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Course Outline: Greenhouse

CD: Horticulture
Lesson Number and Title Content Core Skill Process Content Standard(s) Statement(s) Standard(s) UNIT A. HORTICULTURE SCIENCE
PL-H-4.1.1, PL-H-4.1.3, PL-H-4.1.4, HC-OH4 PL-H-4.4.1, PL-H-4.4.2 PL-H-4.1.1, PL-H-4.1.3, PL-H-4.1.4, HC-OH4 PL-H-4.4.1, PL-H-4.4.2, SS-H-4.1.3 PL-M-4.2.1, HC-EA7 PL-M-4.2.2 MA-H-2.2.3, HC-OG4, HCMA-H-3.2.3, OG5, HC-OG6, SC-H-3.4.3, HC-OG7, HCSC-H-3.5.5, OG8, HC-OG9, SC-H-3.5.5 HC-OG10 PL-H-4.1.1, PL-H-4.1.3, PL-H-4.1.4, PL-H-4.4.1, PL-H-4.4.2 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.4.1, SC-H-3.4.2,

Problem Area 1. Exploring the Horticulture Industry

LC: A1-1 Understanding Horticulture

FFD.1, GHT.1

LC: A1-2

Determining the Importance of the Horticulture Industry

LTM.1, PLS.2

LC: A1-4 Exploring Career Opportunities in Horticulture

PLS.1

LC: A1-5 Practicing Horticulture Safety

GHT.11, NOT.11

Problem Area 2. Plant Anatomy and Physiology

LC: A2-1 Classifying Ornamental Plants

LTM.1

HC-OC2

LC: A2-2 Understanding Root Anatomy LC: A2-3 Understanding Stem Anatomy LC: A2-4 Understanding Leaf Anatomy and Morphology LC: A2-5 Understanding Flower Anatomy LC: A2-6 Understanding Plant Physiology LC: A2-7 Understanding Light, Temperature, Air, and Water Effects on Plant Growth

GHT.5, NOT.2 GHT.5, NOT.2 GHT.5, NOT.2 GHT.5, NOT.2 GHT.5 GHT.5, NOT.2 GHT.5

HC-OD2 HC-OD2 HC-OD2 HC-OD2 HC-OD2 HC-OD2 HC-OD2

LC: A2-8 Understanding Plant Growth Regulators

Problem Area 3. Plant Propagation LC: A3-1 Examining Sexual Reproduction of Flowering Plants LC: A3-2 Propagating Plants Sexually LC: A3-3 Propagating Plants by Cuttings GHT.6, NOT.3 GHT.6, NOT.3 APS.3, NOT.3 HC-OC1 HC-OC1 HC-OC1

LC: A3-4 LC: A3-5 LC: A3-6

LC: A4-1

LC: A4-2 LC: A4-3 LC: A4-6 LC: A4-8 LC: A4-11

LC: A5-1

LC: A5-2 LC: A5-3 LC: A5-4 LC: A5-5 LC: A5-6 LC: A5-7

LC: A6-1

LC: A6-2

SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 Propagating Plants by Division, Separation, and SC-H-3.6.1, GHT.6 Layering SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, Propagating Plants by Grafting and Budding GHT.6 SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.4.1, SC-H-3.5.3, Propagating Plants by Tissue Culture CPT.9 SC-H-3.6.1 Problem Area 4. Growing Media, Nutrients, and Fertilizers SC-H-1.5.3, SC-H-3.6.1, Understanding Properties of Growing Media GHT.4 SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-1.5.3, Understanding Growing-Media Components GHT.4 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, Supplying Nutrients to Floriculture Crops GHT.3 SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.4.1, Understanding Soil Texture and Structure APS.9 SC-H-3.4.2 Understanding Moisture-Holding Capacity Understanding Water Quality Problem Area 5. Integrated Pest Management MA-H-3.1.1, MA-H-3.2.1, MA-H-3.2.3, MA-H-3.2.4, MA-H-3.2.5, MA-H-3.2.6, Understanding Integrated Pest Management NOT.6 MA-H-3.3.1, MA-H-3.3.3, MA-H-3.3.4, SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 Determining the Kinds of Pesticides Using Pesticides Safely Interpreting Pesticide Labels Applying Pesticides Managing the Environmental Impact of Pesticides Identifying and Managing Plant Pests in the SC-H-3.6.1, GHT.7 Greenhouse SC-H-3.6.3 Problem Area 6. Hydroponics MA-H-3.1.1, MA-H-3.2.1, MA-H-3.2.3, MA-H-3.2.4, MA-H-3.2.5, MA-H-3.2.6, Understanding Hydroponics NOT.6 MA-H-3.3.1, MA-H-3.3.3, MA-H-3.3.4, SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 Growing Crops by Hydroponics

