Country Version Poland

SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

HEL P. C AI NT PL

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

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SAP R/3 Enterprise, SP 11

Poland Financial Accounting (FI) Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Tax Code VAT Register General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Chart of Accounts Financial Statement Version Document Journal G/L Account Balances and Line Items Material Subledger Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Vendor Master (Control Data) Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Payments Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Customer Master (Control Data) Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Bank Key Bank Account Number Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Fixed Asset Ledger Controlling (CO) Cost Element Cost Element Group Materials Management (MM) PKWiU Sales and Distribution (SD) Sales and Billing Tax Invoice Correction Tax Invoice Output Pricing Procedure Rounding Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents

6 7 8 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 4

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 5 .

you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. SP 11 Poland This country version [Ext. It does not cover the generic functions.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. y y Materials Management (MM) supports the PKWiU material classification system. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. Country Template To allow you to customize your Polish company codes more quickly. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format.] is designed for use by businesses with operations in Poland. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. with some additional features in Logistics as well. At year-end.] [Ext. and in the cash journal. you can use the Polish country template in the Country Installation Program [Ext.]. Sales and Distribution (SD) allows you to print out tax invoices and correction tax invoices in the approved format. The main areas are as follows: y The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. and a country template [Ext. At month-end. 6 .] to help you customize the system according to local requirements. As well as the generic SAP R/3 functions. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. it comprises functions designed for laws and business practices particular to Poland. which are described in the rest of the SAP Library. Features Country-Specific Functions Most of the country-specific functions for Poland relate to Financials. This documentation explains how the country-specific functions work and what Customizing settings are made by the country template. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. In conjunction with add-on programs. For example.

At year-end. For example. At month-end. you can print out receipts for cash disbursements and cash receipts in the approved format. you can prepare general purpose financial statements and other statutory reports (lists of postings to the general ledger and subsidiary ledgers) in the approved format. 7 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features The Financial Accounting component (FI) contains a number of features that allow you to carry out day-to-day activities following Polish requirements. and in the cash journal. you can calculate depreciation on assets using Polish depreciation methods. you can also make payments by generating electronic files in a range of formats supported by different banks. SP 11 Financial Accounting (FI) Purpose The Financial Accounting (FI) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities. In conjunction with add-on programs. it automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates.

see Taxes (FI-AP/AR) [Ext. For generic information about Taxes. The tax procedure works with tax codes for calculating taxes according to Polish requirements. SP 11 Taxes (FI-AP/AR) Purpose The Taxes (FI-AP/AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. using a tax procedure for Poland. Features The system automatically calculates VAT (value-added tax) at the local rates. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. TAXPL. 8 .] . You can also prepare a copy of the VAT register for submission to the tax authorities.

There are also tax codes for tax-exempt goods and services. The following tables show which tax codes are provided for which purpose. if you need to correct a tax invoice. Separate tax codes are also provided for zero-rated exports. Use The country template for Poland comes with tax codes for VAT (value-added tax) at the standard rate (22%). These tax codes are used by the VAT Register [Page 11].]. The tax -exempt tax codes control both of these functions. tax-exempt transactions also have to be marked as such. so that you can remit and report the corrected tax amounts separately to the tax authorities (see also Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]). and 22%). 7%. and which tax code you can use to make corrections. and zero rate. Tax Codes for Output Tax on Goods and Services Code A0 A2 A5 A9 E0 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) 0 (exports) Code for correction C0 C2 C5 C9 E4 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Goods and Services Code F0 F2 F5 F9 Tax rate (%) 0 7 22 0 (tax exemptions) Code for correction L0 L2 L5 L9 Tax Codes for Input Tax on Assets Code S2 Tax rate (%) 7 Code for correction U2 9 . In tax invoices [Page 42]. see Tax Codes [Ext. Finally.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. use the separate tax codes provided for these purposes. SP 11 Tax Code Definition A two-digit code that represents the specifications used for calculating and displaying tax. and for purchases of assets (0%. Examples of the specifications defined under the tax code are: y y y Tax rate Type of tax (input tax or output tax) Calculation method (percentage included or percentage separate) For generic information about tax codes. reduced rate (7%). which lists tax-exempt transactions separately from others.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 S5 S9 22 0 U5 U9 10 .

