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GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) Paper 1

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June 2011 Publications Code UA027663 All the material in this publication is copyright © Edexcel Ltd 2011

**EDEXCEL GCE MATHEMATICS General Instructions for Marking
**

1. The total number of marks for the paper is 75. 2. The Edexcel Mathematics mark schemes use the following types of marks: • • • • M marks: indicated. A marks: Accuracy marks can only be awarded if the relevant method (M) marks have been earned. B marks are unconditional accuracy marks (independent of M marks) Marks should not be subdivided. method marks are awarded for ‘knowing a method and attempting to apply it’, unless otherwise

3. Abbreviations These are some of the traditional marking abbreviations that will appear in the mark schemes and can be used if you are using the annotation facility on ePEN. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • bod – benefit of doubt ft – follow through the symbol will be used for correct ft cao – correct answer only cso - correct solution only. There must be no errors in this part of the question to obtain this mark isw – ignore subsequent working awrt – answers which round to SC: special case oe – or equivalent (and appropriate) dep – dependent indep – independent dp decimal places sf significant figures The answer is printed on the paper The second mark is dependent on gaining the first mark

**June 2011 FINAL Core Mathematics C4 6666 Mark Scheme
**

Question Number 1. Scheme

9 x 2 = A ( x − 1)( 2 x + 1) + B ( 2 x + 1) + C ( x − 1)

2

Marks B1 M1 Any two of A, B, C All three correct A1

x →1

1 x→− 2

x 2 terms

9 = 3B ⇒ B = 3

9 ⎛ 3⎞ = ⎜− ⎟ C ⇒ C =1 4 ⎝ 2⎠

9 = 2A + C ⇒ A = 4

2

A1

(4) [4]

Alternatives for finding A. x terms 0 = − A + 2 B − 2C ⇒ A = 4 Constant terms 0 = − A + B + C ⇒ A = 4

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

4

Question Number 2.

Scheme

Marks

f ( x ) = ( ... + ...)

=9

−1 2

−1 2

M1

...

( ...

+ ...)

3−1 ,

(1 + kx ) (1 + kx )

1 1 or 1 3 92

B1 M1 A1 ft

2 n

= 1 + nkx 2 + ... = ... +

3 (− 1 )(− 2 ) 2

n not a natural number, k ≠ 1

1 2 −2

2

( kx )

2 2

ft their k ≠ 1

⎛ 4 2⎞ ⎜1 + x ⎟ ⎝ 9 ⎠

−1 2

= 1−

2 2 2 4 x + x 9 27

A1

1 2 2 2 4 f ( x) = − x + x 3 27 81

A1

(6) [6]

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

5

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

3.

(a)

dV 1 = π h − π h2 dh 2

dV 1 2 = π ( 0.1) − π ( 0.1) = 0.04π dh 2 dh dV dV π 1 = ÷ = ×1 dt dt dh 800 2 π h − π h 2 dh π 25 1 = × = dt 800 π 32

or equivalent

M1 A1

At h = 0.1 ,

π

25

M1 A1

(4)

(b)

or

π

800

÷ their (a)

M1

At h = 0.1 ,

awrt 0.031

A1

(2) [6]

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

6

Question Number 4. (a) 0.0333 , 1.3596 1.3596

Scheme awrt 0.0333 ,

Marks

B1 B1

(2)

1 √2 (b) Area ( R ) ≈ × [ ...] 2 4 ≈ ... ⎡ 0 + 2 ( 0.0333 + 0.3240 + 1.3596 ) + 3.9210 ⎤ ⎣ ⎦

B1 M1 Accept A1 (3)

≈ 1.30

1.3 (c)

u = x2 + 2 ⇒ du = 2x dx

B1 B1 M1 A1 (4)

∫ x ln ( x

3

Area ( R ) = ∫

2

√2 0

x3 ln ( x 2 + 2 ) dx

+ 2 ) dx = ∫ x 2 ln ( x 2 + 2 ) x dx = ∫ ( u − 2 )( ln u ) 1 du 2

1 2

Hence cso (d)

Area ( R ) =

∫ ( u − 2 ) ln u du

4 2

∫ ( u − 2 ) ln u du = ⎜

⎛ u2 ⎞ ⎞1 ⌠ ⎛ u2 − 2u ⎟ ln u − ⎮ ⎜ − 2u ⎟ du ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎠u ⌡⎝ 2

M1 A1

⎛ u2 ⎞ ⎞ ⌠⎛u = ⎜ − 2u ⎟ ln u − ⎮ ⎜ − 2 ⎟ du ⌡⎝2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ 2 2 ⎛u ⎞ ⎛u ⎞ = ⎜ − 2u ⎟ ln u − ⎜ − 2u ⎟ ( +C ) ⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 4 ⎠

⎞ ⎛ u2 ⎞⎤ 1 ⎡⎛ u 2 Area ( R ) = ⎢⎜ − 2u ⎟ ln u − ⎜ − 2u ⎟ ⎥ 2 ⎣⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 4 ⎠⎦ 2

= 1 ⎡( 8 − 8 ) ln 4 − 4 + 8 − ( ( 2 − 4 ) ln 2 − 1 + 4 ) ⎤ 2 ⎣ ⎦

4

M1 A1

M1 ln 2 + 1 2 A1 (6) [15]

=

1 2

( 2 ln 2 + 1)

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

7

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

5.

1 dy = … y dx

B1 M1 A1 Accept y = e

4ln 2

… At x = 2 , leading to At ( 2, 16 )

⎛1⎞ = 2 ln x + 2 x ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ x⎠ ln y = 2(2) ln 2

y = 16

M1 A1 M1 A1 (7) [7]

1 dy = 2 ln 2 + 2 16 dx dy = 16 ( 2 + 2 ln 2 ) dx

Alternative y = e 2 x ln x B1 M1 A1 M1 A1

d 1 ( 2 x ln x ) = 2 ln x + 2 x ⎛ ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ dx ⎝x⎠

dy ⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎞⎞ = ⎜ 2 ln x + 2 x ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ e 2 x ln x dx ⎝ ⎝ x ⎠⎠ At x = 2 ,

dy = ( 2 ln 2 + 2 ) e 4ln 2 dx

M1 A1 (7)

= 16 ( 2 + 2 ln 2 )

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

8

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

6.

(a)

i: 6 − λ = −5 + 2 µ j: −3 + 2λ = 15 − 3µ leading to λ = 3 , µ = 4

Any two equations

M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 B1 (6)

**⎛ 6 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎛ −5 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎛ 3 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ r = ⎜ −3 ⎟ + 3 ⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ 3 ⎟ or r = ⎜ 15 ⎟ + 4 ⎜ −3 ⎟ = ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ 7 ⎟ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎜7⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ k: LHS = −2 + 3 ( 3) = 7 , RHS = 3 + 4 (1) = 7
**

(As LHS = RHS, lines intersect)

**⎛ 3⎞ ⎜ ⎟ Alternatively for B1, showing that λ = 3 and µ = 4 both give ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜7⎟ ⎝ ⎠
**

⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ 2 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟⎜ ⎟ (b) ⎜ 2 ⎟ . ⎜ −3 ⎟ = −2 − 6 + 3 = √ 14 √ 14 cos θ ⎜ 3⎟ ⎜ 1⎟ ⎝ ⎠⎝ ⎠ Acute angle is 69.1° ⎛ 6 ⎞ ⎛ −1 ⎞ ⎛ 5 ⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ r = ⎜ −3 ⎟ + 1⎜ 2 ⎟ = ⎜ −1 ⎟ ⎜ −2 ⎟ ⎜ 3 ⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

(θ ≈ 110.92° )

awrt 69.1

M1 A1 A1

(3)

(c)

(

⇒ B lies on l 1 )

B1

l1

(1)

(d) Let d be shortest distance from B to l 2 ⎛ 5⎞ ⎛ 3⎞ ⎛ 2⎞ uuu ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ ⎜ ⎟ r AB = ⎜ −1 ⎟ − ⎜ 3 ⎟ = ⎜ −4 ⎟ ⎜ 1 ⎟ ⎜ 7 ⎟ ⎜ −6 ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠ A

B

θ

d

l2

M1

uuu r 2 2 AB = √ 22 + ( −4 ) + ( −6 ) = √ 56

d = sin θ √ 56 d = √ 56sin 69.1° ≈ 6.99

(

)

awrt 7.5

A1

M1 awrt 6.99 A1 (4) [14]

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

9

Question Number 7. (a)

Scheme

Marks

tan θ = √ 3 or sin θ =

√3

θ=

π

3

2

M1 awrt 1.05 A1 (2)

(b)

dx dy = sec 2 θ , = cos θ dθ dθ d y cos θ = ( = cos3 θ ) 2 dx sec θ

M1 A1 Can be implied A1 M1 M1

At P,

⎛π ⎞ 1 m = cos3 ⎜ ⎟ = ⎝3⎠ 8 m′ = −8 Using mm′ = −1 , 1 y − 2 √ 3 = −8 ( x − √ 3) For normal

At Q, y = 0 leading to

− 1 √ 3 = −8 ( x − √ 3) 2

x = 17 √ 3 16

( k = 17 ) 16

1.0625

A1

(6)

(c)

∫y

2

⌠ dx dx = ⎮ y 2 dθ = ∫ sin 2 θ sec2 θ dθ ⌡ dθ

= ∫ ( sec 2 θ − 1) dθ

M1 A1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (7) [15]

= ∫ tan 2θ dθ

= tan θ − θ

π

3

( +C )

π

3 V = π ∫ y 2 dx = [ tan θ − θ ] 0 = π ⎡( √ 3 − π ) − ( 0 − 0 ) ⎤ 3 ⎣ ⎦

0

= √ 3π − 1 π 2 3

( p = 1, q = − 1 ) 3

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

10

Question Number

Scheme

Marks

8.

(a)

( 4 y + 3) ∫ ( 4 y + 3) dx = ( 4 ) ( 12 )

−1 2

1 2

( +C )

1 2

M1 A1

(2)

(=

1 2

( 4 y + 3)

+C

)

B1

(b)

1 1 ⌠ d y = ⌠ 2 dx ⎮ ⎮ ⌡x ⌡ √ ( 4 y + 3)

∫ ( 4 y + 3)

−1 2

d y = ∫ x −2 dx

1 1 1 ( 4 y + 3) 2 = − 2 x

( +C )

M1

Using ( −2, 1.5) leading to

1 1 1 ( 4 ×1.5 + 3) 2 = − + C 2 −2 C =1 1 1 1 ( 4 y + 3) 2 = − + 1 2 x 1 2 ( 4 y + 3) 2 = 2 − x 2 1⎛ 2⎞ 3 y = ⎜2− ⎟ − 4⎝ x⎠ 4

M1 A1

M1 or equivalent A1 (6) [8]

GCE Core Mathematics C4 (6666) June 2011

11

Further copies of this publication are available from Edexcel Publications, Adamsway, Mansfield, Notts, NG18 4FN Telephone 01623 467467 Fax 01623 450481 Email publication.orders@edexcel.com Order Code UA027663 June 2011 For more information on Edexcel qualifications, please visit www.edexcel.com/quals Pearson Education Limited. Registered company number 872828 with its registered office at Edinburgh Gate, Harlow, Essex CM20 2JE

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