Chalti Chakki Dekh Kar, Diya Kabira Roye Dui Paatan Ke Beech Mein,Sabit Bacha Na Koye
Looking at the grinding stones, Kabir laments In the duel of wheels, nothing stays intact.
This doha picks up a situation from our daily life. Kabir watches the woman grinding wheat on the flour mill. I have used the word woman here as generally it is the woman who does this work even today in the rural Indian society. The wheels are made of stone. One is stationary while the other on top is made to rotate by turning it with the help of a handle attached to it. The grain that is put into it gets crushed and the converted flour comes out. Thus the literal translation given above conveys that. (Diya Kabira Roye) Kabir cries out, however, is what makes the reader to contemplate on this Doha and realize for oneself the hidden meaning behind this metaphor. Dui Patan here signifies earth (Prithvi) and sky (Akash) and within the ambit of these is all creation and life as also the manifestation of all natural phenomenon of dualities: day and night, life and death, joys and sorrows, thereby making life forever in motion (Chalti Chakki) and an ever changing process. Trapped in this duality, whatever we see is perishable. Nothing that we comprehend is eternal.
Bura Jo Dekhan Main Chala, Bura Naa Milya Koye Jo Munn Khoja Apnaa, To Mujhse Bura Naa Koye
I searched for the crooked, met not a single one When searched myself, "I" found the crooked one
This doha deals with our perception behavior and tendencies. It has been invariably noticed that we tend to find fault with someone else for our situations and circumstances. Our "I", the ego, always tries to put blame on others. Nonawareness of our own self is the cause of this attitude. Resultantly, we find ourselves being busy in criticizing and condemning others and conveniently term them as crooked or evil.
So Kabir says that instead of finding fault and maligning others, dive deep into your own-self. Amazingly, an honest introspection will reveal that all fault lies with "me" and "my" own perceptions and attitudes. If there is any evil or crookedness, it is in "me". Correcting this and opting for a loving and compassionate attitude will change one's perceptions and the world will appear wonderful all over again.
Auran Ko Sukh Hoye
Speak such words. while harsh speech breeds hatred. sans ego's ploy Body remains composed.Aisee Vani Boliye. Kabir. Experiment yourself and rediscover the power of the spoken word. in this doha crystallizes the power of the spoken word. The ancients of the Vedic literature have laid tremendous emphasis on speech. Soothing. metaphysics and a basic tenet of the Indian philosophy. We know that all sounds create vibrations. They have mentioned in innumerable shlokas that our speech has a direct connection with our bodily humors. And these vibrations affect both the speaker and the listener. They proclaimed that sound and sight are the underlying source of all vibrations. we also know that human speech is one of the main ingredient that differentiates mankind from the rest of the animal kingdom. He teaches us to speak in such a manner that keeps us harmonious and composed thereby making the listener feel a sense of joy in the communication. And. compassionate and loving words breed togetherness. It deals with human psychology. Thus. giving the listener joy
This doha is a gem.
. This has been scientifically proven over and over again. Mun Ka Aapa Khoye Apna Tan Sheetal Kare.
We get forced into a habit pattern whereby we find ourselves either negligent or indulgent. brings about the importance of a relaxed mind. It is a known fact that a seed sprouts into a sapling only after some time and the sapling grows into a tree gradually. And the fruit arrives only in its own season. Ritu Aaye Phal Hoye
Slowly slowly O mind. Kabir.Dheere Dheere Re Mana. Relaxation comes through awareness and acceptance. Kabir thus makes us realize that one must do one's best and yet should have the patience for the results to manifest in their own appropriate time. fatigue and frustration.