HC-OC1 HC-OC1 HC-OC1

HC-OB6

HC-OB6 HC-OC4 HC-OB6

HC-OE1, HCOE4

HC-OE1, HCOE4

HC-OC3

UNIT B. FLORICULTURE
Problem Area 1. Greenhouse Structures LC: B1-1 Exploring Greenhouse Structures GHT.2, NOT.9 MA-H-2.2.3, MA-H-3.2.3, SC-H-1.5.3, SC-H-3.5.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 PL-H-3.2.1, PL-H-3.3.1, PL-H-3.3.3, SC-H-3.4.3 SC-H-3.6.1 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, HC-OD2

LC: B1-2 Controlling the Greenhouse Climate LC: B1-3 Using Automated Systems in the Greenhouse

GHT.3 GHT.3

HC-OD2 HC-OH1

Problem Area 2. Greenhouse Crop Production LC: B2-1 Growing Poinsettias LC: B2-2 Growing Potted Chrysanthemums FFD.9 FFD.6 HC-OH4 HC-OD2

LC: B2-3 Growing Minor Potted Flowering Crops

FFD.3

HC-EC6

LC: B2-4 Growing and Forcing Easter Lilies

FFD.5

HC-EC6

LC: B2-5 Growing and Forcing Spring Flowering Bulbs

FFD.3

HC-EC6

LC: B2-6 Growing Foliage Plants

FFD.3

HC-EC6

LC: B2-7 Growing Bedding Plants

FFD.4

HC-EC6

LC: B2-8 Growing Potted Perennials

FFD.4

HC-EC6

LC: B2-9 Managing the Greenhouse Business

FFD.4

HC-EC6

AH-H-4.2.39, MA-H-2.1.2, MA-H-2.2.2

UNIT C. NURSERY, LANDSCAPING, AND GARDENING
Problem Area 1. Nursery Production PL-H-4.1.1, PL-H-4.1.3, PL-H-4.1.4, PL-H-4.4.1, PL-H-4.4.2 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 PL-H-3.1.2, PL-H-3.2.1, PL-H-4.3.1, PL-H-4.3.2, SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 PL-H-3.1.2, PL-H-3.2.1, PL-H-4.3.1, PL-H-4.3.2

LC: C1-1 Understanding Nursery Production Facilities

NOT.1

HC-OD2

LC: C1-2 Producing Nursery Crops

NOT.5

HC-OC1, HCOC2, HC-OC3, HC-OC4 HC-OC1, HCOC2, HC-OC3, HC-OC4 HC-EB1, HCEB2, HC-EB3, HC-EB4, HCEB5, HC-EB6, HC-EB7, HCEB8, HC-EC1

LC: C1-3 Packaging Nursery Crops

NOT.7

LC: C1-4 Managing the Nursery Business

NOT.8

UNIT D. EMPLOYABILITY IN THE HORTICULTURE INDUSTRY
Problem Area 1. Developing Personal Skills LC: D1-1 Self-Understanding and Assessment LC: D1-2 Developing Human Relations Skills in the Workplace Problem Area 2. Developing Communications Skills LC: D2-1 Introduction to Communication LC: D2-2 Understanding Effective Communication Techniques LC: D2-3 Identifying Effective Speaking Techniques LC: D2-4 Developing Listening Techniques LC: D2-5 Organizing and Presenting a Persuasive Message Using Communications Skills in Appropriate LC: D2-6 Situations Problem Area 3. Gaining Employment LC: D3-1 Developing Goals LC: D3-2 Obtaining Education for a Job LC: D3-3 Identifying Occupational Competencies LC: D3-4 Finding a Job LC: D3-5 Applying for a Job LC: D3-6 Writing a Resume and Letter of Application LC: D3-7 Succeeding in a Job Interview LC: D3-8 Understanding Conflicts and Their Resolution

UNIT E. HORTICULTURAL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
Problem Area 1. Entrepreneurship in Horticulture PL-H-4.1.1, PL-H-4.1.3, PL-H-4.1.4, PL-H-4.4.1, PL-H-4.4.2 HC-EB1, HCEB2, HC-EB3, HC-EB4, HCEB5, HC-EB6, HC-EB7, HC-

LC: E1-1 Establishing a Horticultural Business

GHT.1

LC: E1-2 Financial Management in a Horticultural Business

ASM.7

PL-H-4.3.1, PL-H-4.3.2 SS-H-3.1.3, SS-H-3.2.1, SS-H-3.3.1, SS-H-3.3.2, SS-H-3.3.3 PL-H-4.3.1, PL-H-4.3.2, SS-H-3.1.3, SS-H-3.2.1, SS-H-3.3.1, SS-H-3.3.2, SS-H-3.3.3 AH-H-4.1.32, AH-H-4.1.33, AH-H-4.1.41, AH-H-4.2.39 PL-H-3.1.2, PL-H-3.2.1, PL-H-4.3.1, PL-H-4.3.2 PL-H-4.1.1, PL-H-4.1.3, PL-H-4.1.4, PL-H-4.4.1, PL-H-4.4.2 PL-H-3.2.1, PL-H-3.3.1, PL-H-3.3.3, SC-H-3.4.3 MA-H-2.2.3, MA-H-3.2.3, SC-H-3.5.3

EB8, HC-EC1 HC-ED1, HCED2, HC-ED4 HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1

Problem Area 2. Marketing Horticulture Products

LC: E2-1 Selecting a Marketing Approach

ASM.8

LC: E2-2 Developing a Marketing Plan

ASM.8

HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1 HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1 HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1 HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1 HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1 HC-EC9, HCOA1, HC-OA2, HC-OA3, HCOD1

LC: E2-3 Advertising and Displaying Horticultural Products

AGC.7

LC: E2-4 Marketing Floral Crops

NOT.8

LC: E2-5 Marketing the Landscape Business

LTM.1

LC: E2-6 Selling Floral Orders

FFD.9

LC: E2-7 Selling Landscape Design and Construction Work

LTM.4

CD: Animal, Plant, and Soil Science
Lesson Number and Title Content Core Skill Process Content Standard(s) Statement(s) Standard(s) UNIT C. PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCE
GHT.3 SC-H-3.6.1, SC-H-3.6.3 HC-OC3

Problem Area 8. Soil Fertility and Moisture Management LC: C8-5 Using Irrigation

Content Process Statements Lookup Table: Course Course Description Content Process

Statement Description - This course develops an understanding of fundamental skills necessary to be successful in the agricultural communications industry. Provides guided AGC.7 practice and applied experience utilizing various styles of develop skills communication including oral, written, and electronic AGC - Agri communications. Techniques of communications will include: to produce Communication traditional print media, brochure development, photography, brochures and sale ads videography, computer program applications, and Internet usage including e-mail. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - A freshman college-level course which APS.3 introduces students to the world of plants. The course is a differentiate survey of botany, agronomy, horticulture, soils, forestry, and between APS other areas of plant science. Opportunity is provided for sexual and Advanced students to earn three (3) hours of introductory college credit. asexual plant Plant Science Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer propagation applications. Leadership development will be provided and through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a reproduction supervised agricultural experience program. Description - A freshman college-level course which introduces students to the world of plants. The course is a survey of botany, agronomy, horticulture, soils, forestry, and other areas of plant science. Opportunity is provided for APS Advanced students to earn three (3) hours of introductory college credit. Plant Science Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. APS.9 summarize the physical and chemical properties of soil and other plant growing media

ASM - Agri. Sales & Marketing

Description - This course provides an introduction to agricultural sales and marketing, including. Course material will include: competition in the agriculture market place, ASM.7 - utilize marketing decisions, types of markets, contracting, agricultural government programs and regulations, personal business development, employee and employer responsibilities, procedures communications, promotion strategies, records, files, purchasing materials, stocking, selling and business account and record keeping procedures. Content may be enhanced with appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - This course provides an introduction to agricultural sales and marketing, including. Course material ASM.8 formulate a

ASM - Agri. Sales &

Marketing

will include: competition in the agriculture market place, markeing plan marketing decisions, types of markets, contracting, for agricultural government programs and regulations, personal products development, employee and employer responsibilities, communications, promotion strategies, records, files, purchasing materials, stocking, selling and business account procedures. Content may be enhanced with appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Crop Technology instruction concentrates on the production practices and current biotechnological applications of or more agriculture crops. Hands-on experiences will be emphasized. Instruction will include CPT.9 - relate variety selection, seed bed preparation, fertilization, pest, biotechnology weed and disease control, harvesting, and marketing crops. to plant Current biotechnological applications may be included. production Content may be enhanced with appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have an agricultural experience program. FFD.1 demonstrate employability and social skills relative to the career cluster

CPT - Crop Technology

Description - Floriculture and floral design provides instruction to develop floral design techniques using silk, dried, and fresh flowers. Students will learn operation and management technics of a florist business as well as FFD identification, production and cultural maintenance practices Floriculture & of plants used in floral design and interior landscaping. Floral Design Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program.

