COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA
SUBMITTED RATAN GLOBAL BUSINESS SCHOOL BY S.MAHAMMAD HUSSAIN PROJECT GUIDE MRS. SHARATH
S.MAHAMMAD HUSSAIN project ON JULY- 5-2011 The information submitted is true & original to the best of my knowledge. the student of Bachelor of Management Studies - Semester 2 (2010-11) hereby declare that I have completed this
Student’s Signature ( )
Before we get into thick of things, I would like to add a few words of appreciation for the people who have been a part of this project right from its inception. The writing of this project has been one of the significant academic challenges I have faced and without the support, patience, and guidance of the people involved, this task would not have been completed. It is to them I owe my deepest gratitude. It gives me Immense pleasure in presenting this project report on "COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA". It has been my privilege to have a team of project guide who have assisted me from the commencement of this project. The success of this project is a result of sheer hard work, and determination put in by me with the help of my project guide. I hereby take this opportunity to add a special note of thanks for MRS. SHARATH who undertook to act as my mentor despite her many other academic and professional commitments. Her wisdom, knowledge, and commitment to the highest standards inspired and motivated me. Without her insight, support, and energy, this project wouldn't have kick-started and neither would have reached fruitfulness. I also feel heartiest sense of obligation to my library staff members & seniors, who helped me in collection of data & resource material & also in its processing as well as in drafting manuscript. The project is dedicated to all those people, who helped me while doing this project.
NEED FOR THE STUDY:
The main purpose of doing this project was to know about mutual fund and its functioning. This helps to know in details about mutual fund industry right from its inception stage, growth and future prospects. It also helps in understanding different schemes of mutual funds. Because my study depends upon prominent funds in India and their schemes like equity, income, balance as well as the returns associated with those schemes. The project study was done to ascertain the asset allocation, entry load, exit load, associated with the mutual funds. Ultimately this would help in understanding the benefits of mutual funds to investors.
To give a brief idea about the benefits available from Mutual Fund investment. To give an idea of the types of schemes available. To discuss about the market trends of Mutual Fund investment. To study some of the mutual fund schemes. To study some mutual fund companies and their funds. Observe the fund management process of mutual funds. Explore the recent developments in the mutual funds in India. To give an idea about the regulations of mutual funds.
LIMITATIONS • The lack of information sources for the analysis part. • • • • Though I tried to collect some primary data but they were too inadequate for the purposes of the study. Time and money are critical factors limiting this study. The data provided by the prospects may not be 100% correct as they too have their limitations. The study is limited to selected mutual fund schemes.
There are many. Cost factor etc. and liquidity. over-diversification. and the inability of management to guarantee a superior return. Before investing in any funds one should consider some factor like objective. which they hold. is divided based on the number of units. A code of conduct and registration structure for mutual fund intermediaries. as the next logical step. debt. The collected money invests in the capital market and the money. and therefore in 1989. You can classify funds based Structure (open-ended & close-ended). You can either buy them directly from the fund company or through a third party. risk. which they earned. Management fee. In addition. which were subsequently mandated by SEBI. economies of scale. income. The biggest problems with mutual funds are their costs and fees it include Purchase fee. money market) etc. diversification.
. Mutual funds are easy to buy and sell. Nature (equity. Load is a type of commission depending on the type of funds. Exchange fee. The disadvantages of mutual fund are high costs. Investment objective (growth. public sector banks and financial institutions were allowed to float mutual funds and their success emboldened the government to allow the private sector to foray into this area. balanced). Over a period of 25 years this grew fairly successfully and gave investors a good return. possible tax consequences. The mutual fund industry started in India in a small way with the UTI Act creating what was effectively a small savings division within the RBI.EXECUTIVE SUMMERY
A mutual fund is a scheme in which several people invest their money for a common financial cause. There are some loads which add to the cost of mutual fund. Fund Manager’s and scheme track record. many types of mutual funds. simplicity. this year AMFI was involved in a number of developments and enhancements to the regulatory framework. The advantages of mutual fund are professional management. Redemption fee. Account fee & Transaction Costs.
Reliance mutual funding is considered to be most reliable mutual funds in India. HDFC Mutual Fund and Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund are the top five mutual fund company in India. People want to invest in this institution because they know that this institution will never dissatisfy them at any cost. ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund. You should always keep this into your mind that if particular mutual funding scheme is on larger scale then next time. you might not get the same results so being a careful investor you should take your major step diligently otherwise you will be unable to obtain the high returns.
. Reliance Mutual Fund.The most important trend in the mutual fund industry is the aggressive expansion of the foreign owned mutual fund companies and the decline of the companies floated by nationalized banks and smaller private sector players. UTI Mutual Fund.
OTHER INVESTMENT FUTURE PROSPECT OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA MF JARGON CONCLUSION BIBLOGRAPHY PAGE NO 01 25 33 37 60 67 68 69 70
. 3. 6. 4. UTI MUTUAL FUND MUTUAL FUND vs. 1. 5.INDEX
SRNO. 2. TOPICS INTRODUCTION OF MUTUAL FUND WORKING OF MUTUAL FUND MUTUAL FUND IN INDIA ICICI MUTUAL FUND vs.
CONCEPT OF MUTUAL FUND:
A mutual fund is a common pool of money into which investors place their contributions that are to be invested in accordance with a stated objective. The objective sought to be achieved by Mutual Fund is to provide an opportunity for lower income groups to acquire without much difficulty financial assets. A single investor’s ownership of the fund is in the same proportion as the amount of the contribution made by him or her bears to the total amount of the fund. People began opting for portfolio managers with expertise in stock markets who would invest on their behalf. The ownership of the fund is thus joint or “mutual”. which accept savings from investors and invest the same in diversified financial instruments in terms of objectives set out in the trusts deed with the view to reduce the risk and maximize the income and capital appreciation for distribution for the members. He may invest in Stock of companies where the risk is high and the returns are also proportionately high. Thus we had wealth management services provided by many institutions. These investors have found a good shelter with the mutual funds. He can invest in Bank Deposits. Corporate Debentures. A Mutual Fund is a corporation and the fund manager’s interest is to professionally manage the funds provided by the investors and provide a return on them after deducting reasonable management fees. the fund belongs to all investors.Chapter: 1
INTRODUCTION OF MUTUAL FUND
There are a lot of investment avenues available today in the financial market for an investor with an investable surplus. Mutual Funds are trusts. and Bonds where there is low risk but low return. However they proved too costly for a small investor. The recent trends in the Stock Market have shown that an average retail investor always lost with periodic bearish tends. They cater mainly to the needs of the individual investor whose means are small and to manage investors portfolio in a
you and the other investors each own shares of the fund. liquidity and diversification opportunities. “A mutual fund is an investment that pools your money with the money of an unlimited number of other investors.manner that provides a regular income.
“Mutual funds are collective savings and investment vehicles where savings of small (or sometimes big) investors are pooled together to invest for their mutual benefit and returns distributed proportionately”.
. Aggressive growth funds are also called capital appreciation funds”. In return. Aggressive growth funds seek long-term capital growth by investing primarily in stocks of fast-growing smaller companies or market segments. safety. growth. The fund's assets are invested according to an investment objective into the fund's portfolio of investments.
convenience and liquidity. which provide moderate return with minimal risk. For example. if an investors opt for bank FD.Why Select Mutual Fund?
The risk return trade-off indicates that if investor is willing to take higher risk then correspondingly he can expect higher returns and vise versa if he pertains to lower risk instruments. as Mutual funds provide professional management. which would be satisfied by lower returns. RETURN RISK MATRIX
HIGHIER RISK MODERATE RETURNS HIGHER RISK HIGHIER RETURNS
Ventur e Capita l
Bank FD P o s ta l S a v in g s
LOWER RISK LOWER RETURNS
Mutu al Funds
LOWER RISK HIGIER RETURNS
. This is because the money that is pooled in are not invested only in debts funds which are less riskier but are also invested in the stock markets which involves a higher risk but can expect higher returns. Thus investors choose mutual funds as their primary means of investing. diversification. But as he moves ahead to invest in capital protected funds and the profit-bonds that give out more return which is slightly higher as compared to the bank deposits but the risk involved also increases in the same proportion. That doesn’t mean mutual fund investments risk free. Hedge fund involves a very high risk since it is mostly traded in the derivatives market which is considered very volatile.
. The erstwhile Kothari Pioneer (now merged with Franklin Templeton) was the first private sector mutual fund registered in July 1993.004 crores. LIC established its mutual fund in June 1989 while GIC had set up its mutual fund in December 1990. public sector mutual funds set up by public sector banks and Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) and General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC). Bank of India (Jun 90).6. The first scheme launched by UTI was Unit Scheme 1964. At the end of 1993. In 1978 UTI was de-linked from the RBI and the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) took over the regulatory and administrative control in place of RBI.UTI Mutual Fund established in June 1987 followed by Canbank Mutual Fund (Dec 87). Bank of Baroda Mutual Fund (Oct 92).HISTORY OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA:
The mutual fund industry in India started in 1963 with the formation of Unit Trust of India. Punjab National Bank Mutual Fund (Aug 89).
THIRD PHASE – 1993-2003 (ENTRY OF PRIVATE SECTOR FUNDS):
With the entry of private sector funds in 1993. under which all mutual funds. Indian Bank Mutual Fund (Nov 89). The history of mutual funds in India can be broadly divided into four distinct phases
FIRST PHASE – 1964-87:
Unit Trust of India (UTI) was established on 1963 by an Act of Parliament.700 crores of assets under management. giving the Indian investors a wider choice of fund families. the mutual fund industry had assets under management of Rs. It was set up by the Reserve Bank of India and functioned under the Regulatory and administrative control of the Reserve Bank of India. SBI Mutual Fund was the first non. At the end of 1988 UTI had Rs.
SECOND PHASE – 1987-1993 (ENTRY OF PUBLIC SECTOR FUNDS):
1987 marked the entry of non. 1993 was the year in which the first Mutual Fund Regulations came into being.UTI.47. except UTI were to be registered and governed. at the initiative of the Government of India and Reserve Bank. a new era started in the Indian mutual fund industry. Also.
29. there were 33 mutual funds with total assets of Rs.541 crores of assets under management was way ahead of other mutual funds. One is the Specified Undertaking of the Unit Trust of India with assets under management of Rs. sponsored by SBI. and with recent mergers taking place among different private sector funds. 2004. The second is the UTI Mutual Fund Ltd. the mutual fund industry has entered its current phase of consolidation and growth. The industry now functions under the SEBI (Mutual Fund) Regulations 1996.76. following the repeal of the Unit Trust of India Act 1963 UTI was bifurcated into two separate entities.835 crores as at the end of January 2003. conforming to the SEBI Mutual Fund Regulations. the assets of US 64 scheme. As at the end of January 2003.The 1993 SEBI (Mutual Fund) Regulations were substituted by a more comprehensive and revised Mutual Fund Regulations in 1996. with many foreign mutual funds setting up funds in India and also the industry has witnessed several mergers and acquisitions. PNB. which manage assets of Rs.000 crores of assets under management and with the setting up of a UTI Mutual Fund.44. With the bifurcation of the erstwhile UTI which had in March 2000 more than Rs. The Unit Trust of India with Rs.805 crores. there were 29 funds. The Specified Undertaking of Unit Trust of India. The number of mutual fund houses went on increasing. 1.
