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THE PLANNING FOR O P E N S PA C E S A N D G R E E N A R E A S FOR KUALA LUMPUR

28th JUNE 2010 SERI PACIFIC HOTEL, KUALA LUMPUR

DRAFT KL CITY PLAN 2020

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DBKL DBKL APUDG

Content
01 Public Feedback for the Draft KL City Plan 02 Definitions of Open Spaces and Green Areas 03 Proposed Strategies and Actions to Achieve More p g
Open Spaces

04 Strategy for Greening the City

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DBKL APUDG

About Kuala Lumpur


Land Area:
24,221.05 hectares 242.10 sq.km.

Total No. of Lots


Over 180,000 lots

Population
Population 2005

1.6 million
Population 2010

1.9 million*[estimated]
Population 2020

2.2 million ** projected

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DBKL APUDG

Feedback from Public on Open Space


Draft KL CITY PLAN 2020

FEEDBACK ON OPEN SPACES in Draft KL City Plan


Publicity for 3 months (15 May to 31 August 2008) )

Group

Individual I di id l

7224
Feedback
(13%)
(Total Number of Group Objection: 58,878)

150
Feedback (2%)
(Total Number of

Individual Objection: 8,346)

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DBKL APUDG

Feedback from Public


Draft KL CITY PLAN 2020 Not enough open spaces and green areas in Kuala Lumpur Proposed Open Space has not been coordinate with the KLSP2020 and national policies for open space (eg DPN) Some of the public open spaces proposed and earmarked are on private land Some existing open spaces not earmarked in the draft plan Some of the areas reserved as open spaces in the Development Order (DO) approval have not been taken into account in the draft plan

DBKL is currently undertaking the following actions in the amendment process d 1. Review and strengthen definition of open spaces and green areas 2. Rectify database and information i f ti 3. Consult relevant stakeholders (other government agencies and public) 4. Strengthen proposed S e g e p oposed solutions and action for larger open space 5. Identify measures and actions to green the city
APUDG

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DBKL

Open Space and Green Area


What is the different?
Open spaces & Recreational areas

OPEN SPACE:
Public Garden Parks Sports & Recreation Ground Public Place Cemeteries Nurseries

River Corridor
GREEN AREA Forest reserves
Utility and Infrastructure corridors (Transmission Line, Retention Pond, Road, Rail)

Residential compounds

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DBKL APUDG

Definitions of Open Spaces and Green Areas


Open spaces and green areas

have been defined in several documents which


form b i f d fi i i of f basis for definition f open spaces and green areas in the Draft Local Plan.

National Urbanization Policies (NUP) Town and Country Planning Act 1976 Act g 172 Federal Territory (Pl F d l T it (Planning i ) Act 1982 Act 267 Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan (KLSP)
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Definitions of Open Spaces and Green Areas


From National Urbanisation Policy D fi i i in the NUP Definition i h
N AT I O N A L U R B A N I S AT I O N POLICY (NUP)
Open space p public use or benefit f gardens, children playground, playfield, sports g p ground, , floral garden landscaped and planned area Green Area forest reserve, prime agriculture area (PAA) environmentally sensitive area (ESA), open space p p playground.

Open space
Specifically for public use or benefit. In p y p general, it refers to land or space allocated as an area for relaxation / picnic and recreation. It includes gardens, children

playground, playfield, sports ground, floral garden as well as


landscaped and planned area.

Green Area
This area encompasses forest

reserve, reserve prime agriculture area (PAA) and environmentally sensitive area (ESA Level 1 and 2), open space and playground. l d
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DBKL APUDG

Definitions of Open Spaces and Green Areas


From Planning Acts
OPEN SPACE Public garden Park Sport & recreation ground Pleasure ground or walk lk Public place *The Acts do not define Green Areas

Federal Territory (Planning ) Act 1982 Act 267

Town and Country Planning Act 1976 Act 172

Definition in the Acts open space means any land whether enclosed or not which is laid out or reserved for laying out wholly or partly as a public garden, park, sports and recreation ground, pleasure d k i d l ground, walk or as a public place;
DBKL APUDG

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Definitions of Open Spaces and Green Areas


From Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan D fi i i i KL S Definition in Structure Pl Plan
KUALA LUMPUR STRUCTURE PLAN

Open space Consists of city park, district park,

City Park (>50 Hect) District Park Serve for 200,000 people 200 000 (50>x>25hect) Neighborhood Park (25>x>5hect) Local Park (5>x>1hect) Local Play Area (1>x)
Serve for 50,000 people

neighbourhood park, local park and local play area. Some of these areas may have water bodies like lakes and flood retention ponds.
Green areas Generally covered with natural or planted vegetation, consist of open

Serve for 10,000 people

Open Space

spaces, recreational areas, utility and infrastructure corridors, buffer zones, forest reserves, agriculture areas, cemeteries nurseries, areas cemeteries, nurseries shrubs and residential compounds.
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DBKL APUDG

Structure Plan policies with regards to open spaces


UD 11

CHKL shall provide a continuous green network of

open spaces.
CHKL shall develop pocket parks and plazas in the City Centre and urban centers.

Established Hierarchy of Park Gazette Open Space Green connector Public Spaces River Corridor Promote high quality of living by providing targeted ratio of Open Space

UD12

UD13

CHKL shall provide and designate places for informal civic and cultural use in the City Centre. CHKL shall retain and maintain mature trees found in all areas and ensure that the character of designated areas which have a preponderance of mature trees is preserved CHKL shall designate river corridors, implement measures to improve the amenity value of the rivers and implement guidelines for developments within or abutting the river corridors. CHKL shall gazette all existing and future open spaces to ensure the continuity of its use. CHKL shall establish a hierarchy of parks and y p implement a programme to develop more district

UD 14

UD15

CF11

CF 12
DBKL

parks, neighborhood parks, local parks and local play areas.


APUDG

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Proposal in the Draft KL City Plan


Zoning Categories for Open Space
Kepong Metropolitan Park

Open space has been classified into two (2)

Batu Metropolitan Park

PUBLIC OPEN SPACE Area which provides for a variety of active and pasive needs of ages of the community and local residents
Perdana Lake G d L k Garden

Titiwangsa Lake Garden KLCC Park Bkt Nenas Royal Selangor N Golf Club

KL Golf Country Club

PRIVATE OPEN SPACE g Parks and green areas that is owned by individuals or bussinesses and are used at the discretion of the owner ie: Golf Course
Legend d Public Open Space Private Open Space
DBKL

Bukit Gasing Park

Desa Water Park

Permaisuri Lake Garden

Bkt Sg Besi Bukit Jalil International Park Bukit J lil B kit Jalil Golf Club
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APUDG

Proposal in the Draft KL City Plan


Proposal to Increase and Improve Provision of Open Spaces for the City 1. Providing Public Parks and Recreation Grounds 2. Securing City Urban Spaces 3. Providing Quality Recreational Facilities

6 6

6 3 6 1

6 6 6

Youth Park at Jalan Cenderasari Lake Garden Expansion Urban Parks in all Redevelop ment Projects

3 2 3

4 6 6

New Major Park & Public Open Spaces


Lake Parks function as Drainage Retention Alam Sutera District Park
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Bukit Gasing District Park

Legend Public Open Spaces Private Open Spaces 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Lake Garden Expension Youth Park at Jalan Cenderasari Urban Parks Bukit Gasing District Park Alam Damai District Park Lake Parks
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Open Space Existing Status


To date Kuala Lumpur has almost achieved WHO standard for healthy date, provision of open space for its population.
1980 Population Total Land Allocated for Public Spaces (hect) * % public spaces in KL 1,036,900 667 2.8% 2000 1,423,900 964 4.0% 2005 1,620,100 1,543 6.4% December 2009 1,629,400 2,482 10%

Ratio of Public Parks and Open Spaces to Population (sqm/person)


*Figure includes public open space & forest reserve

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Standard for Open Space Provision World Health Organisation 16 sq.m per person National Urbanisation Policy 20 sq.m per person
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DBKL APUDG

Projected increase in population will require more areas for open space
Projected Population 2020

2,198,366 people
Area zoned for open space by 2020

Scenario 1 : Meeting WHO Standard


Open space area requires to meet ratio of 16 sq.m per persons Gap from areas zoned in the Draft Local Plan 3520 hectares 962 hectares

2557 hectare
Ratio of open space to population in 2020

11.6 sq.m per person

Scenario 2 : Meeting NUP Standard


Open space area requires to meet ratio of 20 sq.m per persons Gap from areas zoned in the Draft Local Plan 4400 hectares 1842 hectares

Provision of open spaces through land use zoning alone is not enough to meet the required provision ratio d
DBKL

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APUDG

Strategies to achieve more open spaces Strategy 1


Gazette More Open Spaces

890 hectare

806 hectare
Gazette **Figure as at 18 June 2010 Gazette Reserved not yet gazetted
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Reserved

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Strategies to achieve more open spaces Strategy 2


Reclaiming open spaces from development and redevelopment (through imposition in planning permission)

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
(Development Control)

i. i ii.

10% f from residential id ti l development 10% from commercial, mix use, and industrial development

REGENERATION AREA MEGA PROJECTS RIVER CORRIDOR


DBKL

i. 15% for individual land <10Hect ii. 20% for individual land >10Hect iii. 30% for Government Land

i.

30% from Mega Projects

i.

7m from river reserve


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APUDG

Estimated open space areas

Total open space areas anticipated to be achieved if reclaiming green through development strategy is implemented
From Zoning Plan 2010 From River Corridor From Redevelopment F From M Mega P j Projects From 50% Development Control Total Ratio of Public Parks and Open Spaces to Population (sq.m/person)

2,131 2 131 hec


200 hec 180 hec 180 h hec

With the planned strategies to achieve more green through zoning plan and through development imposition, imposition Kuala Lumpur still

short of the WHO standard provision

2020
WHO Standard: 3 520 hec 3,520

230 hec 2,921 hec

GAP: 2% (598 hec) hec)

13 Sqm/pax

KL Strategy: 2,921 hec


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DBKL APUDG

Strategies to green Kuala Lumpur

Vertical Forestation

Why we need to green the city? Reduce the overall heat absorption Carbon & Energy reduction Leisure and relaxation Beautifying the environment Greenery Maintain safe air and water q quality y

Rooftop Garden

Utility Reserve

Housing Compound

Greening Parking Area

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STRATEGY

Greening the City

Vertical Forestation

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STRATEGY

Greening the City

Roof Top Garden Garden on the roof of a building For recreation use

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DBKL APUDG

STRATEGY

Greening the City

Utility Reserve Road Reserve Sewerage Treatment Plant River Reserve Road Median/ Road side Public Spaces/ Walkway

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DBKL APUDG

STRATEGY

Greening the City

Housing Compound Landscape Tree Planting Soft cape

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DBKL APUDG

STRATEGY Greening the City

Greening Parking Area Grass Crete Landscaping Parking Spaces

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DBKL APUDG

THANK YOU

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DBKL APUDG