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Civil Services Examination
The Civil Services Examination consists of two successive stages: (i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examinations (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates of Main Examination; and (ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various services and posts noted below. After appearing at the Preliminary Examination, candidates who are declared successful to have qualified for admission to the Main Examination (held during October/November) have to apply again, in the detailed application form which is supplied to them. Services/Posts Services/posts to which recruitment is to be made through the Examination are : i) Indian Administrative Service. ii) Indian Foreign Service. iii) Indian Police Service. iv) Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Service, Group ‘A’. v) Indian Audit and Accounts Service, Group ‘A’. vi) Indian Customs and Central Excise Services Group 'A' vii) Indian Defence Accounts Service, Group ‘A’. viii) Indian Revenue Service, Group ‘A’. ix) Indian Ordnance Factories Service, Group 'A' (Assistant Works Manager, Non-technical) x) Indian Postal Service, Group ‘A’. xi) Indian Civil Accounts Service, Group ‘A’. xii) Indian Railway Traffic Service, Group ‘A’. xiii) Indian Railway Accounts Service, Group ‘A’. xiv) Indian Railway Personnel Service, Group ‘A’. xv) Post of Assistant Security Officer, Group 'A' in Railway Protection Force. xvi) Indian Defence Estates Service, Group ‘A’. xvii) Indian Information Service (Junior Grade), Group ‘A’. xviii) Indian Trade Service, Group "A" (Grade-III) xix) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service, Group ‘B’ (Section Officer’s Grade) xx) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service, Group 'B'.

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xxi) Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service, Group 'B'. 2. Number of Vacancies: The number of vacancies to be filled on the result of the examination will be specified in the Notice issued by the Commission. Reservation will be made for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes. Scheduled Tribes. Other Backward-Classes and Physically disabled categories in respect of vacancies as may be fixed by the Government. 3. Chance Limit: Every candidate appearing at the examination who is otherwise eligible shall be permitted four attempts at the examination. Provided that this restriction on the number of attempts permissible to candidates belonging to other Backward Classes who are otherwise eligible shall be seven. Notes: i) An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the Examination. ii) If a candidate actually appears in anyone paper in the Preliminary Examination he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination. iii) Notwithstanding the disqualification/cancellation of candidature the fact of appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt. 4. Age Criteria a) A candidate must be have attained the age of 21 years and must not have attained the age of 30 years on the Ist of August, 2005, (This is for 2005 exam) i.e., he must have been born not earlier than 2 August, 1975 and not later than 1" August, 1984: b) The upper age-limit prescribed above will be relaxable: i. Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate belongs to a Scheduled Caste or a Scheduled Tribes: ii. Upto a maximum of three years in the case of candidates belonging to

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Other Backward Classes who are eligible to avail of reservation applicable to such candidates; iii. Upto a maximum of five years if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu and Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st day of December, 1989;
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iv. upto a maximum of three years in the case of Defence Services Personnel, disable in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof; v. upto a maximum of five years in the case of ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officer and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years military Service as on the 1st August, 2005 and have been released; a) on completion of assignment (including those whose assignment is due to be completed within one year from 1st August, 2005) otherwise than by way of dismissal or discharge on account of misconduct or inefficient; or b) on account of physical disability attributable to Military Service; or c) on invalidment vi. upto a maximum of five years in the case of ECOs SSCOs who have completed an initial period of assignment of five years of Military Service as on 1st August, 2004 and whose assignment had been extended beyond five years and in whose case the Ministry of Defence Issues a certificate that they can apply for civil employment and they will be released on three receipt of offer of appointment. 5. Educational Qualification A candidate must hold a degree of any of the Universities incorporate by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of amendment or declared to deemed as a University under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 or possess an equivalent qualification.

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4 Paper I : General Studies 150 marks Paper II : One subject to be selected from the list of optional subjects set out in Para 2 below 300 marks Total : 450 marks 2. 6. All candidates who are declared qualified by the Commission for taking the Civil Services (Main) Examination will be required to produce proof of passing the requisite examination along with their application for the Main Examination failing which such candidates will not be admitted to the Main Examination. Agriculture Law Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Mathematics Botany Mechanical Engineering Chemistry Medical Science Civil Engineering Philosophy Commerce Physics Economics political Science Electrical Engineering Psychology Geography Public Administration Geology Sociology Indian History Statistics Zoology Note www. Preliminary Examination The examination will consist of two papers. A. List of optional subjects for Preliminary Examination.Note: I: Candidates who have appeared at an examination the passing of which would render them educationally qualified for the Commission's examination but have not been informed of the result as also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination.com .UPSCPORTAL. Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations.

Mizoram and Nagaland and also for candidates hailing from the State of Sikkim. Manipur. iv) Each paper will be of two hours duration. Each subject will have two papers Interview Test will carry 300 marks Note i) The papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature the marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. B. Main Examination The written examination will consist of the following papers: Paper I One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution 300 marks Paper II English 300 marks Paper II Essay 200 marks 5 Papers IV & V General Studies 300 marks for each paper Papers VI. VII. ii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English. be allowed an extra time of twenty minutes at each paper. Blind candidates will. www. General Studies and Optional Subjects of only such candidates will be evaluated as attain such minimum standard as may be fixed by the Commission in their discretion for the qualifying papers on Indian Language and English. iii) The paper-Ion Indian Languages will not. however. Meghalaya.com . ii) The papers on Essay. Details of the syllabi are indicated in Part A of Section III. however.i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions).UPSCPORTAL. iii) The course content of the syllabi for the optional subjects will be of the degree level. be compulsory for candidates hailing from the North-Eastern States of Arunachanl Pradesh. VIII and IX Any two subjects to be selected from the list of the optional subjects set out in para 2 below.

iv) For the Language papers.UPSCPORTAL. List of optional subjects for Main Examination Agriculture Mathematics Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science Mechanical Engineering Anthropology Medical Science Botany Philosophy www.com . the script to be used by the candidates will be as under :Language Script Assamese Assamese Bengali Bengali Gujarati Gujarati Hindi Devanagari Kannada Kannada Kashmiri Persian Konkani Devanagari Malayalam Malayalam Manipuri Bengali Marathi Devanagari Nepali Devanagari Oriya Oriya Punjabi Gurmukhi Sanskrit Devanagari 6 Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic Tamil Tamil Telugu Telugu Urdu Persian Bodo Devanagari Dogri Devanagri Maithili Devanagri Santhali Devanagri 2.

d) Mathematics and Statistics. Gujarati. Marathi. Electrical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering-not more than one subject. Hindi. Pali. Kannada. Kashmiri.com . however be allowed an extra time of thirty minutes at each paper. French. Oriya.. ii) The question papers for the examination will be of conventional (essay) type. iii) Each pap er will be of three hours duration. Assamese. Persian.Chemistry Physics Civil Engineering Political Science and International Commerce and Accountancy Relations Economics Psychology Electrical Engineering Public Administration Geography Sociology Geology Statistics History Zoology Law Literature of one of the following languages Management Arabic. English. German. c) Anthropology and Sociology. viz. except the language www. Sindhi. iv) Candidates will have the option to answer all the question papers. h) Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science and Medical Science. Note i) Candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combinations of subjects:a) Political Science & International Relations and Public Administration. Konkani. f) Management and Public Administration. 7 g) Of the Engineering subjects. Russian. Blind candidates will. Tamil. Civil Engineering. Sanskrit. Manipuri. Malayalam. Nepali. b) Commerce & Accountancy and Management. Chinese. Punjabi. Bengali.UPSCPORTAL. Telugu. e) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science. Urdu.

their script(s) will not be valued for being in an unauthorised medium.papers viz. Interview test 1. 2. Papers I and II above in anyone of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution or in English. The candidate will be interviewed by a Board who will have before them a record of his career. if any. Candidates should. Some of the qualities to be judged are mental alertness critical powers of assimilation. a deduction will be made on this account from the total marks otherwise accruing to them and in extreme cases. The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers.not intended to be a test either of the specialised or general knowledge of the candidates which has been already tested through their written papers.UPSCPORTAL. if they so desire. intellectual and moral integrity. 8 Candidates are expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in their special subjects of academic study but also in the events which are happening around them both within and outside their own state.com . In broad terms this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also social traits and his interest in current affairs.or country as well as in modern currents of thought and www. in addition to the version in the language opted by them. He will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The interview test is. c. vii) The details of the syllabi are set out in Part B of Section III. vi) The question papers other than language papers will be set both in Hindi and English. note that if they misuse the above rule. give English version within brackets of only the description of the technical terms. balance of judgement variety and depth of interest. 3. clear and logical exposition. The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross-examination but of a natural. v) Candidates exercising the option to answer papers III to IX in anyone of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution may. though directed and purposive conversation which is intended to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate. however. The test is intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. ability for social cohesion and leadership.

emphasis will be on broad general understanding . In History of India. Questions on Indian Polity and Economy will test knowledge of the country's political system and Constitution of India. social and economic Geography of the country. • Current events of national and international importance • History of India and Indian National Movement • Indian and World Geography • Indian Polity and Economy • General Mental Ability Questions on General Science will cover General appreciation and understanding of science including matters of everyday observation and experience.com . Factors determining agroecological zones and geographic distribution of crop plants. 10 Agriculture Agriculture its importance in national economy. Social Systems and economic developments in India. as may be expected of a well educated person who has not made a special study of any particular scientific discipline. knowledge of significant national and international events will be tested. www. In current events. In Geography.in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth. Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth century resurgence. Panchayati Raj. emphasis will be on Geography of India. On general mental ability. including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to physical. economic and political aspects. 9 SYLLABUS FOR THE EXAMINATION Part-A— Preliminary Examination Compulsory Subject General Studies • General Science. the candidates will be tested on reasoning and analytical abilities.UPSCPORTAL.of the subject in its social. growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence.

fibre. hybrids. mass selection. Reproductive cycle. composites and synthetic. inorganic fertilizers. mineral and organic constituents of the soil and their role in crop production. Principles of economics as applied to agriculture. their significant roles in regional economic development. tuber and fodder crops and scientific basis for these crop rotations.com . Crop rotation. intercropping. auxins and hormones in plant growth. male sterility and incompatibility and their use in plant breeding. Organic manures and bio-fertilizers. Important fruit and vegetable crops of India. mutation. Landscaping and ornamental horticulture. Pedigree selection. multiple and relay cropping. Proper use and maintenance of plant protection equipment.Importance of crop plants. Heterosis and its exploitation. polyploidy. Cell division. Package and practices and their scientific basis. companion crops. absorption. oilseed. Origin and domestication of crop plants. Principles of plant physiology with reference to plant nutrition. pulses. back-cross method of selection. Principles of genetics. sex determination. geneinteraction. cycling in soils Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use. growth and development. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Farm planning and optimum resource– use efficiency and maximising income and employment. www. composites and synthetic of major crops. Cell and cell organelles. physical and microbiological properties of soils. Serious pests and diseases affecting major crops. Soil as medium of plant growth and its composition. extra chromosomal inheritance. and metabolism of nutrients. Essential plant nutrients (macro and micro)–their functions. linkage and recombination.UPSCPORTAL. method of propagation–Sexual and asexual. Principles of control of crop pests and diseases. occurrence. Important varieties. post-harvest handling and processing of fruits and vegetables. Seeds and seed-production techniques. sugar. commercial floriculture. integrated nutrient management. chemical. Genetic resources-conservation and utilization. role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition. intercropping and mixed cropping. integrated management. Farm systems and their spatial distribution. Diagnosis of nutrient deficiencies and their amelioration photosynthesis and respiration. transactions. Genetic basis of plant breeding pureline selection. Development of hybrids. Floral biology in relation to selfing and crossing. cultural practices for cereal.

Veterinary hygiene with reference to water. Feed supplements and additives. Management: Systems of housing and management of livestock. Classification of feeds. Genetics and Breeding: Principle of genetics. www. Sources of water and standards of potable water. Nutrition: Role of nutrition in animal health and production. Farm record. adulteration and its detection processing and preservation. multiple ovulation and embryo-transfer. Biogas. Physiology of egg production.11 Animal Husbandry 1.UPSCPORTAL. 2. Systems and strategies for improvement of livestock for milk. Drainage systems and effluent disposal. poultry and rabbits. Air changes and thermal comfort. Clean milk production. Purification of water. meat inspection. air and habitation. b) Meat eggs and wool production. immunogenetics and biochemical polymorphic and their application in animal improvement. transgenic animals. Concepts of total digestible nutrients and starch equivalent systems. Reproductive physiology. Animal Production: a) Artificial insemination. Proximate composition of feeds. Significance of energy determinations. grading of eggs preservation and marketing. Cytogenetics. chemical nature of DNA and RNA and their models and functions. quality control and nutritive value. Ruminant nutrition. poultry and rabbit farming. Meat products. Sterility its causes and remedies. Methods of slaughter of meat animals. 3. semen characteristics and preservation. computation of rations. poultry and rabbits. Mixed farming. nutritive value. wool production and drought and poultry for eggs and meat.com . Breeds of livestock. carcass characteristics. 5. feeding standards. 4. Conservation of feeds and fodder and utilization of agro byproducts. Breeding of animals for disease resistance. Gene actions. Socioeconomic aspects of livestock enterprise with special reference to women. General: Role of Livestock in Indian Economy and human health. Agroclimatic zones and livestock distribution. Economics of livestock. meat. fertility and sterility. Recombinant DNA technology. Nutrition deficiencies and their management. judgement. By-products.

Cleaning and sanitation of dairy equipment. d) Quarantine measures in India and abroad.Types of wool. chemicals and drugs. cheese. Manufacture of market milk. grading and marketing. 6.UPSCPORTAL. diagnosis. storage and distribution. viral. antigens and antibodies. rabbits and pet animals-Etiology. 7. condensed and dried milk. treatment and control of major bacterial. sheep and goats. pathogenicity. horses. Unit operations in dairy plant. poultry. 12 ii) Description. Act. Methods of immunization. pigs. Foodborne infections and intoxications. (b) Deficiency diseases of domestic livestock and birds. chilling. Role of micro organisam in quality of milk and products Physiology of milk secretion.com . c) Poisonings due to infected/contaminated foods and feeds. Botany www. ice-cream. packaging. cream butter. Veterinary Science: i) Major contagious diseases affecting cattle. Quality assessment of milk and milk products. symptoms. rickettsial and parasitic infections. Zoonoses. symptoms. Milk collections. Breakdown of immunity. diagnosis and treatment of the following:— a) Production diseases of milch animals. b) Drugs used for increasing production/performance efficiency. Rules and Regulations. transportation processing. and their adverse effects. by products and Indian Milk products. buffaloes. occupation hazards 8. 9. Vaccines and their use in animals. Dairy Science: Physicochemical and nutritional properties of milk. Common tests and legal standards. pig and poultry. Principles of immunization and vaccination: Different types of immunity. a) Poisons used for killing animals euthanesia. c) Drugs used to tranquilize wild animals as well as animals in captivity.

biological and genetic methods of disease control (including transgenic plants). 4. Biotechnology in agrihorticulture. wheat. cell. dormancy and germination of seed. Somatic hybridization. Secondary metabolites. biotic factors like rhizosphere and phyllosphere organisms). Mitosis. Principles of nomenclature. Plant and Environment: Biotic and abiotic components. development. Recent classification of living organism into three groups (bacteria. Respiration. 7. Plant Diversity and Systematics: Structure and function of plant forms from evolutionary aspects (viruses to Angiosperms including fossils). growth substances. Methods of Reproduction and Seed Biology: Vegetative. meiosis. Nucleus. Genetic code. sugarcane. nuclear pore complex (NPC). Physiology of flowering. molecular control involving checkpoints in cell division cycle. Genetic engineering and crop improvement. chromosome and nucleosome. Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: Laws of inheritance. asexual and sexual methods of reproduction. Protoplast. Pollination and fertilization. archaea and eukarya). 2. classification and identification of plants. Mineral nutrition. structure. 6. Factors affecting infection (host factors. Concept of gene and allelomorph.UPSCPORTAL. cell membrane and cell organelles. Enzymes and coenzymes. Biofertilizers and biopesticides. Structural and numerical changes in chromosomes and gene mutations. cellular senescence. Regulation of gene 13 expression. Tissue Systems: Origin. Chemical. Modern approaches in plant taxonomy. pathogen factors.1. 8. crossing over and gene mapping. Plant Pathology: Diseases of rice. Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins. Plant Physiology: Water relations. medicine and industry. potato. 3. nucleolus. growth movements. mustard. Differentiation. groundnut and cotton crops. Nitrogen metabolism. photomorphogenesis. structure and function of primary and secondary tissues. Ecological adaptation. Genetics.com . Sexual incompatibility. 5. Development. Linkage. Isotopes in biological studies. Sex determination and differentiation. tissue and organ cultures. Types of www. Dynamics of growth. Photosynthesis. Cell Biology: Structure and function of cell wall (extracellular matrix or ECM).

14 Chemistry Section-A (Inorganic Chemistry) 1. hydrogen and metallic bonds. V. 1. molecular basis of evolution. salient characteristics of s. dyes. Plants as sources of food. 9. theory and bond angles. threatened and endemic taxa. insecticides. 1. common redox reactions. Electronic configurations of elements.4 Oxidation states and oxidation number: Oxidation and reduction. The concept of hybridization and shapes of molecules and ions. Theories of organic evolution. spices. oils. Soil erosion. significance of ?2?and ?quantum numbers and their significance.P. ionic equations. sigma and pi bonds. Origin of Life and Evolution: Basic concepts of origin of earth and origin of life. Hund's multiplicity rule. 1. HSAB principle.d and f block elements.1 Atomic structure: Schrodinger wave equation. forage. overlap of atomic orbitals. Deforestation. www. Endangered. shapes of orbitals. Biodiversity. bond length. beverages.5 Acids and bases: Bronsted and Lewis theories of acids and bases.R. relative strengths of acids and bases and the effect of substituents and solvents on their strength. Bioindicators. reclamation. ionisation potential.UPSCPORTAL.p. Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD). 1. Pauli exclusion principle.2 Chemical periodicity: Periodic classification of elements. afforestation. rubber.vegetational zones and forests of India. Environmental pollution and its control (including phytoremediation). Shapes of molecules. Balancing of equations for oxidation and reduction reactions. Aufbau principle. relative energies of atomic orbitals as a function of atomic number.3 Chemical bonding: Types of bonding. Role of cell/tissue culture in propagation and enrichment of genetic diversity.E. oxidation numbers. Biomass as a source of energy. Global warming. Periodic trends of atomic radii. bond order. fibres. essential oils and resins. 10. Hard and soft acids and bases. social forestry and plant introduction. paper. gums. wasteland. radial and angular probability. electron affinity and electronegativity in the periodic table. ionic radii.com . Plant Genetic Resources: Methods of conservation of plant genetic resources and its importance. wood and timber. pesticides and ornamentation. fodder.S. drugs.

1.6 Chemistry of elements: i) Hydrogen: Its unique position in the periodic table, isotopes, ortho and para hydrogen, industrial production, heavy water. ii) Chemistry of s and p block elements: electronic configuration, general characteristics properties, inert pair effect, allotropy and catenation. Special emphasis on solutions of alkali and alkaline earth metals in liquid ammonia. Preparation, properties and structures of boric acid, borates, boron nitrides, borohydride (diborane), carboranes, oxides and oxyacids of nitrogen, phosphorous, sulphur and chlorine; interhalogen compounds, polyhalide ions, pseudohalogens, fluorocarbons and basic properties of halogens. Chemical reactivity of noble gases, preparation, structure and bonding of noble gas compounds. iii) Chemistry of d block elements: Transition metals including lanthanides, general characteristic properties, oxidation states, magnetic behaviour, colour. First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds (oxides, halides and sulphides); lanthanide contraction.
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1.7 Extraction of metals: Principles of extraction of metals as illustrated by sodium, magnesium, aluminium, iron, nickel, copper, silver and gold. 1.8 Nuclear Chemistry: Nuclear reactions; mass defect and binding energy, nuclear fission and fusion. Nuclear reactors; radioisotopes and their applications. 1.9 Coordination compounds: Nomenclature, isomerism and theories of coordination compounds and their role in nature and medicine. 1.10 Pollution and its control: Air pollution, types of air pollutants; control of air and water pollution; radioactive pollution. Section-B (Organic Chemistry) 2.1 Bonding and shapes of organic molecules: Electronegativity, electron

displacementsinductive, mesomeric and hyperconjugative effects; bond polarity and bond polarizability, dipole moments of organic molecules; hydrogen bond; effects of solvent and structure on

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dissociation constants of acids and bases; bond formation, fission of covalent bonds : homolysis and heterolysis; reaction intermediates-carbocations, carbanions, free radicals and carbenes; generation, geometry and stability; nucleophiles and electrophiles. 2.2 Chemistry of aliphatic compounds: Nomenclature; alkenes-synthesis, reactions (free radical halogenation) -- reactivity and selectivity, sulphonation-detergents; cycloalkanesBaeyer's strain theory; alkenes and alkynes-synthesis, electrohilic addition reactions, Markownikov's rule, peroxide effects, 1- 3-dipolar addtion; nucleophilic addition to electrondeficient alkenes; polymerisation; relative acidity; synthesis and reactions of alkyl halides, alkanols, alkanals, alkanones, alkanoic acids, esters, amides, nitriles, amines, acid anhydrides, α, ß-unsaturated ketones, ethers and nitro compounds. 2.3 Stereochemistry of carbon compounds: Elements of symmetry, chiral and achiral compounds. Fischer projection formulae; optical isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids, enantiomerism and diastereoisomerism; configuration (relative and absolute); conformations of alkanes upto four carbons, cyclohexane and dimethylcyclo-hexanes-their potential energy. D, L-and R, S-notations of compounds containing chiral centres; projection formulae-Fischer, Newman and sawhorse-of compounds containing two adjacent chiral centres; meso and dl-isomers, erythro and threo isomers; racemization and resolution; examples of homotopic, enantiotopic and diasteretopic atoms and groups in organic compounds, geometrical isomers; E and Z notations. Stereochemistry of SN1, SN2, E1 and E2 reactions. 2.4 Organometallic compounds: Preparation and synthetic uses of Grignard reagents, alkyl lithium compounds. 2.5 Active methylene compounds: Diethyl malonate, ethyl acetoacetate, ethyl

cyanoacetateapplications in organic synthesis; tautomerism (keto-enol).
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2.6 Chemistry of aromatic compounds: Aromaticity; Huckel's rule; electrophilic aromatic substitution-nitration, sulphonation, halogenation (nuclear and side chain), Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation, substituents effect; chemistry and reactivity of aromatic halides, phenols, nitro-, diazo, diazonium and sulphonic acid derivatives, benzyne reactions.

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2.7 Chemistry of biomolecules : i) Carobhydrates : Classification, reactions, structure of glucose, D, L-configuration, osazone formation; fructose and sucrose; step-up step-down of aldoses and ketoses, and ther interconversions, ii) Amino acdis : Essential amino acids; zwitterions, isoelectric point, polypeptides; proteins; methods of synthesis of -amino acids. iii) Elementary idea of oils, fats, soaps and detergents.? 2.8 Basic principles and applications of UV, visible, IR and NMR spectroscopy of simp le organic molecules. Section-C (Physical Chemistry) 3.1 Gaseous state: Deviation of real gases from the equation of state for an ideal gas, van der Waals and Virial equation of state, critical phenomena, principle of corresponding states, equation for reduced state. Liquification of gases, distribution of molecular speed, collisions between molecules in a gas; mean free path, speicific heat of gases 3.2 Thermodynamics: i) First law and its applications: Thermodynamic systems, states and processes, work, heat and internal energy, zeroth law of thermodynamics, various types of work done on a system in reversible and irreversible processes. Calorimetry and thermochemistry, enthalpy and enthalpy changes in various physical and chemical processes, Joule-Thomson effect, inversion temperautre. Heat capacities and temperature dependence of enthalpy and energy changes. ii) Second law and its applications: Spontaneity of a process, entropy and entropy changes in various processes, free energy functions, criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium constant and thermodynamic quantities. 3.3 Phase rule and its applications : Equilibrium between liquid, solid and vapours of a pure substance, Clausius-Clapeyron equation and its applications. Number of components, phases and degrees of freedom; phase rule and its applications; simple systems with one (water and sulphur) and two components (lead-silver, salt hydrates). Distribution law, its modifications, limitations and applications.
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standard reduction potential. surfactants and micelles. Faraday's laws of electrolysis. differential and integral rate equations for first and second order reaction. pH and buffers. determination of molecular weights using colligative properties.. gels. quantum yield. Vectors.9 Catalysis: Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis and their characteristics. relation between thermodynamic quantities and cell e. 3. potentiometric titrations. cell reactions. fractional and steam distillations. emulsions. 3. rate constant and order of reaction and their experimental determination. hydrolysis.7 Chemical kinetics: Rate of chemical reaction and its dependence on concentrations of the reactants.f. laws of photochemistry.m. ionic equilibria. preparation and purification of colloids and their characteristics properties. SI Units. Concurrent. fuel cells. Engineering Mechanics: Units and Dimensions. Kohlrausch law and its application..f. its variation with concentration. Conductivity of ionic solutions. nonradiative and chemical pathways.UPSCPORTAL. Concept of particle and rigid body. galvanic cells and measurements of their e. standard cell.5 Colligative Properties: Dilute solutions and colligative properties. dissociation constants of acids and bases. conditions of www. upper and lower critical solution temperatres. partially miscible liquids. nonconcurrent and parallel forces in a plane. theory of indicators and acid-base titrations. lyophilic and lyophobic colloids and coagulation. Concept of Force.10 Colloids: The colloidal state. half-life periods. 3.8 Photochemistry: Absorption of light. the excited state and its decay by radiative. enzyme catalysed reactions (Michaelis-Menten mechanism).4 Solutions: Solubility and its temperature dependence. Ostwald's dilution law. 3. elementary ideas regarding collision and transition state theory. temperature dependence of rate constant and Arrhenius parameters. Nernst equation.6 Electrochemistry: Ions in solutions. mechanism of heterogeneous catalysis.com . Raoult's and Henry's laws.3. Civil Engineering Part-A 1. Transport number and its determination. moment of force and Varignon's theorem. 3. simple photochemical reactions. 3. protection of colloids. free body diagram. vapour pressures of liquids over their mixtures.m.

Elastic constants. Strength of Materials: Simple Stress and Strain. simple harmonic motion. Rolling loads and influece lines for determinate beams and pin jointed trusses. Mohr's Circle. Analysis of propped cantilevers. rib shortening. Principle of virtual work. structure and clay mineralogy. Capillary water and structural water. Part-B Geotechnical Engineering: Types of soil. Conjugate beam method. consistency limits. Structural Analysis: Analysis of pin jointed plane trusses. Mohr's moment area method. effective stress and pore water pressure. equivalent force system. Shear force and bending moment. phase relationships. Transmission of power.UPSCPORTAL. Collision of elastic bodies.com . deflection in trusses. Thin and Thick cylinders : Stresses due to internal and external pressures-Lame's equation. unit load method. Deflection of beams: Macaulay's method. Principal Stresses and Strains in two dimensions.equilibrium. bending and shear. moment distribution. Theories of Elastic Failure. Beams of uniform strength. influence lines in arches. Rankine's and Secant formulae. 3. Darcy's Law. determination of permeability. permeability of stratified soil deposits. motion under gravity. particle size distribution. 18 First and Second Moments of area. closecoiled helical springs. axially loaded compression members. fixed beams. motion under uniform and nonuniform acceleration. www. Elastic stability of columns : Euler's. classification of soil. 2. rotation of rigid bodies. Three hinged and two hinged arches. Kani's method and Matrix method: Force and Displacement methods. Strain Energy in direct stress. theory of simple bending. continuous beams and rigid frames. Shear Stress distribution across cross sections. factors affecting permeability. field identification and classification. Leaf spring. D `Alembert's Principle. temperature effects. Static Friction Inclined plane and bearings. Mass moment of Inertia. Torsion of Shafts. Slope deflection. Kinetics of particle : Momentum and Energy principles. Kinematics and Kinetics: Kinematics in cartesian and polar co-ordinates.

stresses in railway tracks. points and crossings. types of sampler. stability numbers. continuity. location survey. control volume equation. streamlines. moving vanes. Compaction of soil. 19 Bearing capacity. Coulomb's wedge theory. cant transition curves and vertical curves. Dynamics: Euler's equation along streamline. Transporation Engineering: Highway alignment. elements of geometric design-gradients and grade compensation on curves. tractive resistance. elements of airport engineering. moment of momentum. flownet. sleepers. geometric design of highways-various elements. earth pressure on retaining wall. separation. net and gross bearing pressure. Dimensional analysis. accelerations irrotational and rotational flow. active and passive pressures. field tests. continuity equation. Culverts and small bridges. quick sand condition. ballast and rail fastenings. momentum. road drainage. types of pavements. forces on plane and curved surfaces. Shear strength of soils. velocity potential and stream functions. Mohr-Coulomb failure theory. Railway engineering-elements of permanent track-rails. intersection design. Kinematics: Velocity. optimum moisture content. www. Load carrying capacity of pile groups. compressibility and consolidation. energy and moment of momentum equation from control volume equation. Immediate and consolidation settlement. maintenance of railway track. shear tests Earth pressure at rest. Subsurface exploration. Rankine's theory. choice of layout and capacity of highways. consolidation test. Part-C Fluid Mechanics: fluid properties. sampling. Terzaghi and other important theories. curves. signalling and interlocking. methods of boring. grade separation and segregation of traffic. Proctor Density. stability of floating and submerged bodies. fluid statics. Terzaghi's theory of one dimensional consolidation.com . Stability of slope-Conventional method of slices. highway materials and testing subgrade and pavement components. applications to pipe flow.Seepage pressure.UPSCPORTAL.

slow-. COD. Plumbing in Public buildings. specific energy and specific force. location and capacity. inlets. pressure-. and surge tanks. chemical and bacteriological analysis. physical. filters. chlorination.com . drag and lift on bodies. water treatment: principles of coagulation. moving hydraulic jump. Ladder www. siphon. Sewage characterisation: BOD. Friction factors and roughness coefficients. rapid-. odour and salinity. Standards of disposal in normal water course and on land. Sewage treatment: Working principles. flow through sewers. meters. surface profiles.Boundary layer on a flat plate. 20 Intake of water: pumping and gravity schemes. trickling filters. flow in transitions. juctions. units. surges. water borne diseases. disposal of sludge. water hammer. Laminar and Turbulent Flows. friction factor variation. oxidation ponds. Interfaces. maintenance of distribution systems. predicting demand for water. activated sludge process. manholes. chambers. pumping stations and their operations. septic tank. flocculation and sedimentation. Water storage and distribution: storage and balancing reservoir types. leak detection.UPSCPORTAL. Part-D Environmental Engineering Water Supply: Estimation of surface and subsurface water resources. solids. Open Channel Flow: Energy and momentum correction factors. free overfall. recycling of waste water. pipe networks. Sewerage systems: Domestic and industrial wastes. uniform and non-uniform flows. design of sewers. pipe fittings. hydraulics of pipe lines. Laminar and turbulent flow through pipes. hydraulic jump. valves including check and pressure reducing valves. standards for potable water. analysis of distribution systems. removal of taste. sewer appurtenances. sedimentation tank. Distribution systems: layout. impurities of water and their significance. dissloved oxygen. weirs. softening. storm sewage-separate and combined systems. critical depth. gradually varied flow equations. Construction Management: Elements and principles of Activity on Arrow (AOA) and Activity on Node (AON) networks and work breakdown structure. nitrogen and TOC.

Elements of Engineering Economics. ATC and PTC trade-off. annual cost. Provisions and Funds. Project profitability. www.Accounting Treatment of Convertible Debentures. Work study and sampling. Accounting for Shares and Debentures. Time computations and floats. Choosing between alternatives including levels of investments. Auditing • Nature. direct confirmation. long term solvency and profitability-Importance of the rate of return on investment (ROI) in evaluating the overall performance of a business entity-Cash-flow Statement and Statement of Source and Application of Funds-Societal obligations of Accounting. Scheduling principles-material schedules. Budgeting with barcharts. benefit-cost. Nature. Working capital. working papers. methods of appraisal. 21 Final Accounts of non profit organisation.com . probability of completion. • Techniques of Auditing-physical verification. Generally Accepted Principles of Accounting-The Accounting Equation-Accrual ConceptOther concepts and conventions. audit programmes. audit process. Distinction between capital and revenue expenditure. recognition of revenue. PERT. Analysis and Interpretation of Financial Statements Ratio analysis and interpretation. Ratios relation to short term liquidity. examination of documents and vouching. Commerce Part-I Accounting and Auditing . incremental analysis. objectives and basic principles of auditing. Partnership Firms and Limited Companies-Statutory Provisions -Reserves. present worth. depreciation. Economy of scale and size. Scope and Objectives of Accounting-Accounting as an Information System-Users of Accounting Information. Accounting problems related to admission and retirement of a partner and dissolution of a firm. analytical review. inventory. ABC and EOQ analysis of inventory. Accounting Standards and their application-Accounting standards relating to fixed assets.networks. Final Accounts of Sole Proprietors. • Planning an audit. Activity time.UPSCPORTAL.

Registration. Motivation. Part-II Business Organisation • Distinctive features of different forms of business organisation. characteristics. Marine and General Insurance. Fire.UPSCPORTAL. • Internal and management audit. • Sole Proprietor • Partnerships-characteristics. Line function and staff function. Mutual Funds. Communication. • Test checking and sampling. • Audit of non-corporate enterprises.• Evaluation of internal controls. Partnership deed. control of Monopolies. Control and regulation of capital market. Strategies. stock exchanges. • Coordination-Concept.com . Directing-Principles. types. Rights and duties. Management • Management functions-Planning-strategies. Salary and wage administrationJob evaluation. Incentives for export promotion. • Joint Stock Company-Concept. Organising-levels of authority Staffing. • Foreign Trade-Procedure and financing of import and export trade. • Types of securities and methods of their issue. Problems of modernisation of industrial enterprises. types. 22 • Insurance-Principles and practice of Life. Dissolution. methods. • Broad outlines of company audit. • Organisation Structure-Centralization and decentralization-Delegation of authority-span of www. performance standards. • Cooperative and State ownership forms of organizations. • Control-principles. Leadership. Retirement. Social Responsibility of business. Financing of foreign trade. • Business combinations. • Economic functions of the capital market. corrective action.

office equipment and machines. Elasticity concept c) Market Structure and concepts of equilibrium. systems and routines. Isoquants b) Consumption and Demand. Automation and Personal computers. Economics Part-I General Economics 1) Micro-economics: a) Production : Agents of Production.UPSCPORTAL. • Management of change.control-Management by Objectives and Management by Exception. 23 2) Macro-economics: a) National Income concepts. Costs and Supply. 3) Money. handling of records.modern aids to Office management. • Company Secretary-role and functions-qualifications for appointment. Banking and Public Finance: www. • Accounts and Audit of Companies. e) Components and Theories of Distribution f) Elementary concepts of Welfare economics: Pareto-optimality-Private and social products-consumers surplus.com . • Office Management-scope and principles. • Impact of Organisation and Methods (O & M) Company Law • Joint stock companies-incorporation. savings and Investment d) Rate of Interest and its determination e) Interest and profit. b) Determinants of National Income Employment c) Determinants of consumption. d) Determination of prices. Crisis Management. • Duties and powers of the board of directors of a company. documents and formalities-Doctrine of indoor management and constructive notice.