. BOB and LIC. It is registered with SEBI and functions under the Mutual Fund Regulations. As at the end of September. functioning under an administrator and under the rules framed by Government of India and does not come under the purview of the Mutual Fund Regulations.
FOURTH PHASE – SINCE FEBRUARY 2003:
In February 2003. representing broadly. assured return and certain other schemes.153108 crores under 421 schemes.21.
GROWTH IN ASSETS UNDER MANAGEMENT
.amfiindia.The graph indicates the growth of assets under management over the years.
thus enabling him to hold a diversified investment portfolio even with a small amount of investment that would otherwise require big capital. Few investors have the skill and resources of their own to succeed in today’s fast moving. ensure a much better return than what an investor can manage on his own. particularly for the investor who has limited resources available in terms of capital and the ability to carry out detailed research and market monitoring.
Reduction/Diversification Of Risk:
When an investor invests directly. the potential losses are also shared with other investors. global and sophisticated markets. While investing in the pool of funds with investors. all the risk of potential loss is his own. it is because of the many advantages they have over other forms and the avenues of investing. along with the needed research into available investment options.
2. or he buys a share or debenture on his own or in any other from. whether he
places a deposit with a company or a bank. The risk reduction is one of the most important benefits of a collective investment vehicle like the mutual fund. The investment management skills.ADVANTAGES OF MUTUAL FUNDS:
If mutual funds are emerging as the favorite investment vehicle. Professional Management:
Even if an investor has a big amount of capital available to him. he benefits from the professional management skills brought in by the fund in the management of the investor’s portfolio. Portfolio Diversification:
Each investor in the fund is a part owner of all the fund’s assets. The following are the major advantages offered by mutual funds to all investors:
a benefit passed on to its investors. including income from Units of the Mutual Fund. by selling their units to the fund if open-ended. the funds pay lesser costs because of larger volumes.4.000 from the Total Income will be admissible in respect of income from investments specified in Section 80L. The investor bears all the costs of
investing such as brokerage or custody of securities.
Any income distributed after March 31. In case of Individuals and Hindu Undivided Families a deduction upto Rs. will be taxed at a concessional rate of 10.
6. Liquidity of investment is clearly a big benefit. When going through a fund. 9.
Reduction Of Transaction Costs:
What is true of risk as also true of the transaction costs.5%. they can generally cash their investments any time.
Convenience And Flexibility:
Mutual fund management companies offer many investor services that a direct market
investor cannot get. 2002 will be subject to tax in the assessment of
all Unit holders. Choice of Schemes:
Mutual Funds offer a family of schemes to suit your varying needs over a lifetime. income distributions for the year ending March 31. Units of the schemes are not subject to Wealth-Tax and Gift-Tax. get updated market information and so on.
5. easily and quickly sell. Investors can easily transfer their holding from one scheme to the other.
7. However. he has the benefit of economies of scale. investors hold shares or bonds they cannot directly. as a measure of concession to Unit holders of open-ended equityoriented funds. or selling them in the market if the fund is close-end.
Often. 2003. When
they invest in the units of a fund.
No Control Over Costs:
An investor in a mutual fund has no control of the overall costs of investing. the proportion invested in each class of assets and the fund manager's investment strategy and outlook.
. The operations of Mutual Funds are regularly monitored by SEBI.
DISADVANTAGES OF INVESTING THROUGH MUTUAL FUNDS:
1. The investor
pays investment management fees as long as he remains with the fund. Transparency: You get regular information on the value of your investment in addition to disclosure on the specific investments made by your scheme. Investing through fund means he delegates this decision to the fund managers. most mutual fund managers help investors overcome this constraint by offering families of funds. 10. Fees are payable even if the value of his investments is declining. However.within their own management company.
No Tailor-Made Portfolio:
Investors who invest on their own can build their own portfolios of shares and bonds and
other securities.a large number of different schemes. which he would not incur in direct investing. albeit in return for the professional management and research. A mutual fund investor also pays fund distribution costs.9. The very-high-net-worth individuals or large corporate investors may find this to be a constraint in achieving their objectives. this shortcoming only means that there is a cost to obtain the mutual fund services. An investor can choose from different investment plans and constructs a portfolio to his choice. Well Regulated:
All Mutual Funds are registered with SEBI and they function within the provisions of strict regulations designed to protect the interests of investors.
He may again need advice on how to select a fund to achieve his objectives. Buried Costs:
Many mutual funds specialize in burying their costs and in hiring salesmen who do not make those costs clear to their clients. The Wisdom Of Professional Management:
That's right. quite similar to the situation when he has individual shares or bonds to select. but charges fees. Managing A Portfolio Of Funds:
Availability of a large number of funds can actually mean too much choice for the investor.
Unlike picking your own individual stocks.3. a mutual fund puts you in the passenger seat
of somebody else's car
7. The average mutual fund manager is no better at picking stocks than the average nonprofessional.
Mutual funds generally have such small holdings of so many different stocks that insanely great performance by a fund's top holdings still doesn't make much of a difference in a mutual fund's total performance. this is not an advantage.
risk tolerance and return expectations etc. It is easier to think of mutual funds in categories.
.TYPES OF MUTUAL FUNDS SCHEMES IN INDIA
Wide variety of Mutual Fund Schemes exists to cater to the needs such as financial position. Being a collection of many stocks. an investors can go for picking a mutual fund might be easy. There are over hundreds of mutual funds scheme to choose from. thus mutual funds has Variety of flavors. mentioned below.
SEBI Regulations stipulate that at least one of the two exit routes is provided to the investor. Interval Schemes:
Interval Schemes are that scheme.Ended Schemes:
An open-end fund is one that is available for subscription all through the year.A). which combines the features of open-ended and closeended schemes.
. In order to provide an exit route to the investors.
2. Open . The key feature of open-end schemes is liquidity. These do not have a fixed maturity.Ended Schemes:
A closed-end fund has a stipulated maturity period which generally ranging from 3 to 15 years.
1. The fund is open for subscription only during a specified period. some close-ended funds give an option of selling back the units to the Mutual Fund through periodic repurchase at NAV related prices. The units may be traded on the stock exchange or may be open for sale or redemption during pre-determined intervals at NAV related prices. Investors can invest in the scheme at the time of the initial public issue and thereafter they can buy or sell the units of the scheme on the stock exchanges where they are listed. Investors can conveniently buy and sell units at Net Asset Value ("NAV") related prices.
3. Close .
2. as follows:
• • • •
Diversified Equity Funds Mid-Cap Funds Sector Specific Funds Tax Savings Funds (ELSS) Equity investments are meant for a longer time horizon.
MIPs: Invests maximum of their total corpus in debt instruments while they take minimum exposure in equities. These Funds carry zero Default risk but are associated with Interest Rate risk. these funds ensure low risk and provide stable income to the investors. Government authorities. thus Equity funds rank high on
the risk-return matrix. Equity Fund:
of the fund may vary different for different schemes and the fund manager’s outlook on different stocks. These scheme ranks slightly high on the risk-return matrix when compared with other debt schemes. Debt funds are further classified as:
Gilt Funds: Invest their corpus in securities issued by Government. private companies. The structure
1. popularly known as Government of India debt papers.B).
Income Funds: Invest a major portion into various debt instruments such as bonds.
These funds invest a maximum part of their corpus into equities holdings. Debt Funds:
The objective of these Funds is to invest in debt papers. corporate debentures and Government securities. By investing in debt instruments. These schemes are safer as they invest in papers backed by Government. banks and financial institutions are some of the major issuers of debt papers. It gets benefit of both equity and debt market. The Equity Funds are sub-classified depending upon their investment objective.
inter-bank call money market.•
Short Term Plans (STPs): Meant for investment horizon for three to six months. which is pre-defined in the objectives of the fund. Each category of funds is backed by an investment philosophy. These funds provides easy liquidity and preservation of capital. are a mix of both equity and debt funds. Equity part provides growth and the debt part provides stability in returns. These schemes rank low on risk-return matrix and are considered to be the safest amongst all categories of mutual funds. Further the mutual funds can be broadly classified on the basis of investment parameter viz. Some portion of the corpus is also invested in corporate debentures. These schemes invest in short-term instruments like Treasury Bills. These schemes aim to provide investors with the best of both the worlds. These funds are meant for short-term cash management of corporate houses and are meant for an investment horizon of 1day to 3 months. Balanced Funds:
As the name suggest they.
Liquid Funds: Also known as Money Market Schemes. The investor can align his own investment needs with the funds objective and invest accordingly. which are in line with pre-defined investment objective of the scheme. CPs and CDs. These funds primarily invest in short term papers like Certificate of Deposits (CDs) and Commercial Papers (CPs). They invest in both equities and fixed income securities.
BY INVESTMENT OBJECTIVE:
Growth Schemes are also known as equity schemes. Typically entry and exit loads range from 1% to 2%. if the fund has a good performance history. These schemes generally invest in safer.C).
Income Schemes are also known as debt schemes. no commission is payable on purchase or sale of units in the fund. No-Load Funds: A No-Load Fund is one that does not charge a commission for entry or exit. short-term instruments. That is. The aim of these schemes is to provide regular and steady income to investors. These schemes invest in both shares and fixed income securities. each time you buy or sell units in the fund. Capital appreciation in such schemes may be limited. These schemes normally invest a major part of their fund in equities and are willing to bear short-term decline in value for possible future appreciation. in the proportion indicated in their offer documents (normally 50:50).
Money Market Schemes:
Money Market Schemes aim to provide easy liquidity. The aim of these schemes is to
provide capital appreciation over medium to long term. preservation of capital and moderate income. Load Funds: A Load Fund is one that charges a commission for entry or exit.
Balanced Schemes aim to provide both growth and income by periodically distributing a part of the income and capital gains they earn. It could be worth paying the load. The advantage of a no load fund is that the entire corpus is put to work. These schemes generally invest in fixed income securities such as bonds and corporate debentures. a commission will be payable. such as treasury bills. That is. commercial paper and inter-bank call money. certificates of deposit.
. the returns from such schemes would be more or less equivalent to those of the Index. e.OTHER SCHEMES Tax Saving Schemes:
Tax-saving schemes offer tax rebates to the investors under tax laws prescribed from time to time. And hence. The portfolio of these schemes will consist of only those stocks that constitute the index. contributions made to any Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) are eligible for rebate.88 of the Income Tax Act. they are more risky compared to diversified funds. etc. Investors need to keep a watch on the performance of those sectors/industries and must exit at an appropriate time. Petroleum stocks.
