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Probability/Permutation and Combination 1. In a probability experiment, three containers have the following contents: A white jar contains 2 white dice and 3 black dice. A white box contains 5 red balls and 3 green balls. A black box contains 4 red balls and 3 green balls. One die is taken at random from the jar. If the die is white, two balls are taken from the white box, at random and without replacement. If the die is black, two balls are taken from the black box, at random and without replacement. Events W and M are defined as follows. W: A white die is taken from the jar. M: One red ball and one green ball are obtained.
15 . 28 Find, giving each of your answers as an exact fraction in its lowest terms, (i) P(M ∩ W), (ii) P(W|M), (iii) P (W ∪ M).

Show that P(M|W)=

All the dice and balls are now replaced in a single container, and four objects are taken at random, each object being replaced before the next one is taken. Find the probability that one object of each colour is obtained.

2. Given that P(A|B)=0.75, P(A|B’)=0.2 and P(B)=0.4, find (i) P(A) (ii) P(B’|A’), where A’ and B’ denotes the complement of A and B respectively. 3. A player throws three darts at a target. The probability that he successful in hitting 1 the target with his first throw is . For each of his second and third throws, the 8 probability of success is • twice the probability of success on the preceding throw if that throw was successful, • the same as the probability of success on the preceding throw if that throw was unsuccessful. Construct a probability tree showing this information. Find (i) the probability that all three throws are successful, (ii) the probability that at least two throws are successful, (iii) the probability that the third throw is successful given that exactly two of the three throws are successful. 4. In how many ways can a committee of 3 men and 3 woman be chosen from a group of 7 men and 6 women? The oldest of the 7 men is A and the oldest of the 6 women is B. It is decided that

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the committee can include at most one of A and B. In how many ways can the committee be chosen? 5. Eleven cards each bear a single letter, and together they can be made to spell the word “ EXAMINATION”. Three cards are selected from the eleven cards, and the order of selection is not important. Find how many possible selections can be made (a) if the three cards all bear different letters, (b) if two of the three cards bear the same letter. 6. 3 men, 2 women and 2 children are arranged to sit around a round table. Find the number of ways if (a) the 3 men are to be together, (b) no two men are adjacent to each other, (c) only 2 men are adjacent to each other.

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