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Global Open Versity ICT Studio Labs

Step-by-Step Guide Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty v1.0

Global Open Versity IT System Integration Hands-on Labs Training Manual

Build Your Own Multimedia Production Studio with Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty
Kefa Rabah Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada
krabah@globalopenversity.org www.globalopenversity.org

Table of Contents

Page No. 2 2 3 3 3 20 23 23 24 24 25 26 26 28 30 30 30 30 30

BUILD YOUR OWN MULTIMEDIA PRODUCTION STUDIO WITH UBUNTU STUDIO 11.04 NATTY 1.0 Introduction Part 1: Install & Configure Ubuntu Studio 11.04 LTS Natty Server Step 1: Getting Started & Hardware Pre-requisites Step 2: Install Linux Ubuntu 11.04 LTS Part 2: Moving around your Desktop Part 3: Recording and Editing Video with OpenShot Step 1: Introduction Step 2: Accessing OpenShot Video Editor 2.1 Launch OpenShot from GUI Window 2.2 Launch OpenShot from Terminal Window Step 3: Staring a New Open Shot Project Step 4: Importing the Video into OpenShot Editor Step 5: Exporting from OpenShot Part 4: Recording and Editing Audio with Part 5: Need More Training on Linux: Ubuntu Server Administration Training MySQL Database with PHP Part 6: Hands-on Labs Assignments

A GOV Open Access Technical Academic Publications Enhancing education & empowering people worldwide through eLearning in the 21st Century 1

April 2007, Kefa Rabah, Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada


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Global Open Versity ICT Studio Labs

Step-by-Step Guide Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty v1.0

Global Open Versity IT Systems Integration Hands-on Labs Training Manual

Build Your Own Multimedia Production Studio with Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty
By Kefa Rabah, krabah@globalopenversity.org July, 2011 GTS Institute

1.0 Introduction
In this Hands-on Labs session, were going to learn how to install, configure, administer and maintenance of the Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) server distro. Ubuntu Studio is clearly geared to general multimedia production. Its packed with a large selection of open source sound and video editing programs pre-installed on the system that contains an amazing list of audio software for editing and playback such as Ardour, Audacious, Mixxx, JackLab, Musix and much more. Graphic design and modeling applications are also included such as GIMP, Inkscape and Blender, along with plugins like dcraw to help with RAW camera files and wacom-tools for people with Wacom drawing tablets. PiTiVi, Kino, Cinepaint are included for video creation. It also includes OpenShot which is great tool for video production. Ubuntu Studio comes on a DVD sized ISO. The installer allows you to select which groups of packages you want installed. The latest Ubuntu 11.04 also sports the new Unity Interface with lots of bundled apps that create a cohesive user experience thats logical and easy to pick up and use. Ubuntu is now bringing something unique to the buffet of distros out there. In general Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty provides a suite of the best open-source applications available for multimedia creation. Ubuntu Studio is geared toward people familiar with professional tools. Completely free to use, modify and redistribute. Your only limitation is your imagination. There are some great feature too e.g., the ease-of-use that the Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal) release has brought with it. One of these changes is the ability to allow the automatic installation of Flash, closedsource drivers, and support for MP3 and other non-free media while installing Ubuntu. Ubuntu Server delivers services reliably, predictably and economically, and easily integrates with your existing infrastructure. It has almost 100 open-source and proprietary application providers certifying their programs on Ubuntu Server Edition.

Hand-on Solution:
In this Hands-on Lab session, youll learn how to setup virtual network on VMware (you may also use any other virtual machines like MS VirtualPC, Linux Xen, or VirtualBox from Oracle). In this lab session, well concentrate on installing Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 LTS Natty server.

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Step-by-Step Guide Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty v1.0

Part 1: Install & Configure Ubuntu Studio 11.04 LTS Natty Server
Step 1: Getting Started & Hardware Pre-requisites In this Hands-on Labs, its assumed that your target computer is connected to the internet. After installing the operating system, log into your machine and ensure you can perform software updates to bring your system up-to-date.

Step 2: Install Linux Ubuntu 11.04 LTS 1. Hope over to http://cdimage.ubuntu.com/ubuntustudio/releases/11.04/release/ website and download the Linux Ubuntu 11.04 64-bit Studio ISO which at the time of writing this lab manual was "ubuntustudio-11.04-alternate-amd64" or change as desired. 2. Once you have downloaded the Ubuntu ISO specific to your distribution, you have the option to burning it into CD or just by using the ISO package to install it from your virtual machine, in our case VMware. 3. Fire-up a new virtual machine and perform the initial configuration and setup to use ISO package. 4. Start the virtual machine, and you should be able to see the first Ubuntu installation screen. 5. From Fig. 1, select the language desired and hit Enter key.