Index schemes attempt to replicate the performance of a particular index such as the BSE Sensex or the NSE 50. Under Sec. While these funds may give higher returns. Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG).g. The percentage of each stock to the total holding will be identical to the stocks index weightage. The returns in these funds are dependent on the performance of the respective sectors/industries. Software. Pharmaceuticals.
Sector Specific Schemes:
These are the funds/schemes which invest in the securities of only those sectors or industries as specified in the offer documents.
. For example. depending on the markets value of the fund’s assets. If a single investor in fact owns 3 units. the total numbers of units issued are 100. 1000 to 1200. 36. the value of our investors holding of 3 units will now be (1200/100*3) Rs. each share or unit that an investor holds needs to be assigned a value. the value of his ownership of the fund will be Rs. In other words. If the value of a fund’s assets stands at Rs. The investment value can go up or down.00(1000/100*3). causing the Net Asset Value also to fluctuate. 30. The value of an investor’s part ownership is thus determined by the NAV of the number of units held. 10. Since the units held by investor evidence the ownership of the fund’s assets.00 (1000/100). it is necessary to establish the value of his part. and the value of one unit is Rs. 100 and it has 10 investors who have bought 10 units each. Calculation of NAV: Let us see an example.NET ASSET VALUE (NAV):
Since each owner is a part owner of a mutual fund. Note that the value of the fund’s investments will keep fluctuating with the market-price movements. the value of the total assets of the fund when divided by the total number of units issued by the mutual fund gives us the value of one unit. This is generally called the Net Asset Value (NAV) of one unit or one share. if the value of our fund’s asset increased from Rs.
Running a mutual fund involves costs.
It is another type of fee that some funds charge their shareholders when they sell or redeem shares. and marketing and distribution expenses. a redemption fee is paid to the fund (not to a broker) and is typically used to defray fund costs associated with a shareholder's redemption. PERIODIC FEES
Management fees are fees that are paid out of fund assets to the fund's investment adviser for investment portfolio management. investment advisory fees.
. Unlike a front-end sales load. Unlike a deferred sales load. including shareholder transaction costs. TRANSACTION FEES
It is a type of fee that some funds charge their shareholders when they buy shares."
Exchange fee that some funds impose on shareholders if they exchange (transfer) to another fund within the same fund group or "family of funds.MUTUAL FUND FEES AND EXPENSES
Mutual fund fees and expenses are charges that may be incurred by investors who hold mutual funds. They are also called maintenance fees. Funds pass along these costs to investors in a number of ways. any other management fees payable to the fund's investment adviser or its affiliates. a purchase fee is paid to the fund (not to a broker) and is typically imposed to defray some of the fund's costs associated with the purchase. and administrative fees payable to the investment adviser that are not included in the "Other Expenses" category.
For example." this fee typically goes to the brokers that sell the fund's shares. a front-end load cannot be higher than 8.500 sales load you must pay comes off the top. Front-end loads reduce the amount of your investment. this is a fee paid when shares are purchased. OTHER OPERATING EXPENSES Transaction Costs:
These costs are incurred in the trading of the fund's assets. The different types of loads are outlined below. some funds impose an account maintenance fee on accounts whose value is less than a certain dollar amount. Unlike the Total Expense Ratio these costs are usually not reported. Also known as a "front-end load.
Also known as Sales Charge. Funds with a high turnover ratio. or a mix of both.
Definition of a load Load funds exhibit a "Sales Load" with a percentage charge levied on purchase or sale of shares. According to NASD rules.5% of your investment. let's say you have Rs.10. or investing in illiquid or exotic markets usually face higher transaction costs.9500 will be invested in the fund. charges may be incurred at time of purchase.000 and want to invest it in a mutual fund with a 5% front-end load. Depending on the type of load a mutual fund exhibits. and the remaining Rs.
. For example. time of sale. A load is a type of Commission (remuneration).ii)
Account fees are fees that some funds separately impose on investors in connection with the maintenance of their accounts. The Rs.
such as purchase fees. But. this is a fee paid when shares are sold." A no-load fund may charge fees that are not sales loads. The amount of this type of load will depend on how long the investor holds his or her shares and typically decreases to zero if the investor holds his or her shares long enough. Instead a back-end load may be charged if the shares purchased are sold within a given time frame. redemption fees. is that this time frame where charges are levied is shorter.
As the name implies.
. Also known as a "back-end load." this fee typically goes to the brokers that sell the fund's shares. not every type of shareholder fee is a "sales load. The distinction between level loads and low loads as opposed to back-end loads.
Level load / Low load:
It's similar to a back-end load in that no sales charges are paid when buying the fund.Back-end load:
Also known as Deferred Sales Charge. as outlined above. this means that the fund does not charge any type of sales load. exchange fees. and account fees.
children’s plans. Aggressive investors can go for equity investments. Look at the performance of the scheme against relevant market benchmarks and its competitors. It also should be professional and maintain high transparency in operations.
. Similarly.SELECTION PARAMETERS FOR MUTUAL FUND
The first point to note before investing in a fund is to find out whether your objective matches with the scheme. It is necessary. It is also essential that the fund house you choose has excellent track record. it is imperative that he manages it well. as any conflict would directly affect your prospective returns. sector-specific schemes. etc. you should pick schemes that meet your specific needs.
Your risk capacity and capability:
This dictates the choice of schemes. It is very crucial in a debt fund. as it will give you how the scheme fared in different market conditions. Look at the performance of a longer period. you should look at the expense ratio of the fund before investing.
Though the AMC fee is regulated. Examples: pension plans. as they are relatively safer. This is because the money is deducted from your investments.
Fund Manager’s and scheme track record:
Since you are giving your hard earned money to someone to manage it. A higher expense ratio can be justified only by superlative returns. as it will devour a few percentages from your modest returns. Investors that are even more aggressive can try schemes that invest in specific industry or sectors. A higher entry load or exit load also will eat into your returns. Those with no risk tolerance should go for debt schemes.
Each year end. That's a big mistake. the fund has a capital gain. You can then sell your mutual fund shares for a profit. the fund's shares increase in price.
Types of Returns on Mutual Fund:
There are three ways. changing market conditions make it rare that last year's top performer repeats that ranking for the current year. Most funds also pass on these gains to investors in a distribution. Never rely on last year's top performers. Naturally. If fund holdings increase in price but are not sold by the fund manager.Also. the fund manager. Funds will also usually give you a choice either to receive a check for distributions or to reinvest the earnings and get more shares. A fund pays out nearly all income it receives over the year to fund owners in the form of a distribution. If the fund sells securities that have increased in price. many financial publications list the year's best performing mutual funds. Remember.
. Morningstar rates mutual funds. very eager investors will rush out to purchase shares of last year's top performers. where the total returns provided by mutual funds can be enjoyed by investors: • • Income is earned from dividends on stocks and interest on bonds. and the current market conditions. Mutual fund investors would be well advised to consider the fund prospectus.
A ‘AAA’ rating is considered the safest whereas a ‘D’ rating is considered poor credit quality. the investor to decide how much risk you are willing to take." The root cause. Inflation. This is true. This is known as Market Risk. This credit risk is measured by independent rating agencies like CRISIL who rate companies and their paper. 100 tomorrow. This happens
. Hence it is upto you. Credit Risk:
The debt servicing ability (may it be interest payments or repayment of principal) of a company through its cashflows determines the Credit Risk faced by you.RISK FACTORS OF MUTUAL FUNDS:
1." "Remember the time when a bus ride costed 50 paise?" "Mehangai Ka Jamana Hai.
3. In order to do this you must first be aware of the different types of risks involved with your investment decision. Higher the risk greater the returns / loss and lower the risk lesser the returns/loss. Market Risk:
Sometimes prices and yields of all securities rise and fall. Broad outside influences affecting the market in general lead to this. 100 today is worth more than Rs. A lot of times people make conservative investment decisions to protect their capital but end up with a sum of money that can buy less than what the principal could at the time of the investment. may it be big corporations or smaller mid-sized companies. The Risk-Return Trade-Off:
The most important relationship to understand is the risk-return trade-off.
2. Inflation is the loss of purchasing power over time. A Systematic Investment Plan (“SIP”) that works on the concept of Rupee Cost Averaging (“RCA”) might help mitigate this risk.
4. Inflation Risk:
Things you hear people talk about: "Rs. A well-diversified portfolio might help mitigate this risk.
. Equity might be negatively affected as well in a rising interest rate environment.
5. A well-diversified portfolio might help mitigate this risk. A well-diversified portfolio with some investment in equities might help mitigate this risk. They can create a favorable environment for investment or vice versa. staggering of maturities as well as internal risk controls that lean towards purchase of liquid securities. If interest rates rise the prices of bonds fall and vice versa. Changes in interest rates affect the prices of bonds as well as equities. Political / Government Policy Risk:
Changes in government policy and political decision can change the investment environment. Liquidity Risk can be partly mitigated by diversification.
6.when inflation grows faster than the return on your investment. Liquidity Risk:
Liquidity risk arises when it becomes difficult to sell the securities that one has purchased. Interest Rate Risk:
In a free market economy interest rates are difficult if not impossible to predict.
The per unit NAV is the net asset value of the scheme divided by the number of units outstanding on the valuation date. The income generated by selling securities or capital appreciation of these securities is passed on to the investors in proportion to their investment in the scheme. you have to pay entry or exit load. NAV is the market value of the assets of the scheme minus its liabilities.Chapter: 2
WORKING OF MUTUAL FUNDS
The mutual fund collects money directly or through brokers from investors. Mutual fund companies provide daily net asset value of their schemes to their investors. The investments are divided into units and the value of the units will be reflected in Net Asset Value or NAV of the unit. The money is invested in various instruments depending on the objective of the scheme. NAV is important.
. as it will determine the price at which you buy or redeem the units of a scheme. Depending on the load structure of the scheme.
In India open and close-end funds operate under the same regulatory structure i. 1996. A Mutual Fund in India is allowed to issue open-end and close-end schemes under a common legal structure. acting alone or in combination of another corporate body establishes a Mutual Fund. as unit Trusts.STRUCTURE OF A MUTUAL FUND:
India has a legal framework within which Mutual Fund have to be constituted. The sponsor forms a trust and appoints a Board of Trustees.
.e. The structure that is required to be followed by any Mutual Fund in India is laid down under SEBI (Mutual Fund) Regulations.
The Fund Sponsor:
Sponsor is defined under SEBI regulations as any person who. The sponsor also appoints the Asset Management Company as fund managers. The sponsor of the fund is akin to the promoter of a company as he gets the fund registered with SEBI. All these are made in accordance with the regulation and guidelines of SEBI. The sponsor either directly or acting through the trustees will also appoint a custodian to hold funds assets.
Mutual Fund can invite any number of investors as beneficial owners in their investment schemes.the Mutual Fund – may be managed by a board of trustees. the trust of the fund has no independent legal capacity itself. he must contribute at least 40% of the net worth of the Asset Management Company and possesses a sound financial track record over 5 years prior to registration. or a trust company. 1882. For this specialist function.As per the SEBI regulations.
Mutual Funds as Trusts:
A Mutual Fund in India is constituted in the form of Public trust Act. 1956. even as these investments are held in the name of the Trustees on a day-to-day basis.
. Being public trusts. While the boards of trustees are governed by the Indian Trusts Act. The Trustees do not directly manage the portfolio of securities.a body of individuals. The Board or the Trust company as an independent body. It should be understood that the fund should be just a “pass through” vehicle. The fund then invites investors to contribute their money in common pool. it would also require to comply with the Companies Act.
A Trust is created through a document called the Trust Deed that is executed by the fund sponsor in favour of the trustees. by scribing to “units” issued by various schemes established by the Trusts as evidence of their beneficial interest in the fund. In legal parlance the investors or the unit-holders are the beneficial owners of the investment held by the Trusts. They ensure that the Fund is managed by ht AMC as per the defined objectives and in accordance with the trusts deeds and SEBI regulations. who are the beneficiaries of the trust. where the trusts are a corporate body. rather it is the Trustee or the Trustees who have the legal capacity and therefore all acts in relation to the trusts are taken on its behalf by the Trustees. The Fund sponsor acts as a settlor of the Trust.a corporate body. the appoint an Asset Management Company. for the person to qualify as a sponsor. The Trust. Most of the funds in India are managed by Boards of Trustees. Under the Indian Trusts Act. acts as a protector of the of the unit-holders interests. contributing to its initial capital and appoints a trustee to hold the assets of the trust for the benefit of the unit-holders.
Thus the Fund’s banker
. deliveries of a fund’s securities are given or received by a custodian or a depository participant. Thus.The Asset Management Companies:
The role of an Asset Management Company (AMC) is to act as the investment manager of the Trust under the board supervision and the guidance of the Trustees. a condition also applicable to other key personnel of the AMC. The AMC of a Mutual Fund must have a net worth of at least Rs.) are properly segregated by the activity. The AMC is required to be approved and registered with SEBI as an AMC. it may undertake specified activities such as advisory services and financial consulting.
A Fund’s activities involve dealing in money on a continuous basis primarily with respect to buying and selling units.
Custodian and Depositories:
Mutual Fund is in the business of buying and selling of securities in large volumes. Handling these securities in terms of physical delivery and eventual safekeeping is a specialized activity. paying for investment made. both independent and nonindependent. The custodian is appointed by the Board of Trustees for safekeeping of securities or participating in any clearance system through approved depository companies on behalf of the Mutual Fund and it must fulfill its responsibilities in accordance with its agreement with the Mutual Fund. Besides its role as a fund manager. 10 Crores at all times. The custodian should be an entity independent of the sponsors and is required to be registered with SEBI. although under the overall direction and responsibilities of the Trustees. With the introduction of the concept of dematerialization of shares the dematerialized shares are kept with the Depository participant while the custodian holds the physical securities. Directors of the AMC. at the instructions of the AMC. The AMC cannot act as a Trustee of any other Mutual Fund. provided these activities are run independent of one another and the AMC’s resources (such as personnel. systems etc. should have adequate professional expertise in financial services and should be individuals of high morale standing. receiving the proceeds from sale of the investments and discharging its obligations towards operating expenses. The AMC must always act in the interest of the unit-holders and reports to the trustees with respect to its activities.
plays an important role to determine quality of service that the fund gives in timely delivery of remittances etc. The sponsor of the mutual fund and appoints the trustees. Regulations. since all of the investor services that a fund provides are going to be dependent on the transfer agent. 1996. The AMC and the mutual fund have to be registered with SEBI. The trustees are responsible to the investors in mutual fund and appoint the AMC for managing the investment portfolio.These regulations make it mandatory for mutual fund to have three structures of sponsor trustee and asset Management Company.
. as it manages all the affairs of the mutual fund.
REGULATORY STRUCTURE OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA: The structure of mutual funds in India is guided by the SEBI.
Transfer agents are responsible for issuing and redeeming units of the Mutual Fund and provide other related services such as preparation of transfer documents and updating investor records. A fund may choose to carry out its activity in-house and charge the scheme for the service at a competitive market rate. Where an outside Transfer agent is used. The AMC is the business face of the mutual fund. the fund investor will find the agent to be an important interface to deal with.
As far as mutual funds are concerned. 50% of the directors of AMC must be independent.
SEBI notified regulations for the mutual funds in 1993. The risks associated with the schemes launched by the mutual funds sponsored by these entities are of similar type.
Also SEBI has permitted MFs to launch schemes overseas subject various restrictions and also to launch schemes linked to Real Estate.e minimum 20 investors per scheme and one investor can hold more than 25% stake in the corpus in that one scheme]. mutual funds sponsored by private sector entities were allowed to enter the capital market.
Also. Options and Futures. Commodities.
Further SEBI Regualtions. All mutual funds are required to be registered with SEBI before they launch any scheme. There is no distinction in regulatory requirements for these mutual funds and all are subject to monitoring and inspections by SEBI.
All mutual funds whether promoted by public sector or private sector entities including those promoted by foreign entities are governed by the same set of Regulations.
SEBI has also issued guidelines to the mutual funds from time to time to protect the interests of investors.
SEBI Regulations require that at least two thirds of the directors of trustee company or board of trustees must be independent i.
The regulations were fully revised in 1996 and have been amended thereafter from time to time. they should not be associated with the sponsors. stipulate that MFs cannot gurarnatee returns in any scheme and that each scheme is subject to 20 : 25 condition [I. SEBI formulates policies and regulates the mutual funds to protect the interest of the investors.e. inter-alia. Thereafter.
It follows the principle of both protecting and promoting the interests of mutual funds as well as their unit holders. Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI) was incorporated on 22nd August. It implements a programme of training and certification for all intermediaries and other engaged in the mutual fund industry. It also recommends and promotes the top class business practices and code of conduct which is followed by members and related people engaged in the activities of mutual fund and asset management. Association of Mutual Funds India has brought down the Indian Mutual Fund Industry to a professional and healthy market with ethical lines enhancing and maintaining standards.
.ASSOCIATION OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA (AMFI):
With the increase in mutual fund players in India. AMFI is an apex body of all Asset Management Companies (AMC) which has been registered with SEBI. The agencies who are by any means connected or involved in the field of capital markets and financial services also involved in this code of conduct of the association. The objectives are as follows:
This mutual fund association of India maintains high professional and ethical standards in all areas of operation of the industry.
AMFI interacts with SEBI and works according to SEBIs guidelines in the mutual fund industry. It has certain defined objectives which juxtaposes the guidelines of its Board of Directors. Till date all the AMCs are that have launched mutual fund schemes are its members. a need for mutual fund association in India was generated to function as a non-profit organisation. 1995. It functions under the supervision and guidelines of its Board of Directors. Association of Mutual Fund of India do represent the Government of India. It develops a team of well qualified and trained Agent distributors. the Reserve Bank of India and other related bodies on matters relating to the Mutual Fund Industry.
The Objectives of Association of Mutual Funds in India:
The Association of Mutual Funds of India works with 30 registered AMCs of the country.
At last but not the least association of mutual fund of India also disseminate informations on Mutual Fund Industry and undertakes studies and research either directly or in association with other bodies. One is on the monthly basis and the other is quarterly. These publications are of great support for the investors to get intimation of the knowhow of their parked money.•
AMFI undertakes all India awareness programme for investors in order to promote proper understanding of the concept and working of mutual funds.
AMFI publish mainly two types of bulletin.
MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA
In 1963. The expectations of investors touched the sky in profitability factor. and of course investing was out of question. since only closed-end funds were floated in the market. The securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) came out with comprehensive regulation in 1993 which defined the structure of Mutual Fund and Asset Management Companies for the first time. Those days. the market regulations did not allow portfolio shifts into alternative investments. but UTI remained in a monopoly position. some 24 million shareholders were accustomed with guaranteed high returns by the beginning of liberalization of the industry in 1992. The performance of mutual funds in India suffered qualitatively. The supervisory authority adopted a set of measures to create a transparent and competitive environment in mutual funds. Though the 1988 year saw some new mutual fund companies. This good record of UTI became marketing tool for new entrants. The net asset value (NAV) of mutual funds in India declined when stock prices started falling in the year 1992. However. The performance of mutual funds in India in the initial phase was not even closer to satisfactory level. But yes. Partly owing to a relatively weak stock market performance. the investors disinvested by selling at a loss in the secondary market. the losses by disinvestments and of course the lack of transparent rules in the whereabouts rocked confidence among the investors. with funds trading at an average discount of 1020 percent of their net asset value. Unit Trust of India invited investors or rather to those who believed in savings. For 30 years it goaled without a single second player. People rarely understood. One more thing to be noted. to park their money in UTI Mutual Fund. mutual funds have not yet recovered. the day the concept of Mutual Fund took birth in India. There was rather no choice apart from holding the cash or to further continue investing in shares. Some of them were like relaxing investment
. people were miles away from the preparedness of risks factor after the liberalization. The 1992 stock market scandal.
02. The share of the private players has risen rapidly since then. The measure was taken to make mutual funds the key instrument for long-term saving. Currently there are 34 Mutual Fund organizations in India managing 1. In the past few months there has been a consolidation phase going on in the mutual fund industry in India.restrictions into the market. more and more people will be inclined to invest until and unless they are fully educated with the dos and don’ts of mutual funds. Now investors have a wide range of Schemes to choose from depending on their individual profiles. bringing in their professional expertise in managing funds worldwide. the quantitative will be investors. Mutual fund industry has seen a lot of changes in past few years with multinational companies coming into the country. The more the variety offered. At last to mention.
. as long as mutual fund companies are performing with lower risks and higher profitability within a short span of time. and paving the gateway for mutual funds to launch pension schemes. introduction of open-ended funds.000 crores. Several private sectors Mutual Funds were launched in 1993 and 1994.
The era between 1963 and 1987 marked the existance of only one mutual fund company in India with Rs. 67bn assets under management (AUM). Just after ten years with private sector players penetration. The new entries of mutual fund companies in India were SBI Mutual Fund. The private sector funds started penetrating the fund families. By the end of the 80s decade.04 bn. By the end of 1993.MUTUAL FUND COMPANIES IN INDIA:
The concept of mutual funds in India dates back to the year 1963. Major Mutual Fund Companies in India
• • • • • • • • •
ABN AMRO Mutual Fund Birla Sun Life Mutual Fund Bank of Baroda Mutual Fund HDFC Mutual Fund HSBC Mutual Fund ING Vysya Mutual Fund Prudential ICICI Mutual Fund State Bank of India Mutual Fund Tata Mutual Fund Unit Trust of India Mutual Fund Reliance Mutual Fund
• • • • • • • • • •
Standard Chartered Mutual Fund Franklin Templeton India Mutual Fund Morgan Stanley Mutual Fund India Escorts Mutual Fund Alliance Capital Mutual Fund Benchmark Mutual Fund Canbank Mutual Fund Chola Mutual Fund LIC Mutual Fund GIC Mutual Fund
. Kothari Pioneer was the first private sector mutual fund company in India which has now merged with Franklin Templeton. Bank of India Mutual Fund. Indian Bank Mutual Fund. Today there are 33 mutual fund companies in India. the total AUM of the industry was Rs.05 bn. The succeeding decade showed a new horizon in Indian mutual fund industry. In the same year the first Mutual Fund Regulations came into existance with re-registering all mutual funds except UTI. The regulations were further given a revised shape in 1996. 1218. Canbank Mutual Fund. the Unit Trust of India (UTI). 470. the total assets rose up to Rs. Punjab National Bank Mutual Fund. few other mutual fund companies in India took their position in mutual fund market. by the end of its monopoly era.
while UTI MF had assets worth Rs 544. Deutsche MF. Unit Trust of India Mutual Fund has slipped from the first slot.512. according to the current pegging order and the data released by Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI). in May 2006.020 crore has become the largest mutual fund in India On the other hand. DSP BlackRock.16 billion and Rs 57. Now.87 billion at April-end.39 lakh crore. with an AUM of Rs 37. Earlier. The other fund houses which saw an increase in their average AUM in April include -Canara Robeco MF.99 billion in April compared to Rs 4.932. Kotak Mahindra MF and LIC MF.49 billion at the end of April. the combined average AUM of the 35 fund houses in the country increased to Rs 5.80 billion.746 crore.35 billion re respectively to their assets last month. It happened for the first time in last one year that a private sector mutual fund house has reached to the top slot in terms of asset under management (AUM). AUM of the Indian fund industry has risen by 64% to Rs 3.25 billion jump in AUM to Rs 883. According to the data released by Association of Mutual Funds in India (AMFI).535 crore.89 billion. The Prudential ICICI MF has slipped to the third position with an AUM of Rs 34.86 billion in March Reliance MF maintained its top position as the largest fund house in the country with Rs 74.For the first time in the history of Indian mutual fund industry. In the very next month. the Prudential ICICI Mutual Fund was ranked at the number one slot in terms of total assets. IDFC MF. In the last one year to January.
. ICICI Prudential and state-run UTI MF added Rs 46. UTIMF. The second-largest fund house HDFC MF gained Rs 59. with a January-end AUM of Rs 39. ICICI Prudential`s AUM stood at Rs 560. the UTIMF had regained its top position as the largest fund house in India.24 billion in its AUM at Rs 638. the Reliance Mutual Fund. has gone to secomd position.
ICICI Group believes that its own long-term growth and profitability is linked to the balanced and sustainable growth of the Indian economy. We believe our fundamental challenge is to create a “just” society – one where everyone has equal opportunity to develop and grow.Chapter: 4
ICICI MUTUAL FUND Vs UTI MUTUAL FUND
ICICI MUTUAL FUND
ICICI GROUP COMPANIES
As one of the largest and oldest financial sector conglomerates in India.
.icicigroupcompanies. ICICI Foundation is committed to making India’s economic growth more inclusive. ICICI Group of Companies' (www.
ICICI Foundation for Inclusive Growth (ICICI Foundation) was founded by the ICICI Group in early 2008 to give focus to its efforts to promote inclusive growth amongst low-income Indian households. Towards this end. allowing every individual to participate in and benefit from the growth process.com) CSR activities aim to more effectively direct human and financial resources towards the civil sector. In line with its commitment to fuelling equitable growth in all segments of society.
Core beliefs: ICICI Foundation’s pathway towards inclusive growth and our five strategic partnerships are guided by several core beliefs:
Good health and basic education are fundamental prerequisites to achieving inclusive growth. Mission Our mission is to empower the poor to participate in and benefit from the Indian growth process through active collaboration with government and independent organisations. While healthy and educated individuals have the capacity to transform their lives.
Vision our vision is a world free of poverty in which every individual has the freedom and power to create and sustain a just society in which to live.We hold a set of core beliefs and values that defines our pathway towards inclusive growth and guides our five strategic partnerships. health. their ability to do so depends on the quality of their access to transformative tools such as finance.
For the Indian growth process to be truly inclusive.
. education and access to complete financial markets are necessary but not sufficient.
Rather than build departments within a large. we support scalable private and community interventions as well as policies to make India's economy more environmentally sustainable from the bottom up. elementary education. • Through the Environmentally Sustainable Finance Group at the Centre for Development Finance in Chennai. we support civil society organizations (CSOs) across India to be more effective by enabling them to tap into new resources and networks of support. • Through IFMR Finance Foundation in Chennai. strong civil society and environmental sustainability. Through CSO Partners in Chennai. comprehensive access to financial services. we support children in government-run preschools and elementary schools across India to become engaged citizens.
• Through ICICI Child Health in Pune. we have chosen to collaborate with and foster independent. we seek to ensure that every individual and every enterprise in India has complete access to financial services. The Foundation provides active support and mentorship to each of these strategic partners – a strategy we believe will build knowledge and specialization in each field and ensure long-term impact. responsive organizations. • Through ICICI Elementary Education in Pune. each with deep expertise in one of the five areas that we believe provide essential elements for inclusive growth: primary health. we support children in the poorest communities across India to develop to their full potential in the critical first three years of life.
life and general insurance. the ICICI Group Companies have maintained and enhanced their leadership position in their respective sectors. subsidiaries and affiliates in the areas of personal banking. In addition to the agency force. The company operates on a multi-channel platform and has a distribution strength of over 2. 2009 and profit after tax Rs.721 ATMs in India and presence in 18countries.793. investment banking. health and pensions products. ICICI Prudential attained a market share of 10. ICICI Lombard General Insurance Company. The Bank has a network of 1. 2009.56 billion registering a growth of 13% and held assets of Rs. 37. It is also the pioneer in launching innovative health care products like Diabetes Care Active and health Saver.88 billion as on March 31. it also has tie-ups with various banks.
ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company is a 74:26 joint venture with Prudential plc (UK). ICICI Bank is India's second-largest bank with total assets of Rs. 3. a joint venture with the Canada based Fairfax Financial Holdings.451 branches and about 4.9% based on retail weighted premium and garnered a total premium of Rs 153. venture capital and asset management. In fiscal 2009.58 billion for the year ended March 31.76.000 financial advisors operating from more than 2000 branches spread across 1800 locations across the country.01 billion (US$ 75 billion) at March 31. With a strong customer focus. It is the largest private sector life insurance company offering a comprehensive suite of life. 2009. 327. corporate agents and brokers.OVERVIEW ICICI Group offers a wide range of banking products and financial services to corporate and retail customers through a variety of delivery channels and through its specialised group companies. is the largest private sector general
with a strong franchise across the spectrum of interest rate products and services . Retail and Financial Product Distribution. I-Sec PD has been recognized as the 'Best Domestic Bond House in India' by Asia money every year from 2002 to 2007 and selected as 'Best Bond House' by Financeasia.2% among private sector general insurance companies and an overall market share of 11. It is an acknowledged leader in the Indian fixed income and money markets. 33. ICICI Securities Primary Dealership Limited is the largest Primary Dealer in Government Securities.institutional sales and trading." ICICI Prudential Asset Management is the third largest mutual fund with average asset under management of Rs. I-Sec PD is also credited with pioneering debt market research in India. I-Sec PD has made pioneering contributions since inception to debt market development in India.2% during fiscal 2009. The gross return premium grew by 2.2001. 514.45 billion in fiscal 2008 to 34.20 billion in fiscal 2009.com for the years . Institutional Equities. 2009. resource mobilization. ICICI Securities (I-Sec) has a dominant position in its core segments of its operations .2% from Rs. ICICI Lombard General Insurance has achieved a market share of 27.insurance company.33 billion and a market share of 10. It has a comprehensive product portfolio catering to all corporate and retail insurance needs and is present in over 300 locations across the country. portfolio management services and research. One of the first entities to be granted Primary Dealership license by RBI. 2004 to 2007 and 2009.43% as on March 31.Corporate Finance including Equity Capital Markets Advisory Services. The Company manages a comprehensive
. ICICI Securities Ltd is the largest equity house in the country providing endto-end solutions (including web-based services) through the largest nonbanking distribution channel so as to fulfill all the diverse needs of retail and corporate customers.
Media. Retail. the first ‘royalty-based’ structured deal in Pharma Research & Development (Dr Reddy’s Laboratories .
ICICI Venture is one of the largest and most successful private equity firms in India with funds under management in excess of USD 2 billion.JV) and the first fund level secondary transaction (Coller Capital).range of mutual fund schemes and portfolio management services to meet the varying investment needs of its investors through162 branches and 185 CAMS official point of transaction acceptance spread across the country. Information Technology. It has several “firsts” to its credit in the Indian Private Equity industry. Manufacturing. ICICI Venture. the first real estate investment (Cyber Gateway). the first mezzanine financing for a acquisition (Arch Pharmalabs). Financial Services. over the years has built an enviable portfolio of companies across sectors including Life Sciences. and Real Estate thereby building sustainable value. Amongst them are India’s first leveraged buyout (Infomedia).
ICICI PRUDENTIAL ASSET MANAGEMENT
contributing significantly towards the growth of the Indian mutual fund industry. We service this investor base with our own branch network of over 160 branches and a distribution reach of over 42. spread across the country.754. & Prudential Plc. we have over 15 years of experience and are currently managing a comprehensive range of schemes of more than 46 Mutual funds and a wide range of PMS Products for our investors.
In a span of just over 12 years. and International Advisory Mandates for clients across international markets in asset classes like Debt. one of the United Kingdom’s largest players in the financial services sectors. 69.
As an Asset Management Company. is a joint venture between ICICI Bank.78 Crores. Equity and Real Estate with primary focus on risk adjusted returns. inclusive of EPFO*. This is in addition to our Portfolio Management Services. India’s second largest commercial bank & a well-known and trusted name in the financial services in India.
Our Average Assets under Management (AAUM) as on September 2010 month-end in Mutual Fund Schemes stood at Rs.ICICI Prudential Asset Management Company Ltd.
.000 channel partners. the company has forged a position of preeminence as one of the largest Asset Management Company’s in the country.
00 billion (US$ 81 billion) at 31st March. ICICI Bank offers a wide range of banking products and financial services to corporate and retail customers through a variety of delivery channels and through its specialized subsidiaries and affiliates in the areas of investment banking.ICICI Bank is India's second-largest bank with total assets of Rs. Singapore. South Africa. venture capital and asset management. Hong Kong. Sri Lanka. life and non-life insurance. Our UK subsidiary has established branches in Belgium and Germany.
.634. China. 40. Thailand. Malaysia and Indonesia. Russia and Canada. branches in United States. The Bank has a network of 2016 branches and about 5219 ATM’s in India and presence in 18 countries. Bahrain. ICICI Bank's equity shares are listed in India on Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and its American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). Bangladesh. 2010. 3. 2010 and profit after tax Rs.25 billion (US$ 896 million) for the year ended 31st March. Qatar and Dubai International Finance Centre and representative offices in United Arab Emirates. The Bank currently has subsidiaries in the United Kingdom.
Prudential Plc (formerly known as Prudential Corporation plc)
Prudential plc of the United Kingdom is not affiliated in any manner with Prudential Financial, Inc., a company whose principal place of business is in the United States of America.
Prudential plc is an international financial services group with significant operations in Asia, the US and the UK. They serve approximately, 25 million customers and have £290 billion in assets under management. They are among the leading capitalized insurers in the world with an Insurance Groups Directive (IGD) capital surplus estimated at £3.4 billion (as at 31 December 2009). The Group is structured around four main business units:
Prudential Corporation Asia (PCA)
PCA is a leading life insurer in Asia with presence in 12 markets and a top three position in seven key locations: Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam. PCA provides a comprehensive range of savings, protection and investment products that are specifically designed to meet the needs of customers in each of its loc al markets. PCA’s asset
management business in Asia has retail operations in 10 markets and it independently manages assets on behalf of a wide range of retail and institutional investors across the region.
Jackson National Life Insurance Company
Jackson is one of the largest life insurance companies in the US, providing retirement savings and income solutions to more than 2.8 million customers. It is also one of the top five providers of variable and fixed index annuities in the US. Founded nearly 50 years ago, Jackson has a long and successful record of providing effective retirement solutions for their clients.
Prudential UK & Europe (PUE)
PUE is a leading life and pension’s provider to approximately 7 million customers in the UK.It has a number of major competitive advantages including significant longevity experience, multi-asset investment capabilities, a strong investment track record, a highly respected brand and financial strength. PUE continues to focus on its core strengths including its annuities, pensions and investment products where it can maximize the advantage it has in offering with-profits and other multi-asset investment funds.
ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund offers a wide range of retail and corporate
investment solutions across different asset classes like Equity, Fixed Income, Real Estate and Gold. It has been voted as the ‘Most Trusted Mutual Fund Brand’ in by Brand Equity (in their 2009 Most Trusted Brand Survey (Conducted by The Economic Times Intelligence Group and The Nielsen Company).
Year after year, the Fund has been consistently winning many awards in the industry at the Fund House and Scheme Levels, the most recent ones being:
‘India Debt Fund House’ for 2009 by Morningstar
The CNBC TV18 - CRISIL Mutual Fund of the Year Award 2009 in the
Category – Debt Mutual Fund House of the Year The organization today is an ideal mix of investment expertise, resource bandwidth & process orientation and endeavors is to bridge the gap between
savings & investments, to help create long term wealth and value for investors through innovation, consistency and sustained risk adjusted performance. Advisory Services
The International Advisory Business Division of ICICI Prudential Asset Management spanning Company Ltd. advises East, offshore funds & in jurisdictions Singapore. Japan, Middle Taiwan
As on 30th June, 2010, we are advising a cumulative asset size of close to $2 Billion spanning Equity, Debt & Real Estate. Through the onshore presence and legacy of our parent company in India, we present the following benefits to offshore investors:
• • •
Excellent Onshore Investment Insights and Information. Extensive on the ground research capabilities. Deep knowledge of the reputation, vision and execution capabilities companies. An innate understanding of governance structures of corporate
As one of the largest Asset Management Companies in India, we have had a successful track record in serving domestic clients across the Institutional and Retail Investor space. We are very confident in our ability to enable International Investors to participate in the long-standing ‘India growth story’ and generate alpha over a medium to long term horizon.
Awards and Recognition
ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund has constantly been on the forefront of innovation and has introduced products aligned to meet customer needs leading to a well-diversified product portfolio. As acknowledgment of our efforts, we have received valued recognition from various organizations of international repute. Some of the prominent awards and recognition are : Lipper Fund Awards 2010 India
• • • •
ICICI Prudential Dynamic Plan - Growth; has won the Best Fund Award over 3 & 5 Years in the 'Mixed Asset INR Flexible' classification. ICICI Prudential Gilt Fund Investment Plan - PF Option - Growth; has won the Best Fund Award over 3 & 5 Years in the 'Bond Indian Rupee - Government' classification.
ICRA Mutual Fund Awards - 2010
• • • • •
ICICI Prudential Discovery Fund - Seven Star Fund - Gold Open Ended Equity Diversified Defensive - 1 year performance till December 31, 2009. ICICI Prudential Tax Plan - Seven Star Fund - Gold Open Ended Equity (Tax Planning) - 1 year performance till December 31, 2009. ICICI Prudential Gilt Fund Treasury Plan Fund - Seven Star Fund – Gold Open Ended Gilt’ - 3 years performance till December 31, 2009.
Liquid Fund of the Year
Morning Star Mutual Fund Awards .)
.“Debt Mutual Fund House of the Year” ICICI Prudential Target Returns Fund (There is no guarantee or assurance of returns) .PF Option .2009
• • •
India Debt Fund House Award .Gilt Fund of the Year ICICI Prudential Liquid Plan .2009 ICICI Prudential Tax Plan .
Thomson Reuters Extel Asia Survey 2009
ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund has received the prestigious recognition of being amongst the ‘Best Overall fund Management Firm-Asia’ (ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund is the only Indian Asset Management company to feature in the list of 25 Fund Management firms in Asia.CNBC-TV18 .Runner Up Award in the ELSS Category for a 1 yr period ending Dec 2009. gaining the 20th position in the Survey.Investment .Most Innovative Fund of the Year ICICI Prudential Gilt Fund .CRISIL Mutual Fund Awards 2009
• • • • • •
ICICI Prudential Mutual Fund .
In mid. its flagship and largest scheme US 64 was sold and re-purchased not at intrinsic NAV but at artificial price and its Assured Return Schemes had promised returns as high as 18% over a period going up to two decades. This was further compounded by two factors. The real vibrancy and competition in the MF industry came with the setting up of the Regulator SEBI and its laying down the MF Regulations in 1993.1980s public sector banks were allowed to open mutual funds. For more than two decades it remained the sole vehicle for investment in the capital market by the Indian citizens.
. namely.UTI maintained its pre-eminent place till 2001.UNIT TRUST OF INDIA MUTUAL FUND
'Unit Trust of India was created by the UTI Act passed by the Parliament in 1963. when a massive decline in the market indices and negative investor sentiments after Ketan Parekh scam created doubts about the capacity of UTI to meet its obligations to the investors.
In order to distance Government from running a mutual fund the ownership was transferred to four institutions. Once again UTI has emerged as a serious player in the industry. namely SBI. Ltd Sponsor:
• • • •
State Bank of India Bank of Baroda Punjab National Bank Life Insurance Corporation of India
.when the new share-holders actually paid the consideration money to Government its market share had come down to close to 10%. A new board was constituted and a new management inducted. Besides running domestic MF Schemes UTI AMC is also a registered portfolio manager under the SEBI (Portfolio Managers) Regulations. Systematic study of its problems role and functions was carried out with the help of a reputed international consultant. including the Best Infra Fund globally from Lipper. admired by all stakeholders. UTI has also launched a Private Equity Infrastructure Fund along with HSH Nord Bank of Germany and Shinsei Bank of Japan Vision: To be the most Preferred Mutual Fund. UTI has been able to benchmark its employee compensation to the best in the market. Some of the funds have won famous awards. BOB and PNB. each owning 25%. UTI lost its market dominance rapidly and by end of 2005. LIC. • The largest and most efficient money manager with global presence • The best in class customer service provider • The most preferred employer • The most innovative and best wealth creator • A socially responsible organisation known for best corporate governance Assets Under Management: UTI Asset Management Co. This company runs two successful funds with large international investors being active participants. Mission: • The most trusted brand.
Trustee: UTI Trustee Co.
. All the branches. Limited. responsive. restructured. UFCs and registrar offices are connected on a robust IT network to ensure cost-effective quick and efficient service. efficient and transparent entity. fully compliant with SEBI regulations. All these have evolved UTIMF to position as a dynamic.
UTIMF has consistently reset and upgraded transparency standards.
At least 90% of the funds will be invested in equity and equity related instruments.
UTI Transportation And Logistics Fund (Auto Sector Fund) (Open Ended Fund):
Investment Objective is “capital appreciation” through investments in stocks of the companies engaged in the transportation and logistics sector.oil and gas products & processing b) All types of Power generation companies. UTI Energy Fund (Open Ended Fund):
Investment will be made in stocks of those companies engaged in the following are:
a) Petro sector .
. or sale of transportation equipment and companies in the logistics sector. d) Companies manufacturing energy development equipment related ( like petro and
power ) e) Consultancy & Finance Companies
2. c) Companies related to storage of energy. manufacture. Atleast 80% of the funds will be invested in equity and equity related instruments of the companies principally engaged in providing transportation services. UTI Infrastructure Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund with the objective to provide Capital appreciation through investing in the stocks of the companies engaged in the sectors like Metals.
3. UTI Banking Sector Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund with the objective to provide capital appreciation through investments in the stocks of the companies/institutions engaged in the banking and financial services activities. companies principally engaged in the design. Upto 10% of the funds will be invested in cash/money market instruments. distribution.SCHEMES
A). EQUITY FUND 1.
formulations and healthcare products and services. telecom. entertainment. UTI Growth Sector Fund – Pharma (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended fund which exclusively invests in the equities of the Pharma & Healthcare sector companies. training.materials.
. chemicals. travel. It aims at enabling members to avail tax rebate under Section 80C of the IT Act and provide them with the benefits of growth.
8. One of the growth sectors funds aiming to invest in equity shares of companies belonging to information technology sector to provide returns to investors through capital growth as well as through regular income distribution
9. UTI Equity Tax Savings Plan (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund investing a minimum of 80% in equity and equity related instruments. UTI Growth Sector Fund – Services (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended fund which invests in the equities of the Services Sector companies of the country. insurance. oil and gas. education. One of the growth sector funds aiming to provide growth of capital over a period of time as well as to make income distribution by investing the funds in stocks of companies engaged in service sector such as banking. finance. UTI Master Equity Plan Unit Scheme (Close Ended Fund):
The scheme primarily aims at securing for the investors capital appreciation by investing the funds of the scheme in equity shares of companies with good growth prospects. etc. The fund will invest in the stocks of the companies which form part of Infrastructure Industries
5. engineering etc. hotels. UTI Growth Sector Fund – Software (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended fund which invests exclusively in the equities of the Software Sector companies. power.
7. This fund is one of the growth sector funds aiming to invest in companies engaged in business of manufacturing and marketing of bulk drug.
convertible & nonconvertible debentures and other capital and money market instruments with a provision to invest upto 50% of its corpus in PSU's equities and equity related products. UTI Mastershare Unit Scheme (Open Ended Fund):
An Open-end equity fund aiming to provide benefit of capital appreciation and income distribution through investment in equity. convertible debentures.10. UTI Mid Cap Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund with the objective to provide 'Capital appreciation' by investing primarily in mid cap stocks.
