2-126

TABLE 2-122

Solubilities of Inorganic Compounds in Water at Various Temperatures*

This table shows the grams of anhydrous substance that are soluble in 100 g of water at the temperature in degrees Celsius as indicated; when the name is followed by †, the value is expressed in grams of substance in 100 cm3 of saturated solution. Solid
phase gives the hydrated form in equilibrium with the saturated solution.
Solid
phase

Substance

Formula

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26

Aluminum chloride
sulfate
Ammonium aluminum sulfate
bicarbonate
bromide
chloride
chloroplatinate
chromate
chromium sulfate
dichromate
dihydrogen phosphite
hydrogen phosphate
iodide
magnesium phosphate
manganese phosphate
nitrate
oxalate
perchlorate†
persulfate
sulfate
thiocyanate
vanadate (meta)
Antimonious fluoride
sulfide
Arsenic oxide
Arsenious sulfide

AlCl3
Al2(SO4)3
(NH4)2Al2(SO4)4
NH4HCO3
NH4Br
NH4Cl
(NH4)2PtCl6
(NH4)2CrO4
(NH4)2Cr2(SO4)4
(NH4)2Cr2O7
NH4H2PO3
(NH4)2HPO4
NH4I
NH4MgPO4
NH4MnPO4
NH4NO3
(NH4)2C2O4
NH4ClO4†
(NH4)2S2O8
(NH4)2SO4
NH4CNS
NH4VO3
SbF3
Sb2S3
As2O5
As2S3

27
28
29

Barium acetate
acetate
carbonate

Ba(C2H3O2)2
Ba(C2H3O2)2
BaCO3

3H2O
1H2O

30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38

chlorate
chloride
chromate
hydroxide
iodide
iodide
nitrate
nitrite
oxalate

Ba(ClO3)2
BaCl2
BaCrO4
Ba(OH)2
BaI2
BaI2
Ba(NO3)2
Ba(NO2)2
BaC2O4

1H2O
2H2O

3H2O

39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51

perchlorate
sulfate
Beryllium sulfate
sulfate
sulfate
Boric acid
Boron oxide
Bromine
Cadmium chloride
chloride
chloride
cyanide
hydroxide

Ba(ClO4)2
BaSO4
BeSO4
BeSO4
BeSO4
H3BO3
B2O3
Br2
CdCl2
CdCl2
CdCl2
Cd(CN)2
Cd(OH)2

52
53
54

sulfate
Calcium acetate
acetate

CdSO4
Ca(C2H3O2)2
Ca(C2H3O2)2

6H2O
18H2O
24H2O

0 °C
31.2
2.1
11.9
60.6
29.4

10 °C
33.5
4.99
15.8
68
33.3
0.7

10.7825°

24II2O
171
6H2O
7H2O
1H2O

154.2
0.023
118.3
2.2
11.56
58.2
70.6
119.8

163.2

3.1
73.0
144

384.7

8H2O
6H2O
2H2O

20 °C
69.8615°
36.4
7.74
21
75.5
37.2

59.5
5.17 × 10−5
at 18°
59

62.1
63
0.00168°

20.34
31.6
0.0002
1.67
170.2
5.0

1H2O

26.95
33.3
0.00028
2.48
185.7
7.0
0.00168°

205.8
1.15 × 10−4

2.0 × 10−4

19014.5°
13115
172.3
0.052
0
192
4.4
20.85
75.4
170
0.48
444.7
0.00017518°
65.8

4H2O
2aH2O
1H2O

2H2O
1H2O

76.48
37.4

40.4
10.94
27
83.2
41.4

40 °C

50 °C

60 °C

70 °C

80 °C

90 °C

100 °C

46.1
14.88

52.2
20.10

59.2
26.70

66.1

73.0

80.8

89.0
109.796°

91.1
45.8

99.2
50.4

107.8
55.2

116.8
60.2

126
65.6

135.6
71.3

145.6
77.3
1.25

190.5
0.036
0
297.0
8.0
30.58

199.6
0.030

208.9
0.040
0
421.0

218.7
0.016
0.005
499.0

228.8
0.019
0.007
580.0

40.4
47.17
26031°
181.4
241.8
5.9
78.0
207.7
0.84
563.6

81.0

69.5

71.2

1.32

344.0
10.3

39.05

740.0

48.19

88.0
1.78

250.3
871.0
57.01

95.3

103.3

75.1

76.7

3.05
73.0

71
0.002218°
33.80
35.7
0.00037
3.89
203.1
9.2
67.5
0.002218°
289.1
2.4 × 10−4

6H2O
4H2O
2H2O
2.66
1.1
4.22
97.59
90.01

30 °C

3.57
1.5
3.4
125.1

5.04
2.2
3.20

135.1

134.5
1.715°

75
0.0024
at 24.2°
41.70
38.2
0.00046
5.59
219.6
11.6

79

77

74

74

49.61
40.7

43.6

66.81
46.4

49.4

8.22

13.12

231.9
14.2

17.1

358.7

426.3

20.94

75
84.84
52.4

104.9
58.8

101.4

247.3
20.3

261.0
27.0
205.8

271.7
34.2
300

0.0024
at 24.2°
2.85 × 10−4
52
43.78
6.60

495.2

562.3

60.67
46.74
8.72
4.0

62
11.54

14.81
6.2

16.73

84.76
23.75
9.5

83
98
30.38

100
110
40.25
15.7

3.13
132.1

76.00
36.0

76.60
34.7

135.3

136.5

140.4

147.0

2.6 × 10−4
at 25°
33.8

78.54
33.2

83.68
32.7

63.13

60.77

31.1

29.7

33.5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54

0 52. than are tabulated here.1257 0.62 3.3 315. additional data are given in tables subsequent to this one. New York.064 56.9 0.0 65.00114 76.0013 239. 4.0 137.0 0.2 60.3 17.4 105.5 40.20 1.65 20.0 48.8 × 10−4 at 25° 0.31 48.9 184.1 1.5 59.5 358.3 33.9 70.1 27.5 54.055 85.6 50.5 71. 1957) gives values at closer temperature intervals.0 0.5 0.1928 0.1619 0 0 270. 10th ed. For the solubility of various hydrocarbons in water at high pressures see J.0028 186.068 66 0.75 1.0 83.077 281.76 95.45 1.1705 43.0425° 1.0018 218.9 173.2 189.6 0.70 1. 760 mm Hydrochloric acid.0024 197.3 0 206.2 82.7 81.44 0.2 178. 760 mm ‡ monoxide. .28 14.4 9.1 20.2 163.1 82.5 53.0 42.00618 0.8 9.8 113.1 107.8 0.0 0.2 38.0035 94. 212 (1959). For materials marked by ‡.8 0.00984 32 0.0 210.94 2.060 48.0 125.0044 161.0 74.0 0.9 0.3 72.9 79.980 73.5 0.1 0.1759 0.056 171. Data.476 73.9 198 0.9 237.0 68.3 16.2 66..9 244. 1961 (except for NaCl.001618° 0.98 2.95 18.3 77.029 53.3 × 10−5 at 18° 1.22 105.8 28.1 87.6 80. McGraw-Hill.0035 174.7 4H2O 2H2O 159 2.74 45.8 45.6 0.2 67.85 0.53 1.2318 0.165 129.324 151.2 62.4 194.3 122.5 0. 