Description - Floriculture and floral design provides instruction to develop floral design techniques using silk, FFD.3 dried, and fresh flowers. Students will learn operation and determine management technics of a florist business as well as priciples of FFD identification, production and cultural maintenance practices design and Floriculture & of plants used in floral design and interior landscaping. elements of art Floral Design Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate in flower technology. Leadership development will be provided through arranging FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. FFD Floriculture & Floral Design Description - Floriculture and floral design provides instruction to develop floral design techniques using silk, dried, and fresh flowers. Students will learn operation and management technics of a florist business as well as FFD.4 implement design skills in 'real-world'

identification, production and cultural maintenance practices connections of plants used in floral design and interior landscaping. Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Floriculture and floral design provides FFD.5 instruction to develop floral design techniques using silk, incorporate dried, and fresh flowers. Students will learn operation and special management technics of a florist business as well as FFD identification, production and cultural maintenance practices techniques Floriculture & (bows cards, of plants used in floral design and interior landscaping. Floral Design wiring, tinting, Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through etc.) into floral design FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Floriculture and floral design provides instruction to develop floral design techniques using silk, dried, and fresh flowers. Students will learn operation and management technics of a florist business as well as FFD identification, production and cultural maintenance practices Floriculture & of plants used in floral design and interior landscaping. Floral Design Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. FFD.6 demonstrate techniques in conditioning and maintaining flowers and floral design materials

Description - Floriculture and floral design provides instruction to develop floral design techniques using silk, dried, and fresh flowers. Students will learn operation and management technics of a florist business as well as FFD FFD.9 identification, production and cultural maintenance practices Floriculture & formulate of plants used in floral design and interior landscaping. Floral Design marketing plan Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in GHT.1 greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation demonstrate employability are included as well as production and maintenance of and social bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental skills relative principles of vegetable production and commercial production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may to the career cluster be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will

GHT Greenhouse Technology

be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation are included as well as production and maintenance of bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental principles of vegetable production and commercial production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program.

GHT Greenhouse Technology

GHT.2 propose greenhouse structural designs and equipment

GHT Greenhouse Technology

Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation GHT.3 are included as well as production and maintenance of manipulate bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental greenhouse principles of vegetable production and commercial production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may environmental conditions be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation are included as well as production and maintenance of bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental principles of vegetable production and commercial production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program.

GHT Greenhouse Technology

GHT.4 prepare soils and planting media

GHT Greenhouse Technology

Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation GHT.5 are included as well as production and maintenance of investigate bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental plant principles of vegetable production and commercial processes and production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may development be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience

program. Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation are included as well as production and maintenance of GHT.6 - select bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental plant principles of vegetable production and commercial propogation production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may methods be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment GHT.7 regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation implement are included as well as production and maintenance of bedding and bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental vegetable crop principles of vegetable production and commercial production production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may and be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership management development will be provided through FFA. Each student will strategies be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Greenhouse Technology provides instruction in greenhouse structures and greenhouse environment regulations. Plant growth and development and propagation are included as well as production and maintenance of GHT.11 - apply bedding and container produced plants. Fundamental safety principles of vegetable production and commercial regulations production of vegetable crops may be included. Content may and practices be enhanced with appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program.

GHT Greenhouse Technology

GHT Greenhouse Technology

GHT Greenhouse Technology

Description - This course combines landscaping and turf management curriculum. The material includes identification of landscape plants and their characteristics, site evaluation, site design, calculation of materials needed, costs for LTM bidding, and installing landscape plans. Landscape plant Landscape maintenance will also be presented. Selection, culture and and Turf management of turf species used for lawns, golf courses, Management athletic fields and erosion control may also be included. Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised

LTM.1 demonstrate employability and social skills relative to the career cluster

agricultural experience program. Description - This course combines landscaping and turf management curriculum. The material includes identification of landscape plants and their characteristics, site evaluation, site design, calculation of materials needed, costs for LTM bidding, and installing landscape plans. Landscape plant Landscape maintenance will also be presented. Selection, culture and and Turf management of turf species used for lawns, golf courses, Management athletic fields and erosion control may also be included. Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate technology. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program.

