Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SP 11 5 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. In conjunction with add-on programs.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext. It does not cover the generic functions. with some additional features in Logistics as well.] [Ext. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. At month-end. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. and a country template [Ext. 6 . This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. At year-end.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. and in the cash journal. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system.]. For example. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements.

you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. At month-end. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. At year-end. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. In conjunction with add-on programs. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. For example. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. and in the cash journal. 7 .

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.] .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. TAXPL. 8 . The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. For generic information about Taxes. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. using a tax procedure for Poland. see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext.

7%.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and 22%). Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . and for purchases of assets (0%.]. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. reduced rate (7%). and zero rate. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). In tax invoices [Page 42]. Finally. The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. if you need to correct a tax invoice. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. see Tax Codes [Ext.

SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. If you leave the field empty. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. After selecting this checkbox. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. 11 . Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. To access the report. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. on the SAP Easy Access screen. enter the billing date in each document manually. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors.

This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. broken down by VAT code. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount).  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. 12 . Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. gross. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. gross. Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. but without correction documents.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. After selecting this checkbox. y Incl. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. The total VAT. The individual documents are not listed. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. The report does not check the documents. and net amounts for each document type.

G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. such as the Document Journal. 13 . SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. In other cases.]. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements. for example. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. For generic information about FI-GL. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

accounts receivable. reserves (company pension reserves. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. CAPL. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. special funds. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. accruals. deferred tax).].

]. liabilities and stockholders' equity. and profit and loss accounts. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. It covers all accounts: assets. 15 . which you can use to prepare financial statements.]. For information about changing financial statement versions. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. BAPL. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version.

The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. 16 . type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. and. Features Selection Enter data as required.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest.1)." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. from the SAP Easy Access screen. the system displays an output list as normal. The list shows who posted each document. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. To access the report." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. in the Additional Header field.

the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. company code (4). y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. RFIDPL15001.]). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. enter data as required. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. if your posting periods are longer than a month. Selection On the selection screen. user name (12). The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. the output list shows the information in two lines. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. date (8 characters). time (6). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . but offers a number of features specific to Poland. except for between your user name and the company code. To access the report. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. but. Output For each G/L account. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items.

In addition.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. if you selected that option.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. To access the report. with subtotals for each plant. As well as line items for raw. for VAT. for example. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. semifinished. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. It does not include any postings from previous years. it also covers related items. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. 19 . and finished materials themselves. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. select Totals Only. For each G/L account and plant. Output By default.

20 . the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. and enter their bank details in the format required. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. For generic information about FI-AP. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland.]. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs.

See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. as required by law. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. Use On the Control Data sreen. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. To access the vendor master.] in the Tax Number 1 field. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. see Vendor Master Data [Ext.

To access the vendor master. from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 .]. Use On the Payment Transactions screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31].

(KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P).] 23 . To create electronic payment files (payment method E). use the print program RFFOD__U. comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. or you can make the payments electronically. SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. see SAP Note 153630. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. by creating a file with the payment instructions. in conjunction with add-on programs. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. the document type KA. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext.

Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. user name (12). from the SAP Easy Access screen. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. G/L account number (10). company code (4). time (6). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. except for between your user name and the company code. enter data as required.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. date (8 characters). Features Selection On the selection screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Output For each vendor. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. RFIDPL10001.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. and enter their bank details in the format required. 25 . It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about FI-AR. Features In Country Version Poland.].

] in the Tax Number 1 field. as required by law. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use On the Control Data tab. on the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. see Customer Master Data [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . To access the customer master.].

SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. Use On the Payment Transactions tab. To access the customer master. from the SAP Easy Access screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master.]. see Customer Master Data [Ext.

date (8 characters). G/L account number (10). from the SAP Easy Access screen. RFIDPL10001. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). except for between your user name and the company code. To access the report. enter data as required. time (6). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. user name (12). SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Output For each customer. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Selection On the selection screen. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. company code (4).

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. For generic information about FI-BL.]. 29 . so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

]. 30 . define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. use the bank number as the bank key. In the Bank Key field. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. enter 1 (bank number). Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. Use In Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

Structure In the old format. followed by a two-digit check digit. split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). For information about the formats. and enter it in the Alternatively. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). 31 . To enter any bank account number in the old format. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. proceed as follows. Bank Account. for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. and the 16-digit bank account number. and Reference Details fields respectively.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 1042956). choose dialog box that appears. the eight-digit bank number. For example. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). In the IBAN format. see ³Structure´ below. enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 .

For these purposes.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. For more information. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Cash Journal [Ext.] 32 .

Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.]).]. For generic information about FI-AA. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext. as required by law.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. 33 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext.

You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. To access the report. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.] report. The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. 34 . which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. on the SAP Easy Access screen.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about CO.]. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 35 . see Controlling (CO) [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts.]. They are contained in account class 9. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 36 . which are assigned to controlling area PL01. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. CAPL. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 . CAPL. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 38 .

choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. in the Control Code field. and other business documents. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. Use In SAP R/3. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. reports.]). and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. 39 . the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. on the SAP Easy Access screen. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). To access the material master. by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 40 . The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices.

The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. 1. following the standard procedure [Ext. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . following the standard procedure [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. following the standard procedure [Ext..]. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). the billing clerk: a. following the standard procedure [Ext.]. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.]. The sales clerk creates a sales order. and prints out a tax invoice. Creates a debit memo (L2). The tax invoice shows all the information required. Creates a credit memo (CR). following the standard procedure [Ext.].].] b. and prints out a correction tax invoice. 5. following the standard procedure [Ext. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL.]. and prints out a correction tax invoice. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. which the law requires you to prepare. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice.] b. If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. follow the procedure described below. 3. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery. Process Flow . SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. 4.]. following the standard procedure [Ext.. b. 6. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). c. again. the billing clerk: a. 2.

SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. When you have created a billing document. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43].] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina .´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and NIP numbers [Ext. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. net price per unit. addresses. the total net amount. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . total VAT. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure.

SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . if it contains an error in any of the prices. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. tax rates. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . gross values. for example.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. net price per unit. you issue another correction tax invoice. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. tax amounts. net values. quantities. For each line item. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia.

] functions. see Output Processing [Ext. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. request output of the type that you have created. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43].]. 44 .]. For more information. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. To print the output from the billing document.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. You must create an output type [Ext. when you create a credit or debit memo.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. you can print out a correction tax invoice. Similarly. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext.] in the system. you can print out a tax invoice from it. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. When you create an invoice in Billing. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL.

you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. However.]. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). RVAAPL. taxes. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). delivery costs and so on. when you print a tax invoice. Then. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). 45 . it also provides the tax invoice with some information. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. you include a reference to these fields. As well as calculating the prices.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For generic information about pricing procedures.

10 ÷ 70).00 50. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701.10 However.10 50.10 0. PLN 10.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy.043. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10. the price per pipe section is PLN 10. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.40 50. you give it a discount of PLN 50. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy.0157.10 701.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The system does this automatically. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.02.00 701.73 each. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0.00 751.10 751. after the discount.30. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.30 Credit 46 . When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI). Since the customer often buys from you.

Within this project.]). create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field. Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext. 2. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period. 1. Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD.. 47 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.. Activities Customizing . SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD).]).

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