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001) “ , the first step is to define the variables. The formula for the magnitude of an earthquake is M(x) = log(x/0.001) where x is the intensity of the earthquake measured by a seismograph millimeters.
“M(x)” will equal magnitude, and “x” will equal intensity 1. The Haiti earthquake of 2010 had a measured intensity of 10,257 millimeters. Calculate the magnitude of this earthquake to the nearest tenth. In looking at number one, it is clear that intensity, or, “x” has been given, so we will be solving for magnitude, or, “M(x)”. The value of “x” is 10257, so if we plug 10257 into “x” into our equation we get the following result: M(x) = log(10257/0.001) If we solve that equation, the steps would go as follows: Plug in 10257: M(x) = log(10257/0.001) Divide what’s inside the parenthesis: M(x) = log(10257000) Use the “log” function on a calculator of 10257000: M(x) = 7.011 Therefore, the intensity of the Haiti earthquake in 2010 had a magnitude of approximately 7.0 . the 2. The Japan earthquake of 2011 had a magnitude of 9.0 . Calculate measured intensity of this earthquake in millimeters.
In number 2, magnitude, or, “M(x)” has been given, so we will be solving for intensity, or “x”. The magnitude given is 9.0 so we will plug 9.0 into our original equation for “M(x)”. 9.0 = log(x/0.001) If we solve this equation, the steps would go as follows: Plug in 9.0 9.0 = log(x/0.001) Raise 10 to the 9th power, to get rid of the “log”: 1000000000 = (x/0.001)
5 times more intense than the earthquake in Haiti. the Japan earthquake was about 97. the difference between the numbers 100 and 1000. and raise it to a power of 3. it’s easier to understand just how much more powerful the earthquake in Japan was. . we get 1000. the intensity of the earthquake was approximately 1000000 millimeters. like 10. If we take the same number. if we take a simple number. About how many times more intense (as measured by seismographs) was the earthquake in Japan compared to the earthquake in Haiti? Compare this to the difference in their magnitudes. This is connected to our knowledge of logarithms because of the common knowledge of exponents.001: 1000000 = x Therefore. you must divide 1000000 by 10257 which is approximately 97. is a much more significant 900. when you look at the difference between their intensities. For example. However. the difference between the two earthquakes cannot be as easily understood.49. The difference between the numbers 2 and 3 is an insignificant 1. we get 100. Logarithms help us make this connection easier to understand. How does our knowledge of logarithms link this information? The intensity of the earthquake in Japan was 1000000 millimeters and the intensity of the earthquake in Haiti was 10257 millimeters. and raise it to the second power. To figure out how many times more intense the Japan Earthquake was. According to the difference in their magnitude (2). Therefore.Multiply both sides by 0. However. 10.