760 mm Nitrous oxide CuCl FeCl3 FeCl2 FeCl2 Fe(NO3)2 FeSO4 FeSO4 HBr HCl I2 Pb(C2H3O2)2 PbBr2 PbCO3 PbCl2 PbCrO4 PbF2 Pb(NO3)2 PbSO4 MgBr2 MgCl2 Mg(OH)2 Mg(NO3)2 MgSO4 MgSO4 MgSO4 MnSO4 MnSO4 MnSO4 MnSO4 HgCl MoO3 NiCl2 Ni(NO3)2 Ni(NO3)2 NiSO4 NiSO4 NO N2O 6H2O 2H2O 4H2O 3H2O 16.7 210.3 56.6 68.7 0.9 42.386 182.3 1.00440 50.8 0.6 136.2090 0.8 100 0.55 40.01 59.0006 260.0007 0. 760 mm Iodine Lead acetate bromide carbonate chloride chromate fluoride nitrate sulfate Magnesium bromide chloride hydroxide nitrate sulfate sulfate sulfate Manganous sulfate sulfate sulfate sulfate Mercurous chloride Molybdic oxide Nickel chloride nitrate nitrate sulfate sulfate Nitric oxide.46 164.17 55.138 64.00267 63.1 120.6 58.8 107.9 75.3 0.9 0.3346 0.8 165.15 0.9 69.5 107.34 0.5 0.000918° 1.44 0. Atack (Handbook of Chemical Data.078 0.5 0.5 4H2O 6.716 77.2097 0.23 30.687 78.15 59.5 34.1966 0.5 73.40 102 0.085 62. A.116 141.00324 59.3 3H2O 0.36 3.1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Calcium bicarbonate chloride chloride fluoride hydroxide nitrate nitrate nitrate nitrite nitrite oxalate Ca(HCO3)2 CaCl2 CaCl2 CaF2 Ca(OH)2 Ca(NO3)2 Ca(NO3)2 Ca(NO3)2 Ca(NO2)2 Ca(NO2)2 CaC2O4 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 sulfate Carbon dioxide.9 64.5 59.0 52. 760 mm ‡ Cesium chloride nitrate sulfate Chlorine.4 53.00014 2H2O 6H2O 6H2O 3H2O 7H2O 6H2O 32.5 64.7 0.58 59. Lange.0041 96.0 50.141 195.1688 0.0 0.33 167. 86th ed.46 0.7 0.6 130 85 95 104.07 2H2O 0.8 25 159.106 87.451 174.0 115 0.05 17.0 178.60 74.8 53.8 2H2O 6H2O 3H2O 5H2O 363.5 35.6 57. 2005).264 68.185 102.0015 229.3 0.1 235.206 82.125 217.17 0.44 0. New York.2 73.106 147. usually 1 or 5 °C.8 26. 760 mm ‡ Chromic anhydride Cuprio chloride nitrate nitrate sulfate sulfide CaSO4 CO2 CO CsCl CsNO3 Cs2SO4 Cl2 CrO3 CuCl2 Cu(NO3)2 Cu(NO3)2 CuSO4 CuS 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 Cuprous chloride Ferric chloride Ferrous chloride chloride nitrate sulfate sulfate Hydrobromic acid.5 64.7 83.001726° 0..6 169.5 67.0 205.34 14 × 10−4 at 95° 0.274 0. which is from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics.3 6H2O 7H2O 1H2O 0.0 220.0761 0.6728 6H2O 6H2O 6H2O 7H2O 6H2O 1H2O 7H2O 5H2O 4H2O 1H2O 38.3 0.9 75 0.99 7 × 10−6 0.2 2.1 0. abridged from “Table of Solubilities of Inorganic Compounds in Water at Various Temperatures” in Lange’s Handbook of Chemistry.00517 0.1 42. CRC Press.7 3.51 83.68 6.8 0.5225° 91.128 0.7 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 2-127 *By N.3 0.0973 0.02 15.0 134.8 199.9 221.00011 0.3 62.04 55.5 23.5 535.9 0.5 33.5 0.6 76.3 0.153 152.094 152.34 4.0002 0.9 64.7 × 10−4 at 13° 0.219 91.176 115.562 132. For tables of the solubility of gases in water at various temperatures.5 197.15 63.0 47.5 × 10−4 at 50° 0.8 55 88. Chem.0049 99.8 37.0576 0.76 66.0021 208.00376 54.2047 0.00199 0.5 0.7 14. Eng.5 61.80 0.0 214.8 40 207.5 40.2 96.7 525.4554 0.3 17.00757 0.0 84.0010 250.2 99.1211 0.50 17.1 163.0028 91.0056 101. Reinhold.7 66.4 81.4 74.5 44.

