My  name  is  David  

I  am  a  visual  storyteller  

I  am  a  visual  storyteller  

I  love  baseball…  
 (bit.ly/o1oVNR)  

…and  the  Black  Rock  
 (bit.ly/oyPXis)  

Photojournalism  

What  is  it?  

What  is  it?  
Using  photos  to  tell  a  story.  

What  is  it?  
            Honesty   Empathy   ObjecGvity   Relevance   Timeliness   NarraGve  

What  is  it?  
            Honesty   Empathy   ObjecGvity   Relevance   Timeliness   NarraGve  

   …Moments  

Decisive  moment  
 “Photographers  deal  in  things  which  are  conGnually  vanishing   and  when  they  have  vanished  there  is  no  contrivance  on  earth   which  can  make  them  come  back  again.”  

   
   

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

   Henri  CarGer-­‐Bresson  

           (bit.ly/eerSzx)  

FleeGng  
 Look  at  light  and  admire  its  beauty.      Close  your  eyes,  and  then  look  again:      what  you  saw  is  no  longer  there;      and  what  you  will  see  later  is  not  yet.              ■    Leonardo  da  Vinci  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

Technical   quality  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

Technical   quality  

an?   nsor  cle   Is  your  se

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

AestheGc   value  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  
d s.  thir e  of  

■  

Rul

AestheGc   value  
  und?   backgro

  How ’s  the

Ooh,  tha t ’s pre]y  su  a   nset.  
■  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

Storytelling   ability  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  
  Moments,  

  moments,   moments.

 H

istoric  

contex t

.  

Storytelling   ability  

What  makes  a  good  picture?  

AestheGc   value   Technical   quality  

Storytelling   ability  

Snap  Shots  
We  all  shoot  them…  

Snap  Shots  

Snap  Shots  
…try  not  to  use  them.  

Snap  Shots  
 "You've  got  to  push  yourself  harder.  You've  got  to  start  looking  
for  pictures  nobody  else  could  take.  You've  got  to  take  the   tools  you  have  and  probe  deeper.”    

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

   Bill  Allard,  NaGonal  Geographic  

 

             (bit.ly/gIlJ45)  

Terms  

Aperture  
 The  adjustable  opening  in  a  camera  lens  used  to  control  the   amount  of  light  reaching  the  “film.”  The  size  of  this  hole  is   called  the  f-­‐stop.  The  smaller  the  f-­‐stop,  the  shallower  the   depth  of  field.  

Aperture  

Aperture  

Aperture  

Shu]er  Speed  
 The  length  of  Gme  during  which  the  camera  shu]er  remains   open.  Speeds  are  expressed  in  seconds  or  fracGons  of  a   second  (e.g.  2,  1,  1/2,  1/4,  1/8,  1/15,  1/30,  1/60,  1/125,   1/250,  1/500,  1/1000,  1/2000,  1/4000,  1/8000).  Each  speed   increment  halves  the  amount  of  light.  Along  with  aperture,  it   determines  the  amount  of  light  that  reaches  the  film  or   sensor.  

Shu]er  Speed  

 A  fast  shu]er  speed  freezes  the  acGon.      This  image  was  captured  at  1/5000,  F4.  

Shu]er  Speed  

 A  slow  shu]er  speed  blurs  the  acGon  creaGng  a  sense  of   movement.  This  image  was  captured  at  1/13,  F6.3.  

Film  Speed  (ISO)  
 Film  speed  is  the  measure  of  a  photographic  film’s  sensiGvity   to  light.  It  is  designated  by  a  system  developed  by  the   InternaGonal  OrganizaGon  for  StandardizaGon  which  uses  the   iniGals  “ISO”  before  the  film-­‐speed  number  (e.g.  ISO  400).   High  ISO,  fast  film  (e.g.  ISO  1600)  is  more  grainy  and  sensiGve   to  light  than  slow,  low  ISO  film  (e.g.  ISO  200).  

Film  Speed  (ISO)  

Both  of  these  images  were  shot  at  1600  ISO     in  dimly  lit  condiGons.  

White  Balance  
 White  balance  refers  to  the  color  temperature  of  the  light   source  and  the  relaGve  warmth  or  coolness  of  white  light.   Color  temperature  is  measured  in  degrees  Kelvin.  A  tungsten   lamp  (3000  K)  is  cooler/bluer  than  direct  sunlight  (5500  K).    

White  Balance  

Tungsten

Auto/Daylight*

Flourescent

Cloudy

Pointers  

Get  closer  

Know  your  light  source  

Clean  backgrounds  

AcGon…  

…reacGon…  

…emoGon  

Get  high  

Get  low  

Details  

RepeGGon  
(bit.ly/nfi2oW)  

Framing  
(bit.ly/nmXwNg)  

Go  easy  on  gimmicks  

Keep  horizons  horizontal  

Sense  of  place  

Shoot  verGcals  

Turn  around  

Be  paGent  
 “You  have  to  milk  the  cow  a  lot  and  get  lots  of  milk  to  make  a   li]le  piece  of  cheese.”                            ■  Henri  CarGer-­‐Bresson  

ShooGng  a  good  headshot  

ShooGng  a  good  headshot  
            Look  for  open  shade  or  window  light.   Avoid  shadows  on  the  face/direct  sun  light.   If  lit  from  behind,  use  a  dark  background.   Separate  the  subject  from  the  background.   Use  a  long  lens,  shallow  depth  of  field.   If  you  don’t  know  the  intended  usage,      don’t  crop  too  Gght.  

Prepping  files     for  publicaGon  

File  size,  cropping  
 For  print:      10”  @  300  DPI    For  web:      pixels,  not  inches;   72  DPI  

File  size,  cropping  

=  

You  can’t  make  a  small  photo,  big.  

CapGons  

  IPTC  Data  (Photoshop  =>  File  =>  File  info)     Who,  what,  where,  when.  AP  style.     If  there’s  a  group  of  people,  use:      “ler  to  right…”  “from  ler…”  “John  Smith,  ler…”      Choose  one  and  be  consistent.  

Color  
 You  can  make   minimal  toning   adjustments  with   levels  or  curves.      I  use  levels.    RGB  =  web    CMYK  =  print  

(Photoshop  =>  Image  =>  Adjustments  =>  Levels)  

Laws  and  ethics  

Legal  stuff  
  Anyone  in  a  public  place  can  take  pictures  of   anything  they  want.       If  you  are  on  public  property,  you  can  take   pictures  of  private  property.     People  can  be  photographed  if  they  are  in  public.     Equipment  cannot  be  confiscated  without  a   court  order.     No  one  can  make  you  delete  images.     More:  bit.ly/mXRpAv  

Ethics  
  Don’t  lie     Empathy     More:  bit.ly/fnb8ps  

Lastly  

I  was  in  high  school  too,  once.  

I  was  in  high  school  too,  once.  
              Cheap  cameras   Bad  skin   Dark  gyms   Pushy  parents   Surly  students   Angry  administrators   JV  baseball  coaches  

…I  get  it:  bit.ly/qtN0Hx  

David  Calvert,  Visual  Storyteller   david@calvertphotography.com   (775)  848-­‐3510  
          calvertphotography.com   blog.calvertphotography.com   twi]er.com/calvertphoto   facebook.com/calvertphotography   linkedin.com/in/calvertphotography  

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