D A T A

B U L L E T I N

P.i. Performance Improver Concentrate
AMSOIL P.i. improved fuel economy by reducing port fuel injector deposits, intake valve deposits and combustion chamber deposits in 100% of the vehicles tested.
Untreated Fuel Leads to Poor Engine Performance
A vehicle demonstrates its best efficiency and engine performance when it is new. As the engine ages, its performance suffers from gasoline-generated deposits that form on the fuel injectors, intake valves and combustion chamber. Additives are required to control deposit formation. Today’s fuels, however, lack sufficient treatments of either enough additives or highquality additives. Fuel system deposits result in the following: • Lost fuel economy • Lost power and poor throttle response • Failed emission tests • Poor drivability – surging, hesitation, stalling, rough idle • Engine knocking (pinging) and rap • Difficult starts

Maximum Deposit Clean-up
Port Fuel Injector Deposits form after the engine has been shut down and there is no gasoline flowing through the injectors. During this “hot soak” period the injectors heat up and the gasoline remaining in the injectors degrades and forms deposits. This can happen very quickly with the use of poorquality gasoline and short-trip driving. Because the clearances within the injectors are extremely tight and injectors must deliver precise amounts of atomized fuel, even small amounts of deposits can cause injectors to malfunction. Fuel flow is reduced and spray patterns are disrupted, decreasing engine efficiency, power and fuel economy, while increasing exhaust emissions.
Test Method: CARB

105 PASS 95
% Flow

85
Build-up Clean-up with P.i.

Treated Fuel Delivers Maximum Performance
AMSOIL P.i. ranks among the most potent gasoline additives available today. As a concentrated detergent, it is outstanding in cleaning combustion chamber deposits, intake valve deposits and port fuel injector deposits. AMSOIL P.i. helps maintain peak engine efficiency, fuel economy, power and drivability in newer low-mileage engines. In engines with accumulated deposits, testing showed AMSOIL P.i. provided the following clean-up benefits after only one tank of gasoline: • Improved fuel mileage an average of 2.3% and up to 5.7% • Reduced emissions – hydrocarbons (HC) up to 15% – carbon monoxide (CO) up to 26% – nitrous oxides (NOx) up to 17% • Restored power and performance • Reduced need for costly higher-octane fuel • Reduced noise from carbon rap and pre-ignition • Better drivability • Smoother operation AMSOIL P.i. works as an “emissions passer.” It is ideal for use prior to emissions inspections.

75 1000
Total Test Miles

2000

3000

Two of the four dirty injectors tested were fouled >15% and another was fouled >10%. After one tank of operation on AMSOIL P.i., all injectors returned to >95% flow.

Injector spray pattern before P.i. treatment.

Injector spray pattern after P.i. treatment.

Intake Valve Deposits form on the intake side or back side of the valves. As deposits increase, they restrict airflow and alter airflow patterns in the cylinder. The deposits disrupt the balanced air/fuel ratio by momentarily absorbing and releasing fuel, and they can cause valve sticking by getting in the way of the valve stem and guide. Deposits also restrict proper seating, and the valves may be burned. Intake valve deposits cause lost engine power, increased emissions, poor engine efficiency and potential valve failure.

Intake valve before P.i. treatment.

Intake valve after P.i. treatment.

Piston before P.i. treatment.

Piston after P.i. treatment.

Intake Valve Deposits (mg/valve)

Test Method: Motored Dyno D5500 Type Road Simulation Cycle

600 400 200

75% Cleanup

53% Cleanup 414

36% Cleanup

98% Cleanup

91% Cleanup

76% Cleanup

70% Cleanup

Combustion chamber before P.i. treatment.

Combustion chamber after P.i. treatment.

193 58

212 135 48
1 1. 999 8L T C oy or ot ol a la

249 115 61 1
19 2. 99 2L T C oyo am ta ry

G 199 ra 7 nd J C eep he 4 ro .0 ke L e 19 98 Fo Ex rd pl 4.0 or L er

1 2. 997 2L H Ac on co da rd

AMSOIL P.i. averaged 72% intake valve deposit cleanup across a wide range of engine types and sizes, with two cars cleaning up greater than 90%.