y Document Header Text This field has to contain the billing date. the system can fill out this field automatically (see Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47]). If you leave the field empty. This information is required for all documents that contain VAT items. You have also filled out the following fields when posting accounting documents: y Reference Document Number The VAT register shows the reference number from all correspondence with customers and vendors. The parameters are as follows:  All Documents Displays all documents posted from SD together with the other documents. the system takes the posting date of the accounting document to be the billing date. After selecting this checkbox. Features Selection Fill out the fields as follows: y Cleared Vendor Items Only Creates a register of the VAT for vendors operating recognized businesses for people with disabilities. so enter the reference document number in all accounting documents in Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR). The contents of this field are also printed in the VAT register. on the SAP Easy Access screen. If you use Sales and Distribution (SD) for invoicing purposes. This field corresponds to the Tax Date field on the VAT Register selection screen. Prerequisites You have maintained the NIP number in all customer master records (see Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26]). 11 . enter the billing date in each document manually.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. y Documents Posted from SD The report covers documents that have been posted from SD. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Reporting p Tax Reports p Poland p VAT Register. The register only covers documents where all payables are covered by a single vendor item and this item has been cleared. SP 11 VAT Register Use You use this report to prepare VAT registers in accordance with Polish legal requirements. It covers all of the VAT registers that you are required to submit each month under the VAT-7 regulation. choose Enter in order to be able to make an entry in the Document Type for Clrg Doc field. To access the report. This is especially important if you want to create a register of correction documents for SD invoices. If you use Financial Accounting (FI) for invoicing purposes.

broken down by VAT code. This field is only available when you select No Correction Documents or Correction Documents Only and choose Enter. as follows:   2: Rounds VAT to two decimal places 1: Rounds VAT to one decimal place You can only run the report for one company code at a time. but without correction documents. gross. and net amounts for each document type. SP 11  Displays only documents posted from SD.  Document Type Accounting document type of the documents posted from SD (usually RV).  Correction Documents Only Displays correction documents posted from SD only. The report checks the different amounts in the line items to make sure that they add up correctly (for example. y Incl. gross. The report does not check the documents. Docs w Errors in Totals Determines whether you want documents with errors to be included in the totals for each VAT type. if the net amount plus the VAT equals the gross amount). y Subledger Account Address Data Shows the business address data for each line item. and net amounts for each document type are shown at the end of the list. choose Enter in order to be able to specify the various tax codes. The Gross and Net columns contain zeros. Any documents with line items that are incorrect are marked accordingly. y Process Customs Documents Creates a register of customs documents. After selecting this checkbox. Output The list shows the gross and net amounts and VAT for each document. y Tolerance for VAT Rounding Determines how the system rounds VAT. The total VAT.SAP Online Help No Correction Documents SAP R/3 Enterprise. All the entries in this register are contained in the VAT column. The individual documents are not listed. 12 . y Display Totals Only Shows the total VAT. The list of incorrect documents also shows the cause of the error.

In other cases. For generic information about FI-GL.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. such as the Document Journal. where these requirements cannot be met by the generic reports. see General Ledger Accounting (FIGL) [Ext.]. 13 . the generic reports have been enhanced to cover Polish legal requirements. for example. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) Purpose The General Ledger Accounting (FI-GL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Country Template The country template for Poland comes with a sample chart of accounts that reflects local business practice. G/L Account Balances and Material Subledger. Features Country-Specific Features Country Version Poland comes with some reports of its own for preparing general purpose financial statements.

Use Country Version Poland comes with its own chart of accounts. CAPL. When you create a company code using the country template for Poland (company code PL01). deferred tax).]. and financial results Non-balance sheet accounts 14 . and deferrals Revenues and revenue-related expenses Stockholders' equity. Structure The chart of accounts is structured to reflect local business practice. accruals. It consists of several account classes as follows: Account class 00 01 02 03 04 06 07 08 09 Use Fixed assets Financial resources and other short-term financial assets Settlements and claims (accounts payable. special funds. excise duty liabilities) Materials and trading goods Expenses Goods. accounts receivable.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system assigns this chart of accounts to it and to the controlling area (also called PL01). SP 11 Chart of Accounts Definition See Chart of Accounts [Ext. reserves (company pension reserves.

15 . Use Country Version Poland comes with a financial statement version. see Changing a Financial Statement Version [Ext. For information about changing financial statement versions.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. It covers all accounts: assets. BAPL. liabilities and stockholders' equity.]. SP 11 Financial Statement Version Definition See Financial Statement Versions [Ext. and profit and loss accounts.]. which you can use to prepare financial statements. Structure The financial statement version is structured according to statutory requirements.

The law requires you to prepare a journal for each posting period by the end of the fiscal year at the latest.1). type Accounting Ledger Output When you run the report for a Polish company code. 16 ." Running totals are printed at the bottom of every page. The start of the list is marked with the words "Start of List. Features Selection Enter data as required. in the Additional Header field. The list shows who posted each document. from the SAP Easy Access screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Document p General p Document Journal p Document Journal. The layout of the journal meets Polish legal requirements (see "Output" below). and. SP 11 Document Journal Use You use the generic Document Journal report to prepare a general journal as per the Polish Accounting Act (article 13.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. the system displays an output list as normal." and the end of the list is marked "End of List. To access the report. but with the following additions: y y y y The words "Accounting Ledger" are printed at the top of the list.

The law requires you to prepare the report at the end of each posting period. RFIDPL15001. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. date (8 characters). which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. but. user name (12). the output list shows the information in two lines. Selection On the selection screen.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Output For each G/L account. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. To access the report. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p G/L Account Balances and Line Items. G/L account number (10) There are no spaces in the line. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). from the SAP Easy Access screen. The features specific to Poland are as follows: y Reporting Period You can either run the report by posting period or calendar month (see ³Use´ above). company code (4). y Total credits and total debits posted to this account during the period Line 2 shows this information: y y Balance of debits and credits posted to this account during the period Total credit and debit balances at the end of the period (all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) 17 . the balance carried forward from the previous year is not included here or in any of the following information. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. if your posting periods are longer than a month. Features The report is similar to the generic G/L Account Balances report (see Account Balances [Ext. you must prepare the report at the end of each calendar month as well. Line 1 contains the following information: y y The balance carried forward from the previous year The balance at the start of the period (debit or credit) This means the balance of any postings from previous periods this year. time (6). but offers a number of features specific to Poland. except for between your user name and the company code.]). SP 11 G/L Account Balances and Line Items Use You use this report to prepare a list of G/L account balances and line items according to Polish legal requirements. enter data as required.

SP 11 y Balance of total credits and debits at the end of the period (balance of all credit and debit postings made to this account in the fiscal year to date) Line 3 shows the line items. In addition. the list also shows: y y The words "Start of List" and "End of List" at the beginning and end of the list Running totals at the bottom of each page 18 . if you selected that option.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

19 . Output By default. the output list shows the G/L accounts containing line items for materials. semifinished. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p General Ledger p Information System p General Ledger Reports p Account Balances p Poland p Material Subledger. Prerequisites You have not archived any of the accounting documents covered by the report. the output list shows: y The beginning balance The beginning balance is the balance of all amounts posted in the current fiscal year up until the first date of the report. For each G/L account and plant. It shows all of the line items posted to each G/L account. To access the report. with subtotals for each plant. y y The total debit and credit amounts posted to it during the period The closing balance The list shows running totals at the foot of each page. in accordance with Polish legal requirements. from the SAP Easy Access screen. and finished materials themselves. select Totals Only. SP 11 Material Subledger Use You use this report to print a list of all line items relating to materials. for example.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. As well as line items for raw. it also covers related items. Features Selection To hide the line items from the output list (see below) and show the totals per G/L account and plant only. It does not include any postings from previous years. for VAT.

see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. For generic information about FI-AP. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.]. and enter their bank details in the format required. Country Template In conjunction with add-on programs. the vendor master allows you to record your vendors¶ NIP numbers. SP 11 Accounts Payable (FI-AP) Purpose The Accounts Payable (FI-AP) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of vendor balances in local currency and open customer items.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Features Country-Specific Functions In Country Version Poland. 20 . the country template for Poland comes with settings that enable you to make electronic payments in various file formats.

