Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 5 .

you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. At month-end. 6 . The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. At year-end. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. In conjunction with add-on programs. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext. and in the cash journal. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. It does not cover the generic functions.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system.] [Ext. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. For example. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. with some additional features in Logistics as well. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. and a country template [Ext. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly.

For example. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. 7 . In conjunction with add-on programs. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. At year-end. and in the cash journal. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. At month-end.

SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 8 . Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. For generic information about Taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. TAXPL. using a tax procedure for Poland.] . You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext.

see Tax Codes [Ext. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and zero rate. if you need to correct a tax invoice. Finally. 7%. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. reduced rate (7%). which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. and for purchases of assets (0%. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports.]. In tax invoices [Page 42]. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. and 22%). Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 .

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .

To access the report. 11 . Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. on the SAP Easy Access screen. After selecting this checkbox. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. If you leave the field empty. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. enter the billing date in each document manually. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes.

y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. gross. The total VAT.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. The report does not check the documents. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. and net amounts for each document type. 12 . but without correction documents. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. After selecting this checkbox. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. gross. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. y Incl. The individual documents are not listed. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. broken down by VAT code.

such as the Document Journal. for example. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements.]. In other cases. 13 . Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements. For generic information about FI-GL.

SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). deferred tax). CAPL. and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . special funds. accounts receivable. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). reserves (company pension reserves. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice.]. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. accruals. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity.

Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version. 15 .]. liabilities and stockholders' equity. For information about changing financial statement versions. which you can use to prepare financial statements. and profit and loss accounts. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. BAPL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext.]. It covers all accounts: assets.

16 . in the Additional Header field. The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. the system displays an output list as normal. The list shows who posted each document. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. To access the report.1). and. Features Selection Enter data as required." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. from the SAP Easy Access screen.

but offers a number of features specific to Poland. SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements.]). y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . but. from the SAP Easy Access screen. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. RFIDPL15001. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. company code (4). Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. enter data as required. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. if your posting periods are longer than a month. time (6). except for between your user name and the company code. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. To access the report. Output For each G/L account. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. date (8 characters). user name (12).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Selection On the selection screen. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. the output list shows the information in two lines. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche.

the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. if you selected that option. In addition.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

To access the report. As well as line items for raw. semifinished. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. 19 . the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. and finished materials themselves. it also covers related items. for example. It does not include any postings from previous years. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. select Totals Only. with subtotals for each plant. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Output By default. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. For each G/L account and plant. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. for VAT.

and enter their bank details in the format required. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs. For generic information about FI-AP. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers.]. 20 . the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats.

The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. as required by law.] in the Tax Number 1 field. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. Use On the Control Data sreen. from the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the vendor master.]. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor.

]. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 . To access the vendor master. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details.

in conjunction with add-on programs. by creating a file with the payment instructions. or you can make the payments electronically. To create electronic payment files (payment method E). You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. the document type KA. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3.] 23 . SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. see SAP Note 153630.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. use the print program RFFOD__U. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P).

which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. RFIDPL10001. time (6). The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. user name (12). SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. company code (4). vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . G/L account number (10). Features Selection On the selection screen. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. enter data as required. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. Output For each vendor. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. date (8 characters). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). except for between your user name and the company code. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. from the SAP Easy Access screen.

SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features In Country Version Poland. 25 .]. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. and enter their bank details in the format required. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. For generic information about FI-AR. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. To access the customer master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. on the SAP Easy Access screen. see Customer Master Data [Ext.]. as required by law. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 .] in the Tax Number 1 field. Use On the Control Data tab.

To access the customer master. Use On the Payment Transactions tab.]. from the SAP Easy Access screen. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Customer Master Data [Ext.

user name (12). Features Selection On the selection screen. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. from the SAP Easy Access screen. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. company code (4). if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. To access the report. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. except for between your user name and the company code. RFIDPL10001. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. date (8 characters). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. G/L account number (10). customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. enter data as required.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. Output For each customer. time (6).

]. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 29 . so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal. For generic information about FI-BL. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext.

enter 1 (bank number). 30 . define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3.]. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use In Poland. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. use the bank number as the bank key. In the Bank Key field.

the eight-digit bank number. Bank Account. For example. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. proceed as follows. For information about the formats. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. Structure In the old format. and the 16-digit bank account number. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. choose dialog box that appears. followed by a two-digit check digit. and Reference Details fields respectively. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. To enter any bank account number in the old format. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. and enter it in the Alternatively. In the IBAN format. 1042956). see ³Structure´ below. enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . 31 .

you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. For these purposes. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext.] 32 . SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. See also: Cash Journal [Ext. For more information. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic.

]. but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext. as required by law. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 33 .]). It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. For generic information about FI-AA.

which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year.] report. To access the report. 34 . on the SAP Easy Access screen. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice.]. see Controlling (CO) [Ext. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about CO. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 35 .

CAPL. which are assigned to controlling area PL01. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively).]. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 36 . They are contained in account class 9. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext.

Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 . CAPL. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.].

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 38 .

on the SAP Easy Access screen. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold.]). choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. 39 . reports. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General. Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. Use In SAP R/3. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. in the Control Code field.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. and other business documents. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. To access the material master.

SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 40 . It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

following the standard procedure [Ext. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.]. Process Flow .]. 3.] b. following the standard procedure [Ext.]. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. Creates a credit memo (CR). which the law requires you to prepare. again. following the standard procedure [Ext. Creates a debit memo (L2). and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . follow the procedure described below. The sales clerk creates a sales order. the billing clerk: a. following the standard procedure [Ext.. and prints out a correction tax invoice. 1. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. and prints out a tax invoice. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. 5. c. The tax invoice shows all the information required. and prints out a correction tax invoice. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery.]. 6. 2. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. b. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. the billing clerk: a. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice.].]. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system.] b.].. following the standard procedure [Ext. If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. 4. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. following the standard procedure [Ext.

´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . When you have created a billing document. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. and NIP numbers [Ext. net price per unit. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. addresses. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. total VAT. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. the total net amount. Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale.

quantities. you issue another correction tax invoice. net values. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued. tax amounts. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. For each line item. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . for example. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. if it contains an error in any of the prices. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . tax rates. or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. net price per unit. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. gross values. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. see Output Processing [Ext. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices.] functions. request output of the type that you have created. when you create a credit or debit memo. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. You must create an output type [Ext. you can print out a correction tax invoice.]. Similarly. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext. 44 . Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. For more information. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). To print the output from the billing document. When you create an invoice in Billing.] in the system.]. you can print out a tax invoice from it.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]).]. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. For generic information about pricing procedures. RVAAPL. As well as calculating the prices. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. Then. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. taxes. you include a reference to these fields. it also provides the tax invoice with some information. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. delivery costs and so on. when you print a tax invoice. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. However. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. 45 .

10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. you give it a discount of PLN 50. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701. the price per pipe section is PLN 10.043.0157.30. The system does this automatically.10 701. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI).30 Credit 46 .40 50. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.10 ÷ 70). and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701. Since the customer often buys from you.00 751.10 However. after the discount.10 751. PLN 10. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.73 each.00 50.00 701. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount.02.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751.10 0.10 50.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.

47 . Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]). This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext. 1. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period.. Within this project. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document.. Activities Customizing . SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. 2.]).

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