LTM.4 calculate costs of landscape plans for installation

Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing NOT.1 requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different demonstrate landscape plant materials; propagating and growing employability NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden and social & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial skills relative fruit production may also be included. Content may be to the career enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. cluster Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different NOT.2 landscape plant materials; propagating and growing investigate NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden plant & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial processes and fruit production may also be included. Content may be development enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing NOT - Nursery requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different landscape plant materials; propagating and growing & Orchard Tech evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial fruit production may also be included. Content may be NOT.3 demonstrate methods of plant propagation

enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing NOT.5 requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different implement landscape plant materials; propagating and growing production NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden management & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial strategies for fruit production may also be included. Content may be nursery and/or enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. orchard crops Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different NOT.6 - relate nursery landscape plant materials; propagating and growing NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden technology & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial practices to environmental fruit production may also be included. Content may be impact enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing NOT.7 requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different demonstrate landscape plant materials; propagating and growing harvesting and NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden merchandising & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial of nursery fruit production may also be included. Content may be crops and/or enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. orchard crops Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide NOT.8 instruction in production practices for container and fieldformulate NOT - Nursery grown nursery stock; identification, function, growing marketing plan & Orchard Tech requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different for nursery landscape plant materials; propagating and growing and/or orchard

evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial fruit production may also be included. Content may be enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program.

crops

Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different landscape plant materials; propagating and growing NOT.9 - design NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden and construct & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial growing fruit production may also be included. Content may be structures enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Nursery and orchard technology will provide instruction in production practices for container and fieldgrown nursery stock; identification, function, growing requirements, hardiness, problems and methods of different landscape plant materials; propagating and growing NOT.11 - apply NOT - Nursery evergreens/deciduous plants; and the operation of garden safety & Orchard Tech centers and nurseries. Principles of home and commercial regulations fruit production may also be included. Content may be and practices enhanced by utilizing appropriate computer applications. Leadership development will be provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Plant and Land Science develops basic scientific knowledge and skills pertaining to management of PLS.1 the land and its effects on food and fiber production, the demonstrate environment, and the quality of life. The relationship of land employablity PLS - Plant and to plant growth will be emphasized. Plant composition, and social Land Science reproduction, growth, and current biotechnological advances skills relative will be included. Content may be enhanced with appropriate to the career computer applications. Leadership development will be cluster provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Description - Plant and Land Science develops basic PLS.2 - assess PLS - Plant and scientific knowledge and skills pertaining to management of the benefit of the land and its effects on food and fiber production, the plants and Land Science environment, and the quality of life. The relationship of land land to human

to plant growth will be emphasized. Plant composition, kind in local, reproduction, growth, and current biotechnological advances national, and will be included. Content may be enhanced with appropriate world computer applications. Leadership development will be agriculture provided through FFA. Each student will be expected to have a supervised agricultural experience program. Core Content Standards Lookup Table: Core Subject Grade Subdomain Section AH-H-4.1 - Art Elements, Principles, Media, and Processes Core Standard AH-H-4.1.32 - Art Elements : color and color theory: primary and secondary hues, values (tints and shades), intensity (brightness and dullness); color relationship: triadic, complementary, analogous. AH-H-4.1.33 - Principles of Design : Balance (symmetry/ asymmetry), emphasis (focal pattern), pattern, repetition, contrast, variety, movement, rhythm, proportion, transition/ gradation, and unity.

AH - Arts & Humanities

AH-H High

AH-H-4 - Visual Arts

AH - Arts & Humanities

AH-H High

AH-H-4 - Visual Arts

AH-H-4.1 - Art Elements, Principles, Media, and Processes

AH - Arts & Humanities

AH-H High

AH-H-4 - Visual Arts

AH-H-4.1.41 - Incorporate the elements of art and principles of design to generate several AH-H-4.1 - Art solutions to a variety of Elements, visual art problems. Use Principles, media and processes, Media, and subject matter, symbols, Processes ideas, and themes to communicate cultural and aesthetic values. AH-H-4.2.39 - Purposes of Art : persuasive (advertising, AH-H-4.2 marketing, propaganda); Historical and formalist (abstract, nonCultural Context objective, arrangement of elements and principles as subject matter) MA-H-2.1 MA-H-2.1.2 - Students will

AH - Arts & Humanities

AH-H High

AH-H-4 - Visual Arts

MA - Math

MA-H -

MA-H-2 -

High Geometry/Measurement

Concepts

define, describe properties of, give examples of, and apply to both real-world and mathematical situations spatial relationships such as betweenness, paralellism, and perpendicularity.

MA - Math

MA-H-2.2.2 - Students will classify two-dimensional and three-dimensional geometric figures according to their characteristics such as lengths of sides; angle MA-H MA-H-2 MA-H-2.2 - Skills measures; and number of High Geometry/Measurement sides, faces, edges, and vertices. Studetns will describe the intersection of a plane with a threedimensional geometric figure. MA-H-2.2.3 - Student swill determine height and MA-H MA-H-2 distance using methods of MA-H-2.2 - Skills High Geometry/Measurement indirect measurement such as similar triangles and right triangle relationships. MA-H High MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics MA-H-3.1 Concepts MA-H-3.1.1 - Students will understand how standard deviation measures the scatter of a discrete set of real-world data.

MA - Math

MA - Math

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

MA-H-3.2.1 - Students will analyze, interpret results, MA-H-3.2 - Skills make decisions, and draw conclusions based on a set of data. MA-H-3.2.3 - Students will organize, display, and MA-H-3.2 - Skills interpret statistical models of bivariate data. MA-H-3.2.4 - Students will interpret the results of a MA-H-3.2 - Skills probability simulations, draw conclusions, and make

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

predictions. MA-H-3.2.5 - Students will represent probabilities in multiple ways such as MA-H-3.2 - Skills fractions, decimals, percentages, and geometric area models. MA-H-3.2.6 - Students will determine probabilities in situations involving replacement and nonreplacement. MA-H-3.3.1 - Students will understand how outliers affect measures of central tendency.

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

MA-H-3.2 - Skills

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

MA-H-3.3 Relationships

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

MA-H-3.3.3 - Students will understand and reason about MA-H-3.3 the use and misuse of statistics and statistical Relationships representations such as type of graph and choice of scale. MA-H-3.3.4 - Students will MA-H-3.3 use data and curve of best fit Relationships to make and defend predictions. PL-H-3.1 Accessing and assessing consumer information, comparing and evaluating PL-H-3.1.2 - The cost and products and accessibility of personal services, and services should be analyzed critiquing for quality and economy. advertisements are necessary for making effective consumer decisions. PL-H-3.2 - As PL-H-3.2.1 - Financial

MA - Math

MA-H High

MA-H-3 Probability/Statistics

PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational PL-H-3 - Consumerism High Studies

PL - Practical

PL-H - PL-H-3 - Consumerism

Living/Vocational High Studies

consumers, management practices are people must methods of achieving shortlearn to and long-term goals. determine their personal needs and manage their resources.

PL-H-3.3.1 - There are roles, PL-H-3.3 responsibilities, and services People rely on of private, public, and services and nonprofit health agencies: resources private health care facilities, PL - Practical PL-H PL-H-3 - Consumerism provided hospitals, public health Living/Vocational High through private, departments, DES, Family Studies public, and Resource Centers, voluntary Medicare/Medicaid/insurance, agencies. nonprofit health organizations. PL-H-3.3 PL-H-3.3.3 - The roles of People rely on individuals and society in services and PL - Practical protecting the environment resources PL-H PL-H-3 - Consumerism Living/Vocational and preserving resources provided High Studies through private, include recycling, conserving and establishing standards public, and for waste disposal. voluntary agencies. PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies PL-H-4.1 Jobs/careers reflect both individual and societal needs. PL-H-4.1.1 - Career planning has an impact on future physical,mental, and emotional well-being.

PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies

PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies

PL-H-4.1.3 - Job and career PL-H-4.1 opportunities vary at the Jobs/careers state,national, and reflect both international levels based on individual and demand for goods and societal needs. services and available resources. PL-H-4.1 PL-H-4.1.4 - The job market Jobs/careers changes as a result of reflect both scientific advancements and individual and the increased use of societal needs. technology (e.g., robotics

PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies

PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies

replacing workers). PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies PL-H-4.3 Positive and negative work habits impact success. PL-H-4.3 Positive and negative work habits impact success. PL-H-4.3.1 - Employers look for employees who have positive work habits and a good work ethic. PL-H-4.3.2 - Work habits/ethics can impact the success of a group.

PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies

PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies

PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies

PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies

PL-H-4.4 PL-H-4.4.1 - Life-long earning Special skills potential, job options, and are needed for job satisfaction are generally success in related to the amount and future schooling kind of educational training and in the of the worker. workplace. PL-H-4.4 Special skills PL-H-4.4.2 - Changes in are needed for technology impact what success in employees do in various jobs future schooling and careers. and in the workplace. PL-M-4.2 - Many PL-M-4.2.1 - Interests and factors need to abilities can be identified be considered through a variety of means when selecting (e.g., formal assessment, and preparing trying new experiences, job for employment fair). or a career path. PL-M-4.2 - Many PL-M-4.2.2 - Jobs and careers factors need to differ in ways that match a be considered person·s interests, aptitudes, when selecting and career goals (e.g., salary, and preparing benefits, demands of job, for employment work environment). or a career path. SC-H-1.5 SC-H-1.5.3 - Heat is the Conservation of manifestation of the random Energy and motion and vibrations of Increase in atoms, molecules, and ions.