To access the vendor master.]. SP 11 Vendor Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record general information about a vendor.] in the Tax Number 1 field. as required by law. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. See also: Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 22] 21 . see Vendor Master Data [Ext. enter each vendor¶s NIP number [Ext. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. Use On the Control Data sreen.

SP 11 Vendor Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the vendor master record where you record a vendor¶s bank details. Use On the Payment Transactions screen. See also: Vendor Master (Control Data) [Page 21] 22 .]. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Master Records p « For generic information about the vendor master. To access the vendor master.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. from the SAP Easy Access screen. see Vendor Master Data [Ext. enter the vendor¶s bank number as described in Bank Account Number [Page 31].

comes with all the settings you need to make bank transfer payments.] 23 . (KIR SA) ING¶s ING format Prerequisites You have: y y Installed the print program J_1P0042 Installed the SAPscript forms for printing the payment slips   J_1P_PRZELEW_4X4: Full payment slip (4 copies) J_1P_PRZELEW_ISO: Shortened payment slip (2 short copies and 2 long copies) J_1P_PRZELEW02: Payment slip for payments to tax offices (special fields used)  For more information. and one of the appropriate forms listed above. Activities To create payment slips (payment method P). To create electronic payment files (payment method E). use the print program J_1P0042 See also: Country-Specific Payment Methods [Ext. the document type KA. see SAP Note 153630. You can either print out the payment instructions on payment slips. in conjunction with add-on programs. SAP R/3 supports the electronic file formats used by the following banks: y y y y Bre Bank¶s BRESOK system Citibank¶s PLI format ING¶s and ABN-AMRO¶s versions of the ELIXIR format published by National Clearing House Co. SP 11 Payments Use SAP R/3. by creating a file with the payment instructions. use the print program RFFOD__U. or you can make the payments electronically.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. enter data as required. date (8 characters). choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Payable p Reporting p Poland p Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency. time (6). vendor (10) There are no spaces in the line. SP 11 Vendor Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts payable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 24 . RFIDPL10001. Features Selection On the selection screen. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. The report is a localized version of the generic Vendor Balances in Local Currency report To access the report. company code (4). Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). Output For each vendor. G/L account number (10). user name (12). the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. from the SAP Easy Access screen. which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche. except for between your user name and the company code.

It also comes with a report that you can use to prepare a statutory list of customer balances in local currency and open customer items.]. and enter their bank details in the format required. 25 . For generic information about FI-AR. the customer master allows you to record your customers¶ NIP numbers.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Purpose The Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. see Accounts Receivable and Accounts Payable: Overview [Ext. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. Features In Country Version Poland.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. see Customer Master Data [Ext. enter the customer¶s NIP number [Ext.]. on the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 Customer Master (Control Data) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record general information about a customer. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. See also: Customer Master (Payment Transactions) [Page 27] 26 . Use On the Control Data tab. To access the customer master.] in the Tax Number 1 field. as required by law. The system can then print the NIP number on all documents involving taxes.

To access the customer master. See also: Customer Master (Control Data) [Page 26] 27 .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Customer Master (Payment Transactions) Definition The part of the customer master record where you record a customer¶s bank details.]. from the SAP Easy Access screen. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Master Records p « For generic information about the customer master. Use On the Payment Transactions tab. see Customer Master Data [Ext. enter the customer¶s bank number as described under ³Master Data´ in Bank Account Number [Page 31].

SP 11 Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency Use You use this report to prepare a statement of your accounts receivable in accordance with Polish legal requirements. time (6). Output For each customer. Some special features are: y Special G/L Balances Shows special G/L transactions. except for between your user name and the company code. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Accounts Receivable p Reporting p Poland p Customer Balances and Line Items in Local Currency.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. user name (12). To access the report. y Microfiche Line If you select this indicator. the output list shows: y y y y y The opening balance at the start of the fiscal year The opening balance for the reporting period Total debits and total credits posted during the reporting period The closing balance The line items. G/L account number (10). y Display Line Items Shows all of the line items as well as the account balances. from the SAP Easy Access screen. date (8 characters). The report is a localized version of the generic Customer Balances in Local Currency report. The microfiche line is as follows: Client (3 characters). company code (4). if you selected that option Special G/L transactions are shown separately from standard transactions. customer (10) There are no spaces in the line. Features Selection On the selection screen. enter data as required. RFIDPL10001. the system prints a microfiche line at the top of every page. The list shows: y y Running totals at the bottom of each page The words ³Start of List´ and ³End of List´ at the beginning and end of the list 28 . which serves as an index when you store the report on microfiche.

The following documentation describes these aspects of the component.]. There are also special procedures that you have to follow for maintaining bank numbers. For generic information about FI-BL. see Bank Accounting (FI-BL) [Ext. 29 . Features Country Version Poland comes with its own program for use with the cash journal. SP 11 Bank Accounting (FI-BL) Purpose The Bank Accounting (FI-BL) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. so that you can printing cash receipts in the required format.

use the bank number as the bank key.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Master Data When you create a bank master record [Ext. Use In Poland. define the bank number as the bank key by choosing Set Countries p Set Country-Specific Checks. Customizing In Customizing for Global Settings. In the Bank Key field.]. you must use the bank number as the bank key in SAP R/3 so that you can enter the bank number in the correct format. SP 11 Bank Key Definition A key that identifies a bank within SAP R/3. enter 1 (bank number). 30 .

enter it as follows: y y y Bank Key: 12345678 Bank Account: -12345678-1234Reference Details: 12345-123-1234 . and Reference Details fields respectively. proceed as follows. The bank account number consists of several components which are separated by a hyphen ( ). In the IBAN format. The first part of the account number is the bank number (in the example. Structure In the old format. For example. choose dialog box that appears. followed by a two-digit check digit. to enter a customer¶s bank account number 12345678 -12345678-1234-12345-1231234 in its master record. To enter any bank account number in the old format. bank account numbers start with PL (for Poland). and enter it in the Alternatively. 1042956). split the number into three parts and enter them in the Bank Key. and the 16-digit bank account number. Use When you enter your own bank account numbers (in your house bank details). the eight-digit bank number. For information about the formats. Note that the old bank account number format is being phased out and will be replaced by the IBAN bank account number format.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. bank account numbers in Poland can be either 18 or 34 digits long. Bank Account. see ³Structure´ below. 31 . SP 11 Bank Account Number Definition A unique identification key for a bank account. to enter the bank number in the IBAN format. or your customersµ or vendorsµ account numbers (in their master records). for example 12401994-1042956-2700-00001.

Use the print program originally intended for the Czech Republic and Slovakia. For these purposes.] 32 . you use a different program and a different SAPscript form from most other countries. See also: Cash Journal [Ext.] in the documentation for the Czech Republic. see Printout of Cash Journal Receipts [Ext. SP 11 Printout of Cash Journal Receipts Use In Poland. you print out cash journal receipts (for cash receipts and disbursements) in the approved format. For more information.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.

but not until the year after the straight-line method first yields more depreciation than the declining-balance method (see Changeover Method [Ext.]). see Asset Accounting (FI-AA) [Ext. SP 11 Asset Accounting (FI-AA) Purpose The Asset Accounting (FI-AA) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.].SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about FI-AA. Features Country-Specific Functions Country Version Poland comes with a report that allows you to prepare a list of assets. as required by law. It also comes with a changeover method (6) that switches from the declining-balance to the straight-line method of depreciation. 33 .

The report calculates the values using the same methods as the Depreciation and Interest [Ext. SP 11 Fixed Asset Ledger Use You use this report to prepare a list of assets in accordance with Polish legal requirements. choose Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Preparations for Closing p Country-Specifics p Poland p Fixed Asset Ledger. on the SAP Easy Access screen. 34 . which you access under Accounting p Financial Accounting p Fixed Assets p Information System p Reports on Asset Accounting p Cost Accounting p Depreciation and Interest. Features Output The list shows the following: y y y y y y The total acquisition and production costs in the report year up to the report date The accumulated acquisition and production costs at the start of the report year The accumulated depreciation at the start of the report year The book value of each asset at the start of the report year The depreciation planned for the report year to the report date The value of the asset as at the report date The list does not show the total amount of depreciation in the report year.] report.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. To access the report. You may therefore not be able to calculate the book value of the asset.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. SP 11 Controlling (CO) Purpose The Controlling (CO) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland. Features The country template for Poland comes with cost elements and cost element groups that reflect local business practice. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. For generic information about CO. see Controlling (CO) [Ext.]. 35 .

Use Country Version Poland comes with its own set of cost elements. SP 11 Cost Element Definition See Cost Elements [Ext. CAPL. You can use them as the basis for creating cost elements of your own.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. These cost elements match the sample chart of accounts. It provides primary cost elements for the G/L accounts for expenses and revenues (account classes 4 and 7 respectively). 36 . They are contained in account class 9. which are assigned to controlling area PL01. The country version also comes with sample secondary cost elements for the purposes of cost allocation.].

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Use Country Version Poland comes with its own cost element group. Structure CAPL consists of the following subgroups: Subgroup CAPL-1 CAPL-2 CAPL-3 CAPL-4 CAPL-5 Description Material expense and purchased services Personnel cost planning Other costs Secondary costs Revenues 37 . CAPL.]. SP 11 Cost Element Group Definition See Cost Element Groups [Ext.

38 . Features Country Version Poland supports the use of the PKWiU material classification.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Materials Management (MM) Purpose The Materials Management (MM) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

reports.]). When you create a tax invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD).SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The law requires you to print the PKWiU of any of the items are taxed below the standard rate (see Tax Invoice [Page 42]). choose Logistics p Materials Management p Material Master p Material p « You enter the PKWiU on the Foreign Trade: Import Data tab. You can then assign each of your materials a PKWiU. The system is used by the Central Statistics Office to prepare manufacturing statistics. Customizing You enter the PKWiUs in Customizing for Logistics ± General. and by the finance ministry to categorize materials for the purposes of taxation. Use In SAP R/3. It has replaced the Systematic List of Products (see SWW [Ext. 39 . Master Data You assign a PKWiU to each of your material master records. the invoice itemizes the materials that you have sold. on the SAP Easy Access screen. SP 11 PKWiU Definition A number used in Poland to classify materials according to the Polish Classification of Goods and Services. To access the material master. and other business documents. and print the material¶s PKWiU in correspondence. Day-to-Day Activities You can print the PKWiU in any correspondence and in any statutory reports. by choosing Material Master p Material IDs p Maintain PKWiUs. in the Control Code field. you define the PKWiUs in Customizing.

40 . Features Country Version Poland allows you to handle the sales and billing processes so that you create tax invoices and correction tax invoices.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. The country template for Poland comes with a range of objects that allow with a pricing procedure for calculating sales prices according to Polish requirements. It also includes an output type and a SAPscript form for printing tax invoices and correction tax invoices. The following documentation describes these aspects of the component. SP 11 Sales and Distribution (SD) Purpose The Sales and Distribution (SD) component covers the most important laws and business practices specific to Poland.

SP 11 Sales and Billing Purpose The sales and billing procedure in Poland differs slightly from the standard. 5. The billing clerk creates an invoice from the delivery. If you discover that there is something else wrong with the invoice. 6.]. 3.]. to take into account the creation of tax invoices [Page 42] (and correction tax invoices). If you discover that the invoice is for too little. 4. c. If you want to use the VAT Register [Page 11]. Process Flow . and prints out a correction tax invoice. 1. you have set up the Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents [Page 47] function. The billing clerk creates a credit memo (G2). The system calculates the prices using the pricing procedure RVAAPL. Creates a debit memo request (DR) with reference to the original invoice. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext.] b. following the standard procedure [Ext. The shipping clerk creates a delivery.].. Creates a credit memo (CR). and prints out a tax invoice. The system automatically creates: y y Tax invoices for all invoices involving VAT (value-added tax) Correction tax invoices for any credit memos or debit memos that you create In order for the system to create the correction tax invoices correctly.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. again. and prints out a correction tax invoice. the billing clerk: a.].]. Creates an invoice correction request (RK) with reference to the original invoice.]. document type CR) with reference to the original invoice.] b.. The sales clerk creates a sales order. The tax invoice shows all the information required. 2. follow the procedure described below. If the customer discovers something wrong with the goods: a. the billing clerk: a. which the law requires you to prepare. following the standard procedure [Ext.]. following the standard procedure [Ext. Prerequisites You have customized the pricing procedure [Page 45] (which contains information required by the tax invoice) and the output [Page 44] (which generates the tax invoices and correction tax invoices). b. following the standard procedure [Ext. The billing clerk creates a credit memo request (in the standard system. following the standard procedure [Ext. following the standard procedure [Ext. Creates a debit memo (L2). The shipping clerk creates a delivery. and prints out a correction tax invoice 41 . following the standard procedure [Ext.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the tax invoice 42 . and NIP numbers [Ext. and total gross amount Total amount receivable (including VAT).´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . Faktura VAT) It must show the following information for each item: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. Structure The tax invoice header contains the following information: y y y y Names.] of the buyer and seller Sale date Tax invoice issue date and number Words ³VAT invoice´ (in Polish. total VAT. create a Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. SP 11 Tax Invoice Definition A document that shows a value-added tax item and which is recognized by the tax authorities as evidence that a VAT transaction occurred. net price per unit. Tax invoices are thus used to substantiate tax returns. the total net amount. you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. Use The law requires you to create a tax invoice within seven days of a sale. addresses. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount The tax invoice must also show the following: y y y For all items taxed at the same rate. When you have created a billing document. and to show all the information listed under ³Structure´ below.´ If you need to correct a tax invoice.

SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise.´ and the copy with the word ³Kopia. Use You are required to create a correction tax invoice whenever you need to correct a tax invoice.´ If you have to correct a correction tax invoice. with subtotals for all items that are taxed at the same rate Total amount receivable (preceded by the words ³Do zwrotu´). you can print out a tax invoice using the Output [Page 44] function. for example. tax amounts. for example: y y y To grant a customer a discount or rebate or increase the price of goods or services To correct a tax invoice. tax rates. both including VAT and both in numbers and in words Signature of a person authorized to issue the correction tax invoice 43 . if it contains an error in any of the prices. or total amount payable (³Do zap aty´). or units of measure When a customer returns some goods to you When you have created a billing document. net price per unit. quantities. SP 11 Correction Tax Invoice Definition A document that serves to correct a tax invoice [Page 42] that you have already issued. it shows: y y y y Name of the goods or service PKWiU (for tax-exempt and reduced-rate items only) Unit of measure. net values. and net price per item VAT rate and VAT amount It also shows: y y y Total change in the net and gross prices and in the VAT. For each line item. Correction tax invoices are used to substantiate tax returns. gross values. Structure A correction tax invoice shows the information as it was printed on the original tax invoice and as it should be. You must print out two copies of each tax invoice: The original is marked with the word ³Orygina . you issue another correction tax invoice.

] in the system. see Output Processing [Ext. Features Country Version Poland comes with a SAPscript form that is specifically for output in Poland. To print the output from the billing document.] of your own and assign it to the SAPscript form RVINVOICEPL and the standard printing program RVADIN01. you can print out a tax invoice from it. Similarly.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. Day-to-Day Activities When you create a billing document [Ext. Activities Customizing Set up the output control so that you can print the tax invoices from billing documents. request output of the type that you have created. It meets Polish business and legal requirements as described in Tax Invoice [Page 42] and Correction Tax Invoice [Page 43]. 44 . you can print out a correction tax invoice.] functions. You must create an output type [Ext. When you create an invoice in Billing. You create output types in Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). SP 11 Output Use Once you have created a billing document [Ext. For more information. The same form is used for tax invoices and correction tax invoices. you can print out the tax invoice from the billing document in SD. by choosing Basic Functions p Output Control p Output Determination p Output Determination Using the Condition Technique p Maintain Output Determination for Billing Documents p Maintain Output Types. The SAPscript form uses information provided by the pricing procedure RVAAPL. when you create a credit or debit memo.]. you can print out the tax invoice or correction tax invoice in the approved format using the generic output [Ext.].

However. you check the pricing procedure by choosing Basic Functions p Pricing p Pricing Control p Define and Assign Pricing Procedures p Maintain Pricing Procedures. 45 . RVAAPL. Day-to-Day Activities When a clerk creates a sales document or a billing document using this pricing procedure. In the SAPscript form that you use to print out tax invoices.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. taxes. it also provides the tax invoice with some information. As well as calculating the prices. Step 905 calculates the total output tax per tax code. For generic information about pricing procedures. Then. Customizing In Customizing for Sales and Distribution (SD). delivery costs and so on. the system calculates the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. This pricing procedure includes the following features: y y y Steps 720 and 725 round up or down any differences arising from sales discounts (see Rounding [Page 46]). Use Country Version Poland comes with a pricing procedure of its own. see Pricing Procedures [Ext. you include a reference to these fields. when you print a tax invoice. SP 11 Pricing Procedure Definition A system object that defines the conditions permitted for a document and the sequence in which the system takes these conditions into account during pricing. Step 906 calculates the output tax per line item. the tax invoice shows the total VAT due per tax rate and per line item. the system needs to know how much output tax there is on each item so that it can print it on the tax invoice. The system does not post any tax from this step (since it is posted in step 905). and posts this to the appropriate G/L account.].

10 701. the price per item has to be rounded to the nearest groszy.73 each.73 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.10 ÷ 70). rounded to four decimal places (PLN 701. When you post the invoice to Financial Accounting (FI). the price per pipe section is PLN 10. The system does this automatically.00 701. which gives a total difference of PLN 0.73 Less discount Less discount Total: Total: 751.40 50.30.043. That means that the customer has to pay PLN 701. The system automatically rounds this amount up to the nearest groszy.SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. and posts the rounding differences to a profit and loss account.00 751. Since the customer often buys from you. Example A customer places a sales order for 70 sections of pipe at PLN 10.02. it therefore looks like this: Account Accounts receivable Sales discounts Sales revenues Gains and losses on rounding Debit 701.30 Credit 46 . after the discount. PLN 10.10 50. you give it a discount of PLN 50. That makes a difference per section of approximately PLN 0.10 However.10 (before tax): 70 pipe sections @ PLN 10.10 0.0157. SP 11 Rounding Use When you give a customer a discount.10 751.00 50.

the system transfers the billing date to the Document Header Text field in the corresponding accounting document. The report then only covers the invoices whose billing date falls within this period. 1. you enter the first and last dates of that period in the Tax Date field. SP 11 Automatic Transfer of Billing Date to Accounting Documents Use When you create an invoice in Sales and Distribution (SD).. Activities Customizing .SAP Online Help SAP R/3 Enterprise. 47 . Within this project.]). This information is then used by the VAT Register [Page 11]. the system copies the billing date into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document. 2. Create a project for the enhancement SDVFX001 (see Creating an Add-On Project [Ext.]). create a function module for the user exit EXIT_SAPLV60B_001 that reads the billing date and copies it into the Document Header Text field in the accounting document (see Creating Customer-Specific Function Modules [Ext.. Reporting When you run the VAT Register for a given period. Day-to-Day Activities When a sales clerk create a billing document in SD.