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ﺔﻴﺑﺮـﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴـﻠﻛ ﺕﺎـﺒﺘـﻜﻣ ﺔـﺒﻌـﺷ : ﺩﺍﺪﻋﺇ ﲏﻐﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻋ
ﺔﻴﺑﺮـﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴـﻠﻛ
ﺕﺎـﺒﺘـﻜﻣ ﺔـﺒﻌـﺷ
: ﺩﺍﺪﻋﺇ
ﲏﻐﻟﺍ ﺪﺒﻋ ﺖﻌﻠﻃ ﻱﻮﺿﺭ .١
ﻲﻗﻮﺷ ﺪﻤﳏ ﺔﻤﺴﺑ .٢
/ ﻑﺍﺮﺷﺇ ﺖﲢ
ﺕﺩﻮﺟ ﻰﻔﻄﺼﻣ /ﺩ
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ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ -: ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍﻭ
ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ
-: ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍﻭ ﻖﻴﺛﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺰﻛﺍﺮﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ ﺔﻨﻜﻴﻣ ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ
. ﺔﻴﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺔﻣﺪﳋﺍ ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﻟ ﺎﻬﺘﳉﺎﻌﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺰﻴﻬﲡ ﺕﻵﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﲑﻏﻭ ﺔﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻲﻫ
-: ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ
ﻯﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺞﻣﺍﱪﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ( ﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺎﻛ ) ﺕﻼﺧﺪﻤﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﺠﺴﻧﺍ ﰲ ﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﺗ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻲﻫ
. ﲔﻌﻣ ﻊﻤﺘﳎ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﻴﺘﺣﺍ ﱯﻠﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺎﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﰲ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻤﺿ ﻞﺟﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺑﺭﺪﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺼﺼﺨﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﻳﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ
-: ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺔﻴﳘﺃ
.ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺍﺮﻣ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻜﳑ ﺩﺪﻋ ﱪﻛﻷ ﻞﻀﻓﺃ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﱘﺪﻘﺗ .١
ﻦﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺎﻬﺘﺣﺎﺗﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻘﻓﺪﺗ ﰲ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﺟﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻠﺋﺎﳍﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺰﻟﺍ ﺔﻬﺟﺍﻮﻣ .٢
. ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﺀﺍﺮﺸﻟ ﺔﺣﺎﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﳌﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﺵﺎﻤﻜﻧﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺎﺻﻮﺼﺧ ﻭ ، ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻊﻤﺘﳎ
. ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺍﺮﻣ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﺎ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺪﳋﺍ ﻭ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻮﻟﺍ ﰲ ﺎﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﲑﻓﻮﺗ .٣
ﻯﺮﺧﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﺃ ﻊﻣ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻞﻤﻌﻠﻟ ﺔﻛﺮﺘﺸﻣ ﺔﻴﺿﺭﺃ ﲑﻓﻮﺗ .٤
. ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﲔﺑ ﺎﻤﻴﻓ ﻚﻟﺬﻛ ﻭ ، ﺓﺪﺣﺍﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻡﺎﺴﻗﺃ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺮﻓﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﺩﺭﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﰲ ﻙﺍﺮﺘﺷﻻﺍ .٥
. ﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻛ ﻊﻓﺭ ﻭ ، ﺔﻟﻭﺬﺒﳌﺍ ﺩﻮﻬﳉﺍ ﺭﺍﺮﻜﺗ ﺐﻨﲡ .٦
.؟ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﻂﳋﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﺣﺎﺗﺍ .٧
ﻥﺎﻜﻣﻹﺍ ﺭﺪﻗ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﳌ ﺔﻴﻠﺻﻷﺍ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻦﻣ ﻝﻼﻗﻹﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻛ ﻊﻓﺭ .٨
ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺠﺳ ﰲ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﳐ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﻣ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺚﺤﺒﻠﻟ ﺔﻋﻮﻨﺘﻣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﲑﻓﻮﺗ .٩
. ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺎﻬﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻴﻨﺘﻘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻗﺭﻮﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﻼﺠﺴﻟﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ ﺺﻴﺒﻘﺗ
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-: ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﱄﻵﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﻮﻜﻣ
ﺔﺒﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺓﺀﺎﻔﻜﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﺘﲤ ﺔﺑﺭﺪﻣ ﺔﻳﺮﺸﺑ ﻯﻮﻗ ﻲﻫ : ﺔـﻳﺮــﺸـﺑ ﻯﻮــﻗ .١
. ﺎﻫﺮﻳﻮﻄﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻬﻠﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﻭ ( ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ )
ﻭ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﻄﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺷﺎﺸﻟﺍ ) ﺝﺍﺮﺧﻹﺍ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﻹﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﺣﻭ ﻭ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺯﺎﻬﺟ ﻮﻫ : ﺓﺰــﻬــﺟﻷﺍ .٢
.ﺔﻠﻬﺳ ﺓﺭﻮﺼﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻆﻔﺣ ﺢﻴﺘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ( ﱁﺇ
ﺕﺎﻧﺍﻮﻄﺳﻻﺍ
ﻞﻐﺸﻣ
ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺭﺎﺘﳜ ﺚﻴﺣﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻳﺎﻏ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻬﻣ ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺘﻟ ﺔﻬﺟﻮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﺘﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﻲﻫ : ﺞــﻣﺍﺮــﺒﻟﺍ .٣
. ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﻪﻴﻟﺇ ﻰﻌﺴﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﺽﺮﻐﻟﺍ ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺘﻟ ﺯﺎﻬﳉﺍ ﺎﻫﺬﻔﻨﻳ ﻭ ﻪﺒﺳﺎﻨﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ
ﺓﺭﻮﺻ ﰲ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺎﻬﺘﳉﺎﻌﻣ ﻭ ﺎﺍﺰﺘﺧﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺧﺪﳌﺍ ﻲﻫ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ : ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ .٤
ﱵﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻜﺷﻷﺍ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﻷﺍ ﻭ ﻑﻭﺮﳊﺎﻛ ﺔﻴﻟﻭﻷﺍ ﻖﺋﺎﻘﳊﺍ ﻲﻫ ﺎﺃ ﺎﻫﺭﺎﺒﺘﻋﺇ ﻦﻜﳝ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻤﻛ ، ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ
. ﺎﺣﻮﺿﻭ ﺮﺜﻛﺃ ﺕﺎﺑﺎﺟﺇ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﱃﺇ ﺎﻬﻠﻳﻮﲢ ﺎﻬﺒﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻭ ﺎﳍﺎﻤﻜﺘﺳﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻜﳝ
ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻄﺸﻧﻷﺍ ﻭ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻮﻟﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﻴﻘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺩﺎﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻜﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﺎﻤﻛ
: ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﺔﻠﺜﻣﺃ ﻦﻣ ،
On-line Catalog ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ -ﺃ
Circulation ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻝﻭﺍﺪﺗ-ﺏ
Acquisitions ﺪﻳﻭﺰﺘﻟﺍ
-ﺝ
٢
Cataloging ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ Serials Control ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ -ﺩ -ﻩ Reference
Cataloging ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ
Serials Control ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ
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-ﻩ
Reference and Information ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻌﺟﺮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺪﳋﺍ
Retrieval
-ﻭ
-: ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻭ
-: ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺭ ﻞﺣﺍﺮﻣ ﺙﻼﺛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﱄﻵﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻭ ﺺﺨﻠﺘﺗ
ﻑﺮﻌﺗ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ Input ﺔﳉﺎﻌﳌ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﱃﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﺩﺎﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻫﲑﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﺍ .١
٠ ﺕﻼﺧﺪﳌﺎﺑ
ﺐﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻮﺘﳏ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﻲﻫ ﻭ ﺔﻴﺼﻧ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ
ﻦﻳﻮﻜﺗ ﻞﺟﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺪﺻﺮﺗﻭ ﻒﺸﻜﺗﻭ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻥﻮﻜﺘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ
٠ ﺕﺎﻓﺎﺸﻜﻟﺍﻭ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻠﻟ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ
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٠ ﻝﺎﻘﳌﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺏﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻥﻮﻤﻀﳌﺍ ﺯﺍﺮﺑﻻ ﺪﻌﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺼﻴﻠﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺕﺎﺼﻠﺨﺘﺴﻣ
. ﻖﻴﺛﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺔﻟﻭﺍﺪﺘﳌﺍ ﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ
. ﺮﻳﺭﺎﻘﺘﺑ ﻖﻠﻌﺘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻂﻄﲞ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ
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-: ﻞﺜﻣ ﺓﺩﺪﳏ ﻑﺍﺪﻫﻷ ﺎﻌﺒﺗ ﺕﻼﺧﺪﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ .٢
ﺔﺑﺎﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻠﺠﺴﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻮﺼﳊﺍ ﻮﻫﻭ Origination ﻊﻴﻤﺠﺘﻟﺍ
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ﻞﻴﺠﺴﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﺋﺎﺳﻭ ﻚﻟﺫ ﲑﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺪﻴﻟﺎﺑ
ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻝﻮﺼﳊﺍ ﰎ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺔﺤﺻ ﻦﻣ ﻖﻘﺤﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺎﻫﺎﻀﳌﺍ ﻮﻫﻭ Verification ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺘﻟﺍ
٠ ﺎﻬﺘﳉﺎﻌﻣ ﺀﺍﺮﺟﺍﻭ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟﺍ ﰲ ﺀﺪﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﻗ
ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﺔﺎﺸﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻤﲡﻭ ﺀﺍﻮﺘﺣﺍ ﺎ ﺪﺼﻘﻳﻭ Classification ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟﺍ
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ﺕﺎﻔﺼﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺪﳏ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﰲ ﻪﻨﻨﻘﻣ
ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻁﺎﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺹﻮﺼﳐ ﻊﺑﺎﺘﺗ ﻭﺃ ﲔﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟ ﺎﻌﺒﺗ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺐﻴﺗﺮﺗ ﻮﻫﻭ Sorting ﺯﺮﻔﻟﺍ
. ﲑﺒﻛ ﰐﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺪﻴﺻﺭ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ
ﺔﻔﻠﺘﳐ ﺽﺍﺮﻏﻻ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﺋﺎﻋﺪﺘﺳﺍ ﲔﳊ ﻭﺃ ﻯﺮﺧﺍ ﺔﳉﺎﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻢﺘﺗﻭ Storage ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺘﻟﺍ
٠ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍ ﻥﺍ ﻝﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﺍﺯﺎﳎ ﻦﻜﳝﻭ Retrieval ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﻻﺍ
٠ﺅ ﺔﻘﻴﺛﻭ ﱘﺪﻘﺘﻟ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻂﻐﺿ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻲﻫﻭ Summarization ﺺﻴﻠﺨﺘﻟﺍ
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. ﺮﺧﺁ ﱃﺇ ﺀﺎﻋﻭ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﺨﺴﻧﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻞﻘﻧ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻲﻫﻭ Reproduction ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ
ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺭﺪﺼﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻠﻘﻧﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻝﻭﺍﺪﺗ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻲﻫﻭ Dissemination ﺚﺒﻟﺍ
. ﺎﻣ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﺮﺧﺍ ﱃﺇ
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. ﺕﺎﺟﺮﺨﳌﺎﺑ ﻑﺮﻌﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺓﲑﺧﻷﺍ ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻨﻟﺍ ﺝﺍﺮﺨﺘﺳﺍ .٣
-: ﱄﻵﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻨﺒﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻧ ﺔﻣﺎﻗﺇ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺧ
ﲔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍ ﻭ ﲔﻟﻮﻤﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﺑ ﲔﻤﺘﻬﳌﺍ ﻙﺍﺮﺘﺷﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺐﳚ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﻹ ﱄﻵﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺎﻗﺇ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺧ ﻥﺇ
ﻢﺠﺣ ﻞﺜﻣ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ ﺓﺪﻌﺑ ﺮﺛﺄﺘﺗ ﺎﺃ ﺎﻤﻛ ، ﺔﻴﻨﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺣﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺑ ﻊﻣ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﺘﺗ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻤﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻞﺑ ﺔﺘﺑﺎﺛ ﻭ ﺓﺩﺪﳏ ﺖﺴﻴﻟ ﺎﻷ
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ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺎﺸﻧﻹ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺨﻛ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﳋﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻦﻜﳝ
ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺎﺸﻧﻹ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﺨﻛ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﳋﺍ ﻊﺿﻭ ﻦﻜﳝ ﻦﻜﻟ ﻭ ﻪﻟ ﺔﺣﺎﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺍﺰﻴﳌﺍ ﻭ ﻪﻴﻨﺒﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ ﻑﻮﺳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﻴﺒﻃ ﻭ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ
: ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﱄﺁ
: ﺔﻴﺗﻵﺍ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺪﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﺎﻣ ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻭ ، ﻯﻭﺪﳉﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﺃ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﻴﺘﺣﻼﻟ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﺩﺍﺪﻋﺍ : ﻻﻭﺃ
. ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻊﺒﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﱄﺎﳊﺍ ﻊﺿﻮﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻋ ﺽﺮﻋ .١
.
ﱄﺎﳊﺍ ﻊﺿﻮﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﱐﺎﻌﻳ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ .٢
. ﺎﻫﺪﻳﺪﲢ ﰎ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺐﻠﻐﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﺣﺮﺘﻘﳌﺍ ﻝﻮﻠﳊﺍ ﻭ ﻞﺋﺍﺪﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﺸﻗﺎﻨﻣ .٣
. ﺡﺮﺘﻘﳌﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﳉﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﲏﺒﺗ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻘﻴﻘﲢ ﻊﻗﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﻑﺍﺪﻫﻷﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ .٤
ﻯﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﻞﺜﻣ) ﺕﺎﺒﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺐﻠﻐﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﻳ ﻉﻭﺮﺸﻤﻠﻟ ﱄﻭﺃ ﻂﻄﳐ ﻊﺿﻭ .٥
. ( ﲏﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﱪﻟﺍ ، ﺔﻴﻧﺍﺰﻴﳌﺍ ، ﺔﻳﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ
. ﺐﺳﺎﻨﳌﺍ ﻞﻳﺪﺒﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﺍ ﱃﺇ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻠﻟ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﺒﺗﺍ ﻊﻗﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺍﻮﻄﳋﺍ .٦
: ( ﺔﻨﻜﻴﳌﺍ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ ) ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻄﺘﳌﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ : ﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ
ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻳﺮﺸﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺍﺰﻴﻬﲡ ﻦﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﻠﻄﺘﳌ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻲﻫ ﻭ ، ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺘﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﺒﻠﻟ ﻡﺯﻼﻟﺍ ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﺳ .١
. ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﻠﻟ ﻂﻴﻄﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﺟﺃ ﻦﻣ ﱄﺎﳊﺍ ﻊﺿﻮﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﺘﻧﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﻊﻣ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺮﺟﺍ ﻭ
:
ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﻭ ﺔﻨﻜﻴﳌﺍ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ .٢
ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﻭﺍﺪﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺪﻳﻭﺰﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﻳ ﺎﲟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻇﻮﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ
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ﱁﺇ
ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ
. ﻦﻣﻷﺍ ﻭ ﺔﻨﻜﻴﳌﺍ ﲑﻳﺎﻌﻣ ﻭ ﺞﻣﺍﱪﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﻳ ﺎﲟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ
: ﻲﻠﻳﺎﻣ ﺓﻮﻄﳋﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﻭ ، ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﺧﺍ ﻭ ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﻭ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﺍ : ﺎﺜﻟﺎﺛ
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، ﺔﻧﺎﻴﺼﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﺧﻻﺍ ، ﺐﻴﻛﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﻳ ﺎﲟ ، ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺓﺩﺭﻮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻛﺮﺸﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﺩﻮﻘﻌﻟﺍ ﰲ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﳌﺍ ﺩﻮﻨﺒﻠﻟ ﻞﺻﻮﺘﻠﻟ ﺽﻭﺎﻔﺘﻟﺍ
. ﲔﻠﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺐﻳﺭﺪﺗ ﻭ
: ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﺮﻓﺍﻮﺗ ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻰﻋﺍﺮﻳ ﻭ
. ﺎ ﲎﻌﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻘﻴﺒﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻡﺎﻋ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﲔﺑ ﻞﻣﺎﻜﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﲔﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ .١
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ﺎﻬﺿﺮﻋ ﻭ ﺎﳍﻮﺒﻗ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﻭ ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﺕﻼﺠﺳ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺗ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍ .٢
ﻭ ﻂﺋﺍﺮﺧ ﻭ ﺕﻼﻴﺠﺴﺗ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻭﺩ ﻭ ﺐﺘﻛ ﻦﻣ ﺎﳍﺎﻜﺷﺃ ﺔﻓﺎﻜﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﳌ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﻉﺎﺴﺗﺍ .٣
. ﱁﺇ
ﺔﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻭ ﺭﻮﺻ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﻢﺘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﲑﻴﻐﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻬﻈﺗ ﺚﻴﲝ ، ﺾﻌﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻀﻌﺒﺑ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻸﻟ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﺍ .٤
ﻝﻭﺍﺪﺘﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﻚﻠﺘﻛ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﺔﻴﻘﺑ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻝﺎﺜﳌﺍ ﻞﻴﺒﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻠﻟ ﻲﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺠﺳ
. ﺪﻳﻭﺰﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ
ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﺑ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﻚﻟﺬﻛ ﻭ ، ﺪﻌﺑ ﻦﻋ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺎﺑ ﻁﺎﺒﺗﺭﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﺮﻓﺍﻮﺗ .٥
. ﺔﻴﺟﺭﺎﳋﺍ
ﺔﺒﺳﺎﻨﳌﺍ ﻝﻮﻘﳊﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﺤﺘﻛ ، ﻪﺑ ﺔﻄﺒﺗﺮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﳌﺍ ﻑﻭﺮﻈﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺘﻟ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻧﻭﺮﳌﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻑﺎﺼﺗﺍ .٦
. ﱁﺇ
ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺓﺭﺎﻋﻹﺍ ﺕﺍﺮﺘﻓ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ ﻭ ، ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺷﺎﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺽﺮﻌﻠﻟ
. ﺐﺳﺎﻨﻣ ﻦﻣﺯ ﰲ ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﳌﺍ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻮﻠﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﲤﺍ .٧
. ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻨﻣﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﺮﻓﺍﻮﺗ .٨
٤
. ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﻒﻠﺘﳐ ﰲ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﳌﺍ ﻭ
.
ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﻒﻠﺘﳐ ﰲ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺮﻳﺭﺎﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺍﺀﺎﺼﺣﺇﻻﺍ ﺩﺍﺪﻋﺇ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﺮﻓﺍﻮﺗ .٩
. ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺴﺑ ﻦﻳﺮﺷﺎﻨﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺀﻼﻛﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﺃ ﻊﻣ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﻭ ﻯﺮﺧﻷﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻖﻓﺍﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻯﺪﻣ .١٠
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ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ ﻥﻮﻌﻟﺍ ﱘﺪﻘﺗ ﻭ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﺴﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﺮﻠﻓﺍﻮﺗ .١١
.ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﻭﺃ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﲕﻓ ﺎﻴﻟﺎﺣ ﺔﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﱪﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺓﺰﻬﺟﻷﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻪﻘﻓﺍﻮﺗ ﻯﺪﻣ ﻭ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﳌﺍ ﺔﻔﻠﻜﺘﻟﺍ .١٢
ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺕﻼﺠﺳ ﻞﻳﻮﲢ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻳﺪﳉﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺓﻮﻄﳋﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﰲ ﻢﺘﺗ : ﺪﻳﺪﳉﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﺌﻴﺑ ﱃﺇ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ : ﺎﻌﺑﺍﺭ
: ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﺣﺮﳌﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗﻭ ، ﻝﺎﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﰲ ﺔﻌﺒﺘﳌﺍ ﲑﻳﺎﻌﳌﺍ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺓﺀﻭﺮﻘﻣ ﺓﺭﻮﺻ ﱃﺇ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺍﺮﻣ
ﺕﺎﻣﺪﳋﺍ ﻢﻈﻌﻣ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﻤﻋﺩ ﻦﻤﻀﻳ ﺎﲟ ﲑﻌﺘﺴﳌﺎﺑ ﺔﻘﻠﻌﺘﳌﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﻭ ، ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﲑﻳﺎﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺎﺒﺘﺧﺍ
. ﺩﺭﺍﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﻙﺮﺘﺸﳌﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﺍ ﻭ ، ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ
ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﻞﺜﻣ ، ﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺓﺀﻭﺮﻘﳌﺍ ﺓﺭﻮﺼﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺎﻬﻠﻳﻮﲢ ﺐﺟﻮﺘﻴﻓﻮﺳ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺕﻼﺠﺴﻟﺍ ﺪﻳﺪﲢ
ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﺕﻼﺠﺳ ﻭ ﻦﻳﲑﻌﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ
: ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺮﺟﻹﺍ ﺓﻮﻄﳋﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻤﻀﺘﺗ ﻭ ، ﺐﻳﺭﺪﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﺮﻳﻮﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﻭ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺘﻟﺍ : ﺎﺴﻣﺎﺧ
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. ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﱘﻮﻘﺗ ﻭ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ
. ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﲔﻠﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺐﻳﺭﺪﺗ
. ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺐﻳﺭﺪﺘﻟﺍ ﲑﻓﻮﺗ
. ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﲏﻔﻟﺍ ﻢﻋﺪﻟﺍ ﺮﻓﺍﻮﺗ ﻥﺎﻤﺿ
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-: ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﱄﻵﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺮﺛﺆﳌﺍ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻌﻟﺍ
: ﻲﻠﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺎﻬﳘﺃ ﺔﺴﻴﺋﺭ ﻞﻣﺍﻮﻋ ﺓﺪﻋ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﱄﺁ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﺍ ﺪﻤﺘﻌﻳ
. ﺎﻬﳎﺍﺮﺑ ﻭ ﺎﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﻭ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﺎﻬﻓﻭﺮﻇ ﻭ ﺎﺎﺒﻠﻄﺘﻣ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻣ ﻞﻜﻠﻓ ﺎﻬﻋﻮﻧ ﻭ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻢﺠﺣ
. ﻮﻤﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻠﺒﻘﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﺎﻬﻄﻄﺧ
. ﺎﻫﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﻢﺠﺣ ﰲ ﻊﺳﻮﺘﻟﺍ
. ﺎ ﲔﻠﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺩﺍﺪﻋﺃ
. ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﻱﺮﻳﺪﻣ ﺕﺍﺭﻮﺼﺗ ﻭ ﺎﻬﳎﺍﺮﺑ
. ﺎﳍ ﺔﺣﺎﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﻻﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﻴﻧﺍﺰﻴﳌﺍ
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-: ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﺎﺑ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍ ﺩﺎﻳﺩﺯﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺕﺩﺃ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﺒﺳﻷﺍ
. ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻤﻛ ﰲ ﺓﺩﺮﻄﻀﳌﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺰﻟﺍ
. ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﺟﺎﳊﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺯ
. ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﺔﻴﳘﺃ ﺭﻮﻄﺗ
. ﲏﻣﺰﻟﺍ ﻯﺪﳌﺍ ﺭﻮﻄﺗ
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ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺀﺍﺩﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺎﺛﺁ
ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺩﺍﺮﻓﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﻮﻌﺗ ﺔﲨ ﺪﺋﺍﻮﻓ ﻖﻘﳛ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻮﳓ ﺚﻳﺪﳊﺍ ﻪﺟﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ
: ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ ﻥﺎﻴﻌﻠﻟ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﻩﺭﺎﺛﺁ ﻪﺟﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻙﺮﺗ ﺪﻗﻭ ،ﻩﺮﺳﺄﺑ ﻊﻤﺘﺍ
ﻉﻮﺿﻮﻣ ﰲ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﹰﺍﺪﺟ ﺔﻀﻳﺮﻋ ﺔﻬﺟ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﻦﻣﺆﻴﺳ ﺔﺒﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ .١
ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﻼﻟ(online) ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺚﺒﻟﺍ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﻲﺳﺎﺳﺃ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻖﻘﺤﺘﻳ ﺍﺬﻫﻭ .ﺮﺜﻛﺃ ﻭﺃ ﺺﺼﺨﺘﻣ
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ﺔﻤﻈﻧﺃ ﲔﺑ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍﻭ ﻂﺑﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺪﻗ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺷ
ﺔﻤﻈﻧﺃ ﲔﺑ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍﻭ ﻂﺑﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺪﻗ ﺕﻻﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺷ ﺕﺮﻓﻭ ﺚﻴﺣ ﻲﻠﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻞﻜﺸﺑﻭ ﺓﲑﺜﻛ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻙﻮﻨﺑﻭ
. ﺓﺪﻳﺪﻋ
ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺍﻮﻠﻘﺘﻨﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻣ ﺏﻼﻄﻟﺍ ﻦﻜﳝ ﺚﻴﺣ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﰲ ﹰﺎﺴﻴﺋﺭ ﹰﺍﺭﻭﺩ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﲏﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺭﻮﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﺐﻌﻠﻳ ﺎﻤﻛ .٢
ﻮﲰﺎﻘﺘﻳﻭ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻓﺎﻘﺜﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺍﻮﻤﻠﻌﺘﻴﻟ ﱂﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﳓﺃ ﰲ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﻮﺧﺪﻟﺍﻭ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ
ﺔﻴﺿﺍﺮﺘﻓﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻭ ﻒﺣﺎﺘﳌﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﻳﺯ ﻦﻣ ﻢﻬﻨﻜﳝ ﻭ ، ﱂﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻥﺎﻜﻣ ﻱﺃ ﰲ ﻢﻫﲑﻏ ﻊﻣ ﺕﺎﻋﻭﺮﺸﳌﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﺎﻤﺘﻫﻻﺍ
. virtual library or museum ﺔﻴﺿﺍﺮﺘﻓﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻭ ﻒﺣﺎﺘﳌﺍ ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ
ﺔﻘﺋﺎﻓ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﺑ ﺐﻠﻄﻟﺍ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺎﻬﻋﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﺓﲑﻐﺻ ﻦﻳﺰﲣ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﺃ ﰲ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺓﲑﺒﻛ ﺕﺎﻴﻤﻛ ﻦﻳﺰﲣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍ .٣
ﻯﺪﻟ ﺓﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﻚﻟﺫ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻗﺃ ﻭﺃ (Milliseconds) ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻒﻟﻷﺍ ﺓﺪﺣﻮﺑ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﺱﺎﻘﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ
ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﺓﺪﻋ ﻭﺃ ﲔﻌﻣ ﺖﻗﻭ ﰲ ﲔﻌﻣ ﻞﻤﻋ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺬﻔﻨﻳﻭ ﺎﻤﻛ ،ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﻕﺮﻃ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺎﻬﺴﻔﻧ ﻞﻴﻐﺸﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ
ﻦﻣ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﳐ ﺀﺍﺰﺟﺃ ﰲ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﺃ ﺓﺪﻌﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﺕﺍﺩﺎﺷﺭﻹﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺎ ﻥﺰﲣ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﻟﺍﻭ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﺲﻔﻧ ﰲ ﹰﺎﻳﻮﺳ
ﻡﻮﻘﻳ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺎﻨﻟ ﻞﻴﳜ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺔﺟﺭﺪﻟ ﺔﻘﺋﺎﻓ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﺑ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺀﺍﺰﺟﻷﺍﻭ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﲔﺑ ﻞﻳﻮﺤﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻦﻳﺰﺨﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺪﺣﻭ
.ﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﺖﻗﻭ ﰲ ﻝﺎﻤﻋﻷﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﻛ ﺔﻳﺩﺄﺘﺑ
ﺎﺎﻣﺪﺧﻭ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﹰﺎﻴﺑﺎﳚﺇ ﺲﻜﻌﻨﻳ ﺎﳑ ﺔﻗﺪﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻋﺮﺴﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍﻭ ﻉﻮﻨﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺪﳚ ﺎﳌ ﺎﺿﺮﻟﺍ ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﻯﺪﻟ ﺪﻟﻮﻳ .٤
ﺕﻻﺎﺍ ﺢﺘﻓﻭ ﻲﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﻂﺑﺮﻠﻟ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﻋ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﰲ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺳ ﻭ ﺔﻴﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻜﻣﻹﺍ ﺩﻮﺟﻮﻟ ﻚﻟﺫ ﻊﺟﺮﻳ ﻭ ،
. ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﻡﺎﻣﺃ ﺔﻌﺳﺍﻮﻟﺍ
ﺩﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ ﺔﻋﻮﺒﻄﳌﺍ ﲑﻏ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﳌﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺎﺪﻌﺗ ﻞﺑ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺒﻄﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮﺼﺘﻘﺗ ﺪﻌﺗ ﱂ ﺔﺒﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻥﺃ ﺪﳒ .٥
ﻭﺃ ﹰﺎﺒﻧﺎﺟ ﺔﻛﻭﺮﺘﻣ ﺖﻧﺎﻛ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻥﺎﻜﻣﺈﺑ ﺢﺒﺻﺃ ﺍﺬﻜﻫﻭ ﺔﻳﺮﺼﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻌﻤﺴﻟﺍ
ﻰﻠﻋ ﺎﳍﻮﺼﺣ ﰲ ﺓﺪﻤﺘﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﺪﺧ ﺎﳍﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻡﺪﻘﺗ ﻥﺃﻭ ،ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺎﻴﺟﻮﻟﻮﻨﻜﺗ ﻕﻮﻔﺗ ﺐﺒﺴﺑ ﺔﳝﺪﻗ ﺕﱪﺘﻋﺍ
ﺏﻮﻠﺳﺄﺑﻭ ﺔﻴﻤﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﻮﺑﺮﺘﻟﺍ ﺽﺍﺮﻏﻸﻟ ﻭﺃ ﻝﺎﻔﻃﻸﻟ ﹰﺎﻳﺮﺼﺑ ﻭﺃ ﹰﺎﻴﻌﲰ ﺔﻴﺴﻴﻃﺎﻨﻐﳌﺎﻛ ﺩﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻞﺜﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ
. ﱐﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹﺍ ﺮﺼﻌﻟﺍ ﺡﻭﺭﻭ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﺘﻳ ﺭﻮﻄﺘﻣ
ﺔﻋﻮﻨﺘﻣ ﺓﲑﺒﻛ ﺕﺎﻴﻤﻛ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺮﻓﻮﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺔﺒﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺔﻋﺎﻄﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻪﻧﺇ ﺎﻤﻛ .٦
ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺷ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻭﺃ (On-line) ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﱪﻋ ﺔﻴﺟﺭﺎﺧ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻦﻣ
ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻦﻋ ﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻟﺍ ﻝﺩﺎﺒﺗ ﺔﻣﺪﺧﻭ Resource Sharing ﺩﺭﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﻢﺳﺎﻘﺗﻭ ،ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺬﻟﺎﺑﻭ
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(Electronic Document Delivery) ﺎﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﺇ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺒﻄﳌﺍ ﻞﻗﺎﻨﺗﻭTelefax
. ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻤﻌﻠﻟ ﺔﺑﻮﻠﻄﳌﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺎﻔﻜﻟﺍ
: ﺔﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺎﻔﻜﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ، ﲔﻠﻣﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺕﺍﺀﺎﻔﻛ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ ﺐﻠﻄﺘﻳ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﰲ ﺔﺜﻳﺪﳊﺍ ﺔﻴﻟﻵﺍ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﻥﺇ
. ﺔﻨﻜﻴﳌﺍ ﺽﺍﺮﻏﻷ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻱﺭﺎﺸﺘﺳﺍ
. ﺔﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﻱﺭﺎﺸﺘﺳﺍ
. ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻜﺒﺷ ﺮﻳﺪﻣ
. ﺐﻳﺭﺪﺘﻟﺍ ﺮﻳﺪﻣ
. ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺪﻣ
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-: ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﺜﻳﺪﳊﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ . (MARK) ﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺓﺀﻭﺮﻘﳌﺍ
-: ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﺜﻳﺪﳊﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ
. (MARK) ﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺓﺀﻭﺮﻘﳌﺍ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ : ﻻﻭﺃ
ﻱﺃ ،ﺐﺳﻮﳏ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﻣ ﺱﻭﺅﺭ ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻗ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺎﺑ ﺔﻨﻨﻘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺱﻭﺅﺭ ﻦﻣ ﰲﺎﻜﻟﺍ ﺩﺪﻌﻟﺍ ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻲﻫﻭ
. ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺑﻭ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺱﻭﺅﺭ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﻥﺰﺧ ﻝﺎﳎ ﰲ ﺏﻮﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ
ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﱃﺍ ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻝﺎﻘﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟ ﺐﺣﺎﺼﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺎﺎﻜﻣ ﺬﺧﺄﺗ ﺕﺍﲑﻐﺘﻟﺍ ﺾﻌﺑ ﺕﺃﺪﺑ ﹰﺎﺜﻳﺪﺣﻭ
ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﺣﺎﺗﻹﺍ ﻁﺎﻘﻧ ﻦﻣ ﱪﻛﺃ ﺍﺩﺪﻋ ﺽﺮﻌﺗ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ ، (MARC) ﹰﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺓﺀﻭﺮﻘﳌﺍ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺎﺑ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻮﻫﻭ ،ﺔﺒﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ
ﻲﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﻞﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﳘﺍ ﺕﺮﻬﻇ ﺍﺬﻟ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﺃ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻱﻮﺘﲢ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﹰﺎﺒﺼﻨﻣ ﻪﻣﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ ﺢﺒﺻﺍ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ
ﻡﺎﻈﻨﺑ ﺎﻬﻨﻴﻨﻘﺗ ﺐﻌﺼﻳ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ ﺭﻮﻄﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻤﺋﺍﺪﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺴﻧﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﻃﺎﺸﻨﻟﺍ ﺪﺣﺍ ﻦﻤﺿ ﻞﺧﺪﺗ ﺕﺬﺧﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻥﻻ ﻚﻟﺫﻭ، ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻷﺍ ﻚﻠﺘﻟ
. ﻢﺋﺍﺩﻭ ﻡﺭﺎﺻ
-: ﻻﻭﺃ ﲔﻌﻣ ﻝﺍﺆﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺐﻴﳒ ﻥﺃ ﺐﳚ ﻦﻜﻟ ﻭ
؟ ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻰﻫﺎﻣ
:ﺎﻤﻓ)ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺼﺑ ﻲﻤﺴﻳﺎﻣ ﺕﺮﻜﺘﺑﺍ ﻡﺮﺼﻨﳌﺍ ﻥﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺕﺎﻴﻨﻴﺘﺴﻟﺍ ﰱ ﺔﻴﻟﻻﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﰱ ﺱﺮﳒﻮﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻣ ﺕﺃﺪﺑ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋ
ﺰﻴﻴﲤ ﻑﺪ ﻚﻟﺫﻭ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻴﺠﺴﺗ ﻞﺧﺍﺩﺓﺮﺼﺘﳐ ﺯﻮﻣﺭﻭ ﻑﻭﺮﺣﻭ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﺍ ﻒﻴﻇﻮﺘﻟ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻦﻋ ﺓﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﻮﻫﻭ(ﺎﻴﻟﺍ ﺓﺅﺮﻘﳌﺍ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ
ﺎﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ ﺍﺭﺎﻴﻌﻣ ﺔﺑﺎﺜﲟ ﺢﺒﺻﺍﻭ ٢١ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﻢﺳﺄﺑ ﻑﺮﻌﻳﺎﻣ ﱃﺍ ﺍﲑﺧﺍ ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﺕﺭﻮﻄﺗ ﺪﻗﻭ . ﺔﻠﻴﺠﺴﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ
ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻦﻋ ﻝﻭﻻﺍ ﻝﻮﺌﺴﳌﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺜﲟ ﻥﻻﺍ ﺱﺮﳒﻮﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻣ ﺖﺤﺒﺻﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺩ ﺔﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻟﻻﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻢﻈﻌﻣ ﺐﻧﺎﺟ ﻦﻣ
ﻦﻨﻘﻣ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻥﻭﺪﺑ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﻳﻻ ﺏﻮﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻥﺍ ﰱ ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﺔﻴﳘﺍ ﻦﻤﻜﺗﻭ . ﻩﺮﻳﻮﻄﺗﻭ ٢١ﻙﺭﺎﻣ
ﱴﻟﺍ ﻙﺭﺎﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﻪﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗﺎﻣ ﻮﻫ ﺍﺬﻫﻭ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻴﺠﺴﺘﻟﺍ ﺎﻬﻳﻮﺘﲢ ﱴﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺼﻨﻋ ﻞﻛ ﺔﻔﻴﻇﻭﻭ ﺔﻴﻫﺎﻣ ﺢﺿﻮﻳ
ﻥﺎﺠﻴﺘﻟﺍ ﻢﺳﺄﺑ ﻑﺮﻌﻳﺎﻣ ﻰﻫ ﺕﺍﺩﺪﶈﺍﻭ ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫﻭ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﻞﻛ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻛ ﺏﻮﺳﺎﺤﻠﻟ ﺢﺿﻮﺗ ﺕﺍﺩﺪﳏﻭ ﺯﻮﻣﺭ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻯﻮﺘﲢ
ﲔﻌﻣ ﻞﻘﺣ ﰱ ﺎﻣ ﻥﺎﻴﺑ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﺚﺤﺒﻟ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺑ ﻢﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺢﺒﺻﺍ ﻚﻟﺫ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺀﺎﻨﺑﻭ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﻮﻘﳊﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻼﻋﻭ ﺕﺍﺮﺷﺆﳌﺍﻭ
.ﺏﻮﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺐﻧﺎﺟ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻟﻮﻬﺴﺑ
ﺓﲑﺜﻛ ﺕﺎﻣﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﻭ ﻒﺋﺎﻇﻭ ﻉﻮﻧ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺓﲑﺜﻛ ﺎﻋﺍﻮﻧﺃ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺕﺮﻬﻇ ﻭ ﺎﳍﺎﻜﺷﺃ ﺖﻋﻮﻨﺗ ﻭ ﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺓﺀﻭﺮﻘﳌﺍ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻜﺷﺃ ﺕﺩﺪﻌﺗﻭ
: ﻲﻠﻳﺎﻣ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ ﺮﻛﺬﻧ
ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﺚﻴﲝ ،ﺏﻮﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻧﺰﳐ ﺏﺎﺘﻛ ﺕﺎﺤﻔﺻ ﻞﻜﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻲﻫﻭ : ﺔﺒﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ §
.ﺔﻗﺎﻄﺒﻟﺍ ﰲ ﺎﻬﻠﺴﻠﺴﺗﻭ ﺎﻬﻠﻜﺷ ﺲﻔﻨﺑ ﺔﺷﺎﺸﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻚﻠﺗ ﺭﺎﻬﻇﺍ ﻦﻜﳝﻭ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌ ﻥﺰﳐ ﺔﺑﺎﺜﻣ
ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ،ﺩﺪﳏ ﻩﺎﲡﺎﺑ ﻞﻤﻌﺗ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﺍ ﺓﺎﻨﻗ ﻦﻋ ﺓﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﻮﻫ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﻮﶈﺍ ﻲﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻞﺧﺍﺪﻣ ﻒﺻﻮﺗﻭ
. ﺚﺣﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﺢﻠﻄﺼﻣﻭ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺱﻭﺅﺭ ﲔﺑ ﺔﻘﺑﺎﻄﳌﺍ ﻢﺘﺗ ﻥﺍ ﺪﻌﺑ ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺱﻭﺅﺭ
ﺩﺪﻋ ﰲ ﻊﻳﺮﺴﻟﺍ ﻮﻤﻨﻟﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻋﻮﻨﺘﳌﺍﻭ ﺔﻠﺋﺎﳍﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻳﺰﻟﺍ ﺕﺩﺍ ﺪﻘﻟ : ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﻂﳋﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ §
ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﻞﺒﺳ ﲑﻓﻮﺘﺑ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﳎ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻨﻬﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺴﺳﺆﳌﺍ ﻡﺎﻤﺘﻫﺍ ﱃﺍ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﱪﻋ ﺎﻬﻴﻣﺪﺨﺘﺴﻣ
ﺮﻬﺷﺍ ﻦﻣﻭ . ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺱﺮﻬﻓ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺎﻬﺘﺣﺎﺗﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﱃﺍ
ﻦﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﻟﺍ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻦﻤﻀﻳ ﺚﻴﺣ ،(OCLC) ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ (World Cat) ﺪﺣﻮﳌﺍ ﻲﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺱﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ،ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ
ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﻏﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﻟﺎﺑ ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺔﻜﺒﺷ ﻢﻈﻧﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﲔﺑ ﺎﻣ ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺍ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﻟﺍ
. (Online Searching) ﺮﺷﺎﺒﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﺼﺗﻻﺎﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺚﲝ ﺔﻴﺠﻴﺗﺍﺮﺘﺳﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﻚﻟﺫﻭ ،ﺎﻬﻳﺪﻟ
ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻧ ﺕﺮﻬﻇ ،ﻪﺗﺎﻴﻨﻘﺗ ﺭﻮﻄﺗﻭ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺭﻮﻬﻇ ﻊﻣ : (Metadata) ﺎﺗﺍﺩﺎﺘﻴﳌﺍ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﻮﺒﻟﺍ §
ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﺮﻣﻷﺍ ،ﻢﻈﻨﻣ ﲑﻏﻭ ﻲﺋﺍﻮﺸﻋ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺮﻣﻻﺍ ﻝﻭﺍ ﺕﺮﻬﻇ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﻊﻗﺍﻮﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺟ
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ﻞﲢ ﱂ ﺎﺃ ﻻﺇ (Search engines) ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻛﺮﺤﲟ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺮﻬﻈﻓ
ﻞﲢ ﱂ ﺎﺃ ﻻﺇ (Search engines) ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻛﺮﺤﲟ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺮﻬﻈﻓ ،ﻦﻳﺪﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﹰﺍﲑﺒﻛ ﻙﺎﺑﺭﺍ ﺐﺒﺳ
ﻞﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﻭﺩ ﹰﺎﻴﻟﺁ ﺕﺎﺤﻠﻄﺼﳌﺍ ﻒﻴﺸﻜﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺪﻤﺘﻌﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻴﻘﳌﺍ ﲑﻏ ﺓﺮﳊﺍ ﺕﺎﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ ﺎﻮﻛ ،ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ
.ﻱﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﻬﳉﺍ ﺐﻠﻄﺘﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍﻭ ﺓﺩﺎﳌﺍ ﻯﻮﺘﶈ ﻲﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ
Internet ) ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﺱﺭﺎﻬﻔﺑ ﺮﺿﺎﳊﺍ ﺖﻗﻮﻟﺍ ﰲ ﻑﺮـﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ﺔﺣﺎـﺴﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮـﻬﻇ ﺔﻠـﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻩﺬـﳍ ﻞﺤﻛﻭ
ﺔـﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮـﳌﺍ ﺕﺎـﺑﺍﻮﺒﻟﺍ ﻭﺍ ،(resources catalogs
ﺔﺜﺣﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﻞﻀﻔﺗ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ ،(directories Subject) ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺔﻟﺩﻷﺎﺑ ﹰﺎﻀﻳﺍ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻭﺍ (Subject gateways)
ﺕﺍﻭﺩﻻﺍ ﺔﻣﺎﻋ ﺔﻔﺼﺑ ﻞﺜﲤ ﻲﻫﻭ ،ﺪﺣﺍﻭ ﲎﻌﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺕﺎﺤﻠﻄﺼﳌﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻊﻴﲨ ﻝﺪﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ ، (Gateways) ﺕﺎﺑﺍﻮﺒﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻤﺴﺗ
ﺔﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺎﺎﻳﻮﺘﳏ ﻊﺟﺍﺮﺗﻭ ﻢﻴﻘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻴﺴﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺔﻔﻨﺼﻣ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﺮﻓﻮﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻘﺴﻨﻟﺍ
.ﹰﺎﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﻣ ﲔﺼﺼﺨﺘﳌﺍ ﺀﺍﱪﳋﺍﻭ ﲔﻴﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ
ﺔﻋﻮﺒﻄﳌﺍ ﺀﺍﻮﺳ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻳﻮﺘﳏ ﱃﺍﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺢﻤﺴﺗ ﺔﻣﺪﺧ ﺎﺎﺑ ﲔﻴﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻊﻤﺘﳎ ﲔﺑ (ﺕﺎﺑﺍﻮﺒﻟﺍ) ﻑﺮﻌﺗﻭ
ﺀﺍﺭﻭ ﺎﳌ ﺔﻠﺼﻔﻣ ﺕﻼﻴﺠﺴﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻤﺘﺸﺗ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﻦﻋ ﺓﺭﺎﺒﻋ ﻲﻫ ،ﺔﻴﺟﺫﻮﻤﻨﻟﺍ ﺎﺭﻮﺻ ﰲ ﺔﺑﺍﻮﺒﻟﺍﻭ . ﺔﻴﻧﻭﺮﺘﻜﻟﻻﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺎﻬﻨﻣ
(Links) ﺔﻘﺋﺎﻔﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺑﺍﺮﻟﺍ ﺮﻓﻮﺗﻭ ﺖﻧﺮﺘﻧﻻﺍ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﻒﺻﻮﺑ ﻡﻮﻘﺗ ﺚﻴﺣ (Detailed metadata records) ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ
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ﺱﻭﺅﺭ ﺖﲢ ﺭﺩﺎﺼﳌﺍ ﺢﻔﺼﺗ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻴﺣﺎﺘﻔﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻤﻠﻜﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﰲ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﲔﺑ ﺭﺎﻴﳋﺍ ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟﻭ .
ﺭﺩﺎﺼﳌﺍ ﻩﺬﳍ
.ﺎﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﻣ
: ﺎﻬﺼﺋﺎﺼﺧ ﻢﻫﺃ ﻦﻣ ﻭ
.ﻝﺎﺍ ﻚﻟﺬﻟ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺎﻬﺘﻴﻄﻐﺗ ﰲ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﺷ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﺎﻣ ﹰﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏﻭ ﲔﻌﻣ ﻲﻋﻮﺿﻮﻣ ﻝﺎﳎ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﻮﺒﻟﺍ ﺐﺼﻨﺗ -ﺃ
.ﻲﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﺍ ﻚﻟﺫ ﰲ ﲔﺼﺼﺨﺘﻣ ﺀﺍﱪﺧ ﻊﻣ ﻥﻭﺎﻌﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﲔﻴﺒﺘﻜﻣ ﲔﻴﺻﺎﺼﺘﺧﺍ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ ﺎﻫﺭﺩﺎﺼﻣ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻓ ﻢﺘﺗ -ﺏ
ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﻣ ﻢﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﺎﻬﺳﺃﺭ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ (Added value features) ﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻓﺎﻀﳌﺍ ﺔﻤﻴﻘﻟﺍ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﺾﻌﺑ ﻲﻔﻀﺗ -ﺝ
ﻲﻣﺮﻫ ﻲﻤﻴﻈﻨﺗ ﻥﺎﻴﻨﺑ ﱘﺪﻘﺗ ﻮﻫ ﺕﺎﺑﺍﻮﺒﻠﻟ ﺲﻴﺋﺮﻟﺍ ﻂﻤﻨﻟﺎﻓ ،ﺔﻘﻴﺿ ﺔﻴﻋﺮﻓ ﻯﺮﺧﺍﻭ ﺔﻀﻳﺮﻋ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﻣ ﺕﺎﺌﻓ ﰲ ﺎﻬﻌﺿﻭﻭ ﺎﻬﻤﻴﺴﻘﺗﻭ
.ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍﻭ ﺢﻔﺼﺘﻟﺍ ﻞﻴﻬﺴﺘﻟ ﻚﻟﺫﻭ ،ﻝﺎﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻠﻋ ﻞﻤﺘﺸﻳ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺌﻔﻟﺎﺑ
. ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﺔﻨﻤﻀﺘﳌﺍ ﺩﺍﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﹰﺎﺣﻭﺮﺷ ﻱﻮﲢ - ﺩ
ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ / ﺓﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻟﺍ : ﺎﻴﻧﺎﺛ
ﺔﻴﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺝﺫﺎﻤﻨﻟﺍ ﻝﺎﻤﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ( mental faculties ) ﺔﻳﺮﻜﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺍﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺍﺭﺩ ﻪﻧﺄﺑ :ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ
gold- steinﻪﺣﺮﺘﻗﺍ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ ﻮﻫ ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ ﺝﺫﻮﳕ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻳﺰﻛﺮﳌﺍ ﺔﻳﺎﻐﻟﺍ ﻥﺍﻭ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻺﻟ ﲑﻜﻔﺗ ﺓﺎﻛﺎﳏ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﻢﺘﻬﻳ ﻱﺬﻟﺍ
ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ ﺔﻳﻮﺳ ﺓﺩﺎﻬﺸﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻣﻼﻌﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻲﻘﻴﻘﳊﺍ ﱂﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻟﺎﺣ ﻝﻮﺣ ﻊﻗﻮﺘﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻌﻀﻳ ﺎﳘﻼﻛ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍﻭ ﺝﺫﻮﻤﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﺃ ﺚﻴﺣ
.ﻲﺴﳊﺍ
: ﻲﻫﻭ ﺓﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﻼﻣﺎﺷ ﺎﻔﻳﺮﻌﺗ ﻞﻜﺸﺗ ﺔﻠﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﻁﺎﻘﻧ ﺔﻌﺒﺳ" ﻥﺎﻌﺟﺍﺮﺑ " ﺝﺭﺩﺍ ﺪﻗﻭ
ﻥﺃ ﺐﳚ ﺎﻤﻛ ، ﺔﻨﻴﻌﻣ ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻧ ﱃﺍ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﻞﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻺﻟ ﱄﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﺩﻷﺍ ﺲﻔﻧ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﻥﻮﻜﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺐﳚ :ﺓﱪﳋﺍ .١
.ﺔﻠﻴﳊﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﺓﺮﺼﺘﳐ ﻝﻮﻠﳊﺍ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ
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.ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﲟ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻢﻴﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﻞﻴﺜﲤ ﻱﺃ :
.ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﲟ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻢﻴﻫﺎﻔﻣ ﻞﻴﺜﲤ ﻱﺃ : ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ .٢
. ﺔﳉﺎﻌﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﻧﻭ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﻑﺍﺪﻫﻷﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺍﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﺍ ﺍﺀﺎﻛﺫ ﻞﻗﺍ ﻭﺃ ﺮﺜﻛﺍ ، ﺎﻴﻛﺫ ﺎﻓﺮﺼﺗ ﻱﺪﺒﻳ ﻥﺃ : ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ .٣
.ﺎﻳﺮﺸﺑ ﺍﲑﺒﺧ ﺐﻠﻄﺘﺘﻟ ﺪﻴﻘﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﰲﺎﻛ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﻥﺃ ﺐﳚ :ﺪﻴﻘﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﺑﻮﻌﺼﻟﺍ .٤
ﻖﻳﺮﻃ ﻦﻋ ﰿﺎﻌﺗ ﻥﻻ ﺔﻤﺋﻼﻣ ﺔﻐﻴﺻ ﱃﺍ ﺎﳍﻮﳛ ﻲﻛ ﻲﻔﻴﻛ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺕﺯﺮﺑ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻣ ﺔﳉﺎﻌﻣ ﰲ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺪﻗ : ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺼﻟﺍ .٥
. ( rules)ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻘﻟﺍ
.ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺿﻮﺗ ﻰﻠﻋﻭ ﺝﺎﺘﻨﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺓﺭﺪﻗ : ﺝﺎﺘﻨﺘﺳﻻﺍ .٦
. ﺎﻬﻠﺣ ﻞﺟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺊﻴﻬﻳ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻉﻮﻧ .٧
ﻩﺬﻫ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺩﺎﻔﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺐﻴﻟﺎﺳﺃﻭ ﲔﻌﻣ ﻉﻮﺿﻮﲟ ﺔﻠﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻴﺛﻭ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﳌﺍ ﻥﺃ ﰲ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﰲ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﻴﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﱪﻟﺍ ﻦﻋ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻒﻠﺘﳜ
ﻦﻣ ﺍﺀﺰﺟ ﻥﻮﻜﻳ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻣ ﻻﺪﺑ ﺎﺍﺬﺑ ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻗ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻘﻛ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻞﺣ ﺝﺫﻮﳕ ﻭﺪﺒﻳ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﰲ . ﺾﻌﺑ ﻊﻣ ﺔﳎﺪﻨﻣ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﳌﺍ
ﺔﺟﺎﳊﺍ ﻥﻭﺩ ﻦﻣ ﺓﺮﻓﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﳌﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﺕﺍﺯﺎﻌﻳﻻﺍ ﺔﻤﺋﺎﻘﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﻝﺎﺧﺩﺇ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﺎﻜﻣﺈﺑ ﻥﻮﻜﻳ ﺍﺬﻭ ﻡﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﱪﻟﺍ
. ﺔﳎﱪﻟﺍ ﺓﺩﺎﻋﺇ ﱃﺇ
ﺪﳒ ﺎﻨﻫ ﻦﻣﻭ . ﺓﺮﻄﻴﺴﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺔﻓﺮﻌﳌﺍ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ، ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺎﳘ ﲔﻳﻮﺘﺴﲟ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﳌﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻳ ﻱﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺐﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻥﺃ ﻝﻮﻘﻟﺍ ﺎﻨﻨﻜﳝ ﺍﺬﻭ
: ﰲ ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺞﻣﺍﺮﺑ ﻦﻋ ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍﻭ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﲔﺑ ﻑﻼﺘﺧﻻﺍ
: ﺔﻘﺒﺴﻣ ﻞﺣ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃ ﺎﳍ ﺖﺴﻴﻟ ﱵﻟﺍ ﻞﺋﺎﺴﳌﺍ ﻞﺣ
.ﺔﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﺔﻄﺳﺍﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﺘﳉﺎﻌﳌ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﳉﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺍ ﺢﺘﻔﺗ ﺍﺬﻭ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﻷﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻻﺪﺑ ﺯﻮﻣﺮﻟﺎﺑ ﻞﻤﻌﺗ ﺎﻮﻛ .١
. ( heurhstigs ) .ﺔﻴﻨﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻃﻭ ( reasoning ) ﻝﻻﺪﺘﺳﻻﺍ .٢
ﺚﻴﺣ ( compler ) , ﻢﺟﺮﺘﳌﺍ ﺲﻴﻟﻭ ( interpretere ) ﺮﺴﻔﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻨﺒﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﺗ ﺎﻮﻛ .٣
ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ ﺔﻐﻠﺑ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻦﻋ ﲑﺒﻌﺘﻟﺍﻭ . ﺔﻳﺪﻴﻠﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻐﻠﻟﺍ ﰲ ﺔﺒﻌﺼﻟﺍ ﻢﻴﻫﺎﻔﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻴﻨﺒﳌﺍ ﲑﺑﺎﻌﺘﻠﻟ ﺢﻤﺴﺗ
ﺎﻘﺒﺴﻣ ﻑﺮﻌﻳ ﻥﺃ ﺞﻣﱪﳌﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻥﻮﻜﻳ ﻻ ﺍﺬﻭ ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺘﻟﺍ ﻝﻼﺧ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺮﺟﺇ ﱃﺇ ﻝﻮﺤﺘﺗ ﱵﻟﺍﻭ ( lis, prolog ) , ﻲﻫﻭ
. ﺔﺠﻴﺘﻨﻟﺍ ﻭﺃ ﻞﳊﺍ
ﲑﺴﻔﺘﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺓﺭﺪﻘﻟﺍ ﻚﻠﺘﳝ ﻥﺃ ﻦﻜﻟﻭ ﲑﺒﺧ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻮﻫ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﳌﺍ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﱃﺇ ﺪﻨﺘﺴﻳ ﲑﺒﺧ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻞﻛ ﺲﻴﻟ ﻪﻧﺍ ﲔﺒﺗ ﺍﺬﻫ ﻦﻣ
ﻱﺮﺤﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﻞﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍﻭ ﲑﺴﻔﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﰲ ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﻞﻌﻔﻳ ﺎﻤﻛ ﺔﻴﻓﺎﺿﺇ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﺐﻠﻃﻭ ﺕﺍﺭﺍﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﱃﺇ ﻝﻮﺻﻮﻟﺍﻭ
. ﺓﺪﻴﻛﺃ ﲑﻏ ﻭﺃ ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛ ﻖﺋﺎﻘﳊﺍ ﺎﻬﻴﻓ ﻥﻮﻜﺗ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺕﻻﺎﺍ ﰲ ﺔﺻﺎﺧﻭ
: ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ /ﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺹﺍﻮﺧ
. ﺓﺪﻘﻌﳌﺍ ﺕﻼﻜﺸﳌﺍ ﻞﺣ ﰲ ﻱﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ ﺏﻮﻠﺳﻸﻟ ﻥﺭﺎﻘﻣ ﺏﻮﻠﺳﺃ ﻡﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ .١
. ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻋ ﺔﻋﺮﺳﻭ ﺔﻗﺪﺑﻭ ﻦﻣﺍﺰﺘﻣ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﺕﺎﻴﺿﺮﻔﻟﺍ ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﺘﺗ .٢
. ﻞﻛﺎﺸﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺴﻧﺎﺠﺘﻣ ﺔﺌﻓ ﻞﻜﻟﻭ ﺔﻠﻜﺸﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺺﺼﺨﺘﻣ ﻞﺣ ﺩﻮﺟﻭ .٣
. ﺏﺬﺑﺬﺘﺗ ﻻ ﺖﺑﺎﺛ ﻱﺭﺎﺸﺘﺳﺍﻭ ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﻯﻮﺘﺴﲟ ﻞﻤﻌﺗ .٤
. ﲔﻌﻣ ﻝﺎﺠﲟ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﻑﺭﺎﻌﳌﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻠﺋﺎﻫ ﺕﺎﻴﻤﻛ ﻞﻴﺜﲤ ﺎﻫﺅﺎﻨﺑ ﺐﻠﻄﺘﻳ .٥
. ﺔﻴﻘﻄﻨﳌﺍ ﺔﻧﺭﺎﻘﳌﺍﻭ ﻞﻴﻠﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻝﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻤﻗﺮﻟﺍ ﲑﻏ ﺔﻳﺰﻣﺮﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﰿﺎﻌﺗ .٦
:ﻲﻋﺎﻨﻄﺻﻻﺍ ﺀﺎﻛﺬﻟﺍ / ﺓﲑﺒﳋﺍ ﻢﻈﻨﻠﻟ ﺀﻮﺠﻠﻟﺍ ﻊﻓﺍﻭﺩ
٩
.ﺎﺑﻮﻠﺳﺃﻭ ﺍﺮﻜﻓ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﺓﺎﻛﺎﶈ ﻑﺪ ﺎﻷ .١ .ﺭﺎﻜﺘﺑﻻﺍ
.ﺎﺑﻮﻠﺳﺃﻭ ﺍﺮﻜﻓ ﻥﺎﺴﻧﻹﺍ ﺓﺎﻛﺎﶈ ﻑﺪ ﺎﻷ .١
.ﺭﺎﻜﺘﺑﻻﺍ ﱃﺇ ﻱﺩﺆﺗ ﺓﺪﻳﺪﺟ ﺭﺎﻜﻓﺃ ﺓﺭﺎﺛﻹ .٢
.ﺔﻳﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ ﺓﱪﳋﺍ ﺪﻴﻠﺨﺘﻟ .٣
.ﺀﺍﱪﳋﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺽﻮﻌﺗ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺨﺴﻧ ﻦﻣ ﺮﺜﻛﺍ ﲑﻓﻮﺗ .٤
.ﻞﻠﳌﺍﻭ ﺐﻌﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﺭﻮﻌﺸﻟﺍ ﺏﺎﻴﻏ .٥
.ﺮﺸﺒﻟﺍ ﺀﺍﱪﳋﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺩﺎﻤﺘﻋﻻﺍ ﺺﻴﻠﻘﺗ .٦
: ( Alis ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ) ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ﺔﻤﻈﻧﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻝﺎﺜﻣ
ﺞﺘﻧﺃ ﰊﺮﻋ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ: aLIS (Advanced Library Information System) ﺭﻮﻄﺘﳌﺍ ﱄﻵﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﱪﺘﻌﻳ
ﺲﻴﻳﺎﻘﳌﺍ ﺙﺪﺣﺃﻭ ﺐﺳﺎﻨﺘﺑ ﺎﲟ ﻪﻤﻴﻤﺼﺗ ﰎﻭ ، ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺮﺼﻣ ﺔﻳﺭﻮﻬﲨ ﰲ ﺀﺍﺭﺯﻮﻟﺍ ﺲﻠﺠﲟ ﺭﺍﺮﻘﻟﺍ ﺫﺎﲣﺍ ﻢﻋﺩﻭ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﳌﺍ ﺰﻛﺮﻣ ﰲ
ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺈﺑ ﺩﻭﺰﻣﻭ ﺔﻴﺑﺮﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺟﺎﻴﺘﺣﺍ ﺔﻴﺒﻠﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻤﻌﻳ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﻮﻬﻓ .ﺕﺎﺒﺳﺎﳊﺍ ﻢﻈﻧﻭ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﻝﺎﳎ ﰲ ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ
ﻞﺣﺍﺮﻣ ﻊﻴﲨ ﰲ ﲏﻓ ﻢﻋﺩ ﻦﻣ ﻪﺗﺎﺟﺎﻴﺘﺣﺇ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﲔﻣﻷ ﻡﺪﻘﻴﻟ ﺎﺼﻴﺼﺧ ﺪﻌﻣ ﻪﻧﺃ ﺎﻤﻛ ،ﻱﺩﻼﻴﳌﺍﻭ ﻱﺮﺠﳍﺍ ﺦﻳﺭﺎﺘﻟﺎﺑ ﻉﺎﺟﺮﺘﺳﻻﺍﻭ
. ﻲﻣﻮﻴﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍ
: ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﻣ
: ﻲﻫ ﺞﻣﺍﱪﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻡﺪﻘﻳ
ﲑﻳﺎﻌﳌﺍ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺎﺑ ﺓﺎﻨﺘﻘﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺪﻋﺍﻮﻗ ﺀﺎﻨﺑ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺮﻓﻮﻳ :ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻴﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ -١
ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟﺍ ﻂﻄﺧ ﺮﻬﺷﻷ ﻒﻴﻨﺼﺘﻟﺍ ﻡﺎﻗﺭﺃ ﻡﺍﺪﺨﺘﺳﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺇ ﻊﻣ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴﳌﺍﻭ ﺔﻳﺩﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻷﺍ ﻉﺍﻮﻧﺃ ﺔﻓﺎﻜﺑ ﺔﻴﻟﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﺔﻨﻨﻘﳌﺍ
. ﺔﻴﻓﺍﺮﺟﻮﻠﺒﺒﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﳌﺎﻌﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﺻﺍﻮﳌﺍ ﺐﺴﺣ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟﺍ ﺮﻳﺪﺼﺗﻭ ﺩﺍﲑﺘﺳﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺇ ﺩﻮﺟﻭﻭ ﺓﺭﺮﻜﳌﺍ ﺦﺴﻨﻟﺍ ﻂﺒﺿ ﱃﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﻹﺎﺑ
ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺮﻣﻭ ﺩﺎﻨﺳﺇ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﱃﺇ ﺝﺎﺘﲢ ﺔﻴﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻔﺻﻮﻟﺍ ﺔﺳﺮﻬﻔﻟﺍ ﻥﺇ ﺚﻴﺣ : ﺔﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﻴﺳﺎﺳﻷﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﳌﺍ ﺀﺎﻨﺑﻭ ﺔﻧﺎﻴﺻ -٢
ﺱﻭﺅﺭ ، ﻒﻟﺆﻤﻠﻟ : ﺩﺎﻨﺳﻹﺍ ﺕﺎﻔﻠﻣ ﺀﺎﻨﺑﻭ ﺔﻧﺎﻴﺻ : ﻞﺜﻣ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺕﺎﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺇﻭ ﺔﻴﳘﺃ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﱄﻮﻳ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻥﺈﻓ ﺐﻳﻮﺼﺗﻭ
ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴﻟﺍﻭ ، ﺮﺷﺎﻨﻟﺍ ، ﺕﺎﻋﻮﺿﻮﳌﺍ
ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻣﻭ ﺔﻠﺴﻠﺴﳌﺍﻭ ﺔﻔﻠﺘﺨﳌﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻷﺍ ﻉﺍﻮﻧﺃ ﰲ ﻢﻜﺤﺘﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﻞﻤﻌﻳ : ﺕﺎﻴﻟﻮﳊﺍﻭ ﺕﺎﻳﺭﻭﺪﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﻞﺳﻼﺴﻟﺍ ﻂﺒﺿ -٣
ﺪﻴﻠﺠﺘﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇﻭ ﻦﻳﺩﺭﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻌﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇﻭ ﺓﺮﺧﺄﺘﳌﺍ ﺩﺍﺪﻋﻷﺎﺑ ﺔﺻﺎﺧ ﺮﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﱘﺪﻘﺗﻭ ﺎﺎﻛﺍﺮﺘﺷﺍﻭ ﺎﻫﺩﺍﺪﻋﺃ
، ﺔﻔﻠﺘﳐ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋﻭ ﺹﺍﻮﲞ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻷﺍ ﻦﻋ ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺚﻴﲝ ﱴﺷ ﻕﺮﻄﺑ ﺔﻌﺳﻮﻣ ﺚﲝ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺀﺍﺮﺟﺇ ﺚﺣﺎﺒﻟﺍ ﻊﻴﻄﺘﺴﻳ :ﺚﺤﺒﻟﺍ -٤
. ﺔﻣﺪﻘﺘﻣ ﺙﺎﲝﺃ ﺀﺍﺮﺟﺇ ﻦﻜﳝ ﺎﻤﻛ
ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﺟﺭﺎﳋﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﻌﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺕﺍﺀﺍﺮﺟﺇ ﺔﻓﺎﻛ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻤﺸﻳ ﺚﻴﺣ ، ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻷﺍ ﺓﺭﺎﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﺔﻛﺮﺣ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺘﻳ : ﺰﺠﳊﺍﻭ ﺓﺭﺎﻌﺘﺳﻻﺍ -٥
ﹰﺎﺼﻴﺼﺧ ﺖﻴﻨﺑ ﱵﻟﺍ ﻦﻳﺪﻴﻔﺘﺴﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻧﺎﻴﺑ ﺓﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﺱﺎﺳﺃ ﻰﻠﻋ ، ﻦﻳﺮﺧﺄﺘﻤﻠﻟ ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇﻭ ، ﺪﻳﺪﲡﻭ ﺀﺎﻐﻟﺇﻭ ﻞﻳﺪﻌﺗﻭ ﺔﻓﺎﺿﺇ
ﻥﻭﺮﺧﺁ ﻞﺒﻗ ﻦﻣ ﺎﺭﺎﻌﺘﺳﺍ ﺖﲤ ﱵﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻋﻭﻷﺍ ﺰﺠﺣ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺇ ﺮﻓﻮﻴﻓ ، ﺰﺠﳊﺍ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺎﻣﺃ ، ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﻹﺍ ﻩﺬﻫ ﻢﻴﻋﺪﺘﻟ
ﺔﻔﻠﺘﳐ ﺮﻳﺭﺎﻘﺗ ﺔﻋﺎﺒﻃ ، ﻦﻳﺩﺭﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﺕﻻﺎﺠﻌﺘﺳﻻﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ، ﺀﺍﺮﺸﻟﺍ ﺮﻣﺍﻭﺃ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ، ﺔﻳﻮﻨﺴﻟﺍ ﺔﻴﻧﺍﺰﻴﳌﺍ ﺔﻌﺑﺎﺘﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻨﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺘﻳ : ﺪﻳﻭﺰﺘﻟﺍ -٦
. ﺭﺎﻴﺘﺧﻻﺍ ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﺓﺭﺍﺩﺇ ، ﺪﻳﻭﺰﺘﻠﻟ
ﺔﻓﺎﻜﻟ ﺔﺻﺎﳋﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﺋﺎﺼﺣﻹﺍﻭ ﺮﻳﺭﺎﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻨﺘﻣ ﺔﻋﻮﻤﳎ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﺔﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺇ ﺞﻣﺎﻧﱪﻟﺍ ﺢﻴﺘﻳ : ﺕﺎﻴﺋﺎﺼﺣﻹﺍﻭ ﺮﻳﺭﺎﻘﺘﻟﺍ ﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ -٧
ﻱﺮﻬﺸﻟﺍﻭ ﻲﻣﻮﻴﻟﺍ ﺯﺎﳒﻹﺍﻭ ﻞﻤﻌﻟﺍ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻑﺮﻌﺘﻟﺍ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺮﻳﺪﳌ ﺢﻤﺴﻳ ﺎﲟ ﺔﻳﺭﺍﺩﻹﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﻨﻔﻟﺍ ﺕﺎﻴﻠﻤﻌﻟﺍ
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: ﲔﺗﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﰲ aLIS ﺭﻮﻄﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺭﺪﺼﻳ .
: ﲔﺗﺭﺍﺪﺻﺇ ﰲ aLIS ﺭﻮﻄﺘﳌﺍ ﺔﺒﺘﻜﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﻣﻮﻠﻌﻣ ﻡﺎﻈﻧ ﺭﺪﺼﻳ
. ﺓﲑﺒﻜﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻄﺳﻮﺘﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ enlarged version ﺔﻌﺳﻮﻣ : ﱃﻭﻷﺍ
.ﺓﲑﻐﺼﻟﺍﻭ ﺔﻴﺳﺭﺪﳌﺍ ﺕﺎﺒﺘﻜﻤﻠﻟ version simplified ﺔﻄﺴﺒﻣ : ﺔﻴﻧﺎﺜﻟﺍ
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