

I I I I I I I 100 II

I I I 1 1 l l1000 ll

2000

I

FREQUENCY HS PS

- CPS

ss

AHS

F i g u r e 5.

V i b r a t i o n CM

- Atmospheric Flight

- 86 SID 6 3 -3 13

+!!mwHw

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and IN.FORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

.*

w

I

V I BRATION
SERVICE MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

1. 0

v)

(v 0)

\
I

4

0 1 .

2 I n

Z w
I -

a

3
V
W

L
I n

SS/AB-

Z

4
w
J

9
w

0 01 .

SERVICE MODULE

a

U V

t
0,001

I
10

I I IIIIII
100

I I I Ill111
1000

I
2000

FREQUENCY

- CPS
Atmospheric Flight

Figure 6 .

Vibration SM

- 87 ~

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.FoRMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
I

--

VIBRATION
SE RVICE MODULE ADAPTER

ATMOSPHE R IC F LIGHT

-

-

-

OUTER SHELL

0 1 .

0 01 .

os 2
S ADAPTER M

Io.
001

I I I11ll11
10 100

1

I Illllll

I

1000 2000

FREQUENCY
F i g u r e 7.

- CPS
- Atmospheric Flight

Vibration S M Adapter

- 88 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

=m “ R

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

*

F-'

ACOUST I C S
LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

11.2 22.4 22.4 45

45 90

90 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8K5.6K 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 8.

A c o u s t i c s LES

-

Atmospheric Flight - F o r w a r d A r e a

- 89 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

/

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

S P A C E and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

CN O -

.L.

c

AC OUST1 C S
LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

180 170 1 60 150 140 1 30 120 110 100
90

I

FA

22.4

45

90

180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES-CPS

F- g_u r e 9. i _

Acoustics LES

-

A t x o s p h e r i c Flight

-

Skirt Area

.I
1 3

- 90 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMER C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.EWRMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

ACOUST ICS
COMMAND MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

w z > u

COMMAND MODULE

..r

11,2 22.4 45 22.4 45 90

180 355 710 1. 4K 2.8K 5.6K 180 355 710 1.4K 2. 8 5 . 6 11.2

90

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

- CPS

F i g u r e 10.

Acoustics CM

-

Atmospheric Flight

-

Internal

-

F o r w a r d Xa1060

0
-AL

- 91 SID 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
C'

.

ACOUST I CS
COMMAND MODULE A TMOSP HER IC F LI G HT

COMMAND MODULE

11.2 22.4 45 90 22.4 45

90 180

180 355 710 1.4K2. 8K 5.6K 355 710 1. 4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

- CPS

F i g u r e 11.

Acoustics CM

-

Atmospheric Flight

- E x t e r n a l - F o r w a r d Xa1060

- 92

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.FORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
4

*

ACOUST ICS
COMMAND MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

'W; =
Z
>.
cv

n
0 0 0 0

0

2
m
U

COMMAND MODULE

22.4

45

90

180 355 710 1.4K 2. 8 5.6 11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES - CPS

F i g u r e 12.

Aco,istics CM

-

Atmospheric Flight

-

Internal

-

Aft Xa1060

I

.

- 93 S I D 63-313

WN6WUAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

XPACE and 1NFY)RMATION H Y H T E M B DIVISION

O C

sc
W

ACOUSTICS
COMMAND MODULE A T O P HER IC F L I G HT M S

'=; w
Z

> n

3 0
0 0

2
m U

COMMAND MODULE

11.2 22.4 45 22.4 45 90

180 355 710 1.4K2. 8K5.6K 180 355 710 1.4K 2. 8 5. 6 11.2

90

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

- CPS

F i g u r e 13. -

Acoustics CM

- Atmospheric

Flight

-

External

-

A f t Xa1060

- 94 -

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH AMERICAN

A V I A T I O N . INC.

SPACE and 1N.FORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

w-

ACOUSTICS
COMMAND MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

A
W
COMMAND MODULE

22.4

45

90

180 355

710 1.4K 2.8

5.6 11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQ UENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 14. Acoustics C M

-

Atmospheric Flight

-

C r e w Compartment

- 95 SID 63 - 3 13
~~

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and IN.EWRMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

CN OACOUSTICS
SERVICE MODULE ATMOS PHERlC FLI G HT

-

gc.

Y

180
1 70

160 150 140
1 30

120 110 100
9n ."

SERVICE MODULE
11.2 22.4 45 90 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8K 5.6K 22.4 45 90 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 15.