Fig. 1

6. From Fig. 2, select the option desired and then hit the Enter key to commence installation. In our case we have selected to Install Ubuntu Server option. 3

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Step-by-Step Guide Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty v1.0

Fig. 2

7. From Fig. 3, Choose language screen, select English option, and hit the Enter key.

Fig. 3

8. From Fig. 4, Choose language screen, Choose a country, select United States option, and hit Enter

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Fig. 4

9. From the Ubuntu installer main menu screen, Fig. 5, accept the default selected <No> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 5

10. From the Ubuntu installer main menu screen, Fig. 6, Origin of keyboard, select USA and hit the Enter key to continue.

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Fig. 6

11. From the Ubuntu installer main menu screen, Fig. 7, Keyboard layout, select USA and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 7

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Step-by-Step Guide Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty v1.0

12. From Fig. 8, the Detecting hardware to find CD-ROM drives screen, wait for the system complete the process.

Fig. 8:

13. From Fig. 9, the Loading additional components screen, wait for the system complete the process.

Fig. 9

14. From Fig. 9a, the Configure the network with the DHCP screen, wait for the system complete the process.

Fig. 9a

15. From Fig. 10, the Configure the network screen, enter desired the Hostname: studio1, change as desired, and hit the Tab key to select <Continue> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 10

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16. From Fig. 11, the setting up the clock screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 11

17. From Fig. 12, the Detecting disks and all other hardware screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 12

18. From Fig. 13, the Partition disks screen, accept the default selection, or change as desired, and then hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 13

19. From Fig. 14, the Partition disks screen, accept the default selection, or change as desired, and then hit the Enter key to continue.

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Fig. 14

20. From Fig. 15, the Partition disks screen, select <Yes>, or change as desired, and then hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 15

21. From Fig. 16, the Partition disks screen, accept the default selection of 21.2GB, or change as desired, and then hit the Tab key to select <Continue> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 16

22. From Fig. 17, the Starting up the partitioner screen, wait for the system to complete the process. April 2007, Kefa Rabah, Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada
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Fig. 17

23. From Fig. 18, the Partition disks screen, read the warning and then select <Yes>, or change as desired, and then hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 18

24. From Fig. 19, the Partition disks screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 19

25. From Fig. 20, the Installing the base system screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 20

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26. From Fig. 21, the Setup users and passwords screen, enter the full name of the user: "Studio Admin", or change as desired, and then select <Continue> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 21

27. From Fig. 22, the Setup users and passwords screen, enter the username of the user: "sadmin", or change as desired, and then select <Continue> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 22

28. From Fig. 23, the Setup users and passwords screen; enter the password of the user "sadmin", and then select <Continue> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 23

Note: Reenter the password when prompted. 29. From Fig. 24, the Setup users and passwords screen; accepted the selection <No> not to encrypt your home directory, or change as desired, and then hit the Enter key to continue. 11

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Fig. 24

30. From Fig. 25, the Configuring apt screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 25

31. From Fig. 26, the Configuring the package manager screen; leave HTTP proxy blank, hit the Tab key to select <Continue> and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 26

32. From Fig. 27, the Configuring apt screen, the system will continue with configuring apt, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 27

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Step-by-Step Guide Linux Ubuntu Studio 11.04 Natty v1.0

33. From Fig. 28, the Select and install software screen, the system will continue with configuring apt, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 28

34. From Fig. 29, the Software selection screen, choose the software to install, and then hit the Enter

key to continue.

Fig. 29

35. From Fig. 30, the Select and install software screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 30

36. From Fig. 31, the Configuring jackd2 screen, accept the default no option or change as desired, then hit the Enter key to continue. (Note: read the warning for using Jackd with realtime priorities!)

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Fig. 31

37. From Fig. 32, the Select and install software screen, again wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 32

38. From Fig. 33, the Installing GRUB boot loader screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 33

39. From Fig. 34, the Installing GRUB boot loader screen, accept the default selection to install GRUB boot loader, or change as desired, and hit the Enter key to continue.

Fig. 34

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40. From Fig. 35, the Finishing the installation screen, wait for the system to complete the process.

Fig. 35

41. From Fig. 36, the Finishing the installation screen, review setting or change as desired and hit enter to continue.

Fig. 36

42. From Fig. 36, the Finish installation screen; Installation complete. Remove the installation CD, and hit the Enter key to restart the system.

Fig. 36 43. Server startup process:

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44. From Fig. 17, enter your Username, same as the one entered during the installation stage, and hit enter.

Fig. 37

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45. Enter your Password, and hit enter, as shown in Fig. 38. Here too you may wish to switch between classic and Unity option, before logging on.