PL - Practical PL-H Living/Vocational High Studies

PL-H-4 - Vocational Studies

PL - Practical PL-M Living/Vocational Middle Studies

PL-M-4 - Vocational Studies

PL - Practical PL-M Living/Vocational Middle Studies

PL-M-4 - Vocational Studies

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-1 - Physical Science

Disorder

the greater the atomic or molecular motion, the higher the temperature. SC-H-3.4.1 - Species change over time. Biological change over time is the consequence of the interactions of (1) the potential for a species to increase its numbers, (2) the genetic variability of offspring due to mutation and recombination of genes, (3) a finite supply of the resources required for life, and (4) natural selection. The consequences of change over time provide a scientific explanataion for the fossil record of ancient life forms and for the striking molecular similarities observed among the diverse species of living organisms. SC-H-3.4.2 - The great diversity of organisms is the result of more than 3.5 billion years of biological change over time that has filled every available niche with life forms. The millions of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms that live on Earth today are related by descent from common ancestors. SC-H-3.4.3 - Biological classifications are based on how organisms are related. Organisms are classified into a hierarchy of groups and subgroups based on similarities that reflect their relationships. Species is the most fundamental unit of classification. Different

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

SC-H-3.4 Biological Change

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

SC-H-3.4 Biological Change

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

SC-H-3.4 Biological Change

species are classified by the comparison and analysis of their internal and external structures and the similarity of their chemical processes. SC-H-3.5.3 - Organisms both cooperate and compete in ecosystems. Often changes in one component of an ecosystem will have effects SC-H-3.5 - The on the entire system that are Interdependence difficult to predict. The of Organisms interrelationships and interdependencies of these organisms may generate ecosystems that are stable for hundreds or thousands of years. SC-H-3.5.5 - Human beings live within the world's ecosystems. Human activities can deliberately or SC-H-3.5 - The inadvertently alter the Interdependence dynamics in ecosystems. of Organisms These activities can threaten current and future global stability and, if not addressed, ecosystems can be irreversibly affected. SC-H-3.6.1 - Living systems require a continuous input of energy to maintain their chemical and physical organization since the universal tenency is toward SC-H-3.6 more disorganized states. Matter, Energy, The energy for life primarily and derives from the Sun. Plants Organization in capture energy by absorbing Living Systems light and using it to form strong chemical bonds between the atoms of carboncontaining molecules. These molecules can be used to assemble larger molecules.

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

In addition, the energy stored in the bonds between the atoms can be used as sources of energy for life processes. SC-H-3.6.3 - As matter and energy flow through different organizational levels and between living systems and SC-H-3.6 the physical environment, Matter, Energy, chemical elements are and recombined in different ways. Organization in Each recombination results Living Systems in storage and dissipation of energy into the environment as heat. Matter and energy are conserved in each change. SS-H-3.1 - The basic economic problem confronting individuals and SS-H-3.1.3 - TO make societies is the informed choices, consumers scarcity or must analyze advertisements, imbalance consider personal finances, between and examine opportunity unlimited wants cost. and limited resources available for satisfying those wants. SS-H-3.2 - To deal with the SS-H-3.2.1 - Economic problem of systems can be evaluated by scarcity, people, their abilities to achieve and societies broad social goals such as create economic freedom, efficiency, equity, systems and security, and growth. institutions. SS-H-3.3 Markets are institutional arrangements SS-H-3.3.1 - Numerous factors influence the supply and demand for products.

SC - Science

SC-H High

SC-H-3 - Life Science

SS - Social Studies

SS-H High

SS-H-3 - Economics

SS - Social Studies

SS-H High

SS-H-3 - Economics

SS - Social Studies

SS-H High

SS-H-3 - Economics

that enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services. SS-H-3.3 Markets are institutional SS-H-3.3.2 - Specific financial arrangements and non-financial incentives that enable often influence individuals buyers and differently. sellers to exchange goods and services. SS-H-3.3 Markets are institutional arrangements that enable buyers and sellers to exchange goods and services.

SS - Social Studies

SS-H High

SS-H-3 - Economics

SS - Social Studies

SS-H High

SS-H-3 - Economics

SS-H-3.3.3 - The level of competition in a market is largely determined by the number of buyers and sellers.

SS - Social Studies

SS-H High

SS-H-4 - Geography

SS-H-4.1 Patterns on Earth's surface can be identified SS-H-4.1.3 - The location and by examining distribution of human where things features on Earth's surface are, how they are based on reasoning and are arranged, patterns. and why they are in particular locations.