11. UTI Master Value Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund investing in stocks which are currently undervalued to their future earning potential and carry medium risk profile to provide 'Capital Appreciation'. The fund aims to provide unit holders capital appreciation & income distribution.
UTI Master Plus Unit Scheme (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund with an objective of long-term capital appreciation through investments in equities and equity related instruments.
14. UTI Equity Fund (Open Ended Fund):
UTI Equity Fund is open-ended equity scheme with an objective of investing at least 80% of its funds in equity and equity related instrument with medium to high risk profile and upto 20% in debt and money market instruments with low to medium risk profile. UTI Top 100 Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund for investment in equity shares. derivatives in India and also in overseas markets.
17. UTI MNC Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended equity fund with the objective to invest predominantly in the equity shares of multinational companies in diverse sectors such as FMCG.
18. Pharmaceutical. UTI Opportunities Fund (Open Ended Fund):
This scheme seeks to generate capital appreciation and/or income distribution by investing the funds of the scheme in equity shares and equity-related instruments. Engineering etc. UTI Contra Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open ended equity scheme with the objective to provide long term capital appreciation/dividend distribution through investments in listed equities & equity related instruments.
19. The fund offers an opportunity to benefit from the impact of non. The focus of the scheme is to capitalise on opportunities arising in the market by responding to the dynamically changing Indian economy by moving its investments amongst different sectors as prevailing trends change. UTI Leadership Equity Fund (Open Ended Fund):
This scheme seeks to generate capital appreciation and / or income distribution by investing the funds in stocks that are "Leaders" in their respective industries / sectors / subsector.rational investors' behaviour by focussing on stocks that are currently undervalued because of emotional & behavioural patterns present in the stock market.
UTI Dividend Yield Fund (Open Ended Fund):
It aims to provide medium to long term capital gains and/or dividend distribution by investing predominantly in equity and equity related instruments which offer high dividend yield.
Indian Lifestyle and rising consumption pattern. there can be no assurance that the investment objective of the scheme will be achieved. UTI Master Index Fund (Open Ended Fund):
in securities of companies comprising the BSE sensex in the same weightage as these companies have in BSE sensex.
24.Series I (Close Ended Fund):
The investment objective of the scheme is to provide medium to long term capital appreciation along with income tax benefit. UTI SPREAD Fund (Open Ended Fund):
The investment objective of the scheme is to provide capital appreciation and dividend distribution through arbitrage opportunities arising out of price differences between the cash and derivative market by investing predominantly in equity & equity related securities. The fund strives to minimise performance difference with the sensex by keeping the tracking error to the minimum.
22. UTI Wealth Builder Fund (Close Ended Fund):
The objective of the scheme is to achieve long term capital appreciation by investing predominantly in a diversified portfolio of equity and equity related instruments.
A). derivatives and the balance portion in debt securities.
23.21. UTI Long Term Advantage Fund . However. However. there can be no assurance that the investment objective of the scheme will be realised. UTI India Lifestyle Fund (Close Ended Fund):
The investment objective of the scheme is to provide long term Capital appreciation and / or income distribution from a diversified portfolio of equity and equity related instruments of companies that are expected to benefit from changing Indian demographics.
UTI MIF is an open-ended passive fund with the primary investment objective to invest
closely correspond to the performance and yield of the basket of securities underlying the S & P CNX Nifty Index. There can be no assurance or guarantee that the investment objective of UTI-Gold ETF will be achieved. UTI Gold Exchange Traded Fund (Open Ended Fund):
To endeavour to provide returns that. UTI Sunder (Open Ended Fund):
To provide investment returns that. before expenses. Maximum 100% Equity : Minimum 0%. UTI Mahila Unit Scheme (Open Ended Fund):
instruments with a view to generate reasonable income with moderate capital appreciation.
C). The asset allocation will be Debt : Minimum 70%.
UTI VIS-ILP is an open ended scheme with the objective of providing the investors with
UTI Variable Investment Scheme:
a product that would enable them to diversify their risks through a suitable allocation between debt and equity asset classes and thereby generate superior risk-adjusted returns through a dynamic asset allocation process. before expenses. Maximum 30%.
To invest in a portfolio of equity/equity related securities and debt and money market
1. UTI Balanced Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended balanced fund investing between 40% to 75% in equity /equity related securities and the balance in debt (fixed income securities) with a view to generate regular income together with capital appreciation.2.
. closely track the performance and yield of Gold. However the performance of the scheme may differ from that of the underlying asset due to racking error.
UTI CCP (Children Career Plan) Advantage Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open ended balanced fund with 70-100% investment in Equity. in the form of periodical cash flow upto the extent of repurchase value of their holding through a systematic withdrawal plan. The scheme is catering to the Investment needs of Charitable. UTI Retirement Benefit Pension Fund (Open Ended Fund):
The objective of the scheme is to provide pension to investors particularly selfemployed persons after they attain the age of 58 years. Religious and Educational Trusts as well as Registered societies with the goal of providing regular income. which invests in rated corporate debt papers and government securities with relatively low risk and easy liquidity.
4. UTI Bond Fund (Open Ended Fund):
. the cost of other social obligations. practice or business or enabling them to set up a home or finance.
UTI Charitable. a means to receive scholarship to meet the cost of higher education / or help them in setting up a profession.
E). Investment can be made in the name of the children upto the age of 15 years so as to provide them.3. Religious Trust And Registered Society (Open Ended Fund):
Open-ended debt oriented Income scheme with an objective of investing not more than 30% of the funds in equity related instruments and the balance in debt and money market instruments with low to medium risk profile.
INCOME FUND (DEBT FUND)
Open-end 100% pure debt fund. UTI Unit Link Insurance Plan (Open Ended Fund):
To provide return through growth in the NAV or through dividend distribution and reinvestment thereof
5. after they attain the age of 18 years.
2. UTI G-SEC STP (Open Ended Fund):
An open-end Gilt-Fund with the objective to invest only in Central Government securities including call money. treasury bills and repos of varying maturities with a view to generate credit risk free return with a stated objective of maintaining the average maturity of the portfolio at less than 3 years. UTI Gilt Advantage Fund STP (Open Ended Fund):
To generate credit risk-free return through investment in sovereign securities issued the Central and / or a State Government. UTI Floating Rate Fund STP (Open Ended Fund):
To generate regular income through investment in a portfolio comprising substantially of floating rate debt / money market instruments and fixed rate debt / money market instruments.
4. UTI Gilt Advantage Fund LTP(Open Ended Fund):
To generate credit risk-free return through investments in sovereign securities issued the Central and / or a State Government. treasury bills and repos of varying maturities with a view to generatie credit risk free return.
7. UTI Treasury Advantage Fund (Open Ended Fund):
It aims to generate attractive returns consistent with capital preservation and liquidity
3. While selecting the maturity profile of the investment in government securities the need for maximisation of the returns and meeting of the liquidity requirements of the scheme is kept in view. UTI G-Sec-Investment Plan (Open Ended Fund):
An open-end Gilt-Fund with the objective to Invests only in Central government securities including call money.
10. UTI Liquid Cash Plan (Open Ended Fund):
2.UTI Capital Protection Oriented Scheme (Open Ended Fund):
The investment objective of the scheme is to endeavour to protect the capital by investing in high quality fixed income securities as the primary objective and generate capital appreciation by investing in equity and equity related instruments as secondary objective.
11. UTI Mis Advantage Plan (Open Ended Fund):
Endeavours to make periodic income distribution to unitholders through investments in fixed income securities and equity & equity related instruments. periodically.
LIQUID FUND (DEBT FUND):
The scheme seeks to generate steady & reasonable income with low risk & high level of liquidity from a portfolio of money market securities & high quality debt.
9. UTI Money Market Fund (Open Ended Fund):
An open-ended pure debt liquid plan seeking to provide highest possible current income by investing in a diversified portfolio of short-term money market securities.
F). UTI Monthly Income Scheme (Open Ended Fund):
This is an open-end debt oriented scheme with no assured returns.8. The scheme aims at distributing income.
.UTI Short Term Income Fund (Open Ended Fund):
The Scheme seeks to generate steady & reasonable income with low risk & high level of liquidity from a portfolio of money market securities & high quality debt. if any.
TelecomServices. Finance. UTI Opportunity Fund.
Type of fund offered
Numbers of schemes offered Distribution
ICICI Diversified Fund. Media & Entertainment. Telecom. Transportation etc UTI Dividend yield Fund. Auto Ancillaries. Balanced Fund. •
Online and internet based distribution. Textile. Construction Project. Debt Fund (Income. Registered with SEBI as trust under Indian Trusts Act. UTI Bank Pan card Bank Recruitment ULIP
Is any other venture?
• • • • • •
• • • •
Main Funds. number one company in India. Life Insurance General Insurance Broking & Distribution Consumer Finance Private Equity Assets Reconstruction.
Tie-up with Post offices branches.1000 Equity Financial Service: 16-22% Energy: 12-18% Consumer goods: 08-14% invest in 7-15 sectors which include: IT. 106 schemes •
UTI MUTUAL FUND
Established in 1964. Currently. UTI outlets and branches. Industrial Capital Goods. Metals etc
How they came into business Minimum investment. Equity Fund. First mutual fund company in India By the UTI Act passed by the Parliament in 1963. Cement Products. Retailing. ICICI outlets and branches. Asset Fund. Hotels. Liquid) 107 schemes. ICICI Regular Saving Funds Equity Fund. Rs. 1000 Equity Bank: 8-15% Software: 8-19% Petroleum Products: 4-8% Pharmaceuticals: 6-10% invest in 12-20 sectors which include: Auto . Derivatives.ICICI MUTUAL FUND
When Started? Established in 1995. Sector Specific Fund and Gold Exchange Traded Fund. Debt Fund. Automobile. Power. 1882 Rs. Investment. ICICI Equity Opportunity Fund. Index Fund.
. Prospectus and Annual report are hard to understand. Spreading risk over a larger quantity of stock whereas the investor has limited to buy only a hand full of stocks.
However there are some disadvantages with mutual funds such as: • • • • • • • The investor must rely on the integrity of the professional fund manager.
There may be restrictions on when and how an investor sells/redeems his mutual fund shares.Chapter: 5
MUTUAL FUNDS VS. Fund manager are able to buy securities in large quantities thus reducing brokerage fees. Ability to add funds at set amounts and smaller quantities such as $100 per month Ability to take advantage of the stock market which has generally outperformed other investment in the long run. The fund manager may not pass transaction savings to the investor. Fund management fees may be unreasonable for the services rendered. OTHER INVESTMENTS
From investors’ viewpoint mutual funds have several advantages such as: • • • • • Professional management and research to select quality securities. The fund manager is not liable for poor judgment when the investor's fund loses value. Investor may feel a lost of control of his investment dollars. There may be too many transactions in the fund resulting in higher fee/cost to the investor . The investor is not putting all his eggs in one basket.This is sometimes call "Churn and Earn".