Acoustics SM

-

Atmospheric Flight

-

Internal

-

F o r w a r d Xa910

- 96 -

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
b

e

ACOUSTICS
SERVICE MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

180

1 70
h l

1 60 150

140 130
120 110

100
90

SERVlCE MODULE

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 16.

Acoustics S M

-

A t m o s p h e r i c Flight - E x t e r n a l - F o r w a r d X a 9 1 0

?

- 97 -

-IAL
SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

coACOUST I C S
S RCS ENGINE & PANEL M ATM O PHE R I C FL IGHT S

S ERVlCE MODULE

11.2 22.4 45 22.4 45 90

180 355 710 1.4K 2.8K 5.6K 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

90

OCTAVE BAND FREQ UENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 17.

Acoustics SM/RCS Engine & Panel

-

Atmospheric Flight

1 8
, -.
.
b o

- 98 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

4Qwimw

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.FORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

I

#

ACOUSTICS
SERVICE MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

SERVICE MODULE

11.2 22.4 22.4 45

45 90

90 180 355 710 1.4K2.8K5.6K 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11+2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES- CPS

F i g u r e 18. Acoustics SM - A t m o s p h e r i c F l i g h t - I n t e r n a l XA910 t o Xa838

- 99 S I D 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
F

rr

ACOUST I C S
SERVICE MODULE ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

U

SERVICE MODULE

F i g u r e 19.

A c o u s t i c s SM

-

A t m o s p h e r i c Flight

-

E x t e r n a l Xa910 t o Xa838

- 100 SID 63 -3 13

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.FoRMATION

SYSTEMS DIVISION

..
I

#

a
ACOU ST I C S
ADAPTER ATMOSPHERIC FLIGHT

ADAPTER

22.4

45

90

180 355 710 1.4K 2.8

5.6

11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

-

CPS

F i g u r e 20.

Acoustics Adapter

- Atmospheric

Flight

- External

Xa838 to Xa722

a

-

101

~

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

~

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC

S P A C E and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

.c
e

R I \

0

y3 ‘ t

y3 0

ul

k
0

c
3

m

c ,

‘ t

a

(3 1

0 * 0

R m

3

? 4

0 3

-

x) 2

ul

0

c

- 102 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

?

1
0

(v

0

0

SID 6 3 - 3 13

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

S P A C E and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

0

* 0

rl 0

0

Q
c
0 c1 0

c ,

0

0

m
N

a,
k
3

M

3

0

E

- 104 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

,1 *
t

a"
d

P
(? CO

Id

CO

i 3
E

E

X

Q

t u
a,
k

4

0

0

ZI E

.- 10.5 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

WHHHIAL

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFURMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co F 0
0.1

V IBRAT ION
COiviFAiu’D MODULE SPACE FLIGHT

.01

PRIMARY STRUCTURE/’ HEAT SHIELD

.001

.0001
HS
PS

COMMA, N D MODULE

ss

F i g u r e 25.

Vibration CM

-

Space Flight

-

AHS

*

- 106 -

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

I

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and 1N.FoRMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

VIBRATION
SERVICE MODULE SPACE FLIGHT

v)

n U
0)

h (

\
I

F
o. 01

AFT BULKHEAD

FB7 ""7

V
W

I -

n

v)

0
I W

z s
w

t I
t-

E-. __
- L A B SERVICE MODULE

U U

Q

o. 001
10

I

I I I Illll
100

I I I IIIIII
1000

I
2000

FREQUENCY

- CPS
Space F l i g h t

F i g u r e 26.

Vibration S M

- 107 SID 63 -3 13

L

~

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

I

I

)-I

+i

\

I

- 108 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, I N C

SPACE and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

4

V

H U

cd k

E
cd

M

b"

a

a,
c,

cd

. d

E
c

c,

5
c,

a,

.rl

E a

w

%

00 N

a,
k
M

3

G

- 109 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3
I

-AL

I

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.FoRMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

V I BRATION
LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM HIGH "Q" ABORT

1. 0

__,.

.

0 1 .

0 01 .

LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM

0.001
10

I
100

I I 1 llllll
1000

I
2000

FREQUENCY

- CPS
- High
"Q" Abort

F i g u r e 29.

Vibration LES

Y

-

110

SID 6 3 -3 1 3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
\

V I BRATION
COMMAND MODULE HIGH "Q" ABORT
1.0
f=

0

HE AT SHIELD

v ,

U

\ w
0)

I

t
v ,
W

0.

