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FACULTY OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT SAVEETHA SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING SAVEETHA UNIVERSITY EE3515 Switchgear and Protection

COURSE PLAN Faculty Name: G Anandha kumar AIM


To study some fundamental concepts in switch gear and its protection.

Class: III Yr/ EEE

OBJECTIVES
To impart knowledge on 1. 2. 3. 4. To understand physical as circuit breakers and isolators. To learn planning and operation of relays and apparatus protection. To study various heating and welding concepts. To understand illumination systems.

Sl.No Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Course Content

11.07.11 UNIT I CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND ISOLATORS 12.07.11 Types of circuit breakers , basic principles of operation.

Materials used Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

13.07.11 Arc extinction arc voltage and current wave form in AC circuit breaking Board & Chalk 15.07.11 Restriking and recovery voltage . 16.07.11 DC breakers rupturing capacity making capacity. 18.07.11 Oil circuit breakers, SF6 circuit breakers. 19.07.11 MOCB, ABCB . 20.07.11 TUTORIAL 20.07.11 UNIT II RELAYS Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk PPT PPT Board & Chalk

22.07.11 Relay concepts, Types 25.07.11 Electromagnetic induction type relays

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

26.07.11 Working principle of directional relay, Concept of Distance relay 27.07.11 Definite impedance and Time distance relay concepts 29.07.11 Differential Relay, Current balanced and voltage balanced relays 30.07.11 Workshop on PLC & SCADA 01.08.11 STATIC RELAY 02.07.11 TUTORIAL 03.08.11 UNIT III APPARATUS PROTECTION : AN OVERVIEW 05.08.11 Generator Protection: Phase - Earth and Phase-Phase Fault Relay concepts 06.08.11 STATOR INTER TURN FAULT PROTECTION

PPT PPT Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

20 21

08.08.11 Restricted earth fault protection and problems, Problems in percentage oBoard & Chalk unprotected winding. 09.08.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT 10.08.11 Unrestricted earth fault protection, rotor earth fault protection 12.08.11 GUEST LECTURE 15.08.11 Negative Sequence current protection,Transformer Protection: Buchhoz Relay. 16.08.11 CIA - I 17.08.11 CIA - I 19.08.11 CIA - I 20.08.11 CIA - I 22.08.11 CIA - I 23.08.11 CIA I 24.08.11 Differential protection of Transformer and Problems. 26.08.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT 29.08.11 Protection of bus bars: Types and working Transmission lines: Types and working. 30.08.11 CTs and PTs and their applications in protection schemes 31.08.11 GUEST LECTURE 02.09.11 Problems, TUTORIAL 03.09.11 Electric heating , Resistance heating types 05.09.11 TECH PULSE 360 06.09.11 TECH PULSE 360

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

41 42 43 44 45

07.09.11 TECH PULSE 360 09.09.11 Design of heating element 12.09.11 Induction heating types 13.09.11 High frequency heating Dielectric heating 14.09.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT UNIT I V HEATING AND WELDING 16.09.11 Direct and indirect arc furnaces , Welding - resistance welding arc welding 17.09.11 Electric welding control. 19.09.11 20.09.11 21.09.11 23.09.11 02.09.11 26.09.11 27.09.11 CIA II CIA II CIA II CIA II CIA II CIA II Problems, TUTORIAL.

PPT Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

28.09.11 Lighting calculation design of interior and exterior lighting systems 30.09.11 GUEST LECTURE 03.10.11 Factory lighting flood lighting 04.10.11 Street lighting arc lamps. 05.10.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT 07.10.11 Industrial drives electric drives

Board & Chalk

10.10.11 GUEST LECTURE 11.10.11 Motors for particular application textile mill steel mill paper Board & Chalk mill mine 12.10.11 Advantages factors affecting choice of motor 14.10.11 UNIT V ILLUMINATION Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

63 64 67 68 69 70 71

15.10.11 Mechanical characteristics of DC and AC motors 17.10.11 18.10.11 19.10.11 21.10.11 CIA - III CIA - III CIA - III CIA - III

72 73 74 75 76 77

24.10.11 25.10.11 26.10.11 28.10.11

CIA - III CIA III CIA III Revision I & II Unit

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

29.10.11 Revision III & IV Unit 31.10.11 Revision V

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Sunil S. Rao : Switch Gear Protection and Power Systems (Khanna Publication) 2. S.L. Uppal : Electrical Power (Khanna Publication)

REFERENCES: 1. B. Ravindranath & M. Chander : Power System Protection and Switch Gear (New Age International) 2. E. Openshaw Taylor : Utilisation of Electrical Energy (Orient Longman)Warrington A.C : Power system protection I, II

FACULTY

HOD

PRINCIPAL

EEE 3728

SPECIAL MACHINES AND CONTROLLERS

L T P TOTAL 3 1 0 150

AIM To introduce the student to special machines and controllers OBJECTIVES 1. To study the stepping motors. 2. To study the switched reluctance motors. 3. To study about the Commutation in DC motors. 4. To study the permanent magnet synchronous motors. UNIT I- SYNCHRONOUS RELUCTANCE MOTORS (9) Constructional features-Types-Axial and radial air gap motors-operating principle-ReluctancePhasor diagram-Characteristics-Vernier motor. UNIT II - STEPPING MOTORS (9)

Constructional features, principle of operation, modes of excitation torque production in Variable Reluctance (VR) stepping motor, Dynamic characteristics, Drive systems and circuit for open loop control, Closed loop control of stepping motor. UNIT III - SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTORS (9)

Constructional features, principle of operation. Torque equation, Power controllers, Characteristics and control Microprocessors based controller. UNIT IV - PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTORS (9)

Commutation in DC motors, Difference between mechanical and electronic commutators, Hall sensors, Optical sensors, Multiphase Brush less motor, Square wave permanent magnet brushless motor drives, Torque and emf equation, Torque-speed characteristics, ControllersMicroprocessors based controller. UNIT V -PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS (9)

Principle of operation, EMF, power input and torque expressions, Phasor diagram, Power controllers, Torque speed characteristics, Self control, Vector control, Current control schemes.

THEORY TUTORIAL

45 15 TOTAL 60

TEXT BOOK 1. Miller, T.J.E. Brushless Permanent Magnet and Reluctance Motor Drives, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Kenjo, T and Naganori, S Permanent Magnet and brushless DC motors, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989. 2. Kenjo, T, Stepping motors and their microprocessor control, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989.

EE3515

SWITCH GEAR AND PROTECTION

AIM To study some fundamental concepts in switch gear and its protection. OBJECTIVES 1. 2. 3. 4. To understand physical as circuit breakers and isolators. To learn planning and operation of relays and apparatus protection. To study various heating and welding concepts. To understand illumination systems. (9)

UNIT I- CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND ISOLATORS

Types of circuit breakers basic principles of operation arc extinction arc voltage and current wave form in AC circuit breaking restriking and recovery voltage DC breakers rupturing capacity making capacity Oil circuit breakers MOCB, ABCB SF6 circuit breakers. UNIT II- RELAYS (9)

Classification of relays induction types inverse time characteristics directional over current and power relays earth fault protection distance relay distance earth fault protection.Basic static relay block schematic auxiliary voltage supply voltage stabilization by Zener diode time delay circuit block diagram of over current and directional relay. \UNIT III- APPARATUS PROTECTION (9)

Generator protection over current external and internal faults earth fault protection self balanced system protection against failure of excitation. Transformer protection differential protection self balanced system Bucholz relay Feeder protection protection of ring mains differential pilot wire protection Merzprice voltage balanced system. UNIT IV- HEATING AND WELDING (9)

Electric heating resistance types design of heating element induction heating types high frequency heating Dielectric heating direct and indirect arc furnaces welding resistance welding arc welding electric welding control. UNIT V - ILLUMINATION (9)

Lighting calculation design of interior and exterior lighting systems factory lighting flood lighting street lighting arc lamps. Industrial drives electric drives advantages factors affecting choice of motor mechanical characteristics of DC and AC motors motors for particular application textile mill steel mill paper mill mine hoist crane motor selection for intermittent loads. THEORY 45

TUTORIAL TOTAL TEXT BOOKS 1. Sunil S. Rao : Switch Gear Protection and Power Systems (Khanna Publication) 2. S.L. Uppal : Electrical Power (Khanna Publication)

15 60

REFERENCES 1. B. Ravindranath & M. Chander : Power System Protection and Switch Gear (New Age International) 2. E. Openshaw Taylor : Utilisation of Electrical Energy (Orient Longman)Warrington A.C : Power system protection I, II

FACULTY OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT SAVEETHA SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING SAVEETHA UNIVERSITY EEE 3728 SPECIAL MACHINES AND CONTROLLERS COURSE PLAN Faculty Name: G Anandha kumar AIM To introduce the student to special machines and controllers OBJECTIVES 1. To study the stepping motors. 2. To study the switched reluctance motors. 3. To study about the Commutation in DC motors. 4. To study the permanent magnet synchronous motors. Sl.No Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Course Content Materials used Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk PPT PPT Board & Chalk Class: IV Yr/ EEE

11.07.11 UNIT I- SYNCHRONOUS RELUCTANCE MOTORS 12.07.11 Constructional features 13.07.11 Types-Axial and radial air gap motors 15.07.11 operating principle 16.07.11 Reluctance 18.07.11 Phasor Diagram 19.07.11 -Characteristics 20.07.11 Vernier motor. 20.07.11 Problems 22.07.11 TUTORIAL 25.07.11 UNIT II - STEPPING MOTORS 26.07.11 Constructional features, 27.07.11 principle of operation

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk PPT PPT

14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

29.07.11 Variable Reluctance (VR) stepping motor, 30.07.11 Workshop on PLC & SCADA 01.08.11 Dynamic characteristics, 02.07.11 Drive systems 03.08.11 Problems 05.08.11 circuit for open loop control of stepping motor. 06.08.11 Closed loop control of stepping motor. 08.08.11 UNIT III - SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTORS 09.08.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT 10.08.11 Constructional features, 12.08.11 15.08.11 16.08.11 17.08.11 19.08.11 20.08.11 22.08.11 23.08.11 24.08.11 GUEST LECTURE Principle of operation. CIA - I CIA - I CIA - I CIA - I CIA - I CIA I Torque equation

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

26.08.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT 29.08.11 Power controllers 30.08.11 Characteristics and control. 31.08.11 GUEST LECTURE 02.09.11 Microprocessors based controller. 03.09.11 Problems 05.09.11 06.09.11 07.09.11 09.09.11 TECH PULSE 360 TECH PULSE 360 TECH PULSE 360
TUTORIAL

12.09.11 UNIT IV PERMANENT MAGNET BRUSHLESS DC MOTORS Board & Chalk 13.09.11 Commutation in DC motors . 14.09.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT Board & Chalk

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77

16.09.11 Difference between mechanical and electronic commutators. 17.09.11 Hall sensors, Optical sensors, Multiphase Brush less motor 19.09.11 20.09.11 21.09.11 23.09.11 02.09.11 26.09.11 27.09.11 CIA II CIA II CIA II CIA II CIA II CIA II Square wave permanent magnet brushless motor drives.

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

28.09.11 Torque and emf equation 30.09.11 GUEST LECTURE 03.10.11 Torque-speed characteristics.

04.10.11 UNIT V -PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS Board & Chalk 05.10.11 INDUSTRIAL VISIT 07.10.11 Principle of operation. 10.10.11 GUEST LECTURE 11.10.11 EMF, power input and torque expressions. 12.10.11 Phasor diagram, Power controllers. 14.10.11 Torque speed characteristics, Self control, Vector control, 15.10.11 Current control schemes. 17.10.11 18.10.11 19.10.11 21.10.11 24.10.11 25.10.11 26.10.11 28.10.11 CIA - III CIA - III CIA - III CIA - III CIA - III CIA III CIA III Revision I & II Unit Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

Board & Chalk Board & Chalk Board & Chalk

29.10.11 Revision III & IV Unit 31.10.11 Revision V

TEXT BOOK 1. Miller, T.J.E. Brushless Permanent Magnet and Reluctance Motor Drives, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989. REFERENCE BOOKS 1. Kenjo, T and Naganori, S Permanent Magnet and brushless DC motors, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989. 2. Kenjo, T, Stepping motors and their microprocessor control, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1989.

FACULTY

HOD

PRINCIPAL