Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SP 11 5 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. At month-end. with some additional features in Logistics as well. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland.] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods.] [Ext. and a country template [Ext. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. At year-end. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format.]. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It does not cover the generic functions. 6 . As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. In conjunction with add-on programs.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. and in the cash journal. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. For example. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext.

you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. At month-end. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. In conjunction with add-on programs. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. At year-end. 7 . you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. For example. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and in the cash journal.

] . SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 8 . For generic information about Taxes. The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. using a tax procedure for Poland. see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. TAXPL. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Finally. In tax invoices [Page 42]. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. and for purchases of assets (0%. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . and zero rate.]. reduced rate (7%). 7%. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. see Tax Codes [Ext. and 22%). tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. if you need to correct a tax invoice.

SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

After selecting this checkbox. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. on the SAP Easy Access screen. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). If you leave the field empty. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. enter the billing date in each document manually. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. 11 . This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. To access the report. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]).

Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. broken down by VAT code.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. and net amounts for each document type. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. The report does not check the documents. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. After selecting this checkbox. The total VAT. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. The individual documents are not listed. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. but without correction documents.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. gross. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. gross. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). 12 . y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. y Incl. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example.

13 . SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements. for example. For generic information about FI-GL. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. In other cases. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. such as the Document Journal.

and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. accounts receivable. CAPL. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). accruals. deferred tax).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts.]. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). special funds. reserves (company pension reserves.

For information about changing financial statement versions. BAPL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. liabilities and stockholders' equity. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version. which you can use to prepare financial statements. and profit and loss accounts. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements. 15 . It covers all accounts: assets. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext.].].

The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). and.1). The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The list shows who posted each document. from the SAP Easy Access screen. type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. To access the report." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. in the Additional Header field. 16 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. Features Selection Enter data as required." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest. the system displays an output list as normal.

if your posting periods are longer than a month. but offers a number of features specific to Poland. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). the output list shows the information in two lines. Selection On the selection screen. except for between your user name and the company code. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. enter data as required. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. from the SAP Easy Access screen. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. user name (12). G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. company code (4). time (6). y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. date (8 characters). Output For each G/L account. RFIDPL15001. y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters).]). To access the report. SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. but.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . In addition. if you selected that option. SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items.

the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. it also covers related items. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. select Totals Only. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. For each G/L account and plant. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. Output By default. To access the report. with subtotals for each plant. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. 19 . semifinished. from the SAP Easy Access screen. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. for example. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. and finished materials themselves. As well as line items for raw. It does not include any postings from previous years.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. for VAT.

For generic information about FI-AP.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. 20 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. and enter their bank details in the format required. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs.].

]. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. from the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor. as required by law. Use On the Control Data sreen. To access the vendor master. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.] in the Tax Number 1 field. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext.

See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 . enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31].]. To access the vendor master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. Use On the Payment Transactions screen.

SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see SAP Note 153630. the document type KA.] 23 . in conjunction with add-on programs. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. or you can make the payments electronically. use the print program RFFOD__U. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. by creating a file with the payment instructions. SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. To create electronic payment files (payment method E).

G/L account number (10). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. company code (4). which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. from the SAP Easy Access screen. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. Output For each vendor. vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. enter data as required. date (8 characters). if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . user name (12). except for between your user name and the company code. Features Selection On the selection screen. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. time (6). The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). RFIDPL10001.

and enter their bank details in the format required. Features In Country Version Poland. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. 25 . It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about FI-AR.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. see Customer Master Data [Ext.].] in the Tax Number 1 field. as required by law.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. Use On the Control Data tab. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. To access the customer master. on the SAP Easy Access screen. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.

See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 .]. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details. from the SAP Easy Access screen. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. Use On the Payment Transactions tab.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. see Customer Master Data [Ext. To access the customer master.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. except for between your user name and the company code. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. To access the report. from the SAP Easy Access screen. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. Features Selection On the selection screen. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. company code (4).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. G/L account number (10). date (8 characters). customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. RFIDPL10001. user name (12). time (6). Output For each customer. enter data as required.

see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.]. so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format. For generic information about FI-BL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 29 . SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. In the Bank Key field.]. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. 30 . enter 1 (bank number). Use In Poland. use the bank number as the bank key.

and Reference Details fields respectively. the eight-digit bank number. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). and enter it in the Alternatively. followed by a two-digit check digit. split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. and the 16-digit bank account number. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. In the IBAN format. 31 . for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. choose dialog box that appears. To enter any bank account number in the old format. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). Structure In the old format. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). For information about the formats. see ³Structure´ below. For example. proceed as follows. 1042956). Bank Account. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records).

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.] 32 . For these purposes. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries. See also: Cash Journal [Ext.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia. For more information.

]). but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext.]. as required by law. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext. For generic information about FI-AA.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 33 . SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year. To access the report. 34 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger.] report. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. on the SAP Easy Access screen. The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Controlling (CO) [Ext.]. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. For generic information about CO. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. 35 . Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice.

which are assigned to controlling area PL01.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. CAPL. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively).]. They are contained in account class 9. 36 . These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.

Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 . CAPL. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group.].

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 38 . SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

Use In SAP R/3. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. 39 . Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing.]). The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). and other business documents. Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. on the SAP Easy Access screen. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General. To access the material master. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. in the Control Code field. reports. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. 40 . Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

again. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. The sales clerk creates a sales order.. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery.] b. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. following the standard procedure [Ext. 6. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. Creates a credit memo (CR). to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). 1. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 .. The tax invoice shows all the information required.].]. b. following the standard procedure [Ext. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). the billing clerk: a. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice.]. which the law requires you to prepare.]. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. follow the procedure described below.]. 2. Creates a debit memo (L2). If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a tax invoice. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system.]. following the standard procedure [Ext. 5. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. and prints out a correction tax invoice. SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. Process Flow .] b. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. 4. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. following the standard procedure [Ext. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. following the standard procedure [Ext. 3. c.]. and prints out a correction tax invoice. the billing clerk: a.

Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. addresses. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. When you have created a billing document.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT).´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred. total VAT. net price per unit. and NIP numbers [Ext. the total net amount. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43].

SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. net values. for example. net price per unit. you issue another correction tax invoice. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. quantities. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. tax amounts.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. if it contains an error in any of the prices. gross values. or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. For each line item. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. tax rates. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´).

To print the output from the billing document. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. request output of the type that you have created. you can print out a tax invoice from it. Similarly. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. You must create an output type [Ext. 44 .] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01.]. when you create a credit or debit memo. When you create an invoice in Billing. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD.] functions.]. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. For more information. you can print out a correction tax invoice. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD).] in the system. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. see Output Processing [Ext. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL.

it also provides the tax invoice with some information. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. taxes.]. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. when you print a tax invoice. Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. For generic information about pricing procedures. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. As well as calculating the prices. 45 . RVAAPL. delivery costs and so on. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). you include a reference to these fields.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. Then. However. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures.

10 751. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount. you give it a discount of PLN 50.73 each. PLN 10.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.30. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy.10 ÷ 70). rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.10 However. after the discount.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI).10 50.00 50.02. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy. The system does this automatically.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.30 Credit 46 . Since the customer often buys from you.00 701. the price per pipe section is PLN 10.0157. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.10 0.40 50.00 751.10 701. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701.043. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.

Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field.. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document.]). Activities Customizing .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.. 47 . 2. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. Within this project.]). 1. create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period. This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext.