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MODULE 12
SKIM TUISYEN FELDA (STF) MATEMATIK SPM ENRICHMENT
TOPIC : MATRICES
TIME : 2 HOURS

1.

(a)

3 2
is m
5 4

The inverse matrix of

Find the value of m and of n.


(b)

Answer :
(a)

(b)

Hence, using matrices, solve the following simultaneous equations :


3x 2y = 8
5x 4y = 13

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2.

(a)

m 3

2
n

Given that G =

and the inverse matrix of G is

1 4 3

,
14 2 m

find the value of m and of n.


(b)

Hence, using matrices, calculate the value of p and of q that satisfies the
following equation :

p 1
G =
q 8
Answer :
(a)

(b)

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3.

1 2 1 0
=
,
A

3
5
0
1

(a)

Given that

(b)

Hence, using the matrix method, find the value of r and s which satisfy the
simultaneous equations below.
-r + 2s = -4
-3r + 5s = -9

Answer :
(a)

(b)

find matrix A.

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4.

4 5
and matrix PQ =
6
8

Given matrix P =

(a)
(b)

Answer :
(a)

(b)

1 0

0
1

Find the matrix Q.


Hence, calculate by using the matrix method, the values of m and n that
satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations :
4m + 5n = 7
6m + 8n = 10

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5.

4 3
,
8

Given the matrix P is

1 0

0
1

(a)

Find the matrix Q so that PQ =

(b)

Hence, calculate the values of h and k, which satisfy the matrix equation:

4 3 h 7

5
k

11

Answer :
(a)

(b)

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6.

k 6
, find the value of k if matrix M has no inverse.

4
2

(a)

Given matrix M =

(b)

Given the matrix equations

7 6 x 4

=
5 8 y 1
(i)
(ii)
Answer :
(a)

(b)

1 8 6 4

and =
y h 5 7 1

Find the value of h


Hence, find the value of x and y.

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7.

2 5
does not have an inverse matrix.
k

It is given that matrix P =

(a)
(b)

Find the value of k.


If k = 1, find the inverse matrix of P and hence, using matrices, find the
values of x and y that satisfy the following simultaneous linear equations.
2x + 5y = 13
x - 2y = -7

Answer :
(a)

(b)

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8.

2 4
2 4
M =

1
3
1
3

(a)

Find matrix M such that

(b)

Using matrices, calculate the values of x and y that satisfy the following
matrix equation.

2 4 x 6

=
1 3 y 5

Answer :
(a)

(b)

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9.

3 1
.
5

(a)

Find the inverse of matrix

(b)

Hence, using matrices, calculate the values of d and e that satisfy the
following simultaneous equations :
2d e = 7
5d e = 16

Answer :
(a)

(b)

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10.

1 2
, find
2
5

Given matrix M =

(a)
(b)

the inverse matrix of M


hence, using matrices, the values of u and v that satisfy the following
simultaneous equations :
u 2v = 8
2u + 5v = 7

Answer :
(a)

(b)

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MODULE 12 - ANSWERS
TOPIC : MATRICES

1.

m=

(a)

1
2

1m

n =2
(b) 3

1m

2 x 8
=
4 y 13
x 1 4
=
y 2 5
x=3
y=

2.

(a)

2 8

3 13

1
2

1m

1m
1m

3 p
=
4 q

1

8

p 1 4 3 1
=

q 14 2 5 8
p=2
q = -3

3.

(a)

(b)

4.

(a)

5
3

A=

1m

1m

n =4
m=5

(b) 5

1m

1m

1m

1m
1m

2m

1 2 r 4

=
3 5 s 9

1m

r 1 5 2 4
=

s 1 3 1 9

1m

P=

r = -2

1m

s = -3

1m
1m

1 8 5

32 30 6 4

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(b)

5.

(a)

(b)

6.

1 8 5

=
2 6 4

1m

4 5 m 7

=
6 8 n 10

1m

m 1 8 5 7
=

n 2 6 4 10

1m

m=3

1m

n = -1

1m

5 3 1m
1

20 (24) 8 4
1 5 3
1m

=
4 8 4

P =

4 3 h 7

8 5 k 11
h 1 5 3 7
=

k 2 8 4 11
1 2

=
2 100

1m

1m

h=1
k = -50

1m
1m

(a)

k = -12

1m

(b)

(i)

h = 26

x
1 8 6 4
=


y 26 5 7 1
1 26

=
26 13

1m

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(ii)

1m

1m

x = -1
y=

7.

(a)

1m

1
2

- 4 5k = 0

1m

1m

5k = -4
k=
(b)

8.

4
5

1m

2 5 x 13

=
1 2 y 7

1m

x
1 2 5 13
=

1
2

y
9

1m

x = -1
y=3

1m
1m

1 0

0 1

(a)

M=

2m

(b)

x
1 3 4 6
=


y 6 4 1 2 5

1m

1 3 4 6


2 1 2 5
1 2
=
2 4

x = -1
y=2

1m

1m
1m

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9.

(a)

1 2 1

6 + 5 5 3

1m

1 2 1

1 5 3

1m

1 d 7

=
5 3 e 16
d 1 3 1 7
=


e 1 5 2 16

(b) 2

1m

1m

1 5

1 3

5
=
3
d=5
e=3

10.

(a)

5 2
1

5 (4) 2 1
1 5 2

=
9 2 1

2 u 8
2 5 v = 7


u 1 5 2 8

=
v 9 2 1 7

(b) 1

1m
1m

1m

1m

1m

1m

1 54
=
9 9
6
=
1
u=6
v = 1

1m
1m