Jayhawk Debate Institute Summer 2011

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The next question is how good the radars are. 1 Military forces for conventional deterrence range from missile defense to airstrike options. Even though stealth is wrapped in cloaks of secrecy. Comparing these systems is difficult. on the other hand. The F-22¶s radar is designed to use spread spectrum transmission to locate and track targets before they even know the F-22 is there. and it also is a low-probability of intercept radar. For example. in part. and efforts are being made to catch up with the United States. to the point where it can distinguish an aircraft using Non-Cooperative Target Recognition (NCTR). as well as classifying those targets. in particular. which will supposedly have a lower RCS than the F-22 or F-35. and to deny them the ability to project power. ³Our goal is. the United States has a significant head start on stealth technology ± mostly because of the head start of ten to fifteen years that was gained by the successful protection of the F-117¶s gestation. The Eurofighter¶s CAPTOR (a variant of the Blue Vixen used on the retiring Sea Harrier F/A. Formidable adversary air defenses could keep ISR platforms out. does not rely on jammers as much as they rely on diverting and absorbing radar waves. May 11. to safeguard allies and national interests without resorting to war. While some missiles like the Storm Shadow and SCALP have reduced radar cross-sections. F-22¶s are key to airpower Grant 09( Rebecca L. tailored. to reduce their ability to hold other nations hostage. proportional conventional airstrikes are a tool central to conventional deterrence. the stealth race is on.lexingtoninstitute. The Rafael and Eurofighter have taken steps to reduce their radar-cross section from the front. ³Global Deterrence: The Role of the F-22´ http://www. It also has another major advantage in this regard when compared to these European fighters: the F-22 carries its weapons internally. commanders need intelligence. However.com/focus/f-news/1403808/posts First. Hutchison Consulting Senior Editor at Soldier of Fortune. and Eurofighter rely on active jamming systems. Gripen. Make adversaries aware they¶ll pay a price for action and it will boost the chance for peace. since information about systems used in electronic warfare (including jamming and systems like NCTR) is usually classified.2s) has a unique three-channel system that gives it additional ability in electronic counter-counter measures (ECCM) as well as air-search and surface-search capabilities. Lexington Institute.freerepublic. The F-22¶s abilities will be critical when US forces are outnumbered or sent . how good are the countermeasures? The Rafael. however. The Air Force does not reveal much about the system. but NCTR is said to be capable of revealing the model and even variations on a given model of a target being tracked by radar. 2005 http://www. which means that it can track targets with less chance of the target knowing it is a target. Second. with D-Notices allegedly being issued to press outlets to keep sightings from making news. Only one aircraft was designed to guarantee that option by staying ahead of evolving threats: the F-22. entering service just as Lockheed began work on the F-117 Nighthawk. these systems will still advertise the presence of the aircraft and provide ample warning. Measuring the F-22 advantage. surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) at the start of a crisis. The Rafael¶s RBE2 is capable of searching out and tracking targets in the air and on the ground or sea. The F-15¶s APG-70 has been upgraded over the years. The F-22. The Gripen has not had as much work on this front.´ explained Secretary of Defense Robert Gates. They¶d also make it tough to intervene against states like Iran if called on to do so by the international community. missiles can be programmed to home in on jamming ± and that means life could be exciting and short for pilots who use them. France is working on a stealthy UAV. while all three of the European fighters carry the weapons externally.org/global-deterrence-the-role-of-the-f-22?a=1&c=1129) Conventional deterrence is all about how to posture America¶s air and naval forces. but that is not yet proven. The F-15C is probably the most visible. two things are apparent: First. some weapons still reflect radar well. The last few years have brought forth a wider set of goals for conventional deterrence against rising powers and rogue states. These put out energy to distract radar. The F-22 also has the most advanced NCTR system put into a fighter aircraft. These days.Jayhawk Debate Institute Summer 2011 2 <File Name> F7 Block Titles F8 Author F9 Underline F10 Bold Underline F12 Remove formatting The F-22 has an irreplaceable advantage over other fighters Hutchison 05 Harold C. PhD. Finally. The United Kingdom is also rumored to be working on a stealth aircraft called HALO. However. has the lowest radar-cross section and has it on all aspects. Even NATO is facing renewed challenges. The F-22. one needs to look at how visible the aircraft in question are on radar. This means that the Rafael and Eurofighter will still be at a huge disadvantage.

This argument is justified by the fact that several subregions of the continent still harbor the potential for full-scale conventional war. for the good of the nation and the world. air power would be at the forefront of an American politico-military response because (a) of the vast distances on the Asian continent.maxwell. senior political scientist at the RAND Corporation. These platforms can exploit speed. Air Force in Asia. http://www. In almost all these cases. ³The air and space nation is in peril. such as Korea and the Persian Gulf. has preplanned the use of air power should contingencies arise. Commanders may not have enough of these specially-designed aircraft to defeat threats with confidence. the Persian Gulf. the door will close. most of which are built around large land armies. Shoring up a prime element of US conventional deterrence ± its ability to conduct precise airstrikes anywhere ± will take not less than 250 F-22s. (b) the diverse range of operational platforms available to the U. and marines is their realization that military operations have little likelihood ofsuccess without it. Decisions made now affect the health of the conventional deterrent because competitors are moving ahead with sophisticated systems at a pace not seen since the Cold War. the US could see its policy options cramped by the limits of its own military power. as is the case in Korea. because many of the regional contingencies will involve armed operations against large. sailors.org/publications/MR/MR897/MR897. suppression of enemy air defense (SEAD). (ret. the United States has clear treaty obligations and.af. and the South China Sea. This potential is most conspicuous on the Korean peninsula and. the demands of unconventional deterrence will increasingly confront the U. The Korean peninsula. Air Force. and the overall fleet life will be used up years before it should be. Right now the US has the ability to stay ahead in the conventional deterrence game by upgrading its airpower with the unique capabilities of the F-22. India-Pakistan. Collapse of air power causes global WMD conflict Tellis 98 Ashley Tellis. the major disagreements that occur among the services today generally concern the control andpurpose of air and space assets. In addition to conventional combat. It has become the American way of war. When production ceases. It would take many years and billions of dollars to begin a new program to surpass the F-22. due to heavy tasking.S. The entire range of warfighting capability²fighters.html) The reason for this emphasis on air and space power among our soldiers. bombers.chap3. While emergent nuclear capabilities continue to receive the most public attention. The first key implication derived from the analysis of trends in Asia suggests that American air and space power will continue to remain critical for conventional and unconventional deterrence in Asia.S. a capability unmatched by any other country or service.rand. reach. AIRPOWER KEY TO HEG MEILINGER. Long before then. North Korea can threaten northeast Asia with existing Scud-class theater ballistic missiles. Ph.mil/airchronicles/apj/apj03/spr03/vorspr03.). such as hunting and tracking mobile missile launchers. Indeed. All of . in South Asia. it will put future conventional deterrence abilities at risk. If the F-22 fleet remains stuck at 183 aircraft.airpower. What¶s of concern is whether America is shaping the force to meet the demands of conventional deterrence in the next 20 years. Air Force assets could also be called upon for operations in some of these other areas. therefore. 03Melinger 2003(Phillip.Jayhawk Debate Institute Summer 2011 3 <File Name> on extremely difficult tasks. and (d) the heavy payload that can be carried by U.S. particularly in the context of surprise contingencies. US Air Force Col. U. China already targets the continental United States with ballistic missiles. and both China and India will acquire long-range cruise missiles during the time frames examined in this report. India will acquire the capability to produce ICBM-class delivery vehicles. In some of these areas. chemical and biological warfare threats will progressively become future problems. combat support platforms such as AWACS and J-STARS. and tankers²are relevant in the Asia-Pacific region.´http://www. fairly modern. electronic warfare (EW). ChinaTaiwan.S. China. Sources of Conflict in the 21st Century. conventional forces. and the Indian subcontinent are already arenas of WMD proliferation. to a lesser degree.S. U. Air Force platforms.D in military history. The delivery systems in the region are increasing in range and diversity.pdf) This subsection attempts to synthesize some of the key operational implications distilled from the analyses relating to the rise of Asia and the potential for conflict in each of its constituent regions. and the Persian Gulf. (c) the possible unavailability of naval assets in close proximity. and high operating tempos to sustain continual operations until the political objectives are secured.

For example. providing more rapid and effective control than previously. our leaders now have unprecedented information regarding what military actions can or cannot accomplish andhow much risk is involved in a given action. our leaders understood far better than ever before how many aircraft and weapons would be needed overSerbia and Afghanistan to produce a specified military effect. collateral damage that might occur. and the question of whether the air or ground commander should control attack helicopters.Jayhawk Debate Institute Summer 2011 4 <File Name> them covet those assets. the role of the corps commander in the deep battle. . This allowed ourleaders to fine-tune the air campaign. Thus. and air and space power increasingly has become our primary joint weapon. and risk to our aircrews. Air and space dominance also provides our civilian leadership withflexibility. All the services trumpet the importance of jointoperations. but their differing views on the nature of war shape how they should be employed. weapon accuracy. we havedebates regarding the authority of the joint force air component commander. the question of which serviceshould command space. Although intelligence is never perfect.

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