BEST treatment of Diarrhea What is diarrhoea? Introduction Diarrhoea is usually caused by an infection.

It often clears up on its own after a few days. There are medicines you can take to shorten the attack. They can also help with symptoms such as watery stools and stomach cramps. We've brought together the best research about diarrhoea in adults and weighed up the evidence about how to treat it. You can use our information to talk to your doctor or pharmacist and decide which treatments are best for you. In this section Who gets diarrhoea ? Diarrhoea caused by a virus Diarrhoea caused by bacteria If you have diarrhoea you have loose, watery stools and you need to go to the toilet far more often than normal. Doctors say you have diarrhoea if you have watery stools and you need to go to the toilet more than three times in a day.1 You may also have other symptoms like vomiting or stomach cramps.2 This information looks at diarrhoea that's caused by an infection with a virus or bacteria.3 4 You pick up viruses or bacteria from contaminated food or water. You can also catch diarrhoea from another person who has it. This happens when you touch something that is contaminated with traces of their stool (for example, the person's hand) and then put your hand in your mouth (for example, when you eat). If you have diarrhoea that's caused by a virus, it usually gets better on its own in a few days. But diarrhoea can also be caused by another problem with your bowels, such as irritable bowel syndrome.2 5 If your diarrhoea lasts longer than a few days, or if you're too ill to eat or drink, it's important to see a doctor.2 5 Who gets diarrhoea ? You have a higher risk of catching diarrhoea if you:6
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Have been travelling in a developing country (see Travellers' diarrhoea) Look after young children Eat unsafe foods, such as raw meat, eggs or shellfish, and unpasteurised milk or fruit juices Eat food that has been cooked in a kitchen that isn't clean Drink untreated water from a lake or stream Swim in lakes or streams Have contact with infected animals (such as farm animals or pets) Have contact with an infected person Work as a carer Work in a job where you handle food.

Symptoms of dehydration include: • • • • • Feeling thirsty Not needing to urinate as often Having dark-coloured urine Having dry skin Feeling sleepy. coli is the most common cause of travellers' diarrhoea. coli can make you ill. We've looked at the common types. coli from contaminated food.9 E. by handling raw meat or poultry.8 Shigella Diarrhoea caused by Shigella is also called bacillary dysentery. You also need to go to the toilet more often than normal.11 What are the symptoms of diarrhoea? The main symptom of diarrhoea is having loose. They're usually harmless. or through contact with infected animals. Diarrhoea caused by bacteria Some bacteria also cause diarrhoea. Birds can pass Campylobacter on by pecking at milk left on the doorstep. You catch it by eating undercooked meat (especially poultry).10 E.Diarrhoea caused by a virus Viruses are one cause of diarrhoea. some types of E. You can also catch it from pets that have diarrhoea.2 3 4 Campylobacter This is the most common cause of bacterial diarrhoea in England and Wales. . or by drinking unpasteurised milk or untreated water.7 Salmonella You can catch Salmonella from contaminated food or from another person who has it. You can also catch it from another person. It can occasionally be passed from person to person. watery stools. coli (Escherichia coli) These bacteria live naturally in the intestines of people and animals. Shigella is one cause of travellers' diarrhoea. However. your body may not have enough fluid (you get dehydrated). from other people who have E. coli.3 4 Diarrhoea caused by a virus often breaks out in families.2 Antibiotics don't work against viruses. You can catch E. schools or communities. Because you lose water in your stools when you have diarrhoea. You may also get:1 • • • Vomiting Stomach cramps A fever. You can catch Shigella from drinking contaminated water or from eating food that has been washed in contaminated water (like salad or fruit).

You need to make sure you drink plenty of fluids if you have diarrhoea. you're more likely to become dehydrated. These help replace fluid and mineral salts that your body has lost. You're more likely to get dehydrated if you're elderly. The main risk is losing too much water (getting dehydrated). before preparing food and before eating. Some people who get very dehydrated may need to go to hospital. or you could need tests to find out what is causing your diarrhoea. So it's even more important that you drink plenty of fluids. in small sips. If your diarrhoea doesn't clear up in a few days. You may need antibiotics.2 What will happen to me? Diarrhoea isn't usually serious. If you have vomiting as well as diarrhoea. Drinking often. may help. Most people get better on their own without any problems. you should see a doctor. Each year in the UK. What treatments work for diarrhoea? In this section Treatments that are likely to work . If you are too ill to eat or drink.1 Between 2 in 10 and 5 in 10 people travelling to a foreign country get diarrhoea. These are designed to help replace fluid and mineral salts that your body has lost. So it's important to drink plenty of fluids. You can help prevent diarrhoea by washing your hands after using the toilet. see your doctor as soon as you can.1 Your doctor or pharmacist may recommend you take rehydration salts which you add to drinking water. about 1 in 5 people get diarrhoea at some point. How common is diarrhoea? Diarrhoea is very common. Your doctor or pharmacist may recommend rehydration salts that you add to drinking water.2 3 You should also see a doctor if:2 • • • • • • • • You have a fever There is blood in your stools You feel very ill You've been travelling abroad You've just come out of hospital You have another medical condition You work as a carer You work in a job where you handle food.

It's important to wash your hands thoroughly after using the toilet and before preparing food. medicines can help your symptoms. You can buy special rehydration salts from a pharmacy. The information here looks at diarrhoea in adults. By doing this. antibiotics won't help. Thanks& Regards YATIN JUKAR Mobile :9870949923 (Sales Head. according to whether they work. diarrhoea goes away on its own in a few days. Antibiotics can help if your diarrhoea is caused by bacteria. Some of the treatments we talk about aren't recommended for children. However. They can also make the attack clear up more quickly. probably won't help you recover any faster. but there isn't enough research to say if they work better than just water or soft drinks. Avoiding certain foods. Medicines that slow down bowel movements can make your symptoms better.Most of the time.Mumbai Branch) SCIENTIFIC PRESS . But these drugs have side effects. such as milk and other dairy products. We've looked closely at the research and ranked the treatments into categories. Key messages for treating diarrhoea • • • • • • Have plenty to drink so you don't lose too much water (get dehydrated). If your diarrhoea is caused by a virus. you may stop diarrhoea spreading to other people. They can also help you get rid of diarrhoea more quickly.

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