. a quiet mind. one should not imply lethargy. Picking up from this eternal law of Mother Nature. everything in own pace happens Gardner may water a hundred buckets. addressing the doha to the mind which is chanchal or monkeying around. acquire and be victorious. We are always in a rush to achieve. rather will ruin the process. Kabir brings forward the state of our daily hurried lives. For Nature does not work in haste. A very active mind can also be very relaxed. By relaxed mind. By the gardener pouring "a hundred buckets of water" (extensive irrigation) will not hasten the arrival of the fruit. This brings us under pressure causing ill-health. Dheere Sub Kutch Hoye Mali Seenche So Ghara. fruit arrives only in its season
Nature never works in haste. It is like a mad race. More than that it breeds illdiscipline. This all can be corrected if one understands the Doha.
Thus. It is also true. who has renounced the world. We have to remember that Kabir was a professional weaver. He is not greedy. the household will make sure that they feed him. Ja Mein Kutumb Samaye Main Bhi Bhookha Na Rahun. In India it is a tradition that if a sadhu visits. nor the visitor goes unfed
Very simple in the native Hindi. being the primary provider. the reader can miss the point that Kabir wants to make.Sayeen Itna Deejiye.a guest. It reveals the compassion Kabir has for others. Kabir wants to ensure that if someone visited his household. compassion and a very clear attitude of service. a sanyasin. It is not greed when Kabir asks God for abundance. that because of its simplicity. a house-holder with children. Kabir is content. suffice to envelop my clan I should not suffer cravings. He prays to God to give him enough that would be suffice to take care of his needs. Sadhu Na Bhookha Jaye
Give so much O God. I personally understand that Kabir implies here the the 'sadhu' to be any visitor or as we call "Atithi" . that guest should also go fulfilled. he reveals in this Doha his commitment to his clan.
This Doha deals with the concept of contentment. At the same time. Sadhu literally means a monk. but very difficult to translate. The next lines add another dimension.
Only then we will be blessed and become a blessing to others. What good is our so called eminence. if it is neither compassionate nor helpful to others? Kabir emphasizes that we should shed our greed. Kabir in this doha points out to us about our vain personalities. it's fruit grows so far that one cannot easily pluck it. Yet. fruit is hard to reach
A date tree grows very tall. it does not provide shade to weary travelers. Jaise Ped Khajoor Panthi Ko Chaya Nahin. Besides. Phal Laage Atidoor
In vain is the eminence. projecting eminence and a distinction of its own. Using this simile.
.Bada Hua To Kya Hua. selfishness and insecure tendencies and establish ourselves in such a way that we should be willing to give and share. just like a date tree No shade for travelers.
Kabir in this doha reveals the secret. However.seats the Divine. This divinity is our true self. that our body . We all want to know what God really is. "Man is potentially divine and the sole purpose of this life is to discover that divinity. we are unaware of this reality. Same way fire is not visible when we look at the flint stone. Kabir asserts. It is only seen when energy is used to extract the oil from the seed. However. Kabir challenges us in this doha to shed the veils of ignorance and awaken to realize our true self. vigorous rubbing manifests fire which is already hidden in the flint. This doha also reminds of Swami Vivekananda. who said. due to our ignorance. when we see the seed. realize if you can
What is real and how is it veiled?
This yearning for the Truth is the basic search of everyone. Jyon Chakmak Mein Aag Tera Sayeen Tujh Mein Hai.the temple .Jaise Til Mein Tel Hai. we don't see the oil. Tu Jaag Sake To Jaag
Like seed contains the oil. He takes the example of the anti-seed which contains the oil. Same way. However. The time to do is here and now".
. He unfolds the mystery in a very simple way. fire in flint stone Your temple seats the Divine.
he appeals the masses to work honestly and earn their livelihood. Mat Koi Mange Beekh Mangan Se Marna Bhala. literally kills his inner self and undergoes tremendous shame and humiliation. this is pure Guru's teaching
It is unfortunate but true that a vast number of people all over the world survive through begging. In non-affluent countries the scenario is worst. this phenomenon can be seen in the guise of welfare plans. The compassionate Guru knows that a person who sets out to beg (at least for the first time).
. In affluent societies. In this simple verse. Kabir boldly attempts to shake up the conscience of the people. Yeh Satguru Ki Seekh
Begging is like perishing. none should go imploring It is better to die than beg. Without using the words.Mangan Maran Saman Hai.
only bodies attained death Hope and delusion did not die. This word is like an unsolved riddle and hard to translate. Kabir says while the physical body that is born. Mar Mar Gaye Shareer Asha Trishna Na Mari.
To understand this doha correctly. In this doha.hence an illusion. the urges. Kabir compels the reader to contemplate and realize the Truth.ever changing. one continues to cling with the perishable . with one's aspirations. Hope and the deceptive greed or delusion does not die either. desires .Maya Mari Na Man Mara. In its depths.the body.. Keh Gaye Das Kabir
Neither illusion nor the mind. one must understand first the word 'Maya'. lives and eventually dies. the world of Maya goes on as does the Mind (that intelligent governing Self).. For want of a proper word.and the cravings. In fact. the yearnings (trishna) dies not. so Kabir said. the play of the world "leela" goes on because of this.. 'Maya' perhaps means. Nature on the go. Even in his death bed.. it is loosely translated as illusion.
. In his typical mystic style.
the professional weaver.e. Mange Sabki Khair Na Kahu Se Dosti. all relationships at the physical level are conditional and based on business-like (not literally business) transactions. And he says the best way to avoid that is by being in a state of acceptance and detachment.. An honest deal does not warrant the businessman to become either friendly with one's clientele nor develop any malice. is the mechanism of dealings. one need not adopt tricky means and should not become emotional. In this doha.i. This is one of the important maxims of Do's and Don'ts of any progressive business. Bazaar is a reference to the world itself where give and take.i..Kabira Khara Bazaar Mein. due to strong feelings towards or against things. as is his style. He seems to affirm that while conducting one's business. Na Kahu Se Bair
Kabira in the market place.e. Kabir without saying much. Sometimes the strategy can even be a dirty trick or a scam. presents a balanced approach. Now selling is a competitive affair and all kinds of strategies are adopted by merchants to make the extra buck. So Kabir is giving us an idea of how we experience ups and downs due to attachments . visited the market place to sell his woven goods.
. wishes welfare of all Neither friendship nor enmity with anyone at all
Kabir. From spiritual and mystic point of view.
Kahat Kabir Kabir
Kabir's mind got cleansed like the holy Ganges water Now everyone follows. Then everyone looks up to us and wants to associate with us with confidence. Yet due to the chaotic states of our minds. For some reason we are unable to break these shackles and are therefore confined. this is possible only when our mind is cleansed from the impurities of ego. illicit passions. we find ourselves secluded and limited. And.
Pothi Padh Padh Kar Jag Mua. anger. Once the mind is free then we find ourselves relaxed. loving and compassionate. greed and procrastination. Jo Padhe so Pandit Hoye
. The cause of this chaos is our attachments and bondages. Only those with relaxed and loving mind find themselves in harmony with everyone. The desire to scale the heights of infinity can be achieved only when there is release from our attachments and feelings of insecurity that bind us. Jaise Ganga Neer Pache Pache Har Phire. fear. Pandit Bhayo Na Koye Dhai Aakhar Prem Ke.Kabir Man Nirmal Bhaya. to belong. saying Kabir Kabir
Everyone desires to be known.
in his simple but dynamic style. there is no awareness. We all read and now with tremendous media exposure. hatred and similar tendencies seem to grip us all the time. only becomes wise
To understand this doha in its true perspective is important.Translation
Reading books everyone died. we are seemingly more informed. Everyone seems to know everything. Only then Life will be worth living. Our minds are not quiet and relaxed. we cannot become wise. Why? I have found myself in this quagmire a number of times. Selfishness. greed. Tau Dukh Kahe Ko Hoye
. fear. He daringly says that despite all our readings. Kabir in this doha shows the way. become loving and loveable. Only if we 'read' Love. We talk of Love but have no compassion. none became any wise One who reads the word of Love. There is a lot of frustration all around.
Dukh Mein Simran Sab Kare. Yet. only then wisdom will dawn on us. We are not at peace. Sukh Mein Kare Na Koye Jo Sukh Mein Simran Kare. the truth is that inspite of all this information. despite all our knowledge.
in a state of helplessness.
Gur Dhobi Sikh Kapda. However. we invariably then look up in the skies and communicate with Him in our own silent prayer. Kabir in this doha highlights this and gives a promise when he says that we shall not suffer if we pray to Him during our good times. in joy does none To One who prays in happiness. When we are in distress. how can sorrow come
Let someone suddenly wave his hand in front of your eyes and you will see that the eyes blink. when things are going good. you may just say 'O my God'! Such is the nature of mankind. Nikse Jyoti Apaar
. we forget Him.Translation
In anguish everyone prays to Him. Saboo Sirjan Har Surti Sila Pur Dhoiye. And if you are caught unawares.
we can observe that only when we are totally involved in our actions. Mue Mukti Ki Aas
Alive one sees. same way the preceptor or the teacher takes upon himself to cleanse the mind of his disciples and guide them to realize the Truth within. Like only by following the technique of washing clothes.
Jeevat Samjhe Jeevat Bujhe.Guru the washer man. the Guru. Viewed in context of our day to day life. the fulfillment. only then we can be assured of achieving results. dedication and total intensity is required while performing any act. the washer man cleans the cloth. Jeevat He Karo Aas Jeevat Karam Ki Fansi Na Kaati. alive one knows Thus crave for salvation when full of life Alive you did not cut the noose of binding actions Hoping liberation with death!
. only then one finds the true joy. Diligence. disciple is the cloth The name of God liken to the soap Wash the mind on foundation firm To realize the glow of Truth
In this Doha. Kabir shows the quality of a good teacher.
hatred. Baithe Muskae
Inexpressible is the story of Love It cannot be revealed by words Like the dumb eating sweet-meat Only smiles. procrastination. fear.
Akath Kahani Prem Ki. Besides. when one is dead.In this Doha. greed. what good is liberation or salvation. only then one can be liberated while full of life. Kutch Kahi Na Jaye Goonge Keri Sarkara. we should be diligent. unable to narrate and unable to share? Referring to the theory of Karma. However. Kabir clearly suggests in this Doha that while conducting our actions. etc. "May God give peace to the departed soul". Kabir is referring to the concept of salvation which all religions guarantee in one form or the other. We should not get attached or enslaved by them and thereby get trapped in the quagmire of ego. When someone dies. Only when one is non-attached to the fruits of the action. liberation cannot come until one snaps all earthly bonds. unable to recount. we all tend to offer condolences by saying. only then one can be free from the bondage. the sweetness he cannot tell
Kabir refers to the situation of a person in Love. All peace is lost and the more one entertains the worry. the more armored 'she' becomes to destroy
. we find that silence projects our love expressions better than the hollow words we utter for another. what remedy to impart?
Discontentment causes worry and worry itself becomes the cause that creates chaos in the mind. Kahan Tak Dawa Lagaye
Worry is the bandit that eats into one's heart What the doctor can do. This compassionate one does not brag. does not talk for the wise one knows that it would be as futile an effort as the mute smile of a dumb trying to express the sweetness of the sweet-meat. In our daily life too. Truly it has been said that Love does not need the crutches of a language to express the inexpressible state of being in Love
Chinta Aisee Dakini. a person who has realized the Truth.My Understanding
In this Doha. Kat Kaleja Khaye Vaid Bichara Kya Kare.
Death. to die. but are we willing to accept this fact? Deep behind our psyche is the idea that everything else is going to perish. We all know that we have to die.
Kabira Garv Na Keejiye. our perishable belongings and things which are not eternal. Ooper Jamsi Ghaas
Says Kabir Don't be so proud and vain Looking at your high mansion Death makes one lie on bare land And grass will grow thereon
Pride. Hence. This causes us to become arrogant. In this Doha. arrogance and vanity are all related to our ego. greedy.