4 67.60 9.5 28.695 40.5 68.14 24.04 88.9 85.888 54.22 669 1.1 92.7 95.2 15.5 138.8 28.7 124.4 31.96 104 114.5 51.99 125.4 42.5 39.5 3.325° 3.4 4.75 2.09 376 0.8 31 13.16 5.70 89 35.7 233.73 43.5 113 36.9 14 40.9 30.3 11.5 2.6 298.8 34 2.5 54.4 44 15.50 18.8 50.67 179.4 0.32 116.80 6.9 246.70 45.3 278.7 11 6.0 22.979 65.0 30 88 84.2 × 10−5 222 0.5 7.5 230 38.42 18.0 60.7 15.90 113.2 106.95 9.9 4.3 42.2 102.5 110.4 2.7 37 20.0 73.9 70 202 6.39 39.3 12H2O 12H2O 7H2O 2H2O 69.9 255.82 36.8 47 158.0 7 36 103 13.50 43 17.36 161 38.0 7.89 14.5 46.2 11.6104 178 246 412.0 20.4 52 138 4.40 49.35 177.8 189 37.6 26.3 17.6 7.3 27.23 19.46 45.05 4.9 88.6 3.7 12 43 112 0.0 63.6 51.8 20.0 1.1 3.17 19.796 46.7 10.3 70.0 396.8 14.23 57.2 1.5 31.0 364.62 7.6 45.72 50.2 68.4 22.41 170 45.8 8.7 75.7 57 56.37 140 36.3 0.4 114 104.75 21.6 21.19 12.22 30 °C 283.8 1.32 105.5 9.49 11.4 155 37.2 26 60 63.7 5.8 24.5 4.5 45.6 177.5 3.15 12.6 58.17 101 35.56 9.2 10.5 37.53 110.3 41 52.8 21.9 33.3 43.65 31.0 1.47 121.1 28.8 24.3 119 6.5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 .1 244.4 20 50 126 45.4 148 132.0 2H2O 1H2O 57.8 133.28 28.08 83 134 14.45 525 1.31 51.97 40 °C 50 °C 60 °C 70 °C 80 °C 90 °C 337.30 300 0.0 19.3 82.3 65 190.1 952 1.8 121 8.5 126 36.26 48.9 122 0.8 0.1 80 78.2-128 TABLE 2-122 Solubilities of Inorganic Compounds in Water at Various Temperatures (Continued) Substance 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 Potassium acetate acetate alum bicarbonate bisulfate bitartrate carbonate chlorate chloride chromate dichromate ferricyanide hydroxide hydroxide nitrate nitrite perchlorate permanganate persulfate† sulfate thiocyanate Silver cyanide nitrate sulfate Sodium acetate acetate bicarbonate carbonate carbonate chlorate chloride chromate chromate chromate dichromate dichromate dihydrogen phosphate dihydrogen phosphate dihydrogen phosphate hydrogen arsenate hydrogen phosphate hydrogen phosphate hydrogen phosphate hydrogen phosphate hydroxide hydroxide hydroxide hydroxide nitrate nitrite oxalate phosphate.69 46.5 16.8 18 16.3 85 225.4 48.95 155.8 22.5 12.6 66.3 1.0 48.83 1.0 316.83 121.9 96 91.4 36.4 34.573 36.6 43 66 100 °C 323.2 4H2O 3aH2O 1H2O 42 51.45 55 21.5 20 26.00 350 24.7 2H2O 163.8 40.8 376.89 9 22.9 7 170 0.6 80 82.4 1.9 334.3 109.1 71.1 38.11 217.1 61 169 147.9 36 13.5 129.2 19.4 12.7 42.83 81 30.69 39.6 20 9.5 123.5 7.7 45.7 455 1.75 60.1 72. tripyrophosphate sulfate sulfate sulfate sulfide sulfide sulfide sulfite sulfite tetraborate tetraborate vanadate (meta) Formula KC2H3O2 KC2H3O2 K2SO4⋅Al2(SO4)3 KHCO3 KHSO4 KHC4H4O6 K2CO3 KClO3 KCl K2CrO4 K2Cr2O7 K3Fe(CN)6 KOH KOH KNO3 KNO2 KClO4 KMnO4 K2S2O8† K2SO4 KCNS AgCN AgNO3 Ag2SO4 NaC2H3O2 NaC2H3O2 NaHCO3 Na2CO3 Na2CO3 NaClO8 NaCl Na2CrO4 Na2CrO4 Na2CrO4 Na2Cr2O7 Na2Cr2O7 NaH2PO4 NaH2PO4 NaH2PO4 Na2HAsO4 Na2HPO4 Na2HPO4 Na2HPO4 Na2HPO4 NaOH NaOH NaOH NaOH NaNO3 NaNO2 Na2C2O4 Na3PO4 Na4P2O7 Na2SO4 Na2SO4 Na2SO4 Na2S Na2S Na2S Na2SO3 Na2SO3 Na2B4O7 Na2B4O7 NaVO8 Solid phase 1aH2O aH2O 24H2O 2H2O 2H2O 1H2O † 3H2O 10H2O 1H2O 10H2O 4H2O 0 °C 10 °C 20 °C 216.5 16.0 65.3 1.3 28 10H2O 5H2O 2H2O 1.5 79 35.04 347 180 163.0 61.4 102.3 207.5 3.8 38.1 0.6 139.8 146 153 172 37.93 123.3 1.5 3.95 40.6 2.6 6.0 27.9 1.40 108 5 31.15 139 139.5 126 11.33 108 40.76 140 85.8 2.89 88.2 6.2 51.2 5 31 97 4.8 80.5 59.5 109 119 129 145 174 104 98.1 124 313 12H2O 10H2O 10H2O 7H2O 9H2O 5aH2O 6H2O 7H2O 73 72.46 126.0 380.9 426.6 9.