Z

n

i2 c
Lu

v ,

U a

Z

0 I Lu I W

s
U U

0. 01

Q

0.001
10

I I I11ll1l

1 00

I I I lllll1 1000 FREQUENCY - CPS
HS PS

2000

I

-ss
A HS

COMMAND MODULE
F i g u r e 30. Vibration C M

-

High

lfQff

Abort

-

111

SID 63 -3 1 3

-AL

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and IN.FORMATI0N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

ACOUSTICS
LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM HIGH "Q" ABORT

180
1 70

-

1 60 150
140

1)
FA

1 30

120
110 100

on
11.2 22.4 45 22.4 45 90

90 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8K 5.6K
180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

LAUNCH ESCAPE SYSTEM

E OCTAVE BA ND FREQ U NC I ES- CPS

F i g u r e 31.

Acoustics LES

- High

IIQ"

Abort

- 112 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

eduwmr

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

ACOUST I CS
COMMAND MODULE HIGH "Q" ABORT

1 80 170
4
W
W

Y z U
oi

cv

1 60 150 140 130 120 110 100
90

l n

3
oi
L

l n

w

n

Z

0 l n

3

COMMAND MODULE

11.2 22. 4 45 90 22.4 45

180 355 710 1. 4K 2. 8K5.6K 90 180 355 710 1.4K 2. 8 5.6 11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

- CPS

F i g u r e 32.

A c o u s t i c s CM

-

High "Q'! Abort

-

Internal

-

F o r w a r d Xa1060

-

113

SID 6 3 -3 1 3

tWWEWAL

I

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.
I

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

ACOUST I CS
COMMAND MODULE HIGH "Q" ABORT

1 80
170

1 60 150
W

Z

> n

140
130

s 0
0 0

? !!
m
D

120
110

COMMAND MODULE

aX , 1060

100
90

i i . 2 22.4 45 22.4 45 90

i80 355 71C 1. 4K2. 8K 5. 5K 180 355 710 1.4K 2. 8 5.6 11.2

90

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

- CPS

Figure 33.

Acoustics CM - High "Q" Abort

- External - Forward

of X1060

-*

-

114

SID 63 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION
'c

.

ACOUSTICS
COMMAND MODULE HIGH "Q" ABORT

1 80
170

1 60

> w
W

150
1 40

CY

60

3 m

m
W

CY
P,

130 120 110 100

a

n

Z

0 m

3

COMMAND MODULE

90
11.2 22.4 45 22. 4 45 90

90
180

180 355 710 1. 4K 2.8K 5. 6K 355 710 1. 4K 2. 8 5. 6 11. 2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES

- CPS

F i g u r e 34.

Acoustics CM

-

High

tlQtt

Abort

-

Internal

-

Aft of Xa1060

-

115

SID 63-313

-IAL

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and IN.FORMATI0N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

C O N -

-..

AC OU ST I C S
COMMAND MODULE HIGH "Q" ABORT

U

$?G
COMMAND MODULE

22.4 45

90

180 355 710 1.4K 2.8

5.6-11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 35.

Acoustics CM

- High "Q"

Abort

-

External

-

Aft of Xa1060

-

116

SID 63 -3 13

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and 1N.FoRMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

9

AC OUSTICS
COMMAND MODULE HIGH "Q" ABORT

180
1 70 1 60

150 140 130 120 110 100
90

COMMAND MODULE

11.2 22.4 45 22.4 45 90

90 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8K 5.6K 180 355 710 1.4K 2.8 5.6 11.2

OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES-CPS

F i g u r e 36.

Acoustics CM

-

High

"Qlf

Abort

-

Crew Compartment

-

117

SID 63-313
'\

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

c

..

-

Z

n

-

I

z1
u 4

w

rd .A

n
m m
7

W

2

W

E
LL

l

W

..

c

4
-4

-

118

SID 63-313

-L

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION
?

r

*

v1
.rl

0

c

c ,

ld

c

.,I

M
v1

:
l d a,

2
co
k
cr)

.

