Accessions

No. 28561

SM2A-O7-BP13

NASA
/

SUPPORT

MANUAL,

APOLLO DESCRIPTION ANUAL_ M
(APPLICABLE TO BOILERPLATE 13 ONLY
/"

(TITLE

UNCLASSIFIED)

\

\ \,

""-......

CONTRACT EXHIBIT

NAS9-150 10.3

I; PARAGRAPH

¢/)

4_

::D

_._o z_ _

02

THIS

MANUAL

REPLACES SM_-07-BP13,

DATED

23 AUGUST

1963.

PUBLISHED

UNDER

AUTHORITY

OF THE NATIONAL

AERONAUTICS

AND

SPACE ADMINISTRATION

...m

s,,:,_.,,_

31 OCTOBER 1963

SMZA-07-BPI3

!

INSERT LATEST CHANGED

PAGES. DESTROY SUPERSEDED PAGES.

J

LISTOF EFFECTIVE PAGES J
TOTAL CONSISTING NUMBER OF OF THE PAGES IN

NOTE:

'/'he port/on by a vertical

of the text line in the

affected by the changes is indicated outer margins of the page.

THIS

PUBLICATION

IS

1 1 8,

FOLLOWING:

Page Title
A • •

No. ...........
• • • • • • • • • • •

Issue

Original Original Original Original

i thru iv I-I Blank

iii

......... ......... 1-9 ...... ....... ..... ...... ....... ..... ...... .....

thru

Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original Original

I - I0 Blank 2-Z 3-1 4-1 5-i 6-1 6-36 thru thru thru thru thru 3-9

Z-24

3 - 10 Blank

4-28 5-4 6-35

Blank

.......

%
eThe asterisk indicates pages changed, added, or deleted by the current change.

Manuals will be dlstr_buted as directed by the NASA Apollo Project Office. All requests for manuals should be directed to the NASA Apollo Spacecraft Project Office at Houston, Texas.

A

SM2A-07-BPI

3

TABLE

OF

CONTENTS

Section

Title

Page i-I

I

INTRODUC

TION

...............

l -l.

Purpose Scope

.................. of Manual .............. of Manual Information ............ ...........

i-i i-I i-I i-3 I-6

i-3. i-5. i-7. i-9.

Arrangement Supplementary Support

Equipment

..............

II

DESCRIPTION

.................

2-I

2-I.

Purpose Apollo Apollo Physical Launch Command Service Command Umbilical Launch

of Boilerplate First Second Order Order Test

13 Configuration Objectives Objectives

....... ....... ........

2-I 2-I 2-I 2-i 2-2 2-I0 2-18

2-3. 2-5. 2-7. 2-9. 2-17. 2 -22. 2 -30. 2-32. 2-38.

Test

Description Escape Module Module Module and Assembly

............. ............

.............. Adapters ........... Module Tension Tie Bolts . .

to Service

2 -22 2 -22 2 -24

Connectors Vehicle

.............

...............

III

LAUNCH

ESCAPE

SYSTEM

............

3-1

3-I. 3-3. 3-5. 3-7. 3-9. 3-11. 3-13. 3-15. 3-17. IV

Purpose Operational Tower Tower Launch Pitch Launch Mission Tower

.................. Description Motor ............ Ignition .............. Motor Motor Tower ............. .............. Jettison ............ .............. Motor ........ ..........

3-I 3-I 3-i 3-3 3-3 3-3 3-3 3-4 3-4

Jettison Separation Escape Control Escape

Sequencer Sequencer

COMMUNICATIONS

AND

INSTRUMENTATION

......

4-1

4-1.

Purpose Description

.................. ............... Equipment Equipment ........... ...........

4-1 4-I 4-i 4-3

4-3. 4-4. 4-11.

Communications Instrumentation

SMZA-07-BPI

3

Section V

Title EQUIPMENT COOLING SYSTEM 5-I. 5-3. 5-5. .

Page 5-I

Purpose .................. System Description .............. Principles of Operation ...........
POWER SYSTEM
• • • • • • • • • • •

5-1 5-I 5-I

VI

ELECTRICAL

6-I

6-1•

Purpose System Principles Power

................. Equipment .............. ............ of Operation

6-I 6-i 6-2 6-Z

6-3. 6-5. 6-9.

Consumption

..............

LIST

OF

ILLUSTRATIONS

Figure

No. Booster Launch Escape Launch LES Nose Compatibility Escape Tower Escape Interstage Cone and Module Module Module Shock Module Module Escape Assembly Explosive Motor and Space

Title • • • Area ....... ....... ..... • • • • • • ...... • • • Diagram ........ ........ .... • • • • • • ............. System System System ............ Schematic Block Diagram Diagram Diagram ....... ..... • • • • •

Page I-2 2-4 Z-5 Z-6 2-7 Z-8 2-11 Z-iZ 2-17 2-19 2 -20 2-23 3-2 3-5 3-7 4-2 4-4 4-12 4-13 5-3 5-4 6-3 6-5

1-1•

Vehicle

.........

Z-l. 2-Z. 2-3. 2-4. Z-5. 2-6. Z-7. 2-8. 2-9. Z-IO. Z-ll. 3-i. 3-Z. 3-3. 4-I• 4-2. 4-3• 4-4• 5-I• 5-2. 6-1. 6-2.

............ Bolt ........... Skirt

Structural

Adapter Area Pitch Control

Components Motor Area

Command Command Command Dummy Service Service Launch Mission Tower R&D R&D Q-Ball Q-Ball Equipment Equipment Electrical Boilerplate

............... Interior Reference and GSE ............ Axis Attach ......... Fitting

Strut and

Adapter

............

Tension System

Tie ............ Functional Block

Sequencer Sequencer

Schematic Schematic

Diagram Diagram

Instrumentation Instrumentation

Block Diagram ......... Locations ..........

................... Block Diagram

Cooling Cooling Power

13 Schematic

.........

ii

SMZA-07-BP13

LIST

OF

TABLES

Table

No.

Title

Page i-3 1-6 ..... 2-2 2-10 2-10 ..... 3-1

i-I.

Supplementary Ground Launch Command Command Time Support Escape Module Module History

Documents Equipment Assembly Physical

............. ............. Physical Characteristics ....... ......... to Tower Jettison Tower

I-2. 2-i. 2-2. 2-3. 3-1. 3-2.

Characteristics

Compartmentation Leading

of Events Characteristics Motor

Operational Jettison

of Launch

Escape

................ Functions ............

3-4 3-9 4-14 .......... 6-1

3-3.

Mission Measurement Battery

Sequencer List

4-I. 6-i.

................ Characteristics

Physical

iii/iv

SMZA-07-BPI 3

SECTION I INTRODUC TION

1- i.
l-Z. Apollo

PURPOSE.

This vehicle

manual used

provides in the

a description

of boilerplate test

13,

which (See

is the first figure i-i.) purposes, test. tests.

booster

compatibility simulate and systems spacecraft

series. modules

Boilerplate incorporating These Each I-3.

modules only are

economically the structures

flight

rated

for test

required

for a particular for

modules boilerplate SCOPE

combined

to form

configurations manual.

selected

configuration OF MANUAL.

is described

in a separate

I-4. (modules)

A

physical

description

of the overall text,

boilerplate and tabular

and form. detail

its major System is provided

components operation to

is provided in text,

in illustration, tables, and

is described identify other with the

diagrams.

Sufficient and The

configuration used system

of the flight test article in subsequent configurations Research and flight tests. intended development furnished

to differentiate manual

it from

boilerplates emphasis on

is system-oriented spacecraft treated is made in to 13 is

for use (R&D) equipment No

in ultimate systems reference are

flight-rated gross terms

systems. and in case

of customer detailed

customer planned; 1-5.

documents therefore, ARRANGEMENT

for no

information. flight rated

recovery are

of boilerpiate installed.

complete OF

systems

MANUAL.

1-6. to the

The manual

manual only

is in six and

sections.

This

section

contains

information documents. and

relative Section operational

includes description other

references of the than R&D

to supplementary complete

II contains description system. III, IV,

a physical of equipment Abrief

flight test article and launch

instrumentation vehicle Saturn of the

escape Sections system, system, and

description VI provide

of the launch operational

I is included. launch escape

V,

and

description system,

communications electrical power

and

instrumentation

environmental

control

system.

l-l

I

STATION

2259. 6487

LAUNCH

ESCAPE MOTOR-__._._

APOLLO SPACECRAFT LAUNCH ESCAPE TOWER_.._..._ MODULE jC__STAT,ON STATION STATION 1929.'336 1795.596 1785.596

COMMAND

SERVICE

INSERT MODULE

_STATION _ STATION

1661,596 1609.596 f STATION 1517.596 1459.596

ADAPTER

BOOSTER

iNSTRUMENT

UNIT ____,.._____-_STATION

s-IV

SECOND

STAGE_

S-I/S-IV

INTERSTAGE ON 962.304

SATURN LAUNCH rEHICLE

S-1

F_RST STAGE_

/
;TATION 1.0 SM-2A°229B

Booster Figure I-I.

Go_patib_lit¥

Space

Vehicle

1-Z

SM2A-07-BP13

1 - 7.

SUPPLEMENTARY

INFORMATION.

I-8. for

Table boilerplate

i-i

is a list of documents

containing

supplementary

information

13.

Table Document No.

l-l.

Supplementary

Documents

Title

Contents

SM2A-01 BPI3

-

Operation for

and

Test

Procedures and and

Detailed installation, of the

instructions checkout, boiierplate 13

for

assembly, and launch

Assembly,

Erection, C/O

Integrated Launch

Systems

configuration.

SM2A-02

Spacecraft Handbook

Familiarization

Description systems

of spacecraft in overall terms.

with

all

SMZA-05BPI3

Transportation Procedures

and

Handling

Instructions packaging, transporting, Apollo 13 and support

for handling, packing, and shipping, storing for the

spacecraft

boilerplate ground

its associated equipment.

SM3A-201

Transportation Equipment Sheets

and

Handling Data

Maintenance portation and

procedures handling

for

trans-

Maintenance

equipment.

SM3A-202

Auxiliary Equipment Sheets

Checkout

and

Servicing Data

Maintenance inspection, trouble

instructions cleaning, and

covering

Maintenance

lubrication, maintenance

analysis,

of equipment. SM3A-204

Signal Model

Conditioner C14-135,

Console, Part No.

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

G16-552500-I01

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-205

Radar Beacon C14-112,

Transponder Checkout Part No.

and Unit,

Recovery Model

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

G16-852900

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-208

Data No.

Distribution Model G16-850500-I01

and

Recording Part

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

Console,

Ci4-420,

maintenance

procedures tests

sisting repair.

of functional

I-3

SM2A-07-BPI

3

Table I-I. Do cum ent No. SM3A-ZI3

Supplementary Title

Documents (Cont)

Contents

Antenna Checkout Group, Model C14-032, Part No. G16-850400i01

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-2ZI

Ground Cooling Cart, Model AI4-011

Maintenance inspection, trouble

instructions cleaning, and

covering

lubrication, maintenance

analysis,

of equipment.

SM3A-Z22

Launch Escape Tower Substitute Unit, Model AI4-001, Part No. GI6-8Z0301-Z01

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-2Z6

Pyrotechnics Bench Maintenance Equipment, Model C14-051, Part No. G16-85Z700-101

Physical and

and

functional

de scription conand

maintenance

procedures tests

sisting repairs.

of functional

SM3A-ZZ7

Launch Escape Sequencer Bench Maintenance Equipment, Model No. Cl4-0Z9, Part No. GI6853400-Z01

Physical of test,

and

functional analysis,

description repair, diagramE con-

trouble

servicing, as related

packaging, to boilerplate

and 13

figuration.

SM3A-Z28

Launch Vehicle Substitute Unit, Model AI4-0ZI, Part No. Gl6-8Zl300

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-229

Optical Alignment Set, Model A14-028, Part No. GI7-824010

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-235

Launch Control Group, Model C14-414, Part No. G16853950-I01

Physical and sisting repair. of

and

functional procedures tests

description conand

maintenance functional

1-4

SMZA-07-BPI 3

Table I-i.
Do cume No. nt

Supplementary Documents (Cont)

Title

Contents

SM3A-244

Pyrotechnics Set, Model G16-820500-201

Initiators A14-003,

Substitute No.

Physical and sisting repair, of

and

functional procedures tests

description conand

Part

maintenance functional

SM3A-263

Water-Glycol Cooling Unit, Model S14-052, Part No. G16-848020

Maintenance inspection, trouble

instructions cleaning, and

covering

lubrication, maintenance

analysis,

of equipment. SM3A-271

Spacecraft Ground Power Model C14-418, Part No. 853070

Supply, G16-

Physical and sisting repair.

and

functional procedures tests

description conand

maintenance of functional

SM3A-272

MSFC bution Part

Patch Sub No.

and Unit,

Logic Model

DistriA14-075,

Physical and

and

functional

description conand

maintenance

procedures tests

G16-853060

sisting repair.

of functional

SM3A-273

Umbilical C14-192,

Junction Part No.

Box,

Model

Physical and sisting repair.

and

functional

de s cription conand

G16-852850

maintenance

procedures tests

of functional

SM4A-200 BPI3

Maintenance

Procedures

(BP13)

Maintenance sisting analysis,

procedures, trouble removal calibration

con-

of testing, repair, and as

and and

installation, adjustment 13

related

to boilerplate

configuration.

i-5

SM2A-07-BPI

3

1-9.
i-i0. and and

SUPPORT

EQUIPMENT.

Table maintenance has been

1-2

lists the ground of boilerplate 13.

support All

equipment GSE

(GSE) has been

required approved

for by

operation NASA

listed

shop

released.

Table

I-Z.

Ground

Support

Equipment

Model No. AI4-001 Nomenclature Part No. "Description Provides normally to the C/M. electrical presented interface by the LES

Launch Escape Substitute Unit

Tower

G16-820301-201

A14-007

LES Set

Optical

Alignment

G15-824040

Consists scope The set

of adapter

two

pieces, and a target. the

a tele-

provides the thrust in relation the

means of the

of the

aligning LE motor gross ration. cg

vector to

of

abort

configu-

A14-020

S/M

Cover

G17-828003

A

light-weight, fabric shape

synthetic,

im-

pregnated form and used

fitted to conof the the S/M S/M from

to the

to protect and salt

sand, during and :A14-021 Launch stitute Vehicle Unit-C l SubG16-821300

rain,

spray

handling,

transportation,

storage.

Provides interface for power the Q-ball heater and Q-ball electronics. access may Q-ball be It also provides that

to

to monitor returned electronics

signals from the

package.

AI4-024

Fluid

and

Electrical Dis conne ct

GI6-828010-101

Interconnects matic fluid with bution and

spacecraft manually

auto-

Umbilical Set

activated

servicing appropriate systems.

connections fluid distri-

i-6

SMZA-07-BPI

3

Table I-Z.
Model No. A14-026 Nomenclature

Ground Support Equipment (Cont)

Part

No.

Description

Cap

and

Plug

Set

G14-828012-301

Consists plugs hydraulic, disconnects; interface be protected for

of all

covers, the and

caps, electrical,

and

mechanical duct, pipe, and shipping and areas and to

openings; from damage.

handling A14-027 Adapter Set Cap and Plug G14-828002

Consists

of covers,

caps, and hydraulic,

plugs and

for all electrical, mechanical pipe, areas and and

disconnects; interface

duct, and shipping

openings; from

to be protected damage. cart hose with and

handling mobile

A14-035

Vacuum

Cleaner

ME-901-00640001

A

30 feet of

flexible

miscellaneous

attachments. C14-112 C-Band ponder Radar Checkout TransUnit G16-852900 Rack is mounted on drawers. wheels five Drawers equipment: frequency panel, control meter pulse drawer. signal panel, drawer, generator, feet contain and in the electronic meter, generator, blower, oscilloand Rack is

mounted

approximately height. following counter, coax power power scope, cabie

C14-191

Terminal

Distributor

G16-851300

Cabinet area and

mounted providing the GSE

to

floor

in

test

connection spacecraft units. Cabinet blocks, panel

points between and various contains and with circuit fuses,

terminal distribution breakers.

a power

1-7

SMZA-07-BPI

3

Table Model No. Nomenclature

1-2.

Ground

Support

Equipment

(Cont)

Part

No.

