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Material Allowables

Class Objectives

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Classes of Allowables Property Distribution Material Specifications q Test Requirements

Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures

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Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures

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Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-4 .

Investigation of Methods and Allowables FullFull scale tests $ Analysis verification Component tests $ $ $ $ $ $ Material property evaluation Design-value development Sub-component Sub component tests Structural elements tests Allowable development Material specification development Material screening and selection Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-5 .

Allowables Ensure the Structural Integrity of the Final Product • • • • Allowables Design Requirements Static Allowables Properties and Bases Allowables Development and Publication Presentation of Design Manuals and Examples of Use Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-6 .

Allowables Are Required by FAA to Certify All Aircraft Structures FAA requirement FAR 25-613 25 613 Material t M t i l strength th and design values Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-7 .

Within Boeing. Allowable Development Is the Responsibility of the Stress Methods and Allowables (SMA) Group Structural Damage Technology (SDT) Central Engineering Boeing Materials Technology (BMT) SMA Methods Allowables Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-8 .

Allowables Ensure the Structural Integrity of the Final Product • • • • Allowables Design Requirements Static Allowables Properties and Bases Allowables Development and Publication Presentation of Design Manuals and Examples of Use Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-9 .

Allowables and Design Value Definitions • Allowables: Mechanical properties having a level of statistical assurance – general case • D i value: Design l A mechanical property value based on the allowable adapted to the criteria and analysis method used – p y specific case Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-10 .

Strength Is an Allowables Domain Strength properties ( d St th ti (reduced) d) Ftu. Fty. Fsu Mechanical Properties Elastic properties (typical) E. G. E G u Physical properties (typical) w. k Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-11 .

Classes of Allowables “A” B i Basis • 99% probability with 95% confidence b bilit ith fid “B” B i Basis • 90% probability with 95% confidence Point Design • Associated with a unique structure and q valid only for that particular configuration “S” Basis • Specification acceptance value with no statistical significance— this is not an allowable! Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-12 .

QQ* Allowables Estimated design values Preliminary allowables Firm allowables Design/analysis Trade studies initial design Preliminary design Firm design g drawing release .hardware fabrication 14-13 *No longer Government monitored Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures .The Allowable Need is Dependent Upon the End User Material controlled by Vendor Preliminary specifications: XBMS. MIL*. BAC. AMS*. XBAC Firm specifications: BMS.

Material Property Population Distribution Frequency A B Typical Property Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-14 .

Probability Distribution A formula that gives the probability that a value fall within prescribed limits p – Weibull distribution – Normal distribution – Lognormal distribution Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-15 .

Unknown Distribution Nonparametric analysis • “A” basis allowable: lowest of 299 test points A • “B” basis allowable: lowest of 29 test points Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-16 .

BMS. BAC Preliminary allowables Preliminary design Firm allowables Firm design drawing release hardware fabrication 14-17 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures . MIL*. QQ*. XBAC Firm specifications: AMS*.Allowable Need Is Dependent Upon the End Use Material controlled by Vendor Allowables Estimated design values Design/analysis Trade studies’ initial design Preliminary specifications: XBMS.

Allowables Ensure the Structural Integrity of the Final Product • • • • Allowables Design Requirements Static Allowables Properties and Bases Allowables Development and Publication Presentation of Design Manuals and Examples of Use Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-18 .

Allowables Development Requirements • • • • • • Program request g q Firm specification Test program planning Specimen fabrication and testing Allowables development Document D6 57037 “P D t D6-57037. “Procedure f M t i l d for Material Selection and Development of Design/Producibility Data” Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-19 .

Fty. compression. and bearing) are tested at room temperature to determine Ftu. Ein. and Fbry for e/d = 1.Requirements for Development of Metal Allowable • Existence of a material specification • T lots of material from at least two production heats Ten l t f t i lf tl tt d ti h t for each test • Thi k Thickness range of the 10 lots to be tested should span f th l t t b t t d h ld the thickness range covered by the material specification • All tests are performed in accordance with the applicable standard specifications • Specific standard properties (tension compression (tension.0 for each grain direction and each lot 20 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-20 . Fbru. Csu.5 and e/D = 2. shear. Fcy.

e/D=1.5 Bearing. (L) (LT) (L) (LT) (L) (LT) (L) (LT) ( ) (L) (LT) 90 + 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-21 .Allowables Typical Allowables Test Program for Metallic Materials Tension Compression Shear Bearing.0 g. e/D=2.

Allowables Ensure the Structural Integrity of the Final Product • • • • Allowables Design Requirements Static Allowables Properties and Bases Allowables Development and Publication Presentation of Design Manuals and Examples of Use Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-22 .

BDM-4090 7075 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-23 .

BDM-4090 7075 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-24 .

BDM-4090 7075 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-25 .

BDM-4090 7075 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-26 .

5-inch thick 7075-T651 bare plate at 250°F service p temperature after exposure to 350°F for 1.Sample Problem • What is the tensile ultimate strength B allowable of .000 hours? Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-27 .

Example Solution 38% Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-28 .

Example Solution Answer = (79 ksi)(38%) = 30 ksi Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-29 .

Joint Strength BDM-4301 Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-30 .

Joint Strength Single Shear Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-31 .

050 P 0.Sample Problem: Find the Joint Capability With BACR15BB6D Fastener BACR15BB6D 2024-T3 t = 0.050 P t = 0.43 (minimum typical) Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-32 .

Example Solution Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-33 .

Example Solution Answer = 910 lbs Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-34 .

Tension Fasteners Design and Analysis of Aircraft Structures 14-35 .