Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 5 .

You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. and a country template [Ext. In conjunction with add-on programs. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. It does not cover the generic functions. At year-end. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. with some additional features in Logistics as well. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. 6 . which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext.] [Ext. For example. At month-end. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland.].] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. and in the cash journal.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. In conjunction with add-on programs. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. and in the cash journal. At month-end. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. For example. 7 . SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. At year-end. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks.

For generic information about Taxes. using a tax procedure for Poland.] . The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. 8 . You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext. TAXPL. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

reduced rate (7%). and 22%). Finally. These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. and zero rate. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. see Tax Codes [Ext.]. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. if you need to correct a tax invoice.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. In tax invoices [Page 42]. The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. and for purchases of assets (0%. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. 7%.

SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. enter the billing date in each document manually. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. After selecting this checkbox. If you leave the field empty. 11 . To access the report. Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). on the SAP Easy Access screen. y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen.

This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. 12 . SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD. The individual documents are not listed. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. and net amounts for each document type. broken down by VAT code. gross. y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. but without correction documents. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes.  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error. The total VAT. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. The report does not check the documents. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV). Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. After selecting this checkbox. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. gross. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. y Incl. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example.

the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements. In other cases. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext. for example.]. such as the Document Journal. 13 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. For generic information about FI-GL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. reserves (company pension reserves. SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. accruals. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. deferred tax). It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable.]. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). accounts receivable. and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . CAPL. special funds.

For information about changing financial statement versions. and profit and loss accounts. 15 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements. BAPL. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. It covers all accounts: assets. which you can use to prepare financial statements.]. Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. liabilities and stockholders' equity.].

The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13. in the Additional Header field. The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. and. from the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the report. The list shows who posted each document.1). The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Selection Enter data as required. the system displays an output list as normal. type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. 16 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page.

except for between your user name and the company code. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. To access the report. Selection On the selection screen. company code (4). date (8 characters). y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. from the SAP Easy Access screen. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. the output list shows the information in two lines. y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). Output For each G/L account. SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above).]). but. the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. enter data as required. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. user name (12). time (6). but offers a number of features specific to Poland. if your posting periods are longer than a month. RFIDPL15001.

if you selected that option. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. In addition.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

Output By default. semifinished. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. from the SAP Easy Access screen. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. select Totals Only. for VAT. For each G/L account and plant. 19 . with subtotals for each plant. To access the report. and finished materials themselves. for example. It does not include any postings from previous years. it also covers related items. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. As well as line items for raw. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials.

the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. and enter their bank details in the format required. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs. 20 . the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.]. For generic information about FI-AP. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext.

see Vendor Master Data [Ext. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. as required by law. Use On the Control Data sreen. from the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . To access the vendor master. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor.]. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master.] in the Tax Number 1 field.

enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. To access the vendor master. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 . choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. see Vendor Master Data [Ext.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen.

comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments. use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. To create electronic payment files (payment method E). SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). or you can make the payments electronically.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. in conjunction with add-on programs. the document type KA. see SAP Note 153630. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips.] 23 . use the print program RFFOD__U. by creating a file with the payment instructions.

date (8 characters). from the SAP Easy Access screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. G/L account number (10). user name (12). The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. Features Selection On the selection screen. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. enter data as required. company code (4). RFIDPL10001. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. Output For each vendor.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. time (6). except for between your user name and the company code. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items. 25 . Features In Country Version Poland. and enter their bank details in the format required. For generic information about FI-AR.]. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

To access the customer master. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. see Customer Master Data [Ext. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . Use On the Control Data tab.] in the Tax Number 1 field. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext. as required by law. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. on the SAP Easy Access screen.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Customer Master Data [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 . SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details. from the SAP Easy Access screen. To access the customer master.]. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31]. Use On the Payment Transactions tab.

except for between your user name and the company code. user name (12). Output For each customer. RFIDPL10001. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. Features Selection On the selection screen. SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. date (8 characters). The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. enter data as required. time (6). from the SAP Easy Access screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. company code (4). the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. G/L account number (10). customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator.

Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal. 29 . see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. For generic information about FI-BL. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format.

use the bank number as the bank key. In the Bank Key field. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks.]. enter 1 (bank number). Use In Poland. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. 30 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

In the IBAN format. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. 31 . Structure In the old format. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). Bank Account. and Reference Details fields respectively. choose dialog box that appears. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. the eight-digit bank number. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format. see ³Structure´ below. and enter it in the Alternatively. and the 16-digit bank account number. proceed as follows. SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. 1042956). enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. followed by a two-digit check digit. For information about the formats. For example. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001. To enter any bank account number in the old format.

For these purposes. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia.] 32 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. See also: Cash Journal [Ext. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. For more information.

SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 33 . see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext. but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext.]. For generic information about FI-AA.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. as required by law. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.]).

Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. on the SAP Easy Access screen. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset. which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. To access the report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.] report. 34 . The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext.

For generic information about CO. see Controlling (CO) [Ext. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 35 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.]. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice.

These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts. which are assigned to controlling area PL01.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). They are contained in account class 9. CAPL. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation. 36 . You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements.

Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. CAPL.]. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 .

Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification. 38 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.

Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. on the SAP Easy Access screen. When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. Use In SAP R/3. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. To access the material master. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing.]). reports. 39 . and other business documents. by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. in the Control Code field. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. 40 . The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices.

b.]. If you discover that the invoice is for too little. following the standard procedure [Ext. 3. 2. 4. following the standard procedure [Ext. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). Creates a credit memo (CR). The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system.].]. 1. which the law requires you to prepare.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.]. The tax invoice shows all the information required. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly. following the standard procedure [Ext. The sales clerk creates a sales order. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. 5. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 .. the billing clerk: a. Process Flow . If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. again. the billing clerk: a. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery.]. and prints out a correction tax invoice.] b. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11].]. The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. following the standard procedure [Ext. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice. follow the procedure described below.. Creates a debit memo (L2). and prints out a tax invoice. The shipping clerk creates a delivery. c. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. 6. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. and prints out a correction tax invoice.].] b.

´ If you need to correct a tax invoice. total VAT. Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. When you have created a billing document. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT). the total net amount. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. net price per unit. addresses. Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. and NIP numbers [Ext. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate.

for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. you issue another correction tax invoice. tax amounts. gross values. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. tax rates. net values. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . quantities. for example. For each line item. if it contains an error in any of the prices. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. net price per unit. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´).´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be.

44 .] in the system.] functions.]. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. To print the output from the billing document. For more information. see Output Processing [Ext. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. request output of the type that you have created.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland. when you create a credit or debit memo. You must create an output type [Ext. When you create an invoice in Billing.]. you can print out a tax invoice from it. you can print out a correction tax invoice. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). Similarly. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices.

Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. However. As well as calculating the prices. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). RVAAPL. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. 45 . Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. and posts this to the appropriate G/L account.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. when you print a tax invoice. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. delivery costs and so on. For generic information about pricing procedures. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices. you include a reference to these fields. you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. Then. it also provides the tax invoice with some information. Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code.]. taxes.

043.00 701. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI). PLN 10.10 0. The system does this automatically. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.30. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701.10 ÷ 70).00 751. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701.02. Since the customer often buys from you. the price per pipe section is PLN 10. you give it a discount of PLN 50. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.30 Credit 46 . after the discount.73 each.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751.40 50.10 50.10 701.00 50.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.0157.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.10 751. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy.10 However. rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701.

Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document. 2. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field. 1. 47 . Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext..SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.. Within this project.]). This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period.]). Activities Customizing . create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext. the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD). The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period.

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