Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SP 11 5 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. and a country template [Ext. and in the cash journal. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext.]. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. In conjunction with add-on programs. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. It does not cover the generic functions. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. For example. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. with some additional features in Logistics as well. At month-end.] [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. At year-end. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. 6 . The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext.

Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. and in the cash journal. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. At year-end. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. At month-end. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. 7 . In conjunction with add-on programs. For example.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. TAXPL.] . see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext. 8 . using a tax procedure for Poland. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. For generic information about Taxes.

which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. and for purchases of assets (0%. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. reduced rate (7%). Finally. There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. see Tax Codes [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). and zero rate. In tax invoices [Page 42]. and 22%). 7%.]. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. if you need to correct a tax invoice. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11].

SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. After selecting this checkbox. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. enter the billing date in each document manually. To access the report. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. 11 . SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. If you leave the field empty. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. on the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents.

y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. gross. The report does not check the documents. y Incl. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. The total VAT. broken down by VAT code. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. and net amounts for each document type.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. After selecting this checkbox. but without correction documents. 12 . Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. gross. The individual documents are not listed. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list.

where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger.]. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. In other cases. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements. such as the Document Journal. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. for example. 13 . For generic information about FI-GL.

It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice.]. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. special funds. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). accounts receivable. deferred tax). reserves (company pension reserves.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. accruals. CAPL.

Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements.].]. which you can use to prepare financial statements. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. liabilities and stockholders' equity. BAPL. For information about changing financial statement versions. and profit and loss accounts. It covers all accounts: assets. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 15 .

" Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. The list shows who posted each document. To access the report. Features Selection Enter data as required. from the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. 16 ." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below).1). SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. and. in the Additional Header field. the system displays an output list as normal.

the output list shows the information in two lines. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. but offers a number of features specific to Poland. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). enter data as required. Selection On the selection screen.]). time (6). SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. if your posting periods are longer than a month. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. date (8 characters). To access the report. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. from the SAP Easy Access screen. except for between your user name and the company code. RFIDPL15001.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. but. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). user name (12). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. company code (4). y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. Output For each G/L account.

SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . if you selected that option.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. In addition.

Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. For each G/L account and plant. it also covers related items. Output By default. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. for VAT. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. semifinished. 19 . the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. with subtotals for each plant. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. for example. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. and finished materials themselves.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It does not include any postings from previous years. As well as line items for raw. select Totals Only. from the SAP Easy Access screen. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials.

SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. and enter their bank details in the format required. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext.]. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs. For generic information about FI-AP. the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 20 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers.

To access the vendor master.].] in the Tax Number 1 field. as required by law. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Use On the Control Data sreen. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. To access the vendor master. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 .]. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. see Vendor Master Data [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen.

Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). or you can make the payments electronically. by creating a file with the payment instructions. comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. see SAP Note 153630.] 23 . SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. use the print program RFFOD__U.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. the document type KA. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. To create electronic payment files (payment method E). in conjunction with add-on programs.

user name (12). Output For each vendor. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. RFIDPL10001. Features Selection On the selection screen. time (6).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. G/L account number (10). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. except for between your user name and the company code. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). from the SAP Easy Access screen. date (8 characters). company code (4). enter data as required. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 .

SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 25 . the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. For generic information about FI-AR. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features In Country Version Poland. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. and enter their bank details in the format required.].

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer.] in the Tax Number 1 field. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. as required by law.]. on the SAP Easy Access screen. Use On the Control Data tab. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . To access the customer master. see Customer Master Data [Ext.

Use On the Payment Transactions tab. from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.]. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . see Customer Master Data [Ext. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. To access the customer master. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master.

if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. except for between your user name and the company code. The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. RFIDPL10001. user name (12). SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Output For each customer. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. time (6). To access the report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. date (8 characters). Features Selection On the selection screen. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). G/L account number (10). enter data as required. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. from the SAP Easy Access screen. company code (4). customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 .

so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal. 29 . SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. For generic information about FI-BL.

enter 1 (bank number).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. In the Bank Key field. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. Use In Poland. use the bank number as the bank key. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. 30 . you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format.].

proceed as follows. choose dialog box that appears. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). For example. followed by a two-digit check digit.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 1042956). Bank Account. see ³Structure´ below. and the 16-digit bank account number. and enter it in the Alternatively. split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. For information about the formats. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). 31 . The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). and Reference Details fields respectively. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. the eight-digit bank number. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. In the IBAN format. enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . Structure In the old format. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. To enter any bank account number in the old format. for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001.

See also: Cash Journal [Ext. For more information. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries. For these purposes.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext.] 32 . you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext.]). It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. as required by law. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about FI-AA. 33 .]. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext.

To access the report. 34 . The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger.] report. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year. which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. on the SAP Easy Access screen.

35 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Controlling (CO) [Ext.]. For generic information about CO. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). CAPL. which are assigned to controlling area PL01.]. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. They are contained in account class 9. 36 . The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group. CAPL. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 .

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 38 . Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification.

on the SAP Easy Access screen. and other business documents. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. in the Control Code field. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. reports. Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab.]). and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. Use In SAP R/3. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. To access the material master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. 39 . It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext.

Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 40 . It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements.

The tax invoice shows all the information required. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). Process Flow . to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). Creates a debit memo (L2). again.]. and prints out a correction tax invoice. and prints out a correction tax invoice. 2.] b. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice.] b. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. following the standard procedure [Ext. If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. 6. following the standard procedure [Ext.]. following the standard procedure [Ext.].].]. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. the billing clerk: a. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. follow the procedure described below.. b. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery. the billing clerk: a. 1. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. which the law requires you to prepare.]. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. 4. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). The shipping clerk creates a delivery. 3. following the standard procedure [Ext. Creates a credit memo (CR). and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . and prints out a tax invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext.. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. c. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. The sales clerk creates a sales order. 5. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.

you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43].] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. When you have created a billing document. Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 .´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. the total net amount. and NIP numbers [Ext. addresses. net price per unit. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. total VAT. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina .´ If you need to correct a tax invoice.

tax rates. gross values. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. if it contains an error in any of the prices. you issue another correction tax invoice. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. For each line item.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. net values.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. net price per unit. tax amounts. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. for example. quantities. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function.

SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. Similarly. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland.]. 44 .]. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. you can print out a correction tax invoice. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. see Output Processing [Ext. For more information. When you create an invoice in Billing. To print the output from the billing document.] functions.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. when you create a credit or debit memo. request output of the type that you have created. You must create an output type [Ext. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types.] in the system. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. you can print out a tax invoice from it.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. delivery costs and so on. you include a reference to these fields.]. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. As well as calculating the prices. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. it also provides the tax invoice with some information. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. taxes. For generic information about pricing procedures. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). 45 . you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. RVAAPL. when you print a tax invoice. Then. However. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice.

When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI).00 751.30. The system does this automatically. after the discount.10 0. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.0157.00 50.10 However. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0.40 50. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.00 701.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. Since the customer often buys from you. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.10 751.02. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy. the price per pipe section is PLN 10.10 50. PLN 10. you give it a discount of PLN 50.10 ÷ 70).10 701.73 each.30 Credit 46 .043. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

. Activities Customizing . Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period.. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). 47 . the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. 1.]). Within this project. 2.]). Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext.

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