19

99 3. Old 1L s C mo ut bi la le ss 20 0 4. 2 C 6L a D dil ev la ille c

0

12

5

59

34

audible knock is controlled, power is lost from retarded timing. Higher octane fuels of 4-5 octane numbers can be used to help prevent knock, an effect called “octane requirement increase.” As a vehicle ages, more-expensive, higher-octane fuel is needed to keep it operating at peak performance. By cleaning combustion chamber deposits, knock is controlled, power is restored, fuel economy increases and higher-octane fuels are less necessary for peak performance.

US06 Fuel Economy (mpg)

25.8

23.9

26.8

24.4

22.6

22.9

18.1

16.7

16.5

22.8

1 2. 997 2L H Ac on co da rd

G 199 ra 7 nd J C eep he 4 ro .0 ke L e 19 98 Fo Ex rd pl 4.0 or L er

1 1. 999 8L T C oy or ot ol a la

15 12 9 6 3 0

5.7 3.6 2.8 2.6 3.9 2.4 2.2 4.9 2.9 1.8 3.1 1.8 0.8 4.8 1.9 0.8

5.5

AMSOIL P.i. provided an average fuel efficiency increase of 2.3%, with one car showing improved fuel efficiency of 5.7%.

2.5 6.9 3.9 1.7 2.4 1.6 2.5 1.8 6.7 4.1 1.4

RECOMMENDATIONS
Treat one full tank of gas up to 20 gallons with one bottle of P.i. For very large gas tanks, partially fill to 40 gallons and treat with two bottles of P.i. Using more than two bottles per treatment is not recommended. Treat gas every 4,000 miles of service (or 100 hours for marine, stationary and off-road gasoline-powered engines). P.i. helps pass emission tests by running one tank of treated fuel through the engine prior to testing. Safe for use with catalytic converters, oxygen sensors, oxygenated gas and 10 percent ethanol blended gas. Not recommended for twocycle engines. DANGER: Combustible. Harmful or fatal if swallowed. Harmful if inhaled. Skin and eye irritant. Read precautions on container before use.

G 199 ra 7 nd J C eep he 4 ro .0 ke L e

1 1. 999 8L T C oy or ot ol a la

1 2. 997 2L H Ac on co da rd

Fo Ex rd pl 4.0 or L er

19 2. 99 2L T C oyo am ta ry

AMSOIL P.i. averaged 46% combustion chamber deposit cleanup across a wide range of engine types and sizes, with four cars cleaning up greater than 50%.

Higher compression and stored heat cause increased intake fresh charge temperatures and the increased likelihood of pre-ignition “knock” or “pinging” when the fuel spontaneously combusts prior to spark ignition. This increases emissions and may cause engine damage. Many of today’s cars have “knock” sensors that adjust spark timing to prevent knock. Although

Contact your AMSOIL Dealer for more information on AMSOIL products or to place an order. You may also order direct by calling AMSOIL INC. at 1-800-956-5695 and providing the referral number listed here.
Referral #_________________________________

AMSOIL INC., 925 Tower Ave., Superior, WI 54880 • 715-392-7101 • Printed in U.S.A.

19 99 3. Old 1L s C mo ut bi la le ss 20 0 4. 2 C 6L a D dil ev la ille c

19 98

19

25% Cleanup

40% Cleanup

51% Cleanup

63% Cleanup

56% Cleanup

30% Cleanup

55% Cleanup

© 2010, AMSOIL INC. All rights reserved. The AMSOIL logo is a registered trademark of AMSOIL INC.

99 3. Old 1L s C mo ut bi la le ss 20 02 4. C 6L a D dil ev la ille c

19 2. 99 2L T C oyo am ta ry

Test Method: Motored Dyno D5500 Type Road Simulation Cycle

24.1

16.8

16.7

G1135 11/10

18.3

Combustion Chamber Deposits form on the top of the pistons and on the cylinder heads. They increase compression and absorb heat during combustion to later release it during the intake cycle. In some engines with tight squish domes, combustion chamber deposits cause the piston to actually hit the cylinder head. This is referred to as combustion chamber deposit interference or “carbon rap.” Combustion chamber deposits also flake off as they get large, and these flakes can get trapped between the valves and valve seat, resulting in compression loss, difficult starting and rough idle.

Maximum Fuel Economy
AMSOIL P.i. maximizes fuel efficiency by dissolving and removing fuel system deposits and other contaminants for improved power and overall performance.
Test Method: Motored Dyno D5500 Type Road Simulation Cycle

35 30 25 20 15 10

5.7% Increase

0.7% Increase

1.2% Increase

3.7% Increase

2.1% Increase

1.6% Increase

1.1% Increase

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