Floating rates-GATT and WTO (5) Growth and Development: a) Meaning and measurement of growth. c) Balance of Payments accounts and Adjustment. d) Sources of growth-capital. types. e) Planning in a mixed economy-Indicative planning-Planning and growth. 4) International Economics: a) Theories of International Trade-comparative costs-Heckscher-Ohlin-Gains from Trade-Terms of Trade. Finance-Budgets-Taxes and non-tax revenues-Types of Budget deficits. IMF and the World Bank and their associates. velocity of money b) Banks and credit creation. distribution and Welfare. population. size. Part-II Indian Economics 1. composition quality and growth trend-Occupational distribution-Effects of British Rule with reference to Drain theory and Laissez Faire policy. Trade and aid. b) Characteristics of underdevelopment. www. d) Exchange rate under free exchange markets. Banks and portfolio management. e) Evolution of the International Monetary System and World Trading order-Gold Standard-the Brettonwoods system. b) Free Trade and Protection. 24 (6) Economic Statistics: Types of averages-measures of dispersion-correlation-Index numbers. Population. e) Inflation. productivity. its causes and remedies.a) Concepts of Money and measures of money supply. Growth.com . Human capital. Main features. f) Public. non-economic factors. uses and limitations. c) Stages of Development. c) Central Bank and control over money supply d) Determination of the price level.UPSCPORTAL. growth Strategies. Geographic size-Endowment of natural resources.

2. Major problems, their dimensions, nature and broad causes; Mass poverty-Unemployment and its types-Economics effects of population pressure-Inequality and types thereof-Low productivity and low per capita income, Rural-urban disparities-Foreign Trade and payments imbalances. Balance of Payments and External Debt- Inflation, and parallel economy and its effects-Fiscal deficit. 3. Growth in income and employment since Independence-Rate, Pattern, Sectoral trendsDistributional Changes-Regional disparities. 4. Economic Planning in India: Major controversies on planning in India-Alternative strategies-goals and achievements, shortfalls of different plans-planning and the Market. 5. Broad Fiscal, monetary, industrial trade and agricultural policies-objectives, rationale, constraints and effects.

Electrical Engineering
Electrical Circuits-Theory and Applications Circuit components, network graphs, KCL, KVL; circuit analysis methods : nodal analysis, mesh analysis; basic network theorems and applications; transient analysis : RL, RC and RLC circuits; sinusoidal steady state analysis; resonant circuits and applications; coupled circuits and applications; balanced 3-phase circuits. Two port networks, driving point and transfer functions; poles and zeros of network functions. Signals & Systems Representation of continuous-time and discrete-time signals & system's ; LTI systems; convolution; impulse response; time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations. Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function. Sampling and recovery of signals. Control Systems Elements of control systems; block-diagram representations; open-loop & closed-loop systems; principles and applications of feed-back. LTI systems : time domain and transform domain
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analysis. Stability : Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Nyquist's criterion. Bode-plots, Design of leadlag compensators; Proportional, PI, PID controllers.

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E.M. Theory Electro-static and magneto-static fields; Maxwell's equations; e.m. waves and wave equations; wave propagation and antennas; transmission lines; micro-wave resonators, cavities and wave guides. Electrical Engineering Materials Electrical/electronic behaviour of materials : conductivity; free-electrons and band-theory; intrinsic and extrinsic semi-conductor, p-n junction; solar cells, super-conductivity. Dielectric behaviour of materials : polarization phenomena; piezo-electric phenomena. Magnetic materials: behaviour and application. Analog Electronics Diode circuits: rectifiers filters, clipping and clamping, zener diode and voltage regulation. Bipolar and field effect transistors (BJT, JFET and MOSFET) : Characteristics, biasing and small signal equivalent circuits. Basic amplifier circuits; differential amplifier circuits. Amplifiers : analysis, frequency response. Principles of feedback; OPAMP circuits; filters; oscillators. Digital Electronics Boolean algebra; minimisation of Boolean function; logic gates, digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS). Combinational circuits : arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoder's. Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Comparators, timers, multivibrators. Sample and hold circuits; ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor memories. Communication Systems Fourier analysis of signals : amplitude, phase and power spectrum, auto-correlation and crosscorrelation and their Fourier transforms. Analog modulation systems : amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation systems, spectral analysis; superheterodyne receivers. Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential PCM, delta modulation. Digital modulation schemes : amplitude, phase and frequency shift keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK). Multiplexing : time-division, frequency-division. Additive Gaussian noise : characterization using correlation, probability density function, power spectral density, Signal-to-noise ratio calculations for AM and FM. Elements of digital communication systems : source coding, channel coding; digital modulation & demodulation. Elements of Information theory, channel capacity. Elements of satellite and mobile communication; principles of television engineering; radar engineering and radio aids to navigation.

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Computers and Microprocessors Computer organization: number representation and arithmetic, functional organization, machine instructions, addressing modes, ALU, hardwired and microprogrammed control, memory
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organization. Elements of microprocessors : 8-bit microprocessors -architecture, instruction set, assembly level programming, memory, I/O interfacing, microcontrollers and applications. Measurement and Instrumentation Error analysis; measurement of current voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency; bridge measurements. Electronic measuring instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyser,

distortionmeter. Transducers: thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-guages, piezo-electric crystal. Use of transducers in measurement of non-electrical quantities. Data-acquisition systems. Energy Conversion Single-phase transformer : equivalent circuit, phasor-diagram, tests, regulation and efficiency; three-phase transformer; auto transformer. Principles of energy conversion-d.c. generators and motors: Performers characteristics, starting and speed control armature reaction and commutation; three-phase induction motor; performance characteristics, starting and speed control. Single-phase induction motor. Synchronous generators: performance characteristics, regulation, parallel operation. Synchronous motors: starting characteristics, applications; synchronous condensor. FHP motors, permanent magnet and stepper motors, brushless d.c. motors, single-phase motors. Power Systems Electric power generation: thermal, hydro, nuclear. Transmission line parameters: steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables. Distribution systems : insulators, bundle conductors, corona and radio interference effects; per-unit quantities; bus admittance and impedance matrices; load flow; voltage control and power factor correction. Economic operation. Principles of over current, differential and distance protection; solid state relays, circuit breakers, concept of system stability. HVDC transmission. Power Electronics and Electric Drives Semiconductor power devices: diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET, static

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iv) Biogeography: Origin and types of soils. phase controlled rectifiers. types and patterns of rural settlements. iii) Oceanography: Ocean relief. Power. fishing and forestry. Interior of the earth. wet and dry etching. Salinity. Concepts of Determinism and Possibilism. 27 Geography Section-A Physical Georgraphy i) Geomorphology: Origin of the earth. triggering circuits. Elements of IC Fabrication Technology Overview of IC Technology. iii) Economic Activities: Food gathering and hunting. Folding and Faulting. migration. principles of operation. commercial and plantation. transport. Major climatic types. Mining.characteristics. Manufacturing -locational factors of textile. Tertiary activities-trade. Ecosystem and food chain. growth and distribution of world population. www. Waves and tides. ii) Population: Races of mankind and tribes. Major biomes of the world.com . Clouds and rainfall types. silicon.UPSCPORTAL. CVD and LPCVD techniques for deposition of poly-silicon. Types and characteristics of rocks. Processes of urbanisation. Unit steps used in IC fabrication : wafer cleaning. metallisation and passivation. communication and services. pastoral herding. Temperature. Weathering. principles of thyristor chopper and inverter. Ocean currents. oxidation. subsistence. aeolian and glacial actions. Ocean deposits. diffusion. Section-B Human Geography i) Man and Environment Relationship: Growth and development of Human Geography. Cyclones and anti-cyclones. El Nino and La Nino. Pressure belts and Wind systems. Landforms caused by fluvial. Types of agriculture-shifting. silicon-pnitride and silicon dioxide. Environmental degradation and conservation. Temperature. ion-implantation. photo-lithography. bridge converters-fully controlled and half controlled. population problems of developed and developing countries. ii) Climatology: Structure and composition of atmosphere. Geological Time Scale. iv) Settlements: Origin. Basic concept of speed control of DC and AC motor drives. Volcanoes. sugar and fertilizer industries. iron and steel. Earthquakes.

demographic characteristics. soils and natural vegetation. uses. iv) Remote sensing and geographical information system (GIS) : Aerial photographs and imagery. ii) Diagrams: Types and uses iii) Projections: Types. economic base and human adaptation. U. Australia and New Zealand. GIS Geology Part-I (a) General Geology: Solar System. Section-E Geographical Thought i) Ancient Period: Contributions of Indians. Radicalism.com . iv) Environmental problems. developmental issues and regional planning. trade and commerce. iii) Modern Period: Dichotomy of determinism and possibilism. forest resources. contributions of Ratzel. Huntington and La Blache. Romans and Arabs. agriculture and industries. Behaviouralism and Humanism. ii) Regional Geography of Developed Countries: Canada.A. iv) Regional Geography of South Asia.UPSCPORTAL. iii) Regional Geography of Developing Countries: S. Japan. Western Europe. www. million-cities and mega-cities. distribution and density. iii) Population: Growth.E. 28 ii) Economic Base: Minerals & energy resources. S. Humboldt and Ritter. Section-F Techniques of Geographical Analysis i) Maps: Scale and types.. irrigation.S.W. Semple. climate. ii) Pre-Modern Period: Contribution of Verenius. Asia. Greeks. Kant. Russia. Asia. iv) Recent Period: Quantitive Revolution. characteristics and uses. Southern Africa and Brazil. age and internal constitution. Section-C Geography of the World i) Major Natural Regions: Characteristics.morphology and functional classification of towns. China. drainage. Section-D Geography of India i) Physical Setting: Landforms. The Earth : its origin. aquatic resources.

feldspar. uniaxial and biaxial minerals. Study of folds. marine. gold. double refraction. garnet. Important processes of their formation. Elements of Remote Sensing. External and internal processes. 29 Part-II (a) Crystallography: Elements of crystal structure. Pleochroism. mountain building. ore mineral and gangue. distribution. Dip and strike of beds. carbonates. Petrological microscope and accessories. Effects of topography on outcrops. www. Landforms of aeolian. Elements of prospecting for mineral deposits. extinction angle. faults. (b) Mineralogy: Physical. (b) Geomorphology: Basic concepts. causes and effects.Volcanoes-types. (c) Structural and field Geology: Primary and secondary structures. foliation. magnitude. Solutions of simple problems by stereographic net. deposits of coal and petroleum. Occurrence. Laws of crystallography. Construction and use of Nicole prism. foliation and lineations. chemical and optical properties of the following common rock forming minerals: quartz.UPSCPORTAL. pyroxene. refractories and in ceramics. manganese and radioactive elements. distribution geological effects and products. glacial and 'Karst' landscapes. birefringence and twinning in crystals. chlorite. lead. mica. olivine. geosynclines. continental drift. origin and distribution in India of the ores of aluminium. Stages of rock deformation. Elementary ideas about isostasy. Gemstones. joints. iron. Overthrusts and nappe structures. Properties and interaction of light and crystalline matter. Structure of silicates and crystal chemistry of minerals. Use of clinometer compass in the field Measurements of bed. sea floor spreading and plate tectonics. Classification of ore deposits. Fluvial landforms and drainage patterns. amphibole. Construction of block diagrams. zinc. Symmetry elements of normal classes of seven crystal systems. Deposits of minerals use as abrasives. faults and lineations in the field. Stereographic and equal-area nets.com . (c) Economic Geology: Ore. Drawing of sections. copper. chromium. aluminosilicates. Principles of geological mapping. Rock weathering. Cycle of erosion. Topographic maps and their interpretation. Unconformities. Isotropic. folds joints. Earthquakes-intensity.

syenite. Study of morphology and geological history of Foraminiferida. mafic and ultramafic groups. Cephalopoda. chacteristics and types. Geological time scale.their mode of formation. Part-IV (a) Paleontology: Habits and habitats of animals. anorthosites and alkaline rocks. (b) Sedimentary Petrology: Sedimentary process and products. Trilobita. Sedimentary structures. Textures and structures of igneous rocks. arkoses and graywackes. mineral composition and texture. Application of fossils. Echinoidea and Anthozoa. Clastic deposits.UPSCPORTAL. Classification of igneous rocks. Classification of sedimentary rocks. calcareous and basic rocks.com . Brachipoda. Vindhyan and Gondwana Supergroups and Siwalik Group with reference to their major subdivisions. Residual deposits . (c) Metamorphic Petrology: Types and factors of metamorphism. Regional and contact metamorphism. Stratigraphic classification lithostratigraphic. Composition. Crystallisation of binary systems. lithology.Part -III (a) Igneous Petrology: Origin of magma and formation of igneous rocks. grades and facies of metamorphism. fossils. Metamorphism of argillaceous. origin and mode of occurrence of granite. Bowen's reaction principle. areal distribution and economic importance. Elementary ideas about the origin and characteristics of quartz arenites. Prehistoric cultures in India www. Siliceous and calcareous deposits of chemical and organic origin. Physiographic divisions and outline of stratigraphy of India. Modes of preservation.their classification. 30 Mammals of Siwalik Group. biostratigraphic and chronostratigraphic. diorite. Indian History Section-A 1. A brief study of Gondwana flora. Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks. arenaceous. Metasomatism. Gastropoda. Bivalvia. Brief study of Dharwar. (b) Stratigraphy and Geology of India: Fundamental laws of stratigraphy. Fossils and fossilization. Zones.

2. Indus Civilization. Origins. The Mature Phase: extent, society, economy and culture. Contacts with other cultures.Problems of decline. 3. Geographical distribution and characteristics of pastoral and farming communities outside the Indus region, from the neolithic to early iron phases. 4. Vedic society. The Vedic texts; changefrom Rigvedic to later Vedic phases. Religion; Upanishadic thought. Political and social organisation; evolutuion of monarchy and varna system. 5. State formation and urbanization, from the mahajanapadas to the Nandas. Jainism and Buddhism. Factors for the spread of Buddhism. 6. The Mauryan Empire. Chandragupta; Megasthenes. Asoka and his inscriptions; his dhamma, administration, culture and art. The Arthasastra. 7. Post-Mauryan India, BC 200- AD 300. Society: Evolution of jatis. The Satavahanas and state formation in Peninsula. Sangam texts and society. Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Parthians, Kushanas; Kanishka. Contacts with the outside world. Religion : Saivism, Bhagavatism, Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhism; Jainism; Culture and art. 8. The Guptas and their successors (to c. 750 AD). Changes in political organisation of empire. Economy and society. Literature and science. Arts. Section-B 9. Early Medieval India. Major dynasties; the Chola Empire. Agrarian and political structures. The Rajaputras. Extent of social mobility. Postition of women. The Arabs in Sind and the Ghaznavides.
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10. Cultural trends, 750-1200, Religious conditions : importance of temples and monastic institutions; Sankaracharya; Islam; Sufism. Literature and Science. Alberuni’s "India". Art and architecture. 11-12. Thirteenth and fourteenth Centuries: Ghorian invasions causes and consequences. Delhi Sultanate under the "Slave" Rulers. Alauddin Khalji : Conquests; administrative, agrarian and economic measures. Muhammad Tughlug's innovations. Firuz Tughluq and the decline of the Delhi Sultanate. Growth of commerce and urbanization. Mystic movements in Hinduism and Islam. Literature. Architecture, Technological changes.

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13. The fifteenth and early 16th Century : major Provinicial dynasties; Vijaya-nagara Empire. The Lodis, First phase of the Mughal Empire: Babur, Humayun. The Sur empire and administration. The Portuguese. Montheistic movements: Kabir; Guru Nanak and Sikhism; Bhakti. Growth of regional literatures. Art and Culture. 14-15. The Mughal Empire, 1556-1707. Akbar: conquests, administrative measures, jagir and mansab systems; policy of sulh-i-kul. Jahangir, Shahjahan and Aurangzeb : expansion in the Deccan; religious policies. Shivaji. Culture: Persian and regional literatures. Religious thought: Abul Fazl; Maharashtra dharma. Painting. Architecture. Economy: conditions of peasants and artisans, growth in trade; commerce with Europe. Social stratification and status of women. 16. Decline of Mughal Empire, 1707-61. Causes behind decline. Maratha power under the Peshwas. Regional states. The Afghans. Major elements of composite culture. Sawai Jai Singh, astronomer. Rise of Urdu language. Section-C 17. British expansion: The Carnatic Wars, Conquest of Bengal. Mysore and its resitance to British expansion: The three Anglo-Maratha Wars. Early structure of British raj: Regulating and Pitt's India Acts. 18. Economic Impact of the British Raj: Drain of Wealth (Tribute); land revenue settlements (zamindari, ryotwari, mahalwari); Deindustrialisation; Railways and commercialisation of agriculture; Growth of landless labour. 19. Cultural encounter and social changes: Introduction of western education and modern ideas. Indian Renaissance, social and religious reform movements; growth of Indian middle class; The press and its impact: rise of modern literature in Indian languages. Social reforms measures before 1857.
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20. Resistance to British rule: Early uprisings; The 1857 Revolt- causes, nature, course and consequences. 21. Indian Freedom struggle-the first phase: Growth of national consciousness; Formation

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of Associations; Establishment of the Indian National Congress and its Moderate phase;Economic Nationalism; Swadeshi Movement; The growth of "Extremism" and the 1907 split in Congress; The Act of 1909 - the policy of Divide and Rule; Congress-League Pact of 1916. 22. Gandhi and his thought; Gandhian techniques of mass mobilisation- Khilafat and Non Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience and Quit India Movement; Other strands in the National Movement-Revolutionaries, the Left, Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army. 23. Separatist Trends in Indian nationalist politics- the Muslim League and the Hindu Mahasabha; The post -1945 developments; Partition and Independence. 24. India independent to 1964. A parliamentary, secular, democratic (republic the 1950 Constitution). Jawaharlal Nehru's vision of a developed, socialist society. Planning and state-controlled industrialization. Agrarian reforms. Foreign policy of Non-alignment. Border conflict with China and Chinese aggression.

Law
I. Jurisprudence 1. Nature and concept of law. 2. Schools of Jurisprudence : Analytical, Historical, Philosophical, Sociological & Natural. 3. Administration of Justice : Theories of punishment. 4. Sources of Law : Custom, Precedent and Legislation. 5. A few basic Legal concepts: i) Rights and Duties. ii) Legal Personality. iii) wnership and Possession. II. Constitutional Law of India 1. Salient features of the Indian Constitution. 2. Preamble. 3. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties.
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Distribution of Legislative and Administrative Powers between the Union and the States. Vicarious Liability including State Liability. IV Torts 1. 3. 2.com . its objective. purpose and principal organs. role and jurisdiction of International Court of Justice. Social and Cultural Rights. 1966. 4. iii) International Convenant of Civil and Political Rights. Liability based on fault and strict liability. Constitutional position and powers of President and Governors. 9. 6. Defamation. III. The United Nations. 5. iv) International Convenant on Economic. Nature and Defination of Tort. Nature and definition of International Law. 9. Negligence. False imprisonment.4. 7. 4. Joint Tort feasors. Supreme Court and High Courts: Jurisdiction. International Law: 1. Sources: Treaty. 3. Custom. www. Conspiracy 8.UPSCPORTAL. 1948. 5. General Principles of Law recognised by civilised nations and subsidiary means of determination of law. Nuisance. State Recognition and State Succession. 5. 7. 8. powers. Amendment of the Consstitution. . Protection of Human Rights: i) Provisions in the UN Charter. Constitution. 6. ii) Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1966. Emergency Provisions. Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions: Powers and functions. appointment and transfer of Judges. 2.

Groups and their elementary properties. 7. Wagering agreements.UPSCPORTAL. 4. Dissolution of contractual obligations: frustration contracts. 10. Sub-Group. 3. Malicious Prosecution. 7. Contingent contracts. 6. Quasi-contracts. Polynomials and Polynomial equations. 9. 5. 10. 5. Performance of contracts. Voidable. relation between Coefficients and Roots. Abetment 6. 8. 8. Joint and constructive liability. Criminal Law 1. 2. extortion. Algebra: Elements of Set Theory. www. contracutal capacity. Preparation and criminal attempts 3. illegal and unenforceable agreements. consideration. 4. VI. 2. Misappropriation and Criminal Breach of Trust. 9. Void. Theft. acceptance. Algebra of Real and Complex numbers including Demovire's theorem. Permutation. symmetric functions of roots. Law of Contract 1.34 10. Sedition. Factors vitiating consent. V. robbery and dacoity. Basic elements of contract: Offer. Elements of Group Theory. Cyclic groups. Criminal Conspiracy. General Exceptions. Remedies for breach of contract. Murder and culpable homicide. General Principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus.com . Mathematics 1. Definition of contract.

Tangents. Linear Transformation of a Finite Dimensional Vector Space. www. Derivatives. Bytes and Words. Singular and Nonsingular Transformations. weight. Finite Dimensional Vector Spaces. Calculus: Functions. Motion under conservative forces. Maxima. Geometry and Vectors: Analytic Geometry of straight lines and conics in Cartesian and Polar coordinates. Application of Derivatives: Rates of change. force. Rolle's Theorem. XOR. resultant. Multiplication. Memory of a computer. Precisions. Three Dimensional geometry for planes. Mechanics: Concepts of particles-Lamina. Elements of Computer Programming: Binary system. Singular solution. Escape velocity. Bits. Speed. straight lines. acceleration. Ordinary Differential Equations: Order and Degree of a Differential Equation. NOT and Shit/Rotate operators. Determinants of a Matrix. OR. Second order equations with constant coefficients. 2. Inverse of a Matrix. 3. Asymptotes. Geometrical interpretation. Fundamental Theorem of integrals Calculus. AND. Acceleration. Codes. Mass. Arithmetic and Logical operations on numbers. First order differential Equations. Limits. Moments. Methods of finding indefinite integrals. Application of definite integrals to area. Sub-spaces. Linear Dependence and Independence. Continuity. Couples. Gravity.UPSCPORTAL.35 Rings. Mean Value Theorems of Lagrange and Cauchy. Properties of Determinants of order. Addition. Cramer's rule. Volume and Surfaces of revolution. Sequences. Projectile. Displacements. 6. cone and cylinder. Rigid Body. Matrices: Addition. Rank and Nullity. Motion of artificial satellites. Friction. simple Harmonic Motion. Centre of mass. Series. Basis and Dimensions. 4. Normals. Motion under gravity. Velocity. Parallelogram of velocity. equilibrium of coplanar forces. Length of a plane curve. Algorithms and Flow Charts. 7. Motion. Subtraction and Products of Vectors and Simple applications to Geometry. Octal and Hexadecimal systems. Motion of a particle in a straight line. Definite Integrals. 5. Conversion to and from Decimal systems. Parallelogram of forces. Laws of motion. Minima.com . Vector Spaces and Matrices: Vector Space. Matrix Representation. Integral Domains and Fields and their elementary properties. Curvature. sphere.

Elementary concepts of elastic stability. second law and its corollaries. • Mechanics of Solids: Stress. behaviour of pure substances. transfer lines. Static and dynamic balancing of rigid rotors. Different types of gears. material handling.Mechanical Engineering • Statics: Simple applications of equilibrium equations. tool life. Impulse and reaction turbines. diesel. 36 • Theory of Machines: Simple examples of kinematic chains and their inversions. Shear and bending moments in beams. shock formation and its effect. strain and Hookes Law. springs and thin walled cylinders. www. work and temperature. Linear automatic control systems. job shop and mass production. Vapour power cycles.UPSCPORTAL. equations of state. Basic types of machine tool and their processes. open and closed cycle gas turbine with intercooling. mountings and accessories. scheduling. Location and layout of plants. spinning. Rankine reheat and regenerative cycles. flywheels and their functions. Simple bending and torsion of beams. Automatic machine tools. extrusion. Analysis of air standard power cycles. definitions and laws. • Manufacturing Management: Methods and time study. Refrigeration cycles-Bell Coleman. motion economy and work space design. bearings. forging. heat. critical pressure ratio. rolling. economics of machining. Capital budgeting. first law and its corollaries. Zeroth law. mechanical properties and material testing. Carnot. Steam Generators. Metal forming processes and machines-shearing. dispatching. temperature scales. • Dynamics: Simple applications of equations of motion. cutting tool materials.com . Types of casting and welding methods. drawing. Brayton cycles. Routing. Inventory. Powder metallurgy and processing of plastics. governors. Cost estimation. energy and power. • Manufacturing Science: Mechanics of metal cutting. reheating. break-even analysis. Otto. Simple vibration analysis of bars and shafts. Vapour absorption and Vapour compression cycle analysis. work. • Thermodynamics: Basic concepts. operation and flow process charts. • Energy Conversion: Flow of steam through nozzles.

Gross anatomy of thalamus. genetic code and protein synthesis. • Pathology and Microbiology: Principles of inflammation. • GI System: bilirubin metabolism. bronchi.UPSCPORTAL. spinal cord. regulation of pH. refrigerants. lungs. comfort zones. Introduction to nuclear reactors and power plants.elements and layout of thermal power plants. principles of carcinogenesis and tumour spread. 37 Medical Science • Human Anatomy: General principles and basic structural concept of gross anatomy of hipjoint. handling of nuclear waste. kidneys. bone and thyroid gland. www. • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning: Refrigeration equipment and operation and maintenance. liver function tests. spleen. Embryology of vertebral column. ovary and adrenal glands. • Reproduction: Regulation of functions of male and female gonads. • Haematology: haemogolobin synthesis. functional localisation in cerebral cortex. throat. cerebellum and basal ganglia. principles of air conditioning. metabolism of carbohydrates. cerebellum. Hydraulic turbines and pumps. • Respiration: regulation of respiration. Bernoulli's theorem. respiratory system and their congenital anomalies. discharge measurement. stomach. boundary layer concept. • Human physiology and biochemistry: Neurophysiology: Sensory receptors. DNA. • Fluid Mechanics: Hydrostatics. layout of hydraulic power plants. laminar and turbulent flow. digestion and absorption of fats. flow through pipes. humidification and dehumidification. ear. psychrometric chart. heart. reticular formation. cerebrum. infective diseases of liver and gall bladder. specific speed. skin. • Cardiovascular system: Mechanical and electrical properties of heart including ECG : regulation of cardio-vascular functions. • Renal Physiology: tubular function. internal capsule. • Nucleic acids: RNA. testis. including their blood supply. abnormal hemoglobins. eye.com . continuity equation. uterus . cranial nerves. Histological features of parotid gland. coronary heart disease.

concept of balanced diet. diabetes mellitus. Buerger's disease. Signs. Preventive and Social Medicine Principles of epidemiology. National health programmes. Vibrio. spinal injury. rheumatoid arthritis. principles of pre-operative and postoperative care. status epilepticus. symptoms. Concept and general principles of prevention of disease and promotion of health.pathogenesis of tuberculosis. cerebro-vascular accidents. amoebic liver absess. Philosophy Section-'A' Problems of Philosophy www. status asthamaticus. health care delivery. pneumothorax. peptic ulcer. rheumatic heart disease. haemetemesis. effects of environmental pollution on health. brochogenic carcinoma. Etiology and laboratory diagnosis of diseases caused by Salmonella. investigations and management of: Hydrocephalus. meningitis. Life cycle and laboratory diagnosis of Entamoeba histolytica. Histological diagnosis by fluroscent microscopy. Malignant tumours of stomach and their surgical management. carcinoma colon. pericardial tamponade. cirrhosis of liver. • Clinical manifestations. acute renal failure. schizophrenia. investigation and management of fractures of femur. appendicitis. benign prostatic hypertrophy. • Clinical manifestations. • Clinical features. poliomyelitis. haemorrhagic shock. investigations and surgical management of: Intestinal obstruction. Immune system. family planning methods. cardio pulmonary arrest. ascaros/ • Medicine: Protein energy malnutrition. carcinoma breast. etiology and treatment of: Coronary heart disease. spinabifida.UPSCPORTAL. pneumonia. Meningococcus and hepatitis virus. • Medical management of: Coma. pycolone-phiritis. 38 • Surgery: Principles of surgical management of severely injured and process of fracture healing. immunological and serological tests for collagen vascular disease. acute urinary retention. leprosy.com . malarial parasite.

4. Formal Proof. Kantian Ethics. Moral Judgements : Descriptivism. Teleology and Deontology. 6.com . Substance and Attributes: Aristole. 5. 2. Berkeley's criticism. Spinoza. 6. Khyativada (Anyathakhyati. 2. Sentential Calculus : Symbolisation. Bases of Knowledge: Pramanavada in Carvaka. Coherence theory. Akhyati. Nyay-Vaisesika. Truth and Error: Correspondence Theory. Locke. Prescriptivism. Section-B Logic 1. 4. God. 4. 9. Advaita Vedanta. Classification of sentences: Traditional and Modern. Truth Tables. Truth-Functions and their interdefinability. 3. Right and Good.UPSCPORTAL. 8. Nyaya-Vaisesika. www. Soul and the World: Thomas Acquinas. Emotivism. 5. J. 7. Buddhism. Anivacaniyakhyati). Descartes. Aristotle. Rules of Syllogism (General and special) validation by Venn Diagrames. Spinoza. Problem of the freedom of will. St. Mill). Truth and Validity 2. Syllogism: Figures and Moods. Berkeley's criticism of abstract ideas. Pragmatic Theory. Buddhist criticism of Pudgala. NyayaVaisesika. 39 3. NyayaViasesika. Descartes. Section-'C' Ethics 1. Matter and Mind: Descartes.S. Four Noble Truths and Eight fold path in Buddhism. Jaina Ethics 10. Niskamakarma : Sthitaprajna. Berkerley. 3. Statement of fact and statement of value. Buddhism). Augustine. Ramanuja. Utilitarianism (Bentham. Psychological Hedonism. Universals: Realism and Nominalism (Plato.1. Leibnitz. Sankara. Formal Fallacies.

material dispersion. Focussing of laser beams and applciations. Double refraction. Elements of fibre optics-attenuation. Ahimsa.com . circularly and elliptically polarised light. Fresnel diffraction-half-period zones and zone plate.UPSCPORTAL. Rotational dynamics-kinetic energy. Poiseuille's equation. Newton's laws of motion and applications. telescopes and microscopes. Ends and Means. Conservative forces. Physics 1. vibration of strings and air columns. Newton's rings. Ultrasonics and applications. Doppler effect. Production and detection of linearly. Optical activity and applications. Beats. Huygens' principle-reflection and refraction of waves. Kepler's problem. variable mass systems. Geometrical and Physical Optics Laws of reflection and refraction from Fermat's principle. Gravitaional potential and intensity due to spherical objects. Central forces. forced oscillation and resonance. frictional forces. double slit. Chromatic and spherical aberrations. Lasers. Interference of light-Young's experiment. system of two thin lenses. viscosity. Lissajous figures. time dilation. Gandhian Ethics : Satya. theorems of moment of intertia and calculations in simple cases. projectiles. eyepieces. pulse dispersion in step index and parabolic index fibres. 40 2. Rayleigh scattering and applications. resolving power. escape velocity and artificial satellites (including GPS). Heat and Thermodynamics www. mass-energy relation. Polarizing sheets. 3. characteristics of laser light-spatial and temporal coherence. Applications of Bernoulli's equation and Stokes' law. Simple harmonic motion. Matrix method in paraxial opticsthin lens formula.11. Streamline motion. nodal planes. angular momentum. Mechanics and Waves Dimensional analysis. interference by thin films. Special relativity and Lorentz transformation-length contraction. longitudinal waves in solids. quarter-waves plates and half-wave plates. Phase and group velocities. Stationary waves. Simple optical instruments-magnifier. Damped oscillation. Michelson interferometer. Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit. diffraction grating.

de Broglie wavelength. distribution of molecular speeds and energies. Bohr's theory of hydrogen atom. resistors in series and parallel. wave-particle duality. dielectrics and polarization. synchrotron. Kirchhoff's laws. Joule-Kelvin effect and applications. Displacement current.UPSCPORTAL. energy transport and Poynting vector. Atomic and Nuclear Physics 41 Photoelectric effect. Alternating current circuits-RC. applications to two-loop circuits. Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics. 5. atomic and nuclear magnetism. Bohr's theory of the Mosley plot. Biot-Savart law. Phase transitions. Compton wavelength. The zeroth law of thermodynamics. Capacitors. www. single-loop LRC circuits. Thermodynamic potentials-Maxwell relations. electromagnetic waves. resonance.Thermal equilibrium and temperature. Bragg's law. Heat and the first law of thermodynamics. Natural and artificial radioactivity. Cirulating charges. Planck radiation law. Mean free path. van de Graff accelerator. Compton effect. Pauli exclusion principle and applications. Ampere's law. Wave nature of matter. cyclotron. Kirchhoff's first and second rules. Electricity and Magnetism Electric charge. power in AC circuits. magnetic susceptibility. SternGerlach experiment. LR. Hall effect. 4. Heisenberg's uncertainty relationships. Potential step and barrier penetration. Magnietic field-Gauss'law for magnetism. impedance. Lenz's law. Trasport phenomena. Andrew's experiements-van der Waals equation and applications. X-ray spectrum.com . application to the cosmic microwave background radiation. nuclear fission and fusion. Ohm's law. electric field. Black-body radiation-Stefan-Boltzmann law. Binding energy of nuclei. Coulomb's law.. Faraday's law of induction. (ii) simple harmonic oscillator and (iii) hydrogen atom. Classification of elementary particles and their interactions. Electric potential. electron spin. Einstein's photon theory. Efficiency of Carnot engines. classification of magnetic materials. Schroedinger's equation-eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of (i) particle in a box. Inductance. Gauss' law. Maxwell's equations (MKS units). Kinetic theory and the equation of state of an ideal gas. Zeeman effect. Wien displacement law. quantisation of angular momentum. spectral radiancy. Brownian motion.

Democracy: Meaning and Theories of Democracy. Concept and Theories of underdevelopment Debates in the Third World. Democratic Participation. Political Science Section-A 1. Soceity. 8. Forms of Representation & Participation. Philosophy. interest and pressure groups. 2. Political accountability. Revolution. 10. Key Concepts: State. Elements of microprocessors and computers. Nationalism and Internationalism 13. Electoral system. 7. Marxism. Liberty. Psychology. Socialism. 5. Civil Soceity Swaraj. Nation. Power. 3. binary numbers. 4. National and regional parties. relationship with allied disciplines like History. Economics. Role of Non Government organisation. p type and n type semiconductors.6. Sovereignty. 9. Political Science: Nature & scope of the discipline. junction diode. Theories of Development: Meaning and various approaches.com . Meaning of Politics: Approaches to the study of Politics. Logic gates and truth tables. 42 11. 6. Sociology. Global order and Imperialism. Citizenship. qualitative ideas of semiconductors. Bureaucracy Concept: Theories. Electronics Diodes in half-waves and full-wave rectification. Political Parties in the Third World.UPSCPORTAL. Forms of Government: Parliamentary and Presidential. Theories & Forms. Party System and Political Process: Therories of Party System. Systems & Decision making & Game theory. Major theories of International relations: Realist Marxist. Zener diode. Fascism. Patterns of coalition politics. transistors. Federal & unitary Modes of decentralisation. Equality. Role of Environmental Feminist Peasant & workers movements. Justice. 12. Gandhism. Political Ideologies: Liberalism. Rule of Law. www. Weber and critiques of Bureaucracy. Social Movements: Meaning. Political Ideas: Rights. Neoliberalism.

structural adjustment. Nature and Impact of globalisation. 6. financial and political. 5. Constitutional development : in India during British Rule-A historical perspective. Constitutional provisions & framework and political trends. pressure groups in Indian politics. 12. The State Executive: Governor. and South Africa. Section-B Indian Government and politics 1. www. Public Intrest Litigation.UPSCPORTAL. Functioning of the Parliamentary system in India. approaches. Parliament: Powers and functions of the Lok Sabha & Rajya Sabha. The Judiciary: The Supreme Court . Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. 11. administrative. Judicial Reforms. 9. Typologies of constitutions. Role of Pressure groups class and voluntary associations in society. Indian Party System: Evolution and Contemporay trends. politics of regional move and National Integration. Approaches to the study of Governments: Comparative historical. political economy and political sociology. USA. Salient features of the Indian Constitution. Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers. France. Classification of Political systems: Democratic and Authoritarian. Judicial Interpretations and socio political realities.com . Fundamental Duties. coalition government at the Centre and States. legal institutional. The Union Executive: President. 8..K. globalisation. regional economic integration. China. Basic features of these constitutions & governments : including U. Constituent Assembly: philosophical and socio-economic dimensions. legislative. Elites.14. Fundamental Rights: Constitutional provisions and political dynamics. 43 13. State & the Global order: Neo-Liberalism. 3. 10. 7. characteristics of Political systems in the third world. 4. Germany. Judicial Review Judicial Activism. Constitutional Provisions and Political trends. The interaction of Government & Scientific & Technology business: Previous and now their inter relationship and changing roles in Society. Parliamentary Committees. Nature of Indian federalism: Centre-state relations. 2.

Correlation. Quantitative Analysis: Measures of central tendency and dispersion. social and cultural factors in perception. Endocrine system and hormonal control of behaviour. significance of 73rd and 74th Amendements. 16. 15. Physiological Psychology: Structure of neuron. Role of motivation. 6.14. Role of early experience and mastering of developmental tasks. airline pilots etc. Methods in Psychology: Characteristics of psychological studies. Modeling and observational www. 2.UPSCPORTAL. Mass Poverty. Political realities.g. Perception of form. b) Regional disparities. synapse and neurotransmitters. Levels of measurement. Application of hemispheric knowledge to diagnostic purposes.) 44 7. role of women in Panchayats. Population. Application of knowledge of perception to skill development (e. depth and time. Branches of psychology. Survey method. Application in test construction. Life span development. its changing role in the context of liberatis after. bureauratic Accountability. Introduction to psychology: Concept and definition of psychology. Clinical and case study method. Psychology 1. Sensitive or critical periods of development in human life cycle and its application. Nature and Scope. Development of human behaviour: Individual Differences : Heredity and environment. colour.com . Application of the method. for certain jobs like that of driving. Local Government & Politics: Panchayti Raj and Municipal Government. nerve impulses. structure power & functions. Perceputal organsiation. growth. Learning: Classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Central and peripheral nervous system-structure and neural control of behaviour. 5. Reliability and validity. Observation. environmental degradation. Application of psychology to soceity and social problems. Bureaucracy and Development: Post-colonial India. Hemispheric specialisation. criminalisation and corruption. 3. illiteracy. 4. Perceptual readiness and constancy. caste oppressions and socio economic inequalities among backward classes. Perception: Preceptual processes. Experimental method. Challenges to Indian Democracy: a) Communalism Regionalism violence.

Learing and motivation. Recognition. Application of Psychology: Health and mental health (yoga. self instructional learning and learning www. Concepts of multiple. Application of person perception to impression management. 13. cognitive physiological theory). emotional and artificial intelligence and their application. Factors affecting adjustment (frustration and conflict). Sources of stress and reactions to stress. Measurement of memory (Recall. pencil-paper tests). Mental retardation. Application of stress management techniques. Measurement of Personality (Projective tests. Theories of forgetting (Decay and Interference theories and Repressive forgetting). Likert attitude scale and Bogardus Social Distance scale). 11. Erikson. Motivation and Emotion: Definition and concept of instinct. 8. to improving memory.learning. Biological and sociocultural determinants). Memory: Physiological basis of memory. Application of the above to the improvement of academic performance in education. Intelligence and Aptitude: Definition and concept. Exceptional intelligence. Theories of emotion (James-Lange and Cannon-Brad theories. drives and motives. implicit personality theory and integrating impressions. Measurement of intelligence and aptitude. Theories and models of Intelligence.. 14. Maslow's motivational hierarchy). affiliation motives and influence of early experiences. Development of attitudes. Measurement of Attidutes (Thurstone. Theories of motivation and their application (drive reduction theory. Sutdy of personality (Trait. Person perception. Adjustment and Stress: Concept and definition.com . Short term and long term memory. Social motivation: Achievement. Strategies for reducing prejudice and changing atitude. 15. 10.UPSCPORTAL. 12. Coping with stress. Personality: Concepts and Definition of personality. Memory and forgetting. Problem solving. Cognition and Language: Concept of formation. 9. Education (Programmed learning. Application of Mnemonic devices etc. Nature and development of thinking. Transfer of training. Language and thought and acquisition of language. power. needs. Creative thinking and its applications. stereotypes and prejudice. Social Behaviour: Socio-cultural factors and behaviour. Application of personality profiles in fitting a person to a job. meditation and relaxation therapies). Physiological basis of emotion. type and eclectic approaches) Development of personality (Freud. Relearning).

Behavioral Approach. hierarchy. Relations with the Political Executive. Industry (Assessment centre approach in selection. New Pubic Administration. leadership theories. Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others). Span of control. Administrative Ethics. Gulick and others) Bureaucratic Theory (Weber and his critics). communication and control. Great Britain. Pay and Service conditions. New Public Management perspective. Comparative Public Administration and Development Administration. Recuritment. Unity of command. Promotion.styles). Basic concepts and principles: Organisation. Evolution and status of the discipline.I. Ideas of Mary Parker Follett and C. deficit financing and public debt. 7. Public and Private Administration: State versus market debate. 4. Authority and Responsibility. executive and judicial control. Centralization and Decentralization. Training. scope and significance. Community (self help through group cohesiveness and leadership). Theories of Administration: Scientific Management (Taylor and the Scientific Managment Movement). educational and health areas). France and Japan. Citizen and Administration: Role of civil society. Co-ordination. 6.UPSCPORTAL. 2. Theories of motivation (Maslow and Herzberg) 5. Barnard. Supervision. Formulation and execution of budget. recruitment and training). Accountability and Control : The concepts of Accountability and control : Legislative. Simon. 8. Urwick. 3. personal space concept. Delegation. Line and Staff. Accounts and Audit. Administrative Behaviour: Decision making with special reference to H. pollution reduction) Information technology (Application to commercial. position classification. people's participation and Right to Information. Introduction: Meaning. www. Classical Theory (Fayol. Systems approach. Personnel Administration: Role of Civil Service in developing societies.com . Administrative Systems: Comparative administrative features of USA. Environment (mannature interaction. 45 Public Administration 1. Financial Administration: Budget: Concepts and forms.

association. Public enterprises: Patterns. acculturation. Sociology Unit I : Basic Concepts • Society. www. role conflict. finances and problem areas. 11. Planning Commission. • Norms and values-conformity and deviance. Local Government: Panchayati Raj and Urban local Government: Main features. 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendements. 10. assimilation.9. • Socio-cultural processes : • socialisation. Generalists and Specialists. Cabinet Secretariat. Election Commission. accommodation. Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. Finance Commission. community. Family and Kinship : • Marriage : types and norms. descent. Chief Secretary. Union Government and Administration in India. • Kinships : terms and usages. Secretariat. • Status and role. Social distance. Culture-culture change. relative deprivation. competition. marriage as contract. secondary and reference groups. role performance and impact of liberalization. The President. Union Public Service Commission.UPSCPORTAL. District Collector: changing role. Chief Minister. Directorates. rules of residence. diffusion. and as a sacrament. • Social structure. social system. cooperation. functions and changes. conflict. • Family : types. • Social Groups-primary. social action. Prime Minister's Office. integration.com . ethnocentrism. Central Secretariat. British legacy: Constitutional context of Indian Administration. State and District Administration: Governor. structures. Training of Civil Servants. Cultural relativism. Comptroller and Auditor-General of India. Cultural-tag. Civil Services in India: Recruitment to All India and Central Services. role set. Minister-Civil Servant relationship. • Law and customs. inheritance. institution. Unit II : Marriage. 46 12.

industrial and post-industrial. 47 Unit VI : Industrial and Urban Society • Rural-Urban Continuum. causes and consequences of population growth. dominant caste. science. growth. Unit X : Social Change • Theories of change.Unit III : Social Stratification • Forms and functions. pressure groups. population and social development. nature and social production. Jajmani system. Unit VII : Social Demography • Population size.com . sanskritisation. caste and politics. Caste and Class. market (free) economy and controlled (planned) economy. factors of change. agrarian. political socialisation. Statistics www. Unit IX : Weaker Sections-and Minorities • Social justice-equal opportunity and special opportunity. economic systems of simple and complex societies. authority and legitimacy. population policy. industrialisation and environment. noneconomic determinants of economic behaviour. Backward Caste Movement. impact of automation on society. Unit IV : Types of Society • Tribal. and distribution in India. Unit V : Economy and Society • Man. city and metropolis. Dalit Movement. protective discrimination. constitutional safeguards. deaths and migration.UPSCPORTAL. political modernisation. urban growth and urbanisation-town. Women's Movement. Social movementsPeasant Movement. Unit VIII : Political Processes • Power. basic features of industrial society. technology and change. purity and pollution. components of population growth-births. composition.

longnormal and bivariate normal distributions. censored sampling (concept and illustrations). most powerful test. uniform. Z. covariance. Simple and composite hypotheses.com . gamma. • Statistical Inference: Unbiasedness. event.• Probability: Random experiment. level of significance. X2. simple and multiple linear regression. normal. Cauchy. multiple and partial correlations (involving three variables only). least squares and minimum chisquare methods of estimation. sample space. hypergeometric. Chebyshev's inequality. properties of maximum likelihood and other estimators. sufficiency. parameter and statistic. Rao-Blackwell theorem. intraclass 48 correlation. Bernoulli. moments. rank correlation. conditional probability of an event. multinomial. concepts of random sample. moments. distributions of sample range and median (for continuous distributions only). Bayes' theorem and its application. presentation and summarization of data. beta. maximum likelihood. geometric. weak law of large numbers and central limit theorem for independent and identically distributed random variables with finite variance and their simple applications. confidence intervals for the paramters of standard distributions. large-sample confidence intervals. Cramer-Rao inequality and minimum variance bound estimator. marginal and conditional distributions. Completeness. probability on a discrete sample space. • Statistical Methods: Concept of a statistical population and a sample. joint distribution of two or more random variables. Poisson. exponential. size and power of a test. expectation. distribution of function of random variables. discrete and continuous random variables and their distributions.UPSCPORTAL. basic theorems of probability and simple examples based there on. moment generating function. Lehmann-Scheffe theorem. t and F statistics and their properties and applications. negative binomial. real-life situations where these distributions provide appropriate models. curve-fitting and principle of least squares. skewness and kurtosis. types of data. measures of central tendency. correlation. two kinds of errors. binomial. coefficient. desirable properties of a good test. efficiency. consistency. independent events. minimum variance unbiased estimation. measures of association and contingency. dispersion. algebra of events. Neyman-Pearson www. idea of a random interval. shortest confidence intervals. correlation. independence of random variables. correlation ratio.

b) Structure of animal cell. run test for randomness. ratio and regression methods of estimaton under simple and stratified random sampling. double sampling for ratio and regression methods of estimation. Chi-square test. mutations www. transcription and translation. stratified random sampling. missing plot technique. likelihood ratio test and its properties and applications. basic concepts in sampling. OC and ASN functions. cluster sampling. meiosis. properties of a good estimator.com . Wald-Wolfowitz runs test. analysis of covariance in one and two-way classifications. Analysis of variance with equal number of observations per cell in one. d) Structure and contents of nucleus including nuclear membrane. two-stage sampling with equal-size first-stage units. f) Function of gene: replication. sign test. chemistry of genetic components. 49 Zoology I. basic priniciples of experimental designs. total and partial confounding. • Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments: Complete enumeration vs. structure of chromsome and gene. designing large-scale sample surveys.UPSCPORTAL. structure and functions of cell organelles. application to binomial and normal distributions. median test. completely randomized design. 2n factorial design. risk function. Wilcoxon test and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test. cytoplasmic inheritance. Cell structure and function a) Prokaryote and eukaryote. sampling. need for sampling. Wal's sequential probability ratio test. latin square design. estimation of sample size. sampling and non-sampling errors. two and three-way classifications. linkage and genetic recombination. uniformly most powerful test. systematic sampling. c) Cell cycle-mitosis. 32 factorial experiments. e) Mendel's laws of inheritance. minimax and Bayes rules. randomized block design.lemma and its use in simple example. split-plot design and balanced incomplete block design. simple random sampling. Loss function.

Obelia. Buthus. g) sex determination in Drosophila and man. 50 III. respiratory system. citric acid cycle.UPSCPORTAL. pheromones and their role. II. Platyhelminthes. Agnatha. Aves and Mammalia. adrenal. Echinodermata. enegetics. Plasmodium. Vertebrate Physiology and Biochemistry a) Chemical composition of protoplasm. glycolysis. Phoronida and Chaetognatha) and Hemichordata. c) Classification of chordates (up to orders). sex linkage in man. Recombinant DNA: principle and application. Arthropoda. Calotes. Porifera. pancreas. Minor Phyla (Bryozoa.com . brain and sense organs (eye and ear). Paramaecium. Reptilia. sources and fucntions. Hydra. Monocystis. b) Structure reprodcution and life history of the following types: Amoeba. digestive system. endocrine glands and other hormone producing structures. electron trasport and role of ATP. Pila. Pheretima. nature and function of enzymes. vertebrate hormones: their type. Nematheliminthes. circulatory system including heart and aortic arches. b) Neuron and nerve impulse-conduction and transmission across synapses. Systematics a) Classification of non-chordates (up to sub-classes) and chordates (up to orders) giving general features and evolutionary relationship of the following phyla: Protozoa. Annelida. Rana. Periplaneta. endoskeleton. Coelenterata. www. Columba and Oryctolagus): integrument and its derivatives. d) Comparative functional anatomy of the following based on type animals (Scoliodon. vitamins. gonads) their function. (Pituitary.(spontaneous and artificial). biological oxidation. Amphibia. their sources and role. Taenia. Palaemon. thyroid. Mollusca. Gnathostomata-Pisces. Fasciola. parathyroid. Ascaris. Lamellidens. Asterias and Balanoglossus. urinogenital system. giving general features and evolutionary relationship of the following: Protochordata. Hirudinia. Neanthes. Sycon. colloids and hydrogen ion concentration.

com . extraembryonic membranes in chick and mammal. osmoregulation. fertilization. food chain and energy flow. Wildlife and Ethology a) Abiotic and biotic factors. d) Venomous animals-centipede. geological eras. Embryology a) Gametogenesis. cleavage. steroids. VI. Evolution a) Origin of life. fats. intra-and inter-specific animal relationships. causes. c) Homeostasis.UPSCPORTAL. gastrulation in frog and chick b) Metamorphosis in frog and retrogressive metamorphosis in ascidian. principles. environmental pollution: Types. terrestrial and aerial fauna. wasp. insular fauna. DNA as a tool for forensic investigation. lipids and proteins. honey bee. Economic Zoology a) Beneficial and harmful insects including insect vectors of human diseases. c) Biological rhythms. b) Zoogeographical realms. 51 PART-A: MAIN EXAMINATION The main Examination is intended to assess the overall intellectual traits and depth of www. V. including acetyl cholinesterase activity. d) Composition of carbohydrates. active transport and ion pump. control and prevention. VII. evolutionary status of man. Biogenetic law. adaptation of aquatic. placentation in mamals. theories and evidences of evolution. Ecology. b) Industrial fish. e) Diseases caused by aberrant chromosomes/genes in man. IV. concept of ecosystem. c) Evolution of man. species concept. c) Non-poisonous and poisonous snakes of India. genetic counselling. sanctuaries and national parks of India. b) Wildlife of India.neurotrasmitters and their role. prawn and molluscs of India. sources. endangered species of India.

The choice of subjects will be given. Note 1 : The Papers on Indian languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. COMPULSORY SUBJECTS English and Indian Languages The aim of the paper is to test the candidate's ability to read and understand serious discursive prose. In the case of Engineering and law.com . The scope of the syllabus for the optional subject papers for the examination is broadly of the honours degree level i. the level corresponds to the bachelor's degree. 52 General Studies www.understanding of candidates rather than merely the range of their information and memory. Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved). and to write concisely.UPSCPORTAL. The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows : (i) Comprehension of given passages. (iv) Short Essay (v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa. (ii) Precis Writing (iii) Usage and Vocabulary. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking. a level higher than the bachelors degree and lower than the masters degree. (ii) Precis Writing (iii) Usage and Vocabulary (iv) Short Essay Indian Languages (i) Comprehension of given passages. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression. and to express his ideas clearly and correctly in English/ Indian language concerned.e. Essay Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic.

corruption in public communal harmony etc. such as the following: Foreign Affairs External Security and related matters • Nuclear Policy www. conservation of natural resources and national heritage. ecological preservation. questions will be on the physical. such as child labour. which will have relevance for a career in Civil Services. economic and s geography of India. Internal Security and related issues.The nature and standard of questions in these papers will be such that a well educated person will be able to answer them without any specialized study. such the following. Law en enforcement issues. (d) Current National issues and topics of social relevance This parts intended to test the candidate's awareness of current national issues and topics of social relevance in the present-day India. gender equality. Environmental issues. (c) Indian Polity This part will include questions on the Constitution of India. their relevance and need for cha Paper-II India and the World This part is intended to test candidate's awareness of India's relation with the world in various spheres. The part relating to Indian Culture will cover all aspects of Indian Culture from the ancient to modern times. public health etc. The questions will be such as to test a candidate's general awareness of a variety of subjects. The role of national institutions. human rights. adult literacy. rehabilitation of the handicapped and other deprived segments of the society. Political system and related matters.UPSCPORTAL. drug abuse. Demography & Human Resource & related issues. Paper-I (a) History of Modern India and Indian Culture The History of Modern India will cover history of the country from about the middle of nineteenth century and would also include questions on important personalities who shaped the Freedom Movement and Social Reforms. Behavioural & issues & Social Welfare problems. (b) Geography of India In this part.com .

World Bank W. 53 Developments in the field of science & technology. and humans.e.M.F. taking at least one question from each part. Agriculture Paper-I Ecology and its relevance to man. questions. at least two questions will be attempted from each part i. five questions are to be attempted. communications and space and also basic ideas of computers. Candidates will be required to answer three more questions out of the remaining six questions. One question in each part will be compulsory. Foreign Trade. International Affairs & Institutions This part will include questions on important events in world a and on international institutions. each part containing four questions. the role and functions of I.• Indians abroad • Indian Economy In this part. Statistical analysis. their sustainable management and conservation. will test the candidate's awareness of the developments in the field of science & technology. Part A and Part B. communications and space In this part. viz. limitations or inconsistencies therein. questions will be on the planning and economic development in India.. animals. Climatic elements as factors of crop growth.UPSCPORTAL. Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production. All questions will carry equal marks.com . graphs and diagrams This part will include exercises to test the candidate's ability to draw common sense conclusions from information presented in statistical. natural resources. impact of changing environment on cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops. In this way.T. one compulsory question plus one more. www. Out of eight questions. economic & trade issues. Each paper will be divided into two parts. graphical or diagrammatical form and to point out deficiencies. etc.O. OPTIONAL SUBJECTS FOR MAIN EXAMINATION Note: Total number of questions in the question papers of optional subjects will be eight.

farm planning. Farm management. commercial and fodder crops grown during Kharif and Rabi seasons in different regions of the country. Processes and factors of soil formation. chemical and biological properties. biological and chemical control of weeds. their characteristics. Drip and sprinkler irrigation. Drainage of water-logged soils. nitrogen fixation in soils. and natural forests. scope. and valley lands. pulses. social forestry. and their importance in relation to food production. integrated nutrient management. Modern classification of Indian soils. Optimum resources use and budgeting. foot hills. nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils. Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production. agro-forestry. Problem soils and their reclamation methods. processes and factors affecting them. oil seeds. relay and inter-cropping. Package of practices for production of important cereals. Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertiliser use. their multiplication. its importance and role. Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping pattern. Weeds. Erosion and run-off management in hilly. scope and propagation of various types of forestry plantations such as extension. Important features. Soil-physical. Losses of nitrogen in soil. Economics of different types of farming systems. Soil conservation planning on watershed basis. Technology of stabilising agriculture production in rainfed agriculture area. role of co-operatives in agricultural economy. fibres. ways and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation water. effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution. important and characteristics. dissemination and association with various crops. types and systems of farming and factors affecting them.Cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones of the country.UPSCPORTAL. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants. multistorey. quality of irrigation water. Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in 54 maintaining soil productivity. Agricultural extension. Concepts of multiple cropping.com . methods of evaluation of extension www. sugar. cultural. Dryland agriculture and its problems. criteria for scheduling irrigations. Fixation of phosphorus and potassium in soils and the scope for their efficient use. Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs. price fluctuations and their cost.

sterility and incompatibility. composites of various crop plants. Laws of heredity. sex-influenced and sex-limited characters. Application of principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major field crops. Absorption and translocation of water. Pure-line selection. sex-linked. Seed technology. and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers. cell division. protein and fat metabolism. 55 breeding for disease and pest resistance. socio-economic survey and status of big. History of plant breeding. aerobic and nonaerobic respiration. Cytoplasmic inheritance. euploid and an euploids. law of homologous series. Enzymes and plant pigments. diffusion and osmosis. its significance in plant breeding. cell organelles and their function. chromosomal aberrations. pedigree. role of interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. Modes of reproduction. Role of public and private sectors in seed production. Hybrid vigour and its exploitation. Improved varieties. linkage and cross-over. classification and their application in crop improvement. Growth and development. and other plant regulators and their mechanism of action and importance in agriculture. backcross method of breeding. Physiology of seed www. Origin and evolution of crop plants. its importance. lab-to-land programmes. Training programmes for extension workers. combining ability. surface tension. Polyploidy. C. Carbohydrate. mass and recurrent selections.programmes. Chromosome structure. hybrids. photoperiodism and vernalization. Variation. Role of biotechnology in plant breeding. Physiology and its significance in agriculture. Paper-II Cell Theory.com . their significance in plant breeding. Heritability. farm mechanization and its role in agricultural production and rural employment. small. C and CAM mechanisms. Auxins. crop genetic resourcesconservation and utilization. hormones. photosynthesis-modern concepts and factors affecting the process. centre of origin. Mutation-micro and macro-and their role in crop improvement. and their significance in recombination breeding. transpiration and water economy. selfing and crossing techniques. components of variation. Different kinds of seeds and their seed production and processing techniques. processing and marketing in India. cell structure.UPSCPORTAL. Imbibition. gene structure and function. nucleic acids-structure and function.

functions. meat. orchard and plantation crops of India. National and international food policies. requirements and their relationship of the basic minerals nutrients including trace elements. 1. major deficiencies of calorie and protein. Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits. Evaluation of feeds as sources of energy. and their control.com . functions. Advances in Ruminant Nutrition-Dairy Cattle: Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to milk production and its composition. Compatibility with rhizobial inoculants. Relation of food production to national dietary pattern. heifers. Diseases and pests of field vegetables. their formulations and modes of action.4. Microbial toxins.development and germination. 56 1. Energy protein ratios in ration. eggs and wool. plants. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutriton. Causes and classification of plant pests and diseases. 1.UPSCPORTAL. distribution and processing constraints. dormancy. Minerals in animal diet: Sources. Production. Principal methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetable products. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science Paper-I 1. Storage pests and diseases of cereals and pulses. protein quantity and quality in relation to requirements. Hormones and Growth Stimulating. Nutrient requirements for calves. Vitamins. dry and milking cows and buffaloes. and design and layout of lawns and gardens. metabolism and requirements for maintenance and production of milk.3. requirements and inter-relationship with minerals. Animal Nutrition-Energy sources. Trends in protein nutrition: sources of protein metabolism and synthesis. Handling and marketing problems of fruit and vegetables.1. energy. Food production and consumption trends in India. processing techniques and equipment. Limitations of various feeding www. Raising of ornamental plants. Epidemiology and forecasting. 1. procurement. Integrated pest and disease management. the package of practices and their scientific basis. substances: Sources. Pesticides. vegetable crops and flower plants. Principles of control of plant pests and diseases Biological control of pests and diseases.2.

Detection of oestrus and time of insemination for better conception. 1. their components and function. swine and poultry. 2. Balanced rations. composition of spermatozoe. Deep Freezing techniques in cows. milk secretion and milk ejection. Digestive organs and their functions. methods of controlling climatic stress. meat and egg production. Advances in Non-Rumiant Nutrition-Poultry-Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to poultry.4 Semen quality: Preservation and Artificial Insemination-Components of semen. maturation. digestibility and balance studies.6. 1. Nutrition requirements for growth. body composition. Feeding standards and measures of food energy. Animal Physiology 2.7.5. growth curves. 57 transport of diluted semen. Advances in Non-Ruminant Nutrition-Swine-Nutrients and their metabolism with special reference to growth and quality of meat production. Advances in Applied Animal Nutrition-A critical review and evaluation of feeding experiments. mechanisms of adaption.com . factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro.UPSCPORTAL. chemical and physical properties of ejaculated semen. 1. 2. Male and Female reproduction organ. environmental factors and regulatory mechanism involved in animal behaviour. 2. Nutrient requirement and feed formulation for baby-growing and finishing pigs. sheep and goats. sperm concentration.2 Milk Production and Reproduction and Digestion: Current status of hormonal control of mammary development. meat quality.systems. composition of diluents.3 Environmental Physiology: Physiological relations and their regulation. measures of growth.1 Growth and Animal Production: Prenatal and postnatal growth. conformation. Factors affecting semen production and quality preservation. factors affecting growth. maintenance and production. 2. www. Nutrients requirements and feed formulation and broilers at different ages.

4. pigs. Developing Practical and Economic ration for dairy cattle. egg and wool production: Development of practical and economic rations for sheep. Livestock Production and Management 3. Feeding regimes for day and young stock and bulls. Random drift and small populations. Recombinant DNA technology.com . Hardy Weinberg Law.1 Commercial Dairy Farming-Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries. factors determining the efficiency of dairy animal. Gene and genotypic frequency. 3. Expression of genes. Genetics and Animal Breeding: Mitosis and Meiosis. 4. Blood groups and polymorphism. Herd recording. field and fodder requirements of Dairy Farm. Personnel Management. individual. pricing policy. Capital and land requirement. Population Vs. sex influenced and sex limited characters. heifers and breeding animals. Chromosome abberations. goats. economic dairy farming.3. budgeting. deviations to Mendelian genetics. Mendelian inheritance. types of mutations. Procurement of goods. Theory of path coefficient. Genetic code and protein synthesis. methods of estimating inbreeding coefficient.3. cost of milk production. partitioning of www. supply of greens throughout the year. dominance and epistatic deviation. rabbits and poultry.UPSCPORTAL. DNA as a genetic material. Sex determination. Feeding records. organisation of the dairy farm. Supply of greens. opportunities in dairy farming. New trends in enhancing production and management. Forces changing gene frequency. feeding regimens for young and mature stock.2. Linkage and crossing over. Capital and land requirements and socio-economic concept. Breeding value. Starting of a dairy farm. fodder. Dairying under fixed farming and as a specialised farming. methods for detecting mutations and mutation rate. Gene and its structure. estimation of breeding value. Mutations. 3. systems of inbreeding. Effective population size. new trends in feeding young and adult stock. Feeding and management of animals under drought. Commercial meat. qualitative traits. flood and other natural calamities. Inbreeding.1 Population Genetics Applied to Animal Breeding: Quantitative Vs.

1. Indirect selection and Correlated response. Role of multiple measurements. Construction of selection indices and their uses. Comparative evaluation of genetic gains through various selection methods. Cytology-structure of cell. Nervous.UPSCPORTAL. organells & inclusions. Crossing of inbred lines for commercial production. 58 4. Breeding for threshold character. respiratory. 1. mesodermal and ectodermal derivatives.2 Breeding Systems: Heritability. their methods of estimation and precision of estimates. digestive. Methods of selection. Health and Hygiene 1.com .2. cross-breeding and synthesis of breeds. cell divison-cell types-Tissues and their classification-embryonic and adult tissues-Comparative histology of organs:. upgrading. Selection for general and specificcombining ability. Resemblance between relatives. family and within family selection. Embryology: Embryology of vertebrates with special reference to aves and domestic mammals-gametogenesis-fertilization-germ layers-foetal membranes & placentation-types of placenta in domestic mammals-Teratology-twin & twinningorganogenesisgerm layer derivatives-endodermal. Paper-II 1. 1. repeatability and genetic and phenotypic correlations. mandibuloalveolar. Genotype X environment correlation and genotype X environment interaction. Progeny testing.vascular. www. musculo-skeletal and urogenital systems-Endocrine glands-Integuments-sense organs. Inbreeding. maxillary. Histology and Histological Techniques: Stains-Chemical classification of stains used in biological work-principles of staining tissues-mordants-progressive & regressive stains-differential staining of cytoplasmic and connective tissue elements-Methods of preparation and processing of tissues-celloidin embeddingFreezing microtomy-Microscopy-Bright field microscope and electron microscope. Bovine Anatomy-Regional Anatomy: Paranasal sinuses of OX-surface anatomy of salivary glands.variation. pedigree.3. Regional anatomy of infraorbital. Aids to selection and their relative merits. Individual.

59 1.3 Respiration: Mechanism of respiration. Physiology of blood and its circulation.5. Anatomy of Fowls: Musculo-skeletal system-functional anatomy in relation to respiration and flying. Blood-Brain barrierCerebrospinal fluid-circulation in birds.5. 1. Osmotic regulation. Work and efficiency of heart-effect of ions on heart function-metabolism of cardiac muscle.2 Circulation: Physiology of heart. arterial pulse.5. effect of temperature and stress on heart. 1.1 Blood constituents: Properties and functions-blood cell formationHaemoglobin synthesis and chemistry-plasma proteins production. blood pressure and hypertension.4 Excretion: Structure and function of kidney-formation of urinemethods of studying renal function-renal regulation of acid-base balance. classification and properties. vasomotor regulation of circulation. excretion. median.mental & coronal nerve block-Regional anatomy of paravertebral nerves.5. nervous and chemical regulation of heart. heart beat. Transport and exchange of gases-neural control of respiration-chemoreceptors-hypoxia-respiration in birds. Endocrine glands in health and disease.5.UPSCPORTAL. Biochemical tests and their significance in disease diagnosis. Coronary & pulmonary circulation. digestion and egg production. abdominal and pelvic cavitiescomparative features of locomotor apparatus & their application in the biomechanics of mammalian body. Haemorrhagic disorders-anticoagulants-blood groups-Blood volume-Plasma expandersBuffer systems in blood. physiological constituents of urine-renal failure-passive venous www. coagulation of blood.4. shock. 1. 1. pudental nerve. ulnar & radial nerves-tibial. respiration. cardiac cycle-heart sounds. electrocardiograms. 1. fibular and digital nerves-Cranial nerves-structures involved in epidural anaesthesia-superficial lymph nodessurface anatomy of visceral organs of thoracic.com .

air and soil-Importance of climate in animal health-effect of environment on animal function and performance-relationship between industri|| Rau’s IAS Study Circle.com || 60 alisation and animal agriculture-animal housing requirements for specific categories of domestic animals viz. diagnosis.6 Principles and methods of immunisation of animals against specific diseases-hard immunity-disease free zones-'zero' disease concept-chemoprophylaxis. Veterinary Hygiene with reference to water. 2. mechanism and control of secretion-hormonal receptors-classification and function. their symptoms and diagnosis. pig and poultry. Biochemical tests for urinary dysfunction. Synthesis of hormones. symptoms.UPSCPORTAL. dehydration.5 Endocrine glands: Functional disorders. diagnosis. sheep and goats.congestion-Urinary recreation in chicken-Sweat glands and their function.5 Diagnosis and treatment of neurological disorders. pregnant cows & sows. 2. 1. Indigestion.5. www.com . stroke. New Delhi. www. 1. and control of infection diseases of cattle. 1. treatment of production diseases of cattle. Animal Diseases 2. horses.rauias. air and habitation: Assessment of pollution of water. Bloat. postmortum lesions. milking cows. General knowledge of pharmacology and therapeutics of drugs: Celluar level of pharmacodynamics and pharmaco-kinetics-Drugs acting on fluids and electrolyte balance-drugs acting on Autonomic nervous system-Modern concepts of anaesthesia and dissociative anaesthetics-Autocoids-Antimicrobials and principles of chemotherapy in microbial injections-use of hormones in therapeutics-chemotherapy of parasitic infections-Drug and economic persons in the Edible tissues of animals-chemotherapy of Neoplastic diseases.4 Diagnosis and treatment of nonspecific condition like impaction. 2. 2.3 Deficiency diseases of domestic animals and birds. strain & productivity in relation to animal habitation. poisioning. broiler birds-stress. 2. 2.1 Pathogenesis.7.2 Etiology. pigs and poultry. symptoms. Diarrhoea.6.

production. definition.8 Disease investigation techniques-Materials for laboratory investigationEstablishment Animal Health Centres-Disease free zone. homogenized.A. water and food borne infections. Sanitation requirement for clean and safe milk and for the milk plant equipment. Milk and Milk Products Technology 4. Veterinary Public Health 3. 3. Rumenotomy-Castrations. cultures and their management. sterilized. Symptoms and surgical interference in fractures and dislocation. Preparation of cultured milks. 4. definition of epidemiological terms.2 Milk Products Technology: Selection of raw materials. Hernia. application of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases and disease control.P. Dahi. regional and general-preanaesthetic medication. Quality storage grades of whole milk.3 Veterinary Jurisprudence: Rules and Regulations for improvement of animal quality and prevention of animal diseases-state and control Rules for prevention of animal and animal product borne diseases-S. • Processing. 3.7 Anaesthesia-local.2.1 Zoonoses: Classification. Lassi and Srikhand. www. abomassal displacement-Caesarian operations. double toned. collection and transport of raw milk.2 Epidemiology: Principles. storing. youghurt. choking. testing and grading raw milk.1 Milk Technology: Organization of rural milk procurement. 61 • Quality. recombined and flavoured milks. C.UPSCPORTAL. Legal standards. Epidemiological features of air. reconstituted. packaging. 2. Skimmed milk and cream. role of animals and birds in prevalence and transmission of zoonotic diseases-occupational zoonotic diseases. standardized. toned.-veterolegal casescertificatesMaterials and Methods of collection of samples for veterolegal investigation. assembling.com . 4. 3. Preparation of flavoured and sterlized milks. marketing defects and their control and nutritive properties of the following milks : Pasteurized. distributing.

butter milk. composition and nutritive value of eggs. Cheese. Khoa. pre slaughter care and management. Slaughtering techniques. eggs and products.1. abattoir requirements and designs. www. Condensed.3. Marketing of poultry meat. Testing Grading. processing and operational control Costs.1 Meat Hygiene 5. irradiation. Ice cream and Kulfi. meat products and formulations. Ghee. Poultry Products Technology: Chemical composition and nutritive value of poultry meat. judging milk products-BIS and Agmark specifications.1 Ante mortem care and management of food animals. quality control nutritive properties. distributing and marketing milk products such as Butter. slaughter and dressing operations.com . inspection. Packaging. 5.1 Physical and chemical characteristics of meat-meat emulsions-methods of preservation of meat-curing.4. Byproducts: Slaughter house by products and their utilisation-Edible and inedible byproducts-social and economic implications of proper utilisation of slaughter house byproducts-Organ products for food and pharmaceuticals.2. preservation of poultry meat. by products.2.UPSCPORTAL. storing. Channa.1. Microbial spoilage. Meat inspection procedures and judgement of carcass meat cuts-drading of carcass meat cuts-duties and functions of Veterinarians in Wholesome meat production. Preservation and maintenance. packaging of meat and meat products. Meat Technology 5. 62 5. Legal and BIS standards. legal standards. Structure.processing. and products. 5. 5. Meat Hygiene and Technology 5. evaporated. canning. stunning. 5. whey products. lactose and casein. dried milk and baby food.2 Hygienic methods of handling production of meat-spoilage of meat and control measures-Post slaughter physicochemical changes in meat and factors that influence them-quality improvement methods-Adulteration of meat and defection-Regulatory provisions in Meat trade and Industry.

tertiary and quaternary fossil primates.3 Main branches of Anthropology. Extension: Basic philosophy. Cope's rule. parallelism. Grading of wool. Life Science. Gause's rule. Generation of technology. convergence.UPSCPORTAL.1 Meaning and scope Anthropology 1. 1.5. c) Paranthropus-Homo erectus-Homo erectus javanicus. Darwinian and Post-Darwinian period.4 Human Evolution and emergence of Man Organic Evolution-Theories of evolution in historical perspective.5 Phylogenetic status.2 Relationship with other disciplines: History. Medical Science. Sociology. pre-Darwinian. their scope and relevance a) Social-cultural Anthropology b) Physical and biological Anthropology c) Archaeological Anthropology. Modern synthetic theory of evolution. adaptive radiation.5. Origin and evolution of man-'Homo erectus and Homo sapiens'. Systematics of Hominoidea and Hominidae. Homo erectus pekinensis. 6. major primate taxa. Paranthropus. mosaic evolution). Disposal and utilization of fur and wool and recycling of waste byproducts. concept and principles of extension. 63 b) South and East African hominids-Plesianthropus/Australopithecus Africaus. 1. Different Methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions.com . characteristics and distribution of the following: a) Prepleistocence fossil primates-Oreopithecus. Political Science. Anthropology Paper I 1. www. objectives. Australopithecus. 1. Rabbit/Fur Animal farming: Care and management of rabbit meat production. its transfer and feedback. Problems of constraints in transfer of technology. Psychology. Principles of systematics and taxonomy. Animal husbandry programmes for rural development. Economics. brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology (Doll's rule.

com . Descent. incest prohibition exogamy and endogamy. Recent advances in understanding the evolution. Chancelede.7 Cultural Evolution-broad outlines of pre-historic cultures: a) Paleolithic b) Mesolithic c) Neolithic d) Chalcolithic e) Copper-Bronze age f) Iron age 2. typology and approaches to the study of terminology Alliance and descent. Impact of urbanization. Grimaldi. proscriptive and open systems. Unilineal. education and feminist movements.d) Homo Heidelbergensis. types and variation of marriage systems.UPSCPORTAL. Political and jural aspects of kinship. pestation and marriage stability. 2. Basic structure and functions. Kinship terminology. molecular evolution of Primates. e) Neanderthal man-La-chapelle-aus-saints (Classical type). bilateral and double descent.3 Marriage -Definition. industrialization. Comparative anatomy of man and apes. Carmelites types (Progressive type). stability and changes in family. Universality of family-a critique. Debates on the universal definition of marriage. 1. 2. 1.6 Evolutionary trend and classification of the order Primates. primate locomotion.1 Family-Definition and typology of family. f) Rhodesian man g) Homo sapiens-Cromognon. household and domestic groups. www. skeletal changes due to erect posture and its implications. bride-price. Relationship with other mammals. filiation and complementary filiation. Types and form of marriage Dowry.2 Concept of kinship : Definition of kin.-terrestrial and arboreal adaptation. Principles of descent-types and functions. Regulation of marriage-preferential. Mt. Typological and processual approaches to the study of family. distribution and multidisciplinary approach to understand a fossil type in relation to others. prescriptive.

relationships between culture and civilization and society. Exchange: gifts. Nature and types of mobility. Fomalist and substantivist debate-Dalton. Social control. Symbolism in religion and rituals.1 Concept of research in anthroplogy. Culture ecology and sustainable development. Concepts of planning and planned development. Types of political organisations-band. 5. distribution and consumption in communities subsisting on hunting-gathering.1 Study of culture. congnitive approach and new ethnography.2 Theoretical foundations. transaction-alism. patterns and processes. horticulture and other economic pursuits. neo-evolutionism. trade. law and justice in tribal and peasant societies.64 3. historical particularism and diffusionism.3 Social structure and social organization. 7. witchcraft and sorcery. tribe. 3. Role-analysis and social network. 6. www. scope and relevance. status. functional and processual Relation with economic and political structures. definitions and functions and functionaries: priest. Karlpolyanny and Marx approach and New Economic Anthropology.5 Approaches to the study of culture and society-classical evolutionism. authority and legitimacy. principles governing production. Ethnomedicine. fishing. saman.1 Definitions and functions of religion. chiefdom. pastoralism. ceremonial exchange and market economy. 3. patterns of culture. Myths and rituals: definitions and approaches to their study-structural. medicine man and sorcerers. structural-functionalism.com .UPSCPORTAL. class and power. 4. psychological and functional. Social stratification: principles and form. post structuralism and post-modernism. Models of development. gender. symbolism.1 Concepts of developmental Anthropological perspective. Concept of participatory development. culture and personality.1 Meaning. Institutions. subjectivity and reflexivity in terms of gender class. Critiques of classical developmental theories. 5.2 Concept of Social Change and Cultural Change: 3. state. culture ecology. Concept of culture. 3. barter. concept of power. Displacement and rehabilitation. groups community. Magic. Anthropological approaches to the study of religionevolutionary.4 Concept of Society.

methodology. Interview. scope and major branches of human genetics. isolation.com . Nature and explanation in anthropological research. Its relationship with other branches of science and medicine. genetic effect of consanguineous and cousin marriages (statistical and probability methods for study of human genetics). biochemical methods. Mendelian population. www. 8. Distinction between methodology. Super female (XXX). Comparative methods. questionnaire. immunological methods. heritability estimates. multifactor. nature. Consanguineous and non-consanguineous mating. Turner (XO). single factor. 8.1 Concept. cytogenetic method. participatory. foster child. co-twin method. migration. inbreeding and genetic drift.ideology and ethics. D. participant and other forms of observation. Basic techniques of data collection. and polygenic inheritance in man. and other syndromic disorders. extended casestudy methods. Participatory rapid assessment (PRA). Patau. sub-lethal. interpretation and presentation of data.4 Mendelian genetics in man-family study. causes and changes which bring down frequency-mutation. lethal. Analysis. methods and techniques. Edward and Cri-du-chat syndromes. Hardy-Weinberg law. oral history.3 Twin study method-zygosity. genetic load. life histories and seconday sources.6 Chromosomes and chromosomal aberrations in man. purpose and methods of comparison in social and cultural anthroplogy.UPSCPORTAL. Positivistics and non-positivistic approaches. 65 learning and assessment (PLA).5 Concept of genetic polymorphism and selection. intersex. selection. 8. case-study methods.A. a) Numerical and structural aberrations (disorders) b) Sex chromosomal aberrations-Klinefelter (XXY). chromosomal and karyotype analysis). present status of the twin study method and its applications.N. twin study. 8. technology and recombinant technologies. 8. 8.2 Method for study of genetic principles in man-family study (pedegree analysis. schedules. c) Autosomal aberrations-Down syndrome. genealogical method.

12. racial traits in relation to heredity and environment. maturity. genetic screening.d) Genetic imprints in human disease. Relevance of menarche. Principal living peoples of world.1 Concepts and Methods of Ecological Anthropology. biological basis of morphological variation of non-metric and metric characters. cultural and socio-economic. sex and population variation in gentic marker-ABO. Resources-biological. senescence. . transferrin. pulse rate. Human physique and somatotypes. racial classification of human groups. childhood. Fertily patterns and differentials. blood enzymes. 9. HLA. environmental. menopause and other bioevents to fertility. Physiological characteristics-Hb level. 11. Methodologies for growth studies. drugs and occupational hazards on health. Their distribution and characterisicts. Factors affecting growth and development genetic.1 Concept of human growth and development-stages of growth-prenatal. tribal. Impact of smoking air pollutions. alcoholism.Ageing and senescence. urban and international levels. 12. respiratory functions and sensory perceptions in different cultural and socio-economic 66 groups. racial differentiation and race-crossing in man. Rh blood groups. 8. environmental. 10. human DNA profiling. biological basis of racial classification. body fat.1 Relevance in understanding of contemporary society. Dynamics of ethnicity at rural. Biological aspects of human fertility. Ethnicity and concept of nation state.9 Age. non-biological and sustainable development. Biological adaptation-climatic. demography and population study. Adaptation-social and cultural Deterministic theories-a critique. biochemical. 8. nutritional. www. adolescence.UPSCPORTAL. 8. Concept of ethnic boundaries. natal.2 Demographic theories-biological.7 Concept of race in histrogical and biological perspective.com . Theories and observations-biological and chronological longevity. Race and racism.1 Reproductive biology. Hp. gene mapping and genome study. infant. nutritional and genetic. social and cultural.8 Ethnic groups of mankind-characteristics and distribution in world. Reproductive physiology of male and female. Racial criteria. Gm. genetic counselling. Ethric conflicts and political developments.

13. 4.UPSCPORTAL. Vedic and post-Vedic beginnings. Islam and Christianity on Indian society.6 Biological and socio-ecological factors influencing fecundity. Emergence. life table-structure and utility. Karma.7 DNA technology-prevention and cure of diseases. Impact of Buddhism. 13. Contributions of the tribal cultures. Theories on the origin of caste system. Mesolithic and Neolithic).7 Methods of studying population growth.1 Anthropology of sports 13. Jajmani system. Evolution of the Indian Culture and Civilization-Pre historic (Paleolithic. 13. duel reporting system. registration system.5 Methods and principles of personal identification and reconstruction. Demographic profile of India-Ethinic and linguistic elements in the Indian population and their distribution.6 Applied human genetics-Paternity diagnosis genetic counselling and eugenics.4 Population structures and population dynamics. Purushartha. Structural basis of inequality in traditional Indian society. Jainism.2 Nutritional Anthropology. 13.8 Biological consequences of population control and family welfare. 13. 13. sample methods. Paper II 1. 12. Protohistoric (Indus Civilization). 3.5 Demographic rates and ratios. 13. growth and development of anthropology in India-contributions of the 19th www. 12.9 Serogenetics and cytogenetics in reproductive biology.8 Anthropo-gentics in medicine 13.10 Application of statistical principles in human genetics and Physical Anthropology. factors influencing its structure and growth.com .3 Demographic methods-census. 12. 2.4 Forensic Anthropology. The basic structure and nature of traditional Indian social system-a critique. fertility natality and mortality. Indian population.12. 67 13. Varnasharam. 12. 12.3 Anthropology in designing of defence and other equipments. Rina and Rebirth.

G. unemployment.1 Impact of Hinduism.1 Role of anthropology in tribal and rural development. underemployment. tribal movements and quest for identity. Role of N. 9. Approaches to the study of Indian society and culture-traditional and contemporary. Constitutional safeguards for Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes. Pseudo-tribalism.2 Contributions of anthropology to the understanding of regionalism. History of administration of tribal areas.com . 8.UPSCPORTAL. Impact of urbanisation and industrialization on tribal and rural populations. 5. 9. 6. plans. 8.2 Linguistic and religious minorities-social. communalism and ethnic and political movements Botany www. impact of market economy on Indian villages. 5. Developmental projects-tribal displacement and problems of rehabilitation: Development of forest policy and tribals. 5. 68 development programmes and welfare measures on tribals and weaker sections. Social change among the tribes during colonial and post-Independent India. Tribal situation in India-biogenetic variability. poor educational facilities. Contemporary nature of anthropological studies in India. 8. political and economic status. Contributions of Indian anthropologists to tribal and caste studies. Problems of the tribal Communities-land alienation.2 Tribe and nation state-a comparative study of tribal communities in India and other countries. health and nutrition. Emergence of ethnicity. low literacy. programmes of tribal development and their implementation. Christianity.Os. linguistic and socio-economic characteristics of the tribal populations and their distribution. Islam and other religious on tribal societies.Century and early 20th Century scholar-administrators. tribal policies.1 Aspects of Indian village-Social organisations of agriculture. poverty indebtedness. Social change and contemporary tribal societies: Impact of modern democratic institutions. Problems of exploitation and deprivation of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes. 9. 7.

3. their structures and reproduction. Distribution of Cryptogams in India and their economic potential. 69 Stomata and their types. mycoplasma. Importance of Ethnobotany in Indian context. medicine and pollution control in air. Apiaceae (Umbelliferae). embryology. Rubiaceae. Endosperm–its development and function. Bennettitales and Cordaitales. industry. Microbiology and Plant Pathology: Viruses. Phanerogams: Gymnosperms: Concept of Progymonosperms. General account of infection. cellulose Starch and their products. gums. Euphorbiaceae. insecticides. Rosaceae. bacteria. Comparative account of various systems of Angiosperm Classiification. Patterns of embryo development. Pteridophytes-structure and reproduction from evolutionary viewpoint. Dipterocar-paceae. Phytoimmunology. Energy plantation. bacteria. Botanical Gardens and Herbaria. 4. soil and water. Mode of infection and dissemination. Ranunculaceae. Classification and distribution of Gymnosperms. apoxmix. Brassicaceae (Cruci-ferae). Orchidaceae. 2. Asclepiadaceae. anatomy. Fungi. Malvaceae. Angiosperms: Systematics. Applications of microbiology in agriculture. Leguminosae. spices. Arecaceae (Palmae). Latex. fodder. Verbenaceae. Cucurbitaceae. Plants as sources for food. Anatomy of C 3 and C 4 plants. resins and dyes. Salient features of Cycadales. www. General account of Cycadofilicales. fibres. fertilization. narcotics.com . Physiology of parasitism and control measures.UPSCPORTAL. Fungal toxins. Study of angiospermic families–Magnoliaceae. Important plant diseases caused by viruses. Applications of palynology. Vavilov's centres of origin.Paper I 1. Conferrals and Gnetales. Poaceae (Gramineae). Development of male and female gametophytes. fungi and nematodes. Perfumery. and plasmids-structure and reproduction. timber. Molecular basis of infection and disease resistance/defence. Bryophytes. Polymbryony. beverages. Asteraceae (Composite). pollination. palynology and phylogeny. Solana-ceae. Anomalous secondary growth. drugs. Plant Utility and Exploitation: Origin of cultivated plants. Cryptogams: Algae. Musaceae. Liliaceae.

Mutation (biochemical and molecular basis). Biotechnology and Biostatistics: Methods of plant breeding -introduction.5. Plant Breeding. Linkage and crossing over–methods of gene mapping including molecular maps (idea of mapping function). Quantitative genetics and multiple factors. polarity. membrane transport and vesicular transport. 3. Genetic code and regulation of gene expression. Cell Biology: Techniques of Cell Biology. Structure and function of cell organelles (chloroplasts. Cytoplasmic inheritance and cytoplasmic genes (including genetics of male sterility).). hydrogenosome). ER. backcross. symmetry and differentiation. mitochondria. Structure and function of extracellular matrix or ECM (cell wall) and membranes-cell adhesion. Genetics. 2. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells -structural and ultrastructural details.UPSCPORTAL. behaviour and significance. Male sterility and heterosis breeding. Paper II 1. nucleolus. Prions and prion hypothesis. etc. Micropropagation and genetic engineering–methods of transfer of genes and transgenic crops. Study of polytene. mechanism and theories. and gene versus allele concepts (Pseudoalleles). Numerical and structural variations in chromosomes and their significance. molecular basis of cell cycle. bulk 70 method). Morphogenesis: Totipotency. Signal transduction (G-1 proteins. Tests of significance (Z-test. tissue. Sex chromosomes and sexlinked inheritance. sex determination and molecular basis of sex differentiation.com . organ and protoplast culture. Structure and synthesis of nucleic acids and protines. Role of RNA in origin and evolution. development and use of molecular markers in plant breeding. Multigene families. Nucleus. Use of apomixis in plant breeding. Mitosis and meisdosis. selection and hybridization (pedigree. Organic evolution-evidences. lysosomes. Cell. nuclear pore complex. endosomes. lampbrush and B-chromosomes–structure. ribosomes. Chromatin and nucleosome. t-test and www. mass selection. Standard deviation and coefficient of variation (CV). Molecular Biology and Evolution: Development of genetics. Cell signalling and cell receptors. Somatic hybrids and Cybrids. peroxisomes.

C. growth movements. C and CAM pathways. Fruit ripening -. Ecology and Plant Geography: Ecological factors. Physiology and Biochemistry: Water relations. Enzymes. coenzymes. Chemical bonding: Ionic bond. growth indices. water. Concepts of biosphere. Respiraion (anaerobic and aerobic. Interpretation of wave function. vernalization. Biogeochemical cells. including fermentation–electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation. Pollution and its control (including phytoremediaion). Chemistry Paper I 1. Global warming. Convention of Biological Diversity. Fruit and seed physiology. Growth substances-their chemical nature.chi-square tests).UPSCPORTAL. Pigments as photoreceptors (plastidial pigments and phytochrome). Mineral nutrition and ion transport. Ecosystems and their conservation. quantum numbers. Forest types of India -. 4. Heisenberg's uncertainity principle. endemism and Red Data Books. 5. Stress physiology (heat. Importance of secondary metabolites. polarities of bonds in molecules and their dipole moments.afforestation. Plant succession. Atomic structure: Quantum theory. Probability and distributions (normal. salinity. Dormancy. energy transfer and energy conservation. Biodiversity. hydrogen atom wave functions. Endangered plants. Nitrogen fixation and nitrogen metabolism. characteristics of ionic compounds. Sovereign Rights and Intellectual Property Rights. concept of resonance and resonance energy. Shapes of s. binomial and Poisson distributions). Valence bond theory. senescence. Molecular orbital theory (LCAO 71 www. Chemiosmotic theory and ATP synthesis. covalent bond and its general characteristics. p and d orbitals. 2. Photoperiodism and flowering. particle in one-dimensional box. storage and germination of seed. Born-Haber cycle.its molecular basis and manipulation. Concepts and dynamics of community. photophosphorylation and carbon pathways including C pathway (photorespiration). Correlation and regression. deforestation and social forestry. Schrodinger wave equation (time independent). factors affecting stability of ionic compounds. role and applications in agri-horticulture. metal).com . mineral deficiencies. lattice energy. Photosynthesis–photochemical reactions.

H2 to Ne2. 3. work done on the systems and heat absorbed in different types of processes. canonical ensemble and canonical partition function. 4. entropy as a state function. HF. phase equilibria in binary systems. 5. Laws of rational indices. 6.method). entropy–reversibility and irreversibility. CN. The gaseous state: Equation of state for real gases. calorimetry. Electrochemistry: Debye-Huckel theory of strong electrolytes and Debye-Huckel limiting Law for various equilibrium and transport properties. calculation of some limiting radius ratio values.com . bond strength and bond length. bonding in homonuclear molecules: H2+. law of constancy of interfacial angles. electronic. entropy changes in various process. impurity defects. first law of thermodynamics. CsCl. Imperfections in crystals. Second law of thermodynamics. intermolecular collisions. Nernst heat theorem and third law of thermodynamics. partially miscible liquids–upper and lower critical solution temperatures. radious ratio rules. Designation of crystal faces. relation between equilibrium constant and thermodynamic quantities. liquefictaion of gases and critical phenomena. Micro and macro states. CaF2. 7. work. Bragg's law. Maxwell's distribution of speeds. bond order. X-ray diffraction by crystals. criteria for equilibrium. heat and internal energy. states and processes. CdI2 and rutile. CO. intermolecular interactions. ZnS. Elementary study of liquid crystals. crystal systems and crystal classes (crystallographic groups).UPSCPORTAL. lattice structures and unit cell. chemical equilibrium in ideal gas reactions. CN–. Thermodynamics and statistical thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems. phase diagram for a pure substance. Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Solid State: Forms of solids. semi-conductors. energy and enthalpy changes in various processes and their temperature dependence. excess thermodynamic functions and their determination. rotational and vibrational partition functions and thermodynamic quantities. Free energy functions. Comparison of valence bond and molecular oribtal theories. their significance and determination. BeH2 and CO2. Structures of NaCl. stoichiometric and nonstoichiometric defects. Phase equilibria and solutions: Phase equilibria in pure substances. partial molar quantities. Close packing. NO. www. collisions on the wall and effusion.

Coordination chemistry a) Electronic configurations.Galvanic cells. thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes. measurement of e. characteristics and mechanism of reaction on heterogeneous catalysts. Surface phenomena and catalysis: Absorption from gases and solutions on solid adsorbents. 72 8. rate of charge transfer. isotherms. IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds. Processes at electrodes. parallel. carbonyl www. current density. of cells and its applications fuel cells and batteries. stereochemistry of complexes with 4 and 6 coordination numbers. decay of excited state by different routes. Photochemistry: Absorption of light. double layer at the interface.f. chelate effect and polynuclear complexes. ion selective electrodes and their use.UPSCPORTAL. Rate equations involving reverse.com . Valence bond theory. Study of fast reactions by stop-flow and relaxation methods. cyclic-voltametry. Chemical kinetics: Concentration dependence of rate of reaction. 10. determination of surface area. photosynthesis–PSI. oxygen-uptake proteins. electroanalytical techniques–voltameter. concentration cells.E. effect of temperature and pressure on rate constant. 9. introduction to theories of bonding in transition metal complexes. photochemical reactions between hydrogn and halogens and their quantum yields. nitrogen fixation. b) Isomerism in coordination compounds. adsorption isotherms. applications of theories in the explanation of magnetism and electronic spactra of metal complexes. Bio-inorganic chemistry: Metal ions in biological systems and their role in ion-transport across the membranes (molecular mechanism). Collisions and transition state theories. carboxylate anions. second and fractional order reactions. consecutive and chain reactions. kinetics of substitution reactions in square-planer complexes. defferential and integral rate equations for zeroth. 12. first. PSII. crystal field theory and its modifications. ionophores. trans effect and its theories. 11. overpotential. cytochromes and ferredoxins. electrochemical series. amperometry. polarography.T.m.–Langmuir and B. c) Synthesis and structures of metal carbonyls.

HF. Some highly acidic media. oxidative addition reactions. crossover experiment. Sni| and SRN1 mechanisms. SN1|. free radicals. Non-Aqueous Solvents: Reactions in liquid NH3. carbanions. Failure of solvent system concept. lanthanide contraction. stereochemistry. azulenes. d) Elimination reactions: E1. 13. thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions. intermediate trapping. fulvenes. 73 Paper-II 1. kekulene. magnetic and spectral properties. oxidation states. Chugaev and Cope eliminations. a) Reaction mechanisms: General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanism or organic reactions illustrated by examples–use of isotopes. insertion reactions. E2 and E1cb mechanism. SO2 and H2 SO4. sydnones. 14.hydrides and metal nitrosyl compounds. geometry. energy of activation. synthesis. benzynes and niternes. d) Complexes with aromatic systems. structure and bonding in metal olefin complexes. SN2|. indole. furan thiophene. orientation in E2 reactions– Saytzeff and Hoffmann. fluxional molecules and their characterization. tropolones. www. annulenes. Delocalised covalent bonding: Aromaticity.com . separation. alkyne complexes and cyclopentadienyl complexes. General chemistry of ‘f’ block elements: Lanthanides and actinides. pyrolytic syn elimination–acetate pyrolysis. neighbouring group participation. c) Substitution reactions: SN1. electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions of aromatic compound including simple heterocyclic compounds–pyrrole. anti-aromaticity.UPSCPORTAL. energy diagrams of simple organic reactions–transition states and intermediates. SN2. fluorosulphuric acid and super acids. SNi. coordinative unsaturation. stability and reactions of carbonium and carbonium ions. carbenes. b) Reactive intermediates: Generation. Compounds with metal-metal bonds and metal atom clusters. coordination model of non-aqueous solvents.

end group analysis methods. Cope. Claisen condensation. SeO2. c) Biopolymers : Basic bonding in proteins. Bischler-Napieralski. nylon. Stevens and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangements. nucleophilic?Electrophilic addition to C N. terylene. Photochemist: Photochemical reactions of simple organic compounds. Wolff-Kishner. 3. Clemmensen.e) Addition reactions: C and C=C. B2H6. borazines. isotopic substitution and rotational constants. DNA and RNA. Baeyer–Villiger. light scattering. 5. osmotic pressure. 74 b) Preparation and properties of polymers : Organic polymers–polyethylene. CrO3. Stobbe. Reimer-Tiemann and Reformatsky reactions. Polymeric Systems a) Physical chemistry of polymers: Polymer solutions and their thermodynamic properties. Favorskii. viscosity. Witting. silicones and silicates. LiA1H4 NaBH4 n-BuLi. HIO4. 7. Fischer indole synthesis. polyvinyl chloride. cycloaddition reactions [2+2 and 4+2] and sigmatropic shifts [1. Na-Liquid NH3. 8. Teflon. 3. Sandmeyer. Determination of molecular weights by sedimentation. conjugated olefins and carbonyls. 6. polystyrene. 4. Pericyclic reactions: Classification and examples. Skraup synthesis. Cannizzaro and von Richter reactions. C f) Rearrangements: Pinacol-pinacolune. Pb(OAc)4.UPSCPORTAL. benzoin and acyloin condensations. number and weight average molecular weights of polymers. Woodward-Hoffmann rules— clectrocyclic reactions. 5] FMO approach. www. Beckmann. Hoffmann. Norrish-Type I and Type II reactions. Synthetic uses of reagents: OsO4.com . singlet and triplet states. NBS. Dieckmann. Chemistry and mechanism of reactions: Aldol condensation (including directed aldol condensation). 3.?addition to C=O. excited and ground states. Knoevenagel. Claisen. MCPBA. 3 and 1. Inorganic polymers–phosphonitrilic halides. Perkin. Principles of spectroscopy and applications in structure elucidation (a) Rotational spectra–diatomic molecules. Fries. synthetic and natural rubber.

Concept of particle and rigid body. Shear Stress distribution across cross sections. Concept of Force. base peak. simple harmonic motion. Principle of virtual work. theory of simple bending. Beams of uniform strength. McLafferty rearrangement (f) Electron spin resonance: Inorganic complexes and free radicals. Flywheel. First and Second Moment of area.(b) Vibrational spectra–diatomic molecules. Static Friction. N–>–π* and π>π* transitions. Vectors. Kinetics of particle : Momentum and Energy principles. Inclined Plane and bearings. SI Units. Leaf spring.com . (d) Nuclear magnetic resonance: Isochronous and anisochronous protons.UPSCPORTAL. Civil Engineering Paper-I Part-A: Engineering Mechanics. fragmentation of simple organic α cleavage. bending & shear. metastable peak. Application of H1 NMR to simple organic molecules. Shear force and bending moment. linear triatomic molecules. D’ Alembert’s Principle. moment of force and Varignon’s theorem. Strain Energy in direct stress. motion under uniform and nonuniform acceleration. specific frequencies of functional groups in polyatomic molecules. Strength of Materials and Structural Analysis. Conjugate beam www. • Engineering Mechanics: Units and Dimensions. Non Concurrent and parallel forces in a plane. Mass moment of Inertia. free body diagram. axially loaded compression members. daugther peak. Concurrent. (c) Electronic spectra: Singlet and triplet states. equivalent force system. • Deflection of beams: Mecaulay’s method. • Strength of Materials: Simple Stress and Strain. Kinematics and Kinetics : 75 Kinematics in Cartesian and Polar Co-ordinates. Mohr’s Moment area method. rotation of rigid bodies. motion under gravity. chemical shift and coupling constants. conditions of equilibrium. Elastic constants. (e) Mass spectra: Parent peak. Collision of elastic bodies. application to? conjugated double bonds and conjugated carbonyls–WoodwardFieser rules.

moment distribution. product of inertia. Design of tension and compression member. • Unsymmetrical bending: Moment of inertia. • Plastic Analysis of beams and frames: Theory of plastic bending. • Arches: Three hinged. • Rolling loads and Influences lines: Influences lines for Shear Force and Bending moment at a section of beam. Kani’s method of analysis and column Analogy method applied to indeterminate beams and rigid frames. 76 • Design of highway and railway bridges: Through and deck type plate girder.com . rivetted and welded plate girders. calculation of bending stresses. bolted and welded joints and connections. slab and gussetted column bases. Criteria for maximum shear force and bending Moment in beams traversed by a system of moving loads. Concrete and Masonry Structures. Slope-deflection. Mohr’s Circle. Part–B Design of Structures : Steel. Warren girder. Thin and Thick cylinder : Stresses due to internal and external pressure–Lame’s equations. Euler’s Rankine’s and Secant formulae. Transmission of power. unit load method. Theories of Elastic Failure. statical method. close coiled helical springs. • Matrix methods of analysis: Force method and displacement method of analysis of indeterminate beams and rigid frames. plastic analysis. unit load method of consistent deformation applied to beams and pin jointed trusses. • Structural Steel Design • Structural Steel: Factors of safety and load factors. beams of built up section.UPSCPORTAL. • Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures www.method. influence lines in arches. rib shortening and temperature effects. Mechanism method. stancheons with battens and lacings. Pratt truss. • Structural Analysis: Castiglianio’s theorems I and II. Principal Stresses and Strains in two dimensions. two hinged and fixed arches. Rivetted. Torsion of Shafts. gantry girders. Elastic stability of columns. position of Neutral Axis and Principle axes. Influences lines for simply supported plane pin jointed trusses.

weirs. siphons. irrotational and rotational flow. flow through tube. stationary and moving vanes. Part-C Fluid Mechanics.S. methods of drawing flownet.com . T and L sections. • Design of brick masonry as per I. sluice gates. • Laminar Flow: Laminar flow between parallel. sources and sinks. stair-case slabs. • Boundary layer: Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate. smooth and rough boundaries. Reinforced Concrete: Working Stress and Limit State method of design–Recommendations of I. plane. anchorages.S.UPSCPORTAL. velocity distribution and variation of pipe friction factor. continuity.• Concept of mix design. pipe flow. codes Design of one way and two way slabs. Navier-Stokes equation. similitude theory. • Control volume equation. flow separation. pipe networks. velocity potential and stream functions. • Turbulent flow through pipes: Characteristics of turbulent flow. Isolated and combined footings. momentum. Euler’s equation of motion. hydraulic grade line and total energy line. • Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow: Velocity and accelerations. Compression members under direct load with or without eccentricity. application to fluid flow problems. curved. Codes • Design of masonry retaining walls. • Prestressed concrete : Methods and systems of prestressing. orifice meters and Venturi meters. • Water tanks: Design requirements for Rectangular and circular tanks resting on ground. expansion and contractions in pipes. stationary and moving plates. Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines • Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties and their role in fluid motion. • Cantilever and Counterfort type retaining walls. dimensionless parameters. drag and lift. free and forced vortices. flownet. laminar sublayer. water hammer in pipes and surge www. fluid statics including forces acting on plane and curve surfaces. simple and continuous beams of rectangular. model laws. energy and moment of momentum equations from control volume equation. stream lines. • Dimensional Analysis and Similitude: Buckingham’s Pi-theorem. loss of prestress. equation of continuity. Analysis and design of sections for flexure based on working stress. undistorted and distorted models.

Pumps in parallel. • Reciprocating pumps. moving surges and hydraulic bore. permeability of stratified soil deposits. Flow duration curves and dependable flow. types classification. • Compaction of soil. factors affecting permeability. Rankine’s theory. 77 • Open channel flow: Uniform and non-uniform flows. determination of permeability. Rotary and positive displacement pumps. characteristics. pore pressure coefficients. classification of surface profiles. rapidly varied flow. diaphragm and jet pumps. Pumped storage plants. • Hydraulic turbines. specific energy and specific force. momentum and energy correction factors. consolidation test.com . Storage an pondage. • Capillary water and structural water. active and passive pressures. Part-D Geo Technical Engineering • Types of soil. phase relationships. field control of compaction. www. specific speed. Choice of turbines. Darcy’s Law. effectives trees and pore water pressure. characteristics. sheetpile walls. specific speed. Special features of mini. Mohr Coulomb failure theory. flow in contractions. resistance equations and variation of roughness coefficient. Coulomb’s wedge theory. efficiency parameters. classifications of soil. quick sand condition. Total stress and effective stress parameters. critical depth. • Principles of hydropower development. Airvessels. compressibility and consolidation. Hydraulic ram. control section. Type. hydraulic jump and its applications surges and waves. performance parameters. • Shear strength of soils.UPSCPORTAL. structure and clay mineralogy.tanks. • Earth pressure at rest. types and choice. flow at sudden drop. layouts and Component works. • Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower: Centrifugal pumps–Types. earth pressure on retaining wall. Surge tanks. Braced excavation. Shear tests. Terzaghi’s theory of one dimensional consolidation. micro-hydel plants. Net Positive Suction Height (NPSH). • Seepage pressure. controls. consistency limits particles size distribution. gradually varied flow. step method of integration of varied flow equation.

plastering. Timber : Properties and uses. Construction: Building components and their functions. Types of Floors & Roofs. use of ferro-cement. Lime. Foundation for Bridges. grouping of areas. pressure bulb. • Stability of slope. stability number. Flooring Tiles.UPSCPORTAL. Ventilators. Newmarks’s chart. Paper-II Part-A : Construction Technology. circulation. Terzaghi and other important theories. types of piles. applicability of different bearing capacity theories. penetration tests. pointing. provisions of National Building Code. 78 • Essential features of foundation. Materials. Equipment.S. codes. • Immediate and consolidation settlement. Ground improvement techniques– preloading. pressure meter tests. Brick masonry : Bonds. Settlement analysis. Repairs in buildings.• Bearing capacity. jointing. contact pressure. seasoning and preservation of timber. Conventional methods of slices. rubber and damp-proofing materials. stress distribution in soils. static and dynamic analysis. stone column. buoyancy rafts. Boussinessq’s theory. • Proportioning of footing. Properties of freshly mixed and hardened concrete. sampling. for Low cost housing. serviceability and strength requirements. isolated and combined footings. Planning and Management 1. Total Stress and Effective Stress methods. Pile foundation. net and gross bearing pressure. Stone masonry. design criteria. Cement and Surkhi Mortars. choice of type of foundation. evaluation of bearing capacity from field tests. Design of Brick masonry walls as per I. high strength concrete and light weight concrete. pile capacity. privacy concept and design of energy efficient building. Functional planning of building: Building orientation. allowable settlement. defects in timber. types of foundation. fibrereinforced and polymer concrete. www. factors of safety. • Subsurface exploration. Bricks and Tiles. Lime Concrete and Cement Concrete. allowable bearing capacity. settlement of piles. methods of boring. Construction Technology Engineering Materiels: Physical properties of construction materials : Stones. termite proofing. lateral capacity. rafts. sand drains. pile load test. grouting. Plastics. design of pile groups.com . soil stabilisation.

mixer.UPSCPORTAL. trailors. and interlocking. Elements of Engineering Economics. Cost of works. Part-B Survey and Transportation Engineering • Survey: Common methods of distance and angle measurements. turntables. annual cost. dumper. organization of contracting firms. camber. signals. vibration. Earth-work equipment: Power shovel hoe. capital and maintenance cost. bar charts. present worth. Geometrical design : Cross section. ruling gradient. economical life. and adjustments. rigid pavements. Design of pavements and their construction. Concrete pump. Classification of roads : low cost roads. Preventive maintenance and repair. bulldozer. and tractors. schedules. batching plant. flexible pavements. sleepers. Techeometry. methods of appraisal.Building estimates and specifications. track resistance. levelling traverse survey. Principles of photogrammetry. factors affecting the selection of equipment. Surveying instruments for above purposes. topographical map. relaying of track. horizontal and vertical curves. Concreting equipments : Weigh batcher. Construction Equipment: Standard and special types of equipment. plane table survey. evaluation of pavement failure and strengthening. rollers. contouring. incremental analysis. points and crossings. job layout. rail fastenings. creep of rail.com . Cost analysis and resource allocation. Economy of scale and size. Highway alignments. Construction Planning and Management: Construction activity. corrections. contraction of network for cost optimization. • Railways: Permanent way. stations and yards. Choosing between alternatives including levels of investments. tractive effort. Circular and transition curves. valuation. 3. time and motion study. project control and supervision. www. cashing of activities. design of turn outs. benefit-cost. ballast. • Highway Engineering: Principles of highway planning. Cost reduction measures. level-crossing. Construction and maintenance of permanent ways: Superelevlation. Project profitability. Float Times. superelevation. triangulation survey. sheep foot roller. 79 Newwork analysis: CPM and PERT analysis. up dating. 2.

stability analysis. canal falls. canal capacity. reservoir losses. principles of rigid gravity and earth dams. transpiration. highway capacity. methods of river training. salinity. local and suspended load transport. energy dissipation. • Water Resources Engineering: Ground and surface water resource. markings. joints and galleries. lined canals. precipitation. Water Resources and Engineering • Hydrology: Hydrological cycle. evaporation. • Spillways: Spillway types. metering flumes and canal outlets. • Diversion head work: Principles and design of weirs of permeable and impermeable foundation. Part-C Hydrology. stilling basin. quality of water for irrigation. overland flow. drainage behind lining. 80 • Canals: Distribution systems for canal irrigation. storage capacity of reservoirs.UPSCPORTAL. tube wells. infiltration. pumping and recuperation tests. cost analysis of lined and unlied canals. reservoir sedimentation. street lighting. rotary design elements. design. crest gates. economics of water resources projects. signals. Principle of highway financing. canal losses. • Canal structures: Design of cross regulators. foundation treatment. bed load. head regulators. • Ground water flow: Specific yield. critical shear stress. aquifers. • Irrigation Engineering: Water requirements of crops : consumptive use. flood routing through a reservoir. aqueducts. sign. flood frequency analysis. hydrograph. irrigation methods and their efficiencies. aquitards. www. coefficient of permeability. Channelised and unchannelised intersections. Khosla’s theory. their design. regime theory.• Drainage of roads: Surface and sub-surface drainage. alignment of main and distributory canals. sediment excluders. control of seepage. • Storage works: Types of dams. most efficient section. storage coefficient. Traffic surveys. energy dissipation. duty and delta. • Water logging: causes and control. depression storage. origin and destination survey. • River training: Objectives of river training.com . ground water potential. channel flow routing-Muskingam method. single and multipurpose projects. confined and unconfined equifers. • Traffic Engineering: Forecasting techniques. drainage system design. flood estimation. radial flow into a well under confined and unconfined conditions.

sedimentation tanks. pipe fittings. flow through sewers. junctions. • Intake of water: pumping and gravity schemes. Commerce & Accountancy Paper-I Accounting & Finance Part-I www. river valley projects. maintenance of distribution systems. inlets. recycling of waste water. oxidation ponds. slow-. standards for potable water. flocculation and sedimentation. filters. impurities. pumping stations and their operations. COD. chemical and bacteriological analysis. nitrogen and TOC. leak detection. Distribution system : layout. Radioactive wastes and disposal. Air pollution. odour and salinity. design of sewers. predicting demand for water. pressure-.UPSCPORTAL. • Solid waste: collection and disposal in rural and urban contexts. rapid-. • Sewage characterisation: BOD. Water treatment : principles of coagulation. of water and their significance. Environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants. Pollution control acts. waterborne diseases. hydraulics of pipe lines. trickling filters. siphon. Plumbing in public buildings. physical. Standards of disposal in normal water course and on land.Part-D: Environmental Engineering • Water Supply : Estimation of surface and subsurface water resources. chlorination. analysis of distribution systems. units. manholes. mines. dissolved oxygen. activated sludge process. sewer appurtenances. • Water storage and distribution: storage and balancing reservoirs : types. softening. disposal of sludge. septic tank. removal of taste. • Sewage treatment : Working principles. • Sewerage systems: Domestic and industrial wastes. storm sewage–separate and combined systems. 81 • Environmental pollution: Sustainable development. valves including check and pressure reducing valves. solids. chambers. meters. management of long-term illeffects. location and capacity.com .

• Accounting Standards e. revenue recognition. flexible budgets. fixed assets. • Budgetary control. capital gains. shutdown etc.. i. • Advanced problems of company accounts. • Cost-volume-profit relationship. Impact of behavioural sciences. gratuity. accounting for depreciation. aid to decision making including pricing decisions. www. • Techniques of cost control and cost reduction. salaries. profits and gains from business or profession. investment. research and development costs. • Simple problems of computation of income under various heads. Techniques of segregating semi-variable costs into fixed and variable costs. foreign exchange transactions. long term construction contracts..g.e. Taxation & Auditing • Financial Accounting • Accounting as a financial information system. • Standard costing and variance analysis. investments and government grants.UPSCPORTAL. profit and Cost centres. • Cost Accounting • Nature and functions of cost accounting. income from house property. • Responsibility accounting. contingencies.Accounting. • Valuation of shares and goodwill.com . • Incomes which do not form part of total income. income of other persons included in assessee's total income. • Job Costing • Process Costing • Marginal Cositng. • Amalgamation absorption and reconstruction of companies. inventories. • Taxation • Definitions 82 • Basis of charge.

duties and liabilities of company auditor.UPSCPORTAL.com . 83 • Capital Structure-Leverages-Significance or Leverages-Theories of Capital Structure with www. appointment. • Auditor's report and qualifications therein. • Financial Analysis as a Diagnostic Tool. • Consideration of Risk and Uncertainty-Analysis of Non-financial Aspects. • Finance Function-Nature. purchases. • Special points in the audit of different organisations like clubs. significance of 'true and fare'. colleges. • Deductions to be made in computing total income. Scope and Objectives of Financial Management-Risk and Return relationship. MAOCARO report.• Aggregation of income and set off/carry forward of loss. • Investment Decisions-Nature and Scope of Capital Budgeting-Various types of decisions including Make or Buy and Lease or Buy-Techniques of Appraisal and their application. incomes. stocks and debts. • Valuation and verification of assets with special reference to fixed assets. sales. charitable societies. Part-II • Business Finance and Financial Institutions. inventory. • Audit of limited companies. • Verification of liabilities. • Dividend and Retention Policy-Residual Theory or Dividend Policy-Other Models-Actual Practices. cash and credit management. • Concepts of Valuation-Valuation of firm's Fixed Income Securities and Common Stocks. • Management of Working Capital and its Components-Forecasting working capital needs. expenses. powers. • Auditing • Audit of cash transactions. debtors. removal. hospitals. • Rate of Return on Investments-Required Rate of Return-its measurement-Cost of CapitalWeighted Average Cost-Different Weights.

Type. supervision and control. ends means chain-Displacement. • Monetary and Credit policy of Reserve Bank of India. Structure-Line and Staff. Morale and productivity-Leadership : Theories and styles-Management of conflicts in organisation-Transactional AnalysisSignificance of culture to organisations. Structure and Role of Financial Institutions in India. Planning the Capital Structure of a Company. Erosion of Networth. power structure and politicsOrganisational behaviour as a dynamic system: technical. social and power systemsinterrelations and interactions-Perception-Status system. • Evolution of organisation theory: Classical. family management. Professional management Vs. Potential Sickness. expansion and multiplication of goals-Formal organisation.UPSCPORTAL. Limits of rationality-Organisational change. EBIT-EPS Analysis. www. • Financial Distress-Approaching BIFR under Sick Industrial Undertakings Act : Concept of Sickness. Bank finance-norms and conditions. Cash-flow ability to service debt. • Raising finance-short term and long term. Primary and secondary goals. Money Market in India-Organization and working of Capital markets in India-Organization. Single and multiple goals. functional matrix. • Money Markets-the purpose of Money Markets.com . Banks and Investing Institutions-National and International Financial Institutions-their norms and types of financial assistance provided-inter-bank lending-its regulation. System of Consortium-Supervision and regulation of banks. 84 adaptation. Paper-II Organisation Theory and Industrial Relations Part-I • Organisation Theory • Nature and concept of Organisation-Organisation goals. Theoretical and empirical foundation of theories and Models of motivation. growth and development.special reference to Modigliani and Miller approach. Cash Loss. other methods. Capital Structure Ratios. sources of power. succession. and project-Informal organisation-functions and limitations. Neo-classical and system approachBureaucracy. Nature and basis of power.

UPSCPORTAL. Ricardian. • Trade Union movement in India-origin. Alternate theories of distribution. Types of Markets and price determination. need for positive approach. 2. • Theories of Unionism. • Absenteeism and labour turnover in Indian Industries-causes • Relative wages and wage differentials. • Worker's participation in management-philosophy. Part-II • Industrial Relations • Nature and scope of industrial relations. growth and structure. • Wage policy in India. the socio-economic set-up.O. strikes and lockouts. • Industrial disputes-sources. its variants and critiques thereof-Demand for and supply of money-The money multiplier. Functions of money-Measurement of price level changes-Money and real balancesMonetary standards-High-powered money and the Quantity theory of money. Problems before Indian Trade Union movement. the Bonus issue. Attitude and approach of management of India-recognition. • Role of Personnel Department in the Organisation. • Prevention and settlement of industrial disputes in India. • Industrial relations in Public Enterprises. Migratory naturemerits and shortcomings. rationale. and India. Theories of www. Marshallian and Walrasain approaches to price determination. wage policy.com .Organisational control and effectiveness.L. • I. 85 Economics Paper-I 1. Criteria or Welfare improvement. • Industrial labour in India and its commitment-stages of commitments. present day state of affairs and future prospects. • Compulsory adjudication and collective bargaining-approaches.

distribution and development. and limits to borrowing. Currency Boards. Terms of trade and offer curve. Full employment and Says' Law-underemployment equilibrium-Keynes' Theory of employment (and income) determination-Critiques of Keynesian Theory. b) Product cycle and Strategic trade theories. 3. non-bank financial intermediaries. c) Trade as an engine of growth" and theories of underdevelopment in an open economy. 5. Sources of revenue-Forms of Taxes and subsidies. Money market instruments. Limits to taxation. c) Exchange rate adjustments under capital mobility. a) Price versus income.determination of interest rate-Interest and prices-Theories of inflation and control of inflation. 86 (iv) a) IMF and the World Bank. Relation between the Central Bank and the Treasury. Public finance and its role in market economy in stabilisation. ii) Forms of protection. supply stability. Discount House. International Economics i) Old and New theories of International Trade. 4. and Central Bank. 6. b) W. crowding-out effects. Proposal for ceiling on growth rate of money. Goals and instruments of monetary management in closed and open economies. d) Floating Rates and their implications for developing countries. Types of budget deficits-Public expenditure and its effects. bills and bonds. Real and nominal interest rates. b) Theories of policy mix. income adjustments under fixed exchange rates. The modern monetary system-Banks. loans. (c) Trade Blocks and monetary unions. a) Comparative advantage. iii) Balance of Payments Adjustments Alternative Approaches.T. their incidence and effects.UPSCPORTAL.O. www. allocative efficiency.com . Structure of Money and financial markets and control.

Trade. iii) Relation between state.UPSCPORTAL. meaning of self-reliance in growth and development. Changing roles of market and plans in growth economic policy and growth. Money and credit. Patterns. Broad factors determining National Income and its distribution. Measures of poverty. Role of capital. planning and growth. vi) Concept of sustainable development. Gandhi and Hind Swaraj. II. changes in savings and investment and in pattern of investment. Significance of agriculture in developing countries. poverty and employment. Paper-II I. Gadgil and Rao. Trends. i) Theories of growth: Classical and neo-classical theories. Changes in occupational distribution. Randade's critique of Laissez-Faire. changes in consumption levels and patterns. Employment : Factors determining employment in short and long periods. National and percapita Income. wage-goods as a constraint on growth. ii) Main features of growth : Changes in Sectoral compositions of income. the "Drain of Wealth controversy" of late 19th Century. Relation between income. III. Indian Economics in Post-Independent Era-Contributions of Vakil. wage-goods. The significance of multinationals. Evolution of the Indian Economy till independence. Productivity. www. iv) Role of foreign capital and technology in growth. relative importance of physical and human capitals in growth. Case for and against industralization. Measures of unemployment. innovations and development.7. Aggregate and sectoral-composition and changes therein. Growth and development. v) Welfare indicators and measures of growth-Human development indices-The basic needs approach. Swadeshi movement. wage-rate and technology. economic development under surplus Labour. The Colonial Heritage : Land System & Agriculture. changes in income distribution. Factors determining savings to income ratio and the capital-out put ratio.com . The Harrod model. its growth and source of changes thereof. Taxes. Trends in below poverty-line proportion. convergence of levels of living of developed and developing countries. Exchange Rate. and issues of distribution and social justice.

V. VIII. Money and banking: The monetary institutions of India: Factors determining demand for and supply of money. Functioning of money market in India. Sources of Reserve money-money multiplier-Techniques of money supply regulation under open economy. VII. IV. India's external Borrowings-the Debt problem.87 Agriculture-Institutional set-up of land system size of agricultre holdings and efficiencyGreen Revolution and technological changes-Agricultural prices and terms of trade-Role of public distribution and farm-subsidies on agricultural prices and production. Recent moves for liberalisation and their effects on Indian industry. Role of public and private sectors. Indian industrial Strategy-Capital versus consumer goods. composition and direction shifts in trade policy from import substituion to export promotion. Industry: Industrial system of India : Trends in Composition and growth. Integration of Indian economy with world economy-India and the WTO. Devaluations. Sickness and high-cost Industrial policies and their effects. balance of payments and exchange: Foreign trade of India. (direct and indirect) and subsidies-Fiscal and monetary deficits-public expenditures and their significance-Public Finance and Inflation-Limiting Government's debt-Recent fiscal policies and their effects. Effects of inflation under open economy. Impact of liberalisation on pattern of trade. its sources. import-substituting versus export promotion. Public Finance and Fiscal Policy: Characteristics of and trends in India's Public FinanceRole of Taxes. Budget deficit and money supply. capital-intensive versus labourintensive techniques.UPSCPORTAL. growth and trends-growth versus www. Role of Agriculture in export. Index numbers of price levels-Course of Price level in post-Independence periodsources and causes of inflation-role of monetary and supply factors in price level determination-policies towards control of inflation. Role of small and cottage industries.com . Trade. VI. IX. depreciations and their effects on balance of paymentsGold imports and Gold policy-convertibility on current and capital accounts-rupee in an open economy. Economic Planning in India-Trends in Savings and investment-Trends in Savings to Income and capital-output ratios-Productivity. Regional disparities in agricultural growth. Exchange rate of the rupee. wage-goods versus luxuries. Employment and poverty in agriculture-Rural wages-employment schemes-growth experience-land reforms. Issues in Reform of Monetary and Banking Systems.

Planning and increasing the growth rate. time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations. balanced 3-phase circuits. Z-transform. wave propagation in bounded media. Filter-theory : design and applications. Transfer function. rectifier.UPSCPORTAL. poles and zeros of network functions. clamping. mesh analysis. Sampling and recovery of signals DFT. • E. methods of education formulation. Planar transmission lines. FFT Processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems. driving point and transfer functions.M. Diode circuits : clipping. KVL. sinusoidal steady state analysis. microstripline. Two-port networks. transient analysis : RL. solution of equations. Elements of networks synthesis. impedance matching. JFET and MOSFET. SPICE. Boundary conditions. network graphs. FET www. TE. Circuit simulation : Input formats. TM and TEM waves. RC and RLC circuits. basic network theorems and applications. 88 Electrical Engineering Paper-I • Electrical Circuits–Theory and Applications • Circuit components. Biasing and bias stability. BJT. rectangular and cylindrical wave guides. travelling and standing waves. • Signals & Systems • Representation of continuous–time and discrete-time signals & systems. resonant circuits and applications. output formats. circuit analysis methods : nodal analysis. LTI systems. Active filters.com .distribution-Transition from Central Planning to indicative planning-relation between Market and Plan-strategies for Growth. Transmission line : Distributed parameter circuits. impulse response. Waveguides : parallel plane guide. coupled circuits and applications. resonators. social justice and Plans. Smith chart. stripline. Fourier transform. reflaction and refraction of plane waves. KCL. • Analog Electronics • Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode. Laplace transform. convolution. Theory • Maxwell’s equations.

TTL. FPGA). single-transistor and OPAMP configurations. frequency-response of amplifiers. principles of thyristor choppers and inverters. phase control rectifiers. thyristor. 89 Semiconductor memories. Random signals and noise: white noise. Special machines : Stepper motors. permanent magnet motors single-phase motors. • Power Electronics and Electric Drives • Semiconductor power devices : diode. sinusoidal oscillators : criterion for oscillation. Power supplies. timers. 3-phase transformers. feedback and power.UPSCPORTAL. signal to noise ratio. ECL. Comparators. brushless dc motors. minimisation of Boolean functions. Combinational circuits : arithmetic circuits.amplifiers. GTO and MOSFET–static characteristics and principles of operation. multiplexers and decoders. starting and speed control of motors. noise equivalent bandwidth. code converters. 3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines : characteristics and preformance analysis. signal transmission with noise. speed control. Statististical averages. DC machines : charateristics and performance analysis. Current mirror. counters and shiftregisters. digital IC families (DTL. Function generators and wave-shaping circuits. MOS. transistor. discrete. • Energy Conversion • Principles of electromechanical energy conversion : Torque and emf in rotating machines. operational. probability. Analysis of amplifiers. FHP. Sample and hold circuits. • Analog Communication • Random variables: continuous. Amplifiers : single and multi-stage. triggering circuits. efficiency. triac. logic gates. bridge converters : fully-controlled and half-controlled. multivibrators. OPAMP circuits. PLA. • Transformers: principles of operation and analysis. Linear CW modulation : www. differential. Logic implementation using programmable devices (ROM. CMOS). Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops. Filters. probability functions. ADCs and DACs. probability models.com . • Digital Electronics • Boolean algebra. basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives applications of variable-speed drives. regulation.

LTI systems : time-domain and transform-domain analysis. gun diodes. module design. Bode-plots. narrowband FM. block-diagram representation. generation & detection of FM and PM. Propagation of waves : ground waves. • Microprocessors and microcomputers • 8-bit microprocessor: architecture. solar cells. resistance. Nyquist’s criterion. absorption and emission of light. lasers and opto-electronic materials. sky wave. open-loop & closed-loop systems. Microwave measurements. Phase and Frequency modulation : PM & FM signals. Multiprocessing. tropospheric scatter propagation. beamwidth and polarization. effect of ground. Dielectric behaviour of materials. FM receivers. DSB-SC and SSB. PI. communication receivers. Magnetic materials : behaviour and application. magnetron. special purpose antennas. root-loci. Microwave Services : Klystron.com . SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation for AM and FM receivers. band-width. Deemphasis. space wave.UPSCPORTAL. introduction to www.Amplitude modulation : DSB. Impatt. optical fibres. intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductor. CPU. CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne receivers. Photonic materials : refractive index. • Microwaves and Antenna • Electromagnetic radiation. Design of lead-lad compensators. I/O. PID controllers. TWT. super-conductivity. memory interfacing. Antenna coupling. Proportional. IBM PC architecture : overview. phase locked loop. • Electrical Engineering Materials • Electrical/electronic behaviour of materials : conductivity. Extraterrestrial communications. p-n junction. gain. Principles of discrete-control systems. piezo-electric phenomena. free-electrons and band-theory. Antenna : Various types. Preemphasis. high frequency antennas. Bipolar and FETs. Peripheral controllers. Microwave integrated circuits. Stability : Routh Hurwitz criterion. microwave antennas. AM receivers. principles and applications of feed-back. Paper-II • Control Systems 90 • Elements of control systems. Modulators and Demodulators. polarization phenomena. Statevariable representation and analysis of control systems.

ion-implantation. analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults. Active power control : Speed control of generators. photolithography. LVDT. various states of a power system. economic operation. • Power system protection • Principles of overcurrent. CVD and LPCVD techniques for deposition of poly-silicon.DOS. frequency control. • Power Systems : Analysis and Control • Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables. • Measurement and Instrumentation • Error analysis. Circuit brakers. distortion-meter. Basic concepts of HVDC transmission. energy. differential and distance protection. oxidation. power-factor. numeric relays and application of DSP to protection. Advanced microprocessors. per-unit quantities. Concept of system stability : swing curves and equal area criterion. Q-meter. inductance. Economic dispatch. piezo-electric crystal. bus admittance and impedance materices. Computer aided protection : Introduction. metallisation and passivation. voltage control and power factor correction. resistance. line bus. Concept of solid state relays. tie-line control.UPSCPORTAL. Wind- www. frequency counter. transformer protection. Transducers : thermocouple. difficulties with conventional energy sources. spectrumanalyser. wet and dry etching. Data-acquisition systems. Computer control and Automation : 91 Introduction to energy control centres.com . symmeterical components. • Non-conventional Energy Sources and Energy Management • Introduction to the energy problem. • IC Technology • Overview of IC Technology. silicon-nitride and silicon di-oxide. Use of transducers in measurements of non-electrical quantities. capacitance and frequency. Static VAR system. silicon. bridge measurement. strain-guage. Electronic measuring instruments : multimeter. thermistor. load flow. power. diffusion. measurement of current voltage. SCADA systems and RTUs. CRO. FACTS. principles of active and reactive power transfer and distribution. Unit-steps used in IC fabrication : wafer cleaning. generator. digital voltmeter.

payback period. Radar and TV • Satellite Communication: General overview and technical characteristics. internal rate of return.Energy : Basics of Wind turbine aerodynamics. • Fibre Optic System • Multiplexing: Time division multiplexing. Digital modulation and demodulation schemes : amplitude. Black-and White-and Colour-TV transmission and receiver systems. Television Systems : Television systems and standards. 92 • There will be two compulsory questions in each paper : a) A short-notes question related to the topics for general study. Paper-I www. designed to test a first-hand and critical reading of texts prescribed from the following periods in English Leterature : Paper I : 1600-1900 and Paper II : 1900-1990. diferential pulse code modulation (DPCM). and b) A critical analysis of UNSEEN passages both in prose and verse. linear block codes. Information measure and source coding. PSK. FMCW radar. energy economics : discount rate. Importance of Energy Management : Energy audit. phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK. Phase array radars. convolution codes. Solar-Energy : Thermal conversion : photo-voltaic conversion. Data networks. wind-energy conversion systems and their integration into electrical grid.UPSCPORTAL. English • The syllabus consists of two papers. Error control coding : error detection and correction.com . satellite link design. 7-layer architecture. Radar : Basic principles. • Satellite Communication. life cycle costing. CNR of Satellite system. Optical properties of materials : Refractive index absorption and emission of light. FSK). Pulsed systems : CW Doppler radar. earth station equipment. optical fibres. Wave-energy. • Digital Communication • Pulse code modulation (PCM). Frequency Division multiplexing. delta modulation (DM). lasers and optoelectronic materials Fibre optic links.

Texts for detailed study are listed below. Alfred Tennyson: In Memoriam.com . thou shouldst be living at this hour. The Victorian Age.On his Mistress going to bed. . 3. The following poems : . 6. The Romantic Movement.Resolution and Independence.The World is too much with us.Ode on Intimations of Immortality. The Rise of the Novel. John Milton: Paradise Lost.Milton. Neo-classicism. . William Shakespeare: King Lear and The Tempest.Three years she grew. . Metaphysical Poetry.Michael. IX 4. Section-A 1.Answers must be written in English. IV. . The Epic and the Mock-epic. . Henrik Ibsen: A Doll’s House. Satire. William Wordsworth. The Rape of the Lock. . . 93 7. . II.She dwelt among untrodden ways. Candidates will also be required to show adequate knowledge of the following topics and movements : The Renaissance: Elizabethan and Jacobean Drama.Tintern Abbey.Upon Westminster Bridge.The Relic. . I.The Good Morrow. Section-B www. The following poems: .UPSCPORTAL. John Donne. 5. . Alexander Pope. .Canonization. .Death be not proud. 2.

. . Texts for detailed study are listed below.Byzantium. . Indian Writing in English. Thomas Hardy.Lapis Lazuli . William Butler Yeats. 5. Psychoanalytical and Feminist approaches to literature.The Tower. Post-Modernism. The following poems : . Marxist.The Second Coming . 3. Hard Times. T.The Second Coming .Alfred Prufrock 94 www. The following poems: . Charles Dickens. Absurd Drama. 7.The Love Song of J.Easter 1916 . Candidates will also be required to show adequate knowledge of the following topics and movements : Modernism. 6. Mark Twain. The Mill on the Floss. .A Prayer for my daughter. Section-A 1. Gulliver’s Travels. Poets of the Thirties. Jonathan Swift. . Eliot. Tom Jones.1. Paper-II Answers must be written in English. Jane Austen. George Eliot. Colonialism and Post-Colonialism.com . The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.UPSCPORTAL. Pride and Prejudice.Sailing to Byzantium. 4.Among School Children.Leda and the Swan. 2.Meru . Tess of the d’Urbervilles.S. 2. Henry Fielding. The stream-of-consciousness Novel.

Journey of the Magi. my love .com . among other Things .September 1.A River .in Memory of W. .UPSCPORTAL.Small-Scale Reflections on a Great House . 6.The Unknown Citizen .The Shield of Achilles . 5.. Waiting for Godot. The following poems : . Yeats .Musee des Beaux Arts .Mundus Et Infans .Afternoons .Mr. 3. 1939 . A. Bleaney 7. John Osborne : Look Back in Anger.Days .Love Poem for a Wife 1 .Please .Deceptions .Of Mothers.Looking for a Causim on a Swing .Burnt Norton. Ramanujan.K. Philip Larkin. W.H.Next .Obituary 95 www. The following poems : . 4.Partition .Petition. The following poems : .Lay your sleeping head.B. Samuel Beckett.Consider . Auden.

temperature and salinity of the oceans. v) Environmental Geography: Human ecological adaptations.H. glacial. 3. Koppen’s and Thornthwaite’s classification of world climate. continental drift. coral reefs. ocean currents and tides. soil profile. Applied Geomorphology.S. V. marine resources–biotic. mountain building. endogenetic and exogenetic forces. Section-B 1. heat budget of the earth. groundwater. transformation of nature by www. soil erosion and conservation.M. types and distribution of precipitation. D. factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals. plate tectonics. Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man. Indian and Pacific Oceans. Biswas. Naipal. mineral and energy resources. agro-forestry. landforms associated with fluvial.(All these poems are available in the anthology Ten Twentieth Century Indian Poets. 4. Lord Jim 2. social forestry. climatic change. hydrological cycle. arid. James Joyce. coastal and karst cycle. ocean deposits. isostasy. Sons and Lovers. temperate and tropical cyclones. published by Oxford University Press. Mrs Dalloway. Kanthapura. problems of deforestation and conservation measures. A House for Mr. ii) Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world. Parthasarthy. New Delhi). iii) Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic. 7. Raja Rao. concepts of geomorphic cycles. air masses and fronts. A Passage to India. E. Forster. earthquakes. origin and evolution of the earth’s crust.com . sea-floor spreading. Geography Paper-I Principles of Geography Section-A Physical Geography i) Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development. geosynclines. iv) Biogeography: Genesis of soils. physical conditions of the earth’s interior. volcanicity. classification and distribution of soils. Joseph Conrad. edited by R. atmospheric circulation. Virginia Woolf. Lawrence. monsoons and jet streams.UPSCPORTAL. 6. sea-level changes. 5. planetary and local winds.

Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location. Theories and Laws in Human Geography: System analysis in Human Geography. Note: Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper. energy crisis. agricultural inputs and productivity. concept of primate city and rank-size rule. quantitative revolution and locational analysis. food and nutrition problems. under– and optimum population. causes and consequencies of migration. regional synthesis. satellite town. reduction in biodiversity and depletion of forests. world agriculture– typology of agricultural regions. regional imbalances. environmental issues in regional planning. growth centres and growth poles. Malthusian. Section-B Human Geography i) Perspectives in Human Geography: A real differentiation. concepts of over–. Marxian and Demographic Transition models. world population problems. environmentalism. world industries–location patterns and problems. problems of urbanisation. ii) Economic Geography: World economic develpment–measurement and problems. laws of international boundaries and frontiers. Types and patterns of rural settlements. behavioural. Rostov’s model of stages of growth. 96 global ecological imbalances–problems of pollution. functional classificatipn of towns. v) Models. patterns of world trade. iv) Regional Planning: Concept of a region. dichotomy and dualism. effects and remedies. radical. ecosystems and their management. the limits to growth. human and welfare approaches. demographic atrributes. iii) Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population. cultural regions of the world. world resources and their distribution.man. hierarchy of urban settlements. famine–causes. human development indicators. environmental degradation and conservawtin. cultural regions of the world human and welfare approaches. Heart-land and Rimland theories. global warming. www.UPSCPORTAL. planning for sustainable development. ruralurban fringe. sphere of urban influence.com . types of regions and methods of regionalisation. Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch. Weber’s model of industrial location.

floods and droughts. Communication and Trade: Road. energy. minerals. automobile and cottage industries. utilisation and conservation. crop combination. iii) Agriculture: Infrastructure–irrigation. drainage system and watersheds. fertiliser. blue revolution. developments in communication technology and its impact on economy and society. significance of dry farming. agricultural intensity. locational factors of cotton. land tenure and land reforms. jute. agro-climatic zones. surface and groundwater. agricultural productivity. paper. literacy rate. new industrial policy. green revolution and its socioeconomic and ecological implications. structure and relief. seeds. agro and social forestry. religion and tradition in the formation of cultural regions. work-force. iron and steel. dependency ratio and longevity. v) Transport. growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade. airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development. their distribution. 97 ii) Resources: Land. physiographic regions.com . soil types and their distributions. iv) Industry: Evolution of industries. climatic regions. major tribes. institutional factors–land holdings. agricultural regionalisation. natural vegetation.UPSCPORTAL. land capability. drugs and pharmaceutical. migration (interregional. www. role of language. i) Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighbouring countries. energy crisis. livestock resources and white revolution. population problems and policies. multinationals and liberalisation. urban development. ii) Settlements: Types. Section-B i) Cultural Setting: Racial and ethnic diversities. patterns and morphology of rural settlements. mechanism of Indian monsoons. free trade and export promotion zones. railway. power. tribal areas and their problems.Paper-II Geography of India Section-A. and biotic resources. age structure. industrial complexes and industrial regionalisaiton. waterway. intra-regional and international) and associated problems. distribution and density of population. trade balance. fertilizers. growth. demographic attributes–sex-ratio. tropical cyclones and western distrubances.

integrated rural development programmes. epidemics. concept of sustainable growth and development. seismicity of India. regional consciousness and national integration. deep sea trenches and mid-ocean ridges. desert drought-prone.UPSCPORTAL. environmental degradation. Radioactivity and age of earth. www. changes in patterns of land use. conurbations and metropolitan regions. regional disparities in economic development. intensity and magnitude. Isostasy. multi-level planning. 98 population explosion and food security. Earthquakes-causes. iv) Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism.causes and products. state reorganisation. seafloor spreading. Island arcs.com . planning for backward area. functional classification of Indian cities. Continents and oceans. effects. earthquake belts. issues related to environmental pollution. volcanic belts. hill and tribal area development. Geology Paper-1 Section-A i) General Geology: The Solar System. seismongraphs. international boundary of India and related issues. principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management. town planning. plate tectonics. disputes on sharing of water resources. Note: Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper. origin and interior of the earth. Volcanoes. iii) Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India. v) Contemporary Issues: Environmental hazards–landslides.census definition of urban areas. problems of urbanisaiton. floods and droughts. watershed management. problems of agrarian and industrial unrest. slums and associated problems. urban sprawl. Continental drift-evidences and mechanics. geography and regional planning. Five Year Plans. earthquakes. orogeny and epeirogeny. panchayati raj and decentralised planning. morphology of Indian cities. India and geopolitics of the Indian Ocean. command area development. meteorities.

Megafossils and Microfossils. Superposed deformation. chronostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic and their interrelationships. Structural analysis of folds. The Geographic Information System and its applications. The Electronmagnetic Spectrum. v) Stratigraphy and Geology of India Classification of stratigraphic sequences: lithostratigraphic. civil engineering. Global Positioning System. plastic and viscous materials. iii) Structural geology Priniples of geologic mapping and map reading. Brachiopoda.UPSCPORTAL. Aerial photographs and their interpretation-mertis and limitations. Satellites data products. Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation. projection diagrams. Stratigraphic utility of Ammonoidea. Siwalik fauna. unconformities. Indian Remote Sensing Sataellites.com . Equidae and Proboscidae. Applications of remote sensing in geology. lineations. Distribution and www.ii) Geomorphology and Remote Sensing Basic concepts of geomorphology. geological history and evolutionary trend in Cephalopoda. Applications of geomorphology in mineral prospecting. Modes of preservation of fossils. Landforms. Introduction to petrofabrics.. Morphology and its relation to structures and lithology. paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic studies. Trilobita and Graptoloidea. Orbiting satellites and sensor systems. biostratigraphic. stress and strain ellipsoid and stress-strain relationships of elastic. slopes and drainage. Folds and faults classification and mechanics. Morphology. joints and faults. Different kinds of microfossils. Weathering and mass wasting. Strain markers in deformed rocks. Geomorphology of Indian subcontinent. Trilobita.definition and nomenclature. foliations. petroleum exploration. Application of microfossils in correlation. Echinoidea and Anthozoa. hydrology and environmental studies. Evolutionary trend in Hominidae. Time-relationship between crystallization and deformation. Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions. 99 Section-B iv) Paleontology Species. Gondwana flora and its importance.

Rock as construction material. Structural classification of silicates. Salt water intrusion. Problems and management of groundwater. Study of climatic conditions. tunnels and bridges. International system of crystallographic notation. diopsideanorthite www. Optical properties of common rock forming minerals. Exploration for groundwater. Engineering properties of rocks. Geological investigations for dams. Crystallisation of albite-anorthite. Alkali-aggregate reaction.Cambrian/Precambrian. Minerals of the carbonate. ii) Igneous ad Metamorphic Petrology Generation and crystallisation of magma. Porosity. Pleochroism.classification of Precambrian rocks of India. (vi) Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology: Hydrologic cycle and genetic classification of water. Earthquake-resistant structures. flora and economic importance. Landslides-causes. sulphide and halide groups. classification of aquifers. double refraction. Paper-II Section-A i) Mineralogy Classification of crystals into systems and classes of symmetry. Drainage basin morphometry. Study of stratigraphic distribution and lithology of Phanerozoic rocks of India with reference to fauna. Springs. Evolution of the Himalayas. twinning and dispersion in minerals. Tectonic framework of India. extinction angle. Physical and chemical characters of rock forming slilicate mineral groups. 100 Petrological microscope and accessories. Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Movement of subsruface water. prevention and rehabilitation. Cretaceous/Tertiary and Pliocene/Pleistocene. birefringence. Major boundary problems. permeability. phosphate. Water-bearing characteristics of rocks. Crystal defects.UPSCPORTAL. Use of projection diagrams to represent crystal symmetry. Permian/Triassic.com . Rainwater harvesting. paleogeography and igneous activity in the Indian subcontinent in the geological past. Groundwater chemistry. Types of wells. Elements of X-ray crystallography. hydraulic conductivity. Groundwater recharge. transmissivity and storage coefficient.

chromium. manganese. syenite.. classification of ore deposits. titanium. Types and agents of metamporphism. Granulite terrains of India. Metamporphic grdes and zones. Metallogenic epochs and provinces. lead zinc. argillaceous and basic rocks. ACF and AKF diagrams. gold.UPSCPORTAL. National Mineral Policy. basic and ultrabasic groups. Geology of the important Indian deposits of aluminium.com . Deccan volcanic province. diagenesis and lithification. Deposits of coal and petroleum in India. Process of formation of minerals deposits. iii) Sedimentology Sedimentary rocks: Processes of formation. charnockite. Petrography and petrogenesis of granite. Facies of regional and contact metamorphism. Sedimentary facies and provenance. Phase rule. Minerals assemblages Retrograde metamorphism. iron. Controls of ore localisation. Estimation of reserves or ore. Magmatic differentation and assimilation. copper. Clastic and non-clastic rocks-their classification. Heavy minerals and their significance. tenor of ore. geophysical. Mehtods of exploration and mining 101 metallic ores. Ore textures and structures. Sedminetary basins of India. Techniques of sampling. Metasomatism and granitisation. Metamorphism of arenaceous. anorthosite and alkaline rocks. Reaction principle. Sedimentary structures and their significance. industrial minerals and marine mineral resources. diorite. Petrogenetic significance of the textures and structrues of igneous rocks. v) Mining Geology Methods of prospecting-geological. Conservation and utilization of mineral resources. Properties of sediments. ore minerals and gangue. Section-B iv) Economic Geology Ore. migmatites. uranium and thorium and industrial minerals. Mineral beneficiation and ore dressing. www. Textures and structures of metamporphic rocks. geochemical and geobotanical. petrography and depositional environment. Carbonatites. Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea.and diopside-wollastonite-silica systems.

Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements. industrial and radioactive waste disposal. Natural hazards-floods. earthquakes and volcanic activity and mitigation. coastal erosion. dumping of mine waste and fly-ash. landslides. Environmental impact of urbanization. coordination number. Pollution of ground and surface water. Composition of the planets and meteorites. Gujarati Paper-I Answers must be written in Gujarati Section-A Gujarati Language : Form and history 1. Significant features of the Gujarati language: Phonology. marine pollution Environment protection-legislative measures in India. Major dialects: Surti. Elements of crystal chemistry-types of chemical bonds. morphology and syntax. open cast mining. Bhakti tradition: Sagun and Nirgun (Jnanmargi) 6. Isolmorphism and polymorphism. Jaina tradition 5. History of Gujarati Language with special reference to New Indo-Aryan i. use of fertilizers. last one thousand years.vi) Geochemistry and Environmental Geology Cosmic abundance of elements. 2. charotari and Saurashtri. Gandhi yug 10.UPSCPORTAL.com . Anu-Gandhi yug 102 www. Pattani. History of Gujarati Literature Medieval 4. 3. Non-sectarian tradition (Laukik parampara) Modern 7.e. Elementary thermodynamics. Trace elements. Sudharak yug 8. Pandit yug 9.

Recent research in folk tradition Paper-II Answers must be written in Gujarati The paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the critical ability of the candidate. Sudharakyug & Pandityug vi) Mari Hakikat-Narmadashankar Dave vii) Farbasveerah. Bhavai c) Modern 4. Lyrical Poetry d) Criticism 8. Narratives: Rasa. history and development of the following literary forms): a) Medieval 1. Adhunik yug Section-B Literary Forms: (Salient features. Drama 6.com .Dalpatram www. Lyrical: Pada b) Folk 3.11. Medieval i) Vasantvilas phagu-Ajnatkrut ii) Kadambari-Bhalan iii) Sudamacharitra-Premanand iv) Chandrachandravatini varta-Shamal v) Akhegeeta-Akho 2. Akhyan and Padyavarta 2.UPSCPORTAL. Section-A 1. Literary Essay 7. History of theoretical Gujarati criticism 9. Fiction: Novel and short story 5.

com .UPSCPORTAL.'Kant' (Manishankar Ratnaji Bhatt) x) Raino Parvat-Ramanbhai Neel-kanth Section-B 1. VI. Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.Sitanshu Yash-aschandra Hindi Paper-I Answers must be written in Hindi. IV. History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi. and Dakhni Hindi.Kanhaiyalal Munshi iii) Kavyani Shakti. Gandhiyug & Anu Gandhiyug i) Hind Swaraj-Mohandas Kar-machand Gandhi ii) Patanni Prabhuta. Scientific & Technical development of Hindi Language.Ramnarayan Vish-wanath Pathak iv) Saurashtrani Rasdhar Part 1. Rahim etc. V. Sant Sahitaya. Development of Hindi as national Language during freedom movement. III. Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh. Development of Braj and Awadhi as literary language during medieval period.Zaver-chand Meghani v) Manvini Bhavai-Pannalal Patel vi) Dhvani-Rajendra Shah 2. Adhunik yug vii) Saptapadi-Umashankar Joshi viii) Janantike. Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya. VIII. Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi. I. The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India. www. Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during 19th Century.103 viii) Saraswatichandra-Part-I Govar-dhanram Tripathi ix) Purvalap. Khusero.Suresh Joshi ix) Ashwatthama. VII. II. Section-A 1.

The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature. The origin and development of Hindi short story. Vidyapati. Prominent Novelists : Premchand. Nagarjun. Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi. Jainendra. Prominent Writers : Bharatendu. Yashpal. Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Janvadi Kavita. X. C : Ritikal-Ritikavya. Prominent Poets : Maithili Sharan Gupta.UPSCPORTAL. b. Renu and Bhism Sahani. Mohan www. C. B : Bhaktikal-Sant Kavyadhara. Prominent poets-Chandvardai. Upanyas & Realism B. Khusaro. The origin and development of Hindi Novels. Prominent Poets-Keshav. Jayasi. Prasad. III. Mahadevi. c.com . II. Bharatendu Mandal. Padmakar and Ghananand. Agyeya. Sufi Kavyadhara. Agyeya. Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature. Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi. Prominent Poets-Kabir. Sur & Tulsi. I. Renaissance. D. Nirala. D : Adhunik Kal a. History of Hindi Literature. Prominent short Story Writers : Premchand.104 IX. XI. Bihari. A : Adikal-Sidh. Pragativad. Proyogvad. Section-B 2. Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry : Chhayavad. Dinkar. Nai Kavita. Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra. Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter relationship. E. Muktibodh. the development of Prose. Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara. Katha Sahitya A. Ritibaddhakavya & Riti Mukta Kavya. Hemchandra. Prasad. Nath and Raso Sahitya.

This paper will require first hand reading of prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Puja & Kukurmutta). Jayasi : Padmawat Ed. Agyeya : Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Vina) www. Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana. Rekhachitra. Ed. Criticism A : The origin and development of Hindi criticism : Saiddhantik. The other forms of Hindi prose-Lalit Nibandh. B. Ram Kumar Verma. Sansmaran. Paper-II Answers must be written in Hindi. IV.com . 4. Ed. VI. Yatravrittant. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand) 5. Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra. Prasad. Jagdish Chandra Mathur. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas) 3. Bihari : Bihari Ratnakar Ed. 9. Drama & Theatre 105 A. The development of Hindi Theature. Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis. Nirala : Rag-Virag. The origin & Development of Hindi Drama. Pragativadi. Maithili Sharan Gupta : Bharat Bharati 7.UPSCPORTAL. C. Dinkar : Kurushetra 10. Prominent Dramatists : Bharatendu.) 2. Jagnnath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas) 6. Surdas : Bhramar Gitsar. Vyavharik. Ed. Mohan Rakesh. Tulsidas : Ramchrit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttar Kand). Kabir : Kabir Granthawali. B : Prominent critics : Ramchandra Shukla. Prasad : Kamayani (Chinta and Sharddha Sarg) 8.Rakesh & Krishna Shobti. Hajari Prasad Dwivedi. V. Section-A 1.

Dr. Ram Vilas Sharma. Premchand : Godan. Amrit Rai 6. Phaniswar Nath Renu : Maila Anchal 9. Mannu Bhandari : Mahabhoj 10. Kuber Nath Rai. Ed. Muktiboth : Brahma Rakshas 12. Akal Ke Bad. Manjusha Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan.C. 2000 to 500 B. Agyeya. Prasad : Skandgupta 7. Rise of Magadha. Teachings of Mahavira and Buddha. 3. Gulab Rai. 2. www. Yashpal : Divya 8. 106 Section-B 1. 7. 5. The Indus Civilization: its origins. economy. Contemporary society. Hajari Prasad Dwivedi. 4. Premchand. his dhamma. Nagarjun : Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai. Sources and approaches to study of early Indian history. Harijan Gatha. The archaeological evidence. Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan. Bharatendu : Bharat Durdasha 2.UPSCPORTAL. Ramchandra Shukla : Chintamani (Part I) (Kavita Kya Hai] Shraddha Aur Bhakti) 4. Satyendra : Nibandh Nilaya-Bal Krishna Bhatt. Ashoka's inscriptions. Rajendra Yadav : Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories) History Paper-I Section-A 1. social organization and religion in India (c.) : archaeological perspectives. Nature of the Mauryan state. Early pastoral and agricultural communities. Mohan Rakesh : Ashad Ka Ek Din 3.11. Patterns of settlement. 6. the Mauryan empire. nature and decline. Amrit Rai.com . Early phase of state formation and urbanization. 5. Ed. Evolution of north Indian society and culture: evidence of Vedic texts (Samhitas to Sutras).

Agrarian structures. Islam and its arrival in India. Styles of temple architecture. Rise of Provincial Dynasties: Bengal.com . Arab conquest of Sind. towns. Foreing contacts: Ibn Battuta. The Ghorian invasions. Sultanate architecture. social structure.. economy. 14. society and economy. Commerce mercantile groups and guilds. Tamilaham and its society: the Sangam texts. IItutmish. culture and religion. Literature. Major dynasties and political structurs in North India. Foundation of Delhi Sultanate.8-9 Post-Mauryan period in northern and peninsular India: Political and administrative history. Alauddin Khalji's conquests. The 13th Century. 750-1200: Polity. Balban. 12. Bhakti schools in the south. Firuz Tughluq's concessions and public works. Ziya Barani. economy. Sufism. Alberuni and his study of Indian science and civilization. India. 750-1200: Culture. agrarian and economic measures. religion. The Imperial Cholas and their contemporaries in Peninsular India. Kalhana. Factors behind Ghorian success. Conditions fof women. 16. 15. social and cultural consequences. Samanta system and changes in political structure. Religious thought and institutions: Sankaracharya's vedanta. [persian literature: Amir Khusrau. Themes in early Indian cultural history: languages and texts. Society. Ramanuja. Villagle communities in the South. Economy societyand culture in the 13th and 14th centureis. Lingayats. Muhammad Tughluq's major "projects". The 15th and early16th Century (Political History).UPSCPORTAL. sculpture. historian. ideas in science and mathematics. Decline of the Sultante. " Indian feudalism". major philosphical thinkers and schools. www. Caste and slavery under sultanate. the Ghaznavide empire. major stages in the evolution of art and architecture. Historiography. 107 10-11 India in the Gupta and post-Gupta period (to c. Growth of Bhakti. Section-B 13. 18. Economic. The "slave" Dynasty. India. 17. Sufism in North India. The 14th Century. Indian science. Rise of Rajputs. Problem of coinage. 750) : Political histroy of northern and peninsular India. "The Khalji Revolution". Tehnological changes. culture. Evolution of a composite culture. Early Sultanate architecture.

thinker and historian. Indian mercantile classes. Court patronage of art and technology. Agricultural and craft production. Abul Fazl. Emergency of Afghan Power. Towns. Monotheistic movements: Kabir and Guru Nank. The regional principalities (Nizam's Deccan. Vaishnav Bhakti. The Maratha fiscal and financial system. 23. provincial architectural styles. Mughal painting. Akbar: His conquests and consolidation of empire. literature and the arts in Vijayanagara Empire. famines. The Empire and the Zamindars. The Ahom kingdom. Regional cultures and literatures. 16th and 17th Centuries.UPSCPORTAL. Theory of Sulh-i-kul and religious policy. Mughal Empire. Sawai Jai Singh. www. His Rajput policy. Nature of the Mughal state. Bahmanids. economy and culture). Sufism in its pantheistic phase. Provincial schools of architecture and painting. Society. Population. Culture during Mughal Empire. Conditions of peasants. Humayun. astronomer. Establishment of jagir and mansab systems. 108 20. 22. Condition of Women. Lodis. Mughal architecture. The Portuguese colonial enterprise. Shahjahan and Aurangzeb. Major policies (administrative and religious) of Jahangir. Evolution of the Sikh community (Khalsa). Shivaji and the early maratha kingdom. Economy and society. Mystic eclecticism : Dara Shukoh. 24. Awadh). The Sur Empire : Sher Shah's administration. Hindi and relgious literatures. political cultural and economic. Mahrasthra Dharma. Bhakti Movements: Chaitanya. Banking. Classical music. Panipat. Malwa. Evolution of religious and social outlook. 1761. Gujarat. Bengal. First phase : Babur. Internal weakness. on eve of the British conquest. Mughal empire in the 17th Century. 21. 19. English and French companiesa "trade revolution". culture.com . commerce with Europe through Dutch. Rise of Maratha ascendancy under the Peshwas. Persian literature (including historical works). The 15th and early 16th Century (society.Kashmir (Zainul Abedin). First half of 18th Century: Factors behind decline of the Mughal Empire. insurance and credit systems. The Vijayanagra Empire. Late 17th Century crisis: Revolts. Science and technology.

8.UPSCPORTAL. The economic programme of the Congress' Karachi resolution. India as market for British industry. Ryotwari and Mahalwari settlements). The Indian Council Act of 1909. the Great Depression. The Government of India Act of 1919. Foundation of the Indian National Congress. coming of English education and the press. Famines. 4. Women as focus of social reform. Socio-cultural impact of colonial rule: Official social reform measures (1828-57). Inter-War economy of India: Industries and problem of Protection. 1940 Satyagraha and Quit India Movement. Structure of the British raj up to 1857 (including the Acts of 1773 and 1784 and administrative organisation). Orientalist-Anglicist controversy. Social and religious reform movements in Bengal and other areas. Khilafat. 7. Colonial Economy: Tribute system. the growth of trade unions. Economy 1858-1914: Railways.Non Cooperation Movement. Establishment of British rule in India: Factors behind British success against Indian powers-Mysore. 6. 1931. Civil Disobedience Movement. Drain of wealth and "deindustrialisation". Reorganisation of the Raj. Nationalism under Gandhi's leadership: Gandhi's career. Customs removal. Causes. Home Rule Movement. 1858 and after. Fiscal pressures and revenue settlements (Zamindari. Christian 109 missionary activities. Agricultural distress. Rowlatt Satyagraha.com . 3. 5. The Kisan Movement. nature and impact of the Revolt of 1857. Early Indian Nationalism: Social background. The Moderate phase of the Congress. Peasant and tribal uprising during the early nationalist era. Formation of national associations. 2. thought and methods of mass mobilisation. Resistance to colonia rule: Early uprisings. Maratha Con federacy and the Punjab as major powers in resistance. Limited growth of modern industry. exchange and countervailing excise. Policy of subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse.Paper-II Section-A 1. Commercialisation of Indian agriculture. State People's www. Bengal Renaissance. Growth of Extremism. Ottawa agreements and Discriminatory Protection. Growth of landless labourers and rural indebtedness.

com . c) Ideas of Jawharlal Nehru. Responsive Cooperation. Subramanyam Bharati. 3. economic dislocation. b) Constitutional politics. Congress Ministries. 1937-1939. Film industry. Rise of socialist ideas (to Marx) 14.). f) Communal strands: Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha. Writers' Organisations and Theatre Associations. Towards Freedom: The Act of 1935. g) Women in the National Movement. 15 August 1947. 9. Origins of Modern Politics 1. Building an industrial welfare state. New trends in art. Swarajists. Enlightenment and Modern ideas 1. Consititutional negotiations and the Transfer of Power. d) The Left (Socialists and Communists). Renaissance Background 2. www. Other strands of the National Movement a) Revolutionary movements since 1905. Telangana uprising etc. 110 Agrarian reforms. First phase of Independence (1947-64): Facing the consequences of Partition. Spread of Enlightenment outside Europe 4.UPSCPORTAL. Premchand. Gandhiji's murder. 1950. The Pakistan Movement. 1789-1815. Rousseau 3. Relations with neighbours. Liberals. Planning and industrialisation. The democratic constitution. Section-B 13.Movement. Major Ideas of Enlightenment: Kant. Post-1945 upsurge (RIN Mutiny. 12. Literary and cultural lmovements: Tagore. Foreign policy of Non-alignment. 11. European States System 2. Integration of States.. e) Subhas Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army. French revolution and after math. 10. American Revolution and the Constitution. Iqbal as examples only.

Imperialism and Colonialism 1. 16. Nationalism : state-building in Germany and Italy 3. Germany. Indonesia. 3. Italy and Germany. 19th Century European revolutions 2. South Africa. Types of Empire: of settlement and non-settlement: Latin America. Revolution and Counter-Revolution 1. Socialist Industrialization: Soviet and Chinese. Rise of Nationalism in 19th century 2.4. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Fascist Counter-Revolution. Emergence of Two Blocs 2. World War II : Political Consequence 20. World Wars 1. The Russian Revolution of 1917-1921 111 3. Free Traders. Nation-State System 1. chartists. Tribute from Asian Conquests) 2. Imperialism and Free Trade: The New Imperialism 18. English Industrial Revolution: Causes and Impact on Society 2. Australia.com . 4. Colonial System (Exploitation of New World. Japan 3. Russia. Integration of West Europe and US Strategy. 1815-1850. Industrialization in other countries: USA.UPSCPORTAL. 17. World War I : Causes and Consequences 3. Disintegration of Empires through the emergence of nationalities. The Chinese Revolution of 1949 19. Parliamentary Reformers. Industriatization 1. Cold War 1. British Democratic Politics. Communist East Europe 3. Emergence of Third World and Non-Alignment www. 15. 1st and 2nd World Wars as Total Wars: Societal Implications 2.

History of Kannada Literature • Ancient Kannada literature : Influence and Trends.com . • Dialects of Kannada Language : Regional and Social Various aspects of development of Kannada Language : phonological and Semantic changes. French. Factors constraining Development : Latin America. Africa 23. Dravidian Family of Languages and its specific features. Globalization 112 Kannada Paper-I Answers must be written in Kannada. End of the Cold War and US Ascendancy in the World 4. Latin America-Bolivar 2.4. Post War Foundations : NATO and European Community 2. Decolonization: Break up of colonial Empires: British. South-East Asia-Vietnam 22. 24. Colonial Liberation 1. Soviety Disintegration and the Unipolar World 1. UN and Dispute Resolution 21. Antiquity of Kannada Language Different Phases of its Development. Language borrowing. Arab World-Egypt 3.UPSCPORTAL. Duth 2. Factors in the collapse of Soviet communism and the Soviet Union. Section-A A. Consolidation and Expansion of European Community/European Union. History of Kannada Language • What is Language? General characteristics of Language. Unification of Europe 1. B. Political Changes in East Europe 1989-1992 3. Decolonization and Underdevelopment 1. Africa-Apartheid to Democracy 4. Poets for study : Specified poets www. 1985-1991 2.

Janna. Architecture. Modern Kannada literature • Influence. Pragatishila. Hoysalas. • Medieval Kannada literature : Influence and Trends. Alankara. Rasa. Ragha-vanka. Postcolonial criticism. Poetics and literary criticism • Definition and concepts of poetry : Word. Marxist.from Pampa to Ratnakara Varni are to be studied in the light of contents. • Sangataya : Ratnakaravarni C. Section-A www. Dhwani. Akka Mahadevi. Navodaya. Painting. Section-B A. Meaning.com . The paper will require first-hand reading of the Texts prescribed and will be designed to test the critical ability of the candidates. Rashtrakutas. • Medieval Poets : Harihara. Nagachandra. Cultlural History of Karnataka • Contribution of Dynasties to the culture of Karnataka : Chalukyas of Badami and Kalyani. • Unification of Karnataka and its impact on Kannada literature. B. Navya. • Major religions of Karnataka and their cultural contributions. Historical. Feminist. Dalita and Bandaya. Paper-II Answers must be written in Kannada. • Modern Trends of literary criticism : Formalist. Reeti. Vijayanagara rulers. 113 • Arts of Karnataka : Sculpture. • Interpretations of Rasa Sutra. • Dasa literature : Purandra and Kanaka. Music. form and expression : Pampa. Dance-in the literary context. • Vachana literature : Basavanna.UPSCPORTAL. trends and idealogies. Auchitya. in literary context. Kumar-Vyasa.

Moorty.UPSCPORTAL. Ed.S. J. Janapada Geetaanjali-Ed. Ed. Modern Kannada Literature 1. Nambiyannana Ragale. Mysore. Ed. Imrapura. Su.) 2. Vidyutchorana Kathe) B.Vem.V. Vem. Medieval Kannada Literature 1. Mysore) 4. Kalegowda Nagavara (Pub : Bangalore University. Bharatesha Vaibhava Sangraha Ed. Kumaravyasa Bharata : Karna Parva (Mysore University) 5. Nagaraj (Bangalore University Pub. 5.K. Savirada Ogatugalu-Ed : S. D. Smaraka Grantha Male. (Pub : Sahitya Academy.) 3. Short Story : Kannada Sanna Kathegalu. Ed. G. Ta. Vachana Kammata. Smaraka Grantha Male.) B. 4.H. Drama : Shudra Tapaswi-Kuvempu. Marulasiddappa K. Janapada Swaroopa-Dr. (Mysore University Pub. Law www. Folk Literature 1.) 2. Janapriya Kanakasamputa.N. Poetry : Hosagannada Kavite. Tughalak-Girish Karnad..H. Ed: K. T.R.) 4. Kannada Janapada Kathegalu-Ed. Vichara Saahitya : Devaru-A. Novel : Bettada Jeeva-Shivarama Karanta Madhavi-Arupama Niranjana OdalaalaDevanuru Mahadeva 3. Bangalore) 3. Nayak (Kannada Saahitya Parishattu. Vikramaarjuna Vijaya of Pampa (cantos 12 & 13).N. Old Kannada Literature 1. (Mysore University. Ed : G. Paramashivaiah. Mysore. Nayak. New Delhi. Bangalore) 2. Vaddaraadhane (Sukumaraswamyia Kathe. Moorty Rao (Pub : D.A. Nayak (Sahitya Academy.M.) 5. Sreekantaiah (Ta. New Delhi). Beedi Makkalu Beledo. Shama Rao (Mysore University) Section-B A.) 114 2. H.D. Javare Gowda (Kannada and Culture Directorate.G.com . (Ta. Javare Gowda.

Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions: Powers and Functions. 2. Relationship between International Law and Municipal Law 3. Continental Shelf. Emergency Provisions 12. Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union and the States. 3. 13.Paper-I Section-A • Consitutitional Law of India 1. Fundamental Rights. Civil Servants: Constitutional safeguards. Supreme Court and High Courts: Powers and Jurisdiction. 10. Amendment of the Constitution.UPSCPORTAL. 17. 9. State Recognition and State Succession. Human Rights and procedures available for their www. 4. Section-B • International Law 1. Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties. 115 2. 4. Territorial Sea. 5. Delegated Legislation: Its constitutionality and judicial and legislative controls. Relationship between Fundamental Rights. statelessness. Individuals. 7. Nature and Definition of International Law. Governor and his Powers. Contiguous Zone. Administrative Relationship between Union and the States. 15. Exclusive Economic Zone and High Seas. Parliamentary Privileges 14. Princople of Natural Justice 16. 8. Nature of the Indian Constitution : the distinctive features of its federal character. Sea: Inland Waters. 5. Judicial Review of Administrative Action. Appointment and Transfer of Judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts. Constitutional Position of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers. 6. 11. nationality.com .

Protection and Improvement of the Human Environment: International Efforts. 10. 14. 11. 12. Abetment. Criminal conspiracy. Settlement of Distputes. 2. 10. New International Economic order and Monetary law: WTO. Territorial jurisdiction of States. intervention. Treaties: Formation application. IMF. Offences against public tranqulity. self-defence. Nuclear non proliferation treaty. 6.enforcement. 7. Legality of the use of nuclear weapons. Kinds of Punishment. Preparations and criminal attempts 5.com .UPSCPORTAL. Joint and constructive liability. ban on testing of nucle ar weapons. Extradition and Asylum. TRIPS. Application of the Indian Penal Code. 9. World Bank. 7. International Criminal Court. Paper-II Section-A • Law of Crimes 1. International Terriorism State sponsored terrorism. General Principles of Criminal Liability: mens rea and actus reus. 9. Offences Relating to Marriage. Offences against human body. General exceptions. Offences against property 13. Lawful recourse to force: aggressions. 12. and functions. 3. www. termination and reservation. 116 11. 6. Mens rea in statutory offences. 8. United Nations: Its principal organs. GATT. powers. 4. Offences against the State. 13. 8. CTBT. Hijacking.

1961 17. 6. Vicarious liability including State Liability. Malicious Prosecution. 9. 2. Conspiracy 11. Remedies. 5. False imprisonment. 7. 5. 1988. Joint tortfeasors. illegal and unenforceable agreements.com . Negligence 8. Quasi-contracts. 10. General defences. Factors vitiating consent 3. 1986. Defamation 15. 117 8. Contract of Agency. 12.UPSCPORTAL. Nuisance. Dowry Prohibition Act. 4. • Law of Torts 1. 9. Defamation. Void voidable. Formation and dissolution of partnership www. 4. Formation of Contract 2. Consequences of breach of contract 7.14. Prevention of Corruption Act. Section-B • Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law 1. Protection of Civil Rights Act. 6. 13. Sale of goods and hire purchase. Liability based upon fault and strict liability 3. Consumer Protection Act. Nature and definition. Performance and discharge of contracts. 1955 16.

Leadership.10. Strategic Planning. 1881. Poisson and Normal Distributions. Knowledge Based Enterprises-Systems and Processes. 118 www.com . Mission and Objectives. Management Paper-I The candidate should make a study of the concept and development of management as science and art drawing upon the contributions of leading thinkers of management and apply the concepts to the real life of government and business decision making keeping in view the changes in the strategic and operative environment. Delegation of Authority. Time. Managerial Function: Concept and foundations of Management. Theories of motivation and their relevance. Zero Based Budget. 'F' and Chisquare. Elementary concepts of Binomial. Conflict Management. 11. Dispersion and Skewness. Arbitration and Conciliation Act. Communication. Managing Change. Innovation in Organizational Design such as Networks. Control System in Service Organization. Decision making under uncertainity. Managerial role and functions. Management Control System: Basic concepts. Responsibility Centres. Organisational Behaviour and Design: Classical and Neoclassical Systems. Controlling Global Enterprises: Transfer Pricing and Management of Risk. Correlation and Regression. Design of Strategic Business Units. Tests of Significance 't'.UPSCPORTAL. Modern Control Methods. Preparation of budgets. Negotiable Instruments Act. Understanding strategic behaviour. 1996. Quantitative Techniques in Decision Making: Classification of data. Section-B IV. Analysis and Evaluation of Performance. Understanding group behaviour and dynamics. Linerar Programming-Problem formulation-Simplex method and Graphical solution. III. II. Formulation of Organisational Vision. Decision Making. Section-A I. PERT and CPM.Series Analysis & Forecasting Techniques. Averages. Analysis of Environmental opportunities and threats.

Segmentation. personal selling and management of salesforce. implementation and control. Targeting and Postitioning. Distribution channels and logistics. formulation. VI. institutions of international business GATT//WTO. International Business: International Business Environment: Changing composition of trade in goods and services. Services and non-profit marketing. Regulation of capital market. Risk and Return: Portfolio Theory. CAPM and APM. Directions of change and impact on business decision. Globalisation and Corporatisation Problems and Prospects. Hirepurchase and veartur capital mergers and acquistions. Leasing. II. Analysis of Financial Postion: Ratio and Funds Flow Analysis. Cost analysis-Activity based costing. Understanding competitive strategy. Strategic Cost Management: Value Chain : Conceptual issues and Applications. Emerging areas of trade. Paper-II Section-A I. Liberalization. Valuation of Bonds and Shares. Marketing Communciation. Option Pricing. Design. Creating global competitive Advantage: Analysis. Business Environment: Concept and Analysis of Macro-business environment: Indian and global. Product management. Financial Management : Goal of Finance Function. Pricing decisions. E-Business. Evaluation of marketing function.. Management of Cash. Management of Working Capital: Estimation and Financing.V. Corporate financial policy and strategy. Theories and Practices. Cost Drivers and their measurement.. Social Marketing. Target Costing. Regulatory and promotional Policies. Financial and Operating leaverage. III. Design of Capital Structure. Management of corporate distress and restructuring strategy. implementation and control. Understanding and selecting target markets: Marketing Research.UPSCPORTAL. Evaluation of International Trade Policies-instruments of trade policy. Receivables and Inventory and Current Liabilities. Profit Variance Analysis. Public Distribution System. Trims and Trips-Labour conditions and environmental issues. Ethics in marketing: Consumer protection. Concepts of value and return. Analysis of marketing environment and planning process. Analysis of structural dimensions of Indian Economy. Shareholder Value Creation: Dividend Policy. Brand Management. trade in services and agri www. Capital and Money Markets: Institutions and Instruments.com . Consumer Behaviour. Marketing Management: Concept and strategy.

bases. linear dependance and independance. Production cotnrol. Information Resource Management. Two Bin System. Employee Morale and Productivity. Waste Management. Capacity Planning. Implementation and Control of Project. Aggregate Production Planning. Mathematics Paper-I Section-A • Linear Algebra • Vector. Regional Economic Cooperation. Management Information System: Conceptual foundations of Information System. Performance Management-job evaluation. Purchasing process and procedure. DSS and RDBMS.products. Export Marketing Management-Overseas market research. Codification. Management of facilities. Management of risk. Make or Buy Decision. Quality control. Export-import procedures. World Bank. role of IMF. trainging. Tole of intermediaries and documentation. Value Analysis. Humans Resource Accouting and Audit. Operation and Materials Management: Fundamentals of Operations Management. Trends in Information Technology. Supply Chain ManagementVendor Evaluation and Audit. Compensation Management. UNCTAD. System Development-Overview of Systems and Design. 119 Section-B IV. promotion and transfer. Standardisation of spare parts inventory. Managing Data Resources-Organising Data. Inventory Control. Selection. Quality Management.UPSCPORTAL. Finite dimensional vector spaces. System Development Management life-cycle. Material Handling. development. Export pricing and finance. Equipment replacement and maintenance. International Buying. dimensions. V. Role and importance of Materials Management . job enrichment. space. Designing on-line and Distributed environments. subspaces. recruitment. Man-power planning. Human Resource Development: Concept and Policies. www. Plan Design: Process planning plant size and scale of operations. Organising for Production.com . Management of Organisational Climate and Industrial Relations. VI.

constrained motion. Clariaut's equation. reduction to cannonical form. Orthogonal and unitary reduction of quadratic and hermitian forms. singular solution. skew symmetrical. limits. plane. complementary function and particular integral. asymptotes. Riemann's definition of definite integrals. 120 • Calculus • Real numbers. matrix of linear transformation. straight lines. hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties. integrating factor..UPSCPORTAL. symmetrical. equations of first order and first degree. infinite and improper intergrals. partial derivatives. Echelon form. differentiability. second degree equations in two and three dimensions. continuity. rank. Double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only). orthogonal. Functions of several variables: continuity. Areas. hermitian. differerentiability. surface and volumes. reduction to cannonical forms. • Higher order linear equations. ellipsoid. • Second order linear equations with variable coefficients. • Analytic Geometry • Cartesian and polar coordinates in two and three dimesnions. work and energy. beta and gamma functions. skew-hermitian forms–their eigenvalues. equations of first order but not of first degree.com . Euler-Cauchy equation. conservation of energy. cone. mean-value theorems. Section-B • Ordinary Differential Equations • Formulation of differential equations. row and column reduction. unitary. Statics and Hydrostatics • Degree of freedom and constraints. general solution. Jacobian. motion www. sphere. centre of gravity. maximas and minima.• Matrices. maxima and minima. paraboloid. congruences and similarity. determination of complete solution when one solution is known. indeterminate forms. positive definite quardratic forms. with constant coefficients. motion in a plane. projectiles. rectilinerar motion. indefinite integrals. method of variation of parameters. shortest distance between two skew lines. eqivalence. Cayley-Hamiliton theorem. eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Lagrange's method of multipliers. cylinder. simple harmonic motion. • Dynamics. Taylor's theorem with remainders. order and degree.

metacentre. principal ideal domains. absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms. Differentiation of fuctions of several variables. Cayley theorem. differentiation of vector function of a scalar variable. equilibrium of fluids under given system of forces Bernoulli's equation. stability of equilibrium. Continuity and uniform continuity of functions. • Pressure of heavy fluids. rearrangement of series. properties of continuous functions on compact sets. motion under resistance. • Equilibrium of a system of particles.UPSCPORTAL. stability of equilibrium. • Real Analysis • Real number system. Green's identities. Paper-II Section-A • Algebra • Groups. work and potential energy. permutation groups. equilibrium of floating bodies. Uniform convergence. completeness. triple. implict function www. vector identities and vector quations. cauchy sequence. Higher order derivatives. products. subgroups. Serret-Frenet's formulae.com . ordered field. Rings and ideals. friction. pressure of gases. Gauss and Stokes' theorems. normal subgroups. motion of varying mass. homomorphism of groups quotient groups basic isomorophism theorems. bounds. finite fields. Kepler's laws. Field extensions.under impulsive forces. improper integrals. • Application to Geometry: Curves in space. curvature and torision. Sylow's group. principle of virtual work. continuity. centre of pressure. equilibrium of forces in three dimensions. thrust on curved surfaces. change in the order of partial derivatives. real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property. Riemann integral. ordered sets. orbits under central forces. common catenary. differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions. Gradient. unique factorization domains and Euclidean domains. cylindrical and spherical coordinates and their physical interpretations. divergence and curl in cartesian. • Vector Analysis 121 • Scalar and vector fields.

power series. • Numerical Analysis and Computer programming • Numerical methods: Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection. Laurent's Series. basic feasible solution and optimal solution.UPSCPORTAL.theorem. binary system. GaussSeidel(iterative) method. Section-B • Partial differential equations • Curves and surfaces in three dimesnions. pfaffian differential 122 equations. • Complex Analysis : Analytic function. XOR. bytes and words. arithmetic and logical operations on numbers. Conversion to www. Octal and Hexadecimal Systems. OR . NOT. Cauchy's residue theorem. Newton's (Forward and backward) and Lagrange's method of interpolation. heat equation. • Numerical integration: Simpson's one-third rule. linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients. Duality. • Transportation and assignment problems. • Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runge Kutta-methods. basic solution. • Computer Programming: Storage of numbers in Computers. maxima and minima. and shift/rotate operators. • Linear Programming • Linear programming problems. AND. graphical method and Simplex method of solutions. solutions of equations of type dx/p=dy/q=dz/r. Conformal mapping. equations of vibrating string. Bitwise operations. tranpezodial rule. partial differential equations of the first order. Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods. formulation of partial differential equations. bits. contour integration. orthogonal trajectories. laplace equation. Multiple integrals. Taylor's series. Gaussian quardrature formula. Travelling salesman problmes. Cauchy's theorem. Cauchy's integral formula. solution by Cauchy's method of characteristics. solution of system of linear equations by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan (direct) methods.com . bilinear transformations. Charpit's method of solutions. Cauchy-Riemann equations. Singularities.

potential flow. Cams. Stress-strain relations. Critical speeds and whirling of shafts. thermal stresses. Thick and thin walled pressure vessels. Hydrodynamic bearings.and form decimal Systems. linear elastic materials. signed integers and reals. Automatic Controls. • Representation of unsigned integers. motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions. vortex motion. flow past a cylinder and a sphere. Hamilton equations. • Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics • Generalised coordinates. Struls and columns. Shear stress distribution. • Equation of continuity. Navier-Stokes equation for a viscous fluid. Linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems (single degree and two degrees of freedom). double precision reals and long integrers. D' Alembert's principle and Lagrange' equations. helical springs. Beams : Banding moment and shear force diagrams. Belts and chain drives. • Developing simple programs in Basic for problems involving techniques covered in the numerical analysis. Mohr’s construction. systems.com . Theory of Machines Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planar mechanisms. method of images. Balancing of rigid rotors. Shrink fits. Mechanics of Solids Stress and strain in two dimensions. Gears and gear trains. isotropy and an isotropy. Principal stresses and strains. www. Euler's equation of motion for inviscid flow. stream-lines. Governors. Rotating discs. holonomic and non-holonomic . Balancing of single and multicylinder engines. 2. path of a particle.UPSCPORTAL. Combined stresses. moment of intertia. unilaxial loading. two-dimensional and axisymetric motion. Torsion of shafts. bending stresses and deflection of beams. • Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems. Flywheels. Strain energy concepts and theories of failure. constraints. 123 Mechanical Engineering Paper-I 1. sources and sinks.

3. Engineering Materials Basic concepts on structure of solids, Crystalline materials, Defects in crystalline materials, Alloys and binary phase diagrams, structure and properties of common engineering materials. Heat treatment of steels. Plastics, Ceramics and composite Materials, common applications of various materials. 4. Manufacturing Science Marchant’s force analysis, Taylor’s tool life equation, machinability and machining economics, Rigid, small and flexible automation, NC, CNC. Recent machining methodsEDM, ECM and ultrasonics. Application of lasers and plasmas, analysis of forming processes. High energy rate forming. Jigs, fixtures, tools and gauges, Inspection of length, position, profile and surface finish. 5. Manufacturing management Production Planning and Control, Forecasting-Moving average, exponential smoothing, Operations sheduling; assembly line balancing. Product development. Breakeven analysis, Capacity planning. PERT and CPM. Control Operations: Inventory control-ABC analysis. EOQ model. Materials requirement planning. Job design, Job standards, work measurement, Quality management-Quality control. Operations Research : Linear programming-Graphical and Simplex methods. Transportation and assignment models. Single server queuing model.
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Value Engineering: Value analysis, for cost/value. Total quality management and forecasting techniques. Project management. 6. Elements of Computation Computer Organisation, Flow charting. Features of Common Computer LanguagesFORTRAN d Base III, Lotus 1-2-3 C and elementary programming. PAPER-II 1. Thermodynamics Basic concept. Open and closed systems, Applications of Thermodynamic Laws, Gas equations, Clapeyron equation, Availability, Irreversibility and Tds relations. 2. I.C. Engines, Fuels and Combustion

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Spark ignition and compression ignition engines, Four stroke engine and Two stroke engines, mechanical, thermal and volumetric efficiency, Heat balance. Combustion process in S.I. and C.I. engines, preignition detonation in S.I. engine Diesel knock in C.I. engine. Choice of engine fuels, Octance and Cetane retings. Alternate fuels Carburration and Fuel injection, Engine emissions and control. Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, stoichometric air requirements and excess air factor, fuel gas analysis, higher and lower calorific values and their measurements. 3. Heat Transfer, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning One and two dimensional heat conduction. Heat transfer from extended surfaces, heat transfer by forced and free convection. Heat exchangers. Fundamentals for diffusive and connective mass transfer, Radiation laws, heat exchange between black and non black surfaces, Network Analysis. Heat pump refrigeration cycles and systems, Condensers, evaporators and expansion devices and controls. Properties and choice of refrigerant, Refrigeration Systems and components, psychometrics, comfort indices, cooling loading calculations, solar refrigeration. 4. Turbo Machines and Power Plants Continuity, momentum and Energy Equations. Adiabatic and Isentropic flow, fanno lines, Raylegh lines. Theory and design of axial flow turbines and compressors, Flow through turbo-machine balde, cascades, centrifugal compressor. Dimensional analysis and modelling. Selection of site for steam, hydro, nuclear and stand-by power plants, Selection base and peak load power plants, Modern High pressure, High duty boilers, Draft and dust
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removal equipment, Fuel and cooling water systems, heat balance, station and plant heat rates, operation and maintenance of various power plants, preventive maintenance, economics of power generation.

Medical Science
Paper-I Section-A I. Human Anatomy: Gross and microscopic anatomy and movements of shoulder, hip and knee joints; Blood supply, nerve innervation of hand, Lymphatic system; Karyotyping,

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medical genetics; Electron microscopic structure of glomerulous and muscle; Gross and microscopic anatomy and blood supply of lungs, heart, kidneys, liver, testis and uterus; Gross anatomy of pelvis, perineum and inguinal region. Cross-sectional anatomy of the body and mid-thoracic, upper abdominal, mid-abdominal and pelvic regions. Embryology : Major steps in the development of lung, heart, kidney, urinary bladder, uterus, ovary, testis and their common congenital abnoirmalities; Placenta and placental barrier. Anatomy of central and peripheral autonomic nervous system : Neural pathways for cutaneous sensations and vision; Cranial nerves, distribution and clinical significance; Anatomy of autonomic control of gastronintestinal, respiratory and reproductive systems. II. Human Physiology: Central, peripheral and autonomic nervous. system; Nerve and muscle excitation, conduction and transmission of impulse, mechanism of contraction, neurovascular transmission, EMG; Synaptic transmission, reflexes, control of equilibrium, posture and muscle tone descendig pathways, functions of creebellum, basal ganglia, reticular formation, hypothalamus limbic system and cerebral cortex; Physiology of sleep and consciousness, EEG.; Higher functions of the brain; Vision and hearing. Endocrine system: Mechanism of action of hormones, formation, secretion, transport, metabolism, functions and regulations of secretion of pancreas and pituitary glands. • Physiology of reproductive system : menstrual cycle, lactation, pregnancy. • Blood : Development, regulations and fate of blood cells. • Cardio-vascular, respiratory gastro-intestinal and renal physiology : Cardiac excitation, spread of cardiac impulse, ECG., cardiac output, blood pressure, regulation of cardiovascular functions; Mechanics of respiration and regulation of respiration; Digestion
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and absorption of food, regulation of secretion and motility of gastrointesinal tract; Glomerular and tubular fucntions of kidney. III. Biochemistry: pH and pK Hendrson-Hassebalch Equation; Properties and regulation of enzyme activity, role of high energy phosphates in bioenergetics; Sources, daily requirements, action and toxicity of vitamins; Metabolism of lipids, carbohydrates, proteins, disorders of their

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immunosuppressive therapy. protozoa. furosemide. mechanism of drug action. ibuprofen. leukaemia. adenoviruses. helminths. II. oral cancer. oestrogen receptors. salmonella. pseudomonos. cancer colon. Classification. secheichiza. Pathology: Rection of cell and tissue of injury. hepatitis.UPSCPORTAL. fungi. acute pancreatitis. Etiology. Distribution and regulation of body water and minerals including trace elements. ace inhibitors. Aminoglycoside. hypnotics. bacterial genetics. Paper-II Section-A www. pathognesis and histopathology of . Cephalosporins. Mechanism of action.General anaesthetics. Mechanism of action. immunity in infections cause by viruses. Immunological principles. Pathogenesis and histopathology of Rheumatic and ischaemic heart disease. IV. hanging. dosage. leptospiral infection. Doxycycline.2. genetic diseases. Indications. GTT. virus-cell interactions. anti-fungal drugs. vibrio. structure. meningioma and meningitis.3. mechanism of action and side effects of . Immuno electrophorises. herpes viruses (including rubella_.Ampicillin. shigella. analgesics.Pilocarpine. terbutaline. Section-B I. beta blocker. Calcium channel blocker.Methortrexate.4. sedative overdose. vincristin. acetylsalicylic acid.com . inflammation and repair . route of administration. Diseases caused by and laboratory diagnosis of Staphylococcus. acquired immunity. cirrhosis liver glomerulonephritis. metabolism and side effects of . Chemical nature. Anti-viral. synthesis and fucntions of nucleic acids and proteins. III. 1. metronidazole. Microbiology: Growrth of micro-organisms. snake envenomation. Physical and chemical examination of blood and seminal stains. drowning.metaboilism. molecular structure of muscle contractile protein. disturbances of growth and cancer.Peptic ulcer. Organo phosphorous poisoning. Pharmacology: Drug receptor instruction. Chloroquin. carcinoma breast. burns. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology: Forensic examination of injuris and wounds. Lymphoma. sterilization and disinfection. acute osteomyelitis. liver cancer. side-effects and contraindictions of. rifampin. dosage and toxicity of. chloramphenicol. enterococcus. dosage. metoprolol diazepam.th generations. Blood Gas Analysis. tamoxifen. lobar pneumonia. Bronchogenic carcinoma.

pleural effusion. scabies. psoariasis. General Medicine • Etiology.com . coagulation disorders. renal failure. CT scan MRI. Stevan Johnsons's syndrome. oral cancer. ultrasound. schizophrenia. renovascular hypertension. cleft palate. carebrovascular diseases. parotid tumour. chronic pyelonephritis. vitiligo. Cholera. Aids. clinical features. AIDS. III. Viral hepatitis.prevention of vertical transmission. Tuberculosis. • Actue glomerulonerphritis. ECT. disseminated tuberculosis Malabsorption syndromes. echo cardiogram. hare lip. cirrhosis of liver. clinical features. Typhoid. haemetemesis. broncho pneumonias. Hansen's disease. hypertension. nephrotic syndrome.127 1. causes diagnosis and principles of management of: • Cervical lymph node enlargement. General Surgery: • Clinical features. respiratory distress syndrome. diagnosis and principles of management of: • Rheumatic. www. • Occupational lung disease. polycythemia and hyperviscosity syndrome. pulmonary embolism. Cardiomyopathy. ischaemic and congenital heart disease. bronchial asthma. • Role of Immageology in the work-up of medical problems. Exanthematous Fevers. Tetanus. anaemias.UPSCPORTAL. alcoholic liver disease. Dermatology: Common skin diseases. lithium II. congenertal cyanotic heart disease. meningitis encephalitis. leukaemia. fungal dermatitis. Rabies. diagnosis and principles of management (including prevention) of:• Malaria. Section-B I. kernicterus. • Laryngeal tumour. • Acute and chronic respiratory infections. Paediatrics: Common paediatric problems. • Psychiatry: Common psychiatric disorders. esophageal tumours. acid peptic diseases. diabeties mellitus. eczema. • Etiology.

bone-marrow. • Labour management. Adrenal. liver abscess. resuscitation of the newborn. cancer breast. • Diagnosis and management of anaemia and pregnancy induced hypertension. • Tumours of Thyroid. acute retention of urine. Obstetrics and gynaecology including Family Planning • Diagnosis of pregnancy. tuberculosis of bowel. coarctation of arota • Dysfunctions of thyroid parathyroids and adrenals. • Direct and indirect inguinal hernias and their compliations. • Freactures of femur and spine. postpartum haemorrhage. • Etiology. • Haemonthorax. peritonitis. Preventive and Social medicine • Concept of causation and control of disease in the community. III. liver. clinical features. chronic cholexystitis. www. heart. kidney.com . carcinoma head of pancreas. pelvic pain. foetoplacental development. screening of high risk pregnancy. portal hypertension. • Leucorrhoea. II. infertility. amenorrhoea. • Renal mass. diagnosis and principles of management of: Cancer cervic. • Principles of the following contraceptive methods. Pituitary Glands. tubectomy and vasectomy. • Abscess of breast.UPSCPORTAL. Medical termination of pregnancy including legal aspects. • Intra-uterine devices. Colles' fracture and bone tumours. varicose veins. • Organis transplantation. abnormal uterine bleeding. ulcerative colitis.• Peripheral arterial diseases. benign prostatic hypertrophy. pills. complications of 3rd stage. intestinal obstruction. • Laprascopic Surgery. constrictive pericarditis • Splenomegaly. bleeding peptic ulcer. Parathyroid. principles and methods of epidemiology. fibroadenoma and adenosis 128 • Acute and chronic appendicitis.

God. Possibility of Synthetic Apriori Judgements. Bondage and Freedom. • Growth of population and its effect on health and development.com . 9. components and critical analysis of each of the following National programmes for the control/eradication of: • Malaria. Time Categories. Spinoza: Substance. Berkeley: Immaterialism. 7. • Normal nutrition and nutritional deficiency diseases in India.• Health hazards due to environmental pollution and industrialisation. 3.UPSCPORTAL. filaria. • Population trends (World and India). 2. leprosy. God. Theory of Perception God. tuberculosis. Ideas of Reason and Antinomics. • Objectives. substance and qualities. Kant: Distinctions between synthetic and analytic judgements and between aprion and aposteriori judgements. 129 • Objectives. AIDS & std and guinea worm. Aristotle: Form. Hume: Theory of knowledge. Plato: Theory of Ideas. 8. Philosophy Paper-I History and Problems of Philosophy Section-A 1. Attributes and Modes. cancer. Pantheism. Leibnitz: Monads. Causality. Criticism of the Proofs for the Existence of www. Rejection of Innate Ideas. blindness. iodine deficiency disease. components critical analysis of each of the following national Health and Family Welfare Programmes: • Maternal and child health • Family welfare • Nutrition • Immunization. Space. Criticism of representative Theory of Perception. Descartes: Cartesian Method and certain knowledge. 5. 4. Locke: Theory of Knowledge. Scepticism Self. 6. Matter and causation. kala-azar. Mind-Body Dualism.

Ideal of Bodhisattva. 130 16. Paper-II Section-‘A’ • Socio-Political Philosophy 1. Self. 3. Quine: Radical empiricism. Purusa. Laski. Carvaka: Theory of Knowledge. 4. 12. Phenomenology: Husserl. Individual and State. 6.God. Boidin. Mãyã. Sautrantika Theory of Pramana. Sartre. 2. Liberation. 17.com . Liberation. Absolute Idealism. Distinction of saying and showing (Wittgenstein) 13. Logical Constructions and Incomplete Symbols (Rusell). Sovereignty (Austin. Materialism. Buddhism: Pratityasamutpada. Ãtman. Avidyã Adhyãsã. Theory of Causation. Russell (Theory of Descriptions). Kautilya). Madhva (Brahman. www. Schools of Buddhism. 2. Hegel: Dialectical Method. Saptabhangi Naya. Strawson: theory of person. Section-‘B’ 1. 3. 14. Precursors of Linguistic Analysis: Moore (Defence of common sense.UPSCPORTAL. 10. Ksanikavýds. Jagat. Bondage and Liberation. Moksã). Categories. Vedãnta: Schools of Vedãntã Sankara. Existentiaslism: Kierkegaard. Ñairãtmyavãda. Theory of Causation. Political Ideals : Equality. Logical Atomism: Atomic Facts. Samkhya: Prakriti. Reputaion of idealism). Mimãnsã: Theory of Knowledge. 5. 7. Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions. Justice. Atomic sentences. Jainism: Theory of Reality. Isvara. Naya-Vãisesika : Theory of Pramãna. 11. Atomistic theory of Creation. Rãmãnuja. God and Proofs of God’s Existence. Liberty. 15. Jiva. Logical Positivism: Verification theory and rejection of Metaphysics.

10. Religion and Morality. Scientific Temper and Progress. rotating frames. Galilean transformation. Socialism and Marxism. Naturalistic. Rutherford scattering. conservation of linear and angular momentum. Concept and forms. 5. Secularism. 7. Prooofs of the Existence of God and their criticisms. 11. Imparsonalistic. Co-existence and violence. 12.UPSCPORTAL. 9. Gender-Equality. 3. 2. Classical Mechanics a) Particle dynamics Centre of mass and laboratory coordinates. 4. Revelation and Mysticism. 5. Foucault pendulum. 7. 8. Immortality of Soul. Problem of Evil. 6. 6. Theories of punishment. Religious Knowledge : Reason.com . Physics Paper-I Section-A 1. 8. b) System of particles www. Humanism. Sarvoday. Philosophy of Ecology. Religion without God. The rocket equation. intertial and non-inertial frames. Section-‘B’ • Philosophy of Religion 131 1.4. Liberation. Democracy. Notions of God: Personalistic. centrifugal and Coriolis forces.

2. aberration and Doppler effect. Matrix method in paraxial optic-thin lens formula. b) Diffraction Fraunhofer diffraction-single slit. Fresnel diffraction: . Newton's rings. double slit. Beats. nodal planes. Physical Optics a) Interference Interference of light-Young's experiment. generalised coordinates and momenta. chromatic and spherical aberrations. Covariance of equations of physics. Waves & Geometrical Optics a) Special Relativity Michelson-Morley experiment and its implications. degrees of freedom.UPSCPORTAL. Multiple beam interference and Fabry-Perot interferometer. diffraction grating. time dilation. simple applications to a decay process. Phase and group velocities. Pulses and wave packets. Gyroscope. four dimensional momentum vector. simple pendulum and central force problems. Lagrange's equation and applications to linear harmonic oscillator. 132 mass-energy relation.Constraints. resolving power. forced oscillation and resonance.half-period zones and zones plates. Minkowski diagram. Special Relativity. Michelson interferometer. principal moments of inertia. Stationary waves in a string. b) Waves Simple harmonic motion. Euler's equation of motion of a rigid body. www. Hamilitonian Lagrange's equation from Hamilton's principle. force-free motion of a rigid body. Reflection and Refraction from Huygens' principle. 3. Holography and simple applications. addition of velocities. damped oscillation. system of two thin lenses. c) Geometrical Optics Laws of relfection and refraction from Fermat's principle. c) Rigid body dynamics Eulerian angles. interference by thin films. Lorentz transformations-length contraction. inertia tensor. Cyclic coordinates. Fresnel integrals.com .

force and torque on a dipole in an external field. Gauge invariance. Magentic shell. Diffraction by a circular aperture and the Airy pattern. energy loss. New Delhi. Mean and rms values in AC circuits. Ruby and He-Ne lasers. Vector and scalar potentials. Characteristics of laser light-spatial and temporal coherence. Potential and field due to a dipole. uniformly magnetised sphere. Three-level scheme for laser operation. Faraday's law. Lasers-Einstein A and B coefficients. Lorentz and Coulomb gauges.com . Principal of transformer. Quality factor. Principles of fibre optics attenuation. Electromagnetic field tensor. Ampere's law. Optical activity. b) Current Electricity Kirchhoff's laws and their applications.UPSCPORTAL. Electricity and Magnetism a) Electrostatics and Magnetostatics Laplace ad Poisson equations in electrostatics and their applications. single mode fibres.series and parallel resonance. reflection and refraction at the boundary of www. Wave equations in isotropic dielectrics. LR CR and LCR circuits. covariance of Maxwell's equations. quarter wave plate.rauias.com || 133 conducting and dielectric spheres in a uniform electric field. Energy of a system of charges. polarisation. hysteresis. Double refraction. Wave equations in vacuum. Section-B 4. 5. Self-and mutual-inductances. Lenz' law. Method of images and its applications. Biot-Savart law. pulse dispersion in step index and parabolic index fibres. Solutions to bounary-value problems|| Rau’s IAS Study Circle. Electromagnetic Theory & Black Body Radiation a) Electromagnetic Theory Displacement current and Maxwell's equatons. Poynting theorem. www. Dielectrics. c) Polarisation and Modern Optics Production and detection of linearly and circularly polarised light. Ferromagnetic materials. material dispersion.Application of Cornu's spiral to the analysis of diffraction at a straight edge and by a long narrow slit. Focussing of laser beams. multipole expansion of scalar potential.

b) Blackbody radiation Balckbody radiation and Planck radiation law. JouleKelvin effect and liquefaction of gases. Planck length. Use of WKB formula for the life-time calcuation in the alpha-decay problem. transport phenomena. Concept of negative temperatures. entropy. Reflection and transmission by a potential step and by a rectangular barrier.Clapeyron equation. Quantum Mechanics I Wave-particle dualitiy. 134 Paper-II Section-A 1.Stefan-Boltzmann law. particle in a finite well.two dielectrics. www. isobaric. Isothermal. Fresnel's relations. Uncertainty principle. Solutions of the one-dimensional Schroedinger equation free particle (Gaussian wave-packet). van der Waals equation of state of a real gas. Thermodynamic behaviour of an ideal Fermi gas. Chandrasekhar limit. Einstein. Bose-Einstein condenssation. linear harmonic oscillator. Planck time. Adiabatic demagnetisation. Brownian motion as a random walk. particle in a box. Maxwell relations and applications. critical constants. isochoric processes and entropy change. Schroedinger equation and expectation values. Thermal and Statistical Physics a) Thremodynamics Laws of thermodynamics. Clausius. Planck mass.. equipartition and virial theorems. Dulong-Petit. elementary ideas about neutron stars and pulsars. Maxwell-Boltzman distribution of molecular velocities. Gibbs' phase rule and chemical potential.UPSCPORTAL.com . diffusion process. Normal and anomalous dispersion. Rayleigh scattering. b) Statistical Physics Saha ionization formula. adiabatic. reversible and irreversible processes. Planck temperature and Planck energy. 6. Wien displacement law and Rayleigh-Jeans law. Otto and Diesel engines. and Debye's theories of specific heat of solids.

Nuclear reactors. Section-B 4. Violation of parity in beta decay. free electron theory of metals. Nuclear fission and fusion. molecular hydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion in astronomy Fluorescence and Phosphorescence. magnetic moment. electron spin. parity. Elementary ideas about Unification of Forces. Conservation laws. Ground state of a deuteron magnetic moment and non-central forces. Elementary theory and applications of NMR. vibratonal and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules. J-J coupling. Nuclear Physics Basic nuclear properties-size. www. density of states. The spin half problem and properties of Pauli spin matrices. Physics of neutrinos. Gamma decay and internal conversion. energy production in stars. Quantum Mechanics II & Atomic Physics a) Quantum Mechanics II Particle in a three dimensional box. The hydrogen atom. Elementary ideas about Mossbauer spectroscopy. Q-value of nuclear reactions. Mass parabolas. Meson theory of nuclear forces. binding energy. Zeeman effect. Salient features of nuclear forces. b) Atomic Physics Stern-Gerlack experiment.com . Particle Physics & Solid State Physics a) Particle Physics 135 Classification of elementary particles and their interactions. Shell model of the nucleus-success and limitations.2.UPSCPORTAL. fine structure of hydrogen atom. L-S coupling. Field quanta of electroweak and strong interactions. 3. Frank-Condon principle and applications. 5. Elementary ideas about Lamb shift and its significance. Molecular Physics Elementary theory of rotational. Quark structure of hadrons. Semi-empirical mass formula and applications. angular momentum. Raman effect and molecular structure. The angular meomentum problem. Spectroscopic notation of atomic states. Laser Raman spectroscopy Importance of neutral hydrogen atom.

Mitchels. Digital electronics-Boolean identities. Machiavelli. Theories of Human Rights. Josephson junctions and applications. 6. 8. Fascism. Fundamentals of microprocessors and digital computers. Equality and Revolution. Hannah Arendt. Hobbes. J S Mill. 5. Hegel and Marx. Theories of state: Social contract. Theories of Justice. Theories of Power and Hegemony: Pareto. Liberalism. political obligation. Marxism. normative and empirical. State Sovereignty: Marxist and pluralistic theories. Socialism. communitarian. FET. Political Science and International Relations Paper-I Political Theory and Indian Politics Section-A 1. Theories of Political Economy: Classical and contemporary. Aristotle. New Social Movements. Rosa Luxemberg and Mao Zedong. De Morgan's laws.conductors. Wright Mills. Band theory of solids. Marxist. Elements of superconductivity. 2. Meissner effect. Elementary ideas about high temperature superconductivity. postcolonial. www. 136 10. solar cells.. Political Ideologies: Nature of Ideology. Kautilya M. Roy Gandhi Ambedkar and E V Ramswami Naicker. 7. Democracy and Human Rights: Democratic theory-classical and contemporary. Lenin.b) Solid State Physics Cubic crystal structure. Gandhism and Anarchism. Simple logic circuits. Culture and politics in Third World countries. Political Thought: Plato. 3.Amplifiers and oscillators.UPSCPORTAL. Mosca. Thermistors. Theories of Political Culture. Weber.com . C. Electronics Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors-p-n-p and n-p-n transistors. Gramsci. JFET and MOSFET. 6. Logic gates and truth tables.N. Neo-liberal. globalisation and the State. Op-amps. 9. Liberal. insulators and semiconductors. Indian Political Thought: Manu. 4. Approaches to the study of political theory: historical.

Indian Nationalism: Dadabhai Naoroji. trends in electoral behaviour. Simon Commission. Pressure groups. 11. federalism. patterns of coalition politics. 5. 12. 3.Section-B Indian Government and Politics 1. significance of 73rd www. 8. changing socio economic profile. role of women in freedom struggle. Nature and struggle of Indian freedom struggle: From constitutionalism to Mass Satyagraha. 2. Jayaprakash Narain. Civil rights movement. Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. Civil disobedience and Quit India. Gandhi.com . Minorities Commission. Cripps Mission: Indian Independence Act. Comptroller and Auditor General. Grassroots democracy: Panchayati Raj and municipal government. Backward Classes Commission. parliamentary system. fragmentation and regionalisation. Indian Naval uprising. Government of India Act. National Commission for women. Fundamental Rights and Duties.economic dimensions of the nationalist movement: The communal question and the demand for partition. Planning in the era of liberalisation. Class. Judicial Activism. struggle for gender justice. 4. Tribal people movements. Nehru. politics of regionalism. Savarkar. The Executive System in theory and practice: President. 9. political dimensions of economic reforms. backward caste movements. caste. Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. Party system: ideology and social base of parties. Election Commission. Socio. 1947.UPSCPORTAL. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution: The Preamble. Ambedkar. communalism. Directive Principles. The Supreme Court and the High Courts. Subhas Bose. Planning and Economic Development : Role of the Planning Commission. Chief Minister and the State Council of Ministers. Revolutionary movements Non Co-operation. 1935. PIL. judicial review. Tilak. backward class and Dalit movements. ethnicity and gender in Indian politics. 10. Trade union and Peasant movements. Indian National Army. National Human Rights Commission. Role and function of the Parliament and Parlimentary Committee: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Governor. Landmarks in Constitutional Development during British Rule: Morley-Minto Reforms. 6. 7. amending procedures. 13. The Bureaucracy. Statutory institutions/commis sions-UPSC. Ram Manohar Lohia.

7. Concepts of International politics: Power. Ecology. Regional. Oil Crisis. SAARC. 10. WHO UNESCO. Major issues of world politics : Cuban Missile Crisis. nature of the post-cold war global order. Determinants of foreign policy: Domestic compulsions. Theories of International politics Marxist. 3.and 74th Amendements. political economy. ILO. NAFTA 13. The Modern State: Evolution. 4. Human Rights. www. the contemporary trends in the advanced industrial countries and the third world. Nonalignment in the post cold war era. Systems. Grass root movement and women's empowerment. 9. geoeconomics and global order.com . Nature of political process in the Third World. Contemporary Global Concerns: Democracy. Afghan Civil War. 137 Paper – II Comparative Politics and International Relations Section-A Comparative Analysis and International Politics 1. Non-alignment : Concept and movement. balance of power. 6. Gender Justice. collective security and peace. 8. Collapse of the Soviet Union. UNICEF. Third World Movements for global justice. APEC. organizations such as the ASEAN. Decision-making and Game Theory. national interest. Realist. national security. 12. Approaches to the study of comparative politics: traditional approaches. International organisations UN and its specialized agencies: International Court of Justice. Gulf War. 11. political sociology or political system approaches. The evolution of the international economic system-from Bretton woods to WTO. Yugoslav Crisis. Development: Strategies and contemporary discourse. EU. Vietnam War. the North-South dimension. 5. geopolitics.UPSCPORTAL. Origin and contemporary relevance of the Cold War. 2.

Conflict and co-operation in South Asia: India's relations with Pakistan. determinants. 6. India and the Non-Alignment Movement: Evolution and contemporary relevance. Sri Lanka. multilateral agencies-WTO. 4. Bangladesh. India as military nuclear power (1998). 139 Psychology Paper-I Foundations of Psychology Section-A 1. India and the emerging international economic order. India and South East Asia. Sociopolitical basis of non-alignment-domestic and global. Nepal. IMF. 5. Regional co-operation and SAARC. 10. Indian Foreign Policy: Historical origins. ADB. Japan and Russia. Introduction: Psychology as a Science : Definitions and perspective. Major issues in Indian foreign policy : Sino-Indian Border War (1962). continuity and change. ASEAN. Methods of Psychology: Characteristics and components of methods in psychology www. Communication. India and the UN System: India's role in UN Peace Keeping and global disarmament. 2. Kashmir question in India's foreign policy. India's relation with Africa and Latin America. India and the question of nuclear weapons: NPT and CTBT. EU. Use of interdiciplinary approach. Section-B India and the World 138 1. 9. IBRD.com . 2. the institutions of policy-making. Indo-Pakistan War (1971) and the liberation of Bangladesh. 3.Global commons. Psychology in relation to other social and natural sciences. India and the major powers : USA. 8.UPSCPORTAL. IPKF in Sri Lanka. 7. China.

Research methods and quantitative analysis : Major steps in psychological research (problem statement. Perceptual organisation-influence of past experiences. Application of statistical techniques (t-test. Decision making www. observation. Clinical and Case study. biological factors in perception. concepts. Definition and concept of perception. Creative thinking and fostering creativity. types and the schedules of reinforcement. 6. Perceptual defence-factors influencing. Development of Human Behaviour: The nature. hypothesis formulation. absolute and difference thresholds. concept of national character.factors. analysis and interpretation and report writing). size estimation and perceptual readiness. influencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus. Modelling and social learning. discrimination and generalisation. Life span development-the critical periods and their handling. Survey. Methods of data collection (interview. signal detection and vigilance. storage and retrieval.com . Fundamental versus applied research. sampling. 5. Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour. The processes of extinction. 3. Space and depth perception. research design. Thinking and Problem Solving: Concept formation processes. self instructional learning. Memory: Concepts and definition of memory and forgetting. origin and development. Influence of cultural factors and socialisation. 7+/-2 concept and clumking Encoding. questionnaire and case study). probability learning. one-way ANOVA correlation and regression and chi-square tests). 7. Experimental and quasi experimental methods.UPSCPORTAL. Factors influencing retention and foregetting. tools of data collection. Decay and Interference theories). Programmed learning.(induction. Mastery of the developmental tasks. Sensation-concepts of threshold. Research Designs (Ex-post facto and experimental). 4. Skimer and Piaget). Observation. Attention and perception: Attention . Influence of child rearing practices and its impact on the growth and development of the individual. Reasoning and problem solving. deduction and introspection). Theories of forgetting (Repression. Learning: Concepts and theories of learning (Pavlov. Laboratory and field experiments. Information processing. The concept of reminiscence. 140 Section-B 8.

Artificial Intelligence. misuse and limitation of psychological tests. Chomsky). trait and type approaches). Measurement of Intelligence and aptitude Concepts and measurement of emotional and multiple intelligence. dreams. pencil-paper test). Ethical issues in the use of psychological tests. 13. Nature and theories of intelligence. stimulus deprivation. Effective communication and training. 14. Process and types of communication. structure and linguistic hierarchy. strategies for fostering values. behaviouristic. Theories and physiological basis of motivation and emotion. Study of consciousness-sleep-wake schedules. Theories of language development (Skinner. Paper-II Psychology : Issues and Applications Section-A 1. Measurement of attitudes. interpersonal and developmental. critical period hypothesis. Language acquisition-predisposition. Motivation and Emotion: Definition and concepts. concepts of attitudes. Intelligence and Aptitude : Concept and definition of Intelligence and aptitude. and attitudes changes. 10. Values and Interests: Definitions. meditation. 9. Theories of attitudes. The Indian approach to Personality. Components ofattitudes. Use. Language and Communication: Human language-properties. 12.and judgment. Training for personality development.com . hypnotic/drug induced states. Psychological Measurement of Individual Diference: The nature of individual differences. values and interests. Measurement of personality (projective tests. Theories of personality (psychoanalytical. Recent Trends: Computer application in the Psychological laboratory and psychological testing. humanistic. Types of psychological tests. Attitudes. socio-cultural. Extrasensory perception. values and interests. values and interests. Measurement of motivation and emotion Motivation and emotiontheir effects on behaviour. Personality: Concept and definition of personality. Intersensory perception Simulation studies. Formation and maintenance of attitudes. Characteristics and construction of standardized psychological tests. Psychocybernetics. 11.UPSCPORTAL. www.

Arousing community consciousness and action for handling social problems. Group decision making and leadership for social change. Mental disorders (Anxiety disorders. Cognitive therapies. vocational guidance and Career counselling. Section-B 8. Use of small groups in social action.AIDS victims. cultural and economic consequences of disadvantaged and deprived groups. 5. Factors influencing positive health. Indigenous therapies (Yoga. Application of Psychology to Educational Field: Psychological principles underlying effective teaching-learning process.UPSCPORTAL. juvenile delinquency. Use of Psychological tests in educational institutions. Prevention and rehabilitation of the mentally ill. Personality development and value education. Reiki. retarded. substance abuse disorders). Therapeutic Approaches: Psychody-namic therapies. secondary and tertiary prevention programmes-role of psychologists. Educating and motivating the disadvantaged towards development. Causal factors in mental disorders. deprivation and socially deprived. 7. Training for improving memory and better academic achievement. Leadership and participatory management.com . Work Psychology and Organisational Behaviour: Personnel selection and training. mood disorders. Well being and Mental Disorders: Concept of health.141 2. Rehabilitation of victims of violence. positive health. life style and quality of life. Social. 6. www. criminal behaviours. Advertising and marketing. Organising of services for rehabilitation of physically. personality disorders. well being and ill health. physical.Learning styles Gifted. mentally and socially challenged persons including old persons. Rehabilitation Psychology: Primary. learning disabled and their training. Rehabilitation of persons suffering from substance abuse. Communty Psychology: Definition and concept of Community Psychology. Behaviour therapies. 3. 4. schizophernia and delusional disorders. Client centered therapy. Use of Psychological tests in the industry. Role of community psychologists in social change. Rehabiliation of HIV/. Educational. Theories of work motivation. well being. Application of Psychology to disadvantaged groups: The concepts of disadvantaged. Training and human resource development. Meditation) Biofeedback therapy.

Selection. recruitment and training of personnel. Casual factors of such conflicts and prejudices. Selection and training of psychology professionals to work in the field of IT and mass media. Impact of TV and fostering value through IT and mass media. 14. Other applications of psychology: Sports psychology-improving performance of sports. Motivating for small family norms. Application of psychology in Information Technology and Mass media: The present scenario of information technology and the mass media boom and the role of 142 psychologists. Application of Psychology in the field of Defence: The concept of Military psychology. 12. 13. 10. personnel. Population psychology-psychological consequences of population explosion and high population density. religion and language conflicts and prejudice. class. Devising Psychological tests for defence personnel. Entrepre neurship through e-commerce.9. Psychological and the problem of social integration: The concept of social integration. Nature and manifestation of prejudice between the ingroup and outgroup. www. Impact of rapid scientific and technological growth on degradation of environment. Psychological disorders due to war. pollution and crowding. The problem of caste. psychology and understanding of political behaviour. Application of psychology to environment and related fields: Environmental psychology-effects of noise. Psychology and Economic development: Achievement motivation and economic development. Facilitating the process of adjustment of personnel to military life-Role of Counselling. Motivating and Training people for entrepreneurship and economic development. Aviation psychology and Psychological warfare Role of Military psychologists in the defence. Characteristics of entrepreneurial behavior.UPSCPORTAL. Voting behaviours. Psychological strategies for handling the conflicts and prejudices. 11. Measures to achieve social integration. Women Entrepreneurs. Human engineering in Defence.com . Psychological consequences of recent developments in Information Technology. Multilevel marketing. Distance learning through IT and mass media. Consumer rights and consumer courts.