4 130.7 80.50 145.5 43.875° 36.4 70.9 43.45 36.2 90.29 4.0 30 °C 21.97 36.4 100.35 72.0113 22.25 50 °C 26.21 3.22 4.2 273.09 86.7 52.7 40.45 6.9 4H2O aH2O 6H2O 2H2O 1H2O 4H2O 20 °C 41.23 88.64 1.9 38.41 2.16 1.70 0.92 12.61 42.5 200.3 118.70 0.10 85.5 90 °C 100 °C 18 39.24 36.0114 11.9 40 °C 0.2 223.6 52.81 6.98 1.9 47 54.8 83.95 47.63 1.998 4.54 2.9 90.7 65.0114 7.1025° 269.4 81.6 0.61 16.6 83.87 1.8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 2-129 .3 94.815° 19 83.5 58.21 5.8 97.1 0.04 2.38 1.TABLE 2-122 Solubilities of Inorganic Compounds in Water at Various Temperatures (Concluded) Substance 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Sodium vanadate (meta) Stannous chloride sulfate Strontium acetate acetate chloride chloride nitrate nitrate nitrate sulfate Sulfur dioxide.90 60 °C 70 °C 80 °C 32.5 16.3 64.0 1.83 2.74 14.0 70. 760 mm† Thallium sulfate Thorium sulfate sulfate sulfate sulfate Zinc chlorate chlorate nitrate nitrate sulfate sulfate sulfate Formula NaVO3 SnCl2 SnSO4 Sr(C2H3O2)2 Sr(C2H3O2)2 SrCl2 SrCl2 Sr(NO3)2 Sr(NO3)2 Sr(NO3)2 SrSO4 SO2 Tl2SO4 Th(SO4)2 Th(SO4)2 Th(SO4)2 Th(SO4)2 ZnClO3 ZnClO3 Zn(NO3)2 Zn(NO3)2 ZnSO4 ZnSO4 ZnSO4 Solid phase 0 °C 10 °C 9H2O 8H2O 6H2O 4H2O 6H2O 4H2O 6H2O 3H2O 7H2O 6H2O 1H2O 36.8 139 93.9 41.1 76.78 209.5 9.53 18.995 37.1 206.62 1.8 152.8 96 98 100 10.1 5.74 1.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful