7 Stupid Reasons | Occupational Safety And Health Administration | Personal Protective Equipment

SPECIAL REPORT

7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—
And How to Avoid These Mistakes

10102360

SPECIAL REPORT

7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—
And How to Avoid These Mistakes

10102300

the services of a competent professional should be sought. INC. provided that the base fee of U. For those organizations that have been granted a photocopy license by CCC. USA. It is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal. Carter-Ward Managing Editor: Judy Ruddy Editor: Carolyn Leese Production Supervisor: Isabelle B. All rights reserved.D. or other professional services. This book may not be reproduced in part or in whole by any process without written permission from the publisher. ISBN 1-55645-212-8 Printed in the United States of America Questions or comments about this publication? Contact: Business & Legal Reports. Smith Graphic Design: Catherine A.com 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . $0. a separate system of payment has been arranged.O. Danvers. is paid directly to Copyright Clearance Center. 141 Mill Rock Road East P Box 6001 .50 per page. J. Inc.S.50+$. CT 06475-6001 860-510-0100 http://www.blr. Inc. MA 01923. plus U.50 per copy. The fee code for users of the Transactional Reporting Service is 1-55645-212-8/07/$. (From a Declaration of Principles jointly adopted by a Committee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers. Editor in Chief: Margaret A. If legal advice or other expert assistance is required. Authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use or the internal or personal use of specific clients is granted by Business & Legal Reports. $0. accounting. Brady. Downie Layout and Production: Brian Palmes This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. Old Saybrook.) © 2007 BUSINESS & LEGAL REPORTS.Executive Publisher: Robert L..S.50. 222 Rosewood Drive.

. . . . . . . . . New employees do not thoroughly understand the necessity of using required PPE—or how to use it properly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.Table of Contents Did You Know? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Employers assume that new employees know more than they really do—and that common sense will prevent most accidents. . . . . . . . Employees do not know enough about hazardous substances in their workplace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 General Orientation Checklist . . . . . . . 9 Checklists and Handouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New employees are often afraid to ask questions. . . . 15 Machine Operator Job Orientation and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5. . . . . . . The workplace environment is new to them—they aren’t familiar with its hazards or what to do in an emergency. . . . The workplace does not send the message that safety is a high priority. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 OSHA Required Training . . Employee training for a particular job often focuses on what to do—but neglects training about the job hazards to avoid. . . . 10102300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 ©Business & Legal Reports. . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Employee Rights Under OSHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. . . 6 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Chemical Worker Orientation and Evaluation . . . . . . . . . .

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” N “Each employer shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act. All employees should know that the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 gives them a basic right to a safe workplace. applies to any aspects of workplace safety that may not be covered by other specific OSHA regulations. let’s take a look at 7 stupid reasons new employees get injured. doesn’t it? Why is it so high? In a nutshell. It seems like a high percentage. but they don’t necessarily know how to translate this knowledge into safety in their new environment. The General Duty Clause. new employees lack the knowledge and experience that is gathered by workers who have spent more time on the job. Employers assume that new employees know more than they really do—and that common sense will prevent most accidents. which is Section 5A.” ©Business & Legal Reports. It’s not that new employees are stupid—not by a long shot. Many of them may have specific knowledge or special skills. these jobs may present brand new hazards they have never even thought about.Did You Know? 40 percent of employees injured at work have been on the job for less than a year. For a newcomer.1 of the Act. The obvious question is: How can employers protect their new employees and prevent them from getting injured? To answer that. The clause reads: N “Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to its employees. Inc. 1. however. Certain jobs require precautions that may seem like common sense to someone who has spent years at a job. 10102300 1 .

But that’s a big mistake. They should be reminded to inspect all tools and equipment before use.The General Duty Clause has one more line. regulations and orders pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct. an employee puts a box on top of a drum. employees are reluctant to report near misses to a supervisor because they are afraid they’ll be blamed for it. who jumps back just in time. So near misses are a red flag—a warning that something is very wrong and requires your immediate attention. It goes on to say: N “Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules. According to the National Safety Council. 2.” Employees should be told to report any safety hazards they cannot correct themselves. It’s an accident that almost happened or even did happen. mark anything that doesn’t check out properly. but avoids a fall by grabbing the corner of a desk. and remove it from service until it can be repaired or replaced. So make sure they understand that no one is trying to blame anyone. Supervisors need to remind them over and over that they are happy to answer questions—any time. New employees are often afraid to ask questions. but once up loses his balance and falls to the ground. For example: N An employee trips over an extension cord that lies across the floor. When employees narrowly avoid accidents and injuries. but that just didn’t result in an injury this time around. but unhurt. The difference between a near miss and a serious injury might be a fraction of an inch or a split second of time. It should also be mandatory for all employees to report any accidents and near misses in the workplace. however. The purpose is to get to the root of the problem to prevent future accidents and injuries. 75 percent of all accidents are preceded by one or more near misses. He’s a little shaken up. Someone—the employee who had the near miss or someone else—is very likely to be injured eventually by that very same hazard. They are afraid they will sound stupid—they may even fear that they will sound so stupid they will be fired. This is an important facet of each worker’s orientation. however. neither they nor management should ever shrug it off. It should also give them a feeling for the importance management places on workplace safety. A near miss is a close call. Frequently. most employees (and often their supervisors) feel relieved that nobody was hurt and simply get back to work. When things like this happen. N Instead of using a ladder. In fact. most accidents can be predicted by near misses. 2 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . N An outward opening door nearly hits a worker. This may be especially true of young workers.

They should also be aware of their rights under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to ask for reasonable accommodations. In fact.One safety instructor puts it this way. like the hearing or visually impaired. Students’ questions often remind him of things he didn’t explain as thoroughly as necessary—or something he forgot to mention at all. This helps the trainees feel less embarrassed to ask questions. Inc. 10102300 3 . On the other hand. older workers may think they know it all—they may not really pay close attention because they think they’ve heard it all before. They should be informed of the restrictions on their duties imposed by federal and state child labor laws. it’s a very good idea to assign an experienced worker to act as a guide and mentor for each new employee. Often. Workers who require a wheelchair or have difficulty walking may require assistance in case evacuation is ever necessary. if any are needed. or as customized to meet your company’s needs. Teen workers may be unaware of common workplace hazards. to help them perform the essential functions of their jobs. Discussing the material that has been covered or giving a short quiz may be helpful in pinpointing areas where they may not have understood the information completely. Obviously. hazards and conditions in this particular workplace may be different from where they worked previously. Actually. unless your company is very large. Everyone will learn more. may require their training to be individualized according to their particular needs. If at all possible. ©Business & Legal Reports. Handouts can also help trainees remember the important points from their orientation. He feels the more questions. the better. Luckily. Workers who can’t read or understand English well may need individual help to make sure they understand the safety rules. use another employee who speaks their language or knows them well to assist you. most new employee orientation is offered to small groups. these workers also have rights to reasonable accommodation under the ADA. small details or questions will arise that no one thought to cover in a general orientation session. This report includes several that may be useful—either as is. Workers with a disability. but they may have questions about whether the company’s emergency plans have provisions to include their specific needs. so they know they have the right to refuse if they are asked to do something they feel is unsafe or prohibited by law.

employees will need instruction for these duties as well. The building is new to them. If the answer is “Evacuate immediately. 4 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . OSHA requires that when they are given their initial assignments. an employer must decide what it wants employees to do in case of fire. it becomes necessary to train workers in their proper use.3. that are relatively common in their particular area. Many companies have policies in place covering natural disasters. hurricanes. such as helping disabled workers or shutting down machinery. (Is 911 the number to call in your area? Who should make the phone call?) Everyone should know the proper place to gather after they get outside safely. In case of an emergency. If they go to a different part of the building they may become disoriented. all employees must be trained in those parts of their employer’s emergency plan necessary to protect themselves in the event of an emergency (29 CFR 1910. Workers should know about policies covering plant closures and the proper procedure for notifying their supervisors if they are unable to get to work because of a weather emergency. If the employer feels that employees should be permitted to use portable fire extinguishers to douse a small fire. that could mean a disaster. They should also know the location of first-aid kits in case of an emergency. or blizzards. The workplace environment is new to them—they aren’t familiar with its hazards or what to do in an emergency. Likewise. If your company’s emergency planning goes beyond fire prevention.38(a)). if they have any specific assignments.” it is necessary to make sure that each employee knows the sound of any emergency alarm and the recommended exit routes from any part of the building. In developing its emergency plan. tornadoes. such as floods. Most employers also include training on phoning in an emergency. They may know only one way to enter or leave. new employees should know about other aspects.

The list should point out any hazards present at any part of the process. Workers are going to be much more willing to follow a safety rule if they understand that following the rule is necessary to prevent a dangerous accident. If they don’t understand the reason. they may feel that it is acceptable to skip it and find out—too late—that it really was important. there can be close observation without the new worker feeling that he or she is being spied on. if any. Employee training for a particular job often focuses on what to do —but neglects training about the job hazards to avoid. the checklist should state what. When the trainer is demonstrating a particular job. Inc. they may learn the hard way—with an accident. The worker should be taught how to inspect any equipment involved to be sure it is operating correctly and that any necessary guards are in place.4. ©Business & Legal Reports. 10102300 5 . it will probably go smoothly because he or she knows how to do the job correctly and also knows about any dangers. the instructor should give the trainee step-by-step instructions to be followed every time. Even after a worker has demonstrated that he or she can do the job properly. the supervisor should continue to observe frequently to be sure that the operation is performed properly every single time. personal protective equipment (PPE) is required for the job. This is a prime example of how assigning a mentor can be very beneficial. Having the instructions in writing will give both the worker and the trainer a checklist to be sure no steps are overlooked— and no shortcuts are taken that could introduce hazards. If new workers aren’t warned about what can go wrong. After demonstrating a job. In some cases. In addition. Because the new employee and the experienced worker are in frequent contact. it may seem unnecessary to follow a certain procedure unless the reason for following a particular rule is explained.

g. carcinogenicity) or specific chemicals. Employees do not know enough about hazardous substances in their workplace. including specific procedures the employer has implemented to protect employees from exposure to hazardous chemicals.. and N The location and availability of the company’s written hazard communication program. N The procedure to be followed in order to read it. flammability. including lists of hazardous chemicals and material safety data sheets (MSDSs). If this training isn’t thoroughly understood. and PPE to be used. workers can expose themselves to serious physical or health hazards. Workers should be informed of: N The location of the company’s written hazard communication program. continuous monitoring devices. and 6 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . OSHA has specific requirements in its Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom) that spell out exactly what workers should know.1200) gives workers the right to know the hazards of substances being used in the workplace and how to use them safely.5. or whether they have to be accessed by FAX. and N The location of the company’s list of hazardous chemicals and their MSDSs. such as appropriate work practices. The training should be given at the time of the worker’s initial assignment and whenever a new physical or health hazard that the employee has not previously been trained about is introduced into the work area. computer. N The measures employees can take to protect themselves from these hazards. whether there are paper copies. Information and training may be designed to cover categories of hazards (e. As part of their basic right to know. and workers must be taught how to access them. Chemical-specific information must always be available through labels and MSDSs. visual appearance or odor of hazardous chemicals when being released). the Hazard Communication Standard specifically gives them the right to be informed about: N The requirements of the standard. emergency procedures. or the Internet. N The physical and health hazards of the chemicals in the work area. The MSDSs must be available to workers at all times. Employee training shall include at least: N Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area (such as monitoring conducted by the employer. N Any operations in their work area where hazardous chemicals are present. The Hazard Communication Standard (1900.

respirators. safety shoes.N The details of the hazard communication program developed by the employer. can eliminate or reduce a particular hazard. and how employees can obtain and use the appropriate hazard information. the better able they will be to take the next step and select the most appropriate PPE for the job. HazCom is very high on OSHA's enforcement agenda—and high on its list of violations. identification information on hazardous chemicals. safety glasses and goggles. The first vital step that employers must take to determine the need for PPE is performing a hazard assessment of each job in the workplace. Perhaps they have some scary stories of their own to tell. Lack of adherence to other parts of HazCom that have recently appeared in the top 10 violations include failures to provide information on hazardous chemicals. Think head-to-toe protection and be sure to consider all the hazards—falling objects. including an explanation of the labeling system. MSDSs. lack of a written HazCom program has been the most frequent violation OSHA found in recent years. In some cases. Most people have heard horror stories about workers who were injured because they weren’t wearing PPE that could have kept them safe. chemical exposures. work accident statistics show that an alarming number of injured workers were not wearing PPE that could have prevented—or at least lessened the severity of—their injuries. Once an employer determines that such hazards are present—or are likely to be—the employer must: N Select and have affected employees use the PPE that will protect them from the hazards that have been identified. sharp objects. engineering controls. flying objects. PPE may still be advisable in some cases as a backup. 6. and hazard warnings for hazardous chemicals. Remember that PPE is only a supplementary form of protection. The better managers identify and understand the impact of specific hazards. necessary where all hazards have not been controlled through other means. Inc. In other instances. Even if they have been reduced. and other clothing and equipment. gloves. A worker’s right to know about chemical hazards is an important right guaranteed by OSHA. New employees do not thoroughly understand the necessity of using required PPE—or how to use it properly. In fact. and rolling or pinching objects—as well as all the protections—hard hats. machine guards. Year after year. too. ©Business & Legal Reports. 10102300 7 . such as ventilation systems. or physical separation of workers. and the MSDSs. administrative controls or work practices can reduce a hazard by minimizing the time a worker is exposed.

Always use required PPE in the work area. N What PPE is necessary. N Limitations of the PPE. ignore the rules. It stands to reason that employees will be more willing to cooperate with wearing required PPE if they are trained properly. and wear PPE. New training must be provided whenever: N Changes in the workplace render previous training obsolete. N Changes in the types of PPE to be used render previous training obsolete.N Communicate decisions about required PPE to employees. N Use discipline if necessary as a last resort to show employees you are serious about their wearing assigned PPE. Here are some training tips to encourage employees’ cooperation. Training must include: N When PPE is necessary. or believe that accidents always happen to someone else. and N Select PPE that fits each affected employee properly. N Help employees recognize that PPE gives them more control. like safety glasses or shoes. These first two steps are actually the easy part. N Lead by example. N Identify each hazard and explain specifically how a particular type of PPE protects them against this hazard. and N Inadequacies in an employee’s knowledge or use of assigned PPE indicate that the employee has not retained the necessary understanding or skill. N How to properly put on. A few employees will still forget to use their PPE. worker cooperation increases if they actually like the look of their PPE. remove. To make any PPE program effective requires continual follow-up. N Point out that OSHA requires it. too. Many employers have found that for some items. The hard part is encouraging employees to actually use the PPE. maintenance. The next two steps—training and follow-up— present the challenge of reaching employees and communicating the important message. When choices are possible. Have a variety of sizes and styles available to accommodate the needs of all workers. think that PPE is for wimps. and require visitors to use it. Try to involve employees in the selection process whenever possible. and N Proper care. Let them help pick the PPE they find most comfortable—as long as it can do its job. Try these suggestions to motivate your employees and keep your PPE program from going down the drain: N Recognize and reward employees for using PPE. employees like to be able to select from different colors or styles according to their tastes. Daily monitoring is essential to see that employees are actually wearing their PPE. adjust. N Make it easy to get and exchange PPE. and disposal of the PPE. 8 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . useful life. N Dramatize the consequences of failing to use required PPE. N Recognize proper use of PPE in performance appraisals.

Inc. There is truth in the old adage. it says loud and clear: “We really don’t care about safety!” On the other hand. 10102300 9 . If managers and supervisors don’t abide by the safety rules. it sends a strong message. If they ignore workers who are not obeying the rules.But the BIGGEST STUPID REASON may be: 7. N Is the workplace clean and orderly? N Are there frequent drills to practice emergency procedures and evacuation? N Do supervisors always answer questions promptly and politely? N Are “No Smoking” signs obeyed? N Are areas where hazardous substances are being used properly labeled? N Are MSDSs readily accessible by all workers? N Are all workers wearing eye protection if it is required? N Are there areas where hearing protection is required—and is it being worn? N What about hard hats where there is danger of falling objects? N Are supervisors and managers following the rules as well? The everyday behavior of everyone at the facility will indicate the value the organization places on safety. What is said in an orientation meeting doesn’t mean as much as what is actually happening in the actual workplace. The workplace does not send the message that safety is a high priority. If a worker receives a real punishment.” Other workers may be less inclined to ignore the rules if they find out it can cost them a day’s pay. to enforce the rules. if necessary. company management can show the high priority it places on safety by consistently following the safety protocols and by using progressive discipline. Workers (especially new workers) are going to judge how important safety is by observing what goes on around them.” What you do speaks louder than what you say. ©Business & Legal Reports. “Put your money where your mouth is. the word will get around very quickly: “These guys mean it. such as a day’s suspension without pay for failing to wear PPE.

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inspection of working platforms. the following is a brief listing of some of the groups that require training: N Workers with flammable and combustible liquids. and information about audiometric testing.Checklists and Handouts OSHA Required Training In addition to the general training. The company needs written work procedures for the operation. and vehicle-mounted work platforms Workers must be trained in safe operation and in the hazards associated with working on any of this equipment before they are allowed to use it. specific training requirements are established by OSHA regarding specific job duties. and written training records. However. Subpart G—Hearing protection The employer must have a training program for all employees who are exposed to noise at or above an 8-hour time-weighted average of 85 decibels. employees who are assigned to assist in an emergency or in fighting a fire must have special training. These training requirements are very detailed and vary according to the actual duties assigned. N Workers with explosives and blasting agents. 10102300 11 . Subpart H—Hazardous materials There are too many regulations and categories of workers involved with hazardous training to cover this subject in detail in this report. Inc. N Workers with liquefied petroleum gases. N Workers following process safety management procedures for highly hazardous chemicals. manlifts. information about hearing protection. N Contract employers with workers exposed to hazardous chemicals. and N Workers involved with hazardous waste operations and emergency response. N Workers operating bulk delivery and mixing equipment. It should be reviewed frequently to refresh memories on a regular basis. ©Business & Legal Reports. Subpart F—Powered platforms. This must be repeated annually and include the effects of noise on hearing. including safe use of equipment. This training must be conducted when the plan is developed or changed. N Workers with anhydrous ammonia. Subpart E—Emergency plans and fire prevention plans In addition to the general training for all employees discussed in this report.

12 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . Training must include truck-related topics. There are very detailed training requirements for workers who enter permit-required confined spaces. It must include when PPE is necessary. and the employer must keep records that certify proper training. the amount and detail of training varies according to the role a worker is expected to play in case of a fire emergency. Workers must be retrained in the event of changes. All employees need to be trained about accident prevention signs and tags and to understand what special precautions are necessary in a particular location. at a minimum. what kind. Forklift operators (or powered industrial truck operators. Likewise. and certification of training. Refresher training must be provided according to the regulations but. how to use it. as they are called in the regulations) need training before they are allowed to operate these vehicles. Subpart J—General environmental controls These regulations cover a wide variety of work situations and duties. Subpart K—Medical and first aid All employees assigned to administer first aid require proper training. when retraining is necessary. If management wants workers to use portable fire extinguishers in case of a minor fire. There are special training rules and programs for workers who require respiratory protection. workplace-related topics.Subpart I—Personal protective equipment (PPE) This training must be provided for every worker who is required to use PPE. Special rules apply to temporary labor camps and the persons trained to administer first aid at these locations. limitations. and maintenance of PPE. and must be aware of special hazards in their workplace. Subpart N—Material handling and storage Workers who service multipiece and single-piece rim wheels need special training and must demonstrate their ability to perform these duties safely. and demonstration of proficient operation. the training rules and procedures for lockout/tagout procedures are very specific and must be understood by both authorized and affected employees in order to protect themselves. They cover the type of training. They must also be retrained as necessary to ensure continued proficiency. there must be a performance evaluation at least once every 3 years. and these workers must be retrained annually. Subpart L—Fire protection Again. they must supply training to their employees. all employees must know how to recognize emergency alarm systems and know proper evacuation procedures. Fire brigades need the most detailed training. At the minimum. need annual retraining.

first-aid. Subpart R—Special industries The following special industries have specific training requirements: N Pulp.Subpart O—Machinery and machine guarding OSHA has very specific rules concerning machine guarding. Workers need to understand how to locate and understand the information found on MSDSs. Certainly. They need to realize it is never proper to remove a guard even if they feel it will make the machine’s operation easier or faster. always the leading standard in number of violations. Subpart Z—Toxic and hazardous substances The Hazard Communication Standard. or even amputations. transmission. and brazing There are general training requirements for all workers performing these operations and special rules for performing fuel gas welding and cutting. requires employee information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area. and tanks is necessary Subpart S—Electrical safety These regulations require training according to workers’ respective job assignments. arc welding and cutting. Because of the danger of serious injuries. and resistance welding. Subpart T—Commercial diving operations Training is required for each member of a dive team. and paperboard mills—instruction in the use of gas masks capable of absorbing chlorine for workers who may be exposed N Laundries—training about machinery and the proper rules for operating it N Sawmills—training in lift truck operation similar to forklift training N Logging—multifaceted training for performing work duties safely and requirements for first aid and CPR training N Telecommunications—training in working with storage batteries as well as training in emergency situations. cutting. OSHA places great emphasis on these regulations. with additional training for the designated person in charge. following all safety procedures. and each employee should be aware of the particular safeguards associated with each piece of equipment they are authorized to operate. Inc. They must receive instruction in how to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work area and about PPE to be used. and artificial respiration training N Derrick trucks—operator training N Cable fault—training in safety precautions for locating and testing cables N Guarding manholes—training in first aid available for on-site workers N Tree trimming—training required concerning electrical hazards N Electric power generation. paper. silos. and distribution—training in medical services and first aid available to workers N Grain handling facilities—training regarding hazards present and training in rescue procedures where entry into bins. 10102300 . Subpart Q—Welding. 13 ©Business & Legal Reports. all employees whose duties include any type of machine operation need individual evaluation to make sure they can operate their equipment properly.

14 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes .4’ Methylenedianiline N Ionizing radiation Basically.2-Dibromo-3-chloro-propane N Acrylonitrile (vinyl cyanide) N Ethylene oxide N Formaldehyde N 4.3’-Dichlorobenzidine (and its salts) N Bis-chloromethyl ether N Beta-napthylamine N Benzidine N 4-Aminodiphenyl N Ethyleneimine N Beta-propiolactone N 2-Acetoaminofluorene N 4-Dimethylaminobenzene N n-Nitrosodimethylamine N Vinyl chloride N Inorganic arsenic N Lead N Chromium (vi) N Cadmium N Benzene N Coke oven emissions N Bloodborne pathogens—training for all workers who have occupational exposure to these substances N Cotton dust N 1. all the regulations have common elements—information regarding special hazards and safe procedures as well as any requirements for refresher training.The following substances have their own set of regulations requiring specialized training: N Asbestos N 4-Nitrobiphenyl N Alpha-napthylamine N Methyl chloromethyl ether N 3.

lunchroom. and/or trainer Department rules —Introduction to co-worker “buddy” —Tour of department and introduction to other workers —Location of rest rooms. insurance. or passwords —Drug and alcohol use and other prohibitions —Sexual harassment and discrimination —Americans with Disabilities Act and “reasonable accommodation” —Use of company phone. keys. if applicable. or wellness program Company policies —Facility security: Company ID. such as educational assistance. if applicable —Tax.General Orientation Checklist Company Rules and Regulations — Human Resource (HR) Department Attendance —Hours of work and overtime policies—breaks and lunch period —Pay schedules (including time cards. vacations —Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). if applicable Department Rules and Regulations —Department head. first-aid supplies ©Business & Legal Reports. lockers. and other forms Employee benefits and eligibility —Health and dental insurance —Disability insurance —Life insurance —Pension or 401(k) pla —Miscellaneous benefits. 10102300 15 . Inc. e-mail. and Internet New Employee Handouts —Employee manual —Description of benefit programs —Any relevant union contract —ID card or badge —Key or password. supervisor. if applicable) —Reporting absences —Leave time—sick days. matching gift program. holidays.

if appropriate 16 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . near misses. PPE. and unsafe conditions —Reporting tools or equipment needing repair New employee job description and responsibilities —Step-by-step introduction to procedures of the job —On-the-job training and evaluation —Distribution of tools. and supplies —Hazardous chemicals. if applicable New employee department handouts —Job description —Step-by-step procedure instructions —Required PPE or other safety equipment —Tools —Materials —Printout of department rules or safety procedures —Diagram showing layout of department or facility.Safety rules and procedures —Emergency training—exits and alarms —Reporting accidents.

—Repeat as required. Inc. N If no previous experience. Identify hazards created while performing job—dust. —Suggest ways to reduce repetitive motions. —Observe workstation and job operation to be sure ergonomic dangers are minimized. 10102300 17 . heat. List steps in operating procedure: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N If previous experience.Machine Operator Job Orientation and Evaluation General Work Area Hazards: ________________________________________________________________________________________ Workstation Yes No N Machine guards—Are they all in place?   —Does the machine appear to be in good repair?   —Does wiring appear to be in good repair?   —Explain potential hazards of equipment: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Is lockout/tagout needed for maintenance or repair?   Explain procedure: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Give operator his lock and key. Show location of supplies and procedures for obtaining them. —Evaluate performance and make suggestions. —Has operator worked with identical machine previously?   —List required (or suggested) PPE: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N N N N Discuss storage of tools and organization of workstation. or other specific hazard. —Ask if operator has any questions. excessive noise. ask new operator to perform procedure. ©Business & Legal Reports. demonstrate procedure. —Ask operator to perform procedure with supervision.

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Identify hazards created while performing job— chemicals. heat. N Discuss storage of chemicals and organization of workstation. skin irritation. N List steps in operating procedure: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N If previous experience.   ©Business & Legal Reports. fumes. 10102300 19 . removal and disposal of clothing. ask new worker to perform procedure. —Repeat as required. Inc. N Show location of supplies and procedures for obtaining them. —Ask if worker has any questions. N Ask operator to perform procedure with supervision. contamination of clothing or tools. ingestion. demonstrate procedure. N If no experience.Chemical Worker Orientation and Evaluation Work Area Hazards: _____________________________________________________________________________________ N List hazardous chemicals in the workplace: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Yes N Are MSDSs on hand? N Does the operator know the specific hazards? N Does the operator know the signs of a problem? N Are chemicals stored and labeled correctly?     No     N Explain the procedures for a minor accident: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Explain the procedures for a major accident: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Has operator worked with same chemicals previously?   N List required (or suggested) PPE: _____________________________________________________________________________________ N Are there special procedures to prevent contamination? N Explain procedures like showering.

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” The General Duty Clause has one more line. and know where material safety data sheets are located.” OSHA Notice and OSH Act—Employees have a right to: N View posted notice on OSHA and any state protections and obligations. penalized. N Receive a written response to request for review. N “Shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act. regulations and orders pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct. N Ask for a review if OSHA denied request for inspection. OSHA 300 Log—Employees have a right to: N View a posted summary of prior year’s recorded injuries and illnesses between February 1 and April 30. 10102300 21 . N Have complainants’ names withheld from employer’s copy. N Have an employee representative accompany OSHA official during inspection or have employees speak with official. Complaints of OSHA—Employees have a right to: N Submit specific written complaints to OSHA requesting inspection. N Report possible safety violations to an OSHA official during any inspection. N Receive a copy of the OSHA 300 log and summary. N Request copies of the OSH Act and specific safety and health standards. Hazard Communication Standard—Employees have a right to: N Be informed about the Hazard Communication Standard and know where hazardous materials are used. It goes on to say: N “Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules. N Request that their name not be entered on the log when reporting an injury or illness. N Have OSHA citations of company posted visibly.Employee Rights Under OSHA Every employee has these rights: A safe workplace—The General Duty Clause says: Each employer: N “Shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm to its employees. ©Business & Legal Reports. however. N Contact OSHA without fear of being fired. N Contest a citation or employer’s request to modify the requirements of a citation. or discriminated against. Inc. N Know about the company’s written hazard communication program and the list of hazardous chemicals.

including medical complaints. N See personal health records. N See records of potentially hazardous exposures in workplaces or areas to which you’re being assigned. and tests. ask to see records for employees with similar jobs or working conditions.Exposure and Medical Records—Employees have a right to: N Ask to view or copy results of personal exposure measurements or monitoring related to toxic substances or harmful physical agency. 22 7 Stupid Reasons New Employees Get Injured—And How to Avoid These Mistakes . N In the absence of personal records. exams.

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