De scription

C14-414

Launch

Control

Group

G16-853950

Group panels mounted ment test

consists on drawer

of five

system

assemblies equipare: electrical

in a five-bay rack. The panels

conductor

panel,

power system mentation and systems control launch H14-016 G15-810029 Fixture square together jacks. the pads and frame for panel, system escape

panel, instrucommunication environmental panel, system of two and panel. welded bolted by short of

LES Weight and Balance Fixture

consists tubing and The

structures supported upper

surface

has

six level load and

mounting cells

mounting

a laterally

vertically to support and

adjustable position H14-018 G15-810026 Welded

cradle LES

components. structure to roller

Escape

Tower

Support

tubular

equipped with four clamps secure the tower and four assemblies HI4-011 the HI4-0ZI G14-810050 to the Alignment rails Stand

of the and Trailer

H14-052

Positioning

GSE

Handling

Cart

Can

be

used

to transport comload

light-

weight ponents, and

miscellaneous such as

cell kits from

removable tools, platform cutout mounted to reach S/M.

pieces etc. having to clear on a the of

equipment, H14-I09 S/M Stand External Access G17-810070 Square circular S/M, erected

a the

scaffolding topmost

area of the is constructed wood tubular ringed tubular I-8 and the steel.

The platform reinforced of platform rail is of

scaffolding The

with a protective steel.

SM2A-07-BPI

3

Table Model No. Nomenclature

I-2.

Ground

Support

Equipment

(Cont)

Part

No.

Description

H14-9076

General Dolly

Purpose

G16-810033-I01

Consists of a welded rectangular steel frame, four lateral support brackets, and the neces-

sary tie-down has lockable each corner

brackets. Unit casters bolted to of the frame assembly in and a

removable with front S14-052 GI6-8480Z0 and

tow back

bar

swivel-type

brackets of frame.

Water-Glycol Unit

Cooling

A

steel

enclosure containing and

mounted

on

skids sary tation

and

all necesinstrumen-

controls for

local

operation.

1-9/I-10

SMZA-07-BP13 _

SECTION II DESCRIPTION Z-I.
Z-Z.

PURPOSE

OF

BOILERPLATE

13

CONFIGURATION.

The

Apollo-Saturn and qualifying flight. vehicle The and

compatibility the spacecraft

tests and

have systems

the initial objectives to be used for

of

developing earth-orbital these serve Z-3. launch

manned first of

unmannedboilerplate spacecraft compatibility and

13 configuration tests. systems This

is the

test will also

to demonstrate APOLLO FIRST

certain ORDER

environmental TEST

compatibilities.

OBJECTIVES.

The

following

are

the

primary

test objectives

of the boilerplate

13 flight

a. under

Demonstrate preflight and

the physical flight

compatibility

of the

launch

vehicle

and

spacecraft

conditions.

b. of design Z-5.

Determine criteria. APOLLO

the

launch

and

exit environmental

parameters

for

verification

SECOND

ORDER

TEST

OBJECTIVES.

The

following

are

the

secondary

test objectives

of the boilerplate

13 flight

a.

Demonstrate

the

structural

integrity

of the launch

escape

system

under

flight loading

conditions.

b.

Demonstrate

satisfactory

launch

escape

tower

jettison.

c. systems 2.-7.

Demonstrate with launch

compatibility vehicle DESCRIPTION.

of the

R&D

communications

and

instrumentation

systems.

PHYSICAL

2.-8. command

The

boilerplate

13

configuration module,

consists and

of a launch adapter. comprises The

escape

assembly, 13 test

module, mounted (See

service on

insert, I launch

boilerplate the complete

spacecraft, vehicle.

a Saturn

vehicle,

figure

i-i.)

.

2-I

SMZA-07-BPI Z-9. LAUNCH ESCAPE ASSEMBLY.

3

Z-10. Structural relationship and physical location of the components of the assembly are shown in figure 2-i. Pertinent physical characteristics are contained in table 2-1.
Table Overall Z-l. Launch Escape Assembly Physical Characteristics

Dimensions

Length Weight 6871.

33 feet 7 pounds

Tower

Structure 118 (top of tower) (bottom of tower) inche s

Length Width Width Weight Structural Skirt

36 inches 50.6 inches

540. 3 pounds

Length Diameter Weight

18.25 48.8 ZZ6

inches inches pounds

Launch

Escape

Motor 185. 3 inches at nozzle of motor exit structure Z 8 inches Z 6 inches 4788.5 pounds

Length Diameter Diameter Weight Tower Jettison

Motor 55.6 at nozzle of motor exit structure Z8 inches inches

Length Diameter Diameter Weight Pitch Control

Z 6 inches 528.0 pounds

Motor

Structure

Length Diameter Weight

(includes motor

ballast structure)

and

18.6Z

inches

Z 6 inches 157 pounds

2-2

SMZA-07-BPI 3 Table 2-1. Launch Escape Assembly Physical Characteristics (Cont)

Pitch Control Motor Length Diameter Diameter Weight Ballast Diameter of lead discs Thi ckne ss Weight Ballast Enclosure Le ngth Diameter Diameter Weight 29 inches 13. 1 inches 26 inches 74. 1 pounds 20.5 inches 1.13 inches 467.5 pounds 22 8.79 I0.51 55. Z inches inches inches pounds

of body of flange

(forward end) (aft end)

Nose Cone (Q-Bail) Length Diameter Diameter Weight (forward end) (aft end) 19.09 2 13.03 35.1 inches inches inches pounds

2-11. STRUCTURE. The truss-type tower structure is the base of the launch escape assembly. It is an open frame of welded titanium tubing covered with silica-filled Buna-N rubber for thermal insulation. Each of the four legs is attached to the command module by an explosive bolt. (See figure 2-2. )
Attachments 2-3.) and motor the The base forms at the top structural of the the The which of eachtower skirt launch escape between structure Two The and lead access leg facilitate tower between The structual 2-4), the top motor. the housing skirt alignment. of the of the and tower launch (See figure is attached structure escape

structure interstage houses

the interstage aluminum and and various removal Inconel

structure. structure electrical of the sheet

(figure doors and

is a welded-sheet exhaust nozzles installation cone a are

the tower

jettison

motor

components.

facilitate the nose

components. construction, the sheet

ballast are

housing

of welded

bolted and

together

to form (See

single

conical 2-5.)

structure

to house

ballast

the Q-ball.

figure

2-3

SM2A-07-BPI3

NOSE

CONE_

"_ il////_._--" BA LLAST COVER ENCLOSURE

._-f TOWER MOTOR JETTISON

PITCH MOTOR

CONTROL (INERT)

--I G

INTERSTAGE _......,......_ ADAPTER TOW ER JETTISON MOTOR NOZZLE

I
"v

LAUNCH (INERT)

ESCAPE MOTOR

_

_?_V_cERs
STRUCTURAL SKIRT

ESCAPE TOWER

TRUSS--_

!Z
COMMAND MODULE ATTACH FITTINGS POWER SYSTEMS INSTRUMENTATION AND f

ff
Escape Assembly

WIRE

HARNESS SM-2A-232A

Figure

2-1.

Launch

2 -4

"

,t

SMZA-07-BPI3

EXPLOSIVE

BOLT

INITI,

UPPER N UT ---.----_.

I t

I _ -T 1

I
SHAPED CHARGE

i I
.I I

EXPLOSIVE

BOLT

CHARGE

SHAPED

CHARGE

INITIATOR

NUT

__

I
Figure

/
Escape

\

SM-2A-177

2-2.

Tower

Explosive

Bolt

2-5

SMZA-07-BPI

3

lAUNCH ESCAPE MOTOR

NG

HARNESS

THRU DOORS

ALIGNMENT ADJUSTMENT (TYPICAL 4 PLACES)

/

"_

- _---

_

TOWER

SEQUENCERS

SM- 2A- 266A

Figure

Z-3.

Launch

Escape

Motor

and

Structural

Skirt

Area

2-6

SMZA-07-BP13

_

ETTISON MOTOR HOT WIRE

_INAL BOARD

SM-4A-60A

Figure

2-4.

LIq, Interstage S

Adapter

Area

Components

2-7

SMZA-07-BPI

3

CONE

"Q"

BALL

CONNECTOR_

HOUSING

SHEET

LEAD

ACCESS
/', //

MOTOR

CONTROL HOUSING

PITCH MOTOR

CONTROL (INERT) ACCESS DOOR

TERMINAL

BOARD

TERMINAL

BOARD

SM-2A-231

Figure

2-5.

Nose

Cone

and Pitch

Control

Motor

Area

2-8

SMZA-07-BPI

3

Z-I2. motors motor

LAUNCH are and

ESCAPE above

SYSTEM the tower are

MOTORS. structure. inert. The

The

three

launch

escape

system escape

stacked pitch solid motor

Boilerplate tower jettison

13 launch motor

control

motor

utilizes

a

star-grain The jettison

propellant has jettison ESCAPE The two

of a polysulfide fixed nozzles.

ammonium Passive

perchlorate thrust vector

formulation. control is used

to obtain 2-13.

proper LAUNCH

trajectories. SYSTEM ELECTRICAL and electronic AND components (contained and are ELECTRONIC in the launch in the associated bonded command wiring escape module harnesses of the

COMPONENTS. system and and on consist the

electrical escape hot

of launch

sequencers wire

structural

skirt), Redundant

initiators, harnesses redudant harness

attachements. escape motor,

wiring

to the are

exterior

launch tower

and

associated structure

harnesses has module

integral plug launch

to the that allows escape the

structure.

Each

tower

a breakaway when means the

the harness tower rocket

to detach

itself from The wiring

the command harnesses with

is jettisoned. motor and

provide the

the

of connecting and the

separation components

circuits with

sequence

controllers, equipment.

instrumentation

the communications

2-14. of events skirt

SEQUENCERS. during the

Three mission. and

sequencers Two shape. deep, tower Each and

are

provided

to program located on the

the

sequence

sequencers tower

structural

are

identical in width, A

in size 8.25

sequencer high. command in width,

is approximately See figure 2-3 It is deep,

2. 5 inches for a location.

inches sequencer

3. 75 inches in the

mission assembly

is installed

module. 8.25 inches

single

enclosed high. WIRE are

approximately

15 inches

and 2-15.

7 inches HOT motor and are

INITIATORS. threaded plug

The

two

hot wire Both

initiators

for the the

tower electrical initiator end. end.

jettison circuitry body Threads The

devices.

initiators motor from

contain igniters. the at the to two

explosive long located with on

necessary 0.75-inch one end and

to detonate flange, an 0.45

the

The other

is 1 inch

inch

threaded

electrical pins

connector power

electrical wire LAUNCH

connector

contains

four

to supply

independent

bridge 2-16.

circuits. ESCAPE join TOWER UMBILICAL systems are CONNECTORS. of the located of the launch on Two escape the plane heat electrical assembly of shield of

umbilical and the

connectors command adjacent module. to the

the electrical These escape figure module

module. to the

connectors tower Z-2.)

separation the command

leg wells The

forward portion

(See

receptacle The plug tower the

of the

connector

is attached nearest command part The wiLh of the the

command

structure. When the plug escape from

is attached separates

to the from The the plugs the and are

tower

leg by the

a lanyard. lanyard

module launch

pulls

the

receptacle. separate

escape are part module.

tower of the

wiring command

installation module

and wiring

with

tower. remain

receptacles command

installation

CONFIDENTIAL SMZA-07-BPI3

2-17.

COMMAND

MODULE.

(See

figures

g-6,

and

Z-7.)

2-18. module module

The are

boilerplate size listed

command and shape. 2-2.

module The

simulates axes

the are

production for shown

command the command 2-8.

in external

Physical reference

characteristics

in table

in figure

Table

2-2.

Command

Module

Physical

Characteristics

Shape Height Diameter Weight 2-19. STRUCTURE. The command module structure 134 154 9088

Conical inche s inches pounds with a convex

is conical

base and a rounded apex. The sides are and terminate in the forward and aft heat covered dynamic with with a cork material The crew to protect compartment The than A

semi-monocoque, shields. The the aluminum

aluminum structures command module is structure from against the aerowalls

heating.

area

is insulated helps

side

a quilted

fiberglass

material. of not greater

insulation 150 main

to provide

and and

maintain to reduce

a constant the heat structure wall afford

temperatue flow inside the

degrees hatch

Fahrenheit in the side

compartment. to the

of the primary along the inner

permits mounting

access

interior.

Shelves

and

brackets

provisions

for equipment.

Compartmentation

is described

in table

Z-3.

Table

Z-3.

Command

Module

Compartmentation

Compartment

Production Configuration Function

Boilerplate

13

Contents

Primary

Structure

Crew

compartment

Launch escape tower R&D communications mentation. weight and Ballast center

sequencer, and instruto simulate

of gravity.

Egress tube tube volume R&D cooling

to simulate production and main hatch. system.

Forward ment

Compart-

Houses of ELS, jets, e quipm House struts, control facilities. umbilicals. and

parachute reaction associated

system thrust

Radome

and

telemetry

antenna.

e nt. s impact system C/M attenuation storage to S/M Aft GSE heat shield attachment fittings,

iAft Compartment

environmental

attach

fittings, equipment module and

umbilical access mating ties.

connectors, doors, bearing pads,

service

tension

Z-10

SMgA-07-BPI 3

FWD COMPARTMENT (HEAT SHIELD)

COVER

TOWER (4 PLACES)

LEG WELL

MAIN

HATCH

/

PRESSURE ORIFICE (TYP 40 PLACES)

DUMMY SHOCK STRUT ACCESS DOOR

GSE ATTACH (4 PLACES)

FITTING

AFT COMPARTMENT EQUIPMENT ACCESS DOOR (4 PLACES)

SM-2A-235A

Figure

2-6.

Command

Module

2-11

SMZA-07-BPl

3

OMNI

ANTENNA

SM-2A-248

Figure

2-7.

Command

Module

Interior

(Sheet

i of 5)

2-12

SM3A-07-BP13

CALC

CALORIME"

VIEW O

SM- 2.A- 285B

Figure

2-7.

Command

Module

Interior

(Sheet

2 of 5)

2-13

SMZA-07-BPI3

DC

AMPLIFIER

RACKS---/_

_RERASNSUREcER--_.

-

_

/

X_

_

SIGNAL

CONDITIONING

PKG

,,.o
COMMUTATOR

__/L_f-_,._/-*_'_°_°
-_---._ _,_-___,,jj __ .__uv,o.

,0;_x%TU_ _,._M,ox-_ _

TERMINAL

BOARD

_/:b?-'_._'.d_-

,

,_-.._

__

;_,_u._,..EX__'/_,_

____:__ ___.o

T,'M M ODU,ATOR ____,

l!i'_ r TERM'NAL e,_x BOARD

_-i

"

"

_=._____

TE RMI NAL

BOARD

SM-2A-286B

Figure

2-7.

Command

Module

Interior

(Sheet

3 of 5)

2-14

SMZA-07-BPI

3

TRANSDUCER

/I I/

/

I/

_RESSURE T

VIEW

SM-2A-284

Figure

2-7.

Command

Module

Interior

(Sheet 4 of 5)

2-15

SM2A-07-BPI3

---CALORIMETERS

t

SM-2A-283

Figure

2-7.

Command

Module

Interior (Sheet

5 of 5)

2-16

SMZA-07-BPI 3

+Z

-y

+Y

MAIN HATCH

-Z VIEW ON X AXIS

+X

+X

_MAIN

-Y_7_[[__'%_

+Y

-Z_

'_°

_+Z

-X VIEW ON Z AXIS

-X VIEW ON Y AXIS

SM-2A-280B

Figure

2-8.

Command

Module

Reference

Axis

2-17

SMZA-07-BPI3

2-20. the

FORWARD

HEAT module.

SHIELD. It consists

The

forward

heat

shield and

forms

the

apex

of

command

of a sheet-metal

cover

a fiberglass to the heat comshield,

honeycomb radome assembled mand module. There are no since 2-21. command and are No. used for allow attachment outer dummy 4. as the The a recovery AFT is not planned. HEAT module. skins of the shock tension strut of command of the the dummy of SHIELD. It is the struts tie at and umbilical

together, provisions

with the assembly for separating the

bolted forward

The constructed

aft

heat of

shield

forms

the

convex bonded to No. that provided holes three (See the Three 2,

base to primary of No. in in figure holes the the

of the

the inner

aluminum and adjustable at contains Two to is

honeycomb attached struts. longerons a flange holes protrude, module. are and Six

laminated module (figure No.

fiberglass by 2-9) four installed tie. points to the

structure

command

the 3, it to

struts and be shield

1 longeron electrical

allows

a tension bearing module

installation

connectors. service

shield permit 2-11.)

module command

2-2Z.

SERVICE

MODULE

AND

ADAPTER.

(See

figure

2-i0.)

2-Z3.

The

service

module

includes

the insert

and

is used

in the boilerplate

13

configuration craft. The bearing bearing command fairing fairing for

primarily to transmit command module rests Three firmly tension seated.

loads from the launch on the service module hold the command are An and

vehicle to the spaceat six compression module adjusted mating to facilitate

points. points module is located houses

tie bolts The

six bearing alignment. module

bolts

to service between

module the command

exterior the

non-structural module. The

service

a non-functioning basic loads

separation by the

mechanism, command the

a support module two to the

structure service The mission; comand, and is are

distributing and module

imposed

module, mand

fixed and

umbilical service

connections module will

between not be

modules. the

separated

during

therefore, no pyrotechnics are installed. The service module-to-insert insert-to-adapter interfaces are joined with 12 bolts each. The adapter bolted cadmium 2-24. module A as to the instrument unit using 32 bolts. bonding. system is located in the The holes for these 3Z bolts

plated part

to provide

electrical

of the spacecraft

instrumentation

service

follows:

a.

Service

module

(between

stations

1785.

596

and

1661.

596,

figure

l-l).

i.

Seven

calorimeters

2.

Two

strain

gages

3.

Twelve

fluctuating

pressure

transducers

2-18

SMZA-07-BPI 3

\

\

HEAT SHIELD MOUNTING

GSE

FI

SM-2A-102A

Figure

2-9.

Dummy

Shock

Strut

and

GSE

Attach

Fitting

2-19

SM2A-07-BPI

3

LONGERONS (6 PLACES) ,'---

C/M

TO S/M

CONNECTORS

SERVICE MODULE C-BAND ANTENNAS (4 PLACES)_ _

GSE UMBILICAL

_)

CONNECTORS)

__
[IX',U'_ S/M TO INSERT CONNECTOR'. I' .._

I/ii
/1 j

MOTORS I_PLACES_
(SIMULATED)

LONGERONS (6 PLACES)

STRINGERS (28 PLACES

INSERT ON _ (6 PLACES)

(28 ADAP"

PLACES)

DAPTER TO BOOSTER INSTRUMENT UNIT CONNECTORS

PRESSURE VENT (4 PLACES)

HOLES

AIR CONDITIONING BARRIER SM-2A-366B

Figure

2-10.

Service

Module

and Adapter

2 -20

SM2A-07-BP13

4.

Three

vibration

transducers

5.

Two

accelerometers

6.

One

acoustical

sensing

device.

b.

Insert

(between

stations

1661.596

and

1609.596,

figure

l-l).

1.

One

pressure

transducer.

c.

Adapter

(between

stations

1609.596

and

1517.596,

figure

l-l).

i. 2.

Four One

strain

gages

calorimeter

3.

Two

vibration

transducers.

2-25. and nozzles guration.

Ballast center are

is installed of the

in the

service

module Fiberglass module

and

adapter reaction to simulate

to simulate external

weight confi-

of gravity mounted

spacecraft. on the

co.__tro! system

in place

service

2-26. barrier barrier

The

adapter

contains

Apollo-Saturn

interface

wiring

and

an

air

conditioning

in addition to the instrumentation (paragraph 3-24). consists of a double layer of nylon cloth impregnated rubber adapter. compound. The barrier forms

The air on both

conditioning sides with extreme

a chloroprene aft end of the

a bulkhead

at the

2-27.

STRUCTURE. type

The

service

module, 154

insert,

and

adapter with

are

cylindrical, outer is are

of semi-monocoque skin. riveted T-shaped, The service

structure, (less frames being

inches is 124

in diameter, inches

aluminum The skin

module ring part

insert) attached

in length. The web

to aluminum the rim

to six longerons. of steel and the

longerons

fabricated

of aluminum.

2-28. ring

The frames.

insert The

is 52 inches upper the lower ring frame

in length. is composed

The

skin

is riveted

to upper and

and webs

lower

of aluminum

angles

riveted The and

together; and

frame frames

is constructed are riveted

of rectangular to six steel and

aluminum aluminum

tubing. longerons

upper 28

lower

aluminum

stringers.

2-29.

The

adapter Four

is 92 inches holes

in length.

The

skin

is riveted

to longerons around up

and the

stringers. aft end a dapte r.

in the aluminum provide venting

skin,

located

symmetrically which may build

of the

adapter,

for pressures

in the

2-21

SMZA-07-BPI 3

2-30.

COMMAND MODULE TO SERVICE MODULE TENSION TIE BOLTS. (See figure 2-11.)

2-31. The tension tie bolts utilized to bolt the command module to the service module are steel rod and turnbuckle assemblies. The assemblies are cadmium plated. The turnbuckle is used to preload the command module to the service module compression bearing points. The assemblies are approximately 42 inches long. Two of the assemblies use 7/8-inch hexagon steel rods 28.5 inches long. The third tie at longeron No. 1 uses l-i/4-inch round steel rod 28.6 inches long on which hexagonal wrench flats have been machined. No pyrotechnic charges are installed on boilerplate 13 configuration. The tension tie at longeron No. 1 also is utilized as a vertical strut to help hold the aft heat shield in place. 2-32. UMBILICAL CONNECTORS.

2-33. The umbilical connectors onboilerplate 13 consist of electrical connectors and plugs located in the planes of separation of the modules; a GSE umbilical connector for ground support equipment, and a coolant umbilical connector. These connectors join the electrical systems of the modules while the modules are attached and provide a means of disconnecting the electrical systems upon module separation. There is no requirement for module separation during boilerplate 13 mission; therefore, the necessary hardware for umbilical disconnect is omitted except for GSE separation. The GSE umbilical supplies the electrical power while the boilerplate is on the pad. The coolant umbilical supplies the fluid coolant from GSE equipment on the pad. Z-34. GSE UMBILICAL CONNECTOR. A GSE umbilical is located in the skin of the service module approximately 18 inches below the top, on the +Z plane. (See figure 2-8. ) This umbilical is equipped with a primary (pneumatic) and a backup (hydraulic) release mechanism. Both systems are armed by a signal from NASA control GSE. Pneumatic and hydraulic pressures are supplied by facility equipment. On initial command, a solenoid actuates the nitrogen pressure which ejects the umbilical. If this system fails to operate, i0 milliseconds later a hydraulic actuator trips a lanyard which then disconnects the umbilical. 2-35. COMMAND MODULE TO SERVICE MODULE UMBILICAL CONNECTORS. Umbilical connector receptacles are recessed into the outer surface of the aft heat shield of the command module. They are approximately IZ inches from the outer edge and located near longeron No. 6. The receptacles are part of the command module aft compartment wiring installation. The plug portions of the connectors are part of the service module wiring installation. 2-36. SERVICE MODULE TO INSERT UMBILICAL CONNECTOR. Umbilical connector receptacles on the aft separation plane of the service module connect to plugs located in the extension forward end.

2-22

SMZA-07-BPI3

COMMAND

_il_C/M
TENSION TIE

ATTACH

TENSION T,E FITTING

I/

I'

,_ AFT HEAT SHIELD

LONGERON

\

C/M

COMPRESSION PAD

BEARING

_--_

S/M

COMPRESSION BOLT

BEARING

SERVICE MODULE, SION TIE ATTACH BOLT

S/M TENSION ATTACH

TIE

SM-2A~230

Figure

2-11.

Service

Module

Tension

Tie

2-23

SMZA-07-BPI 3

2-37. ADAPTER TO INSTRUMENT UNIT UMBILICAL CONNECTOR. Umbilical connector receptacles on the aft separation plane of the adapter connect to plugs located in the forward end of the booster instrument unit. The instrument unit will not be separated from the adapter. 2-38. LAUNCH VEHICLE. (See figure I-i.)

2-39. The boilerplate 13 launch vehicle is a Saturn I configuration (designated SA-6) consisting of a Saturn S-I booster, a Saturn S-IV second stage, and a booster instrument unit. 2-40. The S-I stage is powered by eight Rocketdyne H-I engines with a total thrust of 1,500,000 pounds. Propellants for these engines consist of 850,000 pounds of oxidizer (LOz) and fuel (RP-I). The general appearance is cylindrical with aerodynamic stabilizing fins at the extreme aft end of the cylinder. The airframe is approximately Zl feet in diameter and is approximately 80 feet in length. First stage engine cutoff is at 150.92 seconds after ignition. An S-I/S-IV interstage section 18 feet in diameter is jettisoned with the first stage. 2-41. The S-IV stage is powered by six Pratt & Whitney RLI0-A3 engines with a total thrust of 90,000 pounds. Propellants for these engines consist of I00,000 pounds of oxidizer (LOz) and fuel (LHz). The airframe is approximately 18 feet in diameter with the forward end tapering to 13 feet to interface with the instrument unit and the spacecraft. The S-IV booster burns 464 seconds, placing the booster, instrument unit, and spacecraft into a 90- to 120-mile orbit. No recovery is planned. 2-42. The instrument unit interfaces with the booster and spacecraft. It is approximately 18 feet in diameter and contains the guidance and control system, flight sequencers, telemetry system, tracking system, and electrical power system.

Z -24

SMZA-07-BPI

3

SECTION

III

LAUNCH

ESCAPE

SYSTEM

3 - I.

PURPOSE.

3-2. adequacy ground, 3-3.

.The

boilerplate design

13 launch by the

escape and

system dynamic

will loads

demonstrate imposed

the while

structural on the

of the and

static boost

during

lift-off and

phases.

OPERATIONAL

DESCRIPTION.

3-4. similar control i0

The

prototype

launch

escape

system the

for boilerplate launch The escape

13 is structurally motor and pitch jettisoned

to those motor

throughout inert. S-IV 12

the program; (See figure at an after

are

2-I.)

escape 266,

tower 300 by

will be feet. a booster

seconds

after

ignition seconds 3-1

a!tih1_l_ of about S-I/S-IV block

Towcr flight of

jettison

is initiated

separation diagram leading

programmer. events. Table

Figure 3-i

is a functional history

showing to tower

sequence jettison.

is a time

of the events

Table Time (Seconds from Ignition) T+0 T+ T+ T+ 3.42 72.92 145. 12

3-1.

Time

History

of Events

Leading

to Tower

Jettison

Velocity (Feet/ Event JSecond) 0 Altitude (Feet) 0

Dynamic Pressure (Pounds / Foot Z)

Flight Path Angle (Deg) Range (KM) 0 90 Mach No.

S-I Ignition Lift-off Max Q 1595

0

0

41,29Z 197, 5O2

760 22.4

53

1.65

S-I Inboard Eng. Cutoff S-I Burnout S-IV Escape Ignition Tower

T+ T+ T+

151. iZ 154. iZ 164. 12

8741 8707 8800

222,409 232,043 266,300

10.0 6.64

24 24 21.9

5O 55 67

8.98 9.22

3-5.

TOWER

JETTISON

MOTOR

IGNITION.

3-6. initiators Redundant through igniter

The

tower

jettison

motor

ignition

system

contains which

two

electrical igniter Current in turn with

hot wire

threaded initiators low

into pyrotechnic are employed wires motor.

cartridges for increased the

fire the

of the motor. passing ignites the

reliability. which long

resistance rocket

detonates The

cartridge, body

of the

initiator

is 1 inch

a 3/4-inch

3-I

SMZA-07-B_I

3

Z 0 u

Z 0 u
c_J

m ÷

+

Z 0 Z 0
I--

Z 0 Z 0

z2_

_0_

_
u.l

>

>

0 Z
i,.i,.i

T
,,
-

o 0

0

6
w

Z

u.J

i

6

o

"
Z

E
m

_0

z_

_
@

>,
r.o

t
I I
I

i
u>
>-

@

r/)

I

J J ,dL
Z Z Z

I I I ,dL L o_ :E 0
L

I

@

0 u

o
u

o
u

o

/
> --g u_ ..,g >-

o

6
o

6
o

o

3-2

o-

_..

SMZA-07-BPr3

flange,

0.45

inch

from

the threaded circuits wire and

end. four

The

electrical The initiator

header ignites

contains within

two i0 milli-

independent seconds The after in the guration 3- 7. when

hot wire one

pins.

bridge of the

is subjected charge igniter The

to a firing is produced for the tower

current within jettison

of 3.5

amperes.

pressure

level

explosive The motor. nitrate.

iZ milliseconds motor 8-point is installed confi-

application aft dome of boron TOWER

of current. of the rocket

propellant

grain

is an

potassium SEPARATION.

3-8. the tower the

The

tower to the

separation command charge

system

consists figure Z-Z.

of four Each The

explosive bolt

bolts

that

secure

module, and the

contains

two bolt

charges, is bolt

explosive

bolt

shaped and the

charge. shaped

explosive is just

charge the

contained head. plished

in the Both by

center are

of the boll fired

charge Release

below

charges simultaneous

simultaneously. of the four by Z8-volt

of the tower bolts. received initiators The

is accomhot wire

detonation are ignited

explosive d-c signals The To _+_=*_g initiators. of the are

initiators mission

for the sequencer

bolts

from will tower

the detonate jettison I_

through bolts

the tower within

sequencers.

to fire the *_ bolts escape tower when 3-9. _i_ and to

explosive _quencer the tower is

5 milliseconds. _+_+_ hot wire clear

accomplish _=I_ The spacecraft disconnected

simultaneously jettison released motor and

+_ +_ .... entire launch

assembly

pulled

trajectory. automatically

The

to command module umbilical connections tower separates from the command module. LAUNCH ESCAPE MOTOR.

3-10.

Boilerplate

13 uses

an

inert launch

escape

motor

which

contains The motor

ballast will

to simulate weigh 3-11.

the weight

of a live launch 4900 pounds MOTOR. with

escape ballast

rocket

motor. (See

approximately PITCH CONTROL

installed.

figure

2-i.)

3-1Z.

Boilerplate

13 uses

an

inert pitch

control

motor The

which motor )

contains weighs

ballast approxi-

to simulate mately 3-13.

the weight

of a live pitch ballast TOWER

control

motor. (See figure

55. 7 pounds LAUNCH

with

installed. JETTISON

2-I.

ESCAPE

MOTOR.

3-14. thrust command motor. provide

The for

tower

jettison

motor launch

is a solid escape

propellant tower and

motor related

that provides equipment

the the

separation

of the

from

module. Passive

The thrust

jettison motor vector control slightly motor,

is mounted in the form in the refer pitch

on top of the inert escape of offset exhaust nozzles up direction. 3-2. For operational

a trajectory

that arcs

characteristics

of the jettison

to table

'.. ....

3- 3

SMZA-07-BPI

3

Table

3-2.

Operational Tower

Characteristics Jettison Motor

of Launch

Escape

Thrust

33, 000

pounds

Duration

I second

Time required maximum thrust

to reach

90

percent

75 to 125

milliseconds

Angles

between

resultant

thrust

axis

and

motor:

Pitch

plane

2 degrees, ±30 minutes

30 minutes

Yaw

plane

0 degree

±30

minutes

3-15.

MISSION

SEQUENCER.

(See

figures

2-7

and

3-2.)

3-16. sequence tower

The

mission

sequencer that are

located necessary

in the

command

module

controls launch

the

of events

to execute contains initiated

a successful the steps logic of the for

escape to direct Complete The the and

jettison and

operation. order of the

The

sequencer

circuits mission.

the timing redundance mission motor igniting

electrically

of the sequencer

entire logic

sequential circuits

network send the for

is provided electrical firing the

reliability. to operate bolt

signals explosive

switches the tower the they

in the tower jettison mission occur,

sequencer motor. Table

squibs

3-3

gives

mission

sequencer of monitoring

functions. critical

In addition, events as

sequencer thus providing

provides an input

compatibility

to the instrumentation

system.

3-17.

TOWER

SEQUENCERS.

(See

figures

2-3

and

3-3.)

3-18. skirt. tower and the

Two The

tower

sequencers receive

are

attached signals signals

to the underside from the mission tower

of the

structural The squibs launch circuits GSE

sequencers

input

sequencer. separation the

sequencers tower assembly

provide motor the

electrical provides command status The

to fire the signals The critical also

jettison from the

electrical module. of the

to separate

escape

sequencers control include reset an

provide via

for monitoring during the the two checkout

functional

circuits circuits armed

operations. of the within sequencer the tower

sequencers

that control condition Use of of

operation subsystem sequencers

and,

if necessary, during for

assembly

checkout

operations.

provides

total redundancy

reliability.

3-4

........

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Figure

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Mission

Sequencer

Schematic

Diagram

2

3-513-6

SMZA-07-BPI3

T_IP. HTR

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NOTE: 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED I FOR ASSY SEE DWG NO. V15-452550 FOR WIRING INFORMATION SEE DWG NO. B15-450210 INFORMATION SHOWN OUTSIDE SEQUENCER FOR REF. ONLY ALL RESISTORS ARE IN OHMS, RESERVED PIN ASSIGNMENT UNDERLINED LETTERS DENOTE :E5°./o, 1 WATT LOWER CASE

I
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SM-2A-256A

Figure

3-3.

Tower

Sequencer

Schematic

Diagram

3-7/3-8

SMZA-07-BPI

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3-9/3-10

SMZA-07-BPI3

SECTION

IV

COMMUNICATIONS

AND

INSTRUMENTATION

4-1.

PURPOSE.

4-2. acquiring

The

communications and conditioning

and

instrumentation information

system and

provides

a means this

of

preselected

of transmitting 4-1

information list.) The for The

to earth system contains The and

monitoring provides

equipment. for tracking

(Refer of the

to table spacecraft

for measurement during the mission. being the Apollo used

also

Q-ball guidance.

some Q-ball

instrumentation system is not

equipment, connected but

the information functionally with in this

communications

instrumentation

system

is described

section.

4-3.

DESCRIPTION.

(See

figure

4-i.) NOTE

For

detailed R&D refer

descriptive electronic

and

checkout

information by

for the NASA, 4-4. COMMUNICATIONS

equipment NASA

furnished document.

to applicable

EQUIPMENT.

4-5. radar

Communications transponders.

R&D

equipment

consists

of the

telemetry

system

and

4-6. telemetry mitters each

TELEMETRY subsystems; of each

SYSTEM. one

The subsystem

telemetry containing system.

system two

consists PAM

of three the

FM/FM trans-

channels,

operating subsystem i0 and

into the antenna includes x i-1/4

In addition and

to the transmitter, subsystem A being

telemetry a 90 x

subcarrier commutator,

oscillators the latter

contains used

a 90

commutator

for temperature

measurements.

4-7.

Transmitting

frequencies

of the three Z37.8

systems mc

are

as

follows:

a.

Telemetry

system

A

b.

Telemetry

system

B

247. Z57.3

3 mc mc

c.

Telemetry

system

C

4-1

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4-2

SMZA-07-BPI3

4-8. The antenna system consists of a multiplexer, a filter, and antenna. The antenna is located under a radome in the nose of the module.

VHF omnicommand

4-9. C-band, are

RADAR

TRANSPONDERS. at 5690 by mc and code

The

two

radar

transponders at 5765 mc. of 3.5

operate The

in the

receiving

transmitting spaced by

transponders

interrogated leading be

a 2-pulse and with

at intervals microsecond requirements.

microseconds The repetition

between rate will

edges

followed range

a 2.0

delay.

consistent

tracking

4-10. four

The cavity

radar helical,

transponder flush-mounted the upper

antenna

system

includes The

two

power are

dividers 90

and

antennas. section of the

antennas module.

mounted

degrees

apart

around

service

4-i i.

INSTRUMENTATION

EQUIPMENT.

4-12. and

Instrumentation other devices and are

equipment

includes and

the

necessary effects

transducers, of flight upon for

sensors, the

to monitor them

physical

thermal

spacecraft The devices

to convert located

into electrical on the spacecraft

signals as

suitable

telemetering. 4-2.

in and

shown

in figure

4-13. received ments All R

SIGNAL from and and Z also Z

CONDITIONER. the measurement directs the

The

signal

conditioner telemetry

adapts signal

all signals input requiresystem. conditioner is equal

sensors conditioned

to the signal

to the

proper

telemetry signal R

calibration is equal

command

circuitry

is included

in the and

unit. to 85

(zero)

to 15 percent signal.

of full scale

signal

(range)

percent

of full scale

4-14. four

VIBRATION piezo-electric module (3).

SENSORS. accelerometers The sensor

Spacecraft located circuitry with sensors surface phases. the and

radial in the includes required an

vibrations command an signal

are

monitored (I) and

by

module

service the

amplifier input device

which of the

raises

signal

to a level Two the

compatible

signal are

conditioner. located noises booster on

additional module

acoustical

(microphone) and engine

service

to determine These

aerodynamic are routed

during boost instrument

and staging unit.

signals

through

the

4-15. stringer

STRAIN frame

SENSORS. and two

Four on the

strain

gages module The

are ring

mounted frame

on

the

adapter spacecraft amplifier input of

service

to determine includes an

structural which the

integrity the

under

dynamic

loads. compatible

circuitry the

raises signal

signal

to a level

with

required

signal

conditioner.

4-3

_SMZA-07-BPI 3 '

A
+X
+Y

f_

Z+

ACOUSTIC INSIDE S/M

D INSIDE C/M

SA0086D INSIDE SA0087D SA0088D INSIDE INSIDE S/M S/M S/M

SM

INSERT --AA0089D INSIDE ADAPTER

INSIDE ADAPTER AA0090D

VIBRATION

TRANSDUCERS

(7)

SM-2.A-369A

Figure

4-2.

I_&D

Instrumentation

Locations

(Sheet

i of 6)

4-4

SMZA-07-BP13

,,.,,,,_

LA0011A LA0012A INSIDE NOSE CONE

+X

J
r ,b. v_

CA0001A CA0005A CA0007A

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SA0003A SA0004A INSIDE S/M

INSERT

ADAPTER

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SM-2A-373

Figure

4-2.

R&D

Instrumentation

Locations

(Sheet

2 of 6)

4-5

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SA0562 S

SM

+X INSERT

ADAPTER

_AA066/

CALORIMETER BODY TEMPERATURES (20)

SM2A-07-BPI3

:ALLY

_58T A0656T IA0657T AMETRICALLY PPOSITE

t

+V

TOWER TEMPERATURES (8)

SM-2A-370A

Figure

4-2.

R&D

Instrumentation

Locations

(Sheet

5 of 6)

4-9/4-10

SM2A-07-BPI

3

K_ -_ _

_

J

SA2120S

SM

INSERT

AA0196S AA0198S DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSITE

ADAPTER

AA0197S

AA0195S

STRA IN GAUGES

(6)

SM-2A-403

Figure

4-2.

R&D

Instrumentation

Locations

(Sheet

6 of 6)

4-11

SMZA-07-BPI 3

4-16. PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS. There are Z5 pressure sensing devices located in the spacecraft. Distribution and purpose of these devices is as follows: a. One transducer in the command module monitors static cabin pressure.

b. Nine conical surface pressure sensors are mounted about the command module exterior to determine the aerodynamic effects on the spacecraft to verify stability and loads. c. Fifteen fluctuating pressure transducers are located on the spacecraft, three in the command module and twelve in the service module. These measurements help to define boundary layer noise, to confirm environmental predictions, and to determine sonic induced vibration response of the service module panels. 4-17. ACCELEROMETERS. Spacecraft acceleration measurements in all three planes are required to determine flight parameters and tower structure flight loads. Two accelerometers are mounted in the nose cone of the launch escape motor. One is assembled to measure acceleration along the Y-axis and the other is assembled to measure acceleration along the Z-axis. Three accelerometers are mounted in the command module so as to measure acceleration in all three planes and two are mounted in the service module to measure accelerations along the Y and Z axis. 4-18. VOLTAGE AND EVENT SIGNALS. Two voltage divider networks monitor the main bus d-c voltage. Voltage divider networks also monitor the voltage levels of the two logic and two pyro buses. This also provides events sequence information as to the time of arming the buses. Other events, which are sensed by relay closure, are jettison motor ignition command and resultant tower separation, and tower-command module separation commands from the booster guidance system. The purpose of the voltage measurements is to determine the electrical capability of the electrical power system and the mission sequencer during flight loading conditions. The purpose of the event signals is to demonstrate tower jettison sequencing. 4-19. Sensors are also provided to monitor the sequencer control S-I lift-off signal from the booster instrument unit and to monitor transponder trigger signals and transponder operation. 4-20. TEMPERATURE SENSORS. A temperature sensor is mounted in the interior of both the command module and service module to determine interior temperatures during flight loading conditions. Eight resistance thermometers are mounted on the launch escape system tower structure members to determine aerodynamic heating. A thermocouple is mounted on each calorimeter to sense calorimeter body temperature for use in computing heat flow from the data

4-1Z

SMZA-07-BPI 3

provided by the Z0 calorimeters. Telemetry transmitter and R-F amplifier environmental temperatures are monitored for abnormal heating by two sensors mounted in each of the telemetry packages. 4-21. CALORIMETERS. Twenty calorimeters are located in the spacecraft to measure heating rates of various areas in order to adequately define aerodynamic heating of the spacecraft. Twelve are located about the command module surface, seven on the service module surface, and one on the adapter surface. 4-2Z. CURRENT SENSOR. A current sensor is located in the power control box. It monitors the total main power direct current flow during system loading to assist in determining the electrical capability and operation of the electrical power system. 4-23. Q-BALL. (See figures 4-3 and 4-4.) Three pressure transducers with associated electronics and wiring form the MSFC-furnished Q-ball system. Data acquired by the Q-ball includes angle of attack, angle of sideslip, and dynamic ram pressures. The transducers are located in the LES nose cone and sense airflow direction and pressure through ports in the nose cone surface. The input voltage is Z8 volts dc. The transducers are capacitance-balanced with conversion of input power to 8 kilocycles. The output of the transducers is proportional to the three differential pressures measured. The transducer outputs are routed to the booster instrumentation unit control computer and conditioned for booster telemetry, but are not used functionally.

4-13

SMZA-07-BPI 3

r'RANSDUCERS

TRONIC MODULES

SM-2A-105

Figure

4-3.

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4-14

SM2A-07-BPI 3

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SECTION

V

EQUIPMENT

COOLING

SYSTEM

5 - i.

PURPOSE.

5-Z. which two

The

equipment

cooling

system

is a specially (three

designed telemetry flow

water-glycol R-F packages

system and crew the

provides C-band

a coolant

for five

coldplates provides during

transponders). for of the compartment flight.

It also

a continuous ground

of air in the and during

compartment boost 5-3. phase SYSTEM

cooling

operation

DESCRIPTION.

5-4. module.

The

complete major

cooling components

system

for boilerplate system are

13 is located the supply

in the

command pump, and

The

of the fan,

tank, control

coolant valve,

coldplates, temperature 5-5.

heat and

exchanger pressure OF

with

accumulator,

thermal

transducers. OPERATION.

PRINCIPLES

5-6.

OPERATION power by bus for B

DURING operating of the The coolant

MISSION. the coolant control

The

equipment and The the power tank

cooling fan motor

system

is supplied

electrical exchanger by the main

pump box.

of the heat to the bus designed condition into

power

is supplied

batteries.

water-glycol capacity. coolant The

coolant The tank

is a specially

tank ready the

with

a Z50-pound

operates the thermal

in a standby control is an

to supply

low-temperature cooling regulates thermal any system.

through thermal

valve

instrumentation valve which The for

control

valve

automatic closed temperThe

bypass cooling ature coolant packages connected from given around system the

the flow control

of coolant valve

out of the tank the

into the system

circuit. at 40+5°F continues A, B,

is set to control encountered valve to the I and during

inlet temperature the thermal and of C-band heat heat control

the mission.

from and C

coldplates Z. The

of modulation coldplates the load fan the dc to singleare fluid

transponders and fan

in series. coldplates. the coiled R&D

The The

exchanger exchanger The

combination the ambient

receives air heat by the

the

removes ambient

off by the

instruments. of the heat the pump NASA current

air is circulated The coolant flow 28

tubing by

exchanger. assembly,

through volts

is maintained from

which power.

is supplied The inverter

inverter

on-board ll5-volt

battery to the

delivers

phase,

400-cycle,

pump

motor.

5-1

SMZA-07-BPI 3

5-7. OPERATION ON THE LAUNCH PAD. Ground support equipment furnishes water-glycol at 20°F up to spacecraft umbilical disconnect. The coolant continually flows into the tank exciting the fluid in the tank and back out the outlet line to return to the GSE. The supply line and return line to the ground support equipment is disconnected by an umbilical disconnect on the service module. Pressure transducers are installed at the pump outlet and glycol tank inlet for checking system pressure. Temperature sensors are installed in the lines at the inlet side of the modulation package coldplates, at the inlet side of the heat exchanger, at the outlet side of the glycol tank, and at the heat exchanger solenoid. This instrumentation is provided for ground operation only. (See figures 5-1 and 5-2.1

5-2

SMZA-07-BPI 3

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SM2A-07-BPI3

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Figure

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Equipment

Cooling

System

Schematic

Diagram

5-4

SM2A-07-BPI3

SECTION

VI

ELECTRICAL

POWER

SYSTEM

6- I.

PURPOSE.

6-2. of the

The

electrical

power and during to the

system

supplies

the power system for

to all operational switching the and

units

communications that occur distribution

instrumentation a mission. signal

distribution arrangement monitoring

of events for event power 6-3.

It also

provides unit and

switching and

conditioning

operating

for launch SYSTEM

escape EQUIPMENT.

system

functions.

6-4.

The

electrical a power are

power

system box, the

consists

of six multi-cell, and associated command

zinc-silver wire

oxide

batteries, These contains units

control on

a junction equipment

box, racks

harnesses. Table 6-I

located

of the

module.

the

physical

characteristics

of the batteries.

Table Main Batteries

6-i.

Battery

Physical

Characteristics

(instrumentation)

Height Width Length Weight Nominal Capacity Electrolyte Voltage

9.50 6.36 9.05

inches inches inches

53 pounds 28 volts 120 ampere Potassium hours Hydroxide

Pyro

and

Logic

Batteries

Height Width Length Weight Nominal Capacity Electrolyte Voltage

3.52 4.69 7.00

inches inches inches

7.8 pounds 28 volts 5 ampere Potassium hours Hydroxide

6-1

SMZA-07-BPI3

6-5.

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION.

(See figures 6-1 and 6-Z.)

6-6. The main batteries (NASA furnished) provide the electrical power required to energize the instrumentation devices such as sensors, amplifiers, and telemetry equipment. The main batteries supply power to bus A and B of the power control box through normally closed contacts of the internal A and B power control relays. These relays can only be energized by GSE action. The power control relays remain open when power is being supplied by GSE to preserve the battery power prior to umbilical disconnect. Power transfer is accomplished manually. When GSE is disconnected (at lift-off), the power control relays close and system power is supplied by the on-board batteries. 6-7. The pyro batteries provide the electrical power to energize the tower separation system components. Redundant circuits provide the high reliability required to assure a successful mission. 6-8. The logic batteries provide the electrical power to energize control circuitry of the mission sequencer. Redundant circuits provide the high reliability required to assure a successful mission. 6-9. 6-10. a.
b.

POWER CONSUMPTION. Optimum power requirements Equipment Cooling System
Communications System and Instrumentation

by system are as follows: 396 watts (mission)
924 watts (mission)

c.

Launch i.

Escape Tower jettison

System motor squibs 18 watts (for Z0 milliseconds)

2.

Tower

leg separation

squibs

7Z watts

(for Z0

milliseconds)

6-2

SMZA-07-BP13

MAIN BATTERY A

MAIN BATTERY B

POWER CONTROL

BOX

INSTRUMENTATION (SIGNAL CONDITIONER, COMMUTATORS, SENSORS)

COMMUNICATIONS ( RF PACKAGE, C-BAND TRANSPONDER) ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM

TOWER

SEQUENCER

MISSION

SEQUENCER

TOWER

SEQUENCER

T
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(2)
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