Skill Standards Lookup Table: Area Topic Skill HC-EA - Exhibit Workplace Skills HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. Skill Standard HC-EA7 - Demonstrate the ability to make career decisions. HC-EB1 - Recognize the difference between a team environment workplace and a conventional workplace.

HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards

HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards

HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues. HC-EB - Understand Workforce Issues.

HC-EB2 - Identify the characteristics of a diverse workforce. HC-EB3 - Identify good ethical characteristics and behaviors. HC-EB4 - Differentiate between good and poor business ethics. HC-EB5 - Match employee responsibilities to employer expectations. HC-EB6 - Define discrimination, harassment and equity. HC-EB7 - Demonstrate nondiscriminatory behavior. HC-EB8 - Maintain confidentiality and sensitivity of company information. HC-EC1 - Plan and manage work schedules.

HC-E HC-EC - Perform HC Employability Business Planning and Horticulture Standards Operations Procedures

HC-E HC-EC - Perform HC-EC6 - Identify the ways that the level HC Employability Business Planning and of customer satisfaction may affect Horticulture Standards Operations Procedures company success. HC-E HC-EC - Perform HC HC-EC9 - Explain the effect of quality on Employability Business Planning and Horticulture profit. Standards Operations Procedures HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-E HC Employability Horticulture Standards HC-ED - Demonstrate Effective Communication and Teamwork Skills. HC-ED - Demonstrate Effective Communication and Teamwork Skills. HC-ED - Demonstrate Effective Communication and Teamwork Skills. HC-ED1 - Organize materials with a logical flow.

HC-ED2 - Interpret and clarify directions prepared by others. HC-ED4 - Write steps of an occupational process using sentences and statements as appropriate.

HC-O HC-OA - Determine HC Occupational Appropriate Marketing Horticulture Standards and Sales Strategies HC-O HC-OA - Determine HC Occupational Appropriate Marketing Horticulture Standards and Sales Strategies HC-O HC-OA - Determine HC Occupational Appropriate Marketing Horticulture Standards and Sales Strategies HC-O HC Occupational Horticulture Standards HC-OB - Analyze and Enhance Soil and Growing

HC-OA1 - Develop a marketing plan. HC-OA2 - Address customer questions about given products and services. HC-OA3 - Demonstrate sales process. HC-OB6 - Demonstrate the use of different soil mixes and growing media. HC-OC1 - Propagate specific plant materials. HC-OC2 - Label propagation material. HC-OC3 - Watering requirements of specific plants. HC-OC4 - Fertility requirements of specific plants.

HC-O HC-OC - Distinguish and HC Occupational select plant production Horticulture Standards method HC-O HC-OC - Distinguish and HC Occupational select plant production Horticulture Standards method HC-O HC-OC - Distinguish and HC Occupational select plant production Horticulture Standards method HC-O HC-OC - Distinguish and HC Occupational select plant production Horticulture Standards method

HC-OD - Develop and HC-O implement production HC-OD1 - Determine production cost for HC Occupational and management Horticulture given crop. Standards schedule HC-OD - Develop and HC-O HC implement production Occupational Horticulture and management Standards schedule HC-O HC Occupational Horticulture Standards HC-O HC Occupational Horticulture Standards HC-OE - Monitor and control pests HC-OE - Monitor and control pests HC-OD2 - Regulate environmental factors for plant growth. HC-OE1 - Determine proper pesticide for given symptoms. HC-OE4 - Monitor for plant damage. HC-OG4 - Identify immediate and real costs of an accident.

HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe Occupational Horticulture workplace environment Standards

HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe HC-OG5 - Identify methods of Occupational Horticulture workplace environment preventing accidents in the workplace. Standards HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe HC-OG6 - Assume responsibility for the Occupational Horticulture workplace environment personal safety of self and others. Standards HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe Occupational Horticulture workplace environment Standards HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe Occupational Horticulture workplace environment Standards HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe Occupational Horticulture workplace environment Standards HC-O HC HC-OG - Provide safe Occupational Horticulture workplace environment Standards HC-O HC HC-OH - Utilize industry Occupational Horticulture resources Standards HC-O HC HC-OH - Utilize industry Occupational Horticulture resources Standards HC-OG7 - Comply with established safety practices. HC-OG8 - Identify fire exits and firefighting equipment. HC-OG9 - Maintain a clean and safe work facility. HC-OG10 - Report unsafe practices to appropriate personnel. HC-OH1 - Apply electronic technology (bar code, e-mail). HC-OH4 - Interpret the impact of the horticultural industry on local, state, national, and international economy.