Fig. 38

46. You should be taken to your Desktop as shown in Fig. 39.

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47. If youre connected to the Internet, you should see Update Manager notification at the bottom-lefthand corner, as shown in Fig. 20.

Fig. 20 Note: Click the notification icon and follow the instruction to complete the updates installation. You may be required to enter the password!

48. From 20, click the Update Manage notification to access Fig. 21. Next, click the Install Updates button to start installation. Enter root password when prompted.

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Fig. 15

49. When done installing updates, click the Restart Now button to restart the computer, see Fig. 16.

Fig. 16

50. Youre done with this section.

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Part 2: Moving around your Desktop


Click the Ubuntu icon at the left-hand corner to access applications installed. 1. Clicking the Accessories menu, leads you to the usual Linux applications found here.

Fig. 17

2. Clicking the Graphics menu, leads you to a list of graphic applications e.g., GIMP and Inkscape etc.

Fig. 18

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3. Clicking the Sound & Video applications.

Audio Production menu, leads you to a list of audio production

Fig. 19

4. Clicking the Sound & Video applications.

Video Production menu, leads you to a list of video production

Fig. 20

Note: clicking the Sound & Video menu leads you to other list of applications like Audacious, Brasero, Movie Player etc. April 2007, Kefa Rabah, Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada
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5. Clicking the Places menu, leads you to the usual Linux applications found here.

Fig. 21

6. Clicking the Places menu, leads you to the usual Linux applications found here.

Fig. 22

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7. Youre done with this section.

Part 3: Recording and Editing Video with OpenShot


Step 1: Introduction OpenShot Video Editor is a program designed to create and edit videos on Linux. It can easily combine multiple video clips, audio clips, and images into a single project, and then export the video into many common video formats. OpenShot is a non-linear video editor, which means any frame of video can be accessed at any time, and thus the video clips can be layered, mixed, and arranged in very creative ways. All video clip edits (trimming, cutting, etc...) are non-destructive, meaning that the original video clips are never modified. You can use OpenShot to create photo slide shows, edit home videos, create television commercials and on-line films, or anything else you can dream up. OpenShot is a stable and easy to use video editor for Ubuntu and is also available in Spanish, French, and Italian. Supported Features Overview: The following are some of the supported features: Support for many video, audio, and image formats (based on FFmpeg) Gnome integration (drag and drop support) Multiple tracks Clip resizing, trimming, snapping, and cutting Video transitions with real-time previews Compositing, image overlays, watermarks Title templates, title creation, 3D animated titles SVG friendly, to create and include titles and credits Scrolling motion picture credits Solid color clips (including alpha compositing) Support for Rotoscoping / Image sequences Drag and drop timeline Frame stepping, key-mappings: J,K, and L keys Video encoding (based on FFmpeg) Key Frame animation Digital zooming of video clips Speed changes on clips (slow motion etc) Custom transition wipes, lumas, and masks Re-sizing of clips (frame size) Audio mixing and editing Presets for key frame animations and layout Ken Burns effect (making video by panning over an image) 23

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Digital video effects, including brightness, gamma, hue, greyscale, chroma key (bluescreen / greenscreen), and over 40 other video and audio effects

Step 2: Accessing OpenShot Video Editor 2.1 Launch OpenShot from GUI Window To launch OpenShot Video Editor from GUI, perform the following procedure: 1. Clicking the Sound & Video Editor menu. Video Production menu, and then click on the OpenShot Video

Fig. 22

2. Figure 23 shows the main interface, which is nicely laid out and easy to use, see Fig. 23.

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Fig. 23

3. Youre done with this section.

2.2 Launch OpenShot from Terminal Window 4. To launch OpenShot from the command-line, click Accessories Terminal, issue the following command: openshot <filename> Note: the optional <filename> parameter can either be an audio or video file, or OpenShot project file (*.osp). You can also specify multiple files (with spaces between each filename), and all files will be imported into a single instance of OpenShot. 5. Youre done with this section. Terminal menu. From the

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Step 3: Staring a New Open Shot Project 1. To start a new OpenShot video project, click File New Project, menu. Alternative you can achieve the same task by clicking on the New Project icon as shown Fig. 24.

Fig. 28

6. Youre done with this section.

Step 4: Importing the Video into OpenShot Editor In this section Ill show you how to import your videos for editing. 2. To import you videos for editing, click File Import Files menu, as shown in Fig. 25a.

Fig. 25a

Note: You can also click on the + icon to accomplish the same task!

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Fig. 25b

3. From Fig. 26, select the desired Video and then click +Add icon to import the videos.

Fig. 26

4. You now have you imported the video ready for your project, as shown in Fig. 27.

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Fig. 27

5. Youre done with this section.

Step 5: Exporting from OpenShot Exporting videos is also pretty easy, you can export your video in multiple formats. 6. To do this, click on red button to export your edited video, as shown in Fig. 28.