Motivation (Maslow and Herzberg. The Systems Approach. post-Weberian 143 developments.UPSCPORTAL. Wilson's vision of Public Administration. II Theories of Administration: Nature and typologies. www. Limitations. Public Administration Paper-I Administrative theory Section-A I Introduction: Meaning. Features of Entrepreneurial Government. Barnard) Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and and others). Gulick and others). Evolution of the discipline and its present status. (Marxist view. Open and closed systems. people's participation.) Ideas of Mary Parker Follett and (C. Likert and others). Right to information. Theories of Leadership.) V Accountability and Control: Concepts of Accountability and Control. Public choice approach and New Public Management perspective. New Public Administration. Participative Management. Companies.Psychology of corruption and strategies to deal with Psychology of terrorism. Weber's model and its critique. Citizens Charter.com . Role of civil society. Communication. Citizen and Administration. Public and Private Administration. Ad hoc and Advisory bodies. III Structure of public organisations: Typologies of Political Executive and their functions. Legislative Executive and Judicial Control over Administration. Morale. Headquarters and field relationships. Scientific Management (Taylor and the Scientific Management Movement). machinery for redressal of citizens' grievances. scope and significance of Public Administration. IV Administrative Behaviour: Decision making with special reference to Herbert Simon.I. Administrative corruption. Urwick. (McGregor. Forms of public organizations : Ministries and Departments : Corporations. Good Governance : concept and application. Delegated Legislation : Types. VI Administrative Law: Meaning and significance. Safeguards. Bureaucratic Theory. Behavioral Approach to Organizational Analysis. Administrative Tribunals : limitations and methods of ensuring effectiveness. Boards and Commissions. Advantages. Classical Theory (Fayol.

Techniques of administrative improvement : O and M. Paper-II Indian Administration Section-A 1. British legacy. Promotion. problems of implementation. Deficit financing Performance budgeting. Mughal period. position classification.g. State Government and Administration–Governor. Cabinet committees. Industries Education and Transport Policies) Process of Policy formulation. Boards and Commissions.com .Section-B VII Administrative Reforms: Meaning. Information Technology. Concepts and types of budget. grievance redressal mechanism integrity and code of conduct. Model of Policymaking Sectoral policies (e. Central Secretariat. IX Development Administration: Origin and purpose. Accounts and Audit. Chief Minsiter. VIII Comparative Public Administration: Meaning. Work Study and Work Management. process and obstacles.UPSCPORTAL. Human Rights : National Human Rights Commission. nature and scope. discipline. new directions in people's self development and empowerment. Energy. Field Organizations. Bureaucracy and Development. Union Government and Administration President Prime Minister. Advisory Bodies. Performance Appraisal. 4. Planning. career development. Models of Comparative Public Administration : Bureaucratic and ecological. training. Cabinet Secretariat. Evolution of Indian Administration Kautilya. 144 Preparation and execution of the budget. Changing profile of Development Administration. Recruitment. Constitutional framework value premises of the Constitution. Parliamentary democracy. XII Financial administration: Monetary and fiscal policies. XI Personnel Administration: Objectives of Personnel Administration. Resource mobilisation : tax and non-tax sources. Pay and Service Conditions. feed-back and evaluation. Council of Ministers. X Public Policy: Relevance of Policy making in Public Administration. employeremployee relations. federalism. 2. Council of Ministers. www. 3. Ministries and Departments. Importance of human resource development. Public borrowings and public debt. Rigg's Prismatic-Sala Model. Prime Minister's Office. Legislative control.

Changing role of the Public Sector in the context of liberalisation. Control of Public Expenditure.UPSCPORTAL. District Administration Changing role of the District Collector : Law and Order and Development Management. Criminalisation of politics and administration. 145 11. finances. Parliamentary control Estimates Committee. State Secretariat Directorates. Role and functions of the Sub-Divisional Officer.Chief Secretary. Special organizations for the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Machinery for Planning : Role. Administration of Law and Order : Role of Central and State Agencies in maintenance of law and order. Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India. Public Accounts Committee. Local Government : Panchayati Raj and Urban Local Government. Role of the National Development Council. Committee on Public Undertakings. Major rural and urban development programmes and their management. Functions. 7. 13. Role of the Finance Ministry in monetary and fiscal policy area. Central Social Welfare Board and the State. problems of autonomy and accountability. Their contribution to the economy. Public Sector : Forms of public undertakings. State Services and the State Public Service Commissions. Welfare Administration : Machinery for welfare administration at the national and state levels. co-ordination and economy in expenditure. Training in the changing context of governance. Section-B 8 Public Services : All India Services Constitutional position . Union Public Service Commission. 12. 10. Social Welfare Boards. Central Services : nature and functions. Main features of 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendements : Problems of implementation. Administrative Reforms : Reforms since independence. District administration and the Panchayati Raj institutions. Structures.com . Decentralized planning. Welfare www. Process of Plan formulation at Union and State levels. 9. 5. Relationship with functional departments. Problems of implementation. role and functions. 6. Reports of the Administrative Reforms Commission. composition and review of functions of the Planning Commission.

conformity and deviance. pattern variables. family. 14. reliability and validity. Impact of information Technology on Public Administration. Marriage and Family Types and forms of marriage. Role of civil society. sociology and its relationship with history. interview. impact of industrial and French Revolution on the emergence of sociology. Sociology Paper-I General Sociology/Foundations of Sociology/Fundamentals of Sociology 1. protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. 5. Problems of child labour. economics. hypothesis. 146 e) Robert K.com . Development and environmental issues. sampling-size. Pioneering contributions to Sociology a) Karl Marx: Historical materialism. 2. changing structure of family marriage www. Techniques of data collection and analysis: Participant and quasi-participant observation. lineage. mode of production. Social control. Indian Administration and Globalisation. bureaucracy. personality and socialization. questionnaire and schedule case study. d) Talcott Parsons: Social system. Relationship between political and permanent Executives.UPSCPORTAL. exploratory and experimental 3. 4. authority. theory and fact. anomie. Values in Public Service and Administrative Culture. alienation and class struggle. political science. religion and society. b) Emile Durkheim: Division of labour. family-structure and function. Sociology-The Discipline Sociology as a science and as an interpretative discipline. Merton : Latent and manifest functions. Major issues in Indian Administration : problems of Centre-State Relations. reference groups. scaling techniques-social distance and Likert scale. Scientific Study of Social Phenomena: Problem of objectivity and value neutrality. descent and property. c) Max Weber: Social action. psychology and anthropology. Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas. issue of measurement in social science. ideal types. elements of scientific method-concepts. research designs-descriptive. social fact.Programmes for women and children.

Social Stratification Concepts-hierarchy. inequality and stratification. power of the un-organised masses. forms and functions. semitism and antisemitism. divorce and its implications. 10.com . Social Mobility Types of mobility-open and closed models. social aspects of mass education. 8. voting behaviour. intra-and inter-generational mobility. class-different conceptions of class. class-in-itself and class-for-itself. religion. features of preindustrial and industrial economic system. Davis and Moore and Melvin Tumin’s critique. industrialisation and social change. Religion Origins of religious beliefs in pre-modern socieites. the impact of economic processes on the larger society. organised and unorganised religions. class power. 6. 11. problems of universalisation of primary education. pressure groups and political parties. Educational System Education and Culture. sect and cults. the sacred and the profane. 12. 7. role of community and state intervention in education. equality of educational opportunity. religion and science.UPSCPORTAL. power of the elite. 9. social mobility and social change. Political System The nature of power-personal power. social functions and dysfunctions of religion. magic. education as an instrument of social control and social change. social aspects of division of labour and types of exchange. gender issues. caste and class. Economic System Sociological dimensions of economic life. vertical and horizontal mobility. theories of stratification-Marx. education and modernisation. social determinants of economic development. monistic and pluralistic religion. modes of political participationdemocratic and authoritarian forms. organisational power. caste as a class. role conflicts.and sex roles in modern society. community power. Science & Technology 147 www. authority and legitimacy.

mobility in caste. social movement and social change. technology and social change. impact of Buddhism. 3.Ethos of science. ideology and social movement. emergence of Dalit consciousness. social consequences of science and technology. and the West. land tenure systems-historical perspectives. feudalism-semi-feudalism debates. caste among Muslims and Christians. www. Family and Kinship Marriage among different ethnic groups. 2. agrarian and industrial class structure. 4. cultural and structural views about caste. views of Gandhi and Ambedkar on caste. factors in continuity and change. emergence of classes among tribes. family-its structural and functional aspects-its changing forms. generation gap. socio-cultural dynymics through the ages. 14. social responsibility of science. theories of social change-Marx. change and persistence of caste in modern India. Class Structure Class structure in India. Social change and Development Continuity and change as fact and as value.UPSCPORTAL. regional variations in kinship systems and its socio-cultural correlates. Marriage. agrarian unrest. types of social movements. emerging agrarian class structure. direted social change. emergence ofmiddle class. 13. Caste System Origin of the caste system. Parsons and Sorokin. Backward Classes Movement. Mandal Commission Report and issues of social backwardness and social justice. issues of equality and social justice. Historical Moorings of the Indian Society Traditional Hindu social organisation. elite formation in India. social control of science. genesis of social movements. caste on and Indian polity.com . Paper-II Study of Indian Society 1. Islam. social policy and social development. its changing trends and its future. social consequences of land reforms and green revolution. Social Movements Concepts of social movements. Agrarian Social Structure Peasant society and agrarian systems. 5. impact of legislation and socio-economic change on marriage and family.

composition and distribution. birth rate. tribal development efforts after independence. educational levels of different groups. 7. problems of tribal communities-land alienation. Tribal Societies Distinctive features of tribal communities and their geographical spread. Education Directive Principles of State Policy and primary education.UPSCPORTAL. education. decentralisation of power. problems of religious minorities. sex ratio. Total Literacy Campaigns. components of population growth. political parties and their social base. educational problems of disadvantages groups. infant mortality rate. education. pluralism and national unity. social structural origins of political elites and their orientations. 9. secularism. religious fundamentalism. communal tensions. growth and regional distribution of different religious groups. issues of age at marriage. conversions. 8. issues of tribal identity. growth. 12. 11. Political Processes Working of the democratic political system in a traditional society. assimilation and integration. poverty. educational inequality and change. universalisation of primary education. death rate and migration. population policy and family welfare programmes. panchayati raj and nagarpalikas and 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments. occupational diversification. Population Dynamics Population size. Industry and Society 148 Path of industrialisation. regionalism. market economy and its social consequences. tribal policy-isolation. education and social mobility. the role of community and state intervention in education. privatisation and globalisation. Dimensions of Development www.6. Religion and Society Size. economic reforms liberalisation. trade unions and human relations. determinants and consequences of population growth. indebetedness.com . 10. health and nutrition.

Strategy and ideology of planning. Peasant movements-Kisan Sabha. 15. distribution function of a random variable. Social Movements Reform Movements : Arya Samaj. Statistics Paper-I • Probability • Sample space and events. Backward Castes Movement : Self-respect Movement. Social Change 149 Endogenous and exogenous sources of change and resistance toc hange. in www. AIDS. vector-valued random variable. environment. atrocities. alcoholism. Satya Sadhak Samaj. agents of change-mass media. random variable as a measurable function. child welfare programmes. probability density function. programmes for urban development. Social Problems Prostitution. Situational analysis of children. corruption. existing programmes for women and their impact. indebtedness and bonded labour. convergence of a sequence of random variable in distribution. stochastic independence of events and of random variables. and unemployment. conditional expectation. discrete and continuoustype random variable probability mass function. 13. drug addiction.UPSCPORTAL. and Ram Krishna Mission. structural contradictions and breakdowns. Naxalbari. in probability. backward castes mobilisation in North India. problems of change and modernisation. housing.com . education and communication. slums. Telengana. expectation and moments of a random variable. processes of change-sanskritisation and modernisation. Women and society Demographic profile of women. strategies of rural development-poverty alleviation programmes. 16. probability measure and probability space. poverty. 14. Sri Narayanguru Dharma Paripalana Sabha. marginal and conditional distributions. discrimination. special problems-dowry.

www. run test.com . related uniqueness and continuity theorems.p-th mean and almost everywhere. likelihood rotates and its large sample properties. minimum chi-square and modified minimum chi-square. Laplace transform.UPSCPORTAL. sign test and its optimality. standard discrete and continuous probability distributions. UMPU tests for single and several-parameter families of distributions. determination of distribution by its moments. their criteria and inter-relations. Linderberg and Levy forms of central limit theorem. properties of maximum likelihood and other estimators. simple properties of finite Markov chains. strong law of large numbers and kolmogorov’s theorems. chi-square goodness of fit test and its asymptotic distribution. • Confidence bounds and its relation with tests. Bhattacharyya’s bounds. Chapman-Robbins inequality. MP tests. minimal sufficiency. • Kolmogorov’s test for goodness of fit and its consistency. minimum variance bound estimator and its properties. critical function. probability generating function. idea of asymptotic efficiency. inversion theorem. similar and unbiased tests. uniformly minimum variance unbiased (UMVU) estimation. factorization theorem. least squares. Rao-Blackwell and LehmannScheffe theorems. UMP tests. Glivenko-Cantelli theorem. exponential family of distribution and its properties. monotone likelihood ratio. characteristic function. ancillary statistic. Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and median test. sufficiency. their consistency and asymptotic normality. generalised Neyman-Pearson lemma. uniformly most accurate (UMA) and UMA unbiased confidence bounds. Kolmogorov-Smirnov two-sample test. Bayes estimators. 150 • Statistical Inference • Consistency. Neyman-Pearson lemma. Cramer-Rao inequality for single and several-parameter family of distributions. Borel-Cantelli lemma. • Non-randomised and randomised tests. estimation by methods of moments. unbiasedness. their inter-relations and limiting cases. completeness. Chebyshev’s and Khinchine‘s weak laws of large numbers. maximum likelihood. modifications and extensions of Cramer-Rao inequality. idea of prior and posterior distributions. efficiency. wilcoxon signed-ranks test and its consistency.

linear regression. the Hansen-Hurwitz and the Horvitz-Thompson estimators. OC and ASN functions. multiple regression. • Linear Inference and Multivariate Analysis • Linear statistical models’.com . one-way MANOVA. BIBD. cluster sampling. regression analysis. concepts of orthogonality and balance.UPSCPORTAL.’ D2 and Hotelling’s T2 statistics and their applications and properties. factorial designs : 2n. methods of estimation involving one or more auxiliary variables. calibration problems. distinctive features of finite population sampling. missing plot technique. Wald’s fundamental identity. systematic sampling and its efficacy for structural populations. stratified random sampling. simple random sampling with and without replacement. non-negative variance estimation with reference to the Horvitz-Thompson estimator. two-stage and multi-stage sampling.• Wald’s SPRT and its properties. Gauss-Markoff theory. LSD and their analyses. multiple and partial correlations. ratio and regression. Paper-II I. test of signficance and interval estimates based on least squares theory in one-way. 32 and 33. multivariate normal distribution. discrimi nant analysis. non-sampling errors. split-plot and simple lattice designs. CRD. two-phase sampling. • Sampling Theory and Design of Experiments 151 • An outline of fixed-population and super-population approaches. Industrial Statistics www. normal equations. canonical correlatons. • Fixed effects model (two-way classification) random and mixed effects models (two-way classification per cell). Warner’s randomised response technique for sensitive characteristics. regression diagnostics and sensitivity analysis. confounding in factorial experiments. incomplete block designs. principal component analysis. Mahalanobis. sequential estimation. two-way and three-way classified data. MINQUE theory. RBD. least squares estimates and their precision. theory of least squares and analysis of variance. probability proportional to size sampling with and without replacement. curvilinear regression and orthogonal polynomials. elements of factor analysis. estimation of variance and covariance components. probability sampling designs.

LTPD and AOQL. sensitivity analysis. Replacement of failing or deteriorating items. transition probability matrix. the structure and formulation of linear programming (LP) problem. 152 simple models with deterministic and stochastic demand with and without lead time. Quantitative Economics and Official Statistics Determination of trend. the two-phase method and the M-technique with artificial variables. censored and truncated experiments for exponential models. homogeneous continous-time Markov chains. Weibull. general theory of control charts. elements of queueing theory. multiple and sequential sampling plans for attributes. M/M/1. X. use of Dodge-Romig and Military Standard tables. concepts of producer’s and consumer’s risks. Homogeneous discrete-time Markov chains. lognormal. ASN. p. G/M/1 and M/G/1 queues.UPSCPORTAL. double. tests for www. group and individual replacement policies. the simplex procedure. Solution of statistical problems on computers using well known statistical software packages like SPSS. Box-Jenkins method. AQL. two-person zero-sum games. seasonal and cyclical components. s. III. Concepts of reliability.com . simulation and Monte-Carlo methods. Vmask. maintainability and availability. OC. and bath-tub). rectangular games. Optimization Techniques Different. np and c charts. types of models in Operational Research. classification of states and ergodic theorems. transportation and assignment problems. II. AOQ and ATI curves. R. cumulative sum chart. sampling plans for variables. methods of solution (graphical and algerbraic). Poisson process. concept of scientific inventory management and analytical structure of inventory problems. M/M/K. renewal density and renewal function. different types of control charts for variables and attributes. different types of redundancy and use of redundancy in reliability improvement. problems in life-testing. the duality theory of LP and its economic interpretation. survival models (exponential). storage models with particular reference to dam type. reliability of series and parallel systems and other simple configurations. their construction and general methods of solution. single. Rayleigh.Process and product control. simple LP model and its graphical solution.

com . various official agencies responsible for data collection and their main functions. circular test and dimensional invariance test. 153 Methods of standardisation of scales and tests. factor-reversal test. complete and abridged life tables.stationery of series. methods of collection of official statistics. agriculture. ARIMA models and determination of orders of autoregressive and moving average components. standard scores. standard classification by cause of death. IV. Zellner's seemingly unrelated regression equation model and its estimation. uses of life tables. construction and uses of vital rates and ratios. their reliability and limitation and the principal publications containing such statistics. validity of test www. logistic and other population growth curves. standardized death rate. percentile scores. test for index numbers like proportionality test. Demography and Psychometry Demographic data from census. stable population quasi-stable population techniques in estimation of demographic parameters. problem of multicollinearlity. construction of life tables from vital statistics and census returns. chain-base index number uses and limitations of index numbers. Z-scores. Paashe's and Fisher's ideal index numbers. autocorrelation and its consequeces. NSS and other surveys. concept of structure and model for simulaneous equations. intelligence quotient and its measurement and uses. Present official statistical system in India relating to population. consequences and solutions of multicollinearity. Commonly used index numbers-Laspeyre's. morbidity and its measurement. test for independe of disturbances. trade and prices. registration. time-reversal test. and their limitation and uses. two-stage least squares method of estimation. T-scores. measures of fertility. industrial production. reproduction rates. population projection. ordinary least squares and generalised least squires methods of estimation. morbidity rate. index numbers of agricultural and industrial production. index number of wholesale prices. General linear model. forecasting. definition. heteroscedasticity of disturbances and its testing. consumer price index number. health surveys and use of hospital statistics.UPSCPORTAL. problem of identification-rank and order conditions of identifiability. fifting a logistic curve.

• Part: 2 Folk literature in Tamil:Ballads. Angadam (Satire). Tamil Paper-I Answers must be written in Tamil. Uses of translation-Translation of Tamil works into other languagesDevelopment of journalism in Tamil. • Part: 3 Devotional literature (Alwars and Nayanmars) The bridal mysticism in Alwar hymnsMinor literary forms (Tutu. Irunmai (ambiguity)-The concep[t of comparative literature-the principle of comparative literature. Padimam(image). adverbs Tense markers and case markers in Tamil. • The language of Sangam literature-The language of medieval Tamil: Pallava period onlyHistorical study of Nouns. use of factor analysis and path analysis in psychometry. adjectives. Ula. Thonmam (Myth) Otturuvagam (allegory). • Part: 2 History of Tamil Literature • Tolkappiyam-Sangam Literatue-The division of Akam and puram-The secular characteristics of Sangam Literature-The development of Ethical literature-Silappadikaram and Manimekalai. Section:B • Part:1 Recent trends in Tamil Studies • Approaches to criticism: Social . Kuravanji) • Social factors for the development of Modern Tamil literature: Novel.UPSCPORTAL. psychologiocal. Short story and New Poetry-The impact of various political ideologies on modern writings. hostorical and moralistic-the use of criticism-the various techniques in literature: Ullurai. Verbs. Songs. Section: A Part: 1 History of Tamil Language • Major Indian Language Families-The place of Tamil among Indian languages in general and Dravidian in particular-Enumeration and Distributionof Dravidian languages. www. Parani. Kuriyeedu (Symbol).com . Iraicchi. • Borrowing of words from other languages into Tamil-Regional and social dialectsdifference between literary and spoken Tamil. Meyppadu.scores and its determination. proverbs and riddles-Sociological study of Tamil folklore.

The development of arts and architecture through the ages (Pallavas.com . Aramum Arasiyalum www. Varadharajanar. The impact of various political. and Nayaks). modes of worship in the five Thinais. (2) Kambaramayanam: Kumbakarunan Vadhai Padalam Part 3: Devotional Literature (1) Tiruvasagam: Neetthal Vinnappam (2) Tiruppavai: (Full Text) Section-: B Modern Literature Part:1 Poetry (1) Bharathiar: Kannan Pattu (2) Bharathidasan: Kudumba Vilakku (3) Naa. The role of mass media in the cultural change of contemporary Tamill society. Kamarasan: Karuppu Malarkal Prose (1) Mu. beliefs. Section-: A Part: 1 Ancient Literature (1) Kuruntokai (1-25 poems) (2) Purananurui (182-200 poems) (3) Tirukkural Porutpal : Arasiyalum Amaichiyalum (from Iraimatchi to Avaianjamai) Part : 2 Epic Literature (1) Silappadikaram: Madhurai Kandam only. religious and cultural movements on Tamil Society. Paper-II Answers must be written in Tamil. social. rituals.UPSCPORTAL. The paper will require first hand reading of the Text prescribed and will be designed to test the critical ability of the candidate. The cultural changes as revealed in post sangam literature-cultural fusion in the medieval period (Jainism & Buddhism).154 • Part: 3 Cultural Heritage of the Tamils • Concept of Love and War-Concept of Aram-the ethical codes adopted by the ancient Tamils in their warfare-customs. later cholas.

Tenugu and Andhra. Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple.com . Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of standardization. Part : 2 Novel.UPSCPORTAL. Thanjavur) Telugu Paper-I Answers must be written in Telugu. 5. b) Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers. (Publication: Madurai Kamaraj University) (2) Malaiyaruvi. a) Linguistic and literary movements and their role in modernization of Telugu. morphological. TV etc. Major linguistic changes in phonological. Short story and Drama (1) Akilon: Chittirappavai 155 (2) Jayakanthan: Gurupeedam (3) Cho: Yarukkum Vetkamillai Part: 3 Folk Literature (1) Muthuppattan Kathai Edited by Na. Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal and functional view of Telugu language. 7. 4. Radio.) c) Problems of terminology and mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in various discourses including scientific and technical. 3. Modernization of Telugu language. grammatical and syntactical levels. Vanamamalai. Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu. 6. Section-A Language 1. Va Jagannathan (Publication: Saraswathi. from Proto-Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to Modern Telugu. Edited by Ki. complex and compound sentencesNoun and verb predications-Processes of nominlization and relativization-Direct and www. 2. Mahal.(2) C N Annadurai: Ye! Thazhntha Tamilagame. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological history of Telugu.

Psychological approaches. Literature in Pre-Nannaya Period-Marga and Desi poetry. 4. Literary Movements : Reformation. Digambarakavulu. Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel.indirect reporting-conversion processes. 8. cultural. 12. social and idiomatic-Methods of translationApproaches to translation-Literary and other kinds of translation-various uses of translation. 6. Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and Structural-Imagery and Symbolism. 9. Drama. Translation-Problems of translation. This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability. 5. Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution. Bhakti poets in Telugu literature-Tallapaka Annamayya. Nannaya Period-Historical and literary background of Andhra Mahabharata. Nationalism. Southern school of Telugu literature-Raghunatha Nayaka. Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha. 8. Ragada. Historical. Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts. ii) Sociological. Ideological. Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to poetry. Saiva poets and their contribution-Dwipada.UPSCPORTAL. Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature. prose and padakavita. Dhwani. Feminist and Dalit Literature. Neo-classicism. 7. 3. Tyagayya. i) Aesthetic approach-Rasa. Ramadasu. Playlet and poetic forms. Udaharana. Short Story. which will be in relation to the following approaches. Revolutionary movements. 2. www. 11. Paper-II Answers must be written in Telugu. Sataka. Romanticism and Progressive. 13.com . 10. Chemakura Vankatakavi and women poets-Literary forms like yakshagana. Section-B 156 Literature 1.

Section-A 1. 4th Canto. Molla-Ramayanamu (Balakanda including avatarika) 6. Narayana Reddy-Karpuravasanta rayalu. Section-A • Development of Urdu Language a) Development of Indo-Aryan (i) Old Indo-Aryan (ii) Middle Indo Aryan (iii) New Indo Aryan b) Western Hindi and its dialects Brij Bhasha Khadi Boli. Kanuparti Varalakshmamma-Sarada lekhalu (Part I) 14.O. Sri Sri-Maha prastanam. C. its significant linguistic features. Atreya-N. 60-142) 5. Racha konda Visswanatha Sastry-Alpajaeevi. Tikkana-Sri Krishna Rayabaramu (Udyoga parva -3rd Canto verses 1-144) 3.com . Devulapalli Krishna Sastry-Krishnapaksham (excluding Urvasi and Pravasam) 10. Gurajada Appa Rao-Animutyalu (Short stories) 8. Vocabulary. Morphology. Urdu Paper-I Answers must be written in Urdu. Section-B www. Srinatha-Guna Nidhi Katha (Kasi-khandam. Kasula Purushothama Kavi-Andhra Nayaka Satakamu 157 Section-B 7.UPSCPORTAL. 11. Script. Jashuva-Gabbilam (Part I) 12. BundeliTheories about the origin of Urdu Language c) Dakhani Urdu-Origin and development. verses 76-133) 4. Phonology.G. Pingali Surana-Sugatri Salinulakatha (Kalapurnodayamu 4 Canto verses. 13. 15. Haryanavi Kannauji. d) Social and Cultural roots of Urdu language-and its distinctive features. Viswanatha Satyanarayana-Andhra prasasti 9. Nannaya-Dushyanta Charitra (Adiparva 4th Canto verses 5-109) 2.

Abul Kalam Azad Ghubar-e-Khatir Section-B 1. Drama. Ehtisham Hussain. Short Story. Shibli. Kaleemuddin Ahmad. Mir Amman Bagho-Babar 2. Inshaiya. Abdul Haq. Ale-Ahmad Suroor. c) Literary Criticism and its development with reference to Hali. Rajendra Singh Apne Dukh Mujhe Bedi Dedo 6. Modernism. Delhi and Lucknow schools (ii) Sir Syed movement. This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidate's critical ability. Husain Nairang-e-Khayal Azad 4. (ii) Prose : Novel. Ghalib Diwan-e-Ghalib 4. Firaq Gul-e-Naghma 6.) 2. Masnavi.com . Mohd. Khutoot. d) Essay writing (covering literary and imaginative topics) 158 Paper-II Answers must be written in Urdu.UPSCPORTAL. Dastan. Qasida. Section-A 1. Iqbal Bal-e-Jibrail 5. Mir Intikhab-e-Kalam-e-Mir (Ed.a) Genres and their development : (i) Poetry : Ghazal. Ghalib Intikhab-e-Khutoot-e Ghalib 3. Mir Hasan Sahrul Bayan 3. Progressive movement. Marsia. Faiz Dast-e-Saba www. Romantic movement. Biography. b) Significant features of : (i) Deccani. Jadid Nazm. Prem Chand Godan 5. Rubai.

Monocystis. Onychophora and Hemichordata. nutrition. Protostomes and Deuterostomes. respiration. e) Platyhelminthes: Parasitic adaptation.com . modification of mouth parts in insects (cockroach. general features and life history of Obelia and Aurelia.UPSCPORTAL. vision and respiration in arthropods (prawn. Akhtruliman Bint-e-Lamhat Zoology Paper-1 Section-A 1. general features and life history of Lamellidens. nemathelminths in relation to man. shell diversiy. i) Mollusca: Feeding. general features www. General features and life history of Paramaecium.7. canal system and reproduction. metamorphosis in insects and its hormonal regulation. Acoelomata and Coelomata. g) Annelida: Coelom and metamerism. coral reefs and their formation. cockroach and scorpion). defensive structures and their mechanism. evolution of sex. respiration. locomotion. honey bee and butterfly). Plasmodium. c) Porifera: Skeleton. locomotion larval forms. f) Nemathelminthes: General features. life history and parasitic adaptation of Ascaris. earthworm (Pheretima) and leach (Hirudinaria). j) Echinodermata: Feeding. mosquito. Parazoa. Non-chordata and chordata a) Classfication and relationship of varous phyla upto sub-classes. Pila and Sepia. Bilateralia and Radiata. modes of life in polychaetes. social organization in insects (termites and honey bees). 159 b) Protozoa: Locomotion. torsion and detorsion in gastropods. housefly. h) Arthropoda: Larval forms and parasitism in Crustacea. metagenesis. general features and life history of nereis (Neanthes). Status of Protista. reproduction. Symmetry. d) Coelenterata: Polymorphism. general features and life history of Fasciola and Taenia and their relation to man. and Leishmania.

Section. circulatory system including heart and aortic arches. Ethology a) Behaviour: Sensory filtering. denitition. responsiveness. locomotory organs. II. imprinting.and life history of Asterias. ecological succession. aquatic mammals and primates. thyroid. role of pheromones in alarm spreading. locomotion.com . instinct. skull types. flight adaptation. respiration.UPSCPORTAL. q) Comparative functional anatomy of various systems of vertebrates (integument and its derivatives. p) Mammalia: Origin of mammals. susainable production in agriculture-integrated pest management. pollution and its impact on biosphere and its prevention. brain and sense organs (eye and ear). l) Pisces: Scales. d) Environmental biodegradation. endoskeleton. population stabilization. m) Amphibia: Origin of tetrapods. parental care. aquaculture. b) Population. respiratory 160 system. Ecology a) Biosphere:Biogeochemical cycles. migration. adrenal. digestive system. www. k) Protochordata: Origin of chordates. population dynamics. endocrine glands and other hormone producing structures (pituitary. biomes and ecotones. green-houses effect.mineral mining. paedomorphosis. grassland. sign stimuli. conditioning. pancreas. c) Conservation of natural resources. learning. gonads) and their interrelationships. forestry. wildlife (Project Tiger). fisheries. habituation. n) Reptilia: Origin of reptiles. general features of egg-laying mammals. pouched-mammals. parathyroid. general features and life history of Branchiostoma and Herdamania. migration.B I. characteristics. o) Aves: Origin of birds. ozone layer and its impact. b) Role of hormones in drive. urino-genital system. crypsis. status of Sphenodon and crocidiles.

biological clock. Geiger-Muller counter. V. sericulture. chromosome movement. cell division (mitosis and meiosis).UPSCPORTAL. mitotic spindle and mitotic apparatus. c) Cattle and livestock diseases. prawn culture. tidal. Stomoxys) d) Pests of sugar cane (Pyrilla perpusiella). plague. regression. SEM). mites. endoplasmic reticulum. biological rhythms. cholera and AIDS) their vectors. plasma membrane. courtship (Drosophila. lac culture. Cell Biology a) Structure and function of cell andits organelles(nucleus. student t-test. pearl culture. c) Orientation. pathogens and prevention. oil seed (Achaea janata) and rice (Sitophilus oryzae). malaria.com .predator detection. Biostatistics Designing of experiments.Tabanus. b) Watson-Crick model of DNA. null hypothesis. correlation. Paper-II Section-A I. their pathogens (helminths) and vectors (ticks. Instrumental methods 161 a) Spectrophotometry. homing. www. flame photometry. III. Golgi bodies. F-test (one-way & two-way F-test). d) Methods of studying animal behaviour. chi square. replication of DNA. b) Major infectious and communicable diseases (small pox. social behaviour in insects and primates. IV. protein synthesis. Economic Zoology a) Apiculture. transcription and transcription factors. ribosomes and Iysosomes). predator tactics. b) Electron microscopy (TEM. carp culture. seasonal and circadian rhythms. 3-spine stickleback and birds). navigation. tuberculosis. mitochondria. scintiliation counting. distribution and measure of central tendency.

d) Mutations and mutagenesis : radiation and chemical. cistron concept. Genetics a) Gene structure and functions. f) Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eu-karyotes. linkage. Evolution a) Origin of life b) Natural selection. linkage-maps. III. nematodes and man. d) Enzymes : types and mechanisms of action. DNA sequence cloning and whole animal cloning (Principles and methodology). saturated and unsaturated fattyacids.II.UPSCPORTAL. 162 Section-B I. elephant and man. speciation. IV. h) Human genome mapping. DNA finger-printing. b) Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Drosophilla. genetic code. pedigree-analysis. nucleic acids. transposons. causes of change in gene frequency. proteins. genetics of blood groups. c) Mendel's laws of inheritance. c) Hormone classification (steroid and peptide hormones). energy conservation and release. evolution of horse. d) Hardy-Weinberg Law. e) Continental drift and distribution of animals. g) Signal transduction. b) Glycolysis and Krebs cycle. isolation. plasmids and cosmids as vectors. oxidative phosphorylation. Biochemistry a) Structure and role of carbohydrates. mimicry. role of mutation in evolution. www. transgenics. immunoglobulin and immunity. cholesterol. cyclic AMP-its structure and role. oxidation and reduction. cladistics. e) Cloning technology. recombination. multiple alleles. aminoacids. c) Fossils and fossilization. congenital diseases in man. biosynthesis and function. international code. lipids. variation. Systematics a) Zoological nomenclature. vitamins and co-enzymes.com . ATP. fats.

causation of metamorphosis in frog and insects. coagulation.e) Bioenergetics. induction. role of salivary glands. d) Baer's law. b) Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport. dedifferentiation. d) Excretory products. II Physiology (with special refernece ot mammals) a) Composition and constitutents of blood. mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles. i) Physiology of reproduction. teratogenesis. thermo regulation. nerve impulse-its conduction and synaptic transmission. morphogenesis and morphogen. metaplasia. ageing. regeneration.com . e) Types of muscles. organogenesis of eye and heart. nephron and regulation of urine formation. c) Nutritive requirements. paedogenesia and neoteny. osmoregulation. neurotransmitters. hearing and olfaction in man. b) Role of cytoplasm in and genetic control of development. f) Neuron. g) Vision. fate maps of gastrulae in frog and chick. III. role of hormones and phermones. c) Invasiveness of placenta. blastogenesis. acid-base balance. cell lineage. evo-devo concept. cloning. pancreas and intestinal glands in digestion and absorption. placenation in mammals. growth. haemoglobin : constitutents and role in regulation. h) Mechanism of hormone action. blood groups and Rh factor in man. in vitro fertilization. Developmental Biology a) Differentiation from gamete to neurula stage.UPSCPORTAL. www. degrowth and cell death. factors and mechanism of coagulation. embryo transfer. liver. neoplasia.

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