Company Fixed Deposits versus Mutual Funds
Fixed deposits are unsecured borrowings by the company accepting the deposit. there can be no certainty of yield. Both fixed deposits and mutual funds offer liquidity. if the investment is in a serial gilt scheme. In mutual funds. the value at which units of a scheme are redeemed depends on the market. and the avenues where these resources are deployed. A corollary of such linkage between mobilisation and investment is that the gains and losses from the mutual fund scheme entirely flow through to the investors. If securities have gained in value during the period. On the other hand.) If the NAV has appreciated adequately. the liquidity provider is the scheme itself (for open-end schemes) or the market (in the case of closed-end schemes). there is no such direct correlation between a company’s fixed deposit mobilisation. The moneys of investors in a mutual fund scheme are invested by the AMC in specific investments under that scheme. Early encashment of fixed deposits is always subject to a penalty charged by the company that accepted the fixed deposit. then even after the exit load. Credit rating of the fixed deposit program is an indication of the inherent default risk in the investment. higher than what he anticipated when he invested. but subject to some differences: The provider of liquidity in the case of fixed deposits is the borrowing company. the return under a fixed deposit is certain. Therefore. unless a named guarantor assures a return or. to a lesser extent. the investor could earn a capital gain on his investment. Mutual fund schemes also have the option of charging a penalty on “early” redemption of units (through by way of an ‘exit load’. The basic value at which fixed deposits are encashed is not subject to a market risk. These investments are held and managed in-trust for the benefit of scheme’s investors. But he could also end up with a loss. However. subject only to the default risk of the borrower. On the other hand. then the investor can even earn a return that is
so long as the bank has paid the required insurance premium of 5 paise per annum for every Rs 100 of deposits. the government as well as Reserve Bank of India (RBI) try to ensure that banks do not fail. 9th & 12th. Needed.000 is for all the deposits in all the branches of a bank. 3rd. bank deposits too are subject to default risk. Guarantor is needed. Risk Investment options Network Liquidity Quality of assets Interest calculation Guarantor Account Low High Low Less High penetration At a cost Not transparent Quarterly i.e.
.000 are protected by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC). 6th. Not Needed.
MUTUAL FUNDS Better Low Moderate More Low but improving Better Transparent Every Month Guarantor is not needed. held by the depositor in the same capacity and right. given the political and economic impact of bank defaults.
BANKS Returns Administrative exp. The major difference is that banks are generally more stringently regulated than companies. The monetary ceiling of Rs 100. bank deposits upto Rs 100. They even operate under stricter requirements regarding Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR) and Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR). While the above are causes for comfort. However. Further.Bank Fixed Deposits verses Mutual Fund:
Bank fixed deposits are similar to company fixed deposits.
It is possible for a professional investor to earn attractive returns by directly investing in the debt market. it is difficult for most investors to actively manage their debt portfolio.Bonds and Debentures versus Mutual Funds
As in the case of fixed deposits. The
investor could have a capital gain or a capital loss. investment in a debt scheme would be beneficial. at times. In
this respect. bonds and debentures are transferable securities. The investments of a mutual fund scheme are held by a custodian for the benefit of investors in the scheme. This aspect is similar to a MF scheme. In this respect. Thus. An unsecured bond / debenture is for all practical purposes like a fixed deposit. as far as access to assets is concerned. Further. credit rating of the bond / debenture is an indication of the inherent default risk in the investment. and actively managing the positions. In such a case. However. an open-end scheme offering continuous sale / re-purchase option is superior.
. then the liquidity remains on paper. the identified assets become available for meeting redemption requirements. unlike FD. it is difficult to execute trades in the debt market even when the transaction size is as high as Rs 1 crore.
• The value that the investor would realise in an early exit is subject to market risk. Given the market realities in India. the securities that relate to a scheme are ring-fenced for the benefit of its investors. generally liquidity is through a listing in the market. Implications of this are:
• If the security does not get traded in the market. if there is a default. Debt securities could be backed by a hypothecation or mortgage of identified fixed and / or current assets (secured bonds / debentures). While an investor may have an early encashment option from the issuer (for instance through a “put” option).
although with the $10 trade becoming common. Smaller sized purchases of stocks will have relatively high commissions on a percentage basis. you can set up an automatic investment plan with many fund companies that lets you put in as little as $50 per month. this is a bit less of a concern than it once was. because a mutual fund may own tens or hundreds of different securities. because the scheme has to realise its investments to pay investors. • Small sums of money get you much further in mutual funds than in stocks. the fund's various expenses like commissions are already taken out of the NAV). Second. But investment in an open-end mutual fund eliminates this direct risk of not being able to sell the investment in the market.000 in an index fund. an investor can take an exposure to the index by investing a mere Rs 5. • You can exit a fund without getting caught on the bid/ask spread. This diversification helps reduce the risk of loss because even if any one holding tanks. when you buy a fund you're in essence hiring a professional to manage your money for you. • Funds provide a cheap and easy method for reinvesting dividends. An indirect risk remains.
. That professional is (presumably) monitoring the economy and the markets to adjust the fund's holdings appropriately. the commissions for stock purchases will be higher than the cost of buying no-load fund (Of course. you can't get much diversity unless you have $10K or so. An investor holding an equity security that is not traded in the market place has a problem in realising value from it. The AMC is however in a better position to handle the situation Another benefit of equity mutual fund schemes is that they give investors the benefit of portfolio diversification through a small investment. Advantages Of Mutual Funds Over Stocks? • A mutual fund offers a great deal of diversification starting with the very first dollar invested. the overall value doesn't drop by much. • Last but most certainly not least. First. For instance. If you're buying individual stocks.Equity versus Mutual Funds
Investment in both equity and mutual funds are subject to market risk.
in general. If a mutual fund owns 50 stocks and one doubles. • You can take your profits when you want to and won't inadvertently buy a tax liability. On the other hand.) • The argument is offered that the funds have a "herd" mentality and they all end up owning the same stocks. Cuts both ways. (Although with the current universe of funds I'm not certain what could possibly be missing out there!) • You can buy smaller cap stocks which aren't suitable for mutual funds to invest in.
. it is up 2%. You may be able to pick stocks better. if you own just one stock and it drops in half. you are down 50% but the mutual fund is down 1%. (See the article on options on stocks for more details. See the article elsewhere in this FAQ for more details. • If you hold your stocks several years. you are up 100%. (This refers to the common practice among funds of distributing capital gains around November or December of each year.Advantages Of Stock Over Mutual Funds? • The opposite of the diversification issue: If you own just one stock and it doubles. (You cannot. you aren't nicked a 1% or so management fee every year (although some brokerage firms charge if there aren't enough trades). • You have a potential profit opportunity by shorting stocks. short mutual funds.) • You can structure your portfolio differently from any existing mutual fund portfolio.) • You can do a covered write option strategy.
life insurance products have offered a return that is higher than a comparable “safe” fixed return security – thus. Occasionally on account of market inefficiencies or mis-pricing of products in India. it would be wrong to compare life insurance against any other financial product.Life Insurance versus Mutual Fund
Life insurance is a hedge against risk – and not really an investment option. Such opportunities are not
. So. you are effectively paid for getting insured! sustainable in the long run.
000 crore. Our saving rate is over 23%. It has been estimated that by March-end of 2010. Looking at the past developments and combining it with the current trends it can be
• • • •
concluded that the future of Mutual Funds in India has lot of positive things to offer to its investors. the mutual fund industry of India will reach Rs 40. Number of foreign AMC's are in the queue to enter the Indian markets like Fidelity Investments. 'B' and 'C' class cities are growing rapidly. SEBI allowing the MF's to launch commodity mutual funds. Mutual fund can penetrate rurals like the Indian insurance industry with simple and limited products. Trying to curb the late trading practices. highest in the world. We have approximately 29 mutual funds which is much less than US having more than 800.4%. Soon they will find scope in the growing cities.90. Only channelizing these savings in mutual funds sector is required.FUTURE PROSPECT OF MUTUAL FUNDS IN INDIA
Financial experts believe that the future of Mutual Funds in India will be very bright. US based. There is a big scope for expansion.
100% growth in the last 6 years. Introduction of Financial Planners who can provide need based advice.
. In the coming 10 years the annual composite growth rate is expected to go up by 13. with over US$1trillion assets under management worldwide. Today most of the mutual funds are concentrating on the 'A' class cities. Emphasis on better corporate governance. taking into account the total assets of the Indian commercial banks.
Sale price is the price you pay when you invest in a scheme. The per unit NAV is the net asset value of the scheme divided by the number of units outstanding on the Valuation Date. Such prices are NAV related. It may include a sales load. Also called Offer Price.
It is the price at which open-ended schemes repurchase their units and close-ended schemes redeem their units on maturity.
Repurchase or ‘Back-end’ Load
It is a charge collected by a scheme when it buys back the units from the unit holders. Schemes that do not charge a load are called ‘No Load’ schemes. Also called as ‘Front-end’ load.MF JARGON
Net Asset Value (NAV)
Net Asset Value is the market value of the assets of the scheme minus its liabilities.
Is the price at which a close-ended scheme repurchases its units and it may include a back-end load.
It is a charge collected by a scheme when it sells the units. This is also called Bid Price.
As the investor always try to maximize the returns and minimize the risk. more funds being under mutual fund management than deposited with banks. This has also instilled greater confidence among fund investors who are investing more into the market through the MF route than ever before. The stock market has been rising for over three years now. Risk takers for getting capital appreciation should invest in growth. still controls nearly 80 per cent of the market. equity schemes.
. India's largest mutual fund. even a triple digit growth is possible over the next few years. The fund industry has already overtaken the banking industry. the mutual fund industry as a whole gets less than 2 per cent of household savings against the 46 per cent that go into bank deposits. This in turn has not only protected the money invested in funds but has also to helped grow these investments. "If mutual funds succeed in chipping away at bank deposits. Investors who are in need of regular income should invest in income plans. investors need a financial intermediary who provides the required knowledge and professional expertise on successful investing.CONCLUSION
Mutual Funds now represent perhaps most appropriate investment opportunity for most investors. Some fund managers say this only indicates the sector's potential. Also. With the emergence of tough competition in this sector mutual funds are launching a variety of schemes which caters to the requirement of the particular class of investors. UTI. As financial markets become more sophisticated and complex. Reliance India mutual funds provide major benefits to a common man who wants to make his life better than previous. Mutual fund satisfies these requirements by providing attractive returns with affordable risks.
yahoo.reliancemutual.com www.com www.utimf.com www.altavista.com SEARCH ENGINE: www.com www.com
REFERENCE BOOK: FINANCIAL MARKET AND SERVICES -Gordon and Natarajan WEBSITE: www.google.amfiindia.