Fig. 28

7. An Export Video dialog-box will open-up as shown in Fig. 29. When done selecting your desired options, click on the Export Video button at the bottom. April 2007, Kefa Rabah, Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada
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Fig. 29

8. To save your video project done editing, click File Save Project (or Save Project As..), provide desired file and done. Alternative you can achieve the same task by clicking on the Diskette icon as shown Fig. 30.

Fig. 30

9. Youre done with this section.

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Part 4: Recording and Editing Audio with


Graphic designers, movie editors, music composers, and multimedia addicts have specific needs when it comes to software. In this section, were going to look at audio applications that come with UbuntuStudio distro. This includes apps for organizing and listening to music, CDs, podcasts, Internet radio streams, and other audio sources. Well also be looking at apps for burning CDs, tagging, fixing, and converting digital audio files, as well as a few light recording and editing packages. 1. Youre done with this section and for time being were taking a break from the lab.

Part 5: Need More Training on Linux:


Are you having trouble understanding or comprehending the working of Linux OS, if so, then check out some of our introductory courses on Linux at: Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada.

Ubuntu Server Administration Training You can now register and take our superb Ubuntu Server Training course, covering Ubuntu 11.04, Ubuntu 10.04 LTS, EHCP and ISPConfig ISP hosting solutions, RESTORE backup, EJBCA PKI and DTC GPLHost Control Panel solutions and many more ICT105 - Ubuntu Server Administration Training

Call us today: Email: info@globalopenversity.org. URL: www.globalopenversity.org

MySQL Database with PHP You can now register and learn more about MySQL and PHP for Web programming training and many more: MySQL: A Comprehensive Hands-on Introduction - BM103

Part 6: Hands-on Labs Assignments


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Install and configure Ubuntu 11.04LTS Server Install and configure DNS servers: Master and Slave servers for redundancy Install and configure Ubuntu 11.04 LTS Cloud Computing Deploy LAMP, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Tomcat6 on Ubuntu 11.04 LTS Server Deploy secure Postfix messaging server with SquirrelMail client for your network infrastructure Note 1: A good point to start from is to check out previous article on Postfix mail server on Linux Install Guide Secure Postfix Messaging Server with Dovecot and ClamAV on Linux v1.2

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Note 2: Alternatively you also be interested to install an alternative mail server: Sendmail mail server is also open source messaging software Deploy Secure Messaging Solutions using Sendmail & Dovecot Servers with ClamAV on Linux

Other Related Articles & Hands-on Lab Manuals: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. Step-By-Step Install Guide eyeOS Cloud Computing Operating System Building and Running Private Cloud With Eucalyptus Systems v1.0 Step-By-Step Build and Deploy Xen Hypervisor Virtualization on Linux OpenSUSE 11.3 Server Build your Own Private Cloud using Ubuntu 10.04 Eucalyptus Enterprise Cloud Computing Platform Step-By-Step Install Guide Linux CentOS-5 VM on Citrix XenServer v1.0 Step-By-Step Build & Deploy Citrix XenServer and XenCenter v1.2 Step-By-Step Install Guide Windows Server 2008 R2 Virtualization With Hyper-V v1.0 Install Guide OpenLDAP for Enterprise Identity Management and SSO Install Guide Linux Samba as Primary DC and SSO Identity Management Build Private Clouds with Ubuntu 10.10 LTS Enterprise Cloud Platform Step-By-Step Install Guide Openfire Jabber Server on Linux v1.0 Using Webmin and Bind9 to Setup DNS Server on Linux Build your own ISP Hosting using EHCP on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Server Build your own ISP Hosting using ISPConfig on Ubuntu Server v1.0 Step-By-Step Install Guide DTC on Linux CentOS5 Server v1.0 Install Guide Secure Sendmail with Dovecot & Roundcube Webmail v1.0 Build your Own Private Data Center Backup Solutions using Ubuntu Powered RESTORE Backup Server v1.0 Install & Setup Astaro Security Gateway to Protect Corporate Network v1.1

----------------------------------------------Kefa Rabah is the Founder of Global Technology Solutions Institute. Kefa is knowledgeable in several fields of Science & Technology, Information Security Compliance and Project Management, and Renewable Energy Systems. He is also the founder of Global Open Versity, a place to enhance your educating and career goals using the latest innovations and technologies.

Fellow us on Twitter: Global Open Versity and Kefa Rabah A GOV Open Access Technical Academic Publications Enhancing education & empowering people worldwide through eLearning in the 21st Century April 2007, Kefa Rabah, Global Open Versity, Vancouver Canada
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