.the very vitality of a man. but "I" will go on eternally.e. proud and vain. Kabir gives a clear warning by explaining the eternal ultimate Truth i. There is no doctor and no remedy for this cause. Kabir emphasizes the need to understand the cycle of Life and guides us to shed our pride. Uncha Dekh Aavaas Kaal Paron Bhuin Letna. we cling to our perishables and become possessive and selfish. This is so true and can be observed by anyone in one's own affairs.
Yet none knows or can know about this pain because the "smoke" is not visible! Only the one who is suffering the separation from one's beloved can understand the force of such a fire. the pain of separation is not comprehensible for this too is precious for the lovers to reveal. It is but a private affair! Don't they say. Kabir. a lover feels for the beloved. only the wearer knows where the shoe pinches!! This Doha by Kabir is again a superb example of mystic poetry where in two lines. or in our normal day to day life. To others. Jaki Lagi Hoye
With the ocean set ablaze The smoke yet manifests not Only the one who gets burnt Envisions the heat of loving thought
The agony and turmoil in the heart of a lover.Aag Jo Lagi Samand Mein. Kabir is able to project the agony and the ecstasy of true love and devotion.
. is symbolically shown in this Doha as the flame that is burning the ocean. in this Doha depicts the agony that a devotee feels for his Lord or Ishta. the intensity. a devotee. Dhuan Na Pargat Hoye So Jane Jo Jarmua.
Kabir now makes us take a step forward towards the principle of non-attachment through this Doha. Kabir explains that only those who distribute and share thewealth are the ones who attain liberation. Kahe Kabir Bichari
. Do Kahun To Gaari Hai Jaisa Taisa Rahe. In this eternally changing and perishable world.Aasa Jive Jag Marey. So Ubrey Jey Khayee
Hope lives in a dying world. And. spend and freedom attain
Having explained in the previous Dohathat we should save the wealth that will be helpful now and beyond. people die and die again Perish yet hoarding wealth. Who are they that share? Those who have abundance.
Ek Kahun To Hai Nahin. abundance comes to those who understand the doctrine of Karma and are nonattached to the results. Log Marey Mar Jayee Soyee Sube Dhan Sanchate.
words or description. So Pasey Ghar Mahin
If I say one. In that vein. it will be a violation Let 'It' be what 'It' is says Kabir upon contemplation
This Doha is an illustration of Kabir mysticism that parallels the Zen Koans. he underscores the limited vision of both the Advaitic (one God) and Dvaitic(God is separate from the devotee) schools of thought. not discussion or analysis but silence. Many people ask why did the tragedy of September 11 have to happen? Many spiritual leaders have given a variety of explanations. A first-hand direct experience is the only way of knowing. Kabir here is alluding to the futility of describing the cosmic experience. Khala Ka Ghar Nahin Sees Utaare Hath Kar. He says that the final experience is what it is and cannot be cast into any thought. Could it be that the answer is not an explanation but a feeling. It is not If I say two. And when that happens all else becomes literally irrelevant. not extroversion but an introversive acceptance?
Kabir Yeh Ghar Prem Ka.
Carnality. Greed and Enmity . The abode of love is not like a visit to an aunt's house where the social rules of entertaining guests may be available. Attachment. is love possible between two people when it is based on conditions?
. A person who is able to defeat athe passions of Anger. Is a genuine offering to the Lord possible without surrendering oneself? Similarly. For love demands complete surrender of one's ego and a spirit full of compassion and poise. To be a lover or a true devotee is the job of a warrior and not of a coward.the enemies within .is the valiant one.Kabir. this is the abode of love Not the house of an aunt Only that one can enter here Who has relinquished all pride
Kabir in this doha attempts to explain valor and fearlessness in love and devotion. Instead in this abode of love one enters with the spirit of giving or complete surrender.