a,

n
Z

-

119

-

-AL
SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

NOR

I

11 A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , I N C .

SPACE and 1N.FoRMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co

c

L

LOWER EQUIPMENT BAY VIEW LOOKING FORWARD

-

120

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

wb"uw

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

Y

t
5

XC

SYM ABOUT Q EXCEPT AS NOTE

CREW AREA LH FWD EQUIP. BAY

CREW AREA R FWD EQUIP BAY H

LH EQUIP. BAY

=o
HIP LINE OF90 PERCENTILE M A N
1

-RH EQUIP. BAY R EQUIP SERVICE ENVELOPE H (TYP LH) CREW AREA AFT EQUIP. BAY RH ‘!-MAX EXCURSION OF SEAT DURING LANDING

VIEW LOOKING TOWARD LOWER END OF CREW AREA
F i g u r e 40. A r e a Designations

- View

Looking T o w a r d L o w e r E n d of C r e w A r e a

-

121

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

~€MUWUIAL

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, I N C
I

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

-Z
S/M TO C/M UMBILICAL

II

= 5' 0
SECTOR SECTOR SECTOR SECTOR SECTOR DATUM PLANE 3
= 70" I l l = 6' 0 = 50" I\' V = 7' 0 0 VI = 6'

I1

VIEW LOOKING FORWARD

F i g u r e 41.

S e r v i c e Module Inboard P r o f i l e

- View Looking F o r w a r d

IC

- 122 SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC

SPACE and INFORMATION

S Y S T E M S DIVISION

*

REACT1ON CONTROL SYSTEM ENGI

STAT1ON PLANE x, = 355

AFT FACE OF BULKHEAD

J

I
155.0"

f0.5"

154.0" f 0.16" DIA

I ----AFT FACE OF BULKHEAD.

-

123.0"

1
I

- xs = 200

MAIN ENGINE

X = 83.4 ,

F i g u r e 42.

S e r v i c e Module Inboard P r o f i l e

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I N F o R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

co-

b

n

c'
w"
I

a,

c
.r(

c ,

I d
k

a,
4

a,

W

r I -

.

B a
.r(

V

c

a ,

c ,

rd rn

I

-

124

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

7

N O R T H A M E R I C A N P V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORhlATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION

H
(] I

r:
id

4

4

P

wx
Q)

I

0
.r(

r:
id
k

4J

v ,
Lu

I-

3

a,
4 Q)

Z

u

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SI'AC'E and I N Y O H M 4"rlOY S Y S ' I ' K h l S I ) I V I S I f ) N

n

Z

I

.rl

0

c

c ,

Id
k
Q) 4

a,

u

2
c ,

Id

m

I

i

0
0

0
c

-

126

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

NORTH A M E R I C A N

AVIATION, INC

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

h

N

2
v

+-

2

W

-

127.SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

awmemn

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

.,.'ACE and INb'ORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

*

0 0
7

0
00
c ,
. d

s w
a x
0 9
. d

E

0

.d

cv

0

Fr

0 9

0

a,

-

125

-

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S D I V I S I O N

160 150 140 130 120 110 100

90
80

70
60

50
40

30

0

10

20

30

40

50

VAPOR PRESSURE, rnrn Hg

F i g u r e 48.

T e m p e r a t u r e and Humidity Nominal L i m i t

- 129
SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

, ,
N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, I N C
SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

. . # . e
w .

160 I 150

I

I

I

I

I

I

1

I

1

140 1 30
120 110

100

90 80

70
60
50

40
30

0

10

20

30

40

VAPOR PRESSURE, mm Hg

F i g u r e 49.
c
0

T e m p e r a t u r e and Humidity E m e r g e n c y L i m i t

-

130

-

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

-

50

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPAQE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

4

0

10 8

6
n

ILL

0

0 0
7

4 2

d

w n

2
Z

d
Z

I - 0

8
Q

-2

i

0

U

I

-4
-6

-8
-10

80

120

160 WIND SPEED (FPS)

20Q

240

F i g u r e 50.

W i n d Shear P r o f i l e
131

a
L-

0

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

' e

0

I n
4

0
r(

I n

0

N

0

- N

avx iajxip
I
V Z

3P

...A*

-

132

SiD 6 3 - 3 1 3

pa.lrlrrrlyllLC

N O R T H A M E R I C A N A V I A T I O N , INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

i

m
k

P

a,

z

E

k k

a,
c ,

n

Q)

E

e ,
L)

c

4

i

4

cd

k

E

z"

-

133

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

-a

110

100

90

80

W

..

LL

v ,

I -

50

(3

n 40
Z
W

m

30

20

10

0
14.0

12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0

BODY STATION (IN.) X
Figure 53. Saturn V, S-IC,

El Distribution-

\
6

134

S I D 63- 313

NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

F i g u r e 54.

S a t u r n V, SSI, E1 D i s t r i b u t i o n

135

S I D 6 3 - 313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

SATURN V LAUNCH VEHICLE s-IC FROM STA-115.5 TO STA 1541 .O 110

IO0

90

80

7 70
X

v , v ,
w
LL LL

50

Z

5; 40
L

v ,

30

20

10

0

14.0

12.0

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0

BODY STATION (IN.) X
Figure

55. Saturn V I S-IC, KAG Distribution

136

SID 63-313

-

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION. INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

.+
C

0
3

4
cv
w
I
J

+ u l

L

b-

V

I 5
I
V

X
h

Z

5

3

0

Z

i
L

C

>

+
0

3

s
m
u )

v)

0

cv cv

cv

0

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

co-

i

I

-2.0

-1.155

0

1 .o

2.0

30 .

40 .

5.0

60 .

7.0

8 .O

9.0

10.0

11.0 12.0 13.0 BODY STATION (IN.) X

14.0

15.0

16.0

F i g u r e 57.

S a t u r n V , S-IC, D r y Weight D i s t r i b u t i o n

-

139,140

SI_n 63-313

=mwMNmL

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

OPERATIONAL SATURN V LAUNCH VEHICLE WET WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION ALONG THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS FROM STA-115.5 TO STA 1541

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

BODY STATION IN.) X
F i g u r e 58. S a t u r n V, S-IC, W e t Weight D i s t r i b u t i o n

- 141,142

S I D 63-313

NORTH A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION

OPERATIONAL SATbRN V LAUNCH VEHICLE FUEL WEIGHT: DISTRIBUTION A L O N G THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS

&SIC FROM STA-115.5 TO STA 1541 .O

*
F i g u r e 59. Saturn V, S-IC, F u l l Weight Distribution

-

143,144

-

SID 63-313

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and I N F O R M A T I O N S Y S T E M S DIVISION

!

BODY STATION (IN.) X I O ' *

F i g u r e 60.

Sa*urn V, S-11, D r y Weight D i s t r i b u t i o n

-

145,146

SID 63-313

N O R T H A M E R I C A N AVIATION, INC.

SPACE and INFORMATION S Y S T E M S DIVISION

OPERATIONAL SATURN V LAUNCH VEHICLE WET WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION ALONG THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS
s-I1 FROM STA 1541.0 TO STA 2519.0
S-IVB i INTERSTAGE FROM STA 2519.0 TO STA 3222.5

INSTRUMENT UNIT

cr) I

0

a

X
c

s
v

Z

J

i

BODY S?AT!ON (!N

X

F i g u r e 61.

Saturn V, S-11, Wet Weight Distribution

- 147,148

SID 63-313

?
4

$ i v

NORTH A M E R I C A N

A W A ~ ~ O V N .I N C .

SPACE a r i d INFORMATION SYSTEMS DIVISION
V

Table 1.

Reference Axes

Positive direction of axes and angles (forces and moments) a r e shown by arrows. (When launch vehicle is a t a launch angle of 9 0 ° , the positive "XI' direction is vertically upwards. )

Z

1

Axis Des ignation Symbol

Moment About Axis

' 0

1

Designation Rolling Pitching Yawing

Symbol L

Positive Direction

I

I

Longitudinal Later a1 Normal

X

Y

z
x
Y

Y
Z

M
N

z-

x -

I
1

Force

I

Angle

Velocities Linear (Components Symb ol

1

( P a r a l l e l to Axis Symbol)

X Y
Z

R 011
Pitch

U
V
W

P

Yaw

- 149

SID 6 3 - 3 1 3

9
I '

N O R T H AMERICAN AVIATION, INC.

* / )

c

SI’AACI.: andJ Np(,)RILIATION S Y S T E h l S DIVISION
Y

\

W

Table 2 . E s t i m a t e s of Metabolic R a t e , T h e r m a l Balance a n d Water

General Requirements for Apollo Crew Member Command Module Routine Flight Coininand Module Emergency Decompression Per Day
12,000 1.97 2.27 3,000

Per Man
Heat Output Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Btu lb lb Btu

Per Day
11,200 1.84 2.12 2,800

Latent Heat (sweat) Sensible Heat Urinary Loss Sweat Loss Lung Loss Total Water Requirement Total Water Requirement

Btu

1,310

7,230

7,090 1,200

1,870 1,200 3,140
1 300 ,

600
1,200

3,000

5,640

lb

6.6

12.4

Post Landing Requirements Metabolic Heat Load 8.5 f t wave height 0.5 f t wave height

- 600 Btu/hr. - 400 Btu/hr.

Allowable Effective Temperature 600 Btu/tu. heat load - 86.5 F 400 Btu/hr. heat load - 88 F (Allowable effective temperature 1nay b e exceeded for four consecutive hours. )

-

150 -

SID 63-313

-1

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful